CN102063776B - Dangerous rock falling stone alarm system and method for dangerous rock falling stone alarm - Google Patents

Dangerous rock falling stone alarm system and method for dangerous rock falling stone alarm Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102063776B
CN102063776B CN2010105485138A CN201010548513A CN102063776B CN 102063776 B CN102063776 B CN 102063776B CN 2010105485138 A CN2010105485138 A CN 2010105485138A CN 201010548513 A CN201010548513 A CN 201010548513A CN 102063776 B CN102063776 B CN 102063776B
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China
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unit
signal
alarm
cpu
warning
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CN102063776A (en
Inventor
张千里
何曲波
梁锷
武夫
张耀威
陈建国
谢凯华
金和清
黄一宁
潘居礼
牛建玲
邹波
曾还尤
李规录
邓捷
张荣火
张明
伍毅珊
彭勋
林懂明
欧阳小洲
李文安
骆桂德
李可东
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Nanning Railway Research Institute Of Science & Technology
Nanning Railway Bureau
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Nanning Railway Research Institute Of Science & Technology
Nanning Railway Bureau
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Abstract

The invention discloses a dangerous rock falling stone alarm system and a method for dangerous rock falling stone alarm. The system comprises a detection net, a detection unit, a signal processing and operation recording unit, a detection alarm unit, a manual control unit, a field acousto-optic alarm unit and a power supply module, wherein the five units are connected in a wired mode; the detection unit comprises a sensor set and a monitoring processing circuit, each sensor of the sensor set is arranged on an upright post of the detection net, and the sensors provide signals that the detection net is struck by falling stones for the signal processing and operation recording unit in time; the signal processing and operation recording unit monitors the sensor signals on the detection net, controlling and starting the detection alarm unit and the field acousto-optic alarm unit after the signals that the detection net is struck by the dangerous stones are detected, and recording all operations and disaster information; and the manual control unit can manually control and start the field acousto-optic alarm unit. The alarm system and the alarm method do not depend on the services provided by a third party, and have high alarm reliability and instantaneity.

Description

Crag falling rocks warning system and be used for the method that the crag falling rocks is reported to the police
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of detection alarm technology, particularly a kind of crag falling rocks warning system and be used for the method for crag falling rocks alarm detection.
Background technology
Slope failure, crag falling rocks are the common a kind of unfavorable geology phenomenons in mountain area; The rail track of China southwest is in the area, mountain area mostly, slope failure, crag falling rocks serious threat traffic safety; Only in the Nanning Railway Bureau compass of competency, railway slope failure along the line, crag falling rocks flood control point just have 500 many places, and wherein AA level flood control point reaches 250 many places; The way that present Nanning Railway Bureau works department is taked is at part slope failure, crag falling rocks flood control point initiatively a net or a passive net to be installed; Most of flood control point is to arrange special nurse personnel round-the-clock nurse in 24 hours, reports to the police through Railway Special train dispatch radio communication communication system at once in case disaster takes place; The active and passive net of above-mentioned installation stops that slope failure, crag falling rocks invade rail track, is a kind of line protection mode, but can't stops all slope failures, crag falling rocks, and alarm free function again, the reliability of protection is under some influence; And invest bigger, can't large scale application; Establishing special messenger's nurse at the flood control point also is one of safeguard procedures, but it is bigger influenced by human factor, can't guarantee reliable warning.
Existing a kind of " geologic hazard detection and warning system ", it is based on the embedded system of GSM mobile handset short message network; In the easy fixed stake of location, hillside arrangement that the landslide takes place, utilize the special-purpose displacement quantity sensor of arranging between a plurality of spud piles also to transmit information, current intelligences such as the displacement of grasp massif, crack, expansion, perception degree of displacement through special lead.Whenever sensor to the generation of new displacement, system will be within two minutes be sent to alarming short message keeper's mobile phone, so that relevant department takes corresponding measure immediately; The weak point of this system is: system must use in the effective overlay area of other communication mobile network such as GSM or GPRS network, relies on the service that the third party provides, and all there are risk in the reliability of warning and real-time.
Therefore need a kind of safe and reliable, real-time automatic monitoring warning system, disaster takes place in online roadside, can in time block in the time of possibly jeopardizing traffic safety and stop train, effectively prevents driving accident.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly need not rely on the service that the third party provides; The reliability and high " the crag falling rocks warning system " of real-time of reporting to the police; Be in the area, mountain area to solve rail track; The problem of slope failure, crag falling rocks serious threat traffic safety provides crag falling rocks warning system to be used for the method that the crag falling rocks is reported to the police simultaneously.
The technical scheme that solves the problems of the technologies described above is: a kind of crag falling rocks warning system, comprise n detect net I 1, I 2, I 3 ... 1n, detecting unit, signal Processing and charge book unit, detection alarm unit, manual control unit, on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit and power module;
Detecting unit comprises sensor device group and monitoring treatment circuit, and m detecting sensor of each sensor device group is installed in respectively on the column that detects net, for signal Processing and charge book unit in time provide the detection net to be fallen the signal that rock bumps against;
Monitor detecting online sensor signal signal Processing and charge book unit, monitor detect the signal that net bumped against by the stone of endangering after control detection starting alarm unit and on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit, and all operations and disaster information carried out record;
The control signal from signal Processing and charge book unit is accepted in the detection alarm unit, through the train dispatch radio communication alarm unit driving driver is reported to the police when disaster takes place;
The manual control unit is controlled by on-the-spot guard, can manually control and through signal Processing and charge book unit starting detection alarm unit and on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit, reports to the police, stops operations such as warning;
The normal operation of electric power source pair of module whole system provides the electric power support;
Connect through cable between detecting unit, signal Processing and charge book unit, detection alarm unit, manual control unit, on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit and the power module;
Said n detect net I 1, I 2, I 3 ... The span of the n of I n is: n is the arbitrary integer between 1~20; Be installed in the density calculation of the number m of the detecting sensor on the column that detects net by every interval 8-12 meter ampere dress, m is the arbitrary integer between 2~125.
