CN101799621A - Shooting method and shooting equipment - Google Patents

Shooting method and shooting equipment Download PDF

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CN101799621A
CN101799621A CN 200910077973 CN200910077973A CN101799621A CN 101799621 A CN101799621 A CN 101799621A CN 200910077973 CN200910077973 CN 200910077973 CN 200910077973 A CN200910077973 A CN 200910077973A CN 101799621 A CN101799621 A CN 101799621A
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information
subject
position
imaging
photographing
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CN 200910077973
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101799621B (en )
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于辰涛
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联想(北京)有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a shooting method and shooting equipment. The method which is used for the shooting equipment comprises: obtaining the first position information of a first position on which the shooting equipment is arranged, wherein the first position information at least comprises the site description information of the first position; obtaining the current focal distance parameter and the lens orientation parameter of the shooting equipment; according to the first position information, the current focal distance parameter and the lens orientation parameter as the shooting parameters, obtaining the second position information of a second position on which the shot object of the shooting equipment is arranged, wherein the second position information at least comprises the site description information of the second position; shooting at least one image of the shot object; and storing the second position information. When the technology provided by the embodiment is applied, a user only needs simple operation to manage and classify a great quantity of shot digital image works in order so as to enhance user experience.

Description

一种拍摄方法和拍摄设备 An imaging method and shooting equipment

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及数码技术,特别是指一种拍摄方法和拍摄设备。 [0001] The present invention relates to digital technology, particularly, to a photographing method and a photographing apparatus. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着拍摄技术的普及,很多用户会进行大量的拍摄,例如照片拍摄和数码录像,这些拍摄后的图像作品以计算机可识别的文件进行存放,每一文件一般会以拍摄日期或连续编号的方式生成一个文件名。 [0002] With the popularity of recording techniques, many users will be a lot of shooting, such as digital photographs and video, these images after shooting works to identify computer files for storage, every file will generally continuous shooting date or No way to generate a file name.

[0003] 现有技术中,使用带有全球定位系统(GPS,Global Positioning System)定位功能的高端相机获取拍摄地点的具体位置,并以配套的编辑软件进行后期编辑,虽然可以知道图像是在哪里拍摄的,但是无法知道图像中的背景景物是什么;虽然能够使用拍摄日期或连续编号的方式为图像生成文件名,但无法知道图像包含的其他任何信息。 [0003] prior art, the use of high-end camera with a global positioning system (GPS, Global Positioning System) positioning function of where to find the location of, and supporting post-editing to editing software, although you can know where the images are shooting, but can not know what is the background scenery image; even though it can use continuous shooting date or number of ways to generate the image file name, but does not know of any other information contained in the image.

[0004] 发明人在实现本发明的过程中,发现现有技术中至少存在如下问题:在用户拍摄大量的图像作品之后,分类并管理这些图像作品需要投入巨大的精力,且由于缺少关于拍摄对象的详细的描述信息,影响了用户的体验。 [0004] In the process of implementation of the present invention, at least the following problems found in the prior art: after taking a large number of images in the user works, classify, and manage these images works need to invest enormous energy, and due to lack of information on the subject detailed descriptions, affecting the user experience.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是提供一种拍摄方法和拍摄设备,使得对所拍摄的大量图像进行管理和分类,添加更多描述信息的过程中,用户的操作更为方便简洁。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a photographing method and a photographing apparatus, such that a large number of captured images classified and managed, to add more information in the description of the process, the user is more convenient and simple operation.

[0006] 一种拍摄方法,用于一拍摄设备,至少包括:获得第一位置处的第一位置信息,其中所述第一位置是所述拍摄设备所在位置,所述第一位置信息至少包括所述第一位置的地点描述信息;获得所述拍摄设备的当前焦距参数和镜头朝向参数;根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数作为拍摄参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息, 其中所述第二位置是所述拍摄设备的拍摄对象的所在位置,所述第二位置信息至少包括所述第二位置的地点描述信息;拍摄至少一幅所述拍摄对象的图像;存储所述第二位置信肩、ο [0006] A photographing method for a photographing apparatus, comprising at least: a first position information obtaining at a first location, wherein said first position is a position where the photographing device, the first location information comprises at least the description of the first location information of the location; obtain the current lens focal length parameter and the orientation parameter of the photographing apparatus; orientation parameter based on the first location information, the current focal length of the lens as the imaging parameter and a second parameter obtaining position second location information, wherein said second position is a position where the subject of photographing apparatus, the second location information comprises at least location information of the second position described; photographing the subject at least one image; storing said second position signal shoulder, ο

[0007] —种拍摄设备,至少包括:拍摄位置定位单元,用于获得第一位置处的第一位置信息,其中所述第一位置是所述拍摄设备所在位置,所述第一位置信息至少包括所述第一位置的地点描述信息;方向定位单元,用于获得所述拍摄设备的镜头朝向参数;拍摄对象定位单元,用于获得所述拍摄设备的当前焦距参数,根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数作为拍摄参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,其中所述第二位置是所述拍摄设备的拍摄对象的所在位置,所述第二位置信息至少包括所述第二位置的地点描述信息;拍摄单元,用于拍摄至少一幅所述拍摄对象的图像;位置信息存储单元,用于存储所述第二位置信息。 [0007] - shooting apparatus, at least comprising: a photographing position locating means for obtaining a first position information at a first location, wherein said first position is a position where the imaging device, the location information of the at least first locations include a first position of said description information; direction positioning means for obtaining the imaging lens device orientation parameter; subject positioning means for obtaining a current focal length parameter of the photographing apparatus according to the first position information, parameters, and the current focal length of the lens toward the second position information as parameter to obtain a second position of the photographing parameters, wherein said second position is a position where the subject of photographing apparatus, said second position information comprising at least a description of the location information of the second position; imaging means for capturing at least one image of the photographic subject; position information storage unit for storing the second positional information.

