CN102066693B - There is equipment rotary-piston, that can be used as compressor, pump, vavuum pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and driven hydraulic air motivation - Google Patents

There is equipment rotary-piston, that can be used as compressor, pump, vavuum pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and driven hydraulic air motivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102066693B
CN102066693B CN200980120071.2A CN200980120071A CN102066693B CN 102066693 B CN102066693 B CN 102066693B CN 200980120071 A CN200980120071 A CN 200980120071A CN 102066693 B CN102066693 B CN 102066693B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
piston
equipment
partition
axle
rotary
Prior art date
Application number
CN200980120071.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102066693A (en
Inventor
兹沃斯拉维·米洛瓦诺维奇
Original Assignee
兹沃斯拉维·米洛瓦诺维奇
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Publication date
Priority to RSP-2008/0133 priority Critical
Priority to RSP-2008/0133A priority patent/RS51355B/en
Application filed by 兹沃斯拉维·米洛瓦诺维奇 filed Critical 兹沃斯拉维·米洛瓦诺维奇
Priority to PCT/RS2009/000004 priority patent/WO2009123489A2/en
Publication of CN102066693A publication Critical patent/CN102066693A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102066693B publication Critical patent/CN102066693B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C1/00Rotary-piston machines or engines
    • F01C1/08Rotary-piston machines or engines of intermeshing engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co- operating members similar to that of toothed gearing
    • F01C1/12Rotary-piston machines or engines of intermeshing engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co- operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type
    • F01C1/123Rotary-piston machines or engines of intermeshing engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co- operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with tooth-like elements, extending generally radially from the rotor body cooperating with recesses in the other rotor, e.g. one tooth
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2/00Rotary-piston machines or pumps
    • F04C2/08Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing
    • F04C2/12Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type
    • F04C2/123Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with radially or approximately radially from the rotor body extending tooth-like elements, co-operating with recesses in the other rotor, e.g. one tooth

Abstract

According to the present invention, there is rotary-piston by gear and rotary-piston being installed in structure assembling, having used in several embodiment, can be used as compressor, the equipment of pump, vavuum pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and driven hydropneumatic machine. generally speaking, according to the type of structure, this equipment is made up of following assembly: piston shell (11) or have the piston shell (11a) of entrance-outlet connector (20), gear housing (9), partition wall (7) or partition wall (7a), protecgulum (12) and bonnet (1), said modules is connected to each other by bolt, this bolt screws in the main body of the main body of bonnet (1) or piston shell (11 or 11a), in the main body of this piston shell (11 or 11a), be provided with work-auxiliary rotary-piston, this work-auxiliary rotary-piston is by columniform, there is the outstanding (A of one or more work, B, C, D, E or F) main body (6) and one or more auxiliary flute (G or H) composition distributing at a certain angle, this angle depends on device type, and described work-auxiliary rotary-piston is by axle (4, 5) be firmly connected with the gear (10) or the gear (10a) that are arranged in gear housing (9), wherein, described piston shell (11 or 11a) and described gear housing (9) are separated wall (7 or 7a) and separate, this partition wall has for axle (4 on (7 or 7a), 5) hole, this axle (4, 5) be embedded in protecgulum (12) and partition wall (7), or be only embedded in partition wall (7) or lid (12, 1) on.

Description

There is equipment rotary-piston, that can be used as compressor, pump, vavuum pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and driven hydraulic air motivation
Technical field
The present invention relates to there is rotary-piston (or piston), can be used on any need to form vacuum with compression compressible liquid orPumping liquid and producing in for example vavuum pump, compressor and pump in the situation of pressure (high pressure and extra-high voltage), also availableDrive or driven hydraulic air motivation, and as thering is the equipment that the power conversion of certain liquid is become to mechanokinetic characteristic,As turbine, motor, internal combustion engine etc., vice versa.
Generally speaking, the invention belongs to following field: engine, turbine, driver, pump, more properly belong to: have rotationThe machine of piston or engine, turbine, motor, pump, according to International Classification of Patents (IPC, InternationalPatentClassification)(2007.01), main body of the present invention belongs to following field, is sorted out and is distributed by following classification number: F01C1/00, F02B55/00, F03C2/00, F04C2/00, F04C11/00, F04C18/00 and F04C23/00.
Technical problem
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention comprises how to solve the structure with rotary-piston (piston) in multiple embodimentProblem, can be used in the place of any needs: for example, form vacuum with compression compressible liquid or pumping liquid, produce highPress and extra-high voltage: in vacuum equipment, compressor, pump, and as driving and driven hydraulic air motivation; Have conversion liquidPhysical efficiency is converted to the motor of mechanokinetic characteristic, and vice versa (turbine, motor etc.).
Application has the assembling of meshing gear and differently contoured rotary-piston, can realize high usage, life-extending, therefore jointEconomized cost, this effect is by reducing significantly friction, reducing noise and turn round by the maximum of the operating pressure to highSquare and impedance realize.
Background technology
Generally speaking, the driving of different structure and the major defect of driven machine are expensive, manufacturing process complexity, and equipment is originallyBody heaviness. The major defect of the machine of most of existing structures is to manufacture costliness, and, due to great friction coefficient, need regularlyLubricated, thus lubricating system relative complex caused, thereby cause the poor efficiency of liquid energy, as very complicated in, manufacturing process,The compressor (standard piston compressor) that price is relatively costly and noise is very large; Use many operating circuits (2 to 10 and withOn) to form the pump of high pressure, its equipment is overweight and expensive, the high-pressure pump of similar 100-200 bar (Bar), price is highExpensive and complex process; When startup, need to use the steam turbine of special motor; There is the operating circuit of High Rotation Speed and low vacuumThe vacuum equipment of rate; Very complicated internal combustion engine etc.
Patent documentation and the technical documentation of retrieval this area, to the technical problem of listing, do not find similar solution.
Summary of the invention
Rotary-piston in housing, from its top to base plane, is positioned on the contact wire on partition wall (i.e. lid) surface, and this is livedPlug is for closure piston housing and piston self (when the liquid for impurity, batching, can have high gap); Rotary-pistonBe positioned on axle, this axle is connected to the gear that is arranged on other housings securely (has a certain amount of oil, for enough in this housingLubricated), wherein these gears are intermeshing; Driven wheel drives one or several driven gear, and the object of these gears is powerTransmission, and rotary-piston is synchronously rotated; When rotating rotary-piston by its top (on contact wire) along the inner side of piston shellWhen sliding (in the time of the liquid of use with impurity, this gap can be higher), produce the negative pressure relevant with it (certain vacuum rate),And applied thrust or compression above (in the time using as turbine or motor etc.); In the housing that has piston, can have oneThe oil of tittle, (when the needs cooling device, among other things, can also comprise the cold of appropriate constant flow to improve sealingBut oil), and when as vavuum pump or compressor, improve the efficiency of equipment.
-rotary-piston is made up of a cylinder-shaped body, and on it, (in it) has the protuberance of cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality or other shapesPoint, and the groove of cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality or other shapes.
The ledge of-cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality or other shapes is arranged along the length direction of the main body of rotary-piston, is parallel to and revolvesTurn the axle of piston main body, identify for convenience each shape, respectively with English capitalization " A ", " B ", " C ", " D ", " E "" F " mark.
-" A " is cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality ledge.
-" B " for (along its length) of indentation cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality ledge, each one of every side.
-" C " for (along its length) of indentation cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality ledge, once every two sides.
-" D " for (along its length) of indentation cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality ledge, twice every two sides.
-" E " for (along its length) of indentation cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality ledge, four every two sides.
-" F " is cylindrical-semi-cylindrical truncated cylinder shape ledge.
In rotary-piston main body cylindrical-longitudinal fluting of semicircle cylindricality or other shapes is parallel with the axle of rotary-piston main body,For making explanation more clear and definite, represent each shape with English capitalization " G " and " H " respectively.
-" G " is cylindrical-semi-cylindrical recesses.
-" H " is cylindrical-semi-cylindrical truncated cylinder connected in star, and this groove is adjusted into the shape of coupling working piston " F ".
By a ledge or a groove of any shape in rotary-piston main body (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H)And multiple ledges and groove (being the combination of ledge or groove) grouping, make intelligible being described as follows:
-double-face working is assisted rotary-piston (Double-sidedworkingauxiliaryrotarypiston)-be cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies, its center has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, and this double-face working is auxiliaryHelp rotary-piston itself to have two ledges and two grooves, this ledge and groove are 90 degree and are interspersed.
-double-face working rotary-piston (Double-sidedworkingrotarypiston)-be cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality masterBody, its center has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, and two ledges are 180 degree angles and divideCloth is on this double-face working rotary-piston.
-two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston (Double-sidedauxiliaryrotarypiston) is cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies, itsCenter has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, and wherein two grooves are 180 degree angles and distribute.
-one side work rotary-piston (Single-sidedworkingrotarypiston) is cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies, whereinThe heart has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, on this one side work rotary-piston, have one outstandingPart.
It is cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies that-one side is assisted rotary-piston (Single-sidedauxiliaryrotarypiston), itsCenter has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, and the auxiliary rotary-piston of this one side has a groove.
-tri-work rotary-pistons (Three-sidedworkingrotarypiston) are cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies, on itThere are three to be the ledge that 120 degree angles distribute.
((Three-sidedauxiliaryrotarypiston) is cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies to-tri-auxiliary rotary-pistons, whereinThe heart has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, wherein has three to be the grooves that 120 degree angles distribute.
Rotary-piston (Four-sidedworkingrotarypiston) is worked for cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies, its center in-four sidesThere is one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, on it, there are four and be the ledges that an angle of 90 degrees distributes.
The auxiliary rotary-piston (Four-sidedauxiliaryrotarypiston) in-four sides is cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies, whereinThe heart has one for the hole of installation shaft or the heart is integrated therein axle, wherein has four and is the grooves that an angle of 90 degrees distributes.The rotary-piston become one with axle, Huo Qi center having the hole of mating the diameter of axle cylindrical-can tool in semicircle cylindrical bodiesHave shaping ledge A, B, C, D, E or F and be shaped groove G or H in any, successively orWith several ledges and groove combination, as Figure 138 to 141, Figure 143 to 174, and establishing in Fig. 1 to 137Standby represented.
