CN101397852B - Construction method for increasing to build multi-storey basement to original building - Google Patents

Construction method for increasing to build multi-storey basement to original building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101397852B
CN101397852B CN200710046439A CN200710046439A CN101397852B CN 101397852 B CN101397852 B CN 101397852B CN 200710046439 A CN200710046439 A CN 200710046439A CN 200710046439 A CN200710046439 A CN 200710046439A CN 101397852 B CN101397852 B CN 101397852B
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China
Prior art keywords
basement
construction
historical building
building
historical
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CN200710046439A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101397852A (en
Inventor
王允恭
赵琪
徐庆
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上海市第二建筑有限公司
上海艺之高土木工程技术咨询有限公司
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Priority to CN200710046439A priority Critical patent/CN101397852B/en
Publication of CN101397852A publication Critical patent/CN101397852A/en
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Publication of CN101397852B publication Critical patent/CN101397852B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for constructing an additional multi-layer basement for an original building, which comprises the steps of (1) carrying out underpinning of the original building and finishing the first underpinning; (2) reinforcing the structure of the original building and enhancing the overall rigidity thereof; (3) constructing the roof structure of the additionally built basement; (4) pressing the structure engineering piles of the additionally built basement and finishing the second underpinning; (5) reversely constructing the first layer under ground and cropping piles ofthe first underpinning in the original building foundation; (6) reversely constructing the whole additionally built underground structure; and (7) finishing all basement structures. The method has the advantages that: the method is capable of realizing effective protection of historical buildings to the most extend, requires no conventional movement or relocation of the historical buildings, doesnot affect the construction of the newly built basement while preserving and protecting the historical buildings, is beneficial to the development and construction of cities, is capable of shorteningconstruction period effectively, saves construction cost and forms a whole-set of constructing technologies and methods with great social and economic benefits.

Description

A kind of job practices that historical building is increased build multi-storey basement

Technical field

The present invention is a kind of job practices that in the place original building is increased build multi-storey basement that is applied to build, and refers in particular to the job practices that the historical building that will preserve and protect need increase build multi-storey basement.The present invention is the new development of conventional reversed construction method under new construction condition

Background technology

Contrary sequence method be development in recent years get up be widely used in a kind of emerging construction technology in the highrise building deep foundation construction.Contrary sequence method is to adopt the support system as foundation ditch such as diaphragm wall or campshed, diaphragm wall also can be used as the exterior wall of underground structure, adopt the support of each floor plated construction of underground structure, make underground structure a kind of reversed construction method from top to bottom as support system.Owing to adopt diaphragm wall or campshed also to can be used as outer wall of underground structure simultaneously as the support system of foundation ditch, adopt the support of each floor plate of underground structure as support system, be to carry out from top to bottom during construction underground, working environment and execution conditions and conventional job practices have very big difference, first floor floor often both supported as first road, arrange carriageway as the construction plant again, material stockyard etc. are provided with the soil outlet of material and cubic metre of earth vertical transport simultaneously.Because little to surrounding enviroment influences, it is few to take the construction plant, contrary sequence method usually applies under the complex environment, the center, downtown area or to surrounding enviroment influence has the construction of the multi-storey basement of strict demand.Now; growing along with urban construction; requirement to construction is more and more higher; in some cases; the historical building that need preserve and protect is arranged in the construction plant, under the prerequisite of not moving historical building, need increase build multi-storey basement in this place again, can keep historical building; can increase again and build underground structure, and the existing conventional contrary sequence method can not satisfy this special construction requirement.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is, provide a kind of historical building is increased the job practices of build multi-storey basement, solve in existing construction plant and preserve and protect former historical building, under the prerequisite of not moving historical building, increase the technical problem of build multi-storey basement again in this place

The object of the present invention is achieved like this: 1. carry out the foundation underpinning of original historical building, finish underpining for the first time; 2. the structure of former historical building is reinforced, and make it the integral rigidity enhancing; 3. increase the construction of building the basement roof structure; 4. increase being pressed into of the Structural Engineering stake of building basement, the secondary of finishing the basis underpins; 5. B1 adverse construction method, the stake that once underpins in the historical building of the amputation simultaneously basis; 6. the whole reverse construction of building underground structure that increases; 7. basement structure is all finished.

