CN101635928A - Method, equipment and system for sharing frequency spectrum resource - Google Patents

Method, equipment and system for sharing frequency spectrum resource Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101635928A
CN101635928A CN200910171238A CN200910171238A CN101635928A CN 101635928 A CN101635928 A CN 101635928A CN 200910171238 A CN200910171238 A CN 200910171238A CN 200910171238 A CN200910171238 A CN 200910171238A CN 101635928 A CN101635928 A CN 101635928A
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China
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network
spectrum resource
frequency spectrum
band
frequency band
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CN200910171238A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101635928B (en
Inventor
刘炬
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华为技术有限公司
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Priority to CN200910171238XA priority Critical patent/CN101635928B/en
Priority claimed from CN201210020412.2A external-priority patent/CN102547721B/en
Publication of CN101635928A publication Critical patent/CN101635928A/en
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Publication of CN101635928B publication Critical patent/CN101635928B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/14Spectrum sharing arrangements between different networks

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a method, equipment and a system for sharing a frequency spectrum resource, which relate to the field of wireless communication and are used for realizing the sharing of a dynamic frequency spectrum resource among different mobile honeycomb networks on the basis of ensuring the network coverage and the service continuity. The method comprises the following steps: dividing the frequency spectrum resource into a basic frequency band and a dynamic frequency band, wherein the basic frequency band is used for ensuring the network coverage and the service continuity of at least two networks of the sharing frequency spectrum resource; fixedly distributing the basic frequency band in the frequency spectrum resource to at least two networks in a static mode, and distributing the dynamic frequency band in the frequency spectrum resource to at least two networks in a dynamic mode; and transmitting the frequency spectrum resource distribution information of the basic frequency band and the frequency spectrum resource distribution information of the dynamic frequency band to a base station so as to be used for the frequency spectrum resource allocation of the base station. The invention is suitable for mobile honeycomb networks, such as GSM, UMTS, LTE, CDMA2000, WiMAX and the like.

Description

The method of share spectrum resources, equipment and system

Technical field

The present invention relates to wireless communication field, relate in particular to a kind of method, equipment and system of share spectrum resources.

Background technology

Present stage wireless communication technology develop rapidly to the 2G enhancement techniques, to the 3G enhancement techniques, is being carried out the drafting of 4G (4th Generation) standard from 3G (3rd Generation) from 2G (2nd Generation) at present.But the frequency spectrum resource of mobile cellular network is but more and more in short supply.

In realizing process of the present invention, the inventor finds:

At present frequency spectrum resource main cause in short supply is not have frequency spectrum resource to use, but most availability of frequency spectrum is low, and the availability of frequency spectrum is low, mainly be since existing frequency spectrum resource institute generally the fixed allocation mode of employing cause.

Summary of the invention

Embodiments of the invention provide a kind of method, equipment and system that realizes share spectrum resources, in order to guarantee the sharing frequency spectrum resource between the different mobile cellular networks of realization on the continuous basis of the network coverage and business.

For achieving the above object, embodiments of the invention adopt following technical scheme:

A kind of method of share spectrum resources comprises:

Frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band, and wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise: first network and second network;

Give described first network and second network with the primary band in the described frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion;

The frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, be used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of base station.

A kind of network management device that is used for share spectrum resources comprises:

Divide module, be used for frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band, wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise: first network and second network;

Distribution module is used for giving described first network and second network with the primary band of described frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion;

Sending module is used for the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, is used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of base station.

A kind of system of share spectrum resources comprises above-mentioned network management device and RRM equipment and base station; Wherein,

Described RRM equipment is used for according to received frequency spectrum resource assignment information described service in base station and power being managed;

Described base station, comprise radio-frequency module group and dynamically middle radio-frequency module group in the basis, this base station is used for according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of received static state described basis radio-frequency module group being configured, and according to the dynamic frequency spectrum resource assignment information that receives described dynamically middle radio-frequency module group is configured.

