CN101403540A - Heat pump type heating and ice production method and apparatus - Google Patents

Heat pump type heating and ice production method and apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101403540A
CN101403540A CNA2008100739234A CN200810073923A CN101403540A CN 101403540 A CN101403540 A CN 101403540A CN A2008100739234 A CNA2008100739234 A CN A2008100739234A CN 200810073923 A CN200810073923 A CN 200810073923A CN 101403540 A CN101403540 A CN 101403540A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
compressor
pump
water
type
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CNA2008100739234A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄华
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黄华
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Priority to CNA2008100739234A priority Critical patent/CN101403540A/en
Publication of CN101403540A publication Critical patent/CN101403540A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The invention discloses a method and a device for simultaneously providing hot water or heating and ice cakes by utilizing water phase transformation, which is characterized in that: two or more heat pumps are connected in series with each other; by utilizing the water phase transformation, a condenser of a compressor of one heat pump is used for generating hot water or heating; and an evaporator of a compressor of the other heat pump is used for making ice. Providing cold air and hot water or heating simultaneously, the heat pump type heating and ice making device can also make the ice cakes according to the requirements, thus making full use of the electrical energy. Compared with the existing separately used household air conditioners and heaters, the heat pump type heating and ice making device can save 4 to 12 times of the electrical energy.

Description

A kind of heat-pump-type heats, ice making method and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to that a kind of heat-pump-type heats, ice making method and device, particularly can utilize the water heating that the method and apparatus of hot water or heating installation and ice cube is provided simultaneously.
Background technology
At present, in order to save the energy, the technical scheme that the research and utilization heat pump of some heat-pump-type heat-producing machines heats is a lot, conclude and get up to have two kinds, the one, air source heat pump, two is water resource heat pump, the two energy-saving principle but is the same, the low-grade heat of promptly utilizing heat pump to absorb air or water produces high-grade heat, and as one kilogram water, the heat energy that once can emit a kilocalorie whenever falls in temperature, so from 20 ℃ of normal temperature, drop to 1 ℃, the evaporimeter of heat pump can obtain the heat energy of 19 kilocalories, arrives condenser through heat pump cycle, on heat pump condenser, 1 kilogram 20 ℃ water can be warmed to 39 ℃, can be required for people's life, the ice formed can to work as the evaporimeter of heat pump, hindered heat transfer, then heat pump is with regard to cisco unity malfunction, this makes the machine of heat-pump-type, and not only power consumption also can produce a lot of use problems.Some documents also disclose some energy-conservation heat pump type refrigerating (heating) devices in recent years, and for example Chinese patent discloses following technology:
1, application number: 200720091885 applyings date: 2007/09/18 notification number: 201093803 authorize day: 2008-7-30 Granted publication day: 2008-7-30 denomination of invention: multi-machine parallel connection three alliance water source heat pump air-conditioner units, inventor: Guo Dangsheng; Li Jijun; Li Chengbin; Zhang Jianqi, applicant: Jiyuan Beidi Underground Energy Central Air Conditioning Equipment Co., Ltd., address of the applicant: handle of the Big Dipper head gateway of the village, Ya Qiao township, Jiyuan City, Henan Province, digest: a kind ofly collect refrigeration, heat, make three kinds of functions of domestic hot-water the multi-machine parallel connection three alliance water source heat pump air-conditioner units that are one.It is to adopt the use in parallel of 3~8 efficient scroll compressors; And condenser adopts the two condensers serial or parallel connection to use, and perhaps adopts a single condenser that strengthens at double.Freeze, heat, make the domestic hot-water, a tractor serves several purposes reduces initial cost, the Energy Efficiency Ratio when significantly improving air-conditioning unit sub-load, and realize the annual uninterrupted domestic hot-water of manufacturing.
