CN103281364B - A kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform - Google Patents

A kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103281364B
CN103281364B CN201310184266.1A CN201310184266A CN103281364B CN 103281364 B CN103281364 B CN 103281364B CN 201310184266 A CN201310184266 A CN 201310184266A CN 103281364 B CN103281364 B CN 103281364B
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monitoring
communication
technology
antitheft
module
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CN103281364A (en
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尚新民
刘建国
舒向炜
蔡方
胡平利
徐巧聪
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ZHONGSHAN XINXIN AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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ZHONGSHAN XINXIN AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of antitheft for electric power facility, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, the Internet of things system platform of management, system is divided into the management level that can intercom mutually in vertical structure, application layer and sensing layer, this system adopts technology of Internet of things, take modern information technologies as core, the computer technology of integrated use advanced person, the communication technology, automatic control technology, Distributed Multi-microcomputer System and artificial intelligence sensing technology etc. combine with conventional electric power technology, realize the comprehensive real-time guard of electric power facility, monitoring, monitoring and management, novel unique, networking flexibility, running cost is low, powerful, intelligent, hommization and reliability high, professional and practical, fill up the blank in China's electric power safety precautionary technology field, application value and potentiality are had at National Power System, also huge economic benefit and social benefit will be produced.

Description

A kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform.
Background technology
Power equipment is stolen, to destroy be one of the most difficult, problem of having a headache most of facing of national power supply department, is also one of society's significant problem the most deeply concerned.Electric power facility subject to severe risks of damage not only has a strong impact on power supply safety, stable and reliability, also make power supply department sustain a great loss in human and material resources, financial resources, and the very disruptive orders of life of broad masses.
In order to build stable and compatible society, hit and steal crime, protection country and social public utilities infrastructure, a lot of power department is specially provided with the defendance mechanism of protection power equipment, and be equipped with full-time staff, collaborative public security department often carries out " people's air defense ", " thing is prevented " and severe strike, the action of fright criminal gang, achieve interim remarkable effect, but, this traditional strick precaution pattern is very arduous, not only at substantial energy, manpower and financial resources, and slightly relax and just likely revive, fundamentally can not solve electric power system stolen, destroyed problem.
In recent years, along with wireless mobile network, the high speed development of Internet technology and Computer Applied Technology, electric power facilities anti-theft technology also has rapid progress, but due to the particularity of power industry, current electric power facilities anti-theft technology imperfection, product is also not exclusively ripe, one of maximum bottleneck of this kind of equipment development of current obstruction is system application structure, although some transformer at present, circuit, electricity room, the anti-theft product such as 10kv cable also use GSM message or GPRS channel, but be still subject to system instability, easy generation false alarm, the puzzlement of many chronic diseases such as maintenance workload is large, still can not meet the needs of social development.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of employing technology of Internet of things, take modern information technologies as core, integrated use computer technology, the communication technology, automatic control technology, Distributed Multi-microcomputer System and artificial intelligence sensing technology etc. combine with conventional electric power technology, realize to the comprehensive real-time monitor and managment of electric power facility for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform, based on Internet communication technology, remote radio communication technology, short-distance wireless communication technology, industrial computer technology and embedded controller technology, transducer recognition technology, this system is divided into management level, application layer and the sensing layer that can intercom mutually in vertical structure.
Described management level are by managing computer system and maintenance calculations machine System's composition.
Described managing computer system is mainly the managing computer system being arranged on Surveillance center, for storage system composition data and receive and the running state data of stocking system, monitoring management is carried out to the supervisory computer system of application layer, the operator on duty of usage monitoring computer is exercised supervision, examined.
Described maintenance calculations machine system is mainly the remote computer system being arranged on technical support place, for the long distance monitoring of the equipment working state to application layer, sensing layer, except device failure alert being provided and serving, also provide the remote maintenance of sensing layer equipment, upgrading, diagnostic function.
Described application layer mainly comprises the cell phone being arranged on power supply, the supervisory computer system of each control point of public security department and operator on duty and carrying, for receiving, the equipment that sensing layer sends is stolen, monitoring parameter threshold values is out-of-limit, operation of power networks parameter monitoring warning message, provides the inquiry query function to equipment current operating state, monitor data.
