CN101755838B - Compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN101755838B
CN101755838B CN2009102514795A CN200910251479A CN101755838B CN 101755838 B CN101755838 B CN 101755838B CN 2009102514795 A CN2009102514795 A CN 2009102514795A CN 200910251479 A CN200910251479 A CN 200910251479A CN 101755838 B CN101755838 B CN 101755838B
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章云
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章云
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Abstract

The invention discloses a compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison removing agent and a preparation method thereof. The compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent contains the following components in parts by weight: 10-55 parts of sodium carbonate, 20-40 parts of copper sulfate, 10-20 parts of aluminum potassium sulfate, 10-20 parts of ferrous sulphate, 10-20 parts of calcium carbonate, 10-20 parts of malic acid, 10-20 parts of calcium oxide and 1-10 parts of polyacrylamide. The invention can remove heavy metal ions, radioactive substances, carcinogen, blue-green algae, SS, COD, BOD and polluted and harmful substances which are difficult to be treated by the traditional common sterilization treatment agent in a broad spectrum way at high efficiency and has the remarkable effects of decolorization, deodorization, dehydration, deoiling, sterilization and the like as well as the advantages of less consumption, rapid treatment, quick response, low operation cost and strong adaptability to high dirty degree on pollutants, wide pH value range and wide range of sewage temperature change.

Description

A kind of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to the powdery deodorant toxic agent and preparation method thereof that disappears, belong to compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent that is used in sewage and preparation method thereof especially.

Background technology

China's culture fishery development is rapid, outstanding achievement.Surplus the existing freshwater aquiculture area 600 in the whole nation ten thousand hectares, aquaculture object kind more than 100, the aquaculture gross yield was more than 3,000 ten thousand tons in 2002, breed variety presents the development characteristic of variation, high quality.But; The high-density breeding technology has been adopted in aquatic products industry in recent years, in a large amount of aquatile excretas and the remaining bait sedimentary water body, has substantially exceeded the detergent power of water body self; Caused the self-contamination aggravation of breed waters, particularly serious in aquatic animal growth busy season (summer).The disease problem of current aquaculture has become the principal element that the restriction culture fishery develops, and for disease preventing and treating, dosage continues to increase, and antibiotic a large amount of uses not only make germ produce drug resistance, bring certain harm to the mankind simultaneously.And the aquatic products product specification is little, and meat is poor, does not reach the requirement of outlet, does not reach highly efficient and productive purpose.Current, the method that adopt domestic rubbish disposal countries in the world is to burn and landfill, but in the process of depositing and transporting because rubbish is rotten, bacterial reproduction produces stink, the daily life of affect people's and living environment.For guaranteeing body health of people, " 11th Five-Year " planning proposes, and at " 11th Five-Year " end, domestic waste harmless treatment rate will be not less than 60%, and China's level of harmless treatment rate of life waste has only 35% at present.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent that is used for sewage.

Another one technical problem to be solved by this invention provides the preparation method of above-mentioned a kind of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent.

The technical scheme of technical solution problem of the present invention is: a kind of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent comprises following material and weight portion:

Calcium carbonate 10-55

Copper sulphate 20-40

Alum 10-30

Ferrous sulfate 10-20

Calcium carbonate 10-20

Malic acid 10-20

Calcium oxide 10-20

Polyacrylamide 1-10.

The particle diameter of above-mentioned various materials is the 80-400 order.

Preparation method of the present invention is: with calcium carbonate and copper carbonate mixing 40-60 minute, add alum again, mixed 50-120 minute; Add malic acid again, mixed 40-60 minute, added the calcium carbonate mixing again 40-60 minute; Add ferrous sulfate again, mixed 40-60 minute, added the calcium oxide mixing again 40-60 minute; Add polyacrylamide again, mixed 120-150 minute, get final product.

