CN101111646A - Building structure - Google Patents

Building structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101111646A
CN101111646A CNA2006800038801A CN200680003880A CN101111646A CN 101111646 A CN101111646 A CN 101111646A CN A2006800038801 A CNA2006800038801 A CN A2006800038801A CN 200680003880 A CN200680003880 A CN 200680003880A CN 101111646 A CN101111646 A CN 101111646A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
pipe support
hexagonal
plate
unit
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2006800038801A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN100585104C (en
Inventor
竹嶋一郎
鸭下勉
Original Assignee
积水化学工业株式会社
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Family has litigation
Priority to JP310359/2005 priority Critical
Priority to JP2005310359A priority patent/JP3811708B1/en
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Publication of CN101111646A publication Critical patent/CN101111646A/en
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Publication of CN100585104C publication Critical patent/CN100585104C/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/34Extraordinary structures, e.g. with suspended or cantilever parts supported by masts or tower-like structures enclosing elevators or stairs; Features relating to the elastic stability
    • E04B1/3404Extraordinary structures, e.g. with suspended or cantilever parts supported by masts or tower-like structures enclosing elevators or stairs; Features relating to the elastic stability supported by masts or tower-like structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B2001/0053Buildings characterised by their shape or layout grid

Abstract

To provide a building structure with a tube frame formed of a novel basic structure capable of securing excellent structural stability and quake-resistance in buildings, particularly, high rises and skyscrapers, and realizing the larger degree of freedom of design than that of a conventional building structure with a tube frame. [MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS] This building structure includes the outer peripheral tube frame having a main frame formed by rigidly joining hexagonal structural units to each other in a honeycomb shape. The hexagonal structural unit includes columns and a part of a beam or a slab. Specifically, in the hexagonal structural unit, two sides, each of which is formed by connecting, to each other, two tilted columns tilted reverse to each other in the vertical direction, are disposed symmetrical bilaterally, and either of a part of the beam or a part of the slab is disposed on the upper side and the lower side of the unit along the horizontal direction.

Description

Building structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to building structure, more specifically, relate to building structure with tubular structure or cage construction.
Background technology
Traditionally, framework (rahmen framc) (rigid mount) is the famous high level or the building structure of super-high building structure.Described framework is made up of post that connects into three-dimensional lattice shape and beam.Yet because in the middle of all posts beam is installed all, the shortcoming of said frame is to have limited indoor design to a great extent.On the contrary, pipe support (tube frame) is made up of the beam of post that continuously is installed in architecture enclosing and joint pin.Pipe support can obtain a space that does not wherein have post or beam.Therefore, its advantage is to design very freedom.In addition, whole buildings form in tubular structure, so it is antiseismic and ability Wind-Pressure Resistance is stronger.
In patent documentation 1, central authorities have been formed for being that the peripheral pipe support of residential community (outer peripheraltube frame), this peripheral tube shelf structure are the general framework that has the peripheral post that is located at the periphery, residential community and be located at the quadrangle lattice shape of the perimeter beams between the described post around general regions, the outside.In general regions, formed interior bustle pipe frame, in this bustle pipe shelf structure by interior enclose post and be in the built in beam that encloses between the post in described form.This referenced patent 1 discloses the double pipe structure with peripheral pipe support and interior bustle pipe frame.
Patent documentation 2 also discloses the double pipe structure with peripheral pipe support and interior bustle pipe frame.Described peripheral pipe support and interior bustle pipe frame are general framework.
Patent documentation 3 discloses a kind of building with peripheral pipe support, and described peripheral tube sets up by the lattice intersection of support with the general framework of being made up of the beam of vertical post and level.Be provided with flat diaphragm to guarantee its resistance and firm performance, as traditional framework in described peripheral frame inside.
Traditionally, continuously connect and the honeycomb structure that forms is acknowledged as firm structure by hexagonal grid.Honeycomb structure is applied to the diverse location (as patent documentation 4 and 5 etc. are disclosed) of building and building structure material (structural units of building is as crossbeam or wall etc.).For example patent documentation 6 discloses in being applied to the structure of pipe support, has formed honeycomb structure by connect hexagonal cells continuously in horizontal plane.Known as above-mentioned honeycomb structure piles up on vertical direction by right cylinder (stud) and forms.
List of references 1 discloses a kind of the have building of the honeycomb steel structure material of being located on the curved surface top layer and the load-bearing pillar in the building.In the honeycomb steel structure material on described lth layer, having identical shaped hexagonal grid is not impartial evenly the connection.Every limit of grid is not general linear structure material (post, beam etc.).
Patent documentation 1: uncensored Japanese patent application: No.2002-317565;
Patent documentation 2: uncensored Japanese patent application: No.2004-251056;
Patent documentation 3: uncensored Japanese patent application: No.H07-197535;
Patent documentation 4: uncensored Japanese patent application: No.H09-4130;
Patent documentation 5: uncensored Japanese patent application: No.H10-18431;
Patent documentation 6: uncensored Japanese patent application: No.H09-60301;
List of references 1: " Imagining Ground Zero " (the 137th page) Suzanne Stephens work, Hiroko Shimoyama translates, and on December 1st, 2004 was published by Eknowledge.