Described sensing layer mainly comprises and is arranged on monitored object place, for monitoring the state of monitored object, the intelligent sensor mainly comprising communication host, communication extension set and be connected with communication extension set, described communication host is provided with GSM/GPRS communication module and short-range wireless communication module, described communication extension set is also provided with short-range wireless communication module, between each communication extension set and communication host intercom mutually by short-range wireless communication module with each communication extension set, form wireless from group bridge communications network.
Described Monitor And Control Subsystem comprise with distribute-electricity transformer district be monitoring range the antitheft subsystem in platform district, for monitor electric room the antitheft subsystem in electric room, with for the cable of monitoring cable and cable trough and the antitheft subsystem of cable trough, the antitheft subsystem of steel tower and grid operating monitoring production management subsystem.
the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:system of the present invention is divided into the management level that can intercom mutually in vertical structure, application layer and sensing layer, this system adopts technology of Internet of things, take modern information technologies as core, the computer technology of integrated use advanced person, the communication technology, automatic control technology, Distributed Multi-microcomputer System and artificial intelligence sensing technology etc. combine with conventional electric power technology, realize the comprehensive real-time guard of electric power facility, monitoring, monitoring and management, novel unique, networking flexibility, running cost is low, powerful, intelligent, hommization and reliability high, professional and practical, fill up the blank in China's electric power safety precautionary technology field, application value and potentiality are had at National Power System, also huge economic benefit and social benefit will be produced.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is system configuration schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform, based on Internet communication technology, remote radio communication technology, short-distance wireless communication technology, industrial computer technology and embedded controller technology, transducer recognition technology, this system is divided into management level, application layer and the sensing layer that can intercom mutually in vertical structure.
one, management level, these management level are by managing computer system and maintenance calculations machine System's composition.
1, managing computer system
Described managing computer system is mainly the managing computer system being arranged on Surveillance center, it is the Core server of whole system, for storage system composition data and receive and the running state data of stocking system, monitoring management is carried out to the supervisory computer system of application layer, the operator on duty of usage monitoring computer is exercised supervision, examined, be actually the effect of " black box " playing automatic recording function, be made up of industrial computer, management software and alarming horn, warning LED etc.
Described managing computer system mainly realizes following functions:
(1.1) to receive a crime report when, automatic reception, storage public security 110 and electric company's supervisory computer system, mobile terminal are reported to the police operation information.
(1.2) the electronic geographic map of public security 110, electric company's supervisory computer system infield, is shown.
(1.3), accept the monitoring of remote computer system, prevent error cut-off machine, misoperation or equipment fault.
2, maintenance calculations machine system
Described maintenance calculations machine system is mainly the remote computer system being arranged on technical support place, for to application layer, the long distance monitoring of the equipment working state of sensing layer, except device failure alert being provided and serving, the remote maintenance of sensing layer equipment is also provided, upgrading, diagnostic function, be actually an integrated information supervisory computer system, be arranged on equipment supplier or place of system maintenance side, the information of comprehensive collection whole system, comprise stolen information, the operation information of maintenance information and supervisory computer system and work state information etc., realize remote fault analysis, failure diagnosis, decision-making treatment, safeguards system device security, stable, reliability service, system is made to be in good running status, prevent from false alarm and refuse alert event occurring.
two, application layer
Described application layer mainly comprises the portable mobile termianl (mobile phone of receiving a crime report), alarming horn, warning LED etc. that the supervisory computer system that is arranged on each control point (public security 110 and power supply defendance night shift room) and staff carry, for receiving, the equipment that sensing layer sends is stolen, monitoring parameter threshold values is out-of-limit, operation of power networks parameter monitoring warning message, there is provided the inquiry query function to equipment current operating state, monitor data, this application layer mainly realizes following functions:
(except power failure, call-in reporting etc.) alarming horn ring when 1, receiving the stolen alarm signal of sensing layer, warning LED is glimmered, supervisory computer system screen ejects " receiving a crime report " window, automatically uploads to managing computer system with alarm and information of receiving a crime report and store.
2, when receiving warning, default supervisory computer system (supervisory control comuter) and mobile terminal (mobile phone of receiving a crime report) is notified in the very first time, warning message can be saved in (application layer and management level networking form shared data bank) in system database automatically simultaneously, in order to inquiry, can also automatic spring electronic chart (having prestored the electronic chart that equipment indicates device location in system) during warning, and mark the exact position of stolen alarm point, can receive, record, store, the All Alerts information of inquiry system, can the warehouse of compatible extensions, dwelling house for staff and workers, office building, the security alarm signals such as transformer station.