The effect of each component is following among the present invention:

Sodium carbonate: stability is stronger, but also can decompose under the high temperature, generates sodium oxide molybdena and carbonic acid gas.Long term exposure can absorb airborne moisture and carbonic acid gas in air, generate BicarbonateSodium, and form lump.Hygroscopicity is very strong, is easy to form lump, does not at high temperature also decompose, and sodium carbonate is soluble in water, is a kind of highly basic salt, and water-soluble back hydrolytic reactions makes solution show alkalescence, can carry out neutralization reaction with acid, generates corresponding salt and emits Carbonic acid gas

Alum: the colourless crystallization body, hygroscopicity is little, prevented from caking, physical behavior is good.Compound by two kinds of different metallic ions and a kind of acid ion are formed can produce two kinds of different metallic cations during its ionization:

Ferrous sulfate: the Fe of generation (OH) the 3rd, colloid, the impurity that suspends in the ability adsorbed water plays the water purification effect.

Malic acid:

In medicine, add malic acid and can increase its stability, promote absorption, the diffusion of medicine at object; Utilize this function of L MALIC ACID during the compound amino acid transfusion is produced and regulate the pH value with it; Be used to treat uremia, hypertension etc. and reduce cancer therapy drug Normocellular infringement; Be used for that cancer is put, the ancillary drug after the chemotherapy, be used for burn treating and can promote wound healing.

Polyacrylamide (PAM):

1) flocculation principle: when PAM is used to flocculate; With by flocculate kind surface nature; Electrokinetic potential particularly, the pH value of viscosity, turbidity and suspension is relevant, the electrokinetic potential of particle surface; Be that the reason that the particle resistance gathers adds the opposite PAM polyacrylamide of surface charge, ability quick-action current potential reduces and condenses.

2) adsorption bridging: the PAM strand is fixed on the different particle surfaces, forms the bridge of polymer between each particle, makes particle form aggregation and sedimentation.

3) surface adsorption: the various absorption of the polar group particle on the PAM molecule.

4) humidification: PAM strand and disperse phase involve disperse phase together through effects such as all machinery, physics, chemistry, form netted, thereby play humidification.

The present invention controls external condition through according to the material molecule interaction principle, makes its combination of on purpose carrying out the secondary or physical bond level, and the substance system of various demands is satisfied in preparation.Among the present invention through compound conditions such as the matched proportion density of control between multicomponent, granularity collocation, composite steps, times; Combination between inorganic substances, organic substance and each material thereof is needed and steric configuration needs customized production according to the various physical properties of product; Purpose is to give full play to functional group of each component own and multicomponent functional group synergy, improves the malicious ability of sterilizing of deodorizing of flocculating.

The present invention has following characteristics:

1, realized that each active principle is polynary compound and can stablize coexistence, solved the technical barrier that to stablize coexistence after the yin, yang ion is compound effectively;

2, processing speed is fast, accomplishes the whole process flow of the deodorant toxic agent that disappears in 1 minute;

3, can remove disappear reluctant multiple pollution of deodorant agent and harmful substance commonly used at present efficiently; Can adapt to the complicated pollutant processing requirements of high dirty concentration, high chroma, the wide variations in temperature of PH (0~60 ℃ of liquid temperature) well, have multiple efficacies such as significant deodorization, dehydration, de-oiling, degerming, the virus that disappears;

4, adopt the compound production technology of physics; Efficient is high; Operation is few, and production process is pollution-free, has overcome production cost height, complex process, production process that the conventional polymeric reaction adopts the mode of chemosynthesis to bring effectively and can cause problems such as environmental pollution, product toxicity are big.

5, potion multiple-effect: the present invention has the effect of various medicaments such as flocculant, corrosion inhibiter, bactericide, virucide, deodorant simultaneously concurrently.

6, basicity of the present invention is higher than other aluminium salt, molysite, and is little to the erosion and the corrosivity of equipment, and the treated water transparency is high, and water quality is good, and the water of non-metallic ion shifts, and no medicament is residual, and is nontoxic, safe and reliable.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is done detailed explanation.

