CN101545695A - Absorption type water cooling and warming machine - Google Patents

Absorption type water cooling and warming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101545695A
CN101545695A CN200910129836A CN200910129836A CN101545695A CN 101545695 A CN101545695 A CN 101545695A CN 200910129836 A CN200910129836 A CN 200910129836A CN 200910129836 A CN200910129836 A CN 200910129836A CN 101545695 A CN101545695 A CN 101545695A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cooling
load
absorber
cold
warming
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Granted
Application number
CN200910129836A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101545695B (en
Inventor
石河豪夫
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Sanyo Electric Co Ltd
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Sanyo Electric Co Ltd
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Publication of CN101545695A publication Critical patent/CN101545695A/en
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Publication of CN101545695B publication Critical patent/CN101545695B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B49/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F25B49/04Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for sorption type machines, plants or systems
    • F25B49/043Operating continuously
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B15/00Sorption machines, plants or systems, operating continuously, e.g. absorption type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/006Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the sorption type system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2600/00Control issues
    • F25B2600/25Control of valves
    • F25B2600/2507Flow-diverting valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2600/00Control issues
    • F25B2600/25Control of valves
    • F25B2600/2515Flow valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2700/00Sensing or detecting of parameters; Sensors therefor
    • F25B2700/21Temperatures
    • F25B2700/2116Temperatures of a condenser
    • F25B2700/21163Temperatures of a condenser of the refrigerant at the outlet of the condenser
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2700/00Sensing or detecting of parameters; Sensors therefor
    • F25B2700/21Temperatures
    • F25B2700/2117Temperatures of an evaporator
    • F25B2700/21171Temperatures of an evaporator of the fluid cooled by the evaporator
    • F25B2700/21173Temperatures of an evaporator of the fluid cooled by the evaporator at the outlet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems

Abstract

The invention provides an absorption type water cooling and warming machine, which connects a regenerator, a condenser, a evaporator, and an absorber to form a circulation path of the refrigerant and the absorbent liquid, is capable of selecting between a function of an absorption type water cooling and warming machine in cooling and warming operation and a function of an absorption heat pump in warming and heating operation. The cooling and heating operation is supplying heat to the regenerator through a flow control valve, the cooling water supplied from the cooling column to the absorber or the condenser through a cooling water pipe is circulated, and the opening degree of the flow control valve is controlled through a first coolant loading pipe (cooled water match pipe). The warming and heating operation is supplying heat to the regenerator through a flow control valve using the driving heat source as the main heat source, and supplying heat to the evaporator using the sub-heat source, and the opening degree of the flow control valve is controlled through a second coolant loading pipe (cooled water match pipe) so that the cooled water flowing between the absorber and the condenser circulates to the load.

