CN101221272B - Optical arrangement for multi-residence units and commercial building - Google Patents

Optical arrangement for multi-residence units and commercial building Download PDF

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CN101221272B
CN101221272B CN2008100029220A CN200810002922A CN101221272B CN 101221272 B CN101221272 B CN 101221272B CN 2008100029220 A CN2008100029220 A CN 2008100029220A CN 200810002922 A CN200810002922 A CN 200810002922A CN 101221272 B CN101221272 B CN 101221272B
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cable
floor
connector
fiber
optical fiber
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CN2008100029220A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101221272A (en
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D·亨德里克森
P·A·威曼
张洪波
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古河电子北美公司
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Priority to US60/880,169 priority
Priority to US11/891,553 priority
Priority to US11/891,553 priority patent/US7546018B2/en
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Abstract

将网络提供商光缆引导到多住宅单元或商业建筑中的分线盒,在该处终止光缆光纤。 The cable network providers to guide multiple dwelling unit distribution box or commercial buildings, where the cable fiber termination. 每根都在一端终止于分线盒的一根或多根竖直光缆穿过建筑轴引导。 Each terminating at one end in one or more of the junction box cable guided through the vertical axis of the building. 每根竖直光缆包含与位于建筑的特定一组一个或多个楼层上的单元相关联的光纤。 Each vertical cable includes an optical fiber unit associated with the building located on a specific set of one or more floors. 每根竖直光缆的另一端终止于与该组楼层相关联的聚集盒。 The other end of each cable terminates in a vertical cassette aggregation with the set of associated floor. 供给光缆在聚集盒和该组中的每个楼层或者一个楼层的相应楼层区域之间引导。 Aggregate supply cable is guided between the cassette and the floor area of ​​each respective group in the floor or a floor. 为每个楼层或楼层区域提供引入盒以终止相应的供给光缆。 Into the container provided for each floor or floor region corresponding to terminate the supply cable. 引入光缆在引入盒和待服务的楼层或楼层区域中的单元之间引导。 Drop cables guided between the floor or the floor area to be introduced into the cartridge and the service unit.

Description

用于多住宅单元和商业建筑的光缆布设 For laying fiber optic cable multi-dwelling units and commercial buildings

[0001] 相关申请的交叉引用 CROSS [0001] REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请要求享有2007年I月13日递交的题为“Multidwelling Unit(MDU)DropBox for Fiber Optic Cables”的美国临时专利申请N0.60/880,169的优先权。 US Provisional Patent [0002] This application claims priority on May 13, 2007 I filed entitled "Multidwelling Unit (MDU) DropBox for Fiber Optic Cables" Application No. N0.60 / 880,169 of. 另外,本申请是2007 年3 月27 日递交的题为“Wall-Mountable Optical Fiber and CableManagement Apparatus”的美国非临时专利申请N0.60/880, 169的部分延续(CIP)。 In addition, the application is March 27, 2007 filed US Non-Provisional Patent entitled "Wall-Mountable Optical Fiber and CableManagement Apparatus" application N0.60 / 880, section 169 of the continuation (CIP).

技术领域 FIELD

[0003] 本发明涉及用于为用户在多住宅单元(MDU)建筑物和商业写字楼中布设光缆的系统和技术。 [0003] The present invention relates to systems and techniques for a user laying cable in a multi-dwelling unit (MDU) in offices and commercial buildings.

背景技术 Background technique

[0004] 在多住宅单元(MDUs)和其它用户建筑物布设光纤网络需要使用所谓的光缆引入盒(drop box),该光缆引入盒构造成用于安装在建筑物的墙壁或其它结构上。 [0004] In multi-dwelling units (MDUs), and other users of the building layout requires a so-called fiber optic cable network into the container (drop box), the cable is introduced into the cartridge configured for mounting on a wall of a building or other structure. 目前工业实践要求引入盒在盒左侧具有用于接收来自网络提供商的光缆的光缆入口,并在盒右侧具有一个或多个开口,与建筑物内各用户相联的许多光纤通过所述一个或多个开口被接收来与提供商光缆中的相应光纤连接。 Require the introduction of current industrial practice for receiving a cartridge having a fiber optic cable from the network provider of the left side of the cassette inlet and having one or more openings, each of the plurality of optical fibers in a building associated user by the right cassette receiving one or more openings are connected to a respective fiber optic cable provider. 例如,参见〈www.corningcablesystems.com〉上的Corning光缆系统,可安装在墙壁上的连接器壳体,以及〈www.adc.com/productsandservices/>上的ADC电讯,室内光纤分配终端-客户建筑物设备(CPE)。 For example, see the cable system Corning <www.corningcablesystems.com>, the connector housing may be mounted on the wall, and <www.adc.com/productsandservices/> ADC on telecommunications, indoor fiber distribution terminal - Client Architecture equipment was (CPE). 还可参见2007多链路产品目录第24卷第87-94页,公开了可从美国俄亥俄州伊利里亚的Multilink公司买到的可安装在墙壁上的光缆外壳的系列。 See also more than 2007 links catalog 24 No. 87-94, discloses a cable jacket available from Elyria, Ohio Multilink company can be mounted on the wall series.

[0005] 然而,通过单个工人在用户建筑物安装已知的光缆引入盒是困难并且耗时的。 [0005] However, the introduction of cartridge installed in the building known to the user by a single worker cable is difficult and time consuming. 而且,已知的盒的尺寸设计成容纳较老式的光缆,这些光缆无法在不影响光缆性能的情况下承受小于3英寸(76.2mm)的弯曲直径。 Furthermore, the known dimensions of the cartridge designed to accommodate older cable, these cables can not withstand bending diameter of less than 3 inches (76.2mm) in the case of cable without affecting performance. 因此,目前可用的引入盒较大,并且不适于在没有较大的时间和劳动支出的情况下在多住宅单元或其它种类的建筑物中用于光纤网络的广泛布设。 Thus, the introduction of currently available large cartridge, and suitable for a wide range of fiber network laid in the multiple dwelling unit, or other kinds of buildings without a large expenditure of time and labor situation.

[0006] 而且,在当前的户外光纤到户(FTTH)布设中,光纤网络服务通过光纤分布和引入光缆的阵列到达住宅。 [0006] Further, in the present outdoor fiber to the home (FTTH) layout, the optical network and the introduction of a fiber distribution services through the cable reach individual arrays. 例如,分布光缆的头端在分线/转接箱区域处结束,在该处分布光缆与来自中心局的干线相连。 For example, the head end of the distribution cable at the splitter / adapter box end region, and the distribution cable from a central office is connected to the mains there. 然后分布光缆在空中或在地下穿过社区以由网络提供服务。 Then the distribution of fiber optic cable in the ground or in the air passing through the communities served by the network. 为各个住宅提供服务的引入光缆通过转接盒处的端子或网络端子(例如可从Corning获得的所谓FlexNAP端子)处的连接而与分布光缆相连。 Serving each house or drop cables via a network terminal at a terminal connection (a so-called terminal FlexNAP available from e.g. Corning) at a transfer box is connected with the distribution cable. 当在中途(mid-span)访问分布光缆中的光纤时,就将光纤耦合到导向网络端子的“系绳(tether) ”,或者直接耦合到引入光缆。 When access to the cable distribution of fibers in the middle (mid-span), will guide the fiber network is coupled to the terminal "tethers (tether)", or coupled directly to the drop cable. 但是,该独立光纤中留在分布光缆中的部分则不会使用而变成“无用”的。 However, the independent portion of the fiber optic cable in the left in the distribution is not used becomes "useless". 所以,当对于引入需要多个中途访问点时,分布光缆中的一半光纤可能无用而被浪费。 Therefore, when multiple access points for the introduction of the middle, in the half of the fiber distribution cable may be useless and wasted.

[0007] 当将光纤网络分布系统引到多住宅社区或写字楼时会出现另一问题。 [0007] Another problem occurs when a fiber-optic network distribution system lead to multi-dwelling communities or office. 例如,Corning的FlexNAP系统需要将来自分布光缆的所述“系绳”在工厂安装在沿着光缆长度的不同点处。 For example, Corning FlexNAP the system requires the "tether" from the distribution cable in the factory installed at different points along the length of the cable. 在户外空中网络中,对系绳的访问相当简单,因为可以使用“车载升降台”或类似提升设备在任何点访问系绳。 In the outdoor air network, access to the tether is quite simple, because you can use the "cherry picker" or similar lifting equipment tether at any point of access. 但是,在住宅或商业写字楼中,分布光缆的形式通常为在建筑物的楼层之间的竖轴(riser shaft)或管道内布设的直缆。 However, in residential or commercial office building, the distribution of the optical cable is generally vertical axis (riser shaft) between floors in a building in the cable or pipeline laid straight. 竖轴的尺寸和可用于访问它们的装置对不同建筑物通常是不同的。 The vertical axis and the size thereof means for access to different buildings are usually different. 于是,一旦将光缆布置在已有建筑物的竖轴中,访问光纤分布光缆上的系绳即使可以进行也会很困难。 Thus, once the cable is arranged in the vertical axis in existing buildings, access to a fiber distribution cable even when the tether may be also be difficult.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明提供了一种用于在多住宅或商业建筑中布设用于服务单元的光缆的系统,所述多住宅或商业建筑具有光缆进入位置、竖轴或管道,其中待被服务的单元位于建筑的一个或多个楼层上,其特征在于,所述系统包括: [0008] The present invention provides a system for laying cable in a multi-service unit for residential or commercial buildings, residential or commercial building said multi-fiber cable having access position, the vertical axis or duct, wherein the services to be means located on one or more floors of the building, characterized in that, the system comprising:

[0009] 位于所述光缆进入位置附近的分线盒,所述分线盒布置用于终止从所述光缆进入位置引导到所述分线盒的外部光缆的光纤; [0009] the fiber optic cable into the junction box located at a position near the sub-box is arranged to terminate an optical fiber from the fiber optic cable into the guide position to the outside of the cable junction box;

