CN101274685B - Storing apparatus and method - Google Patents

Storing apparatus and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101274685B
CN101274685B CN 200810083760 CN200810083760A CN101274685B CN 101274685 B CN101274685 B CN 101274685B CN 200810083760 CN200810083760 CN 200810083760 CN 200810083760 A CN200810083760 A CN 200810083760A CN 101274685 B CN101274685 B CN 101274685B
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China
Prior art keywords
valve
fluid
container
portion
variable volume
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CN 200810083760
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101274685A (en
Inventor
丹尼尔·皮
朱利安·占
诺伯特·M·阿西恩
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因斯蒂尔医学技术有限公司
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Priority to US40339602P priority Critical
Priority to US60/403,396 priority
Priority to US44292403P priority
Priority to US60/442,924 priority
Application filed by 因斯蒂尔医学技术有限公司 filed Critical 因斯蒂尔医学技术有限公司
Priority to CN03821754.62003.08.13 priority
Priority to CN03821754.6 priority
Publication of CN101274685A publication Critical patent/CN101274685A/en
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Publication of CN101274685B publication Critical patent/CN101274685B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D40/00Casings or accessories for storing or handling solid or pasty toilet or cosmetic substances, e.g. shaving soap, lipstick, make-up
    • A45D40/26Appliances specially adapted for applying pasty paint, e.g. using roller, using a ball
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D35/00Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor
    • B65D35/02Body construction
    • B65D35/04Body construction made in one piece
    • B65D35/06Body construction made in one piece from metallic material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D35/00Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor
    • B65D35/02Body construction
    • B65D35/04Body construction made in one piece
    • B65D35/08Body construction made in one piece from plastics material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D35/00Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor
    • B65D35/24Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor with auxiliary devices
    • B65D35/36Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor with auxiliary devices for applying contents to surfaces
    • B65D35/38Nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D47/00Closures with filling and discharging, or with discharging, devices
    • B65D47/04Closures with discharging devices other than pumps
    • B65D47/20Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge
    • B65D47/2018Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge comprising a valve or like element which is opened or closed by deformation of the container or closure
    • B65D47/205Closures with discharging devices other than pumps comprising hand-operated members for controlling discharge comprising a valve or like element which is opened or closed by deformation of the container or closure the valve being formed by a tubular flexible sleeve surrounding a rod-like element provided with at least one radial passageway which is normally closed by the sleeve

Abstract

A container includes a nozzle and body depending therefrom. The body is preferably tubular and defines an interior which retains a product to be dispensed. A cap engages the nozzle to prevent inadvertent release of the product. In order to dispense the product, the cap is removed and pressure is applied to the body and the nozzle allows release of the product. The nozzle releases the product without exposing the remaining product to the external atmosphere, thus the sterility of the interior of the body is maintained and the shelf life of the product is increased. The nozzle includes an innerbody, coupled to the tubular body, surrounded by a flexible outer cover. A seam between the inner body and flexible outer cover forms a one-way release valve wherein a portion of the seam remains closed during dispensing the product.

Description

储存装置及存储方法 Storage means and storage method

[0001] 本申请是2003年8月13日提出的申请号为PCT/US2003/025487 (国家申请号: 03821754. 6)的专利申请的分案申请。 [0001] This application is No. 2003, August 13 made of PCT / US2003 / 025487 (national application number: 03821754.6) of divisional patent application. 原案申请的发明名称为“用于储存和分配物质的容器及阀组件,以及相关方法”。 Original bill filed entitled "container and a valve assembly for storing and dispensing a substance, and related methods."

[0002] 相互参考的优先权申请 [0002] Cross Reference to Priority Application

[0003] 本专利申请根据35U. S. C § 119(e)要求2002年8月13日提交的美国临时专利申请No. 60/403,396的优先权,其题目为“用于储存和分配物质的容器以及制造该容器的方法”,本申请还要求于2003年1月27日提交的美国临时专利申请No. 60,442,924的优先权, 其题目为“用于储存和分配物质的容器及阀组件”,这两篇文献的全部内容作为参考包含于此作为本申请公开内容的一部分。 [0003] The present patent application 35U. S. C § 119 (e) of US Provisional Patent August 13, 2002, filed Application No. 60 / 403,396, which is entitled "for storing and dispensing material containers and methods of manufacturing the container ", the present application also claims priority to US provisional Patent January 27, 2003, filed application No. 60,442,924, which is entitled" for storing and dispensing a substance container and a valve assembly ", the entire contents of both of which are incorporated herein by reference as part of the present disclosure.

技术领域 FIELD

[0004] 本申请涉及用于分配液体、膏、糊状物或者类似产品的容器,更具体地说,涉及包括单向阀及可折叠和/或可挤压软管的改良容器,其可在重复分配物质期间将产品保存在气密和/或无菌的环境中,本发明还涉及制造和使用这种容器及阀组件的方法。 [0004] The present application relates to dispensing a liquid, paste, paste products or similar containers, and more particularly, relates to a one-way valve and a collapsible and / or squeeze the hose improved container which can be during repeated dispensing of products stored in an airtight substance and / or sterile environment, the present invention also relates to methods for producing and using such containers and valve assembly.

背景技术 Background technique

[0005] 柔性软管用于储存各种具有不同粘度范围的粉末、液体、凝胶、乳剂以及糊状产品。 [0005] The flexible hose for storing various powders, liquids, gels, creams and paste-like products with different viscosity ranges. 通常,该软管具有一个盖,将这个盖移开后会露出一个释放口。 Typically, the hose has a cover, the cover is removed after the release will reveal a mouth. 因此,需要较小的压力来挤出内容物。 Accordingly, less pressure to the contents of the extrudate. 不必要的产品渗漏及残留经常会阻塞释放口。 Often unnecessary product leakage and residual block the discharge opening. 此外,当开启传统的管时,内容物不仅仅是暴露在外界环境中,而且一部分空气也会被吸进管内。 Further, when the conventional tube is turned on, not only the contents exposed to the external environment, and the inner portion of the air will be sucked into the tube. 因此,尽管采用了为食品以及其它产品进行消毒的技术,甚至采用防腐剂,还是不能避免许多种产品的变质,因此用管进行分配限制了产品的保存期限。 Therefore, despite the use of technology for the sterilization of food and other products, and even the use of preservatives, still can not avoid the deterioration of many kinds of products, thus limiting the allocation pipe shelf life of the product. 由于管需要进行多次分配,因此即便在开启后进行冷藏也无法避免产品的后期变质。 As the pipe needs to be assigned more than once, so even if refrigerated products can not avoid deterioration late after opening. 易腐烂产品的保存期限很有限。 The shelf life of perishable products is very limited. 考虑到这点,需要提供一种用于较小的、便于携带的诸如家用番茄酱、芥末酱及蛋黄酱的无菌保存方法。 In view of this, it is necessary to provide for a small, portable, such as a home ketchup, mustard aseptic preservation method and mayonnaise.

[0006] 类似的,许多化妆品、皮肤病外用品、药品和/或药妆品产品以及其它物质被包装在分配器或者其它容器中,这些容器在打开和/或初次分配产品之后会将产品暴露在空气中。 [0006] Similarly, many cosmetic, dermatological external application, pharmaceutical and / or cosmeceutical products and other substances are packaged in dispensers or other containers, these containers in the open and / or after the initial exposure of the product will dispense the product in the air. 因此,这些产品必须含有防腐剂,以防止容器中的产品腐烂或者在使用中变质。 Therefore, these products must contain a preservative to prevent the product in the container, in use, deterioration or rot. 另外, 这些产品一般都必须在打开后相对较短的时间内使用,以防止容器中的产品腐烂或者在使用中变质。 Further, these products typically must be used within a relatively short time after the opening, to prevent rotting container, or deterioration of the product in use. 关于防腐剂的一个缺点就是其会引起使用者过敏或者其它不良反应。 One drawback is that its about preservatives can cause allergic or other adverse reaction users. 此外,防腐剂不能防止敞开容器中的大量物质聚集细菌,甚至在某些情况下滋长细菌。 In addition, preservatives can not prevent a large number of open containers of material accumulation of bacteria, even the growth of bacteria in some cases. 许多现有技术的分配器都将分配器内容纳的大量产品在开启后暴露在空气中,也就是在使用过程中和/或在使用之后将产品暴露在细菌、微生物和/或其它杂质中,因此使得分配器内剩余的产品被污染,并且在产品以后的使用中传播细菌、微生物或者杂质。 Many prior art dispensers are accommodated a large number of product dispenser after opening exposed to air, i.e. during use and / or use of the product after exposure to bacteria, microbes and / or other impurities and, Thus the dispenser so that the remaining product contamination and the spread of bacteria, microbes or impurities in the later use of the product. 例如,液体唇膏就特别不适于用现有技术的容器进行分配。 For example, liquid lipstick is particularly suitable for dispensing by prior art containers. 液体唇膏被污染后,由于空气流通而丧失水分,并且最终无法使用,否则就会在产品全部用完之前变的不安全。 After the liquid lipstick is contaminated due to loss of moisture and air circulation, and ultimately can not be used, otherwise it will run out before all the products become unsafe. 顶部被污染了并变得又脏又粘或者发硬,同时唇膏在不使用时还会继续流动。 Top and become contaminated or dirty, sticky stiff, while the lipstick will continue to flow when not in use. [0007] 考虑到上述问题,研究出了几种带有例如单向阀的封闭装置的容器。 [0007] In view of the above problems, it developed a container with a closure device, such as several one-way valve. 现有技术中带有单向阀的分配器的一个缺点就是该阀经常被设计成与一个机械泵或类似致动装置一起使用,这些装置会产生相对较高的阀开启压力。 With the prior art check valve of the dispenser is a disadvantage that the valve is often designed to be used with a mechanical pump or similar actuating devices, which will produce a relatively high valve opening pressure. 这类型的分配器例子可以从专利号为RE37047,6032101,5944702,5746728 以及公开号为US2002/0074362A1、US2002/0017294A1 的美国专利中看到。 Examples of this type of dispenser can be seen from U.S. Pat. No. RE37047,6032101,5944702,5746728 Patent Publication Nos. US2002 / 0074362A1, US2002 / 0017294A1 in. 另一方面,挤压管式的分配器不能产生所必需的阀开启压力,因此这种现有技术的阀不能有效地应用在软管上。 On the other hand, squeeze tube type dispenser can not produce the necessary valve opening pressures, and therefore such prior art valves can not be effectively applied to the hose.

[0008] 因此,本发明的目的之一就是克服上述现有技术的一个或多个缺陷及缺点。 [0008] Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to overcome one or more drawbacks of the prior art and disadvantages. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本发明的容器或分配器的一个优选实施例包括一个储存产品的管。 [0009] The container or dispenser of the present invention a preferred embodiment includes a storage tube product. 该管与一个管口相通,该管口用于从容器中分配产品。 The tube communicating with a nozzle, the nozzle for dispensing product from the container. 该管口可作为一个单向阀,使得产品能从中通过, 并防止相反方向的流体通过。 The nozzle can be used as a check valve, so that the products are capable of passing, and to prevent the opposite direction through the fluid. 该单向阀优选由一个内侧部分和一个覆盖在该内侧部分上的柔性盖构成,并且使内侧部分与柔性盖的交界面形成一个单向阀。 The check valve preferably consists of a medial portion and a cover portion on the inner configuration of the flexible cover, and the inner interface portion forming a flexible cover one-way valve.

[0010] 根据本发明的另一方面内容,一种用来储存及从中分配物质的管和阀组件,其包括一个管,该管具有一个可挤压的管体和一个位于该管体一端上的头部,在该管体内限定出了一个用来容纳和储存物质的储存腔。 [0010] According to another aspect of the present invention, a method for storing and dispensing tube from the valve assembly and the material, which comprises a tube, the tube having a squeezable tubular body and located on one end of the tubular body a head, in which the tubular body defining a storage chamber for receiving and storing a substance. 该头部限定出了一个颈部和贯穿该颈部的一个第一轴向延伸通道,该通道与管体的储存腔相通,并在其间确定出了一个轴向无阻碍的流动通道。 The head defines a neck and the neck portion through a first axial extending passage, the channel storage chamber in communication with the tube, and defining an unobstructed axial flow channels therebetween. 一个单向阀组件安装在头部上,其包括一个阀体,该阀体具有一个阀体底部,其限定出了一个与第一轴向延伸通道相通的第二轴向延伸通道,从而在其间形成一个轴向无阻碍的流动通道。 A check valve assembly mounted on the head, which includes a valve body having a base body which defines a first axial passage extending axially extending second communicating passage therebetween so that forming an unobstructed axial flow channels. 该单向阀组件还包括一个轴向延伸的、直径小于阀体底部直径的阀座,一个在阀体底部与阀座之间延伸的第一大致锥台形或锥形部分,和多个沿该大致锥台形部分轴向延伸通过第一部分的流出口,流出口靠近阀座且相互成一定角度间隔布置。 The check valve assembly further includes a smaller diameter than the diameter of the bottom of the valve seat an axially extending first generally frustoconical or tapered portion extending between the bottom of the valve body and the valve seat, and along which a plurality of a substantially frustoconical portion extending axially through a first outlet portion, and a valve seat near the outlet angularly spaced to each other. 一个阀盖由一种具有预定弹性模量的弹性材料制成,且包括一个安装在阀体底部的盖底部,其被固定住而不能在阀体底部上轴向移动。 A valve cover is made from a predetermined elastic modulus of an elastic material, and comprising a valve installed at the bottom of the bottom cover, which is fixed against axial movement on the bottom of the body. 盖底部的直径小于阀体底部的直径,从而在其间形成一个干涉配合。 Diameter smaller than the diameter of the bottom cover of the bottom of the valve body, thereby forming an interference fit therebetween. 一个阀部分覆盖在阀座之上,并确定出了一个预定径向厚度和一个小于阀座直径的直径,从而在二者之间形成一个干涉配合。 A valve portion overlying the valve seat, and which defines a predetermined radial thickness and a diameter less than a diameter of the valve seat so as to form an interference fit therebetween. 阀部分和阀座在其间确定出了一个通常闭合的、环形的、轴向延伸的阀开口,阀部分可以在阀部分与阀座啮合的正常闭合位置与阀部分的一段与阀座径向间隔开以使物质在预定阀开启压力下流动的开启位置之间移动。 Valve seat portion therebetween is determined and a normally closed, annular, axially-extending valve opening, a valve portion engageable with the valve seat portion of the period of the normal closed position of the valve portion spaced radially valve apart so that material moved between an open position of the flow opening at predetermined pressure at the valve. 一个第二大致锥台形或锥形部分,其在盖底部与阀部分之间延伸,且覆盖在阀体的第一大致锥台形部分之上,并在其间形成一个干涉配合。 A second generally frusto-conical or tapered portion extending between the cover and the bottom of the valve portion, and overlying the first substantially frusto-conical portion of the valve body, and forming an interference fit therebetween. 可以选择阀座直径、阀盖与阀座的干涉程度、 阀部分的预定径向厚度以及阀盖材料的弹性模量这些因素中的至少一个来(1)确定一个用手挤压管体以使物质从储存腔流动到阀开口时所产生的预定阀开启压力,和(2)气密密封阀从而在正常闭合位置上防止细菌通过阀进入到管体内。 May be selected seat diameter, degree of interference of the valve cover and valve seat, the predetermined radial thickness of the valve cover and the elastic modulus of the material of the valve portion of these factors at least one of (1) determining a manually squeezing the tubular body so that material flows from the storage chamber to a predetermined opening of the valve when the valve opening pressure generated, and (2) hermetically seal the valve to the pipe so as to prevent bacteria from entering the body through the valve in the normal closed position.

