CN101968646A - Intelligent cluster control system and control method thereof - Google Patents

Intelligent cluster control system and control method thereof Download PDF

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CN101968646A
CN101968646A CN 201010283672 CN201010283672A CN101968646A CN 101968646 A CN101968646 A CN 101968646A CN 201010283672 CN201010283672 CN 201010283672 CN 201010283672 A CN201010283672 A CN 201010283672A CN 101968646 A CN101968646 A CN 101968646A
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intelligent
control
cluster
framework
system
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CN 201010283672
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王彤
瞿磊
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苏州盖娅智能科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent cluster control system and a control method thereof. A cluster topology structure is formed by jointing more than two intelligent units of equivalent status, wherein each intelligent unit at least comprises one framework controller provided with unique addressing number, and software for a cluster framework is loaded in the framework controller; and in a certain communication time interval, the intelligent unit is directly connected with one or more than two other intelligent units in the cluster control system through the communication among respective framework controllers to perform point-to-point communication including addressing, querying and data exchange. The intelligent cluster control system and the control method thereof have extremely high expansion capability, can conduct very complicated functions through the cluster framework under the condition that the processing capability of a single intelligent unit is relatively low, can be widely applied to various systems with more control points or monitoring points and realizes an application framework environment which is flexibly structured and has expandable functions.

Description

一种智能集群控制系统及其控制方法 An intelligent cluster control system and control method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种智能集群控制系统及其控制方法,该技术方案可以广泛应用于各种存在较多控制或监测点的系统中,也可以于山林监测、军事、安防等通讯领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to an intelligent control system and a control method for a cluster, this solution can be widely used in various systems there are more control or monitoring point, the communications may be monitored, military, security, and so in the mountains.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 控制系统的应用已经非常广泛,小到家用电器、计算机、各种商业和工业设备及系统。 [0002] Application Control system has been very extensive, small household appliances, computers, a variety of commercial and industrial equipment and systems. 这些系统内部的控制,都是由各个部件组合完成得的,在这些部件中有些是智能的CPU, 有些仅仅是一些逻辑电路,这些部件通过各种各样的控制网络联系并工作。 These internal control systems are done by a combination of the various components is obtained, some of these components in the intelligent a CPU, a logic circuit and some are only some of these components and working contact through various control network.

[0003] 而大型系统,例如大型景观系统、地震监测网络、交通监控网络等的架构也与上述小系统类似,由众多不同的单机或子系统通过控制或通讯网络组成,不同的仅仅是距离更远、单机更复杂。 [0003] The large-scale systems, such as large-scale landscape architecture system, seismic monitoring network traffic monitoring network is also similar to the above-mentioned small systems from many different stand-alone subsystems or control or by a network of communication, different from just more far more complex single.

[0004] 另外,还有一些系统,完全由一台主机控制众多的非智能功能单元来组成,例如一些灯光控制系统等。 [0004] Further, there are some systems, a large number of non-intelligent full control by the functional unit to compose a host, such as some lighting control systems.

[0005] 而上述绝大部分系统的控制结构或网络都具有主从的关系,基本上都是树状网络,由一个主机进行管理。 [0005] and the above-described control structure, or most of the network system having a master-slave relationship, basically a tree network, managed by a host. 树状网络在大多数情况下易于控制和管理,但是由于树状网络中的每一个节点都具有固定的位置,在网络中的地位是固定的,每一个节点都有固定的通讯协议和软件以支持其固定的功能,在某些应用中缺乏灵活性,增加了软件及通讯协议的复杂性,并且不容易升级和扩展。 Tree network, in most cases easy to control and manage, but due to the tree each node in the network has a fixed position, position in the network is fixed, each node has a fixed protocol and software support its fixed function, lack of flexibility in some applications, increasing the complexity of software and communications protocols, and is not easy to upgrade and expand.

[0006] 目前的多机网络控制技术结构基本原理如图1所示: [0006] Current multi-machine control structure of the basic principles of the network shown in Figure 1:

[0007] 其中主机作为整个树状结构的统筹管理单元,控制着两个第一级子系统(不限于图中所示的两个,可以为更多个),而其中任一第一级子系统又管理着三个相互并列的第二级子系统(也不限于图示的三个,可以为更多个),并且子系统的级别可根据应用的需要进一步延展到N级(N>3)。 [0007] wherein the host as the integrated whole tree structure management unit controls the first two sub-stages (not limited to the two shown in the drawings, may be more), and wherein any of the first sub-stage the system manages three mutually juxtaposed and a second sub-stage (not limited to the three shown, may be more), and the level of the subsystem may be further extended to the level required by the application N (N> 3 ). 在这样的架构中由于存在的管理等级的差别,其功能及扩展性在某些方面必然受到限制,特别是其扩展性上必须同时考虑系统的整体设计。 In this architecture, due to differences in management level of existence, its functionality and scalability in some respects is necessarily limited, particularly on scalability we must also consider the overall system design. 如果没有在整体设计时考虑以后的扩展,基本无法进行直接功能扩展和系统扩展,对于这种在应用中发现的问题并寻求改进的思路,与原始设计既定的主机扩展性,两者存在的矛盾是无法调和的。 If there is no future consideration in the overall design of the expansion, simply can not direct extensions and system expansion for this problem was found in the application and seek to improve the idea, given the host of the original design scalability, there is a contradiction between the two It is irreconcilable.

