CN101152731B - Method for manufacturing cavity formwork member - Google Patents

Method for manufacturing cavity formwork member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101152731B
CN101152731B CN2007101470536A CN200710147053A CN101152731B CN 101152731 B CN101152731 B CN 101152731B CN 2007101470536 A CN2007101470536 A CN 2007101470536A CN 200710147053 A CN200710147053 A CN 200710147053A CN 101152731 B CN101152731 B CN 101152731B
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China
Prior art keywords
former component
cavity former
layer
gained
plate
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CN2007101470536A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101152731A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司
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Priority to CN2007101470536A priority Critical patent/CN101152731B/en
Publication of CN101152731A publication Critical patent/CN101152731A/en
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Publication of CN101152731B publication Critical patent/CN101152731B/en

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Abstract

The present invention provides a cavity shuttering component manufacturing method, which is characterized in that: (1) an open cavity shuttering which is provided with an opening on one side and a prefabricated edge is manufactured; (2) a lower soleplate is manufactured; (3) before the slurry of the lower soleplate is coagulated and hardened, the open cavity shuttering is covered on the lower soleplate; (4) the manufactured cavity shuttering component is conserved, an upper board, peripheral side walls or lower board of the manufactured cavity shuttering component are mutually superposed to form a superposition layer. The upper board, peripheral side walls or lower board mutually form an integral cavity shuttering component through the superposition layer. The superposition layer includes at least one prefabricated layer. In this way, the manufacture is easy, the productivity efficiency is high and the cost is low. At the same time, the cavity shuttering component is characterized by simple structure, good deformation resistance and vibration resistance, convenient construction and high construction speed and so on.

Description

A kind of preparation method of cavity former component

The application for the applying date be that October 21, application number in 2003 are 200310101175.3, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of cavity former component ".

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of cavity former component.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow pipe and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed mould casing component comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, to make inconveniently when this class mould casing component is produced, production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, corresponding cost height, therefore, the preparation method of developing a kind of novel cavity former component is for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of cavity former component, have the characteristics such as easy, that production efficiency is high, cost is low of making.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component that provides: (1) makes the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening; (2) make lower shoe; (3), the open cavity formwork is fastened on it not before the setting and harden at the lower shoe slip; (4) the prepared cavity former component of maintenance, the upper plate of prepared cavity former component, sidewall or the lower shoe formation overlapping layers that is superimposed with each other on every side, upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe form whole cavity former component by overlapping layers each other on every side, and overlapping layers comprises one deck preformed layer at least.Like this, when cavity former component is made, because upper plate, sidewall, go to the bottom self or the formation overlapping layers that is superimposed with each other on every side, and overlapping layers comprises one deck preformed layer at least, each member can separate in advance to be made, and then is built up mould casing component each other, and it is made easily, the production efficiency height, corresponding cost is low.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe self are built up overlapping layers on every side, forms whole cavity former component by overlapping layers each other, and overlapping layers comprises one deck preformed layer at least.Like this, when cavity former component is made, because upper plate, sidewall on every side, go to the bottom self or the formation overlapping layers that is superimposed with each other, and overlapping layers comprises one deck preformed layer at least, each member can separate in advance to be made, and then be built up mould casing component each other, it is made easily, the production efficiency height, corresponding cost is low, simultaneously, cavity former component also has simple in structure, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy construction, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the hollow building cover of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is that preformed layer and preformed layer are formed by stacking.Like this, overlapping layers is that preformed layer and preformed layer are formed by stacking, and has the convenience manufactured, simple advantage, simultaneously, has simplified the production technology program of cavity former component, can realize mechanization production at an easy rate.