At the piston shell that is positioned at partition wall and covers, that is, from the assembly of two-sided closure piston, there is groove-TongRoad. And, around packing ring itself (hole for axle or bearing), thering is a pipeline facing to entrance, liquid is by being somebody's turn to doIn entrance access arrangement. Passage, i.e. groove, can be different size, shape, diameter and profile, but establishes described in must matingStandby, meet the size being contained in to the piston main body in locking equipment. Only in this way, could realize its object completely, and shadow notRing stability and the efficiency of described equipment. Do is like this on the hole (in partition wall and lid) in order to alleviate packing ring, axle and bearingEquipment in the pressure of liquid, this point is even more important in the time of high pressure and extra-high voltage.
There is being designed and sized to of equipment of rotary-piston, in the internal table of piston and plunger shaft (piston moves in plunger shaft)Between face, there is certain gap, between the main body of rotary-piston, also there is certain gap. In this case, the effect of equipmentRate is reduced to a certain degree, but the advantage of this solution is, still can use (as at water while making equipment have impurity in liquidIn have sand or other impurity, or any other liquid has the impurity of any other kind).
The present invention can be used as having simultaneously and closes the draining of (opening) and the braking equipment of water supply valve, and therefore increases/reduce liquidThe flow (most suitable is fluid liquid) of body, thus the speed of rotating shaft is reduced (increase), or when two valves completeWhile closing, stop completely. What avoid at this is the friction catch in some brakes. Therefore, can avoid some brakesFriction catch.
The equipment with rotary-piston of the present invention can be used in internal combustion engine, is mainly gas internal combustion engine, wherein, and in certain of pistonIndividual position, in input (connection) side of piston shell, valve can be opened, the mixture of housing air and fuel by certain,Enough realize under the pressure of this function and being admitted in the certain space of plunger shaft, after valve-off, spark plug will be put burning mixtOr other any suitable mixtures, all processes all repeat in each swing circle rotation (circulation). Valve opening and closingMoment, and moment of some burning mixt all control with electronics or mechanical system or other any suitable modes.
Advantage of the present invention is mainly: avoids reciprocating complicated conversion completely, become a circulation, otherwise alsoSo; There is the equipment of such rotary-piston by use, the peak torque likely obtaining; The work of these equipmentJourney is consistent, and due to not idle running, its efficiency is improved (higher utilize percentage); Reducing noise; This from oneFace or the two-sided rotary-piston with serration shape, in rotary course, particularly in the time running up, avoid on axleProduce extra load; In the course of the work, be arranged in the auxiliary flute on the rotary-piston of housing work of its housing, makeFrom superpressure district, lossless ground (that is, only having slight irrelevant loss) is smoothly transitted into negative pressuren zone to the ledge of work; PistonBetween and with piston and housing between there is not direct contact, avoided consume (wearing and tearing), thus extend working life; No matterRotary-piston (important mainly due to their shape, this is because the function of its execution) is at one or another other direction rotations,All there is same efficiency; Without complicated lubricating system; At the piston shell that is positioned at partition wall and covers, that is, and from two-sidedIn the assembly of closure piston, there is groove and passage around packing ring (for axle or around the hole of bearing), to hold when the superpressureReceive from the amount of liquid of piston shell part (this amount of liquid is very little, in the equipment course of work, its will be through partition wall-lid andPiston), in the time of negative pressure, (towards intake section) this liquid will directly import piston shell part by outlet. For chip shield andBearing, and prevent that liquid from flowing into contiguous housing or housing outside, this point is especially important, especially in the time of high pressure or extra-high voltage.
Brief description of the drawings
By the embodiment in the following drawings, the present invention will be described in detail, embodiment wherein:
Fig. 1 shows an assembling side elevation with the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of double-face working of a pair of gear and pair of meshing;
Fig. 2 is assembling top view;
Fig. 3 is front assembled view;
Fig. 4 is assembling isometric drawing;
Fig. 5 is the D-D cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the E-E cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the F-F cross-sectional view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 8 is the isometric drawing along the cross section of the whole assembling of the F-F cross-section line of Fig. 3;
Fig. 9 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Fig. 1-8;
Figure 10 is the side view of the assembling of second embodiment; Wherein there are a pair of gear and two couples of auxiliary rotary-piston E of double-face working-G,
Figure 11 is assembling top view;
Figure 12 is front assembled view;
Figure 13 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 14 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 12;
Figure 15 is the isometric drawing along the cross section of the whole assembling of the line of the cross section, A-A in Figure 12;
Figure 16 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 10;
Figure 17 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 10;
Figure 18 is the cross-sectional view along D-D of Figure 10;
Figure 19 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 10 to 18;
Figure 20 is the side view of the assembling of the 3rd embodiment; Wherein there are a pair of gear and two couples of auxiliary rotary-piston E of double-face working-G,
Figure 21 is assembling top view;
Figure 22 is front assembled view;
Figure 23 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 24 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 22;
Figure 25 is the isometric drawing along the cross section of the whole assembling of the line of the cross section, A-A in Figure 22;
Figure 26 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 20;
Figure 27 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 20;
Figure 28 is the cross-sectional view along D-D of Figure 20;
Figure 29 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 20 to 28;
Figure 30 is the side view of the assembling of the 4th embodiment; Wherein there is the auxiliary rotary-piston E of a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working-G,
Figure 31 is assembling top view;
Figure 32 is front assembled view;
Figure 33 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 34 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 31;
Figure 35 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 30;
Figure 36 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 30;
Figure 37 is the cross-sectional view along D-D of Figure 30;
Figure 38 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 30 to 37;
Figure 39 is the side view of the assembling of the 5th embodiment; Wherein there is the auxiliary rotary-piston C of a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working-G,
Figure 40 is front assembled view;
Figure 41 is assembling top view;
Figure 42 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 43 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 39;
Figure 44 is the isometric drawing along the cross section of the whole assembling of the line of the cross section, A-A in Figure 39;
Figure 45 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 39;
Figure 46 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 39;
Figure 47 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 39 to 46;
Figure 48 is the side view of the assembling of the 6th embodiment; Wherein there is the auxiliary rotary-piston A of a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working -G,
Figure 49 is assembling top view;
Figure 50 is front assembled view;
Figure 51 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 52 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 49;
Figure 53 is the isometric drawing along the cross section of the whole assembling of the line of the cross section, A-A in Figure 49;
Figure 54 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 48;
Figure 55 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 48;
Figure 56 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 48 to 55;
Figure 57 is the front view of the assembling of the 7th embodiment; Wherein there is the auxiliary rotary-piston A of a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working-G,
Figure 58 is assembling top view;
Figure 59 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 60 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 61 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 59;
Figure 62 is the cross section isometric drawing of Figure 59 along the whole assembling of A-A cross-section line;
Figure 63 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 58;
Figure 64 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 58 along C-C;
Figure 65 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 57 to 64;
Figure 66 is the top view of the assembling of the 8th embodiment; Wherein there are five gears and two couples of auxiliary rotary-piston C of double-face working-G,
Figure 67 is front assembled view;
Figure 68 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 69 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 70 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 68;
Figure 71 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 66;
Figure 72 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 66;
Figure 73 is the assembly drawing of Figure 66-72 disassembly status;
Figure 74 is the top view of the assembling of the 9th embodiment; Wherein there is a pair of gear and an auxiliary rotary-piston A of double-face workingWith a two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G,
Figure 75 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 76 is front assembled view;
Figure 77 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 78 is the cross-sectional view along A-A of Figure 75;
Figure 79 is the cross-sectional view along B-B of Figure 74;
Figure 80 is the cross-sectional view along C-C of Figure 74;
Figure 81 is the isometric drawing of Figure 75 along the cross section of the whole assembling of A-A cross-section line;
Figure 82 is the assembly drawing of Figure 74-81 disassembly status;
Figure 83 is the top view of the assembling of the tenth embodiment; Wherein there is the auxiliary rotary-piston A of a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working-G,
Figure 84 is front assembled view;
Figure 85 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 86 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 87 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 85 along A-A;
Figure 88 is that the whole assembling of Figure 85 is along the isometric drawing of the cross section of A-A cross-section line;
Figure 89 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 83 along B-B;
Figure 90 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 83 along C-C;
Figure 91 is the assembly drawing of the disassembly status of Figure 83-90;
Figure 92 is the top view of the 11 embodiment; Wherein there is the auxiliary rotary-piston F-H of a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working,
Figure 93 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 94 is front assembled view;
Figure 95 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 96 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 93 along A-A;
Figure 97 is that the whole assembling of Figure 93 is through the isometric drawing of the cross section of face A-A;
Figure 98 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 92 along B-B;
Figure 99 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 92 along C-C;
Figure 100 is the assembly drawing of Figure 92-99 dismounting;
Figure 101 is the top view of the 12 embodiment; Wherein have three gears, the auxiliary rotary-piston G of double-face working andTwo auxiliary rotary-piston A of double-face working,
Figure 102 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 103 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 104 is the D-D cross-sectional view of Figure 102;
Figure 105 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 106 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 101 along B-B;
Figure 107 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 101 along C-C;
Figure 108 is the top view of the 13 embodiment; Wherein have four gears, the auxiliary rotary-piston G of double-face working andIn the assembling of three auxiliary rotary-piston A of double-face working,
Figure 109 is front assembled view;
Figure 110 is assembling top view;
Figure 111 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 112 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 108 along D-D;
Figure 113 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 108 along E-E;
Figure 114 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 108 along F-F;
Figure 115 is the assembly drawing of Figure 108-114 disassembly status;
Figure 116 is the top view of the 14 embodiment; Wherein there are five gears, four double-face workings to help rotary-piston A and oneDouble-face working is assisted rotary-piston G,
Figure 117 is front assembled view;
Figure 118 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 119 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 116 along A-A;
Figure 120 is that the whole assembling of Figure 116 is along the isometric drawing of the cross section of A-A;
Figure 121 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 116 along B-B;
Figure 122 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 116 along C-C;
Figure 123 is the disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 116-122;
Figure 124 is the top view of the 15 embodiment; Wherein there is seven gears, six double-face working rotary-piston A and oneHexagon is assisted rotary-piston G,
Figure 125 is that Figure 124 is along H-H cross-sectional view;
Figure 126 is that Figure 124 is along G-G cross-sectional view;
Figure 127 is that Figure 124 is along K-K cross-sectional view;
Figure 128 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 129 is the top view of the 16 embodiment; Wherein there is a pair of gear, one side work rotary-piston A and oneOne side is assisted rotary-piston G,
Figure 130 is front assembled view;
Figure 131 is assembling side elevation;
Figure 132 is assembling isometric drawing;
Figure 133 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 131 along A-A;
Figure 134 is that the whole assembling of Figure 131 is along the isometric drawing of the cross section of A-A;
Figure 135 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 129 along B-B;
Figure 136 is the cross-sectional view of Figure 129 along C-C;
Figure 137 is a disassembly status assembly drawing of Figure 129-136;
Figure 138 is the embodiment of the main body 6 having illustrated to have work ledge A and an auxiliary flute G,
Figure 139 is the embodiment of the main body 6 having illustrated to have work ledge B and auxiliary flute G,
Figure 140 is the embodiment of the main body 6 having illustrated to have work ledge D and auxiliary flute G,
Figure 141 is the embodiment of the main body 6 having illustrated to have work ledge F and auxiliary flute H,
Figure 142 is the cross section of the piston shell having illustrated to have a pair of double-face working-auxiliary piston A-G, has wherein illustrated equipmentIn running, liquid flows through housing,
Figure 143 is the front view at the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of two double-face workings place; L is all devices in Fig. 1 to 174The length (comprising all working piston and auxiliary piston) of piston.
