CN101954895A - Intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles - Google Patents

Intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101954895A
CN101954895A CN2009100125580A CN200910012558A CN101954895A CN 101954895 A CN101954895 A CN 101954895A CN 2009100125580 A CN2009100125580 A CN 2009100125580A CN 200910012558 A CN200910012558 A CN 200910012558A CN 101954895 A CN101954895 A CN 101954895A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
self
vehicle
propelled vehicle
lifting mechanism
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Pending
Application number
CN2009100125580A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鄂志阳
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鄂志阳
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Application filed by 鄂志阳 filed Critical 鄂志阳
Priority to CN2009100125580A priority Critical patent/CN101954895A/en
Publication of CN101954895A publication Critical patent/CN101954895A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles, comprising a ranging detecting instrument, an acousto-optic alarm system, a wheel masking device, a shovel pushing device, an automatic lifting device and an intelligent switch control circuit. The ranging detecting instrument comprises probes and a receiving and transmitting controller, and the probes are arranged on the front and the rear ends of a vehicle body. The intelligent escaping device is characterized in that the wheel masking device comprises two wheel masking blocks, a lifting mechanism and a locking mechanism, the two wheel masking blocks are respectively hung on two sides of a vehicle frame in front of rear wheels, and can be lifted and descent through the lifting mechanism and respectively locked by means of controlling the locking mechanism via the intelligent switch control circuit, the heights and lengths of the two wheel masking blocks are larger than the radius of the rear wheels, and the pressure borne by the two wheel masking blocks is not lower than 5 times the self-weight of the vehicle. The invention can detect a danger situation about to happen under the conditions of any weather, any vehicle speed and any pavement state and timely alert s driver to take measures to stop the vehicle so as to prevent accidents; meanwhile, the device has the functions of burglary prevention and robbery prevention.