Its further technical scheme is: described detection net or adopt existing SNS flexible anti protecting wire net; Or connect the horizontal steel bar of column or the flexible anti protecting wire net that wire rope constitutes with column with between column, or the rigid protection net that constitutes by column and the steel bar that fuses with column, steel pipe; Described column or circular or square steel pipe, steel bar or channel-section steel or the rigid pile of processing with engineering plastics.
Each detecting sensor 211,212 of the detecting sensor group of said detecting unit ... 21m-1,21m are inclination sensors; Online in same detection, connect into a big loop with serial arrangement between each detecting sensor; When this detecting sensor received external force effect and off-vertical angle 30 degree above under the vertical hanging state, detecting sensor inside will be exported a signal indication detecting sensor and broken off;
The monitoring treatment circuit of detecting unit is by comprising detecting sensor group, junk relay, being installed in the testing circuit that the commutation diode in the terminal box is formed; The polar biased relay of junk relay for adopting band direction DC voltage ability excitation to pick up, each detecting sensor of detecting sensor group, commutation diode are connected in series in the junk relay coil circuit; The junk relay energized representes to detect net and detecting sensor is intact, and after the generation disaster was broken off the detecting sensor action, junk relay loss of excitation fell;
That is: when all detecting sensors of detecting sensor group were all closed, the monitoring treatment circuit formed a path, at this moment the junk relay energized;
When a certain detecting sensor of detecting sensor group was broken off, the loop of monitoring treatment circuit was broken off, and this moment, junk relay loss of excitation fell.
Described signal Processing and charge book unit comprise CPU I, load module I, output module I, logging modle and real-time clock module;
The state of the detecting sensor group of input signal detection manual control unit and the detecting unit of CPU I through the load module I drives on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit and detection alarm unit through the output module I; The time and date that real-time clock module provides binary-coded decimal to represent to the CPU I; Logging modle record job information; The CPU I is carried out exchanges data through serial ports and charge book analysis and management system; Power module provides the electric power support to all modules;
The CPU I adopts high-performance technical grade single-chip microcomputer, and this single-chip microcomputer is the 8-bit microprocessor of a high-performance, low-power consumption, has 32KB internal programmable Flash, can directly drive SSR or relay;
Real-time clock module is core with the real-time timepiece chip, for system provides precise time and date and time information; Load module I one end is connected with the CPU I, and the other end is connected with the output terminal of manual control unit, detecting unit through the signal isolator I that optocoupler constitutes, to CPU I input signal;
Output module I one end is connected with the CPU I, and the other end is connected with on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit with the detection alarm unit through the signal isolator II that optocoupler constitutes, the control signal that output CPU I is sent.
Described detection alarm unit comprises CPU II, voice module, load module II, output module II, train dispatch radio communication alarm unit and power supply monitoring module;
The power supply monitoring module is monitored power supply, the misoperation of system when preventing power supply power-fail, and in addition, the power supply monitoring module also has watchdog function;
Load module II one end is connected with the CPU II, and the other end is connected with signal Processing and charge book unit through the signal isolator IV that optocoupler constitutes;
Output module II one end is connected with the CPU II, and the other end is connected with the input end of train dispatch radio communication alarm unit through the signal isolator III that optocoupler constitutes;
The CPU II is through the output information of processing of load module II acquired signal and charge book unit; In case taking place, disaster or manual work carried out alarm operation; After the CPU II collects signal through the load module II; Control voice module and output module II drive the train dispatch radio communication alarm unit and send the voice signal of warning, directly block and stop train.
Described manual control unit is made up of warning button and the rotary switc that can represent operate as normal and releasing alarm condition, and the warning button is connected with its load module I through the signal isolator I of signal Processing and charge book unit respectively with rotary switc; Be connected with the logging modle of signal Processing and charge book unit III respectively simultaneously, manual alarm operation execution information be provided or stop warning message.
Another technical scheme of the present invention is: the method that a kind of crag falling rocks is reported to the police; It is to adopt crag falling rocks warning system according to the invention, in the nurse place of crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow, installs n detection net is set; M detecting sensor of the sensor groups of detection alarm unit is installed on each each column that detects net; System monitors the state of detection net in real time, and when crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow take place, generation is impacted or caused when displacement causes detection net column knockdown to the detection net; Detecting unit sends signal; Signal Processing and charge book unit start on-the-spot acousto-optic panalarm after receiving and detecting the signal that net bumped against by the stone of endangering, slope failure or rubble flow immediately, and the warning signal of ringing, glittering warning lamp notify on-the-spot guard to start emergency processing program; The direct simultaneously train dispatch radio communication alarm unit through the detection alarm unit sends to the driving driver and sends the phonetic order of parking, notifies the driver to take urgent measure; On-the-spot guard also can report to the police or stops to report to the police according to the equipment of on-the-spot needs direct control manual control unit; System notes all operations record and disaster information simultaneously, supplies query analysis afterwards; Computer software control is adopted in the total system action; Wherein, The action acknowledge(ment) signal of signal Processing and charge book unit is handled and charge book unit software and the software control of crag falling rocks charge book analysis and management system; The software control of detection alarm unit is accepted in the action of detection alarm unit; N span that detects the n of net is: n is the arbitrary integer between 1~20, is installed in the density calculation of the number m of the detecting sensor on the column that detects net by every interval 8-12 meter ampere dress, and m is the arbitrary integer between 2~125.