The general framework that the basic structure of tradition pipe support has the quadrangle grid to be connected with each other in being.The quadrangle grid is made up of the beam of vertical post (right cylinder) and level.In order to ensure the structural stability and the shock resistance of high level or super high rise building, it is not enough having only a peripheral pipe support.Therefore be provided with interior pipe support, the post of peripheral pipe support and/or interior pipe support is by the above configuration of certain density.With plate or specific beam peripheral pipe support and interior pipe support are coupled together.In addition, peripheral pipe support internal junction has been closed sub-frame.Continual being connected to each other of a plurality of peripheral pipe supports.In most of the cases, aforesaid various structural limitations is necessary.For example, it is necessary being at least double-deck pipe support in patent documentation 1 and 2, and it is necessary in patent documentation 3, being located at (peripheral frame) inner tabular diaphragm of horizontal.
When as the general framework of forming by right cylinder and horizontal beam of pipe support essential structure as building unit, be applied to high-rise building, in the time of particularly on the super high rise building,, must be limited various factors in order to ensure the intensity of building.Therefore, the degree of freedom of design has been reduced, and the degree of freedom advantage of pipe support just.
When honeycomb structure was applied to pipe support, this honeycomb structure was arranged on the horizontal plane, piled up by the right cylinder on the vertical to form, as disclosed in the patent documentation 6.As general framework, described right cylinder is bearing the weight on the vertical.In list of references 1, honeycomb steel structure material is located on the surface course; Yet, must load-bearing pillar be set in inside, only surface course can not bear all wt.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of building structure, this building structure comprises the pipe support with novel basic structure, and the basic structure of the novelty of this pipe support is different from the basic structure of traditional pipe support.The objective of the invention is by in the building structure of high-rise and super high rise building, adopting unique peripheral pipe support to guarantee the steadiness and the shock resistance of this building structure.The steadiness of building structure of the present invention and shock resistance are better than those traditional building structures.In addition, the present invention also aims to obtain the design freedom higher than traditional pipe support tectosome.
As an embodiment of the invention, building structure of the present invention comprises the peripheral pipe support as main frame, in described main frame, every the limit of hexagonal structure unit with six limits is all common with adjacent cells, and described every limit all is rigidly connected with honey comb like adjacent cells; Wherein,
The bilateral symmetry of described hexagonal structure unit, two limits being made up of two batter posts of inclined in opposite directions are joined together, and the part of all beams or plate respectively along continuous straight runs be arranged on bottom and upper segment.
As another embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises a plurality of plates as main frame, and the spacing between described a plurality of plates equates that described spacing equals the height of hexagonal structure unit.
As another embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises sub-frame, and the space in this sub-frame between plate and the plate is split into four layers.
As the 4th kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises a plurality of plates as main frame, and described plate equates with spacing between the plate, described spacing be the hexagonal structure unit height 1/2nd.
As the 5th kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises sub-frame, and the space in this sub-frame between plate and the plate is split into two-layer.
As the 6th kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises:
-one part has a plurality of plates as main frame, and described plate equates that with spacing between the plate described spacing equals the height of hexagonal structure unit;
-one part has a plurality of plates as main frame, and described plate equates with spacing between the plate, described spacing be the hexagonal structure unit height 1/2nd.
As the 7th kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises that at least one places inner post, and it stands on the vertical in the peripheral pipe support as main frame.
As the 8th kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises that at least one inner frame is as main frame, wherein: the second hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected into honeycomb in the peripheral tube frame.
As the 9th kind of embodiment of the present invention, in the building structure of the present invention the height of the second hexagonal structure unit be described peripheral pipe support the hexagonal structure cell height 1/2nd.
As the of the present invention ten kind of embodiment, the plate or the beam that are used as main frame in the building structure of the present invention connect peripheral pipe support and interior pipe support.
As the 11 kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises the plate as main frame that is located at interior pipe support inside.
As the 12 kind of embodiment of the present invention, the inside of interior pipe support is empty in the building structure of the present invention.
As the 13 kind of embodiment of the present invention, when the plate that is provided with as main frame, described plate is dull and stereotyped or the plate of band beam in the building structure of the present invention.
As the 14 kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises a dome shape part, has inserted a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit in this part, at the top of peripheral tube frame.
As the 15 kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises the wide change part of pipe, a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit be inserted in described peripheral pipe support axially on a part; Wherein, the width of peripheral pipe support is narrow than the place, bottom at the wide place, top that changes part of pipe.
As the 16 kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention is the extential form building structure that comprises a plurality of building structures, wherein the hexagonal structure unit of each peripheral pipe support part is that two adjacent building structures are common, and two adjacent building structures are connected with each other.
As the 17 kind of embodiment of the present invention, described extential form building structure comprises a plurality of building structures, and wherein each building structure separates each other, and links together by beam or as the plate of main frame.
As the 18 kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention comprises peripheral pipe support two inclinations, that be connected to " X " shape or " ∧ " shape, and each of the peripheral pipe support of wherein said two inclinations all is rigidly connected by honey comb like hexagonal structure unit and forms main frame.
