CN201753994U - Integrated heat exchange system - Google Patents

Integrated heat exchange system Download PDF

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CN201753994U
CN201753994U CN2010202786961U CN201020278696U CN201753994U CN 201753994 U CN201753994 U CN 201753994U CN 2010202786961 U CN2010202786961 U CN 2010202786961U CN 201020278696 U CN201020278696 U CN 201020278696U CN 201753994 U CN201753994 U CN 201753994U
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heat exchanger
mouth
break
heats
refrigeration
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李洲
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated heat exchange system which comprises a four-way reversal valve; the four-way reversal valve comprises an inlet, an outlet, a reversing port A and a reversing port B, the air outlet of a compressor is connected with the inlet through a heating heat exchanger, the outlet is connected with the air suction port of the compressor through a cooling heat exchanger, the inlet of the four-way reversal valve is controlled by a controller to communicate with the reversing port A or the reversing port B, correspondingly the outlet is selectively communicated with the reversing port B or the reversing port A; a liquid storage device, an expansion valve and an adjusting heat exchanger are connected between the reversing port A and the reversing port B in series through pipelines to form an internal loop. The refrigerant in the system circulates simultaneously, the high low pressure refrigerant injection spaces on both sides are balanced by the liquid storage device during operating mode switching process, and the integrated heat exchange system is applicable to the centralized heating and cooling inside buildings.

Description

Integrated heat exchange system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the heat pump technical field, relates to especially that a kind of suitable building uses, the heat-exchange system of integrated heat supply and refrigeration.
Background technology
At present, it is increasing to be used for proportion civilian and that energy resource consumption commercial building accounts for whole energy resource consumption, and wherein the refrigeration and the hot water supply in room are two main aspects for these.Traditionally, refrigeration and heat supply are two separate systems, in winter, need on the one hand to consume a large amount of fuel oil, combustion gas or electric energy and heat guaranteeing the supply of hot water, the while again consumed power to refrigerator or freezer refrigerating; And to summer, should freeze to the room by consumed power, but still be required to be simultaneously the supply of hot water and consumes energy, and the heat of discharging during refrigeration has been wasted in vain, the temperature in city is further raise.A typical air compression cycle system that shown in Figure 1 is, its operation principle is as follows: at first use 1 pair of pressurizes refrigerant of compressor, make it become the gas of HTHP, the gas of HTHP is flowed through the heat exchanger (condenser) that heats 2 o'clock by water-cooled or air-cooled mode release heat, to produce hot water or to be room heat supply etc., then, the cold-producing medium of high pressure low temperature enters into the heat exchanger (evaporimeter) 3 of a refrigeration through the expansion valve 4 that can control refrigerant flow, cold-producing medium evaporation heat absorption is for the room refrigeration or be refrigeration such as freezer, refrigerator.Cold-producing medium after the evaporation comes back in the compressor 1, to begin new circulation.In this system, the energy that compressor consumed just shifts heat, and the heat that produces during refrigeration reasonably is used to heat, thereby can reduce the energy consumption of whole system greatly.But a major defect of this type systematic is, freezes or the pattern that heats can't independent operating, and when a heat exchanger need not work in the system, compressor promptly quit work, thereby whole system is quit work.
U.S. Pat 5495723 discloses a kind of " air-conditioning unit that can be used as water heater " (CONVERTIBLE AIR CONDITIONING UNIT USABLE AS WATER HEATER), its technical scheme is that the off-premises station (condenser) at room air conditioner is gone up the heat exchanger by a water-cooled of a triple valve bypass, so that hot-water supply in for the room refrigeration, like this, when not having the hot water demand, can keep the operate as normal of room air conditioner.When but the room air conditioner in this system need not work, compressor can only quit work, thereby can't continue to provide hot water.In addition, because the flow line of cold-producing medium is not simple cascaded structure in whole system, all the time it is idle having one in the heat exchanger of off-premises station and bypass, therefore the cold-producing medium that stores in its pipeline is the circulation of not participating in system when not working, thereby cause the fluctuation that participates in the refrigerant flow of circulation under the different operating conditions, and then influence the heat exchanger effectiveness of system.
