CN101586955A - Column gradient measuring device and measuring method thereof - Google Patents

Column gradient measuring device and measuring method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101586955A
CN101586955A CNA2008100380077A CN200810038007A CN101586955A CN 101586955 A CN101586955 A CN 101586955A CN A2008100380077 A CNA2008100380077 A CN A2008100380077A CN 200810038007 A CN200810038007 A CN 200810038007A CN 101586955 A CN101586955 A CN 101586955A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straight steel
steel ruler
column
cylinder
gradient measuring
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2008100380077A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建强
郑钧
庄继勇
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Shanghai Baosteel Industry Inspection Corp
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Shanghai Baosteel Industry Inspection Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Baosteel Industry Inspection Corp filed Critical Shanghai Baosteel Industry Inspection Corp
Priority to CNA2008100380077A priority Critical patent/CN101586955A/en
Publication of CN101586955A publication Critical patent/CN101586955A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a measuring tool, in particular to a column measuring tool. A column gradient measuring device comprises a straight steel ruler provided with scales, an upright post, two screw bolts, a telescopic sleeve tube and a tup, wherein the top of the upright post is provided with a joint fixedly connected with one end with large scales of the straight steel ruler; each screw bolt is provided with a screw cap and a spacing piece; the two screw bolts are fixedly connected and penetrates through the straight steel ruler, one screw bolt approaches the end with small scales of the straight steel ruler, and the other screw bolt is positioned on the middle section of the straight steel ruler; the telescopic sleeve tube is arranged in parallel with the straight steel ruler, and one end is fixedly connected with the lower section of the upright post; and the tup is hung on the screw bolt positioned on the middle section of the straight steel ruler through a hanging rope. The invention ensures that operators can fast, conveniently and accurately carry out column gradient measuring work in a complex environment in the field, shortens field work time, reduces the operators, and obviously enhances the efficiency of the measuring work.