A kind of job practices that historical building is increased build multi-storey basement of the present invention has the following advantages: 1. can realize to historical building at utmost with effective protection of scope, do not need conventional moving or resettlement carried out in historical building.2. when historical building is preserved and protected, do not influence the construction of newly-built basement, help city development and construction.3. can effectively save the duration.4. save construction costs.5. complete construction technology and worker's method have been formed with very big society and economic benefit.By comparing with conventional contrary sequence method; by foundation underpinning and the reinforcing of structure and the problem that preserves and protects that successful connection has solved historical building to historical building; by underpining successfully to have solved and under historical building, increase a construction technology difficult problem of building basement to increasing the secondary of building the basement stake; concerning whole engineering, both protected historical building; saved duration and cost again, society wherein and economic benefit can't be estimated.

Description of drawings

1 historical building wall, 2 concrete collar tie beams clamp, 3 pre-stressed bolts through walls, 4 channel-section steels, the welding of 5 embedded parts, 6 concretings, 7 armored concrete slabs, 8 static pressure steel pipe piles, 9 piling holes, 10 timbers, 11 shaped steel, 12 oblique bridgings, 13 basement roofs, 14 static pressure steel pipe piles, 15 B1 floors, 16 underground two floor plates, 17 basement bottom boards, 18 cast-in-place concrete piles (engineering piles that historical building is outer), static pressure steel pipe engineering piles in 19 historical buildings, 20 diaphragm walls, 21 once underpin steel pipe pile, 22 steel latticework stakes (engineering piles that historical building is outer)

Accompanying drawing 1 is the floor map that underpins on the former basis of historical building of the present invention.

Accompanying drawing 2 is node partial enlarged drawings of Fig. 3.

Accompanying drawing 3 is A-A sectional drawings of Fig. 1.

Accompanying drawing 4 is B-B sectional drawings of Fig. 1.

Accompanying drawing 5 is reinforcing floor map of historical building substructure.

Accompanying drawing 6 is that the historical building substructure is reinforced the C-C generalized section.

Accompanying drawing 7 is for increasing build multi-storey basement B1 foundation underpinning floor map.

Accompanying drawing 8 is for the excavation basement and pour into a mould basement floor schematic diagram.

Accompanying drawing 9 is finished the secondary of stake and is underpined schematic diagram for being pressed into the static pressure steel pipe pile.

Accompanying drawing 10 is excavation construction B1 cast B1 floor schematic diagram.

Accompanying drawing 11 is the underground two floor plate schematic diagrames of cast.

Accompanying drawing 12 is cast F3/B3 floor schematic diagram.

The specific embodiment

A kind of concrete construction process of job practices that historical building is increased build multi-storey basement of the present invention is:

(1) above 1 time strip foundation buried depth of historical building wall, excavate in the degree of depth below the grade, clamp 2 in the foot of a wall both sides with the concrete collar tie beam and reinforce, fix with pre-stressed bolt 3 through walls.For preventing that body of wall from rotating along toe of wall, some places are fixing with the reinforced concrete collar tie beam top embedded part welding 5 that both sides clamp with a fixing channel-section steel 4 through walls above the reinforced concrete collar tie beam, and concreting 6, form the comparatively toe of wall and the fulcrum of rigidity.And be fulcrum with this node, stressed distribution situation according to historical building, under the historical building wall, excavate and build monoblock armored concrete slab 7 in some axes intersect parts, this plate is used for being pressed into static pressure steel pipe pile 8, on the newly placed concrete plate, keep somewhere piling hole 9, be pressed into static pressure steel pipe pile 8, finish the foundation underpinning of original historical building, just underpin for the first time, the static pressure steel pipe pile that this part is pressed into promptly is once to underpin steel pipe pile 21, the upper load of historical building is just born to transfer to by former base and timber like this has newly-increased concrete floor and static pressure steel pipe pile 8 to bear, and former base and timber 10 can cut in the excavation construction process.See accompanying drawing 1~4.

