CN101968224B - Household garbage vertical burning rotary grate furnace system - Google Patents

Household garbage vertical burning rotary grate furnace system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101968224B
CN101968224B CN 201010234807 CN201010234807A CN101968224B CN 101968224 B CN101968224 B CN 101968224B CN 201010234807 CN201010234807 CN 201010234807 CN 201010234807 A CN201010234807 A CN 201010234807A CN 101968224 B CN101968224 B CN 101968224B
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China
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main body
connects
shell body
semidry method
garbage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201010234807
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101968224A (en
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陈仲伟
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陈仲伟
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Priority to CN 201010234807 priority Critical patent/CN101968224B/en
Publication of CN101968224A publication Critical patent/CN101968224A/en
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Publication of CN101968224B publication Critical patent/CN101968224B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a household garbage vertical burning rotary grate furnace system, which comprises a discharge transmission device, a bracket, a slag discharge pipe, an annular air duct, a multilayer tower grate, a burning furnace main body, a transmission upright post, a draft fan, a Roche fan, a rotary feed distribution device, a garbage feed dryer, a cam device, a feed transmission device, a fuel gas connecting hood, a feeding outer cylinder, a feeder, a feeding hopper, a fuel gas circuit pipe, a fuel gas connecting hood, a feed connecting hood and a secondary blower, wherein the bracket supports the burning furnace main body; the lower part of the burning furnace main body is provided with the multilayer tower grate; the lower part of the multilayer tower grate is connected with the slag discharge pipe; the discharge transmission device is connected with the multilayer tower grate through the transmission upright post; the top over of the burning furnace main body is provided with the rotary feed distribution device; the annular air duct is arranged on the burning furnace main body at the position where the multilayer tower grate is arranged; the garbage feed dryer is provided with the cam device and the feed transmission device; a garbage transmission pipe is connected with the rotary feed distribution device through the fuel gas connecting hood; the feeding hopper is connected with the garbage transmission pipe through the feeding outer cylinder and the feeder; the fuel gas circuit pipe is connected with the garbage transmission pipe and the connector of the feeding outer cylinder through the fuel gas connecting hood; and the fuel gas circuit pipe is connected with the gas outlet of the burning furnace main body through the secondary blower.

