CN102063453A - Method and device for searching based on demands of user - Google Patents

Method and device for searching based on demands of user Download PDF

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CN102063453A
CN102063453A CN 201010187091 CN201010187091A CN102063453A CN 102063453 A CN102063453 A CN 102063453A CN 201010187091 CN201010187091 CN 201010187091 CN 201010187091 A CN201010187091 A CN 201010187091A CN 102063453 A CN102063453 A CN 102063453A
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user
search
according
needs
query
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CN 201010187091
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Chinese (zh)
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孙云丰
张玉睿
徐波
李明
金海燕
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百度在线网络技术(北京)有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a method and device for searching based on demands of a user. According to the invention, the method comprises the steps of: firstly, obtaining a search request of the user; secondly, carrying out matching search according to the search request to obtain one or more search items matched with the search request and the demands of the user; and thirdly, providing the one or more search items to the user for selecting. In particular, literary content analysis is carried out on the search request to obtain a user practical demand included in the search request, or the user practical demand is more accurately judged by further combining with large sample statistical information, hot spot information and/or user relevant information, therefore, compared with the traditional search technology, the method can be used for accurately obtaining a search structure matched with the search request information and the user practical demand.

Description

一种用于基于用户的需求进行搜索的方法和设备 A method of searching based on the user's needs and apparatus for

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及网络技术领域,尤其涉及基于用户的需求进行搜索的技术。 [0001] The present invention relates to network technologies, and particularly to a technique of searching based on user needs. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 自从70、80年代互联网普及以来,为满足用户在互联网上访问海量信息的要求, 出现了许多网络搜索技术,我们简单回顾如下: [0002] Since the 1970s and 1980s popularity of the Internet, in order to meet users to access vast amounts of information on the Internet requirements, there have been a number of Web search technology, we briefly review the following:

[0003] 90年代早期出现基于人工信息分类的EINet Galaxy搜索引擎。 [0003] In the early 1990s EINet Galaxy search engine based on artificial classification of information appears. 随后与19994年Lycos搜索引擎推出,其包括基于机器人程序(Robot)的数据挖掘技术和支持搜索结果相关性排序。 Then with 19 994 years Lycos search engine launched, including a program-based robot (Robot) data mining techniques and support the search results sorted by relevance.

[0004] 1995年的AltaVista推出的搜索引擎第一个支持自然语言搜索的搜索引擎,具备了基于网页内容分析,智能处理的能力,第一个实现高级搜索语法的搜索引擎(如AND、0R、 NOT 等)。 [0004] In the 1995 AltaVista search engine launched the first search engine that supports natural language searching, with a web-based content analysis, intelligent processing ability, first for advanced search syntax search engines (such as AND, 0R, NOT, etc.).

[0005] 1997年,Northernlight公司推出的搜索引擎第一个支持对搜索结果进行简单的自动分类,也是当时拥有最大数据库的搜索引擎之一。 [0005] In 1997, Northernlight company launched the first search engine supports the search results simple automatic classification, but also was one of the largest databases of search engines.

[0006] 1998年,Google推出基于其PAGERANK算法的搜索引擎,其根据网页之间相互的超链接计算的网页排序。 [0006] In 1998, Google launched its PAGERANK algorithm based search engine, according to its website ranking calculation of mutual hyperlinks between pages.

[0007] 2000年,百度创始人李彦宏推出基于超链分析的百度搜索引擎。 [0007] 2000, Baidu founder Robin Li, Baidu launched a search engine based on hyperlink analysis.

[0008] 现有的搜索引擎的基本工作原理如下: [0008] The basic principle of the existing search engines are as follows:

[0009] 1)自动搜集信息:搜索引擎的信息搜集基本都是自动的。 [0009] 1) automatically collect information: information gathering search engines are basically automatic. 搜索引擎利用称为网络蜘蛛(spider)的自动搜索机器人程序来连上每一个网页上的超链接。 Search engines use robots to automatically search program called web spiders (spider) to connect to the hyperlink on every page. 机器人程序根据网 Robot program based network

页链到其中的超链接,就象日常生活中所说的“一传十,十传百......”一样,从少数几个网 Page chain to which a hyperlink, as in daily life called "a mass ten, hundred ......", as from a few network

页开始,连到数据库上所有到其他网页的链接。 Starting on page connected to all the other pages on the database link. 理论上,若网页上有适当的超链接,机器人便可以遍历绝大部分网页。 In theory, if appropriate hyperlink on a Web page, the robot will be able to traverse the vast majority of web pages.

[0010] 2)建立索引库:搜索引擎整理信息的过程称为“建立索引”。 [0010] 2) indexing library: search engines organize information process called "indexing." 搜索引擎不仅要保存搜集起来的信息,还要将它们按照一定的规则进行编排并保存于索引库中。 Search engines collect information not only to save them, but also they will be organized according to certain rules and stored in the index database. 这样,搜索引擎可以根据查询信息在索引库中迅速找到所要的资料。 In this way, the search engine can quickly find the information you want in the index database according to the query information.

[0011] 3)接受查询:用户向搜索引擎发出查询,搜索引擎接受查询并向用户返回资料。 [0011] 3) accepts queries: user issues a query to a search engine, the search engine accepts queries and returns the data. 搜索引擎每时每刻都要接到来自大量用户的几乎是同时发出的查询,它按照每个用户的要求检查自己的索弓丨,在极短时间内找到用户需要的资料,并将搜索结果返回给用户,其中搜索结果一般包括网页链接及摘要描述。 Search engine every moment received from a large number of user queries almost simultaneously issued its own cable bow Shu check each user's requirements, to find the information you need in a very short time, and search results returned to the user, which typically includes search results pages link and summary description. 在有多个搜索结果的情形下,需要利用各种算法进行排序,其中,最著名的搜索排序算法为Google的I^geRank算法(参见美国专利US6285999),其原理是根据网页之间相互的超链接计算进行网页排序,搜索引擎把从A网页到B网页的链接解释为A网页给B网页投票,并根据投票来源(甚至来源的来源,即链接到A网页的网页)和投票目标的等级来决定新的等级。 In case there are multiple search results, you need to make use of various algorithms to sort, where the most famous Google search ranking algorithm as the I ^ geRank algorithm (see US Patent US6285999), the principle is mutual between pages based on ultra link calculation PageRank, search engines to explain from a web page links to B page is a page to a B page to vote, and according to sources of the vote (or even the source of origin, that is linked to a web page a web page) rating and voting target to to determine the new level. 简单的说,一个高等级的网页可以使被其链接或引用的其他低等级网页的等级提升。 Simply put, a high level of other low-level pages can rank their pages are linked or referenced upgrade.

[0012] 其中,整理信息及接受查询的过程,大量应用了文本信息检索技术,并根据网络超文本的特点,引入了更多的信息。 [0012] Among them, we organize information and to accept the inquiry process, a large number of applications of text information retrieval and hypertext according to the characteristics of the network, the introduction of more information.

[0013] 对于文本信息检索,早期的信息检索系统采用“布尔查询”的方法来进行全文检索。 [0013] For the text information retrieval, information retrieval system uses early "Boolean query" approach to full-text search. 用户必须详细的规划自己的查询,其复杂程度不亚于编程语言。 The user must own detailed planning inquiry, its complexity as much as the programming language. 这种检索方式并不提供任何的文档相关性测度,对于文档与查询的评价就只有“匹配”,“不匹配”两种而已。 This does not provide any way to retrieve documents relevant measure for the evaluation of documents and queries only "match", "mismatch" in two only. 这两点问题决定了布尔查询不能被广泛应用。 These two questions determine the Boolean queries can not be widely used.

[0014] 对于大规模的语料库,任何检索都可能返回数量众多的结果,因此对检索结果进行排序是必须的。 [0014] For large-scale corpus, any retrieval could return a large number of results, so the search result sorting is necessary. 因此,一个好的信息检索模型必须提供文档相关性测度。 Therefore, a good information retrieval model must provide documents related measure. 一个好的测度应该使与用户查询需求最相关的那些结果,排在最前面,同时允许尽可能多的,与用户查询有一定关系的结果被包括进来。 It should be a good measure of the user's query needs of those most relevant results, at the top, while allowing as much as possible, the user query results have a certain relationship is included. 目前,最为常用的信息检索模型有三种: Currently, the most commonly used model of information retrieval in three ways:

[0015] I 向量空间模型(Vector Space Model, VSM) [0015] I vector space model (Vector Space Model, VSM)

[0016] II 概率模型(Probabilistic Model) [0016] II probability model (Probabilistic Model)

[0017] III 推理网络模型Gnference Network Model) [0017] III inference network model Gnference Network Model)

[0018] 简而言之,现有的搜索技术基本上均基于用户查询请求信息中所含关键词对索引库进行匹配搜索,根据匹配度或相似度获得多个搜索结果并根据点击率或超链信息进行筛选或排序,也即仅根据一些外在的、或客观信息来进行搜索,因此不能在搜索结果中反映用户的实际需求。 [0018] Briefly, prior art search are substantially based on the information contained in the user request query keyword index matching search library to obtain a plurality of search results based on the degree of matching or similarity or according to CTR super chain filter or sort the information, that is only to search based on some external, or objective information and therefore does not reflect the actual needs of users in search results.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0019] 本发明的目的是为克服现有技术的缺陷,提供一种基于用户需求进行搜索的方法和设备。 [0019] The object of the present invention is a method and apparatus for searching to overcome disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a user based on demand.

