CN101222712A - Mobile terminal supporting virtual SIM card and its user identity authentication method - Google Patents

Mobile terminal supporting virtual SIM card and its user identity authentication method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101222712A
CN101222712A CNA2008100071482A CN200810007148A CN101222712A CN 101222712 A CN101222712 A CN 101222712A CN A2008100071482 A CNA2008100071482 A CN A2008100071482A CN 200810007148 A CN200810007148 A CN 200810007148A CN 101222712 A CN101222712 A CN 101222712A
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China
Prior art keywords
sim card
portable terminal
virtual support
support sim
information
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CNA2008100071482A
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CN101222712B (en
Inventor
邓赣穗
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Jiangxi Yongxiang ad. Technology Co. Ltd.
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DAIBANG (JIANGXI) CARD Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2008100071482A priority Critical patent/CN101222712B/en
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Publication of CN101222712B publication Critical patent/CN101222712B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a mobile terminal supporting a virtual SIM card and the user identity authentication method thereof. Programs and functions realized by the prior real SIM card are realized by a mobile terminal; account information is written into the mobile terminal through a mobile network by means of a password card as well as the local retrofit and the program updating to mobile network equipment; and an account is not activated by selling the real SIM card. The invention realizes that the mobile terminal supporting a virtual SIM card can simply use local mobile networks to communicate by purchasing one password card in other countries or across provinces or municipalities, thereby reducing roaming fees, reducing the consumption of the SIM card, reducing the waste of the resource, and reducing customer complaints brought by the incompatibility of the mobile terminal and the SIM card. The invention provides a convenient, flexible, safe mode of using mobile phones in different places. The mobile terminal supporting the virtual SIM card is advantageous to the realization of new functions of the mobile terminal and the decrease of the design cost, and ensures that the popularization of the new functions gets easier.

Description

The portable terminal of virtual support SIM card and method for authenticating user identity thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of mobile communication, relate in particular to and adopt virtual SIM card to realize the portable terminal and the method for authenticating user identity thereof of mobile communication.
Background technology
Since the U.S. inventor Bel invention telephonic communication, mechanics of communication has experienced telephone to the high speed development of mobile phone with popularize.Particularly popularizing of mobile phone greatly improved the convenience of people's communications and property whenever and wherever possible, makes mobile phone be full of unlimited vigor in the development of information industry now.And the variation of integrated mobile telephone terminal to separation between machine and card formula mobile telephone terminal also experienced in the development of mobile phone itself.The network access authentication accounts information that so-called integrated mobile telephone terminal is meant mobile telephone terminal and identifying algorithm corresponding functional modules and mobile telephone terminal are done and are in the same place, and can not separate.And separation between machine and card formula mobile telephone terminal is that network access authentication accounts information and identifying algorithm corresponding functional modules are gone to realize with a special card, it is SIM card that this card is called as user identification module card (SubscriberIdentifier Module), is connected by the electric contact connector that meets the ISO7816 standard between SIM card and the portable terminal.Because separation between machine and card formula mobile telephone terminal realization network access authentication accounts information separates with portable terminal, make people can use same SIM card to use easily at the portable terminal of different model, after changing portable terminal simultaneously, SIM card information directly can be used for new portable terminal, very convenient, thereby make separation between machine and card formula mobile telephone terminal become main mobile terminal structure pattern now.
But prosperity along with Modern Traffic, flow of personnel increasing between country variant, different regions, because various countries' interests, each department interests main body difference, therefore the rate in country variant and area differ greatly, and the mobile phone account of buying from country uses other countries and area, need pay high internetwork roaming charges.A kind of solution is to buy local SIM card again in new country, inserts portable terminal to reduce roaming charges.But this method will be owing to leaving this country, and institute's SIM card of purchasing is just without any use, and new SIM card just need be bought again in every new place.For the individual is many inputs, also is simultaneously the significant wastage to resource.
On the other hand, separation between machine and card formula mobile telephone terminal is owing to added the mechanical connector of SIM card and portable terminal, its reliability reduces, cost improves, and owing to design, the manufacturing of portable terminal is to be gone to finish by different enterprises with design, the manufacturing of SIM card, compatibility issue has each other become to influence the important complaint factor of mobile operator service.Simultaneously because the ISO7816 standard does not consider that modern people get more and more, become increasingly complex for the requirement of communication function, and the disposal ability of SIM card is very limited, and too slow with the communication speed of portable terminal, hindered the popularization with new business of further developing of SIM card.Some chip design enterprises have also proposed some solutions.As redefine the interface definition between portable terminal and the SIM card or revise interface definition or utilize the expansion that interface function is carried out in the contact that contacts that keeps, such as high-capacity SIM card that adopts USB interface definition or MMC interface definition and the contact type dual-port SIM card of utilizing reserved contacts definition among the ISO7816.But because a large amount of portable terminals of releasing were not supported this new definition in the past, and can't carry out compatibility, it is very difficult to cause popularization to get up.And replace existing portable terminal will be an engineering that input is huge.Moreover, the disposal ability of portable terminal itself is but very strong, can solve the problem of the irrealizable large-scale application of SIM card fully, but since SIM card on application normally under the control of operator, be easy to realize and promote, so operator wishes can put more applications in SIM card.
Again on the one hand, sell because SIM card can be independent of portable terminal, and the accounts information relevant with SIM card all is stored in the SIM card, the chance for some lawless persons provide clone SIM card causes the case of consumer and operator loss to happen occasionally.Being connected by hard contact and connector between SIM card and the portable terminal realizes, and this connecting interface also is the main thoroughfare that people attack SIM card safety.
Again on the one hand, when account that people wish more to renew, must not no longer buy new SIM card, and abandon old SIM card, both increase consumer's use cost, form the waste of resource again.
At number of patent application is when proposing in SIM card of application purchase in 02158911.9 the Chinese patent application " implementation method that mobile phone user's ' roaming local number ' is professional ", after obtaining the mobile phone account in an area, mobile phone account to the Mobile Network Operator application locality of one or more different roaming places, mobile operator is loaded into these accounts informations in the network then, realize that automatic or manual switches to local account after the user roams into these regions, to reduce wandering fee.But this mode causes the service efficiency of this nervous number resource lower, though because a user has a plurality of accounts, can only use one of them in a period of time, and other people can not use the untapped number resource of this user.
At number of patent application is that the method that proposes in 02136460.5 the Chinese patent application " method of trans-region roaming for mobile users " is similar to said method, also has the problem of wasting number resource equally.
Summary of the invention
The present invention wishes to propose a kind of new portable terminal implementation, and by the transformation of existing network is come to address the above problem to small part, comprise the convenience advantage that how to realize both having had separation between machine and card, have again and remove independent SIM card and safety problem that interface brought thereof; How to reduce the wasting of resources problem that accounts information brings of changing; How effectively to reduce the problem of transnational, trans-regional generation great number roaming; How to solve that SIM card resource anxiety but wishes to move complicated applications but the problem that can't use the signal processing resources of portable terminal; How to improve the utilization ratio of number resource.
For addressing the above problem, propose in portable terminal, to realize the virtual SIM card technology of SIM card function and transform complete skill solution with virtual support SIM card technology at the mobile network appliance end, comprise following several aspect:
1, password card is a kind of a certain size paper or certain size card that passes through to be completed for printing without any electronic device, is printed on a string encrypted message at least above the described password card, and is coated with protective layer on encrypted message.
2, the design of the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card.
3, the design of the network equipment of virtual support SIM card.
4, the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card cooperates with the mobile network appliance of virtual support SIM card technology
Realize the technical scheme and the method step of authenticating user identification.
The network equipment by the portable terminal of password card, virtual support SIM card, mobile wireless network, virtual support SIM card constitutes the mobile network system of virtual support SIM card, and described mobile wireless network comprises wireless communication networks or the cellular mobile network that mobile radio base station, mobile switch equipment, short message service center, short messaging gateway constitute.
The term explanation:
Portable terminal: refer to insert the terminal equipment that mobile communication network is realized mobile communication, as the computer of mobile phone, mobile multi-media terminal, support mobile communication etc.
Mobile phone: be a kind of of portable terminal, have identical meanings with mobile telephone terminal, mobile phone, mobile handset etc.Mobile communication network: refer to the radio-frequency signal to be transmission medium, realize the network of information communications such as voice, data, portable terminal is the network node that carries out information communication in this network.As global system for mobile communications (GSM:GlobalSystem for Mobile Communications), CDMA (CDMA(Code Division Multiple Access)) mobile communcations system etc.Service center server: in the present invention, refer to be used in the mobile communication network mobile subscriber that the system platform of various services is provided, as the information service platform of mobile communcations system, supplement service platform with money.
Authentication center (AUC:Authentication Center): in the present invention, has identical implication with certificate server or authentication center's server, refer to that mobile communication network provides the system platform of account identification for the user, be also referred to as attaching position register (HLR), stored the accounts information of each user in this mobile communication network.
VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR): refer to that mobile communication network roams into the system platform that the account identification is provided after the zones of different for the user, obtains user's parameters for authentication from attaching position register (HLR).
Short message: in the present invention, having identical meanings with note, is the Word message that transmits at mobile communication network, multimedia messages, data message etc.
Account authentication: in the present invention, in mobile communication network system, has identical implication with authenticating user identification, user identity identification, in order to whether can utilize the service of network to carry out authentication to the user, if authenticating result is correct, represent that then account authentication passes through, the user can use certain service of mobile communication network.Failed authentication else if represents that then the account authentication do not pass through, and the user can not use the service of mobile communication network.
True SIM card: refer to the SIM card that is independent of portable terminal of entity, comprise independently integrated circuit (IC) chip and it goes up the program of moving, be inserted on the portable terminal by the ISO7816 interface device.
Virtual SIM card: be a kind of technology that proposes among the present invention, refer to not have the SIM card of entity, go to realize the function of true SIM card by the processing capacity of portable terminal self, can utilize the resource on the portable terminal to realize the SIM card function just by a program function module of portable terminal.
The space download system of virtual support SIM card: in the present invention, be called the space again and download (Over The Air, be abbreviated as OTA) system, also can be described as the particular application services system, or specific application servers, finger is by the wireless network of mobile communication, the code or the instruction of certain application or service downloaded on the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card, with change, increase or the deletion portable terminal on certain application or service.Usually be connected with short message service center by short messaging gateway, short messaging gateway is that the space download system of virtual support SIM card distributes access code, also can directly be connected with short message service center, distributes access code by short message service center.
Short message service center: be to be responsible for the information management platform that short message is transmitted service specially in the existing mobile communication network.
Short messaging gateway: be to be responsible for the network equipment that short message service center and each service provide platform to be connected in the existing mobile communication network specially.
(1) design of the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card
Preferred version 1:
1, a kind of portable terminal of virtual support SIM card, the radio frequency processing that comprises except existing portable terminal, Base-Band Processing, speech processes, man-machine interface circuit, central processing unit (CPU), procedure stores body, data back, the program, also comprise the virtual SIM card functional module especially, described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits the non-volatile memory body of key;
Account management module comprises storage management program, changes the portable terminal handling procedure, obtains the accounts information program and deposits the memory bank of accounts information;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of key in the secret key safety memory module, account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
2, in the above-mentioned secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprise with secret key safety be stored in the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key handling procedure and from the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key safety read the handling procedure of described key, wherein secret key safety is stored in the combination that handling procedure in the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key comprises one of following processing and storage means or several method: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in the non-volatile memory body of described portable terminal internal storage key respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein the handling procedure that safety reads described key from the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key comprises the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key.
3, in the above-mentioned account management module, described storage management program is included on the described memory bank of depositing accounts information storage and reads the non-confidential information of the account that is used for user identity identification, and the key of the non-confidential information of described account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module has constituted the full detail of discerning user identity; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal obtains account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and with the mobile network appliance interactive information, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is imported described account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and obtained the full detail of account with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is the handling procedure that obtains the full detail of account by the encrypted message of user's operating mobile terminal input password card and with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write portable terminal.
4, above-mentioned password card is also referred to as scratch card; be a kind of paper of the certain size size of passing through to be completed for printing without any electronic device or the card of certain size size; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn prevents that the password card from being sold to before the user by other people illegal acquired information on the encrypted message.
5, alternatively above-mentioned password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
6, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, and a kind of the realization is the call center service (Call Center) that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card.
7, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, the another kind of realization is the application server that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
8, in the above-mentioned network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, as the comp128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) of GSM network, key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
Preferred version 2:
1, a kind of portable terminal of virtual support SIM card, the radio frequency processing that comprises except existing portable terminal, Base-Band Processing, speech processes, man-machine interface circuit, central processing unit, procedure stores body, data back, the program, also comprise the virtual SIM card functional module especially, described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits two or more than the non-volatile memory body of two keys;
Account management module comprises storage management program, changes the portable terminal handling procedure, obtains the accounts information program, selects the accounts information program and deposits two or more than the memory bank of two accounts informations;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of key in the secret key safety memory module, account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
2, in the above-mentioned secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprises secret key safety is stored in describedly deposits two or deposit two or read the handling procedure of described key more than one of the non-volatile memory body of two keys safety more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of two keys with from described, wherein secret key safety is stored in describedly to deposit two or comprise the combination of one of following processing and storage means or several method more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of two keys: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in described portable terminal internal repository respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein deposit two or comprise the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method more than the handling procedure that one of non-volatile memory body of two keys safety reads described key: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key from described.
3, in the above-mentioned account management module, described storage management program comprises storage and reads two or more than two non-confidential information of account that are used for user identity identification, and described two or more than two non-confidential information of account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module two or constituted two or more than two full details of discerning user identity more than two keys; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal obtains account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and with the mobile network appliance interactive information, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is imported described account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and obtained the full detail of account with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is the handling procedure that obtains the full detail of account by the encrypted message of user's operating mobile terminal input password card and with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write portable terminal; Described selection accounts information program comprises the menu handling procedure of selecting account is selected the accounts information of needs use by the input of user's operating mobile terminal handling procedure.
4, above-mentioned password card is also referred to as scratch card; be a kind of paper of the certain size size of passing through to be completed for printing without any electronic device or the card of certain size size; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn prevents that the password card from being sold to before the user by other people illegal acquired information on the encrypted message.
5, alternatively above-mentioned password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
6, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, and a kind of the realization is the call center service that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card.
7, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, the another kind of realization is the application server that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
8, in the above-mentioned network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, as the comp128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) of GSM network, key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
Preferred version 3:
1, a kind of portable terminal of virtual support SIM card, except having the radio frequency processing that portable terminal comprises now, Base-Band Processing, speech processes, the man-machine interface circuit, central processing unit, the procedure stores body, data back, outside the program, also wrap the virtual SIM card functional module especially, the SIM card interface, select the accounts information program module, described SIM card interface is the interface that meets the ISO7816 standard, described selection accounts information program module comprises the menu handling procedure of selecting account is selected the SIM card accounts information installed on accounts information in the virtual SIM card module that needs use or the selection SIM card interface by the input of user's operating mobile terminal handling procedure, and described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits one or more than the non-volatile memory body of a key;
Account management module comprises storage management program, changes the portable terminal handling procedure, obtains the accounts information program and deposits one or more than the memory bank of an accounts information;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of key in the secret key safety memory module, account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
2, in the above-mentioned secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprises secret key safety is stored in describedly deposits one or deposit one or read the handling procedure of described key more than one of the non-volatile memory body of key safety more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key with from described, wherein secret key safety is stored in describedly to deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and storage means or several method more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in described portable terminal internal repository respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method more than the handling procedure that one of non-volatile memory body of key safety reads described key: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key from described.
3, in the above-mentioned account management module, described storage management program comprises storage and reads one or more than a non-confidential information of account that is used for user identity identification, and described one or more than a non-confidential information of account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module one or constituted one or more than a full detail of discerning user identity more than a key; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal obtains account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and with the mobile network appliance interactive information, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is imported described account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and obtained the full detail of account with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is the handling procedure that obtains the full detail of account by the encrypted message of user's operating mobile terminal input password card and with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write portable terminal.
4, above-mentioned password card is also referred to as scratch card; be a kind of a certain size paper or certain size card that passes through to be completed for printing without any electronic device; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn prevents that the password card from being sold to before the user by other people illegal acquired information on the encrypted message.
5, alternatively above-mentioned password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
6, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, and a kind of the realization is the call center service that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card.
7, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, the another kind of realization is the application server that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
8, in the above-mentioned network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, as the comp128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) of GSM network, key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
Preferred version 4:
1, a kind of portable terminal of virtual support SIM card, except having the radio frequency processing that portable terminal comprises now, Base-Band Processing, speech processes, the man-machine interface circuit, central processing unit, the procedure stores body, data back, outside the program, also comprise the virtual SIM card functional module especially, the close range wireless communication module, described close range wireless communication module comprises close range wireless communication controller and radio-frequency antenna, under the control of described central processing unit, by described virtual SIM card functional module safety certification is carried out in the communication of described close range wireless communication module, described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits one or more than the non-volatile memory body of a key;
Account management module is to comprise storage management program, change the portable terminal handling procedure, obtain the accounts information program and deposit one or more than the memory bank of an accounts information;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of key in the secret key safety memory module, account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
2, in the above-mentioned secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprises secret key safety is stored in describedly deposits one or deposit one or read the handling procedure of described key more than one of the non-volatile memory body of key safety more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key with from described, wherein secret key safety is stored in describedly to deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and storage means or several method more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in described portable terminal internal repository respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method more than the handling procedure that one of non-volatile memory body of key safety reads described key: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key from described.
3, in the above-mentioned account management module, described storage management program comprises storage and reads one or more than a non-confidential information of account that is used for user identity identification, and described one or more than a non-confidential information of account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module one or constituted one or more than a full detail of discerning user identity more than a key; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal obtains account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and with the mobile network appliance interactive information, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is imported described account transfer pin information by user's operating mobile terminal and obtained the full detail of account with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is the handling procedure that obtains the full detail of account by the encrypted message of user's operating mobile terminal input password card and with the mobile network appliance interactive information and write portable terminal.
4, above-mentioned password card is also referred to as scratch card; be a kind of a certain size paper or certain size card that passes through to be completed for printing without any electronic device; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn prevents that the password card from being sold to before the user by other people illegal acquired information on the encrypted message.
5, above-mentioned password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
6, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, and a kind of the realization is the call center service that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card.
7, above-mentioned mobile network appliance is the network equipment of virtual support SIM card, the another kind of realization is the application server that comprises the virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
8, in the above-mentioned network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, as the comp128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) of GSM network, key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
9, above-mentioned close range wireless communication module is optional is to comprise to support near-field communication (NFC, controller Near-FieldCommunication) and radio-frequency antenna.
10, above-mentioned close range wireless communication module another optional be to comprise controller and the radio-frequency antenna of supporting radio frequency identification (RFID:RadioFrequency Identifier).
In the above-mentioned various scheme, portable terminal comprises the portable terminal of supporting various mobile communication network platforms, as the portable terminal of second generation mobile communication as the portable terminal of supporting the GSM network or the portable terminal of supporting cdma network; The portable terminal of third generation mobile is as portable terminal or the portable terminal of supporting the WCDMA mobile communication network of supporting TD-SCDMA (Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access, i.e. Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multi-Access) mobile communication network or the portable terminal of supporting the CDMA2000 mobile communication network or support WIMAX (micro-wave access to global intercommunication: the portable terminal of mobile communication network Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access).
(2) modification scheme of the mobile network appliance of virtual support SIM card technology
Improve the mobile network authentication system that forms a kind of virtual support SIM card for the prior mobile network Verification System.The prior mobile network system, no matter be gsm system or cdma system, all comprise portable terminal and mobile network appliance, wherein mobile network appliance generally includes the wireless base station, mobile telephone exchange network, authentication center and operation support service system (BOSS), wherein portable terminal is by wireless signal and wireless base station communication, the wireless base station is connected with mobile telephone exchange network, mobile telephone exchange network connects, authentication center and operation support service system (BOSS) are interconnected to constitute the product platform of mobile communication network, in order to support to be undertaken onlinely paying dues and supplementing with money by wireless network, generally also need the call center services system, and have between call center services system and operation support service system (BOSS) system to be connected and realize information interaction.On present mobile network system basis, registration, authentication, the network of functional module with the virtual support SIM card uses for increasing on portable terminal, the mobile network appliance, expense is calculated when of the present invention.Above by the agency of the implementation of portable terminal, further specify the modification scheme of mobile network appliance below:
Preferred version 1: existing call center services system and authentication center are transformed
1, the network equipment of virtual support SIM card is to add new functional module to realize on the prior mobile network Equipment Foundations, comprises the call center service of virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card; The call center service of wherein said virtual support SIM card further comprise processing module that receive to handle the encrypted message on the above-mentioned password card, with the functional module of mobile OSS (BOSS) interactive information, with the functional module of authentication center's interactive information of virtual support SIM card and with the functional module of the portable terminal interactive information of virtual support SIM card, that also selects comprises the Password Management module, described Password Management module comprises password card database and hypervisor, by the computer and the program realization of call center service; The authentication center of described virtual support SIM card further comprises number resource administration module, key production module, account information table, secret key encryption sending module, Password Management module, account transfer pin generation module, is realized by the computer and the program of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card;
2, the call center service of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card increase to be handled the encrypted message on the password card and is carried out the functional module of information interaction with authentication center, mutual information comprises whether this encrypted message of checking was registered, verify whether before the deadline this encrypted message, be retrieved as the account number that this password distributes, be retrieved as the network authentication key information that this password is set up account number.
3, the call center service of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card increase to be handled the encrypted message on the password card and is carried out the functional module of information interaction with the functional module of mobile OSS (BOSS) interactive information, and mutual information comprises whether the expense rating information of checking this password corresponding account is effective or available.
4, in the call center service of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card, the functional module of the portable terminal interactive information of described and virtual support SIM card comprises the encrypted message that the portable terminal to described virtual support SIM card sends suggestion voice or short message and accepts to send up from the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card, and sends network authentication key information, account number information to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card.
5, increase the functional module of virtual support SIM card in the authentication center of virtual support SIM card.Except original network interface circuit, database, database management module, also increase number resource administration module, key production module, account information table, secret key encryption sending module, Password Management module, account transfer pin generation module.Because virtual support SIM card authentication center can realize the telephone number that uses for the user and be equipped with the utilance that improves number resource interim the branch, therefore need the number resource administration module, comprise all and used the information table of number resource and unused number resource, and can carry out mark for newly assigned number resource and handle, this mark handle as use, do not use, mark such as reservation.The number resource amount of information is bigger, therefore need to increase the memory bank space of platform in case of necessity, and concrete management function can the employing program realize.Key production module is the module that realizes that the virtual SIM card function ratio is crucial, because the key of each account is the most secret information, the strategy that key generates needs certain security consideration, as takes the real random number generator technology, can make the key of generation be difficult to be guessed or shift onto.The account information table is to distribute international unique user identification code for account.The Password Management module comprises password card database, the encrypted message of record password card.Account transfer pin generation module is to adopt random number generator to generate the account transfer pin of changing portable terminal.
Preferred version 2: the application server of existing authentication center being transformed and increases the virtual support SIM card
1, the network equipment of virtual support SIM card is to add new functional module to realize on the prior mobile network Equipment Foundations, comprises the authentication center of virtual support SIM card; And increase the application server of special virtual support SIM card.The application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card further comprise processing module that receive to handle the encrypted message on the above-mentioned password card, with the functional module of mobile OSS (BOSS) interactive information, with the functional module of authentication center's interactive information of virtual support SIM card and with the functional module of the portable terminal interactive information of virtual support SIM card, that also selects comprises the Password Management module, described Password Management module comprises password card database and hypervisor, is realized by the computer and the program of the application server of virtual support SIM card; The application server of described virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and has distributed one or more access codes by short message service center or short messaging gateway, the voice access code that is distributed by mobile switch equipment.The authentication center of described virtual support SIM card further comprises number resource administration module, key production module, account information table, secret key encryption sending module, Password Management module, account transfer pin generation module, is realized by the computer and the program of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card;
2, the application server of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card comprises the encrypted message handled on the password card and carries out the functional module of information interaction with authentication center, mutual information comprises whether this encrypted message of checking was registered, verify whether before the deadline this encrypted message, be retrieved as the account number that this password distributes, be retrieved as the network authentication key information that this password is set up account number.
3, the application server of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card comprise the encrypted message handled on the password card and with the functional module of mobile OSS (BOSS) interactive information, mutual information comprises whether the expense rating information of checking this password corresponding account effective or available.
4, in the application server of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card, comprise the encrypted message that the portable terminal to described virtual support SIM card sends suggestion voice or short message and accepts to send up from the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with the functional module of the portable terminal interactive information of virtual support SIM card, and send network authentication key information, account number information to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card.
