CN101839564A - Wall-hanging-type heat collector adopting half-edge compound parabolic concentrating devices - Google Patents

Wall-hanging-type heat collector adopting half-edge compound parabolic concentrating devices Download PDF

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CN101839564A
CN101839564A CN 201010153422 CN201010153422A CN101839564A CN 101839564 A CN101839564 A CN 101839564A CN 201010153422 CN201010153422 CN 201010153422 CN 201010153422 A CN201010153422 A CN 201010153422A CN 101839564 A CN101839564 A CN 101839564A
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compound
parabolic
edge
half
heat
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CN 201010153422
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Chinese (zh)
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余雷
张耀明
王军
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东南大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/42Dish collectors

Abstract

The invention relates to a wall-hanging-type heat collector adopting half-edge compound parabolic concentrating devices. The wall-hanging-type heat collector comprises a flat glass plate (2), an outer frame (3) and a plurality of half-edge compound parabolic concentrating devices (1), wherein the flat glass plate (2) with a south-facing surface is vertically arranged and connected with the outer frame (3), the half-edge compound parabolic concentrating devices (1) are vertically distributed in the east-west direction, arranged in a space enclosed by the flat glass plate (2) and the outer frame (3) and fixed on the outer frame (3), and each half-edge compound parabolic concentrating device (1) comprises a half-edge compound parabolic reflecting plate (1-2) and a glass vacuum heat-collecting tube (1-1) which is arranged at the lower end of the half-edge compound parabolic reflecting plate (1-2). The wall-hanging-type heat collector has attractive appearance, convenient mounting, low cost, high solar energy utilization rate and heat-collecting temperature.

Description

采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器 Using half of a compound parabolic concentrator means collector Wall

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种太阳能聚光集热装置,特别是一种非跟踪聚光集热装置,属于太阳能聚光集热技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solar concentrating collector device, in particular a non-tracking concentrating collector means belonging solar concentrating collector technical field.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 太阳能作为一种清洁、无污染的可再生能源,其开发和利用被认为世界能源战略的重要组成部分。 [0002] Solar energy as a clean, non-polluting, renewable energy, its development and use is considered an important component of the world energy strategy.

[0003] 复合抛物面聚光器(Compound parabolic concentrator,简称为CPC)是根据边缘光学原理设计的非成像聚光器。 [0003] a compound parabolic concentrator (Compound parabolic concentrator, referred to as CPC) is an edge of the optical design principles of non-imaging concentrator. 在理论上,接收角范围内的入射光直接或经反射都最终到达接收器上,对于给定的接受角范围它可以实现最大的聚光比,因而被应用在太阳能光热、 光伏系统中,非跟踪、跟踪(二级反射器)系统中。 In theory, within the acceptance angle of incident light or reflected directly on the final receivers are, for a given range of acceptance angles it can achieve a maximum concentration ratio, which is used in solar thermal, photovoltaic systems, non-tracking, tracking (secondary reflector) system. CPC模型的建立与发展起于七十年代末, 大量学者做了相关研究。 Establishment and development of CPC models starting in the late seventies, a large number of scholars have done research. 管状CPC在光热系统中的应用最为广泛,它具有最小的散热面积, 无需跟踪装置而降低了成本,可以实现中高温集热的需求。 Application of the tubular CPC photothermal systems most widely used, it has a minimum cooling area, without tracking device reduces cost, demand collector temperature can be achieved.

[0004] 太阳能热水器是目前唯一大规模利用的太阳能热利用装置,但传统的太阳能热水器由于破坏了建筑的结构及美观而被许多新楼房所禁止使用,应运而生的挂壁式太阳能热水器成为了用户的新宠。 [0004] The solar water heater is the only large-scale use of solar thermal devices, but conventional solar water heater due to destruction of the structure and appearance of the building is used by many of the new buildings is prohibited, came into being wall-mounted solar water heaters became the new darling of the user. 但也存在了一些不足:成本偏高、太阳能利用率低、集热温度低、对固定装置的要求高等。 But there are also some shortcomings: high costs, low utilization of solar energy, the collector temperature is low, the requirements for higher fixture.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 技术问题:本发明要解决的技术问题是提供了一种美观、便于安装、成本低、太阳能利用率高、集热温度高、重量轻的采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器。 [0005] Technical Problem: The present invention to solve the technical problem of providing an aesthetic, easy to install, low cost, high utilization of solar energy, the collector temperature is high, the use of lightweight half of a compound parabolic concentrator means Wall Collector.

