CN101930498A - Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization and deduction system - Google Patents

Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization and deduction system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101930498A
CN101930498A CN2009102446069A CN200910244606A CN101930498A CN 101930498 A CN101930498 A CN 101930498A CN 2009102446069 A CN2009102446069 A CN 2009102446069A CN 200910244606 A CN200910244606 A CN 200910244606A CN 101930498 A CN101930498 A CN 101930498A
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route
disaster relief
visualization
visual
preplan
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殷崎栋
张燕
廖通逵
张鹏程
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BEIJING HUADIMAP INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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BEIJING HUADIMAP INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Abstract

The invention discloses a catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization and deduction system, which belongs to the field of computer-aid emergency catastrophe relief and reduction decision. The system abstractly expresses each key factor in an emergency preplan based on a preplan library and a situation model by comprehensively using visualized advanced technology of GIS, VR, FLASH and the like, marks a remote sensing image and a vector electronic map by using corresponding composite graphical symbols, and deducts the preplans of different catastrophes in multiple modes such as multi-space dimension, multi-time sequence and the like. The system realizes visualization and deduction of decision preplans, provides visualized decision environments for catastrophe emergency decisions, and has significance for improving the accuracy, validity and quick response capability of the catastrophe emergency decisions in China.

Description

A kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization and deduction system
Technical field
The present invention relates to area of computer aided emergency disaster relief mitigation decision-making field, relate in particular to a kind of visual and deduction system of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan.
Background technology
China is the multiple country of disasters such as earthquake, flood, low temperature ice and snow, but aspect preventing and reducing natural disasters, still lack the support of the decision-making technic of emergency disaster relief mitigation timely and effectively, need set up the visual and deduction system of a cover Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan, so that after making prediction scheme at disaster, the prediction scheme of being drafted is deduced, verify its feasibility, for the calamity emergency decision-making provides visual policy setting.
Visual and the deduction of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan needs to rely on the three-dimensional visualization Geographic Information System to be achieved, then, and the present domestic three-dimensional visualization product that does not still have this respect; Abroad, mainly contain the GoogleEarth and the Skyline groupware, they all are based on the three-dimensional visualization Geographic Information System of GIS, RS, GPS and virtual reality technology, can utilize information sources such as digital orthoimage, digital elevation model, vector data, 3D model and non-space attribute data, create interactively three-dimensional visualization scene.
But, said system is mainly at masses, carry out visual product to basic geographic information data, be the displaying of static information, can not satisfy in Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization and deduction process, need to show the requirement of dynamic 3 D model and multiple hazard model.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the problem that exists at the present area of computer aided emergency disaster relief mitigation decision-making field described in the background technology, proposed a kind of visual and deduction system of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan.The present invention is based on prediction scheme storehouse and sight model, by visual advanced technologies such as integrated application GIS, VR, FLASH, each key element in the emergency preplan is carried out abstract expression, on remote sensing image and Vector Electronic Map, mark with the compound pattern symbol of correspondence; In multiple modes such as many space scales, sequences of many time the prediction scheme of different calamity kinds is deduced simultaneously.
It is characterized in that, comprising: the visualization component and the prediction scheme trend of the visual presentation component of prediction scheme, symbol management customization function assembly, casualty loss Pre-Evaluation are deduced assembly.
The visual presentation component of described prediction scheme comprises: that map basic operation, map label, goods and materials distribute is visual, the visual and evacuating personnel route of visual, the goods and materials allotment route of visual, the disaster relief route of disaster relief strength visual.
Described map basic operation, comprising superposes to remote sensing image map, map vector, dem data shows and cartographic information is browsed that the latter comprises: amplification, translation, dwindle, two dimension is three-dimensional switches and rapid positioning operation.It is pointed out that the map basic operation in the native system is similar with the map basic operation of at present main three-dimensional visualization Geographic Information System.
Described map label, the key element in the predefined symbol abstract expression of using system on map emergency preplan, and mark added, revises, moves or deletion action.
It is visual that described goods and materials distribute, on map, show deposit point, type, quantity rank, distribution situation through the disaster relief mitigation goods and materials of the appointed place that the system user inquiry obtains, and with the rank of different meet an urgent need goods and materials types, materials reserves of different symbolic representations; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises the goods and materials distribution situation is made amendment.