[0008] 另外,在树状架构系统中,由于每一个节点在系统中具有固定的位置和功能,并且大部分节点只能处理既定功能,很难在一个既定系统中实现未事先规划的功能。 [0008] Further, in the tree structure of the system, since each node has a fixed location and function in the system, and most of the processing node can only intended function is difficult to achieve without prior planning function in a given system.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 鉴于上述现有技术存在的缺陷,本发明的目的是提出一种智能集群控制系统及其控制方法,通过分布式集群控制实现架构上任意智能单元可随意接入或移出集群,并可实现各种未事先规划的功能,进而实现颇具灵活性的集群控制应用。 [0009] In view of the defects of the prior art described above, object of the present invention is to provide an intelligent control system and a control method for a cluster, any architecture implemented on a smart unit can be freely removed or clusters via distributed access control cluster, and to achieve a variety of functions without prior planning, thus achieving considerable flexibility cluster control applications.

[0010] 本发明的上述第一个目的,将通过以下技术方案得以实现: [0010] The first object of the present invention, will be achieved by the following technical solution:

[0011] 一种智能集群控制系统,由两个以上单机或子系统通过通讯网络组成,其特征是:所述集群控制系统为由两个以上同等地位的智能单元相接而成的集群拓扑结构,其中所述每个智能单元至少包含一个分配有唯一寻址编号的架构控制器,且与一个或两个以上其它智能单元通过各自架构控制器间的通讯直接相连 [0011] An intelligent control system for the cluster, or by two or more single communication network of subsystems, wherein: said intelligent units a control system consisting of two or more clusters of equal status cluster topology obtained by contacting wherein each intelligent unit including at least one address number assigned a unique controller architecture, and communication between each directly connected to a controller architecture of two or more other through the smart unit

[0012] 进一步地,前述的一种智能集群控制系统,从种类划分,其中该智能单元包括单机形式的单控式或双控式智能单元,及多控制器集成的子系统,各种智能单元混合接入集群控制系统。 [0012] Further, the cluster of an intelligent control system, the kind of division, wherein the smart unit comprises a single control in the form of single or double intelligent control unit, and a multi-controller integrated subsystem, various smart unit cluster hybrid access control system.

[0013] 更进一步地,该单控式智能单元包括一兼具通讯架构集群和执行功能的集成化控制器,以及与该集成化控制器分别相连的通讯模块、功能执行模块、电源、驱动电路、传感器及保护电路; [0013] Still further, the single control unit comprises an intelligent communications cluster architecture and both perform the functions of integrated controllers, and controllers are integrated with the communication module is connected, the function execution modules, power supply, drive circuit , the sensor and the protection circuit;

[0014] 而该双控式智能单元和多控制器集成的子系统均包含有专用于通讯架构集群的架构控制器、电源、驱动电路、传感器及保护电路,且双控式智能单元与子系统分别具有一个和多个专用于执行功能的功能控制器。 [0014] and the dual control unit and a plurality of intelligent controller integrated subsystems are in communication with dedicated cluster architecture framework controller, power supply, drive circuit, the sensor and the protection circuit, and the dual control unit intelligent subsystem and each having a plurality of functions dedicated to performing functions of the controller.

[0015] 进一步地,前述的一种智能集群控制系统,其中该集群拓扑结构为由相同多边形拓扑构成的二维或三维规则结构,或由不同多边形拓扑构成的二维或三维非规则结构中的任意一种,其中所述集群拓扑结构的各节点上连设有智能单元或呈闲置状。 [0015] Further, the cluster of an intelligent control system, wherein the cluster topology by two or three dimensional ordered structure composed of the same polygon topology, two or three dimensional structures or irregular polygon composed of different topologies any one in which the topology of the cluster nodes connected with the smart unit or in idle state.

[0016] 本发明的上述第二个目的,其实现的技术解决方案是: [0016] The second object of the present invention, technical solutions which are implemented:

[0017] 一种智能集群控制方法,按上述集群控制系统构建,其特征为:所 [0017] A method for controlling intelligent cluster, the cluster control system constructed as described above, wherein: the

[0018] 进一步地,前述的集群控制系统中任一智能单元与其周边的其它智能单元的点对点通讯采用自动排列方式进行,其流程步骤包括: [0018] Further, other intelligent point communication units in the cluster control unit can Renyi Zhi its periphery for automatic arrangement, the process comprising the step of:

[0019] I、所述任一智能单元任意选择一个具独有性寻址编号的相邻智能单元通讯相连, 关闭请求应答中断,并向该相邻智能单元发送通讯请求; [0019] I, the unit can be arbitrarily selected Renyi Zhi connected with unique addressing of a number of neighboring smart unit communication, acknowledge the interrupt off request, and the smart unit transmits neighbor communication request;

[0020] II、如相邻智能单元响应并请求通讯,便于两者间进行数据交换,并标识该相邻智能单元完成; [0020] II, as a response, and the smart unit adjacent communication request, to facilitate data exchange between the two, and identifies the neighboring smart unit is completed;

