CN101943114B - Multilayer wind power generation sail - Google Patents

Multilayer wind power generation sail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101943114B
CN101943114B CN2010102997929A CN201010299792A CN101943114B CN 101943114 B CN101943114 B CN 101943114B CN 2010102997929 A CN2010102997929 A CN 2010102997929A CN 201010299792 A CN201010299792 A CN 201010299792A CN 101943114 B CN101943114 B CN 101943114B
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sail
sprocket wheel
upper strata
blade
crossbeam
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CN101943114A (en
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喻体刚
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

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Abstract

The invention discloses a multilayer wind power generation sail which comprises a sail base frame and a sail shaft, wherein the sail shaft is connected with a plurality of vertically arranged sail blades which enables the sail shaft to rotate along the same direction; the sail base frame comprises a body transom capable of being supported on rigid ground; a supporting seat is fixedly connected above the body transom; the sail shaft is rotatably supported on the supporting seat; the lower end of the sail shaft is exposed at the lower end face of the supporting seat so as to be coaxially connected with the input end of a generator; the sail blades comprise a bottom-layer sail blade group and at least one upper-layer blade group; the bottom-layer sail blade group comprises a plurality of bottom-layer sail blades and the upper-layer sail blade group comprises a plurality of upper-layer sail blades; the bottom-layer sail blade group and the upper-layer sail blade group are arranged in a dislocation mode along the height direction; and the bottom-layer sail blades are movably supported on the rigid ground. The invention has the following beneficial effects: the wind power resources, the existing material and manufacturing process are fully utilized; and the multilayer wind power generation sail has the advantages of simple structure, high mechanical efficiency, safe use and long service life, and is suitable for megawatt-class large-scale and super-huge type wind driven generators.

Description

A kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of used for wind power generation sail of wind generating unit, particularly a kind of vertical multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail that is used for vertical wind power generation.
Background technique
Wind energy is a kind of energy of cleaning, and in the today of being becoming tight world energy sources day, wind energy receives the many concerns of People more and more.Wind wheel is the vitals of wind-driven generator, and whether the structure of wind wheel rationally is directly connected to the operational efficiency of wind-driven generator.At present; The wind wheel of the propeller type that common wind turbines rotor is made up of three or more blade; Wind wheel and generator main body constitute the generator head; It is installed on the blower fan king-post to be approximately perpendicular mode, because the wind wheel blowing area of this structure is little, the generated energy of generator receives certain restriction.Be to increase blowing area, or make the wind wheel swept surface, or improve generator performance and from the purpose of Security aspect etc. always perpendicular to prevailing wind direction; Usually through adding linear leaf; The modes such as yaw system, hydraulic system, booster engine, fin, pitch regulating mechanism, cowling that are provided with realize that these devices that mainly are positioned at the head section of generator rotation directly cause the generator head heavy, for the MW class generator; Its weight reaches thousands of tons of, and the fan blade radius reaches 70~80m.All very high to the precision and the material requirements of fan blade processing like this; Cause its cost high; Thereby directly cause the high deficiency of wind-power electricity generation valency, simultaneously, because the blade turning radius will cause wing tip speed supersonic speed to produce shock wave and vibration greatly; Not only reduced efficient, also sent very big noise and cause noise pollution; In addition, because blade is long, body of the tower is high, occurs the fault of blade broken easily, the potential safety hazard that exists blade to fly out to ruin thing, hurt sb.'s feelings.For this reason, those skilled in the art also carried out corresponding improvement, and had obtained certain effect.Chinese patent notification number: CN201443470U; Date of declaration on April 28th, 2010, invention and created name " big sail vertical rotating wind turbines rotor " discloses a kind of wind wheel of vertical rotating wind-driven generator; It is made up of a vertically disposed vertical shaft and several vertically disposed sail blades; The sail blade is distributed on the vertical shaft, and a retaining control wind shell is arranged in the outside of impeller, forms airflow channel by retaining control wind shell; Wind-force promotes blade and drives the column rotation continuously, thereby realizes the purpose of wind-power electricity generation.Though this technological scheme has solved existing wing formula wind-driven generator and has made the problem that difficulty is high, maximum generating watt is difficult to further raising; But itself is owing to be provided with retaining control wind shell, not only has complex structure, deficiency that manufacture cost is high, simultaneously; Because blade is fixedly connected with column; In the sail wind-engaging force urges in airflow channel, its sail of tossing about also can receive the part wind and column produces rightabout thrust, causes the deficiency of wind-force waste; In addition, because sail only is provided with one group at vertical direction, limited by current material and manufacture level, sail size and generated energy receive certain restriction, also can cause wind-force to be not fully utilized.For this reason, need further to improve.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is exactly the deficiency to existing technology, and a kind of sufficient wind-power electricity generation sail of wind resource utilization that is applicable to large-scale and super-huge wind-driven generator is provided.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technological scheme.
A kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail; Comprise the sail pedestal, be rotatably connected to the sail axle that is connected with generator input end coaxial line on the sail pedestal, be connected with several sail blades that several vertically are provided with on the sail axle; Several sail blades make the sail axle rotate continuously by same direction under wind successively; Said sail pedestal comprises the body transom that can be supported on the rigid ground, and the body transom upper fixed is connected with supporting base, and supporting base is provided with the through hole that is rotatably assorted with sail axle outer cylinder surface; Sail axle rotational support is on supporting base, and the supporting base lower end surface is exposed in sail axle lower end; Said sail blade comprises that one contains bottom sail vane group and at least one upper strata sail vane group that contains several upper strata sail blades of several bottom sail blades; Bottom sail vane group and upper strata sail vane group shift to install in short transverse, and bottom sail blade movable supporting is on rigid ground.
Adopt a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail of such scheme, its sail axle is rotationally connected as the input end coaxial line of pto and wind-driven generator, and himself overall weight is supported on the rigid ground through the sail pedestal.The sail blade can be made two-layer at least along short transverse; The individual layer blade can make full use of that existing manufactured materials does with technological level enough greatly; Utilize multilayer sail blade to increase the blowing area of wind-power electricity generation sail; Thereby can make full use of wind resource, be applicable to the large-scale and super-huge wind-driven generator sail of MW class.
Preferably; Said bottom sail blade lower end is provided with at least two bottom sail pillars; Bottom sail pillar distributes along bottom sail vane group width direction; Wherein two bottom sail pillars are located at bottom sail blade two ends respectively, and bottom sail pillar lower end is fixedly connected with universal caster wheel, and bottom sail blade is supported on the rigid ground by universal caster wheel.The gravity of bottom sail vane group is born by bottom sail pillar, and bottom sail vane group weight distribution is even, and bottom sail vane group distortion in use is little, reliable motion, thus guarantee bottom sail vane group long service life.
Preferably; Said sail pedestal also is provided with middle standing pillar, vertical columns, and vertical columns is fixedly connected on the body transom left end, and middle standing pillar is fixedly connected on the body transom right-hand member; The middle standing pillar left and right sides is equipped with at least two diagonal braces that are tilted to; The top of left side diagonal brace is fixedly connected with fixed supporting seat, and fixed supporting seat is provided with the via hole that cooperates with vertical columns, and fixed supporting seat is fixedly connected with vertical columns by via hole; Said supporting base is provided with at least two, and supporting base is fixedly connected on the top of two right side diagonal braces of middle standing pillar respectively; Coaxial rotation is connected with first sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel on the said vertical columns; First sprocket wheel is positioned at second sprocket wheel below; Have setpoint distance between first sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel, second sprocket wheel and first sprocket wheel difference rotational support are on the fixed supporting seat in sail pedestal left side; Be fixedly connected with the 3rd sprocket wheel on the said sail axle and be rotatably connected to the 4th sprocket wheel; The 3rd sprocket wheel is positioned at the 4th sprocket wheel below; Distance between the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel equates with distance between first sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel; The 3rd sprocket wheel is identical with the vertical height of the first chain wheelspan rigid ground; The 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel rotational support respectively are connected with the gear drive that makes the 4th sprocket wheel and sail axle reverse rotation between the 4th sprocket wheel and the sail axle on the supporting base of sail pedestal right side, the sail axle is supported on the sail pedestal through the 3rd sprocket wheel, the 4th sprocket wheel and supporting base simultaneously; Be engaged with first chain between said first sprocket wheel and the 3rd sprocket wheel, be engaged with second chain between second sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel; Be fixedly connected with bottom sail crossbeam on first chain; Be fixedly connected with upper strata sail crossbeam on second chain; Upper strata sail crossbeam and bottom sail crossbeam all stretch out in the horizontal direction, and upper strata sail crossbeam and bottom sail crossbeam are interspersed in the horizontal projection plane; Said first sprocket wheel, second sprocket wheel, the 3rd sprocket wheel are identical with the structural parameter of the 4th sprocket wheel sprocket; Said upper strata sail vane group only is provided with one deck; The area of upper strata sail vane group is less than bottom sail vane group area; The upper strata sail blade of the bottom sail blade of bottom sail vane group and upper strata sail vane group is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam and upper strata sail crossbeam far-end respectively; Bottom sail blade and upper strata sail blade are when wind-receiving face facings the wind; Its back side corresponding respectively and bottom sail crossbeam and the leading flank applying down with the wind accordingly of upper strata sail crossbeam, when the leading flank that facings the wind of bottom sail crossbeam and upper strata sail crossbeam was in the vertical plane of any same position, both leading flanks that facings the wind were in the opposite direction; Said bottom sail blade and upper strata sail blade quantity are 3 or 4.