Described disaster relief strength visual is used to show type, outfit, the distributed points of disaster relief strength; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises disaster relief strength situation is made amendment.
Described disaster relief route visual, with different colors, multidate information symbol, show each disaster relief troop go to disaster relief point recently, optimal route; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises disaster relief route is made amendment.
Described goods and materials are allocated the visual of route, are used to show that disaster relief supplies transport nearest, the optimal route of disaster relief point to, comprise the width and the availability information of Route Length, circuit; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises goods and materials allotment route is made amendment.
Described evacuating personnel route visual, be used to show disaster affected people composition, quantity, distribution and from the disaster point be dispersed into the place of safety recently, optimal route; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises the evacuating personnel route is made amendment.
Described symbol management customization function, the symbol that is used for system is used carries out Classification Management, symbol that using system carries or self-defined, the coherent element in the display system; Comprise symbol management and symbol customization function, wherein the symbol management comprises interpolation, modification or the deletion to symbol, and the symbol customization comprises selection, modification or the default setting to template.
The visualization component of described casualty loss Pre-Evaluation according to the disaster-stricken place name of input, shows the Pre-Evaluation information of casualty loss situation by visual means; Wherein, described casualty loss situation comprises: population suffered from disaster's number, transfer and resettle urgently population, sick and wounded population, dead population, collapsed house number and damage the house number.
Described prediction scheme trend is deduced assembly and comprised: disaster relief route situation is deduced, goods and materials allotment situation deduces and evacuating personnel situation is deduced.
Described disaster relief route situation is deduced, and is used to make system user to observe current disaster relief route conditions intuitively, and the visual information situation of the variation of disaster relief route in different time sections, in the different spatial dimension.
Described goods and materials allotment situation is deduced, the circuit that is used to make system user observe near the disaster relief supplies distribution situation the devastated intuitively and is formulated to disaster point shows, and the variation visual information of goods and materials allotment line conditions in the different time sections, in the different spaces scope.
Described evacuating personnel situation is deduced, and is used to make system user to observe devastated personnel's evacuation situation intuitively, and the visual information of evacuating personnel situation variation in the different time sections, in the different spaces scope.
The present invention has realized the visual of decision-making prediction scheme and has deduced, for the calamity emergency decision-making provides visual policy setting, broken through the gordian technique of China's catastrophe emergency disaster relief decision support, perfect its technical system, significant for the accuracy, validity and the quick-reaction capability (QRC) that improve the emergent decision-making of China's catastrophe.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: prediction scheme visual software packet function structure;
Fig. 2: the visual software packet function structure that situation is deduced;
Fig. 3: the goods and materials visual querying flow figure that distributes;
Fig. 4: the goods and materials visual artificial adjustment process flow diagram that distributes;
Fig. 5: the visual querying flow figure of disaster relief strength;
Fig. 6: the visual artificial adjustment process flow diagram of disaster relief strength;
Fig. 7: the visual querying flow figure of disaster relief route;
Fig. 8: the visual artificial adjustment process flow diagram of disaster relief route;
Fig. 9: the visual querying flow figure of goods and materials allotment route;
Figure 10: the visual artificial adjustment process flow diagram of goods and materials allotment route;
Figure 11: the visual querying flow figure of evacuating personnel route;
Figure 12: the visual artificial adjustment process flow diagram of evacuating personnel route;
Figure 13: process flow diagram is added in the symbol management;
Figure 14: the symbol administrative template is selected process flow diagram;
Figure 15: casualty loss Pre-Evaluation process flow diagram;
Figure 16: goods and materials allotment situation is deduced process flow diagram;
Figure 17: evacuating personnel situation is deduced process flow diagram;
Figure 18: disaster relief route situation is deduced process flow diagram;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment is elaborated.Should be emphasized that following explanation only is exemplary, rather than in order to limit the scope of the invention and to use.
The present invention is based on prediction scheme storehouse and sight model, by visual advanced technologies such as integrated application GIS, VR, FLASH, each key element in the emergency preplan is carried out abstract expression, on remote sensing image and Vector Electronic Map, mark with the compound pattern symbol of correspondence; In multiple modes such as many space scales, sequences of many time the prediction scheme of different calamity kinds is deduced simultaneously.Wherein, the visual presentation component of prediction scheme comprises following function: that map basic operation, map label, goods and materials distribute is visual, the visual and evacuating personnel route of visual, the goods and materials allotment route of visual, the disaster relief route of disaster relief strength visual, as shown in Figure 1; Described prediction scheme trend is deduced assembly and comprised following function: disaster relief route situation is deduced, goods and materials allotment situation deduces and evacuating personnel situation is deduced, as shown in Figure 2.
