CN102078669B - Wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher - Google Patents

Wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102078669B
CN102078669B CN 200910232779 CN200910232779A CN102078669B CN 102078669 B CN102078669 B CN 102078669B CN 200910232779 CN200910232779 CN 200910232779 CN 200910232779 A CN200910232779 A CN 200910232779A CN 102078669 B CN102078669 B CN 102078669B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
dry powder
valve
foam
passage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200910232779
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CN102078669A (en
Inventor
刘军
刘川红
程继国
谭俊川
尹志
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Jiangsu Kawei Special Purpose Vehicle Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Kawei Special Purpose Vehicle Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 200910232779 priority Critical patent/CN102078669B/en
Publication of CN102078669A publication Critical patent/CN102078669A/en
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Publication of CN102078669B publication Critical patent/CN102078669B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher which is characterized in that a wheeled cart is taken as a carrier; a gas cylinder, a water tank/ foam tank and a superfine dry power tank are arranged on the wheeled cart; the gas in the gas cylinder enters the water tank/ the foam tank through an air relief valve and a gas pipeline; the prefixed liquid of water and foam in the water tank/ the foam tank is pressed in the inlet of a jet device through a water pipeline; the superfine dry powder in the superfine dry powder tank enters the inlet of the jet device through a powder discharge valve, a dry powder pipeline; and the water and the superfine dry powder are jet out simultaneously. According to the invention, the water and the dry powder are organically combined, thus achieving compatible properties and complementary advantages. The wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher has extremely fast speed of extinguishment, and extinguishes fire almost instantly within a certain range.

