CN101825293B - Integrated composite gasification furnace - Google Patents

Integrated composite gasification furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101825293B
CN101825293B CN 200910043224 CN200910043224A CN101825293B CN 101825293 B CN101825293 B CN 101825293B CN 200910043224 CN200910043224 CN 200910043224 CN 200910043224 A CN200910043224 A CN 200910043224A CN 101825293 B CN101825293 B CN 101825293B
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China
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gasification furnace
pipe
integrated composite
oxygen
burner hearth
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CN 200910043224
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CN101825293A (en
Inventor
周松林
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ZHANGJIAJIE SANMU ENERGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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ZHANGJIAJIE SANMU ENERGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 200910043224 priority Critical patent/CN101825293B/en
Publication of CN101825293A publication Critical patent/CN101825293A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated composite gasification furnace, which belongs to a biomass gasification furnace. The integrated composite gasification furnace comprises a furnace body (1), a hearth (2), a sealing cover (3), an air inlet pipe (4) and an air outlet pipe (5); the lower periphery of the hearth (2) is provided with an oxygen supply loop (6); the air inlet pipe (4) is communicated with the oxygen supply loop (6); the upper part of the hearth (2) is provided with a storage barrel (7); an air outlet chamber (8) is arranged between the storage barrel (7) and the inner wall of the hearth (2); the air outlet chamber (8) is communicated with the air outlet pipe (5); the top of the furnace body (1) is provided with a cooking bench (9); a gas stove (10) is arranged on the cookingbench (9); the gas stove (10) is communicated with the air outlet pipe (5); and the air outlet pipe (5) is connected with an oxygen distribution pipe (11) communicated with the atmosphere. The integrated composite gasification furnace has the characteristics of quick gas production, little fuel consumption in unit time, no tar or smoke discharge, low cost, simple structure, convenient use and thelike.