2, application number: 200720003768 applyings date: 2007/01/28 notification number: 201081401 authorize day: 2008-7-2 Granted publication day: 2008-7-2 denomination of invention: a kind of low grade residual heat reclaims heat-pump water heater inventor: Gao Xiufeng; Luo Cong; The auspicious applicant of Zhang Zhi: Yangzhou Sunleada Co., Ltd. address of the applicant: Zhu Tang road, JiangYang Industrial Park, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province Yangzhou Sunleada Co., Ltd. digest: a kind of low grade residual heat reclaims heat-pump water heater, is used for reclaiming the heat of 30~50 ℃ of waste water to produce the clear hot-water more than 55 ℃.Device mainly comprises the compressor of a preheater, evaporimeter, two condensers, two platform independent, two cold-producing medium expansion elements, two water pumps, and other appurtenances.By refrigerant line and water lines above-mentioned parts are connected into a system, form waste water, clear water, three loops of cold-producing medium.Waste water enters evaporimeter in preheater with after the cleaning cold water heat exchange, cooled dose of further heat absorption back discharging is through the preliminary clear water that heats up of preheater successively flow through low-temperature condenser and high temperature condenser and progressively heated to the temperature that requires again.Refrigerating circuit is filled with conventional H C F C cold-producing medium, forms two steam compression type refrigerating circulations by compressor suction in refrigerating circuit.The effect of two water pumps is to give the pressurization of waste water and clear water respectively, to overcome heat exchanger and pressure loss in piping.
3, application number: 92110270 applyings date: 1992/09/15 open day: 1994/03/23 day for announcing: publication number: 1084266 notification numbers: authorize day: Granted publication day: denomination of invention: refrigerating heat pump hot water apparatus, inventor: Wang Bo; What crowd applicant: Wang Bo address of the applicant: No. 24, Huang Si street, Beijing, digest: a kind of refrigeration, association system one refrigerating heat pump hot water apparatus that heats, comprise parts such as compressor, condenser, subcooler, flow controller, evaporimeter, water tank, choke valve, be characterized in cold-producing medium in condenser with water tank in water and in subcooler, carry out heat exchange with the water that flows in the water tank by choke valve, make full use of the heat that discharges after refrigerant is compressed and produce hot water, satisfied the heat release requirement of condensation process in the refrigeration machine simultaneously well.This invention utilizes the discarded usually heat of conventional heat pump refrigeration modes to produce hot water, and can improve coefficient of refrigerating performance greatly, has saved the energy.This invention is simple in structure, and cost is low, is applicable to low power consumption, multifunctional household refrigerator or the air-cooler of development of new.
4, application number: 92210881 applyings date: 1992/05/12, publication number: notification number: 2120305 authorize day: 1993-5-20 Granted publication day: 1993-7-7 denomination of invention: dual-purpose refrigerator for heating and refrigerating inventor: Wang Xuejun; Fei Wenbai; Li Kaifeng; In big star applicant: Wang Xuejun address of the applicant: peace zone, ShenYang, Liaoning Province city three good street compound on May Day digests: a kind of dual-purpose refrigerator for heating and refrigerating, except the refrigeration system that a former refrigerator is arranged, additional vaporization plate, reversal valve, filter have been increased, utilize former compressor and condenser to constitute heat pump circulating system, utilize water pump to the heating that circulates of the water in two water tanks, 50-60 ℃ hot water 30-40 liter can be provided every day, owing in compressor housing, be provided with circulating water pipe, can improve the compressor operating environment, increase the service life, and can save electricity consumption.
Above-mentioned disclosed Chinese patent provides some conservation measures to the use of heat pump, but all is to make an issue of on common low-grade heat, and the use in winter can make unit usefulness reduce.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide that a kind of suitable family uses, utilize normal-temperature water as thermal source, particularly can utilize the water heating can provide simultaneously hot water or heating installation and ice cube method and apparatus.
