CN101231612A - Intelligent platform supervision interface system and method - Google Patents

Intelligent platform supervision interface system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101231612A
CN101231612A CN 200710007753 CN200710007753A CN101231612A CN 101231612 A CN101231612 A CN 101231612A CN 200710007753 CN200710007753 CN 200710007753 CN 200710007753 A CN200710007753 A CN 200710007753A CN 101231612 A CN101231612 A CN 101231612A
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China
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message
unit
cache memory
intelligent platform
sensed event
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CN 200710007753
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Chinese (zh)
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黄世元
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宏正自动科技股份有限公司
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Publication of CN101231612A publication Critical patent/CN101231612A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an advanced intelligent platform management interface system which has the function of handling multiple messages and the set-up function. The system comprises a sensing unit, a cache memory unit and a memory bank control unit. The sensing unit comprising a programmed memory device is used to store a sensed event that hardware configuration changes happen to a main machine system. The cache memory unit is used to store the sensed event in the programmed memory device of the sensing unit. The memory bank control element is used to sense whether the sensed event is stored in the cache memory unit, so as to control the cache memory unit to obtain and store the sensed event.

Description

智能平台管理接口系统及其方法 Intelligent Platform Management Interface system and method

【技术领域】 TECHNICAL FIELD

本发明是有关于一种具多讯息处理及可设定功能的先进智能平台管理接口系统及其执行方法,且特别是一种用于服务器管理的智能平台管理接口系统及其执行方法。 The present invention relates to a process and having multiple message setting function can be advanced intelligent platform management interface and system execution method, and in particular an intelligent platform management interface and system for performing a method of managing server.

【背景技术】 【Background technique】

正如众所周知,以往系统管理者对于位于远程的各类型服务器如电信机房或计算机站等故障,特别是重要服务器如ISP服务器故障停摆,就必需亲自前往当地进行维修或故障排除,如此太过于耗费人力成本和时间成本。 As is well known, the past, the system administrator to remotely located, such as various types of server failure or computer stations and other telecommunications room, especially important as the server ISP server failure shut down, it must be repaired or in person at the local troubleshooting, so too labor-intensive costs time and costs. 为解决此种问题,关于远程服务器的管理技术逐渐发展出来,像是一种称之为智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的技术。 To solve this problem, on the remote server management technologies developed gradually, like a technology called Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is.

此种智能平台管理接口(IPMI)主要包括:硬件架构,即具有基板管理控制器(Baseboard Management Controller,BMC)的微控制器,以及嵌入该基板管理控制器内的靱体(Firmware)架构,其事实上为一种服务器管理子系统(Server Management Subsystem),但是独立运作于该服务器的硬件如中央处理器(CPU)、基本输入出系统(BIOS)及软件如操作系统(OS)、系统管理软件(SMS)之外,以控制系统管理软件和平台管理硬件之间的接口,特别是当在前述服务器的中央处理器(CPU)、基本输入出系统(BIOS)及操作系统(OS)失效(Fail)的时候。 Such Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) includes: hardware architecture, i.e., having a BMC (Baseboard Management Controller, BMC) microcontroller, and embedding Utsubo body (Firmware) within the BMC architecture that in fact as a server management subsystem (server management subsystem), but operate independently in the server hardware as a central processing unit (CPU), the basic input system (BIOS) and software such as an operating system (OS), system management software (SMS) addition to control the interface between system management software and the platform management hardware, especially when the server's central processor (CPU), the basic input system (BIOS) and operating system (OS) fail (the fail )when.

大部份的智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的BMC微控制器本身即整合监控电压用的A/D转换器、风扇速度计数器、传感器用的IO及总线等,故当该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的看门狗(Watchdog)定时器检验出该服务器的中央处理器(CPU)、基本输入出系统(BIOS)、操作系统(OS)或应用程序有发生意外故障时,即可通过该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)自身提供的平台事件过滤(PEF)排除问题或接收操作终端的指示排除问题。 Most of the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) BMC microcontroller itself is integrated with the monitor voltage A / D converter, fan speed counter, sensor and the IO bus or the like, so when the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI ) watchdog (Watchdog) timer verifies that the server's central processing unit (CPU), the basic input system (BIOS), an operating system (OS) or application has unexpected failures, you can through the smart platform management Interface (IPMI) itself provides platform event filter (PEF) negative terminal reception operation indicating a problem or question negative. 此外,该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)可主动提供包括服务器的软/硬件的系统状态监视、事件日志记录、重启系统控制功能、对事件自动产生警告、及自动系统控制(如断电)等功能,例如,智能平台管理接口的BMC微控制器利用一种I 2 C数字传感器以轮询(Polling)形式取得对主机系统的测量结果,以监控该远程的主机系统的系统电压、温度和风扇速度变化,以判断这此监视数据是否超出预设的范围之外,并以一种智能平台管理总线(IPMB)传送I 2 C的感测数据(即为一种IPMI讯息)加以送出或通过SMBus接口与主机系统通讯。 In addition, the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) actively system state includes a server software / hardware monitoring, event logging, reboot the system control function, a warning is generated automatically, and automatic control system (e.g., power failure), and other features of the event for example, the BMC IPMI microcontroller using one I 2 C digital sensors take measurements of the host system polling (the polling) form, the voltage monitoring system to a remote host system, the temperature and fan speed change, this monitoring to determine whether it exceeds a preset data range, and in an intelligent platform management bus (IPMB) I 2 C transmits sensing data (i.e. one kind IPMI message) to be sent via the SMBus interface, or communication with the host system. 且,一旦有系统异常的事件时即会被储存在一个事件日志记录器(SEL)中,并通过该平台事件过滤(PEF)找寻一个与”该异常事件”匹配的反应动作,如执行断电、重新接电、重启和发/送警告等动作。 And, when the time of the system is abnormal event that is stored in an event logger (SEL) and filtered through the platform events (PEF) looking for a response action and "the abnormal event" match, such as power-off and reconnect the power, restart, and send / send warning and other activities.