[0008] 应用本实施例提供的技术,用户仅通过简单的操作,就能对所拍摄的大量的图像进行有效的管理和分类,使得图像的描述信息更为详细,增强了用户的体验。 Technology provided by the [0008] application of the present embodiment, only a user, a large number of images can be captured by a simple operation of efficient management and classification, so that the image information is described in more detail, enhance the user experience. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 图1为本发明实施例方法流程示意图; [0009] FIG. 1 is a schematic process according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0010] 图2为本发明实施例数码应用方向传感器的方法流程示意图; [0010] FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a method embodiment digital applications direction sensor embodiment of the invention;

[0011] 图3为本发明实施例编辑照片流程示意图; [0011] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram photo editing process embodiment of the invention;

[0012] 图4为本发明实施例拍摄设备拍摄参数应用示意图; [0012] Application Example 4 FIG schematic view imaging apparatus of the present invention photographing parameters;

[0013] 图5为本发明实施例光圈值的取值效果示意图; [0013] FIG. 5 is a schematic of an aperture value ranging effects embodiment of the present invention;

[0014] 图6为本发明实施例拍摄设备结构示意图一; [0014] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a photographing apparatus embodiment of the inventive structure;

[0015] 图7为本发明实施例拍摄设备结构示意图二; [0015] FIG. 7 embodiment two structural diagram of imaging apparatus of the present invention;

[0016] 图8为本发明实施例拍摄设备结构示意图三。 [0016] Example 8 a schematic structural diagram three photographing apparatus of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0017] 为使本发明的目的、技术特征和实施效果更加清楚,下面将结合附图及具体实施例对本发明的技术方案进行详细描述。 [0017] To make the objectives, technical features and effects of embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the accompanying drawings and the following specific examples of the technical solutions of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0018] 本发明实施例提供一种拍摄方法,用于一拍摄设备,如图1所示,至少包括: [0018] The embodiments of the present invention provide a photographing method for a photographing apparatus shown in Figure 1, comprising at least:

[0019] 步骤101.获得第一位置处的第一位置信息,其中所述第一位置是所述拍摄设备所在位置,所述第一位置信息至少包括所述第一位置的地点描述信息。 [0019] Step 101. The first location information obtained at a first location, wherein said first position is a position of the photographing device is located, said first position information comprises at least location information described in the first position.

[0020] 步骤102.获得所述拍摄设备的当前焦距参数和镜头朝向参数。 [0020] The step of obtaining the photographing apparatus 102. The current lens focal length parameter and the orientation parameter.

[0021] 步骤103.根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数作为拍摄参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,其中所述第二位置是所述拍摄设备的拍摄对象的所在位置,所述第二位置信息至少包括所述第二位置的地点描述信息。 [0021] Step 103. The parameters obtained as the imaging position information of a second parameter according to a second location toward the first location information, and the current focal length of the lens parameters, wherein said second position of said photographing apparatus subject location, the second location information comprises at least location information described in the second position.

[0022] 步骤104.拍摄至少一幅图像;存储所述第二位置信息。 [0022] Step 104. capturing at least one image; storing the second positional information.

[0023] 应用本实施例提供的技术,用户仅通过简单的操作,就能对所拍摄的大量的图像进行有条理的管理和分类,增强了用户的体验。 Technology provided by the [0023] application of the present embodiment, only a user, a large number of images can be photographed structured management and classification by a simple operation, enhancing the user experience. 其中的图像可以是一幅图像或多幅图像,且多幅图像即可以形成一视频。 Wherein the image may be an image or images, i.e., images can be formed and a plurality of video. 在编辑多幅图像的过程中,可以通过文件名、文件属性、文件索引等方式进行管理。 In the process of editing multiple images can be managed by file name, file attributes, file indexing and other means.

[0024] 本实施例中,拍摄第二位置处的一拍摄对象,所述拍摄对象位于拍摄设备的对焦中心;确定拍摄对象的背景区域中的背景景物,获取所述背景景物的数据作为所述图像的描述信息。 Focus Center [0024] In this embodiment, a subject is photographed at the second position, the subject in the photographing apparatus; determining background scenery in the background region of the subject, to obtain data of the background scene as the description information of the image.

[0025] 描述信息至少包括: [0025] The description information includes at least:

[0026] 拍摄对象自身信息、背景景物信息、拍摄时间信息; [0026] The subject own information, the background scene information, photographing time information;

[0027] 还包括一辅助描述信息;提取所述拍摄对象中对应于所述背景区域的色彩分量,将所述色彩分量解析成一色彩分布直方图,在一预先存放的色彩分布直方图数据库中进行匹配,得到一匹配结果;根据所述拍摄时间信息和所述匹配结果,生成一所述辅助描述信息作为描述信息的一部分。 [0027] further comprises an auxiliary description information; extracting the subject region corresponding to the color components of the background, the color components resolved into a color distribution histogram in a predetermined color distribution histogram stored in the database matching obtain a matching result; and based on the shooting time information of the matching result, generating a secondary description information as a part of the description information.

