CN102050255A - Tray box - Google Patents

Tray box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102050255A
CN102050255A CN200910236690XA CN200910236690A CN102050255A CN 102050255 A CN102050255 A CN 102050255A CN 200910236690X A CN200910236690X A CN 200910236690XA CN 200910236690 A CN200910236690 A CN 200910236690A CN 102050255 A CN102050255 A CN 102050255A
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China
Prior art keywords
pile
attaching parts
pallet case
case
space
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Granted
Application number
CN200910236690XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102050255B (en
Inventor
苏继军
刘春良
倪建生
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Cimc Carrier Technology Co ltd
China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
Dalian CIMC Logistics Equipment Co Ltd
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China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
Dalian CIMC Logistics Equipment Co Ltd
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Application filed by China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd, Dalian CIMC Logistics Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN 200910236690 priority Critical patent/CN102050255B/en
Publication of CN102050255A publication Critical patent/CN102050255A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102050255B publication Critical patent/CN102050255B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a tray box at least comprising a chassis and four sidewalls. The four sidewalls are opposite in pairs and are vertically arranged on four sides of the chassis to form the tray box at a vertical arrangement state. Four corners of the top of the tray box are provided with four top pile connecting pieces connected with the lower ends of the sidewalls, each top pile connecting piece at least comprises a first hook and a first pile space, the first hook is provided with a first hook head protruding from the box outwards, and the first pile space is arranged at one side outside the box. Four corners of the bottom of the tray box are provided with four bottom pile connecting pieces corresponding to the top pile connecting pieces, each bottom pile connecting piece at least comprises a second hook and a second pile space, the second hook is provided with a second hook head protruding from the box inwards, and the second pile space is arranged at one side inside the box. The piling of two tray boxes is realized by the cooperation of the top pile connecting pieces and the bottom pile connecting pieces, and the tray box at the upper layer can be prevented from tipping by the upper and lower matched hooking of the first hook heads and the second hook heads.

Description

A kind of pallet case
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pallet case, relate in particular to the pallet case that needs the pile transportation.
Background technology
General existing pallet case is when double-deck pile, and two-layer up and down pallet case does not link together, and when being subjected to impacting in transit, the upper tray case easily produces and tumbles.
General existing pallet case is when double-deck pile, and two-layer case links together if incite somebody to action up and down by other supplementary mode, and then fork truck can not be pitched smoothly and unload the upper tray case, increases the loading and unloading operation difficulty.
General existing pallet case does not have anti-tipping function, if wait alternate manner anti-tipping by binding, and charge and discharge operations complexity then, production time is long, and is manually many, the expense height.
General existing pallet case, when its double-deck case is subjected to severe impact in transit, as marshalling impact, the emergency braking in the railway transportation, the emergency braking in the road transport etc., when especially box car transported double-deck teel pallet case, the upper tray case was tumbled easily.In railway transportation capability nervous period, other reinforcing mode that increases duration of handling can not be accepted.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of pallet case, and the upper tray case is easy to generate the problem of tumbling when being subjected to impacting in the transportation of solution double decked flat pallet case pile.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of pallet case, at least comprise a chassis and four sidewalls, this pallet case has one group of upright state, this four sidewall is relatively also organized in twos under the upright state of this group and is stood on four limits on this chassis, its characteristics are, this pallet case also comprises: four top pile attaching partss, be positioned at four jiaos at the top of this pallet case under the upright state of group, be connected and stretch out the end face of this pallet case with the upper end of this sidewall, and each top pile attaching parts includes one first hook portion and one first pile space at least, and this first hook portion has the first outstanding gib head of direction outside case, and this first pile space is formed at this first gib head direction one side outside case; Pile attaching parts at the bottom of four, be positioned at four jiaos of the tray bottom of this pallet case under the upright state of group, and respectively with these four corresponding layouts of top pile attaching parts, each should include one second hook portion and one second pile space by end pile attaching parts at least, this second hook portion has second gib head that direction is given prominence in the case of direction outside this case, and this second pile space is positioned at this second gib head towards case direction one side; Wherein, two these pallet casees with described top pile attaching parts and end pile attaching parts cooperate pile up and down by described top pile attaching parts with end pile attaching parts under the upright state of this group, second hook portion of end pile attaching parts that is positioned at this pallet case on upper strata is contained in the first pile space of the top pile attaching parts of this pallet case that is positioned at lower floor, first hook portion of top pile attaching parts that is positioned at this pallet case of lower floor then is contained in the second pile space of the end pile attaching parts of this pallet case that is positioned at the upper strata, and this first gib head and this second gib head cooperate up and down and hook and limit tumbling of this pallet case of being positioned at the upper strata.
