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CN101276403B - ID identification apparatus and identification method as well as using method - Google Patents

ID identification apparatus and identification method as well as using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101276403B
CN101276403B CN 200810027308 CN200810027308A CN101276403B CN 101276403 B CN101276403 B CN 101276403B CN 200810027308 CN200810027308 CN 200810027308 CN 200810027308 A CN200810027308 A CN 200810027308A CN 101276403 B CN101276403 B CN 101276403B
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id
identifying
microprocessor
light
unit
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CN 200810027308
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101276403A (en )
Inventor
兰维建
周华
潘传荣
郑成明
陈涛
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珠海信石电子科技有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/077Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier
    • G06K19/07749Constructional details, e.g. mounting of circuits in the carrier the record carrier being capable of non-contact communication, e.g. constructional details of the antenna of a non-contact smart card
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/0701Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips at least one of the integrated circuit chips comprising an arrangement for power management
    • G06K19/0707Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips at least one of the integrated circuit chips comprising an arrangement for power management the arrangement being capable of collecting energy from external energy sources, e.g. thermocouples, vibration, electromagnetic radiation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/0701Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips at least one of the integrated circuit chips comprising an arrangement for power management
    • G06K19/0712Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips at least one of the integrated circuit chips comprising an arrangement for power management the arrangement being capable of triggering distinct operating modes or functions dependent on the strength of an energy or interrogation field in the proximity of the record carrier
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K19/00Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings
    • G06K19/06Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings characterised by the kind of the digital marking, e.g. shape, nature, code
    • G06K19/067Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components
    • G06K19/07Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips
    • G06K19/0716Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips at least one of the integrated circuit chips comprising a sensor or an interface to a sensor
    • G06K19/0717Record carriers with conductive marks, printed circuits or semiconductor circuit elements, e.g. credit or identity cards also with resonating or responding marks without active components with integrated circuit chips at least one of the integrated circuit chips comprising a sensor or an interface to a sensor the sensor being capable of sensing environmental conditions such as temperature history or pressure

Abstract

The invention provides a ID identifying device and identifying method, using method thereof, the ID identifying device is set with a microprocessor, the microprocessor comprises a microprocessing unit, the ID identifying device is also set with a power supply part supplying power to the microprocessor via power supply processor, and a radio signal transmission unit connected with the microprocessor, and an environmental light brightness detecting module for detecting surrounding environmental light. The environmental light brightness detecting module is connected with the microprocessor. The ID identifying method comprises: writing default value of environmental light brightness in the microprocessor, the microprocessor detects whether the power supply part is in low-voltage state: if so,the microprocessing unit switches to sleep program; if not, the microprocessing unit detects the actual value of environmental light brightness via the environmental light brightness detecting module,in order to judge whether the actual value is larger than the default value: if so, the microprocessing unit enters normal working state; or the microprocessing unit enters sleep program. The invention can reduce power consumption of the ID identifying device so that the ID identifying device can identify each target object more clearly.

Description

ID标识装置及其标识方法和使用方法 ID identification and identification apparatus and methods of using

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种无线信号收发装置,具体地说是一种应用无线信号对目标物进行标识的ID标识装置以及这种ID标识装置的标识方法、这种ID标识装置的使用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a wireless signal transceiving means, the method specifically identifies a radio identification device ID signal is applied to identify the object and the identification ID of this apparatus, a method of using such a device identification ID.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 生活中,人们总希望在最短的时间内获取最有用的信息,例如在超级市场内,人们希望在最短时间内获取与自己所需要采购商品相关的信息及该商品的具体存放位置。 [0002] life, people always want to get the most useful information in the shortest possible time, for example, in the supermarket, most people want to get associated with a short period of time they need information on the procurement of goods and the goods in a specific storage location. 因此,部分超市使用ID标识装置来标识各个目标物,即标识超市内的各个商品,并在顾客使用的购物车上安装具有阅读器的多媒体播放器。 Thus, the use of part of the supermarket ID identifying means to identify each target, i.e., identification of each item in a supermarket, and a multimedia player installed with the reader in a shopping cart used by a customer. 这种ID标识装置分别放置在各种商品的附近,每个ID标识装置具有一个微处理器,微处理器的存储器中存储有其所放置处商品的ID识别码,ID标识装置中还有一个无线射频收发模块,向阅读器发出包含该商品ID识别码的无线射频信号。 This ID identifies the device are placed near the various goods, ID identifying each device having a microprocessor, a memory of the microprocessor of the identification code ID stored goods at which they are placed, and a device identification ID RF transceiver module, a radio frequency signal sent including the identification code of the product ID to the reader. 当阅读器接收到无线射频信号后,依据收到无线射频信号的强弱(ESS ORRSS),一方面可以识别与ID标识装置之间的距离,另一方面可获取该商品的ID识别码,多媒体播放器将根据该ID识别码播放该商品的相关信息,包括商品的名称、产地、品质等,顾客即可通过这些信息对商品进行了解,确定是否需要购买,大大方便了顾客选购商品。 When the reader receives the RF signal, based on received strength (ESS ORRSS) radio frequency signals, on the one hand and the distance between the identification device identification ID, on the other hand it can obtain the identification code ID of the merchandise, multimedia the player will play according to the ID identifier information of the goods, including commodity name, origin, quality and so on, customers can find out about the goods this information, determine whether you need to purchase, greatly facilitate the customers to buy merchandise. [0003] 但是,由于无线射频信号具有发散性的发射特点,定向性较差,致使处于某一位置的阅读器会同时接收到多个ID识别码,多媒体播放器播放的商品信息不一定是最靠近顾客的商品信息,另外,在有阻挡物、人体移动、甚至天气情况的干扰下,以及阅读器天线与ID标识装置天线作用角度的不同,都会使无线射频信号的强弱带来干扰,因此,当目标物的间距较小时,依据射频信号的强弱无法准确判断阅读器离哪个目标物最近,给顾客选购带来一定的影响。 [0003] However, since the RF signal has a divergent emission characteristics, orientation is poor, resulting in a position reader simultaneously receives a plurality of identification codes ID, product information of the multimedia player to play is not necessarily the most near the customer product information. Further, there are different barrier, the body movement, and even interfere with the weather conditions, and the reader antenna and the angle of the device ID for identifying an antenna, so will cause interference radio frequency signal strength, and therefore , when the target pitch is small, according to the strength of the RF signal from the reader can not accurately determine which targets recently, to the customer to buy some impact. 更重要的是,由于ID标识装置长期处于工作状态,即使在超市非营业时也发出无线射频信号,因此消耗大量电能,不利于能源的节约。 More importantly, since the ID is a long operating state identification means, also radiate radio frequency signals in the supermarket, even when non-business, thus consuming a lot of power, it is not conducive to energy conservation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的主要目的是提供一种电能消耗较少的ID标识装置;[0005] 本发明的另一目的是提供一种能清晰标识各个目标物的ID标识装置;[0006] 本发明的再一目的是提供一种应用上述ID标识装置的ID标识方法;[0007] 本发明的又一目的是提供一种上述ID标识装置的使用方法。 [0004] The main object of the present invention is to provide a less power consumption of the device identification ID; [0005] Another object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus identification ID can clearly identify each target object; [0006] The present invention another object is to provide a method for the ID mark identification ID of the application means; a further object of the [0007] present invention is to provide an apparatus for the ID mark to use.

