CN101120139B - Security element and method for the production thereof - Google Patents

Security element and method for the production thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101120139B
CN101120139B CN2006800050663A CN200680005066A CN101120139B CN 101120139 B CN101120139 B CN 101120139B CN 2006800050663 A CN2006800050663 A CN 2006800050663A CN 200680005066 A CN200680005066 A CN 200680005066A CN 101120139 B CN101120139 B CN 101120139B
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security element
element according
layer
microstructure
characterized
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CN2006800050663A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101120139A (en
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M·海姆
M·迪希特尔
W·考勒
W·霍夫默勒
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捷德有限公司
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Priority to DE102005007749A priority Critical patent/DE102005007749A1/en
Priority to DE102005007749.8 priority
Priority to DE102005028162.1 priority
Priority to DE102005028162A priority patent/DE102005028162A1/en
Application filed by 捷德有限公司 filed Critical 捷德有限公司
Priority to PCT/EP2006/001169 priority patent/WO2006087138A1/en
Publication of CN101120139A publication Critical patent/CN101120139A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/355Security threads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/324Reliefs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D2033/00Structure or construction of identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards
    • B42D2033/24Reliefs or indentations

Abstract

In a security element (A) having first and second authenication features (AF's), the first AF consists of focusing components and microscopic structures, arranged in first and second rasters respectively and placed such that the microstructures appear enlarged when viewed through the focusing components. The second AF is mechanically and/or visually examinable, and not influenced by the focusing component arrangement of the first AF. An independent claim is included for the production of (A), by forming the first AF by combining the focusing component and microscopic structure arrangements, then combining the second AF with at least one second AF.

Description

安全元件及其制造方法 Safety device and manufacturing method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及用于保护有价物品的安全元件。 [0001] The present invention relates to a security element for protecting valuable articles. 本发明还涉及这种安全元件、装备有这种安全元件的安全纸件和有价物品的制造方法。 The present invention also relates to such a security element, security paper provided with such a security element and a method for producing items of value.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 出于保护的目的,有价物品例如贴有商标的物品或有价文件经常装备有安全元件,其允许对有价物品的真实性进行检验,并同时用于防止未经授权的复制。 [0002] For protection, valuable articles such items affixed with a trademark or value documents are often equipped with security elements that permit the authenticity of items of value be tested, and at the same time for preventing unauthorized copying .

[0003] 安全元件可以开发成例如下列形式:嵌在钞票中的安全线、用于产品包装的开口条、外加安全条或自承式转移元件,例如贴片或标签,在其制造之后,被贴到有价文件上。 [0003] The security element can be developed into the form of, for example, the following: embedded in the banknote security thread, a tear strip for product packaging, plus security strip or a self-supporting transfer element, such as a patch or a label, after its manufacture, is affixed to the document of value.

[0004] 为了防止安全元件即使被顶级品质的彩色复印机复制,安全元件呈现多个光学可变元件,其从不同观察角度传达给观察者不同的图像印象并且显示出例如不同的颜色印象或不同的图像主题。 [0004] In order to prevent the security element is copied, even if top-quality color copying machine, the security element exhibits a plurality of optically variable element which conveys different viewing angles from a viewer to a different image impression, for example, and show a different color impression or different image theme.

[0005] 在这点上,已知提供具有衍射光学微米和纳米结构形式的安全特征的安全元件, 例如具有常规的模压全息图或光栅,例如Kinegram®和Pixelgram等。 [0005] In this regard, it is known to provide security element having a diffractive optical security feature in the form of micro- and nanostructures, such embossed holograms or gratings having a conventional, e.g. Kinegram® Pixelgram, and the like. 这些元件的防伪保护是基于这些元件显示出的色彩依赖观察角度。 These security elements are protected based on these elements show viewing angle dependence of color. 这种安全元件以有价文件表面上的幻灯胶片或薄膜标签的形式被频繁应用。 This security element in the form of a film or slide film label on the surface of the document of value is applied frequently.

[0006] 出版物EP 0 330 733A1介绍了与安全线有关的这种衍射光学结构。 [0006] Publication EP 0 330 733A1 describes such a diffractive optical structure associated with the safety line. 这里,该衍射光学结构被直接呈现为例如塑料线的载体材料中或附加层中的模压(embossing)。 Here, the diffractive optical structure is presented, for example, directly in line a plastic carrier material or additional layer molding (embossing). 呈现在反射全息图或栅格中的反射金属层可以中断,以产生在传播光中可见的字母或图案。 Presented a reflection hologram or reflective metal layer in the grid may be interrupted to produce visible light propagating in the letters or patterns.

[0007] 此外,作为有价文件的防伪,还已知三维全息图和二维衍射图案被重叠的安全元件。 [0007] Further, as security documents of value, the security element is also known that two-dimensional and three-dimensional hologram diffraction patterns are overlapped. 制造这种“2D/3D全息图”的方法在例如出版物EP 0 064 067A1中进行了介绍。 The method for producing such a "2D / 3D hologram" was described in the publication, for example, in EP 0 064 067A1.

[0008] 由于这种全息图目前不仅用作安全元件,而且常常纯装饰性地用在非关键安全应用中,所以意识到安全元件中采用的全息图的观察者在减少。 [0008] Since the hologram is only present as a safety element, purely decorative and often used in a non-safety-critical applications, it is appreciated that the viewer security hologram element employed in the reduction. 观察者不再把视觉效果看作安全特征,而是渐渐作为仅是设计的变化,所以这种安全特征用作防伪保护的有效性在降低。 The viewer no longer seen as a security feature visual effects, but gradually as the only design changes, so this anti-counterfeiting security features used in reducing the effectiveness of protection. 此外,以这种方式产生的图像印象仅仅能够从较佳的观看方向、并在一定的光线条件下看到。 Further, the impression of the image in this manner is possible only from the preferred viewing direction, and visible under certain lighting conditions. 特别是在较差的照明条件下,全息产生的主题的可辨性受到很大限制。 Particularly in poor lighting conditions, the hologram can be generated relating to legibility is greatly restricted.

[0009] 此外还已知将透镜系统用作安全特征。 [0009] The lens system is also known as a security feature. 例如,在EP 0 238 043A2中介绍了一种由透明材料构成的安全线,在透明材料表面模压了由多个平行的圆柱透镜构成的栅格。 For example, a security thread introduced constructed by a transparent material, in EP 0 238 043A2, the molding of a cylindrical lens grid formed of a plurality of parallel surface of the transparent material. 这里, 安全线的厚度选择使其大约对应于圆柱透镜的焦距。 Here, the thickness of the security thread is selected so that it corresponds approximately to the focal length of the cylindrical lens. 在相反的表面上,将印刷图像应用成完全对准(perfect register),考虑圆柱透镜的光学性质对印刷图像进行设计。 On the opposite surface of the printed image applied to full alignment (perfect register), consider the optical properties of the printed image on the cylindrical lens design. 由于圆柱透镜的聚焦效果和印刷图像在焦平面中的位置,依赖于观察角度,印刷图像的不同子区域是可见的。 Since the focusing effect of the cylindrical lens and the position of the printed image in the focal plane, depending on the observation angle, different sub-areas of the printed image is visible. 以这种方式,通过适当设计印刷图像可以引入多则信息,不过,这些信息仅从某些观察角度是可见的。 In this manner, the information may be introduced by appropriately designing the multi-print image, however, is visible only from certain viewing angle of this information. 通过适当开发印刷图像,还可以产生“移动的”图像。 By appropriately developed print image, an image may also be produced "move." 不过,当文件围绕与圆柱透镜平行的轴转动时,主题仅从安全线上的一个位置到另一个位置近似连续移动。 However, when the file is rotated about an axis parallel to the cylindrical lenses, only one location relating to the safety line to another location approximately continuous movement.

5发明内容 5 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] 基于此,本发明的目的是详细说明一种具有高防伪安全性的一般安全元件,能够避免背景技术的缺点。 [0010] Based on this, an object of the present invention is described in detail the general security element having a high security against forgery, it is possible to avoid the disadvantages of the background art.

[0011] 该目的通过一种安全元件来解决。 [0011] This object is solved by a security element. 本发明还涉及安全元件、具有这种安全元件的安全纸件和有价物品的制造方法。 The present invention further relates to a security element, security paper having such a security element and a method for producing items of value.

[0012] 根据本发明,所述安全元件展现至少一个第一和一个第二鉴别特征。 [0012] According to the invention, the security element exhibits at least a first and a second authenticating feature. 这里,第一鉴别特征包括具有呈现于第一栅格中的多个聚焦元件的第一装置和具有呈现于第二栅格中的多个微观结构的第二装置。 Here, the first authenticating feature comprises a second means to a plurality of first raster elements of the first focusing means and having a plurality of microscopic structures present in a second grid having a presentation. 第一和第二装置相互之间布置成这种方式,即当通过第一装置的聚焦元件观察时,看到第二装置的微观结构被放大。 Disposed between the first and second devices to each other such a manner that when viewed through the focusing elements of the first means, second means to see the microstructure is amplified.

[0013] 这种放大效果被也称作莫尔放大。 [0013] This amplification effect is also referred to as Moire magnification. 莫尔图的基本工作原理在MC Hutley,R. Hunt, RF Stevens 禾口P. Savander 的文章"The moiremagnifier “ (Pure Appl. Opt. 3(1994), 第133至142页)中进行了介绍。 The basic principle of Moire pattern introduced in MC Hutley, R. Hunt, RF Stevens Wo port P. Savander article "The moiremagnifier" (Pure Appl. Opt. 3 (1994), 142 to 133 pages) in. 简而言之,根据这篇文章,莫尔放大指的是一种现象,其在通过具有大致相同的栅格尺寸的透镜栅格观察由相同图像目标构成的栅格时发生。 Briefly, according to the article, moiré magnification refers to a phenomenon that occurs when viewing lens raster by raster grid having substantially the same size made of the same video object. 对于每对相似栅格产生莫尔图,在这种情况下每个莫尔条纹都呈现出图像栅格的重复元素的放大和旋转的图像形状。 FIG moire grid for each pair of similar, in which case each emerged enlarged moire repeating elements of the image grid and the rotation of the image shape.

[0014] 除了实际的放大效果之外,如本发明所述的安全元件能够显示出特征深度或三维外观,以及运动效果,其将在下面详细介绍。 [0014] In addition to the actual amplification effect, the security element according to the present invention can exhibit features of depth or three-dimensional appearance, and a motion effect, which will be described in detail below. 第二鉴别特征是机器和/或视觉可检验的,并且不受第一鉴别特征的第一装置的影响。 The second feature is the identification of the machine and / or visually testable, and the first affected by the identifying characteristics of the first device.

[0015] 利用根据本发明的安全元件产生的图像能够在大范围视角内以及基本上所有常规照明条件下清楚看见,此外,还提供非常有视觉吸引力的安全元件。 [0015] possible to use conventional as well as substantially all lighting conditions clearly visible over a wide range of viewing angles the image of the security element of the present invention is produced, in addition, provides a very attractive visual security element. 由于非常难忘的新颖光学效果,观察者的注意力被更加强烈地吸引到该安全元件上。 Due to the very memorable novel optical effect, the viewer's attention is more strongly attracted to the security element.

[0016] 聚焦元件优选提供为透镜形状的元件。 [0016] element is preferably provided as a focusing element lens shape. 不过,具有聚焦效果的不同形式的元件也是可以想到的。 However, different forms of elements having a focusing effect are also conceivable.

[0017] 为了获得本发明的放大效果、特征深度或三维外观以及运动效果,对第一和第二装置进行有利地开发,使得第一和第二栅格的空间频率略微不同,并且两个栅格彼此朝向基本相同的方向。 [0017] In order to obtain an amplified effect of the present invention, wherein the appearance of depth or three-dimensional and motion effect of the first and second means advantageously developed, such that the first and second spatial frequency grating slightly different, and the two gate grid toward each other in substantially the same direction. 能够获得该效果的原因特别在于第一或第二装置的第一栅格和第二栅格呈现出稍微不同的栅格宽度(line screen spacing)。 This effect can be obtained reason in particular that the first and second gratings of the first or second means exhibit slightly different grid width (line screen spacing). 这里,两个栅格的栅格宽度有利地处在相同的大小。 Here, the grid width is advantageously situated at the two grids of the same size. 可选地,第一和第二栅格可呈现出基本相同的栅格宽度,然后栅格被布置成相互之间略有转动。 Alternatively, the first and second grids may exhibit substantially the same width of the grid, and the grid is arranged to rotated slightly between one another.

[0018] 根据可选实施例,第一和第二装置还可以开发成使第一栅格和第二栅格呈现出基本相同的栅格宽度。 [0018] According to an alternative embodiment, the first and second means can be developed further so that the first and second grids exhibit substantially the same grid width. 以这种方式可获得翻转图像效果,这将在下面详细介绍。 Flip the image obtained in this way effect, which will be described in detail below.

[0019] 第一装置的聚焦元件或第二装置的微观结构优选在具有固定的几何关系和间距的栅格中相对彼此布置。 [0019] Preferably the microstructure of the focusing element or the second means to the first means in a fixed geometrical relationship of the grid spacing and are arranged opposite to each other. 这里,特别是第一装置的聚焦元件呈现出尽可能高的表面覆盖。 Here, in particular, the focusing elements of the first means exhibit a surface coverage as high as possible.

[0020] 在优选实施例中,第一和第二栅格的栅格宽度在大约3 μ m与大约50 μ m之间,优选在大约5 μ m与大约35 μ m之间,特别优选在大约10 μ m与大约20 μ m之间。 [0020] embodiment, the width of the first grid and a second grid is between about 3 μ m and about 50 μ m, preferably between about 5 μ m and about 35 μ m, particularly preferably in the preferred embodiment between about 10 μ m and about 20 μ m. 其中,上述尺寸确保能够制造出具有特别适用于安全纸件、有价文件等中的尺寸的安全元件。 Wherein the size can be manufactured to ensure the security element having dimensions particularly useful in security paper, value document or the like. 这种安全元件优选呈现小于50 μ m的总厚度。 Preferably such a security element exhibits a total thickness of less than 50 μ m.

[0021] 为了获得其他效果,在本发明的变体中,还可以将第一装置开发成这种方式,即包含不同尺寸和栅格宽度的聚焦元件的组合。 [0021] In order to obtain other effects, in a variant of the present invention, the first means may also be developed into such a manner that the grid comprises a combination of different sizes and the width of the focusing element. [0022] 为了促进自动的真实性验证和可能发生的更先进的感知检测,并对装备有安全元件的有价物品进行处理,第二鉴别特征优选包含机器可读层。 [0022] In order to facilitate automatic authenticity verification and more advanced sensing detection may occur, and is equipped with a security element for processing items of value, preferably the second authenticating feature comprises a machine-readable layer. 有利地是,机器可读层包括机器可读特征物质,特别是反射、磁性、导电、偏振、相位移动、磷光、荧光或其他发光物质。 Advantageously, the machine-readable layer includes machine-readable feature substances, especially reflecting, magnetic, electrically conductive, polarizing, phase shifting, phosphorescent, fluorescent or other luminescent substances.

[0023] 根据优选变体,机器可读层可由不透明的、网状的或非常薄的半透明金属层形成。 [0023] According to a preferred variant, the machine-readable layer may be opaque, reticulated or very thin semitransparent metal layer is formed.

[0024] 在本发明的开发中,第二鉴别特征包括二维信息。 [0024] In the development of the present invention, the second authenticating feature includes a two-dimensional information. 该二维信息可包括主题形成层, 其表现为字符、图案或编码的形式和/或呈现出字符、图案或编码形式的孔。 The two-dimensional information can include a theme-forming layer, which take the form of characters, patterns, or coded and / or exhibit characters, patterns or the encoded form of holes. 这里,主题形成层适宜性地形成为反射层,优选为金属层,或印刷层。 Here, relating to the suitability forming layer formed as the reflective layer, preferably a metal layer or a printed layer.

[0025] 在优选变体中,特别可以将孔引入到金属层中。 [0025] In a preferred variant, in particular, may be incorporated into the metal layer hole. 它们可以包括例如任何图案、编码或多则文本信息。 They may include any pattern or encoded information is text. 这些孔优选由WO 99/13157A1中介绍的冲洗方法、或在同一出版物中引用的多种脱金属方法之一制造。 Rinse holes are preferably introduced by these methods in WO 99 / 13157A1 or one manufactured in the same publication referenced more demetallization methods. 在该冲洗方法中,要从金属层除去的子区域用多孔、可溶解的印刷油墨进行印刷,印刷油墨与该子区域中产生的金属层在后面的方法步骤中利用溶剂再次除去。 In the rinse process, the metal layer is removed from a sub-region with a porous, dissolvable printing ink for printing, the printing ink produced by the metal layer and the sub-regions utilized in a later process step the solvent was removed again. 该冲洗方法的优点是所述具有特殊轮廓清晰度的孔是可制造的。 The advantage of this method is that the flushing holes having a particular profile definition is made.

