CN101514580A - A general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration - Google Patents

A general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101514580A
CN101514580A CNA200910116485XA CN200910116485A CN101514580A CN 101514580 A CN101514580 A CN 101514580A CN A200910116485X A CNA200910116485X A CN A200910116485XA CN 200910116485 A CN200910116485 A CN 200910116485A CN 101514580 A CN101514580 A CN 101514580A
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China
Prior art keywords
cladding
thermal insulation
layer
link plate
construction
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CNA200910116485XA
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Chinese (zh)
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卞修清
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卞修清
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Priority to CNA200910116485XA priority Critical patent/CN101514580A/en
Publication of CN101514580A publication Critical patent/CN101514580A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration includes a pre-cladding method and an after-cladding method, wherein, the pre-cladding method comprises the following steps: firstly fixing a cladding onto the wall to form a cavity between the cladding and the wall face, and then forming a thermal insulation layer (1) by resin foaming or filling with thermal insulation material into the cavity; the after-cladding method comprises the following steps: firstly building a thermal insulation layer (1) onto the wall, at the same time, installing a connector (4), and then fixing a cladding onto the connector (4). The cladding of the invention is a waterproof panel or a decoration panel for form a face layer (2) outside the thermal insulation layer (1). The invention is suitable for water prevention or/and decoration construction of the face layer onto the thermal insulation material of internal and external wall, is less in process, low in material consumption, high in construction efficiency, in particular for the pre-cladding method, the defects of prefabricating thermal insulation slab and long distance transportation can be resolved.

