CN101601964B - Ammonia flue gas desulfurization device - Google Patents

Ammonia flue gas desulfurization device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101601964B
CN101601964B CN2009101460463A CN200910146046A CN101601964B CN 101601964 B CN101601964 B CN 101601964B CN 2009101460463 A CN2009101460463 A CN 2009101460463A CN 200910146046 A CN200910146046 A CN 200910146046A CN 101601964 B CN101601964 B CN 101601964B
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pipeline
connected
ammonia
spiral
spraying layer
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CN2009101460463A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101601964A (en
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李鹏举
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李鹏举
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Abstract

The high-efficiency ammonia flue gas desulfurization technique and device complete SO2 absorption, ammonium sulfate concentrated crystallization and demisting process in an absorption tower, wherein the SO2 absorption in the tower adopts a mode of combining a swirl plate and a spray layer; the demisting process adopts a swirl plate-folding plate-silk screen combination type demister; an oxidation tank is arranged outside of the tower. High temperature glue gas heat source introducing into the tower is utilized for evaporation, concentration and crystallization of ammonium sulfate solution, a heat exchanger is arranged at the inlet flue channel, a fan is utilized for conveying heated air used as a heat source for drying the ammonium sulfate, thereby reducing power consumption of crystallization and drying. The desulfurization technique has the characteristics of high desulfurization efficiency, low running cost, and comprehensive utilization of a byproduct of ammonium sulfate.

Description

A kind of ammonia type flue gas desulfurizing apparatus

Technical field

The said flue gas desulfurization technique that belongs to of patent of the present invention is a kind of wet ammonia method for flue gas desulfurizing technology and device specifically.

Technical background

Sulfur dioxide is one of current atmosphere pollution major pollutants; Flue gas desulfurization is very urgent; The flue gas desulfurization technique of domestic present main flow is main with the calcium method, but calcium method desulfur technology accessory substance gypsum is main with landfill mainly, be prone to produce secondary pollution and captures problem such as land resource.

Ammonia-process desulfurization technique is to adopt ammonia or deposed ammonia as desulfurizing agent and the final sulfur removal technology that generates ammonium sulfate of sulfur dioxide in flue gas reaction.The amino SO that absorbs 2Speed and efficient all be higher than the calcium base, desulfuration efficiency reaches more than 95%, and liquid-gas ratio is low, power consumption is low, desulfurizing byproduct ammonium sulfate value is high, if desulfurizing agent utilizes deposed ammonia, can reach the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another, realizes resource circulation utilization.But be to use ammonia desulfurizing process still to have problems: dry electricity or Steam Heating mode, the consumes energy of adopting of sulfate of ammoniac crystal; Demister adopts folded plate type, is difficult to remove 0.01~10 μ m ammonia aerosols, has the escaping of ammonia problem, causes secondary pollution, and these problems have all restricted the development of ammonia-process desulfurization technique.

Summary of the invention

A kind of ammonia flue gas desulfurization technique of the present invention and device utilize ammoniacal liquor or liquefied ammonia to make desulfurizing agent to absorb the SO in the flue gas 2, end product is an ammonium sulfate.Whole desulphurization system comprises devices such as absorption tower, crystallization tank, agitator, circulating pump, oxidation trough, aerator, oxidation fan, ammonia storage tank, ammonia transfer pump, blender, inspissator, dewaterer, drier, heat exchanger.