[0008] 为实现上述的主要目的,本发明提供的ID标识装置包括有微处理器,该微处理器具有微处理单元,且微处理器存储有环境光亮度阈值,ID标识装置还设有通过电源处理器向微处理器供电的电源部分、与微处理器连接的无线信号传送单元,此外,还设有检测周围环境光亮度的环境光亮度检测模块,该环境光亮度检测模块与微处理器连接,环境光亮度检测模块检测到环境光亮度低于环境光亮度阈值时,微控制器进行休眠模式。 [0008] To achieve the above main object, the present invention provides a device ID is identification comprises a microprocessor having a micro processing unit, and the microprocessor stores the ambient light level threshold value, the identification means is further provided by the ID processor power supply portion supplying power to the microprocessor, and the radio signal transmitting unit connected to the microprocessor, in addition, also a detecting ambient brightness of ambient light detection module, the ambient light detecting module and a microprocessor connection, ambient light detecting module detects that the ambient brightness is lower than the ambient light threshold, microcontroller sleep mode. [0009] 由以上方案可见,在非营业时间内,超市内环境光亮度较低,环境光亮度检测模块检测到周围环境光亮度较低时,可使微处理器的微处理单元进入休眠程序。 [0009] seen from the above embodiment, in the non-business hours, supermarket low ambient light, ambient light detecting module detects that the ambient brightness is low, the microprocessor allows the microprocessor unit program goes to sleep. 由于微处理单元进入休眠程序消耗的电能远小于正常工作状态下消耗的电能,因此,依据上述方案的ID Since the micro program processing unit enters the sleep power consumption is much less than electric power consumption under normal operating conditions, therefore, according to the above embodiment of the ID

4标识装置消耗的电能将大大减少,有利于电能的节省。 Identification means 4 will greatly reduce the power consumed, it is conducive to power savings.

[0010] —个优选的方案是,无线信号传送单元中至少采用一个无线射频收发模块,用于发射目标物的ID识别码及接收更新数据。 [0010] - a preferred embodiment, the wireless signal transmission unit employing at least one RF transceiver module for transmitting an identification code ID and target object receiving the update data. 由于无线射频信号辐射范围较广,使用无线射频信号发射目标物的ID识别码,可确保阅读器靠近ID标识装置后即可接收对应的ID识别码,縮短阅读器接收ID识别码的时间。 Since a wide range radio frequency signal radiation, radio frequency signals transmitted using the object's identification code ID, to ensure the reader close to the received identification code ID corresponding to the apparatus identification ID and time to the reader receives the identification code ID.

[0011] 另一个优选的方案是,无线信号传送单元中至少采用一个红外线发射模块,用于发射目标物的ID识别码,并在红外线发射模块上安装一个红外线镜头。 [0011] In another preferred embodiment, the wireless signal transmission unit employed in at least an infrared emitter means for emitting an identification code ID of the object, and an infrared lens mounted on the infrared transmission module. 由于红外线具有较好的定向性,ID标识装置发出的红外线能够精确的被阅读器接收,这样ID标识装置即可清晰地标识各个目标物。 Since the infrared rays having a good directivity, emitted infrared ID identifying means can accurately be received reader, this means the ID mark can clearly identify each object. 同时,通过调整红外线镜头的方向,可使红外线精确地发射至某一位置,当阅读器处于该位置时,便可接收到该红外线信号,ID标识装置即能清晰地标识对应的目标物。 At the same time, by adjusting the direction of the infrared lens, the infrared can accurately transmitted to a location, when the reader is in this position, the infrared signal can be received, i.e., the device ID identifying that clearly identify the corresponding object.

[0012] 再一个优选的方案是,无线信号传送单元中至少采用一个红外线发射模块和一个无线射频收发模块,其用途及优点将在实施例部分加以说明。 [0012] A further preferred embodiment, the wireless signal transmission unit employed in at least an infrared emitter module and a RF transceiver module, uses and advantages thereof will be described in the Examples section.

[0013] 在上述各方案中还可以设置红外线检测模块,红外线检测模块与微处理器连接,用于检测阅读器发出的红外线信号。 [0013] In the above embodiment may also be provided an infrared detector module, infrared detection module connected to the microprocessor, for detecting the infrared signal emitted by the reader. 红外线检测模块检测到红外线信号后向微处理单元发出中断请求,告知微处理单元接收到红外线信号,微处理单元即可控制无线信号单元在单位时间内发射次数较多的无线信号,使阅读器更快地接收到ID标识装置发出的无线信号;而在红外线检测模块没有接收到红外线信号时,微处理单元控制无线信号单元在单位时间内发射次数相对较少的无线信号,以节省ID标识装置消耗的电能。 After the infrared detection module detects an infrared signal sent to the micro processing unit interrupt request, inform the micro processing unit receives the infrared signal, a micro processing unit to the control unit transmits a radio signal more number of times a radio signal per unit time, making the reader more fast wireless signal is received apparatus identification ID issued; the infrared ray signal is not received at the infrared ray detection module, the microprocessor unit controls the radio frequency signal transmitting unit of the radio signals in a relatively small per unit time, in order to save consumption of apparatus identification ID power.

[0014] 为实现上述的再一目的,本发明提供的ID识别装置的ID标识方法包括向微处理器的存储器写入环境光亮度阈值,微处理器检测电源部分是否处于低电压状态,如是,微处理单元进入休眠程序;否则,通过环境光亮度检测模块检测环境光亮度情况,判断环境光亮度是否大于环境光亮度阈值,如是,进入正常工作状态;否则,微处理单元进入休眠程序,其中,休眠程序中包括微处理单元进入低频工作模式,然后设定休眠定时器的休眠时间,再进入休眠模式,并在唤醒后判断电源部分是否仍处于低电压状态,如是,微处理单元进入无限休眠模式,否则,通过环境光亮度检测模块检测环境光亮度实际值。 [0014] To achieve the above another object, a method identifier ID of the ID recognition apparatus according to the present invention comprises ambient light threshold write to the memory of the microprocessor, the microprocessor detects whether the power supply is in a low voltage state, and if so, micro processing unit enters the sleep program; otherwise, brightness detection module detects ambient light, it is determined ambient light is greater than the ambient light level threshold value through the environment, and if so, enters the normal working state; otherwise, micro processing unit enters the sleep procedure, wherein, sleep micro processing unit comprises a program enters the low frequency mode, and then set the sleep time of the sleep timer, then enters the sleep mode, and the wake-up portion determines whether the power supply is still at a low voltage state, and if so, micro processing unit enters the sleep mode unlimited otherwise, the ambient light detecting module detects the actual value of the brightness of the ambient light.

[0015] ID标识装置工作后将由环境光亮度检测模块对周围环境进行检测,并在环境光亮度低于阈值时,微处理单元进入休眠模式。 When [0015] the device ID identifying the work by the ambient light detecting module detects the surrounding environment, and is below a threshold ambient light, micro processing unit enters the sleep mode. 这样,ID标识装置在周围环境光亮度较低时消耗较少的电能,从而减少电能的消耗。 Thus, the device ID identifying consumes less power when the ambient brightness is low, thus reducing power consumption.

[0016] 更进一步的方案是,可在ID标识装置中设置与微处理器连接的红外线检测模块,用于检测红外线信号。 [0016] A further embodiment is provided with an infrared detector module may be connected to the microprocessor in the ID identification device for detecting the infrared signal. 微处理单元进入正常工作状态后,判断红外线检测模块是否接收到红外线信号,如是,无线信号传送单元在单位时间内发射次数较多的无线信号,否则,无线信号传送单元在单位时间内发射次数较少的无线信号。 After the micro processing unit into the normal working state, the infrared detection module determines whether the infrared signal is received, and if so, the radio signal transmitting unit transmitting a radio signal more number of times per unit time, otherwise, the radio signal transmitting unit transmitting frequency than the unit time less wireless signal. 这个标识方案一方面进一步节能,另一方面可防止快速穿过无线信号区的阅读器漏接无线信号。 This aspect further energy saving identification scheme, on the other hand prevents rapid wireless signal through the reader zone bobble wireless signal.

[0017] 为实现上述的又一目的,本发明提供的ID识别装置的使用方法是在目标物间距较大的场合,各个目标物近旁分别放置一个或多个的ID标识装置,用ID标识装置无线射频模块发射的无线射频信号标识各个目标物。 [0017] To achieve the above further object, the method using the ID recognition apparatus of the present invention is to provide a target pitch larger occasions, each object ID identifying means are placed near one or more of the ID mark by means RF signals transmitted RF module identifies each object. 当然,该目标物可以是特定区域内的各个子区域,在子区域大的可放置多个ID标识装置,子区域小的则可只放置一个,具体数量取决于ID标识装置无线信号的波及范围及射频信号强弱可识别的范围,确保阅读器进入某一子区 Of course, the target may be a sub-region within each specific area, the sub-region may be placed a large plurality of apparatus identification ID, the sub-region can be placed only a little, depending on the specific number of extension-area ID for identifying a wireless signal means and RF signal strength recognizable range, to ensure the reader to enter a sub-region

5域后即可正确识别该子区域的ID识别码。 After 5 to correctly identify the domain identification code ID of the sub-region.