[0011] 本发明的一个优点是在分配过程中该管口基本上可以防止空气、其它气体或蒸气、或者细菌通过该管口或其它方式进入管内。 One advantage of the [0011] present invention during dispensing nozzle substantially prevents the air, other gases or vapors, or bacteria into the tube through the nozzle or other means. 因此,该容器基本上在整个存储期间、保存期限内和/或使用中都可以保证其内容物处于一种无菌和/或气密的条件下。 Accordingly, the container is substantially during the entire storage period of the storage and / or use of the contents thereof can be guaranteed in a sterile conditions and / or airtight. 因此,本发明的容器特别适于多次分配需要存储在无空气条件下的无菌和/或无防腐剂产品或者其它物质。 Thus, the container of the present invention is particularly suitable to be stored sterile dispensing times and / or preservative-free products or other materials in the absence of air.

[0012] 本发明的另一个优点是可以选择阀座直径、阀盖与阀座之间的干涉程度、阀部分的预定径向厚度以及阀盖材料的弹性模量这些因素中的至少一个来(1)确定一个用手挤压管体以使物质从储存腔流动到阀开口时所产生的预定阀开启压力,(¾气密密封阀从而在正常闭合位置上防止细菌通过阀进入到管体内。因此,与现有技术的阀相比,本发明的管和阀组件能产生一个足够低的阀开启压力,从而通过用手挤压管就能通过阀来分配物质, 同时阀还能气密密封管,并防止细菌或其它杂质进入管内。 [0012] Another advantage of the present invention can be selected seat diameter, a degree of interference between the valve cover and valve seat, the predetermined radial thickness of the valve cover and the elastic modulus of the material of the valve portion of these factors at least one of ( 1) determining a squeeze tube by hand so that material flows from the storage chamber to a predetermined opening of the valve when the valve opening pressure generated, (¾ hermetically seal the valve so as to prevent the bacteria into the tubular body through the valve in the normal closed position. Thus, as compared with the prior art valve, tube and valve assembly of the present invention produces a sufficiently low valve opening pressure to be able to dispense material through the valve by manually squeezing the tube, while the valve can hermetically seal tube, and to prevent bacteria or other impurities into the tube.

[0013] 本发明当前优选实施例的另一个优点是管口所形成的密封基本上防止了物质在存储期间或保存期限内蔓延移动。 Sealing [0013] Another advantage of the present invention, this preferred embodiment is formed by the nozzle substantially prevents the spread of material during the storage or moved within the storage period. 该单向阀组件的另一个优点是在分配之后产品不会残留在单向阀内,残留会引起不恰当的密封以及潜在的污染。 Another advantage of the one-way valve assembly is that after dispensing the product does not remain in the one-way valve, the residue can cause improper sealing and potential contamination. 另外,实施本发明优选实施例的单向阀还可以在容器的整个存储、保存期限和/或使用过程中将管的内部保持为气密状态。 Further, a preferred embodiment of the present invention may further embodiment of the one-way valve in the entire storage container, and an internal storage period / or pipe during use will remain airtight.

[0014] 本发明的另一个优点是由于产品是保存在管内的气密环境中的,因此该容器可以在任意一个方向中使用,此外可以用在低重力环境中。 [0014] Another advantage of the present invention is that because the product is stored in an air tight environment within the tube, so that the container can be used in any direction, in addition can be used in low gravity environments. 另外一个优点是可以优化阀开启压力以流畅轻松的使用,还能优化各种粘度产品的阀开启压力。 Another advantage is that the valve opening pressure can be optimized in a smooth easy to use, but also to optimize the valve opening pressure of the various product viscosity.

[0015] 此外,本发明的尺寸可以调整,这在储存大量产品时尤其有用,使产品具有更长的保存期限。 [0015] Further, the present invention can adjust the size, which is particularly useful when storing large amounts of product, the product has a longer shelf life. 本发明当前实施例的另一个优点是流动通道基本上是直线的,这使得产品具有更为恒定的流动速度。 Another advantage of the current embodiment of the present invention is substantially rectilinear flow path, which makes the product has a more constant flow rate. 该直线形流动通道还能防止粘性产品阻塞在某个角落中甚至产生污染源。 The linear flow path also prevents clogging even viscous product in a corner of the pollution generated.

[0016] 本发明优选实施例的其它内容和优点将通过阅读下文结合附图的详细说明而变得显而易见。 Other aspects and advantages of embodiments of the [0016] present invention will become apparent from a preferred detailed description taken in conjunction with reading of the following.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 为了使本发明所属领域的普通技术人员可以更容易地理解如何制造并使用类似物,因此要参考如下附图: [0017] In order that the invention those of ordinary skill in the art may more readily understand how to make and use analogs, and therefore reference to the following drawings:

[0018] 图1示出了一个实施本发明以在无菌环境中储存及释放物质的容器的透视图。 [0018] FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a container to and stored in a sterile environment of a release material of the present invention.

[0019] 图2是图1所示容器在除掉帽后的侧视图。 [0019] FIG. 2 is a side view of the container shown in FIG. 1 after removal of the cap.

[0020] 图3是图1所示容器的局部剖开透视图。 [0020] FIG. 3 is a partially cut-away perspective view of the container shown in FIG.

[0021] 图4是图1所示容器管口部分放大了的局部剖开透视图。 [0021] FIG. 4 is a spout portion of the container shown in Figure 1 an enlarged partially cutaway perspective view.

[0022] 图4B是用在一个实施本发明以在无菌环境中储存及释放物质的容器上的另一个带有环形密封圈的管口部分的剖面图。 [0022] FIG. 4B is a sectional view of a nozzle portion of another embodiment of the present invention in the storage container in a sterile environment and release of substances with an annular seal ring.

[0023] 图5是另一个实施本发明以在无菌环境中储存及释放物质的容器的透视图。 [0023] FIG. 5 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the present invention is stored in a container in a sterile environment and the release of a substance.

[0024] 图6是图5所示容器的局部侧视图。 [0024] FIG. 6 is a partial side view of the container shown in Fig.

[0025] 图7是图5所示容器的局部剖开透视图。 [0025] FIG. 7 is a partially cut-away perspective view of the container shown in Fig.

[0026] 图8是图5所示容器管口部分放大了的局部剖开透视图。 [0026] FIG. 8 is a spout portion of the container shown in Figure 5 an enlarged partially broken away perspective view of FIG.

[0027] 图8B是用于实施本发明以在无菌环境中储存及释放物质的容器上的另一个带有柔性肩部的管口部分的局部剖面图。 [0027] FIG 8B is a further embodiment of the present invention in the storage container in a sterile environment and release of a substance having a partial sectional view of a portion of the flexible nozzle shoulder.

[0028] 图9示出了另一个实施本发明以在无菌环境中储存及释放物质的容器的透视图。 [0028] FIG. 9 shows a perspective view of a container to be stored in a sterile environment, and release of a substance according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0029] 图10是图9所示容器的局部透视图。 [0029] FIG. 10 is a partial perspective view of the container shown in FIG.

[0030] 图11是图9所示容器的局部侧视图。 [0030] FIG. 11 is a partial side view of the container shown in FIG.

[0031] 图12是图9所示容器管口部分放大了的局部剖开透视图。 [0031] FIG. 12 is an enlarged portion of the container spout partially cutaway perspective view shown in FIG.

[0032] 图12A示出了一个剖面图,略微示意性地示出了类似于图9容器的管口,其中该管口处于常规状态。 [0032] FIG 12A illustrates a cross-sectional view, somewhat schematically shows a container similar to FIG. 9 mouthpiece, wherein the mouthpiece is in the normal state.

[0033] 图12B示出了一个剖面图,略微示意性地示出了类似于图9容器的管口,其中该管口开始具有压力。 [0033] FIG. 12B illustrates a sectional view schematically somewhat similar to FIG. 9 shows a container spout, wherein the spout has a start pressure.

[0034] 图12C示出了一个剖面图,略微示意性地示出了类似于图9容器的管口,其中该管口将物质释放出来。 [0034] FIG 12C shows a cross-sectional view schematically somewhat similar to FIG. 9 shows a container spout, wherein the spout substance released.

[0035] 图13示出了图9容器管口的局部剖开透视图。 [0035] FIG. 13 shows a partial cut-away perspective view of the spout 9 of the container of FIG.

[0036] 图14示出了图9容器管口的一个放大了的局部剖开透视图。 [0036] FIG. 14 shows a container spout FIG 9 a partially cutaway enlarged perspective view of FIG.

[0037] 图15示出了图9容器管口的另一个放大了的局部剖开透视图。 Another [0037] FIG. 15 shows a container spout 9 an enlarged partially cutaway perspective view of FIG.

[0038] 图15A示出了图9容器管口的一个局部剖面图。 [0038] FIG. 15A shows a partial sectional view of FIG. 9 of the container spout.

[0039] 图15B示出了用于图9容器管口的阀盖的一部分的示意图。 [0039] FIG. 15B shows a schematic diagram of a portion of FIG. 9 for a container spout valve cover.

[0040] 图15C示出了图9容器管口的另一个剖面图。 [0040] FIG 15C shows another cross-sectional view of FIG. 9 of the container spout.

[0041] 图15D示出了图9容器管口的线条图。 [0041] FIG 15D illustrates a line drawing of the container spout 9 of FIG.

[0042] 图16示出了实施本发明以在一个无菌环境中存储和释放物质的容器的另一种管口的剖面图。 [0042] FIG. 16 shows a sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention in a sterile environment Another spout storage and release of a substance in the container.

[0043] 图17是图16管口的线条图。 [0043] FIG 17 is a line drawing of the nozzle of FIG. 16.

[0044] 图18示出了实施本发明以在一个无菌环境中存储和释放物质的容器的另一种管口的剖面图。 [0044] FIG. 18 shows a sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention in a sterile environment Another spout storage and release of a substance in the container.

[0045] 图19示出了实施本发明以在一个无菌环境中存储和释放物质的另一种容器的剖面图。 [0045] FIG. 19 shows a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention to another container to store and release substances in a sterile environment.

[0046] 图20A示出了实施本发明以在一个无菌环境中存储和释放物质的另一种容器的侧视图。 [0046] FIG. 20A shows a side view of another embodiment of the present invention, a container for storing and releasing a substance in a sterile environment.

[0047] 图20B是图20A容器的线条图。 [0047] FIG. 20B is a line drawing of the container of FIG. 20A.

[0048] 图20C示出了图20A容器的筒芯。 [0048] FIG 20C illustrates a cylindrical core 20A of the container of FIG.

[0049] 图20D示出了图20A容器的外罩。 [0049] FIG 20D shows a container cover of FIG. 20A.

[0050] 图21A是实施本发明以在一个无菌环境中存储和释放物质的另一种容器的线条正视图。 [0050] FIG. 21A is a line in the embodiment of the present invention in a sterile environment of the storage container and another front view of release material.

[0051] 图21B是图21A容器的线条侧视图。 [0051] FIG. 21B is a side view of a line drawing of the container 21A.

[0052] 图22A是实施本发明以在一个无菌环境中存储和释放物质的另一种容器的线条正视图。 [0052] FIG. 22A is a line in the embodiment of the present invention in a sterile environment of the storage container and another front view of release material.

[0053] 图22B是图22A容器的线条侧视图。 [0053] FIG. 22B is a side view of a line drawing of the container 22A. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0054] 通过阅读下文结合附图对某些优选实施例的详细说明,本发明的优点及其它特征对于相关领域普通技术人员变得更显而易见,这些附图示出了本发明有代表性的实施例, 其中相似的标号表示类似结构的元件。 [0054] The accompanying drawings incorporated by reading the following detailed description of certain preferred embodiments, advantages and other features of the present invention become more apparent to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art, these drawings illustrate a representative embodiment of the present invention embodiment, wherein like reference numerals denote elements similar structures.

[0055] 参考附图1-4,该容器一般用标号100指代,包括一个管口102和连接在管口102 上的管体104。 [0055] Referring to the drawings 1-4, the container generally designated 100 refers to, and includes a nozzle 102 connected to the nozzle 102 of the tubes 104. 管体104限定了一个保存所要分配的膏状、糊状、液态或其它产品(图中未示)的内部空间。 The tubes 104 defines a paste to be dispensed is stored, pasty, liquid or other product (not shown) of the internal space. 为了制造容器100,对管体104和管口102进行消毒,管体104中装满诸如一种易腐食品、化妆品、家用品、药品、药妆品(cosmeceutical)、医学用品或者其它的产品及物质,管口102连接在其上,以使管体104的内容物与空气隔绝。 To manufacture the container 100, tubular body 104 and the nozzle 102 for disinfection, such as tubes 104 filled with a highly perishable food, cosmetics, household products, pharmaceuticals, cosmeceuticals (cosmeceutical), medical supplies, or other products and material, the nozzle 102 attached thereto, such that the contents of the tube 104 is sealed from the air. 优选地,在闭合容器100后,通过适当的方法消毒该内容物,例如伽马射线或者类似的相关领域普通技术人员熟知的方法。 Preferably, the container 100 is closed, the content was sterilized by a suitable method, such as gamma rays or similar methods to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art. 然而,相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,如果需要,容器100 及其内容物可以通过任意多种当前已知或日后得知的、能完成该功能的方式来进行消毒。 However, one of ordinary skill in the relevant art may recognize that in accordance with the teachings herein, if needed, the container 100 and its contents may be by any of a number that is currently known or later, to complete the function of the embodiment to be sterilized. 例如,该产品可以最后消毒,该产品也可以在装入容器之前进行消毒,或者也可以在装入容器的同时进行在线消毒。 For example, the product can be terminally sterilized, the product can be sterilized before the container is loaded, or may be sterilized in-line while loading the container.

[0056] 一个帽106可以与管口102螺纹连接,以防止产品的意外渗漏。 [0056] The cap 106 may be connected with a threaded spout 102 to prevent accidental leakage of the product. 为了分配该产品, 把帽106摘下,用手挤压管体104以在管体104上施加压力,然后管口102就可以释放出产品。 In order to dispense the product, the cap 106 off, the tube 104 squeezed by hand to apply pressure on the tubular body 104 and the nozzle 102 can release the product. 管口102释放出部分产品的同时不会将剩余的产品暴露在外部空气中;因而,还能保持管体104内的无菌和/或气密状态,从而不会减小产品的保存期限。 Spout 102 is released while not part of the product remaining in the product is exposed to outside air; thus, but also to maintain sterility and / or the airtight state within the tube 104, so as not to reduce the shelf life of the product. 此外,细菌或者其它的污染物也不会穿过阀进入管体104的内部,下面将对此进行进一步的说明。 Further, bacteria or other contaminants can not enter the inner tube through the valve body 104, as will be further described below.