Description

Wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher
Technical field
The invention belongs to fire fighting extinguisher, particularly a kind of wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher.
Background technology
Existing fire-fighting technique generally adopts the extinguishing chemical fire extinguishings such as water, foam solution, dry powder, by the single-pipeline conveying extinguishing agent to spray gun or big gun, the extinguishing chemical that ejects becomes the nature physical state, that is: water becomes water column or spray water, foam solution becomes natural shaped regular-type foam by contacting with atmosphere, and dry powder is directly injected to the scene of fire.
Existing cart type extinguishing device generally adopts the extinguishing chemicals such as water, foam solution, dry powder to pass through the single-pipeline conveying extinguishing agent to injection apparatus, no matter is that water, foam, dry powder all are to adopt single extinguishing chemical fire extinguishing.
Along with social shaping of technology, we find two or more extinguishing chemicals are ejected the formation compound fire-extinguishing agent simultaneously, have higher fire-fighting efficiency, particularly for petrochemical industry fire, electrical fire etc., the composite fire extinguishing technology demonstrates its fire extinguishing advantage more.Compound jet ejecting extinguishing technology refers to take high-velocity flow as carrier, and water and foam premixed liquid and hydrophobic ultra-fine dry powder are penetrated through combustion zone, rapidly fire extinguishing simultaneously from spray gun.And how multiple extinguishing chemical is ejected into the scene of fire simultaneously, just become a technical barrier.The particularly injection of powder extinguishing agent, because dry powder is solid, light specific gravity, particle is thin, thereby jet length is near, can not satisfy the requirement of jet length in a lot of scenes of fire, and this is restricted with regard to the application that makes dry-chemical fire extinguishing.
Utilize the attached wall effect of direct projection current, attack the hydrophobic ultra-fine dry powder of high-efficiency fire-extinguishant directly burning surface take it as carrier.Water has powerful cooling effect, and red-hot burning surface is with aqueous vapor, and the steam of formation has again very large latent heat amount, but fast cooling, but the steam concentration of the percentage of decrease fuel gas in the combustion zone again simultaneously is conducive to fire extinguishing.
Foam has the effect of very strong inhibition category-B fire, can improve blow-off velocity.
About ultra-fine dry powder: the dry powder that particle diameter is not more than 5 μ is called ultra-fine dry powder, in the mode of " gas-powder " jet ultra-fine dry powder extinguishing agent is penetrated, and forms the cold aerosol fire extinguishing agent jet.The density of cold air sol and air approach, and have the typical feature of the gas extinguishing agents such as compressibility, flowability, dispersivity, can fill the air fast the fire extinguishing effect that produces " total flooding " to the indoor confined space, and flame is extinguished in the short time at the utmost point; Can replace supplemental air flow to enter in the complex spaces such as tunnel, ancient building puts out big fire wherein.When cold aerosol fire extinguishing agent being injected in the imflammable gas that leaks out with inerting concentration, can suppress the generation of detonation detonation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher, by combined jet fire extinguisher water, ultra-fine dry powder are ejected simultaneously, can greatly improve the extinguishing property of fire fighting truck.
The technical solution that realizes the object of the invention is: a kind of wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher, take go-cart as carrier, in go-cart gas cylinder, water/foam tank and ultra-fine dry powder tank are set, gas in this gas cylinder enters water/foam tank by pressure-reducing valve, air delivering pipeline, water in water/foam tank and foam premixed liquid are pressed into the entrance of injection apparatus by hydraulic pipeline, ultra-fine dry powder in the ultra-fine dry powder tank enters the entrance of injection apparatus by powder output valve, dry powder pipeline, by injection apparatus water and ultra-fine dry powder are ejected simultaneously.
The present invention compared with prior art, its remarkable advantage: the organic assembling of (1) water and ultra-fine dry powder, accomplished that performance is compatible, have complementary advantages.Its blow-off velocity is unusual fast, within the specific limits, almost is the moment fire extinguishing.(2) anti-resume combustion effect is splendid, is that present any extinguishing chemical can not be compared.(3) all applicable to the confined space and infinite space.(4) truly environment-friendly type fire-fighting technique, almost without fall-out, the glassy cover layer that sticks on a small quantity red-hot surface is very easily removed after the ultra-fine dry powder fire extinguishing.(5) compound jet is the synthetic of high-efficiency fire-extinguishant, possesses the wide spectrum fire extinguishing function, be specially adapted to put out a fire to save life and property A, B, C class fire.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of injection apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 2 of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 2 of the present invention.
Reference numeral and corresponding part thereof among the figure: 1, go-cart 2, gas cylinder 3, pressure-reducing valve 4, air delivering pipeline 5, water/foam tank 6, safety valve 7, hydraulic pipeline 8, ultra-fine dry powder tank 9, powder output valve 10, dry powder pipeline 11, injection apparatus 12, dry powder jet pipe 13, dry powder spool 14, dry powder valve pocket gusset duct 15, dry powder valve pocket circular passage 16, dry powder valve pocket inner passage 17, trigger 18, axle 19, dry powder valve 20, valve body 21, spring 22, dry powder valve pocket 23, water or water and foams mix fluid valve 24, spring 25, water valve core 26, dry powder passage 27 is advanced at the rear portion, rear portion water inlet or water and foam mixing liquid passage
The specific embodiment
In conjunction with Fig. 1; wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher of the present invention; take go-cart 1 as carrier; in go-cart 1 gas cylinder 2 is set; water/foam tank 5 and ultra-fine dry powder tank 8; gas in this gas cylinder 2 is by pressure-reducing valve 3; air delivering pipeline 4 enters water/foam tank 5; water in water/foam tank 5 and foam premixed liquid are pressed into the entrance of injection apparatus 11 by hydraulic pipeline 7; ultra-fine dry powder in the ultra-fine dry powder tank 8 is by powder output valve 9; dry powder pipeline 10 enters the entrance of injection apparatus 11; by injection apparatus 11 water and ultra-fine dry powder are ejected simultaneously, safety valve 6 shields for anti-sealing/foam tank 5 interior superpressures.The present invention has realized that water is become thin water smoke and ultra-fine dry powder sprays simultaneously, has greatly improved fire-fighting efficiency, is specially adapted to the elementary fire of A, B, C class.
In conjunction with Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the injection apparatus 11 of wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher of the present invention comprises that dry powder jet pipe 12, dry powder spool 13, dry powder valve pocket gusset duct 14, dry powder valve pocket circular passage 15, dry powder valve pocket inner passage 16, trigger 17, axle 18, dry powder valve 19, valve body 20, the first spring 21, dry powder valve pocket 22, water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23, the second spring 24, water valve core 25, rear portion advance dry powder passage 26, rear portion water inlet or water and foam mixing liquid passage 27, by valve body 20 above-mentioned part organic assembling is become an integral body.Described water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 and dry powder valve 19 are controlled respectively the injection of water or water and foam mixing liquid and dry powder, dry powder valve pocket 22 is comprised of dry powder valve pocket inner passage 16 and the dry powder valve pocket circular passage 15 of mutual isolation, dry powder valve pocket inner passage 16 is advanced dry powder passage 26 by dry powder valve pocket gusset duct 14 with the rear portion and is communicated with, dry powder valve pocket circular passage 15 is communicated with foam mixing liquid passage 27 with rear portion water inlet or water, when water or water and foam solution valve 23 and dry powder valve 19 are opened, dry powder advances dry powder passage 26 by the rear portion and enters dry powder valve pocket inner passage 16, arrives injection apparatus 11 front ends through dry powder jet pipe 12; Water or water and foam mixing liquid enter by rear portion water inlet or water and foam mixing liquid passage 27, enter dry powder valve pocket circular passage 15 by water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 and arrive injection apparatus 11 front ends, in injection apparatus 11 front portions, water or water and foam mixing liquid and dry powder eject by outlet after forming ordered mixing; Wherein, water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 and dry powder valve 19 are by trigger 17 controls, after trigger 17 is moved to the left by axle 18 drive water valve cores 25, water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 are opened, realize that water or water and foam mixing liquid spray separately, when trigger 17 continuation drive water valve cores 25 move, driving simultaneously dry powder spool 13 is moved to the left, thereby open dry powder valve 19, realize the injection of water or water and foam mixing liquid and dry powder blend, the unlatching ratio of water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 and dry powder valve 19 is regulated by the nut on the dry powder spool 13; After unclamping trigger 17, by be arranged on the second, first spring 24 on water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 and the dry powder valve 19,21 acting in conjunction makes water or water and foams mix fluid valve 23 and dry powder valve 19 autoshutdowns.Above-mentioned injection apparatus has also directly solved the near problem of dry powder jet length.Water can be ejected into larger distance, dry powder and water ordered mixing are in the same place, forming energy exchange in hybrid chamber, utilize the attached wall effect of kinetic energy and the water of water, dry powder is ejected into the distance almost identical with water, water has certain cooling and fire extinguishing function, and dry powder has powerful fire extinguishing function, forms efficient compound fire-extinguishing agent.By experiment contrast proof, its fire-fighting efficiency is several times even tens times of single extinguishing chemical.By the structural design of dry powder valve pocket, realized preferably manufacturability, all parts all can be finished by machining, needn't use foundry goods, thereby reduce cost, have greatly alleviated construction weight.And realized unlatching by two valves of trigger control, and can realize adjustable unlatching order and open ratio, automatically reset, have good man-machine efficacy, put out a fire more convenient to operate efficiently.
The ratio of discharge of the present invention and ultra-fine dry powder flow is an important parameter, learns by calculating and experiment, and this ratio was 3: 1 o'clock best results.
System works pressure also is an index, and it will directly affect jet length and ultra-fine dry powder forms the state of cold air sol, thereby affects fire-fighting efficiency.By calculating and experimental verification, discharge pressure is 1.0MPa, when the ultra-fine dry powder expulsion pressure is 1.6MPa, can reaches best quenching distance and fire-fighting efficiency.