As the 19 kind of embodiment of the present invention, building structure of the present invention is equipped with the interior pipe support as the inclination of main frame in each inside of the peripheral frame of two inclinations, the second hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected into honeycomb in the pipe support in this.
More than be not described to institute of the present invention about general introduction of the present invention might feature, so the present invention also may be the further combination of these features described above.
Description of drawings
Figure 1A is the outward appearance phantom drawing of an embodiment of building structure of the present invention;
Figure 1B is the partial enlarged drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 1 C is the vertical view of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 2 A is the structure comparative result exploded view of building structure of the present invention and traditional architecture tectosome;
Fig. 2 B is the deformation comparative result exploded view of building structure of the present invention and traditional architecture tectosome;
Fig. 2 C is the comparative result exploded view that relates to the structure material of deformation in building structure of the present invention and the traditional architecture tectosome;
Fig. 2 D is the comparative result exploded view of the horizontal load stress of building structure of the present invention and traditional architecture tectosome;
Fig. 3 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 4 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 5 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 6 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 7 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 8 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 9 be one within it portion be provided with the outward appearance phantom drawing of the example of post;
Figure 10 is an outward appearance phantom drawing with example of interior pipe support;
Figure 11 is the outward appearance phantom drawing of the example of pipe support in being provided with in building structure of the present invention;
Figure 12 is an outward appearance phantom drawing with example of interior pipe support;
Figure 13 is an outward appearance phantom drawing with example of interior pipe support;
Figure 14 is an outward appearance phantom drawing with example of interior pipe support;
Figure 15 is an outward appearance phantom drawing with example of interior pipe support;
Figure 16 is an outward appearance phantom drawing with example of interior pipe support;
Figure 17 is the outward appearance phantom drawing that has the example of dome shape part at its top;
Figure 18 is provided with the wide outward appearance phantom drawing that changes the example of part of pipe on the part of peripheral frame;
Figure 19 is an outward appearance phantom drawing of showing extential form building structure example, and this extential form building structure comprises the building structure of the peripheral pipe support in a plurality of Figure 1A of having~18;
Figure 20 A is the outward appearance phantom drawing with building structure of two peripheral pipe supports of the inclination that is linked to be " X " shape;
Figure 20 B is that described inclination peripheral tube bridge joint closes the concise and to the point cross-sectional view that is on the horizontal direction;
Figure 21 is provided in a side of the exploded view of the sub-frame in building structure shown in Figure 1A to 20 or the extential form building structure.
The specific embodiment
To be that the present invention is described on the basis below with the preferred embodiment, this description mean that and limits the scope of the invention, and just the present invention carried out illustration.All technical characterictics of Miao Shuing and combination thereof are not necessary fundamentals of the present invention in these embodiments.
Figure 1A has showed an embodiment of building structure of the present invention to 1C, and Figure 1A is the outward appearance phantom drawing, and Figure 1B is a partial enlarged drawing, and Fig. 1 C is a vertical view.
Figure 1A is peripheral pipe support 1, is the main frame of building structure.Described peripheral pipe support 1 has a tube (cylinder), i.e. tubulose.The tube of this tubulose forms by honey comb like hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected.Described hexagonal structure unit comprises six limits.The axis of described socket extends on vertical.Described main frame is the major part of tectosome and based on the major part of necessity of structure reactance.Every limit of hexagonal structure unit all is the structural member of described main frame.This element is a post, beam, or the part of the part of plate.In illustrated example, all limits of hexagonal structure unit are formed by post and beam.In illustrated example, described tube is the tube that the angle is arranged.But this tube also can be a cylinder.
Building structure of the present invention is made of the hexagonal structure unit substantially, and wherein whole peripheral pipe supports 1 all are connected to honeycomb.Within the scope of the invention or in the scope that allows of structural mechanics, which kind of method that don't work, scope of the present invention comprise the possessive construction body that the structure except that the hexagonal structure unit is attached to a part of peripheral pipe support 1.
Figure 1B is the enlarged drawing of a part of peripheral tube frame 1 among Figure 1A.Hexagonal structure unit 10 is arranged among the figure, and the structure material that constitutes main frame is respectively bottom 11, top 12, left lower side 13, upper left limit 14, limit, bottom right 15, and top right-hand side 16 on six limits.Hexagonal grid is formed by connecting by each structure material.In addition, the hexagonal structure unit that is surrounded with six same shapes on every side of a hexagonal structure unit 10.It is common that every batten is the hexagonal structure unit adjacent with this limit./ 2nd of a height of described hexagonal structure unit changes between a row and b row; A is listed as by a plurality of hexagonal structure unit that link to each other along vertical G and forms, and b is listed in the next door of the row of being made up of a plurality of hexagonal structure unit that link to each other along vertical G.A row and b are listed as along the periphery of socket and are arranged alternately.
Described hexagonal structure unit 10 has the shape of limit, left and right sides symmetry, two batter posts are along vertical G inclined in opposite directions, the right is made up of limit, bottom right 15 and top right-hand side 16, limit 15, described bottom right links to each other with top right-hand side 16 and is positioned at hexagonal structure unit 10, this limit, bottom right 15 and top right-hand side 16 are two batter posts, limit, bottom right 15 is relatively along vertical G tilt alpha angle, and top right-hand side 16 is relatively along vertical G also tilt alpha angle.The left side is made up of left lower side 13 and upper left limit 14, and this left lower side 13 and upper left limit 14 are similar to limit, bottom right 15 and top right-hand side 16 tilts.