[0021] III、判断所述任一智能单元的所有相邻智能单元的通讯完成情况,在尚有未完成的相邻智能单元,或向相邻智能单元发送通讯请求无响应时,便打开请求应答中断,搜索并建立起与另一个具独有性寻址编号的相邻智能单元的通讯连接; When all the neighboring smart communication unit [0021] III, determines the completion unit can Renyi Zhi, neighboring smart unit still incomplete, or no response to the communication unit sends the smart neighbor, then the open request interrupt response, search and establish a connection and communication with other intelligent units adjacent exclusivity addressing numbered;

[0022] IV、在所有相邻智能单元标识完成后,该任一智能单元处理数据并执行或传送至功能控制器或集成化控制器中。 [0022] IV, after completion of all neighboring smart unit identification, the data processing unit and Renyi Zhi can perform functions or transmitted to the controller or integral controller.

[0023] 进一步地,前述步骤III中判断所有相邻智能单元通讯完成的方法至少包括:预设集群架构的软件中判断相邻智能单元响应的重试次数及判定时间上限;在智能单元的硬件连接线路上设置弱上拉电或弱下拉电路;以及直接响应应答“忙”的高电平信号或低电平信号; [0023] Further, the method step III is determined for all neighboring smart unit comprises at least a communication completion: preset cluster architecture software determined neighboring smart unit in response to the number of retries and the determination time limit; intelligent hardware unit is provided on the connecting line or weak weak pull-down circuit; and a direct response acknowledgment "busy" signal or a low level signal;

[0024] 进一步地,前述的一种智能集群控制方法,其中每个智能单元以与相邻智能单元的一阶路由通讯为基础,以与一定距离跨接且指定寻址编号路由的智能单元的多阶路由通讯实现集群通讯或全集群广播。 [0024] Further, the above-described method of controlling an intelligent clusters, wherein each first order smart unit adjacent communication route based smart unit, a distance with the jumper routing and addressing of the number of smart unit multi-level routing to achieve communication or cluster-cluster communication broadcasting.

[0025] 此外,上述所有的智能集群控制方法,其中各各智能单元间的点对点通讯方式至少包括红外通讯、RS232、RS485、TTL、SPI、network及无线通讯。 [0025] Further, all of the above intelligent cluster control method, wherein the point of communication between the smart unit comprises at least Calvary infrared communication, RS232, RS485, TTL, SPI, network and wireless communication.

[0026] 本发明一种智能集群控制系统及其控制方法的应用实施,其突出效果为: [0026] Application control system and control method embodiment of the present invention is an intelligent cluster protruding effect:

[0027] 本发明模拟了现实社会群体关系机制,具有极强的扩充能力,同时,由智能单元组成的集群控制系统,可以在单个智能单元处理能力较低的情况下通过集群架构实现非常复杂的功能,可广泛应用于各种存在较多控制点或监测点的系统之中,实现了一种灵活架构、 功能可扩的应用架构环境。 Analog invention [0027] The present reality of social relations mechanism groups, with a strong expansion of capacity, at the same time, the intelligent control system consists of a cluster units can be achieved by clustering architecture at lower processing power of a single intelligent unit is very complex function, can be widely used in various systems exist in the control points or more monitoring points, to achieve a flexible architecture that can expand functionality of the application architecture environment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0028] 图1现有技术树状架构的系统控制结构示意图; [0028] FIG. 1 prior art tree architecture structure diagram of a control system;

[0029] 图2a是本发明智能单元一实施例的电学结构框图; [0030] 图2b是本发明智能单元另一实施例的电学结构框图; [0029] FIG 2a is a block diagram of the present invention, a smart unit electrically embodiment; [0030] FIG 2b is a block diagram showing an electrical configuration example of another embodiment of the present invention the smart unit;

[0031] 图3a是本发明分布式集群规则架构一实施例的拓扑结构示意图; [0031] FIG 3a is a diagram showing an example of a distributed topology architecture of the present invention, a clustering rules embodiment;

[0032] 图3b是本发明分布式集群规则架构另一实施例的拓扑结构示意图; [0032] FIG. 3b is a diagram showing an example of a distributed topology cluster architecture of the present invention, another embodiment of the rule;

[0033] 图3c是本发明分布式集群规则架构又一实施例的拓扑结构示意图; [0033] Figure 3c is a schematic view of an example of a distributed topology cluster architecture of the present invention, a further embodiment of the rule;

[0034] 图3d是本发明分布式集群规则架构再一实施例的拓扑结构示意图; [0034] Figure 3d is a distributed architecture of the present invention further clustering rules a schematic view of an embodiment of the topology;

[0035] 图4是本发明分布式集群非规则架构实施例的拓扑结构示意图; [0035] FIG. 4 of the present invention is a distributed cluster of irregular topology architecture diagram according to an embodiment;

[0036] 图5是本发明任一智能单元一阶通讯实例的流程示意图。 [0036] FIG. 5 is a schematic flow diagram of an example of a communication order of the present invention can Renyi Zhi unit. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0037] 以下便结合实施例附图,对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步的详述,以使本发明技术方案更易于理解、掌握。 [0037] The following Examples will in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail, so that the technical solutions of the present invention may more readily be understood that master.