[0010] 被引导穿过竖轴或管道的一根或多根竖直光缆,其中给定的竖直光缆具有用于位于建筑中的一个相关楼层或相关的相邻的一组楼层上的服务单元的多根第一光纤,所述第一光纤的第一端在分线盒处终止以与外部光缆的某些光纤耦合; [0010] is guided through one or more vertical cable duct or vertical axis, wherein the cable has a given service on the vertical of the building for the floor or in a related set of associated adjacent floor a first plurality of optical fiber unit, a first end of said first optical fiber coupled to the termination of some of the cable at the outside of the junction box;

[0011] 安装在所述相关楼层或所述相邻的一组楼层附近区域中的用于设置在所述相关楼层或所述相邻的一组楼层上的服务单元的第一光缆分布盒,其中所述第一光缆分布盒构造和布置用于终止所述给定的竖直光缆的第一光纤的第二端; [0011] In the related floor or mounted adjacent to said set region near the floor of the first cable is provided for service units or on the floor adjacent to the associated set of floor distribution box, wherein said first cable distribution box is constructed and arranged for terminating a second end of said given vertical cable of the first optical fiber;

[0012] 多根供给光缆,每根供给光缆都从所述第一光缆分布盒被引导到所述相邻的一组楼层中的不同楼层或者被引导到单个楼层的相应楼层区域,其中每根供给光缆都具有用于相邻楼层上的服务单元或所述单个楼层的相应区域中的服务单元的多根第二光纤,并且供给光缆的所述第二光纤的第一端在第一光缆分布盒处终止,以与终止在所述第一光缆分布盒处的所述给定的竖直光缆的相应的第一光纤耦合; [0012] The plurality of cable feed, each feed cable are guided from the first cable distribution box to the floor adjacent to a different group of floors or floor is guided to the corresponding area of ​​a single floor, wherein each supplying a cable having a respective service area of ​​a single floor of an adjacent unit or on the floor of the second plurality of fiber optic service unit, and supplies the second optical fiber cable at a first end of a first cable distribution at the termination box, the termination to respective first optical fiber coupled between the first profile of the cartridge at a given vertical cable fiber optic cable;

[0013] 设置在所述相邻的一组楼层的每个楼层处或设置在所述单个楼层的每个区域处的第二光缆分布盒,其中第二光缆分布盒构造和布置用于终止相应的供给光缆的第二光纤的第二端;以及 [0013] provided at each floor disposed at or adjacent to the floor of the second set of cable distribution boxes at each region of the single floor, wherein the second cable distribution box is constructed and arranged for terminating respective supplying a second end of the second fiber optic cable; and

[0014] 多根分布光缆或光纤,每根分布光缆或光纤都在给定的第二光缆分布盒和被终止于所述给定的第二光缆分布盒处的供给光缆的所述第二光纤服务的单元之间被引导,其中每根分布光缆或光纤的第一端终止于第二光缆分布盒,用于与供给光缆的服务于给定的单元的第二光纤耦合,并且分布光缆或光纤的第二端终止在所述给定的单元处;并且 [0014] or a plurality of fiber optic distribution cable, the fiber optic cables or each profile in a given distribution box and a second cable terminating at said given cassette at a second distribution fiber optic cable of the second optical fiber supply is guided between the service unit, wherein each distribution cable or an optical fiber terminating at a first end of the second cable distribution box, a second fiber optic cable is coupled to the supply service in a given cell, and the distribution of the fiber optic cables or a second end terminating at said given unit; and

[0015] 其中所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒均包括: [0015] wherein the first cable and the second cable distribution box distribution box comprises:

[0016] 具有侧壁的接口室和具有连接器适配器的连接器面板,所述连接器适配器操作地与光纤连接器相连,所述光纤连接器与位于连接器面板外侧处的所述给定的竖直电缆或给定的分布光缆或光纤相连; [0016] Interface chamber having side walls and a connector panel having a connector adapter, said adapter is connected operatively connected to the optical connector, the optical fiber connector and the connector panel is positioned at the outside a given given vertical cable or fiber optic distribution cable or connected;

[0017] 所述接口室的侧壁具有用于接收供给光缆的开口,使得当所述给定的竖直光缆中的第一光纤的第二端或所述给定的分布光缆或光纤的第一端连接到位于所述连接器面板的外侧处的连接器适配器时,所述供给光缆中的第二光纤的第一端与位于所述连接器面板的内侧处的连接器适配器相连; [0017] The sidewall of the chamber has an opening for the interface receiving the supply cable, such that when the first optical fiber to a given vertical cable or the second end of said given cable or an optical fiber of the distribution one end connected to the connector adapter is located at the outer side of the connector panel, the second optical fiber in the cable supplying a first end connected to the connector located on the inside of said panel connector adapter;

[0018] 在所述接口室下方延伸的卷筒区域,所述卷筒区域包括具有轴线的第一卷筒壁,所述第一卷筒壁的尺寸设计成在一定长度的给定的供给光缆缠绕在所述第一卷筒壁上时支撑所述一定长度的给定的供给光缆,并且所述卷筒区域构造并布置成使得当所述给定的供给光缆从所述卷筒区域放出时所述光缆分布盒能够绕所述第一卷筒壁的所述轴线转动; [0018] In the interface region of the spool chamber extending below said web comprises a first region of the drum wall having an axis, the size of the first wall designed to roll a length of cable fed in a given wound on said first reel support wall of said given length of the supply cable, and the reel area constructed and arranged such that when the cable is supplied given area when discharged from the drum the cable distribution box capable of rotating the axis of the wall around the first reel;

[0019] 所述卷筒区域的第一卷筒壁设有光缆入口,在所述光缆口内配合有应变消除装置,以使得缠绕在所述卷筒区域的第一卷筒壁上的光纤经由所述光缆入口和所述应变消除装置进入所述接口室; [0019] The first cable drum wall is provided with inlet port in said mating with a cable strain relief means such that the first wall of the spool wound on the reel spool region area via the optical fiber said cable strain relief means and said inlet into said chamber an interface;

[0020] 所述接口室和所述卷筒区域构造并布置成使得当所述给定的供给光缆缠绕在所述第一卷筒壁上时,所述给定的供给光缆的光纤在所述接口室内被引导,并在所述连接器面板的内侧处与所述连接器适配器相连。 [0020] chamber and said interface region of said reel constructed and arranged such that when the given supply cable wound on the first reel wall, a given fiber optic cable in the supply an interface chamber is guided at the inside and is connected to the connector adapter of the connector panel.

[0021] 优选地,所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒均包括具有轴向通道的管,所述轴向通道具有用于接收细长工具的足够的宽度,使得当所述给定的供给光缆从所述光缆分布盒的卷筒区域放出时,所述光缆分布盒绕所述工具自由转动。 [0021] Preferably, the first cable and the second cable distribution box includes a cassette distribution tube having an axial passage, said axial channel having a width sufficient for receiving the elongated tool, such that when said given supplying a predetermined region of the cable spool when the cable is released from the distribution box, the cable distribution box freely rotate about the tool.

[0022] 优选地,所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒的每一个的接口室构造并布置成支撑所述连接器面板,使得具有某种类型的连接器适配器的第一连接器面板能够被去除,并能够用具有类型不同于第一连接器面板的适配器的连接器适配器的第二连接器面板替换。 [0022] Preferably, the interface chamber structure of each of the first cable and the second cable distribution box and distribution box arranged to support said panel connector, the first connector such that the connector adapter having some type of panel can be removed, and can be used having a type different alternative connector adapter panel connected to a first adapter connected to a second panel.

[0023] 优选地,所述连接器面板的适配器中的一个或多个构造并布置成将多光纤阵列型连接器相互连接。 [0023] Preferably, the adapter is connected to one or more of a panel constructed and arranged to interconnect a multi-fiber array connectors.

[0024] 优选地,所述竖直光缆包括带式光缆。 [0024] Preferably, said cable comprising a ribbon cable vertically.

[0025] 优选地,所述供给光缆包括带式光缆。 [0025] Preferably, said cable comprising a ribbon supply cable.

[0026] 优选地,所述竖直光缆和供给光缆中的至少一个终止于多光纤阵列型连接器中。 [0026] Preferably, the vertical feed cable and the cable is terminated at at least one of the array type multi-fiber connector.

[0027] 优选地,基座紧固到所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒的卷筒区域的底部上。 [0027] Preferably, the base is fastened to the bottom region of the first cable reel cassette and a second distribution cable distribution box.

[0028] 优选地,所述基座形成为单独部件。 [0028] Preferably, the base is formed as a separate member.

[0029] 根据本发明,一种用于布设为多住宅单元或商业建筑的楼层上的单元提供服务的光缆的系统包括至少一个分线盒,其布置用于终止引导到建筑中的分线盒处的外部光缆的光纤以终止光缆中携带的光纤。 [0029] According to the present invention, a system for laying cable on the floor of a multi-unit residential or commercial building unit providing the service comprises at least one junction box, which is arranged to guide the junction box for terminating the building of fiber optic cable at the outside to terminate an optical fiber cable carried. 每根都在一端终止于分线盒的一根或多根竖直光缆穿过建筑轴引导。 Each terminating at one end in one or more of the junction box cable guided through the vertical axis of the building. 给定竖直光缆包含与位于建筑的特定一组一个或多个楼层上的单元相关联的光纤。 Given vertical cable includes an optical fiber unit associated with the building located on a specific set of one or more floors. 每根竖直光缆的另一端终止于与该组楼层的每个楼层相关联的聚集盒。 The other end of each cable terminates in a vertical aggregation floor box with each of the set of associated floor. 供给光缆在聚集盒和该组中的每个楼层或者一个楼层的相应楼层区域之间引导。 Aggregate supply cable is guided between the cassette and the floor area of ​​each respective group in the floor or a floor. 为每个楼层或楼层区域提供引入盒以终止相应的供给光缆。 Into the container provided for each floor or floor region corresponding to terminate the supply cable. 引入光缆在引入盒和待服务的楼层或楼层区域中的单元之间引导。 Drop cables guided between the floor or the floor area to be introduced into the cartridge and the service unit.

