CN101706193A - Drying method and drying device for charcoal making - Google Patents

Drying method and drying device for charcoal making Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101706193A
CN101706193A CN200910305283A CN200910305283A CN101706193A CN 101706193 A CN101706193 A CN 101706193A CN 200910305283 A CN200910305283 A CN 200910305283A CN 200910305283 A CN200910305283 A CN 200910305283A CN 101706193 A CN101706193 A CN 101706193A
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drying
sleeve
roller
drying roller
drying unit
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CN200910305283A
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CN101706193B (en
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李观德
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Abstract

The invention discloses a drying method and a drying device for charcoal making. In the method, more than one layer of sleeve is arranged outside a drying roller to enable materials to be dried to move to and fro from the drying roller to the sleeve so as to achieve the effects of reducing length of the drying device and saving energy. The device comprises a heater (1), a drier (2) and a drive motor (3), wherein the drier comprises the drying roller (4); the outside of the drying roller is sleeved with the more than one layer of sleeve (5); and the drying roller and the sleeve are coaxial and are connected through a supporting rod (7). The method and the device enable the materials to be dried to move to and fro from the drying roller to the sleeve, prolong the time of the material in the drying device and fully dry the material. Therefore, the method can greatly shorten the length of the roller type drying device. The drying roller is provided with the more than one layer of sleeve so that temperature in the sleeve outside the drying roller is reduced layer by layer to reduce heat loss and reduce heat insulation cost of the sleeve at the same time.

