CN101446799B - A tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution - Google Patents

A tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101446799B
CN101446799B CN 200910067648 CN200910067648A CN101446799B CN 101446799 B CN101446799 B CN 101446799B CN 200910067648 CN200910067648 CN 200910067648 CN 200910067648 A CN200910067648 A CN 200910067648A CN 101446799 B CN101446799 B CN 101446799B
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CN
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wheel
system
pinion
tourbillon
cross
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CN 200910067648
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101446799A (en )
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曹维峰
马广礼
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天津海鸥表业集团有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B17/00Mechanisms for stabilising frequency
    • G04B17/20Compensation of mechanisms for stabilising frequency
    • G04B17/28Compensation of mechanisms for stabilising frequency for the effect of unbalance of the weights, e.g. tourbillon
    • G04B17/285Tourbillons or carrousels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B1/00Driving mechanisms
    • G04B1/10Driving mechanisms with mainspring
    • G04B1/12Driving mechanisms with mainspring with several mainsprings
    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B18/00Mechanisms for setting frequency
    • G04B18/04Adjusting the beat of the pendulum, balance, or the like, e.g. putting into beat
    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B33/00Calibers
    • G04B33/08Calibers in which the gear train is arranged in different planes, e.g. parallel or inclined to each other

Abstract

The present invention discloses a tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution. A spring system connects with prime mover system and display system in series; teasing needle system connects with display system; display system connects with motion-work wheel system, epicyclic gear train system, ball bearing, motion-work wheel system and rotating escapement controllingmechanism in series double-way; lower back-up plate of ball bearing fixed with main plate through screws as a whole; upper back-up plate of ball bearing fixed with slewing table through screws as a whole. The beneficial effects are as follows: cylinder roller structure bearing adopted in the invention can drive relative large load in low speed; roller bearing as a template whole disassembly and easy maintenance; meanwhile the spring system and teasing needle system mounted under the slewing table and not involve in slewing table rotary movement; motion-work wheel system and rotating escapement control(ling) mechanism mounted above the slewing table and rotates together with the slewing table; cannon pinion executes concentric friction coordination with the first dead pulley; teasing needle hour-minute wheel divorced from the dead pulley; load driven by teasing needle system is light, and all that satisfies requirement of trackway tourbillon cassette mechanism.

Description

一种带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表 With only one kind of rotation and revolution of the mechanical watch tourbillon

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种带有陀飞轮的机械手表,特别是涉及一种带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表。 [0001] The present invention relates to a mechanical watch with a tourbillon, particularly relates to a tourbillon mechanical watch having both rotation and revolution.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 机械手表中所谓的陀飞轮是一种减小等时性误差的装置,这种装置的特点是摆轮游丝系统和擒纵机构被放置于框架内,在自身运行的同时还能够随框架转动,最大限度地减少了由于地球引力所导致的钟表位置误差从而提高了走时精度。 [0002] The so-called mechanical watches tourbillon is a device to reduce the errors of the isochronous characteristics of this device is balance spring system and an escapement is placed in the frame, while also capable of running with its own frame rotates, to minimize errors due to the position of the watch caused by gravity thereby improving the accuracy of travel. 其中把摆轮游丝系统的轴线与框架的旋转轴线重合的装置(参考专利“手表同轴式旋转擒纵调速机构”-专利号: LZ200720096902. 5)称为“同轴式陀飞轮”;把两者轴线不重合的通常称为“卡罗素”的装置(参考EP专利公开号846987)称为“偏心式陀飞轮”。 Wherein the rotation axis coincides with the system axis of the balance spring frame means (Reference Patent "watch escapement speed coaxial rotary mechanism" - Patent No: LZ200720096902 5) referred to as "coaxial tourbillon"; the means (refer to EP Patent Publication No. 846,987) commonly referred to as "Caruso" both axes are not coincident referred to as "eccentric tourbillon."

[0003] 目前,陀飞轮手表中出现了一种将陀飞轮放置于可旋转的转盘上,使它以转盘的中心线为轴做周转运动的轨道陀飞轮。 [0003] Currently, tourbillon appears a tourbillon placed on a rotatable turntable, the turntable to make do centerline axis tourbillon orbital circulating movement. 此陀飞轮手表的特点是陀飞轮相当于周转轮系里的行星轮既可以自转,又可以在转盘的带动下公转,这使得它的摆轮游丝系统和擒纵机构的运动轨迹更加复杂,却可以更好的减少由于地球引力所导致的钟表位置误差从而提高了走时精度。 Features of this tourbillon watches tourbillon equivalent epicyclic gear train in the planetary gear either rotation, but also a revolution in the turntable drive, which makes it the balance spring system and escapement trajectory is more complicated, but the timepiece can better reduce the position error caused by gravity thereby improving the accuracy of travel.

[0004] 轨道陀飞轮的关键部分就是转盘机构,它将原动系、显示系、传动系与陀飞轮连接到一起组成完整机芯,根据CN专利公开号1841242A、CN专利公开号1950759A、CN专利公开号200972574Y与FR专利公开号2784203均为轨道陀飞轮。 [0004] The critical part of the track wheel is tourbillon mechanism, it original dynamic system, display system, and a drive train connected to the flywheel together form a complete movement, CN Patent Publication No. 1841242A According, Patent Publication No. CN 1950759A, CN Pat. Publication No. 200972574Y Patent Publication No. 2,784,203 and FR are track tourbillon.

[0005] FR专利公开号2784203与CN专利公开号1841242A是将陀飞轮、驱动陀飞轮的原动系和连接它们的传动机构都安装在旋转盘上,使得它们都以旋转盘的中心线为轴旋转, 虽然这种结构在某种程度上具有其优势,那就是原动系可以将能量直接传递给陀飞轮不通过差动装置。 [0005] FR Patent Publication No. 2784203 and Patent Publication No. CN 1841242A tourbillon is, the motive drive train and the flywheel gear connecting them are mounted on a rotating disc, so that they are at the center line of the rotating disk axis rotating, to some extent, although this structure has its advantages, it is the original dynamic system can be directly transmitted to the flywheel energy does not pass through differential apparatus. 但是,它们的上条系部分非常复杂,其中FR专利No. 2784203需要通过机芯背面的特殊装置才能给其上条,而CN专利公开号1841242A的上条系部分被设计成双行星轮机构,它的零部件加工难度相当高。 However, they are very complex part of the winding system, wherein the FR Patent No. 2784203 need a special device to which the back movement to the winding, the winding system and CN Patent Publication No. 1841242A part is designed as a double planetary gear mechanism, its parts processing difficulty is quite high.

[0006] CN专利公开号1950759A的实施是将陀飞轮和传动机构安装在旋转盘上,而驱动陀飞轮的原动系被设置在旋转盘的下面静止不动,它的上条系部分采用普通结构,而它的拨针系需要通过驱动整个转盘机构包括陀飞轮和传动机构才能使时轮与分轮快速旋转并带动时、分针转动从而调整时间。 [0006] CN Patent Publication No. 1950759A embodiment of the tourbillon and a gear mechanism mounted on a rotating disc, while the lower original dynamic system driven flywheel is provided on a rotary disc stationary, its upper strip portion based ordinary structure, based on its need to dial needle driving mechanism comprising a tourbillon entire turntable and a transmission mechanism to make the minute wheel when the wheel is rotated and driven quickly when the minute hand is rotated to adjust the time. 但是,这种结构的缺点是拨针时所驱动的负载太重需要耗费太多的力矩。 However, the disadvantage of this construction is driven by the setting takes too much load torque.

[0007] 以上所提到的专利申请,虽然它们的转盘机构结构上各异,但它们都采用了球轴承作为转盘机构可转动的枢纽。 [0007] The above-mentioned patent application, although different rotary mechanism their structure, but they are used as a ball bearing turntable rotatable hub means. 而球轴承存在的缺点是相邻滚动体将直接接触,且相对摩擦速度是表面速度的两倍,发热和磨损都比较大,而且点蚀,塑性变形,磨粒磨损,粘着磨损这几种失效方式会影响其使用寿命,因此会消耗部分发条力矩,缩短手表走时,降低走时精度。 The disadvantage of the presence of ball bearings are in direct contact with the adjacent rolling elements, and the relative friction of the surface speed twice the speed, relatively large heat and wear, pitting and plastic deformation, abrasive wear, adhesive wear these types of failures can affect their life, and therefore will consume part of the winding torque and shorten the time to go watch, accuracy decreases go. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是克服已有技术的缺点,提供一种结构简单,工艺性好,便于加工的轨道陀飞轮。 [0008] The present invention solves the technical problem to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a simple structure, good manufacturability, ease of processing track tourbillon.

