CN101096873B - Cavity formwork member manufacture method - Google Patents

Cavity formwork member manufacture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101096873B
CN101096873B CN2007101415327A CN200710141532A CN101096873B CN 101096873 B CN101096873 B CN 101096873B CN 2007101415327 A CN2007101415327 A CN 2007101415327A CN 200710141532 A CN200710141532 A CN 200710141532A CN 101096873 B CN101096873 B CN 101096873B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
former component
cavity former
layer
plate
shoe
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CN2007101415327A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101096873A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN2007101415327A priority Critical patent/CN101096873B/en
Publication of CN101096873A publication Critical patent/CN101096873A/en
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Publication of CN101096873B publication Critical patent/CN101096873B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a cavity formwork component, which is characterized by the following: comprising upper board (1), peripheral side wall (2)and lower bottom board (3); constructing cavity formwork component with the upper board (1), peripheral side wall (2)and lower bottom plate (3); laminating the upper board (1), peripheral side wall (2)and lower bottom plate (3); forming overlapping layers (4); forming integral cavity formwork component through the overlapping layers (4); setting the overlapping layers (4)as at least one layer of prefabricated layer (5); setting the prefabricated layer (6)conjoined with the upper board (1). This invention possesses good against vibration performance property and quick working speed.

Description

A kind of preparation method of cavity former component
The application for the applying date be that October 21, application number in 2003 are 200310101175.3, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of cavity former component ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of cavity former component.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, when producing, makes this class shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, and therefore corresponding cost height, develops a kind of novel cavity former component for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of cavity former component, have the characteristics such as easy, that production efficiency is high, cost is low of making.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, lower shoe, upper plate, sidewall on every side, lower shoe surrounds the formation cavity former component, it is characterized in that: sidewall and the lower shoe formation overlapping layers that is superimposed with each other on every side, at least one deck preformed layer is arranged in the overlapping layers, described cavity former component is made the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening earlier, then, make lower shoe,, the open cavity formwork is fastened on it not before the setting and harden at the lower shoe slip, treat the slip setting and harden after, maintenance promptly gets cavity former component to stipulating the length of time.Like this, when cavity former component is made, because upper plate, sidewall on every side, go to the bottom self or the formation overlapping layers that is superimposed with each other, and overlapping layers comprises one deck preformed layer at least, each member can separate in advance to be made, and then be built up shuttering member each other, it is made easily, the production efficiency height, corresponding cost is low, simultaneously, cavity former component also has simple in structure, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy construction, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the hollow building cover of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is that preformed layer and preformed layer are formed by stacking.Like this, overlapping layers is that preformed layer and preformed layer are formed by stacking, and has the convenience manufactured, simple advantage, simultaneously, has simplified the production technology program of cavity former component, can realize mechanization production at an easy rate.
Feature of the present invention also is to be superimposed with the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer of described overlapping layers.Like this, be superimposed with the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer of overlapping layers and make the intensity of cavity former component and rigidity improve significantly, its overall performance is better, and it is also easier to manufacture simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is one deck preformed layer, the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer multilayer build-up forms again.Like this, preformed layer and the cast-in-place layer of now smearing combine, manufacture simply, and the production efficiency height, cost is low, and simultaneously, cavity former component is not fragile, helps reducing the proportion of goods damageds of cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is the cast-in-place layer of now smearing of one deck, one deck preformed layer, and the cast-in-place layer multi-layer of now smearing of one deck is formed by stacking again.Like this, preformed layer and the cast-in-place layer of now smearing combine, manufacture simply, and the production efficiency height, cost is low, and simultaneously, cavity former component is not fragile, helps reducing the proportion of goods damageds of cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also be in the described overlapping layers preformed layer for upper plate, the precast plate of sidewall or lower shoe disjunctor on every side.Like this, when preformed layer is prefabricated limit with sidewall disjunctor on every side, can increase substantially the intensity and the globality of toss, when it is precast plate, can enhance productivity, reduce the cost of production of cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention is that also cast-in-place in the described overlapping layers now smear layer and be the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate or sidewall or the moulding of lower shoe disjunctor on every side.Like this, cast-in-place in the overlapping layers now smear layer for upper plate or sidewall or lower shoe disjunctor on every side, be bonded to integral body with preformed layer after, have advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good.
The preformed layer that feature of the present invention also is described overlapping layers is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer.Like this, the preformed layer of overlapping layers and cast-in-place now smear the layer not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economical material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, the raising cavity former component intensity and rigidity.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity former component, sidewall, lower shoe, preformed layer or cast-in-place now smearing at least a in the layer are contained reinforce on every side, and stretches into anchoring in the adjacent matrix.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Like this, reinforce stretches in the matrix of each adjacent member, and then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce is to exposing outside.
Feature of the present invention also be between the preformed layer of described overlapping layers or with cast-in-place now smear between the layer with bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, anchor pole be connected, screw connects or the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, between the preformed layer of overlapping layers or and cast-in-place superimposed mode variation of now smearing between the layer, make between the preformed layer of overlapping layers or be connected superimposed conveniently between the layer with cast-in-place now smearing, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least a in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole or the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove or hole are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting mutually.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the shuttering member, chamfering, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least a in stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a the exposing outside the cavity former component in described stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib reinforce to expose.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffening rib, bracing boom or reinforcing rib and preformed layer are superimposed.If prefabricated stiffening rib, reinforcing rib are superimposed in basic unit, then the making of shuttering member is more convenient.