In the example shown in Fig. 1 C, the flat shape of peripheral pipe support 1 almost is a quadrangle.The face that is positioned at four jiaos of hexagonal structure unit 10 of locating of described flat shape is towards tetragonal summit.Therefore, four of described flat shape jiaos is jagged.The flat shape of described peripheral pipe support 1 can be circular or any polygon.Equally, described flat shape also can be the shape that comprises recess.
In an example, hexagonal structure unit 10 can be made up of post and beam.Left lower side 13, upper left limit 14, limit, bottom right 15, and top right-hand side 16, these limits are foregoing batter post.Bottom 11 and top 12 are beam or are the part of plate.Between each post, between post and the beam, between the part of post and plate, be and be rigidly connected.Between each post, between the part of post and plate, also available known alternate manner connects.
Bottom 11 and top 12 can be beam, also can be the part of plate; Perhaps one of them is a beam, and another is the part of plate.The part of described plate, for example end portion of plate (referring to following Fig. 4).When described plate from described peripheral pipe support 1 as cantilever when outstanding, the part of described plate then is the root of described ledge.
Plate as main frame can be flat board or the plate that has beam.An embodiment that will address below comes to this.Consider unconfined free space, preferred dull and stereotyped rather than have a plate of beam.
The size of hexagonal structure unit 10 can have multiple setting means.For example, the height of hexagonal structure unit 10 can be designed to the height of building one deck, two-layer or four floors, and therefore, this element of construction has free this more superior performance of spatial altitude.Described hexagonal structure unit 10 is the hexagon of rule not necessarily; Wherein be positioned at the four edges equal in length of the right and left, two edge lengths equate up and down.
Fig. 2 A~2D is the comparative result exploded view of building structure of the present invention and traditional architecture tectosome.Shown in Fig. 2 A and Fig. 2 B, will the architectural feature of building structure of the present invention be described below.Figure 1A has showed the building structure of the present invention with peripheral pipe support.Fig. 2 A has showed the structure comparative result of building structure of the present invention and traditional architecture tectosome; Fig. 2 B has showed building structure of the present invention and the traditional architecture tectosome deformation comparative result under horizontal load; Fig. 2 C has showed the comparative result that relates to the structure material of deformation in building structure of the present invention and the traditional architecture tectosome; Fig. 2 D has showed the comparative result of the horizontal load stress of building structure of the present invention and traditional architecture tectosome.
In general, the pipe support structure is highly firm.The outside of described pipe support structure partial equilibrium be provided with a large amount of post (part of beam or plate for tilt).The shock resistance and the resisting wind press capacity of described pipe support are superior.Building structure of the present invention not only has the feature of traditional pipe support, and has following effect, that is: all posts are batter post, and described batter post continuously connects on above-below direction.Therefore, described pipe support can bear the load on the vertical for a long time, also can bear the external force load on the horizontal direction simultaneously at short notice effectively.That is to say that described batter post has played pillar (pillar) simultaneously and braced the effect of band (brace).
In the peripheral pipe support that the hexagonal structure unit is formed, by load cause act on post and the beam (or part of plate) moment flexural stress than acting on little in traditional general framework of forming by right cylinder and horizontal beam under the kindred circumstances.
Fig. 2 A (A) is the structural model (hexagon form pipe support) of peripheral pipe support of the present invention, and in described peripheral pipe support, the hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected into honeycomb.Fig. 2 A (B) is the general framework model, i.e. " straight column type pipe support (studtube frame) ", and described general framework is made of right cylinder and horizontal beam.The following term harmonization of hexagon form pipe support and straight column type pipe support among the figure: the flat shape of overall structure model (peripheral girth 52.3m), planar dimension (area 193.1m 2), and height (6m * 5 layer=30m).The number of hits of two kinds of model center pillars and beam is also identical.Shown in Fig. 2 A, the post in all straight column type pipe supports all is tilted in hexagon form pipe support.
As first structural analysis, Fig. 2 B at first compares the post in RC-500mm * 500mm yardstick in above-mentioned two kinds of pipe supports and the deformation situation of beam.Specifically, apply horizontal force exactly on two kinds of pipe supports and analyze its deformation, this is necessary in structure design first.Analysis result data is shown in Fig. 2 B, and the largest deformation of straight column type pipe support (B) is 50mm, and the largest deformation of hexagon form pipe support (A) is 34mm.Therefore, the deformation quantity of described hexagon form pipe support is less than the deformation quantity of described right cylinder structure pipe support, and hexagon form pipe support is firmer than straight column type pipe support.
As second structural analysis, Fig. 2 C has compared deformation angle at two kinds of pipe supports and has been all under 1/250 the situation sectional dimension of post and beam structural material.Its result is shown in Fig. 2 C below: the size of all posts of straight column type pipe support (B) and beam is RC-550mm * 550mm, and by comparison, all posts and the beam of hexagon form pipe support (A) are of a size of RC-500mm * 500mm.Therefore, under the situation that structural strength equates, the post of hexagon form pipe support and the sectional dimension of beam are less than the straight column type pipe support, and the tectosome cumulative volume of hexagon form pipe support is compared and can be dwindled with the straight column type pipe support.