Description

A kind of general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction techniques, specifically a kind of general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration.
Two, background technology
China's existing building enormous amount, the whole nation are had an appointment 40,000,000,000 square metres.Wherein cities and towns are about 16,000,000,000 square metres, and existing building has 99% to be non-energy saving building, and the ratio of energy saving building is also less in the new building.Building energy consumption has surpassed 1/4th of national total energy consumption at present, is positioned at national energy consumption ratio prostatitis.The building energy conservation level is far below developed country, and building energy conservation will be an emphasis of 21 century construction business development.Utilizing new technology that architectural exterior-protecting construction is carried out thermal insulation, is the major measure of building energy conservation.The incubation and thermal insulation function that external wall outer insulation possessed is the key technology of building energy conservation, and this technology can effectively solve the energy loss problem that China causes because of internal-external temperature difference in two seasons of summer in winter.Simultaneously, can also play the effect of protection agent structure, improve building application life.
Wall heat insulation material big more options foamed plastic plate, particularly polyurethane foam board, both light, coefficient of thermal conductivity is minimum again, high insulating effect, secondly as polyphenyl plate etc., it is prefabricated that sheet material needs, volume greatly, light weight, the cost of transportation height.The mineral wool high insulating effect is also fire-resistant, but just as cotton-wool, constructional difficulties often is processed into cushion of mineral wool or mineral wool blanket earlier.
The surface layer of will constructing after the wall insulating layer construction, or waterproof, or decorate, or have both at the same time.To foamed plastic sheet material insulation layer, make waterproofing course with polymer mortar, the cost height, to the mineral wool insulation layer, cement mortar can't directly be constructed, and needs with construction waterproof layer again after the glass fiber reticular cloth levelling.
If select sheet material as surface layer, no matter be splash guard or decorative panel, during construction, the keel of normally constructing on body of wall earlier are fixed to sheet material then and constitute surface layer on the keel.
Waterproof that surface layer is used and dalle have stone slab, metal sheet, as aluminium sheet, aluminium foil, aluminium-plastic panel, galvanized steel plain sheet etc., resin plate etc., maximum with the kind of resin plate.
Three, summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to decorate the job practices that a kind of link plate formula is provided for building heat preserving, and technical problem to be solved is no matter to use which kind of heat insulating material, can use the outer surface layer of cladding construction method construction wall insulating layer.
This cladding construction method has two kinds of technical schemes.First kind of scheme is applicable to resin expanded insulation layer, concrete grammar is at first link plate to be fixed on the body of wall by connector 4, and make between link plate inwall and the metope and form cavity, and with cavity two sides and bottom surface sealing, cavity size is determined by the thickness of the insulation layer of design; Compounds such as perfusion resin, blowing agent directly carry out resin expanded formation insulating foam layer 1 in the cavity that three side sealing closes then, perhaps load heat insulating material such as mineral wool etc. and constitute insulation layer 1, when described link plate is splash guard or decorative panel (abbreviation panel down), just directly constitute the surface layer 2 on the insulation layer 1, as shown in Figure 1.
If panel is thinner, yielding in cavity foaming or filling heat insulating material process as thin aluminum sheet, aluminium foil etc., at this moment constitute link plate by panel and accessory plate, promptly will form cavity between fixing back of panel and the metope by accessory plate 3.Unload accessory plate 3 after the insulation layer in the cavity 1 solidifies setting, panel just constitutes insulation layer 1 outer smooth surface layer 2, as shown in Figure 2.
This scheme is a fixedly surface layer of elder generation, and the aftershaping insulation layer for convenient narration, is referred to as first plate-hanging method.
With respect to first plate-hanging method, second kind of scheme can be referred to as the back plate-hanging method.Concrete grammar is elder generation's construction heat-insulating layer 1 on body of wall, as warming plate, mineral wool or cushion of mineral wool etc., perhaps heat preservation slurry such as glue powder polyphenyl particle slurry, glass microballoon slurry etc., connector 4 is installed on body of wall in construction heat-insulating layer 1, after insulation layer 1 construction finishes, link plate directly is fixed on the connector 4.As shown in Figure 3.Described link plate is exactly the panel that directly constitutes surface layer 2, and panel is selected from splash guard or decorative panel.
Building to frame construction can make up body of wall, concrete grammar is to constitute wall skeleton around materials such as angle bar, square tube, the lumps of wood are affixed to framework by the anchoring pieces such as bolt, chemical anchor bolts that expand with it, then sheet materials such as cement are fixed to again and constitute body of wall on the skeleton, at this moment just can use this cladding construction method construction heat-insulating layer and surface layer.
This job practices is applicable to the waterproof of various inside and outside wall thermal insulation material upper layers or/and decoration construction does not re-use traditional polymer mortar and glass fiber reticular cloth levelling, polishing and expensive keel technology, reduces operation, saves material, efficiency of construction height.Particularly first plate-hanging method, the worry that has overcome the helpless of prefabrication foamed heat insulating sheet material and transported for long-distance.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is with panel 2 direct construction schematic diagrames as link plate.
Fig. 2 is the link plate construction schematic diagram that constitutes with panel 2 and accessory plate 3.
Fig. 3 is a back plate-hanging method construction schematic diagram.
Five, the specific embodiment
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, be example with the exterior wall, non-limiting examples is described below:
1, as shown in Figure 1, with the resin decorative sheet that is decorated with decorative pattern and is brushed with waterproof, weather-resisting transparent coating directly as link plate, with two L type connectors 4 that cooperatively interact link plate is fastened on the outer body of wall 8, make link plate surface one side vertical, that be decorated with pattern outside, connecting portion between two L type connectors 4 has mat insulation 5, prevents that the conduction of heat that cold and hot bridge phenomenon causes from influencing heat insulation effect; Equispaced 50mm between link plate inboard and the outer surface of wall forms the cavity that three side sealing closes with lath closed on both sides and bottom surface, is reserved with anchor studs 6 in cavity, and its effect is further fixing insulation layer 1.
Commercially available polyurathamc bi-component A and B mixed in proportion inject or be sprayed in the cavity, make it the swollen full whole cavity of foaming in cavity, (30~40 ℃) very fast curing under the environment temperature in summer can be carried out preheating with unit heater to cavity with cavity in autumn, winter, to quicken curing.Solidify the back and constitute insulation layer 1, resin decorative sheet constitutes surface layer 2.
Successively construct from bottom to top until whole wall face with this cladding construction method, the slit of junction can be floating with the polyurethane sealant shutoff.Also can slot around the plate, the perfusion marine glue also inserts greater than metal or nonmetal the sealing with width of plate seam, also can seal with silicone weather resistant glue on the surface.
2, as shown in Figure 2, get aluminum veneer as decorative panel, constitute link plate by decorative panel and accessory plate 3, with fastening bolt 7 link plate is fastened on the outer body of wall 8, adjusting in the time of fixedly makes decorative panel vertical, equispaced 50mm between the inboard of decorative panel and the metope forms the cavity that three side sealing closes with lath closed on both sides and bottom surface, is reserved with anchor studs 6. in cavity
Polyurethane foam is with example 1. in cavity
Unload fastening bolt 7 and accessory plate 3 after polyurethane foam solidifies formation insulation layer 1, have slit, hole part to use the polyurethane sealant shutoff floating, aluminum veneer promptly is a decoration of exterior wall surface layer 2, but its surface brushing water-proof climate resisting coating etc.
3, as shown in Figure 3, get the extruded polystyrene warming plate as insulation layer 1, with known method as using construction heat-insulating layer 1 on body of wall 8 such as bonding adhesive, get simultaneously be reserved with connecting hole (part) aluminium-plastic panel as link plate, two L type connectors 4 that cooperatively interact are installed in the position of connecting hole on corresponding aluminium-plastic panel on the body of wall 8, with plain bolt two are connected and fixed, connecting portion has mat insulation 5, use the expansion bolt overall fixed then to body of wall 8, insulation layer 1 construction finishes the back and with self threading pin aluminium-plastic panel is fixed on the connector 4, constitutes architectural surface 2.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration, it is characterized in that: at first link plate is fixed on the body of wall by connector (4), make and form two sides and bottom surface sealed hollow between link plate and the metope, in cavity, load heat insulating material then and constitute insulation layer (1) by resin expanded formation insulation layer (1) or in cavity; Directly as link plate, splash guard or decorative panel constitute surface layer (2) to described link plate by splash guard or decorative panel.
2, job practices according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described link plate sheds accessory plate (3) by splash guard or decorative panel and accessory plate (3) formation link plate after insulation layer (1) solidifies setting.
3, job practices according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: being foamed in cavity by polyurethane resin constitutes insulation layer (1).
4, a kind of general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration, it is characterized in that: at first construction heat-insulating layer (1) is installed connector (4) simultaneously on body of wall, then link plate is fixed on the connector (4), directly as link plate, splash guard or decorative panel constitute surface layer (2) to described link plate by splash guard or decorative panel.
CNA200910116485XA 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 A general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration Pending CN101514580A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200910116485XA CN101514580A (en) 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 A general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200910116485XA CN101514580A (en) 2009-04-03 2009-04-03 A general cladding construction method of wall thermal insulation decoration