Description

Absorption cooling and warming water machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine, in detail, relate to a kind of absorption cooling and warming water machine with regenerator, this regenerator uses the used heat such as cooling water of boiler, engine as driving heat source.
Background technology
In the past, disclosed the absorption cooling and warming water machine (for example with reference to patent documentation 1,2 etc.) as the thermal source of regenerator such as cooling water with engine.
This absorption cooling and warming water machine with the cooling waters such as cooling water of boiler or engine as thermal source, the use regenerator evaporates separation with cold-producing medium and carries to condenser from rare absorption liquid, and the absorption liquid that concentration is thickened above-mentioned cold-producing medium evaporation is carried to absorber.Then, in condenser, utilize cooling water to carry to evaporimeter, in evaporimeter, spread to it in heat-transfer pipe and evaporation once more with above-mentioned condensation of refrigerant and as refrigerating fluid, above-mentioned cold-producing medium is circulated in this heat-transfer pipe to the refrigerating medium of duty cycle, in absorber, absorb the above-mentioned cold-producing medium of evaporation once more by absorption liquid, and, utilize above-mentioned cooling water to reclaim the heat of absorption liquid, thereby carry out cold and hot supplying operation to above-mentioned load.In addition, above-mentioned cooling water circulates to cooling tower, and dispels the heat to extraneous air.
In addition, relative therewith, in Europe etc., constitute: carry out the thermal source supply of main heat source to the regenerator of this substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine, and, carry out the thermal source of secondary thermal source to evaporimeter and supply with, the cooling water that will utilize when above-mentioned cold and hot supplying operation is as refrigerating medium, make its from condenser and absorber to duty cycle, carry out running, thereby carry out warm supplying operation to above-mentioned load as absorption heat pump.
Patent documentation 1:(Japan) spy opens clear 58-127066 communique
Patent documentation 2:(Japan) spy opens flat 8-233391 communique
But, in the past, or as the utilization of substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine, or as the utilization of absorption heat pump, owing to only be any utilization in the above-mentioned utilization, therefore, when having selected substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine, the warm supplying operation in the time of can not carrying out winter, and when having selected absorption heat pump, cold and hot supplying operation in the time of can not carrying out summer, thus cause its operating rate not improve.
Therefore, particularly in Europe, because of greenhouse effects in recent years, summer temperature rises, and the expectation that makes it carry out cold and hot supplying operation so requirement is used absorption heat pump as substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine is more and more higher, and expectation improves this point.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, in the present invention, provide a kind of substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine, it can easily switch cold and hot supplying operation and warm supplying operation, and no matter is when cold and hot supplying operation, still when warm supplying operation, can turn round.
In order to solve above-mentioned problem, the absorption cooling and warming water machine of first aspect invention is with regenerator, condenser, evaporimeter and absorber carry out pipe arrangement and connect and the circulating path of formation cold-producing medium and absorption liquid, this absorption cooling and warming water machine can select to carry out cold and hot supplying operation as the function of absorption cooling and warming water machine and carry out warm supplying operation as in the function of absorption heat pump any, this cold and hot supplying operation is for to supply with driving heat source via flow control valve to regenerator, and, make from the cooling water circulation of cooling tower via cooling water pipe to absorber and condenser supply, and supply with cold and hot from described evaporimeter to load via the first refrigerating medium pipe, this warm supplying operation is that described driving heat source is supplied with to described regenerator as main heat source and via described flow control valve, supply with secondary thermal source to described evaporimeter, and make the described cooling water of circulation absorber and condenser to described duty cycle via the second refrigerating medium pipe, this absorption cooling and warming water machine is characterised in that, outlet at evaporimeter is provided with first Temperature Detector, outlet at condenser is provided with second Temperature Detector, and be provided with and make load be connected first transfer valve that switches with the first refrigerating medium pipe or the second refrigerating medium Guan Zeyi ground, and be provided with and make absorber and load or cooling tower select second transfer valve that a ground is connected switching and make evaporimeter and load or secondary thermal source select the 3rd transfer valve that a ground is connected switching, when load being connected with the first refrigerating medium pipe when switching first transfer valve, switch second transfer valve and absorber is connected to cooling tower, and, switch the 3rd transfer valve and evaporimeter is connected to load, carry out to the cold and hot supplying operation of loading according to the aperture of controlling flow control valve by the detected temperature of first Temperature Detector, when load being connected with the second refrigerating medium pipe when switching first transfer valve, switch second transfer valve and absorber is connected to load, and, switch the 3rd transfer valve and evaporimeter is connected to secondary thermal source, carry out warm supplying operation to load according to the aperture of controlling flow control valve by the detected temperature of second Temperature Detector.
Absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention is a substance effectiveness absorption cooling and warming water machine simple in structure, it has following significant effect, promptly by a table apparatus, refrigeration in summer can be carried out cooling operation season, and heating season in the winter time can easily switch to heating and carry out warming operation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the key diagram of an embodiment of the integral body of explanation absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the key diagram that the embodiment when using absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention shown in Figure 1 to carry out cooling operation is described;
Fig. 3 is the key diagram that the embodiment when using absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention shown in Figure 1 to carry out warming operation is described.
Description of reference numerals
A absorption cooling and warming water machine 1 regenerator 2 condensers
3 evaporimeters, 4 absorbers, 5 heaters
6 condenser heat exchangers, 7 evaporator heat exchanger
8 absorber exchange devices, 9 upper machine bodies, 10 lower bodies
11 driving heat source, 12 supplying tubing, 13 backflow pipe arrangements
14 flow control valves, 15 cooling water pipes, 16 cold water pipe arrangements
17 first Temperature Detectors, 18 second Temperature Detectors
19 switches, 20 control device, 21,23 refrigerant pipings
22 refrigerated medium pumps, 24 loads (refrigeration/heating)
25 dope heat exchangers, 26 rare absorption liquid pump 27 rare absorption liquid pipe arrangements
28 dope pipe arrangements, 29 cooling towers, 30 cold warm water pumps
31 cooling water pumps, 32,33 warm water's pipe arrangements, 34 secondary thermals source
The specific embodiment
Below, present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying.
Fig. 1 is the key diagram of an embodiment of the integral body of explanation absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the key diagram that the embodiment when using absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention shown in Figure 1 to carry out cooling operation is described.
Fig. 3 is the key diagram that the embodiment when using absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention shown in Figure 1 to carry out warming operation is described.
Identical among the parts of the Reference numeral indication that marks among Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.When the situation the when situation when using Fig. 2 to carry out cooling operation to making absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention describes and use Fig. 3 to carry out warming operation to making absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention describes, they are described.
(at first, illustrating that use absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention carries out the situation of cooling operation)
Absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention shown in Figure 2 is with regenerator 1, condenser 2, evaporimeter 3 and absorber 4 carry out pipe arrangement and connect and the circulating path of formation cold-producing medium and absorption liquid, can carry out following selection, promptly supply with driving heat source 11 to regenerator 1 via flow control valve 14, and, make from the cooling water circulation (by thick black line figure represent) of cooling tower 29 via cooling water pipe 15 to absorber 4 and condenser 2 supplies, on the other hand, supply with cold and hot (representing) and carry out cold and hot supplying operation to load (refrigeration) 24 circulations via the first refrigerating medium pipe (cold water pipe arrangement 16) from evaporimeter 3 by the thick black line the figure.
Promptly, switching is by triple valve A, first transfer valve that triple valve B constitutes and make load 24 be connected switching with the first refrigerating medium pipe (cold water pipe arrangement 16), and, by triple valve C, the 3rd transfer valve that triple valve D and triple valve E constitute is switched and evaporimeter 3 is connected to load 24, the cold and hot circulation to load 24 via the first refrigerating medium pipe (cold water pipe arrangement 16) supplied with (being represented by the thick black line among the figure), on the other hand, second transfer valve that is made of triple valve F is switched and makes absorber 4 to cooling tower 29 connections, make from the cooling water circulation (by thick black line figure represent) of cooling tower 29 via cooling water pipe 15 to absorber 4 and condenser 2 supplies, control the aperture of flow control valve 14 according to the temperature that detects by first Temperature Detector 17, and carry out cold and hot supplying operation to load 24 supplies.
Among Fig. 2, Reference numeral A is an absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention, and cold-producing medium for example makes water (H 2O), absorption liquid (solution) uses lithium bromide (LiBr) solution.
In Fig. 2, Reference numeral 1 for example is with the regenerator, 2nd of the cooling water of boiler, engine (hereinafter referred to as driving heat source warm water) as driving heat source 11, condenser, the 3rd, and evaporimeter, the 4th, absorber, the 5th, the heater of regenerator 1, the 6th, condenser heat exchanger, the 7th, evaporator heat exchanger, the 8th, absorber exchange device, the 9th has been taken in the upper machine body, the 10th of regenerator 1 and condenser 2, has taken in the lower body of evaporimeter 3 and absorber 4.Reference numeral 12 is supplying tubing, the 13rd of 1 the heater 5 from driving heat source 11 to regenerator, and 11 the backflow pipe arrangement, the 14th from regenerator 1 to driving heat source is with the flow control valve that is connected of supplying tubing 12 midway.
