CN101417461A - Ming dynasty-style building concrete bucket-arch piece pre prefabricated construction technique - Google Patents

Ming dynasty-style building concrete bucket-arch piece pre prefabricated construction technique Download PDF

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CN101417461A
CN101417461A CN 200810151111 CN200810151111A CN101417461A CN 101417461 A CN101417461 A CN 101417461A CN 200810151111 CN200810151111 CN 200810151111 CN 200810151111 A CN200810151111 A CN 200810151111A CN 101417461 A CN101417461 A CN 101417461A
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arch
brackets
concrete
member
chinese
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CN 200810151111
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CN101417461B (en
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孙海勇
崔建华
张贤国
炜 解
华 邵
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陕西省第三建筑工程公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a presetting, installing and constructing techniques for concrete separate pieces of Chinese peck and arch of Ming and Qing Dynasties imitation buildings. The techniques comprises the following steps: firstly, the molds of the Chinese peck and arch are made, each single component is lofted, the mold sample for each single component, the real object sample for each single component and the mold for each single component are manufactured in mass and the real object for each single component is preset in mass, and the single components are connected into 1/2 pavilion of Chinese peck and arch by using the raised concrete in the Chinese peck and arch system in different categories, the Chinese peck and arch which are connected into 1/2 pavilion are repaired in details, the 1/2 pavilion of Chinese peck and arch can be lifted to the right position after the aging is reached, the internal and external 1/2 pavilion of Chinese pecks and arches are all lifted to the right position, the Chinese peck and arch reserved reinforced steel bar is soldered with the reinforced steel bar for padding an arch plate, then the concrete for padding the arch plate is constructed, thus forming the integrated Chinese peck and arch system. By adopting the process, the construction quality and the production efficiency can be increased, and the installing difficulty can be reduced.

Description

仿明清建筑混凝土斗拱分件预制安装施工工艺 Construction concrete brackets imitation Ming prefabricated construction process sub-member

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及土木工程领域,特别涉及仿明清建筑混凝土斗拱分件预制安装施工工艺。 The present invention relates to the field of civil engineering, and particularly relates to a sub-construction concrete prefabricated member construction process simulation Ming brackets. 背景技术 Background technique

在公开(公告)号:CN—1364684专利文献中,公开了一种防真明清古建筑构件预制生产方法,该方法首先做出古建筑木构件的基本实物构件;然后用模具胶对上述基本实物构件翻模,并选取合适的混凝土标号及钢筋配筋率, 用所得到的模具进行构件预制;最后按需建造的古建筑选择预制好的构件, 再对预制构件吊装拼接对焊,并对对焊部分现浇混凝土。 No. Publication (Kokoku): CN-1364684 patent document discloses a method of producing a prefabricated true anti-Ming Gu building element, the method first member made basic physical old wooden building member; and the above-described basic mold plastic physical member turning model, and select the appropriate grade of concrete and reinforcement ratio, a precast mold obtained; final demand built prefabricated member selected ancient buildings, and then the prefabricated lifting butt splice, and butt section situ concrete. 但是这种生产方法存在的不足之处有:l.需要先做出古建筑木构件的基本实物构件,而仿古明清建筑中,斗口尺寸小,相互关系严密,要准确把每个构件实物做出,是有相当的难度的。 But the problem with this production method has shortcomings:. L need to make a fundamental physical components of ancient wooden building components, and antique Ming and Qing architecture, the small size of the bucket mouth, close relationship, each component must be accurate to real made, it is quite difficult. 2.安装采用焊接的方法,需要在构件上预留钢板或钢筋,而且焊接的质量将影响到整体构件的安全性,控制施工质量的难度较大,3.把构件吊装到位后再对焊,在高空作业,工作效率低,产生施工误差的概率大大增加,准确校正各构件的位置难度较大,并将耗费大量的人力和物力。 2. The method of installation by welding, it is necessary to reserve a steel plate or on a steel member, and the quality of the weld will affect the overall safety member, the difficulty to control quality of the construction is large, 3 welded in place before the lifting member, operating at high altitude, low efficiency, construction error probability of greatly increased, and accurate correction of the position of each member difficult, and a lot of manpower and material resources. 发明内容 SUMMARY

