CN101746680B - Device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats - Google Patents

Device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101746680B
CN101746680B CN2010101118394A CN201010111839A CN101746680B CN 101746680 B CN101746680 B CN 101746680B CN 2010101118394 A CN2010101118394 A CN 2010101118394A CN 201010111839 A CN201010111839 A CN 201010111839A CN 101746680 B CN101746680 B CN 101746680B
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device
valve
end
characterized
oil
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CN2010101118394A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101746680A (en
Inventor
索成将
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射阳远洋船舶辅机有限公司
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Publication of CN101746680A publication Critical patent/CN101746680A/en
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Publication of CN101746680B publication Critical patent/CN101746680B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats, which comprises a collecting and releasing arm structure, an aligning device, a decoupler, a sling and a winch, wherein one end of the collecting and releasing arm structure is connected with a mother ship and the other end of the collecting and releasing arm structure can be extended or retracted in a suspending way to provide a force applying fulcrum for collecting and releasing the boats; the aligning device is connected at the other end of the collecting and releasing arm structure and is used to align with the lifting and the lowering positions of the boats on sea surface; the decoupler is limited on the aligning device and is used to be connected with the boats; one end of the sling penetrates through a pulley fixed on the collecting and releasing arm structure in a winding way, is connected with the decoupler and is used to transmit pulling force to the decoupler; and the winch is connected with the other end of the sling to provide pulling force for collecting and releasing the boats. The device is a collecting and releasing device with complete functions and can be used to stably and rapidly lower down the boats to sea surface from the mother ship under force-seven wind sea conditions or to collect the boats back to the mother ship from sea surface.

Description

Device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of canoe draw off gear, the canoe draw off gear that particularly a kind of lifting operation at sea uses.

Background technology

Marine lifting operation; Promptly canoe is fallen from naval vessels (perhaps other lash ship) and be put on the sea, perhaps the canoe on the sea is recovered on the lash ship, owing to need under the random perturbation of wave, work with jack; The jack stressing conditions that it adopts is complicated; Stressed strength is big, also need consider the space hold situation, and design difficulty is high.Specifically, scenario is the problem that must consider in the design of jack:

1, the folding and unfolding arm must simply, stably be accomplished falling of canoe and puts and regain, not with lash ship on other parts produce and conflict.

2, because the draw off gear installation site is higher usually, under the high sea situation, the rolling meeting of lash ship causes the canoe swing, and causes pendulum effect.In addition, in the folding and unfolding process, wind direction is also very big to the influence of folding and unfolding process, also can cause waving of canoe.Canoe is in the folding and unfolding process, if oscillating motion can not get subduing, not only can reduce the normal service life of hoist cable, sometimes even canoe can take place and the accident that lash ship is collided or hoist cable ruptures.

3, canoe is in the folding and unfolding process, and the ship that hangs that external disturbance will cause vibrates, and will produce the pulling force fluctuation in the hoist cable, if can not get subduing, will cause hoist cable fracture or winch damage, makes the folding and unfolding process to accomplish.

4, put to water surface place at canoe, when still keeping the state of hook; Canoe drifts with the tide in the ocean; If can not keep cable wire to be in slack-free state constantly, the swaying (particularly heave) significantly and will bring great difficulty and danger coefficient of canoe for normal retractable operation.

For above-mentioned reasons, existing draw off gear can only be worked under low sea situation, has influenced the maneuverability and the supply capacity of canoe greatly.

For this reason, the application provides a kind of device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats just to this situation, and it can be worked under 6 grades of sea situations, to adapt to the requirement of current lifting operation for the sea.

Summary of the invention

Deficiency to prior art the objective of the invention is to: a kind of device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats is provided, and can be fast and stably accomplish marine lifting operation.

For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:

A kind of device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats is used for canoe fallen from lash ship and is put into the sea, perhaps the canoe on the sea is recovered on the lash ship, it is characterized in that, comprising:

The folding and unfolding arm configuration, the one of which end is connected with lash ship, and the other end can overhang or withdraw, so that the application of force fulcrum of folding and unfolding canoe to be provided;

Alignment device is connected on the described other end of folding and unfolding arm configuration, is used for aiming at the position of rising and falling of canoe on the sea; This alignment device comprises teeter device and longitudinal oscillation device; This teeter device is articulated in this folding and unfolding arm configuration; This folding and unfolding arm configuration is done teeter relatively, and this longitudinal oscillation device is articulated on this teeter device, and the teeter device is done longitudinal oscillation relatively;

Break off relations, be limited in this alignment device, be used for connecting canoe;

Hoist cable, an end winding pass pulley fixing on this folding and unfolding arm configuration, and link to each other with this unhook, are used for transmitting pulling force to this unhook;

A shock absorption buffering mechanism; Be arranged between a described pulley and this folding and unfolding arm configuration; This shock absorption buffering mechanism comprises a L shaped plate and a hydraulic actuating cylinder, and the flex point of this L shaped plate is articulated on this folding and unfolding arm configuration, and an end of this L shaped plate and this pulley articulate; One end of the other end of this L shaped plate and this hydraulic actuating cylinder articulates, and the other end of this hydraulic actuating cylinder then is articulated on this folding and unfolding arm configuration;

Winch links to each other with this hoist cable other end, so that the pulling force of folding and unfolding canoe to be provided.

In preferable technical scheme, this folding and unfolding arm configuration is a kind of built-in high-speed boat folding and unfolding arm configuration, comprising: a jib and an amplitude oil cylinder, and an end of this jib is articulated on the lash ship, and the other end is a projecting end; One end of this amplitude oil cylinder is articulated on the lash ship, and the other end and this jib articulate; And the projecting end of this jib is bent into concavity, and this projecting end that is concavity has an opening towards the ship side outside of lash ship.

In preferable technical scheme; Described jib comprises and being fixedly connected sequentially: be articulated in first sections on the lash ship, under retracted mode horizontal positioned second sections, with heterotropic the 3rd sections of second sections, under retracted mode vertically the 4th sections of placement and with the 4th sections heterotropic the 5th sections, this alignment device is connected in the end of the 5th sections of this jib.

In preferable technical scheme, this folding and unfolding arm configuration is a kind of open type high-speed boat folding and unfolding arm, comprising:

Swing type mechanism, it is made up of pedestal, swing bearing, slewing tower and driver train, and this pedestal is fixed on the lash ship deck, and this slewing tower articulates through this swing bearing and this pedestal, and this driver train drives this slewing tower around this pedestal rotation;

Jib, it comprises the fixed arm that is articulated on this slewing tower, be slidingly installed on this fixed arm and relatively the length direction of this fixed arm make the slippage arm of straight-line displacement and the telescopic oil cylinder that two ends connect this fixed arm and slippage arm respectively;

Amplitude oil cylinder, its two ends are connected on this slewing tower and the fixed arm, with drive fixing arm held upward or whereabouts.

In preferable technical scheme; This driver train is a hydraulic drive motor that is fixed on this slewing tower; Be connected with an external gear on the output shaft of this hydraulic drive motor, be set with an inner gear on this pedestal, this inner gear and external gear are meshing with each other.

In preferable technical scheme; First cylinder body of one first damping oil cylinder is rotatably connected on this folding and unfolding arm configuration; The piston rod of this first damping oil cylinder is articulated on this teeter device; Between the cylinder body of the piston rod of this first damping oil cylinder and first damping oil cylinder, be provided with at least one first damping spring, the piston that is provided with in this first cylinder body is divided into two hydraulic cavities with first cylinder body, and two hydraulic cavities of this first cylinder body are interconnected through one first by pass valve;

Second cylinder body of one second damping oil cylinder is rotatably connected on this teeter device; The piston rod of this second damping oil cylinder is articulated on this longitudinal oscillation device; Between the cylinder body of the piston rod of this second damping oil cylinder and second damping oil cylinder, be provided with at least one second damping spring; The piston that is provided with in this second cylinder body is divided into two hydraulic cavities with second cylinder body, and two hydraulic cavities of this second cylinder body are interconnected through one second by pass valve.

In preferable technical scheme, the longitudinal oscillation device of this alignment device is a hollow structure, and this unhook places and is limited in the hollow structure of this longitudinal oscillation device, and can telescopic moving in this longitudinal oscillation device; This hoist cable passes this longitudinal oscillation device inside and is connected with this unhook.

In preferable technical scheme, the lower end of the longitudinal oscillation device of this alignment device has been welded to connect one and has hung awl, and this hangs awl and has the exit skirt that enlarges shape down, and this exit skirt communicates with the inside of this longitudinal oscillation device, can supply this unhook to pass through.