Embodiment 1:

8 weight portions, 80 order malic acid were mixed 40 minutes with 30 weight portions, 80 order alums, add 20 weight portions, 80 order sodium carbonate again, mixed 50 minutes; Add 10 weight portions, 80 order copper sulphate again, mixed 40 minutes, add 10 weight portions, 80 order calcium carbonate again and mixed 40 minutes; Add 10 weight portions, 80 order ferrous sulfate again, mixed 40 minutes, add 10 weight portions, 80 order calcium oxide again and mixed 40 minutes; Add 2 weight portions, 80 order polyacrylamides again, mixed 120 minutes, get final product.

Embodiment 2:

With 7 weight portions, 200 order malic acid and 10 weight portions, 200 order ferrous sulfate 50 minutes, add 24 weight portions, 300 order sodium carbonate again, mixed 90 minutes; Add 12 weight portions, 200 order calcium carbonate again, mixed 60 minutes, add 15 weight portions, 100 order copper sulphate again and mixed 50 minutes; Add 15 weight portions, 300 order alums again, mixed 50 minutes, add 15 weight portions, 400 order calcium oxide again and mixed 50 minutes; Add 2.5 weight portions, 200 order polyacrylamides again, mixed 130 minutes, get final product.

Embodiment 3:

10 weight portions, 400 order malic acid were mixed 60 minutes with 5 weight portions, 400 order copper sulphate, add 70 weight portions, 400 order sodium carbonate again, mixed 130 minutes; Add 15 weight portions, 400 order alums again, mixed 60 minutes, add 20 weight portions, 400 order calcium carbonate again and mixed 60 minutes; Add 20 weight portions, 400 order ferrous sulfate again, mixed 60 minutes, add 20 weight portions, 300 order calcium oxide again and mixed 60 minutes; Add 3 weight portions, 400 order polyacrylamides again, mixed 150 minutes, get final product.

The technical indicator of embodiment 1-3 is as shown in table 1:

Table 1:

Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Density g/cm 3(20℃) 1.20 1.25 1.30 Solid content (weight) % 90 91 92 Reducing substances is (with Fe 2+Meter) weight content 0.10 0.09 0.08 Basicity % 12.0 12.5 13.0 PH (1% aqueous solution) 6.8 7 7.2

Embodiment 4:

With embodiment 1 and the effect comparison of PAC (aluminium chloride) to purification of sewage by suspended thing and oil removal rate, it is as shown in table 2 to draw test data.

Table 2 compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent and the contrast of PAC soil sewage by suspended thing clean-up effect

Visible by table 2, the clearance of 1 pair of oil-containing of embodiment, solid suspension improves with the increase gradually of consumption, under identical consumption; The oil removing of embodiment 1, deimpurity effect; Obviously good than PAC, this shows that embodiment 1 is under the situation of low consumption; Just can reach suspension clean-up effect preferably, reduce the medicine cost of soil waste water treatment.

Embodiment 5:

Embodiment 2 and the adaptation situation of PAC to different soils sewage environment, its result is as shown in table 3:

Table 3

Visible by table 3, embodiment 2 can handle the sewage that dirty concentration reaches 500,000 PPM, and the deodorant inorganic agent that disappears commonly used, can only handle dirty concentration like the PAC flocculant is the sewage below 50,000 PPM; It is the sewage in 4~14 scopes that embodiment 2 can handle pH value, and the PAC flocculant can only to handle pH value be the sewage in 6~9 scopes; The sewage of embodiment 2 ability treatment fluid temperature in 0~60 ℃ of scope, and the PAC flocculant can only the sewage of treatment fluid temperature in 10~40 ℃ of scopes.Embodiment 2 disposes of sewage from beginning to completion, and the time of whole process flow is no more than 1 minute, and the processing time of domestic the most frequently used PAC flocculant be more than 90 minutes, the aggegation time is 30~120 minutes, the sedimentation time is 120~480 minutes.

