CN101489340B - Illuminating system - Google Patents

Illuminating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101489340B
CN101489340B CN2009100034859A CN200910003485A CN101489340B CN 101489340 B CN101489340 B CN 101489340B CN 2009100034859 A CN2009100034859 A CN 2009100034859A CN 200910003485 A CN200910003485 A CN 200910003485A CN 101489340 B CN101489340 B CN 101489340B
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sensor
block
control
information
control block
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CN2009100034859A
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CN101489340A (en
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川岛寿一
加藤润一
江尻裕一
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松下电器产业株式会社
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Priority to JP006824/2008 priority
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Publication of CN101489340A publication Critical patent/CN101489340A/en
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Abstract

本发明提供一种用来对应于控制区域变更的便宜的照明控制系统、能够将传感器动态地分离、替换的照明系统。 The present invention provides a low cost for a corresponding lighting control system in the control region is changed, the sensor can be dynamically isolated replacement lighting system. 传感器块(14)预先存储有自己具有哪个传感器的信息。 A sensor (14) which previously stores information having own sensor. 传感器块(14)在连接到控制块(13)上的同时还接受电源的供给,所以微型计算机启动。 A sensor (14) while connected to the control block (13) further receives a supply of power, the microcomputer starts. 如果传感器块(14)的微型计算机启动,则首先将自己的传感器种类发送给控制块(13)。 If the sensor (14) starts a microcomputer, the first kind transmits its own sensors to the control block (13). 控制块(13)的微型计算机将该传感器种类存储,根据需要而能够在点灯电路(15)的控制中使用。 A microcomputer control block (13) of the sensors the type of memory, and can be used in the lighting control circuit (15) in accordance with needs. 在传感器块(14)中设有脱离通知开关(23),在传感器块(14)被拆下的情况下,传感器块(14)对控制块(13)发送脱离的脱离信息。 The sensor (14) is provided with a notification from the switch (23), in the case where the detached sensor (14), the sensor (14) of information from the control block (13) is sent from.

Description

照明系统 Lighting system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及控制空间的明亮度的照明系统,特别涉及能够容易地变更控制区域、能够将内部的传感器分离、替换的照明器具。 [0001] The present invention relates to a lighting system control of the spatial brightness, particularly, to the control region can be easily changed, it is possible to separate the interior of the sensor, the replacement luminaire.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在照明空间内,在对每个区域独立地运用控制的情况下,例如对于在检测到人的情况下进行相同的动作的控制的系统,为了也对应其区域变更的情况,通过预先对各个照明器具配置相同的传感器,就能够对应于控制区域的变更。 [0002] within the illumination space, in the case of the use of each zone is independently controlled, for example, a system for controlling the operation of the same in the case where a person is detected, which is the case also corresponds to the area change, in advance for each lighting fixture configured with the same sensor can be changed corresponding to the control area.

[0003] 在专利文献I中公开的机构中,在照明器具侧装备功能扩展端子,通过与其他功能插件的组合,能够解决上述问题,该其他功能插件是指具有与该扩展端子一致的构造的各种功能、例如人检测功能、或具有测量下表面反射的明亮度传感器的功能插件。 [0003] The mechanism disclosed in Patent Document I, in the luminaire side equipment function expansion terminal, by a combination of other functional plug and can solve the above problems, the other function plug means consistent with the extended terminal configuration various functions such as detection of people, or a functional insert has a brightness sensor surface reflection is measured.

[0004] 专利文献1:日本特开2002-110376号公报 [0004] Patent Document 1: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2002-110376

[0005] 但是,在各照明器具中预先搭载有全部传感器的机构中,搭载了不知道是否会使用的传感器,出现了高成本的问题。 [0005] However, in the lighting fixture mounted in advance all the sensor means, mounted not know whether to use a sensor, a problem of high cost occurs. 此外,即使今后出现了实现了传感器功能的新的方案,也不能替换传感器,由于该新的传感器不能使用,所以具有不能进行功能扩展的问题。 Further, even in the future there is a new program to achieve the functions of the sensor, the sensor can not be replaced, since the new sensor can not be used, it has a problem that the function can not be extended.

[0006] 在照明器具彼此通过通信线等被网络化、想要利用各器具内的多个传感器检测信息协调动作的情况下,需要预先知道各器具自身属于哪个组、是否具有传感器、还有该传感器是怎样的传感器。 [0006] is another network in the lighting fixture through the communication line and the like, if it is desired cooperative operation using a plurality of information detecting sensors in each appliance, it is necessary to know which appliance itself belongs to each group, if a sensor, as well as the What sensor sensor. 关于这样的动作,在上述特许文献I中没有记载,不能原样对应。 With respect to such an operation, not described in the above Patent Document I, as it can not correspond.

[0007] 例如,在相同的控制组内具有多个明亮度传感器的情况下,在母机收集各个明亮度传感器的信息而进行平均化等处理的情况下,如果器具自身和母机没有预先知道明亮度传感器的个数、及哪个器具具有明亮度传感器,则很难实施所希望的控制动作。 In the case where the [0007] For example, having a plurality of brightness sensors in the same control group, the information collected in the respective brightness sensor parent machine performs processing such as averaging, if the base unit and the appliance itself is not known in advance brightness the number of sensors, and which appliance has a brightness sensor, it is difficult to implement the desired control operation.

[0008] 此外,在各器具中进行将多个明亮度传感器的信息平均化处理的情况下,如果器具自身没有预先知道明亮度传感器当前连接着几个等,则很难实施所希望的控制动作。 [0008] Further, for the case where the averaging processing of information a plurality of brightness sensors, if the appliance itself is not known in advance the brightness of the current sensor is connected to several other, it is difficult to implement the desired control operation in the appliance .