Description

One way of life rubbish vertical burning rotary grate furnace system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the one way of life refuse disposal installation, be specifically related to one way of life rubbish vertical burning rotary grate furnace system.
Background technology
At present, life refuse processing method is a lot of both at home and abroad, and burning is a kind of method of comparatively generally using.Most of waste incineration is all carried out in stove, and incinerator is divided into vertical and horizontal two kinds.For rubbish is fully burnt, all adopt various forms of reinforced, stir and ventilate the also adding fuel combustion supporting that has.Above-mentioned various forms of incinerator, the equipment investment that has is large, and operating cost is high, and the rubbish that has burns not saturating, and forming newly has pollution, and what have needs garbage sorting, and workload is large.At present, also there is not very good incinerator to be applicable.In addition rubbish is directly dropped in the incinerator, so that rubbish skewness in incinerator, therefore, rubbish can not fully burn; The unreasonable structure of slagging tap makes at the rubbish of burning and also works as waste residue.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for a kind of Novel household garbage processing method and device thereof are provided.
For realizing purpose of the present invention, this adopts following technical scheme:
One way of life rubbish vertical burning rotary grate furnace system, it comprises the discharging transmission device, support, residue outlet, air loop duct, the plate column castor, the incinerator main body, driving pillar stand, air inlet fan, the Luo Shi blower fan, rotary distributing device, the garbage feeding dryer, cam gear, feed driving device, flue gas connects cover, the charging urceolus, feeder, feed hopper, the flue gas loop pipe, flue gas connects cover, charging connects cover, second blower, stent support incinerator main body, the bottom of incinerator main body arranges the plate column castor, the bottom of plate column castor connects residue outlet, the discharging transmission device connects the plate column castor by driving pillar stand, on the top cover of incinerator main body rotary distributing device is installed, in the incinerator main body that plate column castor position is set air loop duct is installed, at the garbage feeding dryer cam gear and feed driving device are installed, rubbish transmission pipeline connects cover by flue gas and connects rotary distributing device, feed hopper is by the charging urceolus, feeder connects rubbish transmission pipeline, the flue gas loop pipe connects cover by flue gas and connects rubbish transmission pipeline and charging urceolus sub-interface, and the flue gas loop pipe connects the exhanst gas outlet of incinerator main body by second blower.
Inspection door on the incinerator main body.
The air channel door is set on the incinerator main body.
Rotary distributing device comprises shell body, water inlet, transmission device, gear, upper end seal groove, feeding mouth, delivery port, lower end seal groove, shell body is connected with transmission device by gear, the feeding mouth end arranged outside upper end seal groove of shell body, shell body and furnace top cover contact site arrange the lower end seal groove, and shell body arranges the discharging opening of skew back.Shell body with and furnace top cover contact jaw and feeding mouth between lateral surface cooling tube is set, the water inlet of cooling tube is arranged on shell body furnace top cover contact position, the delivery port of cooling tube is arranged on the feeding mouth place of shell body.
Also be provided with boiler, secondary combustion chamber, semidry method divider, sack cleaner, chimney, air exhauster at smoke outlet.
The semidry method divider is by support, spoiler, shell body, heat-insulation layer, inner barrel, air inlet, point for measuring temperature, top cover, atomising device, atomising head, the semidry method main body, air outlet, support bar forms, the semidry method main body is fixed on the support, semidry method main body lower end is set to inverted cone-shaped structure, spoiler is fixed in the inverted cone-shaped structure by support bar, side at inverted cone-shaped structure is installed air outlet, point for measuring temperature all is set on air outlet and the air inlet, the semidry method main body is by shell body, heat-insulation layer, the compound composition of inner barrel, sidepiece arranges air inlet in the upper end of semidry method main body, top cover in the semidry method main body arranges atomising device, and the atomising head of atomising device is installed in the semidry method main body.
Characteristics of the present invention are:
1, garbage feeding dryer rotating speed and combustion temperature in hearth control, the coupling between science control garbage feeding and combustion temperature in hearth.When ignition temperature is higher than the design temperature dryer by rated speed work, when being lower than design temperature, then slow down the rotating speed of dryer until quit work, when treating that ignition temperature rises to design temperature, dryer recovers normal operation, guarantees that speed and the burning velocity of garbage feeding worked under steady working condition all the time.
2, rotary distributing device rotating speed and burning zone relation of plane, the rubbish of science control combustion face is evenly distributed.
Because vertical rotary furnace grate furnace cloth is the bottleneck that affects ignition temperature and operating efficiency always.Now adopt the distributing device of special high temperature resistant, anticorrosive, revolution, auxiliary cooling.Distributing device causes the corresponding adjustment that burning face rubbish distributes along with the change of rotating speed, design the complete work period, be convenient to normal automatically working, reduce because the problems such as stove internal combustion fault that the cloth inequality is brought, reduce working strength, enhance productivity.
Operating efficiency when 3, utilizing furnace binding to combustion air heating hand-held high combustion.
