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Free angled driver and free angled hole abutment

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Publication number
CN101365395B
CN101365395B CN 200780001877 CN200780001877A CN101365395B CN 101365395 B CN101365395 B CN 101365395B CN 200780001877 CN200780001877 CN 200780001877 CN 200780001877 A CN200780001877 A CN 200780001877A CN 101365395 B CN101365395 B CN 101365395B
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CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
hole
angled
free
prosthesis
implant
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200780001877
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101365395A (en )
Inventor
李钟琥
Original Assignee
李钟琥
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C8/00Means to be fixed to the jaw-bone for consolidating natural teeth or for fixing dental prostheses thereon; Dental implants; Implanting tools
    • A61C8/0089Implanting tools or instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C8/00Means to be fixed to the jaw-bone for consolidating natural teeth or for fixing dental prostheses thereon; Dental implants; Implanting tools
    • A61C8/0048Connecting the upper structure to the implant, e.g. bridging bars
    • A61C8/005Connecting devices for joining an upper structure with an implant member, e.g. spacers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C8/00Means to be fixed to the jaw-bone for consolidating natural teeth or for fixing dental prostheses thereon; Dental implants; Implanting tools
    • A61C8/0048Connecting the upper structure to the implant, e.g. bridging bars
    • A61C8/005Connecting devices for joining an upper structure with an implant member, e.g. spacers
    • A61C8/0068Connecting devices for joining an upper structure with an implant member, e.g. spacers with an additional screw
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C1/00Dental machines for boring or cutting ; General features of dental machines or apparatus, e.g. hand-piece design
    • A61C1/08Machine parts specially adapted for dentistry
    • A61C1/12Angle hand-pieces

Abstract

In case of straight driver, the entrance of screw inserting hole of implant prosthesis is on the same line with implant fixture's axis. Due to this position of the hole, final prosthesis has many difficulties. Thus. the free angled driver is invented. For maxillay anterior teeth, we can move the screw hole to ligual surface of prosthesis. We can make esthetic and convenient prosthesis with capability of easy screwing and unscrewing. Also, the present invention also provides a free angled hole abutment for the free angled implant driver, so we can move occlusal hole to the ideal position. It is an epoch-making change to solve many problems in the contemporary dental implant prosthetics.

Description

自由角度种植体驱动器和自由角度孔种植体基台 Implant free angle drive and free angle hole implant abutment

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 牙种植体成为现代牙科学的重要部分。 [0001] The dental implant is an important part of modern dentistry. 牙种植体由三部分组成,种植体植入体(implant fixture) 508,其是骨内植入部分,种植体基台(implant abutment) 506,其通过固位螺丝(screw)与种植体植入体连接;牙型修复体,其与种植体基台连接。 The dental implant consists of three parts, the body implant (implant fixture) 508, which is part of the bone implant, implant abutment (implant abutment) 506, by retaining screws (Screw) and implant connector body; type dental prosthesis, which is connected to the implant abutment.

[0002] 多数情况下,当种植体基台固定于种植体植入体时,基台固位螺丝507被驱动器(driver)拧入种植体植入体。 [0002] In most cases, when the implant abutment fixed to the implant body, the abutment retaining screw 507 is driver (Driver) screwed into the implant body. 在该情况下,驱动器主体的中轴、种植体基台固位螺丝的中轴、以及种植体植入体的中轴全部在一条直线。 In this case, the central axis of the actuator body, the implant abutment retaining screw axis, and the central axis of implant body is all in a straight line. 现阶段,研发了两种类型的驱动器。 At this stage, the research and development of both types of drives. 一种是直线驱动器100而另一种是直角驱动器系统101。 One is the linear drive 100 and the other a right-angle drive system 101. 该直角驱动系统用于在患者无法张大嘴时。 The right angle drive system is used when the patient can not be big mouth. 该系统具有两部分:驱动器杆106和驱动器刃口(edge) 105。 The system has two parts: the actuator rod 106 and the drive edge (edge) 105. 驱动器杆以直角与其驱动器手柄相交。 Drive rod intersect at a right angle thereto drive handle. 但是,其形状在用于基台固位螺丝的内孔部分是与直线驱动器100相同的直线型。 However, its shape in the hole portion for abutment retaining screw linear drive 100 is the same linear.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 在直线驱动器的情况下,种植体修复体的固位螺丝插入孔的入口与种植体植入体的轴在同一直线上。 Axis [0003] In the case of the linear drive, the retaining screw insertion hole of implant body and the implant body, an inlet on the same straight line. 因此,上颂前植入体需要根据牙槽骨的形状植入,因为固位螺丝孔在唇侧500,所以前牙修复体没有美感。 Thus, before the need to implant the maxillary alveolar bone shape of the implant, since the retaining screw hole 500 in the lip side, so that there is no aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth.