Description

Integrated composite gasification furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stove and accessory, specifically, provide a kind of biomass gasifying furnace tool.
Background technology
At present, biomass furnace generally has two kinds of technical schemes.A kind of is half gasification, and combustion, and another kind is full gasification, and combustion.Half gasification is by the secondary air burning, though there is not tar, has the defective of soot emissions, and use all needs to light a fire again at every turn, has a large amount of smog and distributes, for fear of this problem, smoke exhaust pipe must be installed, and this has not only increased installation cost, and can lose a part of energy.What Chinese patent disclosed " a kind of integral compound gasification stove " (ZL200610166019.9) provided is exactly this class stove and accessory.Full gasification furnace, be actually a kind of split type gasification furnace, for example Chinese patent disclosed a kind of " producer " (ZL002277000.3), its combustion gas tube road is transported to gas-cooker and uses, the weak point of this split type gasification furnace is to have tar and condensed water need discharge and after-treatment in the combustion gas, not only increase cost, and bring operational inconvenience to the user.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of above half-gasification oven and full gasification stove technology, a kind of cooking stove one is provided, cost is low, simple in structure, and do not have tar and fume emission, many kitchen ranges can use simultaneously, the integrated composite gasification furnace of the practicable semi-automatic blanking of fuel.
For achieving the above object, embodiment of the present invention are: a kind of integrated composite gasification furnace, comprise body of heater, burner hearth, seal cover, blast pipe and escape pipe, the lower furnace portion outer periphery is equipped with the air intake circuit, blast pipe communicates with the air intake circuit, it is characterized in that, upper furnace is provided with storage vat, be provided with the storehouse of giving vent to anger between storage vat and the inboard wall of burner hearth, the storehouse of giving vent to anger communicates with escape pipe, and the body of heater top is provided with the kitchen range top, and the kitchen range top is provided with gas-cooker, gas-cooker and escape pipe are connected, escape pipe be connected with communicate with atmosphere join the oxygen pipe.
The described oxygen pipe of joining is built in the body of heater, and its lower end communicates with the oxygen supply circuit.
Described join to be equipped with on the oxygen pipe join the oxygen switch.
On the described escape pipe burnt gas switch is installed.
The top sides of described storage vat is along being provided with snap ring, and storage vat is sleeved on the interior ring of sealed cistern by snap ring, and its lower end extend into the middle and lower part of burner hearth.
Described seal cover is arranged with smashes the material tooth, the snap ring of storage vat be provided with smashes the material hole, when seal cover covers, smash the material tooth stretch into smash the material hole in.
The present invention adopts air guide know-why and middle gas-guiding structure, has solved biomass granule fuel and has been subjected to the moisture content effect in high temperature and the combustion gas and makes particle become the technical problem of loosing in gasification furnace.The middle air guide combustion gas that can make reducing zone reaction directly enters gas-cooker without burner hearth destructive distillation layer and drying layer in addition, has reduced moisture content and the tar content in the combustion gas.Stove and kitchen range are integrated, and combustion gas output distance is short, gas temperature is high, tar is gaseous state and combustion gas together enters the gas-cooker burning with infrared ray stove core, no tar and condensed water precipitation and discharging in the stove.Therefore, this product has solved the technical deficiency that traditional gasification furnace and half-gasification oven exist and has used defective, and it is fast to have an aerogenesis, and the unit interval consume fuel is few, does not have and refuels and characteristics such as fume emission.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is structure chart of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1-body of heater, 2-burner hearth, 3-seal cover, the 4-blast pipe, 5-escape pipe, 6-oxygen supply circuit, 7-storage vat, the 8-storehouse of giving vent to anger, the 9-kitchen range top, 10-gas-cooker, 11-are joined the oxygen pipe, 12-joins the oxygen switch, 13-burnt gas switch, 14-sealed cistern, 15-oxygen supply hole, 16-ash hole, 17-heat-insulation layer, the interior ring of 18-sealed cistern, 19-snap ring, 20-are smash the material tooth
The specific embodiment
As shown in drawings, integrated composite gasification furnace, burner hearth 2 middle and lower parts in the body of heater 1 are provided with heat-insulation layer 17, and the bottom of burner hearth 2 is round table-like, constitute oxygen supply circuit 6 between the outer wall of the round table-like part of burner hearth 1 and body of heater 1 inwall, oxygen supply circuit 6 blast pipe 4 outer with stretching out body of heater communicates.The bottom of the round table-like part of burner hearth 1 evenly is provided with oxygen supply hole 15, and oxygen supply hole 15 makes oxygen supply circuit 6 communicate with burner hearth 2 inside.Body of heater 1 top is provided with sealed cistern 14, and storage vat 7 tops have snap ring 19, and discharge tank 7 is sleeved on by snap ring 19 on the interior ring 18 of sealed cistern, and storage vat 7 bottoms extend into the middle and lower part of burner hearth 2.Constitute the storehouse 8 of giving vent to anger between the inwall of storage vat 7 outer walls and burner hearth 2 middle and upper parts, body of heater 1 top is symmetrically arranged with 5, two escape pipes 5 of two escape pipes and communicates with the storehouse 8 of giving vent to anger.Body of heater 1 inwall is built-in with two and joins oxygen pipe 11, joins oxygen pipe 11 lower ends and communicates with oxygen supply circuit 6, and the upper end communicates with escape pipe 5.The kitchen range top 9 is arranged at body of heater 1 top, and the kitchen range top 9 is provided with the gas-cooker 10 with infrared ray combustion chamber.Be equipped with and join oxygen switch 12 joining oxygen pipe 11, at escape pipe 5 burnt gas switch 13 is installed.Burner hearth 2 bottoms are provided with ash hole 16.Seal cover 3 has smashes material tooth 20, the snap ring 19 of storage vat 7 is provided with smashes the material hole, when seal cover 3 covers, smash the material tooth 20 stretch into smash the material hole in, can cover 3 by rotary seal and drive storage vat 7 rotations, thereby be implemented under the situation of not opening seal cover 3 and smash material, prevent that the burning cavity from appearring in burner hearth 2.