Figure 144 is the top view at the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 145 is the side view at the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 146 is the isometric drawing at the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 147 is the front view at the auxiliary rotary-piston B-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 148 is the top view at the auxiliary rotary-piston B-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 149 is the side view at the auxiliary rotary-piston B-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 150 is the isometric drawing at the auxiliary rotary-piston B-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 151 is the front view at the auxiliary rotary-piston D-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 152 is the top view at the auxiliary rotary-piston D-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 153 is the side view at the auxiliary rotary-piston D-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 154 is the isometric drawing at the auxiliary rotary-piston D-G of two double-face workings;
Figure 155 is the front view at the auxiliary rotary-piston F-H of two double-face workings;
Figure 156 is the top view at the auxiliary rotary-piston F-H of two double-face workings;
Figure 157 is the side view at the auxiliary rotary-piston F-H of two double-face workings;
Figure 158 is the isometric drawing at the auxiliary rotary-piston F-H of two double-face workings;
Figure 159 is at a double-face working rotary-piston A and a front view two-sided back work rotary-piston;
Figure 160 is at a double-face working rotary-piston A and a top view two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G;
Figure 161 is at a double-face working rotary-piston A and a side view two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G;
Figure 162 is at a double-face working rotary-piston A and an isometric drawing two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G;
Figure 163 is at an one side work rotary-piston A and the front view auxiliary rotary-piston G of an one side;
Figure 164 is at an one side work rotary-piston A and the top view auxiliary rotary-piston G of an one side;
Figure 165 is at an one side work rotary-piston A and the side view auxiliary rotary-piston G of an one side;
Figure 166 is at an one side work rotary-piston A and the isometric drawing auxiliary rotary-piston G of an one side;
Figure 167 is work at a four sides rotary-piston A and the front view auxiliary rotary-piston G in a four sides;
Figure 168 is work at a four sides rotary-piston A and the top view auxiliary rotary-piston G in a four sides;
Figure 169 is work at a four sides rotary-piston A and the side view auxiliary rotary-piston G in a four sides;
Figure 170 is work at a four sides rotary-piston A and the isometric drawing auxiliary rotary-piston G in a four sides;
Figure 171 is at one three work rotary-piston A and front views three auxiliary rotary-piston G;
Figure 172 is at one three work rotary-piston A and top views three auxiliary rotary-piston G;
Figure 173 is at one three work rotary-piston A and side views three auxiliary rotary-piston G;
Figure 174 is at one three work rotary-piston A and isometric drawings three auxiliary rotary-piston G.
Detailed description of the invention
Equipment in Figure 138 to 174 and Fig. 1 to 137 has been set forth: have cylindrical-semicircle cylindrical bodies 6Rotary-piston, this rotary-piston and axle become one, or there is the hole of the diameter of an applicable axle at center, tool on this rotary-pistonThere are alone or in combination (work) ledge (A, B, C, D, E, F) or auxiliary flute (G, H).
In the main body 6 of rotary-piston one and/or the longitudinal ledge of several work are cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality or other shapesShape, and be parallel to the axle of the main body 6 of rotary-piston. For ease of identification shape, every kind of shape respectively with letter " A ", " B "," C ", " D ", " E " or " F " indicate.
One/several assistant longitudinal grooves in the main body 6 of rotary-piston are cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality, and it is alive to be parallel to rotationThe axle of the main body 6 of plug. For ease of identification shape, every kind of shape indicates with letter " G " or " H " respectively.
-(A) be a cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality ledge, there is radius r, height v, appears at embodiment'sIn the equipment of distortion: 1,4,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,15,16, from Figure 138 to 141,142 to 146And 159 to 174,
-(B) be a ledge that radius is r, be shaped as indentation (along length) cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality, byRadius R 2 and height v2 form, and every face once, is shown in Figure 139,147 to 150,
-(C) be a ledge that radius is r, be shaped as indentation (along length) cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality, byRadius R 2 and height v2 form, and every face once, is shown in 5 in the equipment in embodiment: Figure 39 to 47 and 66 to 73With 8,
-(D) be a ledge that radius is r, be shaped as indentation (along length) cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality, byRadius R 2 and R3, height v2 and v3 form, every two-sided twice, see Figure 140 and 151 to 154,
-(E) be a ledge that radius is r, be shaped as an indentation (along length) cylindrical-semicolumnShape, is formed by radius R 2 and R3, highly v2 and v3, and every two-sided four times, the shape of similar above-mentioned " D ", but pointBecome four radiuses (R2, R3, R4 and R5) and four height (v2, v3, v4 and v5), see the equipment in embodiment:In Figure 10 to 29 2 and 3,
-(F) be a ledge that radius is r, it is shaped as block cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality, by radius R f andHeight v forms, and sees Figure 141, and the equipment of the 11 embodiment in Figure 92 to 100,
-(G) be cylindrical-semi-cylindrical groove, its radius is r, is highly v1, see Figure 138 to 140,Embodiment in 142 to 154 and 159 to 174 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,14,15,Equipment in 16,
-(H) be a groove that radius is r1, be shaped as one block cylindrical-semicircle cylindricality, its radius R h prolongsStretch the length of height v1-adapting to the shape of ledge (F).
Rotary-piston is ledge (A, B, C, D, E, F) and the groove (G, H) and more in main body 6Ledge and groove (or combination of any shape), for clarity sake, divide into groups as follows to it:
-double-face working is assisted rotary-piston, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 hasFor the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, on it, have two (work) ledges (A, B, C,D, E or F) and (assisting) grooves of two shapes (being G or H), this ledge and groove are an angle of 90 degrees alternatelyDistribute.
-double-face working rotary-piston, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, on it, there are two and be shaped as (A, B, C, D, E or F), be 180 degree angles distribute (work) ledge.
-two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, in it, have two shapes (for G or H), be 180 degree(assisting) groove that angle distributes.
-one side work rotary-piston, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, on it, be one and be shaped as (A, B, C, D, E or F)(work) ledge.
-one side is assisted rotary-piston, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, (the assisting) that has in it and be shaped as (G or H) is recessedGroove.
-tri-work rotary-pistons, have cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has for peaceThe dress hole of axle or this main body 6 centers are integrated axle, on it, there are three and be shaped as (A, B, C, D, E or F),Be this ledge of (work) ledge that 120 degree angles distribute.
-tri-auxiliary rotary-pistons, have cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, in it, there are three and be shaped as (G or H), be 120 degree(assisting) groove that angle distributes.
-the rotary-piston of working on four sides, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, on it, there are four and be shaped as (A, B, C, D, E or F), be an angle of 90 degrees distribute (work) ledge.
The auxiliary rotary-piston in-four sides, has cylindrical-semi-cylindrical main body 6, and the center of this main body 6 has useIn the hole of installation shaft or this main body 6 centers integrated axle, in it, there are four and be shaped as (G or H), be 90 degree(assisting) groove that angle distributes.
According to the present invention, ledge and groove that rotary-piston has various shapes (see Figure 138 to 174, and Fig. 1 extremelyEquipment in 137), wherein, depend on application target for kind of liquid select applicable piston.
(general introduction) four cross section examples have been explained the ledge of four main (work) shapes below, and two mastersTo (assist) groove of shape, in addition, give obtain according to these be used in Fig. 1 to 137 and Figure 142 extremelyThe shape of the equipment in 174.
Main body 6 has (work) ledge A; (assisting) groove G, as shown in Figure 138, this groove G makes main body6 is circle cross-section, this circle cross-section radius be R and have the center hole that radius is R1 (when main body and axle become one,R1 is applicable to the radius of axle). Having two radiuses along longer axle is r, high semicircle (work) the ledge A for v;Perpendicular to shorter axle, having two radiuses is r1, high symmetrical semicircle (assisting) the groove G for v1. MentionAll parameters can change, so that it meets the demand (technical characteristic) of the equipment that uses rotary-piston.
Main body 6 has (work) ledge B; (assisting) groove G, as shown in Figure 139, this groove G makes winnerBody 6 is circle cross-section, and this circle cross-section radius is R and has the center hole that radius is R1 (when main body and axle are integrated intoOne, R1 is applicable to the radius of axle). There are two semicircles along longer axle, enter from a reduction of area, there is radius R 2 and heightV2's, and radius is r, high (work) ledge B for v, and perpendicular to two radiuses of minor axis be r1,Height is symmetrical semicircle (assisting) the groove G of v1. All parameters of mentioning can change, and revolve so that it meets to useTurn the demand (technical characteristic) of the equipment of piston.
Main body 6 has (work) ledge D; (assisting) groove G, as shown in Figure 140, this groove G makes main body6 is circle cross-section, and this circle cross-section radius is R, and has the center hole that radius is R1 (when main body and axle are integrated into oneWhen body, R1 is applicable to the radius of axle). Along major axis have twice of two every two sides indentation, radius be R2 and R3, high for v2 andIt is r, high (work) ledge D for v that the semicircle of v3 obtains radius; Perpendicular to minor axis have two radiuses be r1,Height is symmetrical semicircle (assisting) the groove G of v1. All parameters of mentioning can change, and revolve so that it meets to useTurn the demand (technical characteristic) of the equipment of piston.
Main body 6 has (work) ledge F; (assisting) groove G, as shown in Figure 141, this groove G makes winnerBody 6 is circle cross-section, and this circle cross-section radius is R, and have the center hole that radius is R1 (when main body and axle integratedWhile being integrated, R1 is applicable to the radius of axle). There are two that blocked by radius R f at high v place, semicircles along longer axle(work) ledge F,, the radius of this ledge F is r, height is v ledge F; Have two perpendicular to minor axisIndividual that blocked by radius R h at high v1 place, radius is symmetrical (assisting) groove H that r1, height are v1. The institute of mentioningThere is parameter to change, so that it meets the demand (technical characteristic) of the equipment that uses rotary-piston.