[0030] 根据本发明的另一方面,一种用于布设为多住宅单元或商业建筑的楼层上的单元提供服务的光缆的方法包括将提供商光缆引导到建筑中的分线盒,并在分线盒处终止所述光缆中携带的光纤。 The method of the cable [0030] According to another aspect of the present invention, a method for providing services for the laying of the floor unit or multi-dwelling unit building comprises commercial provider cable junction box to guide the buildings, and punchdown block terminating the fiber cable carried. 在分线盒处在一端终止一根或多根竖直光缆并引导竖直光缆穿过建筑轴,其中给定竖直光缆包含与特定一组楼层上的单元或者单个楼层的不同区域中的单元相关联的光纤。 Terminates in one or more vertical cable junction box in one end and guiding the cable through a building vertical axis, wherein a given vertical cable comprising different regions with a single unit or on a particular floor in a set of floor units the associated optical fiber. 该方法还包括在为相应一组楼层或楼层区域提供的聚集盒处终止每根竖直光缆的另一端,在聚集盒和所述一组中的每个楼层或者楼层区域之间引导供给光缆,为每个楼层或楼层区域提供引入盒,并在引入盒处终止相应的供给光缆。 The method further includes terminating the other end of each cable in the vertical aggregation cartridge is provided at a corresponding set of floor or floor region, supplying the guide cable between a set of each floor or floor region and said cartridge aggregation, into the container provided for each floor or the floor area, and terminating at the respective supply cable into the container at. 在引入盒和待服务的所述楼层或楼层区域中的单元之间引导引入光缆。 Between the floor or the floor area to be introduced into the cartridge and the guide unit in the service drop cables.

[0031] 为了较好地理解本发明,参照以下接合附图的说明和所附权利要求书。 [0031] For a better understanding of the present invention, described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the appended claims the following claims engagement.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0032] 在附图中: [0032] In the drawings:

[0033]图1是根据本发明可安装在墙壁上的光缆引入盒形式的光纤和光缆管理设备的第一实施例的透视图; [0033] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of the cable of this invention may be mounted on a wall of the cassette is introduced in the form of optical fiber and cable management apparatus;

[0034] 图2是图1的引入盒的剖视图,示出该盒的光缆卷筒(drum)和其它内部部件; [0034] FIG. 2 is a sectional view into the container of Figure 1, illustrating the cable reel of the cassette (Drum) and other internal components;

[0035] 图3是在去除遮蔽盖的情况下从顶部所见的图1的引入盒的视图; [0035] FIG. 3 is a case where the removal of the shielding cover a top view seen from Figure 1 into the container;

[0036] 图4是从下方所见的图1的引入盒的视图; [0036] FIG. 4 is a view as seen from below into the container of Figure 1;

[0037] 图5是根据本发明可安装在墙壁上的光缆引入盒的第二实施例的透视图; [0037] FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a second embodiment of the optical cable into the container of the present invention may be mounted on a wall;

[0038] 图6是图5的引入盒的剖视图; [0038] FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the introduction of the cartridge 5;

[0039] 图7是图5的引入盒的侧视图,示出根据本发明的光缆应变消除装置的位置; [0039] FIG. 7 is a side view of the introduction of the cartridge of FIG. 5, illustrating the position of the cable strain elimination device according to the present invention;

[0040] 图8是光缆应变消除装置的放大透视图; [0040] FIG. 8 is an enlarged perspective view of the cable strain relief device;

[0041] 图9是在拆除顶盖的情况下图8的应变消除装置的视图; [0041] In the case of FIG. 9 is a view of the device of the removal of the cap of FIG. 8 to eliminate strain;

[0042] 图9A也是没有顶盖的应变消除装置的视图,示出进入该装置一端的光缆和从该装置的相反端出来的光缆的各光纤; [0042] FIG. 9A is no cover means to eliminate strain view showing the cable enters the apparatus at one end and out the opposite end of the device from the fibers of the cable;

[0043] 图9B示出在引入盒的卷筒区域中的合适位置上的应变消除装置; [0043] FIG. 9B shows the position of the strain on a suitable region of the spool into the container cancellation means;

[0044] 图10是根据本发明可安装在墙壁上的光缆引入盒的第三实施例的透视图; [0044] FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a third embodiment of the optical cable into the container of the present invention may be mounted on a wall;

[0045] 图11是从下方所见的图10的引入盒的视图; [0045] FIG. 11 is a view as seen from below into the container of Figure 10;

[0046] 图12是在图10的引入盒的基座上的连接器驻留区域的透视图; [0046] FIG. 12 is a perspective view of a connector region of the base into the container 10 of FIG resides;

[0047] 图13是示出根据本发明的光纤缆线布设或分布系统的示意图。 [0047] FIG. 13 is a diagram showing the fiber optic cable routed according to the present invention or the distribution system.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0048] 图1示出据本发明的光缆引入盒10形式的光纤和光缆管理设备的第一实施例。 [0048] Figure 1 shows a cable according to a first embodiment of the present invention into the form of a cartridge 10 embodiment optical fiber and cable management apparatus. 盒10可由金属板和/或诸如非限制性的ABS或聚碳酸酯的塑料材料构成。 The cartridge 10 may be a metal plate and / or polycarbonate or ABS plastic material such as a non-limiting configuration. 如果盒将安装在用户建筑物的室外,则还可在盒10上或内部用已知的方式设有防潮密封件、垫圈和类似物。 If the cassette is mounted outside the building the user is on the cartridge 10 may also be provided with internal or moisture seals, gaskets, and the like in a known manner. 盒10具有基座12,该基座在所公开的实施例中大致为正方形,并且各边长是例如6.25英寸(158.75mm),在基座的每个角上形成有安装孔14。 Cassette 10 having a base 12, the base in the embodiment disclosed a substantially square, and the length of each side, for example, 6.25 inches (158.75mm), a mounting hole 14 is formed at each corner of the base.

[0049] 盒10还具有从基座12的中心部分沿轴向向上延伸的卷筒区域20。 [0049] The drum cartridge 10 further includes a region extending upwardly from the central portion 12 of the base 20 in the axial direction. 卷筒区域20包括筒形外壁22,该筒形外壁的外周在图1中部分地可见。 Spool 20 includes a cylindrical outer wall region 22, the outer periphery of the cylindrical outer wall partially visible in FIG. 1. 壁22的外径足以允许一定长度的光缆(未示出)至少以光缆特定的最小弯曲直径缠绕在卷筒壁22上,用于存储或保持。 The outer diameter of wall 22 of a length sufficient to allow the cable (not shown) to at least a certain minimum bend diameter of the cable wound on the drum wall 22, for storing or holding. 例如,当使用可从OFS Fitel公司买到的Allwave® Flex™光纤的光缆时,卷筒壁22的外径可以是大约3.0英寸(76.2mm)或更小。 For example, when the optical cable available from OFS Fitel Corporation Allwave® Flex ™ fiber, the outer diameter of the drum wall 22 may be about 3.0 inches (76.2mm) or less. 光缆的内侧端部进入卷筒壁中的光缆入口,同时通过配合在入口内的应变消除装置24被支承在基本笔直的路径上。 Inner end of the cable into the cable entry drum wall, while the device 24 is supported on a substantially straight path by eliminating the strain in the inlet fitting. 装置24将在下文中结合图7至图9B进一步说明,其引导光缆的端部沿在装置24的位置处的壁的圆周的切线通过筒壁22。 Means 24 in conjunction with FIG. 7 to FIG. 9B further explained below, the cable guide ends thereof along the circumferential wall of the cutting device 24 by the position of the cylindrical wall 22.

[0050] 光缆引入盒10还具有布置在卷筒区域20顶上的接口室30,该接口室具有外周侧壁31。 [0050] The cartridge 10 further has a cable entry arrangement 30, the interface has an interface chamber spool chamber 20 on top of the outer peripheral region of the side wall 31. 在图1的实施例中,室30具有可拆除的遮蔽盖32和在35处铰链连接到该盖的连接器保护罩或盖34,该遮蔽盖构造并且设置成允许安装者从外侧访问到室30的内部。 In the embodiment of FIG. 1, the chamber 30 has a removable shield cover 32 and a hinge 35 is connected to the connector protection cover of the cover or lid 34, the shielding cover is configured and arranged to allow the installer to access from the outside to the chamber internal 30. 如下所述,接口室30的尺寸设计成并且成形成允许第一套光纤与第二套光纤连接,该第一套光纤进入室30并且来自缠绕在卷筒区域20上的光缆或来自进入室壁31中的开口的光缆(见图2和图3),该第二套光纤来自另一光缆并终止于在图1的盖34下方可见到的连接器36。 As described below, the size of the interface chamber 30 is designed to allow and to form a first set and second set of optical fibers connected to a first set of fiber 30 and enters the chamber from the region of the spool 20 wound on the cable from entering the chamber walls or the cable openings 31 (see FIG. 2 and FIG. 3), from the second set of fiber optic cable and terminating at the other in the cover 34 seen in FIG. 1 before the connector 36. 许多扁平指状物或凸片38形成为从室壁31的下侧边缘向外伸出,并且平行于基座12。 Many flat tabs or fingers 38 formed to protrude from the side edges of the lower wall 31 outwardly, and parallel to the base 12. 凸片38和基座12共同用于限制在基座与接口室30之间的区域中缠绕在卷筒壁22上的光缆的长度。 Tabs 38 and the base 12 for limiting the joint interface between the base region of the chamber 30 is wound on the drum wall 22 the length of the cable. ' '

[0051] 图2是图1中的引入盒10的立视剖视图,并且图3是在遮蔽盖32被去除的情况下从顶部见到的盒10的视图。 [0051] FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view of FIG. 1 is introduced in the cartridge 10, and FIG. 3 is a view of the shield case 32 is removed from the top of the cartridge cover 10 seen. 接口室30具有连接器面板40,该连接器面板被支承成占据室侧壁31中的切除区域41。 Interface chamber 30 has a connector panel 40, the connector panel is supported to the chamber occupied by the side walls 31 cut-out area 41 许多光学连接器适配器42安装成延伸通过面板40中相应的开口,并且适配器42可操作以将面板40的外侧处的光纤连接器36与面板的内侧处的相应连接器44耦合。 Many optical connector adapter 42 is mounted into the corresponding opening 40 extending through the panel, and the adapter 42 operatively coupled to respective connectors inside the optical fiber connector 40 at the outer side panel 36 and the panel 44 at. 优选地,面板40安装在侧壁31中,从而使其可被容易地拆除并由另一个其中安装有不同类型适配器的相同尺寸的面板替换。 Preferably, the panel 40 is mounted in the side wall 31, so that it can be easily removed by another of the same size which is mounted a panel of different type of adapter replacement. 例如,面板40可滑进或滑出形成在侧壁切除区域41的两端中的竖直通道43。 For example, the panel 40 may slide into or out of the cut-out area is formed in the side wall 41 ends in a vertical channel 43. 因而可根据在给定布设中使用的光缆连接器的类型从具有适配器42的许多不同面板中选择希望的面板40,所述适配器容纳有例如LC、SC、FC、ST、MPO或MPX类型的连接器。 Thus select the desired panel 40 from the adapter 42 has a number of different panels according to the type of fiber optic cable connector for use in a given layout, the receiving adapter is connected e.g. LC, SC, FC, ST, MPO type or have MPX device.