[0020] 根据本发明的一个方面,还提供了一种用于基于用户的需求进行搜索的方法,该方法包括以下步骤: [0020] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for performing a search based on the user's needs, the method comprising the steps of:

[0021] a获取该用户的查询请求; [0021] a request to obtain the user query;

[0022] b根据所述查询请求进行匹配搜索,以获得与所述查询请求和用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项; [0022] b matches a search according to the query request, to obtain one or more search queries and options for the user to match the needs;

[0023] c将所述一个或多个搜索选项提供给所述用户,供其选择。 [0023] c the one or more search options available to the user for selection.

[0024] 根据本发明的另一个方面,提供了一种用于基于用户的需求进行搜索的设备,其中,该设备包括: [0024] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for performing a search based on the needs of users, wherein, the apparatus comprising:

[0025] 获取装置,用于获取该用户的查询请求; [0025] The acquisition means for acquiring the user's query request;

[0026] 查询装置,用于根据所述查询请求进行匹配搜索,以获得与所述查询请求和用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项; [0026] query means for matching search according to the query request, the query to obtain one or more search requests and options match user requirements;

[0027] 提供装置,用于将所述一个或多个搜索选项提供给所述用户,供其选择。 [0027] providing means for searching the one or more options available to the user for selection.

[0028] 与之相比,本发明通过对查询请求进行文义分析获得其中内含的用户实际需求, 或进一步结合大样本统计信息、热点信息和/或用户的相关信息来更准确地判断用户的实际需求,可以准确地获得与查询请求信息以及用户实际需求相匹配的搜索结构。 [0028] In contrast, the present invention is a query request by the context in which the user needs to obtain the actual analysis of the contents, or further binding large sample statistics, information hotspot information and / or user to more accurately determine the user the actual demand, the structure can be accurately obtained search query request information and the actual needs of users to match.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0029] 通过阅读参照以下附图所作的对非限制性实施例所作的详细描述,本发明的其它特征、目的和优点将会变得更明显:[0030] 图1为根据本发明一个方面的根据用户需求提供检索结果的方法流程图; [0029] Non-limiting detailed description of embodiments given below with reference to the accompanying drawings reading Other features, objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent: [0030] FIG 1 according to an aspect of the present invention. providing search results according to user needs flowchart of a method;

[0031] 图2为根据本发明一个优选实施例的根据用户需求提供检索结果的方法流程图 [0031] FIG 2 is a flowchart of a method for providing search results according to user needs a preferred embodiment of the present invention

[0032] 图3为根据本发明一个方面的根据用户需求提供检索结果的系统框图; [0032] FIG. 3 is a system diagram providing search results according to an aspect of the present invention according to the needs of the user;

[0033] 图4为根据本发明一个优选实施例的根据用户需求提供检索结果的系统框图。 [0033] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a search result providing system of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to user needs.

[0034] 附图中相同或相似的附图标记代表相同或相似的部件。 [0034] In the drawings the same or similar to the same or like reference numerals refer to the components.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0035] 下面结合附图对本发明作进一步详细描述。 [0035] The following figures of the present invention will be further described in detail with.

[0036] 本发明可以用于网络搜索,也可用于桌面搜索。 [0036] The present invention may be used to search for a network, it may also be used for desktop search. 前者仅需在网络端实现,用户通过常用的用户端与其进行互动,获得网络搜索的搜索选项;而后者仅需在用户端来实现,为用户提供桌面搜索的搜索选项。 The former is only achieved at the network end users through its usual clients interact, obtain search options Web search; the latter is achieved only at the user end, to provide users with search options for desktop search.

[0037] 图1示出根据本发明一个方面的根据用户需求提供检索结果的网络搜索流程图。 [0037] FIG. 1 shows a flowchart providing search results according to user needs to retrieve the network to an aspect of the present invention.

[0038] 如图1所示,在步骤Sl中,用户在利用用户设备1进行网络浏览时,可通过诸如键盘、触摸屏、语音输入装置与用户设备1进行交互,输入其希望查询的查询信息(query), 从而发起搜索。 [0038] As shown in FIG 1, in step Sl, the user using the user device 1 when web browsing, may interact via a keyboard, touch screen, voice input device, such as a user equipment 1, the information they wish to enter a query in the query ( query), so as to initiate a search. 用户设备1包括桌面搜索引擎,也即在其本地保存有该搜索发起过程可以是用户首先通过用户设备1的浏览器软件访问一些搜索网站,如Yahoo, com, Google, com, Baidu. com后,在该搜索网站首页的搜索栏中发起搜索;也可通过嵌入浏览器的本地搜索栏发起搜索。 User equipment 1 includes a desktop search engine, that stores the search initiating the process can be a user first accesses some search sites through a user device browser software 1, such as Yahoo, com, Google, com, Baidu in its local after com, initiating a search at the search site Home search bar; also can initiate a search by the local embedded browser search bar. 本领域技术人员应能理解本发明不限于上述两种搜索发起方式,任何已有的或今后可能出现的搜索发起方式均适用于本发明,应包含在本发明的保护范围以内,并以引用方式而包含于此。 Those skilled in the art should be understood that the invention is not limited to the above two ways to initiate the search, any existing or future searches initiated possible embodiment of the present invention are suitable for use, it should be included within the scope of the present invention, and reference and herein.

[0039] 接着,在步骤S2中,用户设备1将用户所输入的查询信息发送给网络设备2。 [0039] Next, in step S2, the user equipment 1 sends query information input by the user to the network device 2. 在此,用户设备1包括,但不限于,计算机、智能手机、PDA等任何具有上网浏览功能的设备。 Here, the user equipment 1 include, but are not limited to, a computer, a smart phone, PDA and any other device with Internet browsing capabilities. 网络设备2包括,但不限于,网络服务器、网络主机、云计算模式下的其他用户设备1等可以提供搜索服务的任何设备,其中网络设备2包括集中各种功能的单个设备, 或由多个分别完成单独功能的物理分离的设备的组合,例如执行搜索的设备与保存索引信息的设备相互分离。 Any device comprises a network device 2, but are not limited to, network servers, network host, like other user equipment in a cloud computing model may provide a search service, wherein the network device comprises a single device 2 concentration of the various functions, or by a plurality of complete individual functions are a combination of physical separation device, such as devices and a search is performed to save the index information separated from each other. 此外,用户设备1与网络设备2之间的通信是基于各种通信协议(CommunicationsftOtocol),在此“通信协议”指计算机通信的传送协议,如:TCP/IP、UDP、 FTP、I CMP, NetBEUI等,同时还包括存在于计算机中的其他形式通信,例如:面向对象编程里面对象之间的通信;操作系统内不同程序或计算机不同模块之间的消息传送协议。 In addition, the communication between the user equipment and network equipment based on a variety of communication protocols (CommunicationsftOtocol), this "communication protocol" refers to a computer in communication transport protocol, such as: TCP / IP, UDP, FTP, I CMP, NetBEUI etc., and also include other forms of communication exist in the computer, for example: an object-oriented programming communication between the inside of the object; messaging protocol between different computer programs or different modules within the operating system. 但本领域技术人员应理解本发明不限于所述几种通信传输协议,任何已有或今后可能出现的通信协议均可适用于本发明,从而以引用方式而包含于此。 Those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the transfer of several communication protocols, any existing or future communication protocols that may occur in the present invention can be applied so as to be incorporated herein by reference.

[0040] 随后,在步骤S3中,网络设备2基于接收到的查询信息在网络索引库中进行搜索。 [0040] Subsequently, in step S3, the network device in the network 2 to search the index database query based on the received information. 本领域技术人员应能理解,网络索引库可位于网络设备2中或与之物理分离。 Those skilled in the art should appreciate that the network may be located in the index database or network device 2 in physical separation.

[0041] 其中,查询信息包含一个或多个关键词,关键词可以是字,词或者短语。 [0041] where the query information contains one or more keywords, keywords can be a word, phrase or word. 在语音文档检索中,还可以是混淆类、音子、音子串等等单元,或者还包括关键词之间的关联词。 In spoken document retrieval, but may be confusing, audio and sub, substring, etc. sound units, or further includes an association between the word keywords. 如前所述,传统搜索引擎中,信息查询采用的模型,例如向量空间模型,一般通过将查询信息与索引库中的索引信息进行对比以确定两者相似度,从而确定作为搜索结果的一个或多个搜索引擎,其中,索引信息也由一些关键词来描述。 As described above, the conventional search engine, query model employed, e.g. vector space model, typically by comparing the query with the index information in the index database to determine both the degree of similarity, to thereby determine, as a search result or multiple search engines, which index information is also described by some keywords.