此外,该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)可方便远程的操作终端经由一个局域网络(LAN)传送如具符合RMCP UDP/IP协议的IPMI讯息封包,或经由串行调制解调器如UART界面协议的串行讯号,以进行远程监视或控制该服务器,取得上述的监视数据,以对严重事件产生时能立即执行故障排除。 In addition, the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) can conveniently operate the remote terminal via a local area network (LAN) transmission of IPMI message packet as having RMCP UDP / IP protocol, or via a modem, a serial interface such as UART serial signal protocol to remotely monitor or control the server to acquire the monitoring data, so as to give serious incidents can immediately perform troubleshooting. 当前述服务器温度严重超过范围时,除将数据记录下来外供日后查询外,即该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)自主性加以排除,像是立即提高风扇速度以增加散热效果,并通过局域网络(LAN)发出一个网络警告,即以平台事件层(PET)格式中的SNMP Traps方式,或以一串行调制解调器警告,发送至远程的操作终端计算机。 Said server when the critical temperature exceeds this range, in addition to the data for future inquiries recorded outside the outer, i.e., the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) autonomy to be excluded, such as immediately increased fan speed to increase the cooling effect, and through a local area network ( LAN) network issues a warning that the platform to events layer (PET) format SNMP Traps manner or in a serial modem warning sent to the remote operation terminal computer. 该操作终端计算机、主机系统或智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的BMC控制器可透过固定的几个不同通道(Channels)如智能平台管理总线(IPMB)、键盘控制接口(KCS)、智能机壳管理总线(ICMB)、通用异步收发器(UART)或局域网络(LAN)收/发一个智能平台管理接口(IPMI)信道讯息(Channel Message)供该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的韧体处理及响应。 The operation terminal computer, the host system or the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is fixed to the BMC permeable several different channels (Channels) as Intelligent Platform Management Bus (the IPMB), the keyboard control interface (KCS), smart housing management bus (ICMB), universal asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART) or a local area network (LAN) / receive an intelligent platform management Interface (IPMI) channel message (channel message) for the intelligent platform management Interface (IPMI) firmware processing and response.

需注意的是,该智能平台管理接口系统是无法直接存取感测单元如I 2 C传感器硬件的数据,而是需透过一个传感器管理单元,如管理控制器,来产生一个传感器命令,如″Get Sensor Reading″,以取得前述数据。 Note that, the Intelligent Platform Management Interface system is not directly accessible data sensing unit such as the I 2 C sensor hardware, but through a sensor management unit needs, such as management controller, the sensor generates a command, such as "get Sensor Reading", in order to obtain the data.

但,目前该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的韧体设计并不完善,存在下面几个缺点: However, at present the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) firmware design is not perfect, there are several disadvantages to the following:

(1)每一个IPMI讯息在经过该韧体的每一模块或单元的过程中,每一模块或单元自身皆需配置一个专属区域记忆体(Local Memory)以复制通过的IPMI讯息,方能继续进行传递(Passing)、队列(Queue)、使用(Usage)或执行(Implementing)每一IPMI讯息,如此不仅造成较高的记忆体成本,也因每一步骤中要不断地读取及复制IPMI讯息,故使整体系统的执行时间变长,造成该类智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的执行效能变差。 (1) During every IPMI message through each of the firmware modules or units, the units are required for each module or unit itself arranged a dedicated memory area (Local Memory) to replicate through the IPMI messages, in order to continue passed (passing), a queue (queue), use (Usage) or execution (Implementing) each IPMI message, thus not only results in higher memory cost, but also because each step must continue to read and copy the IPMI message , so the overall system execution time becomes longer, resulting in execution performance class intelligent platform management Interface (IPMI) deteriorated.

(2)现有智能平台管理接口(IPMI)韧体的执行单元每一次仅能处理一IPMI讯息,其余IPMI讯息仅能队列排对以等待下一次响应,因此使该类智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的执行效能更为不佳。 (2) existing Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) firmware execution units each processing a IPMI message only, the rest of the IPMI message queue is only to wait for a response, thus making this class Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI ) the more poor execution performance.

(3)现有智能平台管理接口(IPMI)韧体中许多单元因相互牵引,无法轻易置换,特别是当操作者需有改变或增减不同功能时,除非整体架构重新撰写,否则无法达成更改,因此对使用者而言不具可扩增性及可规划性。 (3) the existing Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) firmware in many units because of mutual traction, can not be easily replaced, especially when the operator needs to have a change or changes in different functions, unless the overall architecture to re-write, or can not reach a change Therefore for the user does not have amplified resistance and can be programmatic.

(4)现有智能平台管理接口(IPMI)韧体需要透过一个感测管理单元如管理控制器读取一感测单元内的电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)内的感测事件;惟,该电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)内的存取速度极慢,若有很多IPMI讯息一直进入以等待处理时,该电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)会一直忙碌造成线路壅塞,特别是当该电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)是与其它装置共享同一数据总线(Databus)时,更会因数据冲突造成该系统执行迟缓。 (4) prior Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) firmware need to read electronic erasable type programmable read only memory (EEPROM) within a sensing unit sensing through a management controller of the management unit sensed event; but, within the access speed electronic erasable type programmable read only memory (EEPROM) slowly, if many IPMI message has been waiting to enter the process, the electronic erasable programmable formula read-only memory (EEPROM) will always cause a busy line congestion, especially when the electronic erasable type programmable read only memory (EEPROM) that share the same data bus (Databus) with the other device, but will result due to data conflict the system performs slow.

(5)现有智能平台管理接口(IPMI)韧体无法自动与过多不同厂家的硬件环境如BMC控制器或与不同厂家的操作系统(OS)配合。 (5) existing Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI), such as the BMC firmware is not automatically with different manufacturers or operating system (OS) used with a plethora of different manufacturers of hardware environments.