Summary of the invention
Thereby the purpose of this utility model be for the pattern that overcomes the existing refrigeration of existing pump type heat heat-exchange system and heat can not work alone and pipeline in refrigerant flow fluctuation influence the problem of system's heat exchanger effectiveness greatly, a kind of integrated heat exchange system of high energy efficiency is provided, but its refrigeration and each pattern independent operating of heating.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: a kind of integrated heat exchange system, comprise compressor, some heat exchangers, expansion valve, the controller of reservoir and control system operational mode, described heat-exchange system comprises that also is used to control a refrigerant flow direction, four-way change-over valve with Electromagnetic Control, this four-way change-over valve comprises an inlet, an outlet, break-in mouth A and break-in mouth B, the gas outlet of described compressor by a heat exchanger that heats after with the inlet link to each other, outlet links to each other with the air entry of compressor by behind the heat exchanger of a refrigeration, the inlet of four-way change-over valve selectively is communicated with break-in mouth A or break-in mouth B under the control of controller, correspondingly, outlet then selectively is communicated with break-in mouth B or break-in mouth A, and is connected in series reservoir successively with pipeline between break-in mouth A and break-in mouth B, expansion valve and regulating with heat exchanger to constitute a home loop.The utility model is divided into external circuit and home loop by an electromagnetism four-way change-over valve with whole system, heat exchanger on the home loop be mainly used in the external circuit on heat exchanger carry out work coupling, it is by the switching of electromagnetism four-way change-over valve, make adjusting on the home loop with heat exchanger in refrigeration with heat between two kinds of mode of operations and switch, like this, when need not work for one in the heat exchanger of heat exchanger that heats or refrigeration, adjusting promptly switches to corresponding refrigeration or heating mode with heat exchanger, thereby guarantees in the system each pattern operate as normal independently.Further, no matter how the refrigerant flow direction of home loop switches, the pipeline of whole system is series model all the time, that is to say, everywhere refrigerant flow is identical on the pipeline, thereby avoid the phenomenon that the part cold-producing medium does not participate in working cycles occurring, make the refrigerant flow of the whole system unanimity of keeping in balance, help improving the stability and the heat exchanger effectiveness of system works.Further, when adjusting is in high pressure one side with heat exchanger, high pressure one side of pipeline has two heat exchangers, adjusting in service is with the cold-producing medium that can be full of more liquid state in the pipeline of heat exchanger, and when the mode of operation of system is switched, adjusting is in low pressure one side with heat exchanger, can bring two problems.First: this moment, low pressure one side of pipeline had two heat exchangers; and high pressure one side has only a heat exchanger; therefore after condensation of refrigerant becomes liquid behind the high pressure condensing heat-exchange; before high pressure one side liquid storage space and working mode change, compare significantly and reduce; cause liquid refrigerants to accumulate like this in heat exchanger (condenser) lining that high pressure one side heats; make effective condensing heat-exchange area of condenser the inside descend significantly; thereby make heat exchange efficiency sharply descend, and then cause system compresses machine pressure at expulsion sharply to rise and the shutdown of generation high voltage protective.Second: when regulating with heat exchanger when high pressure switches to low pressure, a large amount of liquid refrigerants of leaving when this heat exchanger moves in the high-pressure side may can not evaporate at short notice fully, thereby cause the compressor air suction mouth liquid refrigerant to occur.When regulating with heat exchanger when low pressure is transformed into high pressure one side, also can bring the 3rd problem, when this heat exchanger during in low-pressure side, low pressure one side has two heat exchangers, and the high-pressure side has only 1, be transformed into the high-pressure side after high pressure one side two heat exchangers are arranged, and low-pressure side has only one, for the system that makes keeps uniformity preferably in the refrigerant charging space of high-low pressure both sides, need an energy is regulated the refrigerant charging space between high-low pressure equipment.On the home loop of the present utility model; expansion valve can adopt the reversible expansion valve; the one side is connected with heat exchanger with adjusting; opposite side links to each other with reservoir; reservoir not only can make the cold-producing medium that enters evaporimeter as far as possible for liquid; to improve the endothermic effect of evaporimeter; and can solve above-mentioned first and the 3rd problem mentioning; regulating the cold-producing medium that when high pressure switches to low pressure, stores the liquid state behind the condensing heat-exchange in high pressure one lateral line with heat exchanger; the heat exchange area of the feasible heat exchanger (condenser) that heats is guaranteed; avoiding occurring compressor shuts down because of the hypertonia protectiveness of gas outlet; and help improving the heat exchange efficiency of condenser, guarantee that system works reposefully.Simultaneously high pressure one side has a heat exchanger and reservoir, and low pressure one side has two heat exchangers, balance the refrigerant charging space of whole system high and low pressure both sides; And when regulating with heat exchanger when low pressure switches to high pressure, reservoir also switches to low pressure from high pressure simultaneously, make high pressure one side that two heat exchangers be arranged, low pressure one side has a heat exchanger and reservoir, and refrigerant charging space, system high-low pressure both sides also keeps the layout of relative equilibrium.
