CN101575804B - Alkali-resistant penetrant for short-process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric - Google Patents

Alkali-resistant penetrant for short-process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101575804B
CN101575804B CN2009100391095A CN200910039109A CN101575804B CN 101575804 B CN101575804 B CN 101575804B CN 2009100391095 A CN2009100391095 A CN 2009100391095A CN 200910039109 A CN200910039109 A CN 200910039109A CN 101575804 B CN101575804 B CN 101575804B
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China
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fatty alcohol
alkali
pretreatment
pure
woven fabric
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CN2009100391095A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101575804A (en
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刘仁新
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中山市巴斯基化工有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses alkali-resistant penetrant for short-process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric, wherein the penetrant comprises the following components by weight portion: 5 to 20 portions of heterogeneous fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether, 10 to 25 portions of heterogeneous fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether phosphate, 5 to 25 portions of heterogeneous fatty alcohol phosphate, 1to 5 portions of tributyl phosphate, and 1 to 10 portions of maleic acrylic polymer. The invention aims to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide the penetrant which is used for the s hort-process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric and has good permeability, alkali resistance and strong decontamination and washing capability.

Description

A kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric.
Background technology
Cotton fiber is a kind of natural fabric, contains impurity such as pigment, pectin, cotton seed hull, usually can give the cotton yarn starching in the weaving process again, must be by operations such as destarch, kiering, bleachings that Impurity removal is clean before dyeing.Short process pretreatment operating rate is than very fast, require working solution in 10~15 seconds time, to infiltrate through fiber, but the cotton grey cloth that is untreated is not hydrophilic, particularly thick and heavy woven cotton fabric, working solution is difficult to infiltrate through fibrous inside, therefore require alkali-resistant penetrant that good penetration, stability are arranged under strong alkaline condition, the decontamination scourability also requires very high.
Alkaline-resisting kiering bleeding agent will possess following several indexs:
A, good penetration power.The short process pretreatment equipment of printing and dyeing mill generally has two to pad groove, its technological requirement all is that room temperature is padded, and the speed of a motor vehicle is all at 40~50 meters/minute, and printing and dyeing mill's gassing frame that also has and cold rolling heap clot connect together, the speed of a motor vehicle just reaches more than 80 meters/minute, have in addition above 100 meters/minute.To pad the time of working solution in padding groove be very short to cloth in other words, the time of padding that has is about 20 seconds, the equipment that has pads time less than 10 seconds still, make working solution be adsorbed on fiber surface and rapid permeability fibrous inside in a short period of time to the fabric that has slurry, and require infiltration evenly, this just requires alkaline-resisting kiering bleeding agent under the highly basic condition good penetration must be arranged, and could satisfy the requirement to printing and dyeing mill's technology.
B, good alkali resistance to be arranged.Concentration 40~60g/L NaOH of alkali in the alkali oxygen working solution of printing and dyeing mill, what have also can be higher, replenish the concentration ratio groove of liquid and want high by 20~30%, that calculates like this that the NaOH concentration replenish liquid has will be up to more than the 100g/L, this just requires the alkali resistance of alkaline-resisting kiering bleeding agent could satisfy the alkaline-resisting requirement of printing and dyeing mill to the kiering bleeding agent more than 120g/L NaOH.
C, good kiering effect and impurity elimination effect are arranged.A large amount of fiber commensal and impurity are arranged on the cotton fiber, mainly contain cotton wax, pectic substance, nitrogen substance, cotton seed hulls, natural impurity and natural colouring matter etc., also have the slurry on the yarn in the weaving process in addition.Therefore require auxiliary agent that good swelling action, dispersion and emulsion effect, decontamination etc. must be arranged, good anti-precipitation more especially will be arranged, could wash impurity on the fabric and slurry come like this, prevent the contamination again of slurry simultaneously.
D, short process pretreatment auxiliary agent must be the environment-friendly type auxiliary agents, and the health of harm humans is not free from environmental pollution, the ecological resources around not destroying.