The embodiment that the present invention chooses is the one earthquake that occurred in Yunnan at 5 o'clock in 34 minutes on June 3rd, 2007.In this secondary earthquake, population suffered from disaster 403128 people, 6.4 grades of earthquake magnitudes, about 50000 square metres of disaster area, the earthquake centre is positioned at east longitude 102.73, north latitude 25.04.
The process flow diagram of goods and materials distribution query function as shown in Figure 3, according to population suffered from disaster's number, earthquake magnitude and disaster area, inquiry can provide the city at required disaster relief supplies and quantity and disaster relief supplies place: click " material query function " button S301, the goods and materials place of input inquiry and title S302.Wherein, table 1 is listed required disaster relief supplies and quantity thereof,
Table 1: required disaster relief supplies and quantity thereof:
Disaster relief supplies Quantity
Potable water 1,200,000 barrels
Tent 300,000 tops
Cotton-wadded quilt Article 250,000,
Medicines 7.5 ten thousand casees
Flour 500,000 bags (25 kilograms every bag)
Instant noodles 400,000 casees
Table 2 is listed city, disaster relief supplies place and storage level.
Table 2: city, disaster relief supplies place and storage level
Disaster relief supplies deposit place The goods and materials title Maximum storage
Beijing Flour 25000 bags
Nanning Flour 30000 bags
Zhengzhou Instant noodles 250000 casees
Wuhan Instant noodles 250000 casees
Nanning The special-purpose cotton-wadded quilt of the disaster relief Article 120000,
Hefei The special-purpose cotton-wadded quilt of the disaster relief Article 100000,
Jinan The special-purpose cotton-wadded quilt of the disaster relief Article 120000,
Nanning Disaster relief Medicines 20000 casees
Shanghai Disaster relief Medicines 50000 casees
Shenzhen Disaster relief Medicines 15000 casees
Wuhan The special-purpose tent of the disaster relief 120000 tops
Shenzhen The special-purpose tent of the disaster relief 200000 tops
Nanning The special-purpose tent of the disaster relief 100000 tops
Wuhan The special-purpose potable water of the disaster relief 100000 barrels
Zhengzhou The special-purpose potable water of the disaster relief 550000 barrels
Shanghai The special-purpose potable water of the disaster relief 450000 barrels
Jinan The special-purpose potable water of the disaster relief 220000 barrels
Data in above-mentioned two tables are imported as the input data in the goods and materials distribution visualization model, its effect of visualization procedure for displaying: the disaster relief supplies type and the quantity that obtain according to inquiry, disaster relief supplies word bank in the calling system symbolic library, express different disaster relief supplies respectively with wherein different symbols, thereby determine the required sign pattern of visualization display, perhaps use picture concerned that the user uploads as symbol, the order of magnitude according to disaster relief supplies obtains more accurate displaying symbol then.At last, according to the material stock point coordinate information that disaster relief supplies are provided, on map, indicate respective substance deposit point symbol S303.After the map label symbol is finished, used symbol is listed in legend one by one, and be furnished with the related text explanation, so that information exhibition ground is more intuitive, clear, vivid.
The process flow diagram of the artificial adjustment function of goods and materials distribution situation as shown in Figure 4, on the basis of the type of the disaster relief mitigation goods and materials that successfully inquire the appointed place, deposit point, quantity rank, distribution situation and relevant information, the user can adjust the parameter or the direct visual symbol S401 of mouse-based operation of existing symbol, with effective and efficient manner directly perceived, the modification of implementation and renewal.