The concrete quantity of individual layer sail blade is confirmed according to factors such as on-the-spot wind resource, on-the-spot place environment, generator power output size, manufacture costs; Function continues to guarantee to generate electricity, stable electric generation; And manufacture cost and user cost are low to be principle, and individual layer sail blade quantity is too much, and the sail blade of sail blade wind-engaging in straight line motion section the place ahead can weaken the wind-engaging effect of rear sail blade; Further raising wind resource utilization ratio is played certain restriction; And increased manufacture cost, therefore, the sail blade quantity of individual layer sail vane group is advisable with 3 or 4.The corresponding sail blade of bottom and upper strata sail vane group continues wind-engaging in the straightway motion, and its wind-engaging time is long, guarantees that further the wind resource utilization is abundant; Simultaneously, because the moving direction of bottom and upper strata sail vane group is opposite, multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail motion of the present invention is steady, stressed evenly, thereby guarantees sail safety in utilization and long service life.When bottom sail blade or upper strata sail blade evenly distribute along the length direction of first chain or second chain respectively, can further improve the power generation stabilization property of generator.
Further preferred; Said gear drive comprises the first awl fluted disc, second awl fluted disc, the pinion stand, at least two bevel planet gears, planet pin; The cup-shaped structure of pinion stand; On the bottom plane of the coaxial cup-shaped cavity volume that is fixedly connected on pinion stand of the first awl fluted disc, the first awl fluted disc and the second awl fluted disc tooth depth side in opposite directions, the first awl fluted disc and the second awl fluted disc number of teeth equate; Said planet pin is fixedly connected on the sidewall of pinion stand cup-shaped cavity volume; Planet pin is between the first awl fluted disc and the second awl fluted disc; The bevel planet gear coaxial rotation is engaged on the planet pin; Bevel planet gear meshes with the first awl fluted disc and the second awl fluted disc simultaneously, and bevel planet gear is uniformly distributed with at the pinion stand circumferencial direction; Said the 4th sprocket wheel upper end is provided with the counterbore that holds gear drive, and the pinion stand of gear drive is fixedly connected on the bottom plane of the 4th sprocket wheel counterbore; The middle part of said the 4th sprocket wheel, second awl fluted disc, pinion stand and planet pin is equipped with the perforation that is used to pass the sail axle, and the sail axle passes successively from bottom to top in perforation behind the 4th sprocket wheel bottom, pinion stand lower end, the first awl fluted disc and the planet pin that fluted disc is coaxial is fixedly connected with second awl; Said sail axle also is supported on the 4th sprocket wheel through the first awl fluted disc of gear drive.Guarantee that upper strata sail vane group and bottom sail vane group move in opposite directions, and simple in structure, low cost of manufacture.
Further preferred, the quantity of said first sprocket wheel, second sprocket wheel, the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel is two, and the sprocket phase angle correspondence of two first sprocket wheels, two second sprocket wheels, two the 3rd sprocket wheels and two the 4th sprocket wheels is identical; Said two first sprocket wheels all are positioned at two second sprocket wheel belows, and first sprocket wheel that is positioned at the top has setpoint distance with the second contiguous sprocket wheel; Two the 3rd sprocket wheels all are positioned at two the 4th sprocket wheel belows; Above the 3rd sprocket wheel and the distance between contiguous the 4th sprocket wheel; Equate with the setpoint distance of first sprocket wheel that is positioned at the top with second sprocket wheel of vicinity; Be provided with equal spacing between two first sprocket wheels and between two the 3rd sprocket wheels, be provided with equal spacing between two second sprocket wheels and between two the 4th sprocket wheels; First sprocket wheel that is positioned at the below equates that with the perpendicular distance of the 3rd chain wheelspan rigid ground that is positioned at the below second sprocket wheel that is positioned at the below equates with the perpendicular distance of the 4th chain wheelspan rigid ground that is positioned at the below; The quantity of said first chain and second chain is two; The sail blade quantity of the quantity of said bottom sail crossbeam and first chain and bottom sail vane group adapts; The bottom sail crossbeam that is positioned at top first chain and below first chain is corresponding in twos; Two corresponding bottom sail crossbeams are overlapping in horizontal plane; Be fixedly connected with cross beam and upright post between two corresponding bottom sail crossbeams, cross beam and upright post is positioned at the near-end of bottom sail crossbeam near the sail axle, and the cross beam and upright post lower end is connected with universal caster wheel; Universal caster wheel is supported on the rigid ground, and bottom sail vane group is rotatably connected on two bottom sail crossbeams simultaneously; The sail blade quantity of the quantity of said upper strata sail crossbeam and second chain and upper strata sail vane group adapts; The upper strata sail crossbeam that is positioned at top second chain and below second chain is corresponding in twos; Two corresponding bottom sail crossbeams are overlapping in horizontal plane; Be connected with the upper beam post between two corresponding upper strata sail crossbeams, the upper beam post is positioned at the near-end of upper strata sail crossbeam near the sail axle, and upper strata sail vane group is rotatably connected on two upper strata sail crossbeams simultaneously; Said supporting base and fixed supporting seat are equipped with four, and four supporting bases lay respectively at two the 3rd sprocket wheels and two the 4th sprocket wheel lower ends, and four fixed supporting seats lay respectively at two first sprocket wheels and two second sprocket wheel lower ends; The middle standing pillar left and right sides of said sail pedestal is fixedly connected with four diagonal braces that are tilted to respectively, and the other end of diagonal brace is fixedly connected with four fixed supporting seats with four supporting bases respectively.Two bottom sail crossbeams and cross beam and upright post and two upper strata sail crossbeams and upper beam post constitute respectively and are positioned at horizontal position and opening two U frameworks outwardly; Two U frameworks are bearing in the sail blade top and the bottom of bottom sail vane group and upper strata sail vane group respectively at upper and lower; When the sail blade has enough height; The sail blade there are enough support strengths, guarantee that the sail blade working is normal, be applicable to the sail blade of large-scale wind driven generator.Simultaneously, each sprocket wheel below is equipped with supporting base, guarantees that sprocket wheel is in proper working order, and then guarantees that sail of the present invention is in proper working order; In addition, the cross beam and upright post lower end is connected with universal caster wheel, guarantees that two bottom sail crossbeam movable supporting on rigid ground, guarantee that further sail of the present invention is in proper working order, long service life.
Preferably, the body transom of said sail pedestal is provided with several rollers, and roller is along the body transom axial distribution, and roller is connected with the body transom coaxial rotation; Be provided with first horizontal brace between said supporting base and the middle standing pillar, the quantity of first horizontal brace equates that with supporting base quantity the two ends of first horizontal brace are fixedly connected with middle standing pillar with supporting base respectively; Be provided with second horizontal brace between said fixed supporting seat and the middle standing pillar, the quantity of second horizontal brace equates that with fixed supporting seat quantity the two ends of second horizontal brace are fixedly connected with middle standing pillar with fixed supporting seat respectively.The sail pedestal is provided with several rollers; The sail pedestal can rotate through roller; When the direction of wind-force changes; The sail pedestal can carry out the adaptivity adjustment by the wind direction variation and around sail axle spin axis, guarantees that effective blowing area of sail vane group is maximum, further guarantees to make full use of wind resource and simple in structure.
Preferably, said supporting base upper end is provided with the end face bearing, also is provided with the bearing needle bearing in the supporting base, and the bearing needle bearing is positioned at sail axle periphery, and the sail axle is connected with the supporting base coaxial rotation through the bearing needle bearing; Said end face bearing lays respectively at the 3rd sprocket wheel, the 4th sprocket wheel below, and the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel pass through end face bearing rotational support respectively on supporting base.Guarantee that sail axle, the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket rotation friction factor are little, it is flexible to rotate, mechanical efficiency is high, and then guarantee that the wind resource utilization is abundant.
Said fixed supporting seat upper end is provided with the second end face bearing, and the second end face bearing lays respectively at first sprocket wheel or the 3rd sprocket wheel below, and first sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel pass through the second end face bearing rotational support respectively on fixed supporting seat; Said first sprocket wheel is identical with second chain sprocket structure, is provided with the chain outer ring and roll assembly in first sprocket wheel and second sprocket wheel are equal, and the chain outer ring and roll assembly is positioned at the vertical columns periphery, and first sprocket wheel is fixedly connected with vertical columns through the chain outer ring and roll assembly respectively with second sprocket wheel.Guarantee that the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket rotation friction factor are little, it is flexible to rotate, mechanical efficiency is high, and then guarantee that the wind resource utilization is abundant.