[0057] 管体104是一个软管,其具有一个通常封死的封闭端108和一个与管口102密封连接的开口端110。 [0057] The tube 104 is a tube having a generally sealed closed end 108 and an open end 110 and a nozzle 102 connected to the seal. 如图3和图4所示,开口端110具有一个颈部111,该颈部限定出了一个出口113来释放产品。 As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the open end 110 having a neck 111, the neck portion defines an outlet 113 to release the product. 环绕在颈部111周围的螺纹115连接管体104和管口102。 Surrounds the neck 111 of the screw 115 connected to tubes 104 and orifice 102. 优选地,管体104是软的,从而可以方便地、最大程度地使用该产品。 Preferably, the tube 104 is soft, it can be easily, to maximize the use of the product. 管体104可以是全塑料、全铝的,或者二者结合,和/或使用相关领域技术人员现在已知的或将来开发的多种其它适合的材料。 Tubes 104 may be all plastic, aluminum, or a combination of both, and / or a variety of other suitable materials skilled in the relevant art, now known or later developed. 在本发明的一种实施例中,管体104由一种含有LDPE、LLDPE、HDPE、增粘树脂以及金属箔的多种组合的共挤塑片材制成。 In one embodiment of the present invention, the tubes 104 containing LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE, co-extruded sheet tackifying resin, and various combinations of materials made of a metal foil. 管体104可以根据实际应用来进行定制,例如颜色、形状、装饰、涂层或者类似物。 The tubes 104 can be customized according to the application, such as color, shape, decoration, coatings or the like. 此外,容器100的尺寸可设为易于手拿的,或者所需的尺寸。 Further, the size of the container 100 may be set easily holding or desired size. 管体104优选能够阻隔氧气、潮湿,防止香味散失,以及其它。 Tube 104 is preferably capable of blocking oxygen, moisture, preventing flavor loss, and others.

[0058] 包含在容器内的产品可以是任意类型的各种化妆品,例如包括如润唇膏、眼彩(eye colors)、眼影膏(eye glaze)、眼影、唇彩的眼唇护理品,保湿品以及彩妆,例如粉底、 遮瑕膏、高光粉、无光效果的化妆品(mattifying make-up),和去皱效果的化妆品(line minimizingmake-up),还可以是如乳液、霜及软膏等个人护理品,如牙膏、漱口水和/或清新剂等口腔护理品,如处方药以及非处方药等药品,如用于治疗痤疮、红斑痤疮和色素沉着疾病的皮肤外用药,如保湿霜、防晒霜、抗皱霜以及防脱发、药用滋养霜(nutraceutical) 和其它非处方药的药妆品(cosmeceutical product),如粘合剂、胶水、油漆和清洁剂等的家用产品,如润滑剂、染料和化合物等工业产品,如冰、奶酪、酸奶、奶、番茄酱及婴儿食品等食物,以及如芥末、调味番茄酱、蛋黄酱、果冻及糖浆等调味品。 [0058] The product contained within the container may be any type of a variety of cosmetics, including for example, such as lip balm, eye color (eye colors), eye shadow (eye glaze), eye shadow, lip gloss eye and lip care products, moisturizing products and cosmetics, such as foundation, concealer, high light powder, cosmetic matt effect (mattifying make-up), and cosmetic wrinkle effect (line minimizingmake-up), also may be as emulsions, ointments and creams and other personal care products, such as toothpaste, mouthwash and / or fresheners oral care products, such as prescription and non-prescription drugs and other drugs, such as for the treatment of external skin acne, rosacea, and pigmentation disorders, such as moisturizers, sunscreens, anti-wrinkle creams and anti- hair loss, medicinal Cream (Nutraceutical) other non-prescription drugs and cosmeceuticals (cosmeceutical product), such as adhesives, glues, paints and the like household cleaning products, such as lubricants, dyes and compounds and other industrial products, such as ice , cheese, yogurt, milk, tomato sauce and baby food and other foods, as well as mustard, ketchup, mayonnaise, syrup, jelly and other condiments. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,上述清单是示范性的而不是限制性的。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art can recognize that the teachings herein, the foregoing list is exemplary and not limiting.

[0059] 帽106优选由塑料制成。 [0059] The cap 106 is preferably made of plastic. 优选地,帽106可防止容器100内的产品意外渗漏。 Preferably, accidental leakage of the product within the container 100 prevents the cap 106. 相关领域普通技术人员可以理解,还包括其它附加的防滥用(tamper-evident)特征以符合美国食品及药物管理局的准则。 Related skilled in the art can be understood, also includes other additional anti-abuse (tamper-evident) features to meet the guidelines of the US Food and Drug Administration. 容器100还可以被封装在一个盒子中,以便于处理并且安全。 Container 100 may also be packaged in a box, for ease of handling and safety.

[0060] 为了最好地理解容器100的工作过程,下面将详细介绍管口102的结构及工作过程。 [0060] To best understand the operation of process vessel 100, will be described below in detail structure and working process of the nozzle 102. 管口102在用常规方式挤压管体从而在管体104上施加一个手压力的情况下,释放出该产品,常规方式包括在相对的两侧面上相向挤压管体,然后在管体内传递一个大致径向方向的力。 In the case of nozzle 102 in a conventional manner extruded tube so as to exert a pressure on the hands of the tubular body 104, release of the product, including a conventional manner toward each other on both sides of the tubular body opposite and in vivo transfer tube a force substantially radial direction. 通过挤压管体,产品或者管体内容纳的其它物质的压力增加,直到该压力大于管口102的阀开启压力,然后就可以通过管口来分配容器内的产品。 Other pressure tube material by extrusion, the product contained within the tube or increases until the valve orifice 102 is greater than the opening pressure of the pressure, and then the product can be allocated within the container through the spout. 管口102包括一个在远端或顶部的外侧部分或阀盖112,和一个内侧部分114,其具有一个限定出一个阀座的远端或顶端,该阀座与外侧部分或阀盖112相连。 A nozzle 102 includes a valve cover or outer portion of the top or distal end 112, and a medial portion 114 having a valve seat defining a distal end or tip of the valve seat and the valve cover or the outer portion 112 is connected. 该内侧部分114还限定出了一个与管体104 相连的近端。 The inner portion 114 also defines a proximal end 104 connected to the tubular body. 内侧部分114的中间部分确定出了与帽螺纹118啮合的圆周螺纹116。 Inner intermediate portion 114 determines a circumferential threaded screw 116 engaged with the cap 118. 内侧部分114的近端部分上确定出了与管体螺纹115啮合的内螺纹120。 A proximal inner portion 114 determines that the internal thread engaged with the threaded tubular body 115,120.

[0061] 外侧部分或阀盖112容纳内管口部分或端部124,其确定了内侧部分114的阀座。 [0061] The outer portion of the nozzle or valve cover portion 112 or the receiving end 124, which determines the inner seat portion 114. 如图4所示,外侧部分112与内管口部分124的接触面确定了一个接缝125,其通常情况下是闭合的(即,如图所示内外管口部分是相邻的),但是可以被进入接缝125内的具有足够压力(即,大于或等于阀开启压力)的产品流冲开,从而通过管口102来释放产品。 As shown, the contact surface of the outer portion 112 and inner portion 124 of the nozzle 4 to determine a joint 125, which is typically the case closed (i.e., inner and outer tubes as shown in FIG port portion is adjacent to), but It may be the joint 125 into the product stream with sufficient pressure (i.e., greater than or equal to the valve opening pressure) of the impulse to open, thereby to release the product through the spout 102. 外侧部分112优选用一种相对内侧部分114来说更柔软的塑料材料模塑成型。 Preferably the outer portion 112 with an inner portion 114 is a relatively softer plastics material molding. 这样,外侧部分112 可以相对内管口部分124弯曲,从而打开接缝125,从管口102释放产品。 Thus, the outer portion 112 may be relatively curved inner nozzle portion 124 to open the seam 125 to release the product from the nozzle 102.

[0062] 如图4所示,内侧部分114具有一个环形的凸缘126,其与外侧部分112上相应的凹进处配合,用来将内侧部分114保持在外侧部分112上,并固定外侧部分或阀盖不能在轴向上运动。 [0062] As shown, inner portion 114 having an annular flange 1264 which mate with corresponding recesses on the outer portion 112, to the inner portion 114 held on the outer portion 112, and fixed to the outer part or bonnet will not move in the axial direction. 因此内侧部分114可被压入外侧部分112中,并通过将该凸缘126导入相应的凹进处来连接外侧部分。 Thus the inner portion 114 may be pressed into the outer portion 112, and introduced into the corresponding recess by the flange 126 is connected to the outer portion. 该环形凸缘126基本上还可以防止产品在环形凸缘126以及外侧部分112之间不必要的流动。 The annular flange 126 also substantially prevents the product in the annular flange 126 and an outer portion 112 between the flow unnecessary. 正如相关领域技术人员能看出的一样,内侧部分114可以整体模塑成管体104的一部分。 As skilled in the relevant art as can be seen, the inner portion 114 can be integrally molded as part of the tubes 104.

[0063] 如图3和4所示,内侧部分114包括一个第一大致圆柱形侧壁136,其主要确定出了一个沿容器100轴方向伸出的空心轴,并与管体104的末端啮合连接。 [0063] FIGS. 3 and 4, the inner portion 114 includes a first generally cylindrical side wall 136, which is determined mainly a hollow shaft projecting in the axial direction of the container 100, and engages with the end of the tubes 104 connection. 内侧部分114的近端部分以及中间部分确定出了一个第一通道138,其尺寸形状被设计成与颈部111的出口113对齐。 A proximal inner portion 114 and an intermediate portion determines a first channel 138 that is sized and shaped to the neck portion 111 of the outlet 113 aligned. 内侧部分114的远端部分确定出了一个略窄的第二通道142,其与第一通道138轴向对齐。 The distal end of the inner portion 114 is determined a slightly narrower second channel 142 axially aligned with the first passageway 138. 在内侧部分114的远端侧壁上有多个与第二通道142连通的释放口140,从而使产品可以从中排出。 A plurality of discharge ports 142 communicating with the second channel 140 on the distal end of the inner side wall portion 114, so that the product can be discharged therefrom. 在一个优选实施例中,该释放口140的截面面积至少是该侧壁总截面面积的60%左右;尽管相关领域普通技术人员在所公开内容的启示下可以理解,还可以采用各种尺寸的释放口140,大一些的或小一些的,以得到所需要的性能。 In a preferred embodiment, the cross-sectional area of ​​the release port 140 is at least about 60% of the total cross-sectional area of ​​the sidewall; although one of ordinary skill in the relevant art will be understood in light of the disclosure, various sizes may also be employed release port 140, a larger or smaller to obtain the required performance.

[0064] 在操作容器100时,用手压管体104来致动容器100,把产品从管口102中释放出来。 [0064] In operation the container 100, the tube 104 hand pressure container 100 is actuated, the product is released from the nozzle 102. 因此,压力在管体104、第一通道138、第二通道142以及释放口140中传递。 Thus, the pressure in the tube 104, the first channel 138, transfer port 142 and releasing the second channel 140. 压力帮助产品从管体104中流到接缝125。 Help flow pressure product from a seam 125 of the tubes 104. 因此,受压产品流过释放口140,进入接缝125,然后穿出管口102的端部释放出来。 Thus, the product flows through the pressure release port 140 into the seam 125, and out the nozzle end 102 is released. 如上所述,阀开启压力要足够低,从而使手挤压管体就能产生足够的压力,使容器内的受压产品可以冲开接缝125,从中进行分配。 As described above, the valve opening pressure is low enough, so that the hand pressing the tube can produce a sufficient pressure on the pressurized product within the container to open the seam 125 can be washed, which was partitioned.

[0065] 一旦产品释放出来,并且消除管体104上的压力,接缝125就恢复到其正常闭合位置,以完全防止任何暴露在空气中的产品流回到容器100中,并且密封该容器。 [0065] Once the product is released, and to eliminate the pressure on the tube 104, the joint 125 to return to its normally closed position to substantially prevent any product exposed to the air stream back into the container 100, and the container was sealed. 容器100随后就准备好再次致动以释放出另一部分的产品。 Then container 100 is ready to release the actuation of another portion of the product again. 这类容器100的一个好处就是一旦释放出了一定量的产品,管口102的接缝125就会闭合,从而完全地防止了已暴露在空气中的产品或者外来颗粒经过管口102流回并进入到容器100中,这种回流在一些情况下会污染容器100中的剩余产品。 One benefit of this type of container 100 is that once the release of a certain amount of product, spout joints 125,102 will be closed, thereby completely prevented been exposed to air or foreign particles in the product through the nozzle 102 flows back and into the container 100, which in some cases was refluxed in the container 100 can contaminate the remaining product. 当储存多倍剂量的无菌和/或无防腐剂的药剂配方、易腐食物、化妆品以及类似物时,上述优点尤其重要。 Sterile storage of multiple doses and / or preservative-free formulations of medicament, perishable food, cosmetic, and the like, when the above-described advantages are particularly important.