[0009] 上述问题如果连接在照明器具内的传感器是固定的,则通过预先设定在照明器具中能够对应,但在能够自由地替换传感器的情况下,该机构不能使用,其存在不能动态地判断系统内的照明器具连接着哪个传感器的问题。 [0009] If the sensor is connected to the aforementioned problems in the lighting fixture is fixed, it can be preset by the corresponding lighting appliance, in the case of a sensor that can replace the freedom, the mechanism can not be used, its presence can not dynamically Analyzing system luminaire in question which is connected to the sensor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明是鉴于上述以往的情况而做出的,目的是提供一种用来对应于控制区域变更的便宜的照明控制系统、能够将传感器动态地分离、替换的照明系统。 [0010] The present invention is made in view of the above-described conventional circumstances and has an object to provide an inexpensive lighting control system corresponding to the control area change, it is possible to dynamically separate sensor, alternative lighting system.

[0011] 本发明的照明系统,具有多个照明器具,该多个照明器具包括灯、上述灯的点灯电路、检测照明控制空间内的信息的传感器块和基于由上述传感器块检测到的信息控制上述点灯电路的控制块,上述传感器块具有检测上述照明控制空间内的信息的传感器元件、用来与上述控制块进行通信的第I通信用接口,其特征在于,上述传感器块还具有识别上述传感器元件的种类的功能的第I控制机构,上述传感器块将上述传感器元件的种类信息附加在上述照明控制空间内的检测信息中发送给上述控制块,上述控制块具有用于存储上述传感器块发送来的上述传感器元件的种类信息的存储机构、在与上述传感器块进行电力或通信的交换的情况下用于接收上述传感器元件的种类信息和检测信息的第2通信用接口、以及利用上述传感器块发送来的上述传感器元件的种类 [0011] The illumination system according to the present invention, having a plurality of lighting fixtures, the fixture includes a plurality of illumination light, the lamp lighting circuit, the sensor and the block information based on the control information detected by the sensor for detecting the illumination control block space the control block of the lighting circuit, the sensor element having a sensor detection information blocks in said space illumination control, I used for the first communication interface to communicate with the control block, wherein said block further has an identification sensor the sensor first control means type I functional element, the sensor block type information attached to the sensor element within the illumination space detected control information transmitted to the control block, the control block has a sensor for storing the transmitted block type information in the storage means of the sensor element, in the case of a power or communication exchange with said sensor block for receiving the sensor element and the second communication type information detection information transmission interface, and using the sensor block the type of the sensor element to the 信息和检测信息来控制上述点灯电路的第2控制机构,上述传感器块,在任意的传感器元件被安装于上述传感器块时识别所安装的传感器元件的种类,上述传感器元件的种类包括检测明亮度的受光元件、检测人的热检测传感器、或遥控器受光传感器,上述传感器块拆装自如地安装在上述照明器具上,上述传感器块还具备脱离通知开关,该脱离通知开关在上述传感器块被从上述控制块拆下时,对上述控制块发送脱离信息。 Information and the detection information to control the second control means of the lighting circuit, the type of the sensor element in the sensor blocks, to identify when any of the sensor element is attached to the sensor block is mounted, the type of the sensor element comprises detecting brightness a light receiving element, detecting a human thermal detection sensor, or the remote control light receiving sensor, the sensor block is detachably attached to the lighting apparatus, the sensor block also includes off notification switch, the departing notification switch is from above in the sensor block when removing the control block, said control block transmitted from the information.

[0012] 根据上述结构,通过替换传感器功能,也能够容易的控制区域的变更等。 [0012] According to the above configuration, by replacing the sensor function, and the like can be easily changed in the control region. 此外,即使在之后出现了新的传感器,也能够容易地连接,也确保了扩展性。 In addition, even after emergence of the new sensor can be easily connected, also ensures scalability.

[0013] 根据上述结构,由于在被从控制块拆下的情况下发送脱离信息,所以能够进行控制块的传感器脱离处理。 [0013] According to the above configuration, since the transmission from the information in the case is detached from the control block, it can be processed from the sensor control block.

[0014] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,上述传感器块与上述控制块通过有线方式进行通信的交换。 [0014] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the sensor block and the control block switched communications by wire.

[0015] 根据上述结构,以有线方式连接的控制块与传感器块能够动态地拆卸、连接。 [0015] According to the above configuration, the control block and the sensor block can be connected in a wired manner dynamically detached, is connected.

[0016] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,使上述控制块和传感器块之间为串行通信。 [0016] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the serial communication between the control block and the sensor block.

[0017] 根据上述结构,通过使控制块和传感器块之间为串行通信,即使在传感器块中搭载多个功能,控制块与传感器块的电气的校验部也能够以较少的端子构成,所以能够使高成本的结构部件低成本化。 [0017] According to the above configuration, by making the sensor block and the control block for the serial communication between, even when the sensor is mounted a plurality of functional blocks, the control block verification unit electrical sensor block can also be configured with a small terminal , it is possible to make the cost of structural parts cost.

[0018] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,上述控制块具备电源,上述传感器块与上述控制块连接并且被提供电源。 [0018] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the control block includes a power supply, the sensor block is connected to the control block and the power is supplied.

[0019] 根据上述结构,由于传感器块连接在控制块上并且还接受电源的供给,所以即使在传感器块中不设置另外的电源也能够进行电源的供给。 [0019] According to the above configuration, since the sensor is connected to the block and the control block further receives a supply of power, the additional power supply is not provided even when the sensor block of the power supply can be performed.

[0020] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,上述传感器块将上述传感器设备的种类信息附加在上述照明控制空间内的检测信息中,定期地发送给上述控制块;上述控制块在规定期间中没有接收到上述定期的信号的情况下,检测到上述传感器块被拆下。 [0020] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the sensor block type information of the sensor device attached to the detection information within the illumination control space, and periodically transmitted to the control block; the control block without receiving the periodic signal in the predetermined period, the sensor detects the block removed.

[0021] 根据上述结构,即使在传感器拆下时也不需要操作开关等,能够容易地进行传感器脱离处理。 [0021] According to the above configuration, even if the operation switch is not necessary when the sensor is removed, etc., it can be easily processed from the sensor.

[0022] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,上述传感器块与上述控制块还通过无线方式进行通信的交换。 [0022] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the sensor block and the control block further exchanged by wireless communication.