As the 3rd structural analysis, Fig. 2 D has compared the stress value in the straight column type pipe support and hexagon form pipe support under the same case.Fig. 2 D has showed the every post on every kind of pipe support right side and the moment of flexure of every beam.The typical data of representing with instant value is shown in the right lower quadrant of every figure.Analysis result is: the post of straight column type pipe support (B) is 277kNm, and beam is 393kNm; By comparison, the post of hexagon form pipe support (A) is 190kNm, and beam is 365 kNm.Therefore, the post of hexagon form pipe support and the moment of flexure on the beam and stress are less; Hexagon form element of construction can be made up of littler structure material, thereby the cumulative volume of tectosome is dwindled.
From above analysis result as can be known, firmer by being rigidly connected into the peripheral tube frame tectosome of forming honey comb like hexagonal structure unit than the pipe support tectosome of the general framework of forming by right cylinder and horizontal beam.And the shock resistance and the resisting wind press capacity of described peripheral pipe support are more superior.Under the suitable situation of intensity, have further by the cumulative volume of the pipe support tectosome of the comparable general framework of cumulative volume that is rigidly connected into the peripheral tube frame tectosome of forming honey comb like hexagonal structure unit and to dwindle.Therefore, the former can save material and resource, and then saves cost.
Building structure of the present invention can be built with multiple constructional materials, and that multiple constructional materials comprises is wooden, gagger system, RC system, SRC system, CET system, reinforcing bar are mixed native prepared material etc.
Fig. 3 to 21 has showed a plurality of embodiment of building structure of the present invention, below will be described these embodiment.
Be similar to shown in Figure 1A, the building structure among Fig. 3 has the peripheral pipe support of being made up of post and beam 1.Be provided with a plurality of plate 21a and 21b in this periphery pipe support 1 inside.In the hexagonal structure unit of a row that are connected on vertical, described plate 21a links to each other with the beam 11a at last following place separately.On the other hand, in the hexagonal structure unit in the b row adjacent with a row, described 21b links to each other with the beam 11b at last following place separately.Therefore, the spacing on vertical is 1/2nd of a hexagonal structure cell height between plate 21a in a row and the plate 21b in the b row.
In Fig. 3, have on the flat shape of the plate 21a that is connected with the beam 11a of hexagonal structure unit in a row recessed so that its rear is pointed on the plane, place of the end 21a2 of plate 21a hexagonal structure unit from the b row.Also have on the flat shape of the plate 21b that is connected with the beam 11b of hexagonal structure unit in the b row recessed so that its rear is pointed on the plane, place of the end 21b2 of plate 21b hexagonal structure unit from a row.
Building structure among Fig. 4 has the peripheral pipe support 2 that the part by post and plate constitutes.In this embodiment, the bottom of going up that is connected to each other to the hexagonal structure unit of a row on the vertical locates not have beam; The end 21a1 of built-in plate 21a links to each other with the end of the batter post of the left and right sides, thereby (end 21a1) constitutes the bottom and upper segment of hexagonal structure unit.On the other hand, the following place of going up of the hexagonal structure unit of the b row that (with a row) is adjacent does not have beam yet; The end 21b1 of built-in plate 21b links to each other with the end of the batter post of the left and right sides, thereby (end 21b1) constitutes the bottom and upper segment of hexagonal structure unit.Plate 21b in plate 21a in a row and the b row is arranged in a crossed manner, thereby makes that the spacing on vertical is 1/2nd of hexagonal structure cell height just between plate and the plate.
In Fig. 4, have on the flat shape of the plate 21a that links to each other with hexagonal structure unit in a row recessed so that its rear is pointed on the plane, place of the end 21a2 of plate 21a hexagonal structure unit from b is listed as.Also have on the flat shape of the plate 21b that links to each other with hexagonal structure unit in the b row recessed so that its rear is pointed on the plane, place of the end 21b2 of plate 21b hexagonal structure unit from a is listed as.
Building structure among Fig. 5 has peripheral pipe support 1, is provided with a plurality of plate 21a in the inside of this periphery pipe support 1.Be connected to each other on vertical in the hexagonal structure unit of a row, plate 21a is connected with beam 11a at last following place.On the other hand, in the hexagonal structure unit of the b row adjacent with a row, described plate does not link to each other with the beam 11b at last following place.
Therefore, the height H of (in the embodiment of Fig. 5) hexagonal structure unit is the spacing between the described plate 21a.For example, if the spacing between the described plate 21a is four floor height, so just can adopt sub-frame described later is four layers with the space segmentation between the described plate 21a.Every plate 21a is designed to cover the individual cross section of described peripheral pipe support among Fig. 5.