[0066] 现在参考附图4B的实施例,具有一个ο形环119来防止产品从管体104和内侧部分114之间意外渗漏。 [0066] Now with reference to the accompanying drawings in Example 4B having a ring-shaped ο 119 to prevent the product from between the tubes 104 and the inner portion 114 accidental leakage. 优选地,ο形环119置于容器管体104和内侧部分114之间,从而在其间形成一个气密密封。 Preferably, o-ring 119 is interposed between the container 104 and the inner tubular body portion 114, thereby forming a hermetic seal therebetween. 正如所看到的,在该实施例中,管口102与上文所述管口的不同点在于阀组件的内侧部分114包括一个第一大致锥台形的或者锥形的部分127,其在阀体底部以及阀座124之间延伸。 As can be seen, in this embodiment, the nozzle 102 differs from the nozzle described above in that the inner portion 114 of the valve assembly comprises a first generally frusto-conical or tapered portion 127, which is a valve extends between the bottom body and a valve seat 124. 另外,多个流出口140(图中只示出了一个)穿过该锥形部分127延伸。 Further, a plurality of outlet streams 140 (only one shown) extend through the tapered portion 127. 正如所看到的,各流出口140靠近轴向拉长的阀座124。 As can be seen, each of the axially elongated flow outlet 140 near the valve seat 124. 阀盖112包括一个盖底部129,其安装在阀体底部上,并通过阀体底部的环形凸缘126固定地安装不能在轴方向上相对地移动,该环形凸缘容纳在盖底部上相应的凹进处内。 Valve cover 112 includes a bottom cover 129, which is mounted on the bottom of the body, and is fixedly mounted not move relatively in the axial direction by an annular flange at the bottom of the valve body 126, which receive corresponding annular flange on the bottom of the cap recessed within the Department. 阀盖的阀部分131覆盖在阀座124上。 Valve cover 131 covers the valve portion 124 on the valve seat. 正如所看到的,阀部分131确定出了一个预定径向厚度和一个小于阀座直径的直径,从而在二者之间形成一个干涉配合。 As can be seen, the valve portion 131 is determined a predetermined radial thickness and a diameter less than the diameter of the valve seat, thereby forming an interference fit therebetween. 阀部分131和阀座124在其间确定出了一个通常闭合的、环形轴向延伸的阀开口125。 Valve 131 and the valve seat portion 124 therebetween is determined that a normally closed valve, an annular axially extending opening 125. 阀部分131可以在如图4B所示的阀部分与阀座啮合的正常闭合位置与一段阀部分与阀座径向间隔开以使物质在预定阀开启压力下流通的开启位置之间径向的移动。 Valve portion 131 may be the valve seat section of the valve portion spaced radially normally closed position of the valve portion of the valve seat shown in FIG. 4B engages radially between the opening so that the material flows under pressure at a predetermined open position of the valve opening mobile. 阀盖112还确定出了一个第二大致锥台形部分133,其在阀座与阀部分131之间延伸,且位于第一大致锥台形部分127之上,并在二者之间形成干涉配合。 Valve cover 112 further determines that a second generally frusto-conical portion 133 which extends between the valve seat and the valve portion 131, and located above the first substantially frusto-conical portion 127, and an interference fit is formed therebetween.

[0067] 如图4B的虚线箭头135所示,要分配的产品在管体104内部与流出口140之间确定出了一个无阻碍的、轴向延伸的流动通道。 As shown in dashed arrows [0067] 135 of FIG. 4B, the product to be dispensed in the interior of the tubes 104 between the outlet 140 it is determined that an unobstructed, axially extending flow channels. 通过在内侧部分的大致锥台或锥形部分127 上设置流出口,以及如图所示通过在靠近或大概靠近轴向延伸的环形阀座124处设置各开口的径向内侧,在从管体内部到流出口140分配产品时产生的压头损失被最小化了,从而便于产生一个相对较低的阀开启压力。 By providing the outlet at a generally frustoconical or tapered portion 127 of the inner portion, and as shown in FIG from the tubular body by near or approximate radially inward axially extending annular valve seat 124 disposed at each opening, head loss inside the flow outlet 140 to the dispensing of the product produced is minimized, so as to facilitate generating a relatively low valve opening pressure. 因此,该容器及阀组件使得产品可以通过手挤压软管来容易地且顺畅地从管口进行分配,并且该阀组件还保证了一个气密密封,完全防止了细菌的侵入或者其它有害杂质穿过阀进入容器内部。 Accordingly, the container and the valve assembly so that the product can be easily and smoothly from the spout dispensing hose pressed by hand, and the valve assembly also ensures that a hermetic seal, completely prevented the invasion of bacteria or other harmful impurities through the valve into the interior of the container. 正如下文将要进一步描述的,阀盖的阀部分131和锥台形部分133确定出了一个锥形剖面形状,从而使盖这些部分的径向厚度在阀组件从里到外的方向上逐渐减小。 As will be described further below, the valve portion of the valve cover 131 and frustoconical portion 133 determines that a conical cross-sectional shape, such that the radial thickness of the cover portion gradually decreases in the direction of the valve assembly from the inside to the outside. 正如下文将要进一步描述的,这种结构的一个优点就是一旦产品进入密封或阀开口124的内端,继续打开锥形部分133及阀部分131的余下轴向部段所需的力度逐渐减小,从而使得基本上所有进入阀开口的物质可通过阀开口进行分配,从而避免该物质残留。 As will be described further, an advantage of this configuration is that once the product enters the valve opening or sealing the inner end 124, a tapered portion continues to open the valve 133 and the remaining portion of the axial intensity of the desired segment portion 131 gradually decreases, so that substantially all the material into the opening of the valve can be dispensed through the valve opening, thereby preventing the residual substance. 同样正如下文将要进一步描述的,根据本发明当前的优选实施例,基本上在通过阀开口125进行物质分配的任意时刻,阀部分131的各个环形部段与阀座124的互相啮合,从而防止阀外部和内部之间的液体流通。 Each ring segment and the valve seat at any time, as the same will be further described below, the preferred embodiments according to the current embodiment of the present invention, substantially the dispensing of substances through the valve opening 125, 131 of the valve portion 124 engaging with each other, thereby preventing the valve fluid communication between the exterior and interior. 因此,阀组件优选能持续地保持容器内部密封,甚至在分配期间也能保持密封,从而使得容器可以保存多倍剂量的、必须保持无菌和/或气密状态下的产品,例如“无防腐剂”的配方。 Thus, the valve assembly preferably continuously maintained inside the container can be sealed, even during dispensing can remain sealed, so that the container may be stored in multiple doses, the product must be maintained in a sterile and / or gas-tight state, such as "preservative free recipe agent "is. 如下所述,将阀座124的轴向延伸(即,阀座的密封表面)制的足够长,以确保可以实现该目的。 As described below, the axially extending valve seat 124 (i.e., the sealing surface of the valve seat) is made sufficiently long to ensure that this object can be achieved.

[0068] 现在看图5-8,示出了一般用标号200表示的另一个本发明容器的实施例。 [0068] Turning now to Figure 5-8, there is shown another embodiment of the present invention, a container is indicated generally designated 200. 该容器200与前面描述的容器100基本相同,因此用“2”替代“1”所得到的类似的标号是用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 The container 200 and the container 100 described above is substantially the same, hence the "2" instead of "1" is obtained like numerals are used wherever possible in refer to like elements throughout. 容器200与容器100的主要区别在于内侧部分202与管体104是一个整体,从而消除了设置颈部以及不同的内侧部分的需要。 The main difference between the container 200 and the container 100 in that the inner portion 202 of the tube 104 as a whole, thereby eliminating the need different settings, and the neck of the inner portion.

[0069] 为了制造容器200,塑料球在穿过挤压机时被熔化。 [0069] In order to manufacture the container 200, plastic pellets are melted while passing through the extruder. 因而挤压机可以制出一个单层或多层的连续套管。 Accordingly the extruder can be made out of a single or multiple layer continuous sleeve. 该套管被切割成所需的长度以形成管体204。 The sleeve is cut to the desired length to form a tube 204. 将该无头管体204装载在一个心轴上,在心轴上该内侧部分214被注射成型、压缩模塑或者焊在其上,这对于相关领域普通技术人员来说是公知的。 The headless body 204 is loaded in a tubular mandrel, the inner mandrel portion 214 is injection molded, compression molded or welded thereon, which those of ordinary skill in the relevant are well known. 同时,可以在管体的外表面上进行丝网印刷或者附加印刷。 At the same time, can be screen printed or additionally printed on the outer surface of the tubular body. 然后在管体204中装满选定的产品,并将外侧部分212连接在内侧部分214上,以密封该容器200。 Then the tube 204 filled with the selected product and the outer portion 212 is connected to the inner portion 214, 200 to seal the container.

[0070] 为了填充容器200,可以提供一个无菌环境下的装料机。 [0070] In order to fill the container 200 may be provided in a sterile filling machine environment. 可以使用各种类型的装料机,而一种典型的装料机是Pack West of 4505 LittleJohn St.,Baldwin Park, CA91706 的液体灌装机。 Various types of loader, and the loader is a typical Pack West of 4505 LittleJohn St., Baldwin Park, CA91706 of liquid filling machine. 该产品可以在管口202就位之前或之后注射到管体204内。 The product can be injected into the inner tube 204 before or after the nozzle 202 in place. 在用外侧部分212进行密封之后,装上帽206。 After sealing with the outer portion 212, the cap 206 fitted. 优选地,该帽206用于防止该产品在操作时意外挤出。 Preferably, the cap 206 for preventing the accidental product during the extrusion operation.

[0071] 在一个备选填充方法中,不需要一个无菌环境,尽管该产品需要保存在一个无菌环境中。 [0071] In an alternative filling method does not require a sterile environment, even though the product needs to be saved in a sterile environment. 填充过程可以包括将一种压力大于大气压的、例如液态过氧化氢的杀菌剂注射到由聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇酯或者由其它适于杀菌的材料制成的容器内。 The filling process may include A pressure greater than atmospheric pressure, such as liquid hydrogen peroxide sterilant is injected into the polyethylene terephthalate, or made of other materials suitable for sterilizing containers. 为了除去这种杀菌剂,一股热的无菌空气流可以加速其蒸发过程。 To remove such bactericides, the stream of hot sterile air stream can accelerate the evaporation process. 然后,将该无菌产品装到容器中取代热空气,直到可吸出一部分无菌液体,从而确保整个内容物都是无菌的。 Then, the sterile product into containers substituted hot air until a portion of the sterile liquid can be sucked out so as to ensure the entire contents are sterile. 此时,可以用无菌管口的形式进行适当的封闭。 At this time, it may be suitably sealed with sterile spout. 对于其它可采用的填充方法及装置,可以根据美国专利No. 6,351,924,美国专利No. 6,351,924和/或美国专利No. 6,355,216的启示来对该容器进行填充,在此结合上述专利的全部内容以作为参考。 For other filling method and apparatus may be employed, the container may be carried out in accordance with 6,351,924, U.S. Pat. No. 6,351,924 and U.S. Pat. Implications No. / or U.S. Pat. No. 6,355,216 to filled, the entire contents are hereby incorporated by reference patents.

[0072] 在图8B所示的另一个实施例中,一个容器具有一个柔性肩部290来密封管体204 的内部,以与外部大气隔绝。 [0072] Another embodiment shown in FIG. 8B embodiment, a container having an inner shoulder 290 to seal a flexible tube 204 to isolate the external atmosphere. 正如所看到的,管体204的末端相对于内侧部分214的底部径向向外间隔开,从而在两者之间确定出了一个通常为闭合状态的装料孔四1。 As can be seen, the end 204 of the tubular body relative to the inner bottom portion 214 radially outwardly spaced apart, so that between them is determined in a normally closed charging hole four 1. 该柔性肩部290确定出了一个环形的密封件四3,其沿轴向向内延伸到内侧部分214的底部与管体204 之间所形成的空间内。 The flexible shoulder 290 it is determined that a four annular seal 3, which extends axially inwardly into the space 204 formed between the inner tube and a bottom portion 214. 该柔性肩部290优选由一个弹性材料制成,其在正常状态下与相邻的内侧部分214底部相接合,从而在两者之间形成一个封住流体的或者气密的密封结构。 The flexible shoulder 290 is preferably made of a resilient material with the adjacent inner portion 214 engages the bottom in the normal state, so as to form a fluid seal or an airtight seal between the two structures. 在灌装过程中,将一个灌装元件(图中未示)移动到或者挨着开口四1,或者移到开口291 内,然后将产品用泵送入其中,如箭头“a”所示。 During filling, a filling member (not shown) or move to the next four openings 1, or move within the opening 291, and then the product was pumped wherein, as shown by arrow "a". 因此,沿箭头“a”方向的灌装元件(图中未示)或者产品流使密封件293径向弯曲,脱离内侧部分214的底部,打开流入口,使产品从中流进容器的内部。 Thus, along the inside of arrow "a" direction of the filling elements (not shown) or the product stream sealing member 293 is bent radially, from the inside of the bottom portion 214, the inlet opening, so that the products to flow into the container. 灌装之后,密封件293恢复到正常闭合位置,密封该流入口,从而密封容器内的产品。 After filling, the sealing member 293 to return to the normally closed position, sealing the inlet, so that the product within the sealed container. 正如所看到的,由于密封件293的远端或内侧端相对于其根部径向向内定向,所以该密封件不会由于从管口分配产品时所产生的压力而被打开,反而会在该容器的保存期限及使用过程中一直保持气密状态。 As can be seen, because the distal or inner end of the seal member 293 radially inwardly directed with respect to its root, so that the seal member is not due to the pressure generated when dispensing the product from the nozzle is opened, but will the shelf life of the container during use and remain sealed. 如图8B中的虚线所示,在灌装之后可以将一个帽或者其它的封闭物四5固定到该肩部290上,从而防止任何有害物质意外地引入到流入口291并进入容器内部。 The broken line in FIG. 8B, after the filling may be a cap or other closure 5 is fixed to the four shoulder 290, thereby preventing any harmful substances accidentally introduced into the inlet port 291 and into the interior of the container. 该封闭物295可以采用多种不同的、当前已知的或者日后得知的、能实现该功能的结构,并且该封闭物优选能防止滥用,从而如果任何人确实破坏了该密封盖时,这种破坏是很明显的并且该容器也报废了。 The closure 295 may employ a variety of different, currently known or that later, the configuration of the function can be realized, and the closure preferably can prevent abuse if anyone does so destroy the closures, which kind of destruction is clear and the container also scrapped. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,还可以使用多种相关领域普通技术人员现在已知的或者将来得知的灌装设备及方法,并且这些设备和方法可以被用来灌装本发明的各种容器。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art may recognize, may be used a variety of ordinary skill in the relevant art, now known or future known apparatus and methods for filling in accordance with the teachings herein, and the devices and methods may be used to fill various containers of the present invention.

[0073] 现在看附图9-12,示出了一般用标号300表示的另一个本发明容器的实施例。 [0073] 9-12 now to the drawings, there is shown another embodiment of the present invention, a container is indicated generally designated 300. 该容器300与前面描述的容器100和容器200基本相同,因此用数字“3”替代“1”和“2”所得到的类似的标号用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 Container 100 and the container 300 and the container 200 is substantially the same as previously described, hence the number "3" alternative similar elements "1" and "2" obtained in the similar reference numerals are used wherever possible to refer to. 容器300与容器100、200的主要区别在于管口302的结构不同。 The main difference between the container 300 and the container 100, 200 is that different configurations of orifice 302.