[0026] 不过,原则上也可以使用其他方法除去金属层的子区域。 [0026] However, the sub-region may be removed using other methods of metal layer principle. 例如,使用蚀刻油墨,可以在金属层中产生孔,图像通过这些孔被压印在金属层上。 For example, using an etching ink, can create a hole in the metal layer, the image is embossed on the metal layer through the holes. 可选地,可以在金属层上压印保护层,后面要被除去的区域除外,然后未受保护区域中的金属层被除去,例如蚀刻除掉。 Alternatively, the protective layer can be embossed, to be later removed except the region on the metal layer, and the unprotected metal layer regions are removed, for example, etching is removed. 在其他优选方法中,孔是这样产生的,即在真空蒸镀金属层之前,使用挥发性油直接印刷相应区域。 In other preferred methods, the hole is produced, i.e. before the vacuum deposition of the metal layer, using a direct printing region corresponding fixed oils. 于是,在油印部位,用真空蒸镀法不会有金属析出。 Thus, in mimeograph site, there will be a vacuum deposition method using a metal deposition. 激光烧蚀和电蚀刻方法为在金属层中产生孔提供其他优选的可能性。 Laser ablation etching methods provide the electrical and preferred possibility is to generate pores in the metal layer.

[0027] 除了金属层之外,还可以由反射薄膜元件形成反射层。 [0027] In addition to the metal layer, a reflective layer may also be formed by a reflective thin film element. 这里,薄膜元件可有利地包含反射层、吸收层和布置在反射层和吸收层之间的绝缘隔离层。 Here, the thin film element may advantageously comprise a reflective layer, an absorber layer and an insulating spacer layer disposed between the reflective layer and the absorber layer. 此外,在反射层中,可以用图案、字符或编码的形式设置孔,其形成薄膜元件中的透明或半透明区域。 Further, the reflective layer may be provided in the form of a hole pattern, characters or coded, a thin film element formed transparent or translucent area.

[0028] 在本发明的开发中,第二装置的微观结构以微字符和微图案的形式呈现。 [0028] In the development of the present invention, the microstructure of the second device is presented in the form of micro-characters and a micropattern. 这里,尤其可以对微观结构进行印刷。 Here, in particular, it can be printed on the microstructure. 在可选实施例中,微观结构可包括模压微结构。 In an alternative embodiment, the microstructure may include a molded microstructure.

[0029] 使用不同方法制造第一装置的聚焦特别是透镜形状的元件或第二装置的模压微结构。 [0029] using different methods for producing the first focusing means, in particular molded shape of the lenticular elements or the second device. 特别地,借助传统半导体技术(光刻、电子束光刻、激光光刻、激光烧蚀),可在抗蚀材料中成像、提炼、电镀适当结构并将其用于为薄膜模压制造模压模具。 In particular, by means of conventional semiconductor technology (photolithography, electron beam lithography, laser lithography, laser ablation), can be imaged in a resist material, refining, electroplating suitable structure for producing a molding die and molded into a film. 特别适于制造大表面的是用于在热塑膜上或被辐射固化漆覆盖的膜上进行模压的已知方法。 Particularly suitable for manufacturing a large surface for the radiation curable thermoplastic film or paint film covered by molding a known method. 可选地,通过喷墨印刷方法或通过微粒的自组织过程将微透镜系统施加于表面的技术也是已知的。 Alternatively, or through self-organization of the microparticle system of microlenses is applied by an inkjet printing method on the surface of the technique are also known.

[0030] 第一和第二装置有利地布置成这种方式,即形成为隆起的第一装置的聚焦元件和第二装置的模压微结构指向相同方向。 [0030] The first and second means are advantageously arranged in such a manner that point in the same direction to form a molded microstructured focusing elements of the first means and second means raised. 可选地,第一和第二装置布置成这种方式,即第一装置的聚焦元件的隆起结构与第二装置的模压微结构指向不同方向。 Alternatively, the first and second means arranged in such a manner that the molded microstructures ridge structure and the second element of the first focusing device means are directed to different directions.

[0031] 有利地,模压微结构包含以球形或非球形盖状、圆锥、三角锥、梯形椎、截圆锥、截棱锥或类似形式呈现的元件,和/或呈现出字符、图案或编码形式的底面。 [0031] Advantageously, the molded microstructures comprise non-spherical spherical cap shape, cone, triangular pyramid, a trapezoidal vertebrae, truncated cone, truncated pyramid or the like, presented in the form of elements, and / or exhibit characters, patterns or the encoded form of bottom surface. 优选地,第一装置的聚焦元件和可能的第二装置的模压微结构具有圆形的或椭圆形的底面。 Preferably, the molded microstructures focusing elements of the first means and second means may have a bottom surface of a circular or elliptical.

[0032] 在本发明的开发中,模压微结构用彩色模压漆、优选为彩色不透明或透明彩色模压漆进行模压。 [0032] In the development of the invention, the molded microstructures, preferably molded into a colored molded opaque or transparent colored lacquer paint color molding. 这里,彩色模压漆有利地是含有彩色颜料的辐射固化漆。 Here, a color paint is advantageously molded radiation curable lacquer containing color pigments. 模压微结构还可以布置在彩色的或具有其他油墨层的载体衬底上。 Molded microstructures can also be arranged on the color or other carrier substrate having an ink layer. 根据优选变体,第二装置的结构一侧的模压微结构还可以设有不透明涂层,优选为金属层或不透明油墨层。 According to a preferred variant, the molded microstructures structure side of the second device may also be provided with an opaque coating, preferably a metal layer or an opaque ink layer.

[0033] 在本发明的有利开发中,第一和第二鉴别特征以产生视觉可见的2D/3D效果的方式彼此布置。 [0033] In an advantageous development of the invention, the first and second characteristics to generate a differential manner 2D / 3D effect is visually apparent to one another are arranged. 这里,微观结构适宜地包括覆盖有反射层,优选为金属层的模压微结构,其提供第二鉴别特征。 Here, the microstructure comprises suitably covered with a reflective layer, preferably molded microstructured metal layer, which provides a second authenticating feature. 为了增强防伪保护,建议在反射层中提供字符、图案或编码形式的孔,或以字符、图案或编码的形式建立反射层。 In order to enhance security protection, proposed to provide a character, pattern or encoded form of apertures in the reflective layer, or create reflective layer in the form of characters, patterns or codes.

[0034] 有利地,在根据本发明的安全元件中,第一装置的聚焦元件和/或第二装置的微观结构布置在载体衬底上。 [0034] Advantageously, the security element according to the present invention, the focusing elements of the first means and / or the second microstructure apparatus is disposed on the carrier substrate. 为了使第一和第二装置以与第一装置的焦距相配合的适当间隔彼此定向,可以提供间隔层和/或粘合层。 To the first and second mating means at appropriate intervals to the focal length of the first device to each other orientation, the spacer layer and / or adhesive layer may be provided. 对于模压聚焦元件,这种间隔层可以由载体衬底形成。 For molded focusing element, this spacer layer can be formed from the carrier substrate.

[0035] 根据本发明的透镜形状元件可以提供成透射、折射或衍射透镜或其混合物。 [0035] The transmission may be provided in the shape of a lens element of the present invention, a refractive or diffractive lens, or mixtures thereof. 可选地,透镜形状元件可由一定程度镶嵌在漆中的聚合物或玻璃珠形成。 Alternatively, a certain degree may be embedded in the polymeric lacquer or glass beads forming a lens-shaped element.

[0036] 如果使用折射透镜,透镜的折射率和附近环境的折射率之差应充分大以获得透镜效应。 [0036] If the refractive lens, a refractive index difference between the refractive lens and the surrounding environment should be sufficiently large to obtain the lens effect. 由于透镜通常是由折射率1. 2到1. 5的漆制造的,所以当与透镜相邻的层被提供成通过折射率为1的空气时,透镜的效应较强。 Since the refractive index of the lens is usually made from paint of 1.2 to 1.5, so that when the lens layer is provided adjacent to the refractive index of air is 1, the effect of the lens stronger. 不过,暴露透镜的缺点在于,虽然一方面它们可以容易地形成,但是另一方面,在流通中,具备安全元件的有价物品会受到灰尘、化学或机械效应的影响。 However, the disadvantage is that the exposed lenses, although they can be easily formed on the one hand, but on the other hand, in the circulation, the security element includes items of value will be affected by dust, chemical or mechanical effects.

[0037] 因此常希望嵌入透镜。 [0037] Thus it is often desirable embedded-lens. 为此,可使用折射率特别高的保护层,其呈现的折射率与透镜的折射率之差至少为0.3。 For this purpose, a particularly high refractive index may be used a protective layer, its difference in refractive index of the lens presents a refractive index of at least 0.3. 例如,用二氧化钛(titanium oxide)制成的纳米颗粒染色的漆适用于此。 For example, a nanoparticle titanium dioxide (titanium oxide) made of a colored paint applied thereto. 具有1. 7至2的折射率的这种系统和类似系统是商业可提供的。 Having a refractive index of 1.7 to 2 such systems and similar systems are commercially available.

[0038] 在优选实施例中,透镜形状元件提供有反射层并因此用作一种凹面反射镜。 [0038] embodiment, the shape of the lens element is provided with a reflective layer and thus used as a concave mirror in a preferred embodiment.

[0039] 优选地,安全元件是安全线、开口条、安全带、安全条、应用于安全纸件、有价文件等的贴片或标签。 [0039] Preferably, the security element is a security thread, a tear strip, belt, security strip, applied to security paper, value document or the like patch label. 例如,在优选实施例中,安全元件可以跨在透明或独立区域(孔)上,其两侧不同的光学外观从两侧都是可见的。 For example, in a preferred embodiment, the safety element can be independently or across the transparent region (aperture), which is different from both sides of the optical appearance is visible.

[0040] 本发明还包括上述这种安全元件的制造方法,其中通过组合第一和第二装置形成第一鉴别特征。 [0040] The present invention further includes a method for producing such a security element described above, in which a first authenticating feature is formed by combining the first and second devices. 具有存在于第一栅格中的多个聚焦元件的第一装置以下述方式布置在具有存在于第二栅格中的多个微观结构的第二装置之上,即,当通过第一装置的聚焦元件观察时,看到第二装置的微观结构被放大。 A first means having a first grid is present in the plurality of focusing elements are arranged in such a manner on a second device having a plurality of microstructures present in a second grid, i.e., when the first means when focusing element observed, see the microstructure of the second device is amplified. 第一鉴别特征与至少第二鉴别特征进一步组合,其中第二鉴别特征是机器和/或视觉可检验的,并且不受第一鉴别特征的第一装置的影响。 A first authenticating feature is further combined with at least a second authenticating feature, wherein the second authenticating feature is machine and / or visually verifiable and is not affected by the first authenticating feature of the first device.

[0041] 在第二装置中,如本发明所述的微观结构有利地开发成模压微结构。 [0041] In the second apparatus, as the microstructure of the present invention is advantageously developed as molded microstructures. 微结构的模压优选发生在彩色模压漆中,优选为彩色不透明或透明彩色的模压漆。 Microstructure preferably takes place in the color molding mold paint, preferably a colored opaque or transparent colored embossing lacquer. 这里,在第一步中, 可以将彩色漆应用于载体衬底,而在第二步中,利用模压模具以产生不同轮廓高度或轮廓深度区域的方式进行模压,然后这些区域形成微结构。 Here, in a first step, the paint color may be applied to the carrier substrate, and in a second step, using a press mold to produce different embodiment the profile height or profile depth region is molded, and these regions form a microstructure.

[0042] 用于制造例如钞票、身份证等安全文件的安全纸件优选装备有上述类型的安全元件。 [0042] for the manufacture of security paper, for example, it is preferably equipped banknotes, identity cards and other security documents security elements of the type described above. 特别地,安全纸件可包括纸和/或塑料制成的载体材料。 In particular, the security paper may include paper and / or plastic carrier material.

[0043] 本发明还包括有价物品,例如印有商标的物品、有价文件等,其设有上述安全元件。 [0043] The present invention further comprises an article of value, e.g. trademark printed article, value document and the like, which is provided with the security element. 有价物品尤其可以是安全纸件、有价文件或产品包装。 In particular, items of value can be a security paper, value document or a product packaging.

[0044] 本发明内涵中的有价物品尤其是钞票、股票、债券、证书、凭证、支票、有价入场券和存在伪造危险的其他纸件,例如护照和其他识别文件,以及例如标签、封条、包装等产品保护元件。 [0044] The present invention has the connotation of items of value, especially bank notes, stocks, bonds, certificates, vouchers, checks, valuable admission tickets and other papers there is a risk forged member, such as passports and other identification documents, such as labels and, seals, packaging and other products protective element. 在下面,术语“有价物品”包括所有这些物品、文件和产品保护装置。 In the following, the term "items of value" to include all such articles, documents and product protection means. 术语“安全纸件”可理解为有价文件尚未流通的前身,该前身可呈现除了安全元件之外的其他鉴别特征,例如设在体内的发光物质。 The term "security paper" may be understood as a value document Unlisted predecessor, the former may be presented in addition to the safety features of other authentication elements, for example light-emitting substance provided in the body. 安全纸件通常以准环形(quasi-endless)呈现并在后面进一步处理。 Security is typically quasi endless paper (quasi-endless) presentation and further processed later.

[0045] 本发明的其他典型实施例和优点将参考附图进行介绍,其中大小和比例的描述被忽略以提高其清晰度。 [0045] Other exemplary embodiments and advantages of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein the size and proportions of their description is omitted to improve clarity.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0046] 图1具有模压安全线和固定安全元件的钞票示意图, [0046] FIG banknote 1 having a security thread and the fixed mold member secure a schematic,

[0047] 图2在(a)中,根据本发明的安全元件的剖视图,在(b)中,该安全元件的第一和第二装置的分解视图, [0047] in FIG. 2 (a) is a cross-sectional view of a security element according to the invention, in (b) in an exploded view of the security element of the first and second means,

[0048] 图3根据本发明的另一个典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, [0048] FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the security element in accordance with another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0049] 图4图3中安全元件的第二装置的顶视图, [0049] The top view of the security element in FIG. 3 FIG. 4 of the second device,

[0050] 图5根据本发明的另一个典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, [0050] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the security element in accordance with another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0051] 图6根据本发明的又一个典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, [0051] FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the security element according to yet another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0052] 图7根据本发明开发成微型文本栅格的安全元件第一装置和第二装置的分解视图, [0052] FIG. 7 according to the present invention to develop a grid of micro-text element exploded view of the first safety device and the second device,

[0053] 图8图7中安全元件的第二装置的顶视图, [0053] The top view of the security element in FIG. 7 in FIG. 8 a second device,

[0054] 图9在(a)和(b)中,用于为根据本发明另一典型实施例的安全元件的第二装置制造微观结构的步骤, [0054] FIG. 9 (a) and (b), a step for manufacturing the microstructure element to the second embodiment of the safety device according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0055] 图10具有根据图9的典型实施例可制造的微观结构的安全元件的剖视图, [0055] FIG. 10 is a sectional view of a safety element may be manufactured according microstructure according to an exemplary embodiment of FIG. 9,

[0056] 图11根据本发明的另一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0056] FIG. 11 according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0057] 图12根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, [0057] FIG. 12 is a sectional view of the security element according to yet another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0058] 图13根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0058] 13 according to still another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0059] 图14根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0059] FIG. 14 according to still another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0060] 图15根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0060] 15 according to still another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0061] 图16根据本发明的典型实施例开发成转移元件的安全元件的剖视图, [0061] FIG 16 a sectional view of an embodiment of the security element is developed as a transfer element according to an exemplary of the present invention,

[0062] 图17根据本发明另一典型实施例的双侧安全元件, [0062] FIG bilateral security element 17 according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0063] 图18在(a)中,根据本发明的安全元件的剖视图,在(b)和(C)中,该安全元件第二装置特别开发的微观结构的顶视图, [0063] FIG. 18 (a) is a cross-sectional view of a security element according to the invention, (b), and (C), the second means of the security element specially developed top plan view of microstructures,

[0064] 图19根据本发明的另一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0064] 19 according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0065] 图20根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0065] 20 according to still another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0066] 图21根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, A cross-sectional view of the security element according to yet another embodiment of the exemplary embodiment of the present invention [0066] FIG. 21,

[0067] 图22根据本发明的又一典型实施例的安全元件的剖视图, Cross-sectional view of the embodiment of the security element [0067] FIG. 22 according to still another exemplary embodiment of the present invention,

[0068] 图23根据本发明典型实施例的安全元件的第二装置的剖视图,以及 Sectional view of a second embodiment of the apparatus of the secure element [0068] FIG 23 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and

[0069] 图M根据本发明另一典型实施例的安全元件的第二装置的剖视图。 [0069] a cross-sectional view of a second embodiment of the apparatus of FIG M security element according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0070] 将以钞票1为例详细介绍本发明。 [0070] Case 1 will be described in detail banknote present invention. 图1示出具有两个安全元件2和6的钞票的示意图,每个安全元件根据本发明的典型实施例形成。 Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of a banknote having two security elements 2 and 6, formed in each secure element according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. 第一安全元件构成安全线2,其在钞票1表面上的某些窗口区域4中突出,而在这些窗口区域之间的区域中嵌在钞票1内。 The first security element constitutes a security thread 2, which in certain areas on the surface of the window of the banknote 1 in 4 projecting, in the region between the window region embedded within a banknote. 第二安全元件由任何形状的固定安全元件6形成。 The second security element is formed by the fixed security element of any shape 6.