Be similar to shown in Figure 1A, the building structure among Fig. 6 has the peripheral pipe support 1 that is made of post and beam, is provided with a plurality of plate 21a and 21b in the inside of described peripheral pipe support 1.In the hexagonal structure unit of a row that are connected on vertical, described plate 21a links to each other with the beam 11a at last following place.On the other hand, in the hexagonal structure unit in the b row adjacent with a row, described 21b links to each other with the beam 11b at last following place.Therefore, the spacing between described plate 21a and the plate 21b is 1/2nd of hexagonal structure cell height H.If the spacing between described plate 21a and the plate 21b is two floor height, can adopt sub-frame described later so is two layers with the space segmentation between described plate 21a and the plate 21b.Plate 21a among Fig. 6 and plate 21b are designed to cover the entire cross section of described peripheral pipe support.
Be similar to shown in Figure 1A, the building structure among Fig. 7 has the peripheral pipe support 1 that is made of post and beam, is provided with a plurality of plate 21a and 21b in the inside of described peripheral pipe support 1.In the hexagonal structure unit of the a1 row that are connected on vertical, described plate 21a links to each other with the beam 11a at last following place.On the other hand, in the hexagonal structure unit in (with the a1 row) adjacent b1 row, described 21b links to each other with the beam 11b at last following place.Therefore, the spacing between described plate 21a and the plate 21b is 1/2nd of hexagonal structure cell height H.
Among Fig. 7, suitably have groove on the flat shape of the plate 21a that links to each other with the beam 11a of hexagonal structure unit in the a1 row, so that its end 21a2 points to its rear from the plane, place of the b1 row hexagonal structure unit in left side.On the other hand, the end 21a3 of plate 21a is positioned on the plane, place of b2 row hexagonal structure unit on right side.Also suitably have groove on the flat shape of the plate 21b that links to each other with the beam 11b of hexagonal structure unit in the b1 row, so that its end 21b2 points to its rear from the plane, place of the a1 row hexagonal structure unit on right side.On the plane, place of the a2 row hexagonal structure unit on the left of on the other hand, the end 21b3 of plate 21b is positioned at.
When the flat shape of described plate 21a and plate 21b as previously mentioned the time, on the plane, place of a1 row hexagonal structure unit, in the interval between plate and the plate, the part of the high H in hexagonal structure unit and the part of high 1/2H occur alternately.
The flat shape of every block of plate such as Fig. 3 are to shown in Figure 7 among each embodiment.The top or the following edges of boards that itself are used as the hexagonal structure unit can not be removed, and this is because described edges of boards are parts of main frame.But, the flat shape of (plate) other parts can be the arbitrary shape in the structural mechanics allowed band.
Building structure among Fig. 8 is provided with a plurality of inner props 6, and these inner props 6 extend on the vertical of peripheral tube frame 1 inside.Described inner prop 6 is composed components of main frame.The quantity of described inner prop 6 can be one or more and does not limit, but in the time of many, the quantity of described inner prop 6 preferably can make the centrosymmetric quantity of these inner props 6 with respect to peripheral pipe support 1.Except being provided with of inner prop 6, the building structure of Fig. 8 and the building structure of Fig. 5 are identical.Described inner prop 6 runs through every plate 21a and supports every plate 21a.Spacing between the plate 21a equals the height of hexagonal structure unit.
Building structure among Fig. 9 is the tectosome that another inside at peripheral tube frame 1 is provided with many inner props 6.Except being provided with of inner prop 6, the building structure of Fig. 9 and the building structure of Fig. 6 are identical, and the spacing between the plate 21a equals 1/2nd of hexagonal structure cell height.
The building structure of Figure 10 comprises the interior pipe support 3 as main frame, and the second hexagonal structure unit 30 is rigidly connected into honeycomb in the pipe support 3 in this.The described second hexagonal structure unit 30 also has makes the both sides of every equal (with respect to another root) inclined in opposite directions in two batter posts, the design on described both sides make (the second hexagonal structure unit 30) bilateral symmetry.Bottom and upper segment on the described second hexagonal structure unit 30 along continuous straight runs is respectively equipped with the part of beam arbitrarily or plate.Between post and the post, between post and the beam, between the part of post and plate, be and be rigidly connected, rigidly connected mode can be known variety of way.
The second hexagonal structure unit 30 needn't be identical with the first hexagonal structure unit or the similar structures that constitute peripheral pipe support 1.But preferably the height of this second hexagonal structure unit 30 is lower than the height of the described first hexagonal structure unit, and in the example of Figure 10, the former is the latter's 1/2nd.In addition, the length that is shorter in length than bottom on the first hexagonal structure unit of bottom on the preferred second hexagonal structure unit 30; The length that is shorter in length than every limit, the first hexagonal structure unit on 30 every limits, the preferred second hexagonal structure unit.Therefore, described (the second hexagonal structure unit 30 is formed), structure was very firm, and preferably this structure is the core of supporting building structure.During pipe support 3, the load that (peripheral pipe support) shared has been adjusted in being provided with, and therefore the length of post and beam can be shorter than the post when having only peripheral pipe support 1 to support building structure and the length of beam in this case.The described second hexagonal structure unit 30 needs not to be the hexagon of rule, but the equal in length of left and right sides four edges, the equal in length on two limits up and down.
Pipe support 3 inside can be provided as the plate of main frame in described, thereby make tectosome become firmer.The inside of pipe support 3 is empty in described, therefore can be provided with between elevator, shared device pipe arrangement therein, stair, ventilation fan or similar facility.Can in described, the indoor design of pipe support 3 no matter whether be the structure of the composed component of main frame, these structures can be designed to can with the other main frame load sharing of described peripheral pipe support 1.