[0004] 因此,出于美学需要,广泛使用了粘固剂(cement)型修复体601、602。 [0004] Thus, for aesthetic need, widely used cement (Cement) 601, 602 type prosthesis. 然而,如果发生固位螺丝松动,唇侧要被穿孔以进入固位螺丝孔,重制义体。 However, if the retaining screw loosening, labial be perforated to enter the retention screw holes made sense body weight.

[0005] 另外,在其它情况下,前牙修复体602需要角度基台613,因为修复体与植入体之间的角度不同。 [0005] Further, in other cases, require the repair of anterior angled abutments 602 613, because of the different angle between the prosthesis and the implant. 此外,角度基台的颊侧边缘变厚,在唇龈边缘将出现金属色。 Further, buccal base thickened edge angle, the edge appears in Labiogingival metallic. 这也是一个弱 It is also a weak

点ο Point ο

[0006] 此外,对于粘固剂型来说,牙龈袋中残留的粘固剂对于牙龈卫生是有害的。 [0006] In addition, dosage forms for cement, the cement remaining gum bag for gingival health harmful.

[0007] 近来引入了另外一种带有舌侧固位螺丝616的修复体603。 [0007] Recently, the introduction of another prosthesis 603 with a lingual retaining screw 616. 其太小而不能承受大转矩。 Which is too small to withstand a large torque. 并且因此,制造这种修复体的技术困难且昂贵。 And therefore, the technology of manufacturing such a prosthesis difficult and expensive. 在拧紧该舌侧固位螺丝时会产生侧向力,因此有时将发生固位螺丝和舌侧固位螺丝折断及种植体失败。 When tightening the retaining screw will lingual lateral force, thus retaining screws and lingual retaining screw implant failure and breakage sometimes occur.

[0008] 在后牙中,广泛使用固位螺丝型修复体。 [0008] After the tooth is widely used prosthesis retention screw type. 因为拧紧和旋开非常方便,修复和菌斑控制容易实施。 Because the screwing and unscrewing is very easy to repair and easy to implement plaque control. 但是该修复体的孔位置有时没有美感,其难于在前牙应用,更多用于后牙。 However, the hole position may not aesthetic restoration, it is difficult to apply the front teeth, more in posterior.

[0009] 近来引入螺丝粘固剂固位修复体。 [0009] Recently introduced cement retainer screw prosthesis. 其对于后牙是容易的。 It is easy for the posterior teeth. 但对于前牙,也存在没有美感的问题。 But for the front teeth, there is no question of beauty.

[0010] 而且,UCLA型修复体具有与固位螺丝型相同的问题。 [0010] Further, UCLA type prosthesis retaining screw type has the same problem. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 技术问题 [0011] Technical issues

[0012] 驱动器应该保持一定角度311来转动,并且应该维持所要的转矩,以及应该易于定位驱动器刃口。 [0012] The driver 311 should maintain a certain rotated angle, and the torque should be maintained, and should be easy positioning drive edge. 特别地,应该改变基台内管305中的转轴。 In particular, the tube 305 should be changed within the base shaft.

[0013] 技术方案[0014] 自由角度驱动器具有转矩传递部件。 [0013] Technical Solution [0014] having a free angle drive torque transmission member. 并且其是环、齿轮、线或管结合。 And is a ring gear, or a wire binding tube.

[0015] 带有自由角度种植体驱动器301的自由角度孔基台300具有固位螺丝插入孔的入口306,其位于以一定距离远离基台固位螺丝的中轴线606之处。 [0015] The free angled with an angle implant driver 301 consisting of the base 300 having an inlet aperture 306 retaining screw insertion hole, which is located at a certain distance away from the abutment retaining screw 606 in the axis.