Description

Column gradient measuring device and measuring method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to survey instrument, relate in particular to cylindrical measurement instrument and measuring method thereof.
Background technology
The circular lower prop of the heavy duty steel-structure factory building of industries such as metallurgy, shipbuilding recycles distortion such as often producing inclination down at dynamic loads such as driving liftings for a long time, mill construction is produced extra-stress, be unfavorable for the normal carrying of mill construction, also cause simultaneously the factory building driving to produce the click rail, gnaw phenomenon such as rail, influence the normal operation of relevant devices such as track serviceable life and driving.For in time, correctly grasp the circular lower prop distortion of steel-structure factory building situation, in the detection of mill construction reliability and evaluation and industrial building structure condition managing, be one of important detection content to the circular lower prop inclination measurement of steel-structure factory building.In the circular lower prop inclination measurement of steel-structure factory building process, because the site work regional space is narrow in the factory building, light secretly a little less than, the equipment component domain oscillation is big, have the adverse condition of many measurements such as hot gas, often can't satisfy the normal condition that adopts surveying instruments such as setting up transit that circular lower prop is tilted to measure, and when adopting the transit survey cylinder to tilt, efficiency of measurement is lower.For this reason,, research and develop novel cylinder tiltmeter voluntarily in conjunction with on-site actual situations, and through the scene repeatedly application obtain good result.
Measure the classic method that cylinder tilts
Measuring appliance: transit, straight steel ruler
Measuring method:
Vertical identity distance cylinder 5~10m place, ground with tested vergence direction is provided with a transit at factory building circular steel lower prop, it is same as the horizontal shift value of ground crest line upper end observation station with respect to the bottom observation station to utilize transit and straight steel ruler measurement to be positioned at cylinder, determine good vergence direction simultaneously, and carry out record.
Measure shortcoming:
The site work regional space is narrow in the factory building, light secretly a little less than, easily produce measured deviation; Part cylinder near zone ground does not have the space of the transit survey of setting up, and causes can't measuring cylinder herein.
Big, the adverse condition that has many measurements such as hot gas of equipment component domain oscillation in the factory building during transit can't normally be put, leveling, does not possess the normal condition that adopts surveying instruments such as setting up transit that circular lower prop inclination is measured in this zone.
When adopting the transit survey cylinder, because the restriction of cylinder structure itself is difficult to accurately, finds fast with the corresponding outermost crest line of tested vergence direction; In operation, generally need 3 people, measuring every post needs 4 minutes approximately, and the activity duration is long, efficiency of measurement is low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to solve the above-mentioned defective of prior art, and a kind of column gradient measuring device is provided.The present invention makes operating personnel at the scene under the complex environment, can be quick and easy, correctly carry out the operation of cylinder inclination measurement, shortened the site work time, and reduced operating personnel, surveying work efficient is improved significantly.
The present invention is achieved in that
A kind of column gradient measuring device, it comprises the straight steel ruler of a band scale, it also comprises:
High range one end that a column, its top have a joint and a described straight steel ruler is fixedlyed connected;
Two bolts, they respectively carry nut and pad, and two bolt connections also penetrate described straight steel ruler, a close straight steel ruler down scale end, another is positioned at the straight steel ruler stage casing;
A telescopic tube, it is parallel to described straight steel ruler setting, and with the fixedly connected described column hypomere of one end;
Described column gradient measuring device, it also comprises two circular arc clamps, they are connected to described straight steel ruler and telescopic tube end and back to the column setting;
A plumb bob, it is suspended on the bolt that is positioned at the straight steel ruler stage casing by lanyard;
Described column gradient measuring device, described column are two joint extension type sleeve pipes;
Described column gradient measuring device, described joint comprise the cylindrical sleeve and two side plates that are positioned on the cylindrical sleeve that are sleeved on the column top, and the high range end of described straight steel ruler has the pin of a fixedly connected side plate in two ends;
Described column gradient measuring device, the least unit scale of described straight steel ruler is 1mm.
A kind of column gradient measuring method, it comprises the following steps:
Described cylinder tiltmeter expansion link is drawn back, lanyard on this tiltmeter is fixed on is about the 3m place, make plumb bob sagging naturally;
Location, tiltmeter upper end circular arc clamp is directly leaned against on the cylinder side wall location, the lower end circular arc clamp of adjusting, stretch, it is directly leaned against guarantee on the sidewall of cylinder lower end that cylinder deviational survey instrument is parallel with the cylinder bus;
With the close cylinder suspension column lower end of a straight steel ruler, corresponding site directly measure ruler and by horizontal length d between the line and corresponding measured bus of cylinder and cylinder tiltmeter between perpendiculars level angle θ, because cylinder all produces inclination at X, Y both direction, the shift value of its directions X=(d * cos θ-100) mm then, Y direction shift value=(d * sin θ) mm
Utilize the tilting value of having measured,, calculate the actual tilt value of capital according to the linear ratio relation between column length and the corresponding position tilting value.
Described a kind of column gradient measuring method, described upper prop fulcrum be definite value: 100mm by wire spacing.
By the present invention, solved and utilized the cylinder method of tilting problem such as can't measure in vibration and narrow space environment, make operating personnel at the scene under the complex environment, can be quick, convenient, correctly carry out the operation of cylinder inclination measurement, shortened the site work time, operating personnel have not been reduced, surveying work efficient is improved significantly, therefore, Yan Fa cylinder tiltmeter has obtained using widely in the detection of mill construction reliability and evaluation and the work of industrial building structure condition managing voluntarily, and the plane outer incline value that has been generalized to measurement existing workshop steel roof truss is measured, in the inclination measurement work of existing quick corner, measurement covil construction house and concrete column, obtain good result, and had promotional value widely.
Description of drawings
Below, further specify the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1: a kind of column gradient measuring device, it comprises the straight steel ruler 1 of a band scale, it also comprises:
High range one end that a column 3, its top have a joint 31 and a described straight steel ruler 1 is fixedlyed connected;
Two bolts 2, they respectively carry nut and pad, and they are fixedly connected and penetrate 1, one close straight steel ruler 1 down scale end of described straight steel ruler, and another is positioned at straight steel ruler 1 stage casing;
A telescopic tube 5, it is parallel to described straight steel ruler 1 setting, and with fixedly connected described column 3 hypomeres of one end;
Two circular arc clamps 6,7, they are connected to described straight steel ruler 1 and telescopic tube 5 ends and are provided with back to column 3.
A plumb bob 4, it is suspended on the bolt 2 that is positioned at straight steel ruler 1 stage casing by lanyard 41.
In one embodiment of the invention, the least unit scale of described straight steel ruler is 1mm; Described column 3 is two joint extension type sleeve pipes; Described joint 31 comprises the cylindrical sleeve and two side plates that are positioned on the cylindrical sleeve that are sleeved on column 3 tops, and the high range end of described straight steel ruler 1 has the pin (failing among the figure to illustrate) of a fixedly connected side plate in two ends.
A kind of column gradient measuring method, it comprises the following steps:
Described cylinder tiltmeter expansion link 5 is drawn back, lanyard 41 on this tiltmeter is fixed on is about the 3m place, make plumb bob 4 sagging naturally;
Tiltmeter upper end circular arc clamp 7 is directly leaned against on the cylinder side wall location, the lower end circular arc clamp 6 of adjusting, stretch, it is directly leaned against guarantee on the sidewall of cylinder lower end that cylinder deviational survey instrument is parallel with the cylinder bus;
With straight steel ruler 1 close cylinder suspension column lower end, corresponding site directly measure ruler and by horizontal length d between the line and corresponding measured bus of cylinder and cylinder tiltmeter between perpendiculars level angle θ (failing among the figure to illustrate), because cylinder all produces inclination at X, Y both direction, the shift value of its directions X=(d * cos θ-100) mm then, Y direction shift value=(d * sin θ) mm.
Utilize the tilting value of having measured,, calculate the actual tilt value of capital according to the linear ratio relation between column length and the corresponding position tilting value.
Described a kind of column gradient measuring method, described upper prop fulcrum be definite value: 100mm by wire spacing.