5, increase the functional module of virtual support SIM card in the authentication center of virtual support SIM card.Except original network interface circuit, database, database management module, also increase number resource administration module, key production module, account information table, secret key encryption sending module, Password Management module, account transfer pin generation module.Because virtual support SIM card authentication center can realize the telephone number that uses for the user and be equipped with the utilance that improves number resource interim the branch, therefore need the number resource administration module, comprise all and used the information table of number resource and unused number resource, and can carry out mark for newly assigned number resource and handle, this mark handle as use, do not use, mark such as reservation.The number resource amount of information is bigger, therefore need to increase the memory bank space of platform in case of necessity, and concrete management function can the employing program realize.Key production module is the module that realizes that the virtual SIM card function ratio is crucial, because the key of each account is the most secret information, the strategy that key generates needs certain security consideration, as takes the real random number generator technology, can make the key of generation be difficult to be guessed or shift onto.The account information table is to distribute international unique user identification code for account.The Password Management module comprises password card database, the encrypted message of record password card.Account transfer pin generation module is to adopt random number generator to generate the account transfer pin of changing portable terminal.
(3) portable terminal of virtual support SIM card cooperates technical scheme and the method step of realizing authenticating user identification with the mobile network appliance of virtual support SIM card technology
The method that realizes the virtual SIM card authentication at the mobile network system of above-mentioned virtual support SIM card comprises following process and step:
Process 1: the password card generates with mobile network system code data typing process and comprises following steps:
Step 1: the hardware or the software that adopt random number generation program or other to produce random number generate password card database;
Step 2: from password card database, take out a password and be printed on the password card assigned address, and press Carrier Requirements other information of password card assigned address print pin card as the information of indication expense rating, indicate information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the card term of validity;
Step 3: use spraying or mask or stickup or other modes that the code data on the password card is hidden; this covering need be satisfied and removes when code data is clear behind the overcover admits institute and remove cover material and can not be used further to hide this password so that the certain protection measure to be provided; the blocking of this kind password is made technology and is used in a large number in the rechargeable card that mobile operator provides at present, belongs to mature technology.
Step 4: with the server in the password card database information typing mobile network system, a kind of implementation is the database with the call center service place in the password card database information typing mobile network system, another kind of implementation is the database at the application server place of the virtual support SIM card that will increase in the password card database information typing mobile network system, and another implementation is the database with the authentication center place in the password card database information typing mobile network system;
Password card database information in this process is except comprising the password of password card, and that also selects comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
A kind of realization of above-mentioned random number generation program is the multibyte random number of utilizing the pseudo random number generation function generation of computer operating system; The above-mentioned hardware that other produce random number is as the randomizer with integrated circuit (IC) design; The above-mentioned software that other produce random number generates the multibyte random number as generating software with a plurality of byte random numbers.In specific implementation, the byte number of random number can be determined by operator, and each random number that produces should not repeat, and prevents that the method that random number repeats from being to insert the encrypted message that time data information when generating random number constitutes the password card between the byte that generates random number.
Process 2: identification number register process
(1) for the call center service that call center service is transform as the virtual support SIM card, authentication center is transformed into the network equipment solution of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, two kinds of implementations are arranged, a kind of is the voice channel mode, and a kind of is short message (SMS:Short Message Signal) channel mode.When adopting short message way, the short message that is dealt into the network equipment from portable terminal can be common short message, but comprised the up-on command code of operating or applying for serving in the content of its short message, and the short message that is issued to portable terminal from network equipment data short message preferably, to distinguish common short message, and comprise the downlink command code that portable terminal is handled in the data short message, portable terminal receives that data short message will analyze the content of short message, extract the downlink command code that needs processing, finish corresponding operation.Up-on command code and downlink command code are stipulated by mobile operator or network equipment provider, will increase analysis and processing to these instruction codes during the design portable terminal.When adopting voice mode, except being provided by voice channel, speech exchange and menu select the voice suggestion, can pass through the voice channel transfer data information, need increase the program that the data message of data passage is analyzed and handled this moment in portable terminal, the modulation on the present portable terminal (MODEM) has identical realization technology.The up-on command code and the downlink command code that comprise in the data message are stipulated by mobile operator or network equipment provider, will increase analysis and processing to these instruction codes during the design portable terminal.
Wherein the identification number register process of voice channel mode comprises following steps:
Step 1: portable terminal connects the service number of the call center service of virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card, asks the user by the password on the portable terminal input password card;
Step 2: portable terminal passes to the code data of user's input the call center service of virtual support SIM card;
Step 3: if password card database information is the call center service that leaves the virtual support SIM card in, the call center service of virtual support SIM card will be searched for password card database information, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective,, otherwise after portable terminal sends the invalid voice suggestion of password card, withdraw from this process if effectively then continue step 4; If password card database information is an authentication center of leaving the virtual support SIM card in, the call center service of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 5, otherwise the call center service to the virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the call center service by the virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after portable terminal sends the invalid voice suggestion of password card then;
Step 4: the call center service of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates the key of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module as this password card correspondence, as for the GSM mobile network, usually account number information comprises MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with key information, preserve and manage these information by the administration module of accounts information table then;
Step 6: the authentication center of virtual support SIM card sends to call center service with the essential information of the account authentication of this password card correspondence, and call center service sends to portable terminal with note or data message mode;
Step 7: portable terminal writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside by secured fashion, finishes the identification number register process;
Wherein the identification number register process of short message channel mode comprises following steps:
Step 1: portable terminal connects the service number of the call center service of virtual support SIM card by the short message passage, the call center service of virtual support SIM card is pointed out to transmitting short message by mobile terminal, asks the user by the password on the portable terminal input password card;
Step 2: portable terminal passes to the code data of user's input the call center service of virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: if password card database information is the call center service that leaves the virtual support SIM card in, the call center service of virtual support SIM card will be searched for password card database information, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective,, otherwise after portable terminal sends the invalid short message prompt of password card, withdraw from this process if effectively then continue step 4; If password card database information is an authentication center of leaving the virtual support SIM card in, the call center service of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 5, otherwise the call center service to the virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the call center service by the virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after portable terminal sends the invalid information indicating of password card then;
Step 4: the call center service of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates the key of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module as this password card correspondence, as for the GSM mobile network, usually account number information comprises MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with key information, preserve and manage these information by the administration module of accounts information table then;
Step 6: the authentication center of virtual support SIM card sends to the call center service of virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends to portable terminal with short message mode;
Step 7: portable terminal writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside by secured fashion, finishes the identification number register process.
(2) for call center service is not transformed, authentication center is transformed into the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, and increase the network equipment solution of the application server of a virtual support SIM card, two kinds of implementations are also arranged, a kind of is the voice channel mode, and a kind of is short message (Short Message Signal) channel mode.
Wherein the identification number register process of voice channel mode comprises following steps:
Step 1: portable terminal is by the service number of the application server of voice channel connection virtual support SIM card, and the application server of virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to portable terminal, asks the user by the password on the portable terminal input password card;
Step 2: portable terminal passes to the code data of user's input the application server of virtual support SIM card;
Step 3: if password card database information is the application server that leaves the virtual support SIM card in, the application server of virtual support SIM card will be searched for password card database information, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective,, otherwise after portable terminal sends the invalid voice suggestion of password card, withdraw from this process if effectively then continue step 4; If password card database information is an authentication center of leaving the virtual support SIM card in, the application server of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 5, otherwise the application server to the virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the application server by the virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after portable terminal sends the invalid voice suggestion of password card then;
Step 4: the application server of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates the key of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module as this password card correspondence, as for the GSM mobile network, usually account number information comprises MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with key information, preserve and manage these information by the administration module of accounts information table;
Step 6: the authentication center of virtual support SIM card sends to the application server of virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the application server of virtual support SIM card sends to portable terminal with note or data message mode;
Step 7: portable terminal writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside by secured fashion, finishes the identification number register process;
Wherein the identification number register process of short message channel mode comprises following steps:
Step 1: portable terminal is by the service number of the application server of short message passage connection virtual support SIM card, and the application server of virtual support SIM card is pointed out to transmitting short message by mobile terminal, asks the user by the password on the portable terminal input password card;
Step 2: portable terminal passes to the code data of user's input the application server of virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: if password card database information is the application server that leaves the virtual support SIM card in, the application server of virtual support SIM card will be searched for password card database information, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective,, otherwise after portable terminal sends the invalid short message prompt of password card, withdraw from this process if effectively then continue step 4; If password card database information is an authentication center of leaving the virtual support SIM card in, the application server of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 5, otherwise the application server to the virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the application server by the virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after portable terminal sends the invalid information indicating of password card then;
Step 4: the application server of virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates the key of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module as this password card correspondence, as for the GSM mobile network, usually account number information comprises MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with key information, preserve and manage these information by the administration module of accounts information table then;
Step 6: the authentication center of virtual support SIM card sends to the application server of virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the application server of virtual support SIM card sends to portable terminal with short message mode;
Step 7: portable terminal writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside by secured fashion, finishes the identification number register process.
Process 3: account verification process
Account verification process for the portable terminal that adopts true SIM card is identical with existing account verification process, here do not do description, and be a kind of new identifying procedure for the account verification process of the portable terminal that adopts virtual SIM card, with the gsm cellular example, specifically comprise following steps:
Step 1: for judging at first automatically or the manual operation select operating mode behind the mobile terminal-opening of supporting true SIM card and virtual SIM card simultaneously,,, then enter step 2 if select virtual SIM card if select true SIM card then adopt existing identifying procedure; Enter step 2 behind the mobile terminal-opening for virtual support SIM card only;
Step 2: portable terminal (MS) is asked the access service request by base station (BS) to mobile switching centre (MSC);
After step 3:MSC receives the service access request, by handling the access service request that request message notice VLR handles this portable terminal that inserts, VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) will check at first whether the portable terminal in the SIM card of virtual support described in the database has authentication three ginseng groups (RAND/SRES/KC), if have, VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) will directly issue the authentication order to MSC, otherwise, to corresponding attaching position register/AUC (HLR/AUC) request authentication parameter, obtain three ginseng groups from HLR/AUC, and then issue the authentication order to MSC;
Step 4:MSC issues authentication request by the base station to portable terminal after receiving the authentication order of VLR transmission, contains authentication parameter in this order;
Step 5: after portable terminal is received authentication request, utilize authentication arithmetic, draw authenticating result, send to MSC by authentication response message as IMSI the memory bank of virtual SIM card and portable terminal realization from portable terminal;
Step 6:MSC is with authenticating result loopback VLR, and authenticating result and the result from the authentication parameter that HLR obtains by VLR checks mobile terminal reporting if the two is inconsistent, refuse this time to insert request, authentification failure; If the two unanimity then authentication are passed through, after authentication is passed through, VLR will at first issue encrypted command to MSC, notify then the portable terminal of the described virtual support SIM card of MSC this time insert request obtained by, MSC passes by base station notice mobile terminal service request, MSC issues encrypted command to portable terminal then, this order includes encryption mode, after portable terminal is received this order and is finished encryption, loopback is encrypted and is finished message, finish the work of whole access phase to this portable terminal, realized the account authentication.
The account verification process of virtual SIM card is that the realization that is portable terminal has difference with the main difference of the account verification process of true SIM card: in the account verification process of virtual SIM card, portable terminal and virtual SIM card are to finish under the hardware and software environment of portable terminal self, and in the account verification process of true SIM card, portable terminal needs to carry out communication with the true SIM card that is connected by the ISO7816 interface to be finished, and truly the hardware and software of the hardware and software of SIM card and portable terminal is that physics separates.
It is basic identical that the portable terminal of the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card and the true SIM card of support carries out other network interaction processes, the note that the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card that different is receives, use download, the information such as telephone directory of input all only are stored in the memory bank of portable terminal, and can also store in the memory bank of SIM card unlike the portable terminal of supporting true SIM card.
Inventive principle of the present invention can further describe into:
Connect mobile operator service centre by portable terminal, select to distribute the mobile phone account, send to service centre by mobile phone input password card and with password, service centre check this password whether effectively, avail etc., if meet the requirements then authentication center generates the network authentication key sends to portable terminal, can be cipher mode, portable terminal adopts encrypts dispersing mode storage networking authenticate key.Again starting shooting or select network authentication mode by mobile phone menu is true SIM card or virtual SIM card, if true SIM card is then by existing pattern work, otherwise press the work of virtual SIM card pattern, portable terminal sends the request authentication instruction to network, network terminal generates random number and gives portable terminal, portable terminal sends to network terminal by self secret key safety storage module and network authentication algoritic module generation result of calculation, network terminal is judged the correctness of operation result, if it is correct, the network authentication success sends confirmation to portable terminal.Portable terminal can use the mobile network under the mobile phone account of distributing.
Authentication center (AUC) in the virtual support SIM card has stored the information that authentication needs: as the IMSI under the GSM network, Ki, MSDN, Valid Date mapping table, in order to realize the present invention, need increase field or mapping table at the AUC center, IMSI and one be opened password shine upon.Do not need change for base station, switching center, BOSS system.