In preferable technical scheme, this unhook is a kind of rapid unhooking device, comprising:

The hook seat and the coupler body that articulate each other, this coupler body one end has a hook tongue, and the other end has a block;

Spanner; Articulate through rotating shaft and this hook seat, this rotating shaft is captiveed joint with this spanner and rotation synchronously, and this rotating shaft offers one to position that should block and dodges groove; When this spanner is in push position; The cylindrical outer surface of this rotating shaft is connected to the block of this coupler body, when this spanner is in the position, whereabouts, and the dodging groove and can supply the block of this coupler body to pass through of this rotating shaft; Also be provided with a rib on this spanner;

Master cock comprises fixed muffle, slide shaft, retracing spring and operating handle, and this fixed muffle one end is the body that is located on this hook seat, and the other end is the shoulder that is fixed on this hook seat, and this shoulder has a centre hole; This slide shaft end wise comprises interference section, interlude and the control section that diameter reduces successively; And the control section of this slide shaft penetrates the centre hole of shoulder in the body of this fixed muffle; The interference section of this slide shaft can telescopic moving in body; And the interlude upper sleeve through of slide shaft has described retracing spring, and the two ends of this retracing spring are respectively against the interference section of the shoulder and the slide shaft of fixed muffle, and the interference section that makes slide shaft is overhanging under normal conditions and block the rib of this spanner; And make this spanner remain on push position; The control section of this slide shaft links to each other with described operating handle after passing the centre hole of shoulder of this fixed muffle, controls the flexible state of the interference section of slide shaft through this operating handle.

In preferable technical scheme, this hook seat is composed of a fixed connection by two seat boards that are parallel to each other.

In preferable technical scheme, this coupler body is articulated between two seat boards of this hook seat through bearing pin.

In preferable technical scheme; The control section of this operating handle and this slide shaft articulates through a pin each other; And this operating handle have one contact with the shoulder of this fixed muffle or with the contacted camming surface of this hook seat, the point on this camming surface and the distance between this pin become gradually greatly perhaps and diminish gradually.

In preferable technical scheme, also comprise the protection spring, this protection spring winding is on this fixed muffle, and this protection spring one end is fixed, and the hook tongue of the other end and this coupler body connects, and makes the block of unhook and the baffle plate of spanner keep closed contact.

In preferable technical scheme, this rotating shaft is positioned at the location on the lower side of the barycenter of this spanner.

In preferable technical scheme, this hook seat, coupler body, spanner and master cock all are material with the corrosion-resistant steel.

In preferable technical scheme, the end that this L shaped plate and this pulley articulate is long limit, and the end that this L shaped plate and this hydraulic actuating cylinder articulate is a minor face.

In preferable technical scheme, this winch comprises:

Drop-gear box comprises gear structure, secondary axle and three grades of axles in this drop-gear box, a side of this drop-gear box connects HM Hydraulic Motor, and opposite side connects the reel that is arranged with rope, and this HM Hydraulic Motor drives this reel through this drop-gear box and rotates;

Clutch equipment; This clutch device is arranged on this secondary axle; This clutch equipment one side is provided with first gear that is meshed with this HM Hydraulic Motor, and this first gear is provided with female friction lining, and this secondary axle is provided with the sub-friction lining relative with this mother's friction lining; This sub-friction lining one side is provided with the clutch plunger cover, and this piston bush one side is supported and is provided with belleville spring;

The limit speed for braking condition device is located on these three grades of axles, and these three grades of axles are meshed through gear with this secondary axle.

In preferable technical scheme, this limit speed for braking condition device comprises a weight, and this weight connects the weight sleeve, and this weight sleeve connects cam body, and this cam body connects brake hoop, and this brake hoop below is provided with brake band, this brake band below and brake disc closed contact.

In preferable technical scheme, this limit speed for braking condition device also comprises the speed limit piece, and this speed limit piece is set on the protruding axle that this brake disc is provided with.

In preferable technical scheme, this winch also comprises manual unit, and this manual unit is located on these three grades of axles, and this manual unit comprises crank and ratchet, and this limit speed for braking condition device is provided with the ratchet that matches with this ratchet.

In preferable technical scheme, this reel is other also to be provided with in order to compress the roller device of rope.

In preferable technical scheme, this winch bonded assembly hydraulic control system comprises:

One oil pump, it is by motor drives rotation and oil suction from fuel tank;

One master control electromagnetic valve, it is one and canoe is hoisted, descends or the two-position four-way valve of permanent Tension Control;

This oil pump is communicated in the P mouth and a reducing valve of this master control electromagnetic valve respectively through the 3rd check valve;

The B mouth of this master control electromagnetic valve is communicated in the 4th electromagnetic valve through first check valve, and the 4th electromagnetic valve is communicated in a side oil inlet of the HM Hydraulic Motor of this winch, and first electromagnetic valve is communicated in the opposite side oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor;

The first drain charge valve, one side is communicated in the oil outlet of this first check valve, and opposite side is through the overflow oil tube oil sump tank; One side of the second drain charge valve is communicated in the oil inlet of first check valve, and the opposite side of this second drain charge valve is through the overflow oil tube oil sump tank.

In preferable technical scheme, the oil circuit that the A mouth of this master control electromagnetic valve is communicated with is connected with A1 oil circuit or B1 oil circuit respectively through the first valve body group; Described A1 oil circuit is communicated in second electromagnetic valve, and this second electromagnetic valve is through a balance cock and finally be communicated in the above-mentioned side oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor; Described B1 oil circuit is communicated in the 3rd electromagnetic valve, and the 3rd electromagnetic valve is communicated in the opposite side oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor.

In preferable technical scheme, above-mentioned reducing valve also is communicated with a pilot operated directional control valve, and this pilot operated directional control valve is communicated in the clutch equipment described in the above-mentioned winch through an one-way throttle valve.

In preferable technical scheme, a high-pressure ball valve is communicated in the both sides oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor.

In preferable technical scheme, this hydraulic control system also comprises one second shuttle valve and one the 3rd shuttle valve; One side oil inlet of this second shuttle valve is communicated in the oil circuit that is connected between second electromagnetic valve and the balance cock, and the opposite side oil inlet is communicated in the oil circuit that is connected between the 3rd electromagnetic valve and the HM Hydraulic Motor; One side oil inlet of the 3rd shuttle valve is connected with the oil outlet of this second shuttle valve, and the opposite side oil inlet of the 3rd shuttle valve then is connected with the oil inlet of first check valve.

In preferable technical scheme, this hydraulic control system also contains a manual pump, and this manual pump is connected with this fuel tank through a ball valve, and the oil outlet of this manual pump also is communicated in the P mouth and this reducing valve of this master control electromagnetic valve respectively through second check valve.

In preferable technical scheme, this hydraulic control system also comprises a plurality of plugging pin oil cylinder and a plurality of near switch, and this plugging pin oil cylinder is connected with the second valve body group.

In preferable technical scheme, this hydraulic control system also comprises an amplitude oil cylinder and a two-way balance cock, and this amplitude oil cylinder is connected with this bidirectional balanced valve, and this bidirectional balanced valve is connected with hand change over valve 2 via hand change over valve 1 again; A hydraulic fluid port of this hand change over valve 2 is connected with the B3 oil circuit of the 3rd valve body group, and its another hydraulic fluid port then is connected with energy storage through an one-way throttle valve.

In preferable technical scheme, this hydraulic control system comprises that also a damping oil cylinder, two subtract pendulum oil cylinder and two flow regulating valve, and these two to subtract the pendulum oil cylinder vertical each other, and these two subtract the pendulum oil cylinder and are communicated in this two flow regulating valve respectively.

In preferable technical scheme, also comprise at least two intelligent bracket systems, each intelligent bracket system comprises:

Adapter plate, it is fixed on the lash ship;

Two supporting plates are articulated in the left side and the right side of this adapter plate symmetrically, and the projecting end of each supporting plate is fixed with a rubber block up;

Two telescopic oil cylinders are connected between this adapter plate and two supporting plates, control two supporting plates and rise and fall simultaneously.

In preferable technical scheme, each supporting plate projecting end is fixed with a back-up block up, and described rubber block is fixed on the upper surface of described back-up block.

Compared with prior art, the advantage that adopts the present invention of technique scheme to have is:

1, the projecting end of built-in folding and unfolding arm adopts the bending design, is satisfying under the prerequisite of mechanical property the maximized naval vessels space of having practiced thrift.Open type folding and unfolding arm then can utilize swing type mechanism, and jib is turned to towards the inboard direction of ship side, can avoid Shift of Focus cause in an instant acutely rock.

2, passive type subtracts swinging mechanism, can subdue two swings on the vertical direction, avoids canoe generation pendulum effect.

3, shock absorption buffering mechanism can be subdued the pulling force fluctuation that produces in the hoist cable, avoids hoist cable to rupture owing to tension variation is too fast.

4, rapid unhooking mechanism when colluding extension, can guarantee to collude extension safety, and when need get loose, operation is simple and reliable.

5, winch can be braked flexibly, carries out manually and the flexible switching of hydraulic power.

6, hydraulic control system can guarantee cable wire in tension all the time, when reducing rocking of canoe and guaranteeing safety, be that the lifting of canoe is got ready at any time; After accomplish receiving the ship action, through making hydraulic lock locking, on arm, avoid the contingency generation with fixing canoe; On canoe contact sea in a flash, can also switch to permanent Tension Control pattern, avoid canoe to cause folding and unfolding out of control with the shifting campaign.