Further preferred; The bottom sail blade of said bottom sail vane group is made up of bottom first sail blade and the bottom second sail blade; The bottom first sail blade rotation is connected bottom sail crossbeam far-end; The bottom second sail blade rotation is connected bottom sail crossbeam middle part, and the bottom first sail blade is identical with the bottom second sail blade structure, and the area of the bottom first sail blade is less than the bottom second sail blade area; The said bottom first sail blade is identical plate frame structure with the bottom second sail blade, comprises sail framework, windsurfing, and windsurfing is fixedly connected on the sail framework; The sail framework comprises the upright of frame that is located at both sides and is fixedly connected on the cruciform bracing between the upright of frame; The upright of frame periphery that is located at the right side fixedly is connected to two sleeve pipes; Two sleeve pipes adapt with two bottom sail crossbeam positions of sail axle respectively; Be fixedly connected with the U-shaped fork on the sleeve pipe; Distance between the two side interior edge face of U-shaped fork is greater than bottom sail crossbeam height, and the upper side wall of the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork is provided with the through hole with right side frame column Spielpassung, and the upper side wall of the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork is provided with the via hole that the outer surface with sleeve pipe adapts; Said two bottom sail crossbeams are provided with via hole; The via hole coaxial line of two bottom sail crossbeams; Via hole cooperates with shell clearance on the upright of frame; The part of bottom sail crossbeam is positioned at the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork, also is connected with the sail bearing between bottom sail crossbeam and the U-shaped fork, and the sail framework is rotationally connected with two bottom sail crossbeams respectively through U-shaped fork and sail bearing; Said sail framework also is provided with at least one framework center pillar; The framework center pillar respectively with the sail framework on all cruciform bracings be fixedly connected; Said bottom sail pillar is fixedly connected on the sail framework lower end surface; Bottom sail pillar is provided with three, wherein two bottom sail pillars respectively with upright of frame coaxial line, another bottom sail pillar and framework center pillar coaxial line; Said sail framework also is provided with the framework diagonal brace, and the framework diagonal brace is fixedly connected between the cruciform bracing of sail framework, and framework diagonal brace and framework center pillar form the Mi Zixing skeleton with the cruciform bracing that is positioned at the sail frame mid portion; Said sail bearing is made up of upper bearing (metal) and lower bearing; Upper bearing (metal) is provided with bearing race; Bearing race is embedded in two bottom sail crossbeam upper ends; Bearing race is provided with several steel balls, and steel ball top is provided with the retainer that makes each steel ball keep setpoint distance, and the upper-end surface of retainer is lower than the steel ball end face; The steel ball end face is supported with billet, and billet is embedded in the U-shaped upper arm inboard of U-shaped fork; Said lower bearing is provided with the lower bearing raceway; The lower bearing raceway is embedded in the U-shaped underarm inboard of U-shaped fork; Be provided with steel ball in the lower bearing raceway, steel ball top is provided with the ball retainer that makes each steel ball keep setpoint distance, and the upper-end surface of ball retainer is lower than the steel ball end face; The steel ball end face is supported with backing plate, and backing plate is embedded in bottom sail crossbeam lower end; Said universal caster wheel comprises load-bearing steel ball, upper ball base, lower ball base; Upper ball base and lower ball base are equipped with inner ball surface, the same centre of sphere of the inner ball surface of upper ball base and lower ball base, and upper ball base is connected through bolt with lower ball base; The inner ball surface of upper ball base is complete hemisphere face; The inner sphere radius of upper ball base is evenly equipped with several little steel balls greater than load-bearing steel ball radius in the inner ball surface of upper ball base, upper ball base rolls with the centre of sphere with the load-bearing steel ball through little steel ball and is connected; The inner ball surface of said lower ball base is a hemispherical part, and the height of lower ball base is less than load-bearing steel ball radius, and the radius of lower ball base inner ball surface and load-bearing steel ball radius adapt, and lower ball base is rotationally connected through its inner ball surface and load-bearing steel ball; Said upper ball base top also is fixedly connected with transition disc, and universal caster wheel is fixedly connected with the lower end of bottom sail pillar or cross beam and upright post respectively through transition disc; The upper strata sail blade of said upper strata sail vane group is made up of upper strata first sail blade and the upper strata second sail blade; The upper strata first sail blade rotation is connected upper strata sail crossbeam far-end; The upper strata second sail blade rotation is connected sail crossbeam middle part, upper strata, and the area of the upper strata first sail blade is less than the upper strata second sail blade area; The said upper strata first sail blade is identical with the structure of aforesaid bottom first sail blade or the bottom second sail blade with the upper strata second sail blade; Said upper strata sail crossbeam is provided with via hole; The via hole coaxial line of two upper strata sail crossbeams; Via hole cooperates with shell clearance on the upright of frame; The part of upper strata sail crossbeam is positioned at the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork, also is connected with upper strata sail vane end faces bearing between upper strata sail crossbeam and the U-shaped fork, and upper strata sail vane end faces bearing structure is identical with the upper bearing structure of sail bearing; The sail framework is rotationally connected with two upper strata sail crossbeams respectively through U-shaped fork and upper strata sail vane end faces bearing.The sail blade can be made up of one or more, and being suitable for large, medium and small type wind-driven generator, its concrete composing quantity should require, make factor such as the material, wind condition of sail blade according to generated energy and confirm; Generally be made up of two sail blades and get final product, the second sail blade windage that area is big is big, is located at the crossbeam near-end, and is safe in utilization to guarantee; Simultaneously, bottom first sail blade and the bottom second sail blade are by a framework center pillar and two bottom sail shore supports, and bottom first sail blade and the bottom second sail blade weight distribution are even, are out of shape for a short time, and spinning motion is reliable, long service life; The advantage that conical pipe has is in light weight, the center is low; The sleeve pipe inner cone forms tight connection through sail column male cone (strobilus masculinus), and it is connected firmly, and locking action effect is good, long service life; The composite structure of upper bearing (metal) and lower bearing; Even when under bottom sail crossbeam far-end generation trace, bending; Bottom sail crossbeam is not stuck with bottom first sail blade and the bottom second sail blade; Guarantee that further bottom first sail blade and the bottom second sail blade rotation are reliable, low, the long service life of rate of fault; The universal caster wheel bearing power is strong, rotates freely, and the sail resistance to motion is little, and mechanical efficiency is high, guarantees that further wind power utilization is abundant.
Said first sprocket wheel, second sprocket wheel, the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel constitute by sprocket body and wear-resisting housing; The sprocket body structure adapts with the body structure of first sprocket wheel, second sprocket wheel, the 3rd sprocket wheel and the 4th sprocket wheel respectively; Wear-resisting housing is wrapped in the sprocket body periphery, and wear-resisting housing is connected by screw with sprocket body; Said sail axle and vertical columns top are provided with lightning conductor.High-abrasive material and removable structure are adopted in the position easy to wear of sprocket wheel, and at sail axle and vertical columns top lightning conductor are set, and can guarantee sail long service life and safe in utilization, and simultaneously, user cost is low.
Main movement process of the present invention is, when the wind-receiving face of bottom sail blade is in transition point down with the wind, at this moment; Bottom sail blade is positioned at the 3rd sprocket wheel place; Its wind-receiving face and wind direction angle a are 0 °, and bottom sail vacuum side of blade and bottom sail crossbeam front-end face angle β are 0 °, and bottom sail blade rotates under wind and promotes rotation of the 3rd sprocket wheel and the rotation of sail axle; Its wind-receiving face and wind direction angle a are for increase to 90 ° gradually; And move with the first chain straight line, after moving to the first sprocket wheel place and with first sprocket rotation, bottom sail blade and wind direction angle a increase to 180 ° gradually from 90 °; At this moment, bottom sail blade is in leeward transition point; Facining the wind between transition point and the leeward transition point at bottom sail blade; Bottom sail vacuum side of blade is fitted on the leading flank of bottom sail crossbeam all the time; Bottom sail blade pass is crossed bottom sail crossbeam, first chain, the 3rd sprocket wheel drive sail axle around generator input shaft rotational; Several sail blades are pressed the said process wind-engaging successively, continue to drive the rotation of sail axle, realize the wind-power electricity generation purpose.When bottom sail blade turns over leeward transition point at the first sprocket wheel place; Bottom sail blade begins gradually that the back side facings the wind and under wind; When revolving round the sun with bottom sail crossbeam; Around its rotation axis rotation that is connected with bottom sail crossbeam, and the wind-receiving face of bottom sail blade and wind direction angle a increase to greater than 180 ° in the surface friction drag effect gradually; When bottom sail blade rotated to set angle with first sprocket wheel, bottom sail blade overcame surface friction drag under wind, and its wind-receiving face and wind direction angle a can be decreased to 0 ° again gradually; Simultaneously, the angle β of bottom sail vacuum side of blade and bottom sail crossbeam leading flank increases to greater than 90 ° gradually; Bottom sail blade continues to rotate to bottom sail beam vertical when the wind direction with first sprocket wheel rotation; The angle β of sail vacuum side of blade and bottom sail crossbeam leading flank is decreased to 90 °; After bottom sail blade keeps this state continuance with the first chain movement straight line motion to the, three sprocket wheels; Bottom sail blade and bottom sail crossbeam rotate with the 3rd sprocket wheel, and the angle β of bottom sail vacuum side of blade and bottom sail crossbeam leading flank is decreased to 0 ° gradually from 90 °, at this moment; Bottom sail blade get back to down with the wind transition point, so far accomplish a motion cycle.Because the upper strata sail direction blade of upper strata sail vane group is opposite with the bottom sail direction blade of bottom sail vane group; When the leading flank that facings the wind of bottom sail crossbeam and upper strata sail crossbeam is in the vertical plane of any same position; Be that the bottom sail blade of upper strata sail direction blade and the bottom sail vane group of upper strata sail vane group is when being in the vertical plane of any same position; The wind-engaging of the wind-engaging of upper strata sail blade or leeward state and bottom sail blade or leeward opposite states; Upper strata sail vane group is through upper strata sail crossbeam, second sprocket wheel, second chain, the 4th sprocket wheel and make the 4th sprocket wheel and the gear drive of sail axle reverse rotation; Continue to drive the sail axle around generator input shaft rotational with bottom sail blade; Rotate thereby drive sail axle and generator input shaft, realize the wind-power electricity generation purpose.Simultaneously; Bottom or sail blade are when being in leeward state; Only have only bottom sail crossbeam or upper strata sail crossbeam side and bottom or upper strata sail blade side and cross beam and upright post or upper beam post wind-engaging and form minimum windage; It is minimum that sail blade windward side wind-engaging is formed the moment of rotation influence, thereby utilized wind-force to greatest extent.