[0038] 本发明模拟了类似于社会或真实群体间的关系和相互作用机制,提出一种新型的智能集群架构。 [0038] The present invention simulates the relationship and the mechanism of interaction between social groups similar to real or propose a new type of intelligent cluster architecture. 在该架构中所有的成员在网络中具有平等的地位,甚至是完全相同的。 All members have equal status in the network in this architecture, or even identical. 所有的成员均具有不同程度的智能化,可以通过集群整体完成非常复杂的功能,只需要最基本的智能化技术,例如单片机集群,就能够实现非常复杂的功能,并具有无限的扩展能力。 All members have varying degrees of intelligence, can do very sophisticated functionality through the whole cluster, only the most basic of intelligent technology, such as single-chip clusters, will be able to achieve a very complex functions, and has unlimited scalability.

[0039] 概括地来看:区别于现有常见的树状架构的控制系统,本发明提出的一种智能集群控制系统是一种由两个以上同等地位的智能单元相接而成的集群拓扑结构,其中每个智能单元至少包含一个分配有唯一寻址编号的架构控制器,且与一个或两个以上其它智能单元通过各自架构控制器间的通讯直接相连。 [0039] In summary view: the control system different from the conventional common tree architecture, an intelligent cluster control system proposed by the present invention is a contact smart unit formed by two or more of the same status cluster topology structure, wherein each intelligent unit including at least one address number assigned a unique controller architecture, and is directly connected to one or more other intelligent units by communication between a respective one controller. 该集群控制系统中每个智能单元均含有架构控制器,且于其中装载有用于集群架构的软件;在一定通讯时段内,集群控制系统中任意智能单元与其周边的一个或二个以上其它智能单元进行包括寻址、询问及数据交换的点对点通讯;每个智能单元以与相邻智能单元的一阶路由通讯为基础,以与一定距离跨接且指定寻址编号路由的智能单元的多阶路由通讯实现集群通讯或全集群广播。 Each of the cluster control system architecture contain intelligent controller unit, and therein loaded with software for cluster architecture; communication in a certain period of time, a cluster control system according to any of the periphery of its smart unit or two more other smart unit including for addressing, point to point communication and data exchange inquiry; multi-step route to the first order of each smart unit adjacent communication route based smart unit, a distance with the jumper routing and addressing of the number of smart unit communication in cluster-cluster communication or broadcast.

[0040] 需要强调的是:各智能单元之间不存在主从关系,灵活地接入或移出集群拓扑结构的各节点。 [0040] It is emphasized that: master-slave relationship, the flexibility to access each node cluster topology removed or does not exist between the smart unit.

[0041] 上述技术方案具有进一步的优化方案,具体来看: [0041] The above technical solution has the further optimization of the specific point of view:

[0042] 物理架构 [0042] Physical Architecture

[0043] 首先该智能单元包括单机形式的单控式或双控式智能单元,及多控制器集成的子系统,各种智能单元混合接入集群控制系统。 [0043] First, the smart unit comprises a single control in the form of single or double intelligent control unit, and a multi-controller integrated subsystem, various hybrid access smart unit cluster control system. 该集群控制系统是一个智能单元连接数量上限要求很低的一个拓扑结构,只需要智能单元连接数量大于1就可以实现集群的无限扩展。 The maximum number of cluster control system is connected to an intelligent unit of a topology requires very low, only the number of connections is greater than the smart unit 1 can be achieved unlimited expansion of the cluster. 此外,每个智能单元的实际连接数将小于或等于该智能单元的最大连接数。 Furthermore, the actual number of connections for each smart unit is less than or equal to the maximum number of connections of the smart unit. 并且为了方便软件设计,单元的最大连接数一般在一个集群中是相同的。 Software design and for convenience, the maximum number of connection units are generally identical in a cluster.