Transform present charging system platform in a kind of the realization, the charging system platform does not need to change with the physical facility that is connected of BOSS system, needs the function of upgrading corresponding software with the virtual support SIM card.
When the user buys the password card, two kinds of selections are arranged, the telephone number that a kind of password card is password and account is to preestablish, and also indicate corresponding telephone number on the password card, so the user can select employed telephone number; Another kind is that the password card is not corresponding with the telephone number of account, do not indicate corresponding telephone number on the password card, the user open or the log-in password card after, distribute the telephone number of an account by the authentication center of the network equipment, and notify the telephone number of the used account of user by the mode of short message.Be described in more detail with the GSM network below.Adopt message identification accounts informations such as UMID, Akey, SSD for cdma network, only need get final product according to the requirement design of corresponding mobile communication network, accounts information for third generation mobile network or other mobile communication networks also can design according to thought of the present invention, also is included in the technical scope of the present invention.Among the present invention, the registration of password card is opened with account has identical implication.
Opening process scheme 1 (by the system assignment number, the client can not select)
Buy password card → put through service centre's phone → from the password clip pin table of authentication center, retrieve according to the password → service centre on the voice suggestion input password card by portable terminal, if exist and before the deadline, then authentication center generates a key K i → and never use and choose an IMSI → select a number MSDN to write IMSI then in the IMSI tabulation from the number resource storehouse, Ki, MSDN, in Valid Date (validity date) mapping table → and with IMSI, Ki sends to cipher mode and writes IMSI and Ki → with MSDN after the deciphering of portable terminal → portable terminal, Valid Date information sends to portable terminal with the form of short message, the number and the term of validity that the user are known distributed.
Password cartoon recited above often comprises encrypted message, password card term of validity information, avail information.And the term of validity Valid Date of a newly-established active account is by the decision of the avail of password card, and the amount of money is big more, and the term of validity is long more, by operator's setup parameter.Valid Date is normally to open the longest term of validity that the account begins to calculate the corresponding amount of money.Because Ki is a confidential information, matching with IMSI promptly is the core data information of this number of the account, therefore need transmit with encrypted form, can select only to encrypt Ki, also can select to encrypt simultaneously IMSI and Ki.In order effectively to realize deciphering IMSI and Ki, cipher mode is preferably used symmetric encipherment algorithm, as the DES algorithm, encryption key result that clip pin or the password clip pin is carried out by engagement arithmetic obtains after certain computing the Crypted password generating mode that can directly access to your password as Crypted password or other agreements.
This scheme benefit is that number resource can be used effectively, and this scheme harm is the number that the user can not select needs.
Opening process scheme 2 (given used account number MSDN is convenient to customer selecting on the password card)
Buy password card → put through service centre's phone → from the password clip pin table of authentication center, retrieve according to the password → service centre on the voice suggestion input password card by portable terminal, if wherein comprised password/account number MSDN mapping table → existence and before the deadline in the password clip pin table, then authentication center generates a key → and never use and choose an IMSI → write then IMSI in the IMSI tabulation, Ki, MSDN, in the Valid Date mapping table, and with IMSI, Ki sends to portable terminal with cipher mode, write IMSI and Ki after the portable terminal deciphering, with MSDN, Valid Date information sends to portable terminal with the form of short message, and what the user is known distributed is the correct number and the term of validity.
Password cartoon recited above often comprises encrypted message, password card term of validity information, avail information.And the term of validity Valid Date of a newly-established active account is by the decision of the avail of password card, and the amount of money is big more, and the term of validity is long more, by operator's setup parameter.Valid Date is normally to open the longest term of validity that the account begins to calculate the corresponding amount of money.Because Ki is a confidential information, matching with IMSI promptly is the core data information of this number of the account, therefore need transmit with encrypted form, can select only to encrypt Ki, also can select to encrypt simultaneously IMSI and Ki.In order effectively to realize deciphering IMSI and Ki, cipher mode is preferably used symmetric encipherment algorithm, as the DES algorithm, encryption key result that clip pin or the password clip pin is carried out by engagement arithmetic obtains after certain computing the Crypted password generating mode that can directly access to your password as Crypted password or other agreements.
This scheme benefit is that the user can select the number MSDN that likes, and this scheme harm is that number resource can not be fully utilized.
In case realized the transformation of the network equipment of the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card and virtual support SIM card, switch to the convenience of another portable terminal from a portable terminal for the accounts information that separation between machine and card brought in the maintenance prior art, the present invention can realize that also detailed process is described below:
When the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card is realized changing portable terminal with the mobile network and keep identical accounts information process:
The portable terminal of separation between machine and card and the sharpest edges of SIM card are when changing portable terminal, only SIM card need be taken out in the SIM card slot that is inserted into new portable terminal from the SIM card slot of old portable terminal and can keep identical accounts information, keep same phone number.Illustrate as in aforementioned, the transformation of the network equipment comprises two kinds of schemes, a kind of scheme is to transform existing call service centre and authentication center simultaneously, another kind of scheme is the application server of only transforming authentication center and increasing a special disposal virtual SIM card service request, because two kinds of schemes do not have essential distinction, just the position of server is set and is connected difference during specific implementation, therefore following is described with first kind of scheme, also is easy to be applied to second kind of scheme.Be described in more detail with the GSM network below.Adopt message identification accounts informations such as UMID, Akey, SSD for cdma network, only need get final product according to the requirement design of corresponding mobile communication network, accounts information for third generation mobile network or other mobile communication networks also can design according to thought of the present invention, also is included in the technical scope of the present invention.When taking short message way or voice channel mode to realize changing portable terminal for the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card with the mobile network and keep identical accounts information, wherein the step by the voice channel mode is as follows:
Step 1: the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the call center service of virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to portable terminal, please the user pass through the function choosing-item that portable terminal is changed in former portable terminal input;
Step 2: the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card is given the call center service of virtual support SIM card with the function choosing-item data passes of the replacing portable terminal of user's input;
Step 3: the call center service of virtual support SIM card will and be changed the authentication center of the function choosing-item data passes of portable terminal to the virtual support SIM card according to the used accounts information of portable terminal of selecting this function such as Mobile Directory Number;
Step 4: the account transfer pin generation module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates changes the account transfer pin that restarts account behind the portable terminal, and with the account transfer pin with former accounts information formation account information database;
Step 5: the authentication center of virtual support SIM card with the account transfer pin information send to the call center service of virtual support SIM card, the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends to former portable terminal with note or data message mode;
Step 6: the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card is presented at account transfer pin information on the mobile terminal display screen, is got off by user record;
Step 7: behind the new mobile terminal-opening of virtual support SIM card, the service number that connects the call center service of virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to portable terminal, asks the user to obtain the function choosing-item of the accounts information of former portable terminal by new portable terminal input;
Step 8: new portable terminal is given the call center service of virtual support SIM card with the function choosing-item data passes of the accounts information that obtains former portable terminal of user's input;
Step 9: the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to portable terminal, asks the user to import the telephone number and the account transfer pin information of former accounts information by new portable terminal;
Step 10: new portable terminal is with the telephone number of the former accounts information of user's input and the call center service that account transfer pin information data passes to the virtual support SIM card;
Step 11: the authentication center that the call center service of virtual support SIM card passes to the virtual support SIM card with the telephone number and the account transfer pin information data of former accounts information;
Step 12: authentication center's search account information database of virtual support SIM card is checked the validity of this telephone number and account transfer pin information corresponding account information, if effectively then the key production module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates the new key of account correspondence writes the original key of replacement in the account information corresponding field, new key information and MSDN with this telephone number and account transfer pin information correspondence, ICCID, IMSI information sends to call center service, and the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends to new portable terminal with short message mode;
Step 13: the new portable terminal of virtual support SIM card writes new key information and MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information in the memory bank of portable terminal inside by secured fashion, finishes the process of changing portable terminal and keeping original account.
Wherein the step by short message way is as follows:
Step 1: the portable terminal of former virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the call center service of virtual support SIM card by short message, the call center service of virtual support SIM card is pointed out to transmitting short message by mobile terminal, please the user pass through the function choosing-item code that portable terminal is changed in former portable terminal input;
Step 2: the portable terminal of former virtual support SIM card passes to the function choosing-item data of the replacing portable terminal of user's input the call center service of virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: the call center service of virtual support SIM card will and be changed the authentication center of the function choosing-item data passes of portable terminal to the virtual support SIM card according to the used accounts information of portable terminal of selecting this function such as Mobile Directory Number;
Step 4: the account transfer pin generation module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates changes the account transfer pin that restarts account behind the portable terminal, and with the account transfer pin with former accounts information formation account information database;
Step 5: the authentication center of virtual support SIM card with the account transfer pin information send to the call center service of virtual support SIM card, the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends to former portable terminal with short message way;
Step 6: former portable terminal is presented at account transfer pin information on the mobile terminal display screen, is got off by user record;
Step 7: behind the new mobile terminal-opening of virtual support SIM card, connect the virtual support SIM card by short message
The service number of call center service, the call center service of virtual support SIM card is to transmitting short message by mobile terminal
Prompting asks the user to obtain the function code of the accounts information of former portable terminal by new portable terminal input;
Step 8: the new portable terminal of virtual support SIM card is with the accounts information that obtains former portable terminal of user's input
The function code data passes give the call center service of virtual support SIM card;
Step 9: the call center service of virtual support SIM card is pointed out to transmitting short message by mobile terminal, asks the user to import telephone number and the account transfer pin information and the function code of former accounts information by new portable terminal;
Step 10: the new portable terminal of virtual support SIM card is given the call center service of virtual support SIM card with the telephone number of the former accounts information of user input and account transfer pin information and function code data passes;
Step 11: the call center service of virtual support SIM card is given the authentication center of virtual support SIM card with the telephone number of former accounts information and account transfer pin information and function code data passes;
Step 12: the search account information database of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card is checked the validity of this telephone number and account transfer pin information corresponding account information, if effectively then the key production module of the authentication center of virtual support SIM card generates the new key of account correspondence writes the original key of replacement in the account information corresponding field, with the new key information of this telephone number and account transfer pin information correspondence and the account other information such as MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information sends to the call center service of virtual support SIM card, and the call center service of virtual support SIM card sends to new portable terminal with short message mode;
Step 13: the new portable terminal of virtual support SIM card with new key information and the account other information such as MSDN, ICCID, IMSI information write in the memory bank of portable terminal inside by secured fashion, finish the process of changing portable terminal and keeping original account;
Because in said process, regenerated for the key information of former account corresponding informance, therefore the accounts information that exists in the former portable terminal efficiently solves the problem that the portable terminal that is replaced is removed account with ineffective.
Equally also customizing messages in the virtual SIM card can be transferred in the new portable terminal convenience that the data message that separation between machine and card brings in maintenance and the prior art shifts.Be described in detail implementation procedure below.
Customizing messages is transferred to new portable terminal process in the virtual SIM card
Realize that this process has two kinds of solutions, a kind of is by the cable data interface, less radio-frequency such as bluetooth communication interface, the infrared communication interface etc. that have between former portable terminal and the new portable terminal data such as customizing messages in the virtual SIM card such as note mail case, telephone directory to be transferred in the new portable terminal; Another kind of scheme is that customizing messages in the virtual SIM card is backed up in the database information of mobile network appliance by short message or data channel, customizing messages in the virtual SIM card is read by short message or the data channel database information from mobile network appliance by the download of information mode by new portable terminal, write then in the new portable terminal, the realization of this scheme need increase support space at mobile system network equipment end and download (Over The Air, be abbreviated as OTA) system, the space download system of described virtual support SIM card is connected with short message service center by short messaging gateway usually, and short messaging gateway is that the space download system of virtual support SIM card distributes access code.The database of the customizing messages that in the download system of the space of virtual support SIM card, comprise the module of carrying out customizing messages and handling, need carry out customizing messages backup and the user account information of downloading and each account correspondence and corresponding database management software thereof, with the bitcom of Short Message Service Gateway communication, the backup procedure of customizing messages and downloading process can be described below respectively in the virtual SIM card:
The backup procedure of customizing messages in the virtual SIM card comprises following steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal with virtual support SIM card of certain accounts information is divided into the space download system that many notes send to the virtual support SIM card by short message way with all records of customizing messages such as telephone directory, usually comprised the function code that content in the note is handled in these notes, wherein function code is to define when the download system of the space of design virtual support SIM card, and the space download system that therefore can be supported virtual SIM card is resolved.
Step 2: the space download system of virtual support SIM card receives to resolve after these notes and obtains short message content and customizing messages is deposited in the customizing messages stored record of account information correspondence by the function of function code correspondence;
Step 3: the space successful SMS Tip of download system transmission storage of virtual support SIM card ceases the portable terminal to described virtual support SIM card.