[0023] 根据上述结构,控制块与传感器块能够进行无线方式的连接,能够省略通信信号线的连接,所以能够不在器具上设置传感器块安装孔等而进行两者的连接。 [0023] According to the above configuration, the control block and sensor block can be connected wirelessly, connected to the communication signal line can be omitted, it is possible to provide a sensor mounting block holes and the like on the appliance is not connected between the two. 此外,通过无线方式,不会受到有线方式那样的线长的制约,例如能够不是在器具附近,而是在被照射面上的作业面、壁面等、想要的地方进行传感器块的设置。 Further, by radio, a wired manner will not be as long wire constraints, for example, but rather a sensor block in the irradiated surface is the working surface, wall surface, not in the vicinity of the place for the appliance.

[0024] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,上述传感器块具备用来与上述控制块交换ID信息的设定开关。 [0024] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the block includes a sensor to the control block for switching the setting switch ID information.

[0025] 根据上述结构,控制块与传感器块相互保持相互的ID信息,传感器块能够仅对希望的控制块发送信息。 [0025] According to the above configuration, the sensor control block and each block ID information holding each other, the sensor block can be transmitted only to desired information control block. [0026] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,上述传感器块的动作电力由设在传感器块中的非接触供电单元、电池、太阳能电池中的至少I个以上供给。 [0026] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the operating power of the sensor in the sensor block is provided by the non-contact power block unit, a battery, solar cell, at least more than I supplied.

[0027] 根据上述结构,在传感器块中通过太阳能电池等的光电变换的发电元件形成电源的情况下,免受电池的替换、电池用尽带来的动作不良。 [0027] According to the above configuration, in the case where the sensor block is formed by a power generating element of the photoelectric conversion of the solar cell, etc., from the replacement of the battery, the battery exhaustion caused by operation failure. 此外,在通过电磁感应部件的非接触供电供给动作电力的情况下,不再需要具有电池等的另外的电源。 Further, in the case where the non-contact power supply operating power is supplied by electromagnetic induction member, no longer need to have an additional power supply such as a battery. 在该结构中,能够实现为,不在通过其他可拆卸的形态不能实现的器具本身中设置传感器块的插入孔。 In this configuration, it is possible to achieve, not by other forms of removable appliance itself can not be achieved provided the insertion hole of the sensor block.

[0028] 此外,在本发明的照明系统中,其特征在于,传感器块具备上述非接触供电单元、电池、太阳能电池的两个以上的电源,并且具备连接在这两个以上的电源上的多个二极管;在上述这两个以上的电源中,将电压较高者作为上述传感器块的动作用电源。 [0028] Further, in the lighting system of the present invention, wherein the sensor includes two or more blocks of the non-contact power supply unit, a battery, solar cell, and in this connection includes two or more power diodes; in which two or more of the above-described power supply, the operation of the higher voltage by a power supply sensor block.

[0029] 根据上述结构,在通过太阳能电池不能供给电力的夜间、灭灯时也能够可靠地供给电力,例如在电池用尽的情况下也能够使电池用尽指示器等动作,向使用者通知,稳定地运用系统。 [0029] According to the above configuration, in the night can not be supplied by the solar cell electric power, electric power can be supplied reliably when the lamp is off, for example in case of exhaustion of the battery can be exhausted battery indicator such action, to notify the user and stable use of the system. 此外,由于能够通过其他机构进行提供电力,所以能够减少电池的消耗,延长电池寿命。 Further, since the power can be provided by other means, it is possible to reduce consumption of the battery, extending battery life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 图1是本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的块结构例。 [0030] FIG. 1 is a luminaire of Embodiment I of the present invention Example 12 of the block structure.

[0031] 图2是本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的通信接口的例I。 [0031] FIG. 2 is a communication interface I of embodiment a lighting apparatus of the embodiment 12 of the invention is I.

[0032] 图3是本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的通信接口的例2。 [0032] FIG. 3 is a communication interface I of embodiment a lighting fixture embodiment 12 of the present invention in Example 2.

[0033] 图4是本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的通信接口的例3。 [0033] FIG 4 is a third communication interface I of embodiment a lighting apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention 12.

[0034] 图5是本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的传感器块14的动作顺序的例子。 [0034] FIG. 5 is an operation of the lighting apparatus embodiment I of the present invention a sensor block 12 in the order of 14 examples.

[0035] 图6是本发明的第2实施方式的照明器具12的传感器块14、控制块13的动作顺序例。 [0035] FIG. 6 is a second embodiment of the luminaire of the present invention, a sensor block 12 14, the operation sequence control block 13 embodiment.

[0036] 图7是本发明的第3实施方式的照明器具的块结构例。 [0036] FIG. 7 is a block configuration example of the lighting apparatus according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

[0037] 图8是本发明的第3实施方式的照明器具的传感器块14、控制块13的动作顺序例。 [0037] FIG. 8 is a block luminaire sensor according to a third embodiment of the present invention 14, the operation sequence control block 13 embodiment.

[0038] 图9是本发明的第4实施方式的照明器具的传感器块14的结构例。 [0038] FIG. 9 is a block configuration example of a sensor according to a fourth embodiment of the lighting fixture of the present invention 14.

[0039] 图10是本发明的第5实施方式的照明器具12的传感器块14、控制块13的结构例。 [0039] FIG. 10 is a fifth embodiment of the luminaire of the present invention, a sensor block 12 14, a configuration example of a control block 13.

[0040] 图11是本发明的第5实施方式的照明器具12的电源供给机构52、电源受电机构56的块结构例。 [0040] FIG. 11 is 52, a block configuration of the power supply 56 receiving electric power supply mechanism means luminaire fifth embodiment of the present invention 12.

[0041] 图12是本发明的第6实施方式的照明器具的传感器块14的块结构例。 [0041] FIG. 12 is a block configuration example of the sensor block 14 of the luminaire according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0042] 本发明提供一种照明系统,该照明系统对应控制区域变更,能够动态地拆卸及替换传感器,本发明的照明系统由后述的实施例的多个照明器具构成。 [0042] The present invention provides an illumination system, the illumination system is changed corresponding to the control area, and substitutions can be dynamically detached sensor, the lighting system of the present invention is described by a plurality of the configuration of the lighting apparatus embodiment.