[0006] 技术方案:为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供的技术方案为: [0006] Technical Solution: To solve the above problems, the present invention provides the technical solution as follows:

[0007] —种采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器,该挂壁式集热器包括:表面朝南并竖直摆放的玻璃平板、与玻璃平板相连接的外部框架和多个东西向摆放并垂直分布的半边复合抛物面聚光装置,该半边复合抛物面聚光装置位于玻璃平板和外部框架所围成的空间内且该半边复合抛物面聚光装置固定在外部框架上; [0007] - species using half of a compound parabolic concentrator means Wall collector, the collector Wall comprising: a south-facing surface of the glass plate and vertically placed, the outer frame and the glass plate and connected half of the plurality of compound parabolic concentrator means to put things and vertical distribution of the compound parabolic concentrator means half of the glass plate and the outer frame and the space surrounded by the half compound parabolic concentrator means is fixed to the outer frame;

[0008] 半边复合抛物面聚光装置包括玻璃真空集热管和半边复合抛物面反光板,玻璃真空集热管位于半边复合抛物面反光板的下端。 [0008] The apparatus comprises a compound parabolic concentrator half a glass vacuum tube and half compound parabolic reflector, a glass vacuum tube positioned lower half of a compound parabolic reflector plate.

[0009] 优选的,多个半边复合抛物面聚光装置所形成的平面及玻璃平板均向北倾斜一定角度摆放,该角度范围为0° -60°。 [0009] Preferably, a plurality of half of a compound parabolic concentrator plane and the flat glass forming apparatus are inclined at a certain angle on the north, the angular range of 0 ° -60 °.

[0010] 优选的,半边复合抛物面聚光装置的接收半角的范围为10° -60°。 [0010] Preferably, the half-width half received composite parabolic concentrator means in the range of 10 ° -60 °.

[0011] 有益效果: [0011] beneficial effects:

[0012] 1)该装置采用了挂壁式,可以与建筑完美的结合,易于安装同时又不破坏建筑的结构。 [0012] 1) The use of a wall-mounted device, can be perfectly combined with the construction, easy to install while still maintaining the structure of the building.

[0013] 2)该装置采用了半边复合抛物面聚光装置,可以接收到最多可能的太阳光;其采光特点是冬季聚光比高,夏季聚光比低,可以实现全年恒温运行;全年无需调整反光板的方向,并且平均聚光比比一般的复合抛物面聚光器高;比一般挂壁式太阳能热水器集热温度高;用廉价轻便的反光板代替了集热管,降低了成本,减轻了重量。 [0013] 2) The device uses a half of a compound parabolic concentrator means may receive a maximum possible sunlight; the light condensing characteristic is high in winter, summer low concentration ratio, temperature operation can be achieved throughout the year; annual no need to adjust the direction of the reflector, and the average ratio than converging high general a compound parabolic concentrator; higher than the average temperature of the wall-mounted solar water heating; inexpensive lightweight reflector instead collector tube, reducing costs, reducing the weight.

[0014] 3)该装置采用了玻璃真空集热管,可以减少热损失,具有较好的保温性。 [0014] 3) The device uses a glass vacuum tube, can reduce heat losses, it has good insulation.

[0015] 4)该装置采用了玻璃平板与外部框架形成的封闭结构,可以保证反光板及真空集热管的寿命,并且易于清洗及运输。 [0015] 4) The device uses a glass plate and the closed structure of the outer frame is formed, and the reflector can ensure the life of the vacuum tube, and easy cleaning and transport.

[0016] 5)该装置成本低、集热效果好、易于安装、美观、维护费用低、结构简单易于产业化生产。 Low [0016] 5) the cost of the apparatus, the collector is good effect, easy installation, appearance, low maintenance cost, simple structure and easy industrial production.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本发明提供的半边复合抛物面反光板的挂壁式集热器剖面结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional structure Wall collector side of the reflector of the present invention provides a compound parabolic;

[0018] 图中有:玻璃真空集热管1-1、半边复合抛物面反光板1-2、截掉的另一半边复合抛物面反光板1-3 ; [0018] FIG: glass vacuum tube 1-1, 1-2 half compound parabolic reflector, the other half of truncated compound parabolic reflector 1-3;

[0019] 图2是本发明提供的第一个实施例采用半边复合抛物面反光板的挂壁式集热器的剖面结构示意图; [0019] FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of the present invention provides a first embodiment employs half compound parabolic reflector Wall collector plate;

[0020] 图中有:半边复合抛物面聚光装置1、玻璃平板2、外部框架3 ; [0020] FIG include: half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1, the glass plate 2, the outer frame 3;

[0021] 图3是提供的第一个实施例采用半边复合抛物面反光板的挂壁式集热器的立体结构示意图; [0021] FIG. 3 is a perspective schematic structural view of half of a compound parabolic collector Wall reflector plate employed in the first embodiment is provided;

[0022] 图中有:半边复合抛物面聚光装置1、玻璃平板2、外部框架3 ; [0022] FIG include: half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1, the glass plate 2, the outer frame 3;

[0023] 图4是本发明提供的第二个实施例采用半边复合抛物面反光板的挂壁式集热器的剖面结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 4 is a schematic side cross-sectional structure of compound parabolic collectors Wall panel means of the present invention provides the use of a second embodiment;

[0024] 图中有:半边复合抛物面聚光装置1、玻璃平板2、外部框架3。 [0024] FIG include: half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1, the glass plate 2, the outer frame 3. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025] 下面结合附图对本发明做进一步说明。 [0025] DRAWINGS The present invention is further described.