The aerial downloading process of customizing messages in the virtual SIM card comprises following steps:
Step 1: have the space download system that function code that the portable terminal of the virtual support SIM card of certain accounts information will download customizing messages by short message way sends to the virtual support SIM card, wherein function code is to define when the download system of the space of design virtual support SIM card, and the space download system that therefore can be supported virtual SIM card is resolved.
Step 2: after the space download system of virtual support SIM card received the function of downloading the customizing messages correspondence, the space download system database of search virtual support SIM card obtained the customizing messages of account correspondence;
Step 3: the space download system of virtual support SIM card is combined into many notes with the customizing messages that searches by short message format, and the processing code of these notes of additional treatments, then these information is sent to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 4: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card is analyzed after receiving these notes and handling code, according to the requirement of handling code these customizing messages is write in the respective banks of portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: this step is optionally, and the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card sends a space download system of operating successful note to described virtual support SIM card.
Backup and download with phone book information are example, and the data of database table of the space download system of the above-mentioned virtual support SIM card of realization or the view of tables of data should comprise following field information in the GSM network:
1, the telephone number MSDN information of accounts information or IMSI information or ICCID information;
2, each field information of telephone directory;
3, each field information of short message record file.
The technology that regards to down among the present invention is described further in the superiority that has aspect the portable terminal of supporting mobile payment.
The portable terminal employing virtual SIM card technology of support NFC will be simplified the design of this class portable terminal greatly and reduce cost.
Notion: NFC (Near Field Communication, near-field communication) be by Nokia, companies such as Philips propose passes through solution and the protocol specification that portable terminal such as mobile phone is realized mobile payment, initial NFC realizes on mobile phone fully, but owing to consider authenticating safety, people have proposed NFC function and SIM card function are integrated to improve fail safe, if but SIM card chip and NFC functional chip are combined, because the SIM card size is too little, can't integral antenna and battery of mobile phone influenced the function of NFC, make this integration be difficult to realize; Another kind is that the NFC chip is on portable terminal, but utilize in the present connecting interface of portable terminal and SIM card untapped contact to be connected and carry out communication, but this need redefine the holding wire physical specification and the protocol specification of connecting interface, and incompatible with existing SIM card, therefore also there is the problem of performance difficulty.
The portable terminal of employing virtual support SIM card can be simplified the design of this class NFC portable terminal greatly and reduce cost, and makes the popularization of mobile payment become easier.Specific implementation is:
In the portable terminal of supporting the NFC function, increase the software module of virtual support SIM card, distribute a specific memory space to be used for information such as storing virtual SIM card key, telephone directory, short message record, the software module of virtual support SIM card comprises the algorithm that carries out network authentication, as comp128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) of GSM network etc.;
Because in fact virtual SIM card is realized on portable terminal, all be under the central processing unit control of portable terminal, to finish, so can on portable terminal, integrate at an easy rate with the NFC function, not have the connecting interface or the agreement problem that redefine NFC module and virtual SIM card.
The portable terminal employing virtual SIM card technology of support RFID will be simplified the design of this class portable terminal greatly and reduce cost.
Notion: RFID (Radio Frequency Identifier, radio-frequency (RF) tag) be to be used to identify object and can be by the electronic chip of wireless automatic identification, when realizing mobile payment function, some enterprises have proposed the solution in portable terminal integrated rfid function, are called the SMAP technology.The problem that has similar NFC solution equally.Initial SMAP realizes on mobile phone fully, but owing to consider authenticating safety, people have proposed SMAP function and SIM card function are integrated to improve fail safe, if but SIM card chip and SMAP functional chip are combined, because the SIM card size is too little, can't integral antenna and battery of mobile phone influenced the function of SMAP, make this integration be difficult to realize; Another kind is that the SMAP chip is on portable terminal, but utilize in the present connecting interface of portable terminal and SIM card untapped contact to be connected and carry out communication, but this need redefine the holding wire physical specification and the protocol specification of connecting interface, and incompatible with existing SIM card, therefore also there is the problem of performance difficulty.
The portable terminal of employing virtual support SIM card can be simplified the design of this class SMAP portable terminal greatly and reduce cost, and makes the popularization of mobile payment become easier.A kind of specific implementation is:
In the portable terminal of supporting the SMAP function, increase the software module of virtual support SIM card, distribute a specific memory space to be used for information such as storing virtual SIM card key, telephone directory, short message record, the software module of virtual support SIM card comprises the algorithm that carries out network authentication, as comp128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) of GSM network etc.;
Because in fact virtual SIM card is realized on portable terminal, all be under the central processing unit control of portable terminal, to finish, so can on portable terminal, integrate at an easy rate with the SMAP function, not have the connecting interface or the agreement problem that redefine SMAP module and virtual SIM card.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: adopt technology of the present invention can reduce roaming charges, to reduce the consumption of SIM card, thereby reduce the wasting of resources in new country or Trans-Provincial/Municipal.The mode of convenient, flexible, the safe use mobile phone in strange land is provided.The convenience that not only has separation between machine and card of the prior art and had, and have than better economic benefit of separation between machine and card technology and social benefit.The design of adopting the portable terminal of virtual support SIM card can help novel portable terminal greatly realizes new function such as mobile payment function and reduces cost, and makes the popularization of new function become easier.Essence of the present invention is that program and function that former true SIM card realizes are realized by portable terminal, and by the part of mobile network appliance being changed and program upgrade writes portable terminal with accounts information by network, rather than Activate Account by selling true SIM card.Avoided following problem:
1, the compatibility issue of portable terminal and SIM card.Because the design of portable terminal and the realization that realizes having comprised the virtual SIM card function are oneself to be finished by portable terminal manufacturer.
2, customer using cost problem.Reduced the needs of true SIM card, because true SIM card comprises the integrated circuit of processor, memory bank formation, price is far above the paper card that only needs the printing password.
3, accounts information is by the problem of bootlegging.At first be not exposed to the physical interface of outside between portable terminal and the virtual SIM card, the inlet that bootlegging person does not duplicate; Next is to be impossible obtain accounts information by technological means by the encrypted message on the password card.And true SIM card has been owing to stored accounts information in the SIM card, and has and electric contact that communication is carried out in the outside, becomes the inlet that the assailant carries out bootlegging.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is portable terminal, the network equipment system topological diagram of the true SIM card of prior art support.
Fig. 2 is portable terminal, the network equipment system topological diagram of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the portable terminal and the true SIM card theory structure schematic diagram of the true SIM card of prior art support, and wherein Fig. 3 a supports the portable terminal theory structure schematic diagram of true SIM card, and Fig. 3 b is a SIM card theory structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the portable terminal principle schematic of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is virtual support SIM card of the present invention and the true double mode portable terminal principle schematic of SIM card.
Fig. 6 is the certificate server principle schematic of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is that the present invention carries out the Account Registration flow chart when the code data library information leaves authentication center's server in.
Fig. 8 is that the present invention carries out the Account Registration flow chart when the code data library information leaves service center server in.
Fig. 9 is that the present invention changes portable terminal application process figure.
Figure 10 is that the present invention changes portable terminal and obtains the accounts information flow chart.
Figure 11 is that the present invention carries out standby virtual SIM card telephone directory flow chart.
Figure 12 is that the present invention downloads virtual SIM card telephone directory flow chart in the air.
Figure 13 is the portable terminal principle assumption diagram with NFC function of the true SIM card of prior art support.
Figure 14 is the portable terminal principle assumption diagram with NFC function of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.
Figure 15 is portable terminal, the network equipment system topological diagram of the another kind of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.
Embodiment:
The mobile communication network system of prior art is the commercial more than ten years, commercial network is a lot of in various countries, the whole world, in order to guarantee the normal operation of existing system, the new technology or the introducing of function should reduce the influence to the existing network equipment as far as possible, to improve the utilization rate of equipment and installations of operator.Specific implementation of the present invention increases the function support for virtual SIM card among the present invention also based on existing mobile communication network and equipment thereof.
Further describe specific embodiments of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is portable terminal, the network equipment system topological diagram of the true SIM card of prior art support.Mainly comprise portable terminal 101, cellular mobile network 104, service center server 105, network authentication server (AUC) 106, commercial operation support system (BOSS) platform 107.Portable terminal 101 mainly refers to mobile phone, palm multimedia equipment (PMP), has the computer of mobile access equipment etc., in the inner SIM card 102 of inserting of portable terminal, portable terminal 101 is connected by the IC-card interface that meets the ISO7816 regulation and stipulation with SIM card 102, and portable terminal 101 is a radio frequency signal with being connected of cellular mobile network 104; The SIM implication of SIM card 102 is user identification module (SubscriberIdentifier Module), and the key information, the algorithm that mainly comprise user identity identification are realized functional module, card operating system, card file system etc.Cellular mobile network 104 mainly comprises mobile communication base station equipment (BS/BSC), the mobile communication switching network (MSC) of each cellular cell that distributes, and is connected by special line or LAN (LAN) or optical fiber respectively with service center server 105, network authentication server (AUC) 106, commercial operation support system (BOSS) platform 107; Service center server 105 mainly comprises call center and computer system thereof, for the client provides pre-sales service, after-sale service, supplements service etc. with money; Network authentication server (AUC) 106 mainly is to be made of giant brain server, database, network connection interface, database management language, network authentication algorithm routine etc., the accounts information that has comprised each user in the database is realized the authentication to each user; Commercial operation support system (BOSS) platform 107 mainly is to be made of giant brain server, database, network connection interface, database management language etc., has comprised cost information, network operation recorded information of each user's account etc. in the database.In the prior art, each portable terminal 101 SIM card 102 of must packing into just can be carried out network authentication.Because portable terminal 101 is by a plurality of different producer's designs with SIM card 102 and produces, compatibility issue each other usually occurs.
Fig. 2 is portable terminal, the network equipment system topological diagram of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.The portable terminal 201, cellular mobile network 104, the service center server 205 of virtual support SIM card, the network authentication server (AUC) 206 of virtual support SIM card, commercial operation support system (BOSS) platform 107, the customizing messages management platform 208 that mainly comprise the virtual support SIM card.The portable terminal 201 of virtual support SIM card mainly refers to mobile phone, palm multimedia equipment (PMP), has the computer of mobile access equipment etc., portable terminal in the virtual support SIM card comprises the cryptographic processing program, not having direct signal between the portable terminal 201 of virtual support SIM card and the password card 202 is connected, but by the cryptographic processing program prompts user on the portable terminal 201 of virtual support SIM card by the password on its user interface input password card, connect cellular mobile network 104 by radio frequency signal 103 then, send to the service center server 205 of virtual support SIM card, the portable terminal 201 of virtual support SIM card is a radio frequency signal with being connected of cellular mobile network 104; The portable terminal 201 of virtual support SIM card also comprises key information memory bank, the algorithm of user identity identification and realizes functional module, file system etc.Cellular mobile network 104 mainly comprises mobile communication base station equipment (BS/BSC), the mobile communication switching network (MSC) of each cellular cell that distributes, and is connected by special line or LAN (LAN) or optical fiber respectively with the network authentication server (AUC) 206 of the service center server 205 of virtual support SIM card, virtual support SIM card, commercial operation support system (BOSS) platform 107; The service center server 205 of virtual support SIM card mainly comprises call center and computer system thereof, for the client provides pre-sales service, after-sale service, the service of supplementing with money, virtual SIM card operational module, Password Operations module etc.; The network authentication server of virtual support SIM card (AUC) 206 mainly is to be made of giant brain server, database, network connection interface, database management language, network authentication algorithm routine, virtual SIM card key production module, number resource administration module, accounts information management software etc., the accounts information that has comprised each user in the database, information was added password field, was changed portable terminal password field etc. the account, and realization is to each user's authentication; Commercial operation support system (BOSS) platform 107 mainly is to be made of giant brain server, database, network connection interface, database management language etc., has comprised cost information, network operation recorded information of each user's account etc. in the database.In technology of the present invention, the portable terminal 201 of each the virtual support SIM card true SIM card that do not need to pack into just can be carried out network authentication.Customizing messages management platform 208 is used for the backup and the download of each virtual SIM card account customizing messages such as contents such as telephone directory, short message record, comprises computer server, database and hypervisor thereof and realizes, is connected with mobile network's short messaging gateway.