Heat-pump-type of the present invention heats, the method for ice making is achieved in that and adopts two covers or overlap the series connection of heat pump group more, by utilizing the heat of transformation of water, the condenser of compressor of a cover heat pump wherein is used to heat water or heating installation, and the evaporimeter of the compressor of another set of heat pump is used for ice making.The principle of its foundation is: because a kg of water becomes solid-state (ice) from liquid state, can emit the heat energy of 80 kilocalories, more than water under liquid state, temperature was once whenever being fallen, just emit 1 kilocalorie, much higher, we just make specially that such heat-pump-type heats, ice maker for this reason, comprise compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, flow controller.
Device of the present invention can or overlap Compressor Group with one more, the connected mode of two cover units is: the condenser of A compressor is used to heat water or heating installation, the evaporimeter of B compressor is used for ice making, the condenser tube of socket B compressor in the evaporation tube of A compressor, form intermediate heat exchanger, the refrigerant outlet of A compressor is received condenser by the road, arrives intermediate heat exchanger through choke valve, takes back the A suction port of compressor then; B compressor refrigerant outlet connects intermediate heat exchanger through cross valve, receives evaporation ice maker pipeline and cross valve takes back the B suction port of compressor at last through choke valve.
The refrigerant condenser of above-described A compressor is tube-in-tube condenser, plate type heat exchanger or heat dissipation type fin, inserts in the water and can obtain hot water, places to add an electric fan in the air, can get heating installation.B compressor evaporimeter is made ice maker, will become the solid ice cube after the water heat absorption.
The evaporimeter inside of above-described B compressor is provided with container (roundlet or grid), is filled with water in the little lattice, little especially use evaporation tube around so that ice making; The effect that B compressor gateway is connect cross valve is when needs take out ice cube, and with evaporimeter conversion becoming condenser, compressor operation produces heat, can conveniently take out after the ice cube surface is melted.
Because this device height temperature difference is big, is in optimum duty for guaranteeing unit, so establish high temperature and low temperature two compressors.If can improve compressor and hot machine structure and cold-producing medium thereof, compressor can be worked when the big temperature difference, can be with one group of compressor.
Ice making water can be running water, sanitary wastewater etc., and in summer, the ice of taking-up can be used for room cooling, and winter, the evaporimeter of B compressor can be thrown away after freezing with waste water, can not exert an influence to unit and life.
Principle of the present invention is can emit 80 kilocalorie heats according to the per kilogram water freezing, the evaporimeter of B compressor is used for ice making, the effect of compressor is that cold-producing medium is liquid state from gaseous compressed, this will produce a large amount of heat, we surround at the pipeline exterior-applied liquid medicine of compressor and condenser and absorb these heats, water temperature is raise, to reach the hot water that shower is used.Perhaps fan blows condenser pipe, can get heating installation, cold-producing medium comes out to condenser from compressor, behind capillary, cold-producing medium becomes gaseous state from liquid state in evaporimeter, and this need absorb a large amount of heat, and the back becomes ice so the water in the evaporimeter is absorbed heat, cold-producing medium behind the gaseous state is got back to compressor compresses again, forms a thermodynamic cycle.And the condenser of A compressor is used to make hot water or heating installation, and electric energy is fully utilized, and saves electric energy 4-12 doubly than each electric heater that uses separately of existing family.
Compared with prior art, the most outstanding substantive distinguishing features and the obvious improvement of the present invention is:
1, makes full use of water and become the characteristic that ice will be emitted a large amount of heat energy, utilize heat pump techniques, this characteristic of water is carried out system's design of heat release and heat absorption, make icing this negative interaction of conventional heat pump become positive interaction, it is big to reduce traditional water resource heat pump water consumption, the problem of low-temperature receiver waste, prevailing water can be made contributions for the energy-conservation of the mankind, energy-conservation especially product can be applied on a large scale, the energy prices that grow to even greater heights with reply.
2, water becomes the ice liberated heat and can make water heater, perhaps warming machine, and water becomes the ice cube of ice, takes out in ice maker, can give the life that is used for people, be particularly suitable for the small firm or the shop of marketing beverages.