[0044] 如图2a所示,该单控式智能单元包括一兼具通讯架构集群和执行功能的集成化控制器,以及与该集成化控制器分别相连的通讯模块部分、辅助部分、功能执行模块部分及其执行支持部分,其中执行支持部分包括电源、驱动电路等,而辅助部分包括传感器及保护电路等附加结构。 As shown in [0044] FIG. 2a, the intelligent control unit comprises a single integrated controller and a cluster architecture both perform communication functions, as well as the integrated portion and the communication module controllers are connected, the auxiliary section, the function execution part module and performs the support section, wherein the support portion comprises performing power driving circuit, and the auxiliary structure portion comprises additional sensors and protection circuits. [0045] 而如图2b所示,该双控式智能单元和多控制器集成的子系统与单控式智能单元的结构基本相同,均包含有专用于通讯架构集群的架构控制器、电源、驱动电路、传感器及保护电路,所不同的是:架构控制器专门负责集群架构的通讯连接,双控式智能单元与子系统的功能部分则分别由一个和多个专用的功能控制器负责实现。 [0045] and 2b, the structure of the dual control unit and a plurality of intelligent subsystems single controller integrated intelligent control unit is substantially the same, each dedicated to communications with the cluster architecture framework controller, power supply, driving circuit, the sensor and the protection circuit, except that: the controller architecture dedicated communication connection cluster architecture, functionality, part of the double control unit intelligent subsystem is responsible for and a plurality of controllers dedicated functions. 所有该些单控式、双控式或多控制器集成的智能单元通过通讯线路与其他智能单元连接,以进行控制指令及数据交换,所述双控制器或多控制器的单元都有各自的标识,架构控制器分配有编号用于在集群中寻址,而功能控制器分配有功能号,标识该单元所具有的功能和在集群中的作用。 All control the plurality of single, double or multi-controller integrated control unit via the communication line intelligence with other intelligent unit to exchange data and control command, the dual controller or controller unit has its own identification number is assigned for the controller architecture in a cluster address, and control functions are assigned to the function numbers, identify the unit has the function and role in the cluster. 该集群结构可以是由相同多边形构成的规则结构,也可以是不同多边形构成的不规则结构,所述智能单元每经过一段时间就要和周边的其他智能单元进行一次发送与接受的过程。 The cluster structure may be regular polygons made of the same structure, a different structure may also be irregular polygonal configuration, each of said intelligent units over time is necessary and other intelligent peripheral unit performs a process of sending and receiving.

[0046] 进一步地,该集群拓扑结构可以是由相同多边形拓扑构成的二维或三维规则结构,也可以是由不同多边形拓扑构成的二维或三维非规则结构,其中集群拓扑结构的各节点上连设有智能单元或呈闲置状。 [0046] Further, the cluster topology can be two or three dimensional polygons from the same topological structure composed of regular, but may be two or three dimensional irregular polygonal structure consisting of different topologies, wherein each of the nodes in the cluster topology even with the smart unit or in idle state.

[0047] 如图3a至图3d所示,本发明智能集群控制系统的规则架构可简单例举如下:图3a所示实施例为四边形矩阵排列的二维规则结构;图3b所示实施例为六边形架构而成的二维规则结构;图3c所示实施例为四边形架构而成的三维规则结构;图3d所示实施例为三边形架构而成的二维规则结构。 [0047] Figures 3a to 3d, the rules architecture intelligent cluster control system of the invention may simply include the following: FIG. 3a illustrates an embodiment of a two-dimensional regular quadrilateral arranged in a matrix configuration; FIG. 3b is shown in the embodiment two-dimensional regular hexagonal framework structure formed; FIG. 3c quadrangular framework formed by a three-dimensional regular structure of the embodiment shown; Figure 3d embodiment is a three-sided framework formed by two-dimensional regular structure. 除此以外,以特定几何图形进行有限或无限的拓扑,可见本发明的智能集群控制系统具有可观的应有范围。 In addition, limited or unlimited in a specific geometric topology, the cluster visible intelligent control system of the invention should have a considerable range.

[0048] 如图4所示,是本发明分布式智能集群控制系统的非规则架构。 [0048] As shown in FIG 4, it is irregular cluster architecture distributed intelligent control system of the present invention. 从图中所示可见: 该集群控制系统可为二维架构或三维架构,其特点是各智能单元所对应的该集群拓扑架构各节点所围成的图形包括三角形、四边形等边数不超过连接上限的图形。 Seen from the Figure: the cluster architecture of the control system may be a two-dimensional or three-dimensional structure, characterized by each of the nodes of each cluster topologies smart unit surrounded corresponding pattern includes the number of sides of a triangle, a quadrangle, which are not connected to more than graphic limit. 不难发现:该智能集群控制系统中任意节点上智能单元的消失,将不影响其它任何一个智能单元位于该集群拓扑结构中的地位与连接。 Not difficult to find: the intelligent control system cluster disappear on any node of the intelligent unit, it will not affect any other intelligent unit is located in a position connected with the cluster topology.

[0049] 控制实现方法 [0049] Control Implementation

[0050] 在一个集群架构中,每一个智能单元通过通讯线路与其他智能单元连接,以进行控制指令及数据交换。 [0050] In a cluster architecture, each intelligent unit via a communication line with other intelligent unit is connected to a control instructions and data exchange. 通讯线路可以采用多种方式,如:红外通讯,1«232、1«485、1"11、5?1、 network、无线通讯等等。每一个智能单元可以同一个其他单元也可以与二个及二个以上的其他单元直接连接。 Communication lines can be used in various ways, such as: infrared communication, 1 «232,1« 485,1 "11,5 1, network, wireless communications, etc. Each smart unit may also be the same with two other units?. and two or more other units are directly connected.

[0051] 任意一个智能单元每经过一段时间就需要和周边的其他智能单元进行一次通讯。 [0051] any of the intelligent unit after a period of time required and other intelligence units around once communications. 所有的智能单元在进行通讯的时候,不但要对每个周边智能单元进行询问或发送数据,还需要侦听其它智能单元对本单元的询问和接受其它智能单元发送来的数据。 All communications intelligence unit during the time, not only for questioning or send data to each intelligent peripheral units, also need to listen to ask other intelligent unit of the unit and to accept data from other intelligence unit sent. 由于单元的独立性,接受和发送不确定次序,利用不同单元在时间及速度上的差别进行自动排列顺序,以保证集群通讯的速度和完整性。 Due to the independence of the unit, receive and send uncertainty order, utilizing the difference in the different units of time and the speed of the order automatically to ensure the integrity and speed of the cluster communication.