The method of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, equipment and system, by frequency spectrum resource being divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band two parts, and it is distributed to a plurality of networks in a different manner, utilize primary band wherein to guarantee that described a plurality of network of network covers and business continuance, utilize the allotment of dynamic frequency band between heterogeneous networks wherein to satisfy different Network demands simultaneously, thereby realize the sharing frequency spectrum resource between different mobile networks, greatly improved the overall spectrum service efficiency of system.

Description of drawings

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing of required use is done to introduce simply in will describing embodiment below, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below only is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.

The principle schematic of the technical scheme of the share spectrum resources that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the system of the share spectrum resources in the embodiment of the invention one;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the system of the share spectrum resources in the embodiment of the invention two;

Fig. 4 is the flow chart of the method for the share spectrum resources in the embodiment of the invention three;

Fig. 5 is the flow chart of the method for the share spectrum resources in the embodiment of the invention four;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the equipment that is used for share spectrum resources in the embodiment of the invention five.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment only is the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment among the present invention, those of ordinary skills belong to the scope of protection of the invention not making the every other embodiment that is obtained under the creative work prerequisite.

For the operator that has multiple mobile cellular technology, the mobile cellular technology here includes but not limited to: GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, global system for mobile communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System, universal mobile telecommunications system), LTE (LongTerms Evolution, long evolving system), CDMA2000 (Code Division Multiple Access-2000, code division multiple access), WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, worldwide interoperability for microwave inserts), can be divided into two parts by the frequency spectrum resource that it is total, specifically as shown in Figure 1:

First is foundation (primary band), distributes to mobile cellular network complete or collected works (can be said GSM, UMTS, LTE, CDMA2000, the arbitrary combination in the mobile cellular networks such as WiMAX) in the constant mode of static state.The cellular network of this band segment correspondence can be realized the basic covering of mobile cellular network and the continuity of business.Be understandable that because the foundation network requirement can independent operate as normal, so system's Common Control Channel of the mobile cellular network of primary band correspondence is essential.In addition, at any mobile cellular network wherein, its power system capacity is because bandwidth constraints all is limited.

Second portion is dynamic share spectrum resources pond (dynamic frequency band), distribute to one or several mobile cellular networks among the above-mentioned mobile cellular network complete or collected works in a dynamic way, and the mobile cellular network of its support can make up, change.Be understandable that the mobile cellular network of dynamic frequency band correspondence can be finished Resource allocation and smoothing by system's Common Control Channel of foundation network, so system's Common Control Channel of the mobile cellular network of dynamic frequency band correspondence is optional.In addition, the cellular network of this band segment correspondence can the network-based service conditions of demand dynamically be distributed to different mobile cellular networks to frequency spectrum resource, thereby satisfy the variation of network demand by dynamic sharing frequency spectrum resource.

The division of primary band and dynamic frequency band can be very flexible, and its unit both can be the shared radio frequency bandwidth of a kind of mobile cellular network, also can be the subcarrier of the inner definition of a kind of mobile cellular network.Particularly,

When frequency range unit is the shared radio frequency bandwidth of a kind of mobile cellular network, for example, certain operator has GSM and two kinds of mobile cellular networks of UTMS, and the total frequency spectrum resource that this operator has is 100MHz, then this operator can distribute to GSM and UTMS regularly with wherein 70MHz as the foundation frequency spectrum; And other 30MHz is as dynamic shared resource pond, to the demand status of network, dynamically distributes to GSM and UTMS according to GSM and UTMS according to a certain percentage or according to the regular hour section.

When frequency range unit is the subcarrier of the inner definition of a kind of mobile cellular network, for example, certain operator has GSM and two kinds of mobile cellular networks of LTE, and the total frequency spectrum resource that this operator has is 30MHz, then this operator can distribute to GSM regularly with wherein 10MHz as the foundation frequency spectrum; LTE takies the 20MHz bandwidth, and wherein the 10MHz subcarrier is given LTE as foundation frequency spectrum fixed allocation, and the 10MHz subcarrier can priority allocation be given GSM in addition; Have only time spent not, distribute to LTE as GSM.