[0026] 本发明提供的采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器,该半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器包括:表面朝南并竖直摆放的玻璃平板2、与玻璃平板2相连接的外部框架3和多个东西向摆放并垂直分布的半边复合抛物面聚光装置1,该半边复合抛物面聚光装置1位于玻璃平板2和外部框架3所围成的空间内且该半边复合抛物面聚光装置1固定在外部框架3上; [0026] The present invention provides the use of a compound parabolic concentrator half Wall collector means, the half of a compound parabolic concentrator Wall collector apparatus comprising: a south-facing surface of the glass plate 2 is placed and vertically , to put the frame 3 and a plurality of external things glass plate 2 and connected to the vertical distribution of one half of a compound parabolic concentrator means, which means a half of a compound parabolic concentrator of the glass plate 2 and the outer frame 3 surrounded by the and the inner space of half a compound parabolic concentrator device 1 is fixed to the outer frame 3;

[0027] 半边复合抛物面聚光装置1包括玻璃真空集热管1-1和半边复合抛物面反光板1-2,玻璃真空集热管1-1位于半边复合抛物面反光板1-2的下端。 [0027] half of a compound parabolic concentrator 1 compound parabolic reflector apparatus comprising a glass vacuum tube halves 1-2 and 1-1, 1-1 glass vacuum tube positioned lower half of a compound parabolic reflector 1-2.

[0028] 多个半边复合抛物面聚光装置1所形成的平面及玻璃平板2均向北倾斜一定角度摆放,该角度范围为0° -60°。 [0028] The plurality of compound parabolic concentrator means half plane and the glass plate 2 are formed a certain inclination angle on the north, the angular range of 0 ° -60 °.

[0029] 半边复合抛物面聚光装置1的接收半角的范围为10° -60°。 [0029] The half-angle range of the receiving side of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1 is 10 ° -60 °.

[0030] 将完整的复合抛物面聚光器去掉南边的半边复合抛物面反光板后再向南倾斜一定角度后就是本装置中的半边复合抛物面聚光装置1 ;半边复合抛物面聚光装置1位于玻璃平板2和外部框架3所围成的空间内;半边复合抛物面聚光装置1固定在外部框架3上。 [0030] The complete half of a compound parabolic concentrator to remove the south compound parabolic reflector and then back to south inclined at an angle that is half the present apparatus 1 means a compound parabolic concentrator; half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1 of the glass plates within a space surrounded by the outer frame 2, and 3; half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1 is fixed to the outer frame 3.

[0031] 也可以采用倾斜式,将多个半边复合抛物面聚光装置1所形成的平面及玻璃平板2均向北倾斜一定角度摆放。 [0031] The tilting can also be employed, a plurality of half of a compound parabolic concentrator plane and the flat glass forming apparatus 2 have a certain inclination angle on the north. [0032] 实施例1 [0033] 该装置含有4个半边复合抛物面聚光装置1,复合抛物面的接收半角为30°。 [0032] Example 1 [0033] This device comprises four half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1, receives a compound parabolic half-angle of 30 °. 半边复合抛物面反光板1-2采用铝板。 1-2 half compound parabolic reflector using an aluminum plate. 玻璃真空集热管1-1为直通式真空集热管。 1-1 is a glass vacuum tube once-through vacuum tube. 玻璃平板2采用透光性能好的高硼硅玻璃3. 3。 Using light-transmitting glass panel 2 good performance borosilicate glass 3.3. 外部框架3采用耐腐蚀、轻便的有机塑料。 Corrosion-resistant outer frame 3, the light organic plastic. 多个半边复合抛物面聚光装置1所形成的平面及玻璃平板2垂直放置。 A plurality of glass plates 2 and half plane perpendicular to a compound parabolic concentrator forming apparatus 1 is placed.