9[0071] 为了解释根据本发明的原理,图2示意性示出了根据本发明的安全元件10的层结构,以剖视图的形式(图2(a)),以及为了更好地观察,以分解视图(图2(b))的形式。 9 [0071] In order to explain the principles of the invention, and Figure 2 schematically shows a layer structure of the security element 10 of the invention is, in cross-sectional form view (FIG. 2 (A)), and for a better view, to in the form of an exploded view (FIG. 2 (b)) of. 例如,安全元件10可以表现为安全线的形式。 For example, the security element 10 may take the form of a security thread. 不过,在本发明的范围内,还可以给出任何其他轮廓形状的安全元件。 However, within the scope of the present invention, the security element can also be given any other contour shape.

[0072] 在载体衬底14例如PET膜上,聚焦元件装置,在典型实施例中是透镜装置12,模压在辐射固化漆例如紫外漆中。 [0072] In the carrier substrate 14 such as a PET film, focusing element means, in the exemplary embodiment is a lens apparatus 12, molded in the radiation such as ultraviolet curing paint varnish. 透镜装置12表现为布置于具有固定几何形状的栅格,例如六边形栅格中的多个球状透镜形状元件或微透镜112。 Lens means 12 having a fixed arrangement showed grid geometry, such as hexagonal grid plurality of spherical microlenses or a lens shape member 112. 这些微透镜呈现为凸起的隆起,并当从透镜装置12的方向观察安全元件时用作凸透镜。 Microlenses rendered convex protuberance, and a convex lens is used as the security element when viewed from the direction of the lens apparatus 12. 在该示例中,透镜装置12的微透镜呈现的透镜孔径为10 μ m,透镜半径大约为12 μ m,透镜间距为11 μ m。 In this example, the microlens lens aperture lens device 12 is presented in a 10 μ m, a lens radius of about 12 μ m, the lens pitch of 11 μ m.

[0073] 透镜装置12与载体衬底14 一起通过粘合层11与存在于载体衬底18上的微观结构装置或微结构装置16连接,并且与透镜装置12—起形成第一鉴别特征。 [0073] The lens device 12 and the carrier substrate 14 with the adhesive layer 11 and 16 is connected to the apparatus microstructure or microstructure means present on the carrier substrate 18, and a first authenticating feature is formed from the lens means through 12-. 同样,在该示例中,微结构装置16呈现出与透镜装置12处于相同的几何排列,即六边形栅格中的球状透镜形状元件或微透镜116。 Also, in this example, the micro-structure of the apparatus 16 showing the lens apparatus 12 is in the same geometric arrangement, i.e. a hexagonal lattice of the spherical shape of the lens element or a micro lens 116. 在该示例中,微透镜116也呈现出与微透镜112相同的几何尺寸。 In this example, the microlens 116 is also showing a microlens 112 of the same geometry. 第一透镜装置12与微结构装置或第二透镜装置16的间距优选由第一透镜装置的微透镜112的焦距大小决定。 A first lens means 12 and the pitch is preferably microstructured means or the focal length of the second lens means 16 is determined by the size of the microlenses 112 of the first lens means. 微透镜112和116当然还可以可选地布置成多边形栅格,例如矩形栅格,而不是六边形栅格。 Micro lenses 112 and 116 of course also be arranged to alternatively polygonal grid, for example a rectangular grid, a hexagonal grid instead.

[0074] 如图2(a)所示,在剖面内单个微透镜112之间的间距不同于微透镜116之间的距离。 [0074] FIG. 2 (a), the spacing between the cross section 112 of a single microlens different from the distance between the microlenses 116. 第一和第二透镜装置12或16的微透镜112、116的空间频率中这种微小差别用于产生所需的莫尔放大效应,如下详述。 Microlenses first and second lens means 12 or 16 of this slight difference in the spatial frequencies 112, 116 for generating moire magnification effect, as detailed below desired. 这里再次指出,为了提高清晰度的缘故,图中的描述不显示如本发明所述的安全元件的真实尺寸和比例。 Here again that, in order to improve the sake of clarity, are not described in FIG show the true dimensions and proportions of the security element of the present invention as.

[0075] 能够产生空间频率差异的原因,例如在于第一和第二透镜装置12和16的栅格呈现出基本相同的栅格宽度,但是被布置成相互之间轻微扭转或旋转。 [0075] can be the cause of differences in spatial frequency, for example, that the first and second grid 12 and the lens unit 16 exhibits substantially the same width of the grid, but are arranged slightly twisted or rotated each other. 在这种情况下,第二透镜装置16的微透镜116的实际透镜间距与第一透镜装置12的微透镜112的实际透镜间距一致。 In this case, the microlens of the microlens 16 of the second lens means the actual pitch of the lens means 116 to the first lens 12 is consistent with the actual pitch of the lens 112. 可选地,这种效果还可以这样产生,即,第一和第二透镜装置12和16呈现略微不同的透镜间距。 Alternatively, this effect can be thus produced, i.e., the first and second lens means 12 and 16 present a slightly different lens pitches. 决定因素仅仅在于两个栅格的空间频率略微不同。 The determining factor is that only two spatial frequency grid slightly different. 此外,必须考虑到空间频率的差异越小,放大效果越强。 In addition, the smaller the difference must be taken into spatial frequency, the stronger the amplification. 第二透镜装置16的微透镜116因此或多或少被微透镜112 以它们的空间频率为函数被放大。 The microlenses 116 of the second lens means 16 is thus more or less in the micro-lens 112 as a function of their spatial frequency is amplified. 以这种方式,根据所需放大效果,可以提供微透镜112和116空间频率的适当差异。 In this manner, depending upon the desired amplification effect, we can provide the appropriate differences microlens 112 and 116 of the spatial frequency.

[0076] 透镜装置16的微透镜116设有例如蒸镀的连续金属层15。 Microlens 116 [0076] The lens apparatus 16 is provided with a continuous metal layer deposition, for example, 15. 如果从第一透镜装置12 一侧的方向观察安全元件10,则微透镜116不用作严格意义上的透镜,而是用作根据反射光的位置和角度以不同强度进行反射的反射元件或微结构。 If the security element is viewed from the direction of the first lens 12 side of the apparatus 10, the micro-lens 116 is not used as a lens in the strict sense, but as a reflection member or the microstructures at different angles and positions according to the intensity of the reflected light . 此外,通过加入金属层15,以导电层的形式获得第二鉴别特征,该鉴别特征可以进行机器检验。 In addition, 15, a second authenticating feature is obtained in the form of addition of the conductive metal layer by layer, and the machine authentication features can be tested.

[0077] 金属层15还可以形成为半透明金属层。 [0077] The metal layer 15 may also be formed as a semitransparent metal layer. 这种半透明金属层可以通过例如非常薄的金属层或网状金属层制造。 Such semitransparent metal layer can, for example, a very thin layer of metal or metal mesh layers manufactured by.

[0078] 此外,为了将安全元件10转移到安全纸件上或为了改善开发成安全线的安全元件的粘合性,可以将活性粘合剂17加到第二透镜装置的载体衬底18上。 [0078] Further, in order to secure the safety element 10 is transferred to the paper or to improve the development of a security thread into security element adhesion, adhesive 17 may be applied to the active means of the second lens 18 on the carrier substrate .

[0079] 根据本发明的另一个实施例中安全元件的结构将参考图3和图4进行更详细介绍。 [0079] The structure of the security element to another embodiment of the present invention with reference to FIGS. 3 and 4 in more detail. 这里,图3示出安全元件20的剖视图,图4示出安全元件20的第二透镜装置16的顶视图。 Here, FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the safety element 20, FIG. 4 shows a second lens element 20 of the safety device 16 is a top view. [0080] 根据本发明并在图3和图4中示出的安全元件20的结构基本对应于图2中的安全元件10。 [0080] According to the present invention, and FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 shows the structure of the security element 20 substantially corresponds to the security element 10 in FIG. 2. 但是这里为了提高防伪保护,在金属层15中另外设有孔30作为第二鉴别特征, 在所述典型实施例中其显示了简单文本形式的具体信息,即字母“B”。 But here in order to enhance security protection, in the metal layer 15 is additionally provided with a second aperture 30 as a authenticating feature, in the exemplary embodiment showing a simple text specific information, i.e. the letter "B". 已知多种方法产生这种孔。 Various methods are known to produce such holes. 但是优选地是用冲洗方法制造孔,如出版物WO 99/13157A1中所述的。 But is preferably a method for producing the flushing holes, as Publication WO 99 / 13157A1 described in. 孔30是视觉可见的,尤其在透射光中更是如此,而在入射光中,由透镜装置12产生的运动图像利用莫尔放大效应基本上是可见的。 Hole 30 is visually apparent, especially in the transmitted light, and the incident light, a moving image produced by the lens means 12 is substantially Moire magnification effect is visible.

[0081] 在观察时,根据本发明的安全元件20显示出第二透镜装置16的微透镜116的极度放大的三维外观图像,该图像呈现出特征深度以及运动效应。 [0081] When viewed, the security element 20 according to the present invention exhibits a second microlens 16 of the lens apparatus greatly magnified appearance of the three-dimensional image 116, the image exhibits a characteristic depth and movement effects. 这里,微透镜116呈现为放大的“隆起”。 Here, the microlens 116 is rendered larger "bumps." 通过放大效应,实际存在尺寸低于人眼分辨率的第二透镜装置16的反射微透镜116现在可以被观察者看见。 By amplifying effect, the second lens unit size below human eye resolution reflecting the actual presence of the micro lenses 16 may now be seen the observer 116. 图像的三维性进一步通过模压的、并因此是三维的微透镜116被放大。 Of three-dimensional images by further molded, and thus a three-dimensional micro-lens 116 is enlarged. 可以分辨出运动效果,原因在于放大的图像显现为在安全元件的表面上、下或其中浮动,并以视差或垂直视差的方式移动。 You can distinguish the effect of exercise, because the enlarged image appear to move in the vertical disparity or parallax manner as on the surface of the security element, wherein the lower, or float, and. 以这种方式产生的三维图像表现出基本在所有普通照明条件下都能被看到的优点。 Three-dimensional image produced in this way exhibit the advantage of substantially all normal lighting conditions can be seen. 此外,它们提供非常难忘的光学效果。 In addition, they provide very memorable optical effect.

[0082] 所描述的第一透镜装置12的微透镜112的放大效果仅仅与布置于第二透镜装置16的栅格中的微透镜116相关,而不与金属层15中由孔30产生的信息相关。 Magnifying [0082] The microlenses of the first lens 12 of the apparatus described is only 112 to 116 associated with the grid of the second lens means disposed in the microlens 16, without causing the metal layer 15 and the hole 30 by the information related. 如图4所示, 这种信息可以延伸穿过多个微透镜。 As shown in FIG. 4, such information may extend through a plurality of microlenses. 在当前示例中未给出规则栅格中信息的重复,但是在实际中常常如此。 Repeat rule is not given raster information in the present example, it is often the case in practice. 在反射中观察时,特别是当安全元件20布置在暗衬底上时,由孔30产生的字母由此以原始大小的二维图像呈现给观察者,图像表现为在透镜装置16的三维外观放大图像上浮动。 When viewed in reflection, particularly when the security element 20 is arranged in a dark substrate, produced by the letter hole 30 thereby the size of the original two-dimensional image presented to the viewer, the image showed a three-dimensional appearance of the lens device 16 an enlarged image on the float.

[0083] 图5和图6示出本发明的另一典型实施例,其中微结构装置的开发被改变。 [0083] Figures 5 and 6 show another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, wherein the developing device is changed microstructure. 此外, 微透镜112或透镜装置12在透镜形状、栅格、透镜孔径、透镜半径和透镜间距形式上的改变在本发明的范围内是可以想象的。 Further, the micro-lens 112 or the lens pitch changing means 12 in the form of a lens-shaped, grid, lens aperture, the lens and the lens radius within the scope of the present invention are conceivable. 特别是,透镜装置12可以呈现为这些参数中至少有一个不同的微透镜的组合。 In particular, the lens device 12 may be presented as a combination of these parameters at least a different microlens.

[0084] 图5的典型实施例示出了具有布置在载体衬底14上的透镜装置12的安全元件40,其中透镜装置12呈现出多个微透镜112。 Typical [0084] FIG 5 illustrates an embodiment of the security element 40 having a lens means 14 is disposed on the carrier substrate 12, wherein the lens means 12 exhibits a plurality of microlenses 112. 在该示例中,微透镜112呈现的透镜孔径为20 μ m,透镜半径为大约12 μ m,透镜间距为21 μ m。 In this example, the lens aperture of the microlens 112 is presented in a 20 μ m, a lens radius of approximately 12 μ m, the lens pitch of 21 μ m.

[0085] 同样存在于例如PET膜的载体衬底48上的微结构装置46被模压在辐射固化漆中。 [0085] Also present in the structure such as a micro device on a substrate 48 of a PET film carrier 46 is molded in the radiation-curable lacquer. 微结构装置46呈现出多个模压元件,其呈现出圆形底面和梯形横截面。 Microstructure means 46 exhibits a plurality of molded elements, which exhibits a circular base and a trapezoidal cross section. 微结构装置46的元件布置在与透镜装置12的微透镜112相同的几何排列中,在此例中为六边形栅格。 Microstructured member 46 is disposed in the same geometric arrangement and the microlens 12 of the lens apparatus 112 in this embodiment as a hexagonal grid. 第一透镜装置12与微结构装置46各自栅格的空间频率之差可以根据所需放大效果适当选择。 It means the difference between the first lens 12 and the spatial frequency of the respective grid microstructure 46 may be suitably selected according to the desired amplification effect. 例如,当微结构装置46的元件之间呈现出比微透镜112的间隔略微大些的间隔时, 或者如果间隔基本相等,微结构装置46与微透镜112被布置成相互之间略微旋转时,则这可以发生。 For example, when the device 46 between the elements of the microstructure exhibits a slightly larger interval than the interval of the micro-lens 112, or if the spacing is substantially equal, the microstructure 46 and the microlenses 112 is arranged to rotate slightly upon each other, this can happen. 当从透镜装置12的方向观察时,可看见微结构装置46的元件的三维、放大的图像。 When viewed from the direction of the lens device 12, can be seen a three-dimensional microstructure element apparatus 46, the enlarged image. 其呈现出特征深度以及运动效果,并且还把微结构装置46的单元显示为放大的“隆起物”或截圆锥。 Wherein it exhibits a depth and a motion effect, and also means microstructure display apparatus 46 is an enlarged "bump" or a truncated cone.

[0086] 为了给微结构装置46进一步加上金属层15,例如通过蒸镀,以作为第二鉴别特征,增强防伪保护,可以设置显示对于观察者是二维的具体信息的孔30。 [0086] In order to give the microstructure apparatus 46 is further coupled with metal layer 15, for example by evaporation, as a second authenticating feature, enhancing security protection, can set the display to the viewer is a hole 30 of a two-dimensional specific information.

[0087] 根据本发明并在图6示出的安全元件50的结构基本相应于图5中的安全元件40。 [0087] The structure of the security element of the present invention is shown in FIG. 6 substantially corresponds to FIG 50 of the security element 40 5. 不过这里布置在载体衬底58上的微结构装置56包括布置于栅格中的多个模压元件,其具有圆形底面并呈现出三角形横截面。 But here arranged on the carrier substrate 58 comprises a microstructure device 56 arranged in a grid of a plurality of molded elements, and having a circular bottom surface exhibits a triangular cross section. 感知为“圆锥体”的微结构装置56的元件的三维放大图像由此呈现给观察者。 An enlarged image of the three-dimensional element is perceived as "cone" microstructure apparatus 56 thus presented to the viewer. 三维图像被同样的三维元件进一步放大。 It is further enlarged three-dimensional image of the same three-dimensional element.

[0088] 使用传统的半导体技术方法,还可以制造具有任何形状和轮廓的微结构。 [0088] The method using conventional semiconductor technology, manufacturing a micro structure may also have any shape and contour. 因此,例如,模压微结构可以呈现为字母或数字的形式。 Thus, for example, the molded microstructures can be presented in the form of letters or numbers. 如果用光照亮这种系统,可产生刻出字母的亮图案。 If such a system is illuminated with light, can produce a light pattern engraved letters. 以这种方式设计的微结构因此同样适于如本发明所述的安全元件。 Designed in this way thus also suitable microstructures as a security element according to the present invention.