[0074] 和前面描述过的管口一样,管口302可以由任意适合的、耐用的、可模塑的某种柔性材料制成,例如一种塑料,优选由一种已发现特别与容器内盛有的特定产品兼容的材料组成,例如美国康涅狄格州州费尔菲尔德(Fairfield,Connecticut)的General Electric 公司所拥有的VELEX ®商标和LEXAN ®商标下的产品,或者Kraton Polymers US LLC所拥有的KRAT0N®商标下的产品。 [0074] previously described and the same nozzle, nozzle 302 can be made of any suitable, durable, moldable made of some flexible material such as a plastic, preferably from a container has been found that the particular Sheng some specific products compatible materials, such as products under the trademark VELEX ® and LEXAN ® trademark Connecticut, USA Fairfield (Fairfield, Connecticut) is owned by General Electric company, or Kraton Polymers US KRAT0N LLC owned products under ® trademark. 管口302的内侧部分314优选被模塑成一个整体部件, The inner nozzle portion 302 is preferably 314 molded into an integral member,

包括一个截锥台形或者截头圆锥体性的本体部分313 (图12),其一端上是一个柱或者阀座317,另一端上是一个肩部或者圆柱形壁336。 A body including a frustoconical or frusto-conical portion 313 of (FIG. 12), one end thereof a valve seat or post 317, the other end a shoulder or cylindrical wall 336. 优选地,该本体部分313以相对于容器300的轴线成小于等于45度角的方向定位,从而使分配产品时的压头损失最小。 Preferably, the body portion 313 with respect to the axis of the container 300 into the direction of 45 degrees or less is positioned so as to minimize head losses when dispensing the product. 在一个优选实施例中,该本体部分313的角度为30度左右。 In a preferred embodiment, the angle of the body portion 313 is about 30 degrees. 该肩部336确定了一个直径大于柱端317的轴向流动通道348。 This shoulder 336 defines a larger diameter than the end of the column 317 of axial flow channel 348. 在另一个实施例中(图中未示),该柱端317的直径大于轴向流动通道348的直径,从而增加流出口的尺寸,并相应地减小所需的阀开启压力。 Embodiment (not shown), the diameter of the column 317 is greater than the axial end of the flow channel diameter 348 In another embodiment, thereby increasing the size of the outlet port, and correspondingly reduce the required valve opening pressure. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,这里公开的管口阀座的直径(径向尺寸或横向尺寸) 可以根据下述条件的一个或多个来进行调整:比如阀盖与阀座之间的干涉程度、阀盖的阀部分的径向厚度以及阀盖材料的弹性模量,从而可以实现一个所需的阀开启压力。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art may recognize that according to the teachings herein, the herein disclosed seat orifice diameter (or radial dimension transverse dimension) may be adjusted in accordance with one or more of the following conditions: for example, the bonnet and the valve degree of interference between the seat, the radial thickness of the valve cover and the elastic modulus of the material of the valve portion of the valve cover, so as to achieve a desired valve opening pressure. 如下所述,也可以选择这些变量的一个或多个来保证阀组件能够密封容器的内部,并防止细菌或者其它有害物质从阀进入到管内。 As described below, may also select one or more of these variables to ensure the interior of the valve assembly capable of sealing the container, and to prevent bacteria or other harmful substances from entering the valve into the tube.

[0075] 参考附图12A-C,优选地,如前面示出的,阀座或者柱端317的轴向延伸部分(即, 阀座与阀盖之间的密封面)足够长,从而可以在分配期间的任意时刻,阀盖的各个部分与阀座相互啮合,以防止保存在容器内的产品与外界大气之间相互流通。 Axially extending portion [0075] Referring to the drawings 12A-C, preferably, as illustrated above, the seat post or end 317 (i.e., the sealing surface between the valve seat and valve cover) is long enough, so that possible at any time during dispensing, a respective portion of the valve cover and valve seat engaged with each other, to prevent mutual communication between the product stored within the container and the ambient atmosphere. 该柱端317具有标为1、2、3的三个区域。 The column end 317 has three regions labeled 1, 2. 第一区域1是阀盖312挡住流出口340的部分。 The first region 1 is a partially block the outlet valve cap 312 to 340. 第三区域3是物质从容器300中排出的区域。 The third region 3 is a region of material discharged from the container 300. 第二区域2是第一区域1与第三区域3之间的中间区域。 2 the second region is an intermediate region between the first region and the third region 3. 各区域1、2、3具有各自的相关压力P1、P2、P3。 Each region having a respective associated pressure 1,2,3 P1, P2, P3. 静止时,各压力P1、P2、P3等于零。 At rest, each pressure P1, P2, P3 is equal to zero. 当挤压容器300时,如图12B所示,在第一区域1上产生一定压力,直到阀盖312的一部分离开柱端317。 When squeezing the container 300, as shown in FIG. 12B, a certain pressure on the first region 1 until a portion 312 of the valve cover 317 away from the column end. 物质流进第二区域2中,使第二区域2和第三区域3的压力升高,其中Pl > P2 > P3。 Material flow 2 into the second region, the second region 2 and third region 3 pressure is increased, wherein Pl> P2> P3. 如图12C所示,物质在排出容器300之前先进入第三区域3,阀盖312重新回到柱端317的第一区域1上,以保持密封状态,防止污染物进入容器300。 12C, before the material is discharged in the container 300 first into the third region 3, the valve cover 312 back to the first end 317 of the column region 1, to maintain a sealed state, prevent contaminants from entering the container 300. 随着物质的释放,相对的压力关系如下:P1 < P2 > P3 > 0。 With the release of the substance, the relative pressure relationship is as follows: P1 <P2> P3> 0.

[0076] 和这里公开的阀组件的其它实施例一样,阀盖312优选确定出一个截面厚度(或径向厚度),该厚度沿阀组件的轴向方向上从里到外逐渐减小。 Other embodiments [0076] and the valve assembly as disclosed herein, the valve cover 312 preferably defining a cross-sectional thickness (or radial thickness), the thickness in the axial direction of the valve assembly gradually decreases from inside to outside. 从而,典型地如图12A-12C 所示,阀盖确定出了一个锥形的横截面形状,其沿阀的轴向方向从里到外向内逐渐变细另外,如下所述,阀盖与阀座之间的接触面可以确定出一个沿阀组件的轴向方向从里到外逐渐减小的径向干涉,即,阀盖与阀座区域1的径向干涉程度大于区域2,并且在管口的顶端还可以确定出区域2上的径向干涉程度大于区域3。 Thus, typically as shown in FIG. 12A-12C, the valve cover is determined that a conical cross-sectional shape that the valve in the axial direction from the inside to the outside inward tapering Further, as described below, the valve cover and valve contact surface between the seat can be determined along a radial direction of the axial valve assembly gradually decreases from inside to outside interference, i.e., the valve cover and valve seat radial region 1 region 2 is larger than the degree of interference, and the tube the top opening may also determine the degree of radial interference is greater than the area of ​​region 3. 因此,拧开阀盖的各个区段所需的力沿阀的轴向方向从里到外逐渐减小。 Thus, the axial direction of the valve cover unscrew various sections of the force required in the valve gradually decreases from the inside to the outside. 因此,一旦打开了阀的底部区域1,物质进入通常闭合的接缝或阀开口中,阀盖的弹性特性以及上文所述的阀组件结构就会使阀盖自身逐渐恢复到正常闭合位置,从而迫使一定量的物质轴向穿过该接缝。 Thus, once the bottom area of ​​the valve 1 is opened, the substance enters the normally closed seam or valve opening, the resilient properties of the valve cover and valve assembly of the structure described above will cause the valve cover itself gradually returned to normal closed position, thereby forcing a quantity of substance axially through the seam. 此外,阀盖迫使阀内的物质流出管口顶部,从而防止物质聚集在阀内,并且避免在随后的时间点上产生残余渗漏。 Further, the material in the valve bonnet forcing the outflow pipe opening at the top, to prevent aggregation of the material in the valve, and to avoid leakage of the residue on a later point in time.

[0077] 如图12清楚所示的,一个凸缘326与锥形部分313同轴设置,并且从其上轴向伸出。 [0077] As shown in FIG. 12 clear, a flange 326 and a tapered portion 313 disposed coaxially with and extending axially therefrom. 在一个优选实施例中,该锥形部分313是截锥台形的。 In a preferred embodiment, the tapered portion 313 of frustoconical shape. 该凸缘326帮助保持外侧部分312,并且产生一个覆盖在流出口340上的约束面,从而减小并防止物质的残余渗漏。 The flange 326 helps maintain outer portion 312, and generates a flow outlet on the cover engaging surface 340, thereby reducing and preventing leakage of residual substances. 在锥形部分313与凸缘部分326之间有一个环形凹进处319。 Between the tapered portion 313 and the flange portion 326 has an annular recess 319. 可以承认该锥形部分313和凸缘326可以塑造成一个整体,也可以分别塑造。 Can be recognized and the flange 313 of the tapered portion 326 can be molded into a whole, may be shaped separately. 同样地,内侧部分314和管体304也可以是一个整体或者是不同的组件。 Similarly, the inner body portion 314 and the tube 304 may be integral or distinct components. 锥形部分313包括一个中心孔342,其通过轴向流动通道348与管体304的内部连通。 The tapered portion 313 includes a central aperture 342 which communicates with the interior of the tube 304 by axial flow passage 348. 该中心孔342—端有多个释放口340,产品可以通过该释放口轴向流动。 The central bore end having a plurality of discharge ports 342- 340, product may flow through the axial discharge port. 容器300包括三个释放口340,其围绕管口302的轴线基本上相互等距的间隔布置,并且在横截面上,释放口340所确定的面积大于剩余实体部分的面积。 Container 300 includes three discharge ports 340, the area around the nozzle axis 302 spaced substantially equidistant from each other, and in cross section, the release port 340 on the determined area larger than the remaining solid portions. 然而,相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,管口302可以包括任意所需数量的、任意所需布置方式的这种释放口,这取决于分配器的应用以及其它需要。 However, one of ordinary skill in the relevant art may recognize that according to the teachings herein, the nozzle 302 may include any desired number and any desired arrangement of such discharge openings, depending on the application and other desired dispenser. 在一个优选实施例中,释放口的布置可以是环形面积的至少50%,最优选地在约70%到约90%之间。 In a preferred embodiment, the discharge opening may be arranged in an annular area of ​​at least 50%, most preferably between about 70% to about 90%.

[0078] 盖外侧部分312可以由任意耐用的、弹性的以及柔性材料制成,其具有所需的弹性模量,例如由一种弹性材料制成。 [0078] The outer cover portion 312 may be made of any durable, resilient and made of a flexible material having a desired modulus of elasticity, for example, made of an elastic material. 优选地,外侧部分盖312由一种热弹性材料组成,例如一种KRATON ®商标下的苯乙烯-丁二烯弹性体。 Preferably, the outer cover portion 312 made of a thermo-elastic material, for example a styrene under the trademark KRATON ® - butadiene elastomer. 其它非限制性的可用材料包括聚氯乙 Other non-limiting useful materials include polyvinyl chloride

烯、来自iTeknor Apex 公司的APEX FLEXALLOY® 材料、来自Advanced Elastomer Systems Alkenyl, APEX FLEXALLOY® material from iTeknor Apex Company, from Advanced Elastomer Systems

的SANTOPRENE ®橡胶以及丁基橡胶。 The SANTOPRENE ® rubber, and butyl rubber. 在一个优选实施例中,内侧部分314由KRAT0N® In a preferred embodiment, the inner portion 314 of KRAT0N®

材料制成,其弹性模量约为4. IMpa,外盖312由SANTOPRENE ®材料制成,其弹性模量约为 Made of a material, an elastic modulus of about 4. IMpa, the cover 312 is made of a SANTOPRENE ® material, an elastic modulus of about

2. 6Mpa到4. IMpa0外侧部分盖312包括一个安装部分321和一个锥形部分323,其与内侧部分314 —起共同作用,以形成一个密封单向阀。 2. 6Mpa 4. IMpa0 to cover the outside portion 312 includes a mounting portion 321 and a tapered portion 323, with the inner portion 314-- play cooperate to form a check valve seal. 安装部分321确定出了一个环形凹进处, 与锥形部分313和凸缘3¾啮合,从而在其上连接外侧部分盖312。 Mounting portion 321 determines that an annular recess, the tapered portion 313 and the engaging flange 3¾, so as to connect the outer cover portion 312 thereon. 由于外侧部分盖312 材料的弹性特性,内侧部分314可以制造的略大,以形成一个弹性干涉配合。 Since the elastic properties of the outer portion of the cover material 312, 314 may be made slightly larger than the inner portion to form a resilient interference fit. 在一个实施例中,外侧部分盖312与内侧部分314塑造成相同的尺寸,并且外侧部分盖312的脱模收缩形成了所需的干涉配合。 In one embodiment, the outer cover portion 312 and inner portion 314 shaped into the same size, and the outer portion of the cover 312 is contracted release desired interference fit is formed.

[0079] 阀盖或外侧部分312的尺寸被构型成在安装上之后可以与内侧部分314弹性啮合,从而使锥形部分323和柱端或阀座317可以在二者之间形成一个通常为闭合状态的单向阀。 [0079] or outside dimensions of the valve cover portion 312 are configured so as to be elastically engaged with the inner portion 314, so that the tapered end portion 323 and post or valve seat 317 may be formed after the mounting between them a generally the closed state of the check valve. 如上所述以及在图12中特别示出的,锥形部分323的横截面厚度沿管口末端或顶部的轴向方向从里到外逐渐减小。 As described above and particularly shown in FIG. 12, the axial direction of the tapered cross-sectional thickness of the nozzle tip or top of the edge portion 323 gradually decreases from the inside to the outside. 因此,开启阀座所需的压力也逐渐减小,从而有助于将产品通过单向阀释放,同时又能防止空气或其它气体从相反方向穿过该单向阀。 Accordingly, the pressure required to open the valve seat gradually decreases to facilitate the release of the product through the one-way valve, while preventing air or other gases through the one-way valve in the opposite direction. 优选地,在整个分配过程中外侧部分盖312的一个大致环形段与柱端317啮合,从而在管内部与外界环境之间形成一个气密密封,如图12A-12C所示。 Preferably, the entire outer part of the cap dispensing process a substantially annular end segment 317 engages column 312, thereby forming a hermetic seal between the external environment and the interior of the tube, as shown in FIG. 12A-12C. 如果需要,也和上文描述的一样,也可以通过改变外侧部分盖312和/或内侧部分314的内径来使阀盖的锥形部分323与阀座317之间的干涉程度沿管口从里到外逐渐减小。 If desired, and as described above, the inner diameter 312 of the portion 314 and / or the inner cap may be the tapered portion of the valve cover and valve seat 323 by varying the degree of interference in the outer part between the orifice 317 from the inside to the outside decreases. 优选地,一个帽(图中未示)连在内侧部分314的螺纹316上,以密封管口302,防止产品的意外挤出。 Preferably, a cap (not shown) attached to the inner thread 316 of the portion 314 to seal the nozzle 302, to prevent accidental extruded product.

[0080] 现在参考图13-15,管口402与前面所述的管口类似,因此用数字“4”替代“1”、 “2”、“3”所得到的类似的标号用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 [0080] Referring now to FIGS. 13-15, the nozzle 402 and the orifice is similar to the foregoing, so with the number "4" instead of "1", "2", "3", like reference numerals used in any of the obtained Wherever possible generations refer to like elements. 在实施例300和400中示出的结构的一个优点就是产品可沿着一个基本直的流动通道流动,该通道沿与容器300、400轴线平行的方向延伸。 It is the item, 300, 400 parallel to the axial direction of the channel extending along the vessel 300 and in one embodiment the advantage of the structure 400 shown embodiment along a substantially straight flow channels. 这种相对较直且顺畅的流动通道使得产品可以通过管口302、402流出,且具有较小的压头损失,这使得在分配产品时只需使用较小的力,且能防止产生产品非需要地残留到空间里。 This relatively straight and smooth flow path allows the product to flow out through the spout 302, 402, and has a small head loss, which makes only a small force at the time of dispensing the product, can prevent the generation of non-product We need to be residual space.