Reference numeral 15 is to utilize cooling water pump 31 to supply with the cooling water pipe of cooling water via triple valve F from cooling tower 29, be provided with absorber exchange device 8 and condenser heat exchanger 6, first Temperature Detector 17 halfway, cooling water flows back to cooling tower 29 via triple valve B and is recycled.
Reference numeral 16 is cold water pipe arrangements, is provided with evaporator heat exchanger 7, first Temperature Detector 17, triple valve D, triple valve A, cold warm water pump 30, load (cooling load) 24, triple valve C, triple valve E midway at cold water pipe arrangement (the first refrigerating medium pipe) 16.
First Temperature Detector 17 is cold water pipe arrangement 16 Temperature Detectors midway, that detect cold water outlet temperature of being located at evaporator heat exchanger 7 downstreams.First Temperature Detector 17 uses when cooling operation.
Reference numeral 18 is cooling water pipe 15 second Temperature Detectors midway, that detect the warm water outlet temperature of being located at condenser heat exchanger 6 downstreams.Second Temperature Detector 18 does not use when cooling operation.
Reference numeral 19 is the switches that are used to switch from the signal of first Temperature Detector 17 or second Temperature Detector 18, and, Reference numeral 20 is following control device, its from first Temperature Detector 17 or second Temperature Detector 18 via switch 19 input signals and export the control signal of the aperture of control valve 14.
By the driving heat source warm water of supplying with from driving heat source 11 of the aperture of flow control valve 14 decision, flow to the heater 5 of regenerator 1 by supplying tubing 12.In regenerator 1, the rare absorption liquid (being called rare absorption liquid) of concentration is heated, and separates cold-producing medium and evaporate from rare absorption liquid, thereby generate concentrated absorption solution (being called dope).
The refrigerant flow direction condenser 2 of evaporation carries out heat exchange and condensation liquefaction with the cooling water that flows in condenser heat exchanger 6, flow to evaporimeter 3 via refrigerant piping 21.
The cold-producing medium that flows to evaporimeter 3 and accumulate utilizes refrigerated medium pump 22 to scatter on evaporator heat exchanger 7 via refrigerant piping 23, then, refrigerating fluid carries out heat exchange and evaporation with flowing cold water in evaporator heat exchanger 7, cold water be cooled because of heat of gasification and utilize cold warm water pump 30 via triple valve D, A to cold water pipe arrangement (the first refrigerating medium pipe) 16 loads that are connected (cooling load) 24 supply with freeze after, circulate via triple valve C, E.
Then, be input in the control device 20 via switch 19, also suitably carry out the aperture control of control valve 14 from control device 20 output signals by first Temperature Detector, 17 detected signals.
In addition, the refrigerant flow direction absorber 4 that evaporates at evaporimeter 3.On the other hand, the dope in that regenerator 1 generates after dope heat exchanger 25 and the rare absorption liquid that utilizes rare absorption liquid pump 26 to carry via rare absorption liquid pipe arrangement 27 from absorber 4 carry out heat exchange, scatters at absorber exchange device 8 via dope pipe arrangement 28.The cold-producing medium that flows to absorber 4 is absorbed by the dope that scatters at absorber exchange device 8 and becomes rare absorption liquid.
Absorbed rare absorption liquid of cold-producing medium at absorber 4, utilized rare absorption liquid pump 26 dope heat exchanger 25, to carry out heat exchange with dope via rare absorption liquid pipe arrangement 27 as previously mentioned and carry to regenerator 1 from absorber 4.
The rare absorption liquid that flow into regenerator 1 utilizes heater 5 to be heated, and cold-producing medium separates and evaporation, and as previously mentioned, dope flows to absorber 4 and scattered.
As mentioned above, if carry out the running of absorption cooling and warming water machine A, then at pipe arrangement in the evaporator heat exchanger 7 of evaporimeter 3 inside, the cold water that is cooled because of the heat of gasification of cold-producing medium, running by cold warm water pump 30, supply to load (cooling load) 24 via cold water pipe arrangement (the first refrigerating medium pipe) 16 circulation, therefore, use absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention can carry out cooling operation in refrigeration season in summer etc.
Triple valve among Fig. 2 is expressed as follows situation, and promptly the direction of being represented by black is closed, and is opened by the direction that white is represented.Triple valve constitutes according to from the signal of control device 20, has been transferred to open and close signal and suitably open and close.
In the Temperature Detector of Fig. 2, represent not use by the Temperature Detector that black circles is represented, represent to be used by the Temperature Detector that white circle is represented.
(then, illustrating that use absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention carries out the situation of warming operation)
Absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention shown in Figure 3 is selected as, driving heat source 11 is supplied with to regenerator 1 as main heat source and via flow control valve 14, supply with secondary thermal source 34 (representing) to evaporimeter 3 by the thick black line among the figure, and, do not use cooling tower 29, the cooling water pipe 15 that will use when cooling operation uses as the second refrigerating medium pipe, the above-mentioned cooling water that is heated at absorber 4 and condenser 2 and circulates, circulate (representing) and carry out warm supplying operation to load (heating) 24 by the thick black line among the figure via the second refrigerating medium pipe (cooling water pipe 15).