7, intelligent bracket system can be fast, stably canoe is fixed on the lash ship, perhaps makes to break away between canoe and the lash ship to be connected, and improved the work efficiency of jack.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1, Fig. 2 are respectively the structural representation of built-in folding and unfolding arm of the present invention under expansion and withdrawal two states;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation at another visual angle of built-in folding and unfolding arm of the present invention under retracted mode;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation that passive type of the present invention subtracts swinging mechanism;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation that laterally subtracts swinging mechanism of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation that vertically subtracts swinging mechanism of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the integral structure scheme drawing that breaks off relations, and expression rapid unhooking device is in tightening state;

Fig. 8 is the integral structure scheme drawing that breaks off relations, and expression rapid unhooking device is in the state of getting loose;

Fig. 9 is the A-A direction cutaway view of Fig. 7;

Figure 10 is the cutaway view of the B-B direction of Fig. 7;

Figure 11 A, Figure 11 B, Figure 11 C are respectively front view, lateral plan and the birds-eye vieies of rotating shaft.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of shock absorption buffering mechanism of the present invention;

Figure 13 is the front elevation of winch of the present invention;

Figure 14 is that the A-A of winch of the present invention is to cutaway view;

Figure 15 is the section-drawing of limit speed for braking condition device;

Figure 16, Figure 16 A, Figure 16 B are the scheme drawing and the partial enlarged drawing of hydraulic control system of the present invention;

Figure 17, Figure 17 A are a preferred embodiment again of hydraulic control system of the present invention;

Figure 18, Figure 18 A are the another preferred embodiment of hydraulic control system of the present invention;

Figure 19 is that intelligent bracket system is in the structural representation of putting the ship state;

Figure 20 is that intelligent bracket system is in the structural representation of receiving the ship state;

Figure 21 is the integral structure scheme drawing that the application intelligent bracket system is deposited canoe on the lash ship;

To be open type folding and unfolding arm stretch jib expanding-contracting action scheme drawing under the state flat to Figure 22;

Figure 23 is that open type folding and unfolding arm utilizes the scheme drawing of lifting jib on the luffing mechanism;

Figure 24 is the swing type mechanism scheme drawing of open type folding and unfolding arm.

The specific embodiment

The present invention provides a kind of device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats, and it comprises:

The folding and unfolding arm configuration, the one of which end is connected with lash ship, and the other end can overhang or withdraw, so that the application of force fulcrum of folding and unfolding canoe to be provided;

Alignment device is connected on the described other end of folding and unfolding arm configuration, is used for aiming at the position of rising and falling of canoe on the sea;

Break off relations, be limited in this alignment device, be used for connecting canoe;

Hoist cable, an end winding pass pulley fixing on this folding and unfolding arm configuration, and link to each other with this unhook, are used for transmitting pulling force to this unhook;

Winch links to each other with this hoist cable other end, so that the pulling force of folding and unfolding canoe to be provided.

Above-mentioned parts just can be formed a draw off gear that function is complete basically; Enough be used for canoe fallen from lash ship and be put on the sea; Perhaps the canoe on the sea is recovered on the lash ship, below will will come its concrete structure is carried out detailed explanation with two preferred embodiments.

< embodiment 1 (built-in) >

Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, be the structural representation of a kind of built-in device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats provided by the invention under expansion and withdrawal two states, its concrete structure will be explained at the back literary composition one by one:

(1) folding and unfolding arm configuration: it comprises a jib 21 and an amplitude oil cylinder 22; These jib 21 1 ends are articulated on the lash ship (not giving diagram), and the other end is a projecting end, and these amplitude oil cylinder 22 1 ends are articulated on the lash ship; The other end and this jib 21 articulate, and are used for controlling the expansion and the withdrawal of this jib 21; Wherein: the projecting end of this jib 21 is bent into concavity, and this projecting end 21 that is concavity has an opening 210 towards ship side 23 outsides of lash ship.

When amplitude oil cylinder 22 elongation, as shown in Figure 1, jib 21 is just unfolded, and the projecting end of jib 21 will stretch out outside the ship side 23, is beneficial to fall to the sea put canoe 24, perhaps packs up canoe 24 across the sea; When amplitude oil cylinder 22 shortenings, as shown in Figure 2, jib 21 will be withdrawn, and the projecting end of jib 21 will be recovered in the ship side, and canoe 24 is got into and is collected in the projecting end that is concavity of jib 21 by opening 210, to practice thrift the lash ship space.

In the present embodiment, described jib 21 comprises and being fixedly connected sequentially: be articulated in first sections 211 on the lash ship, under retracted mode horizontal positioned second sections 212, with heterotropic the 3rd sections 213 of second sections 213, under retracted mode vertically the 4th sections 214 of placement and with the 4th sections 214 heterotropic the 5th sections 215.Certainly, the sections number of forming this jib 21 also can suitably increase and decrease, and the angular dimension between each sections also can suitably be adjusted; As long as can form a space of being large enough to hold canoe at projecting end; The embodiment that forms after increase and decrease of these numbers and the angular adjustment, all belonging to those skilled in the art can be associated by the foregoing description easily, because the mode that changes is numerous; Be difficult to enumerate one by one, do not repeated them here.

Also see also shown in Figure 2; In the present embodiment, also be provided with a fixed mount 25, when jib 21 is in retracted mode following time in a side of this jib 21; The 4th sections 214 reclines with this fixed mount 25; Also be provided with anchor fitting 2141 on the 4th sections 214, be used for the 4th sections 214 of the jib under the retracted mode 21 is fixed on the fixed mount 25, prevent jib 21 unexpected expansion; Be provided with ladder 252 in fixed mount 25 1 sides, can the confession personnel climb up fixed mount 25, get into canoe 24 then; Simultaneously, also can let personnel on the canoe 24 along ladder 252 times to the deck of lash ship.

(2) alignment device: as shown in Figure 1, this alignment device 71 is connected on the 5th sections 215 of this jib 21, comprises teeter device 711 and longitudinal oscillation device 712.

In conjunction with Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, this teeter device 711 is articulated on the 5th sections 215 through bearing pin 713, can do teeter (from Fig. 4, Fig. 5, look, promptly swing) by relative the 5th sections 215; Combine Fig. 4, shown in Figure 6 again, and this longitudinal oscillation device 712 is articulated on this teeter device 711 through bearing pin 714, teeter device 711 is done longitudinal oscillation (from Fig. 4, Fig. 6, look, promptly penetrate the swing of paper aspect) relatively.

And danger appears in order to prevent canoe from the folding and unfolding arm configuration, freely swinging, and the present invention also is provided with passive type and subtracts swinging mechanism, and details are as follows for its structure:

As shown in Figure 5; It is the structural representation that laterally subtracts swinging mechanism 75; It comprises one first damping oil cylinder 751, and this first damping oil cylinder 751 has one first cylinder body 7511, and this first cylinder body 7511 and one first adapter plate 7512 articulate; 7512 of this first adapter plates are fixed on the jib 21, make this first cylinder body 7511 relatively jib 21 rotate.Be provided with a first piston 7513 in this first cylinder body 7511, this first piston 7513 is divided into two hydraulic cavities with first cylinder body 7511, all is full of fluid in these two hydraulic cavities, and is interconnected through one first by pass valve 7514.A first piston bar 7515 stretches through in this first cylinder body 7511; And captive joint with this first piston 7513; All stretch out outside this first cylinder body 7511 at the two ends of this first piston bar 7515, and wherein an end is articulated on the teeter device 711 through first hinge 7516.Butt has one first damping spring 752 respectively between the corresponding end of two ends of first piston bar 7515 and first cylinder body 7511.

As shown in Figure 6; It is the structural representation that vertically subtracts swinging mechanism 72; It comprises one second damping oil cylinder 721, and this second damping oil cylinder 721 has one second cylinder body 7211, and this second cylinder body 7211 and one second adapter plate 7212 articulate; 7212 of this second adapter plates are fixed on the teeter device 711, make this second cylinder body 7211 relatively teeter device 711 rotate.Be provided with one second piston 7213 in this second cylinder body 7211, this second piston 7213 is divided into two hydraulic cavities with second cylinder body 7211, all is full of fluid in these two hydraulic cavities, and is interconnected through one second by pass valve 7214.One second piston rod 7215 stretches through in this second cylinder body 7211; And captive joint with this second piston 7213; All stretch out outside this second cylinder body 7211 at the two ends of this second piston rod 7215, and wherein an end is articulated on the longitudinal oscillation device 712 through second hinge 7216.Butt has one second damping spring 722 respectively between the corresponding end of two ends of second piston rod 7215 and second cylinder body 7211.

It is of the present invention that to subtract the pendulum process following:

As shown in Figure 5; When teeter device 711 is done to rotate counterclockwise with respect to the 5th sections 215 of jib 21; First piston bar 7515 is articulated in an end and the reduced distances between first adapter plate 7512 on the teeter device 711; Distance between the other end of first piston bar 7515 and first adapter plate 7512 is elongated; The length of two first damping springs 752 is also corresponding to change, and first damping spring 752 of left is compressed among the feasible figure, and the first right-hand damping spring 752 is elongated among the figure; The direction of the restoring force of two the first damping springs 752 just in time sense of motion with teeter device 711 is opposite, can play a shock proof effect.Meanwhile, first piston bar 7515 drives first pistons 7513 toward right-hand motions, makes pressure balance no longer in two hydraulic cavities; In order to keep hydro-cushion; Two interior fluid of hydraulic cavities must reflux through this first by pass valve 7514, because the shock damping action of first by pass valve 7514 has consumed the energy of teeter; The teeter amplitude that can decay plays the effect that subtracts pendulum.When teeter device 711 clockwise rotates with respect to jib 21, same reason, first damping spring 752 still has shock proof effect, and first damping oil cylinder 751 also can be reached the effect of decay teeter.