Figure 15 is portable terminal, the network equipment system topological diagram of the another kind of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.Compare the topological diagram of Fig. 2, service center server 105 among Figure 15 is not the virtual support SIM card, but with the application server 1509 of another virtual support SIM card as the call service of carrying out the virtual SIM card business specially, and do not transform original service center server 105, the application server 1509 of virtual support SIM card is connected with sms center or Short Message Service Gateway in the cellular mobile network 104, distributed access code by sms center or Short Message Service Gateway, distribute the voice access code by mobile switch equipment, the application server 1509 of virtual support SIM card has signal to be connected with the network authentication server (AUC) 206 of virtual support SIM card simultaneously, interactive information.The application server 1509 of virtual support SIM card mainly comprises call center and computer system thereof, and the function of virtual SIM card operational module, Password Operations module is provided for the client.When the mobile network handle virtual SIM card registration, change portable terminal etc. when professional, finish the function of network terminal by the application server 1509 and the network authentication server (AUC) 206 of virtual support SIM card of virtual support SIM card.
Fig. 3 is the portable terminal and the true SIM card theory structure schematic diagram of the true SIM card of prior art support, and wherein Fig. 3 a supports the portable terminal theory structure schematic diagram of true SIM card, and Fig. 3 b is a SIM card theory structure schematic diagram.In Fig. 3 a, based on central processing unit 303, the main body that connects baseband processing circuitry 302, memory bank circuit 304, sound circuit 306, man-machine interface circuit 307, SIM interface circuit 308 formation portable terminals, radio circuit 301 is connected with baseband processing circuitry 302, and the interface of wireless telecommunications is provided.SIM interface circuit 308 is the interfaces that connect SIM card in the existing portable terminal, and the physical interface signal of pressing the ISO7816 normalized definition is connected with true SIM card.The physical size and the communications protocol of true SIM card also have definition in the ISO7816 standard.True SIM card is the entity card that embeds the integrated circuit that comprises processor in the card body, provided a kind of theory structure schematic diagram of realizing at Fig. 3 b, comprise central processing unit 311, memory bank circuit 312, SIM interface circuit 313, in a kind of realization, in order to accelerate the realization of algorithm, also optionally comprise encryption and decryption engine processor 310.In order to realize the SIM card function, also must comprise card operating system (COS), card file system, identifying algorithm program.The identifying algorithm program is relevant with concrete mobile network and operator, adopts COMP-128 algorithm (A3/A8 algorithm) as the GSM mobile network of China Mobile.
Fig. 4 is the portable terminal principle schematic of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.Compare with existing portable terminal, except comprising central processing unit 303, baseband processing circuitry 302, memory bank circuit 304, sound circuit 306, man-machine interface circuit 307, the SIM interface circuit, outside the radio circuit 301, also comprise a kind of realization of the virtual SIM card 400 that is connected with central processing unit 303, virtual SIM card 400 comprises secret key safety memory module 410, account management module 411, network authentication algoritic module 412, in order to accelerate the algorithm arithmetic speed, optionally increase encrypting and decrypting engine processing module 413, these modules are all controlled the realization of going down at central processing unit 303.Wherein the realization of secret key safety memory module 410 comprises the memory bank of stores key information, the program of carrying out key storage and visit, because key information is the confidential data of accounts information, its storage mode need be taked safe handling, replace processing storage again as the data that key data could be resolved through the handling procedure that has only this portable terminal, memory bank by direct access key is that to obtain be treated key data, can effectively improve the fail safe of key data.Such as a kind of implementation with each the Bit position ring shift left of key data or the n position that moves to right, another kind of implementation is to disperse to be stored in key data in the big memory space of memory bank, also having a kind of mode is a kind of privately owned encrypting and decrypting algorithm of design, key data is handled, as carrying out the step-by-step XOR with data; The program of carrying out key storage and visit is one section program that central processing unit 303 can be carried out, and realizes the safe storage and the secure access of key.Account management module 411 available software programs realize, comprise account application for registration program module, portable terminal replacing requisition procedure module, account recovery routine module, backup of SIM card particular data and recovery routine module.To further describe the workflow of these program modules in the back.Network authentication algoritic module 412 is that Mobile Network Operator carries out the realization of the algorithm of account networking authentication at portable terminal, COMP-128 algorithm as the China Mobile GSM network employing, because this algorithm is very not complicated, adopts software program to handle and just can realize by central processing unit 303.Encrypting and decrypting engine processing module 413 is optional functional modules, in the true SIM card of prior art, because SIM card resource-constrained, adopt software to realize that the speed of service is slow during the PKI algorithm of realization such as DES algorithm, aes algorithm, public, private key technology, so usually embed a processor that carries out enciphering and deciphering algorithm specially, be also referred to as the encryption and decryption engine.But in the present invention, because the virtual SIM card that adopts, the execution of all functions all is to carry out under the central processing unit 303 of portable terminal and calculation resources thereof, disposal ability is stronger, can adopt the software program programming to realize, also can adopt special encryption and decryption engine to realize, be optional therefore.
From of the present invention a kind of realization shown in Figure 4 as can be seen, essence of the present invention is that program and function that former true SIM card realizes are realized by portable terminal, and by the part of mobile network appliance being changed and program upgrade writes portable terminal with accounts information by network, rather than Activate Account by selling true SIM card.Avoided following problem:
1, the compatibility issue of portable terminal and SIM card.Because the design of portable terminal and the realization that realizes having comprised the virtual SIM card function are oneself to be finished by portable terminal manufacturer.
2, customer using cost problem.Reduced the needs of true SIM card, because true SIM card comprises the integrated circuit of processor, memory bank formation, price is far above the paper card that only needs the printing password.
3, accounts information is by the problem of bootlegging.At first be not exposed to the physical interface of outside between portable terminal and the virtual SIM card, the inlet that bootlegging person does not duplicate; Next is to be impossible obtain accounts information by technological means by the encrypted message on the password card.And true SIM card has been owing to stored accounts information in the SIM card, and has and electric contact that communication is carried out in the outside, becomes the inlet that the assailant carries out bootlegging.
Because a kind of release of new function often wishes to have back compatible, can compatible original function, therefore the portable terminal for compatible virtual SIM card and true SIM card has also provided a kind of realization.As Fig. 5.Fig. 5 is virtual support SIM card of the present invention and the true double mode portable terminal principle schematic of SIM card.Compare with Fig. 4, two differences are arranged, one is the SIM interface circuit 313 that has increased prior art, and another is in the realization of virtual SIM card.Among this figure, the realization of virtual SIM card 500 is except comprising the described secret key safety memory module 410 of Fig. 4, account management module 411, network authentication algoritic module 412, optional encrypting and decrypting engine processing module 413, also comprise certification mode and select module 514, this module realizes with program software, owing to have virtual SIM card and true SIM card, the code that therefore need program is realized the selection of two kinds of patterns.Select by the man-machine interface circuit 307 of portable terminal by the operator, when selecting true SIM card, accounts information and identifying algorithm thereof are to be realized by the true SIM card that is connected with SIM interface circuit 313, when selecting virtual SIM card, accounts information and identifying algorithm thereof are to realize by portable terminal is inner.
The service center server 205 of virtual support SIM card be on existing mobile network's service platform basis, carry out improved, can realize functions such as account charging as the existing call center service of China Mobile (call number 13800138000), itself had the automatic speech service function and be connected the function of carrying out information communication with commercial operation support system (BOSS) plateform system, when realization is of the present invention, need on existing call center service platform, increase the registration of virtual support SIM card, change portable terminal, obtain accounts information, standby virtual SIM customizing messages, download the automatic speech prompting content of functions such as virtual SIM customizing messages, carry out the function of information communication with the network authentication server (AUC) 206 of virtual support SIM card, adopt prior art can realize fully.
The network authentication server of virtual support SIM card (AUC) 206 also need increase the functional module of virtual support SIM card on existing certificate server.As Fig. 6 is the certificate server principle schematic of virtual support SIM card of the present invention, on the processor 606 of certificate server,, also increase number resource administration module 601, key production module 602, account information table 603, secret key encryption sending module 604, Password Management module 605, account transfer pin generation module 610 except original network interface circuit 607, database 608, database management module 609.Because virtual support SIM card network authentication server (AUC) 106 can be realized the telephone number that uses for the user and be equipped with the utilance that improves number resource interim the branch, therefore need number resource administration module 601, comprise all and used the information table of number resource and unused number resource, and can carry out mark for newly assigned number resource and handle, this mark comprise as use, do not use, mark such as reservation.The number resource amount of information is bigger, therefore need to increase the memory bank space of platform in case of necessity, and concrete management function can the employing program realize.Key production module 602 is the modules that realize that the virtual SIM card function ratio is crucial, because the key of each account is the most secret information, the strategy that key generates needs certain security consideration, as takes the real random number generator technology, can make the key of generation be difficult to be guessed or infer.Account information table 603 is to distribute international unique user identification code for account, is IMSI at the GSM network, also has the ICCID data message.Therefore comprise fields such as telephone number MSDN, IMSI, ICCID, key data in the accounts information,, also need the code data field of changing portable terminal and be placed in the accounts information in order to realize the replacing of portable terminal.And the content of changing the code data field of portable terminal is generated and is managed by Password Management module 605, this Password Management module 605 is gone back the management of the encrypted message in the swipe of account executive initial registration simultaneously, increase the memory bank space in case of necessity, and can realize concrete management function by software program.Because the requirement of key information transmission security, usually key data need be carried out encrypted transmission, be realized by secret key encryption sending module 604, concrete cryptographic algorithm can be determined by operator, as adopting the DES algorithm, encryption key can adopt the password on the scratch card.
Fig. 7 is that the present invention carries out the Account Registration flow chart when the code data library information leaves authentication center's server in.The portable terminal 701 of virtual support SIM card is put through the access code of the service centre 702 of virtual support SIM card, as 13800138000 of China Mobile GSM network are toll-free hotline numbers, set up voice and connect 711, service centre 702 sends voice suggestion 712 to portable terminal 701, this voice suggestion 712 comprises the options that the prompting user carries out Account Registration, voice suggestion with input password card account password, these two voice suggestions can be carried out in two steps, also can once point out and carry out, the user is by portable terminal 701 input passwords, portable terminal 701 sends the password 713 of user's input to service centre 702, service centre 702 transmits encrypted message to the authentication center 703 of virtual support SIM card then, request authentication 714, whether authentication center 703 analyzes password by the Password Management module 605 of Fig. 6 effective, if password useless will be to the information of service centre's 702 loopback password useless 715, then by service centre 702 to portable terminal 701 loopback password useless information 717; If password is effective, then number resource administration module 601, key production module 602, account information table 603, the secret key encryption sending module 604 of authentication center 703 by Fig. 6 generates complete accounts information and critical data carried out sending accounts informations 716 to service centre 702 after the encryption, then by service centre 702 with accounts information with the form of data SMS to portable terminal 701 loopback accounts informations 718.This moment, portable terminal 701 deposited secret key safety memory module and the account management module of accounts information by virtual SIM card in the accounts information memory bank in, portable terminal 701 is to the information 719 of service centre's 702 transmit operation successes subsequently, service centre 702 transmits operation successful information 720 to authentication center 703, thereby finishes the registration of an accounts information.
Fig. 8 is that the present invention carries out the Account Registration flow chart when the code data library information leaves service center server in.With the process basically identical of Fig. 7, the password validity of different is scratch card judges that the service centre 802 by the virtual support SIM card finishes, and this moment, service centre 802 comprised scratch card Password Management module.Detailed process is described as: portable terminal 701 is put through the access code of the service centre 802 of virtual support SIM card, as 13800138000 of China Mobile GSM network are toll-free hotline numbers, set up voice and connect 811, service centre 802 sends voice suggestion 812 to portable terminal 701, this voice suggestion 812 comprises the options that the prompting user carries out Account Registration, voice suggestion with input password card account password, these two voice suggestions can be carried out in two steps, also can once point out and carry out, the user is by portable terminal 701 input passwords, portable terminal 701 sends the password 813 of user's input to service centre 802, whether service centre 802 is effective by Password Management module analysis password then, if password useless will be to the information of service centre's 802 loopback password useless 814; If password is effective, then service centre 802 sends password to authentication center 703, request accounts information 815, number resource administration module 601, key production module 602, account information table 603, the secret key encryption sending module 604 of authentication center 703 by Fig. 6 generates complete accounts information and critical data carried out sending accounts informations 816 to service centre 802 after the encryption, then by service centre 802 with accounts information with the form of data SMS to portable terminal 701 loopback accounts informations 817.This moment, portable terminal 701 deposited secret key safety memory module and the account management module of accounts information by virtual SIM card in the accounts information memory bank in, portable terminal 701 is to the information 818 of service centre's 802 transmit operation successes subsequently, service centre 802 transmits operation successful information 819 to authentication center 703, thereby finishes the registration of an accounts information.
When the portable terminal of employing virtual SIM card is changed, need send application to service centre earlier, obtain two cover flow processs of accounts information then, be described further below.