Feature of the present invention also is to be superimposed with the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer of described overlapping layers.Like this, be superimposed with the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer of overlapping layers and make the intensity of cavity former component and rigidity improve significantly, its overall performance is better, and it is also easier to manufacture simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is one deck preformed layer, the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer multilayer build-up forms again.Like this, preformed layer and the cast-in-place layer of now smearing combine, manufacture simply, and the production efficiency height, cost is low, and simultaneously, cavity former component is not fragile, helps reducing the proportion of goods damageds of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck, one deck preformed layer, and the cast-in-place layer multi-layer of now smearing of one deck is formed by stacking again.Like this, preformed layer and the cast-in-place layer of now smearing combine, manufacture simply, and the production efficiency height, cost is low, and simultaneously, cavity former component is not fragile, helps reducing the proportion of goods damageds of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention also be in the described overlapping layers preformed layer for upper plate, the prefabricated board of sidewall or lower shoe disjunctor on every side.Like this, when preformed layer is prefabricated limit with sidewall disjunctor on every side, can increase substantially the intensity and the globality of toss, when it is prefabricated board, can enhance productivity, reduce the production cost of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention is that also cast-in-place in the described overlapping layers now smear layer and be the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate or sidewall or the moulding of lower shoe disjunctor on every side.Like this, cast-in-place in the overlapping layers now smear layer for upper plate or sidewall or lower shoe disjunctor on every side, be bonded to integral body with preformed layer after, have advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good.

The preformed layer that feature of the present invention also is described overlapping layers is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer.Like this, the preformed layer of overlapping layers and cast-in-place now smear the layer not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economical material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, the raising cavity former component intensity and rigidity.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity former component, sidewall, lower shoe, preformed layer or cast-in-place now smearing at least a in the layer are contained reinforce on every side, and stretches into anchoring in the adjacent wall body.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, bar-mat reinforcement, steel wire, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Like this, reinforce stretches in the matrix of each adjacent member, and then the globality of mould casing component is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing mould casing component, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce is to exposing outside.

Feature of the present invention also be between the preformed layer of described overlapping layers or with cast-in-place now smear between the layer with bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, anchor pole be connected, screw connects or the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, between the preformed layer of overlapping layers or and cast-in-place superimposed mode variation of now smearing between the layer, make between the preformed layer of overlapping layers or be connected superimposed conveniently between the layer with cast-in-place now smearing, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least a in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole or the external corner.Like this, after mould casing component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the mould casing component, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove or hole are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting mutually.Like this, after mould casing component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the mould casing component, chamfering, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least a in ribbed stiffener, bracing boom or the reinforcement.Like this, after mould casing component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, ribbed stiffener, bracing boom, reinforcement that is provided with in the mould casing component or the ribbed stiffener that exposes, bracing boom, reinforcement can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.

Feature of the present invention also is at least a the exposing outside the cavity former component in described ribbed stiffener, bracing boom or the reinforcement.

Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described ribbed stiffener, bracing boom or the reinforcement reinforce to expose.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then mould casing component and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.

Feature of the present invention is that also described ribbed stiffener, bracing boom or reinforcement and basic unit are superimposed.If prefabricated ribbed stiffener, reinforcement are superimposed in basic unit, then the making of mould casing component is more convenient.

Feature of the present invention also is superimposed back dew muscle shape, netted reinforce.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.The sound insulation of mould casing component, heat insulation, heat-insulating property have been improved like this, greatly; Simultaneously, mould casing component also has good shock resistance, has reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, mineral wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least a in the sidewall be dismountable movable part.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking mould casing component inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of mould casing component as terminal box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of mould casing component.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity former component or on every side at least a in the outer surface of sidewall be corrugated or zigzag outer surface.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the outer surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate outer surface on every side, improved the adhesion between mould casing component and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after mould casing component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate mould casing component, prevent that phenomenons such as mould casing component floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity former component.Connector can be reinforcing bar, bar-mat reinforcement, steel wire, steel wire, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after mould casing component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the mould casing component can be controlled the distance between the mould casing component effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal structure; Simultaneously, also help mould casing component connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least a at least one outside of described upper plate or lower shoe is extended with toss.Like this, upper plate or lower shoe when then mould casing component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow body of wall, can save the construction formwork of body of wall both sides if be extended with toss simultaneously, improve efficiency of construction greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described toss is the overlapping layers toss.Like this, the making of cavity former component is more convenient, and production efficiency is higher, and cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate or is superimposed with preformed layer on sidewall or lower shoe at least a on every side.Like this, owing to be superimposed with preformed layer, need not to remove after superimposed, thereby the making of cavity former component is more convenient, production efficiency is higher, and cost is lower; Simultaneously, also can improve the strength and stiffness of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for cement mortar or polymer mortar, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the lower shoe of cavity former component, cast-in-placely now smear layer, upper plate, sidewall and preformed layer are made the variation of material on every side, can make mould casing component fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for concrete, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall be that Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement steel wire are made, its preformed layer is that aerating concrete layer is made.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer is that cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or Cement Concrete layer or reinforced concrete layer are made.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for polymer mortar, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall be that wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template are made, its preformed layer is that plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate are made.

Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe, preformed layer or cast-in-place now to smear at least a in the layer be to be stained with the muscle of Binder Materials or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of Binder Materials or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe, toss, preformed layer or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily cavity former component be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is preformed layer, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and sidewall 2 is superimposed with each other with lower shoe 3 and forms overlapping layers 4 around it, and one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, and comparatively speaking, lower shoe 3 is cast-in-place lower shoe.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for preformed layer 5 and prefabricated lower shoe 3.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are superimposed with the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is now smeared layer 6 for one deck is cast-in-place, one deck preformed layer 5, and the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck is formed by stacking again.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the preformed layer 5 in its overlapping layers 4 is the prefabricated film with upper plate 1 disjunctor.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 disjunctor moulding for the cast-in-place layer of now smearing in its overlapping layers 4.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 7 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 7 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 overlapping layers 4 that has been superimposed with each other on every side, the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode with cast-in-place between now smearing layers 6.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13 and external corner 15 simultaneously on its cavity former component.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 simultaneously on its cavity former component.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, be provided with ribbed stiffener 16, bracing boom 17 and reinforcement 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, simultaneously, ribbed stiffener 16 and bracing boom 17 have part to expose outside the mould casing component.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, and diagram light material 19 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 are movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, its upper plate 1 and on every side the outer surface of sidewall 2 be coarse outer surface.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with align member 20, and illustrated position member 20 is for supporting angle.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 21 is a socket pipe member.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 7 that multilayer is stained with Binder Materials.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention is characterized in that as shown in drawings: (1) makes the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening; (2) make lower shoe; (3), the open cavity formwork is fastened on it not before the setting and harden at the lower shoe slip; (4) the prepared cavity former component of maintenance, the upper plate of prepared cavity former component, sidewall or the lower shoe formation overlapping layers that is superimposed with each other on every side, upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe form whole cavity former component by overlapping layers each other on every side, and overlapping layers comprises one deck preformed layer at least.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, at lower shoe 3 slips not before the setting and harden, the open cavity formwork is fastened on it, sidewall 2 is superimposed with each other with lower shoe 3 and forms overlapping layers 4 around it, one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, and comparatively speaking, lower shoe 3 is cast-in-place lower shoe.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 self are built up overlapping layers 4 on every side, forms whole cavity former component by overlapping layers 4 each other, and overlapping layers 4 comprises one deck preformed layer 5 at least.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is preformed layer, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 4, lower shoe 3 self is built up overlapping layers 4, forms whole cavity former component by overlapping layers 4 each other, and overlapping layers 4 comprises one deck preformed layer 5 at least.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1 self is built up overlapping layers 4, forms whole cavity former component by overlapping layers 4 each other, and overlapping layers 4 comprises one deck preformed layer 5 at least.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for preformed layer 5 and preformed layer 5.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for preformed layer 5 and prefabricated lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention also is to be superimposed with on the preformed layer 5 of described overlapping layers 4 the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are superimposed with the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is one deck preformed layer 5, the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer 5 multilayer build-ups form again.As shown in Figure 3, one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, its overlapping layers 4 is one deck preformed layer 5, the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer 5 multilayer build-ups form again.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck, one deck preformed layer 5, and cast-in-place layer 6 multilayer build-up of now smearing of one deck form again.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is now smeared layer 6 for one deck is cast-in-place, one deck preformed layer 5, and the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck is formed by stacking again.