As shown in Figure 6 again; When longitudinal oscillation device 712 clockwise rotates with respect to teeter device 711; Second piston rod 7215 is articulated in an end and the reduced distances between second adapter plate 7212 on the longitudinal oscillation device 712; Distance between the other end of first piston bar 7515 and second adapter plate 7212 is elongated; The length of two second damping springs 722 is also corresponding to change, and second damping spring 722 of top is compressed among the feasible figure, and second damping spring 722 of below is elongated among the figure; The direction of the restoring force of two the second damping springs 722 just in time sense of motion with teeter device 711 is opposite, can play a shock proof effect.Meanwhile, second piston rod 7215 drives the motion toward tops of second piston 7213, makes pressure balance no longer in two hydraulic cavities; In order to keep hydro-cushion; Two interior fluid of hydraulic cavities must reflux through this second by pass valve 7214, because the shock damping action of second by pass valve 7214 has consumed the energy of longitudinal oscillation; The longitudinal oscillation amplitude that can decay plays the effect that subtracts pendulum.Certainly; When longitudinal oscillation device 712 rotates counterclockwise with respect to teeter device 711; Same reason, second damping spring 722 still has shock proof effect, and second damping oil cylinder 721 also can be reached the effect of decay teeter; Detailed process is similar, just will not give unnecessary details.

Can know that by foregoing shock resistance effect and the power consumption effect of damping oil cylinder of the present invention through damping spring reduces the swing of the boats and ships degree ground that has the greatest impact, with smoothly and accomplish safely to the folding and unfolding safeguard work personnel of canoe and the safety of equipment.And, laterally subtracting swinging mechanism and vertically subtract swinging mechanism and be installed on orthogonal two planes, the oscillating motion that can decay and pass on arbitrarily angled has further improved and has subtracted the pendulum effect.

(3) break off relations: be used for controlling hoist cable 77 and form the relation that is connected or breaks away from canoe.

See also Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the longitudinal oscillation device 712 of this alignment device 71 is hollow structures, and a rapid unhooking device 8 places and is limited in this longitudinal oscillation device 712, and can telescopic moving; It is inner and link to each other with this rapid unhooking device 8 that hoist cable 77 passes this longitudinal oscillation device, drives this rapid unhooking device 8 and carry out dipping and heaving.

In addition; Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 4, the lower end of the longitudinal oscillation device 712 of this alignment device 71 has been welded to connect one and has hung awl 74, and this hangs awl 74 and has the exit skirt that enlarges shape down; And this exit skirt communicates with the inside of this longitudinal oscillation device 712, can supply this rapid unhooking device 8 to pass through.Because bell-mouthed shape qualification makes rapid unhooking device 8 up move and the process of retraction longitudinal oscillation device 712 clamping stagnation can not take place, and moves more smooth and easy.

And the concrete structure of this rapid unhooking device 8 sees also Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 10, comprising:

Hook seat 810 is composed of a fixed connection by two seat boards that are parallel to each other 811;

Coupler body 820 is articulated in through bearing pin 821 between two seat boards 811 of this hook seat 810, and these coupler body 820 1 ends have a reclinate hook tongue 822, and the other end is a block 823; Side at block 823 also is provided with locating dowel pin 824, and this locating dowel pin 824, is rotated to this side to prevent coupler body 820 between two seat boards 811 by screw retention;

Spanner 830 is articulated in the outside of this hook seat 810 through rotating shaft 831, and this rotating shaft 831 is fixed on this spanner 830 through tightening screw 8312, and this rotating shaft 831 is rotated with this spanner 830 synchronously.And Figure 11 A, Figure 11 B, Figure 11 C are the three-face views of this rotating shaft; 831 pairs of this rotating shafts should coupler body 820 the position of block 823 offer one and dodge groove 8311; When pushing away on this spanner 830, the cylindrical outer surface of this rotating shaft 831 is connected to the block 823 of this coupler body 820, prevents that this coupler body 820 is along the right-hand revolution shown in Fig. 7 (as shown in Figure 7); When this spanner 830 falls; The dodging groove 8311 and can supply the block 823 of this coupler body 820 to pass through of this rotating shaft 831, this coupler body 820 can break away from hook tongue 822 and boat fall (not giving diagram) and collude to hang to concern along the right-hand revolution shown in Fig. 7.Can also see that from Fig. 7, Fig. 8 this spanner 830 also has a rib 833, spanner 830 is limited to push position for following master cock 840; And; This rotating shaft 831 is positioned at the location on the lower side (as shown in Figure 7) of the barycenter 834 of this spanner 830; Thereby after following master cock 840 qualifications of releasing to the rib 833 of spanner, this spanner 830 makes rotating shaft 831 can initiatively break away from the block 823 of this coupler body 820 of butt by gravity;

Master cock 840; Comprise fixed muffle 841, slide shaft 842, retracing spring 843 and operating handle 844; These fixed muffle 841 1 ends are the bodys 8411 that pass two seat boards 811 of this hook seat 810; Fixed muffle 841 other ends are the shoulders 8412 that are fixed on this hook seat 810, and this shoulder 8412 has a centre hole; These slide shaft 842 end wises comprise interference section 8421, the interlude 8422 and control section 8423 that diameter reduces successively; The described retracing spring 843 of interlude 8422 upper sleeve throughs at this slide shaft 842; Control section 8423 with this slide shaft 842 penetrates the centre hole of shoulder 8412 in the body 8411 of this fixed muffle 841 then; The diameter of the interference section 8421 of this slide shaft 842 equals or is slightly less than body 8411 diameters; Make it can telescopic moving in body 8411; And the two ends of this retracing spring 843 of interlude 8422 upper sleeve throughs of slide shaft 842 are respectively against the interference section 8421 of the shoulder of fixed muffle 841 8412 with slide shaft 842, and the interference section 8421 that makes slide shaft 842 is overhanging under normal conditions and block the rib 833 of this spanner 830, after the control section 8423 of this slide shaft 842 passes the centre hole of shoulder 8412 of this fixed muffle 841; Link to each other with described operating handle 844, control the flexible state of interfering section 8421 through this operating handle 844; This operating handle 844 articulates through a pin 8441 with the control section 8423 of this slide shaft 842 each other in the present embodiment; And this operating handle 844 have one with the shoulder 8412 contacted camming surfaces 8442 of this fixed muffle 841 (this camming surface 8442 also can be directly and these hook seat 810 contacted faces); Point on this camming surface 8442 and the distance between this pin 8441 become gradually greatly and (perhaps diminish); When rotating this operating handle 844; Reason owing to camming surface 8442; Distance between this pin 8441 and the shoulder 8412 change gradually greatly perhaps diminishes, corresponding the changing of flexible state of this slide shaft 842, and the rib 833 that slide shaft 842 interferes section 8421 will block this spanner 830 perhaps disengages with this rib 833;

Protection spring 850; Winding is on this fixed muffle 841; One end is fixed, and the hook tongue 822 of the other end and this coupler body 820 connects, and also is provided with another locating dowel pin 851 at the side of this protection spring 850 and an end of hook tongue 822 butts; This another locating dowel pin 824 also is to be screwed between two seat boards 811, outwards ejects to prevent this protection spring 850; The effect of this protection spring 850 has two: one, the elastic-restoring force of this protection spring 850 can prevent this coupler body 820 along the anticlockwise motion shown in Fig. 7, makes the block 823 of unhook keep closed contact with the outer peripheral face of rotating shaft 831; , initiatively do not oppressing under the situation of this protection spring 850 with hook tongue 822 fits of coupler body 820 in case the lifting part of two canoes (being generally ring body) is oppressed this protection spring 850, just can not get loose, thereby prevent unexpected generation with the hook tongue 822 of coupler body 820.

Above-mentioned parts (comprising hook seat 810, coupler body 820, spanner 830, master cock 840 and protection spring 850) all are material with the corrosion-resistant steel, to prolong its service life.

Next introduce the working process of this rapid unhooking device:

As shown in Figure 7, corresponding to the tightening state of rapid unhooking device, at first; Operating handle 844 is opened, and the interference section 8421 of slide shaft 842 is retracted in the fixed muffle 841, then; Spanner 830 pushes away under external force; Connect until the outer peripheral face of rotating shaft 831 and the block 823 of coupler body 820, then rotate this operating handle 844, make the interference section 8421 of slide shaft 842 stretch out and block the rib 833 of spanner 830.Thus, spanner 830 can't rotate, and the hook tongue 822 of unhook is remained on collude to hang the position.If add the booster action of protection spring 850, can prevent that more the accident of locking hook takes place.