[0052] 如图5所示,是本发明集群控制系统中任一智能单元通讯实例的流程示意图。 [0052] As shown in FIG 5 is a schematic flow diagram of the control system of the present invention, the cluster can Renyi Zhi unit communication instance. 其步骤简言之便是: The steps are in short is:

[0053] I、所述任一智能单元任意选择一个具独有性寻址编号的相邻智能单元通讯相连, 关闭请求应答中断,并向该相邻智能单元发送通讯请求。 [0053] I, the unit can be arbitrarily selected Renyi Zhi with unique addressing of a number of neighboring smart unit connected to the communication, acknowledge the interrupt request to close, and the neighboring smart unit transmits a communication request. 特别地,本步骤首先需要得到电源或驱动电路的支持,以使架构控制器启动运行; In particular, the first step or the need to support power drive circuit, so that the controller architecture to start running;

[0054] II、如相邻智能单元响应并请求通讯,便于两者间进行数据交换,并标识该相邻智能单元完成; [0054] II, as a response, and the smart unit adjacent communication request, to facilitate data exchange between the two, and identifies the neighboring smart unit is completed;

[0055] III、判断所述任一智能单元的所有相邻智能单元的通讯完成情况,在尚有未完成的相邻智能单元,或向相邻智能单元发送通讯请求无响应时,便打开请求应答中断,搜索并建立起与另一个具独有性寻址编号的相邻智能单元的通讯连接; When all the neighboring smart communication unit [0055] III, determines the completion unit can Renyi Zhi, neighboring smart unit still incomplete, or no response to the communication unit sends the smart neighbor, then the open request interrupt response, search and establish a connection and communication with other intelligent units adjacent exclusivity addressing numbered;

[0056] IV、在所有相邻智能单元标识完成后,该任一智能单元处理数据并执行或传送至功能控制器或集成化控制器中。 [0056] IV, after completion of all neighboring smart unit identification, the data processing unit and Renyi Zhi can perform functions or transmitted to the controller or integral controller.

[0057] 上述流程是根据控制器差异,形成自动排列顺序的一种方式,以证明在智能单元完全对等的情况下,能够实现无主机,无固定顺序的通讯,以实现集群架构中相邻单元的通讯。 [0057] The flow controller is a difference, the order is automatically formed a way to prove that in the smart unit or the like to complete the case, can be realized without a host, no fixed communication order to achieve the adjacent cluster architecture communications unit.

[0058] 上述通讯方法保证了最基本的通讯需求,使得每一个智能单元同周边相邻智能单元的一阶路由通讯。 [0058] The communication method guarantees basic communication needs, such that each intelligent peripheral units with a smart order routing communication of adjacent cells. 并由此可以扩展到多阶路由及指定路由,实现集群通讯的目标。 And thus it can be extended to multi-level routing and designated route, to achieve the target cluster communication. 通讯既可以只发生在相邻智能单元之间,也可以借由相邻智能单元扩展到指定距离的范围,也可以进行全集群广播。 Communication can take place only between both neighboring intelligence unit, can be extended by means of the intelligent unit adjacent to the range specified distance can also be cluster-broadcast.

[0059] 与应用功能结合,智能单元可以根据当前系统工作要求或根据得到的数据判断重要程度,以决定作出何种响应。 [0059] combined with the application function, the smart unit or may be determined based on the data obtained degree of importance according to the current system operating requirements, to determine how to respond. 同时,由于每一个智能单元的功能控制部分是加载在架构控制上的,因此每一个智能单元可以具有不同的功能,可以是通过各种传感器监测不同现场数据、可以是控制某些动作、也可以专门进行远程或高速通讯、甚至只是解决架构通讯。 Meanwhile, since the functions of each smart unit control section is loaded on the platform control, so that each smart unit may have different functions, may be monitored by a variety of different data field sensors, certain actions may be controlled, it may be specifically for remote or high-speed communication, even just to solve the communication architecture.

[0060] 需要说明的是:前述步骤III中判断所有相邻智能单元通讯完成的方法可多样化选择: [0060] It should be noted that: in the previous step III is determined for all adjacent cells correspond intelligent completion methods may be selected diversity:

[0061] 一者预设集群架构的软件中判断相邻智能单元响应的重试次数及判定时间上限, 在较长的时间及重试次数后,如仍无响应,则可以认为在该位置无相邻智能单元,放弃此次通讯; [0061] one predetermined cluster architecture in software smart unit determines the number of retries and the adjacent response determination time limit, after a longer period of time and retries, if still no response, it may be considered at that position without smart adjacent unit, to abandon the communication;

[0062] 二者在智能单元的硬件连接线路上设置弱上拉电或弱下拉电路,在没有相邻单元连接的时候,保持高电平或低电平,连接后由对方发送变化信号,从而判断存在相邻单元; [0062] provided both pull-down circuit or weak weak connection line on the hardware of the smart unit, when not connected to adjacent cells, remains high or low, the change in the signal transmitted by the other side is connected to determining the presence of adjacent cells;