3, accept the monitoring of maintenance calculations machine system, prevent error cut-off machine, misoperation etc.
three, sensing layer
Described sensing layer mainly comprises and is arranged on monitored object place, for monitoring the state of monitored object, mainly comprise communication host, communication extension set and the various intelligent sensors be connected with communication extension set, described communication host is provided with GSM/GPRS communication module and short-range wireless communication module, described communication extension set is also provided with short-range wireless communication module, between each communication extension set and communication host intercom mutually by short-range wireless communication module with each communication extension set, form wireless from group bridge communications network, namely each communication extension set possesses the function of transmitting and receiving information simultaneously, the state information of himself can be sent to communication host in short-distance wireless mode, also can be distant by other, the information that the communication extension set that can not directly communicate with communication host sends is transmitted to communication host, communication host and the communication mode of system are mainly and are communicated by GSM/GPRS communication module throughout the whole nation and even global mobile radio networks GPRS/GSM() and Internet InternetExplorer, mobile radio networks GPRS/GSM is not by the time, place, weather and buried position influence, easy to use, flexibly.
Multiple set of sensors that can reflect monitored device state such as intelligent sensor comprises the gate inhibition of cable break transducer, cable electric pole inclination sensor, transformer movable sensor and switchgear house, window illegally enters.
In the present embodiment, sensing layer comprise with distribute-electricity transformer district be monitoring range the antitheft subsystem in platform district, for monitor electric room the antitheft subsystem in electric room, for the cable of monitoring cable and cable trough and the antitheft subsystem of cable trough, the antitheft subsystem of steel tower and grid operating monitoring production management subsystem, can according to specific circumstances, one or more antitheft subsystems of choice for use.
Sensing layer equipment adopts modular construction, combine very flexible, be applicable to any power supply area, as supplied no matter radio area transformer is electric room or bench type, no matter low pressure basic routing line is single back line or multi circuit transmission lines, no matter with or without many branch lines, no matter electric pole, wall overhead wire or geographical cable etc., all can synthesize the sensing layer of different transversary according to field demand design team.
1, the antitheft subsystem in platform district
The antitheft subsystem in platform district is in units of distribute-electricity transformer district, the distribution transforming detector (transducer), the line probers (transducer) that mainly comprise communication host, some communication extension sets and be connected with communication extension set, easily steal equipment overall monitor to for radio area, and do not affect by factors such as load variations, grid power blackout, neutral point multipoint earthings.
(1), the formation of the antitheft subsystem in platform district
(1.1), communication host: be made up of GSM/GPRS communication module, short-range wireless communication module, electric power low-pressure carrier module and artificial intelligence electric network state identification module, sound and light alarm module etc.Because platform district information is intensive, data resource sharing, so communication host system has very strong information intelligent know Do, intelligent decision and control ability.Communication host, by GSM/GPRS communication module GSM/GPRS network (up) and short-range wireless communication module wireless self-networking (descending) channel, completes the collection of platform district scope internal information, process, controls, exchanges and remote data communication.
(1.2), communication extension set: primarily of three-phase and four-line artificial intelligence electric network state identification module, carrier signal receiver module, short-range wireless communication module and the composition such as intelligent protection module, sound and light alarm module, communication extension set and communication host complete the Signal analysis of platform district part circuit, tracking and monitoring alarm task jointly.
(1.3), distribution transforming detector, high magnetic steel suction is used to be fixed on above transformer cover, when transformer normally runs at ordinary times, circuit is in resting state, when system blackout, if transformer is moved, flip or be subject to intense mechanical power impact time, will by communicate extension set send alarm signal to communication host.
(1.4), line probers; it is the unit of key protection point part of path; be made up of with the extension set etc. that communicates wire sensor, interface filtering, single-chip microcomputer IC chip; be operated in semidormancy state at ordinary times; when power line breakdown, the transducer be fixed on power line sends radio alarming information because of loss of equilibrium to communication host.
(2), the feature of the antitheft subsystem in platform district
(2.1), networking is convenient, flexibly, cost performance is high, running cost is low.Be monitored unit with power distribution station subsystem, protection covers all electric power facilities in platform district, also the unit in adjacent district can be combined as a subsystem (gsm communication host capacity and self-organized network communication distance license situation under).
(2.2), communication host and communication extension set communication channel adopt intelligent radio ad-hoc network, and channel is reliable, communication frequency 470MHz, transmitting power 50-250mW, and penetration power is strong, has automatic route, automatic relay, automatically repair ability.