Said signal Processing and charge book unit software are based on the software that ICCAVR 6.31+AVR Studio4.0 platform is developed; Crag falling rocks charge book analysis and management system software uses Visual C++ 6.0 exploitations, and the control procedure of signal Processing and charge book unit is:
The CPU I is monitored the detecting sensor group of detecting unit and the input state information of manual control unit in real time through load module, thereby judges whether to have taken place disaster or the people is for supressing alarm button; Disaster or people having been taken place when supressing alarm button when monitoring, drives the detection alarm unit through output module and send alerting signal, and note the date and time that disaster or manual work take place; The CPU I is carried out exchanges data through serial ports and charge book analysis and management system VIII simultaneously, when the command information that receives from serial ports, can carry out refresh clock according to the type of command information, uploads data, operation such as obliterated data; Its idiographic flow is:
AS1: system initialization;
AS2: the house dog that CPU I chip integration is become carries out dog feeding operation;
AS3: judge whether to have taken place automatic warning,, otherwise jump to aS6 if then jump to aS 4;
AS 4: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 5: automatic warning message is recorded among the EEPROM of CPU I chip integration one-tenth;
AS6: judge whether to have taken place manual alarm operation, if then jump to aS 7, otherwise jump to aS9;
AS 7: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 8: manual warning message is recorded among the EEPROM of CPU I chip integration one-tenth;
AS 9: judge whether to have taken place the test alarm operation, if then jump to aS10, otherwise jump to aS12;
AS 10: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 11: will test warning message and record among the EEPROM that CPU I chip integration becomes;
AS 12: judge whether alarm operation has taken place to stop, if then jump to aS13, otherwise jump to aS15;
AS 13: output alarm signal not;
AS 14: the generation information that stops to report to the police records among the EEPROM of CPU chip integration one-tenth;
AS 15: judge whether serial ports has received the command information that host computer sends, if then jump to aS16, if otherwise jump to aS2;
AS 16: carry out according to the content of command information and return aS2 after serial ports is handled subroutine.
Said serial ports is handled subroutine and is comprised that the command information of sending according to the host computer management system software carries out refresh clock, uploads operations such as data or obliterated data.
Said detection alarm unit software uses Keil uVision2 exploitation; Purpose is that control detection alarm unit IV is accomplished the following actions process: the CPU II is through the output information of processing of load module II acquired signal and charge book unit III; In case taking place, disaster or manual work carried out alarm operation; After the CPU II collected signal through load module, control voice module and driving train dispatch radio communication alarm unit sent the voice signal of warning, directly block and stop train;
The concrete steps of detection alarm unit controls process are:
BS1: system initialization;
BS2: feed and see the doorway dog;
BS3: judge whether the key that pushes for emergency, if by the next bS4 that jumps to, not by the next bS2 that jumps to;
BS4: return bS2 after carrying out actuation of an alarm.
Its main innovate point that is used for the method for crag falling rocks warning of crag falling rocks warning system of the present invention is:
1., detect technology after employing reliable detection net column tilts; Crag falling rocks warning system of the present invention is detecting the detection mode of having taked detection net+detecting sensor on the principle; Can reliably detect after the net column tilts in order to make to detect, the present invention adopts obliquity sensor as detecting sensor, and operating angle is 30 degree; This obliquity sensor normal position (vertically) is closure state down, is open-circuit condition in case tilt to 30 degree angles above; Detect on the net column and whenever load onto detecting sensor at a distance from the 8-12 meter ampere; And in the connection of sensor groups, adopted the connected mode of polyphone; All detecting sensors that constitute the detecting sensor group contact into that the monitoring treatment circuit forms a big loop, as long as any one detecting sensor action can both trigger warning.
2., adopt and to have self-diagnostic function testing circuit technology, this circuit has short circuit and open circuit self-checking function, that transmits on the circuit is voltage signal, antijamming capability is strong.
3., reliable alarm technique, the final purpose of crag falling rocks warning system is to send the audio alert signal to the driving driver when harm takes place, and notifies it to take urgent measure; Therefore how to send the audio alert signal reliably and can receive it is a key of this warning system with the driver that guarantees to drive a vehicle; On hardware, use the audio frequency isolating transformer in the present invention's design, increase the reliability of the output of reporting to the police; On the software in case report to the police promptly repeat output alarm signal up to manual work remove report to the police till, be equivalent to increase the function of repeated and redundant from software, significantly reduced and failed to report and leak the possibility of listening;
Crag falling rocks warning system of the present invention and be used for method that the crag falling rocks reports to the police compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
1, can monitor disaster automatically and take place, in time send warning: one of prior art is to monitor side slope when being subjected to displacement, notifying the keeper, taking corresponding measure by relevant department again; Shortcoming is that monitoring periods is long, and labour intensity is big, reports to the police to have hysteresis quality, and influenced by human factor; The train dispatch radio communication panalarm of on-the-spot acousto-optic panalarm of signal Processing and charge book unit starting and detection trigger alarm unit takes place just in time to pass through in the disaster that native system monitors automatically; The process of whole monitoring and warning is accomplished by system automatically; Need not manual intervention, real-time is stronger.
2, type of alarm is more independent, more reliable: two " geologic hazard detection and warning systems " of prior art need be passed field monitoring data or image to giving directions server or keeper back through modes such as internet or notes when the monitoring disaster; Therefore must use in the effective overlay area of other communication mobile network such as GSM or GPRS network; Rely on the service that the third party provides, if just can't use in the mountain area that does not have signal to cover; And native system is directly to transfer the driving driver in the intercom field intensity coverage to report to the police to getting into row through existing train dispatch radio communication device, does not rely on the service that the third party provides fully; Simultaneously; When finding to have the disaster that jeopardizes train operation, the field staff takes place; And system is not when automatically reporting to the police, and on-the-spot guard also can report to the police through manual control unit direct control equipment or stops to report to the police according to on-the-spot needs, has further increased its reliability.
3, has charge book function (being equivalent to black box function): record is carried out in all operations, can carry out query analysis through computer management system.
4, can make full use of existing apparatus and equipment (like train dispatch radio communication) transformations and use, cost is low, is easy to promote.