为了克服上述现有技术不足,本发明提供仿明清建筑混凝土斗拱分件预制安装施工工艺,目的是提高施工质量和生产效率,降低安装难度。 In order to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, the present invention provides a simulated partition member brackets Ming construction concrete prefabricated construction process, aimed at improving the quality of construction and production efficiency and reduce the difficulty of installation. 为了实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案是这样实现的:本发明的混凝土斗拱采用分件预制,整体拼装,整体安装的施工工艺包括下述步骤: To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is implemented as follows: the present invention uses concrete brackets prefabricated sub-elements, the whole assembly, the entire construction process is the installation comprising:

1) 制作出一个平身科的木制斗拱模型,按照分件的顺序制作出耍头、瓜拱、厢拱、万拱、座斗,再把各分件用翘连接成l/2攒斗拱体系; 1) Production of a wooden model of a flat body brackets family, in order to produce a first sub-playing member, melon arch, the arch compartment, Wan arch, the bucket, then the sub-rocker member connected to the l / 2 system save brackets ;

2) 放各个单件耍头、瓜拱、厢拱、万拱、座斗构件样; 2) put the respective playing head-piece, melon arch, the arch compartment, Wan arch, the bucket-like seat member;

3) 进行斗拱分件工厂化生产,采用轻质混凝土,陶粒混凝土的施工中, 提前半天把陶粒浇水润湿,混凝土振捣时时间在30-100秒; 3) partial elements brackets factory production, lightweight concrete, the concrete construction of the ceramic, the ceramic in advance half wetting water, concrete vibrators time when 30 to 100 seconds;

4) 分柱头科,平身科,角科,用斗拱体系中各自翘的混凝土把各单件连接成1/2攒斗拱,具体是在木底板上,准确安装好定位板,把各个分件构件 4) Branch points stigma, flat body Branch, Branch angle, with respective brackets system Alice concrete member connected to each of the single half save brackets, in particular on the wooden floor, accurate positioning plate is installed, the respective sub-member member

耍头、厢拱、瓜拱、万拱、座斗固定,再安装翘的模板,浇筑翘的混凝土, Playing head, hand arch, arch melon, Wan arch, fixed the bucket, and then install the template Alice, Alice pouring concrete,

该混凝土与分件应为同一种类和标号,形成l/2攒的斗拱; The concrete sub-element with the same type and reference should be formed l / 2 save the brackets;

5) 连接成1^攒的斗拱细部修补,修补在拆除翘的模板后进行:用细砂+水泥浆+白水泥+108胶进行修补; 5) connected to the brackets 1 ^ save detailed repair, repair is performed after removal of the template Alice: repair slurry with fine sand + + + 108 white cement glue;

6) 在构件强度达到100%后,吊装1^攒斗拱就位; 6) After the 100% strength member, lifting brackets 1 ^ save position;

7) 把里外各1/2攒斗拱安装就位,在同一轴线上的斗拱要先安装两端的 7) The inside and outside of each half save brackets mounted in place, on the same axis brackets installed at both ends of the first

阴阳角的角科斗拱,再用两端斗拱的位置来控制中间斗拱的的位置,在里外 Section Yang angle of angle brackets, and then controls the positions of both ends of the brackets in a position intermediate brackets, inside and out

1/2攒斗拱安装时的校正按标高、轴线、控制线的顺序进行,先校正斗拱的标 1/2 save installation brackets corrected by elevation axis, the line control procedure is performed, the first correction scalar brackets

高、再校正中线,再检查构件的垂直度、平整度及构件的控制线,对同一轴 High, then the line correction, and then check the control line of the vertical member, and flatness of the member, on the same axis

线上及同一位置内外的斗拱必须拉通线进行二次校正; Line and the same location outside the brackets must be pulled through the secondary line correction;

