CN101153422B - Flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric - Google Patents

Flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101153422B
CN101153422B CN2006100962242A CN200610096224A CN101153422B CN 101153422 B CN101153422 B CN 101153422B CN 2006100962242 A CN2006100962242 A CN 2006100962242A CN 200610096224 A CN200610096224 A CN 200610096224A CN 101153422 B CN101153422 B CN 101153422B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fibre
superfine
fire
retardant
flame
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2006100962242A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101153422A (en
Inventor
赵锁林
陈�峰
佐藤正幸
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Toray Fibers and Textiles Research Laboratories China Co Ltd
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Toray Fibers and Textiles Research Laboratories China Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2006100962242A priority Critical patent/CN101153422B/en
Publication of CN101153422A publication Critical patent/CN101153422A/en
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Publication of CN101153422B publication Critical patent/CN101153422B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a flame retardant polyester ultrafine fiber file fabric which is characterized in that the fabric contains ultrafine flame retardant polyester fibers, and a fiber monofilament denier is less than or equal to one Daniel. The invention has the advantages of good weavability, similar fabric physical property as that of general fabrics, good hand feeling and excellent flam retardant effect.

Description

Flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of flame-retardant fibre fabric.
Background technology:
Polyester fiber belongs to the meltbility combustible fibre, expansion along with its Application Areas, in some special use occasion, as aviation, public place of entertainment, family's decorations art work or the required aspects such as protective clothing of some special industry, then require to reach certain fire-retardant requirement, otherwise will improve the insecurity of fire greatly.Moreover, these polymer under burning or high temperature also can fusion drippage, thereby limited their use in some occasion.
Existing fleece is that common polyester filament makes, because fluffing part fiber number is less, is exposed to fully under the situation of air, runs into naked light and burning and be large-area burning in the short time easily thereof.In addition, the filament number of existing fire resistance fibre is thicker, is not suitable for fluffing processing.
In order to make fleece have anti-flammability, the feasible exactly high molecular polymer that constitutes the superfine fibre of nap fabric has anti-flammability, just need carry out fire-retardantization to it.At present macromolecular material is carried out fire-retardantization two kinds of methods are roughly arranged: a kind of is that copolymerization is flame-retardant modified, is about to fire-retardant monomer with the polymer monomer copolymerization; The 2nd, add fire retardant and carry out blending and modifying.But the fire resistance of prior art is still undesirable.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric of good flame retardation effect.
Technical solution of the present invention is:
A kind of flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric is characterized in that: this fabric contains superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre, fibre single thread fiber number≤1 Denier.
Limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.Its main body polyester polymers is polyethylene terephthalate, polytrimethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) or cation-modified polyethylene terephthalate, because polyethylene terephthalate spinning process maturation, cost is lower, excellent performance, preferred polyethylene terephthalate.
Fire retardant in the fire-retardant flame-proof polyester superfine fibre is 2-carboxyethyl benzenephosphonic acid, 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate or 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid, and its corresponding structural formula is respectively:
(2-carboxyethyl benzenephosphonic acid) (2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate) (2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid).P content is 3000-7000ppm in the superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.Superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre shared proportion 〉=40% in whole fabric.Fabric is woven fabric and the knitted fabric through fluffing processing.
The flame-proof polyester superfine fibre of formation fleece of the present invention both can be the superfine fibre of common circular cross-section, also can be the superfine fibre at special-shaped interface, and described special-shaped interface comprises triangle etc.Superfine fibre both can obtain by single composition spin processes, also can obtain by composite spinning method.The fiber of different cross section can obtain by shape and the complex method that changes spinneret orifice.
Fleece of the present invention makes woven fabric or knitted fabric by using above-mentioned flame-proof polyester superfine fibre, fabric is fluffed handle or open earlier the processing of fluffing again of fine vehicle then, thereby make fire-retardant fleece.The fluffing processing method can adopt card clothing fluffing processing method, also can adopt processing methods such as the raising machine processing of thorn circle, card clothing fluffing processing, sand paper fluffing processing, and raising method also can be wet method, also can be dry method in addition.
Fire-retardant polyester fibre of the present invention both can also can be cut into slices with modification, as CDP (cationic-dyeable), ECDP polyester slices such as (normal temperature and pressure cationic-dyeables), to improve its dyeability or wearing comfort with conventional polyester slice.
In the fire-retardant superfine fibre, the P content of phosphorus flame retardant is 3000-7000ppm, TiO 2Content is 0.05-2.5wt%.
Production method of the present invention can adopt: the phosphorus that will form the fire resistance fibre main body is copolyester, carry out melt spinning, make the fire resistance fibre precursor, and further obtain the flame retardant polyester long filament, be i.e. the phosphorus based polyester flame-retardant superfine fibre through coiling stretching, interlacing, post processing; By the woven or knitting fabric that obtains, the fluff processing or open earlier and fine handle the processing of fluffing again and obtain fire-retardant fleece of gained fabric.
Flame-retarding phosphorus copolymerized section is to add fire retardant to make monomer (containing phosphorus series compound) in polyester slice production, produces fire-retardant slice by conventional copolymerization process.Phosphide mainly is fire-retardant by solid phase, impels fibrous carbon to divide and separates, and reduces the generation of fuel gas, thereby reaches fire-retardant purpose.
The fire-retardant extra fine filament of formation fleece of the present invention has good weaving properties, and physical property is close with general polyester superfine fibre and make the fluffing of fabric partly have good flame retardant effect.The fire-retardant fleece basic physical properties that makes is suitable with common fabric, and feel well also has the good flame-retardance energy simultaneously.
Described fire-retardant evaluation method can adopt JIS standard A-1 method, A-4, D method
Burning A-1 method
Three pieces of sample size: 350*250mm
Experiment condition: scorching high: 45mm
Heat time heating time: 60S
The duration of ignition: 0.1S
Ignition time: 3S
Experimental result:
Evaluation criterion:
Distinguish Burning area Burning time Glow the time Burning length
cm 2 s s cm
1 grade More than 45 More than 3 More than 5 More than 20
2 grades Below 45 Below 3 Below 5 More than 20
3 grades Below 30 Below 3 Below 5 Below 20