[0009] 本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,包括上条系、基础系A、拨针系、过渡系B和旋转系C ;所述基础系A包括原动系、显示系和传动轮系;过渡系B包含圆柱滚子轴承和差动轮系;旋转系C包含传动轮系和旋转擒纵调速机构; 所述上条系依次与原动系和显示系连接;所述拨针系与显示系连接;所述显示系依次与传动轮系、行星轮系、滚珠轴承、传动轮系和旋转擒纵调速机构双向联接,所述滚珠轴承的下垫片与主夹板通过螺钉固定为一体,所述滚珠轴承的上垫片通过螺钉与转盘固定为一体。 [0009] The technical proposal of the present invention is: A with both rotation and revolution of the tourbillon mechanical watch, including a winding system, base system A, the setting-based, transition series B and C the rotating frame; said base A system comprising a prime mover system, a display system and drive train; B transition series comprising cylindrical roller bearings and a differential gear train; system C comprises a rotary transmission train speed and the rotational escapement mechanism; and said winding turn based original dynamic system and a display system; said dial needle system and the display system; said display lines sequentially to the drive train, a planetary gear train, the ball bearing, the drive wheel train and the rotary escapement speed bidirectional coupling means, said the lower ball bearing pad main plate and integrally fixed by a screw, the ball screw and the dial washer is fixed by integrally.

[0010] 圆柱滚子轴承包括:第一垫片、第二垫片、第三垫片、第四垫片、第五垫片、滚珠、滚轴;所述最下面一级的第一垫片与第二垫片通过位钉定位设置在主夹板上;所述第三垫片与第四垫片通过位钉定位设置在第一垫片与第二垫片形成的平面上;所述滚珠与滚轴配合在一起与第五垫片固定为一体,所述第一垫片与第二垫片通过位钉定位设置在第三垫片与第四垫片形成的平面上,所述滚珠可以自由旋转,并且滚珠与滚轴配合在一起与第五垫片固定为一体。 [0010] The cylindrical roller bearing comprising: a first pad, second pad, third pads, fourth pads, fifth pads, balls, rollers; lowermost one of said first gasket and a second pad provided by bit the staple positioned on the main plate; the third pad and fourth pad via bit of staples disposed on a plane of the first gasket and the second gasket is formed; and the ball rollers fitted together with the fifth pad integrally fixed to the first spacer and the second spacer through the bit of staples disposed in a plane of the third pad and the fourth pad is formed, the ball may be freely rotary, ball and roller and fitted together with the fifth pad is fixed integrally.

[0011] 所述滚珠的个数为3至8个;所述滚珠与设置在主夹板上的第一垫片与第二垫片的上平面配合,并且与设置在主夹板上的第三垫片的外缘以及第四垫片的内缘所形成的轨道为导向相配合。 [0011] The number of balls is 3-8; the ball on a plane provided on a first main plate and the second spacer pad with, and provided on the third main plate pad an outer edge and an inner edge of the rail pad of the fourth sheet of the formed oriented mate.

[0012] 所述圆柱滚子轴承所选用的材料为人造刚玉。 [0012] The cylindrical roller bearing material of choice for the artificial corundum.

[0013] 所述原动系和显示系包括:条盒轮、第一中心轮、第二中心轮、第一跨轮片、第一跨齿轴、第二跨轮片、第二跨齿轴、分轮、第一时轮、第二时轮、分针、时针;所述条盒轮设置在条夹板上,并与第一中心轮啮合;所述第一中心轮与第一跨轮片啮合;所述第一跨轮片与第一跨齿轴压合为一体,第一跨齿轴与第二中心轮啮合,所述第一中心轮的旋转速度是第二中心轮的倍;所述分轮与第一中心轮同心摩擦配合为一体,并顺时针旋转;所述分轮与第二跨轮片啮合,带动第二跨轮片逆时针旋转;所述分针设置在分轮上;所述第二跨轮片与第二跨齿轴压合为一体,第二跨齿轴与第一时轮啮合,所述分轮的旋转速度是第一时轮的12倍;所述第二时轮通过方形凹槽与第一时轮的方形凸起相适配,并顺时针旋转;所述时针设置在第二时轮上。 [0013] The original dynamic system and a display system comprising: a barrel gear, a first central gear, a second central gear, a first minute wheel plate, across a first pinion, a second cross-piece wheel, a second cross-pinion , minute wheel, a first wheel, a second wheel, minute hand, hour hand; said drum is provided on the bar clamp and engages with the first sun gear; center wheel engaging the first sheet with the first intermediate wheel ; the first sheet and the first cross-round cross-pinion integrally nip, across a first pinion meshing with the second sun gear, the rotational speed of the first wheel is a center wheel of the center of the second times; the minute wheel concentrically with the first sun gear integrally friction fit, and rotates clockwise; the second minute wheel and intermediate wheel meshes sheet, sheet drive the second minute wheel rotates counterclockwise; the minute hand wheel is disposed on the partition; the said second cross-piece and the second intermediate wheel pinion integrally nip, across the second pinion meshes with the first wheel, the rotational speed of the wheel points 12 times during the first round; the second time round projection adapted to the square by square groove of the first wheel, and rotate clockwise; the hour wheel disposed on a second time.

[0014] 所述行星轮系包括:第二中心轮、中心架、行星齿轴、行星轮片、第三中心轮、第四中心齿轴、第四中心轮片与转盘;所述中心架通过螺钉与转盘固定为一体,所述第二中心轮与中心架通过螺钉固定为一体;所述第三中心轮通过方形凸起与中夹板的方形孔相适配设置在中夹板上;所述行星齿轴与第三中心轮啮合,所述行星齿轴与行星轮片压合为一体,并设置在转盘的宝石轴承上,所述行星轮片与第四中心齿轴啮合,所述第四中心齿轴与第四中心轮片压合为一体,并设置在第三中心轮上。 [0014] The planetary gear train comprises: a second center wheel, center frame, a planet pinion, a planetary gear pieces, a third center wheel, center pinion of the fourth, the fourth rotary plate and the center wheel; the center frame by screw and integrally fixed to the turntable, said second center wheel of the center frame integrally fixed by screws; third sun wheel adapted to clamp provided through the square holes on the square projection of the splint; the planetary pinion meshing with the third sun gear, the planetary gear and the planetary pinion sheet laminated integrally, and is provided on the turntable jewel bearings, the planetary gear piece meshes with the fourth sun pinion, said central pinion fourth and the fourth sun gear integrally laminated sheet, provided on the third and center wheel.

[0015] 所述拨针系包括:柄轴、离合轮、拨针轮、拨针过轮、第二跨轮片、第二跨齿轴、分轮、第一时轮、第二时轮、分针和时针;所述柄轴通过方榫与离合轮的方形孔相适配,所述离合轮与拨针轮啮合,所述拨针轮与拨针过轮啮合,所述拨针过轮与第二跨轮片啮合,所述分轮与第二跨轮片啮合;所述分针设置在分轮上;所述第二跨轮片与第二跨齿轴压合为一体,第二跨齿轴与第一时轮啮合,带动第一时轮顺时针旋转;所述第二时轮通过方形孔与第一时轮的方形凸起相适配,并顺时针旋转;所述时针设置在第二时轮上。 [0015] The dial needle system comprising: a handle shaft, a clutch wheel, the setting wheel, through the setting wheel, the second cross-piece wheel, a second cross-pinion, the minute wheel, a first wheel, a second wheel, minute and hour; the square drive stem through the square hole adapted clutch wheel, the clutch gear meshed with the setting wheel, the wheel engaging with the dial through the setting wheel, the setting of the wheel and through a second idlers engaging piece, said engaging wheel and a second sub-sheet idlers; the minute hand wheel is disposed on the partition; the second cross-piece and the second intermediate wheel pinion integrally nip, and the second cross-pinion the first wheel engages the first drive wheel rotates clockwise; the second wheel through the square holes of the square projection of the first wheel is adapted, and rotating clockwise; when the second hour hand is provided on the wheel.

[0016] 所述上条系包括:条盒轮、条轴、柄轴、立轮、上条轮、上条棘轮、离合轮;所述柄轴通过方形凸起与离合轮的方形孔相适配,所述离合轮与立轮啮合,所述立轮与上条轮啮合, 所述上条轮与上条棘轮啮合,所述条轴通过方榫与上条棘轮的方形孔相适配,并通过螺钉固定,所述条轴的上端通过宝石轴承与主夹板固定。 [0016] The winding system comprising: a barrel gear, a barrel arbor, stem, pinion, winding wheel, a winding ratchet, clutch wheel; the arbor by a square projection and a square hole is adapted to the clutch wheel, the pinion meshes with the clutch wheel, the pinion gear meshes with the winding, the winding ratchet wheel mesh with the winding, the strip square drive shaft through a square hole adapted to the winding ratchet wheel, and is fixed by screws , the upper end of the arbor by splinting main jewel bearings.