【发明内容】 [SUMMARY]

本发明提供一种具多讯息处理及可设定功能的先进智能平台管理接口系统,其包括感测单元、快取记忆单元以及记忆体控制单元。 The present invention provides a process and having multiple message setting function can be advanced intelligent platform management interface system, which includes a sensing unit, a memory unit and a cache memory control unit. 该感测单元包含具有可程序化记忆装置,用来储存主机系统发生硬件组态变化的感测事件。 The sensing unit comprises a programmable memory means for storing sensed event host system hardware configuration changes occur. 该快取记忆单元用来存取自该感测单元的可程序化记忆装置中的该感测事件。 Means for accessing the cache memory from the sensed event programmable memory means in which a sensing unit. 该记忆体控制单元用来侦测该感测事件是否储存于该快取记忆单元,以控制该快取记忆单元取得该感测事件并加以储存。 The memory control unit is used to detect the sensing event is stored in the cache memory unit to control the cache memory unit obtains the sensing event and save. 其中当该记忆体控制单元接收来自至少一个讯息来源端的一请求讯息时,该记忆体控制单元判断该感测事件是否储存在该快取记忆单元,若是,则自该快取记忆单元读取该感测事件;若否,则自该可程序化记忆装置读取该感测事件,并控制该快取记忆单元储存该感测事件,从而产生一个响应讯息响应该请求讯息。 Wherein when the memory control unit receives a request message from at least one message source terminal, the memory control unit determines whether the sensed event stored in the cache memory means, and if yes, the cache memory from the reading unit sensed event; if not, then from the programmable memory means to read the sensed event, and controlling the cache memory means for storing the sensed event, thereby generating a response message in response to the request message.

本发明的另一目的是提供一种适用于具多讯息处理及可设定功能的先进智能平台管理接口系统的管理方法,其包括下列步骤:接收来自至少一个讯息来源端的请求讯息,以获得感测单元感测到主机系统发生硬件组态变化的感测事件;侦测该感测事件是否储存在快取记忆单元内;若该感测事件储存在快取记忆单元中,自该快取记忆单元读取该感测事件;若该感测事件未储存在该快取记忆单元中,则自一个可程序化记忆装置读取该感测事件,并控制该快取记忆单元储存该感测事件;以及产生一个响应讯息。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a suitable processing having multiple message management method and can be set advanced function intelligent platform management interface system, comprising the steps of: receiving a request message from the source end of the at least one message to get a sense of sensing unit senses a change in the hardware configuration of the host system, a sensed event occurs; detecting the sensed event is stored in the cache memory means; if the sensed event is stored in the cache memory unit, from the cache memory the sensing unit reads event; the sensing event if the sensed event is not stored in the cache memory unit, the programmable memory from one device to read the sensed event, and the control unit stores the cache memory ; and generating a response message.

依据本发明,该快取记忆单元是一随机存取记忆体,该感测单元是一个I 2 C传感器,该可程序化记忆装置包含一个电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器。 According to the invention, the cache memory means is a random access memory, the sensing unit is a sensor I 2 C, the programmable memory device comprises an electronic erasable programmable read-only memory type.

【附图说明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为一组成架构图,其显示一种依据本发明一较佳实施例的先进智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统的内部组成架构。 Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the composition, which show one internal Advanced Intelligent Platform according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, management interface (IPMI) system architecture composition.

图2为一流程图,其显示一种依据本发明较佳实施例的智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统的执行方法。 FIG 2 is a flow chart showing a method of performing the method according to the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

图3为一流程图,其显示一种依据本发明较佳实施例的智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统的执行方法,其中进一步显示该智能平台管理接口讯息次系统及智能平台管理接口核心次系统之间处理IPMI讯息的细节。 3 is a flow chart showing a method of performing the method according to the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein the display is further IPMI message subsystem and core IPMI subsystem IPMI messages between processing details.

图4为一流程图,其显示一种依据本发明较佳实施例的智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统的执行方法,其中进一步显示记忆体控制单元执行IPMI讯息的过程。 FIG 4 is a flowchart showing a process in performing a method Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) system according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein the control means further performs the display memory based on the IPMI message.

【具体实施方式】 【Detailed ways】

首先如图1所示,其为依据本发明较佳实施例的一种先进智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统10的主要架构,其适用于至少一个讯息来源端(MessageSource)如一个主机(Host)系统及一个操作终端(未显示)之间,主要分成:一个智能平台管理接口讯息次系统15、一个智能平台管理接口核心次系统18及一个中央讯息缓冲单元200。 First, as shown in FIG. 1, which is mainly based architecture for Advanced Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention 10 is adapted to the at least one message source terminal (the MessageSource) such as a host computer (the Host) operation between the system and a terminal (not shown), is divided into: an intelligent platform management interface message subsystem 15, a core of the IPMI subsystem 18 and a central message buffer unit 200. 其中该中央讯息缓冲单元200,具有一个记忆体区块(未显示),用于暂时存放前述讯息来源端所发出的每一智能平台管理接口(IPMI)信道讯息并产生一个相对地址的指针(Pointer),这样该指标可提供前述次系统传递之用,以减少前述次系统读取前述讯息的次数,进而提升该先进智能平台管理接口系统10的执行效能。 Wherein the central message buffer unit 200, having a memory block (not shown) for temporarily storing each of the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) channel the message source terminal posts emitted and generating a relative address pointer (the Pointer ), so that the index can provide the aforementioned sub-system transfer purposes, in order to reduce the number of times the previous system reads the aforementioned message, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of the implementation of the advanced intelligent platform management interface system 10.