[0052] 如上文提到的,进入接口室30中的光纤可来自缠绕在卷筒区域20上的光缆的内侧端部,并且经由应变消除装置24穿过卷筒壁22。 [0052] As mentioned above, the interface chamber 30 enters the optical fiber from the inner end of the cable can be wound on the spool region 20, the strain relief means 24 and via the wall 22 through the reel. 在这种应用中,光纤穿过在卷筒区域的筒形外壁22与筒形内壁48之间延伸的环形光纤布设区域46,所述筒形内壁48形成在外壁22的径向内侧。 In such applications, the optical fiber passes through the cylindrical outer wall of the annular region spool laid fiber extending region 48 between the cylindrical interior wall 22 and 46, the cylindrical inner wall 48 is formed radially inside of the outer wall 22. 应变消除装置24和环形光纤布设区域46的尺寸设计成使各光纤在进入接口室30并终止于连接器44之前不会有小于光纤特定的弯曲直径的弯曲直径。 Strain relief means 24 and the size of the annular area 46 of the optical fiber layout is designed so that the optical fibers entering the chamber 30 and terminates at the interface connector 44 until the fiber does not have a specific bending diameter less than the diameter of the bend. 例如,当使用可从OFS Fitel公司买到的Allwave® Flex™光纤的光缆时,内壁48可具有小至0.7874 For example, when the optical cable available from OFS Fitel Corporation Allwave® Flex ™ fiber, the inner wall 48 may have a small to 0.7874

英寸(20mm)的外径,并且光纤布设区域46的平均直径可以仅为大约2.0英寸(50.8mm)。 Inch (20mm) outside diameter, the average diameter and the fiber laying area 46 may be only about 2.0 inches (50.8mm).

[0053] 接口室30的侧壁31还具有在壁31的后段中的光缆进入或穿过口50 (图2和3),用于接收以下外侧光缆或光缆组件(未示出),该外侧光缆或光缆组件的光纤将与终止于连接器36的那些光纤连接。 [0053] The sidewall 31 of the interface 30 further includes a chamber in the rear wall section 31 of the cable into or through the opening 50 (FIGS. 2 and 3), for receiving the outer cable or cable assembly (not shown), which outer fiber optic cable or cable assembly to the connector 36 and those of the optical fiber connector termination. 或者,光缆入口50可设置成穿过替代的连接器面板40 (未示出)的一部分的大开口。 Alternatively, the cable 50 may be provided to the inlet (not shown) passing through the large opening part of the alternative connector 40 of the panel. 在这种应用中,可将进入后部开口50的光缆的光纤直接引导到连接器44中对应的一个,如果有弯曲,也仅有小的弯曲。 In such applications, the fiber can enter the rear opening 50 of the guide cable directly to a corresponding one of the connectors 44, if curved, has only a small curvature. 而且,在连接器面板40中使用诸如MPO型多光纤连接器,使盒10能用作聚集盒。 Further, using the MPO multi-fiber connector such as the connector panel 40, the cartridge 10 can be used as aggregate cartridge. 就是说,来自多住宅单元(MDU)的不同高度的其它类似盒的多根光缆可进入接口室30的后部开口50,以经由MPO连接器与从例如MDU的地下室的其它位置引导到该盒的单根光缆连接。 That is, a plurality of other similar boxes cable from multiple dwelling unit (MDU) of different heights may enter the rear chamber 30 of the interface openings 50, via the guide MPO connector from another location, for example, to the basement of the cartridge MDU the single fiber optic cable. 参见图13和相关下文。 Referring to FIGS. 13 and hereinafter related. 如果不被使用,则后部光缆入口50优选地通过塞子52保持封闭。 If not used, the rear cable entry 50 is preferably held closed by a plug 52.

[0054] 图4是图1的光缆引入盒的底部视图。 [0054] FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the cable into the container 1 of FIG. 筒形管60形成有中心轴线通道62。 Cylindrical tube 60 is formed with a central axis of the passage 62. 管60在管60的顶端与管的底端之间轴向地延伸,管的顶端配合通过遮蔽盖32中的开口以与盖的顶面齐平,如图1所示,在管的底端处,管通道62在基座12下方敞开,如在图4中所见。 Tube 60 extending axially between the top end and bottom end of the tube 60 of the tube, with the tip of the tube 32 through an opening in the top surface of the shielding cover with the cover flush, as shown in FIG. 1, the bottom end of the tube , the tube passage 62 is open at the bottom of the base 12, as seen in FIG. 4. 管通道62的轴线与卷筒区域20的筒形外壁22的轴线重合。 Cylindrical outer wall of the tube passage 62 and the axis of the reel coincides with the axis of the region 20 to 22. 在所公开的实施例中,管60在壁63的中心的上方和下方延伸,该壁63封闭筒形内壁48的上方轴向端,如在图2中所见。 In the disclosed embodiment, the tube 60 above and below the center of the wall 63 extends above the cylindrical interior wall 48 of the closure 63 to the axial end wall, as seen in FIG. 2.

[0055] 管60中中心通道62的直径优选地足以允许从盒10的上方或下方通过通道插入诸如改锥轴、螺栓或其它松脱心轴(payoff mandrel)的细长工具,从而使该工具可用作转轴,盒10可绕该转轴自由转动。 [0055] The diameter of the central tube 60 in the channel 62 is preferably sufficient to allow the cartridge 10 from above or below by an elongated tool such as a screwdriver is inserted into the channel axis, bolts or other releasable mandrel (payoff mandrel) so that the tool may as the rotating shaft, the cartridge 10 can freely rotate about the shaft. 该构造允许单个工人容易地放出缠绕在卷筒区域20上的光缆,这对于在MDU的网络布设是必须的。 This configuration allows a single worker to easily release the reel wound on the cable area 20, which laid in the network is necessary MDU. 例如,当将插入的改锥的手柄保持在一只手中时,工人可以用他或她的另一只手从卷筒区域20拉出并展开希望长度的光缆,同时盒10可绕改锥轴自由转动。 For example, when the inserted screwdriver handle in one hand, the workers can use his or her other hand 20 is pulled out from the drum area and expand the cable of desired length, while the cartridge 10 can freely rotate about the shaft screwdriver .

[0056] 图5至7示出根据本发明的光缆引入盒200的第二实施例。 [0056] FIG. 5 to 7 show a second embodiment of the cartridge 200 introduced into the optical fiber cable according to the present invention. 与图1至4的盒10的部件相同或相似的盒200的部件具有增大200的对应的附图标记。 Members same as or similar member cartridge 10 of Figures 1 to 4 of the cartridge 200 has a corresponding increase in the reference numerals 200.

[0057] 盒200具有单件遮蔽盖232,该遮蔽盖具有用于连接器保护罩或盖234的一体的铰链235。 [0057] The cartridge 200 has a one-piece cover shield 232, the shield cover 235 has a hinge connector for integrally protective lid or cover 234. 而且,接口室230的侧壁231具有连续的圆盘凸缘204,该凸缘204在室230下方平行于盒的基座212径向向外延伸。 Further, the interface chamber 230 of the side walls 231 having a continuous flange disk 204, the flange 204 extends in parallel to the lower chamber 230 of the cartridge base 212 radially outward. 凸缘204与基座212 —起用于限制在凸缘204与基座212之间的区域内缠绕在筒形外壁222上的光缆的长度。 Flange 204 and the base 212 - In for limiting play between the flange 204 and the base 212 of the cylindrical outer wall region 222 is wound around the length of the cable. 与图1至4的盒10 —样,光缆的内侧端部通过应变消除装置224引导以在与装置224的位置处的壁222的圆周相切的基本笔直的路径上进入盒200内的环形光纤布设区域246。 The cartridge 10 of FIGS. 1-4 - like, the inner end portion of the cable through strain relief boot 224 to enter in a substantially straight path at the location of the circumferential wall 222 of the device 224 of the tangential optical fibers within the cartridge ring 200 layout area 246.

[0058] 而且,如在图6中所见,引入盒200的基座212可形成为单独部件,该单独部件通过例如形成为接合颈圈206的螺钉或其它紧固件紧固至卷筒区域220的底部,该颈圈206固定在环形纤维布设区域246的底部处。 [0058] Further, as seen in FIG. 6, the base 200 into the container 212 may be formed as a separate member, the separate member is formed by, for example, screws or other fasteners to engage the collar 206 is secured to the spool region bottom 220 of the collar 206 fixed to the bottom of the annular region 246 of the fiber laid.

[0059] 图8是应变消除装置224的放大透视图,该应变消除装置224对应于设置在图1的引入盒10中的应变消除装置24。 [0059] FIG. 8 is an enlarged perspective view of the strain relief device 224, the strain relief device 224 is provided in correspondence to the strain introduced into the cartridge 10 of FIG. 1 canceling means 24. 如在图9中所见,应变消除装置224由具有大致U形的横截面的弓形装置体部208和盖209组成,盖体部208具有外侧壁224a、内侧壁224b和底壁224c,所述盖209配合在顶部处并且在装置的侧壁224a、224b之间延伸。 As seen in FIG. 9, the strain relief apparatus 224 by the arcuate body portion having a substantially U-shaped cross-section 208 and a cover 209 composed of an outer lid portion 208 has side walls 224a, 224b and a bottom wall inner side wall 224c, the top cap 209 fitted in between the side walls and extending means 224a, 224b.