[0063] 三者直接响应应答“忙”的高电平信号或低电平信号,每一个智能单元在与一个相邻智能单元通讯或处理不可中断的任务时,向其他相邻智能单元发送“忙”的高电平信号或低电平信号,一方面可以表示自身的存在,另一方面可以标示本单元处于忙状态。 [0063] The three direct response acknowledgment "busy" signal or a low level signal, each intelligent unit, when communication with a smart unit or adjacent non-interrupted task processing, sent to other neighboring smart unit " busy "signal or a low level signal, one may indicate the presence of its own, on the other hand can mark this unit it is busy.

[0064] 除此之外,还有其他的方式可以解决连接的问题,兹不予一一列举。 [0064] In addition, there are other ways to solve problems connected hereby shall not enumerate.

[0065] 综上可见:该本发明提出的一种智能集群控制系统及其控制方法,在由分布式集群架构控制建立并保持集群之后,功能控制将在此基础上与其他单元进行数据交换或指令手法,以完成系统功能所需要的各种功能,并借由集群架构实现集群所需完成的系统功能。 [0065] Fully visible: an intelligent control system and control method of the present invention proposed cluster, after establishing and maintaining control of the distributed cluster of cluster architecture, a function of controlling data exchange with other units or on the basis of instruction practices in order to perform various functions required for system functions, and system functions required to complete the cluster by the cluster architecture. 通过控制通讯距离、监测密度、及控制动作的程度来降低系统功耗,同时通过控制通讯距离能够提高系统信息安全的等级。 By controlling the communication distance, monitoring the density, and the degree of control actions to reduce energy consumption, and by controlling the distance of communication can improve the level of information security systems. 可以广泛应用于各种存在较多控制或监测点的系统中。 It can be widely applied to various points there are more control or monitoring system. 例如: E.g:

[0066] 应用于大型灯光效果系统,可以通过简单的算法和较低的成本实现复杂、互动性强、且无法预先精确预测的效果,并且可以适合任意规模的系统,可以组成各种形状; [0066] used in large lighting systems, can be realized by a simple algorithm complexity and low cost, highly interactive, and can not accurately predict in advance the effect of, and may be of any size suitable system, can be composed of various shapes;

[0067] 应用于地质监测可以建立无人管理、全智能化、逐步扩展、分区域分等级监控、实时响应、成本低廉的自动监测网络; [0067] used in geological monitoring can create unattended, full of intelligent, gradually expanded, sub-regional sub-level monitoring, real-time response and low cost automatic monitoring network;

[0068] 应用于农业,可以低成本的建立田间自主智能监测网络,可以根据不同的作物、土质、气候条件监控的要求,任意组合不同监测目标的标准化智能单元进行组网,并且可以根据不同安全管理等级进行报警甚至控制; [0068] used in agriculture, the field may be established autonomous intelligent monitoring network cost, according to different crops, soil, climate monitoring requirements, any combination of a standardized smart unit performs different monitoring target network, and may be different in accordance with the security alarm management level and even control;