5, have good economical, societal benefits: because native system has above-mentioned advantage, therefore, it is along the line to be specially adapted to be installed in the railway that crag falling rocks, landslide or rubble flow possibly take place, and has very strong specific aim; Can effectively detect the disaster generation that crag falling rocks, landslide or this type of rubble flow jeopardize traffic safety; Once just can reduce tens for railway, the economic loss of units up to a million; If passenger vehicle can be avoided the loss of people's lives and properties, meaning is more great.Therefore this system has a good application prospect and economical, societal benefits.
Below, in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment to the present invention's crag falling rocks warning system and the technical characterictic that is used for the method that the crag falling rocks reports to the police be further described.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: the structural representation block diagram of crag falling rocks warning system of the present invention;
Fig. 2: the structure and the electrical schematic diagram of detecting unit and monitoring treatment circuit thereof;
Fig. 3: structure and theory diagram;
Fig. 4: the design circuit figure of real-time clock module;
Fig. 5: detection alarm cellular construction and theory diagram;
Fig. 6: manual control cellular construction and theory diagram;
Fig. 7: signal Processing and charge book unit controls software flow pattern;
Fig. 8: detection alarm unit controls software flow pattern;
Fig. 9: crag falling rocks warning system principle schematic;
Figure 10: crag falling rocks warning system device context schematic layout pattern;
Figure 11-1~Figure 11-2: the two kinds of version synoptic diagram in addition that detect net.
Among the figure:
I, I 1, I 2, I 3 ... I n-detection net, the SNS flexible anti protecting wire net that the existing flood control point of I 01-is installed, I 02-connect flexible anti protecting wire net that the horizontal steel bar of column constitutes, I 03-by column and the thin steel bar that fuses with column, rigid protection net that steel pipe constitutes, II-detecting unit by column with between column; III-signal Processing and charge book unit, IV-detection alarm unit, V-manual control unit; VI-on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit, VII-power module, VIII-charge book analysis and management system; IX-cable, X-detection control box, XI-train dispatch radio communication antenna; XII-train dispatch radio communication feeder, X III-rail, X IV-crag point;
The 11-column, 121-connects the SNS flexible anti protecting wire net of column, and 122-connects the horizontal steel bar of column, and 123-is connected the little steel bar between the column;
The 21-sensor groups, 211,212 ... 21m-1,21m-detecting sensor, 22-terminal box, 221-diode, 231-junk relay, 232-step-down transformer, 233-filter capacitor, 234 -Current-limiting resistance;
31-CPU I ,32-load module I, 33-signal isolator I, 34-signal isolator II, 35-output module I, 36-logging modle, 37-real-time clock module;
41-CPU II, 42-voice module, 43-output module II, 44-signal isolator III, 45-train dispatch radio communication alarm unit, 46-signal isolator IV, 47-load module II, 48-power supply monitoring module;
51-warning button, the 52-rotary switc, 53-places the manual alarm operation case of manual control unit V;
61-lighting scene warning device, the on-the-spot phonetic alarm device of 62-;
The 71-power supply box.
Embodiment
Embodiment one:
A kind of crag falling rocks warning system; As shown in Figure 1, this crag falling rocks warning system detects net I, detecting unit II, signal Processing and charge book unit III, detection alarm unit IV, manual control unit V, on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI and power module VII by 1 and forms;
The detecting unit II comprises sensor groups 21 and monitoring treatment circuit, and each sensor of sensor groups 21 is installed on the column that detects the net I, detects net by the signal that is bumped against by danger stone, slope failure or rubble flow for signal Processing and charge book unit in time provide;
Signal Processing and charge book unit III are monitored detecting online sensor signal; Monitor detect the signal that net bumped against by the stone of endangering, slope failure or rubble flow after control start on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI and detection trigger alarm unit IV, and all operations and disaster information are carried out record;
Detection alarm unit IV is accepted the control signal from signal Processing and charge book unit III, through the train dispatch radio communication alarm unit driving driver is reported to the police when disaster takes place;
Manual control unit V is controlled by on-the-spot guard, can manually control and through signal Processing and charge book unit III detection starting alarm unit IV and on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI, reports to the police, stops operations such as warning;
Normal operation provides the electric power support to the power module VII to whole system;
Connect through the cable IX between detecting unit II, signal Processing and charge book unit III, detection alarm unit IV, manual control unit V, on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI and the power module VII.
The SNS flexible anti protecting wire net I 01 that described detection net I can adopt existing flood control point to install, described SNS flexible anti protecting wire net are to cover and interception prevents and treats the domatic geologic hazard in all kinds of slopes with snowslide, bank slope wash away, blasting flyrock or weigh down the Flexible Safety guard system (referring to Figure 10) that thing etc. endangers;
This detection net I also can be to connect the flexible anti protecting wire net (referring to Figure 10) that the transverse steel wire rope of column constitutes by column with between column; Or the flexible anti protecting wire net I 02 (referring to Figure 11-1) that constitutes of the horizontal steel bar that connects column by column with between column, can also be by column and the thin steel bar that fuses with column, rigid protection net I 03 (referring to Figure 11-2) that steel pipe constitutes;
Circular or square steel pipe, steel bar or the channel-section steel (referring to Figure 11-1~Figure 11-2) of described column or employing also can be the rigid pile of processing with engineering plastics.