Description

Furnace drying method that charcoal processing is used and drying unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to drying materials method and drying unit in a kind of charcoal processing process.
Background technology
During the work of drum-type drying device, be in drying roller, to feed hot blast material is dried, material to be dried is from the end input of drying roller, drying roller is in the process of rotation, material rolls in drying roller on one side, material evenly moves to the other end from an end of drying roller simultaneously, and the material after the oven dry is from the tail end output of drying roller.Because the oven dry of material needs the regular hour, in order to satisfy the needs of drying time, it is very long that general drying roller is all made, and floor space is very big, can't install by less factory building in the place, more is not suitable for drying unit is made into portable.In addition, because drying roller is an individual layer, the Temperature Distribution in the drying roller is a front end temperature height, and temperature is low more more backward, so the temperature of drying roller front end is very high, the individual layer barrel radiation is big, and the thermal loss of hot blast is also big; If reduce or avoid thermal loss, then need the cylindrical shell of cylinder is incubated processing with thicker insulation material, must increase the diameter of cylinder and increase the insulation cost.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to, drying materials method and drying unit in a kind of charcoal processing process are provided.The present invention can reduce the length of drying unit significantly, and can reduce thermal loss, improves heat utilization efficiency.
Technical scheme of the present invention: the furnace drying method that charcoal processing is used, this method are by the sleeve more than outer setting one deck of drying roller, material drying cylinder to be dried is come and gone to sleeve move, and reach to reduce drying unit length and energy-conservation effect.
In the furnace drying method that above-mentioned charcoal processing is used, in each sleeve, be provided with the material propulsion plant, material is evenly moved forward.
Realize the drying unit of aforementioned charcoal processing furnace drying method, formation comprises heater, baker and drive motors, and baker comprises drying roller, and the outer cover of drying roller is provided with the above sleeve of one deck; Drying roller is coaxial with sleeve and be connected through support bar.
In the above-mentioned drying unit, be provided with in the described sleeve and advance the evenly propulsion plant of reach of material.
In the aforesaid drying unit, described propulsion plant is a spiral plate.
In the aforesaid drying unit, the outer wall of outermost sleeve is provided with ring gear and at least one rolling ring, and rolling ring rolls with support roller and is connected; Ring gear is in transmission connection through gear and drive motors.
In the aforesaid drying unit, described baker front end is higher than the rear end and is obliquely installed, and dump angle is 2~5 °.
In the aforesaid drying unit, described heater comprises combustion chamber, mixing chamber and the air intlet that communicates each other, and the combustion chamber is provided with the fuel charge mouth.
Compared with prior art, the present invention passes through the sleeve more than outer setting one deck of the drying roller of drum-type drying device, material drying cylinder to be dried is come and gone to sleeve to be moved, make material obtain abundant drying. therefore can significantly shorten the length and the floor space of drum-type drying device, the drum-type drying device can be installed and used in the less factory building in place, also help drying unit is installed in and carry out mobile operational process on the car. owing to be provided with sleeve more than one deck at drying roller, in general the temperature in the drying roller is the highest, temperature in the sleeve outside the drying roller successively reduces, slowed down distributing of heat, can improve heat utilization efficiency, reduce thermal loss, also can reduce the insulation cost of sleeve.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Being labeled as in the accompanying drawing: 1-heater, 2-baker, 3-drive motors, the 4-drying roller, 5-sleeve, 7-support bar, the 8-charging aperture, 9-discharging opening, 10-spiral plate, the 13-rolling ring, 14-ring gear, 15-support roller, the 16-gear, 17-combustion chamber, 18-mixing chamber, the 19-air intlet, 20-fuel charge mouth.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiments of the invention: the furnace drying method that charcoal processing is used, this method are to guarantee that material to be dried has enough drying times, make material obtain significantly shortening on the fully dry basis length of drying unit.Concrete grammar is the significantly shortening of the number of degrees of length with drying roller, the sleeve 5 more than drying roller outer setting one deck then, as shown in Figure 1, this example be in the drying roller outer cover two-layer sleeve 5.Also can understand like this, can think that existing drying roller structure is constant, with existing drying roller enlarged diameter, contraction in length, in existing drying roller, increase by two sleeves 5 that diameter is different then again, with support bar 7 drying roller and two sleeves are linked together, under the drive of drive motors 3, rotate simultaneously.In order to guarantee that material evenly moves forward by predetermined direction in drying roller and sleeve, in drying roller and each sleeve, be provided with the material propulsion plant, the material propulsion plant of present embodiment adopts spiral plate 10, spiral plate 10 is to be twisted into helical form with the steel plate bar to be welded on drying roller 4 or sleeve 5 inwalls, when drying roller 4 and sleeve 5 rotations, spiral plate 10 drives material and evenly moves forward while rolling by the spiral plate direction of rotation, for material to be dried can be moved coming and going between drying roller 4 and the sleeve 5 and between the sleeve of different layers, reverse each other in the rotation direction of the sleeve of drying roller and innermost layer and the drive of the spiral plate spiral plate in adjacent sleeve material.After material enters drying roller from charging aperture, under driving, the spiral plate of material in the drying roller in drying roller evenly move forward while rolling, after moving to the drying roller tail end, material falls into the innermost layer sleeve, material evenly moves in the other direction while rolling under the spiral plate in the innermost layer sleeve drives again, when moving to the innermost layer barrel forward end, material is fallen into down again in one deck sleeve, drive material in an identical manner by following one deck sleeve and move, export from discharging opening at last.To guarantee that material to be dried has enough drying times, make material obtain abundant drying.Also reached simultaneously the purpose that shortens drying unit length significantly.Because the present invention has adopted multilayer oven dry tube, the highest drying roller of temperature is at innermost layer, temperature successively reduces, so also can improve the heat energy utilization rate, outermost sleeve temperature is lower, has reduced thermal loss, the insulation that does not need sleeve to be carried out high requirement is handled, therefore can reduce the insulation cost, also reduce the thickness of sleeve, reduce manufacturing cost.
Realize the drying unit of above-mentioned charcoal processing furnace drying method, as shown in Figure 1, constitute and comprise heater 1, baker 2 and drive motors 3, heater 1 provides heat energy for baker 2, heater 1 comprises combustion chamber 17, mixing chamber 18 and the air intlet 19 that communicates each other, it is main bodys of drying materials that combustion chamber 17 is provided with fuel charge mouth 20. bakers 2, and baker 2 comprises drying roller 4, and the outer cover of drying roller 4 is provided with the above sleeve 5 of one deck; This example be in the drying roller outer cover two-layer sleeve 5, can think that existing drying roller structure is constant, just with existing drying roller enlarged diameter, contraction in length increases by two sleeves 5 that diameter is different then again in existing drying roller; Drying roller 4 and sleeve 5 are coaxial and be connected through support bar 7, because drying roller 4 and sleeve 5 link together by support bar 7, so drying roller 4 and sleeve 5 are rotations synchronously. be provided with in the sleeve 5 and advance the evenly propulsion plant of reach of material. it is spiral plate 10 that propulsion plant can adopt, spiral plate 10 is to be twisted into helical form with the steel plate bar to be welded on drying roller or sleeve lining, when drying roller and sleeve rotation, spiral plate drives material and evenly moves forward while rolling by the spiral plate direction of rotation. and the effect of drive motors 3 is to drive baker 2 to rotate, baker 2 can make the material in the baker 2 seethe when rotating, material is heated evenly, in order to realize the rotation of baker 2, outer wall at outermost sleeve is provided with ring gear 14 and at least one rolling ring 13, and rolling ring 13 rolls with support roller 15 and is connected; Ring gear 14 is in transmission connection through gear 16 and drive motors 3. and when baker 2 was set, preferably front end was higher than 2~5 ° of settings of rear end inclination, to make things convenient for discharging.
The course of work of the present invention and principle
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes heater 1 and baker 2 two parts.Heater produces heat by the burning of fuel, and heater 1 comprises combustion chamber 17, mixing chamber 18 and air intlet 19, and combustion chamber 17 is provided with fuel charge mouth 20, and 17 burning generation heats enter mixing chamber 18 to fuel shown in the hollow arrow among Fig. 1 in the combustion chamber.The cold air of air intlet 19 also enters mixing chamber 18 shown in the hollow arrow among Fig. 1 mixes with hot gas, can regulate the temperature (being the temperature of baker inlet) of mixing chamber 18 by the air mass flow of control air intlet 19.Junction at heater 1 and baker 2 is provided with charging aperture 8.Baker 2 comprises drying roller 4, and the outer cover of drying roller 4 is provided with two sleeves 5; Drying roller 4 and sleeve 5 are coaxial and be connected through support bar 7.Material to be dried is shown in the solid arrow among Fig. 1, material to be dried is by behind the drying roller 4, changing the interlayer of moving direction between drying roller 4 and innermost layer sleeve 5 moves in the other direction, after having arrived the port of sleeve 5, change the interlayer of direction between two sleeves 5 again and move, export from the tail end of outermost sleeve 5 at last.Because drying roller 4 is connected by support bar 7 with each sleeve 5 and links together, so they rotate synchronously, move according to the direction of being scheduled in order to make material, be respectively equipped with spiral plate 10 at the inwall of drying roller 4 and sleeve 5; Because in the interlayer of material between drying roller 4 and innermost layer sleeve 5, or be to move in the other direction in the interlayer between two sleeves 5 at interval, so the rotation direction of adjacent spiral plate 10 is opposite, it is mobile that material can be come and gone.Increase the mobile route of material, prolonged the time of oven dry.Because so the present invention also is with the heat radiation that one or more sleeves 5 have reduced drying roller 4 in the highest drying roller outside of temperature, so can improve the thermal efficiency of baker 2.
The present invention not only can be used for the oven dry to the charcoal processing raw material, also can be used for the oven dry of other material.