Feature of the present invention also is superimposed back dew muscle shape, netted reinforce.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.The sound insulation of shuttering member, heat insulation, heat-insulating property have been improved like this, greatly; Simultaneously, shuttering member also has good shock resistance, has reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least a in the sidewall be dismountable movable part.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity former component or on every side at least a in the external surface of sidewall be corrugated or zigzag external surface.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity former component.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least a at least one outside of described upper plate or lower shoe is extended with toss.Like this, upper plate or lower shoe when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow body of wall, can save the construction formwork of body of wall both sides if be extended with toss simultaneously, improve efficiency of construction greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described toss is the overlapping layers toss.Like this, the making of cavity former component is more convenient, and production efficiency is higher, and cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate or is superimposed with preformed layer on sidewall or lower shoe at least a on every side.Like this, owing to be superimposed with preformed layer, need not to remove after superimposed, thereby the making of cavity former component is more convenient, production efficiency is higher, and cost is lower; Simultaneously, also can improve the strength and stiffness of cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for cement mortar or polymer mortar, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the lower shoe of cavity former component, cast-in-placely now smear layer, upper plate, the variation of sidewall and preformed layer manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for concrete, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall be that Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth are made, its preformed layer is that aerating concrete layer is made.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer is that cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or cement concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer are made.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing make for polymer mortar, its upper plate or on every side the wall of sidewall be that wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template are made, its preformed layer is that plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate are made.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe, preformed layer or cast-in-place now to smear at least a in the layer be to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe, toss, preformed layer or the cast-in-place layer of now smearing on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily cavity former component be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is preformed layer, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and sidewall 2 is superimposed with each other with lower shoe 3 and forms overlapping layers 4 around it, and one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, and comparatively speaking, lower shoe 3 is cast-in-place lower shoe.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for preformed layer 5 and prefabricated lower shoe 3.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are superimposed with the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is now smeared layer 6 for one deck is cast-in-place, one deck preformed layer 5, and the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck is formed by stacking again.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the preformed layer 5 in its overlapping layers 4 is the prefabricated film with upper plate 1 disjunctor.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 disjunctor moulding for the cast-in-place layer of now smearing in its overlapping layers 4.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 7 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 7 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 overlapping layers 4 that has been superimposed with each other on every side, the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode with cast-in-place between now smearing layers 6.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13 and external corner 15 simultaneously on its cavity former component.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 simultaneously on its cavity former component.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, be provided with stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 and reinforcing rib 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, simultaneously, stiffening rib 16 and bracing boom 17 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, and diagram light material 19 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 are movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be coarse external surface.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with align member 20, and illustrated position member 20 is for supporting angle.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 21 is a socket pipe member.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 7 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, lower shoe 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, lower shoe 3 surrounds the formation cavity former component, it is characterized in that: sidewall 2 is superimposed with each other with lower shoe 3 and forms overlapping layers 4 on every side, at least one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, described cavity former component is made the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening earlier, then, make lower shoe 3,, the open cavity formwork is fastened on it not before the setting and harden at lower shoe 3 slips, treat the slip setting and harden after, maintenance promptly gets cavity former component to stipulating the length of time.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is preformed layer, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and sidewall 2 is superimposed with each other with lower shoe 3 and forms overlapping layers 4 around it, and one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, and comparatively speaking, lower shoe 3 is cast-in-place lower shoe.As shown in Figure 4, lower shoe 3 self is built up overlapping layers 4, forms whole cavity former component by overlapping layers 4 each other, and overlapping layers 4 comprises one deck preformed layer 5 at least.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1 self is built up overlapping layers 4, forms whole cavity former component by overlapping layers 4 each other, and overlapping layers 4 comprises one deck preformed layer 5 at least, and the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing is the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 disjunctor moulding.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for preformed layer 5 and preformed layer 5.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for preformed layer 5 and prefabricated lower shoe 3.