[0081] 此外,可以将阀座317的外径设置的尽可能大,从而减小必需的阀开启压力,该压力必需在挤压管体404时产生,以开启阀并通过阀来分配产品。 [0081] Further, the outer diameter of the valve seat 317 may be provided as large as possible to reduce the required valve opening pressure, which is necessary to generate, to open to dispense product through the valve and the valve tube 404 during extrusion. 本申请的发明人认识到有多种因素能影响阀的开启压力,包括阀座417的直径、阀盖412的弹性模量、阀盖412与阀座417之间的干涉程度以及阀座417的厚度及形状。 The inventors of the present application have recognized that many factors can affect the valve opening pressure, including the diameter of the valve seat 417, the modulus of elasticity of the valve cover 412, the degree of interference between the valve cover 412 and valve seat 417 and a valve seat 417 The thickness and shape. 当所有其它的因素都相等时,物质穿过阀的体积流速会由于阀座417直径的增大而变大,从而所需的阀开启压力会减小。 When all other factors being equal, the volumetric flow rate of material through the valve seat 417 due to the increase in the diameter becomes large, so that a desired valve opening pressure decreases. 本发明人认识到所需的是:⑴与现有技术的阀相比增大阀座417的直径,以减小在挤压管体时必然产生的阀开启压力;(2)与现有技术相比减小产品流经阀时的压头损失;(3)减小产品在流经阀以进行分配时在阀中存储的弹性能量,从而可减小产品在阀中的残余渗漏。 The present inventors recognized is required: ⑴ increase the diameter of the valve seat 417 as compared to the prior art, to reduce the valve when the tubular body extruded necessarily resulting opening pressure; (2) and prior art compared head loss through the valve when the product is reduced; (3) reduce the elastic energy stored in the valve when the product for distribution through the valve, thereby reducing the leakage of the residual product in the valve. 图9-15 所示的阀以及这里所述的附加实施例的一个显著优点就是流出口440确定了一个基本平行于容器轴线的流动通道,从而可以使产品流经阀时产生的压头损失最小。 Valve shown in FIG. 9-15 and an additional embodiment described herein is a significant advantage of the spout 440 defines a container axis substantially parallel to the flow path, thereby to minimize the head loss generated when the product flow through the valve .

[0082] 因此,相关领域普通技术人员在阅读本文公开内容的基础上可以理解:可以选择阀座直径、阀盖312与阀座317的干涉程度、阀盖317的阀部分323的预定径向厚度以及阀盖312材料的弹性模量这些因素中的至少一个来(1)确定一个用手挤压管体304以使物质从储存腔流动到阀开口340时所产生的预定阀开启压力,(2)气密密封阀302从而在正常闭合位置上防止细菌或其它有害物质或杂质通过阀302进入到管体304内。 [0082] Accordingly, one of ordinary skill in the relevant art will be understood upon reading the disclosure herein on the basis of: degree of interference may be selected 312 and the seat diameter of the valve seat 317, valve cover, valve cover 317, the predetermined radial thickness of the valve portion 323 and a modulus of elasticity of the valve cover 312 material is at least one of these factors (1) determining a hand squeeze the tube 304 so that the predetermined substance produced by the valve 340 to flow from the storage chamber to open the valve opening pressure, (2 ) hermetically seal the valve 302 to thereby prevent bacteria or other harmful substances or impurities from entering into the tube 304 through valve 302 in the normally closed position.

[0083] 在图15A所示的另一个实施例中,阀座417从管口402 —直穿到管体的内部。 Straight through the interior of the tubular body to - [0083] embodiment, the valve seat 417 from the nozzle 402 of another embodiment shown in FIG. 15A. 阀体414确定出了多个流出口440,其与阀座424成一定角度延伸,并且与各自之间的实体部分成一定角度间隔布置。 Valve element 414 determines a plurality of outlet 440 which extend at an angle to the valve seat 424, and between the entity and the angled portions are each spaced. 在本发明的当前优选实施例中,阀体确定出了三个成角度延伸的流出口440。 In the currently preferred embodiment of the present invention, the valve body 440 is determined three flow outlet extending at an angle. 如上所示,该流出口440优选贯穿其所在环面的60%,最优选地贯穿其所在环面的70%左右到90%左右。 As indicated above, the outlet port 440 through which it is preferably 60% of the annulus, and most preferably about it through about 70% to 90% of the torus. 典型地如图15A所示,阀盖412于阀座424之间的干涉程度可以通过交叉阴影线的重叠部分明显地从图中看出。 Typically FIG. FIG. 15A, the bonnet 412 can be clearly seen from the figure in the degree of interference between the valve seat 424 by cross-hatched overlap portion. 正如所看到的,在阀盖与阀座之间存在较大程度的干涉,从而可以保证在正常闭合位置上产生密封所需的变形。 As can be seen, there is a large degree of interference between the valve cover and valve seat, thereby ensuring to produce the desired deformation of the seal in the normal closed position. 在图15A的实施例中,如上所述,阀座424确定出了一个锥形的端部,阀盖的阀部分423确定出了一个锥形的截面形状。 In the embodiment of FIG. 15A, as described above, the valve seat 424 to determine an end portion, a valve portion of the valve cover 423 to determine a tapered cross-sectional shape of a cone. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,阀座可以采用任意多种的不同构型,包括一种直的形状或者从一端到另一端的直径不变,或者一种锥形结构或者其它的变形结构,以达到某些性能标准或者实现其它目的。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art can recognize that the teachings herein, the valve seat may take any of a variety of different configurations, comprising one or straight shape from one end to the other end of the same diameter, or one tapered structure or other deformable structure, in order to achieve certain performance criteria or other purposes.

[0084] 取决于产品粘度的不同,可以改变管口402的结构,以得到所需的阀开启压力,并保证其在正常闭合位置上能产生牢固的变形以进行气密密封。 [0084] different depending on product viscosity, may change the structure of the nozzle 402, to obtain the desired valve opening pressure and to ensure that it can produce a strong deformation in a normal closed position to hermetically seal. 例如,外盖412可以具有不同的干涉水平和弹性模量,这些性质能影响阀开启压力,即在圆周方向开启阀所需的应力。 For example, the outer cover 412 may have different levels of interference and modulus of elasticity, these properties can affect the valve opening pressure, i.e. the stress required to open the valve in the circumferential direction. 参考图15B,其示意性地示出了阀盖412的轴向部分,按照下述公式来确定阀开启压力: Referring 15B, a schematically shows an axial section of the valve cover 412, according to the following equation to determine the valve opening pressure:

[0085] [0085]

Figure CN101274685BD00151

〈当r = b <When r = b

[0089]解得q : [0089] Solutions have q:

[0090] [0090]

Figure CN101274685BD00152

[0091] 将q代入可得:[0092] [0091] The substituted for q can be obtained: [0092]

Figure CN101274685BD00161

[0093] 其中q =单位压力(每单位面积上的力);a =外半径;b =内半径;σ 2 =圆周方向上的应力;E =弹性模量;ν =泊松比(近似0. 4) ; Aa =半径a的变化;Ab =半径b的变化。 [0093] wherein q = unit pressure (force per unit area); A = outer radius; B = inner radius; [sigma] 2 = stress in circumferential direction; E = modulus of elasticity; v = Poisson's ratio (approximately 0 . 4); Aa = a change in the radius; Ab = radius b of the change. 通过将这些公式应用到图15A的五个位置A,B, C,D,E上,可以计算出不同的参数。 By application of these formulas to the five position A of FIG. 15A, B, C, D, E, different parameters can be calculated. 基于这些公式,表I给出了图15A实施例在图15A中五个位置AE的示范数据。 Based on these formulas, Table I gives the position of FIG. 15A AE five data exemplary embodiment in FIG. 15A.

[0094] [0094]

Figure CN101274685BD00162

[0096] [0096]

Figure CN101274685BD00171

[0097] 在图15C和15D中,管体404确定出了一个最大直径D1,阀座424确定出了一个恒定直径D2,阀座(或者阀座的密封表面)的轴向长度定为“L”,并且从管口顶端的“A”点延伸到靠近流出口440径向内侧边缘的“B”点。 [0097] In FIGS. 15C and 15D, the tube 404 determines a maximum diameter D1, the valve seat 424 is determined with a constant diameter D2, the valve seat (or the sealing surface of the valve seat) is defined as an axial length "L ", and the nozzle tip from point" a "440 extends to close to the radially inner edge of the outlet stream of the point" B ". 阀部分423确定出了一个内环形面427,其沿轴向延伸,与阀座424啮合,并与阀座一起确定出了密封表面的长度“L”。 A valve portion 423 determines an inner annular surface 427, which extends in the axial direction, engages the valve seat 424, and determines the length of the sealing seat together with a surface of "L". 阀部分环形面427的放松状态或者未拉伸状态下的直径定为D3。 An annular valve portion surface 427 of the relaxed state or in a state where the diameter of the unstretched as D3. 如上所述,环形面427的内径D3比阀座424的外径D2小,以形成干涉配合,从而在其间产生了一个气密密封。 As described above, the inner diameter D3 427 annular surface is smaller than the outer diameter D2 of the valve seat 424 to form an interference fit, resulting in a gas-tight seal therebetween. 在图15D中,该线条图示出了阀盖处于拉伸状态或未拉伸状态的图线,从而可明显看出阀盖与内侧部分之间的干涉。 In FIG. 15D, the lines showing the valve cover in a stretched condition or state of a line drawing, so as to be apparent interference between the valve cover and the inner portion. 在该图示实施例中,阀座与阀盖之间的干涉程度沿着密封表面的长度“L”基本上是恒定的。 In this illustrated embodiment, the degree of interference between the valve seat and the sealing surface of the cap along the length "L" is substantially constant. 然而,如上所述,如果需要,干涉程度也可以是变化的。 However, as mentioned above, if necessary, the degree of interference can also be changed. 在下表II中示出了本发明当前优选实施例参数的示范值。 Table II below illustrate presently preferred exemplary embodiment of the present invention the parameter values. 阀座外径D2与阀盖内径D3之间的干涉被标为“I”,其由两个直径的公差除以2得到。 Outer diameter D2 of the valve seat and the valve cover inner diameter D3 is interference between labeled "I", which is the tolerance of the two diameters divided by two. 阀盖在A点的厚度被标为“Tl (A) ”,阀盖在B点的厚度被标为“T2 ⑶,, [0098] Valve cover at point A is labeled thickness "Tl (A)", the valve cover at point B is labeled thickness "T2 ⑶ ,, [0098]

[0099] [0099]

[0100] 在本发明的一个实施例中,阀座的直径D2是5mm,阀开启压力相应于一个基本径向施加在管体中部的约在2. 4kg到2. 9kg范围内的力。 [0100] In one embodiment of the present invention, the valve seat diameter D2 is 5mm, the valve opening pressure corresponds to a substantially radial force applied about the central tubular body 2. 4kg in the range of to 2. 9kg. 在本发明的另一个实施例中,阀座的直径D2是10mm,阀开启压力相应于一个基本径向施加在管体中部的约在5. 4kg大小的力。 In another embodiment of the present invention, the valve seat diameter D2 is 10mm, the valve opening pressure corresponds to a substantially radially in the amount of force applied about in the middle of the tubular body 5. 4kg. 优选地,阀开启压力所对应的基本径向施加在管体中部的力的大小在约Ikg到6kg的范围内,更优选地约在2kg到4kg范围内,最优选地,约在2. 4kg到2. 9kg范围内。 Preferably, the valve opening pressure corresponding to a substantially radial force is applied in the middle of the tubular body size in the range from about 6kg Ikg, more preferably in the range of from about 2kg to 4kg, most preferably about 2. 4kg 2. 9kg into range. 阀座(或其密封表面)的长度“L”优选为阀座直径D2的30%左右,且优选在阀座直径D2的约40% 到约85%的范围内。 The length of the valve seat (or sealing surface) of the "L" is preferably about 30% of the valve seat diameter D2, and preferably in the range of from about 40% to the seat diameter D2 is about 85%. 对于较小直径的管,阀座的直径D2必然会更小,因此管越小阀座长度“L”与直径D2的比越大。 For smaller diameter tubes, the valve seat diameter D2 is smaller inevitably, therefore "L" and larger than the diameter D2 of the smaller seat tube length. 因此,对于上述直径约为1英寸的管,阀座的长度“L”优选在阀座直径D2的约25 %到75 %范围内,最优选地在阀座直径D2的约35 %到65 %范围内。 Thus, the above-mentioned diameter of about 1 inch tube, seat length "L" is preferably in the range of from about 25% D2 seat diameter to 75%, most preferably from about 35% D2 seat diameter to 65% range. 对于上述直径约为0. 5英寸的管,阀座的长度“L”优选为阀座直径D2的60%左右,更优选地至少为直径D2的75%左右,最优选地大于直径D2的75%。 About .5 inches for the diameter of the tube, the valve seat length "L" of the valve seat diameter D2 is preferably about 60%, more preferably at least about 75% of the diameter D2, and most preferably greater than diameter D2 75 %.

[0101] 可以想象这里所公开的容器可以容纳液体、悬浮液、凝胶、乳剂、糊状产品、流体以及类似物,尤其是容易长菌或者过去需要防腐剂进行保存的产品。 [0101] envisioned herein disclosed vessel can contain liquids, suspensions, gels, creams, pasty products, fluids and the like, in particular, easy to microbial growth or preservatives need to save the last product. 例如该容器可以储存无需冷藏的、真空包装的超高温消毒牛奶(UHT milk)、婴儿配方、牙膏、根据2003年10月16 日提交的美国专利申请No. 10/272,577(在此结合其全文内容以作为参考)中公开原则的预先测量剂量的婴儿食品,和石油凝胶(petrogels)、碳酸饮料或非碳酸饮料、酸奶、蜂蜜、 番茄酱、芥末酱、蛋黄酱以及具有一种或多种配菜的鞑靼沙司。 For example, the container can be stored without refrigeration, the vacuum packaging of UHT milk (UHT milk), infant formula, toothpaste, according to the US patent October 16, 2003 filed No. 10 / 272,577 (incorporated herein its entire contents of a pre-measured dose of the reference) discloses principles of baby food, and petroleum jelly (petrogels), carbonated beverages or non-carbonated beverages, yogurt, honey, ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise and having one or more kind of side dish tartar sauce.