The process flow diagram of disaster relief strength query function as shown in Figure 5, according to factors such as the earthquake epicenter in disaster area, earthquake magnitude, disaster area, population suffered from disasters, inquire the disaster relief strength that the disaster area periphery can call, comprising: team dealing with emergencies and doing rush repairs 5, communication troop, medical aid troop, transportation troop, fire-fighting troop, public security troop, chemical defence troop, extraordinary professional contingent.Click " rescue strength query function " button S501, the input location title S502 of rescue team.With Eryuan County and Yunlong County is example, and it is as shown in table 3 that inquiry obtains disaster relief troop:
Table 3 disaster relief force distribution situation
Troop's type Be equipped with Troop's number The troop location
Transportation troop Transport vehicle 350? The Eryuan County
Medical aid troop Medical Devices 200? The Eryuan County
Team dealing with emergencies and doing rush repairs 5 Rush repair equipment 200? The Eryuan County
Communication troop Communication apparatus 200? The Eryuan County
Fire-fighting troop Fire fighting equipment 120? The Eryuan County
Transportation troop Transport vehicle 200? The Yunlong County
Medical aid troop Medical Devices 230? The Yunlong County
Team dealing with emergencies and doing rush repairs 5 Rush repair equipment 200? The Yunlong County
Communication troop Communication apparatus 200? The Yunlong County
Fire-fighting troop Fire fighting equipment 100? The Yunlong County
Data in the above-mentioned table 3 are imported as the input data in the disaster relief strength visualization model, its effect of visualization procedure for displaying: the disaster relief strength type that obtains according to inquiry, disaster relief strength word bank in the call sign storehouse, express different disaster relief strength types respectively with wherein different symbols, thereby determine the required sign pattern of visualization display, perhaps use picture concerned that the user uploads as symbol, the type level according to disaster relief strength obtains more accurate display symbol then.Last according to disaster relief troop site coordinate information is provided, on map, indicate corresponding rescue strength symbol S503.After the map label symbol is finished, used symbol is listed in legend one by one, and be furnished with the related text explanation, so that information exhibition ground is more intuitive, clear, vivid.
The process flow diagram of the artificial adjustment function of disaster relief strength situation as shown in Figure 6, under the distribution situation that inquires disaster relief strength, staffing situation and details case of successful, the user can adjust the parameter or the direct visual symbol S601 of mouse-based operation of existing symbol, with effective and efficient manner directly perceived, the modification of implementation and renewal.
The process flow diagram of disaster relief route query function according to disaster relief strength location and disaster relief troop destination, inquires about obtaining disaster relief route information as shown in Figure 7.Click " disaster relief route query function " button S701, the start-stop ground coordinate or the position S702 of input or click disaster relief route.It is as shown in table 4 that inquiry obtains disaster relief route information:
Table 4 disaster relief route information
Disaster relief troop location The destination Means of transportation
Shenzhen disaster relief troop Kunming Transport by road
Fujian disaster relief troop Kunming Transportation by railroad
Anhui disaster relief troop Kunming Air transport+transportation by railroad
Data in the above-mentioned table 4 are imported as the input data in the disaster relief route visualization model, its effect of visualization procedure for displaying: according to the disaster relief strength type designations position and the destination locations that have marked, on the employed map of system, generate optimum disaster relief route, and go out the optimization degree S703 of route with different color showings.For example, the route that is blocked is represented with red dotted line; Unimpeded route is represented with blueness; Transport by road represents that with faint yellow solid line air transport represents that with blue dotted line transportation by railroad is with falling the symbolic representation of route road.After the demonstration of disaster relief route is finished, in legend, different disaster relief route symbolic information is shown with corresponding line segment and color table.For example, red dotted line: block the road, faint yellow solid line: transport by road, blue dotted line: air transport, railway symbol: transportation by railroad.
The process flow diagram of the artificial adjustment function of disaster relief route as shown in Figure 8, inquire disaster relief route recently, under the situation of the visual information of optimal route, the user can adjust the parameter or the direct visual symbol S801 of mouse-based operation of existing symbol, with effective and efficient manner directly perceived, the modification of implementation and renewal.