Feature of the present invention also is to be superimposed with on the preformed layer 5 of described overlapping layers 4 the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are superimposed with the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is one deck preformed layer 5, the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer 5 multilayer build-ups form again.As shown in Figure 3, one deck preformed layer 5 is arranged in the overlapping layers 4, its overlapping layers 4 is one deck preformed layer 5, the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer 5 multilayer build-ups form again.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck, one deck preformed layer 5, and cast-in-place layer 6 multilayer build-up of now smearing of one deck form again.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is now smeared layer 6 for one deck is cast-in-place, one deck preformed layer 5, and the cast-in-place layer 6 of now smearing of one deck is formed by stacking again.
Feature of the present invention also be in the described overlapping layers 4 preformed layer 5 for upper plate 1, the precast plate of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 disjunctors on every side.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the preformed layer 5 in its overlapping layers 4 is the prefabricated film with upper plate 1 disjunctor.
Feature of the present invention is that also cast-in-place in the described overlapping layers 4 now smear layer and be the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 disjunctor moulding on every side.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate 1 disjunctor moulding for the cast-in-place layer of now smearing in its overlapping layers 4.
The preformed layer 5 that feature of the present invention also is described overlapping layers 4 is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer 6.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4 is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer 6.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity former component, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, preformed layer 5 or cast-in-place now smearing at least a in the layer 6 are contained reinforce 7 on every side, and stretches into anchoring in the adjacent matrix.Reinforce 7 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or sheet, band, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 7.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforce 7 in the sidewall 2 stretch into drawknot anchoring mutually in the matrix of adjacent members each other, diagram reinforce 7 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 7 is to exposing outside.
Feature of the present invention also be between the preformed layer 5 of described overlapping layers 4 or with cast-in-place now smear between the layer 6 with bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, anchor pole be connected, screw connects or the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 overlapping layers 4 that has been superimposed with each other on every side, the preformed layer 5 of its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode with cast-in-place between now smearing layers 6.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least a in inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10, hole 12 or the external corner 15.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13 and external corner 15 simultaneously on its cavity former component.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up also is provided with inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 simultaneously on its cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention is that also described inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 or hole 12 are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting mutually.As shown in figure 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, its described inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least a in stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 or the reinforcing rib 18.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, lower shoe 3 is the overlapping layers 4 that multilayer build-up forms, and is provided with stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 and reinforcing rib 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a the exposing outside the cavity former component in described stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 or the reinforcing rib 18.As shown in figure 11, stiffening rib 16 and bracing boom 17 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 or the reinforcing rib 18 reinforce 7 to expose.
Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 or reinforcing rib 18 are superimposed with preformed layer 5.
Feature of the present invention also is superimposed back dew muscle shape, netted reinforce 7.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, are provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, and diagram light material 19 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least a in the sidewall 2 be dismountable movable part.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and the overlapping layers 4 that lower shoe 3 forms for multilayer build-up, its upper plate 1 are movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity former component or on every side at least a in the external surface of sidewall 2 be corrugated or zigzag external surface.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be coarse external surface.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member 20.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with align member 20, and illustrated position member 20 is for supporting angle.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector 21 connected to one another between the cavity former component.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its cavity former component is provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 21 is a socket pipe member.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least a at least one outside of described upper plate 1 or lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22.
Feature of the present invention is that also described toss 22 is the overlapping layers toss.As shown in figure 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 22, and its toss 22 is the overlapping layers toss.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1 or is superimposed with preformed layer 5 on sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 at least a on every side.As shown in figure 18, be superimposed with preformed layer 5 on the lower shoe 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for cement mortar or polymer mortar, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer 5 is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.As shown in Figure 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its lower shoe 3 is the steel bar concrete lower shoe, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be Cement fibre mortar wall.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for concrete, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth are made, its preformed layer 5 is made for aerating concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for lightweight concrete or polymer concrete, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer 5 is made for cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or cement concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 or the cast-in-place layer 6 now smeared make for polymer mortar, its upper plate 1 or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template are made, its preformed layer 5 is that plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate are made.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, preformed layer 5 or cast-in-place now to smear at least a in the layer 6 be to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 7 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity former component on every side, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 7 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with carrying part 23.As shown in figure 17, the toss 22 of cavity former component is provided with carrying part 23.
During the invention process, can make the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening earlier, then, make lower shoe 3, not before the setting and harden, the open cavity formwork is fastened on it at lower shoe 3 slips, after treating the slip setting and harden, maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, get final product cavity former component.