[0028] 本实施例中,统计颜色分布的直方图,根据颜色直方图和颜色经验分布,产生类似的场景类型描述,还可以同时获得图像的拍摄时间的描述。 [0028] embodiment, the color distribution histogram according to the present embodiment, the color histogram and a color empirical distribution, a similar type of scene description can also be obtained in the image capturing time described simultaneously. 比如如果是傍晚对拍摄对象进行拍摄,直方图中包含较多红色分量,可以生成描述“夕阳中的”或类似描述。 For example, if the evening on the subject to shoot, the histogram contains large red component, you can generate describe "sunset" or similar description. 如果直方图中包含较多的天蓝色分量,可以生成描述“蓝天下的”。 If the histogram contains more blue component, it can be generated that describes "under the blue sky."

[0029] 因此,描述信息可以根据形成类似于“在XX地拍摄的夕阳下的“某一特定景物”为背景的人物照”。 [0029] Thus, similar to the description information may be formed according to a specific scene "sunset under shoot of the XX" "figure as the background." 其中的文字内容可以自行设定。 Which text can be set. 具体还可以形成“在XX地YY时间拍摄的某一特定景物”的描述信息;“在XX地YY时间向某方向拍摄的某一特定景物”;“在XX地冬天拍摄的某一特定景物”;在XX地拍摄的夕阳下的“某一特定景物”;“在XX地拍摄的“某一特定景物”为背景的人物照”;在XX地YY时间拍摄的人物照。 DETAILED may also be formed "XX to YY in the time taken for a particular scene," the description information; "captured in a specified direction XX YY time to a particular scene"; "XX in particular to a winter scene captured" ; "a particular scene" sunset under shoot of the XX; "XX in the film" a particular scene, "according to the background character"; XX to YY in the time taken portraits.

[0030] 本实施例中,根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,进一步包括:从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,将所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数发送给所述地图数据库,请求由该地图数据库计算出所述第二位置信息;获取来自所述地图数据库的所述第二位置信息; [0030] In this embodiment, second position information obtaining second location toward the first location information parameter according to the parameter and the current focal length lens, further comprising: obtaining the first position from the map database after the information, the first location information and the capturing parameter to the map database, the requesting computing the second location information of the map database; acquired from said map database information of a second location;

[0031]或者, [0031] Alternatively,

[0032] 从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,根据所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数计算出一查询条件发送给所述地图数据库,获取所述地图数据库根据所述查询条件查找到的所述第二位置信息。 [0032] After acquiring the first position information from a map database, based on the first position information and the imaging parameters calculated by a query is sent to the map database, said map acquiring condition database according to the query to find the second location information.

[0033] 在第一位置信息和/或第二位置信息中,还可以包含气压、温度、海拔等参数。 [0033] In the first location information and / or the second position information may also comprise atmospheric pressure, temperature, altitude and other parameters.

[0034] 本实施例中,拍摄参数还包括:调整所述拍摄设备的光圈尺寸,根据该光圈尺寸确定所述拍摄对象的取景景深; [0034] In the present embodiment, photographing parameters further comprises: adjusting the size of the photographic stop device, based on the aperture size determines the depth of the subject viewfinder;

[0035] 以及,拍摄对象成像范围、拍摄对象成像距离、对焦中心、拍摄时间,以及拍摄对象曝光时间;其中, [0035] and a range of the subject image, the subject image from the center of focus, photographing time, and exposure time of the subject; wherein,

[0036] 所述拍摄对象成像范围由所述第一位置信息和所述当前焦距参数确定; [0036] The subject of the imaging range determined by the first position information and the current focal length parameter;

[0037] 所述拍摄对象成像距离由所述光圈尺寸和所述当前焦距参数、所述拍摄时间和所述拍摄对象曝光时间决定; [0037] The subject distance by the imaging aperture size and the current focal length parameter, the imaging time and exposure time determination of the subject;

[0038] 所述对焦中心和所述拍摄对象成像范围构成所述拍摄对象的背景区域的准确描述。 [0038] and the center of the focus range of the imaging subject an accurate description of the subject constituting a background area.

[0039] 用户可以设置图像的描述信息的生成方式,上述实施例效果可以任意组合,描述信息可以作为图像名称,也可以作为图像文件的辅助信息进行保存。 [0039] The user can set the image information generated in the manner described, the effect of the above-described embodiments may be combined arbitrarily, the description information may be the name of an image can be stored as additional information of the image file. 例如: E.g:

[0040] 在获取第二位置的过程中,为了感知拍摄方向,在数码相机中增加一方向传感器; 由于在拍摄时,拍摄对象的辅助拍摄信息中保存了通过GPS功能获取的拍摄时的第一位置,因此,根据所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数确定一第二位置,如图2所示,进一步包括: Since the time of the first shooting, the shooting subject auxiliary information acquired by the stored photographing GPS function; [0040] In the process of acquiring the second position in order to perceive the photographing direction, increases in a direction sensor digital camera position, according to the first location information and the capturing parameter determining a second position, shown in Figure 2, further comprising:

[0041] 步骤201.从一地图数据库获取第一位置信息。 [0041] Step 201. The first acquiring location information from a map database.

[0042] 步骤202.判断是否由拍摄设备生成一查询条件,如果是,转到步骤403,否则转步骤204。 [0042] Step 202. A determination whether the imaging apparatus generating a query, and if so, proceeds to step 403, otherwise, go to step 204.

[0043] 步骤203.将第一位置信息和拍摄参数实时发送给地图数据库;请求由该地图数据库计算出第二位置信息,由地图数据库计算出一查询条件。 [0043] Step 203. The first position information and the shooting parameters in real time to a map database; requesting the second position information calculated by the map database, is calculated from a map database query.

[0044] 步骤204.根据所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数计算出一查询条件发送给地图数据库。 [0044] Step 204. The calculated sends a query to the map database based on the first position information and the shooting parameters.