In technique scheme is described and in the following examples, mobile cellular network all is a logical concept, refers to the wireless network of supporting a certain mobile cellular technology; In actual implementation procedure, the wireless network of an entity can be supported at least a mobile cellular technology simultaneously.The corresponding mobile cellular network of mobile cellular network that first's frequency range (foundation frequency spectrum) is corresponding and second portion frequency range (dynamically shared resource pond frequency spectrum), it can be a cover entity, also can be two cover independent communities, or both combinations: the entity that part is independent, part is identical.

The mobile cellular technology of mentioning in embodiments of the present invention such as GSM, UMTS, LTE, just can normally realize after all need getting access to the licence plate frequency range, therefore is the network technology based on the licence plate frequency range.

Based on above-mentioned principles illustrated to dynamic spectrum technology of sharing scheme, method, equipment and the system of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention is provided below in conjunction with accompanying drawing are described in detail.

Embodiment one:

As shown in Figure 2, the system of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides comprises network management device 21, base station 22 and RRM equipment 23;

At first, network management device 21 is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band with frequency spectrum resource, wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, described a plurality of network comprises at least two different mobile cellular networks, for example GSM and LTE; Then, network management device 21 is used for giving different mobile cellular networks with the primary band of frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band is sent to RRM equipment 23 and base station 22; And network management device 21 also is used for the dynamic frequency band of frequency spectrum resource is distributed to different mobile cellular networks with dynamical fashion, and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band is sent to RRM equipment 23 and base station 22;

RRM equipment 23, be used for base station 22 relevant business (such as speech business, real-time data service, non-real-time data business etc.) being managed, and the signal transmission power in the mobile cellular network of primary band and dynamic frequency band correspondence is managed according to received frequency spectrum resource assignment information;

Base station 22 is used for according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of received primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band, and the frequency spectrum resource of base station is configured.

In embodiments of the present invention, described RRM equipment can be a module of radio network controller or radio network controller, also can be a module in base station or the base station.

The system of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, by frequency spectrum resource being divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band two parts, and it is distributed to different mobile cellular networks in a different manner, utilization primary band wherein guarantees the network coverage and the business continuance of each mobile cellular network, utilize the allotment of dynamic frequency band between different mobile cellular networks wherein to satisfy different Network demands simultaneously, thereby realize the sharing frequency spectrum resource between different mobile cellular networks.

Embodiment two:

As shown in Figure 3, the system of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides comprises network management device 31, base station 32 and RRM equipment 33; Wherein, the middle radio-frequency module group in the base station 32 further comprises: basic IRF (Intermediate Radio Frequency, middle radio frequency) module group 321 and dynamic IR F module group 322;

At first, be primary band and dynamic frequency band by network management device 31 with operator's total frequency spectrum resource division; Wherein, described primary band is used for ensureing the basic covering and the professional continuity of mobile cellular network, and its method of salary distribution is fixed; Described dynamic frequency band then can dynamically be distributed to different mobile cellular networks.

Network management device 31 also is used for giving different mobile cellular networks with the primary band of frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of static state is sent to RRM equipment 33 and base station 32; Accordingly, base station 32 is configured radio-frequency module group 321 in the basis wherein according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of received primary band; And,

Network management device 31 also is used for according to the Network demand dynamic frequency band of frequency spectrum resource being distributed to different mobile cellular networks with dynamical fashion, and dynamic frequency spectrum resource assignment information is sent to RRM equipment 33 and base station 32; Accordingly, base station 32 is configured described dynamically middle radio-frequency module group 322 according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of the dynamic frequency band that receives.

RRM equipment 33, be used for base station 32 relevant business (such as speech business, real-time data service, non-real-time data business etc.) being managed, and the signal transmission power in the mobile cellular network of primary band and dynamic frequency band correspondence is managed according to received frequency spectrum resource assignment information;

Further, RRM equipment 33 also comprises distribution sub module, is used for using according to heterogeneous networks (such as first network and second network) priority of the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band, distributes the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band between heterogeneous networks.And this priority can be determined by RRM equipment 33, sends to RRM equipment 33 after also can being determined by network management device 31.