[0018] 如果目标物间距较小时,可使用仅设有红外线发射模块的ID标识装置标识各个目标物,使用时将ID标识装置放置在各个目标物的近旁,ID标识装置的红外线检测模块接收红外线信号后,向微控制器发出中断请求,使用ID标识装置发出的红外线信号标识各个目标物。 [0018] If the object distance is small, can be used only with an infrared transmission module ID identification means identifies each object, using the identification ID of each device is placed in the vicinity of the target object, the infrared detection apparatus identification ID module receives infrared rays after the signal is an interrupt request to a micro controller, an infrared signal identification means identifies the respective object ID issued. 当然,目标物也可以是放置在子区域内的目标物。 Of course, the target object may be placed within the sub-region. 由于红外线信号具有的定向性好的特点,能确保阅读器能精确接收各个ID标识装置发出红外线信号,精确地对各个目标物进行标识,充分利用红外线定向性好的优点,ID标识装置即可对各种商品进行精确地标识。 Since infrared signals have characteristics of good orientation, to ensure that the reader can accurately received each ID identifying means transmit infrared signals to accurately identify each object, make full use of advantages of good infrared orientation, identification ID of the device to various commodities accurately identified. 并能大大节省ID标识装置的成本,这是因为红外线发射模块的成本较低,无线射频收发模块的成本较高。 And can greatly reduce the cost of the apparatus identification ID, which is a lower cost because the infrared transmission module, the high cost of RF transceiver module.

[0019] 当然,若需要标识的目标物数量较多且间距较小时,可用设有红外线发射模块及无线射频收发模块的ID标识装置分别放置在各个目标物的近旁,ID标识装置的红外线检测模块接收红外线信号后,向微控制器发出中断请求,使用ID标识装置先发出的无线射频信号以及后发出的红外线信号及标识各个目标物。 ID identification means [0019] Of course, if a large need to identify the number and spacing of the object is small, can be provided with an infrared transmitting module and a wireless RF transceiver module are each disposed in the vicinity of the target object, the infrared detection apparatus identification ID module after receiving the infrared signal, an interrupt request to the microcontroller, the ID identifying means to a radio frequency signal and an infrared signal sent by and sent to identify individual target.

[0020] 使用设有红外线发射模块及无线射频收发模块的ID标识装置时,可先由无线射频收发模块发射无线射频信号后马上通过红外线发射模块发射红外线信号,阅读器接收ID标识装置以无线射频方式发射的ID识别码后,再马上接收到红外线信号,表示该ID识别码是最靠近阅读器的ID标识装置所发出的ID识别码,阅读器即可获知最接近目标物的ID识别码。 When the [0020] device using the identification ID is provided an infrared transmitting module and a wireless RF transceiver module may transmit a radio frequency signal RF transceiver module first by immediately transmitting an infrared signal through the infrared transmission module, the reader device receives a radio frequency identification ID after the transmission mode identification code ID, and then immediately receives an infrared signal indicating the identification code ID is an ID identifying the ID code reader means closest issued, the reader can learn the identification code ID is closest to the object.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 图1是本发明ID标识装置实施例的结构示意框图; [0021] FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention, the ID mark;

[0022] 图2是本发明ID标识装置实施例中无线射频收发模块的结构示意框图; [0022] FIG. 2 is a schematic block diagram showing an embodiment of a wireless RF transceiver module according to the present invention apparatus identification ID;

[0023] 图3是本发明ID标识装置实施例用于标识子区域的安装示意图; [0023] FIG. 3 is an embodiment of the present invention apparatus identification ID installation diagram for identification of sub-regions;

[0024] 图4是本发明ID标识装置实施例用于标识目标物的安装示意图; [0024] FIG. 4 is an embodiment of the present invention the device ID identifying the installation diagram for identifying a target object;

[0025] 图5是本发明ID标识装置实施例用于标识子区域及目标物的安装示意图; [0025] FIG. 5 is an embodiment of the present invention the device ID identifying the installation diagram and identification of sub-regions for the object;

[0026] 图6是本发明ID标识方法实施例的流程图; [0026] FIG. 6 is a flowchart of an embodiment of the method of the present invention, the identification ID;

[0027] 图7是本发明ID标识方法实施例中微处理单元进入休眠程序的流程图; [0027] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of the microprocessing unit into sleep program ID identifying method of the present invention;

[0028] 图8是本发明ID标识方法实施例中微处理单元正常工作程序的流程图; [0028] FIG 8 is a flowchart of the normal micro processing unit operating program ID identifying method of the present invention;

[0029] 图9是本发明ID标识方法实施例中微处理单元在线编程的流程图。 [0029] FIG. 9 is a flowchart of the microprocessing unit ID identifying online programming method of the present invention.

[0030] 以下结合附图及实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 [0030] The following preferred embodiments of the present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0031] 参见图1,图1是本发明ID标识装置实施例的结构示意框图。 [0031] Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention, the ID mark. 本实施例的ID标识装置包括电源部分1、电源处理器2、红外线检测模块3、环境光亮度检测模块4、微处理器5、红外线发射模块6、红外线镜头7、无线射频收发模块8以及数据下载接口9。 ID identification apparatus according to the present embodiment includes the power supply 1, the power processor 2, the infrared detection module 3, the ambient light detection module 4, a microprocessor 5, 6 infrared transmission module, infrared lens 7, 8 RF transceiver module, and a data Download interface 9. 其中,红外线发射模块6、红外线镜头7及无线射频收发模块8组成本实施例的无线信号传送单元。 Wherein infrared transmission module 6, 7 infrared lens and a wireless RF transceiver module composed of the radio signal transmitting unit 8 of the present embodiment. [0032] 微处理器5是ID标识装置的核心,其具有微处理单元、计时器、计数器、电源控制器、A/D转换器、接口控制器、中断控制器以及存储器等。 [0032] The microprocessor is the core ID identifying means 5, which has a micro processing unit, a timer, a counter, a power supply controller, A / D converter, interface controller, an interrupt controller and a memory. 其中,微处理单元控制各种信息接收与发送,并对接收到信息进行处理,同时微处理单元还可以根据电源情况、周围环境光亮度情况进入工作状态或休眠模式。 Wherein the micro-processing unit controls various kinds of information transmitted and received, and the received information is processed, while the micro processing unit may further supply, the ambient light surrounding the case into the working state or the sleep mode. 存储器中存储有多种程序、一种或多种特定商品的ID识别码以及周围环境光亮度阈值等信息。 There are a variety of programs stored in the memory, one or ID identification code and the ambient brightness threshold more specific product information. 当然,本实施例的存储器可以是多种不同存储器,如R0M、 RAM、 FLASH等,这些都是本领域技术人员所熟知的存储器。 Of course, the memory of the present embodiment may be a variety of different embodiments of a memory, such as R0M, RAM, FLASH, etc., which are well known to those skilled in the memory.

[0033] ID标识装置有一电源部分1,本实施例的电源部分1可以是镍_镉、镍_金属氢化物、锂离子等蓄电池,其通过电源处理器2向微处理器5提供电源。 [0033] ID identifying means has a power source portion 1, the power supply section 1 according to the present embodiment may be nickel-cadmium _, _ a nickel metal hydride, lithium ion batteries, which provide power to the microprocessor 5 via the power processor 2. 电源处理器2包括一个拨动开关、整流电路以及稳压电路等,将电源部分1提供的电源经过整流、稳压处理后,向微处理器5提供稳定的驱动电源。 The processor 2 comprises a power toggle switch, a rectifier circuit, and voltage regulator circuit, the power supply section 1 is rectified to provide, after processing the regulator provide a stable driving power to the microprocessor 5. 微处理器5的电源控制器与电源处理器2连接,并检测电源部分1的电压情况,若检测到电源部分1的电压较低时,其控制微处理单元5进入休眠程序。 Microprocessor power controller 5 is connected to the power supply of the processor 2, and the power source voltage detecting portion 1, a lower voltage is detected if the power supply portion 1, the control unit 5 enters a sleep microprocessor program.