In pallet case of the present invention, each this top pile attaching parts also comprises a pile post, be oppositely arranged with this first hook portion, and this first pile space is between this pile post and this first hook portion; Each should also comprise one the 3rd pile space by end pile attaching parts, be oppositely arranged with this second pile space, and this second hook portion was between this second pile space and the 3rd pile space; Wherein, the pile post of top pile attaching parts that is positioned at this pallet case of lower floor is contained in the 3rd pile space of the end pile attaching parts of this pallet case that is positioned at the upper strata when the upright pile of group.
In pallet case of the present invention, first gib head of each this top pile attaching parts has one first ramp, and/or second gib head of each end pile attaching parts has one first lower inclined plane.
In pallet case of the present invention, first gib head of each this top pile attaching parts has one second lower inclined plane, and/or second gib head of each end pile attaching parts has one second ramp.
In pallet case of the present invention, each should be formed with one first lead-in chamfered by end pile attaching parts in this second pile space.
In pallet case of the present invention, each should be formed with one second lead-in chamfered by end pile attaching parts in the 3rd pile space.
In pallet case of the present invention, these four top pile attaching partss are pressed pallet case length direction or Width symmetric arrangement therein on the two ends of two relative these sidewalls, and the pile attaching parts is to should four top pile attaching parts symmetric arrangement at the bottom of these four.
In pallet case of the present invention, each should form a space towards outstanding this chassis housing of direction retraction of this second gib head by end pile attaching parts.
In pallet case of the present invention, this pallet case also comprises top cover, and it is made of two fan cover plates, and the corner fittings at hinge edge two ends of this two fans cover plate to have first hook portion of this top pile attaching parts on hinge lug and this two relative sidewall hinged.
In pallet case of the present invention, this corner fittings is made of a horizonal base plate and a L shaped plate, the upper surface of this horizonal base plate and this horizonal base plate corresponding with this top pile attaching parts is concordant with the bottom surface in this first pile space or be lower than this bottom surface when this cover plate covers, this L shaped plate is connected in the two edges of this horizonal base plate and is connected with the side bar of cooresponding this top cover with it, and the one end has this hinge lug.
In pallet case of the present invention, have first-class aquaporin on this horizonal base plate lower surface, the one end is communicated with a corresponding discharge orifice that is arranged on this L shaped plate, and the other end is communicated to outside the case.
In pallet case of the present invention, this pallet case also has a folded state, and wherein two these relative sidewalls are connected rotationally with the corner post on this chassis, and this sidewall relative with two other removably connects by lockset.
In pallet case of the present invention, second hook portion that each should end pile attaching parts is formed with one the 3rd lead-in chamfered in contrast to the reverse side bottom of this second gib head projected direction.
Pallet case of the present invention has following advantage:
(1) utilizes the pile connection structure that provides on the pallet case of the present invention, when in the transportation of double-deck case pile, being subjected to impacting, upper and lower layer pallet case is linked together, prevent that the upper tray case from tumbling.
(2) utilize the pile connection structure that provides on the pallet case of the present invention, upper and lower layer pallet case is linked together prevent the upper tray case from tumbling, can unload the upper tray case with pile and the fork that fork truck carries out upper and lower layer pallet case smoothly again.
(3) the pile connection structure that provides on the pallet case of the present invention, anti-tipping performance is good, and is simple in structure, and part is few, and intensity is good, and the pile position stability is good.