(2) to destroy increasing to build in the basement process original historical building produced in order preventing, to tackle former historical building and carry out structural strengthening, make it to form whole, increase its integral rigidity.Concrete reinforcement means be under former historical building structure inner beam, post limit, wall both sides be with shaped steel 11 reinforcings, and make it to be linked to be framework, reinforce with oblique bridging 12 at necessity place, concrete Scheme of Strengthening according to the structural shape of historical building, reinforce and require etc. to determine according to concrete calculating.Original structure has increased integral rigidity by these chan frames like this, has formed an integral body, can guarantee fully stablizing in follow-up work progress.See accompanying drawing 5~6.

(3) newly-increased basement part carries out according to conventional reversed construction method that diaphragm wall 20 is gone along with sb. to guard him and the construction of the contrary work " one on a post " of cast-in-place concrete pile (engineering piles historical building outside) 18 and steel lattice column 22 outside historical building.Accompanying drawing 7.

(4) whole increasing built basement and excavate, cast basement roof 13.Build whole basement roof under historical building below the piling concrete slab, the outer basement roof of this top board and historical building is linked to be integral body.See accompanying drawing 8.

(5) the engineering piles position of the basement roof in historical building is stayed and is established a hole, treat to be pressed into static pressure steel pipe pile 14 as engineering piles after top board reaches certain intensity, that is to say the static pressure steel pipe engineering piles 19 in the historical building, the secondary of so promptly having finished stake underpins, and whole upper load is converted to by engineering piles to be born.See accompanying drawing 9.

(6) the downward excavation construction B1 of reversed construction method routinely, cast B1 floor 15 cuts former historical building underpinned pile next time.See accompanying drawing 10.

(7) according to actual needs, reversed construction method excavates downwards routinely, constructs underground two layers, pours into a mould underground two floor plates 16, cuts secondary underpinned pile under the former historical building.See accompanying drawing 11.

(8) according to actual needs, reversed construction method excavates downwards routinely, the construction F3/B3, and cast basement bottom board 17, whole basement structure all construction are finished.See accompanying drawing 12.

Claims (2)

1. one kind increases the job practices of build multi-storey basement to historical building, it is characterized in that,
1. carry out the foundation underpinning of historical building, finish underpining for the first time; 2. the structure of historical building is reinforced, and make it the integral rigidity enhancing; 3. increase the construction of building the basement roof structure; 4. increase being pressed into of the Structural Engineering stake of building basement, the secondary of finishing the basis underpins; 5. B1 adverse construction method, the stake that once underpins in the historical building of the amputation simultaneously basis; 6. the whole reverse construction of building underground structure that increases; 7. basement structure is all finished;
Specific as follows:
(1) excavate in the degree of depth below the grade strip foundation buried depth top under historical building wall (1), clamps (2) reinforcing in the foot of a wall both sides with the concrete collar tie beam, fixing with pre-stressed bolt through walls (3); Some places are fixing with the reinforced concrete collar tie beam top embedded part welding (5) that both sides clamp with fixing channel-section steel (4) through walls above the reinforced concrete collar tie beam, and concreting (6), form the toe of wall and the fulcrum of a rigidity; And be fulcrum with this node, stressed distribution situation according to building, under the historical building wall, excavate and build monoblock armored concrete slab (7) in some axes intersect parts, this plate is used for being pressed into static pressure steel pipe pile (8), on the newly placed concrete plate, keep somewhere piling hole (9), be pressed into static pressure steel pipe pile (8), finish the foundation underpinning of historical building, just underpin for the first time, former base and timber (10) can cut in the excavation construction process;
(2) under historical building structure inner beam, post limit, wall both sides reinforce with shaped steel (11), and makes it to be linked to be framework, and reinforce with oblique bridging (12), concrete Scheme of Strengthening according to the structural shape of historical building, reinforce and require etc. to determine according to concrete calculating;
(3) newly-increased basement is partly gone along with sb. to guard him and Construction of Engineering Pile outside historical building;
(4) whole increasing built basement and excavate, cast basement roof (13); Build whole basement roof under historical building below the piling concrete slab, the outer basement roof of this top board and historical building is linked to be integral body;
(5) the engineering piles position of the basement roof in historical building is stayed and is established a hole, treats to be pressed into static pressure steel pipe pile (14) as engineering piles after top board reaches intensity, and the secondary of so promptly having finished stake underpins, and whole upper load is converted to by engineering piles to be born.
(6) the downward excavation construction B1 of reversed construction method routinely, cast B1 floor (15) cuts historical building underpinned pile next time.
(7) reversed construction method excavates downwards routinely, constructs underground two layers, pours into a mould underground two floor plates (16), cuts secondary underpinned pile under the historical building.
2. a kind of historical building is increased the job practices of build multi-storey basement according to claim 1 is described, it is characterized in that (8) routinely reversed construction method excavate construction F3/B3, cast basement bottom board (17) downwards.
CN200710046439A 2007-09-26 2007-09-26 Construction method for increasing to build multi-storey basement to original building CN101397852B (en)