Feature of the present invention also be in the described overlapping layers 4 preformed layer 5 for upper plate 1, the prefabricated board of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 disjunctors on every side.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the preformed layer 5 in its overlapping layers 4 is the prefabricated film with upper plate 1 disjunctor.

Feature of the present invention is that also cast-in-place in the described overlapping layers 4 now smear layer and be the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 disjunctor moulding on every side.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 disjunctor moulding for the cast-in-place layer of now smearing in its overlapping layers 4.

The preformed layer 5 that feature of the present invention also is described overlapping layers 4 is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer 6.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4 is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer 6.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity former component, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, preformed layer 5 or cast-in-place now smearing at least a in the layer 6 are contained reinforce 7 on every side, and stretches into anchoring in the adjacent wall body.Reinforce 7 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, bar-mat reinforcement, steel wire, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 7.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 7 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 7 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 7 is to exposing outside.

Feature of the present invention also be between the preformed layer 5 of described overlapping layers 4 or with cast-in-place now smear between the layer 6 with bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, anchor pole be connected, screw connects or the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 overlapping layers 4 that has been superimposed with each other on every side, the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode with cast-in-place between now smearing layers 6.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least a in inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10, hole 12 or the external corner 15.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13 and external corner 15 simultaneously on its cavity former component.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 simultaneously on its cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 or hole 12 are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting mutually.As shown in figure 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, its described inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least a in ribbed stiffener 16, bracing boom 17 or the reinforcement 18.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, lower shoe 3 is the overlapping layers 4 that multilayer build-up forms, and is provided with ribbed stiffener 16, bracing boom 17 and reinforcement 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention also is at least a the exposing outside the cavity former component in described ribbed stiffener 16, bracing boom 17 or the reinforcement 18.As shown in figure 11, ribbed stiffener 16 and bracing boom 17 have part to expose outside the mould casing component.

Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described ribbed stiffener 16, bracing boom 17 or the reinforcement 18 reinforce 7 to expose.

Feature of the present invention is that also described ribbed stiffener 16, bracing boom 17 or reinforcement 18 are superimposed with basic unit.

Feature of the present invention also is superimposed back dew muscle shape, netted reinforce 7.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, and diagram light material 19 is an expanded perlite.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least a in the sidewall 2 be dismountable movable part.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 are movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity former component or on every side at least a in the outer surface of sidewall 2 be corrugated or zigzag outer surface.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, its upper plate 1 and on every side the outer surface of sidewall 2 be coarse outer surface.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member 20.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with align member 20, and illustrated position member 20 is for supporting angle.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector 21 connected to one another between the cavity former component.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 21 is a socket pipe member.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least a at least one outside of described upper plate 1 or lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22.

Feature of the present invention is that also described toss 22 is the overlapping layers toss.As shown in figure 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22, and its toss 22 is the overlapping layers toss.

Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1 or is superimposed with preformed layer 5 on sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 at least a on every side.As shown in figure 18, be superimposed with preformed layer 5 on the lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for cement mortar or polymer mortar, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer 5 is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.As shown in Figure 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its lower shoe 3 is the reinforced concrete lower shoe, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be Cement fibre mortar wall.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for concrete, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement steel wire are made, its preformed layer 5 is made for aerating concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer 5 is made for cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or Cement Concrete layer or reinforced concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for polymer mortar, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template are made, its preformed layer 5 is that plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate are made.

Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, preformed layer 5 or cast-in-place now to smear at least a in the layer 6 be to be stained with the muscle of Binder Materials or the reinforce 7 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 7 that multilayer is stained with Binder Materials.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with carrying part 23.As shown in figure 17, the toss 22 of cavity former component is provided with carrying part 23.

