CN102035053B - Charging method of charging pile for supplying charging service to electromobile - Google Patents

Charging method of charging pile for supplying charging service to electromobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102035053B
CN102035053B CN2010100010289A CN201010001028A CN102035053B CN 102035053 B CN102035053 B CN 102035053B CN 2010100010289 A CN2010100010289 A CN 2010100010289A CN 201010001028 A CN201010001028 A CN 201010001028A CN 102035053 B CN102035053 B CN 102035053B
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charging
card
charging pile
electric
electric automobile
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CN102035053A (en
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王春生
金颖
王春临
李伟
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王春生
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

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Abstract

The invention relates to a charging method of charging pile for supplying charging service to an electromobile, which has the following steps of: 1) stopping an electromobile at the front of a workable charging pile, connecting the charging pile with mains supply, socketing an electric connector on a vehicle power control system arranged on the electromobile, and inserting a charging card into a card reader; 2) reading user information in the charging card by the charging pile, and detecting the availability of the charging card corresponding to the battery packs and the electromobile; 3) detecting the electric quantity remaining balance of the charging card, under the condition of continuous charging, collecting and detecting the imbalance degree between the battery packs and single batteries by a main control unit; if the imbalance degree exceeds a prior set value, giving the alarm display and prompting the balanced maintenance for battery packs timely by the main control unit; 5) in the charging process, displaying the charging accumulative total power consumption and the charging state alarm in a real time; and 6) and when the charge is ended, displaying the remaining balance of the charging card on a display unit, performing balance judgment between the battery packs and the single batteries, and displaying the imbalance degree state information. The charging system has the functions of real time collection of battery pack state information and real time balance treatment when the electromobile is charged, and has the advantages of reasonable human-computer interface, accurate electric quantity measurement, convenience of connection and good additional value-added function.