[0042] 对于所获得的多个搜索结果,传统搜索引擎一般通过其点击率或Google的I^geRank或百度的超链等算法来确定各个搜索结果的排序。 [0042] For multiple search results obtained, traditional search engines generally through its click-through rate or the I ^ geRank Google or Baidu hyperlink algorithms to determine the order of each search result. 但传统搜索引擎的信息查询或排序过程中并未考虑用户输入查询信息的实际需求,事实上,即使用户输入的查询请求中包含相同的关键词,但由于本身内涵文义的区别,反映的用户需求也相应不同,其中查询请求的内涵文义可由关键词之间及关联词的相互顺序,例如当用户分别输入查询请求“川菜最好吃”或“最好吃川菜”,虽然均包含相同关键词,但对于前者,用户更可能希望查询口碑最好的川菜馆,;而对于后者,用户更希望查询最受欢迎的川菜做法,也即,对于前者,用户需求“最好吃的川菜馆”优先级或可能性较高、用户需求“最好吃的川菜做法”优先级或可能性较低;对于后者,正好相反。 But traditional search engine query information or ordering process does not consider the actual needs of the user input query information, in fact, even if the query request entered by the user contains the same keywords, but the difference itself connotation context, reflecting the user is also correspondingly different requirements, the relative order between keywords and related words wherein connotation context query request may be, for example, when the user enters a query request are "best Sichuan eat" or "best food Sichuan", although both contain the same keyword but the former, users are more likely to want to query reputation of the best Sichuan restaurant,; for the latter, users want to query the most popular Sichuan practice, that is, for the former, the user needs "the best Sichuan restaurant to eat." or the possibility of a higher priority, the needs of users "the best Sichuan food practices" lower priority or possibility; for the latter, just the opposite.

[0043] 因此,在步骤S3中,网络设备2将对查询请求的文义分析与搜索技术相结合,获得一个或多个较符合用户实际需求的搜索结果,而且这些搜索结果可以按与用户需求的匹配度进行排序。 [0043] Thus, in step S3, 2 to the network device will query request context analysis and search technology, to obtain one or more search results more in line with the actual needs of the users, and the search results by the user needs can be the matching order. 步骤S3的实现方式包括但不限于,1)索引库中索引信息应包含用户需求这一项,网络设备2可以对查询请求进行文义分析以确定其反映的一个或多个用户需求及其对应的优先级或可能性,随后在基于查询请求对索引库进行查询时,将所确定的用户需求作为信息查询的一个维度,以确定相匹配的一个或多个索引信息作为搜索结果;2)网络设备2可以根据前述已有的各种搜索技术基于查询信息在索引库中进行查询,获得多个搜索结果,随后再基于通过对查询请求文义分析所确定的一个或多个用户需求来对该多个搜索结果进行筛选和排序,以获得最终确定的按用户需求进行排序的搜索结果。 Step S3 is implemented including but not limited to, 1) index database index information that a user needs to be included, the network device 2 may perform an analysis of the context query request to determine one or more of which reflects the needs of the user and its corresponding priority or probability, then a query request based on the index database query, the user needs the determined dimensional information as a query to determine the one or more indexes that match the information as search results; 2) network device 2 can query information in the index database query to obtain a plurality of search results, followed by query request based on the context analyzing one or more user demand determined according to the variety of existing search technology more search results to filter and sort to get the search results are sorted according to user requirements finalized. 本领域技术人员应理解本发明不限于上述两种方式,本领域技术人员根据本发明的构思应能想到的其他实现方式也应包含在本发明的保护范围以内。 Those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the above two methods, one skilled in the art according to the concept of the present invention should be able to think of other implementations should also be included within the scope of the present invention.

[0044] 随后,在步骤S4中,网络设备2将网络设备2将搜索得到的搜索结果及其排序信息返回给用户设备1。 [0044] Subsequently, in step S4, the search result of the network device 2 searches for the network device 2 and the obtained sort information back to the user equipment 1. 最后,在步骤S5中,用户设备1基于排序信息将搜索结果按序排列显示给用户。 Finally, in step S5, the user equipment 1 based on the search result information is sorted in descending order to the user.

[0045] 在一个优选实施例中,在前述步骤S3中,网络设备2还可根据大样本统计信息来确定关键词与用户需求的关系,例如,对于关键词“Elton John”,网络设备2根据大量用户对搜索结构的选择可以确定,通过对大量用户的选择的统计分析可确定其对应的用户需求"EltonJohn的音乐”优先级或可能性较高、“Elton John的新闻”优先级沪可能性较低。 [0045] In a preferred embodiment, in the step S3, the network device 2 also determines the relationship between keywords and user needs large sample according to statistical information, e.g., for the keyword "Elton John", the network device 2 a large number of users choose to search the structure can be determined by statistical analysis of a large number of the user's choice may determine user needs its corresponding "EltonJohn Music" higher priority or possibility, "Elton John news" priority Shanghai possibility low.

[0046] 在另一个优选实施例中,在步骤S3中,网络设备2还根据所述查询请求来查询预先记录的与所述查询请求相关的大量用户选择的热门搜索项,并根据所述大量用户选择的热门搜索项来确定所述用户的用户需求。 [0046] In another preferred embodiment, in step S3, the network device 2 to further queries with a large number of popular search terms related to the query request user-selected pre-recorded according to the query request, and according to the lot Popular search terms selected by the user to determine the user requirements of the user. 例如2010年4月中国青海省玉树县发生7级以上地震,而网络设备2中关键词“玉树”与该热门搜索项“玉树地震”相关联,从而当接收到包含关键词“玉树”的查询请求时,可以确定用户希望了解“玉树地震”或“玉树地震赈灾” 新闻的需求的优先级或可能性较高,相对的了解“玉树旅游”或“玉树历史”的优先级或可能性较低。 Queries such as in April 2010 China Qinghai Yushu County more than 7 earthquake, and the network device 2 in keyword "Yushu" with the popular search term "Yushu earthquake" is associated, so that when received contain the keyword "Yushu" of when the request is low, it can determine whether the user would like to know the possibility of a higher priority or relative understanding "Yushu tourism" or "Yushu history" demand "Yushu earthquake" or "Yushu earthquake relief" News of priority or possibility .

[0047] 优选地,在步骤S6(未示出)中,网络设备2可以自行经由网络在线搜索热门搜索项,包括但不限于以下方式: [0047] Preferably, in the step S6 (not shown), the network device via the network 2 can be self Search Top search term, including, but not limited to, the following:

[0048]-首先,通过大样本统计信息,也即通过统计用户对网页的点击率,并对点击率排序较高的网页进行信息抓取,确定相应的关键词; [0048] - First, large sample statistics, that CTR pages, user statistics and sort by click-through rate higher page crawl information to determine the appropriate keyword;

[0049]-接着,根据以下至少一项确定所述热门关键词的热门搜索项: [0049] - Next, based on the determined at least one of the popular keyword search terms Top:

[0050]-所述热门关键词的时效性; [0050] - the popular keywords timeliness;

8[0051]-所述热门关键词的主题类别; 8 [0051] - the popular keywords relating to the category;

[0052]-所述热门关键词的主题需求类别。 [0052] - the demand for popular keyword theme category.

[0053] 其中,主题类别是指关键词的所述类别,例如关键词“苹果”的主题类别上可以是水果、计算机、电影。 [0053] in which, subject category refers to the category of keywords, such as fruit, computer, movies on the keyword "apple" theme category. 而主题需求类别是指相应于关键词的用户需求的类别,例如当用户输入关键词“苹果”,如果其主题类型是属于计算机类别的,则主题需求类别可能是寻求苹果公司信息,或是寻求苹果电脑的报价。 The theme refers to the demand category corresponding to the keywords users demand categories, such as when the user enters the keyword "apple", if the theme is the type of computer belonging to the category, the category may be the subject of demand for Apple to seek information, or to seek Apple's offer.

[0054] 在另一个优选实施例中,考虑由于用户的个体差异,使得当不同用户输入包含相同关键词时,其实际需求也是因人而异,因此在步骤例如,对(成年)男性、(成年)女性、儿童、老年人等,当输入查询请求中包含“**百货公司”时,其实际需求区别较大,其中,男性用户可能对运动产品、男性服饰、金融商业书籍和重金属摇滚乐⑶等更感兴趣、女性用户可能对护肤/化妆品、女性服饰、浪漫言情书籍和轻音乐CD更感兴趣,儿童用户对儿童服饰、 儿童读物和卡通DVD等更感兴趣,而老年用户对老年服饰、保养品、文史类书籍和古典音乐CD更感兴趣。 [0054] In another preferred embodiment, in consideration of the user due to individual differences, such as different user input contains the same keyword, the actual needs also vary, so the example, the step of (adult) male, ( adult) women, children, the elderly, etc., when the input query request with "** department store", which is a larger difference between the actual demand, which, for male users might sporting goods, men's fashion, finance business books and heavy metal rock ⑶ and other more interested in female users may care / cosmetics, women's apparel, romantic romance books and more interested in light music CD, the child user to children clothing, children's books and cartoons DVD, etc. more interested in older users aged apparel, maintenance products, literature and history books and more interested in classical music CD. 当然,用户的个人背景,例如教育背景、宗教背景等也会成为其实际需求的影响要素,例如理工科毕业的用户可能对于技术类书籍更感兴趣,而经济类专业的用户对于金融或商战类书籍更感兴趣。 Of course, the user's personal background, such as educational background, religious background and other factors that influence will become actual demand, such as science and engineering graduate of users may be more interested in technical books, and the economics of professional users for financial or business class warfare more interested in books. 另外,例如,对于旅游网站时,当用户处于不同地域时其所感兴趣的信息通常也是不同的,例如,对于处于北京地域的用户,当其输入的查询请求中包括关键词“旅游”时,其实际需求可能是北京周边区域(例如,北戴河、河北)等自驾游和旅店住宿信息,当其查询请求包括关键词“机票酒店”时,可能对由北京出发的特价机票更感兴趣。 In addition, for example, when traveling to the site, when users in different geographical information of interest to which it is usually different, for example, for users in Beijing area when it entered the query request includes the keyword "travel", which Beijing may be the actual needs of the surrounding area (for example, Beidaihe, Hebei) and other traveling by car and hotel accommodation information, when its query request includes the keyword "hotel ticket", may be more interested Cheap flights from Beijing's. 此外,用户以往的搜索历史记录也可以成为确定其实际需求的指示信息,例如,网络设备2通过查询一名用户的历史记录信息,发现其以往在访问红酒购物网站时更多地关注梅乐(MERLOT)红酒,则可当其输入的查询请求包括“**红酒网站”时,其实际需求可能是与梅乐红酒有关的信息。 In addition, users in the past search history can also be to determine the actual needs of the instructions, for example, the network device 2 by querying a user's history information found in the past to pay more attention when you visit Merlot wine shopping site ( MERLOT) red wine, you can enter it when queries include "wine website **", the actual demand may be information related to the Merlot wine.