The absorption tower hypomere of this process system is a crystallization tank, and the crystallization tank top is provided with the cooling spraying layer, and the crystallization cell wall is communicated with gas approach, and the stage casing, absorption tower is SO 2Absorber portion; Be provided with spiral-flow type and absorb distribution grid and spraying layer combination absorber portion, the absorption tower epimere is the demist section, adopts eddy flow plate, flap and silk screen combined defroster; Wherein spiral-flow type absorption distribution grid is made up of dividing plate, a plurality of rising tube and eddy flow plate; The rounded even distribution of rising tube, the dividing plate percent opening is 40~80%, allows flue gas to pass through.Flue gas after process dust removal process and the heat exchange at first gets into the crystallization tank on absorption tower, and through crystallization tank ammonium sulfate cooling spraying layer, flue-gas temperature drops to 50 ℃~70 ℃; Not only effectively reduce flue-gas temperature through crystallization tank; The heat that can make full use of high-temperature flue gas simultaneously carries out evaporating, concentrating and crystallizing to ammonium sulfate, greatly reduces the energy consumption of evaporation and concentration, and humidity of flue gas increases; Get into eddy flow plate, spraying layer combination absorber portion; At first pass through crystallization tank top eddy flow distribution grid, rotation is risen under the guide effect of column plate blade, and the absorption spray liquid spins off from aqueous vapor and is thrown toward around the cylindrical shell under action of centrifugal force; Realize that gas, liquid separate buffer action, arrange that simultaneously eddy flow plate face liquid film improves SO 2Mass-transfer efficiency is provided with 3 layers of spray equipment at the spray absorber portion, and absorption liquid contacts washing with flue gas adverse current, accomplish SO 2Absorb.SO in the flue gas 2Generated bisulfite ammonia with ammonium sulfite reaction in the absorption liquid, absorption liquid is pooled to eddy flow plate distribution grid bottom from flowing into the outer oxidation trough of tower.On the absorption tower spraying layer top be provided with that eddy flow is board-like, flap and silk screen combined defroster and flusher; Can effectively remove its drop that carries and part ammonium salt aerosol during flue gas process combined defroster; Flusher sprays clear water and can effectively remove the ammonia that carries in the flue gas and ammonium salt aerosol and demister is washed; Prevent its fouling obstruction, utilize eddy flow plate gas-liquid isolation features simultaneously, compile flushing, shower water from flowing into the fresh water (FW) case; Through the recycle of technology water pump,, replenishes cistern water level fresh water (FW) when descending.Through discharging from the exhanst gas outlet at top, absorption tower after the combined defroster than clean flue gas.

The ammonia storage tank is annotated ammonia through the ammonia transfer pump to absorbing spraying layer and blender, and the addition of ammonia is controlled through the absorption liquid pH value, and keeping oxidation trough pH is 5~6, and blender pH is 6~7.

Absorption tower external oxidation groove absorption liquid gets into spraying layer washing flue gas through circulating pump, in the oxidation trough bottom aerator is set, and is connected with oxidation fan, and constantly aeration is an ammonium sulfate with sulfite oxidation wherein, and control spraying layer absorption liquid pH is 4~6.Absorption liquid is handled through delivery pump to crystallization tank condensing crystallizing in the oxidation trough.

The crystallization tank bottom is provided with agitating device; Crystallization tank is provided with crystallisation cycle pump and slurries drawing pump outward, and crystallisation cycle pump discharge pipeline connects with the nozzle of cooling spray, and the crystallisation cycle pump makes ammonium sulfate repeatedly contact with high-temperature flue gas; After reaching finite concentration, the ammonium sulfate of process crystallization treatment is delivered to blender by the slurries drawing pump; The pH value of ammonium sulfate saturated solution is regulated in ammonification in blender, helps reducing the acid content of ammonium sulfate products, improves the quality of ammonium sulfate product.The ammonium sulfate slurries are delivered to inspissator through blender and carry out concentration; The top flow liquid is back to the recycle of absorption liquid oxidation trough; The bottom concentrate gets into dewaterer and carries out processed; The dewaterer filter liquor is back to oxidation trough and carries out recycle, and the ammonia sulfate crystal of process processed makes the ammonium sulfate finished product through the further drying of drier at last.Heat exchanger (23) is set on the gas approach of absorption tower, and blower fan (24), heat exchanger (23) are connected in series through pipeline with drier (22), and blower fan carries air to heat exchanger, after the high-temperature flue gas heating, to drier hot blast are provided.

Ammonia flue gas desulfurization technique of the present invention and device are because the employing absorption tower is provided with the eddy flow plate and spraying layer combined type absorber portion makes full use of eddy flow plate and spray advantage, SO 2Absorption efficiency improves, and liquid-gas ratio reduces, and power consumption decreases.Demister adopts eddy flow plate, flap and silk screen compound mode in the tower, effectively removes and carries drop and ammonia aerosols in the flue gas, has avoided the escaping of ammonia phenomenon of outlet flue gas.The spray equipment of crystallization inside tower groove with advance tower height temperature flue gas and contact washing; Utilize the high-temperature flue gas thermal source to carry out the ammonium sulfate evaporating, concentrating and crystallizing; Gas approach is provided with heat exchanger, and the blower fan conveying adds hot-air provides the ammonium sulfate drying source, reduces crystallization, energy consumption for drying.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of process flow diagram of the present invention and device.