Claims (35)

1. the preparation method of a cavity former component is characterized in that: the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening of (1) making; (2) make lower shoe (3); (3), the open cavity formwork is fastened on it not before the setting and harden at lower shoe (3) slip; (4) the prepared cavity former component of maintenance, the upper plate of prepared cavity former component (1), sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) are superimposed with each other and form overlapping layers (4) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) form whole cavity former component by overlapping layers (4) each other on every side, and overlapping layers (4) comprises one deck preformed layer (5) at least.
2. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is formed by stacking for preformed layer (5) and preformed layer (5).
3. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 1 is characterized in that being superimposed with the cast-in-place layer (6) of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer (5) of described overlapping layers (4).
4. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 3 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is one deck preformed layer (5), the cast-in-place layer (6) of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer (5) multilayer build-up forms again.
5. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is the cast-in-place layer (6) of now smearing of one deck, one deck preformed layer (5), and cast-in-place layer (6) multilayer build-up of now smearing of one deck forms again.
6. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in the described overlapping layers (4) preformed layer (5) for upper plate (1), the prefabricated board of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) disjunctor on every side.
7. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 3 is characterized in that cast-in-place in the described overlapping layers (4) now smear layer and be the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) disjunctor moulding on every side.
8. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, the preformed layer (5) that it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer (6).
9. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity former component, sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), preformed layer (5) or cast-in-place now smearing at least a in the layer (6) are contained reinforce (7) on every side, and stretch into anchoring in the adjacent wall body.
10. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 9 is characterized in that described reinforce (7) is to exposing outside.
11. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that between the preformed layer (5) of described overlapping layers (4) or with cast-in-place now smear between the layer (6) with bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, anchor pole be connected, screw connects or the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.
12., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity former component at least a in inner corner trim (8), groove (10), hole (12) or the external corner (15) according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
13., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity former component chamfering (9) according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
14. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 12 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (8), groove (10) or hole (12) are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting mutually.
15. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 13 is characterized in that described chamfering (9) is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms latticed setting mutually.
16., it is characterized in that being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least a in ribbed stiffener (16), bracing boom (17) or the reinforcement (18) according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
17. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 16 is characterized in that at least a the exposing outside the cavity former component in described ribbed stiffener (16), bracing boom (17) or the reinforcement (18).
18. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 16, reinforce (7) exposes to it is characterized in that going up described ribbed stiffener (16), bracing boom (17) or reinforcement (18) in addition.
19. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 16 is characterized in that described ribbed stiffener (16), bracing boom (17) or reinforcement (18) and basic unit are superimposed.
20. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 19 is characterized in that superimposed back dew muscle shape, netted reinforce (7).
21., it is characterized in that being provided with light material (19) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
22. according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least a in the sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part.
23. according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity former component or on every side at least a in the outer surface of sidewall (2) be corrugated or zigzag outer surface.
24., it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with align member (20) according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
25., it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another (21) between the cavity former component according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
26., it is characterized in that at least a at least one outside of described upper plate (1) or lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (22) according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
27. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 26 is characterized in that described toss (22) is the overlapping layers toss.
28. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for cement mortar, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer (5) is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.
29. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for polymer mortar, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer (5) is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.
30. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for concrete, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement steel wire are made, its preformed layer (5) is made for aerating concrete layer.
31. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for the lightweight concrete, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer (5) is made for cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or Cement Concrete layer or reinforced concrete layer.
32. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for the polymer concrete, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer (5) is made for cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or Cement Concrete layer or reinforced concrete layer.
33. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for polymer mortar, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template are made, its preformed layer (5) is that plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate are made.
34. the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of cavity former component according to claim 5 is characterized in that described upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), preformed layer (5) or cast-in-place now to smear at least a in the layer (6) be to be stained with the muscle of Binder Materials or the reinforce of net (7) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.
35., it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with carrying part (23) according to the cavity former component of the preparation method gained of the described cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
CN2007101470536A 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Method for manufacturing cavity formwork member CN101152731B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2007101470536A CN101152731B (en) 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Method for manufacturing cavity formwork member

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CNB2003101011753A Division CN1329601C (en) 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Hollow form component

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CN101152731B true CN101152731B (en) 2011-12-21

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102312503A (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-01-11 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Prefabricated product for net rib board
CN102312501A (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-01-11 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Precast slab unit for mesh rib plate
CN102312502A (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-01-11 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Prefabricated product for net rib board
CN102312510A (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-01-11 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Prefabricated product for net rib board

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