8) 斗拱预留钢筋同垫拱板的钢筋焊接,该钢筋焊接宜采用双面焊接; 8) reinforced with welded steel brackets reservation pad arch plate, welded steel should adopt the double-welded;

9) 垫拱板的混凝土施工,采用分轴线分段进行垫拱板的混凝土施工, 模板采用镜面板,里外各1/2攒斗拱被连接形成一攒完整的斗拱体系。 9) Concrete pad arch plate using sub-segment axis for concrete pad arch plate, using the template mirror panels, inside and outside of each half save save brackets are connected to form a complete system of brackets. 通过以上施工工艺形成的混凝土斗拱体系的特点和优势在于: Features and advantages of concrete brackets system formed by the above construction process that:

a)斗拱分件的工厂化生产,尺寸误差小,施工质量控制好,生产效率高。 a) partial brackets member factory production, small dimensional errors, construction quality control, high production efficiency.

(2) 通过在预制场对分件进行整体拼装,构件的结合好,整体性更强,大大减少了在高空对斗拱拼装的作业量,提高了作业效率;同时施工质量得到了大幅度的提高。 (2) divided by the entire assembly of the prefabricated member in the field, good binding member, a more holistic, greatly reducing the amount of work in assembling brackets high, improving the operating efficiency; construction quality while greatly improved .

(3) 通过对1/2攒斗拱的整体吊装,减少了吊装时间,安装时的质量控制手段更加简便、有效、可操作性强,大大降低了安装难度,提高了安装效率, 节约了劳动力,加快了施工进度。 (3) save by 1/2 of the overall lifting brackets, reduced lifting time, quality control measures during installation easier, effective, easy to operate, greatly reducing installation difficulty, improve the installation efficiency, saving labor, speed up the construction progress.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

仿明清混凝土斗拱分件预制,整体安装的施工工艺, Imitation Ming prefabricated concrete brackets sub member, integrally mounted construction process,

1) 制作出一个平身科的木制斗拱模型,按照分件的顺序制作出耍头、瓜拱、厢拱、万拱、座斗,再把各分件用翘连接成l/2攒斗拱体系; 1) Production of a wooden model of a flat body brackets family, in order to produce a first sub-playing member, melon arch, the arch compartment, Wan arch, the bucket, then the sub-rocker member connected to the l / 2 system save brackets ;

2) 放各个单件耍头、瓜拱、厢拱、万拱、座斗构件样; 2) put the respective playing head-piece, melon arch, the arch compartment, Wan arch, the bucket-like seat member;

3) 进行斗拱分件工厂化生产,宜采用轻质混凝土,陶粒混凝土的施工中, 要求达到清水混凝土要求,不再进行粉刷,陶粒的提前预湿,混凝土容易产生的离析,及时更换破损的模具,宜用轻质混凝土,预控措施是:提前半天把陶粒浇水润湿,混凝土振捣时时间在30-100秒;需用目测,观察陶粒的情况,防止陶粒"漂"在混凝土面上。 3) partial elements brackets factory production, should be lightweight concrete, ceramic concrete construction, the concrete of water required to achieve the requirements, no longer paint, in advance of the pre-wet ceramic, concrete segregation prone, timely replacement of damaged mold, to use lightweight concrete, preventive measures are: the half ahead of wetting water ceramic, concrete vibrators time when 30 to 100 seconds; required visually observe the situation of the ceramic, ceramic to prevent "drift "in the face of concrete. 应严格按JGJ51-2002技术规程要求进行施工,A;轻粗、细骨料和拌和物的质量计量偏差为+3%至-3%;水、水泥和外加剂的质量计量偏差+2%至-2%; B;在5度以上施工时,陶粒需要提前半天预湿。 JGJ51-2002 should be strictly technical specification requirements for construction, A; light gas, and measuring the quality of fine aggregate mixes deviation of + -3% to 3%; mass deviation measurement water, and the cement admixture to + 2% -2%; B; the construction of more than 5 degrees, a half-day pre-wet ceramic advance. C;添加纤维网的量一定要准确。 C; add the amount of the web must be accurate. D;混凝土在振捣的时间宜短不宜长 D; vibrated concrete in a short time should not long

(宜40-50秒/单件),并用抹子把浮在表面的陶粒压入混凝土内。 (Preferably 40-50 seconds / one piece), and with a trowel to float on the surface of the ceramic is pressed into concrete. E;混凝土浇筑成型后及时覆盖并喷水养护,养护时间不少于7天。 E; concrete pouring molding promptly covered and water conservation, curing time of less than 7 days. F;及时更换破损的模具。 F.; Timely replacement of damaged molds.