In addition, primary band and dynamic frequency band also can have different priority when using radio spectrum resources, cover and the priority of the primary band of basic business such as business continuance will be higher than described dynamic frequency band such as map network.

By priority mechanism (dynamic frequency band inside, or, between static frequency range and the dynamic frequency band), guaranteeing that frequency spectrum resource under the prerequisite of the normal conversion between different mobile cellular networks, can also satisfy the demand of heterogeneous networks, and improving conversion efficiency.

Different according to Network demand and algorithm, dynamic frequency band in the reallocation of different mobile cellular networks by network management device 31 unified managements, but the unit of being specifically responsible for enforcement may be a network management device 31, or network management device 31 licenses to 33 enforcements of RRM equipment.For example, for GSM network and LTE network dynamically distribute radio spectrum resources, and determined to give the GSM network with the partial frequency spectrum resource allocation, will switch network with a part of frequency spectrum resource to LTE in second time period in very first time section by network management device 31; So, when very first time section finishes, can trigger of the switching of described partial frequency spectrum resource by RRM equipment 33 from the GSM network to the LTE network;

Again for example, network management device 31 is determined the part radio spectrum resources of GSM network correspondence is changed to UMTS network and LTE network; As for concrete distribution and handoff procedure, can directly implement by network management device 31, also can implement by network management device 31 granted radio resources management equipments 32.Particularly, can be, RRM equipment 32 distributes the part radio spectrum resources that described GSM network provides in conjunction with the priority of UMTS network and LTE network, and according to the allocative decision of determining radio spectrum resources is switched.

In embodiments of the present invention, the frequency spectrum resource of basis IRF module group 321 correspondences is the primary band in the aforementioned total frequency spectrum resource, and the management of 31 pairs of basic IRF module groups of network management device, 321 intermediate frequency spectrum resource distributions can be identical with traditional middle radio-frequency module configuration mode, similarly, to be changeless after in basic IRF module group 321, finishing for the spectrum allocation may of different mobile cellular networks.

The frequency spectrum resource of dynamic IR F module group 322 correspondences is the dynamic frequency band in the aforementioned total frequency spectrum resource, the management of 31 couples of dynamic IR F of network management device module group, 322 intermediate frequency spectrum resource distributions then is based on the dynamically middle radio-frequency module configuration mode of software and radio technique, and here the spectrum allocation may of different mobile cellular networks can dynamically change according to the Network demand.

In embodiments of the present invention, the dynamic assignment of the frequency spectrum resource of 31 pairs of dynamic frequency band correspondences of network management device can have but be not limited to following two kinds of implementations:

Mode one:

Network management device 31 is distributed to different mobile cellular networks according to the default time period with the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band correspondence.

Particularly, when the described default time period arrives, partial dynamic frequency range in the described frequency spectrum resource of network management device 31 scheduling is switched between different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme, is about to the dynamic spectrum resource and distributes to different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme.The predetermined scheme here refers to the time period for the different use frequency spectrum resources that mobile cellular network distributed; For example, after having determined the mobile frequency spectrum resource of part of GSM network correspondence to be distributed to the scheme of LTE network use, can carry out the switching of mobile frequency spectrum resource between heterogeneous networks immediately, also can carry out the switching of mobile frequency spectrum resource between heterogeneous networks at certain hour Duan Houzai;

Again for example, in the time need testing to the performance of two current mobile cellular networks (is example with GSM and LTE), can be set in the very first time section frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band is all distributed to the GSM network, and the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band all be distributed to the LTE network in second time period.