[0089] 现在将参考图7和图8详细介绍这种根据本发明的安全元件的结构,其中微结构装置形成为模压微缩文本栅格。 [0089] Referring now to FIGS. 7 and 8 detail the structure of such a security element according to the present invention, wherein the device is formed as a molded microstructures microtext grid. 这里,为了更好地观察,图7示出安全元件60的分解图,图8示出安全元件60的微结构装置66的子区域的顶视图。 Here, for a better view, FIG. 7 shows an exploded view of the safety element 60, Fig. 8 shows a top view of the sub-region 60 of the apparatus 66 of the microstructure of the security element.

[0090] 安全元件60与根据本发明的上述安全元件不同之处在于使用具有呈现于栅格中的模压微缩文本结构166的装置66,而不是具有圆形底面的元件装置。 [0090] The security element 60 is different from the above-described security element of the present invention is presented in that a grid having a molded structure 66 microtext 166, rather than having a circular base member apparatus. 在示出的典型实施例中,微缩文本结构166显示固定信息,即字母串“A”,其以大约相应于微透镜112的尺寸呈现,并因此低于人眼的分辨率极限。 In the exemplary embodiment shown, the microtext 166 displays fixed information structure, i.e. the letter string "A", which corresponds approximately to the size of the micro-lens 112 rendering, and therefore lower than the resolution limit of the human eye. 此外,装置66的微缩文本结构166布置在与透镜装置12相同的几何排列中,在此例中为六边形栅格。 Further, the device structure 66 microtext 166 disposed in the lens device 12 are arranged in the same geometry, in this case hexagonal lattice. 此外,在施加到装置66上并提供第二鉴别特征的金属层15中设置孔30,其在所示的典型实施例中显示字母“B”形式的固定信息。 Further, the device 66 is applied to the authenticating feature and providing a second metal layer 15, a hole 30, which in the exemplary embodiment illustrated in fixed information display letter "B" in the form of examples.

[0091] 在此例中,可通过上述方法获得的微透镜112和微结构166空间频率的轻微差异用于产生第一鉴别特征的所需莫尔放大效应。 Moore desired [0091] In this embodiment, the microlenses can be obtained by the above process and slight differences in the microstructures 112 166 for generating a first spatial frequency of the identifying characteristics of amplification. 从而在观察时,根据本发明的安全元件60显示出微缩文本结构166极度放大的三维图像,其呈现出特征深度以及运动效果,并把微缩文本结构166显示成放大的字母串“A”。 So that when viewed, the display device 60 according to the present invention secure the structure 166 highly enlarged microtext three-dimensional image, which exhibits feature depth and movement effects and the microtext displayed as enlarged structure 166 letter string "A". 作为二维图像叠加在该图像上,观察者能够看到呈现为孔30,也就是字母“B”的原始尺寸的固定信息。 A two-dimensional image is superimposed on the image, the viewer can see the aperture 30 is rendered, that is, fixed information letter "B" of the original size.

[0092] 所述模压微观结构的三维效果由栅格形式的微观结构装置产生,无论此微观结构是否已经是三维的。 [0092] The microstructure of the molded three-dimensional effect is produced by means microstructures in the form of a grid, regardless of whether this is a three-dimensional microstructure of. 相反,在金属层15中由孔30产生、并且延伸经过多个微透镜112的该则信息不表现为规则栅格。 In contrast, generated by the aperture 30 in the metal layer 15, and extends through the plurality of microlenses 112, the information does not exhibit a regular grid. 因此,对于观察者,它仅仅表现为位于模压微观结构的三维放大图像上的原始尺寸的二维图像。 Thus, for the observer, it is only the performance of two-dimensional images to enlarge the size of the original image is located in a three-dimensional molded microstructures.

[0093] 理想情况下,安全元件呈现的总厚度小于50 μ m。 [0093] Ideally, the security element exhibits a total thickness of less than 50 μ m. 因此需要具有非常高分辨率的微透镜和微观结构。 A very high resolution is required microlenses and microstructure. 不过,适用于安全应用、尤其是适用于装备在安全纸件、有价文件等中的安全元件的微观结构在制造的尺寸方面易存在一定困难。 However, suitable for safety applications, in particular equipment suitable for the security paper, value document and the like in the microstructure of the security element there are certain difficulties in the manufacture of a size easily.

[0094] 如果,例如透镜装置采用透镜直径大约30 μ m的微透镜,则微结构装置的微观结构必须同样处于大约30 μ m的尺寸。 [0094] If, for example using a lens means a lens diameter of about 30 μ m microlenses, the microstructure of the microstructure apparatus must be in the same size of about 30 μ m. 这里,如果不仅仅使用点状的微结构,而是更复杂的微结构,例如字母、数字、例如“€”或“$”符号那样的字符、图标甚至是图像,则微观结构的分辨率必须只有几微米或更小。 Here, if not just use point-like microstructures, but more complex microstructures, such as character letters, numbers, for example "€" or "$" symbol, icon or even image, resolution of the microscopic structure must only a few microns or less. 通常,利用传统印刷技术不可能轻松制造出这样尺寸的微观结构。 Typically, using conventional printing techniques is not possible to easily manufacture microstructure of this size.

[0095] 因此,在下文中要给出一些典型实施例,其中微观结构用另一种方式制造。 [0095] Accordingly, hereinafter be given of some exemplary embodiments, in which the microstructure manufactured in another way.

[0096] 首先,参考图9,将对具有模压、彩色微结构的微结构装置的制造方法进行详细介绍。 [0096] First, referring to FIG. 9, a method for manufacturing will be molded, microstructure color microstructure apparatus is described in detail. 在图9示出的方法中,其中,可以借助模压技术制造非常小的结构的事实是有利的。 In the method shown in FIG. 9, which may be manufactured by molding techniques fact very small structure is advantageous. 这里,在典型实施例中,这些结构不象通常那样,用无色模压漆制造,也不利用蒸镀得到例如反射金属层以获得光学效果,而是使用明显的彩色、特别是不透明的模压漆72。 Here, in the exemplary embodiment, these structures are not as usual, with a colorless molded paint manufacturing, for example, obtained by deposition nor the reflective metal layer to obtain an optical effect, but the use of visible color, in particular a molded opaque paint 72. 合适的模压漆包括例如包含彩色颜料的紫外漆。 Suitable embossing lacquer comprising e.g. UV paints comprising color pigment.

[0097] 如图9(a)所示,在第一步中通过传统印刷技术将彩色模压漆72施加于例如PET 膜的透明载体衬底74的整个表面,其适当层厚大约为1到30 μ m,优选为大约1到15 μ m。 [0097] FIG. 9 (a), in a first step the color paint 72 applied to the entire molding surface of the transparent carrier substrate 74, for example, a PET film by conventional printing techniques, which is suitably a layer thickness of about 1 to 30 μ m, preferably about 1 to 15 μ m. 然后借助已知的模压技术来产生模压漆72的微结构化。 Then molded by known techniques to produce a microstructured embossing lacquer 72. 例如,可以轻松地借助传统平版印刷技术或取自半导体技术的其他技术(光刻、电子束光刻、激光烧蚀)来制造适当的可呈现几纳米到几百微米范围内的微结构的模压模具。 For example, easily by means of conventional lithographic techniques or other techniques (photolithography, electron beam lithography, laser ablation) from semiconductor technology may be suitable for producing molded microstructures exhibit a few nanometers to hundreds of microns mold. 因此利用这些技术可获得的分辨率高于传统印刷技术所获得的分辨率。 Thus obtainable using these techniques a higher resolution than traditional printing techniques available. 在模压时,模压漆层72被构造得很薄,即几乎无色,区域75 和较厚的微结构形成区域76具有高的色彩饱和度,产生彩色的微缩图像或具有高分辨率的微结构装置(图9 (b))。 During molding, embossing lacquer layer 72 is configured very thin, almost colorless, i.e., area 75, and the microstructure formed thicker region 76 having a high color saturation, or to produce a color image having a high resolution miniature microstructure means (FIG. 9 (b)). 这里,轮廓高度或深度在2 μ m和30 μ m之间。 Here, the profile height or depth of between 2 μ m and 30 μ m.

[0098] 可选地,还可以想象用白色或其他颜色的不透明模压漆来覆盖彩色的载体衬底或具有额外油墨层的载体衬底。 [0098] Alternatively, it is also conceivable with white paint or other opaque color molding to cover the carrier substrate carrier substrate having colored or additional ink layer. 以这种方式,可以通过下层(彩色)载体衬底的表面局部“掩模”(masking)来产生(负)微结构。 In this manner the local surface, the substrate can be lower by a (color) carrier "mask" (Masking) to produce a (negative) microstructure.

[0099] 利用上述方法产生的模压微结构76被布置于栅格中,该栅格与未示出的聚焦元件装置的栅格在大小和几何关系上对应,利用模压微结构与微结构装置的组合以形成第一鉴别特征。 [0099] With the above-described method of producing the molded microstructures 76 are arranged in a grid, the grid and the grid focusing elements of the device (not shown) corresponding to the size and geometry, utilizing molded microstructures and the microstructures of the apparatus to form a first authenticating feature.

[0100] 安全元件可呈现出机器可读层形式的其他鉴别特征,机器可读层包括机器可读特征物质,例如磁性、导电、磷光或荧光物质。 [0100] The security element can exhibit the identifying characteristics of other layers in the form of machine-readable, machine-readable layer includes machine-readable feature substances, such as magnetic, electrically conductive, phosphorescent or fluorescent material. 模压漆层72同样可以包括机器可读特征物质。 Embossing lacquer layer 72 can also include a machine-readable feature substance. 例如,可将磁性颜料加入到模压漆中。 For example, pigments may be added to the magnetic paint molding.

[0101] 在这里未示出的其他步骤中,利用上述方法获得的模压微结构76在适当的时候可以借助电磁辐射,例如紫外辐射进行固化。 [0101] Other steps not shown here, the molded microstructures 76 obtained by the above method in due course by means of electromagnetic radiation, such as ultraviolet radiation-curable.

[0102] 制造模压微结构的另一选择将参考图10中示出的安全元件80进行详细介绍。 [0102] Another option for producing molded microstructure with reference to FIG. 10 the security element 80 shown in detail. 在该典型实施例中,在透明彩色模压漆例如透明彩色紫外漆82中进行模压,透明彩色紫外漆加到例如PET膜的透明载体衬底14上。 In this exemplary embodiment, the transparent colored molded UV transparent color lacquer e.g. 82 is molded in the paint, varnish applied to the transparent color, for example, ultraviolet transparent support substrate 14 of a PET film. 此后,模压微结构86可以呈现为例如字符或图案的形式。 Thereafter, the molded microstructures 86 may for example take the form of characters or patterns. 在载体衬底14的另一侧,在辐射固化漆,例如紫外漆中模压在栅格中呈现出多个球状透镜形元件或微透镜112的透镜装置12。 On the other side of the carrier substrate 14, the radiation-curable lacquer, such as UV paints molded lens device 12 exhibits a plurality of spherical microlenses or lenticular elements 112 in the grid.

[0103] 在模压漆层82下施加有反射金属层或例如白色的不透明油墨层84。 [0103] In the embossed lacquer layer 82 is applied with a reflective metal layer such as a white or opaque ink layer 84. 以这种方式, 当使用不同颜色的模压漆和掩模油墨时,可以特别产生减色效果或加色效果。 In this manner, when different colors of ink and the mask mold paint, in particular, can produce effects or plus subtractive color effect.

[0104] 可以通过微透镜112与模压微结构86空间频率的轻微差异产生所需放大效果,其可以通过上述方法获得。 [0104] effect can be produced by the enlargement 112 with slight differences in the spatial frequency embossed microstructures 86 microlenses, which may be obtained by the above method. 因而在观察时,根据本发明的安全元件80显示出微结构86极度放大的三维图像,其呈现出特征深度以及运动效果,并将微结构86显示成放大的字符或图案串。 Thus, when viewed in accordance with the present invention, the security element 80 exhibits a microstructure 86 highly amplified three-dimensional image, which exhibits feature depth and movement effects and the microstructure 86 is displayed as an enlarged character pattern or string. 此外,为了把安全元件80转移到安全纸件上或为了改善开发成安全线的安全元件的粘合性,可以将活性粘合剂17加到金属或油墨层84上。 Further, in order to secure the safety element 80 is transferred to the paper or to improve the development of a security thread into security element adhesion, adhesive 17 may be applied to the active metal or ink layer 84.

[0105] 在该典型实施例的可选变体中,这里未示出,透明彩色模压漆布置在载体衬底的一侧上,而金属或油墨层加在载体衬底的另一侧上。 [0105] In an alternative embodiment variant of the exemplary embodiment, the not shown here, the transparent colored molded lacquer disposed on one side of the carrier substrate, the metallic ink layer applied on the other side of the carrier substrate. 然后以这种方式产生的微结构装置通过粘合剂层与透镜装置相连以形成如本发明所述的安全元件。 Then microstructure apparatus in this manner by the adhesive layer to form a safety means connected to the lens element as the present invention.

[0106] 参考图23将详细介绍借助模压技术制造模压微结构的另一个典型实施例。 [0106] Referring to FIG 23 will be described in detail by means of molding techniques for producing molded another exemplary embodiment of the microstructures. 在该典型实施例中,模压同样在例如紫外固化漆的彩色模压漆272中进行,彩色模压漆272施加在例如PET膜的透明载体衬底74的整个表面上。 Embodiment, molded in the same color, for example, UV curable lacquer 272 for molding the paint, the paint 272 is applied to the color molded on the entire surface of the transparent PET film carrier substrate 74, for example, in the exemplary embodiment. 这里,微结构装置的微结构276形成为具有不同的轮廓高度或深度,其获得不同的色彩饱和度并由此产生与漆的各处厚度相一致的不同对比度。 Here, the microstructures of the apparatus 276 is formed to have a different profile height or depth, which obtain different color saturation and thereby produce consistent with paint thickness throughout different contrast. 以这种方式,还可以将微结构实现成例如半色调图像。 In this manner, the microstructure may also be implemented, for example, a halftone image.

[0107] 下面将参考图M中示出的微结构装置介绍制造模压微结构的另一选择,利用该选择可以产生例如图7所示的微缩文本结构166的结构。 [0107] Next, the microstructures of the apparatus illustrated with reference to the map M described alternative manufacturing molded microstructure, the structure can be generated using the selection microtext structure 166 shown in Figure 7, for example. 这里,图M中示出的微结构装置基本对应于图9中示出的微结构装置。 Here, the micro-structure of the apparatus shown in FIG M microstructure substantially corresponding to the device shown in FIG. 9. 但是这里在彩色模压漆282中模压的微结构286呈现出反射覆盖,在该例中是金属层观5,其可以通过例如蒸镀来提供。 But here in a colored embossing lacquer embossed microstructures 282 exhibits a reflective cover 286, a metal layer 5 in this embodiment concept, which may be provided by, for example, vapor deposition.

[0108] 根据色彩的选择和用于金属层观5的合金的选择,可以匹配例如双金属(铝/铜、 铝/铝等)。 [0108] The selection and color selection of alloys for the metal layer 5 of the concept can be matched metal such as bis (aluminum / copper, aluminum / aluminum, etc.). 此外,可以想象使用彩色载体衬底而不是透明载体衬底74,或向透明载体衬底74施加额外的油墨层,这里未示出,以获得额外的彩色效果。 Further, it is conceivable to use a color carrier substrate instead of the transparent carrier substrate 74, or applying an additional ink layer 74 to the transparent carrier substrate, not shown here, to obtain additional color effects. 除了已经示出的彩色模压漆全表面应用之外,还可以在适当的时候将它仅仅应用于形成图案的子区域。 In addition to full-color embossed lacquer applied to the surface already shown, also may be suitable only when it is applied to form a pattern of sub-regions.

[0109] 图23和图M中示出的微结构装置同样布置于栅格中,其与这里未示出的聚焦元件装置的栅格在大小和几何关系上相对应,利用栅格对微结构装置进行组合以形成如本发明所述的安全元件。 [0109] FIG. 23 and FIG microstructure apparatus M shown is likewise arranged in a grid in which the grid means and the focusing elements, not shown herein corresponds in size and geometry, the use of the microstructure lattice means to form the security element as described in the present invention.

[0110] 在制造模压微结构的另一个变体中,可以使用模压模具,其除了微结构之外,还包括衍射光学结构。 [0110] In another variant of manufacturing molded microstructure, the molding die may be used, which in addition to the microstructure, further comprising a diffractive optical structures. 以这种方式,可以产生例如衍射或全息光栅(hologram-like grating) 和微缩文本的新颖组合。 In this manner, the novel composition can be produced, for example, a diffraction grating or a hologram (hologram-like grating) and miniature text.