Claims (35)

1. the preparation method of a cavity former component, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3), upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3) surrounds the formation cavity former component, it is characterized in that: sidewall (2) is superimposed with each other with lower shoe (3) and forms overlapping layers (4) on every side, at least one deck preformed layer (5) is arranged in the overlapping layers (4), described cavity former component is made the open cavity formwork with prefabricated limit of an opening earlier, then, make lower shoe (3),, the open cavity formwork is fastened on it not before the setting and harden at lower shoe (3) slip, treat the slip setting and harden after, maintenance promptly gets cavity former component to stipulating the length of time.
2. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is formed by stacking for preformed layer (5) and preformed layer (5).
3. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 2 is characterized in that being superimposed with the cast-in-place layer (6) of now smearing of one deck on the preformed layer (5) of described overlapping layers (4).
4. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described preformed layer (5) is for two-layer at least, overlapping layers (4) is one deck preformed layer (5), the cast-in-place layer (6) of now smearing of one deck, and one deck preformed layer (5) multilayer build-up forms again.
5. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is the cast-in-place layer (6) of now smearing of one deck, one deck preformed layer (5), and cast-in-place layer (6) multilayer build-up of now smearing of one deck forms again.
6. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 2, it is characterized in that in the described overlapping layers (4) preformed layer (5) for upper plate (1), the precast plate of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) disjunctor on every side.
7. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 3 is characterized in that cast-in-place in the described overlapping layers (4) now smear layer and be the cast-in-place layer of now smearing with upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) disjunctor moulding on every side.
8. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, the preformed layer (5) that it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is different with cast-in-place material of now smearing layer (6).
9. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity former component, sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), preformed layer (5) or cast-in-place now smearing at least a in the layer (6) are contained reinforce (7) on every side, and stretch into anchoring in the adjacent matrix.
10. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 9 is characterized in that described reinforce (7) is to exposing outside.
11. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described preformed layer (5) for two-layer at least, between the preformed layer (5) of overlapping layers (4) or with cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) between with bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, anchor pole be connected, screw connects or the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.
12., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity former component at least a in inner corner trim (8), groove (10), hole (12) or the external corner (15) according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
13., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity former component chamfering (9) according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
14. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 12 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (8), groove (10) or hole (12) are parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting mutually.
15., it is characterized in that being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least a in stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17) or the reinforcing rib (18) according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
16. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 15 is characterized in that at least a the exposing outside the cavity former component in described stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17) or the reinforcing rib (18).
17. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 15, reinforce (7) exposes to it is characterized in that going up described stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17) or reinforcing rib (18) in addition.
18. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 15 is characterized in that described stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17) or reinforcing rib (18) and preformed layer (5) are superimposed.
19. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 18 is characterized in that the superimposed back of described stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17) or reinforcing rib (18) and preformed layer (5) dew muscle shape, netted reinforce (7).
20., it is characterized in that being provided with light material (19) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
21. according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least a in the sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part.
22. according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity former component or on every side at least a in the external surface of sidewall (2) be corrugated or zigzag external surface.
23., it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with align member (20) according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
24., it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another (21) between the cavity former component according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
25., it is characterized in that at least a at least one outside of described upper plate (1) or lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (22) according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
26. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 25 is characterized in that described toss (22) is the overlapping layers toss.
27., it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or be superimposed with preformed layer (5) on sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) at least a on every side according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
28. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for cement mortar, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer (5) is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.
29. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for polymer mortar, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that Cement fibre is made, its preformed layer (5) is made for the light aggregate concrete layer.
30. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for concrete, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth are made, its preformed layer (5) is made for aerating concrete layer.
31. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for the lightweight concrete, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer (5) is made for cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or cement concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer.
32. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for the polymer concrete, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) make for the concrete plate, its preformed layer (5) is made for cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or cement concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer.
33. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) or cast-in-place now smear the layer (6) make for polymer mortar, its upper plate (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be that wood glue plate, plastics or metal crimp template are made, its preformed layer (5) is that plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate are made.
34. the preparation method of a kind of cavity former component according to claim 5 is characterized in that described upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), preformed layer (5) or cast-in-place now to smear at least a in the layer (6) be to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (7) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.
35., it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with carrying part (23) according to the preparation method of the described a kind of cavity former component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
CN2007101415327A 2003-10-21 2003-10-21 Cavity formwork member manufacture method CN101096873B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160693Y (en) * 1993-03-20 1994-04-06 于少华 Shuttering member
CN2408160Y (en) * 2000-03-09 2000-11-29 陈信孚 Shape changing heat rolled steel bar prestress concrete overlapped floor slab
CN2466270Y (en) * 2000-12-07 2001-12-19 张凤云 Light composite form
CN1400368A (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-03-05 谢孟 Form, its production method and application

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2160693Y (en) * 1993-03-20 1994-04-06 于少华 Shuttering member
CN2408160Y (en) * 2000-03-09 2000-11-29 陈信孚 Shape changing heat rolled steel bar prestress concrete overlapped floor slab
CN2466270Y (en) * 2000-12-07 2001-12-19 张凤云 Light composite form
CN1400368A (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-03-05 谢孟 Form, its production method and application

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