According to general explanation of the present invention, be no matter comprise two or more by axle, with two or more main bodys (With work auxiliary flute) in the assembling of meshed gears, in the mode of running, the situation that is suitable for different solutions is as follows:There is the main body 6 of A, B, C, D, E or F and auxiliary (groove) G or the H of (work) ledge, in brief,I.e. rotary-piston 11-11a in piston shell, the inside surface 7-7a of its top and base plane surface and partition wall andThe lid 1-1a of closure piston is (and in the time that use has the liquid of impurity, can have larger gap) on a contact wire;Main body 6 on axle 4-5-5a (or becoming one with axle) securely be arranged on gear housing 9 and (wherein have a fixed numberThe oil of amount, enough lubricated) interior gear 10-10a link, wherein driven wheel 10a-10 and one or more driven toothWheel 10 is engaged with each other, and object is to transmit power, and the rotation of aiming at rotary-piston, piston shell 11-11a and gear housing9 are separated by partition wall 7-7a, are useful on the hole of axle 4-5-5a on it; Rotation together with main body 6, (work) is outstandingThe top (along contact wire) of part A, B, C, D, E or F along piston shell inner slide (when use has the liquid of impurityTime, can there is higher gap), therefore form negative pressure (in vacuum to a certain degree), the applied thrust or thrust is executed aboveBe added on this (when as turbine or motor etc.); Auxiliary flute G and H are used for making (work) ledge flat from superpressure districtSlide and be transitioned into negative pressuren zone, and prevent that liquid from flowing into negative pressuren zone from superpressure district simultaneously; Equipment during as vavuum pump or compressor, is being livedIn plug housing (11-11a), even can there is a certain amount of oil, to realize better sealing, and raise the efficiency (except otherOutside oil, also can there is the cold oil of appropriate constant flow, where necessary for cooling device); The entrance of piston shell 11-outlet opening 20 or can there is different shapes at bonnet 1 place, or there is screw thread, so that spiral fixed installation coupling assembling.
Can be by any known mode, realize rightly between the main body 6 of rotary-piston and axle 4-5-5a or gearFirm connection between 10-10a and axle 4-5-5a. These assemblies all can be integrated into a part: have axle 4-5-5a'sMain body, or there is the gear 10-10a of axle 4-5-5a. The bearing 2 that is embedded in the axle in assembling can be all kinds,And select (ball according to the expection application target of size, hardness or anticipated duty resistance, temperature and lubricating method and equipmentBearing, ball bearing, needle bearing, sliding bearing and other bearings etc.).
The axle 4-5-5a of equipment has piston main body 6 and gear 10-10a, this axle can be embedded in: be positioned at equipment centerOn partition wall 7, and on the bonnet 1-1a of closure piston housing and piston itself; And, be embedded in the center of partition wall 7,With close on the protecgulum 12 of gear housing 9; Be embedded in protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1; Only be embedded in gear housing 9 from pistonOn the partition wall 7 that housing 11 separates. In certain embodiments, when equipment and an engine (or a generator) are integrated intoWhen one, can use the extension shaft of engine (or generator), this extension shaft is embedded into, for each given equipment, and shouldOn extension shaft, have a rotary-piston and a gear.
In all assemblings, according to the type selecting packing ring 8 of liquid, then, the pressure of the environment it being exposed according to packing ringThe toughness of power and temperature (heat) is selected (applicable desirable assembling) in all types.
According to other functional characteristics of material category, application target and equipment, as: liquid flow velocity, kind of liquid, liquidPressure (low, high or very high), and liquid heat that have or that generate in the course of the work itself, be all determine as followsParameter key factor: the overall dimension of piston shell 11-11a; The overall dimension of partition wall 7-7a; Bonnet 1-The overall dimension of 1a; The overall dimension of main body 6; Work ledge (A, B, C, D, E, F) and auxiliary flute (G, H) entirelyPortion's size and dimension; The all types of axle 4-5-5a; All sizes and the type of gear (10,10a), the type canFor any, but can only there is applicable shape to given equipment; The more important thing is than these, all types of sizes andQuantity (for example, need more screw for the assembling of high pressure, vice versa), because, for given assembling, its groupThe selection of part and mutually adaptation must meet the requirement of setting.
The assembled components of equipment: the bonnet 1-1a of piston shell, the protecgulum 12 of gear housing, partition wall 7, gear housing 9,With piston shell 11-11a, wherein each assembly forms separately, or several assembly becomes one in the following manner: bonnet 1 withPiston shell 11-11a is integrated; Protecgulum 12 is integrated with gear housing 9; Partition wall 7 becomes one with gear housing 9;Partition wall 7 becomes one with piston shell 11; In the time determining the best manufacture process of expection assembling, this point veryIt is important,
Can with all known and for the appropriate ways of given assembling realize all component each other (housing, lid, pointNext door) firm connection.
The assembly (piston, housing, partition wall and lid etc.) of composition assembling can be by various types of materials (alloy) or two kinds andThe combination of more eurypalynous material is made. For example, consider piston portion or be made up of the rubber of certain type completely, it is in workDo in process can (to a certain extent) to offset the impact of some allochthons (rigid impurity) that may exist in liquid.
In piston shell 11-11a, on partition wall 7-7a and bonnet 1-1a, from both sides sealings rotary-pistonOn assembly, there is passage 25 (seeing second and the 3rd embodiment of equipment), this passage 25 by around packing ring 8 itself and aroundAxis hole is that bearing 2 forms, and its ledge is towards conduit 20, and this conduit 20 is for introducing liquid to equipment, and canWith described device-dependent different size, shape, diameter and profile. Like this, it meets object completely, and induced damage resistive is not givenThe stability of equipment and efficiency. Suggestion calculates groove or the passage in all devices. Like this with the pad in protection partition wall and lidCircle 8, axis hole and bearing 2, make its impact of avoiding the fluid pressure in equipment, this point tool especially in the time of high pressure and extra-high voltageSignificant.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1 to 9, this equipment has a pair of gear and the auxiliary rotation of a pair of double-face working(the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of double-face working is by main body 6, two (work) ledge A and two (assisting) for piston A-GGroove G composition, this main body 6 has the hole for axle, this ledge A and this groove G are 90 degree alternate intervals and distribute),And preferably turbine, compressor, pump, vacuum equipment the most of this equipment, the uses such as motor, this equipment is made up of following assembly: toolHave entrance-outlet connector 20 piston shell 11, gear housing 9, partition wall 7, have for before the hole of axle 4Lid 12 and bonnet 1, described these assemblies interconnect by bolt 16, and this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x and revolvesEnter in the main body of bonnet 1, be provided with a pair of work-auxiliary rotary-piston A-G in piston shell 11, this piston is by axle 4Firmly be connected with the gear 10 in gear housing 9, wherein, piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7,On this partition wall 7, have the hole for axle 4 and 5, this axle 4 and 5 is embedded in protecgulum 12 and partition wall 7 by bearing 2In, auxiliary guiding element 22 is nested into hole suitable on assembly, in the time of the assembly assembling, for guiding it accurately to aim at, separatesPacking ring 8 on wall 7 and protecgulum 12 prevents that liquid from flowing into other housings or excessive from a housing. The external shape of this equipment canThink circle, ellipse etc.; This equipment can be used for the place of any needs: manufacture vacuum, compression compressible liquid, pumped liquidBody, manufacture required pressure and be that driven hydraulic-pneumatic machine uses as driving; This equipment can be used as the engine of any type and (sends outMotor) or the part of system; This equipment can connect by indirect connected mode, as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley, andAll known and suitable modes. This equipment even can manual actuation the pump of pouring, water, fuel etc. (for example for). IfStandby power transmission shaft can have one be positioned at cover, for the outlet of piston shell, this axle also can pass two lids. Entrance-going outMouthful connector 20 can be positioned on piston shell 11 or the bonnet 1 of housing on, and as entrance on housing, outlet coveringCombination, vice versa. In the time of pressure for higher, this equipment must have passage 25 (according to second embodiment, asShown in Figure 10-19) with pressure release, that is, chip shield and bearing are avoided the damage of high pressure. Piston length L (thickness) and shellBody length can change (in proportion), increases or reduces. Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can be with all existingRealizing with applicable mode of technology. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) ledge: A, B, C,D, E or F, and select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 10 to 19, this equipment has a pair of gear and two pairs of auxiliary revolving of double-face workingTurn piston E-G (the auxiliary rotary-piston plug E-G of double-face working by have axis hole main body 6, be that 90 degree alternate intervals distributeTwo (work) ledge E and two (assisting) groove G compositions), preferably use this equipment as pump, compressorFormed by following assembly: the piston shell 11 that becomes one with partition wall 7 and entrance-outlet connector 20, with bonnet 1And the piston shell 11a that becomes one of entrance-outlet connector 20 and be integrated into protecgulum 12 and partition wall 7aThe gear housing 9 of body, these assemblies are connected with 18 by bolt 16 each other, and this bolt 16 and 18 is through matchingHole 16x and screw in the main body of piston shell 11a, in piston shell 11 and 11a, be provided with a pair of different length (thickness)The auxiliary rotary-piston E-G of double-face working, the auxiliary rotary-piston E-G of this double-face working is connected to securely by axle 4 and 5Gear 10 in gear housing 9; On partition wall 7 and 7a, there is the hole for axle 4 and 5, protecgulum 12 HesOn bonnet 1, have the hole for axle 4, axle 4 and 5 embeds in partition wall 7 and bonnet 1, and auxiliary guiding element 22 is nested intoSuitable hole on assembly, its objective is that directing assembly is accurately aimed in the time connecting, and packing ring 8 is positioned at partition wall 7 and 7a is upper, withAnd on protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1, to prevent that liquid from flowing to other housings or escape from a housing, and avoid working solutionContact between body and bearing, is positioned at partition wall 7 and the 7a groove 25 above and on bonnet 1 for pressure release, that is, and and neonychiumCircle and bearing are avoided the impact of high-pressure spray, the opening of screw 15 closed oil, and this oil is for the lubricated tooth that is positioned at gear housing 9Wheel 10, bolt 18 and nut 17 are one of pattern for permanent plant. Length-the L (thickness) of the piston of this equipmentCan increase or reduce, thereby cause the piston shell of different length, and make it be adjusted to the length of piston. The outside shape of equipmentShape can be circular, oval etc. Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can be real by all known and applicable patternsExisting. This equipment can have described any shape (work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or F, and according to thisA little selection, is equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape. Equipment can be the engine of any type or of systemPoint; It can directly be driven by the motor of any type, and can pack motor into or be connected with motor with indirect mode, and for example ten thousandTo axle, electromagnetism lobe, pulley equipment, and all known and suitable modes. Make liquid enter the entrance-outlet of piston shellConnector 20 can be positioned at (or respectively on partition wall) on piston shell or in case lid, and can be combination (entrance existsOn housing, outlet covering,, on partition wall, vice versa), and can be circle or other shapes. When needed, this is establishedThe standby pump that preferably can be used as uses, can be used in the situation of for example fruit shop's water sprinkler, pull-alongs or portable type water sprinkler, at this moment,A working chamber will be used by water sprinkler, and meanwhile, another working chamber is used as the blender that spreads water constituent, or in some other realityExecute in example, chamber is as the pump for composition, and another will be used for compressed air (wherein piston be shaped as A-G).