(4) utilize the pile connection structure that provides on the pallet case of the present invention, when the double-deck case that mainly solves pile is subjected to severe impact in transit, the problem that the upper tray case can be tumbled is as marshalling impact, the emergency braking in the railway transportation, the emergency braking in the road transport etc.When especially be fit to solving box car and transporting double-deck teel pallet case, the problem that the upper strata case is easily tumbled.There is not extra goods to reinforce operation, railway loading and unloading operating efficiency height.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the FCL structural representation of the pallet case of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top pile attaching parts structure enlarged diagram of pallet box top among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the end pile attaching parts structure enlarged diagram of pallet case bottom among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a double decked flat pallet case pile connection structure scheme drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged diagram of A part-structure among Fig. 4, wherein shows the pile connection structure that the end pile attaching parts of the upper tray case that is positioned at an end cooperates with the top pile attaching parts of lower tray case;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged diagram of B part-structure among Fig. 4, wherein shows the pile connection structure that the end pile attaching parts of the upper tray case that is positioned at the other end cooperates with the top pile attaching parts of lower tray case;
Fig. 7 is other form scheme drawing that top pile attaching parts cooperates with end pile attaching parts;
Fig. 8 is the view of pile connection structure under normal condition at two ends behind the levels pallet case pile of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the wherein view of pile connection structure under anxious braking mode of an end of levels pallet case of the present invention, and wherein the upper tray case moves and first gib head of the top pile attaching parts of second gib head of end pile attaching parts of its bottom and lower tray box top hooks and prevents that the upper tray case from tumbling along the transportation direct of travel;
Figure 10 is double-deck pile pallet case of the present invention and single level trays case adjacent, upper tray case mobile status scheme drawing;
Figure 11 is the scheme drawing of pile connection structure under the upright state of group of levels pallet case in another embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the scheme drawing of pile connection structure under folded state of levels pallet case in another embodiment of the present invention, and in addition, this figure also is the first embodiment folded state pile figure among the present invention;
Figure 13 is the scheme drawing of pile connection structure under the upright state of group of levels pallet case in further embodiment of this invention;
Figure 14 is the scheme drawing of pile connection structure under folded state of levels pallet case in further embodiment of this invention;
Figure 15 is the structural representation of top cover corner fittings of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of another angle of top cover corner fittings of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the another angle of top cover corner fittings of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, show the integral structure of the pallet case 100 of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.This pallet case 100 includes a chassis 10 and four sidewalls 20 at least, and these four sidewalls 20 are relatively arranged on four limits on this chassis 10 in twos.In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, this pallet case 100 can be a folding pallet case, wherein two relative sidewall 20a are connected with the corner post 11 on this chassis 10 rotationally by its heel post 25, for example the little heel post 27 by heel post 25 lower ends one side is connected with corner post 11, and the bottom girder of two other relative sidewall 20b is connected rotationally with the corresponding sides on chassis, and can removably be connected by two sidewall 20a of lockset 22 and this, and by being arranged at the locating part 21 on this heel post 25, as gusset, with this sidewall 20b and the spacing chucking of this sidewall 20a.These four sidewalls 20 can be organized to stand on and constitute one group of pallet case under the upright state on these 10 4 limits, chassis, also four sidewalls 20 can be folded to the pallet case that constitutes on this chassis 10 under the folded state.
The present invention specifically, the top of the pallet case 100 under the upright state of group is provided with four top pile attaching partss 50 for four jiaos, this top pile attaching parts 50 and the upper end of this sidewall are connected and stretch out the end face of this pallet case, and this end face is the last top surface of the beam of the upright state of the group sidewall 20 down plane of qualification jointly.On the bottom on pallet case 100 chassis 10, then be provided with and the 50 corresponding end of this top pile attaching parts pile attaching parts 60, can realize the double-deck pile of two pallet casees 100 by this top pile attaching parts 50 and cooperating of end pile attaching parts 60.These four top pile attaching partss 50 are pressed pallet case 100 length directions or Width symmetric arrangement therein on the two ends of two relative sidewalls, with Fig. 1 is example, the direction of supposing sidewall 20a among the figure is the length direction of pallet case 100, the direction of sidewall 20b is the Width of pallet case 100, then these four top pile attaching partss 50 are to arrange along its length in the present embodiment, and be connected in these two the relatively upright sidewall 20a of group 26 two ends of putting the beams in place, and stretch out in the end face of this pallet case.
In other embodiments of the invention, the sidewall 20 of this pallet case 100 also can be directly fixed on the chassis 10, and promptly this pallet case 100 is not collapsible.This pallet case 100 can also include top cover 30, and as shown in Figure 1, this top cover 30 can be made of two fan cover plate 30a, 30b, and its cover plate 30a, 30b are hinged with these two sidewall 20a respectively, thereby can realize 270 degree upsets.Certainly, this top cover 30 also can constitute for a plate body is whole, and these are not as limitation of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 2, show a preferred construction of top of the present invention pile attaching parts 50.This top pile attaching parts 50 has first hook portion 51, pile post 52 and the first pile space 53.Wherein, this first hook portion 51 can be split up into two relative parts with pile post 52, wherein pile post 52 is near the casing bight, above sidewall column 25, so that make casing bear pile gravity better, the side of this first hook portion 51 in these pile post 52 close casees, and form the described first pile space 53 between first hook portion 51 and the pile post 52 to hold second hook portion 61 (as shown in Figure 3) of end pile attaching parts 60.And this first hook portion 51 has the first outstanding gib head 511 of direction outside case, and this first pile space 53 also is positioned at this first gib head 511 direction one side outside case.This first hook portion 51 also has an end face 512, and this pile post 52 also has an end face 521.