(2.3), modular construction, combination are flexible.Subscriber device modular construction, combination are very flexible, are applicable to any for radio area.
(2.4), intelligent sensing, identification and robber put accurate positioning function.Adopt intelligent sensor, distributed micro-computer technology and electric and physical intersection artificial intelligence recognition technology, no matter offender uses any theft means (to be that " fool " formula robber cuts power line, or first by thin wire, thick electric wire two ends cross-over connection is got up, and then steal " high iq " that cut thick electric wire steal cut power line mode) can accurate locating alarming, the electric pole that receive a crime report mobile phone and supervisory control comuter directly show stolen power line is numbered.
(2.5), system intelligent, automation function.In order to ensure system reliability, system passes to channel from sensing, and distribution embedded in microcomputer artificial intelligence IC chip.No matter electrical network is in which kind of running status, and which kind of weather conditions natural environment is in, when electric power facility is destroyed or steal can intellectual analysis, correctly adjudicate, and send " stolen warning " signal in time, never false alarm, refuse to submit alert or fail to report police.
If because of system equipment " inferior health " or fault, system will send in advance " maintenance report to the police " signal, to repair in time.If GSM/GPRS channel-failures or worn-out by screen, mode of operation that system proceeds to immediately " saving oneself ", once channel recovers normal, reports generation event and the electric power facility situation etc. in the time period to management level, application layer immediately.
(2.6), remote inquiry, long-range self-inspection, remote trial warning function is possessed, can remote inquiry communication host operating state, timer-controlled self-inspection function is set.
(2.7), possess long-range setting/modify feature, its function is as follows:
A, long-range setting/amendment communication host parameter, long-range setting " are set up defences/are separated and be anti-", or long-range setting regularly " is set up defences/separated and be anti-" every day.
B, long-range setting/amendment on-the-spot " sound and light alarm ", or remove setting " sound and light alarm ".
C, long-range setting/amendment timing automatic circling measurment (being called for short: timer-controlled self-inspection), remote control at any time starts self-inspection.
D, long-range setting/amendment " power failure, call-in reporting " function.
E, Remote GSM/GPRS communication host stolen " test of reporting to the police ".
(2.8), intelligent detection switch machine function is possessed.
Equipment non source switch, as long as correct access three-phase four-wire power line during in-site installation, equipment just can self-opening power supply.When subsystem device power supply (DPS) voltage drop is to 10V, communication host sends automatically under-voltagely safeguards alarming short message, waits for and safeguarding.
(3), the Function Extension of the antitheft subsystem in platform district
(3.1), power distribution station, electric room, transformer anti-theft subsystem, all can increase GSM message remote measuring and controlling remote signaling function and function such as monitoring ammeter box etc.
(3.2), remote measurement transformer outlet voltage, electric current, power etc., transformer temperature and switch cubicle fixed contact, busbar, cable equitemperature.Remote control transformer line load, each bar circuit of remote signalling jumps combination switch position signalling.Transformer each parameter off-limit alarm function can be set, line automatic trip function off zero.When surmounting permissible value with transformer platform area operational factor, send alarming short message and out-of-limit row operational factor from trend management level, application layer, remind operator on duty to process in time, prevent substantial equipment accident from occurring.
(3.3), can increase GSM message telemetry link terminal voltage function, computational scheme pressure drop, statistics rate of qualified voltage, ensures power supply quality.
(3.4), ammeter box monitored after, the information such as operating personnel's name and time can, in unblank (case), send to management level, application layer to file, inquiry for future reference by IC-card or the Digiplex that must hold specific authorisation simultaneously automatically.
2. the antitheft subsystem in electric room
If circuit does not need protection in platform district; then be suitable for adopting the antitheft subsystem in electric room; the antitheft subsystem in electricity room is made up of communication host, communication extension set and connected intelligent sensor etc.; there is the interference of anti-strong-electromagnetic field; dilatation matching interface is convenient; there is timer-controlled self-inspection and the self-diagnostic function of high-intelligentization, improve the reliability of equipment to greatest extent, prevent wrong report and refuse to submit.
(1), the antitheft subsystem function feature in electric room
(1.1) intelligent sensor, is selected to close door and window or closed transformer and cable technique scheme, the former advantage is totally-enclosed, as long as someone forces open the door, window is invaded electric room and will be reported to the police, the latter is that anyone enters electric room and can not report to the police, only move power equipment or cut off, displacement electric power cable time could report to the police, low-power consumption, highly reliable, alert false alarm can not be failed to report.