As preferably, the described heat exchanger that heats has the boiler that water pump and energy storage are used, the coaxial circulating water pipe that connects boiler that is provided with on the heat exchanger pipeline that heats, and by water pump in circulating water pipe, produce with the heat exchanger pipeline that heats in the opposite circulating water flow of flow direction of cold-producing medium.Because the hot water supply is the long-term demand of heat-exchange system in the building, therefore, the heat exchanger that setting heats for water-cooling pattern so that hot water to be provided, can reduce adjusting and be operated in heating mode with heat exchanger, and then reduce and regulate with heat exchanger frequently switching between two kinds of mode of operations, help keeping the stability and the continuation of whole system work, and improve energy utilization ratio to greatest extent.In addition, if the flow direction of current and cold-producing medium is consistent, then the water temperature of water pipe back segment progressively rises, and the temperature of cold-producing medium progressively descends, both temperature difference are progressively dwindled, thereby make heat radiation condensation effect variation, and the flow direction of circulating water flow is opposite with the flow direction of cold-producing medium, then can make and keep the suitable temperature difference between current and the cold-producing medium, and then help improving the condensation radiating effect of the heat exchanger pipeline that heats.
As preferably, described circulating water pipe is vertical helical form, and its upper end is a delivery port, and the lower end is a water inlet, is provided with the earial drainage loop of bypass in the water inlet of lower end.When need not hot water is provided and regulate with heat exchanger, the heat exchanger that heats is in when heating mode of operation, water pump quits work, the heat exchanger that heats becomes simple pipeline, since circulating water pipe be straight to helicoidal structure, therefore the water in the water pipe relies on the effect of self gravitation can be from the earial drainage loop emptying of bypass, avoids water static in the circulating water pipe to heat up too high and causes fault.
As preferably, the refrigeration work consumption of the heat exchanger that heats power and refrigeration of the described heat exchanger that heats is complementary.Because the demand of hot water is discontinuity normally, its fluctuation is bigger, and hot water is storable, therefore, the refrigeration work consumption of the heat exchanger that heats power and refrigeration of the heat exchanger that heats is complementary, in the hot water supply of guaranteeing to provide stable under the prerequisite of refrigeration demand, make system's balance as far as possible and between heating in refrigeration, reduce the working time of regulating with heat exchanger, the continuity and the stability of system works had both been helped improving, help reducing the power of whole system simultaneously, and cut down the consumption of energy.
As preferably, described adjusting has heat exchange power suitable under the identical operating mode with the bigger heat exchanger of heat exchange area in the heat exchanger of heat exchanger and refrigeration, the heat exchanger that heats.Thereby guarantee all independent operatings normally of the heat exchanger that freezes, heat.
As preferably, be provided with gas-liquid separator in air entry one side of compressor.When regulating with heat exchanger when high pressure one side switches to low pressure one side, the cold-producing medium that accumulates in its pipeline may evaporate in the heat exchanger of refrigeration fully, gas-liquid separator can avoid liquid cold-producing medium to enter compressor in a large number, thereby guarantees the operate as normal of compressor.