3, the effect that this heat-pump-type heats, ice machine can reach 4-6 times of economize on electricity.Can use simultaneously as heat and ice, then energy-conservation more can reaching more than 8 times also promptly used the power of 2-3KW, can reach the effect of 12KW, and it is considerable to economize on electricity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that this heat-pump-type heats, a kind of enforcement structure chart of ice maker (hot water).
Fig. 2 is that heat-pump-type heats, the another kind of ice maker is implemented structure chart (heating installation).
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, this heat-pump-type heats, ice maker is a device of making hot water, water heater 2 can be placed in outside the bathroom, running water connects water heater 2 water inlets, can obtain hot water at delivery port, cold-producing medium: the refrigerant outlet of A compressor 1 arrives bushing type water heater 2 (condenser) by the road and produces heat release, pipeline arrives intermediate heat exchanger 3 evaporation heat absorptions through choke valve 4 then, get back to A compressor 1 from middle heat exchanger 3, the refrigerant outlet cross valve 6 of B compressor 7 is to intermediate heat exchanger condensation heat release, after choke valve returns cross valve 6 to B compressor 7 to ice maker (evaporimeter heat absorption) pipeline; The effect of cross valve 6 is with cold and hot commutation, is used to take out the ice of ice maker.
As shown in Figure 2, this heat-pump-type heats, ice maker is the device of making heating installation (hot blast), the refrigerant outlet of A compressor 1 arrives condenser 2 (adopting the heat dissipation type fin) by the road and produces heat release, pipeline arrives intermediate heat exchanger 3 evaporation heat absorptions through choke valve 4 then, get back to A compressor 1 from middle heat exchanger 3, the refrigerant outlet cross valve 6 of B compressor 7 is to intermediate heat exchanger condensation heat release, after choke valve returns cross valve 6 to B compressor 7 to ice maker (evaporimeter heat absorption) pipeline; The effect of cross valve 6 is with cold and hot commutation, is used to take out the ice of ice maker.
This heat-pump-type heats, when ice maker uses as water heater, establish everyone and had a bath 10 minutes at every turn, per minute 5 premium on currency, rise to 40 degree from 5 degree, then total calorific requirement 1750 kilocalories can be emitted the heat of 80 kilocalories because of the water freezing of per kilogram, so, can meet the demands with 21 kilograms water freezing.The water of the usefulness of freezing, can use running water summer, and the back that freezes is taken out and is used for living, the waste water that can fall when having a bath winter.The back taking-up of freezing is thrown away.
Below state the flow process of each fluid again, so that better understand operation principle of the present invention:
The flow process of cold-producing medium is:
A compressor 1 → tube-in-tube condenser 2 (adding hot water) → A choke valves 4 → evaporimeter 3 (intermediate heat exchanger) → A compressors 1.
B compressor 7 → (cross valve 6) → condenser 3 (intermediate heat exchanger) → B choke valve 5 → evaporimeter 8 (ice maker) → (cross valve 6) → B compressor.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of heat-pump-type heat, ice making method, it is characterized in that: adopt two covers or overlap the series connection of heat pump group more, by utilizing the heat of transformation of water, the condenser of the compressor of a cover heat pump wherein is used to heat water or heating installation, the evaporimeter of the compressor of another set of heat pump is used for ice making.
2, heat-pump-type as claimed in claim 1 heats, the device that ice making method adopted, comprise compressor, condenser, evaporimeter, heat exchanger and flow controller, it is characterized in that: it uses AB two compressors, AB two cover heat exchangers and AB two cover flow controllers, the condenser (2) of A compressor (1) is used to make hot water or heating installation, the evaporimeter of B compressor refrigerant (8) is used for ice making, the condenser (2) of A compressor (1) cold-producing medium adopts tube-in-tube condenser, the condenser tube (2) of socket B compressor (7) in the cold-producing medium evaporation tube of A compressor (1), the refrigerant outlet of A compressor (1) is received condenser (2) by the road, arrive intermediate heat exchanger (3) through choke valve (4), take back A compressor (1) inlet then; B compressor (7) refrigerating fluid discharging and feeding connects intermediate heat exchanger (3) condensation through cross valve (6), receives evaporimeter (8) and cross valve (5) through choke valve (5) and takes back B compressor (1) inlet at last.