Description

Self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of self-propelled vehicle safety device, particularly relate to a kind of can snap catch, and have the self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from of anti-theft feature.
(2) background technology
Along with the development of society, various self-propelled vehiclees are more and more, and crowded traffic is more and more serious, and following traffic accident is also more and more.The thing of car crash is of common occurrence.According to statistics, people's casualties is all arranged at present in the world all the time in motor vehicle accident, 2008, only 265204 of vehicle accidents just took place in China, caused 73484 people's death, 304919 people injured, 10.1 hundred million yuan of direct property loss.Just there is people's casualties average each minute in motor vehicle accident.In recent years, no matter be domestic or external, brake of motor-driven vehicle is all adopted a lot of measures, but still had following deficiency and shortcoming.
1, owing to is subjected to the effect of force of inertia, when self-propelled vehicle surpasses 50 kilometers/hour speed, just be difficult in 10 meters car is stopped, speed car especially is when surpassing 100 kilometers/hour speed, best in the world brake, its braking distance also will surpass 40 meters, and speed per hour is when being 140 kilometers, and braking distance is 130 meters, for this reason, have an accident unavoidably.
2, when ice and snow road, foggy weather or abrupt slope and during emergency brake through regular meeting break away, advancing slip, knock into the back and weigh down accidents such as car.
Although 3 some high-grade cars have been taked a lot of measures to its braking, as: strengthen brake disc, improve brake caliper pressure, the ABS system (antiblock device) that has ESD even ESP (electronic stability program) etc. are installed.But accident still takes place repeatedly.
4, install safety strap additional on automobile, a warning of reversing sounding and a part install air bag or the like additional, also only can reduce the loss of colliding passively, also do not have other crashproof measure at present.Along with expanding economy, express highway increases gradually, and communications and transportation is more and more busier, and anticollision of motor vehicles has been a very problem of significant.
5, self-propelled vehicle is stolen, quilt is plundered happens occasionally, and how antitheft, the anti-robbery also do not have effective measures at present.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from, this device can detect the unsafe condition that will take place under any weather, any speed of a motor vehicle, any pavement state, and in time remind the driver to take measures, car is stopped, the accident that prevents takes place, simultaneously, this device also has antitheft, the anti-function of plundering.
Prevent that motor vehicle accident from being a very problem of significant.The leaders at different levels of country particularly traffic management system pay much attention to, and formulate fairly perfect traffic law.Yet traffic accident is still of common occurrence.Its basic reason is not conduct of supvr, neither braking effect bad, but engineering staff are still sticking to the established practice, just on the raising braking effect, work hard, such as: strengthen brake disc, abs (anti-lock) and electric stabilizing system (the anti-sideslip) or the like are installed, even safety strap is installed, air bag also only can passively be reduced the loss.The basic reason of self-propelled vehicle accident is not that the bad but inertia force of motor vehicles power of braking effect causes.Vehicle wheels is round, kiss the earth less than 0.1 sq m, and no matter braking effect is how well, all is not enough to overcome inertia force of motor vehicles power.This patent is broken the normal procedure, and ultrasonic and safety are covered dead device and combined, and wheel adds big wheel and ground-surface area of contact increases friction force (more than 5 times) by covering, and we can say by ground-surface strength and eliminates force of inertia." sage go when borrowing power " this patent " the intelligence car stops when the power of borrowing " makes self-propelled vehicle reach crashproof, anti-to roll, anti-skiddingly, anti-knock into the back, anti-fall car, antitheft, anti-robbery purpose.
The technical scheme that adopts is:
Self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from comprises; The range finding detection instrument, acoustooptic alarm system, cover wheel apparatus, shoveling device, apparatus for automatically lifting and intelligent switch control circuit.The range finding detection instrument comprises; Probe and reception controller, receptor is arranged on the car body, probe is arranged on the front and back end of car body, its technical essential is the described wheel apparatus of covering, comprise two of coaxial bonded assemblys cover the wheel piece, lifting mechanism and catch gear, cover the wheel piece for two and hang vehicle frame both sides respectively, and can give lifting, cover the wheel piece for two and locked by the catch gear of ON-OFF control circuit control by lifting mechanism in the trailing wheel front upper place.Two radiuses of covering the height and length of wheel piece greater than trailing wheel.Its pressure that bears must not be lower than 5 times of this car deadweight.
The front portion in above-mentioned car front-wheel the place ahead is provided with the shoveling of band hold-down arm, in the shoveling its hold-down arm after terminate on the wheel shaft of front-wheel, and can be locked by the catch gear of ON-OFF control circuit control.Shoveling can give lifting by lifting mechanism.