As preferably, described adjusting heat exchanger is air-cooled or other secondary refrigerant cooleds.Because the effect with heat exchanger regulated is that when system is freezed or heating mode when need not work, it can carry out balance with another pattern and can work alone with each pattern that guarantees system, the heat that institute emitted or absorbs when therefore adjusting was worked with heat exchanger need not to store, and adopts air-cooled its structure that helps simplifying.Certainly, according to actual conditions, but described adjusting is with heat exchanger also other secondary refrigerant cooleds.
In sum, the utlity model has following beneficial effect: each pattern can work independently in (1) system, thus satisfy people at different times to heating and the different demands of freezing; (2) all cold-producing medium all participates in circulation simultaneously in the system, has guaranteed the stable of refrigerant flow under the different operating modes, helps improving the efficient of system; The operate as normal of compressor is guaranteed in the filled space of high-low pressure both sides cold-producing medium when (3) switching with reservoir balance sysmte mode of operation, and guarantees that the high-pressure side cold-producing medium has sufficient heat exchange area.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of existing integrated heat exchange system typical structure;
Fig. 2 is the pipeline schematic diagram of the utility model when adopting two-way reservoir;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the heat exchanger cocycle water pipe that heats in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the pipeline schematic diagram of the utility model when adopting unidirectional reservoir.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
In embodiment as shown in Figure 2, a kind of integrated heat exchange system of the present utility model, it mainly is the hot water supply that is used for building, the refrigeration in room or heat, the refrigeration of refrigerator and freezer, its basic formation comprises compressor 1, three heat exchangers, expansion valve 4, reservoir 5, the four-way change-over valve 6 of Electromagnetic Control and the controller (not shown) of control system operational mode, one of them heat exchanger is the heat exchanger 2 that heats, it adopts water-cooling pattern so that hot water to be provided, thereby become a condenser of system, another is the heat exchanger 3 of refrigeration, it is mainly used in the refrigeration in room, thereby become an evaporimeter of system, and the 3rd heat exchanger is for regulating with heat exchanger 7, it can switch between refrigeration and heating mode, this regulates with the heat exchanger employing air-cooled, also can adopt other secondary refrigerant cooleds according to actual conditions certainly.Four-way change-over valve is provided with an inlet 61, outlets 62, break-in mouth A63 and break-in mouth B64, the inlet of four-way change-over valve selectively is communicated with break-in mouth A or break-in mouth B under the control of controller, correspondingly, outlet then selectively is communicated with break-in mouth B or break-in mouth A.
The gas outlet of compressor is connected with the heat exchanger that heats with pipeline, the heat exchanger that heats links to each other with the inlet of four-way change-over valve again, the outlet of four-way change-over valve is connected with the heat exchanger of refrigeration with pipeline, and the heat exchanger of refrigeration links to each other with the air entry of compressor again.And on break-in mouth A, connect a two-way reservoir with pipeline, and then connect a reversible expansion valve successively and regulate and use heat exchanger, be connected to break-in mouth B with pipeline at last, thereby between break-in mouth A and break-in mouth B home loop of formation.
The heat exchanger that heats has the boiler (not shown) that water pump 8 and energy storage are used, as shown in Figure 3, be provided with the circulating water pipe 9 that connects boiler at the heat exchanger pipeline overcoat that heats, and by water pump in circulating water pipe, produce with the heat exchanger pipeline that heats in the opposite circulating water flow of flow direction of cold-producing medium, circulating water pipe be directly to helical form, its lower end is a water inlet 91, the upper end is a delivery port 92, simultaneously an earial drainage loop (not shown) is set in the water inlet bypass, magnetic valve by controller control is set on this earial drainage loop, hot water in the boiler can be used for the hot water supply, also can be used as the thermal source that the room heats.Certainly the version of circulating water pipe also can have multiple variation, as adopting plate armature, circulating water pipe is in a zigzag arranges, to make things convenient for when water pump is not worked the water emptying in the circulating water pipe.
The heat exchanger of refrigeration has the cold water storage cistern (not shown) that a water pump and energy storage are used equally, heat exchanger pipeline overcoat in refrigeration is provided with the circulating water pipe that connects cold water storage cistern, and in circulating water pipe, producing the opposite circulating water flow of flow direction of cold-producing medium in the heat exchanger pipeline with refrigeration by water pump, the cold water in the cold water storage cistern can be used as the low-temperature receiver of room refrigeration.