[0055] 基于以上理解,在步骤S7(未示出)中,在网络设备2接收到来自用户设备1的查询请求后,会查询该用户的用户相关信息,并在步骤S3中基于上述文义分析(或者进一步结合热点搜索项)并结合用户的相关信息来判断用户的实际需求,以获得与用户实际需求相匹配的搜索结果。 [0055] Based on the above understanding, in step S7 (not shown), after the network device 2 receives an inquiry request from the user device 1, queries the user's user information, and in step S3 based on the context analysis (or further combined hot search terms) in conjunction with information about the user to determine the actual needs of the user to obtain the actual needs of the user matches the search results. 如前所述,其中用户相关信息包括以下各项中至少一项: As described above, wherein the user information comprises at least one of:

[0056]-用户属性,其包含,但不限于,用户预先输入的个人背景信息,如性别、年龄、宗教、国籍、教育程度等; [0056] - user attributes, which include, but are not limited to, personal background information in advance user input, such as gender, age, religion, nationality, education and so on;

[0057]-用户偏好,其包含,但不限于,用户预先设置的一些偏好选择,如喜爱的运动类型、购物方式、红酒品种、音乐类型等; [0057] - user preferences, which include, but are not limited to, a number of user preset preference selection, such as the type of favorite sports, shopping, wine varieties, types of music;

[0058]-用户查询历史记录,其由系统来记录和统计用户先前的搜索和点击浏览历史,从而可判断或预测用户的需求。 [0058] - the needs of the user query history, which is recorded by the statistical system and the user's previous searches and clicks browsing history, which can determine or predict the user. 其中,当用户为登录用户时,网络设备2可通过该用户的ID 在网络端保存有该用户相关信息的用户特征库中进行查询;当用户为非登录用户时,可通过检测该用户使用本网络设备2的搜索服务过程中的动作,或通过向用户设备1询问并获取该用户的COOKIE信息来获得,优选地,可赋予该用户一个临时ID并为其建立一个用户特征库,将此次搜索过程中用户的历史记录保存与该临时用户特征库中; Wherein, when the user is logged on user, network device 2 may be stored feature database querying user related information of the user in the network by the end user ID; when the user is non-logged-in user by detecting the user can use the 2 network device search process in action, or obtained by the user and acquires information COOKIE to query the user equipment 1, preferably, the user can be given a temporary ID for the establishment of a user and feature database, this will history during the search user to save the temporary user feature database;

[0059]-用户设备1的IP地址,其可以反映该用户当前所处地域,可由网络设备2实时检测用户设备1的IP地址来获取。 [0059] - IP address of the user equipment 1, which may reflect that the user is currently located area, acquired by the network device 2 IP Addressing time detection of a user equipment.

[0060] 优选地,在步骤S8(未示出)中,网络设备2根据与用户设备1及用户的交互来记录和更新所述用户历史记录信息,具体地,包括但不限于以下方式:1)网络设备2可在用户一次搜索过程结束后记录用户在此搜索过程中的所有动作,例如点击和浏览;2)网络设备2在用户一次搜索过程中记录用户每次动作并实时对网络端该用户的特征库进行更新,从而可在用户在此次搜索过程中点击其他搜索结果时提供最新的用户历史记录信息。 [0060] Preferably, in step S8 (not shown), the network devices 1 and 2 according to the user device interaction with the user to record and updating the user history information, in particular, including but not limited to, the following: 1 ) 2 network device can record all actions in this search process at the end user a search process, such as clicking and browsing; 2) the network equipment 2 records the user each time a user action in the search process and the network in real time users signature database is updated, which can provide the latest user history information when a user clicks on other search results in the search process.

[0061] 在另外一个优选实施例中,在步骤S5用户设备1向用户展示获得的搜索结果之后,当用户对所显示的包含搜索结果的页面进行页面操作,例如包括但不限于,点击其中的某一搜索结果项所含链接、或点击下一页按钮以显示随后的搜索结果、或点击刷新页面按钮、或点击搜索按钮进行重新搜索时,该新交互信息经由用户设备1重新发送至网络设备2,网络设备2将根据该新交互信息作为用户历史记录更新该用户的用户相关信息。 [0061] In another preferred embodiment, after the search result at step S5 the user device 1 shown to the user is obtained when the user of a page containing search results displayed for page operations, such as but not limited to, click on the when a search result item contains a link, or click on the Next button to display a subsequent search results, refresh the page or click the button, or click the search button to search again, the new interactive information back to the network device 1 via a user equipment 2, network device 2 will update the user information about the user's recording history as user interaction based on the new information. 优选地,网络设备2还会将该新交互信息作为新的查询请求,重复上述步骤S3以及S6-S8,并将进一步的搜索结果返回用户设备1。 Preferably, the network device 2 will interact with new information as a new query request, repeating the above steps S3 and S6-S8, and a further search results returned to the user equipment 1.

[0062] 图2为根据本发明一个优选实施例的根据用户需求提供检索结果的方法流程图。 [0062] FIG 2 is a flowchart of a method for providing search results according to user needs a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0063] 除了以上参照图1描述的网络搜索方式,本发明同样适用于桌面端的搜索方式, 也即搜索引擎位于用户设备1。 [0063] In addition to the above described with reference to FIG. 1 of the network search mode, the present invention is equally applicable to the desktop search mode, i.e. a user equipment located in a search engine. 其主要对用户设备的本地信息进行搜索,包括用户设备1中保存的全部可用信息,包括网页浏览器历史,电子邮件档案,字处理器文档等等。 The main information for local user equipment to search, including all available information stored in the user device 1, including web browser history, e-mail files, word processor documents, and so on. 为实现本地搜索的合理性能,用户设备1通常也需要建立和维护一个索引数据库,对应的索引信息包括但不限于以下至少一项: To achieve reasonable performance local search, a user equipment is often a need to establish and maintain a database index, index information corresponding to include but not limited to at least one of:

[0064] 1)文件和目录名; [0064] 1) file and directory names;

[0065] 2)元数据,例如标题,作者,注释; [0065] 2) metadata such as title, author, comment;

[0066] 3)所支持文档的内容。 [0066] 3) the content of the document support.

[0067] 如图2所示,在步骤Sl中,用户与用户设备1进行交互输入查询请求,具体过程与前面参照图1描述的步骤Sl相同,为简明起见,将步骤Sl的描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0067] As shown, in step Sl, the user equipment 1 and user interactive input query request 2, the same procedure as described above with reference to specific process Sl FIG. 1, for brevity, described in step Sl by reference included in this, do not go into details.

[0068] 随后,在步骤s2中,用户设备1基于查询请求对于本地索引库中保存的索引信息进行查询,获得与用户需求相匹配的索引信息作为搜索结果,该信息包括但不限于文档、图片、音乐等,具体过程与前面参照图1描述的步骤S3相同,为简明起见,将步骤S3的描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0068] Subsequently, in step s2, the user device 1 based on the query request to the index information stored in the local index database query to obtain index information and user needs to match as the search result, the information including, but not limited to, documents, pictures, , the same music specific process steps described above with reference to FIG. 1 and S3, for brevity, described in the step S3 is incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0069] 然后,在步骤S3中,用户设备1基于排序信息将搜索结果按序排列显示给用户。 [0069] Then, in step S3, the user equipment 1 based on the search result information is sorted in descending order to the user.