Each detecting sensor (211,212 of the detecting sensor group 21 of said detecting unit II ... 21m-1,21m) be inclination sensor; This detecting sensor is installed on the column that detects the net I by the density calculation of every interval 8-12 meter ampere dress, and is online in same detection, connects into a big loop with serial arrangement between each detecting sensor; The detecting sensor that present embodiment adopts is a mercury formula obliquity sensor, and when under the vertical hanging state, receiving external force effect and off-vertical angle 30 degree above, detecting sensor inside will be exported a signal indication detecting sensor and broken off;
The monitoring treatment circuit of detecting unit II by detecting sensor group 21, junk relay 231, be installed in the testing circuit (referring to Fig. 2) that the commutation diodes 221 in the terminal box 22 are formed; The polar biased relay of junk relay 231 for adopting band direction DC voltage ability excitation to pick up, each detecting sensor of detecting sensor group 21 (211,212 ... 21m-1,21m), commutation diode 221 and junk relay 231 be connected in series in the monitoring treatment circuit 23; Junk relay 231 picks up that expression detects net and detecting sensor is intact, and after disaster taking place the detecting sensor action is broken off, junk relay loss of excitation falls;
That is: when all detecting sensors of detecting sensor group 21 were all closed, the monitoring treatment circuit formed a path, at this moment the junk relay energized;
When a certain detecting sensor of detecting sensor group 21 was broken off, the loop of monitoring treatment circuit was broken off, and this moment, junk relay loss of excitation fell; Transmission signals is a voltage signal on the cable, and this voltage signal is used for the relay in the direct excitation monitoring treatment circuit, does not adopt any message digit coding, and the voltage signal internal resistance is all smaller, and antijamming capability is strong.
Simultaneously, this circuit also has short-circuit protection and open circuit self-diagnostic function:
Short-circuit protection: as shown in Figure 2, when terminal box 22 to monitoring unit cable was short-circuited phenomenon, commutation diode 221 was ineffective; At this moment in the junk relay coil 231; Have only the alternating current circulation, but because of junk relay 231 is DC relays, so can not excitation pick up;
Open circuit (broken string): system design adopts the junk relay energized to represent to detect circuit complete, and when the contact cable broken string or terminal takes place when tight, junk relay meeting loss of excitation falls;
For guaranteeing the accuracy of the junk actuating of relay, also be in series with filter capacitor 233 in these junk relay 231 circuit; Be in series with current-limiting resistance 234 and step-down transformer 232 in the monitoring treatment circuit.
Described signal Processing and charge book unit III comprise CPU I 31, load module I 32, output module I 35, logging modle 36 and real-time clock module 37 (referring to Fig. 3);
The state of the detecting sensor group 21 of CPU I 31 input signal detection manual control unit V and the detecting unit II through load module I 32 drives on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI and detection alarm unit IV through output module I 35; The time and date that real-time clock module 37 provides binary-coded decimal to represent to CPU I 31; Logging modle 36 record job informations; CPU I 31 is carried out exchanges data through serial ports and charge book analysis and management system VIII; The power module VII provides the electric power support to all modules;
Real-time clock module 37 is a core with the real-time timepiece chip, for system provides precise time and date and time information; Design circuit is as shown in Figure 4;
Load module I 32 1 ends are connected with CPU I 31, and the other end is connected with the output terminal of manual control unit V, detecting unit II through the signal isolator I 33 that optocoupler constitutes, to CPU I 31 input signals;
Output module I 35 1 ends are connected with CPU I 31, and the other end is connected with on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI with detection alarm unit IV through the signal isolator II 34 that optocoupler constitutes, the control signal that output CPU I 31 is sent.
In the present embodiment, CPU I 31 adopts high-performance technical grade AVR single-chip microcomputer-Atmega32, and this single-chip microcomputer is the 8-bit microprocessor of a high-performance, low-power consumption, has 32KB internal programmable Flash, can directly drive SSR or relay; This single-chip microcomputer is inner integrated, and 1KB can repeat erasable 100,000 times EEPROM, and the logging modle that is suitable as very much signal Processing and operation unit is used; Therefore, logging modle 36 directly adopts 1k byte EEPROM integrated in the CPU I in the present embodiment, can 100 operation information of cycle index; This series monolithic also has many outstanding advantages, as: inner integrated technical grade WDT, safeguard protection, the program of preventing is walked to fly, and improves the antijamming capability of product; Inner integrated power supply detection of power loss function (BOD) has reduced the external circuit that designs this function, has improved reliability of products greatly; Have multiple cryptoguard locked (LOCK) function, improve the confidentiality of product greatly, therefore can accomplish product ommercialization at a low price fast; Have big electric current (filling electric current) 10~20mA or 40mA (single output), can directly drive SSR or relay;
As a kind of conversion of the embodiment of the invention, described CPU I 31 also can adopt the technical grade AVR single-chip microcomputer of other models, and its logging modle also can be independent.
System of the present invention is owing to adopt optocoupler to make isolation mutually between input and output, and the signal transmission has characteristics such as one-way, thereby has good antijamming capability; Input end owing to optocoupler belongs to the low resistance element of current mode work again, thereby has very strong common mode inhibition capacity.
As shown in Figure 5, described detection alarm unit IV comprises CPU II 41, voice module 42, load module II 47, output module II 43, train dispatch radio communication alarm unit 45 and power supply monitoring module 48 by described detection alarm unit IV;
48 pairs of power supply VII of power supply monitoring module are monitored, the misoperation of system when preventing power supply power-fail, and in addition, power supply monitoring module II 48 also has watchdog function; 41 each software cycles cycle of CPU II are carried out dog feeding operation to house dog, prevent program fleet, have increased the reliability of system;
Load module II 47 1 ends are connected with CPU II 41, and the other end is connected with signal Processing and charge book unit III through the signal isolator IV 46 that optocoupler constitutes;
Output module II 43 1 ends are connected with CPU II 41, and the other end is connected with the input end of train dispatch radio communication alarm unit 45 through the signal isolator III 44 that optocoupler constitutes;
CPU II 41 is through the output information of processing of load module II 47 acquired signal and charge book unit; In case taking place, disaster or manual work carried out alarm operation; After CPU II 41 collects signal through load module II 47; Control voice module 42 and output module II 43 drive train dispatch radio communication alarm unit 45 and send the voice signal of warning, directly block and stop train.
As shown in Figure 6; Described manual control unit V is made up of warning button 51 and the rotary switc 52 that can represent operate as normal and releasing alarm condition, and warning button 51 is connected with its load module I 32 through the signal isolator I 33 of signal Processing and charge book unit III respectively with rotary switc 52; Be connected with the logging modle 36 of signal Processing and charge book unit III respectively simultaneously, manual alarm operation execution information be provided or stop warning message.
