CN101832641B - Efficient non-pressure hot water-steam dual-purpose boiler - Google Patents

Efficient non-pressure hot water-steam dual-purpose boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101832641B
CN101832641B CN2010101914100A CN201010191410A CN101832641B CN 101832641 B CN101832641 B CN 101832641B CN 2010101914100 A CN2010101914100 A CN 2010101914100A CN 201010191410 A CN201010191410 A CN 201010191410A CN 101832641 B CN101832641 B CN 101832641B
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China
Prior art keywords
pyrotechnics
water
boiler
pipe
main
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010101914100A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101832641A (en
Inventor
贺金泉
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Chenzhou Jinquan Heat Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
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CHENZHOU JINQUAN HEAT ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010101914100A priority Critical patent/CN101832641B/en
Publication of CN101832641A publication Critical patent/CN101832641A/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to an efficient non-pressure hot water-steam dual-purpose boiler, belonging to the boiler technical field. The dual-purpose boiler comprises a lower boiler (1) and a main boiler, wherein the main boiler is arranged above the lower boiler (1). The dual-purpose boiler is characterized in that the lower boiler (1) is provided with a hearth with a water jacket (2); the bottom of the hearth is provided with a hand movable flame bridge (4), a hearth air door (5) and a pipe connected with a blower; the bottom of the water jacket (2) of the lower boiler is provided with an water inlet pipe (7) and a sludge discharge pipe (8); the main boiler mainly is formed from a main water tank (9), an upper smoke/fire pipe (10), a lower smoke/fire pipe (11) and two or more of serial damping smoke/fire air packs (13, 14, 15) arranged in the main water tank (9) through integral welding; and the water jacket (2) of the lower boiler is communicated with the main water tank (9) through a connection water pipe (16). The dual-purpose boiler has simple structure, energy-saving effect and high heat transfer efficiency and steam and hot water can be used by the same boiler insusceptibly, thus the dual-purpose boiler is very suitable to be used in places such as bathhouses, restaurants, hotels and hospitals.