[0045] 步骤205.获取来自地图数据库的第二位置信息;第二位置信息可以显示给用户, 也可以保存在拍摄对象中。 [0045] Step 205. The second acquiring position information from the map database; second position information may be displayed to the user, may be stored in the subject.

[0046] 以上实施方式适合实时将描述信息呈现给用户的场合,也适合有条件限制的非实时将描述信息呈现给用户的场合。 [0046] The above embodiments for real-time information to the user will be described the case, but also for non-real time conditional information presented to the user will be described the case. 其中,在非实时场合,此时,仅记录第一位置、图像拍摄时的光圈,焦距和方向,时间,当前对焦点等信息,在后期处理图像时,由图像编辑软件生成所述描述信息。 Wherein, in the case of non-real time, at this time, only the first recording position, when the image pickup aperture, focal length and direction, time, current focus of other information, at the time of post-processing an image generated by the image editing software, the description information.

[0047] 在编辑软件生成图像描述的过程中,如图3所示,包括: [0047] In the process of generating an image editing software described, shown in Figure 3, comprising:

[0048] 步骤301.提取一拍摄对象。 [0048] Step 301. The extracting a subject.

[0049] 步骤302.将第一位置信息和拍摄参数实时发送给地图数据库;请求由该地图数据库计算出第二位置信息。 [0049] Step 302. The first position information and the imaging parameters in real time to a map database; requesting computing the second location information of the map database.

[0050] 步骤303.将第一位置信息和拍摄参数实时发送给地图数据库;请求由该地图数据库计算出第二位置信息; [0050] Step 303. The first position information and the imaging parameters in real time to a map database; requesting computing the second location information of the map database;

[0051]或者, [0051] Alternatively,

[0052] 将所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数计算出一查询条件发送给所述地图数据库。 [0052] The first position information and the imaging parameters calculated by a query is sent to the map database.

[0053] 其中的拍摄参数可进一步包括:拍摄对象的成像范围,拍摄对象的成像距离,拍摄对象的对焦中心,拍摄对象的拍摄时间,拍摄对象的曝光时间。 [0053] wherein the imaging parameters may further comprise: imaging range of the imaging subject, the imaging distance of the object of shooting, focusing imaging center of the object, the object photographed photographing time, photographing exposure time of the object. 其中,拍摄对象的成像范围由第一位置信息和当前焦距参数决定的范围确定;拍摄对象的成像距离由当前光圈和当前焦距参数,拍摄对象的拍摄时间和拍摄对象的曝光时间决定;拍摄对象的对焦中心和拍摄对象的成像范围可构成描述位置区域的准确描述。 Wherein the range of the subject imaging range determined by the first position information and the current focal length parameter determination; imaging subject distance, subject imaging time and exposure time determined by the current subject of the current aperture and focal length parameter; subject Center focus imaging range and subject may constitute an accurate description of the location area is described.

[0054] 步骤304.地图数据库向拍摄设备返回拍摄对象的描述信息。 [0054] Step 304. The map database returns information describing the subject to the imaging device. 拍摄对象的描述信息可以根据形成类似于“在XX地拍摄的夕阳下的“某一特定景物”为背景的人物照”。 Description information of the subject can be formed similar to a particular scene "sunset under shoot of the XX" "figure as the background." 其中的文字内容可以自行设定。 Which text can be set.

[0055] 一般而言,拍摄地点可以转换为“在XX地”或类似意思的描述。 [0055] In general, the location can be converted to or describe similar meaning "in the XX." 拍摄时间可以转换为“在什么时间”的准确描述或者类似的“冬天”,“在XX日傍晚”等与当前时间或日期对应的模糊描述。 Recording time can be converted to accurately describe "what time" or similar "winter" vague description "XX in the evening" and the current time or date corresponding. 拍摄方向和对焦中心,焦距的一个或多个可以形成朝某方向拍摄的描述。 Capturing direction and the center of focus, the one or more focal lengths can be formed in a direction toward the description taken. 颜色信息可以帮助用户简单决定景物的当前场景,比如“蓝天下”,“夕阳下”等等。 Color information can help users to easily determine the current scene scene, such as "blue sky", "sunset" and so on. 拍摄设备的人脸识别功能可以区分前景人物和背景,从而形成“人物照”和风景照的模糊描述。 The face recognition features photographing apparatus can distinguish between background and foreground characters, thereby forming obscure the description "person as" landscapes and the.

[0056] 这些信息可以根据用户的喜好,任意数量进行组合,从而形成照片的一个较为全面的自动描述。 [0056] The user preference information may be any number combination to form a more comprehensive description of the automatic photograph. 具体而言,可以形成“在XX地YY时间拍摄的某一特定景物”的描述信息; “在XX地YY时间向某方向拍摄的某一特定景物”;“在XX地冬天拍摄的某一特定景物”;在XX地拍摄的夕阳下的“某一特定景物”;“在XX地拍摄的“某一特定景物”为背景的人物照”; 在XX地YY时间拍摄的人物照。 Specifically, the formation of "XX to YY in the time taken for a particular scene," the description information; "captured in a specified direction XX YY time to a particular scene"; "XX in winter to a particular shot scene "; XX at sunset in the film" a particular scene ";" XX in the film "a particular scene," according to the background character "; XX to YY in the time taken portraits.

[0057] 本实施例中,配合数码相机的人脸自动识别功能,可以得知图像中的拍摄对象的主体是人还是风景,区分不同类型的拍摄对象是人物或是其它,根据所述第二位置信息获取拍摄对象的描述信息,进一步包括:根据预先设置的识别算法逻辑,对图像中位于中间位置的拍摄对象进行区分识别;所述识别算法逻辑至少能够识别人物与非人物之间的区别。 [0057] In this embodiment, a digital camera with automatic face recognition, that the body can be subject image is a person or scenery, distinguish between different types of the subject is a person or other, according to the second position information acquisition description information of the subject, further comprising: a recognition algorithm in accordance with a preset logic, on the subject image at the intermediate position distinguishing identification; the recognition algorithm logic can identify at least the distinction between the characters and the non-character.