[0060] 而且,如图9A所示,外侧壁224a在装置224的一端处具有开口226,用于接收缠绕在卷筒区域220的筒形外壁222上的例如平带光缆260的内端部。 [0060] Further, as shown in FIG. 9A, the outer side wall 224a has an opening 226 at one end 224 for receiving the inner end portion of a cylindrical outer wall 222 is wound around the spool region 220, for example, a flat ribbon cable 260. 在装置224的相反端处的开口228允许光缆的各光纤从装置伸出并进入盒200的光纤布设区域246,这优选地在每个光纤都受到例如可商业购买的900 μ m套管的保护之后。 Allow the optical fibers of the cable 228 protruding at the opening 224 at the opposite end of the apparatus from the fiber laying device and into region 246 of the cartridge 200, which is preferably protected by, for example, commercially available cannula 900 μ m in each optical fiber are subject to after that.

[0061] 光缆260及其各光纤在如图9和9A所示的装置224的底壁224c向上伸出的一对平行指状物或导向件211的辅助下,被导向在装置开口226、228之间基本笔直的路径上。 The [0061] cable and its parallel finger 260 or the auxiliary guide member 211 of one pair of the optical fibers projecting upwardly in FIG bottom wall 224c of the device 224 shown in FIG. 9 and 9A, is guided in the opening means 226, 228 between the substantially straight path. 在外套从光缆260的端部剥离后,围绕光缆光纤并用作光缆的加强或强化材料的不同长度的arimid或Kevlar®纱线缠绕在导向件211周围,并且用环氧树脂或其它适当的粘合剂固定至导向件211。 In the rear end portion of the jacket from the fiber optic cable 260 is peeled off, and as reinforcing fibers surrounding the optical fiber cable or an optical cable reinforcement material different lengths arimid or Kevlar® yarn wrapped around guide member 211 and epoxy or other suitable binder agent 211 is fixed to the guide member. 可商业购买的保护套筒(例如900 μ m)被设置在各光缆光纤的每个上,并且带套筒的光纤被引导出装置开口228。 Fiber commercially available protective sleeve (e.g. 900 μ m) is provided on each of the optical fibers of each cable, and the belt sleeve 228 is guided out of the opening means. 装置盖209经由适当的粘合剂固定至体部208,并且组装好的光缆应变消除装置224被可靠地固定在光缆入口225内,该光缆入口225被限定在卷筒区域220的筒形外壁222与筒形内壁248之间,如图9B所示。 Means a cylindrical outer wall 220 of the cover 209 is securely fixed to device 224 in the cable entry openings 225, the cable inlet 225 is defined in the region of the spool via a suitable adhesive to the body portion 208 is fixed, and the assembled cable strain relief 222 and between the cylindrical interior wall 248, shown in Figure 9B.

[0062] 因此,光缆260的内端部及其各光纤相对于筒形外壁222切向地穿过壁中的光缆入口225,并进入盒200的环形光纤布设区域246中。 [0062] Thus, the cable 260 and the inner end portion of each optical fiber with respect to the cylindrical outer wall 222 tangentially through the wall of the cable entry 225, and an optical fiber routed into the annular region 246 in the cartridge 200. 因为围绕光纤的纱线被固定至应变消除装置224的导向件211,所以当光缆被缠绕到卷筒区域的筒形外壁222上或从其展开时,从外部施加到光缆260的任何力都被传递至其中固定了装置224的壁222,而不是被传递至光纤本身。 Any force around the optical fiber cable 260 because the yarn guide is fixed to the strain relief member 224 of the apparatus 211, so when the cable is wound onto a cylindrical outer wall region 222 or from the spool when deployed, is applied from the outside are which is transmitted to the fixing device 224 of the wall 222, rather than being transmitted to the fiber itself.

[0063] 图10至12示出根据本发明的光缆引入盒300的第三实施例。 Cartridge 300 of the third embodiment [0063] FIGS 10 to 12 show an optical fiber cable according to the present invention is incorporated. 与图1至4的盒10的部件相同或相似的盒300的部件具有增大300的对应的附图标记。 Members same as or similar member cartridge 10 of Figures 1 to 4 of the cartridge 300 has a corresponding increase in the reference numerals 300. 盒300具有在其基座312中的整体拼接的室308、连接器驻留区域313和多个安全闩孔315。 Cartridge 300 has a base 312 in its entirety splicing chamber 308, connector 313 and a plurality of regions resides safety latch hole 315.

[0064] 拼接的室308 [0064] The splicing chamber 308

[0065] 典型的MDU引入盒安装具有从盒伸出的单个光纤伸出部(breakout),其中每个伸出部与盒所安装到的建筑物的对应的居住单元相联。 [0065] A typical cartridge mounting MDU introducing a single optical fiber projecting portion projecting from the cartridge (Breakout) having, for each living unit in which a corresponding projecting portion and the cartridge mounted to the associated building. 来自每个居住单元的单光纤光缆经常在没有终止连接器的情况下被引导到引入盒。 A single fiber optic cable from each living unit is often in the absence of termination of the connector is guided into the cassette introduced. 这些光缆的赤裸端部能以各种方式终止于引入盒。 The bare ends of the cable can be introduced into the cartridge terminates in a variety of ways. 例如,单个端部尾光纤可拼接在引入盒内,从而使拼接的套筒被容纳在公用空间中。 For example, a single optical fiber tail end portion may be introduced into the box in the splice, the splice so that the sleeve is received in the common space. 这要求腔或室容纳拼接部,以便防止损坏并控制光纤松弛(slack)。 This requires stitching section receiving cavity or chamber, to prevent damage and control the fiber slack (slack). 替代方案可包括尾光纤的机械拼接,这将需要类似的腔或壳体。 Alternatives may include a pigtail fiber mechanical splice, which would require a cavity or similar housing. 各单光纤光缆也可直接终止于可现场安装的连接器,从而消除对拼接腔的需要。 Each single fiber optic cable may be terminated directly to a field-installable connector, thereby eliminating the need for splicing chamber.

[0066]弓丨入盒300具有附装或形成在基座312下面的整体拼接腔或室308,其包括安装在基座内侧的拼接托盘309。 [0066] Shu bow into cartridge 300 is attached or formed with the base 312 below the overall mosaic cavity or chamber 308, which includes a base mounted on the inside of the splice trays 309. 拼接托盘309可固定在盒300内,或直接固定至墙壁。 Splice trays 309 may be secured within the cartridge 300, or fixed directly to the wall. 在任意一种情况下,盒300都可安装在拼接室308上。 In either case, the cartridge 300 can be mounted on the splice chamber 308. 尾光纤或末端继而可通过在基座312的侧壁中切割出的对应的空隙凹口311进入或伸出室的下段。 In turn, the fiber end or tail to enter or extend through the lower chamber cut out in the side wall of the base 312 corresponding to the recesses 311 voids.

[0067] 连接器驻留区域313 [0067] The connector region 313 residing

[0068] 连接器驻留区域或块313允许终止的光纤端部在不使用时被存储。 [0068] The optical fiber end portion of the connector block 313 allows the resident region or terminated stored when not in use. 块313被构造成并且其尺寸被设计成在块313中接收并固定多个不同的可商业购买的连接器驻留条307(例如SC式)中的选择的一个。 Block 313 which is configured and dimensioned to receive and secure a plurality of different commercially available connector resides selection (e.g. Formula SC) of the strip 307 at block 313. 该特征使得能在将来使用替代类型的连接器而不必更换盒300,而同时允许安装者预留。 This feature enables the use of alternative types of connectors in the future without having to replace the cartridge 300, while allowing the installer to reserve.

[0069]闩孔 315 [0069] The bolt hole 315

[0070] 若干闩孔或安全孔315可形成为通过铰链连接的遮蔽盖332上对应的脚座。 [0070] Some safety latch hole or holes 315 may be formed on the shielding cover 332 corresponding to the foot connected by a hinge. 闩孔315允许最终用户使用许多安全锁闭方法。 The latch hole 315 allows the end user to use a number of safety locking methods. 例如,一个孔315可与标准柱塞式闩锁机构一起用于简单地保持盖封闭。 For example, a hole 315 may be used with a standard plunger latch mechanism simply held the lid is closed. 其它孔315可用于接收铁丝系材、锁闭标签或其它安全锁闭物。 Other hole 315 may be used to receive wire tie, or other security locking tab locking thereof.

[0071] 用于MDU或商业建筑物布设的光纤缆线 [0071] MDU or commercial building for laying fiber optic cable

[0072] 图13示出根据本发明在多住宅单元或商业建筑400处布设的光纤分布系统。 [0072] FIG. 13 shows a fiber distribution system, multiple dwelling units and commercial building at 400 laid in accordance with the invention. 许多引入盒,例如图1至4的本发明的盒10,被安装在建筑400中的对应位置处。 Many into the container, such as a box 10 of FIG. 1 to 4 of the present invention, and is installed in a building 400 at a corresponding position. 引入盒10可以位于例如建筑的每个楼层414的吊顶412上方。 Introducing the cartridge 10 may be located above the ceiling of each floor of the building 414, for example, 412. 对应于给定楼层414上的单个建筑单元(例如公寓房间或办公室)或者对应于楼层414的限定区域内单元的光纤416终止于连接器36,该连接器36继而连接至盒面板40的外侧上的适配器42。 Corresponding to a single building unit 414 of a given floor (e.g., apartment or office) or corresponds to an optical fiber within a defined area of ​​floor 414 of the unit 416 terminates in a connector 36, the connector 36 is in turn connected to the outside of the cassette panel 40 the adapter 42.