[0102] 在图16和图17中,示出了一般用标号500表示的另一个本发明容器的实施例。 [0102] In FIG 16 and FIG 17, illustrates another embodiment of a reference numeral 500 denotes generally a container of the present invention. 该容器500与前面描述的图1-14中的容器基本相同,因此用数字“5”替代数字“1”到“4”所得到的类似的标号用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 1-14 is substantially the same in the container of the container 500 previously described in FIG, hence the number "5" alternative number "1" Similar numerals "4" is used to refer to the resulting wherever possible like elements . 正如所看到的,容器500包括一个分配头511,通过例如将其形状设成一个基本上为凹面的轮廓,从而使其适于舒适地接触使用者的嘴唇。 As can be seen, the container 500 includes a dispensing head 511, which is shaped by, for example set to a substantially concave profile, so that it is adapted to comfortable contact with the user's lips. 对于相关领域普通技术人员来说可以理解还能使用另一种不同的形状来适合地和/或舒适地接触使用者的皮肤或嘴唇。 For ordinary skill in the relevant art it can also be appreciated that the use of a different shape to suit and / or comfortably contacting a user's skin or lips. 管口502的内侧部分514优选模塑成一个整体部件,并在其一个端部上设有一个柱端或阀座517,在另一端部上设有一个肩部536。 Inner portion 514 of the nozzle 502 is preferably molded as an integral part, and provided with a seat post or end 517, with a shoulder at the other end portion 536 on one end thereof. 该肩部536上具有一个突起538,其与柔性管体504上的突起505密封啮合,从而将管口502 Having a projection 538, which is in sealing engagement with the projections 505 on the flexible pipe body 504, so that the spout 502 on the shoulder 536

表II Table II

Figure CN101274685BD00181

固定在管体504上。 504 fixed to the tube body. 优选地,内侧部分由肖氏A硬度约为65的KRAT0N®材料制成,而阀盖 Preferably, the inner portion is made of a Shore A hardness of about 65 KRAT0N® material, and the valve cover

512由肖氏A硬度约为20的KRATON ®材料制成。 About 512 KRATON ® material 20 is made of a Shore A hardness. 然而,相关领域普通技术人员可以认识 However, the relevant skilled in the art can recognize

到,这些硬度值仅仅是用于举例,也可以根据需要来改变这些硬度以满足某些性能标准或者其它情况的需要。 That these values ​​are merely by way of example the hardness, the hardness may be changed as desired to meet certain performance criteria or other conditions.

[0103] 在图18中,示出了一般用标号600表示的另一个本发明容器的实施例。 [0103] In FIG 18, illustrates another embodiment generally designated 600 of the present invention represented by the container. 该容器600与容器500基本相同,因此用数字“6”替代数字“1”到“5”所得到的类似的标号用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 The container 600 and the container 500 is substantially the same, hence the number "6" alternative number "1" to "5" obtained in the similar reference numerals are used wherever possible to refer to like elements throughout. 正如所看到的,容器600包括一个顶部区域611,其具有一个大致椎台形的轮廓,用于适当的或基本适当的接触使用者的脸部或其它皮肤区域。 As can be seen, the container 600 includes a top region 611, having a generally truncated cone-shaped profile, suitable for contact with an appropriate base or the user's face or other skin areas. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,管口顶端的形状可以采用当前已知的或日后得知的任意多种不同的形状和/或结构,以执行管口顶端的功能,包括适当地或者其它方式地接触所需的特定表面区域。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art can recognize that the teachings herein, the shape of the tip of the nozzle may be employed in any currently known, or that later more different shapes and / or structures, to perform the functions of the nozzle tip, comprising suitably the contact a particular surface area or otherwise be required.

[0104] 在图19中,示出了一般用标号700表示的另一个本发明容器的实施例。 [0104] In FIG 19, illustrates another embodiment of the present invention, a container is indicated generally designated 700. 该容器700的管口702与上述管口基本相同,因此用数字“7”替代数字“1”到“6”所得到的类似的标号用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 The spout 700 of the container 702 substantially identical to said orifices, hence the number "7" alternative number "1" to "6" of the obtained similar reference numerals are used wherever possible in refer to like elements throughout. 为了简明,下文仅对容器700管体704的不同之处进行说明。 For simplicity, hereinafter only the container 700 differs from the body 704 will be described. 管体704具有一个弹性的外壁760和密封连接在外壁760最下端的底部762。 A tubular body 704 having a resilient outer wall 760 and bottom seal 760 at the lowermost end connected to the outer wall 762. 外壁112的横截面适于使用者用手握持,且用一种弹性塑料例如低密度聚乙烯制成,从而使外壁112可以与容器700的其它组件进行热封。 Adapted to the cross section of the outer wall 112 of the user's hand to grip, such as low density polyethylene and of an elastic plastic, so that the outer wall 112 can be heat-sealed with the other components of the container 700. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以理解,模塑、挤出或者其它类似的制造容器700组件的方法都是可以互换的,粘合、热封、干涉配合以及类似的组合方法也都可以用来组装容器700。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art can be appreciated, molding, extrusion, or other similar method of manufacture of the container 700 are interchangeable component adhesive, heat sealing, interference fit, and the like can also be a combination of methods used to assemble the container 700.

[0105] 底部762密封连接在外壁760的最下端。 [0105] In the base 762 sealingly connected to the lowermost end of the outer wall 760. 优选地,底部762的尺寸和结构被设计成可以使容器700以直立的方式搁置在其上。 Preferably, the size and structure of the bottom portion 762 is designed to make the container 700 rests in an upstanding manner thereon. 一个通气阀770用来调节在外壁760内部与内袋764之间所形成的空间772中来回流动的气流。 A vent valve 770 for regulating the flow in stream 772 back and forth between space 764 and the inner bag inside the outer wall 760 is formed. 底部762上的排气孔774使得外部空气可以在一个分配循环之后通过通气阀770进入空间772中,从而使外壁760又恢复到一个椭圆形的截面形状。 Exhaust hole 774 on the bottom 762 such that the outside air may pass through the valve 770 into the space 772 after a dispensing cycle, so that the outer wall 760 has returned to an elliptical cross-sectional shape. 当挤压容器700时,空气从排气孔774的排出过程需要足够慢才能使空间772产生压力,且在所需量的空气流失之前完成分配过程。 When squeezing the container 700, the process air is discharged from the exhaust hole 774 needs to be slow enough to make a pressure space 772, and the dispensing process is completed before the required amount of air loss. 相反,在松开挤压管的时候,需要有足够的空气通过排气孔774进入空间772中,以使外壁760快速恢复原始形状。 In contrast, in the release of the extruded tube, the need for sufficient air through the vent holes 774 into the space 772, the outer wall 760 such that the quick recovery of the original shape. 通气阀770周围设置一个环776,以防止内袋764影响通气阀770的工作。 A vent valve 770 is provided around the ring 776 to prevent the work of the inner bag 764 through the valve 770 Effect.

[0106] 柔性内袋764容纳产品,并固定在外壁760的上缘766上。 [0106] The flexible inner bag containing a product 764, and 766 fixed to the upper edge of the outer wall 760. 此外,内袋764在外壁760大约中间位置的点768上固连到外壁760的内侧,以保证不用在外壁760上施加太大的力就能够基本完全清空内袋764。 Further, the inner bag 764 in the middle of the outer wall 760 about the point 768 on the outer wall 760 secured to the inner side, in order to ensure that the force can be applied without much substantially complete emptying of the inner bag 764 on the outer wall 760. 优选地,内袋764由一种低弹性模量的材料制成,从而在分配其内部空间765所容纳的产品时无需施加太大的力。 Preferably, the inner bag 764 is made of a low modulus of elasticity material, thereby dispensing without too much force is applied to the inner space 765 when the contained product.

[0107] 管口702选择性地且气密地将内袋762的内部与外界空气隔绝开。 [0107] nozzle 702 selectively and hermetically interior of the inner bag 762 is cut off from outside air. 通过防止空气进入到内袋764的内部空间765内,管口702不仅仅保证了内部空间765的无菌性,还便于进行下一个分配循环,而不会产生显著的冒泡(appreciable belching)情况也无需使劲儿地挤压外壁760。 By preventing air from entering into the interior space 764 within the inner bag 765, the nozzle 702 not only ensures the sterility of the interior space 765, but also facilitates the next dispensing cycle without significant bubbling (appreciable belching) where there is no need to make awkward to squeeze the outer wall 760. 在分配过程中,挤压外壁760使其产生变形,以增加空间772中的压力,从而增加内袋764的内部765中的压力。 In the dispensing process, the outer wall of the extrusion 760 is deformed so as to increase the pressure in the space 772, thereby increasing the pressure inside the inner bag 765 764 in. 尽管一部分空气会通过排气孔774排出,但是压力还是能够克服阀盖712的啮合状态,从而如上文所述使产品从流出口740中流出。 While part of the air will be discharged through the discharge hole 774, but the pressure was able to overcome the bonnet 712 engaged state, so that the product as described above flows out from the outlet port 740. 在去掉挤压力之后,分配过程就停止了。 After removing the extrusion pressure, the allocation process stops. 外壁760开始恢复到变形前的原始形状,从而在空间772内产生一个真空。 An outer wall 760 begins to return to the original pre-deformed shape, thereby creating a vacuum in the space 772. 该真空状态迫使通气阀770开启,以使外部空气通过排气孔774进入,从而使内袋向管口702移动,使外壁760恢复形状。 The vacuum forces the vent valve 770 opened to outside air enters through the vent holes 774, so that the inner bag 702 moves to the spout, so that the outer wall 760 shape recovery. 因此,在下一次挤压外壁760的过程中,管口702迅速的再次打开,以一种密封的方式再次释放产品。 Thus, during the next pressing of the outer wall 760, the nozzle 702 quickly opens again, in a sealed manner to release the product again. 在多次释放一定量后,内袋764 在中间点768附近弯曲,直到几乎所有产品都从内部765中分配出去。 After several release a certain amount, the inner bag 764 in the vicinity of an intermediate point 768 is bent, until almost all products dispensed from the interior 765.

[0108] 在另一个实施例中,外壁760由一种相对刚性的材料制成,从而增加了使外壁760 变形和/或有助于产生压力所需的力。 [0108] embodiment, the outer wall 760 made of a relatively rigid material in another embodiment, that the outer wall 760 thereby increasing the force required to deform the pressure and / or help create. 因此,管口702可以被设计成具有较大的开启压力。 Thus, the nozzle 702 may be designed to have a larger opening pressure. 相关领域的普通技术人员可以根据本文的启示认识到,容器700可以很容易地采用任意多种容器结构,例如一种上文示出的柔性管以及通气阀可以位于任意多个适合的位置上,这些都是非限制性的。 One of ordinary skill in the relevant art may recognize that in accordance with the teachings herein, the container 700 may readily adopt any of a variety container structure, such as one shown above, a flexible tube and a plurality of vent valve may be located in any suitable location, these are non-limiting.

[0109] 在附图20A-22B中,示出了一般分别用标号800、900、1000表示的其它三个本发明容器的实施例。 [0109] In figures 20A-22B, there is shown a general embodiment of the present invention, respectively, three other containers represented by reference numeral 800,900,1000. 这些容器的管口和上文所述的管口基本相同,因此用不同的数字来替代数字“1”到“7”所得到的类似的标号用来在任何可能的地方指代相似的元件。 These containers and spout nozzle as described above is substantially the same, thus with a different number instead of the numeral "1" to "7" are obtained in the similar reference numerals are used wherever possible to refer to like elements throughout. 为了简明,下文仅对容器的不同之处进行说明。 For simplicity, hereinafter only the difference will be described container. 参看图20A-20D所示的容器800,外罩860具有一种装饰形状,且容纳一个筒芯864。 Referring to the container shown in FIG. 20A-20D 800, the housing 860 has a decorative shape, and houses a cylindrical core 864. 优选地,筒芯864用一个搭扣配合机构867来与外罩860选择性地啮合,并且其上整体成型有内侧部分814。 Preferably, the tubular core 864 with a snap-fit ​​means 867 to 860 are selectively engaged with the cover, and on which there is integrally formed an inner portion 814. 每次更换筒芯864时可采用一个新的阀盖812,或者重复使用同一个阀盖812。 Each replacement cartridge core 864 may employ a new valve cover 812, or reuse the same valve cover 812. 在另一个实施例中,外罩860是一种半刚性的或者刚性的材料,例如有色塑料或者玻璃,从而使容器800更美观。 In another embodiment, the housing 860 is a rigid or semi-rigid material such as colored plastic or glass, so that the container 800 more beautiful. 在另一个实施例中,整个的阀外盖812是刚性的,且采用一个泵来分配产品,正如2001年10月23日提交的美国专利申请No. 10/001, 745中所公开的,在这里结合其全部内容来作为参考。 In another embodiment, the entire outer bonnet 812 is rigid, and the use of a pump to dispense the product, as in U.S. Patent No., filed October 23, 2001 Application No. 10/001, 745 as disclosed in incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. 一个把手803便于拿放及使用容器800。 A handle 803 to facilitate use of the container 800 and take place.

[0110] 通过改变管口的结构,可以优化阀开启压力,从而可以释放甚至高粘度的产品,例如蜂蜜、糖浆、润滑脂、石油凝胶、填缝料以及其它粘度在1厘泊到上千厘泊的材料,同时还能保证产品保存的完整性和无菌性。 [0110] By varying the structure of the nozzle, the valve opening pressure can be optimized, so as to release even highly viscous products such as honey, syrup, grease, petroleum jelly, and other caulks viscosity of 1 centipoise to thousands PCT material poise, while ensuring the preservation of product integrity and sterility.

[0111] 尽管本发明是通过优选实施例来进行说明的,但是本领域技术人员很容易理解可以在不偏离所附权利要求限定出的本发明保护范围及宗旨的前提下对本发明进行各种改变和/或修正。 [0111] Although embodiments of the present invention is preferably carried out by the described, those skilled in the art will readily be understood that the appended claims without departing from the present invention, various changes under the premise that the scope and purpose of the present invention is defined out and / or amended.