The process flow diagram of goods and materials allotment route query function according to disaster relief supplies location and disaster relief troop destination, inquires about obtaining goods and materials allotment route information as shown in Figure 9.Click " goods and materials allotment route query function " button S901, the start-stop ground coordinate or the position S902 of input or click goods and materials allotment route.It is as shown in table 5 that inquiry obtains goods and materials allotment route information:
Table 5 goods and materials allotment route information
Disaster relief troop location The destination Means of transportation
Shenzhen goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Fujian goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transportation by railroad
Zhengzhou goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Wuhan goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Hefei goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Nanning goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Jinan goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Shanghai goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Transport by road
Anhui goods and materials allotment troop Kunming Air transport+transportation by railroad
Data in the above-mentioned table 5 are imported as the input data in the goods and materials allotment route visualization model, its effect of visualization procedure for displaying: according to the disaster relief supplies type designations position and the destination locations that have marked, on the employed map of system, generate optimum goods and materials allotment route, and go out the optimization degree S903 of route with different color showings.For example, the route that is blocked is represented with red dotted line; Unimpeded route is represented with blueness; Transport by road represents that with faint yellow solid line air transport represents that with blue dotted line transportation by railroad is with falling the symbolic representation of route road.After the demonstration of goods and materials allotment route is finished, in legend, different disaster relief route symbolic information is shown with corresponding line segment and color table.For example, red dotted line: block the road, faint yellow solid line: transport by road, blue dotted line: air transport, railway symbol: transportation by railroad.
The process flow diagram of the artificial adjustment function of goods and materials allotment route as shown in figure 10, inquire goods and materials allotments route recently, under the situation of the visual information of optimal route, the user can adjust the parameter or the direct visual symbol S1001 of mouse-based operation of existing symbol, with effective and efficient manner directly perceived, the modification of implementation and renewal.
The process flow diagram of evacuating personnel route query function as shown in figure 11, according to the disaster-stricken situation of each counties and districts, disaster-stricken degree, topography and geomorphology, traffic jam degree, the inquiry of infrastructure sophistication obtain evacuating personnel area and route.Click " evacuating personnel route query function " button S1101, the start-stop ground coordinate or the position S1102 of input or click goods and materials allotment route.With Eryuan County and Yunlong County is example, and it is as shown in table 6 that inquiry obtains evacuating personnel information:
Table 6 evacuating personnel information
The evacuation zone Evacuate the destination Disperse the population The disaster relief supplies deposit
The Niu Jie village Evacuation zone, Yu Hu town 50,000 Sufficient
The You Suo village Evacuation zone, Yu Hu town 80,000 Sufficient
Feng Yucun Evacuation zone, Yu Hu town 70,000 Sufficient
The Mei Cheng village Evacuation zone, Yu Hu town 60,000 Sufficient
Chrysanthemum Ping Cun Evacuation zone, crossdrift town 60,000 Sufficient
Long residential district Evacuation zone, crossdrift town 70,000 Sufficient
Walnut Ping Cun Evacuation zone, crossdrift town 70,000 Sufficient
The Jiu Zhou village Evacuation zone, crossdrift town 60,000 Sufficient
Data in the above-mentioned table 6 are imported as the input data in the evacuating personnel route visualization model, its effect of visualization procedure for displaying: according to the evacuation zone's destination locations that has marked, on the employed map of system, generate optimum evacuating personnel route, and go out the optimization degree S1103 of route with different color showings.For example, the route that is blocked is represented with red dotted line; Unimpeded route is represented with blueness; Transport by road represents that with faint yellow solid line air transport represents that with blue dotted line transportation by railroad is with falling the symbolic representation of route road.After the demonstration of evacuating personnel route is finished, in legend, different disaster relief route symbolic information is shown with corresponding line segment and color table.For example, green: evacuate zone, red dotted line: block the road, faint yellow solid line: transport by road, blue dotted line: air transport, railway symbol: transportation by railroad.
The process flow diagram of the artificial adjustment function of evacuating personnel route as shown in figure 12, inquire the evacuating personnel route recently, under the situation of the visual information of optimal route, the user can adjust the parameter or the direct visual symbol S1201 of mouse-based operation of existing symbol, with effective and efficient manner directly perceived, the modification of implementation and renewal.
Figure 13 adds process flow diagram for the symbol management.Keeper or user can upload different goods and materials type designations, material stock point symbol, disaster relief troop type and be equipped with symbol, disaster-stricken point and disaster-stricken type designations etc. according to actual demand in symbol management and model customization module, and can make amendment or delete uploading symbol.In addition, Classification Management is carried out in different classes of subsymbol storehouse, symbol that can pre-customized each prediction scheme.In visual prediction scheme is deduced, can change corresponding symbology at any time.The process flow diagram that symbol guide is selected as shown in figure 14.