[0034] 环境光亮度检测模块4主要包括环境光亮度传感器,用于检测ID标识装置周围环境光亮度的状况,并将检测结果以模拟信号的方式传送至微处理器5的A/D转换器,A/D转换器将模拟信号转换成数字信号后传送至微处理单元,如果微处理单元判断周围环境光亮度低于阈值时,进入休眠程序,以减少电能的消耗。 [0034] ambient light detection module 4 includes the ambient light sensor means for detecting an ID for identifying the status of the brightness of ambient light, and the detection result is transmitted to the microprocessor 5 of the A / D converter to an analog signal in a manner after conversion, a / D converter converts an analog signal into a digital signal to the micro processing unit, micro processing unit determines if the ambient brightness is below a threshold value, the program goes to sleep, in order to reduce power consumption.

[0035] 红外线检测模块3可接收阅读器发出的红外线信号,并在接收到红外线信号后向微处理器5的中断控制器发出中断请求,微处理单元便可获知红外线检测模块3检测到红外线信号,也就是在该ID标识装置附近有顾客正在选购商品,微处理器5让红外线发射模块6和无线射频收发模块8在单位时间内发射次数较多的红外线信号和无线射频信号,顾客便可迅速获取商品的信息。 [0035] The infrared detection module 3 can receive the infrared signal emitted reader, and an interrupt controller issues an interrupt request to the microprocessor 5 after receiving the infrared signal, a micro processing unit can be informed of the infrared detecting module 3 detects the infrared signal , i.e. in the vicinity of the device ID identifying a customer is buying goods, the microprocessor 5 and 6 so that infrared transmission module RF transceiver module 8 times more transmit an infrared signal and a radio frequency signal within a unit time, the customer can rapid access to information goods. 当红外线检测模块3没有检测到红外线信号时,微处理器5控制红外线发射模块6和无线射频收发模块8在单位时间内发射次数较少的红外线信号和无线射频信号,以减少电能消耗。 When the infrared detection module 3 does not detect the infrared signal, the microprocessor 5 controls the infrared ray emitting module 6 and the RF transceiver module 8 emits an infrared signal and a smaller number of RF signal within a unit time, to reduce power consumption.

[0036] 同时,红外线检测模块3也可接收更新的数据信息,超市的工作人员可将需要更新的数据信息通过红外线检测模块3传送至微处理器5,微处理器5接收到更新的数据后将更新的数据保存至存储器指定的地址中,替换原有数据。 After [0036] Meanwhile, the infrared detection module 3 may also receive updated data, supermarket staff may need to update the data information received by the infrared detection data updating module 3 is transmitted to the microprocessor 5, the microprocessor 5 save updated data to the memory designated address, replacing the original data.

[0037] 红外线发射模块6可在微处理器5的控制下发射红外线,其单位时间内发射次数可由微处理器5控制,将某一商品的ID识别码准确地发射到阅读器。 [0037] The infrared transmission module 6 under the control of the microprocessor may transmit infrared 5, the number of shots per unit time is controlled by the microprocessor 5, the identification code ID of a commodity accurately transmitted to the reader. 由于红外线具有较好的定向性,即使在一个较小的区域内同时存在多个ID标识装置,发出的红外线也不会相互影响,阅读器能精确地接收一个ID标识装置发出的红外线,顾客即可准确获知最靠近自己的商品相关信息。 Since the infrared rays having a good directivity, the presence of a plurality of devices simultaneously ID mark even in a smaller area, infrared rays do not affect each other, the reader can accurately identify an ID device receives infrared rays emitted, i.e., customer can be accurately informed of his closest commodity-related information.

[0038] 红外线发射模块6上安装有红外线镜头7,红外线镜头7主要由曲面的红外线镜片组成,并可被移动。 [0038] The infrared transmission module 6 has mounted infrared lens 7, the infrared lens surface 7 of the main infrared lens elements, and can be moved. 移动红外线镜头7可以改变红外发射模块6发射的红外线在红外线镜片上的入射角和折射角,从而控制调节红外线的覆盖范围。 Mobile infrared lens 7 may change the infrared emission module 6 on the incident angle of the infrared emitter and the infrared lens refraction angle, thereby controlling the adjustable infrared coverage. 移动红外线镜头的主要目的是为了遮挡或允许红外线发射模块6发射的红外线在红外线镜片上通过范围,从而控制调节红外线的覆盖范围。 The main purpose is to move the infrared lens shutter or infrared transmission module 6 allows the infrared rays emitted by the lens in the infrared range, so as to control the coverage of regulating infrared rays.

[0039] 无线射频收发模块8可在微处理器5的控制下接收与发射无线射频信号,其接收的无线射频信号可以是需要更新的数据,包括更新的ID识别码、更新的程序等。 [0039] RF transceiver module may receive 8 under control of microprocessor 5 and transmitting radio frequency signals, receiving radio frequency signals may be required to update data, including the updated identification code ID, the update program or the like. 无线射频收发模块8的结构示意框图如图2所示。 Structure of the wireless RF transceiver module shown in FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram 2. 无线射频收发模块8包括数据传送控制接口81、接收处理单元82、发射处理单元83以及微波天线84。 RF transceiver module 8 includes a data transfer control interface 81, the reception processing unit 82, the processing unit 83 and the transmitting microwave antenna 84. 其中数据传送控制接口81连接微处理器5的接口控制器,并与接收处理单元82、发射处理单元83进行信息交换。 Wherein the data transfer control interface 81 connected to the microprocessor interface controller 5, and the reception processing unit 82, the transmission processing unit 83 to exchange information. [0040] 接收无线射频信号时,微波天线84将接收到的无线射频信号传送至接收处理单 RF signal transmission [0040] Upon receiving the RF signal, the received microwave antenna 84 to the reception processing unit

7元82,经接收处理单元82处理后传送至数据传送控制接口81。 7 yuan 82, transmitted to the data transfer control interface 81 after the reception processing unit 82 processes. 需要发射无线射频信号时, 数据传送控制接口81将需要发射的无线射频信号传送至发射处理单元82,发射处理单元82即控制微波天线84发射无线射频信号。 RF signal transmission needs to be transmitted when the radio frequency signal, the data transfer control interface 81 needs to be transmitted to the transmission processing unit 82, i.e., transmit processing unit 82 controls the microwave antenna 84 transmit a radio frequency signal.

[0041] 回看图1, ID标识装置还设有数据传送接口9,用于将初始数据传送到微处理器5 中,如微处理器5的驱动程序,初始的ID识别码等。 [0041] Referring back to Figure 1, ID identification device 9 also has data transfer interface for transferring initial data to the microprocessor 5, the driver 5 such as a microprocessor, the initial identification of the ID code and the like. 当然,若超市工作人员需要将大量的数据更新至微处理器5中,也可以通过数据传送接口9将需要更新的数据传送至微处理器5。 Of course, if the supermarket staff require a large amount of data update to the microprocessor 5, 5 may be transmitted to the microprocessor via the data transfer interface 9 will need to update the data. [0042] 需要强调的是,本实施例的ID标识装置同时设置了红外线检测模块3、红外线发射模块6以及无线射频收发模块8。 [0042] It is emphasized that, according to the present embodiment, ID identification device is provided simultaneously infrared detection module 3, an infrared transmission module 6 and a wireless RF transceiver module 8. 对于其他的实施例,这些模块均可有选择地进行配置, 即可以只使用红外线发射模块6,而不使无线射频收发模块8,或者只使用无线射频收发模块8而不使用红外线发射模块6,或者两者都使用,此外,红外线检测模块3在这些实施例中是可以不使用的,这并不影响本发明的实施。 For other embodiments, these modules can be selectively configured, i.e. can only use an infrared transmission module 6, instead of the wireless RF transceiver module 8, or to use only 8 RF transceiver module without using an infrared transmission module 6, or both are used, in addition, the infrared detection module 3 is not used in these embodiments, which does not affect the embodiment of the present invention.