[0111] 有适当的横向尺寸,可以由人眼看见微结构(例如字母或数字)。 [0111] with a suitable lateral dimension, the eye can see the microstructures (e.g., letters or numbers) by a person. 制造模压微结构的上述选择因此同样适于产生(微型的)阳文(positive text)或阴文(negative text), 例如为了在安全线中使用。 Producing the selection molded microstructure thus adapted to generate the same (micro) embossed (positive text) or intaglio (negative text), for example for use in a security thread. 这里,模压在施加于透明或彩色载体衬底,例如PET膜的的整个表面的彩色漆中进行。 Here, molded or color is applied to the transparent carrier substrate, such as a color paint entire surface of the PET film is carried out. 这里,模压微结构的大小呈现为能够被人眼检测到。 Here, the size of the molded microstructures can be presented as detected by the human eye.

[0112] 这种层结构还可以装备有覆盖膜或转移膜。 [0112] Such a layer structure may also be equipped with a cover film or transfer film. 为了将以这种方式产生的安全元件转移到安全纸件上,或者为了改善在用作安全线时这种安全元件的粘合性,还可以将活性粘合剂施加到载体衬底上。 In order to secure the transfer element will be generated in this way onto the security paper, or to improve adhesion of this security element when used as a security thread, it may also be active adhesive is applied to the carrier substrate. 此外,可以理解仅仅在子区域中施加彩色漆以及对传统印刷技术和模压技术的优点进行组合。 Further, a color paint applied only to be understood that in the sub-region as well as the advantages of conventional molding techniques and printing techniques may be combined.

[0113] 特别是,利用传统的基于印刷的方法,例如在WO 99/13157A1中介绍的方法,在图24所示的变体中,还可以利用传统方法对区域进行脱金属。 [0113] In particular, printing using conventional methods based, for example, methods described in WO 99 / 13157A1, the variant shown in FIG. 24, the region may also be demetallized using conventional methods. 这种制造微缩文本的多种方法的组合允许新颖实施例。 Various methods for producing such compositions microtext permits novel embodiments. 例如,如果模压的减薄区域上的金属层在允许的范围内被除去,则产生几乎透明的孔。 For example, if the metal layer on the thinned embossed areas are removed within an allowable range, the pore-generating almost transparent. 还可以想到利用不同方法制造的减薄区域或孔的部分表面覆盖。 It is also contemplated to cover use of thinned part of the surface area or aperture of different methods of manufacture.

[0114] 下面,将说明根据本发明的安全元件中使用的微观结构的其他制造变体。 [0114] Next, will be described in accordance with other manufacturing microstructures security element for use in the present invention, the variant.

[0115] 在最初制造中,大小适于安全应用的微观结构可以通过例如使用电子束光刻,以小于IOOnm的横向分辨率来获得。 [0115] In the initial manufacture, the size of the microstructure is adapted to secure application may be obtained by using an electron beam lithography, for example, less than the lateral resolution IOOnm. 以这种方式,因此可以例如产生具有微缩图像的微观结构,其中各微结构由不同的衍射和/或全息光栅构成。 In this manner, it is possible for example to produce microstructures having a thumbnail image, wherein each micro-structure composed of different diffractive and / or holographic grating. 这里,微结构可以在非常精确确定的栅格中重现。 Here, the microstructure can be reproduced very accurately defined grid.

[0116] 此外,可以想到使用非衍射光栅制造微结构,特别是散射栅格,例如亚光纹理(matte-texture)图像。 [0116] Further, it is conceivable to use a non-diffraction grating microstructure manufacturing, in particular scatter grid, for example, matte texture (matte-texture) image.

[0117] 不过,这种金属化的模压微结构的缺点在于,如果整个表面都被金属化,则光反射可能使得基本上全部区域都一样高,所以微结构与周围非模压区域的对比不是最优的。 [0117] However, such a disadvantage of the metal mold microstructure that if the entire surface is metallized, light reflection regions may be such that substantially all the same height, so that the non-embossed microstructure contrast area around is not the most excellent.

[0118] 因此为了提高对比度,除了全息光栅之外,可以使用选择性削减金属表面的反射性的特殊表面结构,以传达一种暗颜色印象(称为衍射黑结构(diffractive black structure))。 [0118] Therefore, in order to improve contrast, holographic gratings in addition, using a selective reduction of the specific surface structure of the reflective metal surface, to convey an impression of a dark color (black called diffractive structure (diffractive black structure)).

[0119] 下面将使用图11中安全元件90的例子详细介绍这种呈现出微结构的安全元件的原理性层结构,其中例如以非衍射光栅形式形成具有模压微结构92的微结构装置。 [0119] The following example will be used in the security element 90 in FIG. 11 showing details of this principle layer structure of the security element of the microstructure, which microstructure is formed, for example molded microstructure apparatus having a non-diffraction grating 92 forms. 模压微结构92在模压漆层94,例如紫外漆层中被模压,并以与透镜装置12相同的几何排列布置在例如PET膜的透明载体衬底98上。 Molded microstructures 92 during the molding lacquer layer 94, such as UV paint layer is molded, and in the same geometrical arrangement of the lens device 12 is disposed in a transparent PET film substrate carrier 98. 这里,可以适当选择透镜装置和微结构装置的各栅格的空间频率差以形成第一鉴别特征。 Here, the spatial frequency can be appropriately selected for each device and the grid microstructures lens means to form a first difference of the identifying characteristics.

[0120] 每一个模压微结构92自身形成一个字符或图案,其每一个以大约相应于透镜装置12的微透镜的大小呈现。 [0120] Each molded microstructure 92 itself forms a character or a pattern, a size of each of which corresponds approximately to the microlenses of the lens device 12 presented. 为了增强防伪性,在施加于模压微结构的金属层95中另外还设有例如主题形式的孔96作为第二鉴别特征。 To enhance the security of, the metal layer 95 is applied to the molded microstructures also provided with a hole 96 in the second example, the subject in the form of the identifying characteristics. 此外,金属层95构成可以机器检验的导电层。 In addition, the metal layer 95 constituting the conductive layer may be a machine test.

[0121] 根据本发明的安全元件90在被观察时显示出形成为非衍射光栅的微结构92的极度放大的三维图像,其呈现出特征深度以及运动效果,还显示出非衍射光栅,例如一系列放大的亚光纹理图像。 [0121] forming a security element according to the present invention is observed when the display 90 in accordance with the diffraction grating microstructure is extremely non-enlarged three-dimensional image 92, which exhibits a depth, and wherein the athletic performance, also shows the non-diffraction grating, for example a series zoom matte texture image. 观察者可以看到以叠加在该图像上形成二维图像的孔96呈现的信息。 The viewer can see the information holes 96 are formed in a superimposed two-dimensional image on the image presentation.

[0122] 根据该典型实施例的可选变体,这里未示出,模压微结构92可以设有薄膜结构而不是金属层95。 [0122] According to an alternative embodiment variant of the exemplary embodiment, not shown here, the molded microstructures can be provided with a thin film structure 92 instead of the metal layer 95. 以这种方式,获得额外的变色效果形式的第二鉴别特征。 In this manner, additional identifying characteristics of a second form of color effects.

[0123] 如果倾斜地金属化适当模压深度和结构宽度的模压微结构,则根据蒸镀角度产生或大或小的非金属区域。 [0123] If the metal mold of appropriate depth and width of the microstructures molded structure obliquely, generating large or small area in accordance with the non-metal vapor deposition angle. 下面将参考图12详细介绍根据本发明并利用这种方法进行制造的安全元件100的原理性层结构。 12 will be described in detail with reference to FIG schematic layer structure of the security element 100 fabricated according to the present invention is the use of this method.

[0124] 安全元件100在微结构装置的开发方面与根据本发明的上述安全元件不同。 [0124] The security element 100 in the development of the microstructure with a different apparatus according to the above-described security element of the present invention.

[0125] 在该典型实施例中,微结构装置呈现在例如PET膜的透明载体衬底108上。 [0125] In this exemplary embodiment, the device presents the microstructures on a transparent carrier substrate, for example, 108 PET film. 可选地,载体衬底也可以是彩色的。 Alternatively, the carrier substrate may be colored. 微结构装置呈现出在例如紫外漆的模压漆104中模压的多个微结构106。 Microstructure apparatus 106 exhibits a plurality of microstructures molded in the molding, for example, 104 UV varnish lacquers. 这里,微结构106布置于与透镜装置12的微透镜相同的几何排列中,并呈现出另外的金属层105,通过微结构的倾斜真空蒸镀,金属层105仅仅部分存在于其上。 Here, the micro-structure 106 is disposed in the lens device 12 of the same microlens geometrical arrangement, and exhibit additional metal layer 105, by vacuum deposition inclined microstructure, the metal layer 105 only partially present thereon.

[0126] 此外,安全元件100以一个或多个包括机器可读特征物质,例如磁性、导电、偏振、 相位移动、磷光或荧光物质的机器可读层的形式呈现出第二鉴别特征和可选的更多鉴别特征。 [0126] In addition, the safety element 100 includes a machine-readable feature substances, for example in the form of magnetic, electrically conductive, polarizing, phase shifting, phosphorescent or fluorescent substance layer exhibits a machine-readable identification features and the second one or more optionally more identifying characteristics. 模压漆层104同样也可以包括机器可读特征物质。 Embossing lacquer layer 104 may likewise include a machine-readable feature substance. 例如,可以将发光物质加入到模压漆104中。 For example, the light emitting substance may be added to the paint 104 in the molding.

[0127] 可选地,在为了将安全元件100转移到安全纸件或为了改善纸件中安全元件的粘合性而施加活性粘合层17之前,可以将例如油墨层的其他层施加到载体衬底108上。 [0127] Alternatively, in order to secure the safety element 100 is transferred to the paper or to improve adhesion of the paper before the security element 17 is applied, for example, other layers may be applied to the active ink layer an adhesive layer of the carrier the substrate 108.

[0128] 在该典型实施例的另一个变体中,这里未示出,微结构装置不经由粘合层11与透镜装置12相连,如图12所示。 [0128] In another variation of this exemplary embodiment, not shown here, the device is not connected to the microstructured adhesive layer 11 and the lens device 12 via, as shown in Fig. 而是透镜装置12的微透镜和模压微结构106布置在同一载体衬底的相对侧上。 But the molded lens device and the microstructure of the microlens 12 of 106 disposed on the same opposite side of the carrier substrate.

[0129] 图13示出了本发明的另一个典型实施例,其中安全元件120的微结构装置由全表面零阶衍射光栅U6(Z0G)与微结构装置相互作用形成,其中微结构装置具有印刷、吸收微观结构或微结构122的形式。 [0129] FIG. 13 illustrates another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the safety device wherein the microstructured element surface 120 of the all-zero-order diffracted by the grating U6 (Z0G) interacting means forming a microstructure, wherein the microstructure printing apparatus having , form the absorbent structure or microstructure of the microstructure 122.

[0130] 零阶衍射光栅1¾在例如紫外漆层的层124中以矩形结构形式被模压,模压矩形结构也是利用例如ZnS或TW2的高折射率层蒸镀的。 [0130] In the zero-order diffraction grating 1¾ e.g. UV lacquer layer 124 is in the form of a rectangular mold structure, a rectangular structure is molded using a high-refractive index layer such as ZnS or the vapor deposition TW2. 在非模压的层124的相反表面上,例如黑色微结构122的吸收装置被印在栅格中,其大小和几何关系对应于由粘合层11与微结构装置相连的透镜装置12的栅格。 On opposite surfaces of the non-embossed layer 124, for example, black microstructure absorbing device 122 is printed in a grid, the size and geometry which corresponds to a grid means 11 by the lens device is connected to the microstructure of the adhesive layer 12 . 零阶衍射光栅1¾仅仅在吸收微结构122存在的区域内显示出特性化的变色效果。 Zero-order diffraction grating region 1¾ only present in the absorbent structure 122 of the microstructure exhibits characteristics of color effect.

[0131] 邻接印刷微结构122可进一步设置为第二鉴别特征的是另一个金属层125,其存在于载体衬底1¾上。 [0131] 122 adjacent printing microstructures may be further provided as a second authenticating feature is another metal layer 125, which is present on the carrier substrate 1¾. 此外,孔1¾可以用例如主题的形式设置在金属层125中。 Further, the hole may be in the form of, for example, relating to 1¾ provided in the metal layer 125.

[0132] 本发明的另一个典型实施例在图14中示出,其中安全元件130的微结构装置呈现出模压微结构136,其在这里用作对由液晶材料构成的层进行对准或定向的结构。 [0132] Another exemplary embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIG. 14, wherein the microstructured elements 130 of the security device exhibits a microstructure mold 136, which is here used as a layer made of a liquid crystal alignment or orientation of the material structure. 通过将液晶层施加于定向模压微结构,可以产生偏振微结构装置,其借助例如线性或圆偏振器的简单检验器件可见。 By orienting the liquid crystal layer is applied to the molded microstructures, the microstructures can be produced polarizing means, for example by means of a simple test which means a linear or circular polarizer visible.

[0133] 布置在载体衬底138上的对准层134包含布置于栅格中的多个模压微结构136,布置于其上并由例如向列液晶材料构成的层132在模压微结构136上被定向。 [0133] The alignment layer 134 is disposed on the carrier substrate 138 comprises a plurality of microstructures molded in a grid arrangement 136, the layer disposed thereon by, for example, made of nematic liquid crystal material 132 during the molding microstructures 136 It is directed. 可选地,通过蚀刻或刻痕、或由线性光敏聚合物构成的适当曝光层制造的微结构层也可以用作定向液晶的对准层。 Alternatively, the microstructured layer produced by etching or scoring, or appropriate exposed layer made of a linear photosensitive polymer can be used as the orientation of the liquid crystal alignment layer.

[0134] 除了存在于载体衬底14上并例如经由粘合层11与液晶层132相连的透镜装置12 之外,安全元件130还呈现出作为第二鉴别特征的金属层135。 [0134] In addition to the presence of the carrier substrate 14 and outside the lens device connected for example via an adhesive layer 11 and the liquid crystal layer 13212, the security element 130 also exhibits a metal layer 135 as a second authenticating feature. 这可以可选地装备有例如主题形式的孔。 This can be optionally equipped with holes such as the subject form.

[0135] 用裸眼看不见模压微结构136。 [0135] invisible microstructure mold 136 with the naked eye. 没有辅助工具观察时,安全元件仅具有闪亮的金属外观,其上适当有孔。 No auxiliary tools observed, the security element having only a shiny metallic appearance, which has a suitable hole. 只有在通过偏振器观察安全元件130时,所需放大效果才出现。 Only when the security element is viewed through a polarizer 130, it appears the desired amplification effect.

[0136] 于是,安全元件130显示出由模压微结构136产生的偏振区域的极度放大的三维图像,其呈现出特征深度以及运动效果,偏振区域呈现为放大的字符或图案。 [0136] Thus, the security element 130 exhibits extremely enlarged three-dimensional image generated by the polarization region 136 molded microstructure, which exhibits a characteristic depth and movement effects, polarization zone exhibits an enlarged character or pattern.

[0137] 根据该典型实施例的变体,这里未示出,还可以将检验装置集成在安全元件130 自身的层结构中。 [0137] According to a variant of this exemplary embodiment, not shown here, the testing device also may be integrated in the security element layer structure 130 itself. 例如,可以在透镜装置12的上面或下面设置由线偏振器和随后的λ/4 波片形成的圆偏振器。 For example, a set formed by the circular polarizer and the linear polarizer subsequent λ / 4-wave plate above or below the lens device 12. 在这种情况下,不用额外的辅助工具也可以看见亮-暗对比形式的定向液晶层。 In this case, no additional aids can also see the light - dark contrast alignment liquid crystal film form.

[0138] 根据另一个变体,这里未示出,透镜装置12的微透镜和具有模压微结构136的对准层134布置在同一载体衬底的相对侧上。 [0138] According to another variant, not shown here, the micro-lens 12 and the lens apparatus having the alignment layer 136 is embossed microstructures 134 disposed on the opposite side of the same carrier substrate. 因而,对准层134和液晶层以相反顺序呈现。 Accordingly, the alignment layer and the liquid crystal layer 134 in reverse order of presentation.

[0139] 已知微接触印刷(μ CP)是制造根据本发明用于微结构装置的微观结构的另一种方法,这里未示出。 [0139] Known micro-contact printing (μ CP) is another method of manufacturing a microstructure microstructure apparatus according to the present invention, not shown here. 这允许甚至是小于Iym的分辨率并因此特别适于制造非常小、高分辨率、印刷的微观结构。 This allows even smaller than the resolution Iym and thus particularly suitable for making very small, high-resolution printing microstructure.