Above-mentioned two aft end faces of covering the wheel piece are concave surface, and this concave surface wheel face shape lucky and trailing wheel adapts.
Above-mentioned lifting mechanism is steel wire rope winch structure or hydraulic pressure, pneumatic, lever or slideway mechanism.
Above-mentioned catch gear is the jig that is driven by electromagnetic valve.
The above-mentioned wheel piece of covering can be non-metal piece or derby, is preferably rubber and metal combination.
Above-mentioned range finding detection instrument is ultrasonic range finder or microwave radar apomecometer, laser rangefinder.
The present invention compared with prior art, a kind of wheel apparatus of covering that can cover dead wheel under the emergency state automatically is being installed on the self-propelled vehicle, this device can detect the unsafe condition that will take place under any weather, any speed of a motor vehicle, any pavement state, and in time reminds the driver to take measures.Simultaneously, when self-propelled vehicle during apart from 2 meters on obstacle (adjustable), back wheels of vehicle the place ahead can fall automatically and cover the wheel piece, immediately car is covered, and reaches crash-proof purpose, and can prevent that car body from gliding, breakking away, knock into the back and vehicle-falling over accident takes place.The present invention also is provided with the shoveling device in the place ahead of front vehicle wheel, and this device can fall simultaneously with covering wheel apparatus, and the shoveling obstacle reaches and keeps away the purpose of rolling, and simultaneously, even the driver operation error, this device also can in time stop car, and the accident that prevents takes place.Functions such as that the present invention has is crashproof, anti-tie, anti-skidding, anti-fall car, can prevent the accident that dense fog, wet weather, ice and snow and light are secretly weak or various situations such as reversing, sudden stop cause, simultaneously, the present invention also has antitheft and anti-robbery function, when stopping, piece falls as long as the driver will cover wheel, safety lock is locked with lift system automatically, and non-car owner can't promote and cover dead piece, and it is antitheft to reach nature, when driving meets robbery midway, the driver presses switch, covers dead piece and falls, and bont is automatically locked, the spoliator can't promote and cover dead piece, reaches anti-purpose of plundering.In addition, cost of the present invention is not high, the used car transformation can not cause economical burden to the car owner, navigating mate does not need to carry out technical training does not have influence with operation to the self-propelled vehicle original system yet, installing this when new car dispatches from the factory additional installs its cost and is no more than 2,000 yuan, therefore the present invention not only has the good social benefit, and also has considerable economic.
Principle of work:
Ultrasonic range finder of the present invention adopts piezoelectric-type ultrasonic wave producer comparatively commonly used, and probe is installed on the vehicle front bumper respectively and big frame rear before and after this producer.(ultrasonic range finder principle and super sonic are moveed backward many weeks of crashproof principle, the Therefore, omited), this hypracoustic detection distance for 0.5-70 rice according to speed of a motor vehicle automatically regulating detection range: when the speed of a motor vehicle is that detection range is a 50-70 rice more than 100 kilometers/hour the time, its output symbol is (P1), when the speed of a motor vehicle is 80 kilometers/hour 40 meters (P2), in the time of 60 kilometers/hour 30 meters (P3), in the time of 40 kilometers/hour 20 meters (P4), in the time of 20 kilometers/hour 10 meters (P5), in the time of 10 kilometers/hour 5 meters (P6), when in investigative range, obstacle being arranged during the above speed of a motor vehicle, the signal of ultrasonic range finder output makes the glittering and warning of the lamp on the instrument carrier panel, when vehicle during apart from 2 meters on obstacle, when the speed of a motor vehicle still surpasses 5 kilometers/hour, the ultrasonic range finder output signal is (P7), this signal is negative saltus step impulse singla, can trigger large power triode BG1 base stage, make the aerotron conducting, because of being connected in series electromagnetic valve in the aerotron loop, there is direct current (DC) to flow through generation in the electromagnetic valve and draws (pushing away) power, make the device that is automatically locked (3), (9) open, cover dead piece and shoveling automatic lowering, wheel is covered extremely (seeing figure two) force vehicle to stop fast.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the scheme drawing of peacetime state of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the view of the present invention when working.
Fig. 3 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is ON-OFF control circuit figure of the present invention.
(1) specific embodiment