Integrated heat exchange system of the present utility model is when work, at first enter the heat exchanger that heats from the high temperature and high pressure gaseous refrigerant of compressor outlet ejection, if at this moment need hot-water supply, thereby controller is opened the water pump on the heat exchanger that heats makes the heat exchanger that heats become the condenser of system, the heat of the circulating water flow absorption refrigeration agent in the circulating water pipe, thereby make condensation of refrigerant be the low temperature liquid shape, the water in the boiler progressively becomes hot water in the circulation endothermic process.
The low temperature liquid cold-producing medium that flows out from the heat exchanger that heats enters the inlet of four-way change-over valve, at this moment, if there is the demand of refrigeration in the room, then regulate and need not work with heat exchanger, controller quits work its blower fan, thereby adjusting becomes simple connecting line with heat exchanger, four-way change-over valve is under the control of controller, its inlet is communicated with break-in mouth A, and outlet then is communicated with break-in mouth B, therefore, cold-producing medium enters the back from inlet and flows out from break-in mouth A, then through reservoir, expansion valve, adjusting is flowed back to break-in mouth B after with heat exchanger, flows out from outlet, and flows back to compressor through the heat exchanger of refrigeration.Cold-producing medium is transferring the low-pressure liquid shape to through behind the expansion valve, and enter into the heat exchanger of refrigeration, at this moment, controller is opened the water pump of the heat exchanger of refrigeration, thereby the heat exchanger that makes refrigeration becomes the evaporimeter of system, water pump circulates the water in the cold water storage cistern in circulating water pipe, cold-producing medium absorbs the heat of circulating water flow in the circulating water pipe and is evaporated to low pressure gaseous state shape, and finally flow back in the compressor by the road, circulating water flow then becomes cold water in the circulating water pipe, and it is as the cooling low-temperature receiver in room.Because the refrigeration work consumption of the heat exchanger that heats power and refrigeration of the heat exchanger that heats is complementary, thereby adjusting need not work with heat exchanger, and it only is as simple connecting line.If this moment, the room did not have the demand of refrigeration, it is out of service that then controller makes the water pump on the heat exchanger of refrigeration, thereby the heat exchanger of refrigeration becomes simple connecting line, simultaneously, controller makes adjusting with the fan starting on the heat exchanger, regulate and work in refrigeration mode with heat exchanger this moment, so that carry out balance with the heat exchanger that heats.
When system did not have the demand of hot water, controller quit work the water pump of the heat exchanger that heats.At this moment, the heat exchanger that heats becomes simple connecting line, controller switches to four-way change-over valve and enters the mouth and is connected with break-in mouth B, and outlet is connected with break-in mouth A, and the water pump with the heat exchanger of the blower fan of heat exchanger and refrigeration is regulated in unlatching, at this moment, the cold-producing medium of the HTHP gaseous state that comes out from the gas outlet of compressor enters through the inlet from four-way change-over valve behind the heat exchanger that heats, flow out from break-in mouth B then, and use heat exchanger through overregulating successively, expansion valve, flow back into break-in mouth A behind the reservoir, flow out from outlet at last, and flow back into compressor behind the heat exchanger through refrigeration.Because the adjusting of this moment is in high pressure one side before the expansion valve with heat exchanger, so its mode of operation is switched to heating mode, thereby carries out balance with the heat exchanger of refrigeration.The cold-producing medium of HTHP gaseous state is at the liquid refrigerant that is condensed into cryogenic high pressure after overregulating with heat exchanger, adjusting becomes the condenser of system with heat exchanger, cold-producing medium is after the step-down of process expansion valve, again by reservoir and enter into the heat exchanger heat absorption evaporation of refrigeration, thereby the refrigeration system of guaranteeing system can be moved independently.