Description

Efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to non-pressure coal-fired multipurpose furnace, belong to the boiler technology field.The present invention specifically is a kind of efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler.
Background technology
The hot water and the steam two-purpose boiler that use on the market at present are steam boiler in fact; Its heat exchange is that flue gas and heated medium directly carry out heat exchange generation steam; Steam boiler can not be realized the steam alliance, needs special steam supply equipment during promptly with its steam supply, needs special water tank during water supply.And all need independent heating, during consumption energy consumption.In order to solve this technical problem; On March 4th, 2009, Chinese utility model patent notification number CN201203253Y disclosed a kind of dual purpose steam water boiler; Comprise vertical steam boiler, heat exchanger tube; Heat exchanger tube is arranged at vertical steam boiler top through gripper shoe, and the heat exchanger tube both sides are respectively equipped with end socket and Inlet and outlet water end socket, are respectively equipped with backhaul baffle plate and water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe at the Inlet and outlet water seal head end.Though this boiler is realized the steam alliance, the independently heat exchanger tube of heat production water and the independently steam boiler of producing steam, heat exchanger tube is horizontal right horizontal stroke on a left side, stove the inside; Stop up burning gallery; Make burning not smooth, strong air blast and exhausting must be installed, structure is obviously complicated.Simultaneously, heat transfer efficiency neither be very high.
Summary of the invention
To the above-mentioned defective that exists in the prior art, the present invention aims to provide a kind of simple in structure, energy-conservation, efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler that heat transfer efficiency is high, uses the present invention, can produce steam and hot water separately.
The present invention adopts following technical proposals to realize: a kind of efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler, comprise stove and main stove down, and main stove is placed in down the top of stove; Following stove has the burner hearth of a band water jacket, puts into honeycomb briquette or little coal briquette in the burner hearth; Burner hearth bottom has hand movable grate, the burner hearth air door with connect blower tube; Water inlet pipe and blow-off pipe are arranged at the water jacket bottom of following stove; Above-mentioned main stove is mainly by main water box, and the welding of the damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber one of two or more series connection in pyrotechnics pipe and the main water box is formed up and down; Between the water jacket of following stove and the main water box cross current of connection is arranged; On the dome head of described main water box top smoke exhaust pipe is arranged; The hot-water line outlet; Steam pipe and minute-pressure safety valve; Main water box has water surface line of demarcation in the upper end, and there is the water-level probe mouth side outside of the corresponding main water box in top, water surface line of demarcation, and there is the temp probe mouth side outside of the corresponding main water box in below, water surface line of demarcation; The main water box bottom surface is the heat affected zone of an indent; Described damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber is to use two block sizes up and down; The enclosure body of the parabolic shape that shape is consistent or the relative seam of metallic plate of square concave shape is communicated with sparse equally distributed pyrotechnics pipeline more than 5 between the adjacent damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber; And a relative complete damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber, between the pyrotechnics pipeline through hole up and down not over against, the arbitrary sectional area of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber level is greater than the area of said 5 above pyrotechnics pipe level cross section sums; The following pyrotechnics pipeline of a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber connects the heat affected zone of main water box bottom surface indent bottom, and topmost the last metallic plate connection smoke exhaust pipe of a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber passes from the central authorities of main water box heading shape end socket.
The present invention puts into honeycomb briquette or little coal briquette, and when burning, the size of fire is by the burner hearth air door and the air blast control of bottom.The coal-fired waste heat of following stove burner hearth heats the water in the lower hearth water jacket.The damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber that coal-fired master's fire passes through the pyrotechnics tube passage and connects up and down, master's fire flows to be blocked and slowly passes through through damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber the time; It is long that the coal-fired pyrotechnics that produces is trapped in the stove time through damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber, is beneficial to heat and fully absorbed by bellows chamber metallic plate and pyrotechnics pipeline, heats the water of main stove rapidly, and cigarette is discharged out of the furnace by smoke exhaust pipe.And cinder is discharged through hand movable grate.Water stream channel during heat production water is: cold water → water inlet pipe → hearth water sleeve → connection water pipe → main water box heat exchange → hot-water line outlet.
If when wanting steam, as long as reduce to the water of main water box below the water surface line of demarcation, steam will constantly be assembled on main water box top, discharges continually through steam pipe.
Furnace roof is equipped with the minute-pressure safety valve, guarantees safety.
So this stove both can be made water heater, can make steam oven again, but in use, switch can not be installed at steam pipe and hot-water line outlet.