Wherein, the described default time period can be several milliseconds, a few days, a few weeks or months, and the time granularity that the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band is allocated can be adjusted arbitrarily.The frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band is allocated the upgrading of network enabled dynamically and return according to the default time period, can frequency spectrum resource be distributed to mobile cellular technology to be upgraded in very first time section particularly, the mobile cellular technology after in second time period frequency spectrum resource being distributed to upgrading; And frequency spectrum resource is distributed to mobile cellular technology to be upgraded in the 3rd time period, and so forth, can judge better after the upgrading the mobile cellular technology with respect to the advantage of mobile cellular technology to be upgraded and remain weak point, also make that network upgrade no longer is unidirectional, fixing, rigid behavior for a long time simultaneously.

Mode two:

In the system of the share spectrum resources that present embodiment provides, described RRM equipment 33, also comprise reporting module, be used for the service condition of the current different mobile cellular networks of real-time statistics, and the service condition of current different mobile cellular networks is reported network management device 31; Then,

Network management device 31 can be according to the service condition of the current different mobile cellular networks that receive, the dynamic frequency band of dispatching in the described frequency spectrum resource is switched between different mobile cellular networks, and the frequency spectrum resource that is about to dynamic frequency band is distributed to different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme; The predetermined scheme here can be the different shared ratio of the operable frequency spectrum resource of mobile cellular network.With GSM and LTE is example, the distribution of current frequency spectrum resource for dynamic band, GSM network and LTE network respectively take 50MHz, if the current GSM network that network management device 31 receives and the service condition of LTE network show the traffic carrying capacity of GSM network and descend, then network management device 31 can switch the frequency spectrum resource of the 10MHz of GSM network correspondence to the LTE network according to default scheme and uses; After the traffic carrying capacity of GSM network was gone up, the LTE network can return to the GSM network with the 10MHz frequency spectrum resource that takies before, thereby guarantees the service feature of GSM network; Like this, frequency spectrum resource is fully used, and improves the throughput of data in the communication service.

In the present embodiment, described basic IRF module group 321 and dynamic IR F module group 322 are logical concept, and it can be a module group, even can be IRF module entities.

Principles illustrated in conjunction with the sharing frequency spectrum resource technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention, the mobile cellular network that first's frequency range (foundation frequency spectrum) is corresponding comprises soft, the hardware of supporting basic IRF module group 321 business in basic IRF module group 321 and the mobile cellular Access Network in each layer; The corresponding mobile cellular network of second portion frequency range (dynamically shared resource pond frequency spectrum) comprises soft, the hardware of supporting dynamic IR F module group 322 business in dynamic IR F module group 322 and the mobile cellular Access Network in each layer.

At the mobile cellular Access Network shown in Fig. 3, can support the dynamic combined of all mobile cellular networks of the basic service of basic IRF module group 321 correspondences and dynamic IR F module group 322 correspondences simultaneously.

The system of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, by frequency spectrum resource being divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band two parts, and it is distributed to different mobile cellular networks in a different manner, utilization primary band wherein guarantees the network coverage and the business continuance of each mobile cellular network, utilize the allotment of dynamic frequency band between different mobile cellular networks wherein to satisfy different Network demands simultaneously, thereby realize the sharing frequency spectrum resource between different mobile cellular networks.

Embodiment three:

As shown in Figure 4, the method for the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides comprises:

401, frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band;

Wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise: first network and second network; First network here and second network can be the combinations of any two mobile networks among the mobile network that supports of GSM, UMTS, LTE, CDMA2000, WiMAX;

Certainly, a plurality of networks can also be three, four or more a plurality of network, and for simplicity, the embodiment of the invention is that example describes with two, but is not limited thereto.

402, give described first network and second network with the primary band in the described frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion;

403, the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, be used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of the radio-frequency module of base station.

The method of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, by frequency spectrum resource being divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band two parts, and it is distributed to different mobile cellular networks in a different manner, utilization primary band wherein guarantees the network coverage and the business continuance of each mobile cellular network, utilize the allotment of dynamic frequency band between different mobile cellular networks wherein to satisfy different Network demands simultaneously, thereby realize the sharing frequency spectrum resource between different mobile cellular networks.

Embodiment four:

As shown in Figure 5, the method for the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides comprises:

501, frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band;

Wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise at least two mobile cellular networks; The mobile cellular network here can be any one among the mobile network that supports of GSM, UMTS, LTE, CDMA2000, WiMAX.