When system does not have the demand of refrigeration, controller quits work the water pump of the heat exchanger of refrigeration, at this moment, the heat exchanger of refrigeration becomes simple connecting line, controller switches to four-way change-over valve and enters the mouth and is connected with break-in mouth A, and outlet is connected with break-in mouth B, and open to regulate water pump with the blower fan of heat exchanger and the heat exchanger that heats, at this moment, the cold-producing medium of the HTHP gaseous state that comes out from the gas outlet of compressor enters through the inlet from four-way change-over valve after the heat exchanger condensation that heats, flow out from break-in mouth A then, and pass through reservoir successively, expansion valve, adjusting flow back into break-in mouth B after with heat exchanger, flow out from outlet at last, and flow back into compressor behind the heat exchanger through refrigeration.Because the adjusting of this moment is in low pressure one side behind the expansion valve with heat exchanger, so its mode of operation is switched to refrigeration mode, thereby carries out balance with the heat exchanger that heats.After the cold-producing medium process expansion valve step-down of cryogenic high pressure liquid state, regulating with heat absorption evaporation in the heat exchanger, adjusting becomes the evaporimeter of system with heat exchanger, thereby the heating of guaranteeing system can be moved independently.
In system's running, adjusting of the present utility model needs to switch back and forth between high pressure and low pressure with heat exchanger, when adjusting is in high pressure one side of system with heat exchanger, high pressure one side has two heat exchangers, and low pressure one side has only a heat exchanger, so high pressure one side has more refrigerant charging space; And when regulating with heat exchanger when high pressure one side of system switches to low pressure one side, the high-pressure side has only a heat exchanger, low-pressure side then has two heat exchangers, this moment, the refrigerant charging space of high pressure one side had a mutability ground minimizing, therefore, switch to from high pressure one side in initial a period of time of low pressure one side with heat exchanger in adjusting, a large amount of liquid refrigerant of low pressure one side may not evaporate fully and just directly enter the compressor air suction mouth.The refrigerant charging insufficient space of high pressure one lateral line and heat exchanger, cause the liquid condensed cold-producing medium rapidly the heat exchanger pipeline that heats to be full of easily, thereby cause the condensing heat-exchange area deficiency of the heat exchanger that heats, simultaneously, the gas outlet pressure of compressor sharply rises, and causes the interruption of service of compressor when serious.The utility model is by being provided with two-way reservoir between the break-in mouth A of four-way change-over valve and expansion valve, can guarantee that on the one hand system enters into the cold-producing medium of system evaporator for liquid under any operating mode, thereby help improving the efficient of sweat cooling, but balance sysmte operational mode refrigerant charging space in high and low pressure two lateral lines when carrying out above-mentioned switching on the other hand.When adjusting was in low pressure one side with heat exchanger, the reservoir that is in high pressure one side played the effect that increases high pressure one side refrigerant charging space, and the too much liquid refrigerant of high pressure one side can store by reservoir.And when adjusting switched to system high pressure one side once more with heat exchanger, reservoir can switch to low pressure one side simultaneously, and this moment, reservoir can compensate low pressure one side refrigerant charging space, made the refrigerant charging space of high and low pressure both sides be able to balance.
Certainly, as shown in Figure 2, integrated heat exchange system of the present utility model also can be provided with a gas-liquid separator 10 before the air entry of compressor, can guarantee like this to enter into the gaseous state that the interior cold-producing medium of compressor is low-temp low-pressure, further improves the stability and the reliability of compressor operating.