The process flow diagram of casualty loss Pre-Evaluation visualization function obtains population suffered from disaster's rate information in disaster area according to disaster-stricken place, disaster-stricken name query as shown in figure 15, and with the different population suffered from disaster's ratio of the color showing of different stage.Click " disaster-stricken loss " button S1501, select disaster-stricken point or disaster-stricken classification S1502.With the seismic intensity is example, and it is as shown in table 7 that inquiry obtains disaster area seismic intensity information:
Table 7 disaster area seismic intensity information
Disaster-stricken county name The seismic intensity grade
The Midu County >9?
The Yangbi county >9?
The Dali >9?
The Wei Shan county 8-9?
The Eryuan County 8-9?
The Yunlong County 7-8?
The Yongping County 7-8?
The Changning County 7-8?
The Fengqing County 7-8?
The Jing Dong county 7-8?
The Yaoan County 6-7?
[0078]?
The Zhen Yuan county 6-7?
The Chuxiong 6-7?
The Shidian County 6-7?
The billows Cang County 5-6?
The Cang Yuan county 5-6?
With the data in the above-mentioned table 7 as the input data in casualty loss Pre-Evaluation visualization model inputs, in its effect of visualization procedure for displaying, with the ladder color by go deep into shallow form represent earthquake from strong to weak earthquake intensity grade S1503.For example, use Color (159,84,01) expression earthquake intensity more than 9 grades; Use the earthquake intensity of Color (169,106,13) expression 8-9 level; Use the earthquake intensity of Color (191,143,33) expression 7-8 level; Use the earthquake intensity of Color (242,168,47) expression 6-7 level; Use the earthquake intensity of Color (247,195,73) expression 5-6 level.
This visual output result is that forming one group on the used map of system is the class ring belt at center with the earthquake centre.Wherein, along the direction outside from the earthquake centre, the color of each ring belt from depth to shallow.
Goods and materials allotments situation is deduced process flow diagram as shown in figure 16, deduces function by the goods and materials allotment, can observe near the disaster relief supplies distribution situation the devastated intuitively and be formulated to the circuit displaying of disaster point.Wherein:
Disaster relief materials needed:
Potable water: 1,200,000 barrels; Tent: 300,000 tops; Cotton-wadded quilt: 250,000; Medicines: 7.5 ten thousand casees; Flour, 500,000 bags; Instant noodles, 400,000 casees.
Goods and materials allotment circuit:
Circuit 1: Anhui->Zun Yi (air transport), estimate haulage time (1 hour), Zun Yi->Yunnan (railway), estimate haulage time (4 hours), conveying objects: medicine and food.
Circuit 2: Fujian->Yunnan (railway), train speed per hour (130KM/H), conveying objects: tent, cotton-wadded quilt, food.
Circuit 3: Guangzhou->Yunnan (highway), estimate haulage time (80KM/H), conveying objects: potable water, food.
Click " the goods and materials allotment is deduced " button S1601, deduce, select to deduce condition S1602, check the situation S1603 of different time sections goods and materials allotment based on many seasonal effect in time series according to origin, means of transportation, haulage time:
Circuit 1: the air transport circuit (as: blue dotted line) of getting well with customization in advance on three-dimensional map shows the circuit from Anhui to Zun Yi, with the circuit of railway symbol (chequered with black and white railway) demonstration from Zun Yi to Yunnan, and on three-dimensional map, use the transportation effect of three-dimensional model (aircraft) with 1 hour travelling speed dynamic similation goods and materials, and then with three-dimensional model (train) dynamic similation from Zun Yi to 4 hours effect of Yunnan goods and materials transportations, click the details that train can be inquired about transporting supplies.
Circuit 2: show the transportation route that arrives Yunnan (railway) from Fujian with railway symbol (chequered with black and white railway), simulate the transportation effect that arrives Yunnan (railway) goods and materials from Fujian with train with the speed per hour of 130KM/H, click the details that train can be inquired about transporting supplies.
Circuit 3: with the circuit of symbol (as: yellow solid line) demonstration from Guangzhou to Yunnan of highway, with velocity simulate the transportation effect from Guangzhou to Yunnan of three-dimensional model (transport vehicle) with 80KM/H.If transportation route has obstruction, then from the nearest transportation route of new calculating.For example,, then select the nearest circuit in approach Nanning, arrive Yunnan if by way of the backlog of Liuzhou City.