[0043] 因此,可根据红外线发射模块与无线射频收发模块的选配情况定义三种类型的卡,即可以有三种ID标识装置的实施例,对同时设红外发射模块与无线射频收发模块的ID 标识装置,定义为All型卡;对仅设有红外发射模块而未设置无线射频收发模块的ID标识装置,定义为A10型卡;对仅设有无线射频收发模块而未设置红外发射模块的ID标识装置, 定义为A01型卡。 [0043] Thus, according to the case of infrared transmission module and optional RF transceiver module defines three types of cards, i.e., three kinds of embodiments are possible identification ID of the device, simultaneously provided with the infrared emission module ID of the RF transceiver module identification means is defined as card type All; ID identifying means is provided on only the infrared emission module is provided without a wireless RF transceiver module, the card type is defined as A10; ID of RF transceiver module is only provided with an infrared transmission module without identification means, the card type is defined as A01. 可根据实际情况,选择三种卡中的一种或多种对特定商品或区域进行标识,对区域进行的标识更特殊地可以是阅读器进入后需要执行的一些命令标识,例如控制附有阅读器的播放器的音量控制命令等。 According to the actual situation, select one of three or more card for identification of a particular good or regions, the identification of the area to be more specific commands into the reader needs to be performed after identification, for example read with a control the volume of the player's control commands.

[0044] 参见图3,如果在特定区域内,需要被标识的目标物的间距较大,即多个ID识别装置发射的无线射频信号之间不会造成相互影响的距离,可分别使用A01型卡标识对各个目标物进行标识。 [0044] Referring to Figure 3, if in a particular area, the pitch of the object to be identified is large, will not affect each other between a plurality of radio frequency signal, i.e. the identification device ID transmitted from, respectively, using the A01 identity card for each target identified. 在超市的每个特定区域如收银台上方悬挂AOl型卡ll,用来标识各个不同的收银台,最好放置3个或3个以上的A01型卡ll,且分布在该特定区域的边界处,使阅读器能正确识别所处的区域,购物车的阅读器进入收银台区域后,即可接收AOl型卡11发出的无线射频信号,还能识别该无线射频信号的强弱(ESS OR RSS),即依据收到射频信号的强弱程度来判别所处的区域。 In each specific area, such as a supermarket above the cash register suspension AOl card type ll, used to identify the different cash register, the best place three or more than three cards A01 type ll, and distributed in the specific area boundary after the reader can correctly identify the area in which the shopping cart reader enters cash register area, can receive RF signals AOl type card 11 is issued, but also identifying the RF signal strength (ESS OR RSS ), i.e., the degree of strength of received radio frequency signals according to the determined region is located. 在一个特定区域内使用多个ID标识装置,可以达到无线射频信号覆盖整个收银台区域(该特定区域)的目的,当然,在收银台区域内的多个ID标识装置发射的无线射频信号表示的ID识别码应当相同。 Used within a particular region ID identifying a plurality of devices, can achieve the purpose of the entire RF coverage area of ​​the cash register (the specific area) is, of course, a plurality of identification devices in the cash register ID area transmitted radio frequency signal represented by ID identification code should be the same.

[0045] 参见图4,如果在特定区域内需要被标识的目标物较少,优选的,目标物的数量在256个以下,便于ID标识装置使用较少位数的二进制编码表示各个目标物ID,且各个目标物的间距较小,即多个ID识别装置发射的无线射频信号之间可能会造成相互影响的距离, 则可分别使用A10型卡标识各个目标物。 [0045] Referring to Figure 4, if desired in a particular identified object area less, preferably, the target number of 256 or less, to facilitate the use of the ID mark means fewer bits representing each binary coded target ID , and the pitch of each object is small, it may cause radio frequency signals between the plurality of ID recognition means that is emitted from the interaction of A10 can be used are the respective object type identification cards. 在超市的货架每种目标物的上方悬挂一个或多个A10型卡12,并确保每种目标物均有唯一的ID识别码对应。 Each supermarket shelves above the target object or a plurality of hanger 12 A10-type cards, and ensure that each object has a unique identification code corresponding to the ID. 当购物车停靠在货架该种商品前,即可接收A10型卡12发出的红外线信号,精确地接收到该商品对应的ID识别码,多媒体播放器便播放该商品的相关信息。 When the cart stops in front of the shelf commodities, type A10 can receive an infrared signal emitted from the card 12, precisely receiving the product identification code corresponding to the ID, a multimedia player will play the related information of the product. 同样,若同一种类的商品较多,分布较广时,也可以使用多个ID标识装置发出的红外线信号来标识同一种商品。 Similarly, if the same types of goods are more widely distributed time, it may be used an infrared signal emitted from the plurality of ID identifying means to identify the same goods.

[0046] 如果在特定区域内需要被标识的目标物种类较多,优选的,数量在256个以上,且间距较小,即多个ID识别装置发射的无线射频信号之间可能会造成相互影响的距离,可使用All型卡进行标识。 [0046] If the type of the object to be identified in a particular region more, preferably, 256 or more in number, and the smaller spacing, may cause interaction between the RF signal that is emitted by a plurality of ID recognition means the distance may be used All type card identification. All型卡先通过无线射频模块以无线射频信号方式发出某一目标物的ID识别码,再马上通过红外线发射模块发射红外线信号,该红外线信号可以是不表示目 All type of card issued by the first radio frequency signal RF module identification code ID-a target object, then immediately emits an infrared signal through the infrared transmission module, the infrared signal may not be expressed mesh

8标物的ID的ID标识码。 ID ID code of 8 standard substance. 例如,在大中型超市中,商品货架较大,货架的间距比较密集且数量较多,每个货架的ID识别码就需要较多的二进制位进行编码,此时,使用A11型卡以无线射频信号方式发送ID识别码的编码时间就更短,可节省All型卡消耗的电能。 For example, in medium-sized supermarket, the product shelf larger, denser spacing of the shelf and a larger number, the identification code ID of each shelf requires more bits to encode this case, the use of radio frequency card type A11 transmitting the identification code ID signal is coded even shorter time, the card type All can save power consumption. 另外,由于无线射频信号的定向性较差,阅读器能在较短时间内收到多个A11型卡以无线射频方式发送的ID识别码。 Further, due to the orientation of the radio frequency signal is poor, the reader can receive a plurality of the A11-type ID card identification code transmitted in a relatively short period of radio frequency manner. 因此,All型卡以无线射频方式发射一次ID识别码后,马上发射红外线信号,这样,阅读器判断在接收到无线射频方式发射的ID识别码后又紧接着接收到红外线信号的ID识别码,才是所处货架的ID识别码,并驱动多媒体播放器播放对应商品的相关信息。 Thus, the card type All transmitted in radio frequency after the first ID identification code way, immediately emits an infrared signal, so that, the reader determines the identification code ID in the received radio frequency transmission mode immediately after the identification code ID received infrared signal, which is the identification code ID of the shelf, and a multimedia player to play the driver information corresponding to the item. 阅读器在接收到无线射频方式发射的ID识别码后没接收到红外线信号的,表示该ID 识别码对应的货架并不是最靠近阅读器的货架,多媒体播放器不播放该商品的相关信息。 After the reader receives the RF transmission mode identification code ID is not received infrared signal, indicating that the identification code ID is not corresponding to the nearest shelf shelf reader, a multimedia player does not play the merchandise-related information. [0047] 当然,若特定区域内需要被标识的目标物较多其间距较小时,也可以使用A01型卡与A10型卡双重使用的方法进行标识。 [0047] Of course, if a particular region of the object to be identified more smaller spacing which may be used with the A01 A10 CARD card type dual-use identification. 例如,如图5所示,将超市划分为多个子区域U1、 U2、U3,并使用A01型卡11发出的无线射频信号来标识各个子区域。 For example, as shown in FIG 5 is divided into a plurality of sub-supermarket regions U1, U2, U3, and the use of radio frequency signals emitted from the A01 card 11 to identify each sub-region. 同时,在每一子区域内的货架上方悬挂多个A10型卡12,使用A10型卡12发出的红外线信号标识该子区域内多种不同的商品。 Meanwhile, the upper shelf within each sub-area of ​​the plurality of suspension type card 12 A10, A10-type using an infrared signal emitted from the identification card 12 different products within the sub-region. 这样,阅读器进入某一子区域时,如进入子区域U1,即可接收A01型卡发出的无线射频信号标识该子区域,并在靠近某一商品时,接收A10型卡发出的红外线信号,阅读器即可获取该子区域及商品的ID识别码,从而驱动多媒体播放器播放该商品的相关信息。 Such RF signals, the reader enters a sub-area, enter the sub-region as U1, the A01 can receive the identification card issued by the sub-region, and when approaching a commodity, A10-type card receives infrared signals emitted, reader to obtain the identification code ID and the sub-region product, thereby driving the multimedia player displays the information about the item. [0048] 本实施例中,ID标识装置是悬挂在子区域或商品的上方,ID标识装置发射的红外线信号可垂直地射向地面,这样阅读器能更精确地接收ID标识装置接收单一红外线信号, 有效避免不同ID标识装置发出的红外线信号相互干扰。 [0048] In this embodiment, the device ID identifying the sub-region is suspended above or commodities, the infrared signal emitted apparatus identification ID can be directed perpendicular to the ground, so that the reader can more precisely a single receiving means for receiving identification ID infrared signal effectively prevent the infrared signal emitted by a different ID identification means interfere with each other. 当然,若将ID标识装置放置于货架上或其它近旁的地方也并不影响本发明的实施。 Of course, if the ID mark is placed on the shelf means near the other places or does not affect the embodiment of the present invention.