[0017] 所述上条系和拨针系设置在转盘的下方,并与转盘分离,不参与转盘转动;所述传动轮系和旋转擒纵调速机构设置在转盘的上方,与转盘一同旋转。 [0017] The winding system and the setting system is disposed below the turntable, the turntable and isolated, is not involved in rotation of the turntable; and the transmission train speed of rotation escapement mechanism disposed above the turntable, rotates together with the turntable .

[0018] 所述上条系中的条盒为一个或两个。 [0018] The winding lines is a barrel or two.

[0019] 所述旋转擒纵调速机构为同轴或偏心。 [0019] The rotary escapement speed coaxial or eccentric mechanism.

[0020] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明采用圆柱滚子结构轴承,可在低速下带动相对较大的负载;同时滚子轴承采用多层垫片包夹圆柱滚子可以作为一个摸板整体拆卸,易于维修, 简单方便;此外圆柱滚子的材料采用的是人造刚玉,人造刚玉机械性能好,硬度高,摩擦系数小,热膨胀系数小以及化学性能稳定,耐热冲击,绝缘性能好,使得它与垫片相互间的摩擦阻力减小从而减少了能量的损失,可以保证滚子轴承更灵活的转动。 [0020] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: the present invention employs a cylindrical roller bearing structure, a relatively large load can be driven at low speed; while roller bearings with cylindrical rollers multilayer gasket sandwiched as a whole formwork disassembly, easy to repair, easy; furthermore cylindrical rollers materials used are artificial corundum, good artificial corundum mechanical properties, high hardness, low friction coefficient, thermal expansion coefficient and chemical stability, thermal shock, good insulation properties, such that it reduces the frictional resistance between each pad to reduce the energy loss, can ensure a more flexible roller bearing rotates.

[0021] 本发明上条系和拨针系设置在转盘的下方,并与转盘分离,不参与转盘转动;传动轮系和旋转擒纵调速机构设置在转盘的上方,与转盘一同旋转,主传动系、拨针系和上条系结构简单,加工方便,同时由于分轮与第一中心轮是同心摩擦配合,当拨针时分轮与第一中心轮处于脱离状态,故拨针系所驱动的负载轻,可满足轨道陀飞轮机芯结构的需要。 [0021] The article of the present invention based on the dial needle and disposed below the dial lines, and separated from the turntable, the turntable is rotated without participation; transmission train and the rotary escapement speed mechanism is disposed above the turntable, rotates together with the turntable, the main a drive train, and the winding dial needle system architecture is simple, easy to process, and because the first minute wheel and concentric with the center wheel is friction fit, if the time division driving wheel and the setting wheel in the disengaged state of the first center, so that the setting system the load is light, can meet the needs of rail tourbillon movement structure.

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6 6

图1为本发明主传动的方框图; Figure 1 is a block diagram of the main drive of the present invention;

图2为本发明实施例1的主传动轮系部分的平面示意图; 图3为本发明实施例1的主传动轮系部分的轴向示意图; 图4为本发明实施例1的上条系与拨针系部分的平面示意图; 图5为本发明实施例1的上条系与拨针系部分的轴向示意图; 图6是本发明的滚珠轴承立体分解示意图; 图7是本发明的滚珠轴承立体示意图; 图8为本发明实施例2的主传动轮系部分的平面示意图图9为本发明实施例2的主传动轮系部分的轴向示意图; 图10为本发明实施例2的上条系与拨针系部分的平面示意图; 图11为本发明实施例2的上条系与拨针系部分的轴向示意图; 图12为本发明实施例1的偏心式陀飞轮的轴向示意图; 图13为本发明实施例2的偏心式陀飞轮的轴向示意图。 FIG 2 a schematic plan view of the main part of the drive train according to one embodiment of the invention; FIG. 3 is a schematic axial section of the main drive train according to one embodiment of the invention; FIG. 4 based on the article of Example 1 of the present invention, and schematic plan view of part of the setting system; FIG. 5 is an axial section based on the bar line in Example 1 with the setting of a schematic embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 6 is a ball bearing perspective exploded view of the present invention; FIG. 7 is a ball bearing according to the present invention. a schematic perspective view; FIG. 8 is a schematic plan view of the main portion of the drive train 9 Example 2 a schematic axial section of the main drive wheel train of the embodiment of Example 2 of the present invention; Figure 10 of Example 2 of the present invention on the bar schematic view showing the planar portion of the setting system; FIG. 11 embodiment schematic view showing a winding portion of the axial line of the needle dial 2 embodiment of the invention; FIG. 12 is an eccentric axis tourbillon Example 1 is a schematic embodiment of the present invention; FIG 13 is an axial eccentric tourbillon Example 2 a schematic embodiment of the present invention. 图中: Figure:

Ib :条轴3b :第一跨齿轴6a :行星齿轴8a :第四中心齿轴IOa :第二过齿轴 Ib: arbor 3b: a first cross-pinion 6a: planetary pinion 8a: fourth sun pinion IOa: a second pinion through

Ia :条盒轮3a :第一跨轮片5 :中心架7 :第三中心轮9 :第一过轮 IA: barrel wheel 3a: a first sheet idlers 5: center frame 7: the third central wheel 9: a first intermediate wheel

2 :第一中心轮4 :第二中心轮6b :行星轮片8b:第四中心轮片IOb :第二过轮片[0041] Ila:第三过齿轴 2: a first central wheel 4: second central gear 6b: planetary gear piece 8b: a fourth sun gear piece IOb of: a second round through the sheet [0041] Ila: through third pinion

[0042] 12b:第四过轮片 [0042] 12b: through fourth round sheet

lib :第三过轮片 lib: Third pinion gear plate

13 :秒齿轴16 :柄轴 13: second pinion 16: stem

14 :秒轮片17 :立轮20 :离合轮 14: second round piece 17: pinion 20: clutch wheel

12a:第四过齿轴 12a: through fourth pinion

[0043] 15 :擒纵轮 [0043] 15: escapement wheel

[0044] 18 :上条轮 [0044] 18: winding wheel

[0045] 21 :拨针轮 [0045] 21: setting wheel

19 :上条棘轮22 :拨针过轮 19: a winding ratchet 22: through the setting wheel

23a :第二跨轮片 23a: The second round of cross-piece

[0046] 23b :第二跨齿轴 [0046] 23b: second pinion Cross

24 :分轮27 :分针 24: minute wheel 27: minute

25 :第一时轮28 :时针31 :第三垫片33b :滚珠35 :主夹板38 : 一齿轴41 :第二条轴 25: the first wheel 28: 31 hour: third pad 33b: ball 35: bottom plate 38: a pinion 41: the second shaft

[0047] 26 :第二时轮 [0047] 26: second hour wheel

[0048] 29 :第一垫片 [0048] 29: a first gasket

[0049] 32:第四垫片 [0049] 32: fourth pad

[0050] 33c :滚轴 [0050] 33c: Roller

[0051] 36:条夹板 [0051] 36: of a bar

[0052] 39 : 一轮片 [0052] 39: a sheet

40 :第二条盒轮 40: The second drum

30 :第二垫片33a :第五垫片 30: Second spacer 33a: fifth spacer

34 :转盘37 :中夹板 34: turntable 37: splint

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0053] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细说明: [0053] Hereinafter, the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments:

[0054] 如图1所示,本发明的主传动包括了基础系、过渡系和旋转系三个组成部分。 [0054] As shown, the main drive of the present invention comprises three components of the base system, and a rotating system 1 transition series. 其中,基础系包含了原动系、显示系与传动轮系;过渡系包含了圆柱滚子轴承与差动轮系;旋转系包含了传动轮系与陀飞轮。 Wherein the base comprises a prime mover based system, the display system and the drive train; transition series comprising a cylindrical roller bearing of the differential gear train; rotation of the drive train system comprising a tourbillon. 本发明所包含的陀飞轮中的擒纵调速系统所需的能量通过基础系中的原动系提供,此原动系可以根据设计的需要采用单个条盒轮或者两个串联的条盒轮构成。 Energy required tourbillon escapement speed control system according to the present invention is included in the original dynamic system is provided by the base system, this system may be employed motive barrel single barrel wheel or two wheels in tandem depending on design requirements constitute. 能量从基础系输出后,经过过渡系,输入给旋转系。 Energy output from the base line, after the transition series, the input to the rotating frame. 旋转系得到基础系输入的能量以后开始旋转,并通过传动轮系驱动陀飞轮旋转,从而使得陀飞轮中的擒纵调速系统正常运转,此时陀飞轮既自转又围绕旋转系的轴心公转。 Rotating frame obtained after base energy input lines starts to rotate, and rotates by driving tourbillon drive train, so that the tourbillon escapement speed control system in normal operation, when both tourbillon rotation axis and revolves around the line . 陀飞轮的旋转速度是个定值每分钟旋转一周,它控制了旋转系的旋转速度,并通过过渡系将设定好的速度传递给基础系中的传动轮系驱动显示系准确显示时间。 The rotational speed of the flywheel is rotating once every minute value, which controls the rotational speed of the train, and by the preset speed transition series transmitted to the drive train driving the display based base lines accurately display time.