[0058] 以数码相机为例,其可以经过改变焦距获取不同距离的景物,在数码相机拍照时, 由数码相机上的镜头参数,即光圈尺寸、焦距,可以确定拍摄对象拍摄的进光量和取景距罔。 [0058] with a digital camera, for example, it can be subjected to change the focal length to obtain the scene at different distances, when taking pictures in digital camera, the lens parameters on a digital camera, that aperture size, focal length can be determined when the subject is the amount of light and framing from indiscriminately.

[0059] 如图4所示,焦距决定了成像区域是AB还是⑶两条线间的扇形夹角,焦距较大时,拍摄范围在图中COD所示的区域内,焦距较小时,拍摄范围在图中AOB所示的区域内,其中,0点所在为数码相机当前所在的第一位置。 When [0059] As shown, the focal length of the imaging region 4 determines the angle between the segment AB is still ⑶ two lines, the focal length is large, the area in the imaging range shown in FIG COD, the focal length is small, the shooting range AOB in the region shown in FIG, wherein a first position of the zero point where the digital camera is currently located. 同时,以中心线的朝向为准,由方向传感器可以确定数码相机的朝向,同时根据焦距的改变可以确定拍摄对象的大致成像区域。 Meanwhile, the center line toward the subject, the sensor may be determined by the direction toward the digital camera, while changing the focal length may be determined according to the imaging region of the object imaged substantially. 由此区域,以及设置的对焦中心点位置,可以了解拍摄的对焦中心处的拍摄对象的大致位置。 Thereby area, and a focus position setting of the center point, the subject can find the approximate location of the center of focus of the imaging.

[0060]其中,对焦中心在不同类型的拍摄设备中可以不完全相同,可以至少一个甚至多个,图中画出了6个对焦中心。 [0060] wherein, the center may not be identical to focus on different types of imaging devices, or even may be at least a plurality of, six shown in FIG focus center.

[0061] 如图5所示,光圈是一个用来控制光线透过镜头,进入机身内感光面的光量的装置,也是相机一个极其重要的指标参数F,光圈通常是在镜头内,它的大小决定着通过镜头进入感光元件的光线的多少。 [0061] FIG. 5, a diaphragm is used to control the light through the lens, the amount of light entering the photosensitive devices within the body surface, the camera is a very important indicator parameter F., Usually within the lens aperture, its determines how much the size of the lens by light entering the photosensitive member. 光圈较大时的外圈,景深较小,此时背景可以取在成像区域内距离数码相机较近的景物描述;光圈较小时的内圈,景深较大,此时背景可以取在成像区域内距离数码相机较远的景物描述。 Outer large aperture, the depth of field is small, then the background may be taken up in the imaging area of ​​the camera close distance scene description; inner race small aperture, large depth of field, background can be taken at this time in the imaging region far away from the digital camera scene description.

[0062] 因此,以焦距和方向作为拍摄参数,进一步包括:调整所述拍摄设备的光圈尺寸, 根据该光圈尺寸确定所述拍摄对象的取景景深。 [0062] Thus, as the imaging direction and the focal length parameter, further comprising: adjusting the size of the photographic stop device, based on the aperture size determines the depth of field viewing of the photographic subject.

[0063] 拍摄设备可以是数码相机、录像机、手机、带有图像头的电脑,个人定位设备以及媒体播放器等。 [0063] capturing device may be a digital camera, video recorders, mobile phones, computers, personal locator device and a media player with a picture header and so on.

[0064] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解实现上述实施例方法中的全部或部分步骤是可以通过程序来指令相关的硬件来完成,所述的程序可以存储于一计算机可读取存储介质中, 该程序在执行时,包括如上述方法实施例的步骤,所述的存储介质,如:R0M/RAM、磁碟、光盘、SD卡等ο [0064] Those of ordinary skill in the art may understand that the above-described embodiment, all or part of the method steps may be relevant hardware instructed by a program, the program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium, the program is executed, the method comprising the steps as described in the embodiment, the storage medium, such as: R0M / RAM, magnetic disk, optical disk, SD card ο

[0065] 与一种拍摄方法对应,本实施例提供一种拍摄设备,如图6所示,至少包括: [0065] An imaging method corresponds to the present embodiment provides a photographing apparatus, shown in FIG. 6, comprising at least:

[0066] 拍摄位置定位单元401,用于获得第一位置处的第一位置信息,其中所述第一位置是所述拍摄设备所在位置,所述第一位置信息至少包括所述第一位置的地点描述信息; [0066] 401 imaging position locating means for obtaining a first position information at a first location, wherein said first position is a position of the photographing device is located, said first position information comprises at least a first position Location description information;

[0067] 方向定位单元405,用于获得所述拍摄设备的镜头朝向参数; [0067] direction positioning unit 405 for obtaining the imaging lens device orientation parameter;

[0068] 拍摄对象定位单元402,用于获得所述拍摄设备的当前焦距参数,根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数作为拍摄参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,其中所述第二位置是所述拍摄设备的拍摄对象的所在位置,所述第二位置信息至少包括所述第二位置的地点描述信息; [0068] Subject positioning unit 402, the current focal length parameter for obtaining the photographing apparatus, as the imaging parameter to obtain a second position toward the first position based on the parameter information, and the current focal length parameter of said second lens position information, wherein said second position is a position where the subject of photographing apparatus, the second location information comprises at least location information describing the location of the second;

[0069] 拍摄单元403,用于拍摄至少一幅所述拍摄对象的图像; [0069] The imaging unit 403 for capturing an image of at least one of said subject;

[0070] 位置信息存储单元404,用于存储所述第二位置信息。 [0070] The position information storage unit 404 for storing the second positional information.