Claims (1)

1. wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher, it is characterized in that take go-cart [1] as carrier, in go-cart [1] gas cylinder [2] is set, water/foam tank [5] and ultra-fine dry powder tank [8], gas in this gas cylinder [2] is by pressure-reducing valve [3], air delivering pipeline [4] enters water/foam tank [5], water in water/foam tank [5] and foam premixed liquid are pressed into the entrance of injection apparatus [11] by hydraulic pipeline [7], ultra-fine dry powder in the ultra-fine dry powder tank [8] is by powder output valve [9], dry powder pipeline [10] enters the entrance of injection apparatus [11], by injection apparatus [11] water and ultra-fine dry powder are ejected simultaneously, wherein injection apparatus [11] is by the dry powder jet pipe [12] that is arranged in the valve body [20], dry powder spool [13], dry powder valve pocket gusset duct [14], dry powder valve pocket circular passage [15], dry powder valve pocket inner passage [16], trigger [17], axle [18], dry powder valve [19], valve body [20], the first spring [21], dry powder valve pocket [22], water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23], the second spring [24], water valve core [25], dry powder passage [26] is advanced at the rear portion, rear portion water inlet or water and foam mixing liquid passage [27] are combined into an integral body, described water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] and dry powder valve [19] are controlled respectively the injection of water or water and foam mixing liquid and dry powder, dry powder valve pocket [22] is comprised of dry powder valve pocket inner passage [16] and the dry powder valve pocket circular passage [15] of mutual isolation, dry powder valve pocket inner passage [16] is advanced dry powder passage [26] by dry powder valve pocket gusset duct [14] and rear portion and is communicated with, dry powder valve pocket circular passage [15] is communicated with foam mixing liquid passage [27] with rear portion water inlet or water, when water or water and foam solution valve [23] and dry powder valve [19] when opening, dry powder advances dry powder passage [26] by the rear portion and enters dry powder valve pocket inner passage [16], arrives injection apparatus [11] front end through dry powder jet pipe [12]; Water or water and foam mixing liquid enter by rear portion water inlet or water and foam mixing liquid passage [27], enter dry powder valve pocket circular passage [15] by water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] and arrive injection apparatus [11] front end, in injection apparatus [11] front portion, water or water and foam mixing liquid and dry powder eject by outlet after forming ordered mixing; Wherein, water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] and dry powder valve [19] are by trigger [17] control, after trigger [17] is moved to the left by axle [18] drive water valve core [25], water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] are opened, realize that water or water and foam mixing liquid spray separately, when trigger [17] continuation drive water valve core [25] is mobile, driving simultaneously dry powder spool [13] is moved to the left, thereby open dry powder valve [19], realize the injection of water or water and foam mixing liquid and dry powder blend, the unlatching ratio of water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] and dry powder valve [19] is regulated by the nut on the dry powder spool [13]; After unclamping trigger [17], make water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] and dry powder valve [19] autoshutdown by the acting in conjunction that is arranged on the second, first spring [24,21] on water or water and foams mix fluid valve [23] and the dry powder valve [19].
CN 200910232779 2009-12-01 2009-12-01 Wheeled combined jet fire extinguisher Expired - Fee Related CN102078669B (en)