But the also spontaneous firing of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber of the present invention's design designs a plurality of resistance pyrotechnics bellows chambers, and its purpose lets heat absorption more abundant exactly.Bellows chamber two ends pyrotechnics pipe is staggered to link to each other, and also is straight-through in order to reduce pyrotechnics.
Compare with prior art, the utlity model has following characteristics: compact conformation, the easy-to-clean ash maintenance, the thermal efficiency is high, and energy-conserving and environment-protective are flexible to operation; Can on same stove, realize mutual impregnable steam and hot water, the departments such as bathing pool, restaurant, hotel, hospital that are very suitable for use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of master's stove of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber structural representation of the present invention.
In the accompanying drawing: 1 time stove; 2 water jackets; 3 honeycomb briquettes or little coal briquette; 4 hand movable grates; 5 burner hearth air doors; 6 connect blower tube; 7 water inlet pipes; 8 blow-off pipes; 9 main water box; 10,11,12 pyrotechnics pipes; The damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber in 13 the tops; 14 complete damping pyrotechnics bellows chambers; 15 damping pyrotechnics bellows chambers bottom; 16 connect water pipe; 17 smoke exhaust pipes; The outlet of 18 hot-water lines; 19 steam pipes; 20 minute-pressure safety valves; 21 water surface lines of demarcation; 22 water-level probe mouths; 23 temp probe mouths; The heat affected zone of 24 indents.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified.
Embodiment 1
With reference to accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler overall structure sketch map, comprises stove 1 and main stove down, and main stove is placed in down the top of stove 1; It is characterized in that stove 1 has a burner hearth of being with water jacket 2 down, put into honeycomb briquette or little coal briquette 3 in the burner hearth; Burner hearth bottom has hand movable grate 4, burner hearth air door 5 with connect blower tube 6; Water inlet pipe 7 and blow-off pipe 8 are arranged at water jacket 2 bottoms of following stove;
Accompanying drawing 2 is structural representations of master's stove of the present invention, and main stove is mainly by main water box 9, last pyrotechnics pipe 10; Pyrotechnics pipe 11; Following pyrotechnics pipe 12 and main water box 9 interior damping pyrotechnics bellows chambers 13 topmost, damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 14, the welding of 15 3 series connection of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber one is formed bottom; There is the water pipe of connection 16 to be communicated with between the water jacket 2 of following stove and the main water box 9; On the described main water box 9 top dome heads smoke exhaust pipe 17 is arranged; Hot-water line outlet 18; Steam pipe 19 and minute-pressure safety valve 20; Main water box has water surface line of demarcation 21 in 9 upper ends, and there is water-level probe mouth 22 the side outside of the corresponding main water box 9 in 21 tops, water surface line of demarcation, and there is temp probe mouth 23 the side outside of the corresponding main water box 9 in 21 belows, water surface line of demarcation; Main water box 9 bottom surfaces are heat affected zone 24 of an indent; Following pyrotechnics pipe 12 roads of a said damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 15 bottom connect the heat affected zone 24 of main water box 9 bottom surface indents, and topmost the last metallic plate connection smoke exhaust pipe 17 of a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 13 passes from the central authorities of main water box 9 heading shape end sockets.
Fig. 3 is a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber structural representation of the present invention.This is a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 13 topmost; Damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 14; A damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 15 all is to use two block sizes up and down bottom; The enclosure body of the relative seam of parabolic shape metallic plate that shape is consistent is communicated with 6 sparse equally distributed pyrotechnics pipes 10 or pyrotechnics pipe 11 roads between the adjacent damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber; And a relative complete damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber 14, between last pyrotechnics pipe 10 and the following pyrotechnics pipe 11 road through holes not over against, the arbitrary sectional area of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber level is greater than the area of said 6 pyrotechnics pipe level cross section sums.
Embodiment 2
Present embodiment is a kind of efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler; Damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber wherein is to use two block sizes up and down; The enclosure body of the relative seam of metallic plate of the square concave shape that shape is consistent is communicated with 8 sparse equally distributed pyrotechnics pipes or pyrotechnics pipeline between the adjacent damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber; The welding of two series connection of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber one; All the other structures are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Present embodiment is a kind of efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler; Damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber wherein is to use two block sizes up and down; The enclosure body of the relative seam of parabolic shape metallic plate that shape is consistent is communicated with 100 sparse equally distributed pyrotechnics pipes or pyrotechnics pipeline between the adjacent damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber; Damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber is by the welding of five series connection one; All the other structures are with embodiment 1.