The present invention's beneficial effect compared with prior art is, wind resource, current material and manufacturing process utilization are abundant, and simple in structure, mechanical efficiency is high, safe in utilization, the life-span is long, is applicable to the large-scale and super-huge wind-driven generator of MW class.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described, but does not therefore limit the present invention among the described scope of embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation axonometric drawing of the embodiment of the invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation plan view of the embodiment of the invention 1;
Fig. 3 is the right elevation of Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the plan view of Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the A portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the B portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the C portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the D portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the E portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the F portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the General Construction signal axonometric drawing of each sprocket wheel among the present invention;
Figure 12 is the G portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the General Construction signal axonometric drawing of sail framework among the present invention;
Figure 14 is the H portion enlarged view among Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the M-M sectional view among Figure 14 of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the K portion enlarged view among Fig. 3 of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the N-N sectional view among Figure 16 of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the L portion enlarged view among Fig. 3 of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the P-P sectional view among Figure 18 of the present invention;
Figure 20 is the structural representation plan view of the embodiment of the invention 2.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1 is referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, and a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail comprises the sail pedestal; Be rotatably connected to the sail axle 1 that is connected with generator input end coaxial line on the sail pedestal; Be connected with several sail blades that several vertically are provided with on the sail axle 1, several sail blades make sail axle 1 rotate continuously by same direction under wind successively, and said sail pedestal comprises the body transom 2 that can be supported on the rigid ground; Body transom 2 upper fixed are connected with supporting base 3; Supporting base 3 is provided with the through hole that is rotatably assorted with sail axle 1 outer cylinder surface, and sail axle 1 rotational support is on supporting base 3, and supporting base 3 lower end surfaces are exposed in sail axle 1 lower end; Said sail blade comprises that one contains the bottom sail vane group 4 and at least one upper strata sail vane group 5 that contains several upper strata sail blades of several bottom sail blades; Bottom sail vane group 4 and upper strata sail vane group 5 shift to install in short transverse, and bottom sail blade movable supporting is on rigid ground.
Said bottom sail blade lower end is provided with at least two bottom sail pillars 32; Bottom sail pillar 32 distributes along bottom sail width of blade direction; Wherein two bottom sail pillars 32 are located at bottom sail blade two ends respectively; Bottom sail pillar 32 lower ends are fixedly connected with universal caster wheel 26, and bottom sail blade is supported on the rigid ground by universal caster wheel 26.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 8, Fig. 9; Said sail pedestal also is provided with middle standing pillar 21, vertical columns 6; Vertical columns 6 is fixedly connected on body transom 2 left ends; Middle standing pillar 21 is fixedly connected on body transom 2 right-hand members, and middle standing pillar 21 left and right sides are equipped with at least two diagonal braces that are tilted to 23, and the top of left side diagonal brace 23 is fixedly connected with fixed supporting seat 24; Fixed supporting seat 24 is provided with the via hole that cooperates with vertical columns 6, and fixed supporting seat 24 is fixedly connected with vertical columns 6 by via hole; Said supporting base 3 is provided with at least two, and supporting base 3 is fixedly connected on the top of 21 two right side diagonal braces 23 of middle standing pillar respectively; Coaxial rotation is connected with first sprocket wheel 7 and second sprocket wheel 8 on the said vertical columns 6; First sprocket wheel 7 is positioned at second sprocket wheel, 8 belows; Have setpoint distance between first sprocket wheel 7 and second sprocket wheel 8, second sprocket wheel 8 and first sprocket wheel, 7 difference rotational support are on the fixed supporting seat 24 in sail pedestal left side; Be fixedly connected with the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 on the said sail axle 1 and be rotatably connected to the 4th sprocket wheel 10; The 3rd sprocket wheel 9 is positioned at the 4th sprocket wheel 10 belows; Distance between the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 equates with distance between first sprocket wheel 7 and second sprocket wheel 8; The 3rd sprocket wheel 9 is identical apart from the vertical height of rigid ground with first sprocket wheel 7; The 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 rotational support respectively are connected with the gear drive that makes the 4th sprocket wheel 10 and sail axle 1 reverse rotation between the 4th sprocket wheel 10 and the sail axle 1 on sail pedestal right side supporting base 3, sail axle 1 is supported on the sail pedestal through the 3rd sprocket wheel 9, the 4th sprocket wheel 10 and supporting base 3 simultaneously; Be engaged with between first chain, 11, the second sprocket wheels 8 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 between said first sprocket wheel 7 and the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and be engaged with second chain 12; Be fixedly connected with bottom sail crossbeam 13 on first chain 11; Be fixedly connected with upper strata sail crossbeam 14 on second chain 12; Upper strata sail crossbeam 14 all stretches out with bottom sail crossbeam 13 in the horizontal direction; Upper strata sail crossbeam 14 is interspersed in the horizontal projection plane with bottom sail crossbeam 13; The quantity of upper strata sail crossbeam 14 and bottom sail crossbeam 13 equates with upper strata sail blade and bottom sail blade quantity respectively, and is uniformly distributed with along first chain 11 and second chain, 12 length directions respectively; Said first sprocket wheel 7, second sprocket wheel 8, the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 are identical with the structural parameter of the 4th sprocket wheel 10 sprockets; 5 of said upper strata sail vane group are provided with one deck; The area of upper strata sail vane group 5 is less than bottom sail vane group 4 areas; The upper strata sail blade of the bottom sail blade of bottom sail vane group 4 and upper strata sail vane group 5 is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam 13 and upper strata sail crossbeam 14 far-ends respectively; Bottom sail blade and upper strata sail blade are when wind-receiving face facings the wind; Its back side is corresponding respectively fits with bottom sail crossbeam 13 and the upper strata sail crossbeam 14 corresponding leading flanks that facing the wind, and when the leading flank that facings the wind of bottom sail crossbeam 13 and upper strata sail crossbeam 14 was in the vertical plane of any same position, both leading flanks that facings the wind were in the opposite direction.