On-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI comprises that glittering warning lamp and warning signal ring; Under the control of signal Processing and charge book unit III, the field personnel is reported to the police, time remaining 5-10 minute, said acoustic scene optical alarm circuit adopted the known technology circuit, repeats no more here.
Normal operation provides the electric power support to said power module VII to whole system; Comprise AC power step-down with 220V become 12,24 with the device of different voltages such as 36; For each parts or the module of detecting unit II, signal Processing and charge book unit III, detection alarm unit IV, manual control unit V, on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI provides operate as normal required direct supply, guarantee equipment reliable work.
In the embodiment of the invention; Each module of said composition signal Processing and charge book unit III, detection alarm unit IV, on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit VI all adopts existing ripe integration module; Its each modular structure and mutual annexation repeat no more here.
Said train dispatch radio communication alarm unit 45 adopts ready-made train dispatch radio communication warning system and radio station thereof, and concrete structure also repeats no more here.
A kind of conversion as the embodiment of the invention; In a system; The number of described detection net I can also increase to more than 2; Up to n, n detect net I 1, I 2, I 3 ... The span of the n of I n is decided according to the nurse place area size of crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow, and general n is the arbitrary integer between 1~20; Be installed in the density calculation of the number m of the detecting sensor on the column 11 that detects net by every interval 8-12 meter ampere dress, m is the arbitrary integer between 2~125; Online in same detection, connect into a big loop with serial arrangement between each detecting sensor.
Embodiment two:
The method that a kind of crag falling rocks is reported to the police; It is to adopt embodiment one said crag falling rocks warning system; Nurse place at crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow; Rationally be provided with n detect net I 1, I 2, I 3 ... I n (referring to Fig. 9, Figure 10) is with m the detecting sensor 211,212 of the sensor groups 21 of detection alarm unit II ... 21m-1,21m are installed on each column 11 that detects net, and system monitors the state that detects net in real time; When crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow take place; Produce and impact or when causing that displacement causes detecting the net post knockdown, the detecting unit II is sent signal detecting net, signal Processing and charge book unit III start on-the-spot acousto-optic panalarm VI after receiving and detecting the signal that net bumped against by crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow immediately; Ring warning signal, glittering warning lamp notify on-the-spot guard to start emergency processing program; The direct simultaneously train dispatch radio communication alarm unit through detection alarm unit IV sends the phonetic order of parking to the driving driver, notifies the driver to take urgent measure; On-the-spot guard also can report to the police or stops to report to the police according to the equipment of on-the-spot needs direct control manual control unit V; System notes all operations record and disaster information simultaneously, supplies query analysis afterwards; Computer software control is adopted in the total system action; Wherein, The action acknowledge(ment) signal of signal Processing and charge book unit III is handled and charge book unit software and the control of crag falling rocks charge book analysis and management system software VIII, and the software control of detection alarm unit is accepted in the action of detection alarm unit IV; The span of said n, m is decided according to the nurse place area size of crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow; N detect net I 1, I 2, I 3 ... The span of the n of I n is: n is the arbitrary integer between 1~20; Be installed in the density calculation of the number m of the detecting sensor on the column 11 that detects net by every interval 8-12 meter ampere dress, m is the arbitrary integer between 2~125; Online in same detection, connect into a big loop with serial arrangement between each detecting sensor.
Said signal Processing and charge book unit software are based on the software that ICCAVR 6.31+AVR Studio4.0 platform is developed; Crag falling rocks charge book analysis and management system software uses Visual C++ 6.0 exploitations, and the control procedure of signal Processing and charge book unit III is:
CPU I 31 is monitored the detecting sensor 21 of detecting unit II and the input state information of manual control unit V in real time through the load module I, thereby judges whether to have taken place disaster or the people is for supressing alarm button; Disaster or people having been taken place when supressing alarm button when monitoring, drives detection alarm unit IV through the output module I and send alerting signal, and note the time and date that disaster or manual work take place; CPU I 31 is carried out exchanges data through serial ports and charge book analysis and management system VIII simultaneously, when the command information that receives from serial ports, can carry out refresh clock according to the type of command information, uploads data, operation such as obliterated data; Its idiographic flow (referring to Fig. 7) is:
AS1: system initialization;
AS2: the house dog that CPU I chip integration is become carries out dog feeding operation;
AS3: judge whether to have taken place automatic warning,, otherwise jump to aS6 if then jump to aS 4;
AS 4: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 5: automatic warning message is recorded among the EEPROM of CPU I chip integration one-tenth;
AS6: judge whether to have taken place manual alarm operation,, otherwise jump to aS9 if then jump to aS7;
AS 7: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 8: manual warning message is recorded among the EEPROM of CPU I chip integration one-tenth;
AS 9: judge whether to have taken place the test alarm operation, if then jump to aS10, otherwise jump to aS12;
AS 10: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 11: will test warning message and record among the EEPROM that CPU I chip integration becomes;
AS 12: judge whether alarm operation has taken place to stop, if then jump to aS13, otherwise jump to aS15;
AS 13: output alarm signal not;
AS 14: the generation information that stops to report to the police records among the EEPROM of CPU chip integration one-tenth;
AS 15: judge whether serial ports has received the command information that host computer sends, if then jump to aS16, if otherwise jump to aS2;
AS 16: carry out according to the content of command information and return aS2 after serial ports is handled subroutine.
Said serial ports is handled subroutine and is comprised the command information of sending according to the host computer management system software, carries out refresh clock, uploads operations such as data or obliterated data.