Claims (8)

1. the furnace drying method used of charcoal processing is characterized in that: by the sleeve more than outer setting one deck of drying roller, material drying cylinder to be dried is come and gone to sleeve move, reach and reduce drying unit length and energy-conservation effect.
2. the furnace drying method that charcoal processing according to claim 1 is used is characterized in that: be provided with the material propulsion plant in each sleeve, material is evenly moved forward.
3. realize the drying unit of claim 1 or 2 described charcoal processing furnace drying methods, constitute and comprise heater (1), baker (2) and drive motors (3), it is characterized in that: baker (2) comprises drying roller (4), and the outer cover of drying roller (4) is provided with the above sleeve (5) of one deck; Drying roller (4) is coaxial with sleeve (5) and be connected through support bar (7).
4. drying unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: be provided with in the described sleeve (5) and advance the evenly propulsion plant of reach of material.
5. drying unit according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described propulsion plant is spiral plate (10).
6. drying unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the outer wall of outermost sleeve is provided with ring gear (14) and at least one rolling ring (13), and rolling ring (13) rolls with support roller (15) and is connected; Ring gear (14) is in transmission connection through gear (16) and drive motors (3).
7. drying unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described baker (2) front end is higher than the rear end and is obliquely installed, and dump angle is 2~5 °.
8. drying unit according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described heater (1) comprises combustion chamber (17), mixing chamber (18) and the air intlet (19) that communicates each other, and combustion chamber (17) are provided with fuel charge mouth (20).
CN200910305283XA 2009-08-06 2009-08-06 Drying method and drying device for charcoal making Expired - Fee Related CN101706193B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910305283XA CN101706193B (en) 2009-08-06 2009-08-06 Drying method and drying device for charcoal making