[0073] 各光纤416都与供给光缆418中对应的光纤连接,供给光缆418例如在相关楼层414的天花板上方引导到引入盒10。 [0073] each of the optical fibers 416 and 418 are supplied to the corresponding optical fiber cable connector, the cable 418 is supplied into the container 10, for example, directed to the related floor above the ceiling 414. 光缆418可最初缠绕在引入盒10的卷筒区域20上,并随后部分地或完全地展开,用于引导到用作位于例如建筑400的地下室420与顶棚422之间的“聚集”盒的另一个引入盒10。 Fiber optic cable 418 may be initially wound on the spool introduced into the zone 20 of the cartridge 10, and then partially or fully deployed, for guiding the basement of the building 400 located, for example as the "aggregate" cassette between the ceiling 420 and the other 422 a cartridge 10 is introduced. 供给光缆418的光纤终止于连接器44,该连接器44继而连接至盒连接器面板40的内侧上的适配器42。 Supplying the fiber optic cable 418 terminates in connector 44, the connector 44 is in turn connected to the adapter 42 on the inside 40 of the box connection panel.

[0074] 在聚集盒10处,包含与相应建筑楼层或楼层区域上的用户相关联的光纤的供给光缆418中的每个都通过聚集盒的后部穿过口50或面板口进入聚集盒。 [0074] At box 10 aggregate, comprising a supply cable fiber associated with the user on the respective building floors or floor area of ​​each through port 418 through the rear opening panel or aggregation cartridge 50 into the cartridge aggregation. 如上所述,每个供给光缆418的光纤都可以在即使有也很小的弯曲的情况下引导到聚集盒内,以经由多光纤阵列(MPO)连接器44与盒面板40的内侧上的对应适配器42连接。 As described above, each feed cable fiber 418 can be guided in little, if any bending aggregation cassette case to correspond to the cartridge 44 on the inside of the panel via a multi-fiber array (MPO) connector 40 adapter 42 is connected. 为建筑400内的所有网络用户服务的一根或多根主(或“竖直”)光缆424在地下室420中的光缆进入或分线盒426与相应的聚集盒10之间引导通过建筑中的竖轴或管道,在该聚集盒10中,竖直光缆光纤经由多光纤连接器36连接至盒面板40的外侧上的适配器42。 For all network users in a building 400 or more primary services (or "vertical") in the fiber optic cable 424 into the basement 420 or 426 between the respective junction box 10 and directed through the cartridge aggregation Building pipe or vertical axis, in the aggregate cartridge 10, connected via a vertical multi-fiber cable fiber connector 36 to the adapter 42 on the outside of the cassette panel 40. 外部的网络提供商光缆430引导到进入盒426并在此处终止,并且光缆430中携带的光纤在进入盒426内连接至每根竖直光缆424的对应的光纤。 External cable network providers to enter the guide 430 and the cartridge 426 terminates here, and the fiber optic cable 430 carries each connected to a corresponding vertical fiber optic cable 424 enters the cassette 426 within.

[0075] 在此公开的各种缆线盒构造包含以下重要特征。 [0075] The various cables cartridge configurations disclosed herein includes the following important features.

[0076] 1.减小的物理尺寸,用于容纳诸如可从OFS Fitel公司买到的Allwave® Flex™的较新式光缆,该光缆具有优异的弯曲性能。 [0076] 1. Reduce the physical size for receiving Newer Allwave® Flex ™ cable such as OFS Fitel available from the company, the cable having an excellent bending property.

[0077] 2.为外部光缆存储提供的轴向卷筒区域,其将内部光纤布设保持在安全弯曲极限内。 [0077] 2. The axial region of the outer cable storage reel is provided, inside which an optical fiber is bent laid within safe limits.

[0078] 3.中心贯穿管,其便于使用诸如改锥的普通工具松脱缠绕在卷筒区域外部的光缆。 [0078] 3. the center through tube, which facilitates the use of common tools such as a screwdriver to release the spool winding area outside the cable.

[0079] 在图13的光缆分布系统中,每个都与相应楼层上的单元或一个露出的特定区域中的单元相关联的多个引入盒经由供给光缆418与共用的聚集盒相连,该聚集盒又经由竖直光缆424与建筑400的地下室420中的分线盒426相连。 [0079] In the distributed system of optical fiber cable of FIG. 13, each of the plurality of cassettes are introduced into the cell or a specific region are exposed on the respective floors of the associated unit via the supply cable 418 is connected to a common aggregation cartridge, the aggregate the cartridge is in turn connected via a junction box 420 in the cable 424 and the vertical building basement 400 426. 该系统优选在每根竖直光缆424和每根供给光缆418上使用诸如MPO类型的多光纤阵列连接器,以减小尺寸和加速系统安装和布设。 The system is preferably to use a multi-fiber array connector such as MPO type on each cable 424 and each of the vertical supply cable 418, and acceleration system to reduce the size and installation layout. 或者,如果需要可以在竖直光缆424和供给光缆418上实际采用单光纤连接器和/ 或熔合(fusion splicing)。 Alternatively, if desired, the actual single fiber optic connector and / or fusing (fusion splicing) in the vertical feed cable 418 and the cable 424.

[0080] 每根竖直光缆424的形式优选为光纤带缆,以提供最大的光纤组装密度并最小化光缆的总尺寸。 [0080] Each vertical cable 424 preferably in the form of a fiber optic ribbon cable, optical fiber to provide maximum packing density and minimize the overall size of the cable. 而且,如上所述,竖直光缆424和供给光缆418优选用多光纤阵列连接器终止,这些多光纤阵列连接器使得能够在单个步骤中连接多根光纤。 Further, as described above, a vertical feed cable 424 and the cable 418 is preferably used to terminate a multi-fiber array connector, which enables multi-fiber array connector can be connected to the plurality of optical fibers in a single step. 多光纤阵列式MPO连接器以及单模和多模竖直级带缆可在商业上从OFS Fitel买到。 MPO multi-fiber array connector and the vertical single mode and multi-stage band cable available from OFS Fitel commercially.

[0081] 图13的系统使得能够在高层(例如7层或更多层)建筑中快速安装光缆,而不会如同采用松散管分布和引入光缆以及OptiTap连接器的已知预组装FTTx系统那样浪费光纤。 System [0081] FIG 13 enables the high level (e.g., 7 or more layers) construction quick installation cable, without using a loose tube as waste as the distribution and drop cables, and connectors OptiTap known pre-assembled system FTTx optical fiber. 该系统也可以用在高/中层建筑中的商业数据网络,用于“光纤到楼层”、“光纤到房”、或“光纤到桌面”的应用。 The system can also be used in high / middle building commercial data network, for applying "fiber-to-floor", "fiber-to-room", or "fiber to the desktop".

[0082] 用于高层建筑的实施例 [0082] Example embodiments for high-rise buildings

[0083] 本发明的系统可以通过提供以下而在高层建筑中布设: [0083] The system of the invention may be laid in a high-rise building by providing:

[0084] 1.一个或多个分线盒426,用于终止为建筑400提供服务的外部设备或提供商光缆430,并分流信号以使得与建筑中的单元相关联的每个单根光纤416都可以与提供商光缆430中的相应光纤光学耦合。 [0084] 1. one or more of junction box 426, for terminating an external device or cable providers to provide services for the construction of 400,430, and that each split signal to a single optical fiber and buildings associated with the cell 416 It can be coupled to the cable provider 430 a respective optical fiber. 如上所述,分线盒426优选位于建筑400的地下室420或较低层中。 As described above, the junction box 426 is preferably located in the basement of the building 400 or 420 in the lower layer.

[0085] 2.一根或多根光纤竖直缆线424,优选是带式的且用多光纤阵列(MPO)连接器终止。 [0085] 2. one or more vertical fiber cables 424 are preferably terminated with a tape and a multi-fiber array (MPO) connector. 使用MPO连接器的一个优点在于,单根带的所有光纤都可以在插入连接器的共用套圈块中时一次终止。 One advantage of using MPO connector is that all of the optical fiber can be a single ribbon inserted in a common termination of the ferrule of the connector block. 每根竖直光缆424具有足够数量的光纤来服务于一个或多个楼层商的单元、或者位于单个楼层的限定区域中的单元。 Each vertical cable 424 having a sufficient number of optical fibers to serve one or more unit's floor, or in a defined area of ​​a single floor units. 竖直光缆的提供商端部终止于(多个)分线盒426处,并且光缆引导通过建筑400中的竖轴或管道以与相应的聚集盒相连。 Provider side portion of the cable terminates in a vertical (s) at the junction box 426, and the cable guide is connected with the corresponding aggregation cartridge 400 through the vertical axis of the building or piping. 在多根竖直光缆424终止于其自己的连接器的情况下,每根光纤优选具有不同的长度,从而可以将光缆在一起捆束并拉动穿过相对较小的轴开口,而不会与安装在光缆的单元(用户)端上的连接器干涉。 In the case where a plurality of vertical cable 424 terminates at its own connector, each of the fibers preferably have different lengths, so that the cable can be bundled together and pulled through a relatively small opening of the shaft, and without mounted on the cable unit (user) side of the connection interferometer.

[0086] 3.每N层布设的聚集盒,其中N可以大到例如6。 [0086] 3. Each cassette N layer laid aggregation, where N may be as large as 6, for example. 聚集盒可以布设在公用设施柜或其它专用于通信设备的空间中。 Aggregate utility box can be laid in the cabinet or other dedicated communication device in space. 例如,在每层有12个单元的建筑中,可以每6层布设一个聚集盒,带有6个12光纤带的72光纤带竖直光缆终止于在该聚集盒处。 For example, there are 12 units in each building, the layer 6 may be an aggregate laid per box, with six vertical fiber ribbon cable 72 with optical fibers 12 terminate in the aggregate at the cassette. 每个聚集盒包括用于连接其相关竖直光缆424与供给光缆418的适配器42,其中供给光缆418在聚集盒和由该盒所服务的每个楼层或楼层区域之间布设。 Each cartridge includes a connection aggregate its associated vertical cable adapter cable is supplied with 42 424 418, wherein the supply cable laid between the concentrator 418 and the cassette floor or the floor area of ​​each of the cassette and services.

[0087] 如果一个楼层上的大量单元需要网络服务(例如60根光纤都终止于同一楼层上),则该楼层可以分成限定区域,并且安装用于仅仅服务于这一个楼层的聚集盒。 [0087] If a unit needs a large number of network services on the floor (e.g., optical fibers 60 are terminated on the same floor), the floor can be divided into defined areas, and this merely to serve for mounting a floor box aggregation. 例如,如果要向大型建筑(例如整个街区)提供服务,则可以将一个聚集盒安装在给定楼层上,并且使所有的相关供给光缆和引入盒都位于给定楼层的水平上以服务于该楼层的需要区域中的单元。 For example, if want to large buildings (e.g. the entire block) to provide services, the aggregate may be a cartridge mounted on a given floor and the all the supply cable into the container and are located on a given floor level to service the floor area required in the cell.