前述智能平台管理接口讯息次系统15,进一步包括:一个通道中心100、一个讯息收集单元220及一个讯息执行群组300。 The IPMI message subsystem 15, further comprising: a central channel 100, a message 220 and a message collection unit 300 performs group. 前述信道中心100内设有若干个信道应用接口102,以及可程序规划的窗体,诸如LAN/UART表104以及通道表单106。 100 equipped with the channel has a plurality of channels 102, and program plan form to application interface, such as LAN / UART form table 104 and the channel 106. 该若干个信道应用接口102,至少包括:智能平台管理总线(IPMB)应用接口、键盘控制接口(KCS)应用接口、智能机壳管理总线(ICMB)应用接口、通用异步收发器(UART)应用界面及局域网络(LAN)应用接口,其中每一信道应用接口102即代表一个特别信道的应用程序接口(ChannelAPI)。 The plurality of channels application interface 102, at least comprising: Intelligent Platform Management Bus (IPMB) application interface, the keyboard control interface (KCS) application interface, intelligent chassis management bus (the ICMB) application interface, a universal asynchronous receiver transmitter (UART) application interface and a local area network (LAN) application interface, wherein each channel 102 which represents the application interface application program interface (ChannelAPI) a particular channel. 如IPMI应用界面是用于分别自该前述每一讯息来源端接收/送出一相对的智能平台管理接口信道讯息(如图1的信息传递路径S1)。 The IPMI application interface for each message from the source end of each of the receiving / sending an opposite IPMI message channel (transfer path information as shown in S1 1). 当该信道应用接口102确定此接收来的智能平台管理接口信道讯息并无问题后,即存放该智能平台管理接口信道讯息于前述中央讯息缓冲单元200内(如图1的信息传递路径S2),以取得相对地址的指针(Pointer)并将其传递于讯息收集单元220(如图1的信息传递路径S3)。 When the channel application interface 102 determines this received to the Intelligent Platform Management Interface Channel messages no problem, i.e., storing the IPMI channel messages in the central message buffer unit 200 (information of FIG. 1 transmission path S2), to obtain a relative address pointer (the pointer) message and passes it to a collecting unit 220 (FIG. 1 the information transmission path S3). 该可程序规划的窗体如通道表单106及LAN/UART表104,是分别连结前述对应的信道应用接口102,以供使用者自行定义,使该信道应用接口102具有可模块化抽换及更新的功能,例如LAN/UART表104用于规范经由该通用异步收发器(UART)应用界面及局域网络(LAN)应用接口中通讯的使用者名称及密码。 The programmable channel plan form as the form 106 and LAN / UART table 104 are respectively connected to the corresponding application channel interface 102, for the user to define their own, so that the channel has a modular application interface 102 and updates swap functions, e.g. LAN / UART for specification table 104 via the universal asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART) interface and a local area network application (LAN) user name and password in the communication application interface.

讯息收集单元220具有一个队列器(Queue)222以队列收集前述各信道应用接口102传来的指针,进而传递予该讯息执行群组300(如图1的信息传递路径S4)。 Collecting unit 220 has a message queue unit (Queue) 222 to collect the queue application interface 102 of each channel pointer transmitted, the message is further transmitted to perform group 300 (FIG. 1 information transfer path S4).

该讯息执行群组300进一步具有:若干个可程序规划的讯息处理单元302、可程序规划的讯息窗体(讯息表单304)及若干个讯息服务模块306。 The message 300 further performs the group comprising: a plurality of message processing unit 302 may be planning program, the program can be planned message form (Form Message 304) and a plurality of message service module 306. 其中每一讯息服务模块306,是针对每一智能平台管理接口讯息预设一个相对应的执行程序,以成为一个例行程序(Routine)。 Wherein each message service module 306, is the default implementation of a program corresponding intelligent platform management interface for each message in order to become a routine (Routine). 讯息表单304是供使用者预先定义每一智能平台管理接口信道讯息与该讯息服务模块306之间的对应关系。 304 is a message for the user to form a pre-defined correspondence relationship between each channel intelligent platform management interface message with the message service module 306. 若干个可程序规划的讯息处理单元302可依使用者需要事先设定及置入以同时多任务处理多个智能平台管理接口信道讯息,其中每一讯息处理单元302实为一个执行緖(Threads),可依据该每一通道讯息查询该讯息窗体304中对应的讯息服务模块306(如图1的信息传递路径S5),发动该讯息服务模块306中的执行程序(如图1的信息传递路径S6)。 A plurality of programmable post processing unit 302 programs the user needs to follow pre-set and simultaneously into a plurality of multi-tasking channel IPMI messages, wherein each message processing unit 302 is a solid thread (Threads) , each channel can be based on the query message corresponding to the message form 304 of the message service module 306 (FIG. 1 information transfer path S5), the execution of the program launch message service module 306 (FIG. 1, the information transfer path S6).