Referring to Fig. 5; Said gear drive comprises the first awl fluted disc 15, the second awl fluted disc 16, pinion stand 17, four bevel planet gears 18, planet pin 19; Pinion stand 17 cup-shaped structures; The first awl fluted disc 15 is coaxial to be fixedly connected on the bottom plane of cup-shaped cavity volume of pinion stand 17, the first awl fluted disc 15 and the second awl fluted disc, 16 tooth depth sides in opposite directions, it is equal that the first awl fluted disc 15 and second is bored fluted disc 16 numbers of teeth; Said planet pin 19 is the cross axle structure; Planet pin 19 is fixedly connected on the cup-shaped cavity volume sidewall of pinion stand 17; Planet pin 19 is between the first awl fluted disc 15 and the second awl fluted disc 16; Bevel planet gear 18 coaxial rotation are engaged on the planet pin 19, and bevel planet gear 18 meshes with the first awl fluted disc 15 and the second awl fluted disc 16 simultaneously, and bevel planet gear 18 is uniformly distributed with at pinion stand 17 circumferencial directions; Said the 4th sprocket wheel 10 upper ends are provided with the counterbore that holds gear drive, and the pinion stand 17 of gear drive is fixedly connected on the bottom plane of the 4th sprocket wheel 10 counterbores; The middle part that said the 4th sprocket wheel 10, second is bored fluted disc 16, pinion stand 17 and planet pin 19 is equipped with the perforation 20 that is used to pass sail axle 1, and sail axle 1 passes the 4th sprocket wheel 10 bottoms, pinion stand 17 lower ends, the first awl fluted disc 15 and planet pin 19 backs and the second awl fluted disc, 16 coaxial fixed connections from bottom to top successively in perforation 20; Said sail axle 1 also is supported on the 4th sprocket wheel 10 through the first awl fluted disc 15 of gear drive.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Figure 10; The quantity of said first sprocket wheel 7, second sprocket wheel 8, the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 is two, and the sprocket phase angle correspondence of two first sprocket wheels 7, two second sprocket wheels 8, two the 3rd sprocket wheels 9 and two the 4th sprocket wheels 10 is identical; Said two first sprocket wheels 7 all are positioned at two second sprocket wheel 8 belows, and first sprocket wheel 7 that is positioned at the top has setpoint distance with the second contiguous sprocket wheel 8; Two the 3rd sprocket wheels 9 all are positioned at two the 4th sprocket wheel 10 belows; Above the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the distance between contiguous the 4th sprocket wheel 10; Equate with the setpoint distance of first sprocket wheel 7 that is positioned at the top with second sprocket wheel 8 of vicinity; Be provided with equal spacing between two first sprocket wheels 7 and between two the 3rd sprocket wheels 9, between two second sprocket wheels 8 and the spacing that is provided with between two the 4th sprocket wheels 10; First sprocket wheel 7 that is positioned at the below equates that with the perpendicular distance of the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 that is positioned at the below apart from rigid ground second sprocket wheel 8 that is positioned at the below equates with the perpendicular distance of the 4th sprocket wheel 10 that is positioned at the below apart from rigid ground; The quantity of said first chain 11 and second chain 12 is two; The sail blade quantity of the quantity of said bottom sail crossbeam 13 and first chain 11 and bottom sail vane group 4 adapts; The bottom sail crossbeam 13 that is positioned at top first chain 11 and below first chain 11 is corresponding in twos; Two corresponding bottom sail crossbeams 13 are overlapping in horizontal plane; Be fixedly connected with cross beam and upright post 25 between two corresponding bottom sail crossbeams 13, cross beam and upright post 25 is positioned at bottom sail crossbeam 13 near-ends near sail axle 1, and cross beam and upright post 25 lower ends are connected with universal caster wheel 26; Universal caster wheel 26 is supported on the rigid ground, and bottom sail vane group 4 is rotatably connected on two bottom sail crossbeams 13 simultaneously; The sail blade quantity of the quantity of said upper strata sail crossbeam 14 and second chain 12 and upper strata sail vane group 5 adapts; The upper strata sail crossbeam 14 that is positioned at top second chain 12 and below second chain 12 is corresponding in twos; Two corresponding bottom sail crossbeams 13 are overlapping in horizontal plane; Be connected with upper beam post 27 between two corresponding upper strata sail crossbeams 14; Upper beam post 27 is positioned at upper strata sail crossbeam 14 near-ends near sail axle 1, and upper strata sail vane group 5 is rotatably connected on two upper strata sail crossbeams 14 simultaneously; Said supporting base 3 is equipped with four with fixed supporting seat 24, and four supporting bases 3 lay respectively at two the 3rd sprocket wheels 9 and two the 4th sprocket wheel 10 lower ends, and four fixed supporting seats 24 lay respectively at two first sprocket wheels 7 and two second sprocket wheel 8 lower ends; Under being equipped with and being tilted to, supporting base 3 and fixed supporting seat 24 be connected taper shank 36; Connecting taper shank 36 extends to middle standing pillar 21 directions of sail pedestal; Connect taper shank 36 and diagonal brace 23 is arranged through its male cone (strobilus masculinus) stationary fit; Diagonal brace 23 is fixedly connected with middle standing pillar 21, also is provided with locking pin 37 in the male cone (strobilus masculinus) that connects taper shank 36 and the section of cooperation of diagonal brace 23.Middle standing pillar 21 left and right sides of said sail pedestal are fixedly connected with four diagonal braces that are tilted to 23 respectively, and the other end of diagonal brace 23 is fixedly connected with four fixed supporting seats 24 with four supporting bases 3 respectively.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Figure 10, Figure 12; The body transom 2 of said sail pedestal is provided with several rollers 33; Roller 33 is along body transom 2 axial distribution; Roller 33 is connected with body transom 2 coaxial rotation, is connected with rolling bearing 38 between roller 33 and the body transom 2, is provided with spacer 46 between the adjacent rolling bearing 38; The quantity that is provided with first horizontal brace, 34, the first horizontal braces 34 between said supporting base 3 and the middle standing pillar 21 equates that with supporting base 3 quantity the two ends of first horizontal brace 34 are fixedly connected with middle standing pillar 21 with supporting base 3 respectively; Said supporting base 3 is provided with the horizontal taper shank 39 towards middle standing pillar 21; First horizontal brace, 34 1 ends are provided with the taper hole with horizontal taper shank 39 stationary fits; First horizontal brace, 34 taper holes are fixedly connected with supporting base 3; At the section of cooperation of first horizontal brace 34 and the horizontal taper shank 39 same lock 40 of stationary fit also, the other end that lock pin 40 radially runs through first horizontal brace 34 and horizontal taper shank 39, the first horizontal braces 34 is fixedly connected with middle standing pillar 21; Be provided with second horizontal brace 35 between said fixed supporting seat 24 and the middle standing pillar 21; The quantity of second horizontal brace 35 equates with fixed supporting seat 24 quantity; The two ends of second horizontal brace 35 are fixedly connected with middle standing pillar 21 with fixed supporting seat 24 respectively, and second horizontal brace 35 is identical with the Placement of supporting base 3 with first horizontal brace 34 with the Placement of fixed supporting seat 24.
Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 7; Said supporting base 3 upper ends are provided with end face bearing 28, and end face bearing 28 comprises ring raceway 282, bearing upper gasket 283, several rolling steel balls 281, and ring raceway 282 is embedded in supporting base 3 tops; Rolling steel balls 281 is distributed in the ring raceway 282; Bearing upper gasket 283 is supported on, and on the rolling steel balls 281, bearing upper gasket 283 is fixedly connected on the 3rd sprocket wheel 9, the 4th sprocket wheel 10 lower end surfaces; Rolling steel balls 281 tops also are connected with and make the ball retainer 284 that keeps setpoint distance between the adjacent rolling steel balls 281, and ball retainer 284 is positioned at bearing upper gasket 283 belows; Also be provided with bearing needle bearing 29 in the supporting base 3, bearing needle bearing 29 is positioned at sail axle 1 periphery, and sail axle 1 is connected with supporting base 3 coaxial rotation through bearing needle bearing 29; Bearing needle bearing 29 comprises bearing outer ring 292, bearing inner race 293, several needle rollers 291; Bearing inner race 293 stationary fits are in sail axle 1 periphery; Bearing inner race 293 is embedded in the supporting base 3; Needle roller 291 is distributed between bearing outer ring 292 and the bearing inner race 293, and needle roller 291 rolls with bearing inner race 293 with bearing outer ring 292 simultaneously and is connected, and also is connected with on the needle roller 291 to make adjacent needle roller 291 keep the cages for needle of setpoint distance; The cages for needle lower end is bearing on the lower end surface in the hole that holds bearing needle bearing 29 that supporting base 3 is provided with, and supporting base 3 lower ends also are fixedly connected with dust cover 294; Said end face bearing 28 lays respectively at the 3rd sprocket wheel 9, the 4th sprocket wheel 10 belows, the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 respectively through end face bearing 28 rotational support on supporting base 3.
Referring to Fig. 6; Said fixed supporting seat 24 upper ends are provided with the second end face bearing 30; The second end face bearing 30 lays respectively at first sprocket wheel 7 or the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 belows, and first sprocket wheel 7 and second sprocket wheel 8 pass through the second end face bearing, 30 rotational support respectively on fixed supporting seat 24; The second end face bearing 30 comprises second ring raceway 302, second ring washer 303, several second steel balls 301; Second ring raceway 302 is embedded in fixed supporting seat 24 tops; Second steel ball 301 is distributed in second ring raceway 302; Second ring washer 303 is bearing on second steel ball 301, and second ring washer 303 is fixedly connected with the lower end surface of first sprocket wheel 7 or second sprocket wheel 8 respectively; Said first sprocket wheel 7 is identical with second sprocket wheel, 8 structures; First sprocket wheel 7 and second sprocket wheel 8 are provided with chain outer ring and roll assembly 31 in all; Chain outer ring and roll assembly 31 is positioned at vertical columns 6 peripheries, and first sprocket wheel 7 is fixedly connected with vertical columns 6 through chain outer ring and roll assembly 31 respectively with second sprocket wheel 8; Said chain outer ring and roll assembly 31 comprises sprocket wheel needle roller inner ring 312, sprocket wheel needle roller outer ring 313, several sprocket wheel needle rollers 311; 312 stationary fits of sprocket wheel needle roller inner ring are in vertical columns 6 peripheries; Sprocket wheel needle roller inner ring 312 is embedded in first sprocket wheel 7 or second sprocket wheel 8; Several sprocket wheel needle rollers 311 are distributed between sprocket wheel needle roller inner ring 312 and the sprocket wheel needle roller outer ring 313; Sprocket wheel needle roller 311 rolls with sprocket wheel needle roller outer ring 313 with sprocket wheel needle roller inner ring 312 simultaneously and is connected, and also is connected with on the sprocket wheel needle roller 311 to make adjacent sprocket wheel needle roller 311 keep the cages for needle of setpoint distance, and the cages for needle lower end is bearing in second ring washer, 303 upper-end surfaces of the second end face bearing 30.