[0071] 应用本实施例提供的技术,用户仅通过简单的操作,就能对所拍摄的大量的拍摄对象进行有条理的管理和分类,增强了用户的体验。 Technology provided by the [0071] application of the present embodiment, the user only can a large number of the photographed subject structured management and classification by a simple operation, enhancing the user experience. 拍摄对象可以是一幅图像或多幅图像, 其中,多幅图像即可以形成一视频。 A subject can be an image or images, wherein the plurality of images which can form a video. 在编辑多幅图像的过程中,可以通过文件名、文件属性、 文件索引等方式进行管理。 In the process of editing multiple images can be managed by file name, file attributes, file indexing and other means.

[0072] 本实施例中,拍摄所述第二位置处的一拍摄对象,所述拍摄对象位于所述拍摄设备的对焦中心;因此如图7所示,还包括: [0072] In this embodiment, a subject is photographed at the second position, the subject is in the center of the photographing apparatus; therefore shown in FIG. 7, further comprising:

[0073] 背景获取单元406,用于当拍摄所述第二位置处的一拍摄对象,所述拍摄对象位于所述拍摄设备的对焦中心时,确定所述拍摄对象的背景区域中的背景景物。 When [0073] BACKGROUND obtaining unit 406, configured to, when said second position is taken at a subject, the subject is in focus of the photographing center of the device, to determine the background scenery captured in the background region of the object.

[0074] 为完善拍摄设备的功能,进一步增强用户的体验,如图8所示,还可以包括: [0074] To improve the function of the photographing apparatus, to further enhance the user experience, as shown in FIG. 8, may further comprise:

[0075] 描述信息合成单元409,用于设置拍摄对象自身信息; [0075] The description information synthesizing unit 409, information for setting the subject itself;

[0076] 获取所述背景景物的数据作为所述拍摄对象的背景景物信息; [0076] acquire data of the background scene as the background scenery of the photographic subject information;

[0077] 设置拍摄时间信息; [0077] The shooting time information is provided;

[0078] 提取所述拍摄对象中对应于所述背景区域的色彩分量,将所述色彩分量解析成一色彩分布直方图,在一预先存放的色彩分布直方图数据库中进行匹配,得到一匹配结果;根据所述拍摄时间信息和所述匹配结果,生成一所述辅助描述信息作为所述描述信息的一部分。 [0078] extracting the photographic subject color components corresponding to the background region, the color components resolved into a color distribution histogram, the histogram is previously stored in the database a color matching profile, to obtain a matching result; the shooting time information and the result of the matching, one to generate the auxiliary information as part of information described in the description.

[0079] 位置信息收发单元407,用于根据方向定位单元405的输出,从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,将所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数发送给所述地图数据库,请求由该地图数据库计算出所述第二位置信息; [0079] The position information transceiving unit 407, the output unit 405 for positioning depending on the direction, after acquiring the first position information from a map database, the first position information and the imaging parameter to the map database , the requesting computing the second location information of the map database;

[0080]或者, [0080] Alternatively,

[0081] 从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,根据所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数计算出一查询条件发送给所述地图数据库,获取所述地图数据库根据所述查询条件查找到的所述第二位置信息。 [0081] After acquiring the first position information from a map database, based on the first position information and the imaging parameters calculated by a query is sent to the map database, said map acquiring condition database according to the query to find the second location information.

[0082] 获取来自所述地图数据库的所述第二位置信息。 [0082] acquire the second position information from the map database.

[0083] 景物识别单元408,用于根据预先设置的一识别算法逻辑,对拍摄单元403获取的位于对焦中心处的所述拍摄对象进行区分识别; [0083] scene recognition unit 408, a recognition algorithm according to a preset logic, the photographing unit 403 acquires focus located at the center of the subject to distinguish recognition;

[0084] 所述识别算法逻辑至少能够识别人物与非人物之间的区别。 [0084] The recognition algorithm logic can identify at least the distinction between the characters and the non-character.

[0085] 拍摄参数调整单元,用于调整所述拍摄设备的光圈尺寸,根据该光圈尺寸确定所述拍摄对象的取景景深; [0085] The imaging parameter adjusting means for adjusting the aperture size photographing apparatus, based on the aperture size determines the depth of the subject viewfinder;

[0086] 调整所述拍摄参数还包括:拍摄对象成像范围、拍摄对象成像距离、拍摄对象对焦中心、拍摄时间,以及拍摄对象曝光时间;其中, [0086] The adjusting imaging parameters further comprises: an imaging range of the subject, the subject image from the center of focus on the subject, the photographing time, and exposure time of the subject; wherein,

[0087] 所述拍摄对象成像范围由所述第一位置信息和所述当前焦距参数确定; [0087] The subject of the imaging range determined by the first position information and the current focal length parameter;

[0088] 所述拍摄对象成像距离由所述光圈尺寸和所述当前焦距参数、所述拍摄时间和所述拍摄对象曝光时间决定; [0088] The subject distance by the imaging aperture size and the current focal length parameter, the imaging time and exposure time determination of the subject;

[0089] 所述对焦中心和所述拍摄对象成像范围构成所述拍摄对象的背景区域的准确描述。 The [0089] focus center and constituting the subject of the imaging range is an accurate description of the subject of the background region.