See also Fig. 1---Fig. 4, self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from of the present invention comprises; The range finding detection instrument, acoustooptic alarm system, cover wheel apparatus, shoveling device, apparatus for automatically lifting and intelligent switch control circuit.Wherein, the probe 1 of range finding detection instrument is installed in the front and back end of car body, and controller 2 is penetrated in the front and back public socket transmitting-receiving of popping one's head in; Brake equipment, comprise that two are covered wheel piece 3, the aft end face of covering wheel piece 3 has sweptback groove, this groove wheel face shape lucky and trailing wheel 4 adapts, the height of covering wheel piece 3 is greater than the radius of trailing wheel 4, covers wheel piece 3 for two and is installed in two ends on the same axis bar 16, covers wheel piece 3 rear portions for two and hangs on the suspension bracket 7 of vehicle frame 6 both sides by steel rope 5 respectively, damping spring 8 is installed on the suspension bracket 7, can prevents to cover wheel piece 3 and steel rope 5 be fractureed when hurtling down.Two front ends of covering wheel piece 3 can be respectively steel wire rope winch structure by separately give lifting, the steel wire rope winch structure, by promoting motor 9, volume rises wheel 10, steel rope 11, promoting motor 9 is fixed on the vehicle frame 6, the side that volume rises machine 10 has gear 12, gear 12 is mutually meshing with the reducing gear 13 on promoting motor 9, volume rises wheel 10 can give lockmaking by a catch gear, catch gear is the jig 15 that electromagnetic valve 14 drives, electromagnetic valve 14 energising back actions, drive jig 15 will be rolled up liter wheel 10 and block, and volume rises to take turns on 10 steel rope 5 around the home, and the other end of steel rope 5 is fixed on covers the front portion of taking turns piece 3.Shoveling mechanism, by shoveling 18 with two hold-down arms 17, lifting motor 19, volume rise wheel 23, steel rope 20 reaches the jig 22 that is driven by electromagnetic valve 21 and constitutes, the rear end of two hold-down arms 17 in the shoveling 18 is hinged on the propons 26, lifting motor 19 is installed in the front portion of vehicle frame 6, it is mutually meshing with the reducing gear 24 on the lifting motor 19 that volume rises wheel 23, can drive jig 22 after electromagnetic valve 21 energisings and will roll up liter and take turns 23 and block.Covering wheel piece 3 around the home on volume liter wheel 23 can fall or promote simultaneously.The shoveling obstacle reaches to keep away and rolls purpose.
The intelligent switch control circuit is mainly by power supply E, reception mission controller 2, speed of a motor vehicle K switch 2, aerotron GB, resistance R, two j of slug relay 1, j 2, the rim brake K switch 4, the backpedalling brake K switch 3And fast guard's valve K 5Form.Accept the mouth of controller sound and light alarm signal and receive on the gauge panel, receive the anodal speed sensor L and the battery isolator control K of the power input of controller 2 1Power connection.Receive the negative pole connecting to neutral of controller.Receive the signal output part P of controller 7Be connected P through the base stage of resistance R with aerotron BG 1-P 6For the sound and light alarm signal output part, connect on the gauge panel.P 7Be the obstacle output signal, when vehicle (adjustable) when obstacle is 2 meters, when the speed of a motor vehicle surpasses 5 kilometers/hour, P 7Send impulse singla turn-on transistor BG.The collecting electrode of aerotron BG is connected with power supply through battery isolator control.The emitter of aerotron BG is connected with electromagnetic valve coil, and solenoid valve conduction is opened the jig 15,22 that is automatically locked, and car is covered extremely, and the accident that prevents takes place.The rim brake K switch 4, the backpedalling brake K switch 3Be connected in the electric power loop, and the rim brake K switch 4Be serially connected with current limliting R in the loop 2With the coil J of slug relay 2, the backpedalling brake K switch 3Be serially connected with resistance R in the loop 1With the J of slug relay 1Two J of slug relay 1And J 2Open contact SJ 1, SJ 2And fast guard's valve K 5Be connected between the collecting electrode and emitter of aerotron BG.
K among the figure 1Be main supply switch, when this switch was in off-state, its vehicle was the same with existing vehicle, the function of not escaping danger.
K among the figure 2Be speed of a motor vehicle switch, receive car speed sensor L order, when the speed of a motor vehicle surpasses 5 kilometers/hour, this switch SELF CL, connect ultrasonic range finder work, when the speed of a motor vehicle is lower than 5 kilometers/hour, this switch automatic cutout, ultrasonic range finder quits work, can avoid vehicle in narrow lane, to travel, obstacle is arranged during tune, close together etc. between car and car during traffic congestion, cover dead trouble, ultrasonic range finder was not worked when promptly the speed of a motor vehicle was safe from danger more slowly.
K among the figure 3For being installed in the switch on the foot brake, with the J of slug relay 1Polyphone, when depressing the foot brake pedal, this switch cuts out, and slug relay's conducting was delayed time for 3 seconds, relay contact SJ 1Adhesive, solenoid valve conduction is opened the jig 15,22 that is automatically locked, and car is covered extremely.Its effect is on ice and snow road abrupt slope or the place ahead cliff to be arranged when vehicle ', and during states such as river, ultrasonic range finder does not receive backward wave, at this moment, as long as depress brake pedal, do not lift pedal 3 seconds, car is promptly covered dead, prevents to glide, and breaks away and knocks into the back and vehicle-falling over accident.
K among the figure 4For being installed in the switch on the stopping brake lock, principle and K 3With, more than form the intelligent switch circuit.
K among the figure 5Be fast guard's valve, driver or other people press this switch when meeting extra urgent situation, car is covered extremely immediately, this switch is less than forced, must not use, when particularly the speed of a motor vehicle surpasses 100 kilometers/hour, have back axle to deviate from danger, for this reason, the back axle that the vehicle of this device for lowering persons from is installed is connected as figure one with two steel ropes 25 with vehicle frame.Certainly, for avoiding grave accident,, back axle is worth even deviating from also.