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CN101514580A true CN101514580A (en) 2009-08-26

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102162293A (en) * 2011-03-05 2011-08-24 王光胜 Lightweight fireproofing, waterproofing and heat-insulating board with built-in fixing connectors
CN101922242B (en) * 2010-02-02 2012-07-04 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Constructing process of outer wall cladding
CN102653974A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-05 宝钢建筑系统集成有限公司 Low multi-layer outer wall metal decoration hanging plate construction method
CN104532991A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-22 上海卓欧建筑装饰工程有限公司 Waterproof structure of novel GRC hanging plates and installing process of waterproof structure
CN108643380A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-12 江西博慧工程技术服务有限公司 A kind of anti-dropout architectural exterior insulation construction method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922242B (en) * 2010-02-02 2012-07-04 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Constructing process of outer wall cladding
CN102162293A (en) * 2011-03-05 2011-08-24 王光胜 Lightweight fireproofing, waterproofing and heat-insulating board with built-in fixing connectors
CN102653974A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-05 宝钢建筑系统集成有限公司 Low multi-layer outer wall metal decoration hanging plate construction method
CN104532991A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-22 上海卓欧建筑装饰工程有限公司 Waterproof structure of novel GRC hanging plates and installing process of waterproof structure
CN108643380A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-10-12 江西博慧工程技术服务有限公司 A kind of anti-dropout architectural exterior insulation construction method
CN108643380B (en) * 2018-05-10 2019-09-27 江西博慧工程技术服务有限公司 A kind of anti-dropout architectural exterior insulation construction method

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Open date: 20090826