Promptly, first transfer valve that switching is made of triple valve A and triple valve B and load (heating) 24 is connected with the second refrigerating medium pipe (cooling water pipe 15), absorber 4 and condenser 2 connect to load (heating) 24, and, by triple valve C, the 3rd transfer valve that triple valve D and triple valve E constitute is switched, evaporimeter 3 is via the warm water's pipe arrangement 32 with triple valve E and triple valve D, 33 and with not shown underground heat, hot spring, secondary thermal source 34 such as boiler connects, be heated and the above-mentioned cooling water that circulates at absorber 4 and condenser 2, circulate and after heating, to load (heating) 24 via the second refrigerating medium pipe (cooling water pipe 15) via triple valve C, triple valve F circulates (being represented by the thick black line among the figure).
Warm water from secondary thermals source 34 such as not shown underground heat, hot spring, boilers, supply to cold water pipe arrangement 16 when being used for cooling operation via triple valve E from warm water's pipe arrangement 32, and the evaporator heat exchanger 7 of process evaporimeter 3, discharge from warm water's pipe arrangement 33 by triple valve D, thereby make its circulation and utilization again.
Then, second Temperature Detector, the 18 detected signals that the second refrigerating medium pipe (cooling water pipe 15) of utilization in condenser heat exchanger 6 downstreams is provided with midway, be imported in the control device 20 via switch 19, and suitably carry out the aperture control of flow control valve 14 from control device 20 output signals.
The internal circulating load of cold-producing medium, driving heat source warm water, rare absorption liquid, dope etc., the lithium bromide concentration in rare absorption liquid, the lithium bromide concentration in the dope, temperature etc., correspondingly suitably controlled with warming operation.About the circulating path of cold-producing medium, driving heat source warm water, rare absorption liquid, dope etc., the situation of the situation during warming operation during also with above-mentioned cooling operation is identical.
Triple valve among Fig. 3 is expressed as follows situation, and promptly the direction of being represented by black is for closing, and the direction of being represented by white is for opening.Triple valve constitutes according to from the signal of control device 20, is transferred to open and close signal and suitably open and close.
In the Temperature Detector of Fig. 3, represent not use by the Temperature Detector that black circles is represented, represent to be used by the Temperature Detector that white circle is represented.
As mentioned above, if carry out the running of absorption cooling and warming water machine A, then at heat exchanger 6, the 8 heated warm water of absorber 4 and condenser 2, utilize the running of cold warm water pump 30, supply to load (heat load) 24 via the second refrigerating medium pipe (cooling water pipe 15) circulation, therefore, use heating season that absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention can be in the winter time etc. effectively to carry out warming operation.
Reference numeral 20 is control device of being located at the absorption cooling and warming water machine A with aforesaid holding function, have microcomputer, storing mechanism etc. and constitute, this control device has volume control function, and have by the running of cold warm water pump 30 being carried out inverter type and control (イ Application バ- system is driven), thereby the internal circulating load of cold warm water is made as the control function of optimum liquid circulation amount.This volume control function is for reading in the temperature information by first Temperature Detector 17 or second Temperature Detector, 18 detected cold warm water via switch 19, and temperature maintenance that will this cold warm water is at the design temperature of regulation, control the aperture of control valve 14 with this, and control is to the input heat of regenerator 1.
In addition, control device 20 has following control function, promptly by the running of refrigerated medium pump 22, rare absorption liquid pump 26, cooling water pump 31 being carried out inverter type control, to be made as optimum rare absorption liquid internal circulating load to rare absorption liquid internal circulating load that regenerator 1 is supplied with, to be made as optimal amount to the refrigerant amount that evaporimeter 3 is supplied with, and the cold warm water amount in the cooling water pipe 15 will be made as optimal amount.
Cold warm water pump 30 also can be controlled by the not shown control panel that is connected with absorption cooling and warming water machine A of the present invention.
In addition, the explanation of above-mentioned embodiment only is used to illustrate the present invention, and the invention put down in writing of the scope of non-limiting claim protection, or reduces the scope.In addition, each several part structure of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, can carry out various distortion in the technical scope that the present invention put down in writing.
For example, in the present embodiment, the situation of whole use triple valve A~F has been described, but has been not limited to this, also can make it oppositely open and close (Ni Open Closed two two-port valves (switch valve) combination), thus constitute each triple valve A~F.Thus, can be lowered into the local the present invention of enforcement.
Industrial applicibility
Absorption cooling and warming water machine of the present invention simple in structure is by a table apparatus, for example in summer Refrigeration can be carried out cooling operation season, and heating season in the winter time can easily switch to confession Warm and carry out warming operation, because the present invention has aforesaid significant effect, so industrially Value very big.