Fire-retardant rank reaches more than 3 grades, and flame retardant effect is very good.
Burning A-4 method
Three pieces of sample size: 84*250mm
Experiment condition: scorching high: 38mm
The duration of ignition: 3S
Ignition time: 3S
Experimental result:
Evaluation criterion:
Distinguish Burning area Burning time Glow the time Burning length
cm 2 s s cm
1 grade More than 45 More than 3 More than 5 More than 20
2 grades Below 45 Below 3 Below 5 More than 20
3 grades Below 30 Below 3 Below 5 Below 20
Fire-retardant rank reaches more than 3 grades, and flame retardant effect is very good.
Burning D method (connecing scorching method)
Sample size: the long 10CM of the width of cloth, weight is 1g
Measurement result:
Kind Connect scorching number of times
- -
Evaluation criterion: connect scorching number of times greater than 3 times awkward combustion product.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment.
The specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
Get polyethylene terephthalate (or polytrimethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), cation-modified polyethylene terephthalate) and be matrix polymer, add fire retardant 2-carboxyethyl benzenephosphonic acid (or 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate, 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid), the P addition is 3500ppm in whole raw materials, TiO 2Addition is 0.35wt%, all the other are matrix polymer, make spinning chips and carry out melt spinning at 270 ℃, spinning speed 3000m/min makes the superfine precursor of fire resistance fibre, and under 1.9 times DTY multiplying power, further obtain the flame-proof polyester superfine long filament through reel stretching, network etc., it is the phosphorus based polyester flame-retardant superfine fibre, the obtained flame-retardant superfine fibre is made woven fabric (or knitted fabric), use DISPERSE DYES, dispersant, under 130 ℃ dyeing temperature, with textile dyeing 60 minutes, the cooling of dyeing back, washing and dry.Adopt napping machine to the processing of fluffing through the fabric that dyes, get product, the filament number of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre in the product≤1 Denier, limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
Embodiment 2:
Get polyethylene terephthalate (or polytrimethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), cation-modified polyethylene terephthalate) and be matrix polymer, add fire retardant 2-carboxyethyl benzenephosphonic acid (or 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate, 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid), the P addition is 3500ppm in whole raw materials, TiO 2Addition is 0.35wt%, all the other are matrix polymer, making spinning chips and soluble-type spinning chips enters the island assembly carry out melt spinning under 270 ℃, spinning speed 3000m/min makes the superfine compound precursor of fire resistance fibre, and under 1.7 times DTY multiplying power, further obtain flame retardant polyester complex poles fine filament, promptly superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre through reel stretching, network etc.; The gained fiber is made woven fabric (or knitted fabric), in 95 ℃ 1%NaOH solution, fabric treating is opened fine engineering in 60 minutes, use DISPERSE DYES, dispersant, under 130 ℃ dyeing temperature, with textile dyeing 60 minutes, the cooling of dyeing back, washing and dry.Adopt napping machine to the processing of fluffing through the fabric that dyes.Get product, the filament number of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre in the product≤1 Denier, limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
Embodiment 3:
Two kinds of sections enter with embodiment 2 (fire-retardant slice and resolvability section) and cut fine assembly carry out melt spinning under 270 ℃, spinning speed 3000m/min makes the superfine compound precursor of fire resistance fibre, and under 1.7 times DTY multiplying power, further obtain flame retardant polyester complex poles fine filament, promptly superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre through reel stretching, network etc.; The obtained flame-retardant superfine fibre is made woven fabric (or knitted fabric), in 95 ℃ 1%NaOH solution, fabric treating is opened fine engineering in 60 minutes, use DISPERSE DYES, dispersant, under 130 ℃ dyeing temperature, with textile dyeing 60 minutes, the cooling of dyeing back, washing and dry.Adopt napping machine to the processing of fluffing through the fabric that dyes.Get product, the filament number of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre in the product≤1 Denier, limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
Embodiment 4
Get polyethylene terephthalate (or polytrimethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), cation-modified polyethylene terephthalate) and be matrix polymer, add fire retardant 2-carboxyethyl benzenephosphonic acid (or 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate, 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid), the P addition is 3500ppm, TiO 2Addition is 0.35wt%, make spinning chips and carry out melt spinning at 270 ℃, spinning speed 3000m/min makes the superfine precursor of fire resistance fibre, and further obtains flame-proof polyester superfine long filament, promptly superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre through reel stretching, network etc. under 1.9 times DTY multiplying power; Use accounts for the fire-retardant superfine fibre and the conventional polyester fiber of fabric weight 50% and makes woven fabric (or knitted fabric) jointly, uses DISPERSE DYES, dispersant, under 130 ℃ dyeing temperature, and with textile dyeing 60 minutes, the cooling of dyeing back, washing and dry.Adopt napping machine to the processing of fluffing through the fabric that dyes.Get product, the filament number of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre in the product≤1 Denier, limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
Embodiment 5
Use accounts for the fire-retardant superfine fibre and the conventional polyester fiber of fabric weight 40% (or 60%, 90%) and makes woven fabric (or knitted fabric) jointly, and all the other are with embodiment 4.The filament number of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre in the product that obtains≤1 Denier, limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
Comparative Examples 1
Get polyethylene terephthalate (or polytrimethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), cation-modified polyethylene terephthalate) and be matrix polymer, add fire retardant 2-carboxyethyl benzenephosphonic acid (or 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate, 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid), the P addition is 3500ppm, TiO 2Addition is 0.35wt%, make spinning chips and carry out melt spinning at 270 ℃, spinning speed 3000m/min makes the superfine precursor of fire resistance fibre, and further obtains flame-proof polyester superfine long filament, i.e. phosphorus based polyester flame-retardant superfine fibre through reel stretching, network etc. under 1.9 times DTY multiplying power; Use accounts for the fire-retardant superfine fibre and the conventional polyester fiber of fabric weight 30% and makes woven fabric (or knitted fabric) jointly, uses DISPERSE DYES, dispersant, under 130 ℃ dyeing temperature, and with textile dyeing 60 minutes, the cooling of dyeing back, washing and dry.Adopt napping machine to the processing of fluffing through the fabric that dyes.
The fire resistance of the foregoing description, Comparative Examples sees the following form:
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Comparative Examples 1
The fiber kenel Single composition The island Cut fibre Single composition Single composition
The A-1 method 3 grades 3 grades 3 grades 3 grades 2 grades
The A-4 method 3 grades 3 grades 3 grades 3 grades 2 grades
The D method 5 times 5 times 5 times 4 times 2 times
Anti-flammability Qualified Qualified Qualified Qualified Defective