(1.2), wireless remote control is set up defences/is separated and prevents (open the door/close the door) function, IC-card or the Digiplex that must hold specific authorisation can operate, automatically send to management level, application layer to file the information such as operating personnel's name and time, inquiry for future reference simultaneously.
(1.3), local siren can be installed, use GSM message remote control mode to be provided with acoustic alarm and silent alarm.
(1.4), as required can set up multimedia message camera function, adopt low-light (level) camera and configure infrared ray assist illuminator, entering electric room human body sensing automatic camera.
(2), the Function Extension of the antitheft subsystem in electric room
(2.1), remote measurement transformer outlet voltage, electric current, power etc., transformer oil temperature and switch cabinet busbar equitemperature.Remote control transformer line load, each bar circuit of remote signalling jumps combination switch position signalling.Transformer each parameter off-limit alarm function can be set, line automatic trip function off zero.When surmounting permissible value with transformer platform area operational factor, send alarming short message and out-of-limit row operational factor from trend management level, application layer, remind operator on duty to process in time, prevent substantial equipment accident from occurring.
(2.2), can increase GSM message telemetry link terminal voltage function, computational scheme pressure drop, statistics rate of qualified voltage, ensures power supply quality.
(2.3), ammeter box monitored after, the information such as operating personnel's name and time can, in unblank (case), send to management level, application layer to file, inquiry for future reference by IC-card or the Digiplex that must hold specific authorisation simultaneously automatically.
3. cable and the antitheft subsystem of cable trough
Along with the propelling of urbanization process, 10KV circuit is by phasing out into underground on the ground, and laying project is divided into 10KV high-tension cable ditch and 10KV high pressure underground cable line two kinds of modes.
(3.1), the antitheft subsystem of 10KV cable trough is made up of communication host, solar panel, communication extension set, transducer and compound channel bus.When there being people to invade cable trough shake-up intelligent sensor, communication host will send stolen early warning information invasion Position Number.And enter in cable trough when other toy, sensor intelligent trap signal, Zhi Neng Shi Do and can not early warning information be sent.This equipment moisture proof, water logging and destruction function, power supply can take from solar panel, also can be powered by road lamp power supply.
(3.2), the antitheft subsystem of 10KV underground cable is substantially identical with the antitheft subsystem structure of 10KV cable trough, is only that short distance channel is different with transducer.Can GSM message automatic alarm as long as 10KV cable is truncated pull-out, its geographical position of Chinese display.
4. the antitheft subsystem of steel tower
Electric power tower is generally in the field, remote mountains away from urban district, the time of origin that theft destroys is 1 o'clock night to 4 o'clock mostly, and after crime, suspect flees the scene fast, and the trace evidence that scene is left over is few, without circumstantial evidence, causing hits out against theft destroys the delinquent difficulty of electric power facility.
(1), the function of the antitheft subsystem of steel tower and feature
(1.1), there is steel tower anti-saw artificial intelligence recognition function, when there is abnormal noise in steel tower corner, subsystem is to management level, application layer (local public security 110 " supervisory control comuter " and power supply administration of city " transmission of electricity monitoring management computer ") early warning, after observing the identification alert true and false by video, local public security 110 responding can be reinformed.
(1.2), have remote control " audio/silent " warning function, soprano saxhorn cartridge type loudspeaker broadcast, and voice and police whistle sound replace, and red flashing light lamp work simultaneously, also can increase long-range microphony monitor function.
(2), the antitheft subsystem of steel tower is for the production of management function and feature
(2.1), steel tower is provided with spherical high-definition camera, miniature meteorological sensor, electrical lead is provided with FR wireless senser and accurately can measures steel tower and electrical lead related data, and can upper lower limit value be set, when early warning, parameter can be dealt into receive a crime report mobile phone and " transmission of electricity monitoring management computer ".
(2.2), line walking attendance management, supervision line attendant whether line walking puts in place.When line attendant's (50M scope) under steel tower presses " the wireless line attendant's informer " carried with, " transmission of electricity monitoring management computer " just show line attendant name, make an inspection tour place and time.
(2.3), due to thunderbolt and insulator stained, the insulator between steel tower and power transmission line can be made to cause arcing fault, routine inspection method is investigated by tower by manpower, wastes time and energy, costly, economic loss is large, so the off-limit alarm of monitoring power transmission line leakage current is very necessary automatically.