[0090] 本发明的实施例具有以下有益效果,仅通过简单的操作,就能对所拍摄的大量的拍摄对象形成的图像作品进行有条理的管理和分类;而且,由于在拍摄对象中记录了背景, 时间等信息,能够使得用户拍摄的拍摄对象与众不同,增强了用户的体验。 [0090] The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages, the image ad can be a large number of photographed subject formed is structured classification and management only by a simple operation; Further, since the recording in the subject background, time and other information, so that the user can shoot different subjects, enhancing the user experience.

[0091] 应当说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,所有的参数取值可以根据实际情况调整,且在该权利保护范围内。 [0091] It should be noted that the above embodiments are intended to illustrate and not limit the present invention, all the values ​​of the parameters can be adjusted according to actual conditions, and within the scope of the claim. 本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以对本发明的技术方案进行修改或者等同替换,而不脱离本发明技术方案的精神范围,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that modifications may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention, or equivalent replacements without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, which should be covered by the present invention as claimed in which the required range.

Claims (12)

  1. 一种拍摄方法,用于一拍摄设备,其特征在于,至少包括:获得第一位置处的第一位置信息,其中所述第一位置是所述拍摄设备所在位置,所述第一位置信息至少包括所述第一位置的地点描述信息;获得所述拍摄设备的当前焦距参数和镜头朝向参数;根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数作为拍摄参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,其中所述第二位置是所述拍摄设备的拍摄对象的所在位置,所述第二位置信息至少包括所述第二位置的地点描述信息;拍摄至少一幅所述拍摄对象的图像;存储所述第二位置信息。 An imaging method for a photographing apparatus, characterized in that, at least comprising: obtaining a first position information at a first location, wherein said first position is a position of the photographing device is located, the first location information of at least including location information of the first position described; obtaining the photographing apparatus and lens focal length parameter of the current orientation parameters; based on the first location information, the current focal length parameter and the parameter as the imaging lens toward the second parameter is obtained the second position information, wherein said second position is a position where the subject of photographing apparatus, the second location information comprises at least location information of the second position described; photographing at least one of said photographing image of the object; storing the second positional information.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,拍摄所述第二位置处的一拍摄对象,所述拍摄对象位于所述拍摄设备的对焦中心; 确定所述拍摄对象的背景区域中的背景景物,获取所述背景景物的数据作为所述拍摄对象的描述信息。 2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, said photographing a subject at a second position, the subject is in focus of the photographing apparatus center; determining the imaging area of ​​the object in the background background scenery, acquiring data of the background scene description information as the subject.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述描述信息包括: 拍摄对象自身信息、背景景物信息、拍摄时间信息;还包括一辅助描述信息;提取所述拍摄对象中对应于所述背景区域的色彩分量,将所述色彩分量解析成一色彩分布直方图,在一预先存放的色彩分布直方图数据库中进行匹配,得到一匹配结果;根据所述拍摄时间信息和所述匹配结果,生成一所述辅助描述信息作为所述描述信息的一部分。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein said description information includes: information of the subject itself, the background scene information, photographing time information; description information further comprises an auxiliary; extracting the subject corresponding to the said background region color component, the color component resolves to a color distribution histogram, histogram matching database stored in a predetermined color, to obtain a matching result; and based on the shooting time information of the matching result, an auxiliary generating the description information as part of said description information.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括:根据预先设置的一识别算法逻辑,对所述拍摄对象中的对焦中心处的所述拍摄对象进行区分识别;所述识别算法逻辑至少能够识别人物与非人物之间的区别。 4. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that, further comprising: a recognition algorithm in accordance with a preset logic, the subject at the center of the subject in the focus distinguishing identification; the recognition algorithm logic can identify at least the distinction between the characters and the non-character.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,根据所述第一位置信息、所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,进一步包括:从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,将所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数发送给所述地图数据库,请求由该地图数据库计算出所述第二位置信息;获取来自所述地图数据库的所述第二位置信息; 或者,从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,根据所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数计算出一查询条件发送给所述地图数据库,获取所述地图数据库根据所述查询条件查找到的所述第二位置信息。 5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the second position information to obtain a second location toward the first location information parameter according to the parameter and the current focal length lens, further comprising: a map from after first acquiring the location information database, the first position information and the imaging parameter to the map database, the requesting computing the second location information of the map database; acquired from the map database the second location information; or obtaining information from said first position after a map database, based on the first position information and the imaging parameters calculated by a query is sent to the map database, said map acquiring condition information database according to the query to find the second position.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述拍摄参数还包括:调整所述拍摄设备的光圈尺寸,根据该光圈尺寸确定所述拍摄对象的取景景深; 以及,拍摄对象成像范围、拍摄对象成像距离、对焦中心、拍摄时间,以及拍摄对象曝光时间;其中,所述拍摄对象成像范围由所述第一位置信息和所述当前焦距参数确定; 所述拍摄对象成像距离由所述光圈尺寸和所述当前焦距参数、所述拍摄时间和所述拍摄对象曝光时间决定;所述对焦中心和所述拍摄对象成像范围构成所述拍摄对象的背景区域的准确描述。 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said imaging parameters further comprises: adjusting the size of the photographic stop device, based on the aperture size determines the depth of field viewing of the subject; and, the subject imaging range , the subject image from the center of focus, photographing time, and exposure time of the subject; wherein the subject imaging range determined by the first position information and the current focal length parameter; the subject distance by the imaging It said current aperture size and focal length parameter, the imaging time and exposure time determination of the subject; and the center of the focus of the subject image captured accurately describe the scope of the subject constituting a background area.