502, give described at least two mobile cellular networks with the primary band in the frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described at least two mobile cellular networks with dynamical fashion.

In the present embodiment, described implementation procedure and the prior art that primary band in the frequency spectrum resource is distributed to different mobile cellular networks with static mode is basic identical, repeats no more herein;

Describedly dynamic frequency band in the frequency spectrum resource is distributed at least two mobile cellular networks with dynamical fashion, can have but be not limited to following two kinds of implementations according to the Network demand:

Mode one:

Dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to different mobile cellular networks according to the default time period; Particularly, when the described default time period arrived, the partial dynamic frequency range of dispatching in the described frequency spectrum resource was switched between different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme, was about to the dynamic spectrum resource and distributed to different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme; The predetermined scheme here refers to the time period for the different use frequency spectrum resources that mobile cellular network distributed; For example, in the time need testing to the performance of two current mobile cellular networks (is example with GSM and LTE), can be set in the very first time section frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band is all distributed to the GSM network, and the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band all be distributed to the LTE network in second time period.。

Wherein, the described default time period can be several milliseconds, a few days, a few weeks or months.

Mode two:

Carry out described dynamic frequency band in the frequency spectrum resource is distributed to the step of at least two mobile cellular networks with dynamical fashion before, also need to receive the service condition of the current different mobile cellular network that RRM equipment reports; Then, service condition according to described current different mobile cellular network, the dynamic frequency band of dispatching in the described frequency spectrum resource is switched between different mobile cellular networks, and the dynamic frequency band that is about in the frequency spectrum resource is distributed to different mobile cellular networks according to predetermined scheme; The predetermined scheme here refers to the shared ratio of the operable frequency spectrum resource of different mobile cellular networks.

503, the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, be used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of the radio-frequency module of base station.

Afterwards, radio-frequency module group and dynamically middle radio-frequency module group will be carried out spectrum allocation may according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of described primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band respectively in the basis in the described base station.

504, the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to RRM equipment, be used for this RRM equipment described service in base station and power are managed.

RRM equipment is after the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of frequency spectrum resource assignment information that receives described primary band and dynamic frequency band, at radio-frequency module group in the basis in the base station and dynamically middle radio-frequency module group service in base station (such as speech business, real-time data service, non-real-time data business etc.) is managed respectively, and the signal transmission power in the mobile cellular network of primary band and dynamic frequency band correspondence is managed;

In addition, RRM equipment also uses the priority of the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band according to heterogeneous networks, distributes the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band between heterogeneous networks.And this priority can be determined by RRM equipment, sends to RRM equipment after also can being determined by network management device.Certainly, primary band and dynamic frequency band also can have different priority when using radio spectrum resources, cover and the priority of the primary band of basic business such as business continuance will be higher than described dynamic frequency band such as map network.

By priority mechanism (dynamic frequency band inside, or, between static frequency range and the dynamic frequency band), guaranteeing that frequency spectrum resource under the prerequisite of the normal conversion between different mobile cellular networks, can also satisfy the demand of heterogeneous networks, and improving conversion efficiency.

The executive agent of above-mentioned steps can be the network management device in the Radio Network System; And the numbering of step and be not used in the order that limits its execution both can be successively to carry out such as step 503 and 504 in the present embodiment, also can be to carry out simultaneously.

The method of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, by frequency spectrum resource being divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band two parts, and it is distributed to different mobile cellular networks in a different manner, utilization primary band wherein guarantees the network coverage and the business continuance of each mobile cellular network, utilize the allotment of dynamic frequency band between different mobile cellular networks wherein to satisfy different Network demands simultaneously, thereby realize the sharing frequency spectrum resource between different mobile cellular networks.