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CN102078669B true CN102078669B (en) 2013-01-23

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CN103623528B (en) * 2012-08-30 2015-12-02 江苏卡威专用汽车制造有限公司 A kind of urban turbojet fire vehicle
CN102908740A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-02-06 北京天必达科技有限公司 Trolley-type impulse pneumatic spraying water gun
CN103480100A (en) * 2013-10-10 2014-01-01 黄天久 Portable forest fire extinguisher
CN103550888A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-05 西安新竹防灾救生设备有限公司 Bottle-group-type gas driving mixed fire extinguishing device
CN103550889B (en) * 2013-11-08 2018-11-06 西安新竹防灾救生设备有限公司 Pump group formula foam dry powder blend extinguishing device
CN110368625A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-25 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of suction type three-phase froth cart fire extinguisher
CN113134204A (en) * 2020-01-19 2021-07-20 山东昊星洁士新材料科技有限公司 Mixed jet fire-fighting device
CN112263798A (en) * 2020-09-21 2021-01-26 九江中船长安消防设备有限公司 Marine deck hand propelled double-chemical fire extinguishing apparatus
CN114949699B (en) * 2021-10-21 2023-01-31 新余博迅汽车有限公司 Vehicle-mounted fire-fighting system and method and fire-fighting vehicle
CN115154970A (en) * 2022-06-23 2022-10-11 国网安徽省电力有限公司电力科学研究院 Water mist and dry powder combined fire extinguishing device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1103598A (en) * 1993-12-07 1995-06-14 煤炭科学研究总院抚顺分院 Three-phase foam extinguishing technique
CN2441501Y (en) * 2000-09-28 2001-08-08 大连保税区荣昌消防设备工程有限公司 Compressed gas foam dry powder fire fighting spray gun
CN2714096Y (en) * 2004-07-20 2005-08-03 张龙泉 Microminiature multifunctional fire extinguisher
CN2894741Y (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-05-02 南京消防器材股份有限公司 On-board fine spray/foam fire extinguishing device
CN201543148U (en) * 2009-12-01 2010-08-11 江苏卡威专用汽车制造有限公司 Cart type composite jet flow fire-extinguishing device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1103598A (en) * 1993-12-07 1995-06-14 煤炭科学研究总院抚顺分院 Three-phase foam extinguishing technique
CN2441501Y (en) * 2000-09-28 2001-08-08 大连保税区荣昌消防设备工程有限公司 Compressed gas foam dry powder fire fighting spray gun
CN2714096Y (en) * 2004-07-20 2005-08-03 张龙泉 Microminiature multifunctional fire extinguisher
CN2894741Y (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-05-02 南京消防器材股份有限公司 On-board fine spray/foam fire extinguishing device
CN201543148U (en) * 2009-12-01 2010-08-11 江苏卡威专用汽车制造有限公司 Cart type composite jet flow fire-extinguishing device

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Inventor after: Liu Jun

Inventor after: Liu Chuanhong

Inventor after: Cheng Jiguo

Inventor after: Tan Junchuan

Inventor after: Yin Zhi

Inventor before: Liu Jun

Inventor before: Liu Chuanhong

Inventor before: Cheng Jiguo

Inventor before: Tan Junchuan

Inventor before: Jun Zhi

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: LIU JUN LIU CHUANHONG CHENG JIGUO TAN JUNCHUAN JUN ZHI TO: LIU JUN LIU CHUANHONG CHENG JIGUO TAN JUNCHUAN YIN ZHI

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Granted publication date: 20130123

Termination date: 20171201