Pipe support 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d in the inside of the peripheral pipe support 1 of building structure is provided with among Figure 11.These four interior pipe supports are located at (peripheral pipe support 1) respectively thereby four jiaos of centers with respect to peripheral pipe support 1 are centrosymmetric.Pipe support all penetrates a plurality of plates 21 in the peripheral pipe support 1 in each; Spacing between these a plurality of plates equals the height H of the hexagonal structure unit of described peripheral pipe support.
The building structure of Figure 12 is pipe support 3 in the center of peripheral tube frame 1 is provided with, and the building structure of Figure 12 is a plurality of plates 21 are set in the building structure of Figure 10 again, and described interior pipe support 3 penetrates described a plurality of plate 21; Spacing between these a plurality of plates 21 equals the height H of the hexagonal structure unit of described peripheral pipe support.
The building structure of Figure 13 is pipe support 3 in the center of peripheral tube frame 1 is provided with, and the building structure of Figure 13 is a plurality of plates 21 are set in the building structure of Figure 10 again, and described interior pipe support 3 penetrates described a plurality of plate 21; Spacing between these a plurality of plates 21 equal described peripheral pipe support the hexagonal structure unit height H 1/2nd.
Figure 14 and building structure pipe support 3 in the center of peripheral tube frame 1 is provided with of 15 are provided with plate in peripheral tube frame 1, the shape of this plate changes.
The building structure of Figure 16 is pipe support 3 in the center of peripheral tube frame 1 is provided with, and in Figure 16, the outer end 21a1 of plate 21a links to each other with the beam 11a of peripheral pipe support 1; On the other hand, the inner end 21a4 of plate 21a links to each other with the post of the second hexagonal structure unit of interior pipe support 3, thereby constitutes the bottom of the described second hexagonal structure unit.In Figure 16, described peripheral pipe support 1 is formed by connecting by plate 21a with interior pipe support 3 and is one.
In a further advantageous embodiment, described peripheral pipe support can by as the beam of main frame with described in the pipe support (not shown) that link to each other.
In another preferred embodiment, the plate that links to each other with described peripheral pipe support can be arranged in a crossed manner with described interior pipe support.(not shown).
In the building structure of Figure 17, inserted a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit 40 at the top of peripheral tube frame 1, thereby formed a cheese part 4, this cheese part 4 makes the top closure of pipe support.In Figure 17, each of pipe support periphery lists and all is inserted with described pentagonal configuration unit 40.As shown in figure 17, by suitably inserting the top closure that the pentagonal configuration unit can make pipe support; No matter the flat shape of described peripheral pipe support 1 be circle or circular beyond other shape (as polygon etc.), the top of described pipe support all can be closed.
In the building structure of Figure 18, the part on peripheral tube frame 1 direction of principal axis is inserted with a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit 50, thereby makes this building structure have a little wide change part 5 of pipe of pipe reductions.In Figure 18, on above-below direction, the summit of per two pentagonal configuration unit 50 is bonded together.The bonding part on described summit is inserted in along in each row of pipe support peripheral direction.When (described pipe support) flat shape is circle, described pipe is wide to be (circular) diameter.When flat shape is other shape (polygon etc.) beyond circular, described Guan Kuanwei average diameter or extension width etc.The pipe width on the wide change part of described pipe top is in its underpart.This building structure is comparatively superior when the upper strata load that reduces high level or super high rise building.Can the wide change part 5 of described pipe be set in a plurality of places on a peripheral pipe support is axial.
Figure 19 is an outward appearance phantom drawing of showing extential form building structure example, and this extential form building structure comprises the building structure of the peripheral pipe support in a plurality of Figure 1A of having~18.In Figure 19, four building structure 1a, 1b, 1c and 1d are set at four jiaos, separate each other.With a plurality of plates 24 as main frame with described four building structure 1a, 1b, 1c and 1d link together.In the present embodiment, single building structure is played the part of the role that described extential form building is constructed the pillar of body.Each building structure also can connect by beam.
As another preferred embodiment of the extential form building structure with the building structure in a plurality of Figure 1A~18, wherein each building structure is adjacent.Because described building structure is joined together, therefore the part of the hexagonal structure unit of the peripheral pipe support of each is both total (not shown)s in two adjacent architectural tectosomes.Described extential form building structure constitutes by connecting catenulate a plurality of building structures.
The building structure of Figure 20 A is provided with two peripheral pipe supports of inclination that are linked to be " X " shape, and linking together by the hexagonal structure unit 70 with two peripheral pipe support 7a of honey comb like inclination and 7b forms main frame.Figure 20 B is described two tilt peripheral pipe support 7a and 7b joint concise and to the point cross-sectional views in the horizontal direction.The axle of each tilt peripheral pipe support 7a and 7b is skewed and extends on vertical.The trend of the hexagonal structure unit of the peripheral pipe support in the trend of described hexagonal structure unit 70 and Figure 1A~18 is identical.Described hexagonal structure unit 70 is provided with by two that these two batter posts are along the plumb line inclined in opposite directions toward two limits that rightabouts tilt and the batter post that is joined together constitutes, and is designed to bilateral symmetry.The part of all beams or plate constitutes the upper and lower limit on described hexagonal structure unit 70 horizontal directions respectively.Between post and the post, between post and the beam, between the part of post and plate, be and be rigidly connected, rigidly connected mode can be known variety of way.