[0049] 下面,结合图6至图9来说明ID标识装置的工作原理。 [0049] Next, in conjunction with FIGS. 6 to 9 will be described the working principle of the apparatus identification ID. 参见图6,图6是本发明ID标识方法实施例的流程图。 Referring to FIG. 6, FIG. 6 is a flowchart of an embodiment of the method of the present invention is the identification ID. ID标识装置使用前,需要向ID标识装置的存储器中写入环境光亮度阈值等信息以及必要的程序,确保ID标识装置能够正常工作。 ID identification device before use, it is necessary to write the ambient light threshold and necessary program information to the memory device identification ID, to ensure that the identification device ID to work properly. ID标识装置开始工作后执行步骤Sl,启动微处理器的微处理单元及所有电路,并完成所需软件的引导和微处理器内各个单元部件的初始化。 After step Sl is the ID mark comes into operation, to start a microprocessor circuit and all the micro processing unit, and completes the initialization of the guide member and the respective units within the microprocessor required software.

[0050] 步骤S2中,微处理单元通过电源控制器检测电源部分的电压,判断电源部分是否 [0050] In step S2, the microprocessor controller detects a voltage supply unit by power supply portion, it is determined whether the power supply section

处于低电压状态,如是则执行步骤S4,微处理单元进入休眠程序。 At a low voltage state, the case of performing the step S4, the microprocessor unit program goes to sleep. 如果电源部分电压正常, If the supply voltage is normal portion,

通过环境光亮度检测模块检测周围环境光亮度状况,并将检测到的环境光亮度实际值与存 By ambient light brightness condition detection module detects the surrounding environment, and the detected ambient brightness and the stored actual value

储器中的环境光亮度阈值对比,判断实际值是否大于阈值,即执行步骤S3,如是则执行步骤 Ambient light threshold value comparison in the reservoir, it is determined whether the actual value is greater than the threshold value, i.e. performing step S3, the case of performing step

S5,微处理单元进入正常工作状态,否则执行步骤S4,微处理单元进入休眠程序。 S5, micro processing unit into the normal working state, otherwise, execute step S4, the microprocessor unit program goes to sleep.

[0051] 参见图7,图7是微处理单元进入休眠程序后的流程图。 [0051] Referring to FIG. 7, FIG. 7 is a flowchart of the microprocessor unit program goes to sleep. 微处理单元进入休眠程 Micro processing unit into sleep process

序后,首先将执行步骤S11,工作在低频模式,然后设定休眠定时器的休眠时间,即执行步骤 After the sequence is first executed step S11, the work in the low frequency mode, and set the sleep timer sleep time, i.e., step

S12。 S12. 休眠时间可为30秒至120秒,在休眠时间内,微处理单元执行步骤S13,进入休眠模 Sleep time may be from 30 to 120 seconds, the sleep time in the micro processing unit executes step S13, the sleep mode into the

式。 formula. 休眠模式可以是微处理单元自带的休眠模式,也可以是通过编程实现的休眠模式,微处 Sleep mode can be micro processing unit carrying the sleep mode, the sleep mode may be implemented by programming of a microprocessor

理单元在休眠模式下消耗电能远远小于正常工作下消耗的电能。 Processing unit in the sleep mode the power consumption is far less than the normal operating power consumption.

[0052] 休眠时间到后,微处理单元将被唤醒,并执行步骤S14,再次判断电源部分是否仍处于低电压状态,如是执行步骤S15,微处理单元进入无限休眠模式,直至更换电源部分并重启才唤醒。 [0052] The sleep time after, micro processing unit will wake up, and executes step S14, it is determined again whether the power supply portion is still at a low voltage state, the case of performing step S15, the microprocessing unit goes into an infinite sleep mode until the power supply part replacement and restarting just wake up. 如果电源部分电压恢复正常,则执行步骤S16,再次检测环境光亮度情况,如果环境光亮度大于阈值,执行步骤S17,微处理单元进入正常工作状态,否则返回执行步骤Sll。 If the voltage returns to normal power supply portion is performed step S16, the brightness of the ambient light is detected again, if the ambient light is greater than the threshold value, the step S17, the micro-processing unit into the normal working state, otherwise it returns to step Sll.

[0053] 由此可见,微处理单元检测电源部分处于电压状态或检测周围环境光亮度低于阈值时,均进入休眠程序,减少ID标识装置电能的消耗。 [0053] Thus, a micro processing unit detects the power supply portion is detected or a voltage state when the ambient brightness is below a threshold, the program were going to sleep, to reduce electrical energy consumption of the ID mark. 尤其是超市在非营业时间内,ID标识装置将处于无限休眠模式,将大大减少电能消耗,有利于节约能源。 Especially in supermarket business hours, unlimited ID identification means in a sleep mode, will significantly reduce the power consumption, facilitate energy conservation.

[0054] 微处理单元正常工作状态流程图如图8所示。 [0054] The micro processing unit normal operation flowchart shown in Fig. 微处理单元进入正常工作状态后, 首先执行步骤S21,工作在正常频率模式下,并设置在线编程计时器的初始值,该值可以为5秒至10秒,即执行步骤S22,微处理单元可在这段时间内更新数据。 After the micro processing unit into the normal working state, performing first step S21, the frequency of operating in a normal mode, and set the initial value of online programming of the timer, the value may be from 5 seconds to 10 seconds, i.e. performing step S22, the microprocessing unit may update data during this time.

[0055] 然后,微处理单元执行步骤S23,判断ID标识装置是否具有无线射频收发模块,即判断ID标识装置是什么类型的卡,若具有无线射频收发模块,即为All型卡或AOl型卡, 则执行步骤S24,进入无线射频接收模式,并执行步骤S25,判断是否接收到无线射频信号, 如果接收到无线射频信号,表示工作人员正在对ID标识装置的数据进行更新,则执行步骤S26,进入在线编程模式。 [0055] Then, the microprocessing unit executes step S23, it is determined whether the apparatus identification ID RF transceiver module, i.e., the ID mark is determined what type of card means, if having a RF transceiver module, i.e. AOl All type card or card type , is executed a step S24, into the radio frequency receiving mode, and executes step S25, it is determined whether the received RF signal, if the received radio frequency signal indicative of the staff working on data ID identifying means to be updated, is performed step S26, the enter the online programming mode. 如果没有接收到无线射频信号,执行步骤S27,判断在线编程计时器是否为O,如是执行步骤S31,否则返回执行步骤S25。 If no RF signal is received, performing step S27, it is determined whether the timer circuit programming is O, the case of performing step S31, the otherwise returns to step S25.