[0069] 除上述应用外,本发明的技术方案还可以应用于山林监测、军事、安防等通讯领域。 [0069] In addition to the above applications, the technical solution of the present invention may also be applied to monitor the forest, military, security, and other communications.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种智能集群控制系统,由两个以上单机或子系统通过通讯网络组成,其特征是:所述集群控制系统为由两个以上同等地位的智能单元相接而成的集群拓扑结构,其中所述每个智能单元至少包含一个分配有唯一寻址编号的架构控制器,且与一个或两个以上其它智能单元通过各自架构控制器间的通讯直接相连。 An intelligent control system cluster, the two or more stand-alone or network of communication subsystem, wherein: the control cluster consisting of two or more systems of equal status contact smart unit formed cluster topology, wherein said each intelligent unit including at least one address number assigned a unique controller architecture, and is directly connected to one or more other intelligent units by communication between a respective one controller.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种智能集群控制系统,其特征是:从种类划分,所述智能单元包括单机形式的单控式或双控式智能单元,及多控制器集成的子系统,各种智能单元混合接入集群控制系统。 The cluster an intelligent control system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the division type, the smart unit comprises a single control in the form of single or double intelligent control unit, and a multi-controller integrated subsystem various smart unit cluster hybrid access control system.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的一种智能集群控制系统,其特征是:所述单控式智能单元包括一兼具通讯架构集群和执行功能的集成化控制器,以及与该集成化控制器分别相连的通讯模块、功能执行模块、电源、驱动电路、传感器及保护电路。 The cluster an intelligent control system according to claim 2, characterized in that: said single control unit comprises a smart communication cluster architecture and both perform the functions of integration of the controller, and the integrated controller communication modules are connected, the function execution modules, a power supply, a driving circuit, the sensor and the protection circuit.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的一种智能集群控制系统,其特征是:所述双控式智能单元和多控制器集成的子系统均包含有专用于通讯架构集群的架构控制器、电源、驱动电路、传感器及保护电路,且双控式智能单元与子系统分别具有一个和多个专用于执行功能的功能控制器。 The cluster an intelligent control system according to claim 2, wherein: said dual control unit, and a multi-controller smart integrated subsystem are dedicated to the communication architecture comprises a cluster controller architecture, power, driving circuit, the sensor and the protection circuit, and the intelligent dual control unit and a plurality of subsystems each having a specific function to perform the functions of the controller.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种智能集群控制系统,其特征是:所述集群拓扑结构为由相同多边形拓扑构成的二维或三维规则结构,或由不同多边形拓扑构成的二维或三维非规则结构中的任意一种,其中所述集群拓扑结构的各节点上连设有智能单元或呈闲置状。 The cluster an intelligent control system according to claim 1, wherein: the cluster topology rules by two or three dimensional structural topology same polygonal configuration, or two or three dimensional polygon composed of different topologies any irregular structures, wherein each node of the cluster topology connected with the smart unit or in idle state.
  6. 6. 一种智能集群控制方法,按权利要求1所述集群控制系统构建,其特征为:所述集群控制系统中每个智能单元均含有架构控制器,且于其中装载有用于集群架构的软件,并分配有集群中唯一寻址编号;在一定通讯时段内,集群控制系统中任意智能单元与其周边的一个或二个以上其它智能单元进行包括寻址、询问及数据交换的点对点通讯。 A method for controlling intelligent cluster, the cluster according to claim 1 constructed control system, wherein: each of said cluster control system architecture contain intelligent controller unit, and therein loaded with software for cluster architecture , and assigned a unique cluster number address; in a certain communication session, a cluster control system according to any of the periphery of its smart unit or two or more other intelligent units includes an address, and data inquiry point communication exchange.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的一种智能集群控制方法,其特征在于:集群控制系统中任一智能单元与其周边的其它智能单元的点对点通讯采用自动排列方式进行,其流程步骤包括:I、所述任一智能单元任意选择一个具独有性寻址编号的相邻智能单元通讯相连,关闭请求应答中断,并向该相邻智能单元发送通讯请求;II、如相邻智能单元响应并请求通讯,便于两者间进行数据交换,并标识该相邻智能单元完成;III、判断所述任一智能单元的所有相邻智能单元的通讯完成情况,在尚有未完成的相邻智能单元,或向相邻智能单元发送通讯请求无响应时,便打开请求应答中断,搜索并建立起与另一个具独有性寻址编号的相邻智能单元的通讯连接;IV、在所有相邻智能单元标识完成后,该任一智能单元处理数据并执行或传送至功能控制器或集成化控制器中。 An Intelligent The cluster control method according to claim 6, wherein: the cluster control point communication system other smart units able Renyi Zhi unit and its peripheral arrangement for the automatic, the process comprising the step of: the I, the unit can be arbitrarily selected Renyi Zhi with unique addressing of a number of neighboring smart unit connected to the communication, acknowledge the interrupt request to close, and transmits the communication request to the smart unit adjacent; II, in response to such a request and the neighboring smart unit communication, facilitate data exchange between the two, and identifies the neighboring smart completion means; intelligent communication all adjacent units III, determines the completion unit can Renyi Zhi, neighboring smart unit in still unfinished, or when a request to send an adjacent communications intelligence unit does not respond, then open the interrupt request response, search and establish a connection and communication with other intelligent units adjacent exclusivity addressing numbered; IV, in all adjacent intelligent unit after the identification is completed, the data processing unit and Renyi Zhi can perform functions or transmitted to the controller or integral controller.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的一种智能集群控制方法,其特征在于:前述步骤III中判断所有相邻智能单元通讯完成的方法至少包括:预设集群架构的软件中判断相邻智能单元响应的重试次数及判定时间上限;在智能单元的硬件连接线路上设置弱上拉电或弱下拉电路;以及直接响应应答“忙”的高电平信号或低电平信号信号。 A method of controlling intelligent cluster according to claim 7, wherein: the step III is determined for all adjacent cells smart communication method is completed at least comprises: means in response to a preset intelligent software determined cluster architecture adjacent and the number of retries determined time limit; weak pull-up or pull-down circuit is provided on a weak connection line intelligent hardware unit; and direct response to the response "busy" signal or a low level signal.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7所述的一种智能集群控制方法,其特征在于:所述每个智能单元以与相邻智能单元的一阶路由通讯为基础,以与一定距离跨接且指定寻址编号路由的智能单元的多阶路由通讯实现集群通讯或全集群广播。 A method of controlling intelligent cluster according to claim 7, wherein: the first order of each smart unit adjacent communication route based smart unit, a distance to the specified address and the jumper multi-level routing number routing communications intelligence units to achieve or cluster-cluster communication broadcasting.
  10. 10.根据权利要求7所述的一种智能集群控制方法,其特征在于:所述各智能单元间的点对点通讯方式至少包括红外通讯、RS232、RS485、TTL、SPI、network及无线通讯。 10. A method of controlling intelligent cluster according to claim 7, wherein: the point of communication between each intelligent unit including at least an infrared communication, RS232, RS485, TTL, SPI, network and wireless communication.
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