Claims (6)

1. self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from comprises; The range finding detection instrument, acoustooptic alarm system, cover wheel apparatus, shoveling device, apparatus for automatically lifting and intelligent switch control circuit.The range finding detection instrument, comprise probe and receive mission controller, probe is arranged on the front and back end of car body, it is characterized in that the described wheel apparatus of covering, comprise that two are covered wheel piece, lifting mechanism and catch gear, cover the wheel piece for two and hang vehicle frame both sides respectively, locked, and can give lifting by lifting mechanism by ON-OFF control circuit, control catch gear in trailing wheel the place ahead.
2. self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from according to claim 1, the front portion that it is characterized in that described car front-wheel the place ahead is provided with the shoveling that band supports, in the shoveling its hold-down arm after terminate on the wheel shaft of front-wheel, and can control catch gear by ON-OFF control circuit and locked.Shoveling can give lifting by lifting mechanism.
3. self-propelled vehicle according to claim 1 intelligence device for lowering persons from is characterized in that described lifting mechanism is steel wire rope winch structure or hydraulic pressure, pneumatic, lever or slideway mechanism.
4. self-propelled vehicle intelligence device for lowering persons from according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described wheel piece of covering can be non-metal piece or derby.
5. self-propelled vehicle according to claim 1 intelligence device for lowering persons from is characterized in that described range finding detection instrument is ultrasonic range finder or microwave radar apomecometer, laser rangefinder.
6. self-propelled vehicle according to claim 1 intelligence device for lowering persons from is characterized in that being provided with in the described lifting mechanism and can be in and locked when covering the death situation attitude covering the wheel piece, and the safety lock that can open after danger is removed.
CN2009100125580A 2009-07-13 2009-07-13 Intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles Pending CN101954895A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100125580A CN101954895A (en) 2009-07-13 2009-07-13 Intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100125580A CN101954895A (en) 2009-07-13 2009-07-13 Intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles

Publications (1)

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CN101954895A true CN101954895A (en) 2011-01-26

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009100125580A Pending CN101954895A (en) 2009-07-13 2009-07-13 Intelligent escaping device for motor vehicles

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104512366A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-15 鄂志阳 Intelligent danger escape device of motor vehicle
CN104591053A (en) * 2015-03-05 2015-05-06 柏跃龙 Novel travelling crane security system for moving lifting platform
CN106347325A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-01-25 烟台南山学院 Forced brake device for automobile in high-speed movement
CN106347326A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-01-25 烟台南山学院 Forced brake method for automobile in high-speed movement

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104512366A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-15 鄂志阳 Intelligent danger escape device of motor vehicle
CN104591053A (en) * 2015-03-05 2015-05-06 柏跃龙 Novel travelling crane security system for moving lifting platform
CN106347325A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-01-25 烟台南山学院 Forced brake device for automobile in high-speed movement
CN106347326A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-01-25 烟台南山学院 Forced brake method for automobile in high-speed movement
CN106347326B (en) * 2016-11-09 2019-02-19 烟台南山学院 The braking method by force of automobile in a kind of high-speed motion
CN106347325B (en) * 2016-11-09 2019-02-19 烟台南山学院 The force braking device of automobile in a kind of high-speed motion

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C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
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Application publication date: 20110126