And as shown in Figure 8, when needs canoe and this rapid unhooking device are separated, only need open this operating handle 844; The interference section 8421 of slide shaft 842 is retracted in the fixed muffle 841, and spanner 830 is with the by gravity rotation, and what make rotating shaft 831 dodges groove 8311 up; Then the block 823 of coupler body 820 will be dodged the groove 8311 from this and passed through, under the canoe tension, and coupler body 820 right-hand revolutions (as shown in Figure 8); Canoe slippage from hook tongue 822, thus the relation of extension of colluding removed.

Can know by foregoing, this rapid unhooking device collude hang canoe in, can guarantee to collude extension safety, and when need get loose, operation is simple and reliable.

(4) hoist cable: these hoist cable 77 1 ends link to each other with this rapid unhooking device, after the other end is walked around several pulleys 66 on the jib, link to each other with a winch 26 on the lash ship.

Among the present invention, in order to keep hoist cable 77 tensionings, in order to avoid because lash ship when falling with wave, hoist cable 77 pine oils cause unexpected generations such as fracture, on the 5th sections of jib, also are provided with shock absorption buffering mechanism 6.

Shown in figure 12; Be that shock absorption buffering mechanism 6 of the present invention is installed in the structural representation on the 5th sections 215 of this jib 21; A fixed plate 64 is welded on the 5th sections 215; A L shaped plate 65 is articulated on this fixed plate 64 with its flex point 651, and an end of this L shaped plate 65 (being long limit in the present embodiment) articulates with a pulley 66, and this pulley 66 can supply above-mentioned hoist cable 77 windings; The other end of this L shaped plate 65 (being minor face in the present embodiment) then articulates with an end of a hydraulic actuating cylinder 61, and the other end of this hydraulic actuating cylinder 61 then is articulated in the 5th sections 215 inside that are hollow form.

In conjunction with Fig. 1, shown in Figure 12, when canoe 24 moves downward suddenly, hoist cable 77 will be tightened thereupon; Cause pulley 66 to drive L shaped plate 65 clickwises; Can oppress this hydraulic actuating cylinder 61 at once,, prevent that hoist cable 77 tension variation are excessive and rupture through the buffer action of this hydraulic actuating cylinder 61.In the time of the unexpected upward movement of canoe 24, hoist cable 77 is pine oil thereupon again, and this hydraulic actuating cylinder 61 can help tensioning hoist cable 77 again, prevents that hoist cable 77 is loose excessively.In a word, this damping, buffering mechanism can effectively reduce the pulling force fluctuation in the hoist cable, prolongs hoist cable service life.

(5) winch:

Winch 26 used in the present invention like Figure 13,14, shown in 15, comprises drop-gear box 510, and drop-gear box 510 inside are provided with three grades of axles 583, secondary axle 582, primary axis 581 and main shaft 580 from top to bottom.Drop-gear box 510 1 sides are provided with HM Hydraulic Motor 57, and HM Hydraulic Motor 57 links to each other with primary axis 581.Primary axis is provided with gear 561 and gear 563.HM Hydraulic Motor 57 drives the gear 561 of primary axis 581, and gear 561 drives the gear of establishing on the main shaft 580 562, and gear 562 drives main shaft 580 and rotates.Main shaft 580 drives the reel 512 that is arranged with hoist cable 77, realizes furling of hoist cable 77, drives canoe and rises.Reel 512 sides are provided with roller device 54, are compressed the hoist cable 77 of winding on the reel 512 by roller device 54.

Secondary axle 582 is provided with clutch equipment 55 in the drop-gear box 510, and clutch equipment 55 comprises son, female friction lining, and sub-friction lining and secondary axle 582 link, and female friction lining connects with first gear 564 of clutch equipment 55 1 sides.First gear 564 is meshed with gear 563, and first gear 564 does not rotate with secondary axle 582.Also be provided with clutch plunger cover 551, belleville spring 553 and second gear 566 on the secondary axle 582 successively.The hydraulic rotary joint 552 of clutch equipment 55 stretches out outside the drop-gear box 510, connects exterior hydraulic control system.Set gear 565 is meshed on second gear 566 on the secondary axle 582 and the three grades of axles 583.

Usually under the state, (do not comprise the situation that hydraulic efficiency pressure system breaks down) when hydraulic efficiency pressure system is not worked, sub, female friction lining compresses under belleville spring 553 pressure effects each other, and promptly clutch equipment 55 is in normally off.Sub, female friction lining phase mutual friction this moment, first gear 564 links together with the friction force of secondary axle 582 through son, female friction lining.Drive the secondary axle by first gear 564, drive second gear 566 again and rotate.Second gear 566 drives the gear 565 that is provided with on three grades of axles 583, and three grades of axles 583 are rotated.Thereby make limit speed for braking condition device 59 brakes of establishing on three grades of axles 583.

When clutch equipment 55 will be opened, hydraulic efficiency pressure system was started working, and clutch plunger cover 551 moves right under the hydraulic oil effect, does not have pressure between son, the female friction lining at this moment, and sub, female friction lining separates, and promptly secondary axle 582 connects with 564 disengagements of first gear.Limit speed for braking condition device 59 is not worked at this moment, and HM Hydraulic Motor 57 drives reels 512 and rotates, and realizes the normal folding and unfolding work of canoe.

When clutch equipment 55 wanted closed, under the effect of belleville spring 553, the hydraulic oil that the clutch plunger cover is 551 li was discharged from, and clutch plunger cover 551 compresses son, female friction lining again simultaneously, made 59 brakes of limit speed for braking condition device, and canoe is stopped.

Limit speed for braking condition device 59 is connected with three grades of axles 583.Limit speed for braking condition device 59 is provided with weight 51, and weight 51 links to each other with limit speed for braking condition device 59 in-to-in weight sleeves 596.Weight sleeve 596 connects cam body 595, and cam body 595 connects brake hoop 594, and brake hoop 594 belows are provided with brake band 593, brake band 593 and brake disc 592 closed contacts.

When weight 51 put down, weight sleeve 596 drove cam body 595, and cam body 595 drives brake hoop 594, and brake hoop 594 compresses brake band 593, plays the effect of brake.When lifting weight 51, brake band 593 is loosened, and limit speed for braking condition device 59 lost efficacy.

In the time of need putting ship, hydraulic efficiency pressure system is not worked, and promptly clutch equipment 55 is in closure state.Hold weight 51, brake band 593 unclamps with brake disc 592, and brake disc 592 does not receive friction drag, and jolly boat descends through self gravitation, and the whole box body inner gear rotates under reel 512 drives, and jolly boat begins to descend.Convex with protruding axle on the brake disc 592 of limit speed for braking condition device 59, speed limit piece 591 is enclosed within on the protruding axle of brake disc 592, with restraint of labour ship lowering velocity.

Stop when putting down weight 51 tight (brake disc 592 stops operating, and the axle that connects with it stops operating, and transmits step by step reel 512 is stopped operating), jolly boat stops to descend.Through putting down or hold weight 51, the state of transferring of Control work ship (descend or stop descend) at any time.

Manual unit 511 comprises a ratchet 53, and the shell of limit speed for braking condition device 59 is provided with the ratchet 52 that matches with ratchet 53.When needs manually played ship, manual unit 511 and three grades of axles 583 linked together, and ratchet 53 can only just change under the effect of ratchet 52 and can not reverse.

When hydraulic efficiency pressure system can not be worked, adopt the ship mode of manually receiving.Be hydraulic efficiency pressure system when breaking down, clutch equipment 55 auto-closings, limit speed for braking condition device 59 is started working, and installs manual unit 511 this moment earlier, and with ratchet 52 and ratchet 53 engagements, holds weight 51 then.Since 583 this moments of three grades of axles and manual unit 511 be linked together, manual unit 511 can't reverse because of the effect of ratchet 52, therefore holds 51, three grades of axles 583 of weight this moment and also can't reverse.The crank of establishing on the forward rotation manual unit 511 makes canoe begin to rise, and accomplishes the ship work of manually receiving.

(6) hydraulic control system: cooperate above-mentioned winch 26 work.

Shown in figure 16; Hydraulic control system of the present invention; Its oil circuit is connected to: an oil pump 403 is by an electrical motor 402 driven rotary and oil suction from a fuel tank 401, and this oil pump 403 is communicated in the P mouth and a reducing valve 431 of master control electromagnetic valve 441 respectively through the 3rd check valve 414a; Manual pump 404 is connected with fuel tank 401 through a ball valve 413 equally, and its oil outlet is through the second check valve 407b and be communicated in the P mouth of master control electromagnetic valve 441 and above-mentioned reducing valve 431 respectively; Be that oil pump 403 all can be used as engine installation for this hydraulic control system provides pressure oil with manual pump 404, make this device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats have electric/manual and play the ship mode.

This master control electromagnetic valve 441 is a two-position four-way valve, and it hoists, descends or permanent Tension Control canoe; The oil circuit that A mouth wherein is communicated with is connected it respectively through first valve body 1 with A1 oil circuit or B 1 oil circuit; B mouth wherein is communicated in the 4th electromagnetic valve 424c through the first check valve 407a, and the 4th electromagnetic valve 424c is communicated in a side oil inlet of HM Hydraulic Motor 57, and first electromagnetic valve 424 is communicated in the opposite side oil inlet of HM Hydraulic Motor 57.