该智能平台管理接口核心次系统18如图1所示,具有若干个应用单元,包括:记忆体控制单元400、I 2 C驱动管理单元540、平台事件层542、事件排程单元(Event Daemon)543、传感器管理单元(Sensor Manager)544、机壳控制单元(Chassis Controller)546、平台事件过滤管理单元(PEF)600、芯片管理单元602、先进组态及电源接口(ACPI)604、基本通用输入出(GPIO)驱动单元606及电源管理单元(Power Manager)608,其中每一应用单元即代表该智能平台管理接口系统10可提供的功能,如记忆体控制单元400读取记忆体。 The core IPMI subsystem 18 shown in Figure 1, having a plurality of application units, comprising: a memory control unit 400, I 2 C driver managing unit 540, internet events layer 542, event scheduling unit (Event Daemon) 543, the sensor management unit (sensor Manager) 544, the control unit chassis (chassis Controller) 546, internet events management unit filter (PEF) 600, a chip management unit 602, the advanced configuration and power interface (ACPI) 604, a basic general purpose input out (GPIO) driving unit 606 and a power management unit (power Manager) 608, wherein each application unit which represents the IPMI system 10 can provide functions such as memory unit 400 reads the control memory. 当该智能平台管理接口核心次系统18的任一应用单元接收到该智能平台管理接口讯息次系统15的执行程序所产生的指示时,即开始处理前述智能平台管理接口信道讯息,其中该讯息执行群组300的讯息处理单元302是将该通道讯息的指针经由该讯息服务模块306传递至前述该智能平台管理接口核心次系统18的应用单元如记忆体控制单元400以开始处理(如图1的信息传递路径S7所示)。 When the Intelligent Platform Management Interface Core subsystem any application unit 18 receives the indication that the IPMI message subsystem execution program 15 generated when processing starts as the Intelligent Platform Management Interface channel message, wherein the message execution group message processing unit 300 of the passageway 302 is a pointer to the message is transmitted via the messaging service module 306 to the core of the IPMI subsystem application unit 18 such as a memory control unit 400 to start processing (FIG. 1 information transfer path indicated S7). 之后,使该应用单元依据该指针,自该中央讯息缓冲单元200读出该智能平台管理接口信道讯息加以处理;待前述智能平台管理接口信道讯息执行完毕后,即产生一个相对响应讯息。 Thereafter, the application unit according to the pointer, from reading the central message buffer unit 200 of the Intelligent Platform Management Interface Channel message to be processed; be the Intelligent Platform Management Interface Channel message after the implementation, which produce a relative response message. 接着,该应用单元将该响应讯息暂时存放该中央讯息缓冲单元200中以产生一个相对地址的响应指针。 Subsequently, the response message to the application unit temporarily stores the message central buffer unit 200 generates a response to a relative address pointer.

该智能平台管理接口核心次系统18循原路径传递该响应指针至该智能平台管理接口讯息次系统15的讯息执行群组300的讯息处理单元302,使该讯息执行群组300的讯息处理单元302释放先前智能平台管理接口信道讯息在该中央讯息缓冲单元200中所占的地址,再将该响应指针传递至原信道应用接口102如IPMB应用接口,使原信道应用接口102自该中央讯息缓冲单元200中读取并送出该相对的响应讯息至原讯息来源端。 The core IPMI subsystem 18 Xunyuan Lu diameter of the pointer in response to the transmitted message performs intelligent platform management interface group secondary system 15 posts a message processing unit 300 is 302, the group message so that the message processing unit 302 performs 300 release previously IPMI channel messages in the address occupied by the central message buffer unit 200, and then the response to pass a pointer to the original channel application interface 102 as IPMB application interfaces, so that the original channel application interface 102 from the central message buffer unit 200 reads and sends the response message to the opposite end of the original source of the message.

本发明的先进智能平台管理接口系统10,进一步包括:一个操作系统(OS)管理模块25,其具有多个特定映射函式(Mapping Function),可与不同型态的实时操作系统(RTOS)20沟通,使该先进智能平台管理接口系统10具有可置换成不同操作系统的功能。 Advanced Intelligent Platform Management Interface system 10 of the present invention, further comprising: an operating system (OS) management module 25 having a plurality of function specific mappings (Mapping Function), can be used with different types of real-time operating system (RTOS) 20 communication, so that the advanced intelligent platform management interface system 10 may be replaced with a different operating system functions. 先进智能平台管理接口系统10还包含一硬件管理模块35,内设多个不同驱动单元,可与不同的基板管理控制器(BMC)等硬件30沟通,使先进智能平台管理接口系统10具有可置换成不同硬件环境的功能。 Advanced Intelligent Platform Management Interface system 10 further comprises a hardware management module 35, which consists of a plurality of different driving unit 30 may communicate with different hardware baseboard management controller (BMC), so that the advanced intelligent platform management interface system 10 may be replaced with as a function of different hardware environments. 请注意每一映像函式是用来与不同的操作系统沟通之用。 Note that the function is used for each image on different operating systems and communication purposes. 当新安装一个实时操作系统20后,先进智能平台管理接口系统10会利用一个合适的映射函式调整其操作环境,用以避免与之前使用的操作系统产生不兼容的情形。 When the new installation of a real-time operating system 20, advanced intelligent platform management interface system 10 will use a suitable mapping function to adjust its operating environment, the operating system to avoid situations that create incompatibilities with previously used.

此外,依据本发明较佳实施例的智能平台管理接口核心次系统18的应用单元进一步包括:一个感测单元例如是I2C传感器500,具有一可程序化记忆装置例如是电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)550,用于储存主机系统发生硬件组态变化的感测事件;一快取记忆单元420,可为一随机存取记忆体(RAM),其是用于自该I2C传感器500的电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)550中取得前述感测事件并加以储存;一记忆体控制单元400,定期轮询I2C传感器500之电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)550中是否有新增的感测事件,以控制该快取记忆单元420取得该感测事件并加以储存;若干个I2C驱动软件545,用于驱动不同的I2C传感器500;以及,I2C驱动管理单元540以应用程序接口管理前述若干个I2C驱动软件545,方便使用者随时更换不同厂商所生产的I2C传感器500。 Furthermore, according to the application unit core IPMI subsystem preferred embodiment of the present invention 18 further comprising: a sensing unit is e.g. I2C sensor 500, having a programmable memory device, such as an electronic erasable programmable formula of a read only memory (EEPROM) 550, a host system for storing a hardware configuration change sensed event; a cache memory unit 420 may be a random access memory (RAM), which is used from the I2C obtaining sensor electronics erasable type programmable read only memory (the EEPROM) 500 in the sensed event 550 and save; a memory control unit 400, the sensor 500 periodically polls I2C electronic erasable programmable formula read-only memory (EEPROM) 550 whether a new sensed event, to control the cache memory unit 420 obtains the sensed event and storing them; I2C plurality of drivers 545, for different drive I2C sensor 500; and, I2C driver managing unit 540 to the application program interface manager plurality I2C driver software 545, the user at any time to facilitate the replacement I2C sensor 500 produced by different manufacturers.