[0016] 有益效果 [0016] beneficial effects

[0017] 在上颂前牙的情况下,如果使用自由角度种植体驱动器301和自由角度孔基台300,可以移动固位螺丝孔至修复体的舌测表面511,可以制造易于拧紧和松开且美观便利的修复体。 [0017] In the case of the maxillary front teeth, if the free angle implant driver 301 and the free angled hole abutment 300, can move the retention screw holes to fix the tongue sensing surface 511 thereof, it can be produced easily tightening and loosening convenient and beautiful restorations.

[0018] 另外,如果后牙使用自由角度孔基台,可以移动咬合孔至理想位置。 [0018] Further, if the angle of aperture teeth using a free base, may be moved to the desired position of the engaging hole. 在功能和美感上有许多益处。 There are many benefits in functionality and aesthetic.

[0019] 另外,螺丝粘固剂固位修复体也可以因本发明而得到重大发展。 [0019] Further, the cement retainer screw prosthesis may be obtained by the present invention is a major development. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 图1 :直线驱动器; [0020] FIG 1: the linear actuator;

[0021] 图2:植入体基台; [0021] FIG. 2: an implant abutment;

[0022] 图3 :自由角度孔基台和自由角度驱动器; [0022] FIG. 3: free angled hole abutment and free angle drive;

[0023] 图4 :美观的自由角度孔基台; [0023] FIG. 4: angle hole aesthetic free base;

[0024] 图5 :在修复体中具有直线驱动器的常规基台与具有自由角度驱动器的自由角度孔基台的比较; [0024] Figure 5: Comparison of conventional base having a linear drive in the prosthesis having free angle and the free angle drive bore of the base;

[0025] 图6 :在修复体中具有自由角度驱动器的自由角度孔基台与两种常规类型的具有直线驱动器的粘固剂型/舌侧固位螺丝型基台的比较; [0025] FIG. 6: free angle drive having a free angle in the prosthesis abutment retaining screw hole type is compared with two conventional types of cement dosage form linear actuator / lingual side of the base;

[0026] 图7 :具有1个接头的自由角度驱动器的实例; [0026] Figure 7: Examples of the free angle having a drive joint;

[0027] 图8 :具有2个接头的自由角度驱动器的实例; [0027] Figure 8: Examples of the free angle drive having two joint;

[0028] 图9 :具有2个接头的自由角度驱动器的实例; [0028] Figure 9: Examples of the free angle drive having two joint;

[0029] 图10 :带有路径导向管的自由角度驱动器的实例; [0029] Figure 10: Examples of the free angle with the path of the drive guide tube;

[0030] 图11 :带有路径导向杆的自由角度驱动器的实例; [0030] Figure 11: Examples of the free angle drive with the path of the guide bar;

[0031] 图12 :带有路径导向杆的、具有机头(handpiece)型连接的自由角度驱动器的实例; [0031] FIG. 12: with the path of the guide rod, having a head instances (handpiece) consisting of angle-connected drive;

[0032] 100 :直线驱动器; [0032] 100: linear drive;

[0033] 101 :具有直角的机头型拧紧装置; [0033] 101: head type tightening device having a right angle;

[0034] 102 :驱动器手柄; [0034] 102: drive handle;

[0035] 103 :驱动器杆; [0035] 103: drive lever;

[0036] 104 :驱动器刃口; [0036] 104: drive edge;

[0037] 105 :驱动器刃口; [0037] 105: drive edge;

[0038] 106 :驱动器杆; [0038] 106: drive lever;

[0039] 107 :锥齿轮; [0039] 107: bevel gear;

[0040] 108 :动力转轴; [0040] 108: power shaft;

[0041] 200 :粘固剂型直线基台; [0041] 200: linear base cement formulations;

[0042] 201 :粘固剂型曲线基台; [0042] 201: base curve cement formulations;

[0043] 202 :舌侧固位螺丝型基台;[0044] 203 :基台的螺丝插入孔; [0043] 202: lingual retaining screw type base station; [0044] 203: screw insertion holes of the base;

[0045] 204 :用于基台固位螺丝的内管; [0045] 204: base station for the inner tube of the retaining screw;

[0046] 205 :基台植入体侧的固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0046] 205: base station-side implant retaining screw insertion hole inlet;

[0047] 206 :角度基台的颊侧修复体边缘; [0047] 206: angle buccal prosthesis abutment edge;

[0048] 207 :角度基台固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0048] 207: angular abutment retaining screw insertion hole inlet;