[0055] 如图2至图5所示,本发明实施例1的原动系与显示系部分,包括:条盒轮la、第一中心轮2、第二中心轮4、第一跨轮片3a、第一跨齿轴3b、第二跨轮片23a、第二跨齿轴23b、 分轮24、第一时轮25、第二时轮26、分针27、时针28 ;所述条盒轮Ia设置在条夹板36上,并与第一中心轮2啮合,带动第一中心轮2顺时针旋转;所述第一中心轮2与第一跨轮片3a 啮合,带动第一跨轮片3a逆时针旋转;所述第一跨轮片3a与第一跨齿轴3b压合为一体,第一跨齿轴3b与第二中心轮4啮合,带动第二中心轮4顺时针旋转,需要注意的是第一中心轮2的旋转速度是第二中心轮4的12倍;所述分轮24与第一中心轮2同心摩擦配合为一体,并顺时针旋转;所述分轮24与第二跨轮片23a啮合,带动第二跨轮片23a逆时针旋转; 所述分针27设置在分轮24上;所述第二跨轮片23a与第二跨齿轴23b压合为一体,第 [0055] As shown in FIG. 2 to FIG. 5, the original dynamic system and the display portion based Example 1 of the present invention, comprising: a barrel wheel La, a first center wheel 2, a second center wheel 4, the first intermediate wheel sheet 3a, the first cross-pinion 3B, a second sheet idlers 23a, a second cross-pinion 23b, a minute wheel 24, when the first wheel 25, second wheel 26, minute hand 27, hour hand 28; said drum, Ia is provided on the bar clamp 36 and engages the first center wheel 2, a first center drive wheel 2 rotates clockwise; 2 engages the first central wheel and the first sheet idlers 3a, a first intermediate wheel drive plate 3a counterclockwise rotation; the first sheet idlers 3a and 3b of the first nip across pinion integrally, a first cross-3b pinion gear 4 meshes with a second center, the second center drive wheel 4 is rotated clockwise, note the center of the rotational speed of the first wheel 2 is 4 times the second center wheel 12; and the minute wheel 24 concentric with the first center wheels are friction fit integrally, and clockwise rotation; the minute wheel 24 and the second intermediate wheel meshed sheet 23a, sheet 23a drives the second minute wheel rotates counterclockwise; the minute hand wheel 27 is provided on the partition 24; the second sheet 23a and the second intermediate wheel pinion 23b nip across integrally, the first 二跨齿轴23b与第一时轮25啮合,带动第一时轮25顺时针旋转,需要注意的是分轮24的旋转速度是第一时轮25的12倍;所述第二时轮26通过方形凹槽与第一时轮25的方形凸起相适配,并顺时针旋转;所述时针28设置在第二时轮26上。 Two cross pinion 23b meshes with the first wheel 25, a first drive wheel 25 rotates clockwise, it is noted that the rotational speed of the minute wheel 24 is a first wheel 25, 12 times; the second wheel 26 square by square groove 25 of the first wheel when the projection adapted and clockwise rotation; the hour hand 28 is disposed on the second wheel 26.

[0056] 如图2和图3所示,本发明实施例1的行星轮系部分,包括:第二中心轮4、中心架5、行星齿轴6a、行星轮片6b、第三中心轮7、第四中心齿轴8a、第四中心轮片8b与转盘34 ; 所述中心架5通过螺钉与转盘34固定为一体,所述第二中心轮4与中心架5通过螺钉固定 [0056] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, a planetary gear train part of the embodiment of Example 1 of the present invention, comprises: a second center wheel 4, the center frame 5, the planetary gear shaft 6a, planet wheels sheet 6b, the third center wheel 7 fourth central pinion 8a, 8b and the fourth sun gear dial plate 34; the center frame 5 by screws 34 fixed integrally with the turntable, the center of the second wheel and the center frame 4 is fixed by screws 5

7为一体,所述转盘34与滚珠轴承的第五垫片33a通过螺钉固定为一体,并在第二中心轮4 的带动下顺时针旋转;所述第三中心轮7通过方形凸起与中夹板37的方形孔相适配设置在中夹板37上,并静止不动;所述行星齿轴6a与第三中心轮7啮合,并围绕第三中心轮7顺时针旋转,所述行星齿轴6a与行星轮片6b压合为一体,并设置在转盘34的宝石轴承上,所述行星轮片6b与第四中心齿轴8a啮合,带动第四中心齿轴8a逆时针旋转,所述第四中心齿轴8a与第四中心轮片8b压合为一体,并设置在第三中心轮7上,需要注意的是此时转盘34与第四中心齿轴8a以大小相同但方向相反的速度旋转,转动速度为每12小时旋转一周。 7 as a whole, the turntable 34 and the fifth ball bearing pad integrally fixed by a screw 33a, and clockwise rotation center of the second driven wheel 4; the third center wheel 7 by the square of the projection and square hole 37 is adapted to the clamp provided on the clamping plate 37, and stationary; 6a of the planetary pinion meshing with the third sun gear 7, and around a third center wheel 7 to rotate clockwise, and the planetary gear shaft 6a planetary gear 6b ​​nip plate integrally provided on the jewel and the turntable 34, and the planetary gear plate 6b engages the fourth sun pinion 8a, the fourth central drive pinion 8a is rotated counterclockwise, the fourth center pinion 8a and the fourth sun gear integrally laminated sheet 8b, and is disposed on the third center wheel 7, this time should be noted that the turntable 34 is rotated with the fourth sun pinion 8a of the same magnitude but opposite speeds, the rotational speed of one revolution every 12 hours.

[0057] 如图2和图3所示,本发明实施例1的传动轮系与陀飞轮部分,包括:第四中心轮片8b、第一过轮9、第二过齿轴10a、第二过轮片10b、第三过齿轴11a、第三过轮片lib、第四过齿轴12a、第四过轮片12b、秒齿轴13、秒轮片14、擒纵轮15 ;所述第四中心轮片8b与第一过轮9啮合,带动第一过轮9顺时针旋转,所述第一过轮9与第二过齿轴IOa啮合,带动第二过齿轴IOa逆时针旋转,所述第二过齿轴IOa与第二过轮片IOb压合为一体,所述第二过轮片IOb与第三过齿轴Ila啮合,带动第三过齿轴Ila顺时针旋转,所述第三过齿轴Ila与第三过轮片lib压合为一体,所述第三过轮片lib与第四过齿轴12a啮合,带动第四过齿轴12a逆时针旋转,所述第四过齿轴12a与第四过轮片12b压合为一体,所述第四过轮片12b 与秒齿轴13啮合,带动秒齿轴13顺时针旋转,所述陀飞轮与秒齿轴13固定为一体,并设 [0057] As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the drive train and the flywheel Example 1 part embodiment of the present invention, comprising: a fourth sun gear plate 8B, a first intermediate wheel 9, through a second pinion 10a, a second sheet setting wheel 10b, the third through the pinion 11a, a third sheet over the wheel lib, through the fourth pinion 12a, the fourth round over sheet 12b, second pinion 13, the second wheel plate 14, the escapement wheel 15; the the fourth sheet 8b center wheel meshes with the first pinion gear 9, drives the first intermediate wheel 9 rotates clockwise, the first pinion gear 9 and the second through IOa pinion meshing, through the second drive pinion is rotated counterclockwise IOa , through the second pinion and the second pinion gear IOa IOb sheet integrally laminated, over the second wheel and the third plate through IOb Ila pinion meshing, driven through a third pinion Ila is rotated clockwise, the through said third pinion and the third pinion gear Ila lib sheet integrally laminated, over the third wheel and the fourth sheet lib through the pinion 12a meshing, driven through the fourth pinion 12a rotates counterclockwise, the second four pinion through the pinion gear 12a and the fourth plate 12b integrally laminated, the fourth pinion gear 12b and the second sheet engaging pinion 13, driven by second pinion 13 is rotated clockwise, the flywheel 13 and the second pinion integrally fixed, and provided 于转盘34上顺时针每分钟旋转一周,所述秒轮片14通过螺钉固定在转盘34上,所述擒纵轮15与秒轮片14啮合,并在陀飞轮的带动下围绕秒轮片14顺时针旋转,并驱动陀飞轮的擒纵调速机构正常运转,需要注意的是本发明实施例从第四中心轮片8b至秒齿轴13采用了四级过轮传动,目的是改变传动比与旋转方向,使得第四中心轮片8b逆时针并每12小时旋转一周,根据设计的实际情况可以适当减少或增加过轮传动的级数。 On the turntable 34 rotates clockwise once every minute, the seconds wheel 14 is fixed by a screw plate on the turntable 34, the escapement wheel 15 meshing with the second wheel vertical sheet 14, and sheet 14 around the second driven wheel tourbillon rotates clockwise and drives the tourbillon escapement mechanism normal operation speed, it is noted that the embodiments of the present invention employ from 13 seconds to the pinion 8b of the fourth wheel center piece had a four wheel drive, the purpose is to change the transmission ratio and rotational direction, such that the fourth sun gear plate 8b and counterclockwise rotation every 12 hours, according to the actual situation may be suitably designed to reduce or increase the number of stages through the drive wheel.