[0043][第I实施方式] [0043] [First Embodiment I]

[0044] 图1是用来说明本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的概略结构的图。 [0044] FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a lighting apparatus of the first embodiment of the present invention, I 12. 照明器具12由灯16、点灯电路(变换器)15、用来控制它的控制块13、和将从控制区域检测到的信息传送给控制块13的传感器块14构成。 Lighting fixture 12 by the lamp 16, the lighting circuit (inverter) 15 for controlling its control block 13, and transmitting control information from the detected area to the control block 13 to the block 14 constituting the sensor. 此外,在照明器具12上例如连接有商用交流电源11。 Further, for example, commercial AC power source 11 is connected to the lighting fixture 12. [0045] 控制块13具有作为控制机构17的微型计算机、作为存储机构18的存储器、与传感器块14的通信接口19,该控制机构17利用传感器种类信息、传感器检测信息等的传感器信息控制点灯电路15,该存储机构18存储传感器种类信息等。 [0045] The control block sensor type information, the sensor detection information of the sensor information to control the lighting circuit 13 has a microcomputer 17 of the control means, a memory storage means 18, and the sensor blocks the communication interface 1914, the control means 17 using 15, the storage unit 18 stores type information and the like sensors.

[0046] 在传感器块14中,具有:传感器元件22,例如检测明亮度的受光元件及/或检测人具有的热变化而检测人的热检测传感器等;作为控制机构21的微型计算机,将该传感器的物理量变换为希望的传感器检测信息;和用来与控制块13进行通信的通信接口20。 [0046] In the sensor block 14 has: a sensor element 22, for example, a light receiving element for detecting the brightness and / or detecting human having a thermal change detected human thermal detection sensor or the like; as a microcomputer control means 21, the converting the physical quantity sensor desired sensor detection information; and for the control block 13 and a communication interface 20 for communication. 通信接口19、20包括电源线、GND线和信号线,也向传感器块14提供电源。 The communication interface 19, including power lines, GND and signal lines, and supplies power to the sensor block 14.

[0047] 传感器块14预先存储有自己具有哪个传感器的信息。 [0047] Sensor block 14 stores in advance information indicating which sensors have their own. 传感器块14由于在连接到控制块13上的同时也接受电源的供给,所以控制机构21启动。 Since the sensor block 14 while connected to the control block 13 also receives a supply of power, the control means 21 starts. 例如,在特定传感器块14中,能够仅安装特定传感器元件,该特定传感器元件的种类预先存储在控制机构21内的存储部中。 For example, the sensor block 14 in particular, only a particular sensor element can be mounted, the type of the particular sensor element is stored in the storage unit 21 in the control mechanism. 或者,传感器块14的控制机构21具备识别传感器元件的种类的功能,在安装任意的传感器元件时,将该安装的传感器元件的种类预先存储在控制机构21的存储部中,能够区别传感器元件的种类。 Alternatively, the sensor element 21 includes a type identification means to control a function of the sensor block 14, when installing any of the sensor element, the sensor element of the type previously installed in the storage unit controlling means 21, the sensor element can be distinguished kind.

[0048] 如果传感器块14的控制机构21启动,则首先将自己的传感器种类发送给控制块 [0048] If the sensor block 14 of the control means 21 starts, the first kind transmits its own sensors to the control block

13。 13. 控制块13的控制机构17将该传感器种类存储到存储机构18中,根据需要能够在点灯电路15的控制中使用。 Control means 17 control block 13 the type of sensor 18 stored in the storage means, it can be used in the lighting control circuit 15 as needed.

[0049] 在传感器块14中设有脱离通知开关23,在传感器块14被拆下的情况下,例如通过作业者预先操作该开关23,传感器块14对于控制块13发送传感器块14脱离的脱离信息。 [0049] In the sensor block 14 is provided with a notification from the switch 23, in a case where the sensor block 14 is removed, e.g., by an operator previously operates the switch 23, the sensor block 14 transmitted from the sensor 14 from the control block 13 block information. 传感器块14的脱离通知开关23既可以由独立的开关或按钮构成,也可以与拆卸时的构造上的锁止解除按钮等通用。 Notification block 14 from the sensor switch 23 may be constituted either by an independent switch or button, release button or the like may be common on the locking configuration when disassembled.

[0050] 点灯电路15与控制块13既可以是不同的块,也可以是相同的块。 [0050] The lighting circuit 15 and the control block 13 may be different blocks, the blocks may be the same. 控制块13既可以被从点灯电路15提供电源,也可以在内部中形成电源。 Control block 13 may be, may be formed inside the power supply 15 provides power from the lighting circuit. 控制块13内的存储机构18既可以是非易失性存储器(闪存R0M),也可以是一次性存储器(RAM)。 Storage control means 13 in the block 18 may be a nonvolatile memory (flash R0M), or may be a one-time memory (RAM).

[0051] 图2、图3及图4是用来说明本发明的第I实施方式的控制块13和传感器块14的通信接口19、20的例子的图。 [0051] Figures 2, 3 and 4 are for explaining an example of a control block I of embodiment of the present invention and the sensor 13 of embodiment 19, a communication interface block 14 of FIG. 该通信接口19、20是能够利用作为通用的部件的晶体管或电阻等容易地实现的一般的电路结构,由于这不是本发明的本质,所以省略详细的说明。 The communication interface 19, 20 is capable of using a general circuit configuration of a transistor or the like as a common resistance element is easily implemented, it is not due to the nature of the present invention, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

[0052] 即,通信接口19包括发送Amp27和接收Amp28,通信接口20包括发送Amp34和接收Amp33,可以由与发送和接收的信号线不同的电源线构成。 [0052] That is, the communication interface 19 includes a transmission and reception Amp27 Amp28, Amp34 communication interface 20 includes a transmission and reception Amp33, may be constituted by the transmission and reception signal line different from the power line. 此外,如图2所示,也可以是在电源线29、信号线30、31的基础上加上GND线32的4线连接。 Further, as shown in Figure 2, may be coupled with the GND line 4 is connected to wire 32 on the basis of the power line 29, the signal on line 30 and 31. 电源线29连接在控制块13的电源25的一个电极、例如阳极端子上。 A power supply line 29 connected to the control electrode of the power supply 25 of the block 13, for example, the anode terminal. 图2的部件标号“26”是构成控制块13的控制机构17的微型计算机,部件标号“35”是构成传感器块14的控制机构21的微型计算机。 FIG. 2 reference member "26" is composed of control means 17 of the control block 13 of the microcomputer, reference numeral member "35" is composed of a microcomputer control means 21 of the sensor block 14.