[0034] 实施例2 [0034] Example 2

[0035] 该装置含有4个半边复合抛物面聚光装置1,复合抛物面的接收半角为30°。 [0035] The apparatus comprises four half of a compound parabolic concentrator device 1, a compound parabolic receiving half angle 30 °. 半边复合抛物面反光板1-2采用铝板。 1-2 half compound parabolic reflector using an aluminum plate. 玻璃真空集热管1-1为直通式真空集热管。 1-1 is a glass vacuum tube once-through vacuum tube. 玻璃平板2采用透光性能好的高硼硅玻璃3. 3。 Using light-transmitting glass panel 2 good performance borosilicate glass 3.3. 外部框架3采用耐腐蚀、轻便的有机塑料。 Corrosion-resistant outer frame 3, the light organic plastic. 多个半边复合抛物面聚光装置1所形成的平面及玻璃平板2在垂直方向的基础上向北旋转15°放置。 Half of the plurality of compound parabolic concentrator plane and a glass plate forming apparatus 2 is rotated in the north direction based on the vertical placement of 15 °.

[0036] 本发明还可以有其它实施方式,凡依据本发明的技术实质所采用的任何细微修改、等效变换、替代所形成的技术方案,均落在本发明专利要求保护的范围之内。 [0036] The present invention is capable of other embodiments, where any slight modifications according to the technical spirit of the present invention is employed, the equivalent transformation, formed by alternative aspect, the present invention fall within the patent scope of the claims.

Claims (3)

  1. 一种采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器,其特征在于:该挂壁式集热器包括:表面竖直摆放的玻璃平板(2)、与玻璃平板(2)相连接的外部框架(3)和多个垂直分布的半边复合抛物面聚光装置(1),该半边复合抛物面聚光装置(1)位于玻璃平板(2)和外部框架(3)所围成的空间内且该半边复合抛物面聚光装置(1)固定在外部框架(3)上;半边复合抛物面聚光装置(1)包括玻璃真空集热管(1-1)和半边复合抛物面反光板(1-2),玻璃真空集热管(1-1)位于半边复合抛物面反光板(1-2)的下端。 Wall collector using one kind of half of a compound parabolic concentrator means, wherein: the Wall collector comprising: a vertical display surface of the glass plate (2), and the glass plate (2) is connected to within the outer frame (3) and a plurality of vertical half of a compound parabolic concentrator means (1) distribution, which is half of a compound parabolic concentrator means (1) of the glass plate (2) and an outer frame (3) surrounded by the space and the half of a compound parabolic concentrator means (1) is fixed to the outer frame (3); half of a compound parabolic concentrator means (1) comprises a glass vacuum tube (1-1) and a half compound parabolic reflectors (1-2) , lower glass vacuum tube (1-1) is located half compound parabolic reflectors (1-2).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器,其特征在于:多个半边复合抛物面聚光装置(1)所形成的平面及玻璃平板(2)均倾斜一定角度摆放, 该角度范围为0° -60°。 The use of a compound parabolic concentrator half Wall collector apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a plane glass plate and a plurality of half of a compound parabolic concentrator means (1) formed by (2) both inclined angle display, the angular range of 0 ° -60 °.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的采用半边复合抛物面聚光装置的挂壁式集热器,其特征在于:半边复合抛物面聚光装置(1)的接收半角的范围为10° -60°。 The use of a compound parabolic concentrator half Wall collector apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the half-angle range of the receiving half of a compound parabolic concentrator means (1) is 10 ° -60 °.
CN 201010153422 2010-04-21 2010-04-21 Wall-hanging-type heat collector adopting half-edge compound parabolic concentrating devices CN101839564A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3974824A (en) * 1974-08-09 1976-08-17 Solergy, Inc. Solar heating device
CN87207767U (en) * 1987-05-12 1988-03-02 北京市朝阳区太阳能热水器厂 Non-track single-side paraboloid projecting and thermal arresting appliance
RU2206837C2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2003-06-20 Стребков Дмитрий Семенович Solar module with concentrator (alternatives)
US20040261788A1 (en) * 2003-04-22 2004-12-30 Solargenix Energy Llc Solar collectors with evacuated receiver and nonimaging external reflectors
CN201401963Y (en) * 2009-02-18 2010-02-10 贾英洲 Semi-fixed groove-shaped vacuum tube concentrating collector
CN201637144U (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-11-17 东南大学 Wall-mounted heat collector adopting semi-edge compound parabolic light condensing devices

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3974824A (en) * 1974-08-09 1976-08-17 Solergy, Inc. Solar heating device
CN87207767U (en) * 1987-05-12 1988-03-02 北京市朝阳区太阳能热水器厂 Non-track single-side paraboloid projecting and thermal arresting appliance
RU2206837C2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2003-06-20 Стребков Дмитрий Семенович Solar module with concentrator (alternatives)
US20040261788A1 (en) * 2003-04-22 2004-12-30 Solargenix Energy Llc Solar collectors with evacuated receiver and nonimaging external reflectors
CN201401963Y (en) * 2009-02-18 2010-02-10 贾英洲 Semi-fixed groove-shaped vacuum tube concentrating collector
CN201637144U (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-11-17 东南大学 Wall-mounted heat collector adopting semi-edge compound parabolic light condensing devices

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