5. the antitheft subsystem of ring main unit on-line monitoring
In recent years, along with city size development, electric force looped network cabinet installs and uses One's name is legion, and distribution is also very extensive.Ring main unit inner space is narrow and small, and ventilation condition is poor, and operating ambient temperature is higher.The ring main unit of key player is carry in local transmission network, regular visit mode also will be relied on to check, the means that seem are very backward, and the local transmission network not reaching State Grid Corporation of China's proposition far away wants the requirement of modernization scientific management and " building strong type electrical network ".In order to ensure stable, the safety of power supply system and reliable, be necessary to carry out anti-theft and anti-damage protection and equipment running status on-line monitoring automatic alarm to equipment in ring main unit.
1, the antitheft subsystem of ring main unit on-line monitoring is formed
The antitheft subsystem formation of ring main unit on-line monitoring is made up of communication host, serial ports colour imagery shot, siren, start sensor and temperature-humidity sensor, and is all arranged on ring main unit inside.The long-range enabling of usage monitoring computer instruction, or use authority receive a crime report mobile phone remote open the door, hand-held remote controller also can be used to open the door.To open the door or to send note record from trend supervisory control comuter at closing time for future reference.
2, the antitheft subsystem function of ring main unit on-line monitoring
(2.1) when, ring main unit meets with illegally opening or destroying, equipment automatic short message is reported to the police, is captured image and be sent to supervisory control comuter and mandate in multimedia message mode and receive a crime report mobile phone.
(2.2), long-rangely acoustic alarm and silent alarm is provided with.
(2.3), each contact temperature and environment epidemic disaster in Real-time Collection, display case.
(2.4), the off-limit alarm value of each contact temperature and environment epidemic disaster in setting ring main unit, when operational factor exceedes setting in limited time, send out off-limit alarm signal and real time data from trend supervisory control comuter and mandate mobile phone of receiving a crime report.No matter during antitheft or off-limit alarm, all there being the position of the ring main unit of warning message to notify administrative staff and Surveillance center with the form of note.
3, the antitheft subsystem feature of ring main unit on-line monitoring
(3.1), the antitheft and monitoring running state off-limit alarm function of this system compatible power equipment, belong to power industry and reallocate resources, cost-saving, the compatible model shared.
(3.2), subsystem communication host function is powerful, can gather 6 road ring main unit contact temperature information, also can gather 10 railway digital analog quantitys, 10 road wireless remote traffic, the 6 wired remote signalling amounts in tunnel and 6 tunnel remote control amounts.
(3.3), can Real-time Collection, each contact temperature and environment epidemic disaster in display case.Realize fault alarm, off-limit alarm and stolen warning function.
(3.4), can the long-range enabling of usage monitoring computer instruction, or use authority mobile phone remote of receiving a crime report opens the door (increase function: hand-held remote controller also can be used to open the door or IC-card opens the door).Open the door and all send note record, for future reference from trend supervisory control comuter at closing time.
(3.5) when, ring main unit meets with illegally opening or destroying, equipment automatic short message is reported to the police, is captured image and be sent to supervisory control comuter and mandate in multimedia message mode and receive a crime report mobile phone.
(3.6) the off-limit alarm value of each contact temperature and environment epidemic disaster in ring main unit can, be set.When operational factor exceedes setting in limited time, send out off-limit alarm signal and real time data from trend supervisory control comuter and mandate mobile phone of receiving a crime report.
(3.7), no matter stolen or out-of-limit time, notify administrative staff and Surveillance center there being the position of the ring main unit of warning message with the form of note.Surveillance center's computer electronic chart shows the accurate geographical location information of ring main unit (fault point) automatically, thus realizes the accurate location of fault, fast finding.
(3.8), Surveillance center can realize the functions such as Data Collection, storage, inquiry, statistics, report output, fault alarm.Surveillance center, to the rapid responding of robber's feelings, can accomplish anticipation in advance to parameter is out-of-limit, prevent trouble before it happens.
(3.9), subsystem communication main frame can automatic classification to warning message, sends respectively.As: stolen warning message is dealt into the computer (management level) of Surveillance center of electric company and the computer (application layer) of public security 110 Surveillance center; Running status warning message is dealt into the computer (application layer) of operating management department.
(3.10), system has automatic correcting time, and note follows clock, self-timing self-inspection, and GSM/GPRS communication module is recovered, stolen alarm intelligent identification, automatic Check, long-rangely arranges amendment parameter, the Premium Features such as remote diagnosis and remote maintenance.