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910305283XA CN101706193B (en) 2009-08-06 2009-08-06 Drying method and drying device for charcoal making

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CN101706193A true CN101706193A (en) 2010-05-12
CN101706193B CN101706193B (en) 2011-08-24

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102914132A (en) * 2011-07-31 2013-02-06 姚金福 Horizontal drum-type multi-communicated powder drying device
CN103604284A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-02-26 熊宗泽 Mine drying unit
CN104830703A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 威海利达生物科技有限公司 Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and application thereof in fermentation production of sea red astaxanthin
CN104949481A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-30 汉中伯特机械设备制造有限公司 Horizontal continuous dryer
CN105241222A (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-01-13 苏州新协力特种工业模板有限公司 Three-channel drying device for shaving board
CN107192234A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-22 苏州协宏泰节能科技有限公司 A kind of roller drier of pincushion plate-type heat-exchange plate
CN107906888A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-13 刘洋 A kind of tea leaf drier
CN110542297A (en) * 2019-09-07 2019-12-06 涂佳成 tea leaf drying device with roller and using method thereof
CN112648838A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-13 江苏省镔鑫钢铁集团有限公司 Blast furnace lump ore drying and screening device
CN112902592A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-06-04 杨杰 Cold drying and heating device that gathers materials of asphalt concrete mix building
CN113739531A (en) * 2021-09-09 2021-12-03 徐州汉承生物工程有限公司 Fertilizer production quick drying device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201043852Y (en) * 2007-06-01 2008-04-02 王艾生 Combined horizontal drying machine
CN201165508Y (en) * 2007-11-13 2008-12-17 林永祥 Waste plastic oil refining system with drying apparatus
CN201180150Y (en) * 2008-02-15 2009-01-14 刘德生 Pelletizer for steel-smelting sewage sludge with drying method
CN201237421Y (en) * 2008-07-16 2009-05-13 盐城市诚信水泥机械制造有限公司 Combined three-barrel drying machine
CN201476491U (en) * 2009-08-06 2010-05-19 李观德 Sleeve-type reciprocating drying device

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102914132A (en) * 2011-07-31 2013-02-06 姚金福 Horizontal drum-type multi-communicated powder drying device
CN103604284A (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-02-26 熊宗泽 Mine drying unit
CN104830703A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 威海利达生物科技有限公司 Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and application thereof in fermentation production of sea red astaxanthin
CN104830703B (en) * 2015-05-13 2018-09-11 威海利达生物科技有限公司 One plant of rhodotorula mucilaginosa and its application in the red astaxanthin in fermenting and producing sea
CN104949481B (en) * 2015-06-12 2017-10-24 汉中伯特机械设备制造有限公司 Horizontal continuous dryer
CN104949481A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-30 汉中伯特机械设备制造有限公司 Horizontal continuous dryer
CN105241222A (en) * 2015-09-17 2016-01-13 苏州新协力特种工业模板有限公司 Three-channel drying device for shaving board
CN107192234A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-22 苏州协宏泰节能科技有限公司 A kind of roller drier of pincushion plate-type heat-exchange plate
CN107906888A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-13 刘洋 A kind of tea leaf drier
CN110542297A (en) * 2019-09-07 2019-12-06 涂佳成 tea leaf drying device with roller and using method thereof
CN110542297B (en) * 2019-09-07 2023-12-29 涂佳成 Tea leaf drying device with roller and use method thereof
CN112648838A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-13 江苏省镔鑫钢铁集团有限公司 Blast furnace lump ore drying and screening device
CN112648838B (en) * 2020-12-24 2022-03-04 江苏省镔鑫钢铁集团有限公司 Blast furnace lump ore drying and screening device
CN112902592A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-06-04 杨杰 Cold drying and heating device that gathers materials of asphalt concrete mix building
CN113739531A (en) * 2021-09-09 2021-12-03 徐州汉承生物工程有限公司 Fertilizer production quick drying device

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