As shown in Figure 3, show a preferred construction of the end of the present invention pile attaching parts 60.The second pile space 62 and the 3rd pile space 63 that this end pile attaching parts 60 has second hook portion 61 and is positioned at these second hook portion, 61 both sides, wherein, this second hook portion 61 has the second outstanding gib head 611 of direction in the case of direction outside this case, promptly oppositely outstanding with this first gib head 511, this second pile space 62 is positioned at this second gib head 611 towards case direction one side, the 63 outer sides of close case in the 3rd pile space.This end pile attaching parts 60 is formed with an end face 621 in this second pile space 62, be formed with an end face 631 in the 3rd pile space 63.
As shown in Figure 4, in conjunction with Fig. 5, Fig. 6, under the upright state of group, when having pallet case 100,200 piles of described top pile attaching parts and end pile attaching parts for two, end pile attaching parts 60a, the 60b of upper tray case 200 bottoms and top pile attaching parts 50a, the 50b at the lower tray case 100 tops pile that cooperatively interacts.When pile, in the first pile space 53a, the 53b of the top pile attaching parts that the second hook portion 61a of the end pile attaching parts of upper tray case 200,61b are contained in lower tray case 100; In the second pile space 62a, the 62b of the end pile attaching parts that the first hook portion 51a of the top pile attaching parts of lower tray case 100,51b are contained in upper tray case 200; Pile post 52a, 52b are contained in the 3rd pile space 63a, the 63b of end pile attaching parts of upper tray case 200.At this moment, the 3rd pile space end face 631a, 631b drop on end face 521a, the 521b of pile post 52a, 52b on the pile attaching parts of lower tray case top, thereby make casing bear pile gravity by this pile post, because the pile post is near heel post, its stressed position is better, gets final product so pile weight is born by the pile post.Certainly, in other embodiments of the invention, also can bear pile gravity simultaneously by hook portion and pile post, promptly this second pile space end face 621a, 621b also drop on end face 512a, the 512b of the first hook portion 51a, 51b on the pile attaching parts of lower tray case top, make pile more reliable.This first gib head 511a on this second gib head 611a, 611b at the bottom of this upper tray case on the pile attaching parts and the lower tray case top pile attaching parts, 511b is relative and self cooperate and hook, and upper tray case 200 tumbles in the time of can preventing severe impact.
Continue combination with reference to figure 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts 50 also has a ramp 5111, and second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts 60 has a lower inclined plane 6112, lead-in chamfered when this ramp 5111 and this lower inclined plane 6112 are double decked flat pallet case pile, so that the smooth pile of upper tray case energy also can only keep one of them inclined-plane to the lower tray case.
Preferable, this end pile attaching parts 60 also is formed with a lead-in chamfered 622 in these 62 inboards, second pile space, cooperates with the medial surface upper edge of first hook portion 51 of top pile attaching parts; Also be formed with a lead-in chamfered 632 in 63 inboards, the 3rd pile space, cooperate with the upper edge of the medial surface of the pile post 52 of top pile attaching parts; Lead-in chamfered when these two lead-in chamfered the 622, the 632nd, pallet case pile under the upright state of group on the horizontal direction vertical with the gib head direction, with gib head pile lead-in chamfered (ramp 5111 and lower inclined plane 6112) combined action, make the smooth pile of upper tray case 200 energy to lower tray case 100.According to the situation of body structure size, can make two lead-in chamfered 622,632 play the pile guiding function simultaneously, also can only make one of them play the pile guiding function, purpose is to make the location behind the pile more accurate, amount of movement is littler.Lead-in chamfered 622 in this second pile space 62 and the 3rd pile space 63 and 632 can also be as between the empty vans after folding during pile, the lead-in chamfered of the second pile space 62 and the 3rd pile space 63 and chassis angle column 11 piles, in conjunction with reference to Figure 12, structure when wherein also showing the empty van pile of present embodiment, can only utilize the 3rd pile space 63 to carry out pile during its hollow box pile, and need not to use this second pile space 62.Because the cross sectional dimensions of chassis angle column 11 and the cross sectional dimensions of pile post 52 may be inconsistent, general run of thins chassis angle column cross-section size is big, like this, the 3rd pile space 63 as better with chassis angle column 11 fit dimensions, then just bigger with pile post 52 tolerance clearances, activity is bigger behind the pile, the pile instability.Therefore, when chassis angle column 11 cross sectional dimensions and pile post 52 cross sectional dimensions differ big, the lead-in chamfered of pallet case pile under the upright state of lead-in chamfered 632 conduct groups in the 3rd pile space 63 should not be used, the guiding pile should be cooperated with first hook portion 51 of top pile attaching parts with another lead-in chamfered 622 on the end pile attaching parts.When chassis angle column 11 cross sectional dimensions and pile post 52 cross sectional dimensions are more or less the same, under the upright state of group under pallet case and the folded state pallet case pile also can all use the lead-in chamfered 632 in the 3rd pile space 63 to guide piles, 622 of another lead-in chamfered on the end pile attaching parts can be cancelled.