Among the figure: the 1-absorption tower; The 2-crystallization tank; The 3-spraying layer of lowering the temperature; The 4-spiral-flow type absorbs distribution grid; 5-absorbs spraying layer; 6-spiral-flow type demist distribution grid; 7-flap demister; The 8-mesh mist eliminator; The 9-agitator; 10-crystallisation cycle pump; The 11-oxidation trough; The 12-absorbent recirculation pump; The 13-aerator; The 14-oxidation fan; The 15-delivery pump; 16-ammonia storage tank; 17-ammonia transfer pump; 18-slurries drawing pump; The 19-blender; The 20-inspissator; The 21-dewaterer; The 22-drier; The 23-heat exchanger; The 24-blower fan; 25-technology water tank; 26-technology water pump.

The specific embodiment

Introduce the specific embodiment of the present invention in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

This technology is used for coal burning flue gas desulfurization.As shown in Figure 1; 130~160 ℃ high-temperature flue gas gets into bottom, absorption tower (1) crystallization tank (2) behind heat exchanger (23); Contact washing with cooling spraying layer (3) ammonium sulfate, flue-gas temperature drops to 50 ℃~70 ℃, simultaneously ammonium sulfate is carried out evaporating, concentrating and crystallizing; Get into absorption tower (1) middle part again and spiral-flow type is set absorbs distribution grid (4) and be combined as absorber portion, accomplish SO with absorbing spraying layer (5) 2Washing absorbs, and gets into top, absorption tower (1) afterwards spiral-flow type demist distribution grid (6), flap demister (7) and mesh mist eliminator (8) demist are set, and removes its drop that carries and part ammonium salt aerosol, after absorption tower (1) top exit flue enters atmosphere.

Absorption tower external oxidation groove (11) absorption liquid is delivered to through absorbent recirculation pump (12) and absorbs spraying layer (5), absorbs spraying layer (5) and is provided with 3 layers of spray equipment.

Absorption tower intercrystalline groove (2) cleaning solution is delivered to cooling spraying layer (3) through crystallisation cycle pump (10), and cooling spraying layer (3) is provided with 1 layer of spray equipment.

Combined defroster provides flushing and spray water source by technology water pump (26), and flushing, shower water compile the recycle of inflow technology water tank (25) through the board-like demister of eddy flow (6), when water level drops to 1 meter in the technology water tank (25), replenish fresh water (FW).

Flue gas is accomplished SO in absorption tower (1) 2After the absorption, ammonium sulfite and SO in the absorption liquid 2Reaction has generated bisulfite ammonia; Absorption liquid is pooled to eddy flow plate distribution grid (4) bottom from flowing into the outer oxidation trough (11) of tower; In oxidation trough (11) bottom aerator (13) is set, is connected with oxidation fan (13), constantly aeration is an ammonium sulfate with sulfite oxidation wherein; PH is 4~6 in control, and absorption liquid carries out the condensing crystallizing processing through delivery pump (15) to crystallization tank (2) in the oxidation trough (13).

Crystallization tank (2) bottom is provided with agitator (9); Reach after the supersaturation by taking out slurries to go out pump (18) and be delivered to blender (19) through the ammonium sulfate of crystallization treatment; To regulate the pH value of ammonium sulfate saturated solution be to be delivered to inspissator (20) after 6~7 to carry out concentration in ammonification in blender; The bottom concentrate gets into dewaterer (21) and carries out processed; Dewaterer (21) filter liquor and inspissator (20) top flow liquid are back to absorption liquid oxidation trough (11) recycle; Ammonia sulfate crystal through processed makes the ammonium sulfate finished product through the further drying of drier (22) at last, and drier (22) hot blast utilizes the high-temperature flue gas thermal source (to provide after 23 heating through heat exchanger by blower fan (24) air blast.

Ammonia storage tank (16) is annotated ammonia through ammonia transfer pump (17) to absorbing spraying layer (5) and blender (19), and the addition of ammonia is controlled through the absorption liquid pH value, and keeping oxidation trough pH is 5~6, and blender pH is 6~7.