在混凝土斗拱预制施工中,在分件预制的模板中,拱眼和巻刹的模具容易位移。 Prefabrication of concrete in brackets, the pre-sub-template member, Volume brake arch eye and easy displacement of the mold. 预控措施:拱眼在处于饱和状态下用铁钉钉牢在母板上,拱眼在制作时带梢度,内小外大,便于取出。 Preventive measures: Arch eye is saturated with nails in the nailing on the motherboard, the arch of the eye with the tip in the production, small outer large, easy to remove. 巻刹的模具固定也是用铁钉固定、卡位, 卡点设置不少于5个。 Volume brake is fixed mold fixed with nails, a card, the card set point not less than 5. 耍头的模具复杂,采用玻璃刚模具。 Playing the first mold complex, rigid glass mold.

4) 分柱头科,平身科,角科,用斗拱体系中各自翘的混凝土把各单件连接成1/2攒斗拱,具体是在木底板上,准确安装好定位板,把各个分件构件分别是耍头、厢拱、瓜拱、万拱、座斗固定在相应的位置上,再安装翘的模板,在检査确认无误后,浇筑翘的混凝土,该混凝土与瓜拱等分件应为同一种类和标号,形成l/2攒的斗拱。 4) Branch points stigma, flat body Branch, Branch angle, with respective brackets system Alice concrete member connected to each of the single half save brackets, in particular on the wooden floor, accurate positioning plate is installed, the respective sub-member member are playing head compartment arch, the arch melon, Wan arch, fixed to the bucket in a corresponding position, then install Alice template, after checking confirmation, Alice pouring concrete, the concrete and the arch aliquot member should melon and reference numerals for the same kind, forming l / 2 save the brackets.

5) 连接成l/2攒的斗拱细部修补,主要是翘同分件的连接处、拆除翘的模板过程中混凝土面的破损处、混凝土表面不光滑、蜂窝、表面气泡等, 修补在拆除翘的模板后立即进行:用细砂+水泥浆+白水泥+108胶进行修补。 5) is connected to the l / 2 save dougong detail repair, mainly Alice connection with sub-member, removal of breakage template during Alice in the concrete surface, the concrete surface is not smooth, the honeycomb, the surface bubbles, repair dismantling Alice immediately after the template: repair slurry with fine sand + + + 108 white cement glue.

6) 到龄期后即可吊装W攒斗拱就位,是在构件强度达到100%后进行, 从构件翻身到吊装,再到细微调整,整个过程都要细致,所使用的工具要有软保护,确保构件的棱角不受到损坏。 6) after lifting W to save age brackets in place, after the member is up to 100% for strength, turning to the lifting member, to the fine adjustment, the whole process must be careful, the tools used must sock to ensure that the edges do not damage member. 起吊前要对所有的斗拱全数检査,检查包括单个1/2攒斗拱的总体和分件的尺寸,数量,尾部钢筋预留的长度和数量,内廊柱头科留设的上架拉梁预留口位置是否准确,数量和结构形式及质量是否符合设计要求。 To check for the full front lifting all brackets, and the overall size check sub-member including a single save half of the brackets, the number of tail length and number of reserved steel, leaving in the pillars of the first branch reservation shelves pull beam opening position is accurate, whether the number and structure and quality meet the design requirements.