[0049] 208 :舌侧固位螺丝基台的固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0049] 208: lingual retaining screw retaining abutment screw insertion hole inlet;

[0050] 209 :舌侧固位螺丝基台的舌侧固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0050] 209: lingual lingual abutment retaining screw retention screw insertion hole inlet;

[0051] 300:自由角度孔基台; [0051] 300: angle hole free base;

[0052] 301 :自由角度种植体驱动器; [0052] 301: Implant free angle drive;

[0053] 302 :基台的颊侧边缘高度; [0053] 302: buccal edge height of the base;

[0054] 303:基台的颊侧边缘; [0054] 303: buccal base edge;

[0055] 304 :基台固位螺丝孔的内管的颊侧表面; [0055] 304: buccal surface of the inner tube retention screw holes a base;

[0056] 305 :基台固位螺丝孔的内管; [0056] 305: inner tube retention screw holes a base;

[0057] 306 :固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0057] 306: retaining screw insertion hole inlet;

[0058] 307:基台的舌侧边缘; [0058] 307: lingual edge of the base;

[0059] 308 :驱动器手柄; [0059] 308: drive handle;

[0060] 309 :转矩传递部件; [0060] 309: torque transmission member;

[0061] 310:工作轴的驱动器; [0061] 310: drive shaft work;

[0062] 311 :驱动器手柄和固位螺丝间的角度,即动力轴和驱动器工作轴之间的角度; [0062] 311: drive angle between the handle and screw-retained, i.e., the angle between the power shaft and the drive shaft work;

[0063] 312 :驱动器手柄的动力轴; [0063] 312: power shaft of the drive handle;

[0064] 313 :定位于种植体的固位螺丝轴,驱动器工作轴; [0064] 313: screw shaft located in the retention of the implant, the drive shaft work;

[0065] 400 :自由角度孔基台的美学修复体的颊侧边缘; [0065] 400: Aesthetics free angled hole repair station buccal body edge;

[0066] 500 :固位螺丝型直线基台修复体的实例; [0066] 500: linear screw-type retaining abutment Examples of the prosthesis;

[0067] 501 :利用自由角度孔基台和自由角度驱动器的种植体修复体的实例; [0067] 501: angle hole using an implant consisting of a base and a free angle drive Examples of the prosthesis;

[0068] 502 :驱动器手柄; [0068] 502: drive handle;

[0069] 503 :修复体的固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0069] 503: Fixing screw member retainer insertion hole inlet;

[0070] 504 :驱动器杆; [0070] 504: drive lever;

[0071] 505 :基台的固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0071] 505: base station retaining screw insertion hole inlet;

[0072] 506 :固位螺丝型直线基台; [0072] 506: Linear retaining screw base;

[0073] 507:基台固位螺丝; [0073] 507: abutment retaining screw;

[0074] 508 :种植体植入体; [0074] 508: implant body;

[0075] 509 :固位螺丝插入孔的内引导管; [0075] 509: retaining screw insertion holes in the guide tube;

[0076] 510 :在内管中具有动力传递部件的自由角度驱动器; [0076] 510: inner tube having a free angle drive power transmitting member;

[0077] 511 :修复体的舌侧固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0077] 511: lingual retainer prosthesis screw insertion hole inlet;

[0078] 512 :基台的舌侧固位螺丝插入孔的入口; [0078] 512: lingual retaining abutment screw insertion hole inlet;

[0079] 513 :驱动器手柄; [0079] 513: drive handle;

[0080] 514 :固位螺丝与驱动器手柄间的角度; [0080] 514: angle between the retaining screw and the drive handle;

[0081] 600 :自由角度孔基台的实例; [0081] 600: Example of free base angle hole;

[0082] 601 :粘固剂型直线基台的实例;[0083] 602 :粘固剂型角度基台的实例; [0082] 601: Example cement base station forms a straight line; [0083] 602: Example cement forms an angle of the base;

[0084] 603 :舌侧固位螺丝型基台的实例; [0084] 603: Example lingual retaining screw type base station;

[0085] 605 :自由角度种植体驱动器的插入路径; [0085] 605: angular freedom drive implant insertion path;

[0086] 606 :种植体基台固位螺丝的中轴线; [0086] 606: implant abutment retaining screw axis;