Claims (7)

1. column gradient measuring device, it comprises the straight steel ruler of a band scale, it is characterized in that it also comprises:
High range one end that a column, its top have a joint and a described straight steel ruler is fixedlyed connected;
Two bolts, they respectively carry nut and pad, and two bolt connections also penetrate described straight steel ruler, a close straight steel ruler down scale end, another is positioned at the straight steel ruler stage casing;
A telescopic tube, it is parallel to described straight steel ruler setting, and with the fixedly connected described column hypomere of one end;
A plumb bob, it is suspended on the bolt that is positioned at the straight steel ruler stage casing by lanyard.
2. column gradient measuring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, it also comprises two circular arc clamps, and they are connected to described straight steel ruler and telescopic tube end and back to the column setting.
3. column gradient measuring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described column is two joint extension type sleeve pipes.
4. column gradient measuring device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described joint comprises the cylindrical sleeve and two side plates that are positioned on the cylindrical sleeve that are sleeved on the column top, and the high range end of described straight steel ruler has the pin of a fixedly connected side plate in two ends.
5. column gradient measuring device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the least unit scale of described straight steel ruler is 1mm.
6. a column gradient measuring method is characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
Described cylinder tiltmeter expansion link is drawn back, lanyard on this tiltmeter is fixed on is about the 3m place, make plumb bob sagging naturally;
Location, tiltmeter upper end circular arc clamp is directly leaned against on the cylinder side wall location, the lower end circular arc clamp of adjusting, stretch, it is directly leaned against guarantee on the sidewall of cylinder lower end that cylinder deviational survey instrument is parallel with the cylinder bus;
With the close cylinder suspension column lower end of a straight steel ruler, corresponding site directly measure ruler and by horizontal length d between the line and corresponding measured bus of cylinder and cylinder tiltmeter between perpendiculars level angle θ, because cylinder all produces inclination at X, Y both direction, the shift value of its directions X=(d * cos θ-100) mm then, Y direction shift value=(d * sin θ) mm
Utilize the tilting value of having measured,, calculate the actual tilt value of capital according to the linear ratio relation between column length and the corresponding position tilting value.
7. a kind of column gradient measuring method according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described upper prop fulcrum be definite value: 100mm by wire spacing.
CNA2008100380077A 2008-05-23 2008-05-23 Column gradient measuring device and measuring method thereof Pending CN101586955A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100380077A CN101586955A (en) 2008-05-23 2008-05-23 Column gradient measuring device and measuring method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100380077A CN101586955A (en) 2008-05-23 2008-05-23 Column gradient measuring device and measuring method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101586955A true CN101586955A (en) 2009-11-25

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102679952A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-09-19 新疆天风发电股份有限公司 Method for measuring gradient of wind generating set tower
CN102706258A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-03 济南黄河路桥工程公司 Inspection ruler for round inspection well
CN106705929A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-24 河南工业大学 Building inclination dynamic measuring instrument and use method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102679952A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-09-19 新疆天风发电股份有限公司 Method for measuring gradient of wind generating set tower
CN102679952B (en) * 2011-08-25 2014-07-16 新疆信息产业有限责任公司 Method for measuring gradient of wind generating set tower
CN102706258A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-03 济南黄河路桥工程公司 Inspection ruler for round inspection well
CN106705929A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-24 河南工业大学 Building inclination dynamic measuring instrument and use method thereof

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Open date: 20091125