7) 把里外各l/2攒斗拱安装就位,在同一轴线上的斗拱要先安装两端的阴阳角的角科斗拱,再用两端斗拱的位置来控制中间斗拱的的位置。 7) The inside and outside each of the l / 2 save brackets mounted in place, the brackets on the same axis across the first mounting angle brackets Yang angle of the branch, and then to control the positions of both ends of the brackets in a position intermediate brackets. 在里外W攒斗拱安装时的校正按标高、轴线、控制线的顺序进行,先校正斗拱的标高、再校正中线,基本符合要求后,再检查构件的垂直度、平整度及构件的控制线。 Correction in the outer W save brackets installed by elevation axis control sequence line are first corrected elevation brackets, and then the correction line, the line with the requirements, and then check the verticality of the member, the control line flatness and member . 对同一轴线上及同一位置内外的斗拱必须拉通线进行二次校正,均符合要求后,进行验收,进入下道工序。 After the same axis and the same location outside the brackets must be pulled through the second correction line, meet the requirements, for acceptance into the next process.

8) 斗拱预留钢筋同垫拱板的钢筋焊接,该钢筋焊接宜采用双面焊接,施工质量满足国家焊接规范的要求。 8) reinforced with brackets reservation pad arch plate steel welded, the welded steel should be double-sided welding, weld construction quality to meet national specifications.

9) 垫拱板的混凝土施工,宜采用分轴线分段进行垫拱板的混凝土施工, 有利于斗拱及时被固定好。 9) Concrete pad arch plate, should be used for concrete sub-segment axis arch cushion plate conducive brackets is fixed in time. 模板宜采用优质的镜面板,确保垫拱板的混凝土达到清水混凝土的效果。 Template should adopt high-quality mirror panels, to ensure that the effect of the concrete pad arch board to achieve fair-faced concrete. 里外各1/2攒斗拱被连接形成一攒完整的斗拱体系。 Inside and outside of each half save save brackets are connected to form a complete system of brackets.

Claims (1)