[0058] 本发明实施例1的主传动部分工作过程说明如下: [0058] The main transmission section operation of this embodiment of the present invention 1 is described as follows:

[0059] 如图2和图3所示,条盒轮Ia逆时针方向旋转,并带动中心轮2a顺时针方向旋转同时将能量传递给第一中心轮2,通过第一跨轮3将能量传递给第二中心轮4并驱动转盘34顺时针旋转。 [0059] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, counterclockwise rotation of the barrel wheel Ia, 2a and driven wheel rotating clockwise while the center of energy transmitted to the first wheel hub 2, 3 by the first energy transfer idlers 4 to the second wheel and the center of the drive wheel 34 to rotate clockwise. 在转盘34的带动下,行星轮6围绕静止不动的第三中心轮7顺时针自转并公转,并带动第四中心轮8逆时针旋转。 Driven wheel 34, the planet gear 6 about the third stationary central gear 7 clockwise rotation and revolution, and drives the center of the fourth wheel 8 rotates counterclockwise. 通过第四中心轮8带动第一过轮9、第二过轮10、 第三过轮11与第四过轮12,将能量传递给秒齿轴13。 9 over the first round, the second round through 10, the third and the fourth wheel 11 through the pinion gear 12, transfer energy to second pinion 13 driven by the fourth sun wheel 8. 由于秒齿轴13与陀飞轮是固定在一起的,因此陀飞轮获得了来自于条盒轮Ia输送的能量顺时针方向以每分钟旋转一周的速度自转,并通过传动轮系与行星轮系使得转盘34以每12小时一周的速度顺时针旋转,在转盘34的带动下陀飞轮与传动轮系会以转盘34的中心线为轴,每12小时一周的速度顺时针公转。 Since the second pinion 13 are fixed together with a tourbillon, tourbillon thus obtained from the energy delivery Ia clockwise drum rotation speed of the bar to the rotation per minute, and that the drive train through the planetary gear train turntable 34 rotates clockwise once every 12 hours to speed, the drive train and flywheel to be centerline axis 34 of the turntable 34 is driven by the turntable, every 12 hours a week clockwise revolving speed. 由于第一中心轮2的旋转速度是第二中心轮4的12倍,因此第一中心轮2以每1小时一周的速度顺时针旋转,并带动分轮24以同样的速度顺时针旋转,分轮24带动分针27 指示时间。 Since the rotational speed of the first center of the second wheel 2 is 4 times the center wheel 12, a center wheel 2 and thus the first hours of a week per 1 clockwise rotation speed, and drives the minute wheel 24 clockwise at the same speed, minutes 24 minute drive wheel 27 indicate the time. 由于分轮24的旋转速度是第一时轮25的12倍,并第一时轮25与第二时轮26 同时转动,因此第二时轮26以每12小时一周的速度顺时针旋转并带动时针28指示时间。 Since the rotational speed of the minute wheel 24 is 12 times the first wheel 25, hour wheel 25 and the first and the second hour wheel 26 while rotating, the second wheel 26 rotates clockwise and drives one week at a rate of 12 per 28 hour indicates the time.

[0060] 如图4和图5所示,本发明实施例1的上条系部分,包括:条盒轮la、条轴lb、柄轴16、立轮17、上条轮18、上条棘轮19、离合轮20 ;所述柄轴16通过方形凸起与离合轮20的方形孔相适配,所述离合轮20与立轮17啮合,所述立轮17与上条轮18啮合,所述上条轮18与上条棘轮19啮合,所述条轴Ib通过方榫与上条棘轮19的方形孔相适配,并通过螺钉固定。 [0060] FIGS. 4 and 5, the winding portion of Example 1 based embodiment of the present invention, comprising: a barrel wheel La, LB arbor, arbor 16, pinion 17, the winding wheel 18, the winding ratchet 19, the clutch wheel 20; the stem 16 by fitting the square projections of the square hole with the clutch wheel 20, the clutch wheel 20 meshes with pinion 17, the pinion 17 meshed with the winding wheel 18, the upper Article 18 and the winding ratchet wheel 19 engages the arbor Ib by mortise and tenon adapted to the winding ratchet wheel 19 of the square hole, and fixed by screws. [0061] 如图4和图5所示,本发明实施例1的上条系部分工作过程为:顺时针旋转柄轴16,带动离合轮20顺时针旋转,使得立轮17同时顺时针旋转;在立轮17的带动下,上条轮18顺时针旋转并使得上条棘轮19逆时针旋转;由于上条棘轮19与条轴Ib固定为一体,因此条轴Ib逆时针旋转并带动条盒轮Ia内的发条逐渐卷紧,在发条的带动下条盒轮Ia逆时针旋转。 [0061] FIGS. 4 and 5, implemented on a part of the work pieces based procedure of Example 1 of the present invention is: the handle shaft 16 is rotated clockwise, the clutch drive gear 20 rotates clockwise, so that the pinion 17 while being rotated clockwise; driven pinion 17, the winding wheel 18 rotates clockwise such that the winding ratchet wheel 19 and rotated counterclockwise; since the upper bar and the ratchet wheel 19 integrally fixed arbor Ib, Ib so arbor is rotated counterclockwise and drives the barrel wheel Ia spring in wound up gradually, driven in rotation under the mainspring barrel wheel counterclockwise Ia.

[0062] 如图4和图5所示,本发明实施例1的拨针系部分,包括:柄轴16、离合轮20、拨针轮21、拨针过轮22、第二跨轮片23a、第二跨齿轴23b、分轮24、第一时轮25、第二时轮26、分针27、时针28 ;所述柄轴16通过方榫与离合轮20的方形孔相适配,所述离合轮20与拨针轮21啮合,所述拨针轮21与拨针过轮22啮合,所述拨针过轮22与第二跨轮片23a啮合, 所述分轮24与第二跨轮片23a啮合;所述分针27设置在分轮24上;所述第二跨轮片23a 与第二跨齿轴23b压合为一体,第二跨齿轴23b与第一时轮25啮合,带动第一时轮25顺时针旋转,需要注意的是分轮24的旋转速度是第一时轮25的12倍;所述第二时轮26通过方形孔与第一时轮25的方形凸起相适配,并顺时针旋转;所述时针28设置在第二时轮26上。 [0062] FIGS. 4 and 5, part of dial needle in Example 1 based embodiment of the present invention, comprising: a handle shaft 16, the clutch wheel 20, the setting wheel 21, through the setting wheel 22, the second sheet 23a idlers the second cross-pinion 23b, a minute wheel 24, when the first wheel 25, second wheel 26, minute hand 27, hour hand 28; 16 of the arbor by square holes square drive wheel 20 and the clutch adapted to the clutch wheel 20 and setting wheel 21 engages the setting wheel 21 and the setting wheel 22 through the meshing engagement of the gear 23a through the needle dial 22 and the second cross-piece wheel, the minute wheel 24 and the second sheet idlers 23a engagement; the minute hand wheel 27 is provided on the partition 24; the second sheet 23a and the second intermediate wheel pinion 23b nip across integrally across the second pinion 25 meshing with the first wheel 23b, driven by the first wheel 25 rotates clockwise moment, be noted that the rotational speed of the minute wheel 24 when the wheel 12 is a first fold 25; the second square by square holes 26 when the wheel when the first wheel 25 relative to the projection adapted with, and rotates clockwise; 28 provided on the hour wheel 26 a second time.