[0070] 同样,在优选实施例中,当用户设备1与网络相连时,在步骤s4(未示出)中,用户设备1优选地还可自行经由网络在线搜索热门搜索项,具体过程与前面参照图1描述的步骤S6相同,为简明起见,将步骤S6描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0070] Also, in the preferred embodiment, when the user equipment is connected to a network, at step S4 (not shown), the user equipment 1 via the network itself may also preferably hot online searches search terms, particularly during the previous same as step S6 described with reference to FIG. 1, for brevity, described in the step S6 incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0071] 同样,在另一优选实施例中,在步骤s5中,当用户设备1收到来自用户的查询请求后,会查询该用户的用户相关信息,并在步骤s2中基于上述文义分析(或者进一步结合热点搜索项)并结合用户的相关信息来判断用户的实际需求,以获得与用户实际需求相匹配的搜索结果。 [0071] Also, in another preferred embodiment, in step s5, when the user equipment receives a query request from a user, the user queries the user information, and based on the analysis of the context in step s2 (or further combined hot search terms) in conjunction with information about the user to determine the actual needs of the user to obtain the actual needs of the user matches the search results. 步骤s5的具体过程与与前面参照图1描述的步骤S7相同,为简明起见,将步骤S7描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 The specific process of step s5 same as step 1 described above with reference to FIG. S7, for brevity, described in the step S7 incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0072] 在另一个优选实施例中,在步骤s6 (未示出)中,用户设备1会根据与用户的交互来记录和更新所述用户历史记录信息,具体过程与与前面参照图1描述的步骤S8相同,为简明起见,将步骤S8描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0072] In another preferred embodiment, in step S6 (not shown), the user equipment 1 based on the user interaction with the user to record and update history information, and the specific process described earlier with reference to FIG. 1 same step S8, for brevity, described in the step S8 incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat. [0073] 在另外一个优选实施例中,在步骤S3用户设备1向用户展示获得的搜索结果之后,当用户对所显示的包含搜索结果的页面进行页面操作,例如包括但不限于,点击其中的某一搜索结果项所含链接、或点击下一页按钮以显示随后的搜索结果、或点击刷新页面按钮、或点击搜索按钮进行重新搜索时,用户设备1将根据该新交互信息作为用户历史记录更新该用户的用户相关信息。 [0073] In another preferred embodiment, after the search result in the step S3 user device 1 shown to the user is obtained when the user of a page containing search results displayed for page operations, such as but not limited to, click on the when a search result item contains a link, or click on the Next button to display a subsequent search results, refresh the page or click the button, or click the search button to re-search, the user device 1 according to the new information as the user interaction history update the user's user information. 优选地,用户设备1还会将该新交互信息将作为新的查询请求将重复上述步骤s2以及s4_s6,并将进一步的搜索结果返回用户设备1。 Preferably, the user device 1 will interact with new information as a new query request is to be repeated and s2 s4_s6, and further search results returned to the user equipment 1.

[0074] 图3为根据本发明一个方面的根据用户需求提供检索结果的系统框图。 [0074] FIG. 3 is a system diagram providing search results according to an aspect of the present invention according to the needs of the user.

[0075] 如图3所示,用户在利用用户设备1进行网络浏览时,可通过诸如键盘、触摸屏、 语音输入装置与用户设备1进行交互,输入其希望查询的查询信息(query),从而发起搜索。 [0075] 3, when the user using the user equipment 1 for web browsing, may interact via a keyboard, touch screen, voice input device, such as a user equipment 1, the information they wish to enter a query in the query (Query), to initiate search for. 该搜索发起过程可以是用户首先通过用户设备1的浏览器软件访问一些搜索网站,如Yahoo, com, Google, com, Baidu. com后,在该搜索网站首页的搜索栏中发起搜索;也可通过嵌入浏览器的本地搜索栏发起搜索。 The search process can be initiated by the user first accesses some search sites through a browser software 1 user equipment, such as Yahoo, com, Google, com, Baidu after com, initiating a search at the search site Home search bar; also by local embedded browser search bar to initiate a search. 本领域技术人员应能理解本发明不限于上述两种搜索发起方式,任何已有的或今后可能出现的搜索发起方式均适用于本发明,应包含在本发明的保护范围以内,并以引用方式而包含于此。 Those skilled in the art should be understood that the invention is not limited to the above two ways to initiate the search, any existing or future searches initiated possible embodiment of the present invention are suitable for use, it should be included within the scope of the present invention, and reference and herein.

[0076] 接着,用户设备1将用户所输入的查询信息发送给网络设备2的获取装置21。 [0076] Next, the user equipment 1 sends query information input by the user to the network device 212 of the acquisition means. 其中,在此,用户设备1包括,但不限于,计算机、智能手机、PDA等任何具有上网浏览功能的设备。 Which, in this case, the user device 1 include, but are not limited to, a computer, a smart phone, PDA and any other device with Internet browsing capabilities. 网络设备2包括,但不限于,网络服务器、网络主机、云计算模式下的其他用户设备1等可以提供搜索服务的任何设备,其中网络设备2包括集中各种功能的单个设备, 或由多个分别完成单独功能的物理分离的设备的组合,例如执行搜索的设备与保存索引信息的设备相互分离。 Any device comprises a network device 2, but are not limited to, network servers, network host, like other user equipment in a cloud computing model may provide a search service, wherein the network device comprises a single device 2 concentration of the various functions, or by a plurality of complete individual functions are a combination of physical separation device, such as devices and a search is performed to save the index information separated from each other. 此外,用户设备1与网络设备2之间的通信是基于各种通信协议(CommunicationsftOtocol),在此“通信协议”指计算机通信的传送协议,如:TCP/IP、UDP、 FTP、I CMP, NetBEUI等,同时还包括存在于计算机中的其他形式通信,例如:面向对象编程里面对象之间的通信;操作系统内不同程序或计算机不同模块之间的消息传送协议。 In addition, the communication between the user equipment and network equipment based on a variety of communication protocols (CommunicationsftOtocol), this "communication protocol" refers to a computer in communication transport protocol, such as: TCP / IP, UDP, FTP, I CMP, NetBEUI etc., and also include other forms of communication exist in the computer, for example: an object-oriented programming communication between the inside of the object; messaging protocol between different computer programs or different modules within the operating system. 但本领域技术人员应理解本发明不限于所述几种通信传输协议,任何已有或今后可能出现的通信协议均可适用于本发明,从而以引用方式而包含于此。 Those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the transfer of several communication protocols, any existing or future communication protocols that may occur in the present invention can be applied so as to be incorporated herein by reference.

[0077] 随后,网络设备2的查询装置22基于获取装置21提供的查询信息在网络索引库中进行搜索。 [0077] Subsequently, the checking device 22 of the network device 2 searches the network database based on the query index information obtaining means 21 provided. 本领域技术人员应能理解,网络索引库可位于网络设备2中或与之物理分离。 Those skilled in the art should appreciate that the network may be located in the index database or network device 2 in physical separation.

[0078] 其中,查询信息包含一个或多个关键词,关键词可以是字,词或者短语。 [0078] where the query information contains one or more keywords, keywords can be a word, phrase or word. 在语音文档检索中,还可以是混淆类、音子、音子串等等单元,或者还包括关键词之间的关联词。 In spoken document retrieval, but may be confusing, audio and sub, substring, etc. sound units, or further includes an association between the word keywords. 如前所述,传统搜索引擎中,信息查询采用的模型,例如向量空间模型,一般通过将查询信息与索引库中的索引信息进行对比以确定两者相似度,从而确定作为搜索结果的一个或多个搜索引擎,其中,索引信息也由一些关键词来描述。 As described above, the conventional search engine, query model employed, e.g. vector space model, typically by comparing the query with the index information in the index database to determine both the degree of similarity, to thereby determine, as a search result or multiple search engines, which index information is also described by some keywords.

[0079] 对于所获得的多个搜索结果,传统搜索引擎一般通过其点击率或Google的I^geRank或百度的超链等算法来确定各个搜索结果的排序。 [0079] For multiple search results obtained, traditional search engines generally through its click-through rate or the I ^ geRank Google or Baidu hyperlink algorithms to determine the order of each search result. 但传统搜索引擎的信息查询或排序过程中并未考虑用户输入查询信息的实际需求,事实上,即使用户输入的查询请求中包含相同的关键词,但由于本身内涵文义的区别,反映的用户需求也相应不同,其中查询请求的内涵文义可由关键词之间及关联词的相互顺序,例如当用户分别输入查询请求“川菜最好吃”或“最好吃川菜”,虽然均包含相同关键词,但对于前者,用户更可能希望查询口碑最好的川菜馆,;而对于后者,用户更希望查询最受欢迎的川菜做法,也即,对于前者,用户需求“最好吃的川菜馆”优先级或可能性较高、用户需求“最好吃的川菜做法”优先级或可能性较低;对于后者,正好相反。 But traditional search engine query information or ordering process does not consider the actual needs of the user input query information, in fact, even if the query request entered by the user contains the same keywords, but the difference itself connotation context, reflecting the user is also correspondingly different requirements, the relative order between keywords and related words wherein connotation context query request may be, for example, when the user enters a query request are "best Sichuan eat" or "best food Sichuan", although both contain the same keyword but the former, users are more likely to want to query reputation of the best Sichuan restaurant,; for the latter, users want to query the most popular Sichuan practice, that is, for the former, the user needs "the best Sichuan restaurant to eat." or the possibility of a higher priority, the needs of users "the best Sichuan food practices" lower priority or possibility; for the latter, just the opposite.

[0080] 因此,查询装置2将对查询请求的文义分析与搜索技术相结合,获得一个或多个较符合用户实际需求的搜索结果,而且这些搜索结果可以按与用户需求的匹配度进行排序。 Analysis and context search technologies [0080] Thus, the device 2 will query request inquiry combined to obtain one or more search results more in line with the actual needs of the users, and the search results can be sorted by degree of match with the user needs .

[0081] 在一个实施方式中,索引库中索引信息应包含用户需求这一项,查询装置22包括第一查询装置(未示出)、需求判断装置(未示出)、筛选装置(未示出),其中第一查询装置根据前述已有的各种搜索技术基于查询信息在索引库中进行查询,获得多个搜索结果; 需求判断装置对查询请求进行文义分析以确定其反映的一个或多个用户需求及其对应的优先级或可能性;筛选装置基于通过对查询请求文义分析所确定的一个或多个用户需求来对该多个搜索结果进行筛选和排序,以获得最终确定的按用户需求进行排序的搜索结果。 [0081] In one embodiment, the index database index information that a user needs to be contained, the query means 22 includes a first interrogation device (not shown), the demand judging means (not shown), filter means (not shown out), wherein the first inquiry means query information in the index database query to obtain search results based on the plurality of the preceding variety of existing search technology; demand inquiry request determining means for analysis to determine a context that reflects or a plurality of user needs and the corresponding priority or probability; screening apparatus based on the query request by one or more user context needs to analyze the determined filter and sort the plurality of search results to obtain the final determination search results sorted by user needs.