Along with the development of producing, during efficient, energy-conservation, joint, shorten technology, stabilised quality becomes the common objective that printing and dyeing mill is pursued.Traditional technological process destarch, kiering, the bleaching three-step approach of cotton pre-treatment, this three-step approach exists that process route is long, efficient is low, equipment takes up an area of big, the big problem of energy consumption, along with rising steadily of energy prices, cotton pre-treatment process develops into to move back and boils one-step method or fevering cooking floating one-process, produces needs in order to satisfy, and also needs to add bleeding agent when adding scouring agent usually in working solution.The pre-treatment abbreviated system because the speed of a motor vehicle than very fast, the processing time short, to the requirement of chemical alkali-resistant bleeding agent than higher.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is in order to overcome weak point of the prior art, a kind of short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric that is used for is provided, have good penetration, alkali resistance, the bleeding agent that decontamination and washability are strong.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts following scheme:
A kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric, wherein it comprises following component by weight:
5~20 parts of isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether
10~25 parts of isomery aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphates
5~25 parts of isomery fatty alcohol phosphates
1~5 part of tributyl phosphate
1~10 part of maleic acid acrylate copolymer.
Aforesaid a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric, wherein said isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether is to contain the isomery fatty alcohol of 8~14 carbon atoms and the compound of oxirane, and wherein the mol ratio of oxirane and fatty alcohol is 6~14: 1;
Aforesaid a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric, wherein said isomery aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphate is the esterification products of isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether and phosphorus pentoxide;
Aforesaid a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric, wherein said isomery fatty alcohol phosphoric acid fat is to contain the isomery fatty alcohol of 8~12 carbon atoms and the esterification products of phosphorus pentoxide.
Aforesaid a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric, wherein said maleic acid acrylate copolymer is the compound that acrylic acid and maleic anhydride carry out the polymerisation gained.
Short-flow pre-treating process of the present invention adopts the surfactant of isomery alcohol structure with being main component, comprise isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether phosphoric acid fat, isomery fatty alcohol phosphoric acid fat, the surfactant of this class formation can reduce the surface tension of working solution greatly, and good penetration, alkali resistance, decontamination and washability are arranged.
Isomery alcohol adopts the branched fatty alcohol of 8~14 carbon atoms, can be the secondary alcohol or the tertiary alcohol.The ethoxy compound of the isomery fatty alcohol of this class formation is the isomery aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy, and the EO number is 6~14, has good penetration, dispersion, emulsifying capacity, and decontamination and washability are strong.
Isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether and phosphorus pentoxide carry out esterification, obtain isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether phosphoric acid fat; Isomery fatty alcohol and phosphorus pentoxide carry out esterification, obtain isomery fatty alcohol phosphoric acid fat.These two kinds of composite uses of phosphoric acid fat, isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether phosphoric acid fat: isomery fatty alcohol phosphoric acid fat=1~3/1, make product of the present invention obtain good penetration and alkali resistance, stability and permeability are all quite outstanding under 10~15% sodium hydroxide solution condition.
The maleic acid acrylate copolymer that the present invention uses is the SRP of CP5, CP6 product and French Rhodia of German BASF AG.The compound of this class formation has good dispersion force, metal ion-chelant power and antiredeposition ability, and the energy demineralized water prevents the secondary pollution of slurry.
The tributyl phosphate that the present invention uses has good froth breaking ability, improves permeability.Surfactant can produce a lot of foams in washing process, influence is produced, and adds tributyl phosphate, can effectively solve the problem of many bubbles.
In sum, beneficial effect of the present invention:
Rationally composite by using above compound to carry out, obtained alkali-resistant penetrant of the present invention, advantage such as it has, and low bubble, penetrability are good, alkaline-resisting, decontamination and washing force are strong has satisfied the requirement of pure-cotton woven fabric short-flow pre-treating process simultaneously.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is described further:
One, aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphate is synthetic:
In the four-hole boiling flask of a 500ML, be equipped with stirring, condenser, thermometer, add 150 gram isomery alcohol polyoxyethylene ether (8EO, mean molecule quantity is 510), 2 gram phosphorous acid are warmed up to 40~50 ℃, add 20 gram phosphorus pentoxides in 1 hour, be warmed up to 80~85 ℃ after adding, be incubated 2 hours; Cool to below 40 ℃, blowing obtains aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphate.
Two, the isomery fatty alcohol phosphate is synthetic:
In the four-hole boiling flask of a 500ML, be equipped with stirring, condenser, thermometer, the isomery fatty alcohol (mean molecule quantity is 150) that adds 8~10 carbon atoms of 150 grams, 2 gram phosphorous acid, be warmed up to 40~50 ℃, in 1 hour, add 83.2 gram phosphorus pentoxides, be warmed up to 80~85 ℃ after adding, be incubated 2 hours; Cool to below 40 ℃, blowing obtains the isomery fatty alcohol phosphate.
Embodiment 1:
15 part of 13 carbon isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, 20 parts of above-mentioned synthetic aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphates, 10 parts of above-mentioned synthetic isomery fatty alcohol phosphates, 40 parts of water, being neutralized to PH with 10 part of 30% sodium hydroxide solution is 6~7, add 3 parts of maleic anhydride acrylic copolymers and 2 parts of tributyl phosphates again, just obtain product of the present invention.
Embodiment 2:
10 part of 13 carbon isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, 20 parts of above-mentioned synthetic aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphates, 15 parts of above-mentioned synthetic isomery fatty alcohol phosphates, 38 parts of water, being neutralized to PH with about 12 part of 30% sodium hydroxide solution is 6~7, add 3 parts of maleic anhydride acrylic copolymers and 2 parts of tributyl phosphates again, just obtain product of the present invention.
Embodiment 3:
10 part of 13 carbon isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, 25 parts of above-mentioned synthetic aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphates, 10 parts of above-mentioned synthetic isomery fatty alcohol phosphates, 40 parts of water, being neutralized to PH with about 12 part of 30% sodium hydroxide solution is 6~7, add 3 parts of maleic anhydride acrylic copolymers and 2 parts of tributyl phosphates again, just obtain product of the present invention.
The test of product effect and data:
1, infiltrative test:
Method by GB5557 is tested, and surveys with the standard canvas of Shanghai dyestuff research institute, and test result sees Table 1.
Table 1 testing permeability
Test condition Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Existing conventional products on the market
Bleeding agent 5g/L 3~5 seconds 2~3 seconds 3~4 seconds 10~15 seconds
Bleeding agent 5g/L+NaOH 20g/L 7~9 seconds 5~7 seconds 6~8 seconds 13~15 seconds
Bleeding agent 5g/L+NaOH 40g/L 11~13 seconds 8~11 seconds 8~10 seconds 15~20 seconds
Bleeding agent 5g/L+NaOH 60g/L 14~16 seconds 10~12 seconds 12~14 seconds 25~30 seconds
Bleeding agent 5g/L+NaOH 80g/L 18~22 seconds 12~14 seconds 15~18 seconds 40~55 seconds
Have existing its time of penetration of conventional products on the market relatively short under the ever-increasing situation of NaOH relatively from the visible bleeding agent of the present invention of last table, visible product of the present invention has good performance aspect permeability.
2, alkali-proof test:
In the alkaline-resisting kiering bleeding agent of 5g/L, be equipped with the NaOH liquid of variable concentrations, observe its stable case within a certain period of time, in 4h, there are not layering and floating oil then to be considered as stablizing.Test result sees Table 2.
The alkaline-resisting stability of table 2 bleeding agent
NaOH concentration (g/L) Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Existing conventional products on the market
20 Stable Stable Stable Stable
50 Stable Stable Stable Stable
80 Stable Stable Stable Stable
100 Stable Stable Stable Stable
120 Stable Stable Stable Slight floccule
150 Stable Slight floccule Stable Floating oil is arranged
As can be known from the above table, product of the present invention is relatively good with respect to existing its alkaline-resisting stability of conventional products on the market.
3, kiering effect:
Alkali-resistant penetrant 1g/L, NaOH 2g/L, bath raio 1: 20, in the normal temperature model machine 95 ℃ * 60 minutes.Twice → 60~70 ℃ hot water wash → cold water of hot water wash are fully cleaned → 105 ℃ of oven dry more than 90 ℃.Test result sees Table 3.
It is as follows that table 3 is surveyed the capillary effect result
The auxiliary agent title 5 minutes capillary effects 10 minutes capillary effects 20 minutes capillary effects 30 minutes capillary effects
Embodiment 1 5.6cm 8.6cm 10.2cm 11.5cm
Embodiment 2 5.1cm 7.8cm 9.7cm 10.6cm
Embodiment 3 5.3 8.0 9,8 11.1
Existing conventional products on the market 4.7 7.0 9.1 9.9
As can be known from Table 3, its kiering effect of product of the present invention all will be got well with respect to existing conventional products on the market.