Preferable, second hook portion 61 of end pile attaching parts 60 has a lead-in chamfered 612 in contrast to the reverse side bottom of second gib head, 611 projected directions, this lead-in chamfered 612 be under the folded state during pallet case pile in the lead-in chamfered of gib head direction, lead-in chamfered in this lead-in chamfered 612 and the 3rd pile space 63c cooperates with chassis angle column 11 jointly, realizes the pile guiding (as shown in figure 12) of pallet case under the folded state.
In another preferred embodiment of the present invention, first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts 50 also has a lower inclined plane 5112, as shown in Figure 2, and second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts 60 has a ramp 6111, as shown in Figure 3, the two can cooperatively interact to prevent tumbling of upper tray case better.Certainly, the two also can only keep one of them inclined-plane.
In other embodiments of the invention, can keep at least the ramp 5111 of first gib head 511 of this top pile attaching parts 50 and this end pile attaching parts 60 second gib head 611 lower inclined plane 6112 one of them, be used to realize the pile guiding; And keep at least the lower inclined plane 5112 of first gib head 511 of this top pile attaching parts 50 and this end pile attaching parts 60 second gib head 611 ramp 6111 one of them, be used for anti-tipping.For example, shown in Fig. 7 A, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, lower inclined plane 5112 to be set, and ramp 6111 and lower inclined plane 6112 are set on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts simultaneously; Shown in Fig. 7 B, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, ramp 5111 and lower inclined plane 5112 to be set simultaneously, and ramp 6111 is set on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts; Shown in Fig. 7 C, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, ramp 5111 and lower inclined plane 5112 to be set simultaneously, and lower inclined plane 6112 is set on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts; Shown in Fig. 7 D, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, ramp 5111 to be set, and ramp 6111 and lower inclined plane 6112 are set on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts simultaneously; Shown in Fig. 7 E, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, lower inclined plane 5112 to be set, and lower inclined plane 6112 is set on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts; Shown in Fig. 7 F, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, ramp 5111 and lower inclined plane 5112 to be set simultaneously, and the inclined-plane is not set on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts; Shown in Fig. 7 G, be on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts, ramp 6111 and lower inclined plane 6112 to be set simultaneously, and the inclined-plane is not set on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts; Shown in Fig. 7 H, be on first gib head 511 of top pile attaching parts, ramp 5111 to be set, and on second gib head 611 of end pile attaching parts, ramp 6111 be set.