[0082] 在另一实施方式中,查询装置22包括需求判断装置(未示出)、第二查询装置(未示出)、需求判断装置对查询请求进行文义分析以确定其反映的一个或多个用户需求及其对应的优先级或可能性;第二查询装置在基于查询请求对索引库进行查询时,将所确定的用户需求作为信息查询的一个维度,以确定相匹配的一个或多个索引信息作为搜索结果。 [0082] In another embodiment, the query means comprises a demand determining means 22 (not shown), a second inquiry means (not shown), means for determining the demand for the query request is analyzed to determine a context that reflects or a plurality of user demand and priority or the likelihood of a corresponding; means a second query based on the query request to query the index database, the user needs the determined dimensional information as a query to determine a match or index information as a search result.

[0083] 本领域技术人员应理解本发明不限于上述两种实施方式,本领域技术人员根据本发明的构思应能想到的其他实施方式也应包含在本发明的保护范围以内。 [0083] skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention is not limited to the above-described two embodiments, other embodiments of the art in the art in accordance with the inventive concept should occur should also be included within the scope of the present invention.

[0084] 随后,网络设备2的提供装置23将查询装置22搜索得到的搜索结果及其排序信息返回给用户设备1。 [0084] Subsequently, the network device 2 provides a means to query the device 23 and the search result ranking information 22 obtained search back to the user equipment 1. 最后,用户设备1基于排序信息将搜索结果按序排列显示给用户。 Finally, a user device search results based on sorting information in sequence to the user.

[0085] 在一个优选实施例中,查询装置22中的需求判断装置还可根据大样本统计信息来确定关键词与用户需求的关系,例如,对于关键词“Elton John”,网络设备2根据大量用户对搜索结构的选择可以确定,通过对大量用户的选择的统计分析可确定其对应的用户需求“Eltonjohn的音乐”优先级或可能性较高、“Elton John的新闻”优先级沪可能性较低。 [0085] In a preferred embodiment, the query requirement determination means 22 may further means to determine a relationship between keywords and user needs large sample according to statistical information, e.g., for the keyword "Elton John", a large number of network devices 2 user selection of search structure can be determined by statistical analysis of a large number of the user's choice may determine user needs its corresponding "Eltonjohn Music" higher priority or possibility, "Elton John's news," the possibility of a priority than Shanghai low.

[0086] 在另一个优选实施例中,网络设备2还包括在先挖掘装置(未示出),其根据所述查询请求来查询预先记录的与所述查询请求相关的大量用户选择的热门搜索项,并根据所述大量用户选择的热门搜索项来确定所述用户的用户需求。 [0086] In another preferred embodiment, the network device 2 further comprises a prior excavating means (not shown), which top search query prerecorded large number of users associated with the query request based on the selected query request term, and to determine the user requirements of the user based on popular search terms selected by the large number of users. 例如2010年4月中国青海省玉树县发生7级以上地震,而网络设备2中关键词“玉树”与该热门搜索项“玉树地震”相关联,从而当接收到包含关键词“玉树”的查询请求时,可以确定用户希望了解“玉树地震” 或“玉树地震赈灾”新闻的需求的优先级或可能性较高,相对的了解“玉树旅游”或“玉树历史”的优先级或可能性较低。 Queries such as in April 2010 China Qinghai Yushu County more than 7 earthquake, and the network device 2 in keyword "Yushu" with the popular search term "Yushu earthquake" is associated, so that when received contain the keyword "Yushu" of when the request is low, it can determine whether the user would like to know the possibility of a higher priority or relative understanding "Yushu tourism" or "Yushu history" demand "Yushu earthquake" or "Yushu earthquake relief" News of priority or possibility .

[0087] 优选地,在线挖掘装置可以自行经由网络在线搜索热门搜索项,包括但不限于以下方式: [0087] Preferably, the apparatus may dig itself online via a popular web search online search term, including, but not limited to, the following:

[0088]-首先,在线挖掘装置通过大样本统计信息,也即通过统计用户对网页的点击率, 并对点击率排序较高的网页进行信息抓取,确定相应的关键词; [0088] - First of all, online and digging through large sample statistics, that CTR pages, and ordering higher page count by a user hits crawl information to determine the appropriate keyword;

[0089]-接着,在线挖掘装置根据以下至少一项确定所述热门关键词的热门搜索项: [0089] - Next, the popular keywords online digging Popular search terms is determined according to at least one of:

[0090]-所述热门关键词的时效性; [0090] - the popular keywords timeliness;

[0091]-所述热门关键词的主题类别; [0091] - the popular keywords subject categories;

[0092]-所述热门关键词的主题需求类别。 [0092] - the demand for popular keyword theme category.

[0093] 其中,主题类别是指关键词的所述类别,例如关键词“苹果”的主题类别上可以是水果、计算机、电影。 [0093] in which, subject category refers to the category of keywords, such as fruit, computer, movies on the keyword "apple" theme category. 而主题需求类别是指相应于关键词的用户需求的类别,例如当用户输入关键词“苹果”,如果其主题类型是属于计算机类别的,则主题需求类别可能是寻求苹果公司信息,或是寻求苹果电脑的报价。 The theme refers to the demand category corresponding to the keywords users demand categories, such as when the user enters the keyword "apple", if the theme is the type of computer belonging to the category, the category may be the subject of demand for Apple to seek information, or to seek Apple's offer.

[0094] 在另一个优选实施例中,考虑由于用户的个体差异,使得当不同用户输入包含相同关键词时,其实际需求也是因人而异,因此在步骤例如,对(成年)男性、(成年)女性、儿童、老年人等,当输入查询请求中包含“**百货公司”时,其实际需求区别较大,其中,男性用户可能对运动产品、男性服饰、金融商业书籍和重金属摇滚乐⑶等更感兴趣、女性用户可能对护肤/化妆品、女性服饰、浪漫言情书籍和轻音乐CD更感兴趣,儿童用户对儿童服饰、 儿童读物和卡通DVD等更感兴趣,而老年用户对老年服饰、保养品、文史类书籍和古典音乐CD更感兴趣。 [0094] In another preferred embodiment, in consideration of the user due to individual differences, such as different user input contains the same keyword, the actual needs also vary, so the example, the step of (adult) male, ( adult) women, children, the elderly, etc., when the input query request with "** department store", which is a larger difference between the actual demand, which, for male users might sporting goods, men's fashion, finance business books and heavy metal rock ⑶ and other more interested in female users may care / cosmetics, women's apparel, romantic romance books and more interested in light music CD, the child user to children clothing, children's books and cartoons DVD, etc. more interested in older users aged apparel, maintenance products, literature and history books and more interested in classical music CD. 当然,用户的个人背景,例如教育背景、宗教背景等也会成为其实际需求的影响要素,例如理工科毕业的用户可能对于技术类书籍更感兴趣,而经济类专业的用户对于金融或商战类书籍更感兴趣。 Of course, the user's personal background, such as educational background, religious background and other factors that influence will become actual demand, such as science and engineering graduate of users may be more interested in technical books, and the economics of professional users for financial or business class warfare more interested in books. 另外,例如,对于旅游网站时,当用户处于不同地域时其所感兴趣的信息通常也是不同的,例如,对于处于北京地域的用户,当其输入的查询请求中包括关键词“旅游”时,其实际需求可能是北京周边区域(例如,北戴河、河北)等自驾游和旅店住宿信息,当其查询请求包括关键词“机票酒店”时,可能对由北京出发的特价机票更感兴趣。 In addition, for example, when traveling to the site, when users in different geographical information of interest to which it is usually different, for example, for users in Beijing area when it entered the query request includes the keyword "travel", which Beijing may be the actual needs of the surrounding area (for example, Beidaihe, Hebei) and other traveling by car and hotel accommodation information, when its query request includes the keyword "hotel ticket", may be more interested Cheap flights from Beijing's. 此外,用户以往的搜索历史记录也可以成为确定其实际需求的指示信息,例如,网络设备2通过查询一名用户的历史记录信息,发现其以往在访问红酒购物网站时更多地关注梅乐(MERLOT)红酒,则可当其输入的查询请求包括“**红酒网站”时,其实际需求可能是与梅乐红酒有关的信息。 In addition, users in the past search history can also be to determine the actual needs of the instructions, for example, the network device 2 by querying a user's history information found in the past to pay more attention when you visit Merlot wine shopping site ( MERLOT) red wine, you can enter it when queries include "wine website **", the actual demand may be information related to the Merlot wine.