再者,如图2所示,其显示依据本发明的一较佳实施例的一种具多讯息处理及可设定功能的先进智能平台管理接口系统的执行方法,其适用于至少一讯息来源端中,包括: Further, as shown in FIG. 2, which shows a message based on a multi-processing and may perform a method having the features set Advanced Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention, which is applied to at least a message source ends, comprising:

步骤S600:当该讯息来源端传送任一智能平台管理接口(IPMI)信道讯息进入一通道中心100时,令至少一个对应的信道应用接口102如IPMB应用接口接收该智能平台管理接口信道讯息。 Step S600: When the message source terminal transmits Renyi Zhi can Platform Management Interface (IPMI) channel messages entering a center of the channel 100, so that the at least one corresponding channel application interface 102 as IPMB application interface receives the IPMI channel message.

步骤S610:该信道应用接口102确认(Verify)该接收到的智能平台管理接口信道讯息是否无问题。 Step S610: The application interface 102 acknowledgment channel (the Verify) the received channel intelligent platform management interface message if no problem.

步骤S620:将前述每一智能平台管理接口信道讯息暂存于一个中央讯息缓冲单元200中:进而取得一个相对地址的指针。 Step S620: The preceding each channel IPMI message temporarily stored in a central message buffer unit 200: prior to achieving a relative address pointer.

步骤S630及S640:利用一个讯息收集单元220队列收集有关前述每一通道讯息的指针,并将其传予一个讯息执行群组300。 Step S630 and S640: using a message collecting unit 220 collects information about the queue pointer of each channel messages, and transfer it to a message group 300 executed.

步骤S650:该讯息执行群组300依据前述指标,开始处理每一通道讯息。 Step S650: the message 300 based on the group index performed, the processing of each channel messages start.

接着见图3, Subsequently Figure 3,

步骤S651:使该讯息执行群组300的多个可程序规划的讯息处理单元302,同时多任务处理该智能平台管理接口信道讯息。 Step S651: The message 300 may perform a plurality of group message processing unit 302 of the planning procedure, while multi-tasking the IPMI message channel.

步骤S652:每一讯息处理单元302依据前述指针自中央讯息缓冲单元200读取每一智能平台管理接口信道讯息。 Step S652: Each message processing unit 302 according to the message buffer pointer from the central unit to read each channel IPMI message 200.

步骤S653:该讯息处理单元302依据每一通道讯息,查询可程序规划的讯息窗体304中的对应的讯息服务模块306。 Step S653: The message processing unit 302 according to each channel messages, the message window 304 can query the corresponding program planned message service module 306.

步骤S654:该讯息处理单元302将该指针传予该讯息服务模块306,进而启动该讯息服务模块306以开始发动预设的执行程序。 Step S654: The message processing unit 302 transmit the pointer to the message service module 306, and thus start the message service module 306 to perform a predetermined starting a program.

步骤S655:该讯息处理单元302在执行该讯息服务模块306的执行程序时,将该指针经由该讯息服务模块306传递至一个应用单元,并指示该应用单元依指针自该中央讯息缓冲单元200读取该智能平台管理接口信道讯息并执行该智能平台管理接口信道讯息。 Step S655: The message processing unit 302 when performing the message service module 306 is executing a program, the pointer is passed via the message service module application unit 306-1, and instructs the application unit by the read pointer 200 from the central message buffer unit take the intelligent platform management Interface channel message and execute the intelligent platform management Interface channel message.

步骤S657:该应用单元执行完毕后产生一个响应讯息。 Step S657: After the application is finished executing unit generates a response message.

步骤S658:将该响应讯息暂存于中央讯息缓冲单元200中取得一个相对地址的响应指针。 Step S658: The response message temporarily stored in the central message buffer unit 200 acquires a response to the relative address pointer.

步骤S659:该应用单元将该响应指针沿原路径传回该讯息执行群组300的讯息处理单元302处理。 Step S659: The application unit returns the pointer in response to the message processing unit 300 performs the message group 302 processes along the original path.

接着回到图2, Then back to FIG. 2,

步骤S660及S662:该讯息执行群组300的讯息处理单元302获得该响应指标,并依据该响应指针释放前述通道讯息在中央讯息缓冲单元200中所占用的地址。 Step S660 and S662: The message processing unit 300 performs the message group to obtain the response of the indicator 302, and releases the passage in the central post the message address buffer unit 200 based on the response occupied pointer.

步骤S664,该讯息执行群组300的讯息处理单元302将该响应指针传回前述信道应用接口102。 Step S664, the message processing unit 300 performs the group message in response to the pointer 302 returns the channel interface 102 applications.

步骤S666,令前述信道应用接口102依据该响应指针读出该响应讯息并将其传回原讯息来源端。 Step S666, so that the application of the channel interface 102 reads out the response according to the response message and transmits it back to the original pointer to the message source terminal.

步骤S668,前述信道应用接口102释放该响应讯息在中央讯息缓冲单元200中所占用的地址。 Step S668, the application interface 102 channel release message in response to the address buffer unit in the central post 200 occupied.

又,如图4所示,依据本发明的较佳实施例的先进智能平台管理接口系统的执行方法,进一步具有应用单元如记忆体控制单元400执行智能平台管理接口讯息的细节过程,其包括: And, FIG. 4, performs the method according to the advanced intelligent platform management interface system of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, further details of the process performed with the application unit IPMI message such as memory control unit 400, which comprises:

步骤S670:记忆体控制单元400接收一个读取请求,以读取储存在一个电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)550之中的感测事件。 Step S670: the memory control unit 400 receives a read request to read stored in the sensed event 550 into an electronic erasable type programmable read only memory (EEPROM). 感测事件表示经由一I 2 C传感器500感测到一主机系统发生硬件组态变化时所纪录下来的事件。 Sensing the sensed event record indicates down when a hardware configuration change event occurs via a host system I 2 C sensor 500 sense.