  7. 7. 一种拍摄设备,其特征在于,至少包括:拍摄位置定位单元,用于获得第一位置处的第一位置信息,其中所述第一位置是所述拍摄设备所在位置,所述第一位置信息至少包括所述第一位置的地点描述信息; 方向定位单元,用于获得所述拍摄设备的镜头朝向参数;拍摄对象定位单元,用于获得所述拍摄设备的当前焦距参数,根据所述第一位置信息、 所述当前焦距参数和所述镜头朝向参数作为拍摄参数获得第二位置的第二位置信息,其中所述第二位置是所述拍摄设备的拍摄对象的所在位置,所述第二位置信息至少包括所述第二位置的地点描述信息;拍摄单元,用于拍摄至少一幅所述拍摄对象的图像; 位置信息存储单元,用于存储所述第二位置信息。 7. An imaging apparatus, characterized in that, at least comprising: a photographing position locating means for obtaining a first position information at a first location, wherein said first position is a position where the photographing device, the first position information comprises at least location information of the first position described; direction positioning means for obtaining the imaging lens device orientation parameter; subject positioning means for obtaining a current focal length parameter of the photographing apparatus, according to the a first location information, the current focal length parameter and the parameter as the lens toward the second position information obtained photographing parameters a second position, wherein said second position is a position where the subject of photographing apparatus, the second two position information comprises at least location information described in the second position; imaging means for capturing at least one image of the photographic subject; position information storage unit for storing the second positional information.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的拍摄设备,其特征在于,还包括:背景获取单元,用于当拍摄所述第二位置处的一拍摄对象,所述拍摄对象位于所述拍摄设备的对焦中心时,确定所述拍摄对象的背景区域中的背景景物,获取所述背景景物的数据。 8. The imaging apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that, further comprising: a context obtaining unit, configured to, when photographing a subject at the second position, the photographic subject located at the center of the focus of the photographing apparatus when determining the background scenery imaging region of the object in the background, to obtain data of the background scene.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的拍摄设备,其特征在于,还包括:描述信息合成单元,用于设置拍摄对象自身信息;设置所述背景景物的数据作为所述拍摄对象的描述信息;设置拍摄时间信息;提取所述拍摄对象中对应于所述背景区域的色彩分量,将所述色彩分量解析成一色彩分布直方图,在一预先存放的色彩分布直方图数据库中进行匹配,得到一匹配结果;根据所述拍摄时间信息和所述匹配结果,生成一所述辅助描述信息作为所述描述信息的一部分。 9. The photographing apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that, further comprising: a description information synthesizing unit for setting information of the subject itself; provided the background scene description information data as said subject; set the shooting time information; subject extracting the color components corresponding to the background area, the color components resolved into a color distribution histogram, histogram matching database stored in a predetermined color, to obtain a matching result; the shooting time information and the result of the matching, one to generate the auxiliary information as part of information described in the description.
  10. 10.根据权利要求8所述的拍摄设备,其特征在于,还包括:景物识别单元,用于根据预先设置的一识别算法逻辑,对所述拍摄单元获取的位于对焦中心处的所述拍摄对象进行识别;所述识别算法逻辑至少能够识别人物与非人物之间的区别。 10. The imaging apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that, further comprising: a scene recognition unit, for recognition algorithm according to a preset logic, the imaging of the subject is in the center of the acquisition unit identification; the recognition algorithm logic can identify at least the distinction between the characters and the non-character.
  11. 11.根据权利要求7所述的拍摄设备,其特征在于,还包括:位置信息收发单元,用于从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,将所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数发送给所述地图数据库,请求由该地图数据库计算出所述第二位置信息;获取来自所述地图数据库的所述第二位置信息; 或者,从一地图数据库获取所述第一位置信息之后,根据所述第一位置信息和所述拍摄参数计算出一查询条件发送给所述地图数据库,获取所述地图数据库根据所述查询条件查找到的所述第二位置信息。 11. The imaging apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that, further comprising: after the position information transceiving unit, configured to obtain the first location information from a map database, the first position information and the shooting Alternatively, after obtaining the first location information from a map database; transmission parameter to the map database, the requesting computing the second location information of the map database; acquired from said map database information of a second location , based on the first position information and the imaging parameters calculated by a query is sent to the map database, obtaining a second location information of the map database according to the query to find the condition.
  12. 12.根据权利要求7所述的拍摄设备,其特征在于,还包括:拍摄参数调整单元,用于调整所述拍摄设备的光圈尺寸,根据该光圈尺寸确定所述拍摄对象的取景景深;设置所述拍摄参数还包括:拍摄对象成像范围、拍摄对象成像距离、拍摄对象对焦中心、拍摄时间,以及拍摄对象曝光时间;其中,所述拍摄对象成像范围由所述第一位置信息和所述当前焦距参数确定;所述拍摄对象成像距离由所述光圈尺寸和所述当前焦距参数、所述拍摄时间和所述拍摄对象曝光时间决定;所述对焦中心和所述拍摄对象成像范围构成所述拍摄对象的背景区域的准确描述 12. The imaging apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that, further comprising: capturing parameter adjusting means for adjusting the aperture size of the imaging device, the depth of field of view of the subject according to the determined aperture size; settings said imaging parameters further comprises: an imaging range of the subject, the subject image from the center of focus on the subject, the photographing time, and exposure time of the subject; wherein the subject imaging range by the first position information and the current focal length parameter determination; distance of the photographic subject imaged by the aperture size and the current focal length parameter, the photographing time and the exposure time determination subject; and the center of the focus range of the imaging subject constituting the subject an accurate description of the background area
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