Referring to Fig. 4, Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19; The bottom sail blade of said bottom sail vane group 4 is made up of with the bottom second sail blade 42 the bottom first sail blade 41; The bottom first sail blade 41 is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam 13 far-ends; The bottom second sail blade 42 is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam 13 middle parts; The bottom first sail blade 41 is identical with the bottom second sail blade 42 structures, and the area of the bottom first sail blade 41 is less than the bottom second sail blade 42 areas; The said bottom first sail blade 41 is identical plate frame structure with the bottom second sail blade 42, comprises sail framework 71, windsurfing 72, and windsurfing 72 is fixedly connected on the sail framework 71; Sail framework 71 comprises the upright of frame 711 that is located at both sides and is fixedly connected on the cruciform bracing 712 between the upright of frame 711; Upright of frame 711 peripheries that are located at the right side fixedly are connected to two sleeve pipes 713; Two sleeve pipes 713 adapt with two bottom sail crossbeam 13 positions of sail axle 1 respectively; Be fixedly connected with U-shaped fork 714 on the sleeve pipe 713; Distance between the two side interior edge face of U-shaped fork 714 is greater than bottom sail crossbeam 13 height, and the upper side wall of the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork 714 is provided with the through hole with right side frame column 711 Spielpassung, and the upper side wall of the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork 714 is provided with the via hole that the outer surface with sleeve pipe 713 adapts; Said two bottom sail crossbeams 13 are provided with via hole 13a; The via hole 13a coaxial line of two bottom sail crossbeams 13; Sleeve pipe 713 Spielpassung on via hole 13a and the upright of frame 711; The part of bottom sail crossbeam 13 is positioned at the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork 714, also is connected with the sail bearing between bottom sail crossbeam 13 and the U-shaped fork 714, and sail framework 71 is rotationally connected with two bottom sail crossbeams 13 respectively with the sail bearing through U-shaped fork 714; Said sail framework 71 also is provided with a framework center pillar 715; Framework center pillar 715 respectively with sail framework 71 on all cruciform bracings 712 be fixedly connected; Said bottom sail pillar 32 is fixedly connected on sail framework 71 lower end surfaces; Bottom sail pillar 32 is provided with three, wherein two bottom sail pillars 32 respectively with upright of frame 711 coaxial lines, another bottom sail pillar 32 and framework center pillar 715 coaxial lines; The upright of frame 711 in said sail framework 71 left sides is provided with bending section 711a; Avoid the bottom first sail blade 41 when wind-receiving face facings the wind and the U-shaped of the second sail blade 42 fork 714 produce and interfere; Guarantee that the maximum and second sail blade 42 of the useful area of the first sail blade 41 is when wind-receiving face facings the wind; The upright of frame 711 in sail framework 71 left sides is fitted well along axis with cross beam and upright post 25, guarantees that the second sail blade 42 has enough support strengths.Said sail framework 71 also is provided with framework diagonal brace 716, and framework diagonal brace 716 is fixedly connected between the cruciform bracing 712 of sail framework 71, and framework diagonal brace 716 forms the Mi Zixing skeleton with framework center pillar 715 and the cruciform bracing that is positioned at sail framework 71 middle parts 712; Said upright of frame 711 is the tapered tubular structure; Sleeve pipe 713 is for waiting interior external taper pipe of wall thickness; The male cone (strobilus masculinus) drive fit of the internal taper hole of sleeve pipe 713 and upright of frame 711 corresponding sites; Between sleeve pipe 713 and upright of frame 711, traversed fixing pin 73, the via hole 13a that on bottom sail crossbeam 13, is provided with is the taper hole that adapts with sleeve pipe 713 male cone (strobilus masculinus)s, and the through hole that U-shaped fork 714 is provided with is the taper hole that adapts with the upright of frame 711 corresponding site conical surfaces.Said sail bearing is made up of upper bearing (metal) 81 and lower bearing 82; Upper bearing (metal) 81 is provided with bearing race 811; Bearing race 811 is embedded in two bottom sail crossbeam 13 upper ends; Bearing race 811 is provided with several steel balls 812, and steel ball 812 tops are provided with the retainer 813 that makes each steel ball 812 keep setpoint distance, and the upper-end surface of retainer 813 is lower than steel ball 812 end faces; Steel ball 812 end faces are supported with billet 814, and billet 814 is embedded in the U-shaped upper arm inboard of U-shaped fork 714; Said lower bearing 82 is provided with lower bearing raceway 821; Lower bearing raceway 821 is embedded in the U-shaped underarm inboard of U-shaped fork 714; Be provided with steel ball 822 in the lower bearing raceway 821, steel ball 822 tops are provided with the ball retainer 823 that makes each steel ball 812 keep setpoint distance, and the upper-end surface of ball retainer 823 is lower than steel ball 822 end faces; Steel ball 822 end faces are supported with backing plate 824, and backing plate 824 is embedded in bottom sail crossbeam 13 lower ends; Said universal caster wheel 26 comprises load-bearing steel ball 261, upper ball base 262, lower ball base 263; Upper ball base 262 is equipped with inner ball surface with lower ball base 263; The same centre of sphere of inner ball surface of upper ball base 262 and lower ball base 263; Upper ball base 262 and lower ball base 263 are connected through bolt, and the inner ball surface of upper ball base 262 is complete hemisphere faces, and the inner sphere radius of upper ball base 262 is greater than load-bearing steel ball 261 radiuses; Be evenly equipped with several little steel balls 264 in the inner ball surface of upper ball base 262, upper ball base 262 rolls with the centre of sphere with load-bearing steel ball 261 through little steel ball 264 and is connected; The inner ball surface of said lower ball base 263 is hemispherical parts; The height of lower ball base 263 is less than load-bearing steel ball 261 radiuses; The radius of lower ball base 263 inner ball surface and load-bearing steel ball 261 radiuses adapt, and lower ball base 263 is rotationally connected through its inner ball surface and load-bearing steel ball 261; Said upper ball base 262 tops also are fixedly connected with transition disc 265, and universal caster wheel 26 is fixedly connected with the lower end of bottom sail pillar 32 or cross beam and upright post 25 respectively through transition disc 265; The upper strata sail blade of said upper strata sail vane group 5 is made up of with the upper strata second sail blade 52 the upper strata first sail blade 51; The upper strata first sail blade 51 is rotatably connected on upper strata sail crossbeam 14 far-ends; The upper strata second sail blade 52 is rotatably connected on sail crossbeam 14 middle parts, upper strata, and the area of the upper strata first sail blade 51 is less than the upper strata second sail blade, 52 areas; The said upper strata first sail blade 51 is identical with the structure of aforesaid bottom first sail blade 41 or the bottom second sail blade 42 with the upper strata second sail blade 52; Said upper strata sail crossbeam 14 is provided with via hole 14a; The via hole 14a coaxial line of two upper strata sail crossbeams 14; Sleeve pipe 713 Spielpassung on via hole 14a and the upright of frame 711; The part of upper strata sail crossbeam 14 is positioned at the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork 714, also is connected with upper strata sail vane end faces bearing between upper strata sail crossbeam 14 and the U-shaped fork 714, and upper strata sail vane end faces bearing structure is identical with upper bearing (metal) 81 structures of sail bearing; Sail framework 71 is rotationally connected with two upper strata sail crossbeams 14 respectively with upper strata sail vane end faces bearing through U-shaped fork 714.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Figure 11; Said first sprocket wheel 7, second sprocket wheel 8, the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 constitute by sprocket body 93 and wear-resisting housing 92; Sprocket body 93 structures adapt with the body structure of first sprocket wheel 7, second sprocket wheel 8, the 3rd sprocket wheel 9 and the 4th sprocket wheel 10 respectively; Wear-resisting housing 92 is wrapped in sprocket body 93 peripheries, and wear-resisting housing 92 and sprocket body 93 are connected by screw; Said sail axle 1 is provided with lightning conductor 91 with vertical columns 6 tops.
Embodiment 2 is referring to Figure 20, and said bottom sail blade and upper strata sail blade quantity are 4, and 4 bottom sail blades and upper strata sail blade evenly distribute along the length direction of first chain 11 and second chain 12 respectively.
All the other structures of present embodiment are identical with embodiment 1, repeat no more at this.
Though more than combined accompanying drawing to describe mode of execution of the present invention; But those of ordinary skill in the art also can recognize in the scope to accompanying claims and make various variations or modification, and these modifications and variation are interpreted as within scope of the present invention and intention.