The above is a citation form of the present utility model, structures such as four-way change-over valve wherein, reservoir, and the type of cooling of heat exchanger etc. can have multiple version, but still do not break away from basic principle of the present utility model.For example, reservoir can adopt one-way fashion, increases corresponding check valve 51 simultaneously between reservoir and expansion valve, and the magnetic valve 52 of bypass is set between the outlet of check valve and four-way change-over valve, specifically can be referring to Fig. 4.When reservoir is positioned at high pressure one side of system, the closed electromagnetic valve of bypass, cold-producing medium enters the back from the inlet of four-way change-over valve and flows out from break-in mouth A, after reservoir, expansion valve, adjusting are with heat exchanger, flow back to break-in mouth B then, flow out into the cooling heat exchanger from outlet, the unnecessary cold-producing medium of system high pressure one side can be stored in the reservoir again; And when reservoir is positioned at system low-voltage one side, then the magnetic valve of bypass is opened, cold-producing medium entered the back from the inlet of four-way change-over valve and flowed out from break-in mouth B this moment, after regulating magnetic valve, flow directly in the heat exchanger of refrigeration then, flow back to break-in mouth A with heat exchanger, expansion valve, bypass.When adjusting was switched to low pressure one side of system with heat exchanger, high pressure one side had only a heat exchanger that heats, and reservoir can play the effect that replenishes with balance refrigerant charging space; When adjusting is switched to high pressure one side of system with heat exchanger, system high pressure one side has two heat exchangers, the refrigerant charging space increases, at this moment, the magnetic valve that cold-producing medium in the reservoir can pass through check valve, bypass enters the heat exchanger of refrigeration, with the cold-producing medium of replenishment system low pressure one side.

Claims (7)

1. integrated heat exchange system, comprise compressor (1), some heat exchangers, expansion valve (4), the controller of reservoir (5) and control system operational mode, it is characterized in that, described heat-exchange system comprises that also is used to control a refrigerant flow direction, four-way change-over valve (6) with Electromagnetic Control, this four-way change-over valve comprises an inlet (61), an outlet (62), break-in mouth A(63) and break-in mouth B(64), the gas outlet of described compressor links to each other with inlet by a heat exchanger that heats (2) back, outlet links to each other with the air entry of compressor by heat exchanger (3) back of a refrigeration, the inlet of four-way change-over valve selectively is communicated with break-in mouth A or break-in mouth B under the control of controller, correspondingly, outlet then selectively is communicated with break-in mouth B or break-in mouth A, and is connected in series reservoir successively with pipeline between break-in mouth A and break-in mouth B, expansion valve and regulating with heat exchanger (7) to constitute a home loop.
2. integrated heat exchange system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the described heat exchanger that heats has the boiler that water pump (8) and energy storage are used, the coaxial circulating water pipe (9) that connects boiler that is provided with on the heat exchanger pipeline that heats, and by water pump in circulating water pipe, produce with the heat exchanger pipeline that heats in the opposite circulating water flow of flow direction of cold-producing medium.
3. integrated heat exchange system according to claim 2 is characterized in that described circulating water pipe is vertical helical form, and its upper end is delivery port (92), and the lower end is water inlet (91), is provided with the earial drainage loop of bypass in the water inlet of lower end.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described integrated heat exchange systems, it is characterized in that the refrigeration work consumption of the heat exchanger that heats power and refrigeration of the described heat exchanger that heats is complementary.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described integrated heat exchange systems, it is characterized in that described adjusting has heat exchange power suitable under the identical operating mode with the bigger heat exchanger of heat exchange area in the heat exchanger of heat exchanger and refrigeration, the heat exchanger that heats.
6. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described integrated heat exchange systems, it is characterized in that, be provided with gas-liquid separator (10) in air entry one side of compressor.
7. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described integrated heat exchange systems, it is characterized in that described adjusting heat exchanger is air-cooled or other secondary refrigerant cooleds.
CN2010202786961U 2010-08-02 2010-08-02 Integrated heat exchange system Expired - Lifetime CN201753994U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101936613A (en) * 2010-08-02 2011-01-05 李洲 Integrated heat exchange system
CN109140849A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 The refrigerant charging method of the cooling refrigeration system of thermal siphon oil
CN109140850A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 The refrigerant charging method of the cooling refrigeration system of water cooling oil

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101936613A (en) * 2010-08-02 2011-01-05 李洲 Integrated heat exchange system
CN109140849A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 The refrigerant charging method of the cooling refrigeration system of thermal siphon oil
CN109140850A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 The refrigerant charging method of the cooling refrigeration system of water cooling oil
CN109140850B (en) * 2018-09-19 2020-07-10 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 Refrigerant filling method of water-cooling oil cooling refrigeration system
CN109140849B (en) * 2018-09-19 2020-07-10 中国水利水电第八工程局有限公司 Refrigerant filling method of thermosiphon oil cooling refrigeration system

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