Claims (1)

1. efficient non-pressure hot water and steam dual-purpose boiler comprise stove (1) and main stove down, and main stove is placed in down the top of stove (1); It is characterized in that stove (1) has a burner hearth of being with water jacket (2) down, put into honeycomb briquette or little coal briquette (3) in the burner hearth; Burner hearth bottom has hand movable grate (4), burner hearth air door (5) and connect blower tube (6); Water inlet pipe (7) and blow-off pipe (8) are arranged at the water jacket of following stove (2) bottom; Above-mentioned main stove is mainly by main water box (9), and the welding of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (13,14, the 15) one of two or more series connection in pyrotechnics pipe (10,11,12) and the main water box (9) is formed up and down; There is the water pipe of connection (16) to be communicated with between the water jacket of following stove (2) and the main water box (9); On the dome head of described main water box (9) top smoke exhaust pipe (17) is arranged; Hot-water line outlet (18); Steam pipe (19) and minute-pressure safety valve (20); Main water box (9) has water surface line of demarcation (21) in the upper end, and there is water-level probe mouth (22) the side outside of water surface line of demarcation (21) the corresponding main water box in top (9), and there is temp probe mouth (23) the side outside of water surface line of demarcation (21) the corresponding main water box in below (9); Main water box (9) bottom surface is the heat affected zone (24) of an indent; Following pyrotechnics pipe (12) road of a said damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (15) bottom connects the heat affected zone (24) of main water box (9) bottom surface indent, and topmost the last metallic plate connection smoke exhaust pipe (17) of a damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (13) passes from the central authorities of main water box (9) heading shape end socket; Described damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (13,14,15) is to use two block sizes up and down; The enclosure body of the parabolic shape that shape is consistent or the relative seam of metallic plate of square concave shape, between the adjacent damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (13,14,15) with sparse equally distributed pyrotechnics pipe 10,11 more than 5) the road connection; An and relative complete damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (14); Between pyrotechnics pipe up and down (10,11) the road through hole not over against, the arbitrary sectional area of damping pyrotechnics bellows chamber (13,14,15) level is greater than the area of said 5 above pyrotechnics pipes (10,11,12) horizontal cross-section, road sum.
CN2010101914100A 2010-05-31 2010-05-31 Efficient non-pressure hot water-steam dual-purpose boiler Expired - Fee Related CN101832641B (en)

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CN101832641B true CN101832641B (en) 2012-04-11

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102389760B (en) * 2011-09-21 2014-02-12 中国科学院金属研究所 Microwave-enhanced continuous esterification reactor and process
CN103591682B (en) * 2013-11-27 2016-01-20 郑宗标 High-effect low-emission water boiler
CN104595880B (en) * 2015-01-27 2017-03-15 武汉爱信热能系统有限公司 Steam, hot water two purpose boiler and system
CN112121553A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-25 刘思达 High-efficiency environment-friendly coal-fired power generation device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2546802Y (en) * 2002-05-30 2003-04-23 陈政 Multifunctional hot water boiler for stove use
WO2003069238A1 (en) * 2002-02-18 2003-08-21 Conematic Heating Systems Inc Heating system for liquids
CN201203253Y (en) * 2008-04-24 2009-03-04 兖矿鲁南化肥厂 Steam and water dual-purpose boiler
CN201363710Y (en) * 2009-02-02 2009-12-16 赵联众 Integrated energy-saving high-temperature and high-pressure steam boiler using electric insulating oil
CN101706154A (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-05-12 李文琴 Vertical combustion type square briquette boiler
CN201748628U (en) * 2010-05-31 2011-02-16 贺金泉 Effective pressureless hot water and steam dual-purpose stove

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003069238A1 (en) * 2002-02-18 2003-08-21 Conematic Heating Systems Inc Heating system for liquids
CN2546802Y (en) * 2002-05-30 2003-04-23 陈政 Multifunctional hot water boiler for stove use
CN201203253Y (en) * 2008-04-24 2009-03-04 兖矿鲁南化肥厂 Steam and water dual-purpose boiler
CN201363710Y (en) * 2009-02-02 2009-12-16 赵联众 Integrated energy-saving high-temperature and high-pressure steam boiler using electric insulating oil
CN101706154A (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-05-12 李文琴 Vertical combustion type square briquette boiler
CN201748628U (en) * 2010-05-31 2011-02-16 贺金泉 Effective pressureless hot water and steam dual-purpose stove

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Effective date of registration: 20120202

Address after: 423000 Hunan City, Suxian District, Wulipai Town, Shek Tan Tan original force idle auditorium

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Owner name: CHENZHOU JINQUAN THERMAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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