[0053] 此外,如图3所示,也可以是电源线29、合成了发送和接收的信号线36及GND线32的3线连接,再有,如图4所示,也可以是由合成了电源线和发送、接收的合成信号线36进行通信,用信号线36与GND线32的2线等来实现,在通信线形态方面不受制约。 [0053] Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the power supply line 29 may be synthesized transmission and reception signal line 3 and line 36 is connected to the GND line 32, Further, as shown in FIG. 4, may be synthesized by and the power line transmission, the received combined signal line 36 communicates with the signal line 36 and the GND line 2 lines 32 to achieve, without restriction in the communication line morphology.

[0054] 此外,通过分离为由灯16及点灯电路15构成的器具12和由控制块13及传感器块14构成的传感器控制块的结构,也同样能够实现。 [0054] In addition, the appliance by the sensor 12 and the control configuration of the control block 13 and block 14 of the sensor 16 and the construction of the lamp lighting circuit 15 constituted by separate grounds, can be similarly achieved.

[0055] 图5表示本发明的第I实施方式的照明器具12的传感器块14的动作顺序。 [0055] FIG 5 shows an operation sequence of the luminaire of Embodiment I of the present invention sensor 14 of block 12. SP,传感器块14在连接在控制块13上的同时也接受电源的供给(步骤S11),所以微型计算机35启动(步骤S12)。 SP, while the sensor block 14 connected to the control block 13 also receives a supply of power (step S11), so that the microcomputer 35 starts (step S12). [0056] 如果传感器块14的微型计算机35启动,则首先将自己的传感器种类发送给控制块13 (步骤S13)。 [0056] If the sensor block 35 of the microcomputer 14 starts, the first kind transmits its own sensors to the control block 13 (step S13). 控制块13的微型计算机26将该传感器种类存储在存储机构18中,能够根据需要在点灯电路15的控制中使用。 The microcomputer 13 of the control block 26 the type of sensor 18 stored in the storage means, it is possible to use the lighting control circuit 15 as needed. 在传感器块14被拆下的情况下,通过输入脱离开关23 (步骤S14),传感器块14对控制块13发送脱离的脱离信息(步骤S15)。 In the case where the sensor block 14 removed, by departing from the input switch 23 (step S14), the sensor block 14 from the control block 13 transmits the deviation information (step S15).

[0057] 在第I实施方式中,以有线方式连接的控制块13与传感器块14能够动态地拆卸、连接,通过替换传感器功能,也能够容易地进行控制区域的变更等。 [0057] In the first embodiment I, the control block 13 is connected by wire 14 can dynamically detachable sensor block, connected, can be easily changed by replacing the sensor control region functions.

[0058] 通过使控制块13与传感器块14串行通信,即使在传感器块14中搭载多个功能,控制块13与传感器块14的电气的校验部也能够通过较少的端子构成,所以能够使高成本的结构部件低成本化。 [0058] By controlling the serial communication block 13 and the sensor block 14, even if a plurality of functions mounted in the sensor block 14, the control block portion of the electrical check 13 and the sensor block 14 can be configured with fewer terminals, so the structural member can be made cost cost. 此外,即使在之后出现了新的传感器,通过例如装备已有的通信接口 Further, even after the emergence of new sensors, for example, by an existing communication interface equipment

20、并且安装具有能够接受新的传感器元件的端子的传感器块,能够容易地连接,还确保了扩展性。 20, and the sensor mounting block having the sensor element can accept new terminals, can be easily connected, also ensures scalability.

[0059][第2实施方式] [0059] [Second Embodiment]

[0060] 本发明的第2实施方式的照明器具12是与第I实施方式同样的结构,从传感器块14发送传感器种类的发送方法是不同的方法。 [0060] The lighting apparatus of the second embodiment of the present invention 12 is the same configuration as the first embodiment I, a different method from the transmission method of transmitting the sensor block 14 kinds of sensors. 图6表示从本发明的第2实施方式的传感器块14发送传感器种类的发送方法的动作顺序。 6 shows the operation of the sensor block transmission method of the second embodiment of the present invention, the sensor 14 transmits the type of order.

[0061] 传感器块14在连接到控制块13的同时还接受电源的供给(步骤S21),所以微型计算机35启动(步骤S22)。 [0061] Sensor block is supplied (step S21) 14 while connected to the control block 13 also receives power, so the microcomputer 35 starts (step S22). 如步骤S23、S24所示,传感器块14在将传感器检测信息发送给控制块13时总是与传感器种类信息一起发送。 As step S23, the illustrated S24, the sensor block 14 transmits detection information to the control when the sensor block 13 is always transmitted together with the sensor type information. 传感器块14定期地(例如期间tl)发送传感器检测ί目息/[目号(人检测ί目息、明売度水平等)。 Sensor block 14 periodically (e.g. during tl) mesh information transmitting sensor detects ί / [number mesh (mesh ί human detection information, bai-ming level, etc.).

[0062] 控制块13定期地读取接收的传感器种类信息,能够识别自己连接的传感器,如果传感器块14被拆下(步骤S28),则在定期的信号不是用来进行传感器脱离判断的一定期间、例如t2期间以上的情况下,可以认为传感器块被拆下了(步骤S29)。 [0062] The type of sensor control block 13 periodically reads the received information, the sensor can recognize their connection, if the sensor block 14 detached (step S28), the periodic signal is not used for a certain period from the determination of the sensor , for example, the above period t2, the sensor is deemed to be the detached block (step S29).

[0063] 控制块13的用来进行传感器脱离判断的一定期间t2设定得比来自传感器块14的定期的信号的间隔tl长。 [0063] Control block length interval tl periodic signal from the sensor block 14 is set larger than a certain period t2 is determined to be from a sensor 13.