Description

A kind of charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of new energies, be specifically related to a kind of charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile.
Background technology
Development of EV is a great system engineering, comprises the aspects such as power battery pack production, electric automobile production, supporting charging network construction, car load and accessory maintenance.Wherein, supporting charging network is exactly a requisite support system, and the gas station that is similar to traditional fuel-engined vehicle is the same, is the prerequisite that electric automobile is promoted.
The electric energy of electric automobile replenishes can adopt dual mode: change battery pack, car load charging.Charging pile is to provide the capital equipment of convenient instant or parking position car load charging service, but known charging pile is only often a kind of equipment that the electric energy supplemental services is provided, and does not design charging pile from the angle that improves battery pack balancing, raising electric automobile safety in utilization by supporting charging network.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile for solving the problem of existing charging electric vehicle difficulty in the above-mentioned background technology.
a kind of charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile involved in the present invention, comprise: a charging pile, by main control unit, display unit, the self check positioning indicator, DC power supply, the electric quantity metering unit, trigger switch, electric connector forms, display unit, the self check positioning indicator directly is electrically connected to main control unit, the electric quantity metering unit is electrically connected to main control unit by DC power supply, the power interface of electric connector is electrically connected to main control unit by trigger switch, the data-interface of electric connector directly is connected with main control unit, described charge step is: 1), before electric automobile is rested in a spendable charging pile, charging pile is connected with civil power, the grafting electric connector is on the vehicle power control system that is arranged on electric automobile, recharged card is inserted in card reader, 2) charging pile reads the user profile in recharged card, detects the corresponding validity of recharged card and battery pack, electric automobile, unanimously continues charging, and inconsistent the prompting pulled out card, 3) detect recharged card electric weight remaining sum, determine that it whether greater than the charge threshold of appointment, supplements with money if deficiency is pointed out, in the situation that continue charging, the main control unit collection also detects between battery pack and the unbalanced degree between cell, if surpass prior set point, provides alarm and shows, prompting is in time carried out equalized maintenance to battery pack, 4) select the charging standard, trigger switch is closed, the power interface conducting in electric connector, and the charging beginning, in the time of the trigger switch closure, the electric quantity metering unit begins metering, 5) in charging process, show in real time charging accumulative total electric weight, and show in real time state caution in charging, when 6) finishing, display unit provides the recharged card remaining sum, and carries out reaching between battery pack the equilibrium judgement between cell, provides unbalanced degree state information.
Further, the unbalanced degree that reaches between cell between described battery pack refers to: 1) the unbalanced degree of voltage, 2) the unbalanced degree of capacity, 3) thermal unbalance degree and 4) the unbalanced degree of internal resistance.
Further, the self check positioning indicator of described charging pile is divided into red, green, yellow three kinds of indications, representative respectively " device free can be used ", " in the equipment charge use ", " equipment fault " three kinds of states.
Further, described charging standard is divided into trickle charge, fills two kinds of patterns soon.
Further, three kinds of definite done states are arranged: be full of that end, arrearage finish, outage finishes, wherein, pull out and pull out card in electric connector or charging process and all belong to outage and finish.
Wherein the function of each several part is:
Main control unit: gather the battery pack information of recharged card and electric automobile vehicle mounted electric origin system, control trigger switch, the card reader read write command is sent in the electric quantity metering computing, shows and controls, and the self check indication is controlled; The charge information of storage a period of time (as one day, a couple of days, a week); Master controller for charging process.
The electric quantity metering unit: the power consumption of metering in charging process, can adopt electronic electric meter or electric quantity metering circuit module, main control unit is read and write foundation from electric quantity metering unit image data as recharged card.
Display unit: show recharged card and batteries of electric automobile group information, show accumulation power consumption in charging process, the prompting of charging ending message.
Electric connector: electric automobile and electrical connection between charging pile comprise that power line is connected with data wire and are connected two parts, it is two discrete lines that general electronic device connects this two-part connection, in the present invention, these two parts connect " integrated " mode of employing, that is once peg graft and peg graft with regard to completing simultaneously power line grafting and data wire.
This charging pile charging system has the function of real-time equilibrium treatment of Real-time Collection battery pack state information, when charging, and man-machine interface is reasonable, electric quantity metering is accurate, easy to connect, possess additional value-added functionality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that card reader is arranged on the charging pile charging system theory of constitution schematic diagram in electric automobile.
Fig. 2 is the integrated electric connector schematic diagram of power line data wire.
Fig. 3 is that the charging electric motor vehicles stake consists of schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is charging system workflow block diagram.
Fig. 5 is that card reader is arranged on the charging system theory of constitution schematic diagram on charging pile.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example.
Embodiment one: card reader is arranged in electric automobile.Fig. 1 is system principle diagram, is comprised of main control unit, display unit, electric quantity metering unit, electric connector, self check positioning indicator, trigger switch and DC power supply.Electric connector adopts the integrated mode of data wire power line shown in Figure 2, and Fig. 3 is the composition structure chart of this charging pile.
Charging workflow such as Fig. 4.Be specially: the driver finds the charging pile of a state " device free can with ", plug-in card onboard, the grafting electric connector of getting off.At this moment, charging pile is connected with the data of vehicle power control system to be connected, but power line disconnects, and charging pile itself is by mains-supplied, and vehicle power control system electricity more than battery pack is supplied with, the uncharged discharge condition that is in of battery pack.The driver comes operation before display screen, and at first, charging pile reads the user profile in recharged card, the corresponding validity of checking recharged card and battery pack, electric automobile, and sequence number unanimously continues charging, and card is pulled out in inconsistent prompting; Determine recharged card electric weight remaining sum whether greater than charge threshold 10 degree, Sorry, your ticket has not enough value prompting supplement with money.In the situation that continue charging, gather the battery pack state information by main control unit, storage information, and immediately calculate according to predefined standardized algorithm the unbalanced degree that reaches between battery pack between cell, if unbalanced degree surpasses 5%, provide alarm and show, prompting is in time carried out equalized maintenance to battery pack and is processed.Then select the charging standard: 0.3C trickle charge, 1C fill soon.Then trigger switch is closed, is electrically connected to conducting, the charging beginning.Charge capacity metering beginning in the time of the trigger switch closure.Show in real time charging accumulative total electric weight in charging process, and show in real time state caution in charging.Three kinds of definite done states are arranged: be full of that end, arrearage finish, outage finishes, wherein, pull out and pull out card in electric connector or charging process and all belong to outage.After finishing, display unit provides the recharged card remaining sum, and carries out reaching between battery pack the equilibrium judgement between cell, provides unbalanced degree state information.
Embodiment two: card reader is arranged on charging pile.Fig. 5 is systematic schematic diagram.Concrete charging flow no longer describes in detail with embodiment one.
Charging pile charging system involved in the present invention be fit to be built in certain district in city, city, county town, small towns, residential quarter and is participated in new countryside construction, and charging pile charging system involved in the present invention also is applicable between intercity, small towns, the charging network construction of the various highway communications between villages and small towns.
Charging pile charging system involved in the present invention can provide charging service for pure electric automobile, oil-electric vehicle, gas-electricity power combined automobile.
In the present invention, related battery pack can be lithium ion battery group, Ni-MH battery group, lead-acid battery group, ickel-cadmium cell group.