Claims (1)

1. absorption cooling and warming water machine, with regenerator, condenser, evaporimeter and absorber carry out pipe arrangement and connect and the circulating path of formation cold-producing medium and absorption liquid, this absorption cooling and warming water machine can select to carry out cold and hot supplying operation as the function of absorption cooling and warming water machine and carry out warm supplying operation as in the function of absorption heat pump any, described cold and hot supplying operation is for to supply with driving heat source via flow control valve to regenerator, and, make from the cooling water circulation of cooling tower via cooling water pipe, and supply with cold and hot from described evaporimeter to load via the first refrigerating medium pipe to absorber and condenser supply; Described warm supplying operation is that described driving heat source is supplied with to described regenerator as main heat source and via described flow control valve, supply with secondary thermal source to described evaporimeter, and make the described cooling water that circulates in absorber and condenser to described duty cycle via the second refrigerating medium pipe, this absorption cooling and warming water machine is characterised in that
Outlet at evaporimeter is provided with first Temperature Detector, outlet at condenser is provided with second Temperature Detector, and be provided with and make load be connected first transfer valve that switches with the first refrigerating medium pipe or the second refrigerating medium Guan Zeyi ground, and be provided with and make absorber and load or cooling tower select second transfer valve that a ground is connected switching and make evaporimeter and load or secondary thermal source select the 3rd transfer valve that a ground is connected switching, when load being connected with the first refrigerating medium pipe when switching first transfer valve, switch second transfer valve and absorber is connected to cooling tower, and, switch the 3rd transfer valve and evaporimeter is connected to load, carry out to the cold and hot supplying operation of loading according to the aperture of controlling flow control valve by the detected temperature of first Temperature Detector, when load being connected with the second refrigerating medium pipe when switching first transfer valve, switch second transfer valve and absorber is connected to load, and, switch the 3rd transfer valve and evaporimeter is connected to secondary thermal source, carry out warm supplying operation to load according to the aperture of controlling flow control valve by the detected temperature of second Temperature Detector.
CN2009101298360A 2008-03-26 2009-03-26 Absorption type water cooling and warming machine Expired - Fee Related CN101545695B (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP081290/08 2008-03-26
JP2008081290A JP2009236369A (en) 2008-03-26 2008-03-26 Absorption chiller/heater

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN101545695A true CN101545695A (en) 2009-09-30
CN101545695B CN101545695B (en) 2011-01-05

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CN2009101298360A Expired - Fee Related CN101545695B (en) 2008-03-26 2009-03-26 Absorption type water cooling and warming machine

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JP (1) JP2009236369A (en)
KR (1) KR100981977B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101545695B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104006441B (en) * 2013-02-26 2016-08-31 三菱电机株式会社 Fluid loop system
CN109073288A (en) * 2016-05-11 2018-12-21 山石科技有限公司 Absorption heat pump and control method
US10900700B2 (en) 2016-05-11 2021-01-26 Stone Mountain Technologies, Inc. Sorption heat pump and control method
CN109073288B (en) * 2016-05-11 2021-02-19 山石科技有限公司 Absorption heat pump and control method

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