[0088] 4.每个聚集盒具有其相关联的供给光缆418,这些供给光缆418从聚集盒引导以服务于建筑400中一个或多个楼层上的单元、或者单个楼层的限定区域中的单元。 [0088] 4. Each cassette has a supply aggregate its associated cable 418, the cable 418 is supplied from the collecting cartridge guide 400 to serve in a building or a plurality of unit floor area of ​​a single floor or defined in units . 供给光缆418可以从位于其单元由该光缆服务的楼层上的通信设施柜出来。 Supplying the cable from the communications facilities 418 may be located on the cabinet unit which is served by the cable floor. 为了服务于位于该柜上方和下方的楼层上的单元,供给光缆418可以从柜引导而回到竖轴中,并在相应楼层处从竖轴退出。 To serve units located on the side and the floor below the cabinet, the cable 418 can be supplied from the cabinet and back to the vertical axis of the guide, and exit from the vertical axis of the respective floor. 例如,在每层有12个单元的6层建筑中,一系列12光纤供给光缆418会连接到聚集盒。 For example, there are 12 units in each 6-storey building, a series of 12 fiber optic cable 418 connects the supply cartridge aggregation. 如果聚集盒在楼层“N”上,则6根12光纤供给光缆引导到楼层N-3、N-2、N-UN、N+1和N+2。 On the floor if the aggregation box "N", the six optical fibers 12 supplied to the guide cable floor N-3, N-2, N-UN, N + 1 and N + 2. 供给光缆优选终止于小形状因子的多光纤阵列(例如ΜΡ0)连接器以使得聚集盒的尺寸能够最小化。 Preferably the supply cable terminates in a small form factor multi-fiber array (e.g. ΜΡ0) connector so that the aggregate size of the cartridge can be minimized. 就是说,具有6个12光纤MPO-MPO适配器42的聚集盒的尺寸可以比构造成适配6个12光纤MPO连接器与72个单独LC连接器的盒小得多。 That is, the optical fiber 12 having a 6-MPO MPO adapter 42 aggregate size cassette adapter box may be much smaller fibers 6 12 72 MPO connectors and individual LC connector configured ratio. 而且,如果使用MPO终止,则每根供给光缆418可以有利地呈单带形式以便于终止。 Further, if MPO terminated, each cable 418 can be supplied advantageously in the form of a single band in order to terminate. 但是,也可以用单个MPO连接器终止12根松散光纤、或者12根900微米缓冲光纤。 However, it may be terminated with a single optical fibers 12 loosely MPO connector, 12 or 900 micron buffered fiber.

[0089] 在高层实施例中,每个楼层具有用于终止相应供给光缆418的一个或多个相关引入盒10,其中给定供给光缆的光纤耦合到较小的独立光缆和/或光纤416,这些较小的独立光缆和/或光纤416被引导到楼层上的单元或者楼层的限定区域中的单元。 [0089] In the top embodiment, each floor having one or more associated cable 418 for terminating the introduction of the respective supply cassette 10, wherein the fiber optic cable for a given supply coupled to the smaller, independent cable and / or optical fibers 416, these smaller separate cables and / or fiber 416 is guided to the defined region of the cell floor or on the floor of the cell. 合适引入盒的一个示例是这里所公开的盒10 ;但是,供给光缆418可以直接引导到建筑400中的单元,并且给定光缆的单独的光纤可以在与单独光纤相关的单元的位置处分出。 Suitable into the container a sample is disclosed herein cartridge 10; however, the supply cable 418 may be directed directly into the building 400 units, and the individual fiber optic cable given may dispose the position associated with a separate optical fiber unit.

[0090] 用于中层建筑的实施例 [0090] Example embodiments for the mid-rise buildings

[0091] 本发明的系统可以通过提供以下而在中层建筑中布设: [0091] The system of the invention may be laid in the middle provided by the following construction:

[0092] 1.一个或多个分线盒426,用于终止为建筑400提供服务的外部设备或提供商光缆430,并分流信号以使得与建筑中的单元相关联的每个单根光纤416都可以与提供商光缆430中的相应光纤光学耦合。 [0092] 1. one or more of junction box 426, for terminating an external device or cable providers to provide services for the construction of 400,430, and that each split signal to a single optical fiber and buildings associated with the cell 416 It can be coupled to the cable provider 430 a respective optical fiber. 如上所述,分线盒426优选位于建筑400的地下室420或较低层中。 As described above, the junction box 426 is preferably located in the basement of the building 400 or 420 in the lower layer.

[0093] 2.优选在每端处用多光纤阵列(例如MPO式)连接器终止的供给光缆418。 [0093] 2. Preferably at each end of the cable 418 is supplied with a multi-fiber array (e.g. formula MPO) connector terminated. 供给光缆418可以直接布设在地下室420的分线盒426与建筑400的每个楼层(或者每个楼层上的通信设施柜)之间。 Supply cable 418 may be disposed directly between junction boxes for each floor of the basement 420 and 426 of the building 400 (or a communication facility cabinet on each floor). 在每个楼层或通信节点处,将相应供给光缆418引导到相关引入盒10以终止,并且光缆418的相应光纤在引入盒中耦合到与楼层上的单独单元相关的较小光缆和/或光纤416。 In each communication node, or floor, will be guided to a respective associated feed cable 418 to terminate the introduction of the cartridge 10, and respective fiber optic cable 418 is coupled to a separate unit associated with the smaller floor cables and / or optical fibers introduced into the box 416.

[0094] 本发明的分布系统的优点除了其它的之外包括: [0094] The advantages of the distribution system of the present invention include, among other things:

[0095] 1.快速布设。 [0095] 1. Fast layout. 竖直光缆424和供给光缆418优选设有预装配或预先在工厂安装在光缆上的多光纤阵列(例如ΜΡ0)连接器。 Vertical feed cable 424 and the cable 418 is preferably provided with a multi-fiber array (e.g. ΜΡ0) connector at the factory pre-assembled or pre-installed on the cable. 在当前的布设中,通常使用熔合来终止,这昂贵且耗时。 In the current layout is typically used to terminate fusion, which is expensive and time consuming. 使用MPO连接器使现场的占用面积和安装时间最小化。 MPO connector allows use of the footprint and site installation time is minimized.

[0096] 2.容易安装在竖轴中。 [0096] 2. easy to install on the vertical axis. 该系统可以布设在较老的住宅建筑中,这些建筑的竖轴通常并不适合布设现代化的通信设施。 The system can be laid in older residential buildings, these buildings are usually vertical axis layout is not suitable for modern communication facilities. 使用紧凑(例如带式)竖直光缆424使得布设所需竖直光缆的尺寸和数量最小,并且使用聚集盒用于减小竖直光缆必须从竖轴出来处的不同位 A compact (e.g., tape) 424 such that a vertical cable laying and the required minimum number of vertical dimension of the cable, and used for reducing aggregation cartridge vertically out of the cable must be at different positions from the vertical axis

置的数量。 The number opposed.

[0097] 3.没有浪费光纤。 [0097] 3. No waste fiber. 诸如上述FlexNAP系统之类的现有光缆分布系统是预先终止并设计用于室外快速布设。 Existing cable distribution systems such as the aforementioned systems FlexNAP class is designed for outdoor and terminating previously deployed quickly. 对于住宅社区中的布设,松管室外分布光缆通常与街道相邻地在电线杆上或管道内引导。 For residential community laid, usually loose tube cable guide outdoor distribution poles, or in the street adjacent to the conduit. 以一定的间隔,一些光纤从分布光缆分出并终止于网络访问点(NAP)端子盒,即将分布光缆中的光纤连接到单独引入光缆的光纤的装置。 At predetermined intervals, some of the fibers separated from the distribution cable and terminating in a Network Access Point (NAP) of the terminal box, i.e. the distribution of the optical fiber cable in an optical fiber drop cable means connected to the individual. 在访问点处分出的每根光纤被切割并终止于NAP盒,从而光纤中留在光缆内的下游部分不会使用,即变成不携带信号的“无用”光纤。 The access point to dispose each optical fiber is cut out and terminates at NAP cartridge, so as to leave in the downstream portion of the fiber optic cable will not be used, i.e. becomes "dead" fiber does not carry a signal. 于是,不管进行多少次分出或在何处进行,分布光缆中高达一半的光纤可能在安装后变成无用的。 So, no matter how many times or where the separation of the distribution of the fiber optic cable up to half may become useless after installation. 作为比较,在本发明的系统中,在分线盒426和聚集盒之间携带信号的竖直光缆424中的所有光纤都保持起作用。 As a comparison, in the system of the present invention, all of the fiber optic cable 424 carries signals vertically between the junction box 426 and the cartridge remains aggregation function. 并且如果在每个楼层上使用引入盒10,则在聚集盒和引入盒之间携带信号的每根供给光缆418中的所有光纤也保持起作用。 And if all of the fibers into the container 10 on each floor, between the cartridge and the introduction of aggregation of each cassette carrying the supply cable in the signal 418 remains active.