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 20 to 29, this equipment has a pair of gear and two pairs of auxiliary revolving of double-face working(the auxiliary rotary-piston E-G of double-face working is made up of following assembly: have for the main body 6 in the hole of axle, two to turn piston E-G(work) ledge E and two (assisting) groove G), this equipment is as hydraulic motor and hydraulic pump or vavuum pumpBest results while being used in combination, this equipment is made up of following assembly: be integrated into partition wall 7 and entrance-outlet connector 20The piston shell 11 of one, and the piston shell 11a becoming one with protecgulum 12 and partition wall 7a, these assemblies byBolt 16 and 18 is connected to each other, and this bolt 16 and 18 is through the hole 16x matching and screw in piston shell 11a'sIn main body, in the piston shell 11 separate by partition wall 7a and 11a, be all provided with a pair of different length (thickness)The auxiliary rotary-piston E-G of double-face working, this piston is firmly connected with the gear 9 in gear housing 10 by axle 5; ?On partition wall 7-7a, have the hole for axle 5, this axle 5 is embedded in partition wall 7 and bonnet 1 by bearing 2, auxiliary leadingPart 22 is nested into hole suitable on assembly, its objective is that directing assembly is accurately aimed in the time connecting, and packing ring 8 is located at partition wall 7On 7a and bonnet 1, to prevent that liquid from flowing to other housings or escape from a housing, avoids hydraulic fluidContact with bearing 2, the passage 25 on partition wall 7 and 7a and bonnet 1 is for pressure release, and chip shield and bearing are exempted fromBe subject to the infringement from the high pressure of liquid, bolt 15 is closed oil outlet, and this oil is used for the gear 10 of 9 li of oilgear housings,Bolt 18 and nut 17 are one of pattern for permanent plant. Length-the L (thickness) of the piston of equipment can be large orLess, the variation of signal shell length, and housing is adjusted to the length of piston. The profile of equipment can be circular, ovalDeng. Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have carry(work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or the F of any shape arriving, and select according to these, be equipped with suitable shape(assisting) groove G or the H of shape. Equipment can be the engine of independent or any type or a part for system. Make liquidEntrance-outlet the connector 20 that enters piston shell can be positioned on piston shell or on the lid of housing, and can be this twoCombination (entrance on housing, outlet is at lid, on partition wall, and vice versa), and can be circle or other shapes. ShouldEquipment can be used as existing any injector or extensive multistage pump, can be arranged on the water surface in very dark well, and canOperate as follows: for example, this equipment (as the pump of first embodiment) arranges on the ground and by some device drives, for willWater is pumped into in the closed circulation pipe laying that the part in well is connected with given equipment, and at this moment this equipment component has liquidThe role of pressure motor uses another pipe laying after by this pipeline, and water is back in the pump resting on the ground, and in wellAnother part equipment water is extracted out from well, deliver to ground by an independent pipeline. In second embodiment, canManufacture open cycle, (in the pipe laying of the part as equipment, this equipment is taken out water from well to make a certain amount of waterTo floor surface) enough realize the course of work of pump and hydraulic motor,, pump into by ground pump by Article 2 pipe layingHydraulic motor (a part of engine in well), in the time of water outlet, water will enter in well. This equipment can be used in many cases, exampleAs: the compressed liquid in the part by connection in equipment or the liquid under pressure, a part for this equipment will can be used as liquidPressure motor, and another part can be used as a part for the equipment of vacuum equipment, pump or compressor.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 30 to 38, this equipment has a pair of gear and two pairs of auxiliary revolving of double-face working(the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of double-face working has axle with the integrated main body 6 of axle with another by one to turn piston A-GThe main body 6 in hole forms, and each main body 6 has two (work) ledge A and two (assisting) groove G), doingResult of use the best during for the combination of hydraulic motor and pump (or vavuum pump). This equipment is made up of following assembly: have entrance and go outThe piston shell 11 of port recess 20c and 20a and 11a, the lid 1 with entrance outlet connector 20 and 1a and withThe gear housing 9 that partition wall 7 and partition wall 7a become one, these assemblies are connected with 16b by bolt 16 each other,This bolt 16 and 16b pass in the hole 16x matching the main body that screws in piston shell 11a, piston shell 11 HesThe auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of double-face working in 11a with a pair of different length, this piston is by axle 5i5a and gear 10Firmly connect, on partition wall 7 and 7a and lid 1 and 1a, there is the hole for axle 5 and 5a, this axle 5 and 5a byBearing 2 is embedded in partition wall 7 and lid 1 and 1a, and packing ring 8 is located at partition wall 7 and 7a, and lid 1 and 1a, withPrevent that liquid from flowing to outside other housings or escape from a housing, avoid hydraulic fluid to contact with bearing, auxiliary guiding element22 are nested into hole suitable on assembly, accurately aim at for directing assembly in the time connecting, and bolt 15 screws in the 15a of hole, spiral shellBolt 16d through cover 1 and piston shell 11 on the hole 16dx matching and the main body that screws in partition wall 7 in, bolt16c is through covering in the hole 16cx matching on 1a the main body that screws in piston shell 11, and bolt 16a passes for lidLive in the hole 16ax matching on the tegillum 23 of bearing 2, and screw in cover 1 and the main body of 1a in, on partition wall 7aRing washer 3 be against on back-up ring 24 and supporting bead 8, the gasket rings 3 of lid 1 and 1a is against on bearing 2 and supportsPacking ring 8, key 29 is positioned at the groove on axle 5 and 5a, and sealing ring 28 is arranged in groove 28a, for the screw thread of boltHole 33a is used for fastening apparatus. Length-the L (thickness) of rotary-piston can grow or be shorter, has reflected the length of associated shellDegree changes, and is adjusted to the length (for example,, in the time that pressure is very high, rotary-piston and housing thereof should be shorter) of piston. GroupSealing between the contact surface of arrangement can realize by known and applicable pattern. This equipment can have mentioned any shape(work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or the F of shape, and select according to these, be equipped with (the assisting) of suitable shapeGroove G or H. Equipment can be the engine of independent or any type or a part for system. Make liquid enter piston shellEntrance-outlet connector can be positioned on piston shell or on the lid of housing, or adopt the two combination (entrance on housing,Outlet is covering, and vice versa), and can be circular (containing screw thread) or other shapes. No matter equipment set forth herein, useWhich kind of injector or heavy pump of a large amount of multistage, this equipment can replace them; This equipment can be arranged on the water surface of deep-well above orMore than water level, and operate, make: pump (taking the equipment in first embodiment as example) is put on the ground, and by waterIn the pipe laying that suction is connected with closed circulation, this closed circulation be connected with a part for given equipment (wherein, this partFunction is equivalent to hydraulic motor in the case), therefore, in the time that water passes through, water turns back to ground pump, and another portion of equipmentDivide water is extracted out from well, deliver to ground by an other pipe laying. In the distortion of another embodiment, can manufacture outPut circulation, when certain water gaging (in the pipe laying by environment division, this pipe laying for pumping to water ground from well)Be enough to support the running of pump and hydraulic motor, and water is pumped into hydraulic motor by another pipe laying, water out can enter in well afterwards.Equipment for example can be used on, in many other situations: by the liquid under compressed liquid or pressure being connected to a part for access arrangement,This equipment can be used as hydraulic motor and uses, and another part of equipment will be as vavuum pump, compressor, pump etc.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 39 to 47, this equipment has that a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working are auxiliary to be revolved(the auxiliary rotary-piston C-G of double-face working is given prominence to by the main body 6 becoming one with axle, two (work) to turn piston C-GPart C and two (assisting) groove G composition), when best as Use Limitation fruits such as turbine, pump, motors, this equipment byFollowing assembly composition: have rib shape securing member 14 and entrance-outlet connector 20 piston shell 11, gear housing 9,Partition wall 7, protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1, described assembly interconnects by bolt 16 and 16a, this bolt 16 and 16aThrough suitable hole 16x, and will screw in the main body of piston shell 11, be wherein provided with the auxiliary rotary-piston of a pair of double-face workingC-G, this piston is firmly connected or combination with the gear 10 in gear housing 9 with 5 by axle 4, wherein piston shell 11Separated by partition wall 7 with gear housing 9, have the hole for axle 4 and 5 on this partition wall 7, this axle 4 and 5 embedsIn protecgulum 12, bonnet 1 and bearing 2, bolt 16b through match on tegillum 23 hole 16bx and screw in afterIn the main body of lid 1, packing ring 8 is arranged on partition wall 7, bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12, to prevent that liquid from flowing from a housingEnter outside other housings and escape, back-up ring 24 supports the packing ring 8 being positioned on partition wall 7 and protecgulum 1, hole 33 useIn bolt, with fastening apparatus, bolt 15 screws in the 15a of hole. The external shape of equipment can be circular, oval etc.; ShouldEquipment can be used for the place of any needs: for pumping liquid, produce pressure and conduct driving or driven hydraulic press; This is establishedThe standby engine (generator) of any type or the part for system of can be used as; Can directly be driven by the motor of any type; Can fillEnter or be connected engine (generator) with indirect mode, as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley and every other suitable mode. This is establishedStandby power transmission shaft can have an outlet through piston shell lid and two lids. Entrance-outlet connector 20 can be in piston shellOn body 11 or on the bonnet 1 of housing, or be combination: entrance on piston shell 11, outlet lid 1 on,Vice versa. In the time of pressure for higher, this equipment must be provided with passage (according to second enforcement shown in Figure 10-19Groove 25 in example) with pressure release, chip shield and bearing are avoided the infringement of liquid high pressure. Length (thickness) and the shell of pistonThe length of body can be grown or shorter (in proportion). Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can be by known and applicable patternRealize. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or F, and rootSelect according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 48 to 56, this equipment has that a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working are auxiliary to be revolved(the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of double-face working is given prominence to by the main body 6 becoming one with axle, two (work) to turn piston A-GPart A and two (assisting) groove G composition), this equipment is as turbine, compressor, pump, vacuum equipment, motorBest Deng Use Limitation fruit, this equipment is made up of following assembly: have entrance-the go out piston shell 11 of port recess 20a, withGear housing 9, the partition wall 7 that protecgulum 12 becomes one and there is the bonnet 1 of entrance-outlet connector 20,Described assembly is connected to each other by bolt 16, and this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x and screws in gear housing, in piston shellBody 11 is provided with the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of a pair of double-face working, and this piston is by axle 4 and 5 and the gear of 9 li of gear housings10 firmly connect, and wherein piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7, on partition wall 7, have for axle 4With 5 hole, this axle 4 and 5 is embedded in the bearing 2 of protecgulum 1, and bolt 16a passes on bonnet 1 and piston shell 11Upper suitable hole 16bx, and screw in the main body of partition wall 7, wherein ring washer 3 is shelved on bearing 2 and supporting padCircle 8, key 29 is positioned at suitable recess on axle 4 and 5, and sealing ring 28 is positioned at recess 28a, auxiliaryGuiding element 22 is nested into hole suitable on assembly, its objective is that directing assembly is accurately aimed in the time connecting, and bolt 15 is closed oilyOutlet 15a has the screwed hole 33 for bolt, with fastening apparatus on bonnet 12. The external shape of equipment can be ellipseCircle or other shapes; This equipment can be used for the place of any needs: manufacture vacuum, compression compressible liquid, pumping liquid,Mineralization pressure and be driven hydropneumatic machine as driving; This equipment can be the engine (generator) of any type or beA part for system; Can directly be driven by the motor of any type; Also be applicable to maybe can by indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft,Electromagnetism lobe, pulley, and other suitable modes connect engine (generator). The power transmission shaft 4 of this equipment can have outlet, andThrough the lid 1 of piston shell. Entrance-outlet connector 20 can be positioned on piston shell 11 or the lid 1 of housing on, orFor combination: entrance on piston shell 11, outlet on lid 1, vice versa. In the time of pressure for higher, shouldEquipment must be provided with passage (according to the groove 25 in second embodiment shown in Figure 10-19) with pressure release, i.e. chip shieldAvoid the infringement of the high pressure of liquid with bearing. If needed, the length (thickness) of piston and the length of housing can increase in proportionLarge or reduce. For example, in the time that equipment need be used in higher pressure, its piston and housing can be shorter. The contact table of assembled componentsSealing between face can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work)Ledge: A, B, C, D, E or F, and select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 57 to 65, this equipment has that a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working are auxiliary to be revolved(the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of double-face working is by having the main body 6 of an axis hole, two (work) protuberances to turn piston A-GDivide A and two (assisting) groove part G compositions), in the time using as turbine, compressor, pump, vavuum pump, motor etc.Its best results. This equipment is made up of following assembly: have entrance-outlet connector 20 piston shell 11, gear housing 9,Partition wall 7, the protecgulum 12 and the bonnet 1 that become one with semicircle ledge, described assembly is mutual by bolt 16Connect, this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x and screws in the main body of protecgulum 12, is provided with a pair of in piston shell 11Double-face working is assisted rotary-piston A-G, and this piston is firmly connected with the gear 10 of 9 li of gear housings with 5 by axle 4,Wherein piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7, are useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5 on this partition wall 7,This axle 4 and 5 is embedded in partition wall 7 by bearing 2, and auxiliary guiding element 22 is nested into hole suitable on assembly, its objective isWhen connection, directing assembly is accurately aimed at, and the packing ring 8 on partition wall 7 and protecgulum 12 flows to it for preventing liquid from a housingOutside his housing and escape, the opening 33 in assembling is for bolt, and with permanent plant, the threaded hole 15 of tool is for filling outOil-filled, and close by screwing in wherein bolt. This equipment can also be that the piston shell 11 with piston A-G is positioned atBetween protecgulum 12 and partition wall 7, the cogged piston shell 9 of tool is between central wall and bonnet 1, in this situationUnder, gear housing 9 can become one with bonnet 1, and (for example, a kind of selection is deep-draw metal to adopt thin materialPlate). The external shape of equipment can be circular, oval or other suitable shapes. This equipment can be used for the place of any needs:Manufacture vacuum, compression compressible liquid, pumping liquid, generation pressure and be driven hydraulic-pneumatic machine as driving; This is establishedFor being used as the engine (generator) of any type or a part for system; This equipment can directly be driven by the motor of any typeMoving; This equipment can be put into or connect as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley and every other suitable mode with indirect connected modeConnect engine (generator). The power transmission shaft of equipment can have the outlet through piston shell and two lids. Entrance-outlet connector20 can be positioned on piston shell 11 or the bonnet 1 of housing on, as shown in Figure 92 to 100, according to the 11 embodiment,And with a kind of combination: entrance on housing, outlet covering, vice versa. For elevated pressures in the situation that, shouldEquipment must be provided with passage-groove 25 (according to second embodiment shown in Figure 10-19) with pressure release, that is, and and neonychiumCircle and bearing are avoided the infringement of liquid high pressure. The length (thickness) of piston and the length of housing can increase or reduce (in proportion).Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have mentioned(work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or the F of any shape, and select according to these, be equipped with suitable shape(assisting) groove G or H.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 66 to 73, this equipment has a pair of gear and two pairs of auxiliary revolving of double-face working(the auxiliary rotary-piston C-G of double-face working is by having the main body 6 of an axis hole, two (work) protuberances to turn piston C-GPoint A and two (assist) groove part G compositions), effect in the time being used as turbine, compressor, pump, vavuum pump, motor etc.The best, this equipment is made up of following assembly: have the piston shell 11 of entrance-outlet connector 20 and 11a, partition wall 7Gear housing 9, there is protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1 for the hole of axle 4, described assembly is interconnected by bolt 16,This bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x and screws in the main body of bonnet 1, and bolt 16a is through suitable hole 16y screw-inIn the main body of partition wall 7, in piston shell 11 and 11a, be provided with the auxiliary rotary-piston C-G of a pair of double-face working, this pistonGear 10 by 9 li of axle 5 and gear housings is firmly connected, and piston shell 11 and 11a and gear housing 9 are by separatingWall 7 separates, and is useful on the hole of axle 5 on partition wall 7, and this axle 5 is embedded in bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12 by bearing 2,The axle 4 of piston 10a carrying is embedded in partition wall 7 and protecgulum 12, and auxiliary guiding element 22 is nested into hole suitable on assembly,Its objective is that directing assembly is accurately aimed in the time connecting, the packing ring 8 on partition wall 7, protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1 is for preventing liquidBody flows to other housings and escape from a housing, and prevents hydraulic fluid contact bearing 2, and bolt 15 is closed bonnet 12Hole 15a above and in gear chamber 9. The external shape of equipment can be circular, oval or other suitable shapes. This equipmentCan be used for anyly need to producing vacuum, compression compressible liquid, produce pressure and be driven hydraulic-pneumatic machine as drivingLocal; This equipment can be the engine (generator) of any type or a part for system; Can be direct by the motor of any typeDrive; Can put into or connect horse with indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley and other known and suitable modesReach (generator). Entrance-outlet connector 20 can be positioned on piston shell or the lid 1 of housing on, or be the combination of the two:Entrance on housing, outlet covering, vice versa. In the time of the pressure for higher, this equipment must be provided with passage 25 (asSecond embodiment shown in Figure 10-19) with pressure release, chip shield and bearing are avoided the infringement of liquid high pressure. PistonThe length of length (thickness) and housing can increase or reduce (in proportion). Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components canWith all known and applicable patterns realizations. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) ledge: A, B,C, D, E or F, and select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 74 to 82, this equipment has a pair of gear, a double-face working rotation is lived(this double-face working rotary-piston A is by the main body 6 and two (work) ledge A that become one with axle 4 for plug AComposition) and two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G (this two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G is by the main body 6 becoming one with axle 5With two (assisting) groove G composition), this equipment preferably has entrance-go out port recess 20a, be integrated into protecgulum 12Gear housing 9, the partition wall 7 of body and have the bonnet 1 of entrance-outlet connector 20, described assembly is by bolt 16 phasesConnect, this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x, and screws in gear housing 9, is provided with one pair in piston shell 11Face work rotary-piston A and a two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G, described piston is by axle 4 and 5 and 9 li of gear housingsGear 10 firmly connect, piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7, on partition wall 7, are useful onThe hole of axle 4 and 5, axle 4 and 5 is embedded by bearing 2, on protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1, has the hole for axle 4, bolt16a passes the hole on tegillum 23 and screws in the main body of bonnet 1, and the ring washer 3 on partition wall 7 is against back-up ring 24Upper also supporting bead 8, the ring washer 3 on bonnet 1 is shelved on bearing 2 and supporting bead 8, and key 29 is positioned at axle 4 HesIn groove on 5, sealing ring 28 is positioned at the groove 28a of housing 11 and 9, and it is suitable that auxiliary guiding element 22 is nested on assemblyHole, accurately aims at for directing assembly in the time connecting, and bolt 15 is closed the oilhole 15a on protecgulum 12, on this protecgulum 12, goes backBe useful on and screw in the screwed hole of bolt with permanent plant. The profile of equipment can be difformity, as ellipse etc. This equipment canFor anyly producing vacuum, compression compressible liquid, produce the place of pressure, this equipment can be any type engine orA part for system, can directly be driven by the motor of any type, and can put into or with indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft,Electromagnetism lobe, pulley, and all known and applicable mode connecting motors. Entrance-outlet connector 20 can be positioned at piston shellOn 11 or on the lid 1 of housing, or with combination mode: entrance on piston shell 11, outlet lid 1 on, otherwise alsoSo. In the time of the situation for elevated pressures, this equipment must be provided with passage (according to second embodiment shown in Figure 10-19Passage 25) with the high pressure from liquid on releasing sealed assembly and bearing. The length of piston (thickness) and housing when neededLength can suitably increase in proportion or less. For example, in the time that equipment is used in higher pressure, its piston and housing meetingShorter. Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have(work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or the F of any shape of mentioning, and select according to these, be equipped with suitableAs (assisting) groove G or the H of shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 83 to 91, this equipment has that a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working are auxiliary to be revolved(the auxiliary rotary-piston A of this double-face working is given prominence to by the main body 6 becoming one with axle 4, two (work) to turn piston A-GPart A and two (assisting) groove G composition), as Use Limitations such as turbine, compressor, pump, vavuum pump, motorsFruit is best, and this equipment is made up of following assembly: have entrance-the go out piston shell 11 of port recess 20a---this piston shell11 become one with partition wall 7, gear housing 9---this gear housing 9 becomes one with protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1,On this protecgulum 12, there is the hole for axle 4, on this bonnet 1, there is the bonnet 1 of entrance-outlet connector 20, described assemblyBe connected to each other by bolt 16, this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x, and screws in gear housing 11, at piston shell 11Inside be provided with the auxiliary rotary-piston A-G of a pair of double-face working, this piston by axle 4 and 5 and gear housing 9 in gear 10Firmly connect, be useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5 on partition wall 7, this axle 4 and 5 is embedded bonnet 1 and is separated by bearing 2In wall 7, the packing ring 8 on partition wall 7, bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12 for prevent liquid from a housing flow to other housings andOutside escape, prevent hydraulic fluid contact bearing 2, bolt 16b is through suitable hole 16c on bonnet 1, and screw-inIn the main body of piston shell 11, bolt 16a passes the interior suitable hole 16z of gear housing 9, and screws in the main body of partition wall 7In, sealing ring 28 is positioned at the groove 28a of piston shell 11, and key 29 is positioned at suitable groove on axle 4 and 5, bolt 15Close the oil-in on gear housing 9, screwed hole 33 is for bolt, with permanent plant. This equipment can be used for any needsLocal: to