Embodiment five:

In order to realize the method for above-mentioned share spectrum resources better, the embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of network management device that is used for share spectrum resources, and as shown in Figure 6, it comprises divides module 61, distribution module 62 and sending module 63; Wherein,

Divide module 61, be used for frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band, wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise at least: first network and second network; First network here and second network can be the combinations of any two mobile networks among the mobile network that supports of GSM, UMTS, LTE, CDMA2000, WiMAX;

Distribution module 62 is used for giving described first network and second network with the primary band of described frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion;

Sending module 63 is used for the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, is used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of base station radio frequency module.

Wherein, distribution module 62 can have but is not limited to following two kinds of implementations when carrying out that the dynamic frequency band in the frequency spectrum resource distributed to the operation of different mobile cellular networks with dynamical fashion:

Mode one:

Distribution module 62 is distributed to different mobile cellular networks according to the default time period with the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource; When the described default time period arrived, the partial dynamic frequency range in the described frequency spectrum resource of distribution module 62 scheduling was switched between different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme, is about to the dynamic spectrum resource and distributes to different mobile cellular networks by predetermined scheme; The predetermined scheme here refers to the time period for the different use frequency spectrum resources that mobile cellular network distributed; For example, in the time need testing to the performance of two current mobile cellular networks (is example with GSM and LTE), can be set in the very first time section frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band is all distributed to the GSM network, and the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band all be distributed to the LTE network in second time period.

Wherein, the described default time period can be several milliseconds, a few days, a few weeks or months.

Mode two:

The network management device that present embodiment provides also comprises receiver module 64, and this receiver module 64 is used to receive the service condition of the current different mobile cellular network that RRM equipment reports; At this moment, distribution module 62 is according to the service condition of described current different mobile cellular network, the dynamic frequency band of dispatching in the described frequency spectrum resource is switched between different mobile cellular networks, and the dynamic frequency band that is about in the frequency spectrum resource is distributed to different mobile cellular networks according to predetermined scheme; The predetermined scheme here refers to the shared ratio of the operable frequency spectrum resource of different mobile cellular networks.

Above-mentioned sending module 63 also is used for the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to RRM equipment; Like this, RRM equipment manages service in base station and power etc. at radio-frequency module group in the basis in the base station and dynamically middle radio-frequency module group respectively after the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of frequency spectrum resource assignment information that receives described primary band and dynamic frequency band; And, can use the priority of the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band according to heterogeneous networks (such as first network and second network), between heterogeneous networks, distribute the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band.Certainly, primary band and dynamic frequency band also can have different priority when using radio spectrum resources, cover and the priority of the primary band of basic business such as business continuance will be higher than described dynamic frequency band such as map network.By priority mechanism (dynamic frequency band inside, or, between static frequency range and the dynamic frequency band), guaranteeing that frequency spectrum resource under the prerequisite of the normal conversion between different mobile cellular networks, can also satisfy the demand of heterogeneous networks, and improving conversion efficiency.

The network management device that is used for share spectrum resources that provides in the embodiment of the invention can be a module of radio network controller or radio network controller, also can be a module in base station or the base station.

The network management device that is used for share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, by frequency spectrum resource being divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band two parts, and it is distributed to different mobile cellular networks in a different manner, utilization primary band wherein guarantees the network coverage and the business continuance of each mobile cellular network, utilize the allotment of dynamic frequency band between different mobile cellular networks wherein to satisfy different Network demands simultaneously, thereby realize the sharing frequency spectrum resource between different mobile cellular networks.

The method of the share spectrum resources that the embodiment of the invention provides, equipment and system, can apply to licence plate frequency range mobile cellular network to dynamic sharing frequency spectrum resource, and in the shared process that realizes of dynamic spectrum, system complexity does not obviously improve, prior art/standard is supported complete, and subsequent technology/standard evolution is clear; Problems such as the mobile operator frequency spectrum is in short supply, spectrum utilization efficiency low, data service surge, the variation of terminal ratio is complicated, dynamic network seamlessly transits can have partly been solved.In addition, under special scenes, in change-over time, the network in general spectrum efficiency is the highest can be improved more than 300% at dynamic spectrum, and the comprehensive throughput raising of actual mobile cellular network generally reaches 20%-30%.