Fig. 9 is that the present invention changes portable terminal application process figure.Portable terminal 701 is put through the access code of service centre 702, as 13800138000 of China Mobile GSM network are toll-free hotline numbers, set up voice and connect 911, service centre 702 sends voice suggestion 912 to portable terminal 701, this voice suggestion 912 comprises the options that the prompting user changes mobile terminal request, the user is by portable terminal 701 these options of input, portable terminal 701 sends the replacing mobile terminal request 913 of user's input to service centre 702, service centre 702 transmits the mobile terminal request information 914 of changing to authentication center 703 then, authentication center 703 generates account transfer pin information by the account transfer pin generation module 610 of Fig. 6, and to service centre's 702 transmission account transfer pin information 915, then by service centre 702 with account transfer pin information with the form of note to portable terminal 701 loopback account transfer pin information 916 and be presented on the screen of portable terminal 701, remember by the user.Portable terminal 701 is to the information 917 of service centre's 702 transmit operation successes then, and service centre 702 transmits operation successful information 918 to authentication center 703, thereby finishes the application of changing portable terminal.
Figure 10 is that the present invention changes portable terminal and obtains the accounts information flow chart.Portable terminal 701 is put through the access code of service centre 702, as 13800138000 of China Mobile GSM network are toll-free hotline numbers, set up voice and connect 1011, service centre 702 sends voice suggestion 1012 to portable terminal 701, this voice suggestion 912 comprises the options that the prompting user changes portable terminal input account transfer pin information, the user is by portable terminal 701 these options of input, portable terminal 701 sends the account transfer pin information 1013 of user's input to service centre 702, service centre 702 transmits to send to authentication center 703 and changes password then, request accounts information 1014, whether authentication center 703 analyzes the replacing password by the Password Management module 605 of Fig. 6 effective, if password useless, will be to the information of service centre's 702 loopback password useless 1015, then by service centre 702 to portable terminal 701 loopback password useless information 1017; If password is effective, then key production module 602, account information table 603, the secret key encryption sending module 604 of authentication center 703 by Fig. 6 generates complete accounts information and critical data carried out sending the accounts information 1016 of having changed key to service centre 702 after the encryption, by service centre 702 accounts information changed the accounts information 1018 of key then to portable terminal 701 loopbacks with the form of data SMS.This moment, portable terminal 701 deposited secret key safety memory module and the account management module of accounts information by virtual SIM card in the accounts information memory bank in, portable terminal 701 is to the information 1019 of service centre's 702 transmit operation successes subsequently, service centre 702 transmits operation successful information 1020 to authentication center 703, thereby regain accounts information after finishing the replacing portable terminal, because the key of accounts information changes, thereby make the portable terminal account that has been replaced invalid, avoid occurring the leakage of accounts information.
Owing to when people use portable terminal, need some phone book information of storage usually, after changing portable terminal, wish the phone book information of former portable terminal is transferred in the new portable terminal.The transfer that realizes this information has multiple implementation method, one of method is that the communication function of utilizing portable terminal to carry is delivered to another portable terminal with phone book information from a portable terminal, such as infrared communication function or Wi-Fi close range wireless communication function or WLAN close range wireless communication function or wired USB communication function or wired portable terminal dedicated data line communication function.Two of method is to change before the portable terminal to store phone book information among the mobile network customizing messages management platform by the mobile network, download telephone directory information by the mobile network from the customizing messages management platform by new portable terminal then, as the customizing messages management platform 208 among Fig. 2.Done to further describe for second method at Figure 11 and Figure 12.
Figure 11 is that the present invention carries out standby virtual SIM card telephone directory flow chart.Customizing messages management platform 1102 in the figure is servers of realizing storage and downloading phone book information.Short message service center among the mobile network or Short Message Service Gateway can distribute an access service number for customizing messages management platform 1102, the option that comprises the virtual SIM card phone book backup during the menu of portable terminal 701 is selected, after the user selects this option, portable terminal 701 reads the virtual SIM card phone book information, form by short message becomes the backup information that N bar short message constitutes with the phone book information tissue then, sends to customizing messages management platform 1102 then one by one.Send article one backup information 1111 as the portable terminal among the figure 701 to customizing messages management platform 1102, send second backup information 1112 then, up to sending N bar backup information 111n, in order to make customizing messages management platform 1102 from many short messages of receiving, the efficient recovery phone book information be arranged, need be every short message numbering in short message, and total number information is included in the short message information.Customizing messages management platform 1102 needing just can obtain the phone book information of backup from many short messages like this.Because the transmission of mobile network's short message may can't be collected whole phone book information owing to problems such as network blockage are lost note, this moment, customizing messages management platform 1102 sent the message 1121 of backup failure to portable terminal 701.If collecting full detail just can correctly recover and storing call book information, and the account number corresponding with the virtual SIM card of the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card carries out corresponding, can add the account telephone number in short message source when mobile telephone exchange network sends short message to customizing messages management platform 1102 usually, customizing messages management platform 1102 sends the successful message 1122 of backup to portable terminal 701.
Figure 12 is that the present invention downloads virtual SIM card telephone directory flow chart in the air.Customizing messages management platform 1102 in the figure is servers of realizing storage and downloading phone book information, and by the flow process of Figure 11 phone book information is stored in the customizing messages management platform 1102.Short message service center among the mobile network or Short Message Service Gateway can distribute an access service number for customizing messages management platform 1102, during selecting, the menu of portable terminal 701 comprises the option that the virtual SIM card telephone directory is downloaded, after the user selects this option, portable terminal 701 sends backup information to customizing messages management platform 1102 and downloads application information 1210, can add the account telephone number in short message source when mobile telephone exchange network sends short message to customizing messages management platform 1102 usually, therefore customizing messages management platform 1102 can identify the account telephone number of information source from the solicited message of receiving, with the account number just can search whole phone book information of respective backup storage, customizing messages management platform 1102 becomes the download message that N bar short message constitutes by the form of short message with the phone book information tissue then, sends to portable terminal 701 then one by one.Send article one download message 1211 as the customizing messages management platform 1102 among the figure to portable terminal 701, send second download message 1212 then, up to sending N bar download message 121n, in order to make portable terminal 701 from many short messages of receiving, the efficient recovery phone book information be arranged, need be every short message numbering in short message, and total number information is included in the short message information.Customizing messages management platform 1102 just can obtain the phone book information that needs from many short messages like this, stores into then in the memory bank of virtual SIM card of portable terminal.
In true SIM card environment, people attempt increasing the ability of the closely mobile communication of portable terminal, to realize such as the function of paying by mails, but because present true SIM card size is too little, can't directly connect antenna, therefore general method is to be implemented in the portable terminal, but because true SIM card is what to separate with portable terminal, people wish to utilize the security feature of true SIM card to provide authentication for mobile payment again, people have found out the whole bag of tricks, most variations is to utilize in the communication interface definition of opinion of portable terminal and true SIM card to have the signal pin of two reservations to realize closely mobile communication and the truly integration of function between the SIM card, but the problem of bringing is the communications protocol standard that needs the signal pin of two reservations of definition, for the popularization of application function brings problem.Near-field communication (NFC) is that development in recent years gets up to realize that functionality mobile communication closely satisfies a solution of mobile payment.Figure 13 is the portable terminal principle assumption diagram with NFC function of the true SIM card of prior art support.Contrast Fig. 3 a, we as can be seen, the main functionality circuit of Figure 13 is identical with Fig. 3 a, but NFC control circuit 1301 and NFC antenna circuit 1302 have been increased among Figure 13, SIM card interface circuit 1313 signal definitions change simultaneously, increased with the signal of NFC control circuit 1301 and be connected, so that the NFC signal is delivered in the true SIM card by SIM card interface circuit 1313, but this connection need redefine standard, but because different interests group has proposed different separately signal definition and protocol specification, hinder the further popularization of its technology, and further increased the complexity of true SIM card.Utilize virtual SIM card technology of the present invention can solve this new function, the new problem of using easily.Be further described at Figure 14.
Figure 14 is the portable terminal principle assumption diagram with NFC function of virtual support SIM card of the present invention.Compare with Figure 13, utilize when of the present invention, the SIM card interface circuit 1313 of Figure 13 is replaced with virtual SIM card 1400, virtual SIM card 1400 comprises secret key safety memory module 1410, account management module 1411, network authentication algoritic module 1412, in order to accelerate the algorithm arithmetic speed, optionally increase encrypting and decrypting engine processing module 1413, these modules are all controlled the realization of going down at central processing unit 303.Because virtual SIM card 1400 and NFC control circuit 1301 all are that programming realizes under the control of same central processing unit 303, therefore the information interaction between virtual SIM card 1400 and the NFC control circuit 1301 can be finished by the internal processes function interface, by the own defining interface standard of the design production firm of each portable terminal, only need identically with the information of network interaction can realize utilizing NFC to realize the unification of mobile payment function and SIM authentication function.

Claims (46)

1. the portable terminal of a virtual support SIM card is characterized in that comprising central processing unit (CPU) and virtual SIM card functional module, and described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits the non-volatile memory body of key;
Account management module comprises storage management program, changes the portable terminal handling procedure, obtains the accounts information program and deposits the memory bank of accounts information;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of the key in the described secret key safety memory module, described account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
2. portable terminal as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that in described secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprise with secret key safety be stored in the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key handling procedure and from the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key safety read the handling procedure of described key, wherein secret key safety is stored in the combination that handling procedure in the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key comprises one of following processing and storage means or several method: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in the non-volatile memory body of described portable terminal internal storage key respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein the handling procedure that safety reads described key from the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key comprises the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key.
3. portable terminal as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that in described account management module, described storage management program is included on the described memory bank of depositing accounts information storage and reads the non-confidential information of the account that is used for user identity identification, and the key of the non-confidential information of described account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module has constituted the full detail of discerning user identity; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal is operated described portable terminal and is obtained account transfer pin information with described mobile network appliance interactive information by the user, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is operated by the user that described portable terminal is imported described account transfer pin information and obtained the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is to operate the encrypted message of described portable terminal input password card and obtain the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal by the user.
4. portable terminal as claimed in claim 3; it is characterized in that described password card is a kind of paper of the certain size size of passing through to be completed for printing without any electronic device or the card of certain size size; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn on the encrypted message.
5. portable terminal as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that described password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
6. portable terminal as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the authentication center (AUC:Authentication Center) of the call center service of virtual support SIM card (Call Center), virtual support SIM card.
7. portable terminal as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the application server of virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
8. portable terminal as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that in described network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, and key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
9. the portable terminal of a virtual support SIM card is characterized in that comprising central processing unit, virtual SIM card functional module, and described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits two or more than the non-volatile memory body of two keys;
Account management module comprises storage management program, changes the portable terminal handling procedure, obtains the accounts information program, selects the accounts information program and deposits two or more than the memory bank of two accounts informations;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module read the accounts information of the key in the described secret key safety memory module, described account management module and parameter that wireless network passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
10. portable terminal as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that in described secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprises secret key safety is stored in describedly deposits two or deposit two or read the handling procedure of described key more than one of the non-volatile memory body of two keys safety more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of two keys with from described, wherein secret key safety is stored in describedly to deposit two or comprise the combination of one of following processing and storage means or several method more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of two keys: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in described portable terminal internal repository respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein deposit two or comprise the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method more than the handling procedure that one of non-volatile memory body of two keys safety reads described key: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key from described.
11. portable terminal as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that in described account management module, described storage management program comprises storage and reads two or more than two non-confidential information of account that are used for user identity identification, and described two or more than two non-confidential information of account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module two or constituted two or more than two full details of discerning user identity more than two keys; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal is operated described portable terminal and is obtained account transfer pin information with described mobile network appliance interactive information by the user, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is operated by the user that described portable terminal is imported described account transfer pin information and obtained the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is to operate the encrypted message of described portable terminal input password card and obtain the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal by the user; Described selection accounts information program comprises the menu handling procedure of selecting account and operates the handling procedure that the accounts information of needs use is selected in described portable terminal input by the user.
12. portable terminal as claimed in claim 11; it is characterized in that described password card is a kind of paper of the certain size size of passing through to be completed for printing without any electronic device or the card of certain size size; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn on the encrypted message.
13. portable terminal as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that described password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
14. portable terminal as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the authentication center of the call center service of virtual support SIM card, virtual support SIM card.