步骤S672:记忆体控制单元400侦测该感测事件是否储存在快取记忆单元420内。 Step S672: the memory control unit 400 detects whether the sensed event is stored in the cache memory unit 420. 若是,执行步骤S673,若否,执行步骤S675。 If yes, step S673, and if not, to step S675.

步骤S673:当记忆体控制单元400侦测到快取记忆单元420内储存有该感测事件时,记忆体控制单元400自该快取记忆单元420读取该感测事件。 Step S673: When the memory control unit 400 detects that the cache unit 420 stores the sensing event, the memory control unit 400 reads from the cache memory unit 420 of the sensed event.

步骤S675:当记忆体控制单元400未发现有该感测事件储存在快取记忆单元420内时,记忆体控制单元400自该I 2 C传感器500中的电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM)550读取该感测事件,并将该感测事件储存至快取记忆单元420。 Step S675: When the memory control unit 400 does not find that the sensed event is stored in the cache memory unit 420, the control unit 400 from the memory 500 of the electronic type 2 C Erasable programmable read-only sensor I reads the sensed event memory (EEPROM) 550, and the sensing event storage unit 420 to the cache memory.

步骤S676:产生一个响应讯息。 Step S676: generating a response message.

综上所述,本发明提供一种具多讯息处理及可设定功能的先进智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统及其执行方法,可提供下列优点: In summary, the present invention provides a message processing and multi-function can be set Advanced Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) system and a method for performing tool, can provide the following advantages:

(1)本发明利用一个中央讯息缓冲单元暂存IPMI讯息,而各单元之间仅是传递该IPMI讯息的地址指针,如此不仅可降低记忆体成本,也使执行时间变短,提升该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的整体执行效能。 (1) The present invention utilizes a central IPMI message buffer unit temporarily stores the message, but only the IPMI message transfer between the cell address pointer, thus not only reduces the cost of memory, but also the execution time is shortened, to enhance the intelligent platform management Interface (IPMI) overall execution performance.

(2)本发明利用若干个可程序规划的讯息处理单元302,方便使用者自行预设及置入,使本IPMI系统每次皆能同时多任务处理多个IPMI讯息,并配合许多功能系窗体化以供使用者预先设定其需要的参数,以及将IPMI讯息的执行程序加以模块化,故不仅提升该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)的执行效能,且使其具有可扩增及可规划性。 (2) The present invention utilizes a plurality of message processing unit 302 may program planning, user-friendly and self preset into the system each have encountered IPMI present simultaneously IPMI messages plurality of multi-tasking, and with many lines window function body of a preset parameter for the user in need thereof, and to their modular program execution IPMI messages, so that not only enhance the execution performance of the intelligent platform management interface (IPMI), and it has programmable and amplifiable sex.

(3)本发明利用一个记忆体控制单元定期轮询感测单元的电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器(EEPROM),并控制一快取记忆单元事先取得该感测事件并加以储存,故可快速取得I 2 C传感器的感测事件。 (3) The present invention utilizes a memory control electronic erasable type programmable read only memory (EEPROM) unit periodically polls the sensing unit, and a cache control means acquires the sensed event in advance and save, You can quickly obtain I 2 C sensed event sensor.

(4)本发明利用一个操作系统(OS)管理模块及一个硬件管理模块,可使该智能平台管理接口(IPMI)系统与不同型态的操作系统(OS)与不同的基板管理控制器(BMC)沟通,故使该先进智能平台管理接口系统具有可置换成不同硬件环境的功能。 (4) With the present invention, an operating system (OS) and a management module hardware management module that allows the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) system with different types of operating systems (OS) with a different baseboard management controller (BMC ) communication, so that the advanced intelligent platform management interface system can be replaced with a different hardware environment functions.

综上所述,虽然本发明已以一较佳实施例揭露如上,但其并非用以限定本发明。 Although the present invention has been described in the foregoing descriptions of a preferred, but not intended to limit the present invention. 本发明所属技术领域中具有通常知识者,在不脱离本发明的精神与范围后,当可做各种更动与润饰。 Technical Field The present invention pertains having ordinary knowledge, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, make various alterations and modifications. 因此,本发明的保护范围应当以权利要求书所界定者为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (14)