[0056] 步骤S23中,微处理单元判断ID标识装置不具有无线射频收发模块,即为A10 型卡,则执行步骤S28,判断是否接收到红外线信号,如果接收到红外线信号,则执行步骤S29,进入在线编程模式,若没有接收到红外线信号,则执行步骤S30,判断在线编程计时器是否为O,如是则执行步骤S31,否则返回执行步骤S28。 [0056] Step S23, the microprocessing unit determines the ID mark device does not have RF transceiver module, i.e. A10-type card, is executed step S28, the determination whether the received infrared signal, if receiving the infrared signal, then performs step S29, the enter the online programming mode, the infrared signal is not received, then performing step S30, it is determined whether the timer circuit programming is O, the case of performing the step S31, the otherwise returns to step S28.

[0057] 由上述步骤可知,微处理单元进入正常工作状态后,首先检测是否接收到无线射 [0057] From the above steps, the micro processing unit enters the normal operating state, detecting whether the first wireless radio

频信号或红外线信号,如果接收到这些信号则进行在线编程,即更新数据,如果没有接收到这些信号,则执行步骤S31。 Frequency signal or an infrared signal, if the signal received is performed on-line programming, the data is updated, if the signal is not received, proceed to step S31.

[0058] 步骤S31中,微处理单元将清零ID识别码快速发射次数,并设置休眠定时器的休眠时间,微处理单元便执行步骤S32,进入休眠程序。 [0058] In Step S31, the microprocessing unit cleared quickly transmit an identification code ID number, and set the sleep time of the sleep timer, micro processing unit executes step S32, the program goes to sleep. 微处理单元唤醒后,执行步骤S33,判断电源部分是否处于低电压状态,如是则执行步骤S39,微处理单元再次进入休眠程序。 After wake micro processing unit, performing step S33, it is determined whether the power supply is in a low voltage state, the case of performing the step S39, the microprocessor unit program goes back to sleep. 如果电源部分电压正常,微处理单元执行步骤S34,通过环境光亮度检测模块检测周围环境光亮度情况,如果超市在非营业时间内,环境光亮度低于阈值,微处理单元执行步骤S39,进入休眠程序。 If the power supply portion voltage is normal, the microprocessing unit executes step S34, by the ambient light detecting module detects the surrounding brightness, if the supermarket within non-business hours, ambient light is below a threshold value, the microprocessing unit executes step S39, the entering Sleep program. 如果环境光亮度大于阈值,执行步骤S35,进一步判断ID标识装置是否与外部计算机或编程器连接,如果有连接,表示ID标识装置正通过数据传送接口下载数据,则执行步骤S36,将程序、更新的ID识别码等数据下载到存储器中。 If the ambient light is greater than the threshold value, the step S35, the further determination ID identification device is connected to an external computer or programmer, if connected, an ID indicating the identification device is a data transfer interface to download the data, execute step S36, the program update the identification code ID and other data is downloaded to memory. 如果没有与外部计算机、编程器连接,则执行步骤S37, ID标识装置发射存储在存储器中的ID识别码。 If the computer is not connected to the external programmer, it executes step S37, the device ID identifying the ID code stored in the memory of the transmitter. [0059] ID标识装置发射ID识别码时,将判断ID标识装置是哪一类型的卡,若是A10型卡,则以红外线方法将ID识别码发射出去,如果是A01型卡,则以无线射频方式将ID识别码发射出去,如果是All型卡,则先以无线射频方式将ID识别码发出,再以红外线方式以发出ID标识码。 When the [0059] ID ID mark identification code transmitting means, the determination device ID identifies what type of card, if the card type A10, the method places the infrared emitted identification code ID, if the A01 cards, radio frequency places transmitting the identification code ID way out, if All type card, the first radio frequency to the identification code ID sent manner, then to emit infrared type ID code.

[0060] ID标识装置发射ID识别码后,执行步骤S38,检测是否接收到红外线信号,如果接收到红外线信号,表示有阅读器靠近,红外线发射模块和无线射频模块在单位时间内发射次数较多的ID识别码,若没有接收到红外线信号,则在单位时间内发射次数较少的ID识别码,这样可减少ID标识装置消耗的电能。 [0060] After transmitting apparatus identification ID identification code ID, performing step S38, whether the received infrared signal is detected, if the infrared signal is received, the reader expressed near infrared and radio frequency transmitting module means for transmitting number of times within a unit time more the identification code ID, the infrared signal is not received, then transmitting a smaller number of identification code ID in unit time, which can reduce the power consumed by the device identification ID. 微处理单元执行完毕步骤S38后返回执行步骤S32。 Micro processing unit is finished after the step S32 returns to step S38.

[0061] 由上述步骤可见,微处理单元在更新完毕数据后,将进入休眠程序,并在唤醒后判断电源部分电压情况以及周围环境光亮度情况,只有电源部分电压正常其周围环境光亮度大于阈值时才发射ID识别码,以节省电能消耗。 [0061] seen from the above step, a micro processing unit after the updated-data, will sleep procedure, and after wake-up is determined power supply portion voltages and ambient brightness surrounding the case, only the power part of the normal voltage which ambient brightness is greater than the threshold value when transmitting the identification code ID, to save power consumption.

[0062] 下面结合图9说明微处理单元进入在线编程模式后的工作流程。 [0062] described below in connection with FIG. 9 micro processing unit enters the programming mode line workflow. 微处理单元进入在线编程模式,首先判断接收到的ID识别码是否为适合格式的ID识别码,即执行步骤S41, 如果格式适合,则执行步骤S42,将接收到的ID识别码存储到存储器指定的地址中,并将在线编程计时器清零,即执行步骤S43。 Micro processing unit enters online programming mode, first, whether the received ID identification code whether a format suitable for the ID identification code, i.e. performing step S41, the if format suitable, is executed step S42, the received ID identification code stored in the specified memory address, and the online programming timer is cleared, that is, to step S43. 如果接收到的ID识别码的格式不适合,则直接返回, 不将接收到的ID识别码存储到存储器中。 If the format of the received identification code ID is not suitable, the process directly returns, not the received ID identification code stored in the memory.

[0063] 由上述的ID标识装置的结构以及ID标识装置的工作流程可知,微处理器的微处理单元可在周围环境光亮度低于阈值时进入休眠程序,也就是ID识别装置可在超市非营业时间内消耗较少的电能,有利于节约电能。 [0063] A structure and operation is apparent from the flow ID identifies the device ID identifying the device, a micro processing unit may be a microprocessor below a threshold brightness of surrounding ambient light enters Sleep procedures, i.e. in a supermarket ID identifying means may be a non- business hours consumes less power, is conducive to save energy.

[0064] 并且,ID标识装置使用红外线发射模块以红外线方式将ID识别码发射出去,使阅读器根据清晰地接收对应商品的相关信息,有效避免阅读器同时接收到多个商品ID识别码情况的发生。 [0064] and, the device ID identifying module uses an infrared transmitter identification code ID of infrared rays emitted to the reader according to the received clear information corresponding to the item, avoid a plurality of simultaneously received reader merchandise identification code ID of the case occur.

[0065] 当然,ID标识装置不限于应用在超市内标识各种商品,还可以在其他如会展中心、 博物馆等场所使用。 [0065] Of course, limited to the application ID identifying means identifies a variety of goods in the supermarket, can also be used in other areas such as convention centers, museums and other places. 例如,可以将其放置在旅游区的各个景点内,应用无线射频信号将各个景点ID识别码的信息发射至游客的阅读器上,并由阅读器向游客介绍各个景点的相关信息。 For example, it may be placed in the region of the respective tourist attractions, the application information of the respective radio frequency signals transmitted identification code ID of interest to tourists on the reader, the reader by the respective presentation information of interest to visitors.