[0140] 在该方法中,借助半导体图案形成技术(光刻、电子束光刻、蚀刻和提离方法、纳米压印光刻等)制造微观结构并随后利用弹性体(例如PDMS)塑成。 [0140] In this process, the semiconductor pattern is formed by means of techniques (photolithography, electron beam lithography, etching and lift-off method, nano-imprint lithography, etc.) and then producing microstructures with an elastomer (e.g., PDMS) is molded. 以这种方式,产生灵活、图案清晰的印记或压印柱(impression cylinder),其在使用特殊印刷油墨和印刷衬底表面处理时,适于转移非常薄的油墨层厚度。 In this way, a flexible, clear imprint or imprint pattern column (impression cylinder), which in use of special printing inks and printing the substrate treatment surface, adapted to transfer a very thin ink layer thickness.

[0141] 通过利用以这种方式制造的压印柱施加适当的油墨,可以产生具有高分辨率的印刷微结构。 [0141] By using embossed column manufactured in this manner by applying an appropriate ink printing can produce microstructures having a high resolution.

[0142] 图15至图21示出本发明的其他典型实施例,其中微结构装置包含印刷微结构。 [0142] Figures 15 to 21 show other exemplary embodiments of the present invention, wherein the microstructure comprises a printing device microstructure.

[0143] 图15中的典型实施例示出具有布置在载体衬底14上的透镜装置12的安全元件140。 In the exemplary embodiment [0143] FIG. 15 shows a security element 140 having a lens means 14 is disposed on the carrier substrate 12. 在载体衬底14的反面,例如借助上述μ CP方法将微观结构或微结构142印于栅格中, 微结构142能够以例如字母或标识的字符或图案的形式呈现。 In the reverse side of the carrier substrate 14, for example by means of the above-described method μ CP microstructure or micro-printed on the grid structure 142, the microstructure 142 can be presented in the form of a pattern such as characters or letters or logo. 此外,印刷微结构142可以包含具有不同颜色和/或不同栅格宽度的两个或更多个图案。 In addition, microstructures 142 can include printing different colors and / or different grid width of two or more patterns having.

[0144] 微结构装置的微结构142另外施加有反射金属层145作为第二鉴别特征,反射金属层145呈现出例如主题形式的孔146。 [0144] Microstructure Microstructure apparatus 142 is additionally applied with a reflective metal layer 145 as a second authenticating feature, the reflective metal layer 145, for example, exhibits a hole 146 in the form of theme. 这种安全元件在传输光中呈现为不透明。 This security element exhibits an opaque light transmission. 仅仅孔146对于观察者是可见的。 Only hole 146 is visible to the viewer. 此外,这种设计的优点是金属化增加了印刷微结构的光学亮度。 Further, the advantage of this design is to increase the optical brightness of the metal microstructure printing.

[0145] 可选地,可以在金属层145的下面施加例如白色的不透明油墨层144。 [0145] Alternatively, for example, white opaque ink layer 144 may be applied below the metal layer 145. 对于金属层145额外地或可选地,安全元件140可以呈现出(其他)包括机器可读特征物质,例如磁 For the metal layer 145 additionally or alternatively, the security element 140 may exhibit (Other) comprises a machine-readable feature substances, such as magnetic

16性、导电、偏振、相位移动、磷光或荧光物质的机器可读层形式的其他鉴别特征。 16, electrical conductivity, polarization, phase shift, the other identifying characteristics of the phosphor layer or in the form of machine-readable fluorescent substance. 印刷微结构142也可以包括机器可读特征物质。 Printing microstructures 142 may also include a machine-readable feature substance. 例如,可以将磁性颜料或发光物质加到印刷油墨中。 For example, magnetic pigments or luminescent materials may be added to the printing ink.

[0146] 仍然在该典型实施例中,可通过上述方法获得的微透镜112和印刷微结构142空间频率的轻微差异用于产生所需的莫尔放大效应。 [0146] In still this exemplary embodiment, the microlenses can be obtained by the above process and 112 slight differences in printing microstructures 142 for generating a spatial frequency of the moire magnification effect desired. 因而,在观察时,安全元件140显示出印刷微结构142的极度放大的三维显示图像。 Therefore, when viewed, the security element 140 exhibits highly amplified printing microstructures 142 three-dimensional display image. 它呈现出特征深度以及运动效果。 It can sense the depth and motion effects. 这里,微结构142例如以放大的字母或标识串呈现给观察者。 Herein, the microstructure 142, for example, to enlarge the letter or presented to the viewer identification string. 这里,也必须考虑到透镜装置和微结构装置的空间频率之差越小,放大效果越强。 Here, the difference must also consider the spatial frequencies of microstructure and the lens device of the apparatus smaller, stronger amplification. 叠加在该放大图像之上,观察者看到金属层145 中的孔146成为原始大小的二维图像,例如文本。 Superimposed on the enlarged image, the viewer sees the hole 146 in the metal layer 145 to become a two-dimensional image of the original size, such as text.

[0147] 如果利用发光油墨另外或可选地制造印刷微结构142,则上述放大效果同样呈现, 或仅仅靠激励发光物质的辐射,例如紫外辐射,照射才呈现。 [0147] If the use of light-emitting ink for manufacturing printed Additionally or alternatively, the microstructure 142, the amplifying effect is the same presentation, or light-emitting substance excited by radiation, such as ultraviolet radiation only, irradiating it emerged.

[0148] 根据该典型实施例的可选开发,微结构装置的印刷微结构142和透镜装置12的微透镜112还可以基本相等的栅格宽度呈现,各栅格之间不相互旋转。 [0148] According to an alternative development of the exemplary embodiment, the microlens the microstructures printing apparatus 142 and the lens 112 of the apparatus 12 may also be rendered substantially equal to the width of the grid, each grid is not rotated each other. 为此,微结构装置的微结构142准确地以透镜装置12的微透镜的栅格宽度进行印刷。 For this reason, the microstructure microstructure apparatus 142 accurately grid width to the lens apparatus 12 of microlenses printing. 以这种方式,可以获得翻转图像效果。 In this manner, an image effect can be obtained rollover. 这里,使用极强的放大效果,其在通过具有基本相同栅格宽度的透镜装置观察由相同微结构构成的栅格时发生。 Here, strong amplification effect, which occurs when the grid by the observation lens means having substantially the same width of the grid consisting of the same microstructure. 解释如下。 He explained below. 如果从一定的观察方向观察这种由彼此精确定位的微结构和微透镜构成、并具有相同的栅格宽度的系统,则每个微透镜形成位于其下方的微结构的各相同点,因此实质上形成下方微结构点的无限放大图像。 If viewed from each other by a precise positioning of this microstructure and the microlens, and has a grid width of the same system viewed from a certain direction, each microlens is formed which is the same point each positioned below the microstructure, and therefore substantive magnify the image formed on the microstructure below the point. 如果观察方向改变, 相应的微结构的其他点以相应的放大呈现给观察者。 If the viewing direction changes, the respective other points microstructure presented to the viewer in a corresponding enlarged. 以这种方式,例如可以产生所谓的“动画”图像。 In this way, for example, can produce so-called "animated" picture. 可以将这理解为图像,其中图像信息仅从一定的观察方向对观察者是可见的,而从所有其他方向看不见图像信息。 These may be understood as an image, wherein the image information is viewed only from a certain direction is visible to a viewer, the invisible image information from all other directions. 换句话说,对于观察者而言,在观察方向改变时,图像不知从哪儿忽然出现又同样忽然消失了。 In other words, for the viewer, when the change in the viewing direction, the image I do not know from where they suddenly appear equally suddenly disappeared.

[0149] 根据本发明的安全元件200的另一个实施例,如图20所示,由图15中的反射金属层145提供的金属化也可以由蒸镀的薄膜结构207提供以作为第二鉴别特征。 [0149] According to another embodiment of the present invention, the security element 200, shown in Figure 20, may also be provided by a metal reflective metal layer in FIG. 15 207 145 provides a vapor-deposited thin film structure as the second authentication feature. 薄膜结构207 由吸收层204、绝缘间隔层205和反射层206构成,反射层206适当时能够呈现出孔。 Film structures 207 by the absorbent layer 204, an insulating spacer layer 205 and the reflective layer 206 constituting the reflective layer 206 can exhibit appropriate hole. 另外, 图20所示的安全元件200的结构基本对应于图15中安全元件140的结构。 Further, the structure of the security element 200 shown in FIG. 20 substantially corresponds to the structure of the security element 140 in FIG. 15.

[0150] 在将用于转移安全元件100的活性粘合层17施加于安全纸件或改善纸件中安全元件的粘合性之前,可选地,可以将例如油墨层的其他层209施加于安全元件200。 Before [0150] In the active adhesive layer 100 for transferring the security element 17 is applied to the security paper or paper improved adhesion security element, optionally, other layers may be, for example, ink layer 209 applied to the security element 200.

[0151] 除了示出的全表面实施例之外,还可以想象将透镜装置12、微结构装置202和薄膜结构207的各层仅仅施加于部分表面的变体。 [0151] In addition to the embodiments illustrated embodiment the whole surface, the lens means 12 is also conceivable, microstructured layers 202 and thin film structures 207 is applied only to the portion of the surface of the variants.

[0152] 可以局部使用变色效果油墨,而不是图20中所图示的薄膜元件来获得从两侧都可以看到的局部不同的变色效果。 [0152] ink color effect can be used topically, but a thin film element shown in FIG. 20 is obtained can be seen from both sides of the different partial color effect.

[0153] 除了示出的全表面实施例之外,其中透镜装置的微透镜、微结构装置的印刷微结构和反射层不在整个表面上呈现的其他变体是可以想到的。 [0153] In addition to the embodiments illustrated embodiment the whole surface, wherein other variants of microlens lens apparatus, printing the microstructure and microstructure of the reflective layer means is not presented on the entire surface is conceivable.

[0154] 例如,在透镜装置12不呈现微透镜112的安全元件区域中,可以设置衍射光栅而不是反射金属层。 [0154] For example, the security element in the region of the lens means 12 does not render the micro-lens 112, a diffraction grating may be provided instead of the reflective metal layer. 这种设计在图22中示出。 Such a design is shown in FIG. 22.

[0155] 图22中示出的安全元件220的结构基本对应于图15中的安全元件140。 [0155] Security structural element 220 shown in FIG. 22 substantially corresponds to the security element 140 in FIG. 15. 不过这里为了进一步增强防伪性,设置例如模压全息图的衍射光栅224,其模压在反射金属层245 中不被透镜装置12的微透镜重叠的区域中。 To further enhance security, but here of, for example, a diffraction grating disposed embossed hologram 224, which is molded in the reflective metal layer 245 is not the microlens lens apparatus 12 overlap region. 现在,除了由透镜装置12与微结构装置的印刷微结构242共同作用产生的莫尔放大效应之外,观察者还看到准嵌入式(quasi-embedded) Now, in addition to the effects of moiré magnification the microstructure 12 and the printing device microstructure 242 by the lens means together to produce the viewer also see quasi embedded (quasi-embedded)

17模压全息图的光学变化效果。 17 optically variable effect of the embossed hologram.

[0156] 不把提供第二鉴别特征的金属层施加到微结构装置上,而是加到聚焦、特别是透镜形状元件的轮廓上的变体也是可以想到的。 [0156] do not provide a second identifying characteristics of the metal layer is applied to the micro-structure of the apparatus, but applied to the focus, in particular, a variant on the contour shape of the lens element is also conceivable. 利用这种由微型凹面反射器构成的装置,可以获得与前面图示中示出的透镜装置12类似的效果。 With this arrangement constituted by the micro concave reflector, 12 a similar effect can be obtained in the foregoing illustration of the lens arrangement shown.

[0157] 在这种层结构中,微结构装置通常包括不透明和透明元件,例如印刷在透镜载体衬底上的微结构。 [0157] In this layer structure, the microstructure apparatus generally includes opaque and transparent elements, for example, printing on a lens microstructure carrier substrate. 入射光经过透明区域照在凹面反射器装置上并从那里反射通过根据上述原理被放大的微结构装置的平面。 According to the incident light through the transparent region and from there through the micro structure of reflecting device according to the principles described above are amplified on the concave plane of the reflector means. 除了这种莫尔放大效应之外,安全元件显示出特征深度或三维外观,以及运动效果。 In addition to this moire magnification effect, the security element exhibits a characteristic depth or three-dimensional appearance, and motion effects. 这里,观察者也仅仅看到浮动的放大图像,而不是以低于人眼分辨率限度的大小呈现的微结构。 Here, the viewer can only see an enlarged image floating, rather than below the resolution limit of the human eye microstructured size of presentation.

[0158] 这种实施例将利用图16中示出的开发成转移元件的安全元件150的例子进行详细介绍。 [0158] The use of such an embodiment example of the security element developed into the transfer element 16 shown in FIG. 150 will be described in detail. 转移元件150可以在转移步骤中转移到安全纸件或有价文件上。 Transfer element 150 may be transferred to a transfer step in the security paper or value document. 这里,载体衬底158上的一系列层构建成使得载体衬底上的粘合度相对较低。 Here, a series of layers on the carrier substrate 158 constructed such that a relatively low degree of adhesion on the carrier substrate. 为此,在个别情况下,可以将释放或分离层159加在载体衬底158上。 For this reason, in individual cases, it can release or separation layer 159 is applied on the carrier substrate 158. 于是粘合层157施加在安全元件150上而安全元件转移至安全纸件或有价文件。 Thus the adhesive layer 157 is applied to the security element 150 and the security element is transferred to the security paper or value document. 载体衬底158通常被除去。 The carrier substrate 158 is typically removed.

[0159] 不过,转移元件150还可以形成为使它很好地黏附在载体衬底158上。 [0159] However, the transfer element 150 may also be formed to make it adhere well to the substrate 158 on the carrier. 在这种情况下,转移之后载体衬底保留在安全元件上。 In this case, the carrier substrate after the transfer remains on the security element. 以这种方式开发的安全元件,可以例如跨在透明或独立区域上,特别是安全纸件中呈现的窗口上。 Security element developed in this manner, it is possible, for example, on a transparent or across separate areas, in particular security paper window presented.

[0160] 根据安全元件的设计,在适当的时候,在两侧可以看到不同的光学外观。 [0160] The design of the security element, at the appropriate time, can be seen on both sides of a different optical appearance.

[0161] 可选地,在应用粘合层157之前,安全元件还可以设有保护层,这里未示出。 [0161] Optionally, prior to application of the adhesive layer 157, the security element can also be provided with a protective layer, not shown here.

[0162] 与具有微透镜的透镜装置不同,图16中示出的转移元件150呈现出凹面反射器装置152,其具有模压在膜中并布置于栅格中的多个透镜形状元件或透镜结构,所述栅格具有固定几何形状,例如为六边形栅格。 [0162] with different microlens lens device, the transfer elements shown in FIG. 16 150 exhibits a concave reflector means 152, having a plurality of lens elements or lens structure having a shape molded film and arranged in a grid , the grid having a fixed geometry, for example a hexagonal lattice. 可选地,凹面反射器装置可以模压在施加于载体衬底上的适于模压的模压漆层中。 Alternatively, a concave reflector means may be molded in a molding press adapted lacquer layer applied to the support substrate. 为了金属化,凹面反射器装置152的透镜结构的轮廓上提供有例如蒸镀的反射金属层155。 For metallation, concave reflector means contour lens structure 152 is provided with, for example, a reflective metal layer 155 deposited on. 与折射微透镜相反,凹面反射器的光学性质在嵌入的状态下仅有微小改变。 Instead refractive microlenses, the optical properties of a concave reflector only minor changes in the fitted state.

[0163] 此外,根据上述方法之一也可以将字符或图案形式的孔156引入到提供第二鉴别特征的金属层155中。 [0163] Further, according to one of the above methods may also be in the form of characters or patterns into the hole 156 in the metal layer 155 to provide a second identifying characteristics.

[0164] 可选地,可以设置包含高折射率材料的层、网状或非常薄的半透明金属层,而不是金属层155。 [0164] Alternatively, the layer may be provided, a mesh or a very thin semitransparent metal layer comprising a high refractive index material instead of a metal layer 155. 以这种方式,尤其可以实现这种实施例,即,应该保证其他鉴别特征的可见性, 例如从方向160观察时位于反射涂层后面的印刷图像。 In this manner, this embodiment can be implemented in particular embodiments, i.e., should ensure the visibility of the identifying characteristics of other, for example, the printed image behind the reflective coating 160 from the viewing direction. 于是,转移元件150在适当的时候将机器可读层呈现为第二鉴别特征,该机器可读层包括例如磁性、导电、偏振、相位移动、磷光或荧光物质的机器可读特征物质。 Thus, the transfer member 150 at the appropriate time the machine-readable layer is presented as a second authenticating feature, the machine-readable magnetic layer include, for example, electrically conductive, polarizing, phase shifting, phosphorescent, fluorescent substance or a machine-readable feature substance. 在由高折射率材料构成的层中也可以包含机器可读特征物质。 A layer made of a high refractive index material may also comprise machine-readable feature substance. 印刷微结构154同样可以包括机器可读特征物质。 Printing microstructures 154 can also include a machine-readable feature substance. 例如,可以将磁性颜料加入到印刷油墨中。 For example, the magnetic pigment may be added to the printing ink.