[0095] 基于以上理解,网络设备2的查询装置22接收到获取装置21提供的用户设备1的查询请求后,其中的需求判断装置会查询该用户的用户相关信息,基于上述文义分析(或者进一步结合热点搜索项)并结合用户的相关信息来判断用户的实际需求,如前所述,其中用户相关信息包括以下各项中至少一项: After [0095] Based on the above understanding, the checking device network device 2 receives the query request to obtain the user equipment device 21 provides 1 22, wherein the demand judging means queries the user's user information, based on the context analysis (or hot search terms further combined) in conjunction with information about the user to determine the user's actual needs, as described above, wherein the user information comprises at least one of:

[0096]-用户属性,其包含,但不限于,用户预先输入的个人背景信息,如性别、年龄、宗教、国籍、教育程度等; [0096] - user attributes, which include, but are not limited to, personal background information in advance user input, such as gender, age, religion, nationality, education and so on;

[0097]-用户偏好,其包含,但不限于,用户预先设置的一些偏好选择,如喜爱的运动类型、购物方式、红酒品种、音乐类型等; [0097] - user preferences, which include, but are not limited to, a number of user preset preference selection, such as the type of favorite sports, shopping, wine varieties, types of music;

[0098]-用户查询历史记录,其由系统来记录和统计用户先前的搜索和点击浏览历史,从而可判断或预测用户的需求。 [0098] - the needs of the user query history, which is recorded by the statistical system and the user's previous searches and clicks browsing history, which can determine or predict the user. 其中,当用户为登录用户时,需求判断装置可通过该用户的ID 在网络端保存有该用户相关信息的用户特征库中进行查询;当用户为非登录用户时,可通过检测该用户使用本网络设备2的搜索服务过程中的动作,或通过向用户设备1询问并获取该用户的Cookie信息来获得,优选地,可赋予该用户一个临时ID并为其建立一个用户特征库,将此次搜索过程中用户的历史记录保存与该临时用户特征库中; Wherein, when the user is logged-in user demand judging means may query the user information stored on the network through the user ID of the user feature database; when the user is non-logged-in user by detecting the user can use the 2 network device search process in action, or obtained by the user and obtain information to a Cookie asking the user equipment, preferably the user can be given a temporary ID for the establishment of a user and feature database, this will history during the search user to save the temporary user feature database;

[0099]-用户设备1的IP地址,其可以反映该用户当前所处地域,可由网络设备2实时检测用户设备1的IP地址来获取。 [0099] - IP address of the user equipment 1, which may reflect that the user is currently located area, acquired by the network device 2 IP Addressing time detection of a user equipment.

[0100] 优选地,网络设备2还包括更新装置(未示出),其根据与用户设备1及用户的交互来记录和更新所述用户历史记录信息,具体地,包括但不限于以下方式:1)更新装置可在用户一次搜索过程结束后记录用户在此搜索过程中的所有动作,例如点击和浏览;2)更新装置在用户一次搜索过程中记录用户每次动作并实时对网络端该用户的特征库进行更新,从而可在用户在此次搜索过程中点击其他搜索结果时提供最新的用户历史记录信息。 [0100] Preferably, the network device 2 further comprises updating means (not shown), and recorded based on the user history information updating apparatus 1 and the user interaction with the user, in particular, including but not limited to, the following: 1) updating means may record all actions in this search process in the search process after a user, such as clicks and browsing; 2) updating means every time a user record user actions in a real-time search process and the user network the signature database is updated, which can provide the latest user history information when a user clicks on other search results in the search process.

[0101] 在另外一个优选实施例中,当用户设备1向用户展示获得的搜索结果之后,当用户对所显示的包含搜索结果的页面进行页面操作,例如包括但不限于,点击其中的某一搜索结果项所含链接、或点击下一页按钮以显示随后的搜索结果、或点击刷新页面按钮、或点击搜索按钮进行重新搜索时,该新交互信息经由用户设备1重新发送至网络设备2,网络设备2的更新装置将根据该新交互信息作为用户历史记录更新该用户的用户相关信息。 [0101] In a further preferred embodiment, after the user equipment 1 shows results obtained by the search to the user, when the user of a page containing search results displayed for page operations, including but not limited to, for example, a click of which search result items contained in the link, or click on the Next button to display a subsequent search results, refresh the page or click the button, or click the search button to search again, the new interactive information back to the network device 1 2 via a user equipment, updating means update the network device 2 of the user related information of the user based on the new information is recorded as user interaction history. 优选地,查询装置还会将该新交互信息将作为新的查询请求将重复上述查询过程,并将进一步的搜索结果返回用户设备1。 Preferably, the checking device will interact with new information as a new query request to repeat the query process, and further search results returned to the user equipment 1.

[0102] 图4为根据本发明一个优选实施例的根据用户需求提供检索结果的系统框图。 [0102] FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a search result providing system of a preferred embodiment of the present invention, according to user needs.

[0103] 除了以上参照图3描述的网络搜索方式,本发明同样适用于桌面端的搜索方式, 也即搜索引擎位于用户设备1用,其主要对用户设备的本地信息进行搜索,包括用户设备1 中保存的全部可用信息,包括网页浏览器历史,电子邮件档案,字处理器文档等等。 [0103] In addition to network search mode described above with reference to FIG. 3, the present invention is equally applicable to the search mode desktop side, i.e., the search engine reside in a user equipment 1 use, mainly the local information of the user equipment to search, including the user equipment 1 save all the available information, including web browser history, e-mail files, word processor documents, and so on. 为实现本地搜索的合理性能,用户设备1通常也需要建立和维护一个索引数据库,对应的索引信息包括但不限于以下至少一项: To achieve reasonable performance local search, a user equipment is often a need to establish and maintain a database index, index information corresponding to include but not limited to at least one of:

[0104] 1)文件和目录名; [0104] 1) file and directory names;

[0105] 2)元数据,例如标题,作者,注释; [0105] 2) metadata such as title, author, comment;

[0106] 3)所支持文档的内容。 [0106] 3) the content of the document support.

[0107] 如图4所示,用户设备1包括获取装置11、查询装置12、提供装置13,其所执行的功能分别于前面参照图3中描述的网络设备2的获取装置21、查询装置22、提供装置23相同,为简明起见,将前面针对获取装置21、查询装置22、提供装置23的描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0107] As shown in FIG. 4, the user equipment 1 comprises acquisition means 11, inquiring means 12, a means 13, respectively, it performs the function previously with reference to FIG. 3 described network apparatus 21 of the acquisition device 2, checking device 22 providing the same apparatus 23, for simplicity, the front of the apparatus 21 for acquiring, inquiring means 22, provides a description of the apparatus 23 incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0108] 同样,在优选实施例中,当用户设备1与网络相连时,用户设备1还包括在线挖掘装置(未示出),其可以自行经由网络在线搜索热门搜索项,具体过程与前面参照图3描述的网络设备2的在线挖掘装置相同,为简明起见,将该描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0108] Also, in the preferred embodiment, when the user equipment 1 connected to the network, the user equipment 1 further comprises a line excavating means (not shown), which may themselves via a network, searches online popular search terms, specific process above with reference to FIG 3 is the same as the network device described online mining apparatus 2, for brevity, described in the incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0109] 同样,在另一优选实施例中,当用户设备1收到来自用户的查询请求后,会查询该用户的用户相关信息,用户设备1中查询装置12的需求判断装置(未示出)基于上述文义分析(或者进一步结合热点搜索项)并结合用户的相关信息来判断用户的实际需求,以获得与用户实际需求相匹配的搜索结果,具体过程与前面参照图3描述的网络设备2中查询装置22的需求判断装置相同,为简明起见,将该描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0109] Also, in another preferred embodiment, when the user equipment receives a query request from a user, the user queries the user information, the needs of the user equipment 1 12 queries the judging means (not shown ) based on the context analysis (or further combined hot search terms) in combination with information about the user to determine the user's actual needs, so as to obtain the actual needs of users that match the search results, the specific procedure above with reference to a network device depicted in FIG. 3 2 needs device 22 queries the same determination means, for brevity, described in the incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0110] 在另一个优选实施例中,用户设备1还包括更新装置(未示出)会根据与用户的交互来记录和更新所述用户历史记录信息,具体过程与与前面参照图3描述的网络装置2 中的更新装置相同,为简明起见,将该步骤描述以引用方式包含在此,而不做赘述。 [0110] In another preferred embodiment, the user equipment 1 further comprises updating means (not shown) will be the user history information according to the user's interaction with the record and update, and specific process described with FIG. 3 above with reference to 2 in the same network device updating means, for brevity, described in the steps incorporated herein by reference, do not repeat.

[0111] 在另外一个优选实施例中,在用户设备1的提供装置13向用户展示获得的搜索结果之后,当用户对所显示的包含搜索结果的页面进行页面操作,例如包括但不限于,点击其中的某一搜索结果项所含链接、或点击下一页按钮以显示随后的搜索结果、或点击刷新页面按钮、或点击搜索按钮进行重新搜索时,更新装置将根据该新交互信息作为用户历史记录更新该用户的用户相关信息。 [0111] In another preferred embodiment, after providing the apparatus 13 of the user device search results can be obtained to the user, when the user of the page containing the search results are displayed for page operations, such as but not limited to, click when one of the items contained in a search result link, or click on the Next button to display a subsequent search results, refresh the page or click the button, or click the search button to search again, the device will be updated based on the new information as the user interaction history record update the user's user information. 优选地,查询装置12还会将所述页面操作作为新的查询请求并根据所述新的查询请求进行前述匹配搜索,以获得与所述查询请求和用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项。 Preferably, the device 12 will query the page and the matching operation according to the new search query request as a new query request to obtain one or more search queries and options for the user to match the needs of .