3, heat-pump-type according to claim 2 heat, ice maker, it is characterized in that: the refrigerant condenser (2) of described A compressor (1) is bushing type water heater, plate type heat exchanger or heat dissipation type fin.
4, heat-pump-type according to claim 2 heat, ice maker, it is characterized in that: described evaporimeter (8) inside is provided with container, containing water in container, container external application evaporation tube around.
5, heat-pump-type according to claim 2 heat, ice maker, it is characterized in that: the refrigerant pipe of described bushing type water heater (2) is a coil pipe, is coiled into circle or rectangular structure.
6, heat-pump-type according to claim 2 heat, ice maker, it is characterized in that: described heat-pump-type heats, ice machine is instant heating type heat pump water heater.
CNA2008100739234A 2008-11-18 2008-11-18 Heat pump type heating and ice production method and apparatus CN101403540A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101929773A (en) * 2010-09-08 2010-12-29 李洲 Ice maker
CN101929778A (en) * 2010-09-08 2010-12-29 李洲 Refrigeration equipment
CN102003837A (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-04-06 施国梁 Method and device utilizing heat of phase change of water as heat source of heat pump system
CN102095279A (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-15 Lg电子株式会社 Water circulation apparatus associated with refrigerant system
CN103162411A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-06-19 罗良宜 Hydroenergy water heater
CN103162394A (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-19 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system with energy storage function
CN103423930A (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-12-04 杭州三花研究院有限公司 Ice-making machine
CN105509390A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 哈尔滨商业大学 Liquamatic ice making machine device and installation method
CN107036355A (en) * 2015-12-16 2017-08-11 艾默生环境优化技术有限公司 Ice machine including steam compression system
CN109611982A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-04-12 中国航空制造技术研究院 A kind of energy storage heat management device using ice storage
US10641535B2 (en) 2018-03-19 2020-05-05 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Ice maker and method of making and harvesting ice

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102003837A (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-04-06 施国梁 Method and device utilizing heat of phase change of water as heat source of heat pump system
CN102003837B (en) * 2009-09-03 2013-04-17 赵明辉 Method and device utilizing heat of phase change of water as heat source of heat pump system
CN102095279A (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-15 Lg电子株式会社 Water circulation apparatus associated with refrigerant system
CN102095279B (en) * 2009-12-11 2014-05-14 Lg电子株式会社 Water circulation apparatus associated with refrigerant system
CN101929778A (en) * 2010-09-08 2010-12-29 李洲 Refrigeration equipment
CN101929773A (en) * 2010-09-08 2010-12-29 李洲 Ice maker
CN103162394B (en) * 2011-12-19 2015-06-03 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system with energy storage function
CN103162394A (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-19 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioning system with energy storage function
CN103423930B (en) * 2012-05-23 2017-03-15 杭州三花研究院有限公司 A kind of ice machine
CN103423930A (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-12-04 杭州三花研究院有限公司 Ice-making machine
CN103162411A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-06-19 罗良宜 Hydroenergy water heater
CN107036355A (en) * 2015-12-16 2017-08-11 艾默生环境优化技术有限公司 Ice machine including steam compression system
CN105509390A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-20 哈尔滨商业大学 Liquamatic ice making machine device and installation method
US10641535B2 (en) 2018-03-19 2020-05-05 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Ice maker and method of making and harvesting ice
CN109611982A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-04-12 中国航空制造技术研究院 A kind of energy storage heat management device using ice storage

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