When the double decked flat pallet case of pile transports, should make the gib head direction towards the fore-and-aft direction of advancing, as shown in Figure 8, in conjunction with Fig. 6, no matter upper tray case 200 is advanced or is advanced towards opposite N direction towards the M direction, and the gib head direction that is positioned at the pile connection structure at two ends between this double decked flat pallet case all is towards the fore-and-aft direction of advancing.For example, suppose that the double decked flat pallet case is when following into direction M transportation, in the pile connection structure at one end, the second gib head 611a of the end pile attaching parts 60a of upper tray case 200 is towards the place ahead of direct of travel M, and the first gib head 511a of the top pile attaching parts 50a of lower tray case 100 is the rear towards direct of travel M; And in the pile connection structure of the other end, the second gib head 611b of the end pile attaching parts 60b of upper tray case 200 is towards the rear of direct of travel M, and the first gib head 511b of the top pile attaching parts 50b of lower tray case 100 is the place ahead towards direct of travel M.Like this, under the situation that the lower tray case is fixed, when emergency braking or when being subjected to impacting, as shown in Figure 9, upper tray case 200 moves forward relative lower tray case 100, and the first gib head 511a of direct of travel M rear end and the second gib head 611a are hooked in together, prevent that upper tray case 200 from tumbling forward.Be hooked in a time-out and work as two gib heads, the first gib head 511a of top pile attaching parts is last, and the second gib head 611a of end pile attaching parts is following.And, it is to contact with each other that the ramp 6111a of the lower inclined plane 5112a of this first gib head 511a and this second gib head 611a is hooked in a time-out at this first gib head 511a and the second gib head 611a, also can stay little clearance, when the contact again behind the certain angle of tumbling that is hit of upper tray case, can prevent that promptly the upper tray case from continuing to tumble after two gib head inclined-plane contacts, also can only keep one of them inclined-plane.In the present invention, the angle of anti-tipping inclined- plane 5112a, 6111a and horizontal surface is suitable, and excessive then possibility hook incessantly can not be anti-tipping, and is stressed big when too small then fork truck forks the upper tray case, may damage chest or fork and unload upper tray case difficulty.
Pile connection structure of the present invention can be used in double-deck case transportation, and the lower tray case can be fixed the situation that the upper tray case can not be covered with again.During as box car transportation double decked flat pallet case, the lower tray case can be covered with and chokes motionlessly mutually, and the upper tray case can not be covered with, otherwise overweight.If impacted in this case, on the single level trays case that the upper tray case in the double-deck case can be tumbled adjacent.Pile connection structure of the present invention can make upper and lower layer pallet case hook when being subjected to impacting, prevent that the upper tray case from tumbling, but precondition is the upper tray case to be wanted when being subjected to impacting and can move along the gib head direction, and the gib head that makes upper and lower layer pallet case be positioned at the direct of travel rear end hooks (as shown in Figure 9).Therefore, as shown in figure 10, for the top that prevents the single level trays case 300 adjacent with double decked flat pallet case 100,200 stops that upper tray case 200 moves, end pile attaching parts 60 is answering retraction chassis housing (casing outside dimension) a certain amount of towards the second gib head direction, slot milling 601, direction N moves to guarantee following into by upper tray case 200 when being hit, and can not stopped by fwd individual layer case 300.
In the above-described embodiments, when first hook portion 51 of top pile attaching parts and pile post 52 during, can be mainly cooperate with the end face 631 in the 3rd pile space 63 of end pile attaching parts and bear pile gravity by the end face 521 of the pile post 52 of top pile attaching parts for the upright pile of the chest group of two parts separately.In the present invention, except that passing through the said structure load-bearing, the end face 512 that can also further increase by first hook portion 51 of top pile attaching parts cooperates with the end face 621 in the second pile space 62 of end pile attaching parts and bears pile gravity jointly, so that pile is more reliable.But, in the present invention,,, also can cancel independent pile post in order to simplify piling structure if body structure size and pile gravity allow, play the effect of pile post with the hook portion of top pile attaching parts or end pile attaching parts.
When the function of pile post merges on first hook portion of top pile attaching parts, if chassis angle column size is limited, two pile spaces then will be arranged on the end pile attaching parts, shown in Figure 11,12, one is the second pile space 62c that cooperates with the first hook portion 51c of top pile attaching parts 50c, is used to organize the pile of pallet case under the upright state; Another is the 3rd pile space 63c that cooperates with chassis angle column 11, is used for the pile of pallet case under the folded state.As shown in figure 11, under the upright state of group, the first hook portion 51c of the top pile attaching parts 50c at lower tray case 100 tops is contained in the second pile space 62c of end pile attaching parts 60c of upper tray case 200 bottoms, and the first gib head 511c of this first hook portion 51c cooperates to prevent tumbling of upper tray case 200 with the second gib head 611c of the second hook portion 61c of this end pile attaching parts 60c.On the end of pallet case pile attaching parts 60c, also be formed with the space 601c of retraction chassis housing.As shown in figure 12, under folded state, upper tray case 200 cooperates pile by the 3rd pile space 63c of end pile attaching parts 60c with chassis angle column 11.And, it is (not shown in the figures also can to have lead-in chamfered respectively in this second pile space 62c, the 3rd pile space 63c, can be with reference to lead-in chamfered among the figure 3 622,632), lead-in chamfered in the second pile space 62c can cooperate the pile of pallet case under the upright state of pilot set with the side of the first hook portion 51c of top pile attaching parts 50c, and the lead-in chamfered in the 3rd pile space 63c can cooperate the pile that guides pallet case under the folded state with chassis angle column 11.