Said detection alarm unit software uses Keil uVision2 exploitation; Purpose is that control detection alarm unit IV is accomplished the following actions process: the CPU II is through the output information of processing of load module II acquired signal and charge book unit III; In case taking place, disaster or manual work carried out alarm operation; After the CPU II collected signal through the load module II, control voice module and driving train dispatch radio communication alarm unit sent the voice signal of warning, directly block and stop train:
The concrete steps (referring to Fig. 8) of detection alarm unit controls process are:
BS1: system initialization;
BS2: feed and see the doorway dog;
BS3: judge whether the key that pushes for emergency, if by the next bS4 that jumps to, not by the next bS that jumps to 2
BS4: return bS2 after carrying out actuation of an alarm.

Claims (10)

1. crag falling rocks warning system is characterized in that: this system comprise n detect net (I 1, I 2, I 3 ... I n), detecting unit (II), signal Processing and charge book unit (III), detection alarm unit (IV), manual control unit (V), on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit (VI) and power module (VII);
Detecting unit (II) comprises sensor groups (21) and monitoring treatment circuit; M the detecting sensor (211,212 of each sensor groups (21) ... 21m-1,21m) be installed on the column (11) that detects net each detecting sensor (211,212 of the detecting sensor group (21) of said detecting unit (II) respectively ... 21m-1,21m) be inclination sensor; When this detecting sensor received external force effect and off-vertical angle 30 degree above under the vertical hanging state, detecting sensor inside will be exported a signal indication detecting sensor and broken off; Detect net and fallen the signal that rock, slope failure or rubble flow bump against for signal Processing and charge book unit in time provide;
Signal Processing and charge book unit (III) are monitored detecting online sensor signal; Monitor detect net to be fallen the signal that rock, slope failure or rubble flow bump against after control detection starting alarm unit (IV) and on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit (VI), and all operations and disaster information carried out record;
The control signal from signal Processing and charge book unit (III) is accepted in detection alarm unit (IV), through the train dispatch radio communication alarm unit driving driver is reported to the police when disaster takes place;
Manual control unit (V) is controlled by on-the-spot guard, can manually control and through signal Processing and charge book unit (III) detection starting alarm unit (IV) and on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit (VI), reports to the police, stops to report to the police;
Normal operation provides the electric power support to power module (VII) to whole system;
Connect through cable (IX) between detecting unit (II), signal Processing and charge book unit (III), detection alarm unit (IV), manual control unit (V), on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit (VI) and the power module (VII);
Said n detect net (I 1, I 2, I 3 ... I n) span of n is: n is the arbitrary integer between 1~20; Be installed in the density calculation that the number m of the last detecting sensor of the column (11) that detects net adorns by every interval 8-12 meter ampere, m is the arbitrary integer between 2~125.
2. crag falling rocks warning system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described detection net (I) or adopt existing SNS flexible anti protecting wire net; Or connect the horizontal steel bar of column or the flexible anti protecting wire net that wire rope constitutes by column with between column, or the rigid protection net that constitutes by column and the steel bar that fuses with column, steel pipe;
Described column or circular or square steel pipe, steel bar or channel-section steel or the rigid pile of processing with engineering plastics.
3. crag falling rocks warning system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: online in same detection, each detecting sensor (211,212 of said detecting unit (II) ... 21m-1,21m) between connect into a big loop with serial arrangement;
The monitoring treatment circuit of detecting unit (II) is by comprising detecting sensor group (21), junk relay (231), being installed in the testing circuit that the commutation diode (221) in the terminal box is formed; The polar biased relay of junk relay (231) for adopting band direction DC voltage ability excitation to pick up, each detecting sensor of detecting sensor group (21) (211,212 ... 21m-1,21m), commutation diode (221) and junk relay (231) be connected in series in the monitoring treatment circuit; Junk relay (231) picks up that expression detects net and detecting sensor is intact, and after disaster taking place the detecting sensor action is broken off, junk relay loss of excitation falls;
That is: when all detecting sensors of detecting sensor group (21) were all closed, the monitoring treatment circuit formed a path, at this moment the junk relay energized;
When a certain detecting sensor of detecting sensor group (21) was broken off, the loop of monitoring treatment circuit was broken off, and this moment, junk relay loss of excitation fell.
4. crag falling rocks warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described signal Processing and charge book unit (III) comprise CPU I (31), load module I (32), output module I (35), logging modle (36) and real-time clock module (37);
The state of the detecting sensor group (21) of input signal detection manual control unit (V) and the detecting unit (II) of CPU I (31) through load module I (32) drives on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit (VI) and detection alarm unit (IV) through output module I (35); Real-time clock module (37) is core with the real-time timepiece chip, the time and date that provides binary-coded decimal to represent to CPU I (31); Logging modle (36) record job information; CPU I (31) is carried out exchanges data through serial ports and charge book analysis and management system (VIII); Power module (VII) provides the electric power support to all modules;
Load module I (32) one ends are connected with CPU I (31), and the other end is connected with the output terminal of manual control unit (V), detecting unit (II) through the signal isolator I (33) that optocoupler constitutes, to CPU I (31) input signal;
Output module I (35) one ends are connected with CPU I (31), and the other end is connected with on-the-spot acousto-optic warning unit (VI) with detection alarm unit (IV) through the signal isolator II (34) that optocoupler constitutes, the control signal that output CPU I (31) is sent.
5. crag falling rocks warning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described detection alarm unit (IV) comprises CPU II (41), voice module (42), load module II (47), output module II (43), train dispatch radio communication alarm unit (45) and power supply monitoring module (48);
Power supply monitoring module (48) is monitored power module (VII), the misoperation of system when preventing power supply power-fail, and in addition, power supply monitoring module (48) also has watchdog function;
Load module II (47) one ends are connected with CPU II (41), and the other end is connected with signal Processing and charge book unit (III) through the signal isolator IV (46) that optocoupler constitutes;
Output module II (43) one ends are connected with CPU II (41), and the other end is connected with the input end of train dispatch radio communication alarm unit (45) through the signal isolator III (44) that optocoupler constitutes;
CPU II (41) is through the output information of processing of load module II (47) acquired signal and charge book unit; In case taking place, disaster or manual work carried out alarm operation; After CPU II (41) collects signal through load module II (47); Control voice module (42) and output module II (43) drive train dispatch radio communication alarm unit (45) and send the voice signal of warning, directly block and stop train.