Claims (5)

1. flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric, it is characterized in that: this fabric contains superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre, fibre single thread fiber number≤1 Denier; Its main body polyester polymers is polyethylene terephthalate, polytrimethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) or cation-modified polyethylene terephthalate; Wherein fire retardant is 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphate or 2-carboxyethyl methylphosphinate phosphoric acid, and its corresponding structural formula is respectively:
2. flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: limited oxygen index LOI 〉=28% of superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
3. flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: P content is 3000-7000ppm in the superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre.
4. flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: superfine fire-retardant polyester fibre shared proportion 〉=40% in whole fabric.
5. flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: fabric is woven fabric and knitted fabric through fluffing processing.
CN2006100962242A 2006-09-29 2006-09-29 Flame-proof polyester superfine fibre pile fabric Expired - Fee Related CN101153422B (en)

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CN101153422B true CN101153422B (en) 2010-12-08

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104178873A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-12-03 常熟市启弘纺织实业有限公司 Production technology of auxiliary-modified flame-retardant velvet fabric with high color fastness

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1359962A (en) * 2002-01-09 2002-07-24 济南齐鲁化纤集团有限责任公司 Process for preparing flame-retarding phosphorus copolymerized terylene chips

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1359962A (en) * 2002-01-09 2002-07-24 济南齐鲁化纤集团有限责任公司 Process for preparing flame-retarding phosphorus copolymerized terylene chips

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开2006-45731A 2006.02.16
任建平.磷系阻燃剂羧乙基苯基磷酸的合成研究.《辽阳石油化工高等专科学校学报》.2000,第16卷(第2期),第5页左栏最后1段及第1.3.2节. *
沈兰萍等.阻燃织物的组织、密度对其功能性的影响.《天津纺织工学院学报》.2000,第19卷(第4期),第64页第1节、第65页表3. *

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