manufacture vacuum, compression compressible liquid, pumping liquid, generation pressure and conduct and drive from the gentle motivation of hydrodynamic pressureDevice, this equipment can be a part for any type engine (generator) or any system; This equipment can be by any typeMotor directly drives, and also can put into or as all known and suitable in universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley etc. with indirect connected modeMode connects engine (generator). Equipment can drive the even manual operation pump of pouring, water, fuel etc. (be for example used for).Power transmission shaft on equipment can have outlet, and passes the lid 1 of piston shell 11. Entrance-outlet connects 20 can be positioned at workOn plug housing 11 or on the lid 1 of housing, or be combination: entrance on piston shell 11, outlet on lid 1, otherwise alsoSo. The length (thickness) of piston and the length of housing can increase or reduce (pari passu). Between assembled components contact-making surfaceSealing can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) protuberancePoint: A, B, C, D, E or F, and select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 92 to 100, this equipment has that a pair of gear and a pair of double-face working are auxiliary to be revolved(the auxiliary rotary-piston F-H of this double-face working is by sinking to from one side, from the main body 6 of another side strengthening, two to turn piston F-HAppearance is semi-cylindrical every two sides indentation of blocking (work) ledge F and two (assisting) groove H groups onceBecome), preferably as turbine, compressor, pump or motor and for high pressure. This equipment is made up of following assembly: livePlug housing 11---this piston shell 11 becomes one with the bonnet 1 with entrance-outlet connector 20, gear housing9, partition wall 7 and protecgulum 12, this protecgulum 12 has eccentric semicircular ledge, and described assembly is mutual by bolt 16Connect, this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x, and screws in the main body in protecgulum 12, is provided with a pair of two in piston shell 11Rotary-piston F-H is assisted in face work, and this piston is firmly connected with the gear 10 of 9 li of gear housings with 5 by axle 4, itsMiddle piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7, are useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5, this axle on this partition wall 74 and 5 are embedded in protecgulum 12 and partition wall 7 by bearing 2, on this protecgulum 12, have the hole for axle 4, auxiliary leadingPart 22 is nested into hole suitable on assembly, and for guide accurate assembly alignment in the time connecting, on partition wall 7 and protecgulum 12On packing ring 8 flow to outside other housings and escape from a housing for preventing liquid, ring washer 3 is positioned at bearing 2With between packing ring 8 on protecgulum 12, the hole 33 in assembling is for bolt, with permanent plant, the threaded hole of tool 15 useIn filling oil, and close by screwing in suitable bolt. The profile of equipment can be circular, oval or some other through adjustingWhole shape. This equipment can be used for the place of any needs: pumping liquid, produce pressure, as a driving from hydrodynamic pressureGentle movement machine; This equipment can be a part for any type engine (generator) or system; This equipment can be used any classThe motor of type directly drives, and can put into or with indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley and every other knownAnd suitable mode connecting motor (generator). The length (thickness) of piston and the length of housing can increase or reduce (by thanExample). Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have carry(work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or the F of any shape arriving, and select according to these, be equipped with suitable shape(assisting) groove G or the H of shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 101 to 107, this equipment has three gears, two double-face working rotations(this double-face working rotary-piston A is by the main body 6 sinking to from two sides, for centre bore and two (work) of axle for piston ALedge A composition) and two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G (this two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G is by having central shaft holeMain body 6 and two (assisting) groove part G compositions), this equipment is preferably as compressor, vavuum pump, and this pump is by piston shellBody 11, gear housing 9, partition wall 7, protecgulum 12 and the bonnet 1 with entrance-outlet connector 20 form, instituteState assembly and be connected to each other by bolt 16, this bolt 16 passes suitable hole and screws in the main body of bonnet 1, at piston shellIn 11, be provided with two double-face working rotary-piston A and a two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G, described two pistons are by axle 5 Hes4 are firmly connected with the gear 10 of 9 li of gear housings, and wherein piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7,On this partition wall 7, be useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5, this axle axle 4 and 5 is embedded in bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12 by bearing 2,Packing ring 8 on partition wall 7 and on protecgulum 12 flows to outside other housings and escape from a housing for preventing liquid.The external shape of equipment can be oval or other suitable shapes. This equipment can be used for the place of any needs: manufacture vacuum,Compression compressible liquid or pumping liquid; This equipment can be any type engine or a part for system; This equipment can be byThe motor of any type directly drives; Also can put into or with indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley, and allThe mode connecting motor that other are known and suitable. The length (thickness) of piston and the length of housing can increase or reduce (by thanExample). Sealing between assembled components contact surface can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have mention(work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or the F of any shape, and select according to these, be equipped with suitable shape(assisting) groove G or H.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 108 to 115, this equipment has four gears, two double-face working rotations(this double-face working rotary-piston A is by the main body 6 sinking to from two sides, central shaft hole, two (work) protuberances for piston APoint A composition) and two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G (this two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G by center have axis hole, from two sidesThe main body 6 sinking to and two (assisting) groove G compositions), this equipment is preferably as turbine, motor, pump or driving and drivenHydraulic pressure and pneumatic motor, this equipment by piston shell 11, gear housing 9, partition wall 7, there is the protecgulum 12 for the hole of axle 4With there is entrance-outlet and be connected 20 bonnet 1, described assembly is interconnected by bolt 16, this bolt 16 is through suitableHole 16x, and screw in the main body of bonnet 1, three double-face workings that are each other 120 degree angular spacings in piston shell 11, be provided withAuxiliary rotary-piston A, housing center has a two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G simultaneously, and described two pistons are by axle 5 and 4Firmly be connected with the gear 10 of 9 li of gear housings, wherein piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7,On partition wall 7, be useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5, this axle 4 and 5 is embedded on bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12 by bearing 2, separatesPacking ring 8 on wall 7 and on protecgulum 12 flows to outside other housings and escape from a housing for preventing liquid. IfStandby external shape can be circular or other suitable shapes. This equipment can be used for the place of any needs: pumping liquid, productRaw pressure or conduct drive from the gentle movement machine of hydrodynamic pressure; This equipment can be any type engine (generator) or systemA part; This equipment can directly be driven by the motor of any type; Also can put into or with indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft,Electromagnetism lobe, pulley, and every other known and suitable mode connecting motor. The length (thickness) of piston and the length of housingCan increase or reduce (in proportion). Sealing between assembled components contact surface can realize by all known and applicable patterns.This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or F, and according to theseSelect, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 116 to 123, this equipment has five gears, four double-face working rotations(this double-face working rotary-piston A is prominent by the main body sinking to from two sides 6 and two (work) with central shaft hole for piston AGo out part A composition) and two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G (this two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G by center have axis hole from twoThe main body 6 that face sinks to and two (assisting) groove G compositions), preferably as vavuum pump, compressor, turbine, motor, pumpOr driving or driven hydraulic-pneumatic machine, this equipment by piston shell 11, gear housing 9, partition wall 7, have for axleThe protecgulum 12 in 4 hole forms with the bonnet 1 with entrance-outlet connector 20, and described assembly is connected to each other by bolt 16,This bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x and screws in the main body of bonnet 1, is provided with four and is an angle of 90 degrees in piston shell 11The auxiliary rotary-piston A of double-face working spaced apart, has a two-sided auxiliary rotary-piston G at equipment (housing) center,Described two pistons are firmly connected with the gear 10 in gear housing 9 with 4 by axle 5, wherein piston shell 11 and gearHousing 9 is separated by partition wall 7, is useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5 on partition wall 7, and this axle 4 and 5 is embedded in by bearing 2On bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12, the packing ring 8 on partition wall 7 and on protecgulum 12 flows to other for preventing liquid from a housingOutside housing and escape. The external shape of equipment can be square, circular or other suitable shapes. This equipment can be used forThe place of any needs: pumping liquid, produce vacuum pressure or be driven hydraulic air motivation as driving; This equipment can be to appointWhat engine (generator) of type or part of system; This equipment can directly be driven by the motor of any type, also canWith put into or with indirect connected mode as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulley, and every other known and suitable mode connecting motor(generator). The length (thickness) of piston and the length of housing can increase or reduce (in proportion). Assembled components contact tableSealing between face can realize by all known and applicable patterns. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work)Ledge: A, B, C, D, E or F, and select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 124 to 128, this equipment have six gears 10 and gear 10a,(this double-face working rotary-piston A is by main body 6 and two (work) with central shaft hole for six double-face working rotary-piston ALedge A composition) and a hexagon is assisted rotary-piston G, and (the auxiliary rotary-piston G of this hexagon has axis hole by centerMain body 6 and (assist) groove G composition of distributing of six intervals, 60 degree), this equipment be preferably used as vavuum pump, compressor,Pump, this equipment by piston shell 11, gear housing 9, partition wall 7, have for the protecgulum 12 in the hole of axle 4 and haveThe bonnet 1 of entrance-outlet connector 20 forms, and described assembly is connected to each other by bolt 16, and this bolt 16 is through suitableHole also screws in the main body of bonnet 1, is provided with at piston shell 11 the auxiliary rotation of double-face working that 60Du angle, six intervals distributesPiston A, has the auxiliary rotary-piston G of a hexagon at housing 11 center, these pistons are by axle 5 and 4 and gearThe gear 10 that housing is 9 li is firmly connected with 10a, and wherein piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7,On partition wall 7, be useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5, this axle 4 and 5 is embedded in bonnet 1 and protecgulum 12 by bearing 2, separatesPacking ring 8 on wall 7 and on protecgulum 12 flows to outside other housings and escape from a housing for preventing liquid. IfStandby external shape can be circular or other suitable shapes. This equipment can be used for the place of any needs: pumping liquid andProduce pressure or vacuum; This equipment can directly drive with the motor of any type; This equipment can be put into or with indirect connection sideFormula is as every other known and suitable mode connecting motors such as universal drive shaft, electromagnetism lobe, pulleys. The length (thickness) of piston andThe length of housing can increase or reduce (in proportion). Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can be with all known and suitableThe pattern of closing realizes. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) ledge: A, B, C, D, E or F,And select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape.