Claims (2)

1. ammonia type flue gas desulfurizing apparatus; It is characterized in that: bottom, absorption tower (1) is crystallization tank (2); Crystallization tank (2) top is provided with cooling spraying layer (3), and crystallization tank (2) sidewall is provided with agitator (9), and is communicated with gas approach; Cooling spraying layer (3) top is provided with spiral-flow type and absorbs distribution grid (4); This spiral-flow type absorbs distribution grid (4) and is combined as absorber portion with absorbing spraying layer (5), and absorber portion top is provided with spiral-flow type demist distribution grid (6), flap demister (7) and mesh mist eliminator (8), and spiral-flow type demist distribution grid (6), flap demister (7) and mesh mist eliminator (8) constitute the combination demister; Top, absorption tower and exhaust pass UNICOM; Crystallization tank (2), crystallisation cycle pump (10) and cooling spraying layer (3) are connected in series through pipeline, and combination demister flusher is connected with technology water pump (26) and technology water tank (25) through pipeline, and spiral-flow type demist distribution grid (6) overflow pipe is connected through pipeline with technology water tank (25); Spiral-flow type absorbs distribution grid (4) overflow pipe and is connected through pipeline with oxidation trough (11); Establish aerator (13) in the oxidation trough (11), this aerator (13) is communicated with oxidation fan (14), and oxidation trough (11), absorbent recirculation pump (12) and absorption spraying layer (5) are connected in series through pipeline; Oxidation trough (11), delivery pump (15) and crystallization tank (2) are connected in series through pipeline; Ammonia storage tank (16), ammonia transfer pump (17) and absorb spraying layer (5) and be connected in series through pipeline, and ammonia transfer pump (17) outlet is connected with blender (19) import through pipeline, and crystallization tank (2), slurries drawing pump (18), blender (19), inspissator (20), dewaterer (21) and drier (22) are connected in series through pipeline; The flow liquid outlet of inspissator (20) top is connected through pipeline with oxidation trough (11); And the outlet of dewaterer (21) filter liquor is connected through pipeline with oxidation trough (11), and heat exchanger (23) is set on the gas approach of absorption tower, and blower fan (24), heat exchanger (23) are connected in series through pipeline with drier (22).
2. a kind of ammonia type flue gas desulfurizing apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that: spiral-flow type absorbs distribution grid (4) to be made up of dividing plate, a plurality of rising tube and eddy flow plate, the rounded even distribution of tube of rising, and the dividing plate percent opening is 40~80%.
CN2009101460463A 2009-06-03 2009-06-03 Ammonia flue gas desulfurization device CN101601964B (en)

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CN101601964B true CN101601964B (en) 2012-01-11

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EP2893969A4 (en) * 2012-09-10 2016-05-11 Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Sys Desulfurization device, and soot removal system

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CN102029105B (en) * 2011-01-06 2013-04-17 上海克硫环保科技股份有限公司 Double-tower ammonia method desulfuration device and process
CN102614770A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 艾淑艳 Purified flue gas recycling device
CN103521060B (en) * 2012-07-04 2017-01-25 江苏新世纪江南环保股份有限公司 Method for desulfurization of sulfur recovery tail gas by using boiler flue gas ammonia method
CN103272468A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-04 北京中环新锐环保技术有限公司 Absorption tower for simultaneously removing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide in smoke
CN103736386A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-23 广西奥士达环境工程有限公司 Desulfurization tower recirculation device
CN103977694A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-08-13 株洲三特环保节能股份有限公司 Method and system for removing sulfur dioxide in flue gas
CN104874255A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-09-02 北京香源溪环保科技有限公司 Demisting system with dedusting, demisting and water recovery functions
CN105032161A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-11 湖南高华环保股份有限公司 System for removing high-concentration sulfur dioxide in flue gas by means of cascading twin-tower wet method
CN105597513A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-25 石家庄宇清环保科技有限公司 Flue gas desulfurizing and dust removing device of coal-fired boiler
CN105757700A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-13 程洪亮 Flue environment-friendly processing tower
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CN106345257B (en) * 2016-08-26 2019-02-26 江苏中圣高科技产业有限公司 A kind of device and method improving ammonia process of desulfurization producing ammonium sulfate byproduct quality
CN107213769B (en) * 2017-05-25 2019-09-20 江苏新世纪江南环保股份有限公司 A kind of ammonia method desulfurizing method and device of locellus ammonification
CN107445236A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-08 金川集团股份有限公司 A kind of efficient concentrate emission reduction device of acid waste water
CN108057325A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-22 西安航天源动力工程有限公司 A kind of temperature classification formula ammonia type flue gas desulfurizing demisting technique and system
CN108310947A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-07-24 北京北清环科环境工程有限公司 A kind of desulphurization system and method using ammonium bicarbonate method desulfurization

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