[0098] 虽然上文给出了本发明的优选实施例,但本领域的技术人员将理解,可以做出各种变型和修改而不脱离本发明的精神和范围,并且本发明包括落在以下权利要求书的范围内的所有这种变型和修改。 [0098] Although the present invention is given above of preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various variations and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and the invention includes the following falling All such variations and modifications as come within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1.一种用于在多住宅或商业建筑(400)中布设用于服务单元的光缆的系统,所述多住宅或商业建筑具有光缆进入位置、竖轴或管道,其中待被服务的单元位于建筑的一个或多个楼层上,其特征在于,所述系统包括: 位于所述光缆进入位置附近的分线盒(426),所述分线盒布置用于终止从所述光缆进入位置引导到所述分线盒(426)的外部光缆(430)的光纤; 被引导穿过竖轴或管道的一根或多根竖直光缆(424),其中给定的竖直光缆具有用于位于建筑(400)中的一个相关楼层或相关的相邻的一组楼层(414)上的服务单元的多根第一光纤,所述第一光纤的第一端在分线盒(426)处终止以与外部光缆(430)的某些光纤耦合; 安装在所述相关楼层或所述相邻的一组楼层(414)附近区域中的用于设置在所述相关楼层或所述相邻的一组楼层(414)上的服务单元的第一光缆分布盒(10),其中所述第 1. A method for multi-unit residential or commercial building (400) for laying the cable system service unit, the residential or commercial building having a plurality cable entry position, the vertical axis or duct, wherein the services to be located on one or more floors of a building, characterized in that, the system comprising: a fiber optic cable into the vicinity of the position of the junction box (426), the junction box is arranged to terminate the access position from said cable guide to said junction box (426) outside of the cable (430) of the optical fiber; vertical axis is directed through the conduit or one or more vertical cable (424), wherein a given vertical cable having a construction located a first plurality of optical fibers on a service unit of the associated floor (400) or a related group of adjacent floor (414), said first optical fiber at a first end of the junction box (426) to terminate some fiber optic cable is coupled with an external (430); the correlation floor or mounted on the floor adjacent to a set of (414) disposed near the region adjacent to the floor or a related group of first cable box service distribution units on the floor (414) (10), wherein said first 光缆分布盒构造和布置用于终止所述给定的竖直光缆(424)的第一光纤的第二端; 多根供给光缆(418),每根供给光缆都从所述第一光缆分布盒被引导到所述相邻的一组楼层中的不同楼层或者被引导到单个楼层的相应楼层区域,其中每根供给光缆(418)都具有用于相邻楼层上的服务单元或所述单个楼层的相应区域中的服务单元的多根第二光纤,并且供给光缆(418)的所述第二光纤的第一端在第一光缆分布盒处终止,以与终止在所述第一光缆分布盒处的所述给定的竖直光缆(424)的相应的第一光纤耦合; 设置在所述相邻的一组楼层的每个楼层处或设置在所述单个楼层的每个区域处的第二光缆分布盒(10),其中第二光缆分布盒构造和布置用于终止相应的供给光缆(418)的第二光纤的第二端;以及多根分布光缆或光纤(416),每根分布光缆或光纤都在给定的第二光缆分布盒 The second end of the first optical fiber cable distribution box is constructed and arranged for terminating said given vertical cable (424); feeding a plurality of optical cables (418), each cable are supplied from the first cable distribution box It is directed to a different set of floors of the adjacent floor or the floor is guided to the corresponding area of ​​a single floor, wherein each supply cable (418) having a single service unit on the floor adjacent to the floor or the corresponding region of the second plurality of fiber optic service unit and the supply cable (418) terminating the second end of the first optical fiber in the first cable distribution box, with the expiry of said first cable distribution box a first optical fiber coupled at a respective said given vertical cable (424); provided at each area of ​​each floor disposed at or adjacent one of said group of floors in the single floor two cable distribution box (10), wherein the second cable distribution box constructed and arranged to a second end of the second optical fiber termination respective supply cable (418); and a plurality of fiber optic cables or distribution (416), each distribution or an optical fiber cable in a given second cable distribution box 被终止于所述给定的第二光缆分布盒处的供给光缆(418)的所述第二光纤服务的单元之间被引导,其中每根分布光缆或光纤(416)的第一端终止于第二光缆分布盒,用于与供给光缆的服务于给定的单元的第二光纤耦合,并且分布光缆或光纤的第二端终止在所述给定的单元处;并且其中所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒(10)均包括: 具有侧壁(31)的接口室(30)和具有连接器适配器(42)的连接器面板(40),所述连接器适配器(42)操作地与光纤连接器(36)相连,所述光纤连接器(36)与位于连接器面板(40)外侧处的所述给定的竖直电缆(424)或给定的分布光缆或光纤(416)相连; 所述接口室(30)的侧壁(31)具有用于接收供给光缆(418)的开口(50),使得当所述给定的竖直光缆(424)中的第一光纤的第二端或所述给定的分布光缆或光纤(416)的第一端连接到位于所述连接器面板(40)的外侧处 Unit is guided between the supply cable (418) terminates in the distribution box at a given second optical fiber cable of the second service, wherein a first end of each fiber optic cables or distribution fiber (416) terminates in second cable distribution box, the cable for the supply of services in a given second optical fiber coupling unit, and the distribution cable or an optical fiber terminating at a second end of said given unit; wherein the first cable and a second cable distribution box and distribution box (10) comprises: a sidewall (31) of the interface compartment (30) and having a connector adapter (42) connected to the panel (40), said connector adapter (42) operatively associated with the fiber optic connector (36) connected to the fiber optic connector (36) of the connector panel (40) at the outer side of a given vertical cable (424) or a given distribution cable or fiber ( 416) is connected; said interface chamber side wall (30) (31) having an opening (50) for receiving a supply cable (418) such that the first optical fiber when said given vertical cable (424) in or the second end of said given cable or distribution fiber (416) is connected to a first end located at the outside of said panel connector (40) 连接器适配器(42)时,所述供给光缆中的第二光纤的第一端与位于所述连接器面板(40)的内侧处的连接器适配器(42)相连;在所述接口室(30)下方延伸的卷筒区域(20),所述卷筒区域(20)包括具有轴线的第一卷筒壁(22),所述第一卷筒壁(22)的尺寸设计成在一定长度的给定的供给光缆(418)缠绕在所述第一卷筒壁(22)上时支撑所述一定长度的给定的供给光缆(418),并且所述卷筒区域(20)构造并布置成使得当所述给定的供给光缆(418)从所述卷筒区域(20)放出时所述光缆分布盒(10)能够绕所述第一卷筒壁(22)的所述轴线转动; 所述卷筒区域的第一卷筒壁(22)设有光缆入口,在所述光缆口内配合有应变消除装置(24),以使得缠绕在所述卷筒区域的第一卷筒壁上的光纤经由所述光缆入口和所述应变消除装置进入所述接口室(30); 所述接口室(30)和所述卷筒区域(20)构造并布置成使得当 When the connector adapter (42), the supply of the second optical fiber cable first end connector located at the panel (40) at the inner side of the connector adapter (42) is connected; chamber at said interface (30 ) region of the reel (20), the drum region (20) comprises a first spool having an axis extending wall downward (22), the size of the first drum wall (22) is designed to a length of supporting the length of time a given supply cable (418) wound on the first drum wall (22) given the supply cable (418), and the spool region (20) constructed and arranged to such that when the rotation of a given supply cable (418) of said cable distribution box (10) is discharged from the drum region (20) around the first drum wall (22) of said axis; the a first drum wall (22) of said spool cable entrance area is provided, fitted with a strain relief means (24), such that the first wall of the spool wound on said spool in the region of said optical fiber cable opening via said cable strain relief means and said inlet into said chamber an interface (30); said interface chamber (30) and said spool region (20) constructed and arranged such that when 述给定的供给光缆(418)缠绕在所述第一卷筒壁(22)上时,所述给定的供给光缆(418)的光纤在所述接口室(30)内被引导,并在所述连接器面板(40)的内侧处与所述连接器适配器(42)相连。 When said given supply cable (418) wound on the first drum wall (22) is guided within said given supply cable (418) in said interface chamber is an optical fiber (30), and said panel connector (40) at the inner side of said connector adapter (42) is connected.
2.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒(10)均包括具有轴向通道¢2)的管(60),所述轴向通道¢2)具有用于接收细长工具的足够的宽度,使得当所述给定的供给光缆(418)从所述光缆分布盒的卷筒区域(20)放出时,所述光缆分布盒(10)绕所述工具自由转动。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the first cable and the second cable distribution box distribution box (10) includes a 2) of the tube (60) having an axial passage ¢, the axial when the channel ¢ 2) having a width sufficient for receiving the elongated tool, such that when the given supply cable (418) from the cable spool area distribution box (20) released, said cable distribution box ( 10) is free to rotate about said tool.
3.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒(10)的每一个的接口室(30)构造并布置成支撑所述连接器面板,使得具有某种类型的连接器适配器(42)的第一连接器面板(40)能够被去除,并能够用具有类型不同于第一连接器面板的适配器的连接器适配器的第二连接器面板替换。 3. The system according to claim 1, wherein the first cable and the second cable distribution box distribution box (10) of each of the interface chamber (30) configured and arranged to support said connector panel so having some type connector adapter (42) connected to a first panel (40) can be removed, and the second connector can be different from the panel connector adapter adapter connection panel in a first type having replace.
4.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述连接器面板(40)的适配器(42)中的一个或多个构造并布置成将多光纤阵列型连接器相互连接。 4. The system of claim 1, wherein said connection adapter (42) panel (40) in the one or more configured and arranged to interconnect a multi-fiber array connectors.
5.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述竖直光缆(424)包括带式光缆。 5. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical cable (424) comprises a ribbon cable.
6.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述供给光缆(418)包括带式光缆。 6. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the supply cable (418) comprises a ribbon cable.
7.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述竖直光缆(424)和供给光缆(418)中的至少一个终止于多光纤阵列型连接器中。 7. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical cable (424) and a supply cable (418) terminating in at least one of the array type multi-fiber connector.
8.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,基座(12,212,312)紧固到所述第一光缆分布盒和第二光缆分布盒(10)的卷筒区域(20)的底部上。 8. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the base (12,212,312) secured to said first cable and second cable distribution box distribution box (10) of the reel area (20) on the bottom.
9.根据权利要求8所述的系统,其特征在于,所述基座(212)形成为单独部件。 9. The system according to claim 8, characterized in that the base (212) is formed as a separate member.
CN2008100029220A 2007-01-13 2008-01-11 Optical arrangement for multi-residence units and commercial building CN101221272B (en)

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US88016907P true 2007-01-13 2007-01-13
US60/880,169 2007-01-13
US11/891,553 2007-08-10
US11/891,553 US7546018B2 (en) 2007-01-13 2007-08-10 Fiber optic cabling for multi-dwelling unit (MDU) and commercial building deployments

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SG144813A1 (en) 2008-08-28
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CN101221272A (en) 2008-07-16

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