1、仿明清建筑混凝土斗拱分件预制安装施工工艺,其特征在于,1)制作出一个平身科的木制斗拱模型,按照分件的顺序制作出耍头、瓜拱、厢拱、万拱、座斗,再把各分件用翘连接成1/2攒斗拱体系;2)放各个单件耍头、瓜拱、厢拱、万拱、座斗构件样;3)进行斗拱分件工厂化生产,采用轻质混凝土,在陶粒混凝土的施工中,提前半天把陶粒浇水润湿,混凝土振捣时间30-100秒;4)分柱头科,平身科,角科,用斗拱体系中各自翘的混凝土把各单件连接成1/2攒斗拱,在木底板上,安装定位板,把各个分件构件耍头、厢拱、瓜拱、万拱、座斗固定,再安装翘的模板,浇筑翘的混凝土,该混凝土与分件应为同一种类和标号,形成1/2攒的斗拱;5)连接成1/2攒的斗拱细部修补,修补在拆除翘的模板后进行:用细砂+水泥浆+白水泥+108胶进行修补;6)在构件强度达到100% 1, construction concrete imitation Ming brackets prefabricated construction process sub-member, characterized in that, 1) to produce a model of a flat wooden body brackets family, in order to produce a first sub-playing member, melon arch, car arch, the arch Wan , bucket, then the sub-assemble member connected to the brackets 1/2 system with Alice; 2) of each single piece playing discharge head, melon arch, the arch compartment, Wan arch, like the bucket member; 3) sub-member plant brackets production, lightweight concrete, the concrete construction of the ceramic, the ceramic in advance half wetting water, concrete vibrators time of 30-100 seconds; 4) branch points stigma, flat body Branch, Branch angle, with brackets system Alice respective concrete in one piece connected to respective brackets save 1/2, on the wooden floor, mounting the positioning plate, the respective sub-member member playing head, car arch, the arch melon, Wan arch, fixed to the bucket, and then mounting Alice template, Alice pouring concrete, the concrete member with the sub-type and should be the same reference numerals, save form of brackets 1/2; 5) are connected to the brackets detail 1/2 save repair, repair Alice performed after removing the template: +108 + white cement grout repairing glue + sand; 6) in 100% strength member 后,吊装1/2攒斗拱就位;7)把里外各1/2攒斗拱安装就位,在同一轴线上的斗拱要先安装两端的阴阳角的角科斗拱,再用两端斗拱的位置来控制中间斗拱位置,在里外1/2攒斗拱安装时的校正按标高、轴线、控制线的顺序进行,先校正斗拱的标高、再校正中线,再检查构件的垂直度、平整度及构件的控制线,对同一轴线上及同一位置内外的斗拱必须拉通线进行二次校正;8)斗拱预留钢筋同垫拱板的钢筋焊接,该钢筋焊接采用双面焊接;9)垫拱板的混凝土施工,采用分轴线分段进行垫拱板的混凝土施工,模板采用镜面板,里外各1/2攒斗拱被连接形成一攒完整的斗拱体系。 After lifting brackets 1/2 save position; 7) in the outer half of each save brackets mounted in place, the brackets on the same axis across the first mounting angle brackets Yang angle of the branch, and then both ends of the brackets an intermediate position to control the position of brackets, the brackets save correction is mounted inside the outer 1/2 by elevation axis, the line control procedure is performed, the elevation corrected first brackets, and then midline correction, and then check the verticality member, flatness and means of control lines, and the brackets on the inside and outside of the same position on the same axis line must be pulled through the secondary correction; 8) reinforced with welded steel brackets reservation pad arch plate, the double-sided welding of welded steel; 9) arch pad concrete construction panels, the use of concrete for sub-segment axis arch cushion plate, using the template mirror panels, inside and outside of each half save save brackets are connected to form a complete system of brackets.
CN 200810151111 2008-09-25 2008-09-25 Ming dynasty-style building concrete bucket-arch piece pre prefabricated construction technique CN101417461B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080453A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-06-01 陕西省第三建筑工程公司 Process for prefabricating and constructing concrete rafters of pseudo-classic architectures
CN102587662A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 李建民 Chinese-style Ming and Qing archaized arch building method by means of reinforced concrete pouring
CN105908889A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-31 陕西建工第三建设集团有限公司 Construction method for prefabrication and reverse installation of cornice concrete decoration members of archaistic building
CN105984015A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-10-05 五冶集团上海有限公司 Method for manufacturing prefabricated concrete components of bracket set of antique building
CN106284640A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-04 李建民 A kind of building in the style of the ancients concrete sets of brackets on top of the columns cast-in-place construction technique
CN106567455A (en) * 2016-10-22 2017-04-19 钟贵洪 Corner concrete bracket system structure
CN106884475A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-23 蔡韩琦 A kind of method for improving building in the style of the ancients post section sets of brackets on top of the columns installation qualification rate

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102080453A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-06-01 陕西省第三建筑工程公司 Process for prefabricating and constructing concrete rafters of pseudo-classic architectures
CN102587662A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 李建民 Chinese-style Ming and Qing archaized arch building method by means of reinforced concrete pouring
CN105984015A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-10-05 五冶集团上海有限公司 Method for manufacturing prefabricated concrete components of bracket set of antique building
CN105984015B (en) * 2015-02-27 2018-02-16 五冶集团上海有限公司 One collects together sets of brackets on top of the columns prefabricated concrete element preparation method in building in the style of the ancients
CN105908889A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-31 陕西建工第三建设集团有限公司 Construction method for prefabrication and reverse installation of cornice concrete decoration members of archaistic building
CN105908889B (en) * 2016-04-29 2018-04-03 陕西建工第三建设集团有限公司 Building in the style of the ancients cornice concrete decoration element is prefabricated and reverse construction method of installation
CN106284640A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-04 李建民 A kind of building in the style of the ancients concrete sets of brackets on top of the columns cast-in-place construction technique
CN106284640B (en) * 2016-08-26 2019-04-23 李建民 A kind of pseudo-classic architecture concrete sets of brackets on top of the columns cast-in-place construction technique
CN106567455A (en) * 2016-10-22 2017-04-19 钟贵洪 Corner concrete bracket system structure
CN106884475A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-23 蔡韩琦 A kind of method for improving building in the style of the ancients post section sets of brackets on top of the columns installation qualification rate

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