(3.11), Surveillance center's computer (management level) by communicating between GSM/GPRS network and ring main unit subsystem, the distribution of ring main unit subsystem can without region and incalculability restriction.
System of the present invention adopts technology of Internet of things, take modern information technologies as core, the computer technology of integrated use advanced person, the communication technology, automatic control technology, Distributed Multi-microcomputer System and artificial intelligence sensing technology etc. combine with conventional electric power technology, realize the comprehensive real-time monitor and managment of electric power facility, this system is the agreement by agreement, the electric of grid power infrastructure and physical state are passed through sensing, process, interfacing is connected with mobile communications network and the Internet, carry out information exchange and communicate, to realize Weigh sensor, location, follow the tracks of, the network of monitor and managment.
System of the present invention is applied to the monitoring of grid power infrastructure Omnibearing theft-proof alarm and management platform, there is very strong anti-thefting monitoring, early warning, the ability of self-healing and strick precaution disaster, owing to have employed state-of-the-art radio communication ad hoc network, drastically increase the dependable with function of power distribution station digital channel, for expanding of system function, information is intensive, senior decision-making, to cut operating costs etc. and create condition, achieve the switching on and shutting down of equipment Auto-Sensing, timing self-inspection, remote diagnosis, the Premium Features such as remote maintenance, fill up the blank in China's electric power safety precautionary technology field, application value and potentiality are had at National Power System, also huge economic benefit and social benefit will be produced.
Advanced, novel uniqueness of systems technology of the present invention, networking flexibility, running cost are low, powerful, and intellectuality, hommization and reliability are high, professional and practical, have and have advantage as follows:
1. hierarchy, open platform, running cost is low, and system is technology of Internet of things principle, and hierarchy, open platform, networking dilatation are conveniently.
2, have aerial automatic checking SIM card number (GSM/GPRS communication module), the Premium Features of identification " identity card " number operating rights, this system can be N number of and deposit, and do not interfere with each other.
3. channel is reliable, conforms to national standard.System remote uses GPRS/GSM channel.Platform district subsystem half adopts 470MHz wireless self-networking module through 1KM range communication, channel can route, automatic relay automatically, automatically repair channel, be not subject to building shield.
4. intelligent sensor.The transducers such as traditional infrared ray, ultrasonic wave, radar are subject to hot blast, the impact of toy produces false alarm, especially work under highfield high-intensity magnetic field, there are many unreliable factors of instability, intelligent sensor solves the problems of transformer, electric room and power line anti-theft.
5. warning message is from editor, self-defined, hommization.
System power supply platform district subsystem is using " Chinese " as remote control command and warning message, and display word is directly perceived, succinct.
6. can customize, as follows in certain district's subsystem communication main frame alarming short message:
A.XX electricity door is opened! Quick checking is seen!
B.XX electricity room has people to invade! Quick checking is seen!
C.XX electricity room I loop line No. 2 bar electric wires are stolen! A speed responding!
D.XX electricity room has a power failure, special notice!
E.XX electricity room incoming call, a special notice!
F.XX electricity loop, room II (to Li Jia village) electric wire is stolen! A speed responding!
7. equipment is non-maintaining, self-healing, anti-shielding destruction-proof function.
Equipment adopts low-power consumption, dormancy awakening technology, and anti-overvoltage, overcurrent are non-maintaining, and automatic recovery is exited in equipment fault automatically, support equipment operational percentage, can not expand accident impact operation of power networks.Have the function of microcomputer intelligent monitoring GSM/GPRS communication module, when GSM/GPRS communication module can not network work, microcomputer will make its break-off, put into operation after taking a momentary rest again.
8. there is tamper-proof anti-theft auto-alarm function and anti-" Mobile communication signal shielding " function.
9. have time clock feature, no matter stolen warning or maintenance warning message all have clock, system automatic correcting time.
10. professional is strong, and strengthening " interlock of alert enterprise " is unified to be supervised, examine, function of calling to account.
The information of system log (SYSLOG) can grasp public security 110 and the reaction speed of electric company operator on duty when crime, and its information material can be used as supervision, traces responding not in time not even as the foundation of operator on duty's responsibility.
11. lightning protection, anti-natural calamity.