Described A1 oil circuit is communicated in the second electromagnetic valve 424a, and this second electromagnetic valve 424a is through balance cock 425 and finally be communicated in the above-mentioned side oil inlet of HM Hydraulic Motor 57; Described B1 oil circuit is communicated in the 3rd electromagnetic valve 424b, and the 3rd electromagnetic valve 424b is communicated in the opposite side oil inlet of HM Hydraulic Motor 57.

The first drain charge valve, 423 1 sides are communicated in the oil outlet of the first check valve 407a, and opposite side is through overflow oil tube 449 oil sump tanks 401; The side of the second drain charge valve 423a is communicated in the oil inlet of the first check valve 407a, and the opposite side of this second drain charge valve 423a is through overflow oil tube 449 oil sump tanks 401.

One high-pressure ball valve 426 is communicated in the both sides oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor 57.

Above-mentioned reducing valve 431 also is communicated with a pilot operated directional control valve 430; This pilot operated directional control valve 430 is communicated in a power-transfer clutch 55 (this power-transfer clutch 55 is exactly the power-transfer clutch described in the above-mentioned winch structure) through an one-way throttle valve 429, also is communicated with one group of compression indicator 439 and pressure meter switch 440 on the oil circuit between this pilot operated directional control valve 430 and the reducing valve 431; This power-transfer clutch 55 is arranged between this HM Hydraulic Motor 57 and the reel 512, controls the separation and reunion between this HM Hydraulic Motor 57 and the reel 512.These reel 512 1 sides also are provided with a limit switch 437, and this limit switch 437 has 3 the tunnel, is used for controlling the speed of cable wire folding and unfolding canoe.

The side oil inlet of the second shuttle valve 419a is communicated in the oil circuit that is connected between the second electromagnetic valve 424a and the balance cock 425, and the opposite side oil inlet is communicated in the oil circuit that is connected between the 3rd electromagnetic valve 424b and the HM Hydraulic Motor 57; The oil outlet of this second shuttle valve 419a is connected with the side oil inlet of the 3rd shuttle valve 419b, and the opposite side oil inlet of the 3rd shuttle valve 419b then is connected with the oil inlet of the first check valve 407a.

When the P of master control electromagnetic valve 441 mouth is connected with the A mouth; This hydraulic control system realizes the folding and unfolding to canoe; Pressure oil in the first valve body group of hydraulic control system has two flow paths at this moment; The one, when pressure oil is flowed through the second electromagnetic valve 424a and final entering HM Hydraulic Motor 57 by the A1 oil circuit of the first valve body group 1, this HM Hydraulic Motor 57 is rotated in the forward to twine the cable wire (not shown), realize hoisting of canoe; The 2nd, when pressure oil is flowed through the 3rd electromagnetic valve 424b and final entering HM Hydraulic Motor 57 by the B1 oil circuit of the first valve body group 1, make these HM Hydraulic Motor 57 contrarotations to discharge the cable wire (not shown), realize the decline of canoe; In both of these case; No matter be from the second electromagnetic valve 424a or the pressure oil that flows out from 424b all can get into the second shuttle valve 419a and the 3rd shuttle valve 419b; Thereby the pilot operated directional control valve 430 of flowing through is also opened power-transfer clutch 55, makes HM Hydraulic Motor 57 can turn round and drive this reel 512 and rotates; And high-pressure ball valve 426 canoe hoist or the process that descends in can prevent hypertonia in its both sides oil circuit with the mode of drain charge, play the effect of protection HM Hydraulic Motor.

When canoe is put to water surface place and still keep the state of hook; This hydraulic control system can realize the permanent Tension Control to cable wire; Make the P mouth of master control electromagnetic valve 441 be connected with the B mouth this moment; When oil pressure is in normal range in the oil circuit; Pressure oil is by B mouth the flow through first check valve 407a, flow through the 4th electromagnetic valve 424c and finally being connected with HM Hydraulic Motor 57 again, and this HM Hydraulic Motor 57 also is connected with first electromagnetic valve 424, through forward and reverse modulated pressure motor 57 with the permanent Tension Control of realization to cable wire; And when oil pressure is too high in the oil circuit, the pressure oil first drain charge valve 423 of then can flowing through, the mode through drain charge is in normal range with the oil pressure in the assurance system; This mode makes cable wire in tension all the time, when reducing rocking of canoe and promptly guaranteeing safety, is that the lifting of canoe is ready at any time.

Shown in figure 17, be a preferred embodiment more of the present invention, this hydraulic control system also can comprise a plurality of plugging pin oil cylinder 432 with a plurality of near switch 438, and this plugging pin oil cylinder 432 is connected with the second valve body group 2; After accomplish receiving the ship action, through to a plurality of plugging pin oil cylinder 432 that the second valve body group 2 is connected in the control of oil pressure, make hydraulic lock locking, on arm, avoid the contingency generation with fixing canoe; And need canoe be emitted outboard the time, then this plugging pin oil cylinder 432 is untied to discharge canoe one by one.

Shown in figure 18, for another preferred embodiment of the present invention, in luffing mechanism, amplitude oil cylinder 435 is connected with bidirectional balanced valve 433, and this bidirectional balanced valve 433 is connected with hand change over valve 448 via hand change over valve 447 again; A hydraulic fluid port of this hand change over valve 448 is connected with the B3 oil circuit of the 3rd valve body group 3; Its another hydraulic fluid port then is connected with energy storage 417 through an one-way throttle valve 422; Promptly the amplitude oil cylinder of this luffing mechanism can be respectively rely on hydraulic pressure that system oil pressure or energy storage provide can and carry out fore and aft motion, thereby realize luffing control to the arm (not shown).

The effect of shock absorption device through damping oil cylinder 442 reduce hang ship in the folding and unfolding process since external disturbance cause hang the ship vibration, reduce the pulling force fluctuation in the cable wire, play the vibration reduction and cushioning effect.

Anti roll device mainly by each other vertically arranged two subtract pendulum oil cylinder 443,446 and subtract 444 of the flow regulating valve that the pendulum oil cylinder is connected and form with these two respectively, be respectively applied for reduce canoe laterally, longitudinal oscillation.Laterally anti-pendulum oil cylinder is installed in arm and the cable wire plane, vertically subtracts to put oil cylinder and be installed in the perpendicular plane of arm and cable wire.During work, when canoe waves owing to lash ship rocks and the effect of stormy waves when waving, each damping oil cylinder flows through flow regulating valve 444 modulated pressures oil, makes canoe reduce rocking tendency.Realize the pendulum that subtracts in the canoe folding and unfolding process.

(7) intelligent bracket system: after canoe is regained lash ship, canoe is fixed.

Like Figure 19, shown in Figure 20, be a kind of intelligent bracket system provided by the invention, it comprises:

Adapter plate 910, it is fixed on the lash ship (not shown) through screw 911;

Two supporting plates 912 are articulated in the left side and the right side of this adapter plate 910 symmetrically, and each supporting plate 912 projecting end is fixed with a back-up block 913 up, and the upper surface of each back-up block 913 is fixed with a rubber block 914;

Two telescopic oil cylinders 915 are connected between this adapter plate 910 and two supporting plates 912, control two supporting plates 912 and upwards lift (like Figure 20) simultaneously, perhaps landing (like Figure 19) downwards simultaneously.

Use the time of the present invention; Shown in figure 21; After canoe 24 recovery put in place; In telescopic oil cylinder 915, inject hydraulic oil and make its contraction, two supporting plates 912 will upwards be swung, until described rubber block 914 and canoe 24 bottom closed contacts (general in the bottom of a canoe 24 corresponding be provided with two perhaps more a plurality of intelligent bracket systems).Thus; Through rubber block 914 pushing tow canoes 24 bottoms, bearing the part gravity of canoe 24, and through the pressure between rubber block 914 and canoe 24 bottoms; Produce enough big static friction force; Make not wigwag motion of canoe 24, thereby canoe 24 stably is fixed on the lash ship, prevent and rock and collision; When needs put down canoe 24, only need 915 elongations of control telescopic oil cylinder to get final product, be swift in motion, practiced thrift the time of folding and unfolding canoe 24.

Based on the foregoing description, also can omit described back-up block 913, directly fixing this rubber block 914 in the end of supporting plate 912 should be noted that just supporting plate 912 and canoe 24 bottoms do not interfere.

< embodiment 2 (open type) >

It is: the version of folding and unfolding arm configuration has than big difference.

(1) folding and unfolding arm configuration: it is the key distinction with embodiment 1.

Like Figure 22, shown in Figure 23, the present invention has adopted a kind of open type folding and unfolding arm configuration, and it comprises:

Swing type mechanism 11; As shown in Figure 3; Form by pedestal 111, swing bearing 112, slewing tower 113 and driver train 114; This pedestal 111 is fixed on the lash ship deck, and this slewing tower 113 articulates through this swing bearing 112 and this pedestal 111, and this driver train 114 drives this slewing tower 113 around these pedestal 111 rotations.In the present embodiment; This driver train 114 is hydraulic drive motors that are fixed on this slewing tower 113; Be connected with an external gear (not giving diagram) on the output shaft of this hydraulic drive motor; This pedestal is provided with an inner gear (not giving diagram), is meshing with each other through this inner gear and external gear, and this slewing tower 113 can be rotated around this pedestal 111 under the effect of this hydraulic drive motor.