[0087] 607 :固位螺丝轴与和固位螺丝的插入路径间的角度; [0087] 607: angle between the insertion path and the axis of the retaining screw retention screw;

[0088] 608 :自由角度种植体驱动器的手柄的轴; [0088] 608: handle shaft free angle implant driver;

[0089] 609 :自由角度种植体驱动器的刃口的轴; [0089] 609: angle of axis of the free edge of the implant driver;

[0090] 610 :自由角度种植体驱动器的手柄与刃口的角度; [0090] 610: angle implant consisting of a handle driver and the angle of the cutting edge;

[0091] 611:自由角度孔基台; [0091] 611: angle hole free base;

[0092] 612 :粘固剂型直线基台; [0092] 612: linear base cement formulations;

[0093] 613 :粘固剂型角度基台; [0093] 613: base cement forms an angle;

[0094] 614 :舌侧固位螺丝型基台; [0094] 614: lingual retaining screw type base station;

[0095] 615 :粘结空间; [0095] 615: bonding space;

[0096] 616 :舌侧固位螺丝; [0096] 616: lingual retaining screw;

[0097] 617 :固位螺丝的插入孔入口; [0097] 617: retaining screw insertion hole inlet;

[0098] 700 :自由角度驱动器从0度起始的旋转; [0098] 700: angle of free rotation of the drive starting from 0 degrees;

[0099] 701 :自由角度驱动器的-45度旋转; [0099] 701: angle of -45 degrees rotatably drive;

[0100] 702 :自由角度驱动器的-90度旋转; [0100] 702: angle of -90 degrees rotatably drive;

[0101] 703 :旋转环接头的动力传递部件; [0101] 703: rotary joint ring power transmitting member;

[0102] 900 :接头角度限制装置; [0102] 900: joint angle limiting means;

[0103] 1000 :路径导向装置(管); [0103] 1000: a path guide (pipe);

[0104] 1001 :自由角度种植体驱动器; [0104] 1001: Implant free angle drive;

[0105] 1002 :机头型连接物; [0105] 1002: head type linker;

[0106] 1100 :路径导向杆的前壳; [0106] 1100: front housing path of the guide bar;

[0107] 1101:齿轮; [0107] 1101: gear;

[0108] 1102:路径导向杆; [0108] 1102: Route guide bar;

[0109] 1103 :路径导向杆的封盖螺丝; [0109] 1103: Screw closure path of the guide rod;

[0110] 1104 :路径导向杆的盖; [0110] 1104: the path of the guide bar cap;

[0111] 1105 :路径导向杆的后壳; [0111] 1105: rear housing path of the guide rod;

[0112] 1200 :自由角度种植体驱动器; [0112] 1200: Implant free angle drive;

[0113] 1201:路径导向杆; [0113] 1201: Route guide bar;

[0114] 1202 :路径导向杆的壳; [0114] 1202: the path of the guide rod housing;

[0115] 1203:机头型连接物。 [0115] 1203: head type linker.

[0116] 最佳实施方式 [0116] Best embodiment

[0117] 如图3所示,自由角度种植体驱动器具有转矩传递部件309,其在数量上可以是1〜10件,并且将位于在工作轴的驱动器310工作端的IOmm内。 [0117] As shown in FIG. 3, the free angle implant driver having a torque transmission member 309, which may be a number 1~10 member, and is located within IOmm 310 drives the working end of the working shaft.

[0118] 带有自由角度种植体驱动器301的自由角度孔基台300具有固位螺丝插入孔的入口306,其位于以一定距离远离基台固位螺丝的中轴线606之处。 [0118] The free angled with an angle implant driver 301 consisting of the base 300 having an inlet aperture 306 retaining screw insertion hole, which is located at a certain distance away from the abutment retaining screw 606 in the axis. 实施例 Example

[0119] 用于种植体的自由角度种植体驱动器301,由动力轴312的驱动器手柄308或机头型连接物1002、从驱动器手柄沿着驱动器工作轴313传递转动力的转矩传递部件309、执行工作的工作轴的驱动器310部件所组成。 [0119] Implants for the free angle implant driver 301 by the power shaft 312 of the drive handle 308 or handpiece 1002 type linker, the handle 313 from the drive force transmitting rotation torque transmission member 309 along the drive shaft work, work drive shaft member 310 is composed of the implementation.

[0120] 转矩传递部件是环、齿轮、线或管的结合。 [0120] The torque transmission member is a combination of ring gears, wires or tubes.