Claims (9)

1. multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail; Comprise the sail pedestal, be rotatably connected to the sail axle (1) that is connected with generator input end coaxial line on the sail pedestal, be connected with the sail blade that several vertically are provided with on the sail axle (1); Several sail blades make sail axle (1) rotate continuously by same direction under wind successively; Said sail pedestal comprises the body transom (2) that can be supported on the rigid ground, and body transom (2) upper fixed is connected with supporting base (3), and supporting base (3) is provided with the through hole that is rotatably assorted with sail axle (1) outer cylinder surface; Sail axle (1) rotational support is on supporting base (3), and supporting base (3) lower end surface is exposed in sail axle (1) lower end; Said sail blade comprises that one contains bottom sail vane group (4) and at least one upper strata sail vane group (5) that contains several upper strata sail blades of several bottom sail blades; Bottom sail vane group (4) and upper strata sail vane group (5) shift to install in short transverse, and bottom sail blade movable supporting is on rigid ground; It is characterized in that: said sail pedestal also is provided with middle standing pillar (21), vertical columns (6); Vertical columns (6) is fixedly connected on body transom (2) left end; Middle standing pillar (21) is fixedly connected on body transom (2) right-hand member; Middle standing pillar (21) left and right sides is equipped with at least two diagonal braces that are tilted to (23); The top of left side diagonal brace (23) is fixedly connected with fixed supporting seat (24), and fixed supporting seat (24) is provided with the via hole that cooperates with vertical columns (6), and fixed supporting seat (24) is fixedly connected with vertical columns (6) by via hole; Said supporting base (3) is provided with at least two, and supporting base (3) is fixedly connected on the top of (21) two right side diagonal braces of middle standing pillar (23) respectively; Said vertical columns (6) is gone up coaxial rotation and is connected with first sprocket wheel (7) and second sprocket wheel (8); First sprocket wheel (7) is positioned at second sprocket wheel (8) below; Have setpoint distance between first sprocket wheel (7) and second sprocket wheel (8), second sprocket wheel (8) and first sprocket wheel (7) difference rotational support are on the fixed supporting seat (24) in sail pedestal left side; Be fixedly connected with the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) on the said sail axle (1) and be rotatably connected to the 4th sprocket wheel (10); The 3rd sprocket wheel (9) is positioned at the 4th sprocket wheel (10) below; Distance between the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10) equates with distance between first sprocket wheel (7) and second sprocket wheel (8); The 3rd sprocket wheel (9) is identical apart from the vertical height of rigid ground with first sprocket wheel (7); The 3rd sprocket wheel (9) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10) difference rotational support are on sail pedestal right side supporting base (3); Be connected with the gear drive that makes the 4th sprocket wheel (10) and sail axle (1) reverse rotation between the 4th sprocket wheel (10) and the sail axle (1), sail axle (1) is supported on the sail pedestal through the 3rd sprocket wheel (9), the 4th sprocket wheel (10) and supporting base (3) simultaneously; Be engaged with first chain (11) between said first sprocket wheel (7) and the 3rd sprocket wheel (9), be engaged with second chain (12) between second sprocket wheel (8) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10); Be fixedly connected with bottom sail crossbeam (13) on first chain (11); Be fixedly connected with upper strata sail crossbeam (14) on second chain (12); Upper strata sail crossbeam (14) and bottom sail crossbeam (13) all stretch out in the horizontal direction; Upper strata sail crossbeam (14) and bottom sail crossbeam (13) are interspersed in the horizontal projection plane, and upper strata sail crossbeam (14) and bottom sail crossbeam (13) quantity equate with the upper strata sail blade and bottom sail vane group (4) the bottom sail blade quantity of upper strata sail vane group (5) respectively; Said first sprocket wheel (7), second sprocket wheel (8), the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) are identical with the structural parameter of the 4th sprocket wheel (10) sprocket; Said upper strata sail vane group (5) only is provided with one deck; The area of upper strata sail vane group (5) is less than bottom sail vane group (4) area; The upper strata sail blade of the bottom sail blade of bottom sail vane group (4) and upper strata sail vane group (5) is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam (13) and upper strata sail crossbeam (14) far-end respectively; Bottom sail blade and upper strata sail blade are when wind-receiving face facings the wind; Its back side corresponding respectively and bottom sail crossbeam (13) and upper strata sail crossbeam (14) leading flank applying down with the wind accordingly; When the leading flank that facings the wind of bottom sail crossbeam (13) and upper strata sail crossbeam (14) was in the vertical plane of any same position, both leading flanks that facings the wind were in the opposite direction; Said bottom sail blade and upper strata sail blade quantity are 3 or 4.
2. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said bottom sail blade lower end is provided with at least two bottom sail pillars (32); Bottom sail pillar (32) distributes along bottom sail vane group (4) width direction; Wherein two bottom sail pillars (32) are located at bottom sail blade two ends respectively, and bottom sail pillar (32) lower end is fixedly connected with universal caster wheel (26), and bottom sail blade is supported on the rigid ground by universal caster wheel (26).
3. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said gear drive comprises the first awl fluted disc (15), the second awl fluted disc (16), pinion stand (17), at least two bevel planet gears (18), planet pin (19); The cup-shaped structure of pinion stand (17); On the bottom plane of the coaxial cup-shaped cavity volume that is fixedly connected on pinion stand (17) of the first awl fluted disc (15); The first awl fluted disc (15) and second is bored fluted disc (16) tooth depth side in opposite directions, and the first awl fluted disc (15) and second awl fluted disc (16) number of teeth equate; Said planet pin (19) is fixedly connected on the sidewall of pinion stand (17) cup-shaped cavity volume; Planet pin (19) is positioned between the first awl fluted disc (15) and the second awl fluted disc (16); Bevel planet gear (18) coaxial rotation is engaged on the planet pin (19); Bevel planet gear (18) meshes with the first awl fluted disc (15) and the second awl fluted disc (16) simultaneously, and bevel planet gear (18) is uniformly distributed with at pinion stand (17) circumferencial direction; Said the 4th sprocket wheel (10) upper end is provided with the counterbore that holds gear drive, and the pinion stand of gear drive (17) is fixedly connected on the bottom plane of the 4th sprocket wheel (10) counterbore; The middle part of said the 4th sprocket wheel (10), second awl fluted disc (16), pinion stand (17) and planet pin (19) is equipped with the perforation (20) that is used to pass sail axle (1), and sail axle (1) passes the 4th sprocket wheel (10) bottom, pinion stand (17) lower end, the first awl fluted disc (15) and planet pin (19) back and coaxial fixed connection of the second awl fluted disc (16) from bottom to top successively in perforation (20); Said sail axle (1) also is supported on the 4th sprocket wheel (10) through the first awl fluted disc (15) of gear drive.
4. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: the quantity of said first sprocket wheel (7), second sprocket wheel (8), the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10) is two, and the sprocket phase angle correspondence of two first sprocket wheels (7), two second sprocket wheels (8), two the 3rd sprocket wheels (9) and two the 4th sprocket wheels (10) is identical; Said two first sprocket wheels (7) all are positioned at two second sprocket wheels (8) below, and first sprocket wheel (7) that is positioned at the top has setpoint distance with contiguous second sprocket wheel (8); Two the 3rd sprocket wheels (9) all are positioned at two the 4th sprocket wheels (10) below; Distance between the 4th sprocket wheel (10) of the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) above being positioned at and vicinity; Equate with the setpoint distance of first sprocket wheel (7) that is positioned at the top with second sprocket wheel (8) of vicinity; Be provided with equal spacing between two first sprocket wheels (7) and between two the 3rd sprocket wheels (9), be provided with equal spacing between two second sprocket wheels (8) and between two the 4th sprocket wheels (10); First sprocket wheel (7) that is positioned at the below equates that with the perpendicular distance of the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) that is positioned at the below apart from rigid ground second sprocket wheel (8) that is positioned at the below equates with the perpendicular distance of the 4th sprocket wheel (10) that is positioned at the below apart from rigid ground; The quantity of said first chain (11) and second chain (12) is two; The sail blade quantity of the quantity of said bottom sail crossbeam (13) and first chain (11) and bottom sail vane group (4) adapts; The bottom sail crossbeam (13) that is positioned at top first chain (11) and below first chain (11) is corresponding in twos; Corresponding two bottom sail crossbeams (13) are overlapping in horizontal plane; Be fixedly connected with cross beam and upright post (25) between corresponding two bottom sail crossbeams (13); Cross beam and upright post (25) is positioned at the near-end of bottom sail crossbeam (13) near sail axle (1); Cross beam and upright post (25) lower end is connected with universal caster wheel (26), and universal caster wheel (26) is supported on the rigid ground, and bottom sail vane group (4) is rotatably connected on two bottom sail crossbeams (13) simultaneously; The sail blade quantity of the quantity of said upper strata sail crossbeam (14) and second chain (12) and upper strata sail vane group (5) adapts; The upper strata sail crossbeam (14) that is positioned at top second chain (12) and below second chain (12) is corresponding in twos; Corresponding two bottom sail crossbeams (13) are overlapping in horizontal plane; Be connected with upper beam post (27) between corresponding two upper strata sail crossbeams (14); Upper beam post (27) is positioned at the near-end of upper strata sail crossbeam (14) near sail axle (1), and upper strata sail vane group (5) is rotatably connected on two upper strata sail crossbeams (14) simultaneously; Said supporting base (3) and fixed supporting seat (24) are equipped with four; Four supporting bases (3) lay respectively at two the 3rd sprocket wheels (9) and two the 4th sprocket wheels (10) lower end, and four fixed supporting seats (24) lay respectively at two first sprocket wheels (7) and two second sprocket wheels (8) lower end; The middle standing pillar of said sail pedestal (21) left and right sides is fixedly connected with four diagonal braces that are tilted to (23) respectively, and the other end of diagonal brace (23) is fixedly connected with four fixed supporting seats (24) with four supporting bases (3) respectively.
5. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: the body transom of said sail pedestal (2) is provided with several rollers (33); Roller (33) is along body transom (2) axial distribution, and roller (33) is connected with body transom (2) coaxial rotation; Be provided with first horizontal brace (34) between said supporting base (3) and the middle standing pillar (21), the quantity of first horizontal brace (34) equates that with supporting base (3) quantity the two ends of first horizontal brace (34) are fixedly connected with middle standing pillar (21) with supporting base (3) respectively; Be provided with second horizontal brace (35) between said fixed supporting seat (24) and the middle standing pillar (21); The quantity of second horizontal brace (35) equates that with fixed supporting seat (24) quantity the two ends of second horizontal brace (35) are fixedly connected with middle standing pillar (21) with fixed supporting seat (24) respectively.
6. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said supporting base (3) upper end is provided with end face bearing (28); Also be provided with bearing needle bearing (29) in the supporting base (3); Bearing needle bearing (29) is positioned at sail axle (1) periphery, and sail axle (1) is connected with supporting base (3) coaxial rotation through bearing needle bearing (29); Said end face bearing (28) lays respectively at the 3rd sprocket wheel (9), the 4th sprocket wheel (10) below, and the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10) pass through end face bearing (28) rotational support respectively on supporting base (3).
7. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said fixed supporting seat (24) upper end is provided with the second end face bearing (30); The second end face bearing (30) lays respectively at first sprocket wheel (7) or the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) below, and first sprocket wheel (7) and second sprocket wheel (8) pass through second end face bearing (30) rotational support respectively on fixed supporting seat (24); Said first sprocket wheel (7) is identical with second sprocket wheel (8) structure; Be provided with chain outer ring and roll assembly (31) in first sprocket wheel (7) and second sprocket wheel (8) are equal; Chain outer ring and roll assembly (31) is positioned at vertical columns (6) periphery, and first sprocket wheel (7) is fixedly connected with vertical columns (6) through chain outer ring and roll assembly (31) respectively with second sprocket wheel (8).
8. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: the bottom sail blade of said bottom sail vane group (4) is made up of bottom first sail blade (41) and the bottom second sail blade (42); The bottom first sail blade (41) is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam (13) far-end; The bottom second sail blade (42) is rotatably connected on bottom sail crossbeam (13) middle part; The bottom first sail blade (41) is identical with bottom second sail blade (42) structure, and the area of the bottom first sail blade (41) is less than bottom second sail blade (42) area; The said bottom first sail blade (41) is identical plate frame structure with the bottom second sail blade (42), comprises sail framework (71), windsurfing (72), and windsurfing (72) is fixedly connected on the sail framework (71); Sail framework (71) comprises the upright of frame (711) that is located at both sides and is fixedly connected on the cruciform bracing (712) between the upright of frame (711); Upright of frame (711) periphery that is located at the right side fixedly is connected to two sleeve pipes (713); Two sleeve pipes (713) adapt with two bottom sail crossbeams (13) position of sail axle (1) respectively; Be fixedly connected with U-shaped fork (714) on the sleeve pipe (713); Distance between the two side interior edge face of U-shaped fork (714) greater than bottom sail crossbeam (13) highly; The upper side wall of the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork (714) is provided with the through hole with right side frame column (711) Spielpassung, and the upper side wall of the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork (714) is provided with the via hole that the outer surface with sleeve pipe (713) adapts; Said two bottom sail crossbeams (13) are provided with via hole (13a); Via hole (13a) coaxial line of two bottom sail crossbeams (13); Sleeve pipe (713) Spielpassung on via hole (13a) and the upright of frame (711); The part of bottom sail crossbeam (13) is positioned at the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork (714), also is connected with the sail bearing between bottom sail crossbeam (13) and the U-shaped fork (714), and sail framework (71) is rotationally connected with two bottom sail crossbeams (13) respectively through U-shaped fork (714) and sail bearing; Said sail framework (71) also is provided with at least one framework center pillar (715); Framework center pillar (715) respectively with sail framework (71) on all cruciform bracings (712) be fixedly connected; Said bottom sail pillar (32) is fixedly connected on sail framework (71) lower end surface; Bottom sail pillar (32) is provided with three, wherein two bottom sail pillars (32) respectively with upright of frame (711) coaxial line, another bottom sail pillar (32) and framework center pillar (715) coaxial line; Said sail framework (71) also is provided with framework diagonal brace (716); Framework diagonal brace (716) is fixedly connected between the cruciform bracing (712) of sail framework (71), framework diagonal brace (716) and framework center pillar (715) and cruciform bracing (712) the formation Mi Zixing skeleton that is positioned at sail framework (71) middle part; Said sail bearing is made up of upper bearing (metal) (81) and lower bearing (82); Upper bearing (metal) (81) is provided with bearing race (811); Bearing race (811) is embedded in two bottom sail crossbeams (13) upper end; Bearing race (811) is provided with several steel balls (812), and steel ball (812) top is provided with the retainer (813) that makes each steel ball (812) keep setpoint distance, and the upper-end surface of retainer (813) is lower than steel ball (812) end face; Steel ball (812) end face is supported with billet (814), and billet (814) is embedded in the U-shaped upper arm inboard of U-shaped fork (714); Said lower bearing (82) is provided with lower bearing raceway (821); Lower bearing raceway (821) is embedded in the U-shaped underarm inboard of U-shaped fork (714); Be provided with steel ball (822) in the lower bearing raceway (821), steel ball (822) top is provided with the ball retainer (823) that makes each steel ball (812) keep setpoint distance, and the upper-end surface of ball retainer (823) is lower than steel ball (822) end face; Steel ball (822) end face is supported with backing plate (824), and backing plate (824) is embedded in bottom sail crossbeam (13) lower end; Said universal caster wheel (26) comprises load-bearing steel ball (261), upper ball base (262), lower ball base (263); Upper ball base (262) and lower ball base (263) are equipped with inner ball surface; The same centre of sphere of inner ball surface of upper ball base (262) and lower ball base (263); Upper ball base (262) is connected through bolt with lower ball base (263), and the inner ball surface of upper ball base (262) is complete hemisphere face, and the inner sphere radius of upper ball base (262) is greater than load-bearing steel ball (261) radius; Be evenly equipped with several little steel balls (264) in the inner ball surface of upper ball base (262), upper ball base (262) rolls with the centre of sphere with load-bearing steel ball (261) through little steel ball (264) and is connected; The inner ball surface of said lower ball base (263) is a hemispherical part; The height of lower ball base (263) is less than load-bearing steel ball (261) radius; The radius of lower ball base (263) inner ball surface and load-bearing steel ball (261) radius adapt, and lower ball base (263) is rotationally connected through its inner ball surface and load-bearing steel ball (261); Said upper ball base (262) top also is fixedly connected with transition disc (265), and universal caster wheel (226) is fixedly connected with the lower end of bottom sail pillar (32) or cross beam and upright post (25) respectively through transition disc (265); The upper strata sail blade of said upper strata sail vane group (5) is made up of upper strata first sail blade (51) and the upper strata second sail blade (52); The upper strata first sail blade (51) is rotatably connected on upper strata sail crossbeam (14) far-end; The upper strata second sail blade (52) is rotatably connected on upper strata sail crossbeam (14) middle part, and the area of the upper strata first sail blade (51) is less than upper strata second sail blade (52) area; The said upper strata first sail blade (51) is identical with the structure of aforesaid bottom first sail blade (41) or the bottom second sail blade (42) with the upper strata second sail blade (52); Said upper strata sail crossbeam (14) is provided with via hole (14a); Via hole (14a) coaxial line of two upper strata sail crossbeams (14); Sleeve pipe (713) Spielpassung on via hole (14a) and the upright of frame (711); The part of upper strata sail crossbeam (14) is positioned at the U-groove bevel of U-shaped fork (714), also is connected with upper strata sail vane end faces bearing between upper strata sail crossbeam (14) and the U-shaped fork (714), and upper strata sail vane end faces bearing structure is identical with upper bearing (metal) (81) structure of sail bearing; Sail framework (71) is rotationally connected with two upper strata sail crossbeams (14) respectively through U-shaped fork (714) and upper strata sail vane end faces bearing.
9. a kind of multilayer wind-power electricity generation sail according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: said first sprocket wheel (7), second sprocket wheel (8), the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10) constitute by sprocket body (93) and wear-resisting housing (92); Sprocket body (93) structure adapts with the body structure of first sprocket wheel (7), second sprocket wheel (8), the 3rd sprocket wheel (9) and the 4th sprocket wheel (10) respectively; Wear-resisting housing (92) is wrapped in sprocket body (93) periphery, and wear-resisting housing (92) is connected by screw with sprocket body (93); Said sail axle (1) and vertical columns (6) top are provided with lightning conductor (91).
CN2010102997929A 2010-09-30 2010-09-30 Multilayer wind power generation sail Expired - Fee Related CN101943114B (en)

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CN102080632B (en) * 2010-12-31 2014-01-08 刘瑞琦 Wind power generating system
CN102182637A (en) * 2011-05-11 2011-09-14 刘连坤 Serially-connected fan blade type wind generating set

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