[0112] 以上对本发明的具体实施例进行了描述。 [0112] The foregoing specific embodiments of the invention have been described. 需要理解的是,本发明并不局限于上述特定实施方式,本领域技术人员可以在所附权利要求的范围内做出各种变形或修改。 It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments, those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (22)

  1. 1. 一种用于基于用户的需求进行搜索的方法,该方法包括以下步骤: a获取该用户的查询请求;b根据所述查询请求进行匹配搜索,以获得与所述查询请求和用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项;c将所述一个或多个搜索选项提供给所述用户,供其选择。 1. A method for searching based on user needs, the method comprising the steps of: a request to obtain the user query; B matching a search according to the query request, the query request to obtain meet user needs match one or more search options; C the one or more search options available to the user for selection.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述步骤b包括: -根据所述查询请求进行匹配搜索,获得多个搜索选项; -根据所述查询请求来判断用户需求;-根据所述用户需求来对所述多个搜索选项进行筛选处理,获得与所述查询请求和所述用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said step b comprises: - matching search according to the query request, to obtain a plurality of search options; - according to the needs of the user to determine the query request; - according to the user needs to filter processing on the plurality of search options, and one or more search options to the query request and the user needs to match.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述步骤b还包括: -根据所述查询请求来判断用户需求;-根据所述查询请求及所述用户需求来进行匹配查询,以获得与所述查询请求和所述用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said step b further comprises: - a user needs to judge according to the query request; - to match the query request and the query according to the user needs, and to obtain the one or more search queries and the user needs the option to request matches.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2或3所述的方法,其中,所述判断用户需求的步骤还包括: -对所述查询请求进行文义分析,以确定所述用户的所述用户需求。 4. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein said step of determining the needs of the user further comprises: - the query request context analysis, to determine the needs of a user of the user.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2至4中任一项所述的方法,其中,所述判断用户需求的步骤还包括: -根据所述查询请求来查询预先记录的与所述查询请求相关的大量用户选择的热门搜索项,并根据所述大量用户选择的热门搜索项来确定所述用户的用户需求。 The method according to any one of claims 2-4, wherein the step of determining the user demand further comprises: - querying a user to select a large number of pre-recorded related to the query request according to the query request Popular search terms, and determining the user based on popular search terms the user to select a large number of user needs.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的方法,其中,还包括:-进行在线挖掘,以收集并记录热门关键词以及与其相关联的大量用户选择的热门搜索项。 6. The method according to claim 5, wherein, further comprising: - digging online, to collect and record popular search terms and popular keywords associated with a large number of user selection.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的方法,其中,所述进行在线挖掘的步骤还包括: -根据用户点击率来确定热门关键词;-根据以下至少一项确定所述热门关键词的热门搜索项: -所述热门关键词的时效性; -所述热门关键词的主题类别; -所述热门关键词的主题需求类别。 Step 7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the online mining further comprising: - determining a CTR popular keywords according to a user; - the popular keywords popular search terms is determined according to at least one of : - the popular keywords timeliness; - the popular keywords subject categories; - the demand for popular keyword theme category.
  8. 8.根据权利要求2至7中任一项所述的方法,其中,所述判断用户需求的步骤还包括: -获取所述用户的用户相关信息;-基于所述用户相关信息来对所述查询请求进行分析,以确定所述用户的所述用户需求。 8. A method according to any one of claims 2 to 7, wherein the step of determining the user demand further comprises: - obtaining information related to the user of the user; - the user-related information based on the queries are analyzed to determine the needs of a user of the user.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的方法,其中,所述用户相关信息包括以下至少一项: -用户属性;-用户偏好; -用户查询历史记录; -用户IP地址。 9. The method according to claim 8, wherein the user-related information comprises at least one of: - a user attribute; - user preferences; - history of queries user; - the user IP address.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的方法,其中,该方法还包括:d.获取所述用户在为其提供所述一个或多个搜索选项的页面上的页面操作,并根据所述页面操作更新所述用户的所述用户相关信息。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the method further comprises:. D acquiring the user to provide page operation on a page of the one or more search options, according to the page and update operation the user in the user information.
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的方法,其中,所述步骤d还包括以下步骤: -当所述页面操作包括翻页、刷新页面和重新搜索其中之一时,跳转至步骤b。 11. The method according to claim 10, wherein said step d further comprises the step of: - when the page turning operation comprises, refresh the page, and one re-search, jump to to step b.
  12. 12. 一种用于基于用户的需求进行搜索的设备,其中,该设备包括: 获取装置,用于获取该用户的查询请求;查询装置,用于根据所述查询请求进行匹配搜索,以获得与所述查询请求和用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项;提供装置,用于将所述一个或多个搜索选项提供给所述用户,供其选择。 12. An apparatus for performing a search based on the needs of the user, wherein, the apparatus comprising: acquiring means for acquiring the user's query request; query means for matching search according to the query request, and to obtain the one or more search queries and requests options to match user requirements; providing means for searching the one or more options available to the user for selection.
  13. 13.根据权利要求12所述的设备,其中,所述查询装置还包括:第一查询装置,用于根据所述查询请求进行匹配搜索,获得多个搜索选项; 需求判断装置,用于根据所述查询请求来判断用户需求;筛选装置,用于根据所述用户需求来对所述多个搜索选项进行筛选处理,获得与所述查询请求和所述用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项。 13. The apparatus as claimed in claim 12, wherein said inquiring means further comprising: a first query means for matching search according to the query request, to obtain a plurality of search options; demand judging means, according to the said query request to determine whether the user needs; filter means for performing filtering process on the plurality of search options according to the user needs to obtain one or more search options to the query request and the user needs to match the .
  14. 14.根据权利要求12所述的设备,其中,所述查询装置还包括: 需求判断装置,用于根据所述查询请求来判断用户需求;第二查询装置,用于根据所述查询请求及所述用户需求来进行匹配查询,以获得与所述查询请求和所述用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项。 14. The apparatus as claimed in claim 12, wherein said inquiring means further comprising: demand judging means, means for determining, according to the needs of a user query request; a second query means, according to the query request and the said user needs to match query, to obtain one or more search options to the query request and the user needs to match.
  15. 15.根据权利要求13或14所述的设备,其中,所述需求判断装置还用于: -对所述查询请求进行文义分析,以确定所述用户的所述用户需求。 15. The apparatus of claim 13 or claim 14, wherein said determining means further demand for: - the query request context analysis, to determine the needs of a user of the user.
  16. 16.根据权利要求13至15中任一项所述的设备,其中,所述需求判断装置还用于:-根据所述查询请求来查询预先记录的与所述查询请求相关的大量用户选择的热门搜索项,并根据所述大量用户选择的热门搜索项来确定所述用户的用户需求。 16. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 13 to 15, wherein said determining means further demand for: - querying the query request according to the query request and the relevant pre-recorded number of user selected Popular search terms, and to determine the user requirements of the user based on popular search terms selected by the large number of users.
  17. 17.根据权利要求16所述的设备,其中,还包括:在线挖掘装置,用于进行在线挖掘,以收集并记录热门关键词以及与其相关联的大量用户选择的热门搜索项。 17. Apparatus according to claim 16, wherein, further comprising: line excavating means for excavating line, to collect and record a large number of popular search terms selected by the user as well as popular keywords associated therewith.
  18. 18.根据权利要求17所述的设备,其中,所述在线挖掘装置还用于: -根据用户点击率来确定热门关键词;-根据以下至少一项确定所述热门关键词的热门搜索项: -所述热门关键词的时效性; -所述热门关键词的主题类别; -所述热门关键词的主题需求类别。 18. The apparatus according to claim 17, wherein said further means for excavating online: - determining a popular keywords according to a user click rate; - the popular keywords popular search terms is determined according to at least one of: - the popular keywords timeliness; - the popular keywords subject categories; - the demand for popular keyword theme category.
  19. 19.根据权利要求13至18中任一项所述的设备,其中,所述需求判断装置还用于: -获取所述用户的用户相关信息;-基于所述用户相关信息来对所述查询请求进行分析,以确定所述用户的所述用户需求。 19. The apparatus of one of claims 13 to 18 according to any of claims, wherein said determining means further requirements for: - acquiring user information of the user; - the user-related information based on the query analyzes the request to determine whether the user needs of the user.
  20. 20.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中,所述用户相关信息包括以下至少一项: -用户属性;-用户偏好; -用户查询历史记录;-用户IP地址。 20. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the user-related information comprises at least one of: - a user attribute; - user preferences; - history of queries user; - the user IP address.
  21. 21.根据权利要求20所述的设备,其中,该设备还包括:更新装置,用于获取所述用户在为其提供所述一个或多个搜索选项的页面上的页面操作,并根据所述页面操作更新所述用户的所述用户相关信息。 21. The apparatus according to claim 20, wherein the apparatus further comprises: updating means for acquiring the user to provide page operation on a page of the one or more search options, and according to the page updating the user operating the user-related information.
  22. 22.根据权利要求21所述的设备,其中,所述查询装置还用于:-当所述页面操作包括翻页、刷新页面和重新搜索其中之一时,用于将所述页面操作作为新的查询请求并根据所述新的查询请求进行匹配搜索,以获得与所述查询请求和用户需求相匹配的一个或多个搜索选项。 22. The apparatus according to claim 21, wherein the query further means for: - when said operation comprises turning page, and the page refresh one search again when, for the operation as a new page and matching the search query request according to the new query request to obtain one or more search queries and options for the user to match the demand.
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