Jib 12, this jib 12 comprise the fixed arm 121 that is articulated on this slewing tower 113, are slidingly installed on this fixed arm 121 and the slippage arm 122 of the length direction straight-line displacement of this fixed arm 121 relatively and the telescopic oil cylinder 123 that two ends connect this fixed arm 121 and slippage arm 122 respectively.

Amplitude oil cylinder 13, its two ends are connected on this slewing tower 113 and the fixed arm 121, to lift on the drive fixing arm 121 or to fall.

Thus; When needs are regained canoe, at first utilize swing type mechanism 11 that jib 12 is turned to the direction towards the ship side outside, utilize amplitude oil cylinder 13 then; Jib 12 is fallen; Then control telescopic oil cylinder 123, make slippage arm 122 elongation, can be up to unhook that slippage arm 122 front ends are provided with till canoe is connected.Certainly; In the withdrawal process; Also can change the sequence of operation of amplitude oil cylinder 13 and telescopic oil cylinder 123, even possibly be used alternatingly amplitude oil cylinder 13 and with telescopic oil cylinder 123 unhook of slippage arm 122 front end settings is docked smoothly with canoe, this all is feasible.

Because jib 12 can extend, during the folding and unfolding canoe, canoe need be very not near from lash ship, avoids when 6 grades of sea situations canoe to run into lash ship.

When the utility model is not worked, can also utilize swing type mechanism 11, jib 12 is turned to towards the inboard direction of ship side, can canoe be risen to certain altitude through amplitude oil cylinder 13 then, thereby not receive the influence of machine height on the lash ship; In addition, use swing type mechanism 11 to overturn, can also avoid Shift of Focus cause in an instant acutely rock.

When canoe is recovered near position, lash ship deck; Because the stormy waves influence, canoe often and between the lash ship is formed with certain angle, the staff on the canoe is returned lash ship caused certain difficulty with dangerous; At this time; Can utilize the adjustment of swing type mechanism, make between canoe and the lash ship to reach parallel state, be beneficial to the staff and return lash ship.

The set-up mode of above-mentioned driver train 114 can also have multiple equivalent substitute mode, for example:

This driver train also may be embodied as a CD-ROM drive motor that is fixed on the pedestal, on the output shaft of this CD-ROM drive motor, connects an external gear then, and on this slewing tower, fixedly installs an inner gear, and this external gear and inner gear are meshing with each other; Perhaps,

This driver train still is embodied as a CD-ROM drive motor that is fixed on the pedestal; On the output shaft of this CD-ROM drive motor, connect an external gear; But, on this slewing tower, be set with another external gear, and this external gear and described another external gear are meshing with each other;

These technical schemes all can realize.

(2) alignment device: from Figure 22, Figure 23, can also see; Be connected with on the projecting end of the slippage arm 122 of jib 12 and be used for the alignment device 71 that docks with canoe, the longitudinal oscillation device of this alignment device 71 is hollow structures, is set in this longitudinal oscillation device for following unhook; In addition; The lower end of the longitudinal oscillation device of this alignment device 71 also has been welded to connect one and has hung awl, these structures all with embodiment 1 in structure identical, therefore will not give unnecessary details.

And danger appears in order to prevent canoe from the folding and unfolding arm configuration, freely swinging, and the present invention is provided with passive type equally and subtracts swinging mechanism, and its structure is identical with structure among the embodiment 1.

(3) break off relations: be used for controlling hoist cable 77 and form the perhaps relation of disengaging that is connected with canoe, its structure is identical with structure among the embodiment 1.

(4) hoist cable: these hoist cable 77 1 ends link to each other with this unhook, after the other end is walked around several pulleys 66 on the jib, link to each other with a winch 26 on being fixed on slewing tower 113.

Equally, in order to keep hoist cable 77 tensionings, in order to avoid because lash ship when falling with wave, hoist cable 77 pine oils cause unexpected generations such as fracture, between pulley 66 and slewing tower 113, also are provided with shock absorption buffering mechanism 6.

(5) winch: be fixed on the slewing tower 113, together rotate with slewing tower.

(6) hydraulic control system: cooperate 26 work of above-mentioned winch, its structure is identical with structure among the embodiment 1.

(7) intelligent bracket system: its structure is identical with structure among the embodiment 1, also will not give unnecessary details.

The above description of this invention is illustrative, and nonrestrictive, and those skilled in the art is understood, and within spirit that claim limits and scope, can carry out many modifications, variation or equivalence to it, but they will fall in protection scope of the present invention all.

Claims (32)

1. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats is used for canoe fallen from lash ship and is put into the sea, perhaps the canoe on the sea is recovered on the lash ship, it is characterized in that, comprising:
The folding and unfolding arm configuration, the one of which end is connected with lash ship, and the other end can overhang or withdraw, so that the application of force fulcrum of folding and unfolding canoe to be provided;
Alignment device is connected on the described other end of folding and unfolding arm configuration, is used for aiming at the position of rising and falling of canoe on the sea; This alignment device comprises teeter device and longitudinal oscillation device; This teeter device is articulated in this folding and unfolding arm configuration; This folding and unfolding arm configuration is done teeter relatively, and this longitudinal oscillation device is articulated on this teeter device, and the teeter device is done longitudinal oscillation relatively;
Break off relations, be limited in this alignment device, be used for connecting canoe;
Hoist cable, an end winding pass pulley fixing on this folding and unfolding arm configuration, and link to each other with this unhook, are used for transmitting pulling force to this unhook;
A shock absorption buffering mechanism; Be arranged between a described pulley and this folding and unfolding arm configuration; This shock absorption buffering mechanism comprises a L shaped plate and a hydraulic actuating cylinder, and the flex point of this L shaped plate is articulated on this folding and unfolding arm configuration, and an end of this L shaped plate and this pulley articulate; One end of the other end of this L shaped plate and this hydraulic actuating cylinder articulates, and the other end of this hydraulic actuating cylinder then is articulated on this folding and unfolding arm configuration;
Winch links to each other with this hoist cable other end, so that the pulling force of folding and unfolding canoe to be provided.
2. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: this folding and unfolding arm configuration is a kind of built-in high-speed boat folding and unfolding arm configuration; Comprise: a jib and an amplitude oil cylinder, an end of this jib is articulated on the lash ship, and the other end is a projecting end; One end of this amplitude oil cylinder is articulated on the lash ship, and the other end and this jib articulate; And the projecting end of this jib is bent into concavity, and this projecting end that is concavity has an opening towards the ship side outside of lash ship.
3. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: described jib comprises and being fixedly connected sequentially: be articulated in first sections on the lash ship, under retracted mode horizontal positioned second sections, with heterotropic the 3rd sections of second sections, under retracted mode vertically the 4th sections of placement and with the 4th sections heterotropic the 5th sections, this alignment device is connected in the end of the 5th sections of this jib.
4. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1 is characterized in that: this folding and unfolding arm configuration is a kind of open type high-speed boat folding and unfolding arm, comprising:
Swing type mechanism, it is made up of pedestal, swing bearing, slewing tower and driver train, and this pedestal is fixed on the lash ship deck, and this slewing tower articulates through this swing bearing and this pedestal, and this driver train drives this slewing tower around this pedestal rotation;
Jib, it comprises the fixed arm that is articulated on this slewing tower, be slidingly installed on this fixed arm and relatively the length direction of this fixed arm make the slippage arm of straight-line displacement and the telescopic oil cylinder that two ends connect this fixed arm and slippage arm respectively;
Amplitude oil cylinder, its two ends are connected on this slewing tower and the fixed arm, with drive fixing arm held upward or whereabouts.
5. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: this driver train is a hydraulic drive motor that is fixed on this slewing tower; Be connected with an external gear on the output shaft of this hydraulic drive motor; Be set with an inner gear on this pedestal, this inner gear and external gear are meshing with each other.
6. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: first cylinder body of one first damping oil cylinder is rotatably connected on this folding and unfolding arm configuration; The piston rod of this first damping oil cylinder is articulated on this teeter device; Between the cylinder body of the piston rod of this first damping oil cylinder and first damping oil cylinder, be provided with at least one first damping spring; The piston that is provided with in this first cylinder body is divided into two hydraulic cavities with first cylinder body, and two hydraulic cavities of this first cylinder body are interconnected through one first by pass valve;
Second cylinder body of one second damping oil cylinder is rotatably connected on this teeter device; The piston rod of this second damping oil cylinder is articulated on this longitudinal oscillation device; Between the cylinder body of the piston rod of this second damping oil cylinder and second damping oil cylinder, be provided with at least one second damping spring; The piston that is provided with in this second cylinder body is divided into two hydraulic cavities with second cylinder body, and two hydraulic cavities of this second cylinder body are interconnected through one second by pass valve.
7. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the longitudinal oscillation device of this alignment device is a hollow structure; This unhook places and is limited in the hollow structure of this longitudinal oscillation device, and can telescopic moving in this longitudinal oscillation device; This hoist cable passes this longitudinal oscillation device inside and is connected with this unhook.
8. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 7; It is characterized in that: the lower end of the longitudinal oscillation device of this alignment device has been welded to connect one and has hung awl; This hangs awl and has the exit skirt that enlarges shape down; And this exit skirt communicates with the inside of this longitudinal oscillation device, can supply this unhook to pass through.
9. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1 is characterized in that: this unhook is a kind of rapid unhooking device, comprising:
The hook seat and the coupler body that articulate each other, this coupler body one end has a hook tongue, and the other end has a block;
Spanner; Articulate through rotating shaft and this hook seat, this rotating shaft is captiveed joint with this spanner and rotation synchronously, and this rotating shaft offers one to position that should block and dodges groove; When this spanner is in push position; The cylindrical outer surface of this rotating shaft is connected to the block of this coupler body, when this spanner is in the position, whereabouts, and the dodging groove and can supply the block of this coupler body to pass through of this rotating shaft; Also be provided with a rib on this spanner;
Master cock comprises fixed muffle, slide shaft, retracing spring and operating handle, and this fixed muffle one end is the body that is located on this hook seat, and the other end is the shoulder that is fixed on this hook seat, and this shoulder has a centre hole; This slide shaft end wise comprises interference section, interlude and the control section that diameter reduces successively; And the control section of this slide shaft penetrates the centre hole of shoulder in the body of this fixed muffle; The interference section of this slide shaft can telescopic moving in body; And the interlude upper sleeve through of slide shaft has described retracing spring, and the two ends of this retracing spring are respectively against the interference section of the shoulder and the slide shaft of fixed muffle, and the interference section that makes slide shaft is overhanging under normal conditions and block the rib of this spanner; And make this spanner remain on push position; The control section of this slide shaft links to each other with described operating handle after passing the centre hole of shoulder of this fixed muffle, controls the flexible state of the interference section of slide shaft through this operating handle.
10. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 9 is characterized in that: this hook seat is composed of a fixed connection by two seat boards that are parallel to each other.
11. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 10 is characterized in that: this coupler body is articulated between two seat boards of this hook seat through bearing pin.
12. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 9; It is characterized in that: the control section of this operating handle and this slide shaft articulates through a pin each other; And this operating handle have one contact with the shoulder of this fixed muffle or with the contacted camming surface of this hook seat, the point on this camming surface and the distance between this pin become gradually greatly perhaps and diminish gradually.
13. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 9; It is characterized in that: also comprise the protection spring, this protection spring winding is on this fixed muffle, and this protection spring one end is fixed; The hook tongue of the other end and this coupler body connects, and makes the block of unhook and the baffle plate of spanner keep closed contact.
14. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 9 is characterized in that: this rotating shaft is positioned at the location on the lower side of the barycenter of this spanner.
15. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 9 is characterized in that: this hook seat, coupler body, spanner and master cock all are material with the corrosion-resistant steel.
16. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the end that this L shaped plate and this pulley articulate is long limit, and the end that this L shaped plate and this hydraulic actuating cylinder articulate is a minor face.
17. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1 is characterized in that, this winch comprises:
Drop-gear box comprises gear structure, secondary axle and three grades of axles in this drop-gear box, a side of this drop-gear box connects HM Hydraulic Motor, and opposite side connects the reel that is arranged with rope, and this HM Hydraulic Motor drives this reel through this drop-gear box and rotates;
Clutch equipment; This clutch device is arranged on this secondary axle; This clutch equipment one side is provided with first gear that is meshed with this HM Hydraulic Motor, and this first gear is provided with female friction lining, and this secondary axle is provided with the sub-friction lining relative with this mother's friction lining; This sub-friction lining one side is provided with the clutch plunger cover, and this piston bush one side is supported and is provided with belleville spring;
The limit speed for braking condition device is located on these three grades of axles, and these three grades of axles are meshed through gear with this secondary axle.
18. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 17; It is characterized in that this limit speed for braking condition device comprises a weight, this weight connects the weight sleeve; This weight sleeve connects cam body; This cam body connects brake hoop, and this brake hoop below is provided with brake band, this brake band below and brake disc closed contact.
19. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 18 is characterized in that: this limit speed for braking condition device also comprises the speed limit piece, and this speed limit piece is set on the protruding axle that this brake disc is provided with.
20. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 17; It is characterized in that: this winch also comprises manual unit; This manual unit is located on these three grades of axles, and this manual unit comprises crank and ratchet, and this limit speed for braking condition device is provided with the ratchet that matches with this ratchet.
21. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 17 is characterized in that: this reel is other also to be provided with in order to compress the roller device of rope.
22. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 17 is characterized in that, this winch bonded assembly hydraulic control system comprises:
One oil pump, it is by motor drives rotation and oil suction from fuel tank;
One master control electromagnetic valve, it is one and canoe is hoisted, descends or the two-position four-way valve of permanent Tension Control;
This oil pump is communicated in the P mouth and a reducing valve of this master control electromagnetic valve respectively through the 3rd check valve;
The B mouth of this master control electromagnetic valve is communicated in the 4th electromagnetic valve through first check valve, and the 4th electromagnetic valve is communicated in a side oil inlet of the HM Hydraulic Motor of this winch, and first electromagnetic valve is communicated in the opposite side oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor;
The first drain charge valve, one side is communicated in the oil outlet of this first check valve, and opposite side is through the overflow oil tube oil sump tank; One side of the second drain charge valve is communicated in the oil inlet of first check valve, and the opposite side of this second drain charge valve is through the overflow oil tube oil sump tank.
23. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 22 is characterized in that: the oil circuit that the A mouth of this master control electromagnetic valve is communicated with is connected with A1 oil circuit or B1 oil circuit respectively through the first valve body group; Described A1 oil circuit is communicated in second electromagnetic valve, and this second electromagnetic valve is through a balance cock and finally be communicated in the above-mentioned side oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor; Described B1 oil circuit is communicated in the 3rd electromagnetic valve, and the 3rd electromagnetic valve is communicated in the opposite side oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor.
24. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 23 is characterized in that: above-mentioned reducing valve also is communicated with a pilot operated directional control valve, and this pilot operated directional control valve is communicated in the clutch equipment described in the above-mentioned winch through an one-way throttle valve.
25. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 24 is characterized in that: a high-pressure ball valve is communicated in the both sides oil inlet of this HM Hydraulic Motor.
26. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 25 is characterized in that: this hydraulic control system also comprises one second shuttle valve and one the 3rd shuttle valve; One side oil inlet of this second shuttle valve is communicated in the oil circuit that is connected between second electromagnetic valve and the balance cock, and the opposite side oil inlet is communicated in the oil circuit that is connected between the 3rd electromagnetic valve and the HM Hydraulic Motor; One side oil inlet of the 3rd shuttle valve is connected with the oil outlet of this second shuttle valve, and the opposite side oil inlet of the 3rd shuttle valve then is connected with the oil inlet of first check valve.
27. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 26; It is characterized in that: this hydraulic control system also contains a manual pump; This manual pump is connected with this fuel tank through a ball valve, and the oil outlet of this manual pump also is communicated in the P mouth and this reducing valve of this master control electromagnetic valve respectively through second check valve.
28. according to each described device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats in the claim 22~27, it is characterized in that: this hydraulic control system also comprises a plurality of plugging pin oil cylinder and a plurality of near switch, this plugging pin oil cylinder is connected with the second valve body group.
29. according to each described device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats in the claim 22~27; It is characterized in that: this hydraulic control system also comprises an amplitude oil cylinder and a two-way balance cock; This amplitude oil cylinder is connected with this bidirectional balanced valve, and this bidirectional balanced valve is connected with hand change over valve 2 via hand change over valve 1 again; A hydraulic fluid port of this hand change over valve 2 is connected with the B3 oil circuit of the 3rd valve body group, and its another hydraulic fluid port then is connected with energy storage through an one-way throttle valve.
30. according to each described device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats in the claim 22~27; It is characterized in that: this hydraulic control system comprises that also a damping oil cylinder, two subtract pendulum oil cylinder and two flow regulating valve; These two subtract the pendulum oil cylinder vertical each other, these two subtract the pendulum oil cylinder be communicated in this two flow regulating valve respectively.
31. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise at least two intelligent bracket systems, each intelligent bracket system comprises:
Adapter plate, it is fixed on the lash ship;
Two supporting plates are articulated in the left side and the right side of this adapter plate symmetrically, and the projecting end of each supporting plate is fixed with a rubber block up;
Two telescopic oil cylinders are connected between this adapter plate and two supporting plates, control two supporting plates and rise and fall simultaneously.
32. device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats according to claim 31 is characterized in that: each supporting plate projecting end is fixed with a back-up block up, and described rubber block is fixed on the upper surface of described back-up block.
CN2010101118394A 2010-02-05 2010-02-05 Device for rapidly collecting and releasing boats CN101746680B (en)

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