By the description of above execution mode, those skilled in the art can be well understood to the present invention and can realize by the mode that software adds essential hardware platform, can certainly all implement by hardware.Based on such understanding, all or part of can the embodying that technical scheme of the present invention contributes to background technology with the form of software product, this computer software product can be stored in the storage medium, as ROM/RAM, magnetic disc, CD etc., comprise that some instructions are with so that a computer equipment (can be a personal computer, server, the perhaps network equipment etc.) carry out the described method of some part of each embodiment of the present invention or embodiment.

The above; only be the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, anyly is familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; the variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection range of claim.

Claims (12)

1, a kind of method of share spectrum resources is characterized in that, comprising:
Frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band, and wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise: first network and second network;
Give described first network and second network with the primary band in the described frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion;
The frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, be used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of base station.
2, method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion, comprising:
Switch between described first network and second network according to the partial dynamic frequency range that the default time period dispatches in the described frequency spectrum resource.
3, method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion before, also comprise: receive current described first network and the corresponding respectively Network state of second network that RRM equipment reports; Then,
Described dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion, comprising:
According to described current described first network and the corresponding respectively Network state of second network, the dynamic frequency band of dispatching in the described frequency spectrum resource is switched between described first network and second network.
4, according to claim 2 or 3 described methods, it is characterized in that, also comprise:
The frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to RRM equipment, be used for this RRM equipment described service in base station and power are managed.
5, method according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described a plurality of networks comprise the combination of at least two mobile networks among the mobile network that GSM, UMTS, LTE, CDMA2000, WiMAX support.
6, a kind of network management device that is used for share spectrum resources is characterized in that, comprising:
Divide module, be used for frequency spectrum resource is divided into primary band and dynamic frequency band, wherein, described primary band is used to guarantee that a plurality of network of networks of share spectrum resources cover and business continuance, and described a plurality of networks comprise: first network and second network;
Distribution module is used for giving described first network and second network with the primary band of described frequency spectrum resource with the static mode fixed allocation, and the dynamic frequency band in the described frequency spectrum resource is distributed to described first network and second network with dynamical fashion;
Sending module is used for the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to the base station, is used for the frequency spectrum resource configuration of base station.
7, network management device according to claim 6 is characterized in that, the partial dynamic frequency range that described distribution module was dispatched in the described frequency spectrum resource according to the default time period is switched between described first network and second network.
8, network management device according to claim 6 is characterized in that, this network management device also comprises receiver module:
Described receiver module is used to receive current described first network and the corresponding respectively Network state of second network that RRM equipment reports; Then,
Described distribution module is according to described current described first network and the corresponding respectively Network state of second network, and the dynamic frequency band of dispatching in the described frequency spectrum resource is switched between described first network and second network.
9, according to claim 7 or 8 described network management devices, it is characterized in that,
Described sending module also is used for the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of described primary band and the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of dynamic frequency band are sent to RRM equipment, is used for this RRM equipment described service in base station and power are managed.
10, a kind of system of share spectrum resources comprises each described network management device in the claim 6 to 9, and RRM equipment and base station; It is characterized in that,
Described RRM equipment is used for according to received frequency spectrum resource assignment information described service in base station and power being managed;
Described base station, comprise radio-frequency module group and dynamically middle radio-frequency module group in the basis, this base station is used for according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of received primary band described basis radio-frequency module group being configured, and according to the frequency spectrum resource assignment information of the dynamic frequency band that receives described dynamically middle radio-frequency module group is configured.
11, system according to claim 10 is characterized in that,
Described RRM equipment also comprises reporting module, is used to add up the current network service condition, and the Network state of primary band in the current network and dynamic frequency band is reported described network management device.
12, according to claim 10 or 11 described systems, it is characterized in that,
Described RRM equipment also comprises distribution sub module, is used for the priority according to the frequency spectrum resource of first network and second network use dynamic frequency band, distributes the frequency spectrum resource of dynamic frequency band between first network and second network.
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