Utilize vertical travel(l)ing grate furnace structure, what increase annular passage, limit blower fan and main air blower intersects and mixes uses, and effectively the reduction slag temperature of coming out of the stove utilizes afterheat of slags to carry out air intake is fully heated, the air themperature when raising is burnt.
Operating mode when 4, utilizing the means rational allocation hearth combustions such as electrical equipment control software.
The relations each other such as the good air exhauster of scientific allocation, air-supply are wanted, limit blower fan improve system works efficient.
5, special secondary combustion structure; guarantee the enough time of staying second-time burning special internal structure of flue gas under the condition of high temperature; mixture fully burns between oven dry flue gas and combustion product gases; under the oxygenating condition; guarantee that mixed flue gas stops more than the 2S, guarantees the thorough decomposition of harmful substance under 900 degree environment temperatures.
6, dispose the devices such as special boiler, deacidification, semidry method divider, bag-type dust, the residual heat integrative that takes full advantage of flue gas reclaims, and effectively guarantees the rejecting of each pollutant simultaneously, accomplishes the requirement of consumer waste incineration harmless treatment.
7, adopt the abnormity crushing mechanism of slagging tap, improve the inhomogeneities of slag fragmentation, the operating efficiency of Effective Raise fragmentation arranges rational control relation to science between the height of incineration firing face and the speed of slagging tap simultaneously, the continuous burning of accomplishing rubbish with slag tap unifiedly mutually, improve and burn operating efficiency.
8, Domestic garbage vertical type burning rotating furnace grate furnace system: need not add auxiliary fuel in the incineration process of domestic garbage, the heat that takes full advantage of internal system is accomplished continuously, high temperature, smooth combustion, and waste heat, slag etc. is utilized effectively; Various pollutants are lower than relevant standard after treatment, and project investment is little, operating cost is low, the stable house refuse that is fit to process domestic mixing of equipment, and separate unit burning disposal scale is at the 50-200 ton per day.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is rotary distributing device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is semidry method divider structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage are further described with reference to accompanying drawing in connection with embodiment.To help to understand the present invention by embodiment, but not limit content of the present invention.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from content disclosed by the invention all should be thought protection scope of the present invention.
One way of life rubbish vertical burning rotary grate furnace system, it comprises discharging transmission device 1, support 2, residue outlet 3, air loop duct 4, plate column castor 5, incinerator main body 6, driving pillar stand 7, air inlet fan 8, Luo Shi blower fan 9, rotary distributing device 12, garbage feeding dryer 21, cam gear 13, feed driving device 15, flue gas connects cover 16, charging urceolus 17, feeder 18, feed hopper 19, flue gas loop pipe 20, charging connects cover 22, second blower 23, support 2 supports incinerator main body 6, the bottom of incinerator main body 6 arranges plate column castor 5, the bottom of plate column castor 5 connects residue outlet 3, discharging transmission device 1 connects plate column castor 5 by driving pillar stand 7, rotary distributing device 12 is installed on the top cover of incinerator main body 6, in the incinerator main body 6 that plate column castor 5 positions are set air loop duct 4 is installed, at garbage feeding dryer 21 cam gear 13 and feed driving device 15 are installed, rubbish transmission pipeline connects cover 16 by flue gas and connects rotary distributing device 12, feed hopper 19 is by charging urceolus 17, feeder 18 connects rubbish transmission pipeline, flue gas loop pipe 20 connects cover 16 by flue gas and connects rubbish transmission pipeline and charging urceolus 17 interfaces, and flue gas loop pipe 20 connects the exhanst gas outlet of incinerator main body 6 by second blower 23.Installation check door 11 on incinerator main body 6.Air channel door 10 is set on the incinerator main body 6.Also be provided with boiler 24, secondary combustion chamber 25, semidry method divider 26, sack cleaner 27, chimney 28, air exhauster 29 at smoke outlet.
Rotary distributing device comprises shell body 31, water inlet 32, transmission device 33, gear 34, upper end seal groove 35, feeding mouth 36, delivery port 37, lower end seal groove 38, shell body 31 is connected with transmission device 33 by gear 34, the feeding mouth 36 end arranged outside upper end seal groove 35 of shell body 31, shell body 31 arranges lower end seal groove 38 with furnace top cover 39 contact sites, and shell body 31 arranges the discharging opening of skew back.Shell body 31 arranges cooling tube with the lateral surface of furnace top cover 39 contact jaws and feeding mouth 36, and the water inlet 32 of cooling tube is arranged on shell body furnace top cover contact position, and the delivery port 37 of cooling tube is arranged on feeding mouth 36 outsides of shell body 31.
The semidry method divider is by support 40, spoiler 41, shell body 42, heat-insulation layer 43, inner barrel 44, air inlet 45, point for measuring temperature 46, top cover 47, atomising device 48, atomising head 49, semidry method main body 50, air outlet 51, support bar 52 forms, semidry method main body 50 is fixed on the support 40, semidry method main body 50 lower ends are set to inverted cone-shaped structure, spoiler 41 is fixed in the inverted cone-shaped structure by support bar 52, side at inverted cone-shaped structure is installed air outlet 51, air outlet 51 and air inlet 45 arrange point for measuring temperature 46 on all, semidry method main body 50 is by shell body 42, heat-insulation layer 43, inner barrel 44 compound compositions, sidepiece arranges air inlet 45 in the upper end of semidry method main body 50, top cover 47 in semidry method main body 50 arranges atomising device 48, and the atomising head 49 of atomising device 48 is installed in the semidry method main body 50.