Claims (5)

1. one kind is used for the alkali-resistant penetrant that pure-cotton woven fabric is lacked process pretreatment, it is characterized in that it comprises following component by weight:
5~20 parts of isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether
10~25 parts of isomery aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphates
5~25 parts of isomery fatty alcohol phosphates
1~5 part of tributyl phosphate
1~10 part of maleic acid acrylate copolymer.
2. a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether is to contain the isomery fatty alcohol of 8~14 carbon atoms and the compound of oxirane, wherein the mol ratio of oxirane and fatty alcohol is 6~14: 1.
3. a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that described isomery aliphatic alcohol polyoxyvinethene phosphate is the esterification products of isomery fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether and phosphorus pentoxide.
4. a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that described isomery fatty alcohol phosphate is to contain the isomery fatty alcohol of 8~12 carbon atoms and the esterification products of phosphorus pentoxide.
5. a kind of alkali-resistant penetrant that is used for the short process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that described maleic acid acrylate copolymer is the compound that acrylic acid and maleic anhydride carry out the polymerisation gained.
CN2009100391095A 2009-04-25 2009-04-25 Alkali-resistant penetrant for short-process pretreatment of pure-cotton woven fabric CN101575804B (en)

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CN102493196B (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-08-21 天津市浩元精细化工有限公司 Wetting and penetrating agent for hard surfaces and fabrics
CN102535156A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-07-04 北京光华纺织集团有限公司 Refining agent for color cotton
CN102619101B (en) * 2012-04-01 2013-12-11 祝洪哲 Short-process low-temperature dyeing aid and preparation method thereof
CN102797149B (en) * 2012-07-30 2014-03-19 浙江安诺其助剂有限公司 Alkali-resistant refined penetrant and preparation method thereof
CN102995468B (en) * 2012-11-26 2015-04-15 浙江安诺其助剂有限公司 Polyester fabric dyeing degreaser and preparation method thereof
CN104264481B (en) * 2014-09-23 2016-05-25 浙江皇马科技股份有限公司 A kind of high temperature alkali resistant bleeding agent and preparation method thereof
CN104611923A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-05-13 江苏金太阳纺织科技有限公司 Phosphate silkete penetrating agent and preparation method thereof
CN105421043A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 惠州市泰和化工有限公司 Multifunctional cotton cloth treating agent
CN105970698B (en) * 2016-05-30 2018-09-14 山东黄河三角洲纺织科技研究院有限公司 A kind of reactive dye cold pad--batch printing method
CN106120319A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 潘明华 A kind of silkete penetrating agent and preparation method thereof
CN106368012A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 无锡市华诚印染剂厂 Acid and alkali resisting penetrating agent for textile
CN106368011A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 无锡市华诚印染剂厂 High temperature resistance penetrant for fabric
CN106368010A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 无锡市华诚印染剂厂 Easily degradable and highly efficient penetrant used for fabric
CN108221385A (en) * 2017-04-06 2018-06-29 上海天坛助剂有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly type silkete penetrating agent and its production method
CN108342900A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-07-31 江苏新亿源环保科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of mercerising alkali-resistant penetrant
CN110538610A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-12-06 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Polymerizable surfactant containing long-chain isomeric alkyl, and preparation and application thereof

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CN100999869A (en) * 2006-01-13 2007-07-18 上海申达二印染整有限公司 Textile printing and dyeing pretreating agent and application thereof

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100999869A (en) * 2006-01-13 2007-07-18 上海申达二印染整有限公司 Textile printing and dyeing pretreating agent and application thereof

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