Claims (6)

1. integrated composite gasification furnace, comprise body of heater (1), burner hearth (2), seal cover (3), blast pipe (4) and escape pipe (5), burner hearth (2) bottom outer periphery is equipped with oxygen supply circuit (6), blast pipe (4) communicates with oxygen supply circuit (6), it is characterized in that, burner hearth (2) top is provided with storage vat (7), the storehouse (8) of giving vent to anger between storage vat (7) and burner hearth (2) inwall, the storehouse (8) of giving vent to anger communicates with escape pipe (5), body of heater (1) top is provided with the kitchen range top (9), the kitchen range top (9) is provided with gas-cooker (10), and gas-cooker (10) and escape pipe (5) are connected, escape pipe (5) be connected with communicate with atmosphere join oxygen pipe (11).
2. integrated composite gasification furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the described oxygen pipe (11) of joining is built in the body of heater (1), and its lower end communicates with oxygen supply circuit (6).
3. integrated composite gasification furnace according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described join to be equipped with on the oxygen pipe (11) join oxygen switch (12).
4. integrated composite gasification furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that, burnt gas switch (13) is installed on the described escape pipe (5).
5. integrated composite gasification furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the top sides of described storage vat (7) is along being provided with snap ring (19), and storage vat (7) is sleeved on the interior ring (18) of sealed cistern by snap ring (19), and its lower end extend into the middle and lower part of burner hearth (9).
6. integrated composite gasification furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described seal cover (3) is arranged with smashes material tooth (20), the snap ring (19) of storage vat (7) is provided with smashes the material hole, seal cover (3) is when covering, and smashes material tooth (20) and stretches into and smash in the material hole.
CN 200910043224 2009-04-23 2009-04-23 Integrated composite gasification furnace Active CN101825293B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910043224 CN101825293B (en) 2009-04-23 2009-04-23 Integrated composite gasification furnace

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910043224 CN101825293B (en) 2009-04-23 2009-04-23 Integrated composite gasification furnace

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CN101825293A CN101825293A (en) 2010-09-08
CN101825293B true CN101825293B (en) 2013-10-02

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322630B (en) 2011-09-24 2014-03-19 刘伟奇 Method and devices for burning macromolecular matters efficiently and cleanly
CN103075721A (en) * 2011-10-25 2013-05-01 成都槟果科技有限公司 Smokeless combustion boiler device
CN103952186B (en) * 2014-04-30 2015-07-29 浙江大学 There is the down-draft type gasifying furnace of tar degradation function

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1061473A (en) * 1990-10-25 1992-05-27 张庆柳 Coal-burning gas stove
CN2259403Y (en) * 1996-06-26 1997-08-13 朱显敏 Biomass negative-oxygen high-temp pyrolyzing gasification furnace
CN2479382Y (en) * 2001-03-14 2002-02-27 李清溢 Stalk gasification stove and range for cooking and heating
CN201003778Y (en) * 2007-01-30 2008-01-09 刘本宽 Biomass gasification stove
CN201078713Y (en) * 2007-09-03 2008-06-25 曲宗国 Stalk gasification furnace
CN101284996A (en) * 2008-04-13 2008-10-15 张家界三木能源开发有限公司 Tar cracking device of biomass gasifier

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1061473A (en) * 1990-10-25 1992-05-27 张庆柳 Coal-burning gas stove
CN2259403Y (en) * 1996-06-26 1997-08-13 朱显敏 Biomass negative-oxygen high-temp pyrolyzing gasification furnace
CN2479382Y (en) * 2001-03-14 2002-02-27 李清溢 Stalk gasification stove and range for cooking and heating
CN201003778Y (en) * 2007-01-30 2008-01-09 刘本宽 Biomass gasification stove
CN201078713Y (en) * 2007-09-03 2008-06-25 曲宗国 Stalk gasification furnace
CN101284996A (en) * 2008-04-13 2008-10-15 张家界三木能源开发有限公司 Tar cracking device of biomass gasifier

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