[0063] 如图4和图5所示,本发明实施例1的拨针系部分工作过程为:顺时针旋转柄轴16,使得离合轮20同时顺时针旋转,并带动拨针轮21逆时针旋转。 [0063] FIGS. 4 and 5, part of dial needle system embodiment during operation of the present invention Example 1: the handle shaft 16 is rotated clockwise, so that the clutch gear 20 simultaneously rotates clockwise and counterclockwise drive setting wheel 21 rotation. 通过中间介轮拨针过轮22的带动,第二跨轮片23a逆时针旋转并带动分轮24顺时针旋转,第二跨齿轴23b带动第一时轮25顺时针旋转,需要注意的是拨针时需要有一定的力矩克服分轮24与第一中心轮2 之间的摩擦力矩,使得分轮24可以单独旋转并且不影响第一中心轮2的正常转动,并且分轮24的旋转速度是第一时轮25的12倍。 Dial needle through the intermediate wheel through the intermediate driven wheel 22, a second intermediate wheel plate 23a rotates counterclockwise and drives the minute wheel 24 rotates clockwise, the second cross-pinion 23b when the first drive wheel 25 rotates clockwise, it is noted that requires a certain torque to overcome the friction torque of the minute wheel 24 between the first and the center wheel 2, so that the rotation of the minute wheel 24 may be used alone and does not affect the normal rotation of the first wheel 2 when the center of the setting, the rotational speed of the minute wheel 24 and the 12 times when the first wheel 25.

[0064] 如图8和图9所示,实施例2,它与实施例1在结构上的区别是将实施例1的原动系扩展为具有两个串联条盒轮的原动系,目的是提供更多的能量从而延长此机芯的走时长度。 [0064] As shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, Example 2 differs from Example 1 in that the configuration of an embodiment is to extend the original dynamic system of Example 1 having two series of drum original dynamic system, objects It is to provide more energy to extend the time to go the length of this movement. 实施例2的原动系与实施例1相比补充的零件包括:一齿轴38、一轮片39、第二条盒轮40、第二条轴41,其它零件均与实施例1相同;所述条盒轮Ia与一齿轴38啮合,带动一齿轴38顺时针旋转;所述一齿轴38与一轮片39啮合,带动一轮片39逆时针旋转;所述第二条轴41通过方形凸起与一轮片39的方形孔相适配,并通过螺钉固定;所述条盒轮40设置在条夹板36上,并与第一中心轮2啮合,带动第一中心轮2顺时针旋转;所述条盒轮la、第二条盒轮40与一轮片39的传动比为1 : 1 : 1,因此,条盒轮Ia与第二条盒轮40被串联起来将双倍的能量输出给轮系,提供给振动系统能量来维持其不衰减的振动,并且带动指示机构来正确显示时间。 Original dynamic system of Example 2 compared to Example 1 Part supplementary embodiment comprises: a pinion 38, a sheet 39, the second drum 40, 41, the second axis are the same as other parts of the Example 1; said drum Ia engagement with a pinion 38, a drive pinion 38 is rotated clockwise; the pinion 38 meshes with a round piece 39, a drive plate 39 rotates counterclockwise; said second shaft 41 by a square projection and a square hole 39 is adapted to the sheet, and fixed by screws; the barrel 40 is provided on the wheel of a bar 36, and engages the first center wheel 2, a first center wheel 2 driven clockwise rotation; La said drum, the second drum 40 and the sheet 39 a transmission ratio of 1: 1: 1, therefore, a barrel wheel Ia and the second drum 40 are connected in series to double energy output to the gear train, the vibration system is provided to maintain the vibration energy which does not decay, and indicating the drive means to display the correct time.

[0065] 如图8和图9所示,实施例2主传动部分的工作过程为:条盒轮Ia逆时针方向旋转,并带动一齿轴38顺时针方向旋转同时带动一轮片39逆时针方向旋转,由于一轮片39 与第二条轴41固定为一体,因此第二条轴41逆时针旋转并带动第二条盒轮40内的发条逐渐卷紧,在发条的带动下第二条盒轮40逆时针旋转,并带动第一中心轮2顺时针方向旋转同时将能量传递给第一中心轮2,从而将相比于实施例1两倍的能量传递给整个机芯。 [0065] FIGS. 8 and 9, the working procedure of Example 2 as the main transmission section is implemented: Ia barrel wheel rotates counterclockwise, and drives a pinion 38 driven by a clockwise rotation while the sheet 39 counterclockwise the direction of rotation, since the sheet 39 and a second shaft 41 is integrally fixed, and therefore second drive shaft 41 rotates counterclockwise, and in the second winding drum 40 is gradually wound up, the winding drive Dir two drum 40 rotates counterclockwise, and the first center drive wheel 2 is rotated clockwise while the first energy to the center wheel 2, so that the energy as compared to Example 1 twice transmitted to the entire movement.

[0066] 如图10和图11所示,实施例2上条系部分工作过程为:顺时针旋转柄轴16,带动离合轮20顺时针旋转,使得立轮17同时顺时针旋转;在立轮17的带动下,上条轮18顺时针旋转并使得上条棘轮19逆时针旋转;由于上条棘轮19与条轴Ib固定为一体,因此条轴Ib逆时针旋转并带动条盒轮Ia内的发条逐渐卷紧,在发条的带动下条盒轮Ia逆时针旋转, 并带动一齿轴38顺时针方向旋转同时带动一轮片39逆时针方向旋转,由于一轮片39与第二条轴41固定为一体,因此第二条轴41逆时针旋转并带动第二条盒轮40内的发条逐渐卷紧。 [0066] FIGS. 10 and 11, part of the work process based on the bar Example 2 as: handle shaft 16 is rotated clockwise, the clutch drive gear 20 rotates clockwise, so that the pinion 17 while rotating clockwise; the pinion 17 is driven, the winding wheel 18 rotates clockwise such that the winding ratchet wheel 19 and rotated counterclockwise; since the upper bar and the ratchet wheel 19 integrally fixed arbor Ib, Ib so arbor is rotated counterclockwise and drives the barrel wheel of Ia gradually winding up the mainspring, the mainspring barrel, driven Ia wheel rotates counterclockwise, and drives a pinion 38 driven by a clockwise rotation while the sheet 39 is rotated counterclockwise, and 39 since a second sheet shaft 41 is integrally fixed, and therefore second drive shaft 41 rotates counterclockwise and the spring within the second drum 40 is gradually wound up.

[0067] 如图6和图7所示,本发明实施例的滚珠轴承部分,包括:第一垫片29、第二垫片30、第三垫片31、第四垫片32、第五垫片33a、滚珠33b、滚轴33c ;所述最下面一级的第一垫片29与第二垫片30通过位钉定位设置在主夹板35上;所述第三垫片31与第四垫片32通过位钉定位设置在第一垫片29与第二垫片30形成的平面上;所述滚珠33b与滚轴33c配合在一起与第五垫片33a固定为一体,需要注意的是此时滚珠33b可以自由旋转,并且滚珠33b的个数可以根据设计的实际情况决定,一般可设置3至8个,本发明实施例采用五个滚珠,所述滚珠33b与设置在主夹板35上的第一垫片29与第二垫片30的上平面配合,并且与设置在主夹板35上的第三垫片31的外缘以及第四垫片32的内缘所形成的轨道为导向相配合;所述最顶端一级的第一垫片29与第二垫片30通过位钉定位设置在第三垫片31 与第四 [0067] FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, the ball bearing portion of an embodiment of the present invention, comprising: a first spacer 29, second spacer 30, a third pad 31, fourth pad 32, a fifth pad sheet 33a, balls 33b, the roller 33c; a first spacer 29 and the lowermost one bits of staples 30 by a second spacer disposed on the main plate 35; the third pad and the fourth pad 31 the staple sheet 32 ​​is positioned by the bit disposed on a plane formed by the first gasket 29 second gasket 30; the ball roller 33b and 33c are fitted together with a fifth gasket 33a is integrally fixed, to be noted that this when the balls 33b can rotate freely, and the number of balls 33b may be decided according to the actual design, and can be provided from 3 to 8, using the five embodiments of the present invention, a ball, the ball 33b provided on the main plate 35 the first gasket 29 and the upper plane of the second spacer 30 fit, and the outer edge of the third rail and disposed within the pad 31 and the upper edge of the main plate 35 of the fourth spacer 32 is formed a guide cooperating ; the first spacer 29 and the top 30 of a staple position by positioning a second spacer disposed on the third and the fourth pad 31 片32形成的平面上,并通过多个螺钉将三层垫片固定在主夹板35上,从而形成了滚珠轴承,需要注意的是由于所述滚珠33b可以自由旋转,并且滚珠33b与滚轴33c配合在一起与第五垫片33a固定为一体,相当于普通滚珠轴承的内环在外力的作用下可以自由转动;通过多个螺钉固定在主夹板35上的三层垫片组成了相当于普通滚珠轴承的外环,两层第一垫片29与第二垫片30控制了内环的轴向,第三垫片31与第四垫片32控制了内环的径向,此圆柱滚子轴承从布局上分析,在低速下带动相对较大负载,适合采用圆柱滚子轴承; 从设计上分析,圆柱滚子采用的是人造刚玉,人造刚玉机械性能好,硬度高,摩擦系数小,热膨胀系数小以及化学稳定,耐热冲击,绝缘性能好,使得它与垫片相互间的摩擦阻力减小从而减少了能量的损失,可以保证滚子轴承更灵活的转动;从结 32 is formed on the planar sheet and the spacer is fixed by three screws in a plurality of main plate 35, thereby forming a ball bearing, should be noted that because the ball is free to rotate 33b, 33b and balls 33c and roller together with the fifth spacer 33a fixed integrally, equivalent to an ordinary ball bearing inner ring can rotate freely under external force; by a plurality of screws is fixed to the main plate 35 corresponds to the composition of three common pad ball bearing outer ring, the first pad 29 and the two second spacer 30 controls the axial inner ring, the third gasket 31 and the fourth spacer 32 controls the radial inner ring of the cylindrical roller bearing from the layout analysis, driven at a low speed is relatively large load, suitable for cylindrical roller bearings; from the analysis of the design, the cylindrical roller is used in artificial corundum, good artificial corundum mechanical properties, high hardness, low friction coefficient, thermal expansion chemically stable and low coefficient of thermal shock, good insulation, so that the mutual frictional resistance between it and the washer is reduced thereby reducing the energy loss, can ensure a more flexible roller bearing rotates; from node 构上分析,滚动体是在轴承环内循环的,所以只需要在轴承内填充永久性润滑脂既可。 Analysis of the structure, the rolling element is circulated in the inner bearing ring, it is only necessary to fill both permanent grease within the bearing. 采用多层垫片包夹圆柱滚子的滚子轴承还可以作为一个摸板整体拆卸,易于维修,简单方便。 Roller bearing cylindrical roller sandwich multilayer gasket may also be used as a whole formwork removal, easy maintenance, easy and convenient.