Claims (5)

1. one way of life rubbish vertical burning rotary grate furnace system, it is characterized in that: comprise the discharging transmission device, support, residue outlet, air loop duct, the plate column castor, the incinerator main body, driving pillar stand, air inlet fan, the Luo Shi blower fan, rotary distributing device, the garbage feeding dryer, cam gear, feed driving device, flue gas connects cover, the charging urceolus, feeder, feed hopper, the flue gas loop pipe, charging connects cover, second blower, stent support incinerator main body, the bottom of incinerator main body arranges the plate column castor, the bottom of plate column castor connects residue outlet, the discharging transmission device connects the plate column castor by driving pillar stand, on the top cover of incinerator main body rotary distributing device is installed, in the incinerator main body that plate column castor position is set air loop duct is installed, at the garbage feeding dryer cam gear and feed driving device are installed, rubbish transmission pipeline connects cover by flue gas and connects rotary distributing device, feed hopper is by the charging urceolus, feeder connects rubbish transmission pipeline, the flue gas loop pipe connects cover by flue gas and connects rubbish transmission pipeline and charging urceolus interface, and the flue gas loop pipe connects the exhanst gas outlet of incinerator main body by second blower; Rotary distributing device comprises shell body, water inlet, transmission device, gear, upper end seal groove, feeding mouth, delivery port, lower end seal groove, shell body is connected with transmission device by gear, the feeding mouth end arranged outside upper end seal groove of shell body, shell body and furnace top cover contact site arrange the lower end seal groove, and shell body arranges the discharging opening of skew back; Shell body with and furnace top cover contact jaw and feeding mouth between lateral surface cooling tube is set, the water inlet of cooling tube is arranged on shell body and furnace top cover contact position, the delivery port of cooling tube is arranged on the feeding mouth place of shell body.
2. Domestic garbage vertical type burning rotating furnace grate furnace system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: in the incinerator main body inspection door is set.
3. Domestic garbage vertical type burning rotating furnace grate furnace system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the air channel door is set on the incinerator main body.
4. Domestic garbage vertical type burning rotating furnace grate furnace system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with boiler, secondary combustion chamber, semidry method divider, sack cleaner, chimney, air exhauster at smoke outlet.
5. Domestic garbage vertical type burning rotating furnace grate furnace system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the semidry method divider is by support, spoiler, shell body, heat-insulation layer, inner barrel, air inlet, point for measuring temperature, top cover, atomising device, atomising head, the semidry method main body, air outlet, support bar forms, the semidry method main body is fixed on the support, semidry method main body lower end is set to inverted cone-shaped structure, spoiler is fixed in the inverted cone-shaped structure by support bar, side at inverted cone-shaped structure is installed air outlet, point for measuring temperature is set on the air outlet, the semidry method main body is by shell body, heat-insulation layer, the compound composition of inner barrel, sidepiece arranges air inlet in the upper end of semidry method main body, top cover in the semidry method main body arranges atomising device, and the atomising head of atomising device is installed in the semidry method main body.
CN 201010234807 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Household garbage vertical burning rotary grate furnace system Expired - Fee Related CN101968224B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010234807 CN101968224B (en) 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Household garbage vertical burning rotary grate furnace system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010234807 CN101968224B (en) 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Household garbage vertical burning rotary grate furnace system

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CN101968224A CN101968224A (en) 2011-02-09
CN101968224B true CN101968224B (en) 2013-01-30

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102261661B (en) * 2011-06-22 2013-03-20 宜昌市九天环保科技有限公司 House refuse incineration gasifier
CN104359111B (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-09-14 合肥工业大学 One way of life drying garbage incinerator
CN106541513B (en) * 2016-11-22 2019-02-22 东莞阿莫斯特环保科技有限公司 A kind of material sorting dust pelletizing system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3886873A (en) * 1972-06-15 1975-06-03 Motala Verkstad Ab Method in the destruction of waste by gasification and combustion
CN2404885Y (en) * 1999-12-17 2000-11-08 李志旭 Ambient pressure and fixed bed gas generator
CN2926833Y (en) * 2006-07-06 2007-07-25 上海金州环境工程有限公司 System and apparatus for firing medical refuse
CN201281347Y (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-07-29 上海开能新技术工程有限公司 Large-capacity prepositive rotating grate furnace refuse burning and generating set

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3886873A (en) * 1972-06-15 1975-06-03 Motala Verkstad Ab Method in the destruction of waste by gasification and combustion
CN2404885Y (en) * 1999-12-17 2000-11-08 李志旭 Ambient pressure and fixed bed gas generator
CN2926833Y (en) * 2006-07-06 2007-07-25 上海金州环境工程有限公司 System and apparatus for firing medical refuse
CN201281347Y (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-07-29 上海开能新技术工程有限公司 Large-capacity prepositive rotating grate furnace refuse burning and generating set

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C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 311835, Zhejiang province Zhuji City Town Industrial Zone Wei Wei Auto Parts Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Chen Zhongwei

Address before: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang province 310014 Chao Wang Road No. 45, Ho Jun 506

Patentee before: Chen Zhongwei

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130130

Termination date: 20150722

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model