According to equipment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 129 to 137, this equipment has a pair of gear, an one side work rotationPiston A (this one side work rotary-piston A is made up of main body 6 and (work) ledge A with central shaft hole)(the auxiliary rotary-piston G of this one side is had main body 6 and (the assisting) of axis hole by center with the auxiliary rotary-piston G of an one sideGroove G composition), this equipment preferably uses together with internal combustion engine. This equipment is made up of following assembly: have entrance-outlet and connectPiston shell 11, gear housing 9, partition wall 7, protecgulum 12 and the bonnet 1 of fitting 20, described assembly is by bolt 16 phasesConnect, this bolt 16 passes suitable hole 16x, and screws in the main body of bonnet 1; In piston shell 11, be provided with a listThe auxiliary rotary-piston A of face work and an auxiliary rotary-piston G of one side, described two pistons are by axle 4 and 5 and gearThe gear 10 that housing is 9 li firmly connects, and wherein piston shell 11 and gear housing 9 are separated by partition wall 7, this separationOn wall 7, be useful on the hole of axle 4 and 5, this axle 4 and 5 is embedded in protecgulum 12 and bonnet 1 by bearing 2, auxiliary guiding element 22Be nested into hole suitable on assembly, and accurately aim at the pad on partition wall 7 and on protecgulum 12 for directing assembly in the time connectingCircle 8 is for preventing that liquid from flowing to outside other housings and escape from a housing. Bolt 15 is closed for filling entering of oilMouthful, bolt 18 and 17 is used for fastening apparatus. The external shape of this equipment can be circular, oval etc.; This equipment can be doneFor a part for motor is used, need to use its place. Entrance-outlet connector 20 can be positioned at piston shell 11 or shellOn the bonnet 1 of body, or be the two combination: entrance on housing, outlet covering, vice versa. The length of piston is (thickDegree) and the length of housing can increase or reduce (in proportion). All one side pistons can be by all known and suitable modesCarry out balance, to prevent that piston from producing vibrations in the course of the work. Sealing between the contact surface of assembled components can be with allKnown and applicable pattern realizes. This equipment can have mentioned any shape (work) ledge: A, B, C,D, E or F, and select according to these, be equipped with (assisting) groove G or the H of suitable shape. Such equipment canAs compressor, pump, vacuum equipment, replace an one side working piston and one side auxiliary piston, this equipment has double-face workingPiston and two-sided auxiliary piston, or three working pistons and three auxiliary pistons, or the auxiliary rotation of four sides working piston and four sides is livedPlug.

Claims (5)

1. have rotary-piston, can be used as compressor, pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and from hydrodynamic pressure or pneumatic motorThe equipment of device, this equipment is made up of following assembly: piston shell (11), the gear housing with entrance and exit connector (20)(9), partition wall (7), bonnet (1) and there is the protecgulum (12) for the hole of axle, above assembly is by the first bolt(16) interconnect, this first bolt (16) is fixed on bonnet (1) through the hole on described bonnet (1) spiralIn main body, it is characterized in that, this equipment is made up of following assembly: four gears (10) and a driven wheel (10a),It is upper that these four gears (10) are securely fixed in respectively four the second axles (5), and this driven wheel (10a) firmly fixesUpper at the first axle (4), this first axle (4) is embedded on partition wall (7) and protecgulum (12) by bearing (2); Two pairsBe arranged on the auxiliary rotary-piston (C-G) of double-face working in piston shell (11), this double-face working is assisted rotary-piston (C-G)There is main body (6), in this main body (6), have for the hole of the second axle (5), two every reduction of area enters work once at topMake ledge (C) and two auxiliary flutes (G), wherein piston shell (11) and gear housing (9) are by partition wall(7) separate, this partition wall has the hole for the second axle (5) on (7), and described the second axle (5) is by bearing (2) embeddingEnter in bonnet (1) and protecgulum (12); And for the auxiliary guiding element (22) that directing assembly is accurately aimed in the time connecting,This auxiliary guiding element (22) is inserted in hole suitable on assembly; Packing ring (8), be positioned at described partition wall (7), described beforeLid (12) and described bonnet (1) are upper, and the second bolt (15) screws in the hole on protecgulum (12) and gear housing (9)(15a) in.
2. have rotary-piston, can be used as compressor, pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and from hydrodynamic pressure or pneumatic motorThe equipment of device, this equipment is made up of following assembly: have entrance and exit connector (20) first piston housing (11), haveSecond piston shell (11a) of entrance and exit connector (20), gear housing (9), the first partition wall (7), secondPartition wall (7a), have protecgulum (12) and bonnet (1) for the hole of axle, above assembly is by bolt (16) phaseConnect, this bolt (16) is fixed in the main body of bonnet (1) through hole spiral on described bonnet (1), its spyLevy and be, in first piston housing (11) and the second piston shell (11a), be all provided with the double-face working of a pair of different lengthAuxiliary rotary-piston (E-G), this double-face working assists rotary-piston (E-G) respectively by the first axle (4), the second axle(5) be firmly connected with the gear (10) in gear housing (9), packing ring (8) is arranged on protecgulum (12), bonnet(1), in and the first partition wall (7), the second partition wall (7a), described double-face working is assisted rotary-piston (E-G) toolHave main body (6), this main body (6) has two the semicircle cylindricality work ledges (E) that are the distribution of an angle of 90 degrees alternate intervalsWith two semicircle cylindricality auxiliary flutes (G), passage (25) is arranged on the first partition wall (7), the second partition wall (7a)With bonnet (1) is upper, gear housing (9) becomes one with protecgulum (12), and first piston housing (11) is separated with firstWall (7) becomes one, and the second piston shell (11a) becomes one with bonnet (1), wherein, and first piston housing(11), the second piston shell (11a) is separate by the second partition wall (7a), the first axle (4) and the second axle (5) are slottingEnter in the bearing (2) on the first partition wall (7) and bonnet (1).
3. have rotary-piston, can be used as compressor, pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and from hydrodynamic pressure or pneumatic motorThe equipment of device, is characterized in that, this equipment is cylindrical, has a pair of gear (10), a pair of the first double-face working auxiliaryRotary-piston (A-G) and a pair of the second double-face working are assisted rotary-piston (A-Ga), the auxiliary rotation of this first double-face workingPiston (A-G) has main body (6), and this main body (6) becomes one with the axle in first piston housing (11), shouldThe second double-face working assists rotary-piston (A-Ga) to have the hole for the axle in the second piston shell (11a), and first livesOn plug housing (11), have the first entrance and exit groove (20c), the first bonnet has the first entrance and exit on (1)Connector (20) and for covering first tegillum (23) of clutch shaft bearing (2), has on the second piston shell (11a)The second entrance and exit groove (20a), on the second bonnet (1a), have the second entrance and exit connector (20) and forCover second tegillum (23) of the second bearing (2), gear housing (9) becomes one with the first partition wall (7),First piston housing (11), the second piston shell (11a) are interconnected by the first bolt (16), and are connected to secondThe main body of piston shell (11a), the second bolt (15) screws in the hole (15a) on gear housing (9), the 3rd bolt (16d)Through the hole matching (16dx) being positioned on the first bonnet (1) and first piston housing (11), and screw in the first partition wall(7), in, the 5th bolt (16c) is through being positioned at the hole matching (16cx) on the second bonnet (1a) and screwing in the second piston shellIn the main body of body (11a), the 4th bolt (16a) is through being positioned at the hole (16ax) on the first tegillum (23) and screwing in the first bonnet (1)In, and being against back-up ring (24), the first ring washer (3) in the second partition wall (7a) goes up and supports the first packing ring (8), and after firstThe second ring washer (3) on lid (1), the second bonnet (1a) supports the second packing ring (8), and sealing ring (28) is arranged onIn groove (28a).
4. equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that, at the first partition wall (7), the second partition wall (7a) andBonnet (1) upper fluted (25).
5. equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described double-face working is assisted the main body (6) of rotary-piston (E-G)There are work ledge (E) and two auxiliary flutes (G) that two every reductions of area enter four times.
CN200980120071.2A 2008-04-01 2009-01-29 There is equipment rotary-piston, that can be used as compressor, pump, vavuum pump, turbine, motor and other drivings and driven hydraulic air motivation CN102066693B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RSP-2008/0133 2008-04-01
RSP-2008/0133A RS51355B (en) 2008-04-01 2008-04-01 Device with rotary pistons which can be used as a compressor, a pump, a vacuum pump, turbine, engine as well as other driving and driven hydraulic and pneumatic machines
PCT/RS2009/000004 WO2009123489A2 (en) 2008-04-01 2009-01-29 Device with rotary pistons that can be used as a compressor, a pump, a vacuum pump, a turbine, a motor and as other driving and driven hydraulic-pneumatic machines

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CN102066693A CN102066693A (en) 2011-05-18
CN102066693B true CN102066693B (en) 2016-05-18

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US (1) US20110027118A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2274503B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5583658B2 (en)
CN (1) CN102066693B (en)
AU (1) AU2009232511B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2757899A1 (en)
DK (1) DK2274503T3 (en)
EA (1) EA022650B1 (en)
RS (1) RS51355B (en)
WO (1) WO2009123489A2 (en)

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EP2274503B1 (en) 2013-07-03
US20110027118A1 (en) 2011-02-03
JP5583658B2 (en) 2014-09-03
WO2009123489A3 (en) 2009-11-26
CN102066693A (en) 2011-05-18
CA2757899A1 (en) 2009-10-08
AU2009232511B2 (en) 2014-04-10
AU2009232511A1 (en) 2009-10-08
RS20080133A (en) 2009-03-25
RS51355B (en) 2011-02-28
EA022650B1 (en) 2016-02-29
DK2274503T3 (en) 2013-10-14
JP2011517481A (en) 2011-06-09
EA201001561A1 (en) 2011-04-29
WO2009123489A2 (en) 2009-10-08
EP2274503A2 (en) 2011-01-19

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