[0064] 也可以构成为,在没有传感器块14检测到的传感器检测信息信号的情况下,如步骤S25〜S27所示,传感器块14发送传感器种类信息及伪信号。 [0064] may be configured to block the sensor 14 in the absence of a sensor detection information signal detected case, as shown in step S25~S27, 14 transmitting sensor signals of the sensor type information and the dummy block.

[0065] 如果是人检测传感器,则在检测到人的情况下发送人检测信息,在没有人检测信息的情况下发送伪信号。 [0065] If a person detecting sensor detects the case where the person who transmitted information is detected, the dummy signal transmission in the case where no information is detected. 如果是明亮度传感器,则发送明亮度信息。 If the brightness sensor is transmitted brightness information. 此外,作为另一例,本发明也可以在传感器块14中具备遥控器受光传感器,在作业者操作遥控器时,传感器块14检测到遥控器信号,通过将检测到的遥控器的信号发送给控制块13并控制点灯电路15,能够调节灯16的明亮度。 Further, as another embodiment, the present invention may be provided with a remote controller light receiving sensor in the sensor block 14, when the worker operates the remote controller, the sensor block 14 detects a remote control signal, by transmitting the detected remote controller signal to the control a control block 13 and the lighting circuit 15, the lamp 16 can be adjusted in brightness. 在此情况下,在遥控器受光传感器检测到遥控器操作信号信息的情况下,传感器块14发送检测信息,在遥控器受光传感器中没有遥控器操作信号信息的情况下,传感器块14发送伪信号。 In this case, when the remote control light sensor detects the remote controller operation signal information 14 transmits the detection information of the sensor block, in the case where the remote controller light receiving sensor is not the remote controller operation signal information, the sensor block transmission of the pseudo signal 14 . 并不限于上述人检测传感器、明亮度传感器、遥控器,通过将传感器块14的信息与伪信号组合,能够实现上述功能。 Not limited to the human detection sensor, brightness sensor, the remote controller, the information signal by the combination of sensors of the dummy block 14, the above-described function can be realized.

[0066] 在第2实施方式中,即使不具备脱离通知开关23等,在传感器拆卸时也能够容易地进行传感器脱离处理。 [0066] In the second embodiment described above, without departing from the notification includes a switch 23, etc., it can be easily processed from a sensor when the sensor is detached.

[0067][第3实施方式] [0067] [Third Embodiment]

[0068] 图7是用来说明本发明的第3实施方式的照明器具的概略结构的图。 [0068] FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a lighting apparatus according to a third embodiment of the present invention. 相对于第1、第2实施方式的通信接口是有线方式的,本发明的第3实施方式的照明器具是通过无线通信机构42、44实现通信接口的结构。 With respect to the first, the second communication interface is a wired embodiment, the lighting fixture of the third embodiment of the present invention is to achieve a communication interface 42 via a wireless communication mechanism structure.

[0069] 在本实施方式的照明器具中,在通信接口中使用无线通信机构42、44。 [0069] In the lighting fixture of the present embodiment, using the wireless communication means 42, 44 in the communication interface. 在传感器块14中具有作为电源的电池45。 A battery as a power source 45 in the sensor block 14. 与控制块13的连接带来的电力供给不成为传感器块14的开始动作的触发器,该传感器块14是通过搭载在传感器块14中的电源开关46等开始动作。 Power brings and connection control block 13 does not become a supply sensor block 14 starts the operation of the trigger, by the sensor block 14 is mounted in the sensor block 14 starts the operation of the power switch 46 and the like.

[0070] 控制块13和传感器块14通过相互保持相互的ID信息,传感器块14将信息仅发送给希望的控制块13。 [0070] Control block 13 and control block holding the sensor block 14 to each other by mutual ID information, the sensor block 14 to transmit information to only the desired 13. 作为ID信息的交换的例子,在控制块13、传感器块14中设置设定开关47,操作设定开关47而进行信息交换。 Examples of the exchange of the ID information, the control block 13, block 14 is provided a sensor setting switch 47, the setting switch 47 to exchange information.

[0071] ID信息的交换的一个例子可以通过使用第3实施方式的通信顺序来实现。 [0071] An example of the ID information exchange may be implemented by using a communication sequence of the third embodiment. 图8是表示控制块13与传感器块14之间的ID信息的交换的例子的顺序。 FIG 8 is a sequence example of the ID information exchanged between the control block 13 and the sensor block 14. 如果被输入电源开关46及设定开关47的信号(步骤S31 ),则传感器块14接收传感器块14自身的ID信息,对特定控制块13请求ID设定(步骤S32)。 Signal (step S31) If the power switch 46 is input and setting switch 47, the sensor block 14 receives the ID information of the sensor 14 itself block 13 requests the setting of a particular control block ID (step S32). 特定控制块13将自己的ID信息发送给传感器块14(步骤S33)。 Particular control block 13 transmits the own ID information to the sensor block 14 (step S33). 然后,传感器块14将传感器信息例如如上述那样定期地(例如每个期间tl)发送给控制块13 (步骤S35),该传感器信息包括传感器块14的ID信息及传感器种类信息和传感器检测信息。 Then, the sensor block 14 as described above, the sensor information, for example, periodically (e.g. every period tl) is sent to the control block 13 (step S35), the sensor information comprises ID information and the type information and the sensor information of the sensor detecting a sensor block 14. 此外,在电源OFF时,将能够发送I次的电力储存在传感器块14内的电容器等中,如果检测到电源OFF (步骤S36),则将脱离信息及传感器块14自己的ID信息发送给控制块13 (步骤S37)。 Further, when the power supply to OFF, capacitor capable of transmitting electric power stored in the I-th block of the sensor 14, if the detected power OFF (step S36), then transmitted from the control of its own ID information 14 and the sensor block to block 13 (step S37). 即,不是如上述实施例那样控制块13根据传感器块14与控制块13间的无线通信的可否持续来判断传感器块14的脱离,而是根据来自传感器块14的脱离信息检测传感器块14的脱离。 I.e., not as previously mentioned embodiment the control block 13 determines whether to continue the wireless communication between the sensor block 13 and control block 14 from the sensor block 14, but according to the deviation information from the detection sensor from the sensor block 14 to block 14 .