System equipment lightning protection and anti-natural calamity effect most important, equipment all adopts proprietary lightning protection, anti-electrical network surge module and other all technical measures, has the strong thunder and lightning of anti-coastal region, violent typhoon, large waterfall rain, hot weather impact and anti-industry and domestic electromagnetic wave interference function.
12. energy-saving and environmental protection, reliable.
System adopts low-power consumption, contactless, digitlization, intellectuality and reliability engineering completely, as required, can use solar electric power supply system.
4, grid operating monitoring production management subsystem feature
(4.1) three-phase voltage can be monitored, three-phase branch current, and each fixed contact temperature of the low tension switch of individual branch road.
(4.2) parameter out-of-limit (exceeding set point) automatic alarm, when operational factor exceedes setting in limited time, sends out off-limit alarm signal and real time data from trend supervisory control comuter and mandate mobile phone of receiving a crime report.No matter during antitheft or off-limit alarm, all there being the position of the ring main unit of warning message to notify administrative staff and Surveillance center with the form of note.
(4.3) wireless proprietary technology is used, low cost movement.

Claims (1)

1. one kind for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform, based on Internet communication technology, remote radio communication technology, short-distance wireless communication technology, industrial computer technology and embedded controller technology, transducer recognition technology, it is characterized in that this system is divided into management level, application layer and the sensing layer that can intercom mutually in vertical structure;
Described management level are by managing computer system and maintenance calculations machine System's composition;
Described managing computer system is mainly the managing computer system being arranged on Surveillance center, for storage system composition data and receive and the running state data of stocking system, monitoring management is carried out to the supervisory computer system of application layer, the operator on duty of usage monitoring computer is exercised supervision, examined;
Described maintenance calculations machine system is mainly the remote computer system being arranged on technical support place, for the long distance monitoring of the equipment working state to application layer, sensing layer, except device failure alert being provided and serving, also provide the remote maintenance of sensing layer equipment, upgrading, diagnostic function;
Described application layer mainly comprises the cell phone being arranged on power supply, the supervisory computer system of each control point of public security department and operator on duty and carrying, for receiving, the equipment that sensing layer sends is stolen, monitoring parameter threshold values is out-of-limit, operation of power networks parameter monitoring warning message, provides the inquiry query function to equipment current operating state, monitor data;
Described sensing layer mainly comprises and is arranged on monitored object place, for monitoring the state of monitored object, the intelligent sensor mainly comprising communication host, communication extension set and be connected with communication extension set, described communication host is provided with GSM/GPRS communication module and short-range wireless communication module, described communication extension set is also provided with short-range wireless communication module, between each communication extension set and communication host intercom mutually by short-range wireless communication module with each communication extension set, form wireless from group bridge communications network;
Monitor And Control Subsystem comprise with distribute-electricity transformer district be monitoring range the antitheft subsystem in platform district, for monitor electric room the antitheft subsystem in electric room, for the cable of monitoring cable and cable trough and the antitheft subsystem of cable trough, the antitheft subsystem of steel tower and grid operating monitoring production management subsystem;
Being constructed as follows of the antitheft subsystem in platform district:
Communication host: be made up of GSM/GPRS communication module, short-range wireless communication module, electric power low-pressure carrier module and artificial intelligence electric network state identification module, sound and light alarm module; Communication host, by GSM/GPRS communication module, GSM/GPRS network and short-range wireless communication module wireless self-networking channel, completes the collection of platform district scope internal information, process, controls, exchanges and remote data communication;
Communication extension set: primarily of three-phase and four-line artificial intelligence electric network state identification module, carrier signal receiver module, short-range wireless communication module, intelligent protection module and acousto-optic alarm module composition, communication extension set and communication host complete the Signal analysis of platform district part circuit, tracking and monitoring alarm task jointly;
Distribution transforming detector, high magnetic steel suction is used to be fixed on above transformer cover, when transformer normally runs at ordinary times, circuit is in resting state, if when system blackout, transformer is moved, flip or be subject to intense mechanical power impact time, will by communicate extension set send alarm signal to communication host;
Line probers, is made up of with the extension set that communicates wire sensor, interface filtering, single-chip microcomputer IC chip, is operated in semidormancy state at ordinary times, and when power line breakdown, the transducer be fixed on power line sends radio alarming information because of loss of equilibrium to communication host.
CN201310184266.1A 2013-05-20 2013-05-20 A kind of for electric power facility antitheft, monitoring and operational factor monitoring, management Internet of things system platform Expired - Fee Related CN103281364B (en)

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