6. crag falling rocks warning system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described manual control unit (V) is by warning button (51) and can represent operate as normal and rotary switc (52) formation of releasing alarm condition, and warning button (51) is connected with its load module I (32) through the signal isolator I (33) of signal Processing and charge book unit (III) respectively with rotary switc (52); Be connected with the logging modle (36) of signal Processing and charge book unit (III) respectively simultaneously, manual alarm operation execution information be provided or stop warning message.
7. the crag falling rocks method of reporting to the police; It is characterized in that: it is to adopt the said crag falling rocks of claim 1 warning system; Nurse place at crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow; Installation be provided with n detect net (I 1, I 2, I 3 ... 1n), with m the detecting sensor (211,212 of the sensor groups (21) of detection alarm unit (II) ... 21m-1,21m) be installed on each each column that detects net, system monitors the state that detects net in real time; When crag falling rocks, slope failure or rubble flow take place; Produce and impact or when causing that displacement causes detecting net column knockdown, detecting unit (II) sends signal detecting net, signal Processing and charge book unit (III) start on-the-spot acousto-optic panalarm (VI) after receiving and detecting the signal that net bumped against by the stone of endangering, slope failure or rubble flow immediately; Ring warning signal, glittering warning lamp notify on-the-spot guard to start emergency processing program; The direct simultaneously train dispatch radio communication alarm unit through detection alarm unit (IV) sends to the driving driver and sends the phonetic order of parking, notifies the driver to take urgent measure; On-the-spot guard also can report to the police or stops to report to the police according to the equipment of on-the-spot needs direct control manual control unit (V); System notes all operations record and disaster information simultaneously, supplies query analysis afterwards; Computer software control is adopted in the total system action; Wherein, The action acknowledge(ment) signal of signal Processing and charge book unit (III) is handled and charge book unit software and the software control of crag falling rocks charge book analysis and management system; The software control of detection alarm unit is accepted in the action of detection alarm unit (IV); N detect net (I 1, I 2, I 3 ... I n) span of n is: n is the arbitrary integer between 1~20, is installed in the density calculation that the number m of the last detecting sensor of the column (11) that detects net adorns by every interval 8-12 meter ampere, and m is the arbitrary integer between 2~125.
8. the method that crag falling rocks according to claim 7 is reported to the police; It is characterized in that: said signal Processing and charge book unit software are based on the software that ICCAVR 6.31+AVR Studio4.0 platform is developed; Crag falling rocks charge book analysis and management system software uses Visual C++ 6.0 exploitations, and the control procedure of signal Processing and charge book unit (III) is:
CPU I (31) is monitored the detecting sensor group (21) of detecting unit (II) and the input state information of manual control unit (V) in real time through load module I (32), thereby judges whether to have taken place disaster or the people is for supressing alarm button; Disaster or people having been taken place when supressing alarm button when monitoring, drives detection alarm unit (IV) through output module I (32) and send alerting signal, and note the date and time that disaster or manual work take place; CPU I (31) is carried out exchanges data through serial ports and charge book analysis and management system (VIII) simultaneously, when the command information that receives from serial ports, can carry out refresh clock according to the type of command information, uploads data, obliterated data; Its idiographic flow is:
AS1: system initialization;
AS2: the house dog that CPU I chip integration is become carries out dog feeding operation;
AS3: judge whether to have taken place automatic warning,, otherwise jump to aS6 if then jump to aS 4;
AS 4: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 5: automatic warning message is recorded among the EEPROM of CPU I chip integration one-tenth;
AS6: judge whether to have taken place manual alarm operation, if then jump to aS 7, otherwise jump to aS9;
AS 7: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 8: manual warning message is recorded among the EEPROM of CPU I chip integration one-tenth;
AS 9: judge whether to have taken place the test alarm operation, if then jump to aS10, otherwise jump to aS12;
AS 10: through the I/O mouth output alarm signal of output module I;
AS 11: will test warning message and record among the EEPROM that CPU I chip integration becomes;
AS 12: judge whether alarm operation has taken place to stop, if then jump to aS13, otherwise jump to aS15;
AS 13: output alarm signal not;
AS 14: the generation information that stops to report to the police records among the EEPROM of CPU chip integration one-tenth;
AS 15: judge whether serial ports has received the command information that host computer sends, if then jump to aS16, if otherwise jump to aS2;
AS 16: carry out according to the content of command information and return aS2 after serial ports is handled subroutine.
9. the method that crag falling rocks according to claim 8 is reported to the police is characterized in that: said serial ports is handled subroutine and is comprised that the command information of sending according to the host computer management system software carries out refresh clock, uploads data or obliterated data.
10. the method that crag falling rocks according to claim 7 is reported to the police; It is characterized in that: said detection alarm unit software uses Keil uVision2 exploitation; Purpose is that control detection alarm unit IV is accomplished the following actions process: the CPU II is through the output information of processing of load module II acquired signal and charge book unit III; In case taking place, disaster or manual work carried out alarm operation; After the CPU II collected signal through load module, control voice module and driving train dispatch radio communication alarm unit sent the voice signal of warning, directly block and stop train;
The concrete steps of detection alarm unit controls process are:
BS1: system initialization;
BS2: feed and see the doorway dog;
BS3: judge whether the key that pushes for emergency, if by the next bS4 that jumps to, not by the next bS2 that jumps to;
BS4: return bS2 after carrying out actuation of an alarm.
CN2010105485138A 2010-11-18 2010-11-18 Dangerous rock falling stone alarm system and method for dangerous rock falling stone alarm Active CN102063776B (en)

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CN103144651B (en) * 2012-12-27 2016-09-14 北京佳讯飞鸿电气股份有限公司 System for monitoring intrusion of foreign bodies towards railway anti-disaster
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