[0121] 图3是带有转矩传递部件309的自由角度驱动器的示图。 [0121] FIG. 3 is a diagram with the torque transmission member consisting of an angle drive 309. 如果转动手柄,环沿着驱动器工作端部传递转矩。 If the handle is rotated, torque is transmitted along the ring working end drive.

[0122] 图5是修复体501的示图,其中两个环的转矩传递部件通过引导固位螺丝孔的管509使得易于拧紧和松开。 [0122] FIG. 5 is a diagram of prosthesis 501, wherein the two torque transmission member ring retaining screw by the guide hole of the pipe 509 makes it easy screwing and unscrewing.

[0123] 从工作轴的驱动器310到转矩传递部件309的自由角度驱动器长度应该足够短, 因为这些部件应位于基台内。 [0123] Working from the drive shaft 310 to drive the length of the free angle torque transmitting member 309 should be sufficiently short, since these components should be located within the base station.

[0124] 图7,8是使用中的许多转矩传递部件的示图。 [0124] FIG. 7-8 is a diagram of a number of torque transmission member in use.

[0125] 图9是接头角度限制装置900的示图,其防止驱动器和修复体的损坏。 [0125] FIG. 9 is a diagram of joint angle restricting device 900, which prevents damage to the drive and the prosthesis.

[0126] 而图10,11,12是路径导引装置1000的示图,其从动力轴312将其作用引入至驱动器工作轴313,该装置由管或线组成。 [0126] FIG. 10, 11 and the guide path is a diagram of the apparatus 1000, from which it is introduced to the power shaft 312 to the driver acting working shaft 313, which means a pipe or wire.

[0127] 自由角度孔基台300在基台固位螺丝孔中具有弯曲的内管颊侧表面。 [0127] The free angled hole abutment 300 has a curved inner surface of the buccal tube abutment retaining screw hole. 其目的是使可以轻易地拧紧和松开。 The aim is to be tightened and loosened easily. 舌侧表面对固位螺丝来说是直的。 Lingual surface of the retaining screw is straight. 固位螺丝插入孔的入口306位于离开基台固位螺丝的中轴线606。 Inlet 306 retaining screw insertion hole is located away from the abutment retaining screw axis 606.

[0128] 因此,其是美观实用的修复体。 [0128] Accordingly, it is an aesthetic and practical prosthesis. 并且其能够轻易拧紧和松开。 And which can easily screwing and unscrewing.

[0129] 如在UCLA型修复体中所见,在自由角度孔基台中也可见美观的颊侧边缘。 [0129] As seen at UCLA type prosthesis, also visible aesthetic buccal side edges of the free angled hole station. 在该基台中可见短金属牙颈(图4)。 Visible short metal necks of the teeth (FIG. 4) in the base station.

[0130] 最后,便利和美观结合于本发明。 [0130] Finally, aesthetics and convenience in the present invention is incorporated.

[0131] 工业实用性 [0131] Industrial Applicability

[0132] 如果使用自由角度种植体驱动器301和自由角度孔基台300,对于上颂前牙,可以移动固位螺丝孔至修复体的舌侧表面511。 [0132] If the free angle implant driver 301 and the free abutment angle hole 300, for the maxillary front teeth, the lingual side movable retaining surface 511 to the screw holes of the prosthesis. 可以制造出方便美观、且易于拧紧和松开的修复体。 Appearance can be produced easily, and easy screwing and unscrewing of the prosthesis.

[0133] 另外,对于后牙,用自由角度孔基台,可以移动咬合孔至理想位置。 [0133] Further, for posterior teeth, with a free angled hole abutment, engaging holes can be moved to the desired position. 因此,在功能和美学上具有许多优点。 Therefore, it has many advantages in function and aesthetics.