[0066] 同时,使用无线射频信号携带的ID识别码来标识多个子区域时,可根据子区域的面积情况,放置一个或多个ID标识装置,确保阅读器能清晰接收无线射频信号。 When [0066] Meanwhile, the use of radio frequency signals carrying the identification code ID to identify a plurality of sub-regions, according to the area where the sub-region, placing one or more ID identifying means to ensure that the reader can clearly receive wireless RF signals. 同样,使用红外线信号标识目标物时,若同一目标物分布较广,也可以使用多个ID标识装置发出的红外线信号进行标识。 Similarly, when using an infrared signal identifying the object, the same object if the wider distribution, may be used an infrared signal emitted from the plurality of apparatus identification ID is identified.

[0067] 最后,需要强调的是,本发明不限于上述实施方式,诸如无线射频收发模块组成部件的改变、ID标识方法中步骤顺序的改变、ID标识装置放置位置的改变等微小变化也应该包括在本发明的保护范围内。 [0067] Finally, it is emphasized that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, such as a wireless RF transceiver module change member, small changes in the change ID identifying process order of steps, and changes the ID mark placement apparatus should also include within the scope of the present invention. 此外,本发明构思的一个方面是利用红外线具有定向性的特点,在目标物距离较小的场合对每一目标物使用红外线信号标识目标物,显然,也可以采用激光发射模块发射激光信号对目标物进行标识,及用激光检测模块对来自阅读器的激光进行检测,以替代红外线发射模块和红外线检测模块,这是与本发明技术方案相关的等同替换。 Furthermore, an aspect of the present invention is contemplated using an infrared ray having directionality characteristics, using an infrared signal for each identified object in the target object distance smaller case, obviously, may be a laser emitting module emits a laser signal on the target It was identified, and detecting the laser light from the laser light detected by the reader module, instead of infrared transmission module and an infrared detection module, which is related to the technical equivalents of the invention.

Claims (9)

  1. ID标识装置,包括微处理器,所述微处理器具有微处理单元,且所述微处理器存储有环境光亮度阈值;电源部分,所述电源部分通过电源处理器向微处理器供电;与微处理器连接的无线信号传送单元;其特征在于:还包括检测环境光亮度的环境光亮度检测模块,所述环境光亮度检测模块与微处理器连接,所述环境光亮度检测模块检测到环境光亮度低于所述环境光亮度阈值时,所述微控制器进行休眠模式。 ID identification means, comprising a microprocessor having a micro processing unit, and the microprocessor stores the ambient light threshold; power supply section, the power supply part to supply the microprocessor by a processor; the radio signal transmitting unit connected to the microprocessor; characterized by: further comprising detecting ambient brightness of the ambient light brightness detection module, the ambient light brightness detection module connected to the microprocessor, the ambient light detected ambient brightness detection module when the brightness of the ambient light level is below a threshold value, the sleep mode of the microcontroller.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的ID标识装置,其特征在于:所述无线信号传送单元包括无线射频收发模块,用于发射目标物的ID识别码及接收更新数据。 2. ID identifying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the wireless signal transmission unit comprises a radio frequency transceiver module for transmitting an identification code ID of the target object and receive the update data.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的ID标识装置,其特征在于: 所述无线信号传送单元包括红外线发射模块,用于发射目标物的ID识别码。 3. the ID identification device according to claim 1, wherein: the wireless signal comprises an infrared transmitting unit transmitting means for transmitting the identification code ID of the target object.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的ID标识装置,其特征在于:所述ID标识装置还包括与微处理器连接的红外线检测模块,用于检测红外线信号。 4. ID identifying means according to claim 3, wherein: said identification means further includes an infrared ID detection module connected to the microprocessor, for detecting the infrared signal.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述ID标识装置的ID标识方法,该方法包括在ID标识装置的微处理器中写入环境光亮度阈值;微处理器检测所述电源部分是否处于低电压状态,如是,微处理单元进入休眠程序,否则,通过环境光亮度检测模块检测环境光亮度实际值,判断环境光亮度实际值是否大于环境光亮度阈值,如是,进入正常工作状态,否则,微处理单元进入休眠程序;其中,所述休眠程序包括微处理单元进入低频工作模式,然后设定休眠定时器的休眠时间,再进入休眠模式,并在唤醒后判断电源部分是否仍处于低电压状态,如是,微处理单元进入无限休眠模式,否则,通过环境光亮度检测模块检测环境光亮度实际值。 The method of the ID mark. 1 ID identifies the device as claimed in claim, the method comprising writing the ambient light threshold device ID identifies the microprocessor; the microprocessor detects whether the power supply is in a low voltage state, and if so , micro processing unit enters the sleep procedure, otherwise, by the environment module detecting ambient brightness actual value of the brightness detection, determining ambient light actual value is greater than the ambient light threshold, and if so, enters the normal working state, otherwise, the micro processing unit enters the sleep procedure; wherein the sleep program comprises a micro processing unit into the low mode, and set the sleep timer sleep time, and then enters the sleep mode, and the wake-up portion determines whether the power supply is still at a low voltage state, and if so, the microprocessor Unlimited unit enters a sleep mode, otherwise, the ambient light detecting module detects ambient brightness actual value.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求5所述的ID标识方法,其特征在于:所述ID标识装置还包括与微处理器连接的红外线检测模块,用于检测红外线信号; 所述微处理单元进入正常工作状态后,判断红外线检测模块是否接收到红外线信号,如是,无线信号传送单元在单位时间内发射次数较多的无线信号,否则,无线信号传送单元在单位时间内发射次数较少的无线信号。 The ID marking method according to claim 5, wherein: said identification means further includes an infrared ID detection module connected to the microprocessor, for detecting the infrared signal; micro processing unit enters the normal working state determining whether the infrared detection module receives the infrared signal, and if so, the radio frequency signal transmitting unit transmitting radio signals more within a unit time, otherwise, the radio signal transmitting unit transmitting radio signals in a small number of times per unit time.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求2所述ID标识装置的使用方法,包括在目标物间距较大的场合,在各个目标物近旁分别放置相应数量的ID标识装置,用ID 标识装置发射的无线射频信号标识各个目标物。 7. The method of using the apparatus identification ID of claim 2, comprising pitch larger in the case the target object is placed in the vicinity of the respective object ID identifying a corresponding number of means, respectively, the transmitting apparatus ID for identifying the respective radio frequency identification signal Target.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求3所述ID标识装置的使用方法,包括在目标物间距较小的场合,用仅设有红外线发射模块的ID标识装置放置在各个目标物的近旁,所述ID标识装置还具有红外线检测模块,所述红外线检测模块接收红外线信号后,向微控制器发出中断请求,ID标识装置使用红外线发射模块发出的红外线信号标识各个目标物。 8. The method of using the apparatus identification ID. 3 apparatus identification ID claim further comprising a pitch smaller object in the case, only the ID mark is provided with an infrared-emitting device module disposed in the vicinity of the respective target object, the an infrared detection module, the detection module after receiving the infrared infrared signal, an interrupt request is sent to the micro controller, an infrared signal identifies the respective object ID identifying means using infrared rays emitted from the transmission module.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求3所述ID标识装置的使用方法,包括在特定区域内设有多个目标物,所述目标物数量较多且间距较小的场合,用设有红外线发射模块及无线射频收发模块的ID标识装置分别放置在各个目标物的近旁,所述ID标识装置还具有红外线检测模块,所述红外线检测模块接收红外线信号后,向微控制器发出中断请求,ID标识装置使用先发出的无线射频信号以及后发出的红外线信号及标识各个目标物。 9. The method of using the 3 ID identification apparatus according to claim, comprising a plurality of features in a particular region of the object, the object, and a larger number of smaller spacing case, provided with an infrared and radio frequency transmitting module ID transceiver module identification means are placed in the vicinity of each of the target object, the ID identifying means further comprises an infrared detector module, said infrared detection module after receiving the infrared signal, an interrupt request to the microcontroller, using the apparatus identification ID issued to radio frequency signals and infrared signals and identifying each object after emitted.
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