And if chassis angle column 11 sizes are enough, then end pile attaching parts only need be provided with a pile space.As shown in figure 13, pile attaching parts 60d has the second hook portion 61d at this end, has the second outstanding gib head 611d on this second hook portion 61d, and has one second pile space 62d in the outstanding side of the second gib head 611d.On the end of pallet case pile attaching parts 60d, also be formed with the space 601d of retraction chassis housing.Under the upright state of group, the first hook portion 51d of the top pile attaching parts 50d of lower tray case 100 is contained in the second pile space 62d of end pile attaching parts 60d of upper tray case 200.Under folded state, the second pile space 62d of end pile attaching parts that can be by the upper tray case cooperates with chassis angle column 11 or the pile attaching parts second hook portion 61d in the end directly cooperates with chassis angle column 11 and bears pile gravity, as shown in figure 14, the pile attaching parts second hook portion 61d in the end cooperates with the space 110 of chassis angle column 11.
In conjunction with Fig. 1~3, and please refer to shown in Figure 15~16, the pallet case of using this pile connection structure can also be provided with top cover 30, the external angle of top cover 30 is provided with corner fittings 31, it is hinged with top pile attaching parts 50 that corner fittings 31 has hinge lug 32, be top cover and together side walls hinged, these hinged top cover 270 degree of realizing overturn.In order to strengthen the volume of pallet case as far as possible, the amount that top pile attaching parts stretches out top cover is as far as possible little under the situation that guarantees the hook portion function.Therefore, second hook portion 61 of end pile attaching parts 60 reaches on the top cover 30 below the plane, to increase the size of second hook portion 61 possibly.For second hook portion 61 that guarantees end pile attaching parts is not run into top cover corner fittings 31, in the action radius of second hook portion 61, the thickness of top cover corner fittings 31 will reduce, therefore, top cover corner fittings 31 can be made a horizonal base plate 311 thinner than top cover and have and top cover side bar 33, the form of 34 bonded assembly L shaped plates 312, one end of L shaped plate 312 can be hinge lug 32, with hinged with the lateral surface of first hook portion 51 of top pile attaching parts 50, and horizonal base plate 311 is concordant with the bottom surface 531 in the first pile space 53 of this top pile attaching parts 50 when top cover covers corresponding to this top pile attaching parts 50 and its upper surface or is lower than this bottom surface 531, so that the activity of second hook portion 61.And horizonal base plate 311 lower surfaces of top cover corner fittings 31 can have flowing water passage 3110, and the one end is communicated with the corresponding discharge orifice 3120 that is arranged on this L shaped plate 312, and the other end is communicated to outside the case, to discharge top cover ponding.
Certainly; the present invention also can have other various embodiments; under the situation that does not deviate from spirit of the present invention and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art work as can make various corresponding changes and distortion according to the present invention, but these corresponding changes and distortion all should belong to the protection domain of the appended claim of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. a pallet case comprises a chassis and four sidewalls at least, and this pallet case has one group of upright state, and this four sidewall is relatively also organized in twos under the upright state of this group and stood on four limits on this chassis, it is characterized in that this pallet case also comprises:
Four top pile attaching partss, be positioned at four jiaos at the top of this pallet case under the upright state of group, be connected and stretch out the end face of this pallet case with the upper end of this sidewall, and each top pile attaching parts includes one first hook portion and one first pile space at least, this first hook portion has the first outstanding gib head of direction outside case, and this first pile space is formed at this first gib head direction one side outside case;
Pile attaching parts at the bottom of four, be positioned at four jiaos of the tray bottom of this pallet case under the upright state of group, and respectively with these four corresponding layouts of top pile attaching parts, each should include one second hook portion and one second pile space by end pile attaching parts at least, this second hook portion has second gib head that direction is given prominence in the case of direction outside this case, and this second pile space is positioned at this second gib head towards case direction one side;
Wherein, two these pallet casees with described top pile attaching parts and end pile attaching parts cooperate pile up and down by described top pile attaching parts with end pile attaching parts under the upright state of this group, second hook portion of end pile attaching parts that is positioned at this pallet case on upper strata is contained in the first pile space of the top pile attaching parts of this pallet case that is positioned at lower floor, first hook portion of top pile attaching parts that is positioned at this pallet case of lower floor then is contained in the second pile space of the end pile attaching parts of this pallet case that is positioned at the upper strata, and this first gib head and this second gib head cooperate up and down and hook and limit tumbling of this pallet case of being positioned at the upper strata.