Evacuating personnel situation is deduced process flow diagram as shown in figure 17, evacuate the deduction function by the member, can observe current devastated personnel's evacuation situation intuitively, click " evacuating personnel deduction " button S1701, by selecting different deduction condition S1702, in different time sections or in the different spatial dimensions disaster relief strength situation deduced and carry out visual S1703.
Disaster relief route situation is deduced process flow diagram as shown in figure 18, deduce function by disaster relief route, can observe current disaster relief route conditions intuitively, click " deduction of disaster relief strength " button S1801, by selecting different deduction condition S1802, in different time sections or in the different spatial dimensions disaster relief route situation deduced and carry out visual S1803.
The above; only for the preferable embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and is familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope of the present invention's exposure; the variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (14)

1. Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization and deduction system is characterized in that, comprising:
The visualization component and the prediction scheme trend of the visual presentation component of prediction scheme, symbol management customization function assembly, casualty loss Pre-Evaluation are deduced assembly.
2. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 1 and deduction system is characterized in that, the visual presentation component of described prediction scheme comprises:
That map basic operation, map label, goods and materials distribute is visual, the visual and evacuating personnel route of visual, the goods and materials allotment route of visual, the disaster relief route of disaster relief strength visual.
3. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 2 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described map label, the key element in the predefined symbol abstract expression of using system on map emergency preplan, and mark added, revises, moves or deletion action.
4. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 2 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, it is visual that described goods and materials distribute, on map, show deposit point, type, quantity rank, distribution situation through the disaster relief mitigation goods and materials of the appointed place that the system user inquiry obtains, and with the rank of different meet an urgent need goods and materials types, materials reserves of different symbolic representations; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises the goods and materials distribution situation is made amendment.
5. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 2 and deduction system is characterized in that, described disaster relief strength visual is used to show type, outfit, the distributed points of disaster relief strength; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises disaster relief strength situation is made amendment.
6. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 2 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described disaster relief route visual, with different colors, multidate information symbol, show each disaster relief troop go to disaster relief point recently, optimal route; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises disaster relief route is made amendment.
7. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 2 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described goods and materials are allocated the visual of route, are used to show that disaster relief supplies transport nearest, the optimal route of disaster relief point to, comprise the width and the availability information of Route Length, circuit; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises goods and materials allotment route is made amendment.
8. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 2 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described evacuating personnel route visual, be used to show disaster affected people composition, quantity, distribution and from the disaster point be dispersed into the place of safety recently, optimal route; By its artificial adjustment function that comprises the evacuating personnel route is made amendment.
9. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 1 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described symbol management customization function, the symbol that is used for system is used carries out Classification Management, symbol that using system carries or self-defined, the coherent element in the display system; Comprise symbol management and symbol customization function, wherein the symbol management comprises interpolation, modification or the deletion to symbol, and the symbol customization comprises selection, modification or the default setting to template.
10. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 1 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, the visualization component of described casualty loss Pre-Evaluation according to the disaster-stricken place name of input, shows the Pre-Evaluation information of casualty loss situation by visual means; Wherein, described casualty loss situation comprises: population suffered from disaster's number, transfer and resettle urgently population, sick and wounded population, dead population, collapsed house number and damage the house number.
11. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 1 and deduction system is characterized in that, described prediction scheme trend is deduced assembly and is comprised:
Disaster relief route situation is deduced, goods and materials allotment situation deduces and evacuating personnel situation is deduced.
12. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 11 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described disaster relief route situation is deduced, be used to make system user to observe current disaster relief route conditions intuitively, and the visual information situation of the variation of disaster relief route in different time sections, in the different spatial dimension.
13. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 11 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described goods and materials allotment situation is deduced, the circuit that is used to make system user observe near the disaster relief supplies distribution situation the devastated intuitively and is formulated to disaster point shows, and the variation visual information of goods and materials allotment line conditions in the different time sections, in the different spaces scope.
14. a kind of Catastrophe emergency rescue preplan visualization according to claim 11 and deduction system, it is characterized in that, described evacuating personnel situation is deduced, be used to make system user to observe devastated personnel's evacuation situation intuitively, and the visual information of evacuating personnel situation variation in the different time sections, in the different spaces scope.
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