[0072] 根据ID信息的交换的另一个例子,传感器块14不具备电源开关46,在此情况下,传感器块14的动作由设定开关47触发。 [0072] According to another example of the ID information is exchanged, the sensor block 14 is not provided with a power switch 46, in this case, the operation of the sensor block 14 is triggered by the setting switch 47. 使传感器块14接近希望的控制块13,在按下传感器块14的设定开关47时,通过电池45的电力,微型计算机35开始动作,通过发送自己的ID信息,能够使该传感器块14的ID信息不能到达与传感器块14接近的控制块13以外的其他控制块13。 The sensor control block 14 near the desired block 13, the set switch is pressed at block 14 the sensor 47, by the power, the microcomputer 35 starts the operation of the battery 45, by sending its own ID information, enables the sensor block 14 ID information does not reach the sensor block 14 and the proximity control block 13 other than the control block 13. 接着,从控制块13发送ID信息,仅通过被按下了设定开关47的传感器块14读入该ID信息,能够可靠地交换相互的ID信息。 Subsequently, the ID information transmitted from the control block 13, only by pressing the set switch 14 is read into the sensor block 47 of the ID information can be reliably interchanged ID information. 在此情况下,特别是并不依存于上述控制块13与传感器块14以外的ID交换的机构。 In this case, especially not dependent switching mechanism other than the ID 14 of the control block 13 and the sensor block.

[0073] 在第3实施方式中,控制块13与传感器块14能够进行通过无线方式的连接,由于能够省略通信信号线的连接,所以能够不在器具上设置传感器块安装孔等而进行两者的连接。 [0073] In the third embodiment, the control block 13 and the sensor block 14 can be connected wirelessly, since the lines can be connected to a communication signal is omitted, it is possible to block the sensor mounting hole is not provided on the appliance and the like for both connection.

[0074] 此外,通过无线方式,能够不受有线方式那样的线长的制约,例如不是器具附近,而能够在被照射面上的作业面、壁面等想要的地方进行传感器块14的设置。 [0074] Further, in a wireless manner, without being wired as long wire constraints, e.g. not near the appliance, the sensor can be provided in the block 14 where the desired irradiated surface of the work surface, wall surface.

[0075][第4实施方式] [0075] [Fourth Embodiment]

[0076] 图9是用来说明本发明的第4实施方式的照明器具12的概略结构的图。 [0076] FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a lighting fixture of a fourth embodiment of the present invention 12. 本实施方式的照明器具12是代替第3实施方式中的电池45而从由太阳能电池51受光的光形成电源。 Luminaire 12 of the present embodiment in place of the third embodiment of the battery power source 45 is formed by the solar cell 51 from the light by light. 太阳能电池51是如果输入光则能够输出电力(电压或电流)的元件,所以利用该电力作为传感器块14的电源。 51 is a solar cell element can be output if the input optical power (voltage or current), so using this as a power supply sensor block 14.

[0077] 在第4实施方式中,通过在传感器块14中由太阳能电池51等受光元件形成电源,能够免受电池的替换、或电池用尽带来的动作不良的影响。 [0077] In the fourth embodiment, by forming the power supply in the sensor block 14 by the solar cell 51 by a light receiving element, can be replaced from the battery, the battery exhaustion or failure caused by impact operation.

[0078][第5实施方式][0079] 图10及图11是用来说明本发明的第5实施方式的照明器具12的概略结构的图。 [0078] [Fifth Embodiment] [0079] FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a lighting apparatus of a fifth embodiment of the present invention 12. 本实施方式的照明器具12的结构是:代替第3实施方式中的电池45,控制块13和传感器块14相互具有包括变压器的铁芯53、55而分割的电磁感应部件,当该电磁感应部件的铁芯53、55在成为闭合磁路那样的状态下接近时能够提供电力、将其作为传感器块14的电源。 Luminaire structure 12 of the present embodiment is: in place of the third embodiment of the battery 45, the control block 13 and the sensor 14 are block member having an electromagnetic induction transformer includes a core 53, 55 is divided, when the electromagnetic induction member 53, 55 in the core becomes a closed magnetic circuit as electric power is capable of providing a state close to it as the power sensor block 14.

[0080] 电源供给机构52通过由一般的线圈、电容器构成的振荡机构63、由晶体管等构成的开关机构62构成,将在内部形成的直流电源61通过振荡机构63和开关电路62变换为交流波形,对电磁感应部件送电。 [0080] DC power source 61 power supply means 52 by the oscillation mechanism capacitors 63, composed of a normal coil, a switching means configured as a transistor 62, formed in the inside by shaking mechanism 63 and the switching circuit 62 into an AC waveform , electromagnetic induction power transmitting member.

[0081] 电源受电机构56是一般的交流-直流变换电路,通过用二极管64等整流、用电容器65平滑化而能够容易地实现。 [0081] The power supply mechanism 56 is receiving a general AC - DC converter circuit, and the like by a rectifying diode 64, the smoothing capacitor 65 can be easily implemented. 该电源供给机构52、电源受电机构56是一般的结构,并不通过该例而受到制约。 The power supply means 52, power supply mechanism 56 is receiving a general configuration, and is not restricted by this embodiment. 此外,在利用作为控制块13内的微型计算机26的一功能的、脉冲输出等作为振荡机构的情况下,能够不另外设置振荡机构63而实现。 Further, as in the case of using a microcomputer to control a function within 13 26, pulse output as an oscillation mechanism, the oscillation mechanism can be provided without additional 63 realized.

[0082] 在第5实施方式中,通过电磁感应部件的非接触供电,不再需要具有电池等的另外的电源。 [0082] In the fifth embodiment, the non-contact power supply by electromagnetic induction member, no longer need to have an additional power supply such as a battery. 因而,相对于在其他可拆卸的方式中只有设置传感器块14的插入孔才能够实现的情况,在该结构中,根据上述实施例,具有能够不设置传感器块14的插入孔而实现的特征。 Accordingly, with respect to the other in a detachable manner is provided only where the insertion hole of the sensor block 14 can be achieved in this configuration, according to the above embodiment, the insertion hole is not provided with a sensor capable of blocks 14 is achieved features.