2. pallet case according to claim 1 is characterized in that, each this top pile attaching parts also comprises a pile post, be oppositely arranged with this first hook portion, and this first pile space is between this pile post and this first hook portion; Each should also comprise one the 3rd pile space by end pile attaching parts, be oppositely arranged with this second pile space, and this second hook portion was between this second pile space and the 3rd pile space; Wherein, the pile post of top pile attaching parts that is positioned at this pallet case of lower floor is contained in the 3rd pile space of the end pile attaching parts of this pallet case that is positioned at the upper strata when the upright pile of group.
3. pallet case according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, first gib head of each this top pile attaching parts has one first ramp, and/or second gib head of each end pile attaching parts has one first lower inclined plane.
4. pallet case according to claim 3 is characterized in that, first gib head of each this top pile attaching parts has one second lower inclined plane, and/or second gib head of each end pile attaching parts has one second ramp.
5. pallet case according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, each should be formed with one first lead-in chamfered by end pile attaching parts in this second pile space.
6. pallet case according to claim 2 is characterized in that, each should be formed with one second lead-in chamfered by end pile attaching parts in the 3rd pile space.
7. pallet case according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, these four top pile attaching partss are pressed pallet case length direction or Width symmetric arrangement therein on the two ends of two relative these sidewalls, and the pile attaching parts is to should four top pile attaching parts symmetric arrangement at the bottom of these four.
8. according to the pallet case shown in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that each should form a space towards outstanding this chassis housing of direction retraction of this second gib head by end pile attaching parts.
9. pallet case according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, this pallet case also comprises top cover, and it is made of two fan cover plates, and the corner fittings at hinge edge two ends of this two fans cover plate to have first hook portion of this top pile attaching parts on hinge lug and this two relative sidewall hinged.
10. pallet case according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, this corner fittings is made of a horizonal base plate and a L shaped plate, the upper surface of this horizonal base plate and this horizonal base plate corresponding with this top pile attaching parts is concordant with the bottom surface in this first pile space or be lower than this bottom surface when this cover plate covers, this L shaped plate is connected in the two edges of this horizonal base plate and is connected with the side bar of cooresponding this top cover with it, and the one end has this hinge lug.
11. pallet case according to claim 10 is characterized in that, has first-class aquaporin on this horizonal base plate lower surface, the one end is communicated with a corresponding discharge orifice that is arranged on this L shaped plate, and the other end is communicated to outside the case.
12. pallet case according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, this pallet case also has a folded state, and wherein two these relative sidewalls are connected rotationally with the corner post on this chassis, and this sidewall relative with two other removably connects by lockset.
13. pallet case according to claim 12 is characterized in that, second hook portion that each should end pile attaching parts is formed with one the 3rd lead-in chamfered in contrast to the reverse side bottom of this second gib head projected direction.
CN 200910236690 2009-11-04 2009-11-04 Tray box Active CN102050255B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103193018A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 杭州环申包装新材料有限公司 Plastic ton case
CN108423312A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-21 温州职业技术学院 A kind of anti-wear type packing box of height
CN109775095A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 大连中集特种物流装备有限公司 Hay stacker and pallet box with the hay stacker

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2557073B1 (en) * 1983-12-22 1986-10-24 Sifar Sa GROUPING TRAY FOR PARALLELEPIPEDIC PACKAGES AND GROUPING ASSEMBLY USING SUCH TRAYS
CN2311446Y (en) * 1997-11-03 1999-03-24 韩亚东 Multi-purpose portable bucket
CN201553360U (en) * 2009-11-04 2010-08-18 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Pallet box

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103193018A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 杭州环申包装新材料有限公司 Plastic ton case
CN109775095A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 大连中集特种物流装备有限公司 Hay stacker and pallet box with the hay stacker
CN109775095B (en) * 2017-11-13 2024-03-19 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Stacking device and pallet box with the same
CN108423312A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-21 温州职业技术学院 A kind of anti-wear type packing box of height

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