[0068] 其次,本发明实施例中通过夹板、位钉、螺钉与宝石的组合形成了滚珠轴承,它区别于现有轨道陀飞轮所采用的球轴承的是本发明所使用的滚珠轴承是组合出来的,使用的夹板还可以通过镶嵌宝石起到了控制其它传动轮系上支承的作用。 [0068] Next, embodiments of the invention is formed by a ball clamp, the bit combination nails, screws and precious stones, it is different from the conventional track Tourbillon ball bearing employed a ball bearing used in the present invention is a combination of out, you can also play a splint used to control the drive train supported on the other by the action of precious stone.

[0069] 值得指出的是,本实施例采用的陀飞轮是同轴式陀飞轮,而本发明的保护范围并不局限于上述具体实例方式,根据本发明的基本技术构思,也可以基本相同的结构传动,如图12与图13所示,本实施例采用偏心式陀飞轮依然可以实现本发明的目的,只要本领域普通技术人员无需经过创造性劳动,即可联想到的实施方式,均属于本发明的保护范围。 [0069] It is worth noting, tourbillon embodiment of the present embodiment tourbillon are coaxial, and the scope of the present invention is not limited to the specific way of example, the basic technical concept of the present invention, may be substantially the same drive structure, FIG. 12 and FIG. 13, the present embodiment employs an eccentric tourbillon object still of the present invention may be implemented, as long as those of ordinary skill in the art without inventive work, can associate embodiment, it belongs to the present the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