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CN101397852B true CN101397852B (en) 2010-05-19

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CN101886479B (en) * 2010-07-14 2011-09-28 山东建筑大学 Underground storey-adding process of frame structural building by one-by-one independent foundation underpinning method
CN102220769A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-10-19 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 System and method for underpinning and jacking building and adding storeys downwards
CN102127974B (en) * 2011-04-18 2012-08-29 上海现代建筑设计(集团)有限公司 Design and construction method of additional cellar under existing building
CN102864946B (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-07-16 山东建筑大学 Process for supporting existing buildings through structural steel and horizontal rachel rod member and additionally adding multilayer basement
CN103437566B (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-06-17 山东建筑大学 Supporting steel pipe device of underground added layer of existing building and installing method of supporting steel pipe device
CN103628571B (en) * 2013-12-09 2017-01-18 广州市第一建筑工程有限公司 Beam-column joint for reverse construction method and construction method
CN103912134B (en) * 2014-03-21 2016-09-14 上海建工四建集团有限公司 Existing building underground space structure and construction method in situ
CN104532957B (en) * 2014-12-08 2016-08-24 江苏中南建筑产业集团有限责任公司 Existing building sets up basement reversed construction method
CN107119917B (en) * 2015-05-19 2018-12-14 叶长青 Increase the construction method of basement structure behind strip footing house
CN105625747B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-06-01 上海建工一建集团有限公司 The construction method that basement is removed in reconstruction project
CN105672681B (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-06-27 武汉大学 One kind realizes load bearing wall support and change method using combining structure
CN105714854A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-06-29 岩土科技股份有限公司 Existing building newly added basement soil body structure and construction method
CN106522572B (en) * 2016-11-14 2019-02-19 上海市基础工程集团有限公司 Large space underpass construction method is constructed in the historical protective buildings object confined space
CN107035159B (en) * 2017-05-05 2018-12-21 山东建筑大学 A method of suitable for frame structure isolated footing building underground increasing layer
CN107143149B (en) * 2017-05-24 2019-02-15 广东省建筑科学研究院集团股份有限公司 A kind of existing masonry structure building adds the construction method of basement
CN108590214A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-09-28 大连久鼎特种建筑工程有限公司 Old residential area comprehensive reformation method
CN109281487B (en) * 2018-09-27 2020-07-17 王维玉 Traditional soil kiln resident house integral structure reinforcing system and construction process thereof
CN110616738A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-27 上海建工集团股份有限公司 Underground space vertical building construction method and structure

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FR2668525A1 (en) * 1990-10-30 1992-04-30 Harnois Georges Method for the construction of an underground annex area
CN1196426A (en) * 1997-04-14 1998-10-21 中国建筑科学研究所珠海科研设计部 Construction method for inversion underground continuous wall
CN1279319A (en) * 1999-06-29 2001-01-10 陈星� Full-reverse construction technology for basement
CN1391013A (en) * 2002-07-25 2003-01-15 上海隧道工程股份有限公司 Technology building up diagonal space brace by reverse masonry method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2668525A1 (en) * 1990-10-30 1992-04-30 Harnois Georges Method for the construction of an underground annex area
CN1196426A (en) * 1997-04-14 1998-10-21 中国建筑科学研究所珠海科研设计部 Construction method for inversion underground continuous wall
CN1279319A (en) * 1999-06-29 2001-01-10 陈星� Full-reverse construction technology for basement
CN1391013A (en) * 2002-07-25 2003-01-15 上海隧道工程股份有限公司 Technology building up diagonal space brace by reverse masonry method

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