Embodiment 6:

Corrosion inhibition:

When soil sewage was carried out flocculation, metal cation and water reaction can produce a large amount of H+ ions can produce bigger corrosiveness to equipment, and the hydrolysis formula is:

MeA+H 2O=MeOH+H ++A

Me+H 2O=MeOH+H +

And the CaO of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent of the present invention can be at any time in sewage in the H that exists +, not only play and help the effect of coagulating, and can also regulate pH value, the basicity of water is increased, erosion and the corrosivity of sewage to soil effectively prevents to know clearly.The corrosion mitigating effect of embodiment 3 is as shown in table 4.

Table 4

Add dose (mg/L) Steel disc heavy (g) before handling Handle back steel disc heavy (g) Corrosion rate (mm/a) 0 0.8764 0.6780 0.1984 10 0.7828 0.7153 0.0675 20 0.7286 0.6714 0.0572 30 0.7456 0.7055 0.0401

Can find out that from the data of table 4 embodiment 3 also has good corrosion mitigating effect.

Embodiment 7:

Bactericidal action:

The bactericidal action of 1 pair of common sewage of embodiment is as shown in table 5:

Table 5:

Water sample Total number of bacteria before the sterilization/individual Total number of bacteria behind the 3min after the dosing/individual Sterilizing rate/% Rainwater 600 11 98.1 Industrial sewage 1.48×10 5 8.9×10 2 99.4 Sanitary sewage 9.8×10 5 9.8×10 2 99.9

The result shows no matter embodiment 1 is used for industrial sewage, sanitary sewage, or natural water all has good disinfection effect, does not produce harmful substance, and is safe and convenient to use.

Embodiment 8:

To the treatment of heavy metal ions effect:

2 pairs of common heavy metal ions of embodiment have very strong removal effect equally, and data are as shown in table 6.

Table 6

Heavy metal ion Cu 2+ Pb 2+ Cd 2+ Cr 3+ Initial concentration 45.0 137 74.8 36.5 Residual concentration 0.81 1.37 0.97 0.84 Removal efficiency % 98.2 99.0 98.7 97.7

In sum; The present invention's ability wide spectrum, the efficient removal are used disappear pollution and harmful substances such as the reluctant heavy metal ion of deodorant inorganic agent, radioactive substance, carcinogen, blue-green algae, SS, COD, BOD at present always; Have multiple efficacies such as significant decolouring, deodorization, dehydration, de-oiling, degerming; Consumption is few, processing speed is fast, instant effect, operating cost are low, the high dirty concentration to pollutant, wide pH value scope, wide sewage temperature change; Have very strong adaptability, be applicable to treatment process and appointed condition adjustment production that different polluted water conditions is different with processing requirements, make it reach best treatment effect.

The present invention has the stronger deodorant poison ability that disappears, and the medicament good stability can be widely used in the deodorization and sterilization of domestic waste, ight soil, sewage, public lavatory, efficiently, safely, stablize, have no side effect and do not produce secondary pollution; Disappear the deodorant agent except that being widely used in medical treatment, also can widen and be applied to that the environmental pollution large tracts of land is emergent, the harmless treatment of house refuse, sewage, and the plastic material modification deodorant etc. that disappears.

Claims (3)

1. compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent is characterized in that: comprise following material and weight portion:
2. a kind of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the particle diameter of various materials is the 80-400 order.
3. the preparation method of claim 1 or 2 described a kind of compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agents is characterized in that: with sodium carbonate and copper sulphate mixing 40-60 minute, add alum again, mixed 40-120 minute; Add malic acid again, mixed 40-60 minute, add calcium carbonate again; Mixed 40-60 minute, and added ferrous sulfate again, mixed 40-60 minute; Added the calcium oxide mixing again 40-60 minute, and added polyacrylamide again, mixed 120-150 minute.
CN2009102514795A 2009-12-22 2009-12-22 Compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent and preparation method thereof CN101755838B (en)

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Assignee: ANHUI ZHONGRI AGRICULTURE ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Assignor: Zhang Yun

Contract record no.: 2012340000224

Denomination of invention: Compound powdery deodorant bacterial poison eliminating agent and preparation method thereof

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