  1. 一种带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,包括上条系、基础系A、拨针系、过渡系B和旋转系C;其特征在于:所述基础系A包括原动系、显示系和传动轮系;过渡系B包含圆柱滚子轴承和行星轮系;旋转系C包含传动轮系和旋转擒纵调速机构;所述上条系、原动系以及显示系依次连接;所述拨针系与显示系连接;所述显示系与基础系A包括的传动轮系、旋转系C包括的传动轮系与行星轮系、行星轮系与圆柱滚子轴承、圆柱滚子轴承与基础系A包括的传动轮系、旋转系C包括的传动轮系与旋转擒纵调速机构依次双向连接;所述圆柱滚子轴承包括:两个第一垫片(29)、两个第二垫片(30)、第三垫片(31)、第四垫片(32)、第五垫片(33a)、滚珠(33b)、滚轴(33c);最下面一级的第一垫片(29)与第二垫片(30)通过位钉定位设置在主夹板(35)上;所述第三垫片(31)与第四垫片(32)通过位钉 With only one kind of rotation and revolution of the tourbillon mechanical watch, including a winding system, the base is A, the setting-based, transition series B and C the rotating frame; wherein: said base system A system comprising a prime mover, a display and a drive train system; B transition series comprising cylindrical roller bearings and the planetary gear train; system C comprises a rotary transmission train speed and the rotational escapement mechanism; the winding system, the original dynamic system and a display system sequentially connected; the said dial needle system and the display system; said display system and the drive train includes a base system a drive train, rotation of the planetary system C comprises a gear train, a planetary gear train and cylindrical roller bearings, cylindrical roller bearings and a drive train comprises a train of base, with the rotation of the rotary drive train system C comprises a governor escapement mechanism are bidirectional; said cylindrical roller bearing comprises: two first spacer (29), two second the spacer (30), third pad (31), a fourth spacer (32), a fifth pad (33a), balls (33b), the roller (33c); a first spacer of a bottom (29) and a second spacer (30) by a bit of staples provided on the main plate (35); said third pad (31) and the fourth pad (32) by nails bit 定位设置在上述最下面一级的第一垫片(29)与上述最下面一级的第二垫片(30)形成的平面上;所述滚珠(33b)与滚轴(33c)配合在一起与第五垫片(33a)固定为一体,另一个第一垫片(29)与另一个第二垫片(30)通过位钉定位设置在第三垫片(31)与第四垫片(32)形成的平面上,所述滚珠(33b)可以自由旋转;所述滚珠(33b)的个数为3至8个;所述滚珠(33b)与设置在主夹板(35)上的第一垫片(29)与第二垫片(30)的上平面配合,并且与第三垫片(31)的外缘以及第四垫片(32)的内缘所形成的轨道为导向相配合;所述转盘与所述圆柱滚子轴承的第五垫片(33a)通过螺钉固定为一体;所述上条系和拨针系设置在转盘(34)的下方,并与转盘(34)分离,不参与转盘(34)转动;所述旋转系C包含的传动轮系和旋转擒纵调速机构设置在转盘(34)的上方,与转盘(34)一同旋转。 Disposed on a plane positioned above the lowermost one is formed with a second shim (30) above the lowermost one of the first spacer (29); the ball (33b) and the roller (33c) fit together fifth pad (33a) integrally fixed to the other of the first spacer (29) and the other second spacer (30) disposed through a bit of staples third pad (31) and the fourth pad ( 32) formed on the plane, the ball (33b) to rotate freely; the number of the balls (33b) is 3-8; the balls (33b) provided on a first main plate (35) washer (29) and a second spacer (30) on a plane with, the inner edge of the outer edge of the track and the third pad (31) and a fourth pad (32) is formed as cooperating guide; the turntable with the cylindrical roller bearing according to a fifth pad (33a) integrally fixed by screws; said winding system and the setting system is disposed below the turntable (34), and separated from the turntable (34), does not participate in the turntable (34) is rotated; the rotational drive train system C comprises a rotary escapement speed and disposed above the carousel mechanism (34) rotates together with the turntable (34).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述圆柱滚子轴承所选用的材料为人造刚玉。 The rotation of the both with claim 1 revolves tourbillon mechanical watches, characterized in that: the cylindrical roller bearing material of choice for the artificial corundum.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述原动系和显示系包括:条盒轮(la)、第一中心轮(2)、第二中心轮(4)、第一跨轮片(3a)、第一跨齿轴(3b)、第二跨轮片(23a)、第二跨齿轴(23b)、分轮(24)、第一时轮(25)、第二时轮(26)、分针(27)、时针(28);所述条盒轮(Ia)设置在条夹板(36)上,并与第一中心轮(2) 啮合;所述第一中心轮(2)与第一跨轮片(3a)啮合;所述第一跨轮片(3a)与第一跨齿轴(3b)压合为一体,第一跨齿轴(3b)与第二中心轮(4)啮合,所述第一中心轮(2)的旋转速度是第二中心轮(4)的12倍;所述分轮(24)与第一中心轮(2)同心摩擦配合为一体,并顺时针旋转;所述分轮(24)与第二跨轮片(23a)啮合,带动第二跨轮片(23a)逆时针旋转;所述分针(27)设置在分轮(24)上;所述第二跨轮片(23a)与第二跨齿轴(2 The rotation of the both with a tourbillon revolves mechanical watch as claimed in claim, wherein: said original dynamic system and a display system comprising: a barrel wheel (La), a first center wheel (2), a second center wheel (4), the first sheet across the round (. 3A), a first cross-pinion (3B), a second intermediate wheel plate (23a), a second cross-pinion (23b), a minute wheel (24), a first wheel (25), a second wheel (26), a minute hand (27), the hour (28); said drum (Ia) is provided on the bar clamp (36), and the first central wheel ( 2) engagement; said first center wheel (2) and the first sheet idlers (3a) engages; idlers said first sheet (3a) with a first cross-pinion (3b) laminated integrally, a first cross pinion (3b) and the second central wheel (4) engages, the first center wheel (2) is a second rotational speed of the central wheel (4) 12 times; the minute wheel (24) and the first center wheel (2) integrally concentric friction fit, and rotates clockwise; (23a) engages the minute wheel (24) and second idlers sheet, a second drive intermediate wheel plate (23a) rotates counterclockwise; the minute hand (27) provided on the sub-wheel (24); the second cross-piece wheel (23a) and the second cross-pinion (2 3b)压合为一体, 第二跨齿轴(23b)与第一时轮(25)啮合,所述分轮(24)的旋转速度是第一时轮(25)的12 倍;所述第二时轮(26)通过方形凹槽与第一时轮(25)的方形凸起相适配,并顺时针旋转; 所述时针(28)设置在第二时轮(26)上。 3b) laminated integrally, the second cross-pinion (23b) with a first wheel (25) engages, the minute wheel (24) is a first rotational speed of the wheel (25) 12 times; the first two o'clock wheel (26) by a square recess adapted to the square projection of the first wheel (25), and rotating clockwise; the hour hand (28) disposed on the second wheel (26).
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述行星轮系包括:第二中心轮(4)、中心架(5)、行星齿轴(6a)、行星轮片(6b)、第三中心轮(7)、 中心齿轴(8a)、中心轮片(8b)与转盘(34);所述中心架(5)通过螺钉与转盘(34)固定为一体,所述第二中心轮(4)与中心架(5)通过螺钉固定为一体;所述第三中心轮(7)通过方形凸起与中夹板(37)的方形孔相适配设置在中夹板(37)上;所述行星齿轴(6a)与第三中心轮(7)啮合,所述行星齿轴(6a)与行星轮片(6b)压合为一体,并设置在转盘(34)的宝石轴承上,所述行星轮片(6b)与中心齿轴(8a)啮合,所述中心齿轴(8a)与中心轮片(8b)压合为一体,并设置在第三中心轮(7)上。 The rotation both with the 3 revolves tourbillon mechanical watch as claimed in claim, wherein: said planetary gear train comprising: a second center wheel (4), the center frame (5), the planetary pinion ( . 6A), the planetary gear plate (6B), the third central wheel (7), the central pinion (. 8A), the center wheel plate (8b) with the turntable (34); said center frame (5) by screws with the turntable (34 ) integrally fixed, the second central wheel (4) and the center frame (5) integrally fixed by screws; the third central wheel (7) with a square hole in the jaw by a square projection (37) is adapted to set on the splint (37); said planetary pinion (6a) with the third sun wheel (7) engages the planetary pinion (6a) and the planet sheet (6b) laminated integrally, and is provided on the turntable (34) of the jewel bearings, the planetary gear plate (6b) with the central pinion (8a) engaging the central pinion (8a) and the center wheel plate (8b) nip integrally provided in the third and the central wheel (7).
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述拨针系包括:柄轴(16)、离合轮(20)、拨针轮(21)、拨针过轮(22)、第二跨轮片(23a)、第二跨齿轴(23b)、分轮(24)、第一时轮(25)、第二时轮(26)、分针(27)和时针(28);所述柄轴(16)通过方榫与离合轮(20)的方形孔相适配,所述离合轮(20)与拨针轮(21)啮合,所述拨针轮(21)与拨针过轮(22)啮合,所述拨针过轮(22)与第二跨轮片(23a)啮合,所述分轮(24)与第二跨轮片(23a)啮合;所述分针(27)设置在分轮(24)上;所述第二跨轮片(23a) 与第二跨齿轴(23b)压合为一体,第二跨齿轴(23b)与第一时轮(25)啮合,带动第一时轮(25)顺时针旋转;所述第二时轮(26)通过方形孔与第一时轮(25)的方形凸起相适配,并顺时针旋转;所述时针(28)设置在第二时轮(26)上。 The rotation both with the 3 revolves tourbillon mechanical watch as claimed in claim, wherein: said dial needle system comprising: a handle shaft (16), the clutch wheel (20), the setting wheel (21) , through the setting wheel (22), a second intermediate wheel plate (23a), a second cross-pinion (23b), a minute wheel (24), a first wheel (25), a second wheel (26), the minute hand (27) and the hour hand (28); said stem (16) adapted side by a tongue and clutch wheel (20) of the square hole, the clutch wheel (20) with the setting wheel (21) engages, said needle dial wheel (21) and through the setting wheel (22) engages, (23a) engages over the setting of the wheel (22) and the second cross-piece wheel, the minute wheel (24) and the second cross-piece wheel (23a) engagement; said minute hand (27) disposed on a minute wheel (24); the second cross-piece wheel (23a) and the second cross-pinion (23b) pressed into one, the second cross-pinion (23b) and a first wheel (25) engages, the first drive wheel (25) is rotated clockwise; the second wheel (26) via the first square aperture wheel (25) adapted to square projection, and clockwise rotation; the hour hand (28) disposed on the second wheel (26).
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述上条系包括:条盒轮(Ia)、条轴(Ib)、柄轴(16)、立轮(17)、上条轮(18)、上条棘轮(19)、离合轮(20);所述柄轴(16)通过方形凸起与离合轮(20)的方形孔相适配,所述离合轮(20)与立轮(17)啮合,所述立轮(17)与上条轮(18)啮合,所述上条轮(18)与上条棘轮(19)啮合,所述条轴(Ib)通过方榫与上条棘轮(19)的方形孔相适配,并通过螺钉固定,所述条轴(Ib)的上端通过宝石轴承与主夹板(35)固定。 The rotation of the both with a tourbillon revolves mechanical watch as claimed in claim, characterized in that: said winding system comprising: a barrel wheel (Ia), the arbor (Ib), stem (16) the projection adapted to the clutch wheel (20) of the square hole of the arbor (16) by the square, the;, pinion (17), the winding wheel (18), the winding ratchet wheel (19), the clutch wheel (20) said clutch wheel (20) and the pinion (17) meshes, said pinion (17) with a winding wheel (18) engages, said winding wheel (18) with the winding ratchet wheel (19) engages the strip axis (Ib) through a mortise and tenon adapted to the winding ratchet wheel (19) of the square hole, and is fixed by screws, an upper end of the arbor (Ib) is fixed by a jewel bearing bottom plate (35).
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述上条系中的条盒为一个或两个。 The rotation of the both with a tourbillon revolves mechanical watch as claimed in claim, characterized in that: said winding system is a barrel or two.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的带有既自转又公转的陀飞轮机械手表,其特征在于:所述旋转擒纵调速机构为同轴或偏心。 The rotation of the both with claim 1 revolves tourbillon mechanical watches, characterized in that: said rotary escapement speed coaxial or eccentric mechanism.
CN 200910067648 2009-01-09 2009-01-09 A tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution CN101446799B (en)

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CN 200910067648 CN101446799B (en) 2009-01-09 2009-01-09 A tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution
JP2011544767A JP5479492B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2009-10-21 Rotation and Tourbillon with mechanical watches possible revolution are both
DE200911000624 DE112009000624B4 (en) 2009-01-09 2009-10-21 Mechanical wrist watch with a rotating and rotating flying tourbillon
PCT/CN2009/074546 WO2010078771A1 (en) 2009-01-09 2009-10-21 Mechanical watch comprising rotational and revolutionary flying tourbillon

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CN101446799B (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-11-24 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 A tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution
EP2315081B1 (en) * 2009-10-26 2012-08-29 Blancpain S.A. Tourbillon and clockwork including a tourbillon
CN103092051B (en) * 2011-10-27 2015-02-18 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 Floating rotation tourbillion mechanical watch
CN103713510B (en) * 2012-10-08 2017-06-13 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 A mechanical watch annular division display means
CN103412471B (en) * 2013-08-13 2016-06-29 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 A mechanical watch three-axis tourbillon mechanism
DE102014115811B3 (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-06-25 Lange Uhren Gmbh storage
CN106292243B (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-12-22 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 A mechanical watch suspension tourbillon structure

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JP2797071B2 (en) * 1995-08-18 1998-09-17 セイコーインスツルメンツ株式会社 Mechanical watch with a tourbillon mechanism
FR2784203A1 (en) * 1998-10-06 2000-04-07 Christophe Claret Sa Time-piece mechanism includes a tourbillon for compensation of the gravity on the balance wheel oscillation
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CN100538556C (en) * 2004-04-15 2009-09-09 蒙特雷布勒盖股份有限公司 Watch comprising at least two tourbillons
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CN101446799B (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-11-24 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 A tourbillon mechanical wristwatch with simultaneous rotation and revolution

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