[0083][第6实施方式] [0083] [Sixth Embodiment]

[0084] 图12是用来说明本发明的第6实施方式的照明器具的概略结构的图。 [0084] FIG. 12 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of a lighting apparatus according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention. 本实施方式的照明器具在第3实施方式的传感器块14内,设置电池72、太阳能电池74、电磁感应部件(变压器铁芯55及电源受电机构56等)中的两个以上的电力产生装置,用二极管71、73、75连接在各个电力产生装置上。 Lighting fixture of the present embodiment in the sensor block 14 of the third embodiment, the battery 72 is provided, a solar battery 74, an electromagnetic induction means (55 transformer core 56 and the electric power receiving means and the like) two or more power generating means , 71,73,75 connected diode in each power generation device.

[0085] 并且,在用二极管71、73、75连接的电力产生装置中,是将其电压较高者作为传感器块14的动作用电源的结构。 [0085] Further, the generating apparatus, which is higher voltage sensor block 14 as an operation power source of the power diode structure connected 71,73,75. 如果是通过电池72、太阳能电池74、电磁感应部件55、56以外的电力产生装置也能够进行同样的动作的结构,则能够利用。 If the battery 72 through 74, electromagnetic induction power outside member 55, the solar cell apparatus can perform the same operation of the structure, it is possible to use.

[0086] 在第6实施方式中,在通过太阳能电池74不能提供电力的夜间、灭灯时也能可靠地提供电力,例如即使在电池72用尽的情况下也能够使电池用尽指示器等动作,能够向使用者通知,能够稳定地运用系统。 [0086] In the sixth embodiment, can be reliably provide power at night when power is not provided by the solar cell 74, light-off, for example, even in a case where the battery 72 can be exhausted and so the battery exhaustion indicator action, able to notify the user, can use the system stable. 此外,由于能够通过其他机构进行电力供给,所以能够减少电池72的消耗,所以能够延长电池寿命。 Further, since power can be supplied by other means, it is possible to reduce consumption of the battery 72, it is possible to extend battery life.

[0087] 工业实用性 [0087] Industrial Applicability

[0088] 本发明的照明控制系统是用来对应于控制区域变更的便宜的照明控制系统,能够作为能够将传感器动态地分离、替换的照明系统来使用。 [0088] The lighting control system of the present invention is inexpensive to correspond to lighting control system for controlling the changing area can be dynamically as a sensor can be separated, an alternative illumination system used.

Claims (5)

1.一种照明系统,具有多个照明器具,该多个照明器具包括灯、上述灯的点灯电路、检测照明控制空间内的信息的传感器块和基于由上述传感器块检测到的信息控制上述点灯电路的控制块, 上述传感器块具有检测上述照明控制空间内的信息的传感器元件、用来与上述控制块进行通信的第I通信用接口,其特征在于, 上述传感器块还具有识别上述传感器元件的种类的功能的第I控制机构, 上述传感器块将上述传感器元件的种类信息附加在上述照明控制空间内的检测信息中发送给上述控制块, 上述控制块具有用于存储上述传感器块发送来的上述传感器元件的种类信息的存储机构、在与上述传感器块进行电力或通信的交换的情况下用于接收上述传感器元件的种类信息和检测信息的第2通信用接口、以及利用上述传感器块发送来的上述传感器元件的种类信息 1. An illumination system having a plurality of lighting fixtures, the fixture includes a plurality of illumination light, the lamp lighting circuit, the sensor and the block information based on the information detected by the sensor block controls the lighting control lighting in the detection space a control circuit block, said sensor having a sensor element detection information blocks in said space illumination control, I used for the first communication interface to communicate with the control block, wherein said block further includes an identification sensor the sensor element I kind of function control means, the sensor block type information of the additional sensor element in the illumination control space detection information transmitted to the control block, the control block for storing the sensor having the above-described block transmitted type information storage means of the sensor element, in the case of a power or communication exchange with said sensor block type information for the second communication information received and detected by the sensor element interface, and using the sensor block transmitted type information of the sensor element 检测信息来控制上述点灯电路的第2控制机构, 上述传感器块,在任意的传感器元件被安装于上述传感器块时识别所安装的传感器元件的种类, 上述传感器元件的种类包括检测明亮度的受光元件、检测人的热检测传感器、或遥控器受光传感器, 上述传感器块拆装自如地安装在上述照明器具上, 上述传感器块还具备脱离通知开关,该脱离通知开关在上述传感器块被从上述控制块拆下时,对上述控制块发送脱离信息。 Second control means detects information for controlling the lighting circuit, the type of the sensor element in the sensor blocks, to identify when any of the sensor element is attached to the sensor block is mounted, the type of the sensor element comprises a light receiving element for detecting the brightness of , detecting a human thermal detection sensor, or the remote control light receiving sensor, the sensor block is detachably attached to the lighting apparatus, the sensor block also includes off notification switch, the departing notification switch in the sensor block is supplied from the control block when removed, the control block for transmitting the deviation information.
2.如权利要求1所述的照明系统,其特征在于, 上述传感器块与上述控制块通过有线方式进行通信的交换。 The illumination system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sensor block and the control block switched communications by wire.
3.如权利要求2所述的照明系统,其特征在于, 使上述控制块和传感器块之间为串行通信。 The illumination system according to claim 2, wherein the sensor and the control block for the serial communication between the blocks.
4.如权利要求2或3所述的照明系统,其特征在于, 上述控制块具备电源,上述传感器块与上述控制块连接并且被提供电源。 The illumination system of claim 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein the control block includes a power supply, the sensor block is connected to the control block and the power is supplied.
5.如权利要求2或3所述的照明系统,其特征在于, 上述传感器块将上述传感器元件的种类信息附加在上述照明控制空间内的检测信息中,定期地发送给上述控制块; 上述控制块在规定期间中没有接收到上述定期信号的情况下,检测到上述传感器块被拆下。 The illumination system of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the block type information of the sensor element of the sensor detection information in said additional illumination control space, is periodically transmitted to the control block; the control a case where the block fails to receive the periodic signal in the predetermined period, the sensor detects the block removed.
CN2009100034859A 2008-01-16 2009-01-15 Illuminating system CN101489340B (en)

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