[0165] 根据该典型实施例的另一种可选变体,这里未示出,还可以通过蒸镀的薄膜结构提供反射涂层。 [0165] According to the exemplary embodiment of an alternative variant, not shown here, the reflective coating may also be provided by vapor deposition of thin-film structure. 以这种方式,可获得另外的变色效果形式的第二鉴别特征。 In this way, a second additional color effects in the form of the identifying characteristics.

[0166] 这里,可以将薄膜结构施加于透镜结构,一方面在一系列透镜结构、吸收层、绝缘间隔层、反射层中,或在一系列透镜结构、反射层、绝缘间隔层、吸收层中,具有能够设在反射层中的其他孔。 [0166] Here, the film structure may be applied to the lens structure, a lens structure on the one hand in series, the absorbent layer, an insulating spacer layer, a reflective layer, or a series of lens structure, a reflective layer, an insulating spacer layer, the absorbent layer , with other holes can be provided in the reflective layer. 在第一种情况下,可以获得装有变色、反射层的凹面反射器装置。 In the first case, discoloration can be obtained with, a concave reflector means for reflecting layer. 在第二种情况下,获得闪亮金属的反射凹面反射器装置,当从另一侧观察安全元件时,能够另外看到依赖于观看角度的变色效果。 In the second case, to obtain a shiny metal reflector concave reflector means, when the security element is viewed from the other side, we can additionally be seen in viewing angle-dependent color effect.

[0167] 在呈现透镜结构的层的非模压表面上,在栅格中印有基本不透明微结构154的装置,其大小和几何关系对应于凹面反射器装置152的栅格。 [0167] On the non-embossed surface of the lens structure of the presentation layer, printed in a grid microstructure substantially opaque means 154, the size and geometry corresponding to the concave reflector grid means 152. 这里,印刷微结构IM处于凹面反射器的焦平面上。 Here, the printing microstructures IM in the focal plane of the concave reflector. 从凹面反射器最高点到微结构平面的距离等于(球形)凹面反射器的曲率半径的一半。 From the highest point of the concave reflector to the plane of the microstructure of a distance equal to the (spherical) half the radius of curvature of the concave reflector.

[0168] 可以在印刷微结构IM的装置和凹面反射器装置152的背面都设置保护层。 The back surface [0168] 152 in the printing apparatus can microstructure IM and a concave reflector means have a protective layer.

[0169] 此外,如图16中所示,转移元件150也可以在凹面反射器装置152的透镜结构的旁边和/或之间包含模压衍射或散射结构164,例如模压全息图或亚光结构,以作为另外的鉴别特征。 Next to the lens structure [0169] Further, as shown in FIG. 16, the transfer member 150 of the device 152 may comprises a concave reflector and / or between the molded diffractive scattering structure 164 or, for example, an embossed hologram or a matt structure, as additional authenticating feature. 模压结构164同样可以装备有金属层155。 Molded structure 164 can also be equipped with a metal layer 155. 在适当的时候孔156可以呈现于其中。 In due course hole 156 may be presented to them.

[0170] 当透镜装置与微结构装置的组合设在安全元件的两侧,而不是单独的组合时,还可以获得有趣的效果。 [0170] When the lens apparatus in combination with a microstructure device provided on both sides of the security element, rather than separate compositions may also be interesting results. 这里,如果使用具有不同栅格宽度的透镜装置,尤其可以获得有趣的效果。 Here, if the lens device having different widths of the grid, in particular, interesting effects can be obtained. 这种安全元件优选可以用作在安全纸件或有价文件双侧上呈现的安全线,或用于位于透明或独立区域之上的转移元件。 This security element can be preferably used in the security paper or value document bilateral security thread presented, or to the transparent element or on a separate transfer area.

[0171] 参考图17,将通过介绍安全元件170对这种实施例进行详细介绍,安全元件170 的结构基本对应于图15中的安全元件。 [0171] Referring to FIG 17, will be described in detail by embodiments of the security element 170 of this embodiment, the structure of the security element corresponds substantially to the security element 170 in FIG. 15. 不过这里图15中示出的安全元件还呈现出准反射(quasi-mirrored)。 15 but here shown in the security element further exhibits a quasi reflectivity (quasi-mirrored). 特别是,在安全元件的双侧上设置透镜装置12、172,透镜装置172被另外布置在载体衬底178上。 In particular, the lens means disposed on the bilateral security element 12, 172, the lens apparatus 172 is additionally disposed on the carrier substrate 178. 显然,可选地或额外地,透镜装置12也可以布置在载体衬底上。 Obviously, alternatively or additionally, the lens device 12 may be disposed on the carrier substrate.

[0172] 此外,安全元件170包含印刷微结构174、176,微结构176基本上仅仅存在于具有不透明金属层175的区域中。 [0172] In addition, the safety element 170 includes microstructures 174, 176 printed, the microstructures 176 is substantially present only in the region having the opaque metal layer 175. 以这种方式,根据本发明微结构176的莫尔放大效应只有借助于透镜装置172可见。 In this way, the lens device 172 according to the visible moiré magnification microstructure of the present invention by means of only 176 effect. 另一方面,通过适当选择各透镜装置12、172的微透镜,微结构174 的放大效应可以从双侧看到,至少局部,在适当的时候具有不同的放大效果。 On the other hand, the microlenses 12, 172, 174 microstructures amplification effect can be seen from the double-sided lens by appropriately selecting the respective means, at least partially, with different amplification effect at the appropriate time.

[0173] 这里,金属层175例如以主题的形式仅设在微结构174和微结构176之间的部分区域中,并以这种方式提供视觉可检验的、具体信息形式的第二鉴别特征,此外,该信息也允许机器检验。 [0173] Here, the metal layer 175 in the form of, for example, relating to only a portion of the region disposed between the microstructures and the microstructures 174 176, and in this way can provide visual inspection, the second information identifying characteristics of the specific form, In addition, this information also allows the machine to test.

[0174] 下面将参考图18详细介绍在另一种设计中根据本发明的安全元件的结构。 [0174] below with reference to FIG. 18 described in detail in another design the structure of the security element of the present invention. 这里, 图18(a)示出根据本发明安全元件180的剖视图,图18(b)和(c)示出该安全元件的印刷微结构的特殊实施例的顶视图。 Here, FIG. 18 (a) shows a cross-sectional view of a security element 180 according to the present invention, FIG. 18 (b) and (c) shows a top view of a particular embodiment of the microstructures printed security element.

[0175] 图18(a)中示出的层结构促进实现翻转图像效果并且尤其是上述的变色效果。 In [0175] FIG. 18 (a) shows the layer structure of the rollover image effect and contribute to the above-described particular color effect. 在此典型实施例中,在透镜装置12的微透镜下面,在微透镜的栅格宽度中具有交替的不同颜色的微结构182以完全对准的状态被压印,产生依赖于观察角度的变色效果。 In this exemplary embodiment, the microlens lens device 12 below the grid width microlenses microstructures having different colors alternating with full alignment state 182 is imprinted on the viewing angle dependence of color effect. 依赖于观察角度,通过透镜可以看见一个或其他的微结构182。 Depends on the viewing angle, you can see one or the other of the lens microstructure 182.

[0176] 在载体衬底188上还设置了反射金属层185作为第二鉴别特征。 [0176] on the carrier substrate 188 is also provided with a reflective metal layer 185 as a second authenticating feature. 其中还设置了例如主题形式的孔183,以增强防伪性。 It also set up a theme such as holes 183 form, in order to enhance the security of.

[0177] 可选地,在应用活性粘合层17以把安全元件180转移到安全纸件或改善纸件中安全元件的粘和性之前,可以将例如油墨层的其他层加到载体衬底188上。 [0177] Alternatively, the security element 17 in the 180 or transferred to the security paper and to improve the adhesion of the security elements in the paper prior to application of the active adhesive layer, other layers may be, for example, an ink layer applied to the carrier substrate 188.

[0178] 如果印刷微结构适合于如图18(b)和(c)所示的透镜装置12的微透镜的底面,则可以获得下述效果。 The bottom surface of the microlenses [0178] If suitable for printing microstructures in FIG. 18 (b) and (c), a lens device 12, the following effects can be obtained. [0179] 通过在微结构装置184中安排适合于例如球形微透镜的圆形底面的同心圆形式的不同色彩区域(图18(b)),当安全元件180不依赖于观察方向而倾斜时,产生变色效果。 [0179] When, for example, by arranging for the different color regions (FIG. 18 (b)) in the form of concentric circular base spherical microlenses microstructured apparatus 184, when the security element 180 without depending on the viewing direction is inclined, generating color effect.

[0180] 通过布置成栅格点的图18(c)中微结构装置186的不同颜色的微结构,从东向西倾斜时可获得例如由绿到红的变色效果,从北向南倾斜时可获得例如由绿到蓝的变色效 In [0180] By arranging a grid point in FIG. 18 (c) microstructures of different colors microstructure apparatus 186, when the inclination is obtained when from east to west, north to south inclined from green to red, for example, a color effect may be obtained for example from green to blue color change effect

:^ ο : ^ Ο

[0181] 可以通过多种不同方式解决微结构中色彩区域的安排。 [0181] microstructure arrangement can solve the color region by a variety of different ways. 例如,还可以想象这样的微结构装置,其中微结构中不同色彩区域的安排由圆形线段或直线来提供。 For example, such a microstructure is also conceivable means, wherein the microstructure arranged to provide regions of different colors by a straight line or a circular segment.

[0182] 根据该典型实施例的变体,可以获得紫外辐射下依赖于观察角度的变色效果,原因在于利用两种或更多种不同的发光油墨来印刷微结构。 [0182] According to a variant of the exemplary embodiment, the ultraviolet radiation can be obtained color effect dependent on viewing angle, because the use of two or more different luminescent inks to print microstructures. 不使用辅助工具观察,则安全元件仅仅呈现出闪亮的金属外观,适当地具有孔。 Observed without the use of aids, the security element exhibits only a shiny metallic appearance, suitably having pores. 另一方面,仅当用例如紫外辐射照射安全元件时,才呈现所需的变色效果。 On the other hand, when only a security element such as ultraviolet radiation, it exhibits the desired color effect.

[0183] 与可通过薄膜元件中的干涉或利用液晶产生的传统变色效果不同——其总是呈现限定顺序的连续色彩,利用微透镜产生的变色效果可随意选择。 [0183] with conventional color effects can be produced by a film or element using a liquid crystal different interference - which is always present a continuous color order defined by the microlenses produce color effects may be arbitrarily selected. 利用这些,基本上可以产生任何变色效果,即,任何颜色A可以变换到颜色B。 With these, it can be substantially any color effects, i.e., any color can be changed to the color B. A

[0184] 当然可以对这种变色效果与上述放大效果进行组合。 [0184] Of course, the amplification may be combined with the effect of such color effect. 为此,微结构布置在与透镜装置的微透镜完全对准的确定区域中,而在其他区域中它们呈现出与透镜装置相比不同的空间频率。 For this purpose, the microstructures are arranged in the region determining the microlens lens device perfectly aligned, while in other areas they exhibit compared to the lens device different spatial frequencies.

[0185] 图19中示出的根据本发明安全元件190的结构基本对应于图15中的安全元件140。 [0185] FIG. 19 shows the structure of a security element 190 according to the present invention substantially corresponds to FIG 15 of the security element 140. 除了布置在载体衬底194上的透镜装置192之外,它还包括呈现出例如印刷微结构的微结构装置196,以及呈现在载体衬底198上的金属层195,在适当的时候金属层195包括孔并提供第二鉴别特征。 In addition to the lens device 192 is disposed on the carrier substrate 194, for example, exhibit further comprising microstructured printing device microstructure 196, and a metal layer 195 is present on the carrier substrate 198, the metal layer 195 when appropriate and providing a second aperture comprising identifying characteristics.

[0186] 此外,在透镜装置192的微透镜旁边或之间设置模压衍射或散射结构199,例如亚光(matte)结构或模压全息图,在适当的时候可以施加金属层。 [0186] Further, next to the microlens or lens device 192 is provided between the molded or diffractive scattering structures 199, e.g. matte (Matte) embossed hologram structure or, when appropriate metal layer may be applied. 对模压结构199施加金属层具有很容易看到的优点。 Applying a metal layer to the mold structure 199 has the advantage that it is easy to see. 为了实现透明的变体,可以想到用例如ZnS或T^2构成的高折射率层代替提到的金属涂层。 In order to achieve a transparent variant, it is conceivable instead of the mentioned metal coating, for example ZnS or T ^ 2 composed of a high refractive index layer.

[0187] 通过适当的制造方法,可以将衍射或散射结构直接置于相应的透镜装置旁边。 [0187] by a suitable manufacturing method, or diffractive scattering structures may be placed directly next to the lens unit. 可选地,在适当的时候,透镜装置的微透镜或金属化凹面反射器装置和图16中示出的衍射或散射结构也可以重叠。 Alternatively, when appropriate, diffraction or scattering structures shown microlenses or metallized concave reflector means and lens means 16 may overlap.

[0188] 还可以将零阶衍射光栅,而不是模压的衍射或散射结构,局部设置在透镜装置旁边或与其重叠。 [0188] may also be zero-order diffraction grating, rather than molding or diffractive scattering structures, the lens means partially disposed beside or overlapping therewith. 理想地,这些要利用例如由aiS、Tio2构成的高折射率层进一步蒸镀。 Ideally, the use of these to for example, high refractive index layer by the vapor deposition is further configured Tio2 aiS. 这样, 在零阶衍射光栅所处区域中,当转动安全元件时可获得变化的色彩印象。 Thus, in the zero-order diffraction grating is located in the region, when the rotation of the security element changes color impression is obtained.

[0189] 下面将参考图21详细介绍根据本发明的安全元件210的另一种开发。 [0189] 21 will be described in detail with reference to FIG The security element according to the present invention is a further development of 210. 除了布置在载体衬底14上的透镜装置12之外,安全元件210包括具有印刷微结构212和金属层215 的装置。 In addition to the lens device 14 is disposed on the carrier substrate 12, the security element 210 comprises a printing device having a microstructure 212 and the metal layer 215.

[0190] 此外,在微结构装置212和金属层215之间设置由例如胆甾型液晶材料的液晶材料构成的层214,以及在适当的时候局部显现的例如黑色的暗色油墨层216。 [0190] Further, between the micro structure of the device 212 and the metal layer 215 is provided by a layer 214, for example, at the appropriate time, and appears partially dark color such as black ink layer of liquid crystal material is a cholesteric liquid crystal material is composed of 216. 可选地,暗色油墨层216可以另外含有例如磁性物质的机器可读特征物质。 Alternatively, the dark ink layer 216 may further contain a magnetic substance, for example, machine-readable feature substance. 如图21所示,金属层215只有在与暗色油墨层216处于适当的完全对准状态时,或作为半透明或网状金属层才能局部显现。 21, the metal layer 215 only in the dark ink layer 216 in a proper fully aligned state, or as a semi-transparent metal layer or mesh to appear locally. 除了上述莫尔放大效应之外,这种装置也导致变色或偏振效果。 In addition to the above-mentioned moire magnification effect, such a device may cause discoloration or polarization effects. 因此,金属层215以及暗色油墨层21和由液晶材料构成的层214的组合两者都可以设置本发明意义内的第二鉴别特征。 Thus, both of the metal layer 215 and a dark color and the ink layer 21 formed of a liquid crystal material layer 214 of the second combination can be set within the meaning of the identifying characteristics of the present invention.

[0191] 可选地,在为把安全元件100转移到安全纸件或为改善纸件中安全元件的粘和性而施加活性粘合层17前,可以将例如油墨层的其他层219加到安全元件210上。 [0191] Alternatively, the security element 100 is transferred to the security paper or to improve the adhesion properties and the security element is applied before the sheet member 17, for example, it may be another layer added to the active ink layer 219 adhesive layer 210 security element.

[0192] 除了示出的全表面开发之外,还可以想到这种变体,其中透镜装置12、微结构装置212和液晶层214或暗色油墨层216仅仅施加在部分表面上。 [0192] In addition to the full-surface development shown, this variant is also conceivable, wherein the lens unit 12, a micro structure of the device 212 and the liquid crystal layer 214 or dark ink layer 216 is applied only to part of the surface. 此外,上述层结构214、216, 而不是金属层,还可以施加于凹面反射器装置的透镜结构的轮廓上。 Further, the layer structure 214, 216, instead of the metal layer, may also be applied to the contour of the lens structure of the concave reflector means.

[0193] 可以理解,还可以使用具有聚光效果的其他元件,而不是上述典型实施例中的微透镜。 [0193] It will be appreciated, other elements may also be used with focusing effect, rather than the foregoing exemplary embodiment of the microlens embodiment. 此外,根据本发明的安全元件可以与其他层、尤其是与其他机器可读层相结合。 Furthermore, the security element according to the present invention may, in particular in combination with other machine-readable layer and another layer. 这种层包括例如反射、磁性、导电、偏振、相位移动和发光物质。 Such layers include, for example, a reflective, magnetic, electrically conductive, polarizing, phase shift and light-emitting substance.