1.一种具多讯息处理及可设定功能的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:其至少包含一感测单元、一快取记忆单元和一记忆体控制单元;该感测单元用以感测一主机系统是否发生硬件组态变化的一感测事件,其中该感测单元并具有一个可程序化记忆装置,用来储存该感测事件;该快取记忆单元用来存取该感测单元的该可程序化记忆装置中的该感测事件;该记忆体控制单元用来侦测该感测事件是否储存于该快取记忆单元,以及控制该快取记忆单元取得该感测事件并加以储存;其中当该记忆体控制单元接收来自至少一个讯息来源端的一请求讯息时,该记忆体控制单元判断该感测事件是否储存在该快取记忆单元,若是,则自该快取记忆单元读取该感测事件;若否,则自该可程序化记忆装置读取该感测事件,并控制该快取记忆单元储存该感测事件,从而 A message with multi-processing capabilities and can be set intelligent platform management interface system, characterized by: comprising at least one sensing unit, a memory unit and a cache memory control unit; the sensing unit is configured to sensing a change in the hardware configuration of the event sensing whether a host system occurs, wherein the sensing unit and having a programmable memory means for storing the sensed event; the cache memory means for accessing the sense the event sensing the programmable memory means in the sensing unit; the memory control means for detecting the sensed event is stored in the cache memory unit, and controlling the cache memory means acquires the sensed event and save; memory wherein when the control unit receives a request message from at least one message source terminal, the memory control unit determines whether the sensed event stored in the cache memory means, and if yes, from the cache memory the sensing unit reads event; if not, then from the programmable memory means to read the sensed event, and controlling the cache memory means for storing the sensed event, thereby 生一个响应讯息响应该请求讯息。 Health a response message in response to the request message.
2.如权利要求1项所述的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:该快取记忆单元是一个随机存取记忆体。 2. an Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to claim, wherein: the cache memory means is a random access memory.
3.如权利要求1项所述的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:该感测单元包含至少一个I 2 C传感器。 An Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to claim 2, wherein: the sensing means comprises at least one I 2 C sensor.
4.如权利要求3项所述的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:该感测单元更包含:若干个I 2 C驱动软件,用来驱动不同的I 2 C传感器;以及一个I 2 C驱动管理单元,用来管理该若干个I 2 C驱动软件,以此可适用不同的I 2 C传感器。 4. 3 Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to claim, wherein: the sensing unit further comprises: a plurality of I 2 C driver software for driving the I 2 C different sensor; and an I 2 C a drive management unit for managing the plurality of I 2 C drivers, thus applicable to different I 2 C sensor.
5.如权利要求1项所述的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:该可程序化记忆装置包含一个电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器。 5. an Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to claim, wherein: the programmable memory means comprises an electronic erasable programmable read-only memory type.
6.如权利要求1项所述的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:其是应用于若干个讯息来源端。 An Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to claim 6, characterized in that: it is applied to a plurality of message source terminal.
7.如权利要求6项所述的智能平台管理接口系统,其特征在于:该若干个讯息来源端包含若干个操作终端机及该主机系统。 7. 6 Intelligent Platform Management Interface system according to claim, wherein: the message source terminal comprises a plurality of operation terminals and the plurality of host systems.
8.一种适用于具多讯息处理及可设定功能的智能平台管理接口系统的管理方法,至少包含如下步骤:接收来自至少一个讯息来源端的一请求讯息,以获得一个感测单元所感测到一主机系统发生硬件组态变化的一感测事件;侦测该感测事件是否储存在该快取记忆单元内;若该感测事件储存在该快取记忆单元中,则自该快取记忆单元读取该感测事件;若该感测事件未储存在该快取记忆单元中,则自一个可程序化记忆装置读取该感测事件,并控制该快取记忆单元储存该感测事件;以及产生一个响应讯息。 A suitable process and having multiple message management method of the IPMI system may setting function, comprising at least the steps of: receiving a request message from at least one message source terminal, the sensing unit to obtain a sensed a sensed event a hardware configuration of the host system change occurs; detecting the sensed event is stored in the cache memory means; if the sensed event stored in the cache memory unit, the cache memory from the the sensing unit reads event; the sensing event if the sensed event is not stored in the cache memory unit, the programmable memory from one device to read the sensed event, and the control unit stores the cache memory ; and generating a response message.
9.如权利要求8项所述的方法,其特征在于:该快取记忆单元是一个随机存取记忆体。 9. The method according to claim 8, wherein: the cache memory means is a random access memory.
10.如权利要求8项所述的方法,其特征在于:该感测单元包含至少一个I 2 C传感器。 10. The method according to claim 8, wherein: the sensing means comprises at least one I 2 C sensor.
11.如权利要求10项所述的方法,其特征在于:该感测单元更包含:若干个I 2 C驱动软件,用来驱动不同的I 2 C传感器;以及一个I 2 C驱动管理单元,用来管理该若干个I 2 C驱动软件,以此可适用不同的I 2 C传感器。 11. The method according to claim 10, wherein: the sensing unit further comprises: a plurality of I 2 C driver software for driving the I 2 C different sensor; and an I 2 C driver management unit, for managing the plurality of I 2 C drivers, thus applicable to different I 2 C sensor.
12.如权利要求8项所述的方法,其特征在于:该可程序化记忆装置包含一个电子可抹除式可程序化只读存储器。 12. The method according to claim 8, wherein: the programmable memory means comprises an electronic erasable programmable read-only memory type.
13.如权利要求8项所述的方法,其特征在于:其是应用于若干个讯息来源端。 13. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that: it is applied to a plurality of message source terminal.
14.如权利要求13项所述的方法,其特征在于:该若干个讯息来源端包含若干个操作终端机及该主机系统。 14. The method according to claim 13, wherein: the message source terminal comprises a plurality of operation terminals and the plurality of host systems.
CN 200710007753 2007-01-25 2007-01-25 Intelligent platform supervision interface system and method CN101231612A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102467438A (en) * 2010-11-12 2012-05-23 英业达股份有限公司 Method for obtaining fault signal of storage device by baseboard management controller
CN103890667A (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-06-25 耐斯特实验公司 User-friendly, network connected learning thermostat and related systems and methods
CN104281511A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-14 烽火通信科技股份有限公司 Intelligent platform management interface system, substrate management controller and implementation method
CN106020938A (en) * 2015-03-27 2016-10-12 英特尔公司 Virtual intelligent platform management interface (IPMI) satellite controller and method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102467438A (en) * 2010-11-12 2012-05-23 英业达股份有限公司 Method for obtaining fault signal of storage device by baseboard management controller
CN103890667A (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-06-25 耐斯特实验公司 User-friendly, network connected learning thermostat and related systems and methods
CN103890667B (en) * 2011-10-21 2017-02-15 谷歌公司 User-friendly, network connected learning thermostat and related systems and methods
CN104281511A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-14 烽火通信科技股份有限公司 Intelligent platform management interface system, substrate management controller and implementation method
CN104281511B (en) * 2014-09-25 2017-06-20 烽火通信科技股份有限公司 Intelligent-platform management interface system, baseboard management controller and implementation method
CN106020938A (en) * 2015-03-27 2016-10-12 英特尔公司 Virtual intelligent platform management interface (IPMI) satellite controller and method

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