Claims (24)

1. 一种用于在无菌条件下储存并分配容易变质的液态食品的方法,包括以下步骤:(i)提供一个袋子和阀的组件,该组件包括:袋子,该袋子形成可变容积的存储腔,以及与袋子流体连通的单向阀,并包括:形成通常关闭的、轴向延伸的阀开口的弹性阀部件, 其中,该阀部件能够在常闭位置与打开位置之间移动,且该阀部件远离该关闭位置的至少一段将阀开口流体连通到该可变容积的腔,从而允许流体从该可变容积的腔流过阀开口;(ϋ)将空的袋子和阀的组件进行灭菌;(iii)在无菌条件下用容易变质的液态食品填充该可变容积的腔;(iv)将该容易变质的液态食品气密密封在该可变容积的腔中;(ν)在不同的时刻通过该单向阀从该可变容积的腔中分配该容易变质的液态食品的多个不同的部分;以及(vi)使该容易变质的液态食品在该可变容积的存储腔中保持无 1. A method for storing under sterile conditions and method of perishable liquid food dispensing, comprising the steps of: (i) providing a bag and valve assembly comprising: a bag, forming the pouch of variable volume storage chamber, and a check valve in fluid communication with the bag, and comprising: forming a normally closed resilient valve member axially-extending valve opening, wherein the valve member is movable between a normally closed position and an open position, and the valve member away from the closed position at least a section of the valve opening to fluid communication with the variable volume chamber, allowing fluid flow through the valve from the opening of the variable volume chamber; empty bag and valve assembly (ϋ) for sterilization; (iii) filled under aseptic conditions with a perishable liquid food of the variable volume chamber; (iv) the perishable liquid food product is hermetically sealed in the cavity of variable volume; (v) dispensing a plurality of different portions of the perishable liquid food product from the variable volume chamber at different times through the one-way valve; and (vi) the perishable liquid food stored in the variable volume chamber of the held without 菌,并且在步骤(iv) 和(ν)中保持相对于环境大气的气密密封。 Bacteria, and ambient atmosphere to maintain a hermetic seal with respect to step (iv) and (v) in.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,还包括以下步骤:在步骤(ν)和(vi)中基本上防止细菌或其他不希望的杂质经过该单向阀侵入该可变容积的存储腔。 2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of: in step (v) and (vi) substantially prevent bacteria or other unwanted impurities through the check valve of the variable volume storage chamber is invasive.
3.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,该分配步骤包括:在多个不同的时刻将该容易变质的液态食品的多个不同的部分从该可变容积的存储腔通过单向阀泵出。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the allocating step includes: a plurality of different portions of a plurality of different times in the perishable liquid food from the variable volume storage chamber through the check valve of the pump out.
4.如权利要求1所述的方法,还包括以下步骤:将袋子安装在相对坚硬的外容器中。 4. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the steps of: mounting the bag in a relatively rigid outer container.
5.如权利要求1所述的方法,还包括以下步骤:在在无菌条件下用容易变质的液态食品填充该可变容积的腔的步骤之前,将该容易变质的液态食品灭菌。 5. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of: prior to the step of the variable volume chamber under sterile conditions in a perishable liquid food is filled, the perishable liquid food sterilization.
6.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,该容易变质的液态食品包括以下的至少一种:奶、 酸奶、婴儿食品、婴儿配方、蛋黄酱、奶酪、糖浆、以及饮料。 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the perishable liquid food comprises at least one of: milk, yogurt, baby food, baby formula, mayonnaise, cheese, syrup, and beverage.
7.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,步骤(ν)和(vi)在环境温度下执行。 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein step (v) and (vi) is performed at ambient temperature.
8. 一种用于在无菌条件下储存并分配容易变质的液态食品的装置,包括:袋子和阀的组件,该组件包括:袋子,该袋子形成可变容积的存储腔,以及与袋子流体连通的单向阀,并包括:形成通常关闭的、轴向延伸的阀开口的弹性阀部件,其中,该阀部件能够在常闭位置与打开位置之间移动,且该阀部件远离该关闭位置的至少一段将阀开口流体连通到该可变容积的腔,从而允许流体从该可变容积的腔流过阀开口:该可变容积的腔用容易变质的液态食品无菌填充;该容易变质的液态食品气密密封在该可变容积的腔中;该袋子和阀的组件使该容易变质的液态食品在该可变容积的存储腔中保持无菌,并且在通过该单向阀从存储腔分配该容易变质的液态食品的不同部分的整个过程中保持相对于环境大气的气密密封。 8. An apparatus for storing and perishable liquid food dispensed under sterile conditions, comprising: a bag and a valve assembly, the assembly comprising: a bag, forming the pouch of variable volume storage chamber, and a fluid pouch a check valve in communication, and comprising: forming a normally closed resilient valve member axially-extending valve opening, wherein the valve member can be moved between an open position and a normally closed position, and the valve member away from the closed position at least a section of the valve opening to fluid communication with the variable volume chamber, allowing fluid flow through the valve from the opening of the variable volume chamber: the variable volume cavity is filled with a sterile perishable liquid foods; the perishable the liquid food in the cavity of the hermetically sealed variable volume; the valve assembly and the pouch so that the perishable liquid food product remains sterile in the variable volume storage chamber, and through the check valve from the storage different portions of the process chamber dispensing liquid food held in the perishable relative to the ambient atmosphere hermetically sealed.
9.如权利要求8所述的装置,还包括相对坚硬的外容器,其中该袋子容纳在该相对坚硬的外容器中。 9. The apparatus according to claim 8, further comprising a relatively stiff outer container, wherein the pouch is accommodated in the relatively rigid outer container.
10.如权利要求8所述的装置,还包括泵,用于将该容易变质的液态食品的多个不同的部分从该可变容积的存储腔通过单向阀泵出。 10. The apparatus according to claim 8, further comprising a pump, a plurality of different portions of the perishable liquid food product from the variable-volume storage chamber is pumped through the check valve.
11.如权利要求8所述的装置,其中,该容易变质的液态食品包括以下的至少一种: 奶、酸奶、婴儿食品、婴儿配方、蛋黄酱、奶酪、糖浆、以及饮料。 11. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the perishable liquid food comprises at least one of: milk, yogurt, baby food, baby formula, mayonnaise, cheese, syrup, and beverage.
12. —种容器,用于在无菌条件下存储流体并从中分配所储存的流体的多个部分,包括:弹性的内容器,其限定有密封的可变容积的存储腔,在该存储腔中包含有处于无菌条件下的流体的多个部分,并且该流体的多个部分被相对于环境大气密封在该存储腔中;相对刚性的外主体,用于在其中接纳弹性的内容器;以及单向阀,该单向阀包括:阀部件,该阀部件由弹性材料形成并形成常闭的、轴向延伸的阀开口以及该阀开口的入口,该入口与可变容积的存储腔流体连通,其中,该阀部分能够响应于阀开口的入口处的流体超出阀开口压力的情况而径向地在以下两个位置之间移动: (i)常闭位置和(ii)打开位置,其中,该阀部分远离该关闭位置径向间隔开的至少一段将阀开口流体连通到该可变容积的腔,从而允许流体从该可变容积的腔通过阀开口被分配, 其 12. - such containers for storing a plurality of fluid dispensing portion from which fluid stored under sterile conditions, comprising: a flexible container, which defines a sealed storage chamber of variable volume, in the storage chamber It contains a plurality of portions in a fluid under aseptic conditions, and a plurality of portions of the fluid is sealed with respect to ambient atmosphere in the storage chamber; relatively rigid outer body, for receiving a flexible container; and a check valve, the check valve comprising: a valve member, the valve member is formed of an elastic material and forming a normally closed valve opening and the inlet opening of the valve axially extending inlet and the fluid storage chamber of variable volume communication, wherein the valve portion in response to a valve opening of the inlet of fluid pressure exceeds the valve opening of the case and radially movable between two positions: (i) a normally closed position and (ii) an open position, wherein the valve portion away from the closed position radially spaced at least a segment to the valve opening in fluid communication with the variable-volume chamber, allowing fluid from the variable-volume chamber through the valve opening is assigned, which ,在通过该单向阀分配该流体的过程中,该单向阀和存储腔将任何残留在存储腔中的流体保持在无菌条件下并保持相对于环境大气密封。 , During dispensing of the fluid through the check valve, the check valve storage chamber and any remaining fluid in the storage chamber is maintained under sterile conditions and to maintain a seal with respect to ambient atmosphere.
13.如权利要求12所述的容器,还包括连接在可变容积的存储腔与单向阀之间的泵, 用于将流体从存储腔泵出到阀开口中,以通过阀开口分配流体。 13. The container of claim 12, further comprising a pump coupled between the variable-volume storage chamber and the check valve for pumping fluid from the storage chamber into the valve opening to dispense fluid through the valve opening .
14.如权利要求12所述的容器,还包括流体连通在可变容积的存储腔和单向阀之间的管状部分。 14. The container of claim 12, further comprising a tubular portion in communication between the storage chamber and the variable volume fluid check valve.
15.如权利要求12所述的容器,其中,该单向阀还包括阀体,该阀体限定有轴向延伸的阀座,一个流动孔延伸穿过阀体和阀座中的至少一个,其中,弹性的阀部件包括轴向延伸的阀部分,该阀部分覆盖阀座并覆盖其基本轴向延伸的部分,该阀部分与阀座形成干涉配合,该阀部分和阀座形成轴向延伸的接缝,在它们之间形成阀开口,并且该阀部分与阀座在闭合位置上接合。 15. The container of claim 12, wherein the check valve further includes a valve body defining an axially extending valve seat and a flow aperture extending through the valve body and the valve seat at least one, wherein the valve member comprises a resilient valve portion axially extending portion of the valve seat and covers it partially covers the substantially axially extending portion of the valve form an interference fit with the valve seat, the valve portion and the valve seat is formed axially extending seam, the valve opening is formed therebetween, and the valve portion engaging the valve seat in the closed position.
16.如权利要求12所述的容器,其中,该流体是选自以下组的液态食品:奶、酸奶、婴儿食品、婴儿配方、蛋黄酱、奶酪、芥末酱、番茄酱、以及糖浆。 16. The container of claim 12, wherein the fluid is a liquid food selected from the group consisting of: milk, yogurt, baby food, baby formula, mayonnaise, cheese, mustard, ketchup, and syrup.
17.如权利要求16所述的容器,其中,该液态食品是无菌的且不含防腐剂。 17. The container according to claim 16, wherein the liquid food product is sterile and free of preservatives.
18.如权利要求12所述的容器,还包括在所述外主体的外部与内部之间能够流体连通地连接的气流通道,以便调节在外主体和弹性内容器之间进入外主体的气流,并且该外主体能够被手工地挤压以将位于外主体与弹性内容器之间的空气压缩,从而压缩内容器, 并且进而压缩弹性内容器中的流体,从而达到超过阀开口压力的压力。 18. The container of claim 12, further comprising between the outside and the inside of the outer body can be connected in fluid communication with the airflow passage so as to adjust the airflow into the outer body and the elastic body between the outer container, and the outer body can be manually squeezed to the outside air located between the elastic body compressed content, thereby compressing the container, and further elastically compressed fluid in the inner container, so as to achieve pressure exceeds the valve opening pressure.
19.如权利要求15所述的容器,其中,该阀部分包括基本上环形的段,该环形的段与阀座基本上在通过阀开口分配流体的整个时段内都接合,以保持阀开口和环境大气之间的密封。 19. The container according to claim 15, wherein the valve portion comprises a substantially annular section, the annular section of the valve seat by the valve are substantially the entire period of engaging a fluid dispensing opening, in order to keep the valve opening and a seal between the ambient atmosphere.
20.如权利要求15所述的容器,其中,出现以下三种情况至少其中之一 :(i)阀盖和阀座,在从阀开口的上游端到下游端的方向上限定它们之间的干涉程度,(ϋ)阀部分,当在从阀座的上游端向下游端的方向上轴向移动时限定减小的径向厚度;以及(iii)阀座由从阀座的上游端向下游端尺寸逐渐增大的半径限定。 20. The container according to claim 15, wherein at least one of the following three conditions where: (i) the valve cover and valve seat, the interference therebetween is defined in the valve opening direction from the upstream end to a downstream end extent, (ϋ) the valve portion defines a radially reduced thickness when the movement in the axial direction from the upstream end to the downstream direction of the valve seat side; and (iii) the size of the valve seat by the valve seat from the upstream end to a downstream end defining a gradually increasing radius.
21.如权利要求17所述的容器,其中,在保存期限内该可变容积的存储腔在基本上无空气的状态下在其中存储液态食品,并通过单向阀分配该液态食品。 21. The container according to claim 17, wherein, in the storage period of the variable-volume storage chamber in substantially air-free state in which the liquid food storage and dispensing of the liquid food through the check valve.
22. 一种方法,用于在无菌条件下存储流体并从中分配所储存的流体的多个部分,包括以下步骤:提供弹性的内容器,其限定有密封的可变容积的存储腔,在该存储腔中包含有处于无菌条件下的流体的多个部分,并且该流体的多个部分被相对于环境大气密封在该存储腔中;提供相对刚性的外主体,用于在其中接纳弹性的内容器;以及提供单向阀,该单向阀包括:阀部件,该阀部件由弹性材料形成并形成常闭的、轴向延伸的阀开口以及该阀开口的入口,该入口与可变容积的存储腔流体连通;在阀开口的入口处将流体加压到至少等于阀开口压力的压力,并将弹性阀部件在以下两个位置之间移动:(i)常闭位置和(ii)打开位置,其中,该阀部件远离该关闭位置径向间隔开的至少一段将阀开口流体连通到该可变容积的腔,并将流体从该可变容积的腔通过阀开 22. A method for storing a plurality of fluid dispensing portion from which fluid stored under sterile conditions, comprising the steps of: providing a flexible container, which defines a sealed storage chamber of variable volume, in the storage chamber comprises a plurality of portions of the fluid under aseptic conditions in, and the plurality of portions of the fluid is sealed with respect to ambient atmosphere in the storage chamber; providing a relatively rigid outer body for receiving therein the elastic content; and providing a check valve, the check valve comprising: a valve member, the valve member is formed of an elastic material and forming a normally closed valve opening and the inlet opening of the valve extending axially, the inlet and variable volume storage chamber in fluid communication; the entrance of the valve opening of the fluid pressurized to a pressure at least equal to the opening pressure of the valve and the resilient valve member movable between two positions: (i) a normally closed position and (ii) open position, wherein the valve member away from the closed position radially spaced at least a segment to the valve opening in fluid communication with the variable volume chamber, and fluid from the valve opening of the variable volume chamber by 分配;以及在通过该单向阀分配该流体的过程中,将任何残留在存储腔中的流体保持在无菌条件下并相对于环境大气密封。 Allocation; and during dispensing of the fluid through the check valve, any remaining fluid in the storage chamber is maintained sealed with respect to ambient atmosphere and under sterile conditions.
23.如权利要求22所述的方法,还包括将流体从存储腔泵出到阀开口以通过阀开口分配流体的步骤。 23. The method according to claim 22, further comprising pumping fluid from the storage chamber to the valve opening to the valve opening step of dispensing the fluid through.
24.如权利要求22所述的方法,其中,流体是选自以下组的液态食品:奶、酸奶、婴儿食品、婴儿配方、蛋黄酱、奶酪、芥末酱、番茄酱、以及糖浆。 24. The method according to claim 22, wherein the fluid is a liquid food selected from the group consisting of: milk, yogurt, baby food, baby formula, mayonnaise, cheese, mustard, ketchup, and syrup.
CN 200810083760 2002-08-13 2003-08-13 Storing apparatus and method CN101274685B (en)

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CN1705589A (en) 2005-12-07
ES2355487T3 (en) 2011-03-28
CN100386247C (en) 2008-05-07
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EP2949591A1 (en) 2015-12-02
CN101274683B (en) 2011-11-23
CN101274683A (en) 2008-10-01
EP2949591B1 (en) 2018-02-21
EP2289813A1 (en) 2011-03-02

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