[0194] 为了隐藏磁性层,理想情况下,它们被嵌入两个不透明层之间。 [0194] In order to hide the magnetic layer, ideally, they are embedded between two opaque layers. 如果安全元件上已经存在金属化区域,则磁性层可以例如借助粘合促进层转移到那里。 If the metallized areas already present on the security element, the magnetic layer may be, for example, by means of an adhesion promoter layer is transferred thereto. 此后,可借助其他金属层、具有高光学密度的不透明油墨层、或包括例如金属颜料的层掩盖磁性层。 Thereafter, other means may be a metal layer, an opaque ink layer having a high optical density, such as a layer or a metallic pigment comprising a magnetic masking layer. 磁性区域可以呈现为沿着安全元件的连续区域或编码形式。 Magnetic region may be presented as a continuous area or encoded form along the security element.

[0195] 例如通过连续的金属层可获得导电性。 [0195] For example obtained by a continuous conductive metal layer. 由于金属层相对机械载荷的稳定性通常是不足的,所以可选地或额外地,可以将基本上透明的导电涂层施加于安全元件的整个表面或表面上的一些区域。 Due to the relative stability of the mechanical load of the metal layer is generally insufficient, so alternatively or additionally, may be substantially transparent, electrically conductive coating is applied in some areas on the surface or the entire surface of the security element. 这些层具有不破坏安全元件的光学外观的优点。 These layers have the advantage of not destroy the optical appearance of the security element.

[0196] 不过,也可以使用彩色的和/或发光的金属涂层。 [0196] However, use may also be colored and / or luminescent metal coating. 在使用具有碳黑颜料的印刷油墨时,用其制造的层优选嵌在安全元件的两个不透明层之间以避免损害安全元件的外观。 When using a printing ink having carbon black pigment, manufactured with a layer which is preferably embedded between two layers of the security element the opaque in order to avoid damage to the appearance of the security element.

[0197] 此外,在根据本发明的安全元件的层结构中,在任何位置处都可以使用发光的、尤其是荧光或磷光的物质。 [0197] Further, in the layer structure of the security element of the present invention at any position may be used luminescent, in particular fluorescent or phosphorescent substance according to. 特别是,可以将这种物质引入到微透镜或凹面反射器的透镜结构中。 In particular, this material can be introduced into the micro-lens or a lens structure of a concave reflector. 与通常的印刷油墨(几微米)相比,微透镜或透镜结构相对较厚,因此要为这种物体提供足够大的空间。 Compared with conventional printing ink (several microns), micro-lens or a lens structure is relatively thick, so to provide a sufficiently large space for such objects. 不过这里必须记住发光物质基本上应该是光学透明的。 However, light-emitting substance must be remembered here should be substantially optically transparent.

[0198] 根据另一设计,根据本发明的安全元件还可以与呈现出相位移动特性的层相结合。 [0198] According to another design, the security element according to the present invention may further exhibit a phase shift layer characteristics combined. 为此,例如用呈现这些特性的液晶材料构成的层部分覆盖安全元件。 For this purpose, for example, covered with a layer of the security element of the liquid crystal material exhibits the properties thereof. 特别是,用印刷图案形式的定向液晶部分覆盖金属化区域,或用呈现出双折射性质、并且其主轴局部处于不同方向的液晶覆盖安全元件的整个表面。 In particular, the orientation of the liquid crystal portion is covered with a printed pattern in the form of metallized regions, or by showing a birefringent property, and the major axis of the liquid crystal partially in different directions the entire surface covering the security element. 以这种方式,通过应用圆偏振器或线偏振器,可以看到其他的不可视图案。 In this manner, by applying the circular polarizer or a linear polarizer, you can not see the other visual patterns.

[0199] 可选地,还可以用例如胆留型液晶材料的偏振物质覆盖安全元件。 [0199] Alternatively, the material may also be used, for example, a polarizing liquid crystal material left bladder covering the security element.

Claims (49)

1. 一种用于保护有价物品的安全元件,具有至少一个第一鉴别特征,第一鉴别特征包括具有呈现于第一栅格中的多个聚焦元件的第一装置以及具有呈现于第二栅格中的多个微观结构的第二装置,第一和第二装置布置成这样的方式,即,两个栅格的空间频率略微不同,并且作为莫尔效应的结果,当通过第一装置的聚焦元件观察时,看到第二装置的微观结构被放大,所述安全元件还具有第二鉴别特征,其是视觉可检验的并且不受第一鉴别特征的第一装置的影响。 A first means for protecting the security element 1. The items of value, having at least one first authenticating feature, the first authenticating feature comprises a plurality of focusing elements present in a first grid having a second and a presentation a second plurality of grid microstructures of the apparatus, the first and second devices are arranged in such a manner, i.e., the spatial frequencies of the two grids differ slightly and, as a result of the moiré effect, when the first means when focusing element observed that a microstructure of the second means is amplified, the security element further has a second identification characteristic, which is the first impact and is not visually verifiable authenticating feature of the first device.
2.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其中第二鉴别特征是机器和视觉可检验的。 2. Security element according to claim 1, wherein the second authenticating feature is visually verifiable and machine.
3.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其中第二鉴别特征不被第一鉴别特征的第一装置放大。 3. The security element according to claim 1, wherein the second authenticating feature is not amplified in a first of the first device authenticating feature.
4.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一鉴别特征的第一栅格和第二栅格呈现固定的几何关系。 4. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the first identifying characteristics of the first and second gratings exhibit fixed geometric relationships.
5.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一鉴别特征的第一栅格和第二栅格呈现稍微不同的栅格宽度。 5. Security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the first identifying characteristics of the first and second gratings exhibit slightly different grid width.
6.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一鉴别特征的第一栅格和第二栅格呈现基本相同的栅格宽度并被布置成相互之间略微转动。 6. Security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the first identifying characteristics of the first and second grids exhibit substantially the same width and are arranged in a grid is rotated slightly with each other.
7.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一和第二栅格的栅格宽度在3 μ m和50 μ m之间。 7. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the width of the first grid and a second grid of between 3 μ m and 50 μ m.
8.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第二鉴别特征包含机器可读层。 8. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the second authenticating feature comprises a machine-readable layer.
9.根据权利要求8所述的安全元件,其特征在于机器可读层包括机器可读特征物质。 9. The security element according to claim 8, characterized in that the machine-readable layer includes machine-readable feature substance.
10.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第二鉴别特征包含二维信息。 10. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the second authenticating feature comprises a two-dimensional information.
11.根据权利要求10所述的安全元件,其特征在于该二维信息包含以字符、图案或编码形式呈现的主题形成层,和/或呈现字符、图案或编码形式的孔。 11. The security element according to claim 10, characterized in that the two-dimensional information forming layer contains subject matter rendered in a character, pattern or encoded form, and / or presenting characters, patterns or the encoded form of holes.
12.根据权利要求11所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述主题形成层包含反射层或印刷层。 12. The security element according to claim 11, wherein the subject matter comprises a reflective layer or a layer forming a printed layer.
13.根据权利要求11所述的安全元件,其特征在于主题形成层包含反射薄膜元件。 13. The security element according to claim 11, wherein the reflective film comprises a layer formed theme element.
14.根据权利要求13所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述薄膜元件被形成为具有反射层、吸收层,和布置在所述反射层和所述吸收层之间的绝缘间隔层。 14. The security element according to claim 13, wherein said film element is formed having an insulating spacer layer is a reflection layer, absorption layer, and disposed between the reflective layer and the absorber layer.
15.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一鉴别特征的第一装置的聚焦元件是透镜形状的元件。 15. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the focusing elements of the first means of the first authenticating feature are lens-shaped elements.
16.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一鉴别特征的第二装置的微观结构以微字符或微图案的形式呈现。 16. Security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the microstructure of the first and second means of the identifying characteristics presented in the form of micro-characters or micropatterns.
17.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述微观结构是印刷的。 17. The security element according to claim 1, wherein said microstructure is printed.
18.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述微观结构包括模压微结构。 18. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that said microstructure comprises a molded microstructures.
19.根据权利要求18所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一鉴别特征的第一和第二装置布置成第一装置的聚焦元件的隆起结构和第二装置的模压微结构被开发成指向相同方向或不同方向。 19. The same security element as claimed in claim 18, characterized in that the embossed structure and the second ridge microstructures focusing means and the second element of the first device of the first authenticating feature are disposed a first means is directed to the development direction or different directions.
20.根据权利要求18所述的安全元件,其特征在于模压微结构包含以球形或非球形盖状、圆锥、三角锥、梯形椎、截圆锥、截棱锥形式呈现的元件,和/或呈现字符、图案或编码形式的底面。 20. A security element according to claim 18, characterized in that the embossed microstructures comprise spherical or non-spherical cap shape, a cone, a triangular pyramid, a trapezoidal vertebrae, truncated cone, truncated pyramid elements presented in the form and / or character presentation , the bottom surface of the pattern or encoded form.
21.根据权利要求18所述的安全元件,其特征在于模压微结构被模压在彩色模压漆中。 21. The security element according to claim 18, characterized in that the embossed microstructures are embossed in a colored embossing lacquer.
22.根据权利要求21所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述彩色模压漆是包含彩色颜料的辐射固化漆。 22. The security element according to claim 21, wherein said radiation curable colored embossing lacquer is a lacquer containing color pigments.
23.根据权利要求18所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述模压微结构布置在彩色载体衬底上。 23. The security element according to claim 18, wherein said molded microstructures disposed on a colored carrier substrate.
24.根据权利要求21所述的安全元件,其特征在于模压微结构设有不透明的涂层。 24. The security element according to claim 21, characterized in that the embossed structure is provided with an opaque coating microstructure.
25.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一和第二鉴别特征以产生视觉可见的2D/3D效果的方式彼此相对布置。 25. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the first and second characteristics to generate a differential manner 2D / 3D effect is visually perceptible arranged opposite each other.
26.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于微观结构包括覆盖有反射层的模压微结构,该反射层呈现字符、图案或编码形式的孔,或以字符、图案或编码形式被开发。 26. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the microstructure comprises a reflective layer is covered with a molded microstructure, the reflective layer exhibits a character, a pattern or encoded in the form of holes, or developed to a character, pattern or encoded form .
27.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一装置的聚焦元件呈现圆形或椭圆形的底面。 27. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the focusing elements of the first means exhibit a bottom surface of a circular or oval.
28.根据权利要求27所述的安全元件,其特征在于第二装置的模压微结构呈现圆形或椭圆形的底面。 28. The security element according to claim 27, characterized in that the embossed microstructures of the second means exhibit a bottom surface of the circular or elliptical.
29.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一装置包含不同尺寸和栅格宽度的聚焦元件的组合。 29. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the first means comprises a combination of focusing elements of different sizes and grid widths.
30.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一装置的聚焦元件和/或第二装置的微观结构布置在载体衬底上。 30. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the microstructure of the focusing elements of the first means and / or the second means is disposed on the carrier substrate.
31.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于间隔层和/或粘合层设置在第一装置的聚焦元件和第二装置的微观结构之间。 31. The security element according to claim 1, wherein the spacer layer and / or adhesive layer is disposed between the microstructure and the focusing elements of the first means to the second means.
32.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于第一装置的聚焦元件设有保护层,所述保护层呈现与聚焦元件的折射率差别至少为0. 3的折射率。 32. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that the focusing elements of the first means is provided with a protective layer, the protective layer exhibits a refractive index difference between the focusing elements is at least 0.3 of the refractive index.
33.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述安全元件呈现小于50 μ m的总厚度。 33. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that said security element exhibits a total thickness of less than 50 μ m.
34.根据权利要求1所述的安全元件,其特征在于所述安全元件是安全线、开口条、安全带、安全条、应用于安全纸件、有价文件的贴片或标签。 34. The security element according to claim 1, characterized in that said security element is a security thread, a tear strip, belt, security strip, applied to security paper, value document or a patch tag.
35. 一种用于制造如权利要求1至34中任一项所述的安全元件的方法,其中第一鉴别特征通过组合第一和第二装置形成,具有呈现于第一栅格中的多个聚焦元件的第一装置以下面的方式布置在具有呈现于第二栅格中的多个微观结构的第二装置之上,即,两个栅格的空间频率略微不同,并且作为莫尔效应的结果,当通过第一装置的聚焦元件观察时,看到第二装置的微观结构被放大,第一鉴别特征与至少一个第二鉴别特征结合,第二鉴别特征是视觉可检验的,并且不受第一鉴别特征的第一装置的影响。 35. A method of manufacturing is presented in the first multi-grid method to 34 as a security element according to any one of the claims, wherein the first authenticating feature is formed by combining the first and second means for having a a first means focusing elements are arranged in the following manner on the second device having a second plurality of microstructures are presented in a grid, i.e., the spatial frequencies of the two grids differ slightly and, as a moire effect result, when viewed through the focusing elements of the first means, second means to see the microstructure are enlarged, the first authenticating feature combined with at least one second authenticating feature, the second authenticating feature is visually inspected, and no Effects of the first authenticating feature of a first receiving apparatus.
36.根据权利要求35所述的方法,其中第二鉴别特征是机器和视觉可检验的。 36. The method according to claim 35, wherein the second authenticating feature is visually verifiable and machine.
37.根据权利要求35所述的方法,其中第二鉴别特征不被第一鉴别特征的第一装置放大。 37. The method according to claim 35, wherein the second authenticating feature is not amplified in a first of the first device authenticating feature.
38.根据权利要求35所述的方法,其特征在于第一和第二鉴别特征布置成产生视觉可见的2D/3D效果的方式。 38. The method according to claim 35, characterized in that the first and second arrangement of the identifying characteristics of 2D / 3D effect is to produce a visually observable.
39.根据权利要求35所述的方法,其特征在于所述微观结构包含模压微结构。 39. The method according to claim 35, wherein said microstructure comprises microstructured molding.
40.根据权利要求39所述的方法,其特征在于所述模压微结构被模压在彩色模压漆中。 40. The method according to claim 39, wherein said molded structure is molded microstructure paint color molding.
41.根据权利要求40所述的方法,其特征在于在第一步中,彩色漆被施加于载体衬底, 而在第二步中,彩色漆利用模压模具以产生不同轮廓高度或轮廓深度的区域的方式被模压。 41. The method according to claim 40, characterized in that in a first step, a color paint is applied to the carrier substrate, and in a second step, the paint color using the press die to produce a different profile height or profile depth of a region to be molded.
42.根据权利要求40所述的方法,其特征在于模压微结构设有不透明的涂层。 42. The method according to claim 40, characterized in that the embossed structure is provided with an opaque coating microstructure.
43.根据权利要求35所述的方法,其特征在于微观结构包括覆盖有反射层的模压微结构,字符、图案或编码形式的孔被引入所述反射层中,或者所述反射层被开发成字符、图案或编码的形式。 43. The method according to claim 35, characterized in that the microstructure comprises a reflective layer is covered with a molded microstructure, characters, patterns, or coded form is introduced into a hole in the reflective layer, or the reflective layer to be developed character, pattern or encoded form.
44.根据权利要求43所述的方法,其特征在于所述反射层由金属层形成。 44. The method according to claim 43, wherein said reflective layer is a metal layer is formed.
45.根据权利要求35所述的方法,其特征在于间隔层和/或粘合层设置在第一装置的聚焦元件和第二装置的微观结构之间。 45. The method according to claim 35, wherein the spacer layer and / or adhesive layer is disposed between the microstructure and the focusing elements of the first means to the second means.
46. 一种用于制造安全文件或有价文件的安全纸件,所述安全纸件装备有如权利要求1至34中任一项所述的安全元件。 46. ​​A method for manufacturing a security document or value document has a security paper, said security paper of equipment like security element according to any one of claims 1 to claim 34.
47.根据权利要求46所述的安全纸件,其特征在于所述安全纸件包含由纸或塑料制成的载体材料。 47. A security paper according to claim 46, characterized in that the security paper comprises a carrier material made of paper or plastic.
48. 一种有价物品,具有根据权利要求1至34中任一项所述的安全元件。 48. A valuable article, having 1 to 34 the security element according to any of the claims.
49.根据权利要求48所述的有价物品,其特征在于所述安全元件布置在有价物品的窗口区域中。 49. The article according to claim 48 of value, characterized in that the security element is disposed in a window area of ​​the valuable article.
CN2006800050663A 2005-02-18 2006-02-10 Security element and method for the production thereof CN101120139B (en)

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DE102005028162.1 2005-06-17
DE102005028162A DE102005028162A1 (en) 2005-02-18 2005-06-17 Security element for protecting valuable objects, e.g. documents, includes focusing components for enlarging views of microscopic structures as one of two authenication features
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