Claims (9)

1. charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile, comprise: a charging pile, by main control unit, display unit, the self check positioning indicator, DC power supply, the electric quantity metering unit, trigger switch, electric connector forms, display unit, the self check positioning indicator directly is electrically connected to main control unit, the electric quantity metering unit is electrically connected to main control unit by DC power supply, the power interface of electric connector is electrically connected to main control unit by trigger switch, the data-interface of electric connector directly is connected with main control unit, it is characterized in that, described charge step is: 1), before electric automobile is rested in a spendable charging pile, charging pile is connected with civil power, the grafting electric connector is on the vehicle power control system that is arranged on electric automobile, recharged card is inserted in card reader, 2) charging pile reads the user profile in recharged card, detects the corresponding validity of recharged card and battery pack, electric automobile, unanimously continues charging, and inconsistent the prompting pulled out card, 3) detect recharged card electric weight remaining sum, determine that it whether greater than the charge threshold of appointment, supplements with money if deficiency is pointed out, in the situation that continue charging, the main control unit collection also detects between battery pack and the unbalanced degree between cell, if surpass prior set point, provides alarm and shows, prompting is in time carried out equalized maintenance to battery pack, 4) select the charging standard, trigger switch is closed, the power interface conducting in electric connector, and the charging beginning, in the time of the trigger switch closure, the electric quantity metering unit begins metering, 5) in charging process, show in real time charging accumulative total electric weight, and show in real time state caution in charging, when 6) finishing, display unit provides the recharged card remaining sum, and carries out reaching between battery pack the equilibrium judgement between cell, provides unbalanced degree state information.
2. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the unbalanced degree that reaches between cell between described battery pack refers to: 1) the unbalanced degree of voltage, 2) the unbalanced degree of capacity, 3) thermal unbalance degree and 4) the unbalanced degree of internal resistance.
3. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, the self check positioning indicator of described charging pile is divided into red, green, yellow three kinds of indications, representative respectively " device free can be used ", " in the equipment charge use ", " equipment fault " three kinds of states.
4. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, described charging standard is divided into trickle charge, fills two kinds of standards soon.
5. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, described charging standard is divided into trickle charge, fills two kinds of standards soon.
6. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, three kinds of definite done states are arranged: be full of that end, arrearage finish, outage finishes, wherein, pull out and pull out card in electric connector or charging process and all belong to outage and finish.
7. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, three kinds of definite done states are arranged: be full of that end, arrearage finish, outage finishes, wherein, pull out and pull out card in electric connector or charging process and all belong to outage and finish.
8. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, three kinds of definite done states are arranged: be full of that end, arrearage finish, outage finishes, wherein, pull out and pull out card in electric connector or charging process and all belong to outage and finish.
9. the charging pile charging method that charging service is provided to electric automobile as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, three kinds of definite done states are arranged: be full of that end, arrearage finish, outage finishes, wherein, pull out and pull out card in electric connector or charging process and all belong to outage and finish.
CN2010100010289A 2010-01-19 2010-01-19 Charging method of charging pile for supplying charging service to electromobile Expired - Fee Related CN102035053B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN105048560A (en) * 2015-08-09 2015-11-11 安徽普为智能科技有限责任公司 Charging method for electric vehicle charging pile

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CN102759683B (en) * 2012-07-05 2014-01-01 中国电力科学研究院 Device and method for testing contact order of battery charging and replacing connection device of electric vehicle
CN103066668B (en) * 2013-01-28 2015-09-09 上海普天能源科技有限公司 A kind of method that electric battery electrifier cabinet charges to multiple battery simultaneously
CN103296324B (en) * 2013-06-03 2015-05-20 清华大学 Vehicle power battery pack charging method
CN104252743A (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-12-31 比亚迪股份有限公司 Charge charging method and device
CN104282088B (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-11-02 芜湖恒天易开软件科技股份有限公司 A kind of electric automobile lease management system based on charging pile and management of leasing method thereof
CN104597789B (en) * 2014-12-19 2017-07-28 深圳市科陆电子科技股份有限公司 A kind of self-checking unit of charging pile, system and method
CN104700501B (en) * 2014-12-24 2018-04-06 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 A kind of charging system and its method
CN105044418A (en) * 2015-08-09 2015-11-11 安徽普为智能科技有限责任公司 DC charging pile charging metering method
CN105048563A (en) * 2015-08-09 2015-11-11 安徽普为智能科技有限责任公司 Charging locating method of alternating current charging post
CN105098909A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-25 安徽普为智能科技有限责任公司 Control method for AC charging pile
CN107681706B (en) * 2016-08-01 2019-11-12 宁波三星智能电气有限公司 A kind of direct-current charging post
CN106781043A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 国网北京市电力公司 The electricity-selling system and method for electric automobile
CN108263232B (en) * 2018-01-22 2020-11-20 无锡十一产业投资有限公司 Charging decision method and device and charging system
CN110027424A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-07-19 苏州奇才电子科技股份有限公司 A kind of electric automobile charging pile and its charging method
CN112356728B (en) * 2020-10-19 2022-05-06 开迈斯新能源科技有限公司 Power balance and power module energy efficiency optimization control method for direct current charging pile
KR20220060707A (en) * 2020-11-05 2022-05-12 현대자동차주식회사 Vehicle and control method thereof
CN115622177B (en) * 2022-09-30 2023-10-27 荣耀终端有限公司 Charging method, mobile terminal and storage medium

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