15. portable terminal as claimed in claim 11, it is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the application server of virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
16. portable terminal as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that in described network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, and key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
17. the portable terminal of a virtual support SIM card, it is characterized in that comprising central processing unit, virtual SIM card functional module, SIM card interface, select the accounts information program module, described SIM card interface is the interface that meets the ISO7816 standard, described selection accounts information program module comprises the menu handling procedure of selecting account and operates by the user that the accounts information in the virtual SIM card module of needs use is selected in described portable terminal input or the handling procedure of the SIM card accounts information selecting to install on the described SIM card interface, and described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits one or more than the non-volatile memory body of a key;
Account management module comprises storage management program, changes the portable terminal handling procedure, obtains the accounts information program and deposits one or more than the memory bank of an accounts information;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of the key in the described secret key safety memory module, described account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
18. portable terminal as claimed in claim 17, it is characterized in that in described secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprises secret key safety is stored in describedly deposits one or deposit one or read the handling procedure of described key more than one of the non-volatile memory body of key safety more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key with from described, wherein secret key safety is stored in describedly to deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and storage means or several method more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in described portable terminal internal repository respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method more than the handling procedure that one of non-volatile memory body of key safety reads described key: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key from described.
19. portable terminal as claimed in claim 17, it is characterized in that in described account management module, described storage management program comprises storage and reads one or more than a non-confidential information of account that is used for user identity identification, and described one or more than a non-confidential information of account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module one or constituted one or more than a full detail of discerning user identity more than a key; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal is operated described portable terminal and is obtained account transfer pin information with described mobile network appliance interactive information by the user, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is operated by the user that described portable terminal is imported described account transfer pin information and obtained the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is to operate the encrypted message of described portable terminal input password card and obtain the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal by the user.
20. portable terminal as claimed in claim 19; it is characterized in that described password card is a kind of a certain size paper or certain size card that passes through to be completed for printing without any electronic device; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn on the encrypted message.
21. portable terminal as claimed in claim 20 is characterized in that described password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
22. portable terminal as claimed in claim 19 is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the authentication center of the call center service of virtual support SIM card, virtual support SIM card.
23. portable terminal as claimed in claim 19, it is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the application server of virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
24. portable terminal as claimed in claim 17, it is characterized in that in described network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, and key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
25. the portable terminal of a virtual support SIM card, it is characterized in that comprising central processing unit, virtual SIM card functional module, close range wireless communication module, described close range wireless communication module comprises close range wireless communication controller and radio-frequency antenna, under the control of described central processing unit, by described virtual SIM card functional module safety certification is carried out in the communication of described close range wireless communication module, described virtual SIM card functional module further comprises:
The secret key safety memory module comprises the processing module of secure access key and deposits one or more than the non-volatile memory body of a key;
Account management module is to comprise storage management program, change the portable terminal handling procedure, obtain the accounts information program and deposit one or more than the memory bank of an accounts information;
The network authentication algoritic module comprises the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion;
Described network authentication algoritic module reads the accounts information of the key in the described secret key safety memory module, described account management module and parameter that wireless network the passes to portable terminal calculating parameter as identifying algorithm, and result of calculation is sent in the wireless network;
Described secret key safety memory module, account management module, network authentication algoritic module are all carried out program function separately under the control of described central processing unit.
26. portable terminal as claimed in claim 25, it is characterized in that in described secret key safety memory module, the processing module of described secure access key comprises secret key safety is stored in describedly deposits one or deposit one or read the handling procedure of described key more than one of the non-volatile memory body of key safety more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key with from described, wherein secret key safety is stored in describedly to deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and storage means or several method more than the handling procedure of one of non-volatile memory body of a key: key is dispersed into a plurality of storage areas that several data blocks are stored in described portable terminal internal repository respectively, storage again after using a kind of privately owned cryptographic algorithm to handle the key, the storage area of storage key has the processing of hardware attack protection and comprises fusible link fusing processing, current balance is handled or randomization, electric voltage equalization is handled, operation clock randomization; Wherein deposit one or comprise the combination of one of following processing and read method or several method more than the handling procedure that one of non-volatile memory body of key safety reads described key: just can read key when only calling the function of described network authentication algoritic module and carry out computing, can not read key, fusible link fusing by other any peripheral operations instructions and handle the diagnose interface of back device and can not visit the described non-volatile memory body of depositing key from described.
27. portable terminal as claimed in claim 25, it is characterized in that in described account management module, described storage management program comprises storage and reads one or more than a non-confidential information of account that is used for user identity identification, and described one or more than a non-confidential information of account and the storage of described secret key safety memory module one or constituted one or more than a full detail of discerning user identity more than a key; Described replacing portable terminal handling procedure comprises application and changes the menu handling procedure of portable terminal and the menu handling procedure that Activates Account, the menu handling procedure of wherein said replacing portable terminal is operated described portable terminal and is obtained account transfer pin information with described mobile network appliance interactive information by the user, and the described menu handling procedure that Activates Account is operated by the user that described portable terminal is imported described account transfer pin information and obtained the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal; The described accounts information program of obtaining is to operate the encrypted message of described portable terminal input password card and obtain the full detail of account with described mobile network appliance interactive information and write the handling procedure of portable terminal by the user.
28. portable terminal as claimed in claim 27; it is characterized in that described password card is a kind of a certain size paper or certain size card that passes through to be completed for printing without any electronic device; at least be printed on a string encrypted message above, and matcoveredn on the encrypted message.
29. portable terminal as claimed in claim 28 is characterized in that described password card further comprises one or more of following other information: information, operator's informaiton, operating procedure information, the corresponding telephone number information of the information of indication expense rating, the indication card term of validity.
30. portable terminal as claimed in claim 27 is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the authentication center of the call center service of virtual support SIM card, virtual support SIM card.
31. portable terminal as claimed in claim 27, it is characterized in that the network equipment of described virtual support SIM card comprises the application server of virtual support SIM card, the authentication center of virtual support SIM card, the application server of wherein said virtual support SIM card has with short message service center or short messaging gateway and is connected, and one or more access codes have been distributed by short message service center or short messaging gateway, by the voice access code that mobile switch equipment distributes, the application server of described virtual support SIM card has being connected of information interaction with the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card simultaneously.
32. portable terminal as claimed in claim 25, it is characterized in that in described network authentication algoritic module, the identifying algorithm program of carrying out network insertion is the algorithm of realizing by the Virtual network operator permission that is used to discern user identity, and key of storing in the described secret key safety memory module of needs employing and the accounts information in the described account management module are as the operational factor of algorithm routine.
33. portable terminal as claimed in claim 25 is characterized in that in described close range wireless communication module it being to comprise controller and the radio-frequency antenna of supporting near-field communication (NFC, Near-Field Communication).
34. portable terminal as claimed in claim 25 is characterized in that in described close range wireless communication module it being to comprise controller and the radio-frequency antenna of supporting radio frequency identification (RFID:Radio Frequency Identifier).
35. as each described portable terminal in the claim 1 to 34, the portable terminal that it is characterized in that supporting the portable terminal of GSM network or support cdma network.
36., it is characterized in that portable terminal or the portable terminal of support CDMA2000 mobile communication network or the portable terminal of support WIMAX mobile communication network supporting the portable terminal of TD-SCDMA mobile communication network or support the WCDMA mobile communication network as each described portable terminal in the claim 1 to 34.
37., it is characterized in that the method for described portable terminal realization authenticating user identification comprises following process as each described portable terminal in the claim 1 to 34:
Process 1: identification number register obtains the accounts information process;
Process 2: account verification process.
38. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the call center service of described virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the call center service of described virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the call center service of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 3: the call center service search password card database information of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise after sending the invalid voice suggestion of password card, the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process;
Step 4: the call center service of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 6: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the call center service of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the described account authentication of this password card correspondence, and the call center service of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with note or data message mode;
Step 7: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
39. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the call center service of described virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the call center service of described virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the call center service of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 3: the call center service of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise the call center service to described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the call center service by described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid voice suggestion of password card then;
Step 4: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 5: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the call center service of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the described account authentication of this password card correspondence, and the call center service of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with note or data message mode;
Step 6: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
40. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the call center service of described virtual support SIM card by the short message passage, the call center service of described virtual support SIM card is to the transmitting short message by mobile terminal prompting of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the call center service of described virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: the call center service search password card database information of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise after sending the invalid short message prompt of password card, the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process;
Step 4: the call center service of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 6: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the call center service of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the call center service of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with short message mode;
Step 7: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
41. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the call center service of described virtual support SIM card by the short message passage, the call center service of described virtual support SIM card is to the transmitting short message by mobile terminal prompting of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the call center service of described virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: the call center service of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise the call center service to described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the call center service by described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card then;
Step 4: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 5: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the call center service of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the call center service of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with short message mode;
Step 6: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
42. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the application server of described virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the application server of described virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to portable terminal, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the application server of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 3: the application server search password card database information of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise after sending the invalid voice suggestion of password card, the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process;
Step 4: the application server of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 6: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the application server of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the described account authentication of this password card correspondence, and the application server of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with note or data message mode;
Step 7: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
43. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the application server of described virtual support SIM card by voice channel, the application server of described virtual support SIM card sends voice suggestion to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the application server of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 3: the application server of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise the application server to described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the application server by described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid voice suggestion of password card then;
Step 4: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 5: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the application server of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the described account authentication of this password card correspondence, and the application server of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with note or data message mode;
Step 6: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
44. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the application server of described virtual support SIM card by the short message passage, the application server of described virtual support SIM card is to the transmitting short message by mobile terminal prompting of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the application server of described virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: the application server search password card database information of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise after sending the invalid short message prompt of password card, the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process;
Step 4: the application server of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 5: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 6: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the application server of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the application server of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with short message mode;
Step 7: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
45. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 1 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card connects the service number of the application server of described virtual support SIM card by the short message passage, the application server of described virtual support SIM card is to the transmitting short message by mobile terminal prompting of described virtual support SIM card, and the user is by the password on the portable terminal input password card of described virtual support SIM card;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card passes to the code data of user's input the application server of described virtual support SIM card by short message;
Step 3: the application server of described virtual support SIM card passes to code data the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, password card database information will be searched for by the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card, confirm that received password is whether in password card database, if, check the term of validity of current date and password correspondence, judge whether this code data is effective, if effectively then continue step 4, otherwise the application server to described virtual support SIM card sends the invalid information indicating of password card, and the application server by described virtual support SIM card withdraws from this process after portable terminal sends the invalid information indicating of password card then;
Step 4: the key production module of the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card generates the key information of this password correspondence, select the account number information of a number of not use by the number resource administration module, constitute the essential information that account authenticates with described key information as this password card correspondence;
Step 5: the authentication center of described virtual support SIM card sends to the application server of described virtual support SIM card with the essential information of the account of this password card correspondence authentication, and the application server of described virtual support SIM card sends to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card with short message mode;
Step 6: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card writes the essential information of account authentication in the memory bank of portable terminal inside of described virtual support SIM card by secured fashion, finish the identification number register process;
46. method as claimed in claim 37 is characterized in that described process 2 further comprises the steps:
Step 1: for judging at first automatically or the manual operation select operating mode behind the mobile terminal-opening of supporting SIM card interface and virtual SIM card simultaneously, if the SIM card of installing on the selection SIM card interface, then adopt the prior art identifying procedure,, then enter step 2 if select virtual SIM card; Enter step 2 behind the mobile terminal-opening for virtual support SIM card only;
Step 2: the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card is asked the access service request by base station (BS) to mobile switching centre (MSC);
Step 3: after the service access request is received by described mobile switching centre, by handling the access service request that request message notice VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) is handled this portable terminal that inserts, VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) will check at first whether this portable terminal has authentication parameter in database, if have, VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) will directly issue the authentication order to mobile switching centre, otherwise, ask authentication parameter to corresponding home location register/authentication center (HLR/AUC), and then issue the authentication order to mobile switching centre;
Step 4: mobile switching centre issues authentication request by the base station to the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card after receiving the authentication order of VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) transmission, contains described authentication parameter in this order;
Step 5: after the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card is received described authentication request, the authentication arithmetic that the virtual SIM card functional module of the portable terminal of described virtual support SIM card realizes, draw authenticating result, send to mobile switching centre by authentication response message;
Step 6: mobile switching centre is with authenticating result loopback VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR), check the described authenticating result and the result from the authentication parameter that home location register/authentication center (HLR/AUC) obtains of the mobile terminal reporting of described virtual support SIM card by VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR), if the two is inconsistent, refusal this time inserts request, authentification failure; If the two unanimity then authentication are passed through, after authentication is passed through, VLR Visitor Location Register (VLR) will at first issue encrypted command to mobile switching centre, notify then the portable terminal of the described virtual support SIM card of mobile switching centre this time insert request obtained by, mobile switching centre notifies the mobile terminal service request of described virtual support SIM card to pass by the base station, has realized the account authentication.
CN2008100071482A 2008-02-02 2008-02-02 Mobile terminal supporting virtual SIM card and its user identity authentication method Expired - Fee Related CN101222712B (en)

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