Claims (12)

1.用于种植体的自由角度种植体驱动器(301),其特征在于包括:动力轴(312)的驱动器手柄(308);转矩传递部件(309),其从驱动器手柄沿着驱动器工作轴(313)传递转动力;工作轴的驱动器(310)刃口,其执行工作。 1. Implant for implants consisting of an angle drive (301), comprising: a power shaft (312) of the drive handle (308); the torque transmission member (309), which drive handle from the drive along the working shaft (313) transfers rotational force; work drive shaft (310) cutting edge, its implementation.
2.权利要求1所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,其中动力轴(31¾和驱动器工作轴(313)间的角度(311)是从1度至89度,并且所述转矩传递部件是环、齿轮、线或管的结合, 其在数量上是1至10。 The implant 1 consisting of an angle drive of claim 1, wherein the angle (311) between the power shaft (31¾ working shaft and a driver (313) is from 1 degree to 89 degrees, and the torque transmission member is a ring, gear, or a wire binding tube, which is from 1 to 10 in number.
3.权利要求1所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,其具有路径导引装置(1000)以将自由角度种植体驱动器的作用从动力轴(312)引入至驱动器工作轴(313),并且所述路径导引装置由管或线组成。 The implant 1 consisting of an angle drive according to claim 1, which has a guide path (1000) to effect free angle implant is introduced from a power drive shaft (312) to drive the working shaft (313), and the a pipe path or guide wire.
4.权利要求1所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,其在转矩传递部件中具有限制动力轴和驱动器工作轴之间角度的装置。 Implant 1 consisting of an angle drive according to claim 4, having means to limit the angle between the power shaft and the working shaft in the drive torque transmission member.
5.权利要求1所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,所述转矩传递部件(309)在数量上是1 至10件,并且位于工作轴的驱动器(310)刃口的IOmm内。 The implant 1 consisting of an angle drive of claim 1, said torque transmission member (309) in number from 1 to 10, and work in the drive shaft (310) of the cutting edge IOmm.
6.使用自由角度种植体驱动器(301)的自由角度孔基台(300),具有固位螺丝插入孔的入口(306),其以一定距离远离基台固位螺丝的中轴线(606)。 6. Use free angled implant driver (301) of the free angled hole abutment (300) having an inlet (306) retaining screw insertion hole, which is a certain distance away from the abutment retaining screw axis (606).
7.权利要求6所述的自由角度孔基台,所述自由角度孔基台的美学修复体的颊侧边缘(400)的高度是0. Imm至5mm。 Claim free angled hole of the base 6, the height of the free edge of the buccal angle hole aesthetic abutment prosthesis (400) is 0. Imm to 5mm.
8.用于种植体的自由角度种植体驱动器(301),其特征在于包括:动力轴(31¾的机头型连接物(100¾ ;转矩传递部件(309),其从机头型连接物沿着驱动器工作轴(313)传递转动力;工作轴的驱动器(310)刃口,其执行工作。 8. free angle implants for implant driver (301), characterized by comprising: a power shaft (31¾ head type of linker (100¾; torque transmission member (309) extending from the handpiece linker type operating the drive shaft (313) transfers rotational force; work drive shaft (310) cutting edge, its implementation.
9.权利要求8所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,其中动力轴(31¾和驱动器工作轴(313)间的角度(311)是从1度至89度,并且所述转矩传递部件是环、齿轮、线或管的结合, 其在数量上是1至10。 8, the angle of freedom drive implant of claim 9, wherein an angle (311) between the power shaft (31¾ working shaft and a driver (313) is from 1 degree to 89 degrees, and the torque transmission member is a ring, gear, or a wire binding tube, which is from 1 to 10 in number.
10.权利要求8所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,其具有路径导引装置(1000)以将自由角度种植体驱动器的作用从动力轴(312)引入至驱动器工作轴(313),并且所述路径导引装置由管或线组成。 10. The implant consisting of an angle drive according to claim 8, having a guide path (1000) to effect free angle implant is introduced from a power drive shaft (312) to drive the working shaft (313), and the a pipe path or guide wire.
11.权利要求8所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,其在转矩传递部件中具有限制动力轴和驱动器工作轴之间角度的装置。 11. The implant consisting of an angle drive according to claim 8, having means to limit the angle between the power shaft and the working shaft in the drive torque transmission member.
12.权利要求8所述的自由角度种植体驱动器,所述转矩传递部件(309)在数量上是1 至10件,并且位于工作轴的驱动器(310)刃口的IOmm内。 8, the free angle of the driver 12. The implant as claimed in claim, said torque transmission member (309) in number from 1 to 10, and work in the drive shaft (310) of the cutting edge IOmm.
CN 200780001877 2006-01-03 2007-01-02 Free angled driver and free angled hole abutment CN101365395B (en)

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KR100671710B1 (en) 2007-02-12 grant

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