Except connecting into X-shaped, two peripheral pipe supports that tilt also can connect into Λ shape at the top.Contain two building structures that are connected to the peripheral pipe support of inclination of X-shaped or Λ shape and have remarkable antidetonation, resisting wind press capacity.
Building structure among Figure 20 A also comprises pipe support 8a and 8b in the inclinations that are in two peripheral pipe support 7a of inclination and the 7b, and pipe support 8a and 8b constitute main frame by its honey comb like second hexagonal structure unit 80 is rigidly connected in this inclination.The trend of each second hexagonal structure unit of pipe support is identical in the trend of the described second hexagonal structure unit 80 and Figure 11~16.That is to say that the described second hexagonal structure unit 80 has moving that the batter post that linked together by two velamens forms, these two batter posts are along the plumb line inclined in opposite directions, and are designed to bilateral symmetry.The part of all beams or plate constitutes the upper and lower limit of described hexagonal structure unit 80 respectively.Between post and the post, between post and the beam, between the part of post and plate, be and be rigidly connected, rigidly connected mode can be known variety of way.
In a preferred embodiment, tilt interior pipe support 8a and 8b not at the junction crossover of peripheral pipe support 7a and 7b that tilts; Pipe support 8a and 8b are adjacent or be separated in the described inclination, and when they were adjacent, pipe support 8a directly linked to each other with 8b in the described inclination; And when they were separated, pipe support 8a was connected by plate or beam as main frame with 8b in the described inclination.Described plate or beam as main frame can be arranged in the described inclination in the pipe support 8a and 8b.The inside of pipe support 8a and 8b is empty in the described inclination, therefore can be provided with therein between elevator, shared device pipe arrangement etc.
Figure 21 has simply showed a kind of sub-frame 25a that contains, the building structure of 25b and 25c, and described sub-frame is located at the inside of the peripheral pipe support or the peripheral pipe support of inclination of building structure shown in Figure 1A~20 or extential form building structure.Spacing between the plate 21 of main frame equals the height (shown in Figure 21 (A)) of hexagonal structure unit, and described distance between plates is equivalent to the height of building four floors; Therefore, the space between the plate 21a of main frame is by three plate 25a, and 25b and 25c are divided into four layers.
Shown in Figure 21 (B), plate 21 is located at the following place of going up of hexagonal structure unit.When the height of described hexagonal structure unit is four floors when high, three sub-frame 25a, all or part of of 25b and 25c is spaced, and also can be joined together.Accept the high spot 26a of described sub-frame, 26b and 26c are located at the batter post inboard of described hexagonal structure unit the right and left.
Shown in Figure 21 (C), the midpoint of hexagonal structure cell height is provided with the plate 21 of main frame, and when the height of described hexagonal structure unit is four floors when high, two sub-frame 25a and all or part of of 25c are spaced, and also can be joined together.
Sub-frame is to the part of the tectosome of divided each layer formation supporting structurally, but sub-frame not necessarily will have antidetonation and resisting wind press capacity, and therefore described sub-frame can suitably separate and be connected.By adopting sub-frame, realized height (design) degree of freedom in two and three dimensions space.
In having the building structure of basic structure of the present invention, the peripheral pipe support of main frame is rigidly connected by honey comb like hexagonal structure unit and forms; Described main frame constitutes the major part of building structure, and is the basic major part of the described tectosome of supporting.The shape of each hexagonal structure unit is the hexagonal grid shape, and when described hexagonal structure unit was rigidly connected into honeycomb, every limit of hexagonal grid was that to be adjacent grid common.The rigidly connected body of honeycomb is a tubulose, thereby is achieved extremely firm pipe support.Each hexagonal structure unit is by the structure material of main frame, as local the formation of post or plate.As mentioned above, in the peripheral pipe support that is made of the hexagonal structure unit of the present invention, beam (or part of plate) is discontinuous in the horizontal direction, and post constitutes by being the continuous batter post of zigzag, and these features are different from the pipe support of conventional frame fully.The outer peripheral face of the pipe support in the peripheral pipe support that is made of the hexagonal structure unit of the present invention is made of honeycomb structure, this feature is different from traditional hexagon pipe support, should on the conventional levels face, honey comb structure be set by (tradition) hexagon pipe support, and build by a right cylinder heap.
As the main frame of high level or super high rise building, in building structure of the present invention, unique peripheral pipe support can obtain the stability and the shock resistance of whole fabric structure; That is to say, not necessarily to be provided with two-tube, inner diaphragm, or the interior support post in the aforementioned conventional technology etc.; Thereby can reduce structure material volume, shorten the building time, and the inner space that gains freedom.The honeycomb syndeton of hexagonal cells is different with conventional art, but there is a feature identical with the syndeton of rigidly connected CNT, in described CNT structure, carbon atom is connected to honeycomb, the integral body of CNT is tubulose, CNT has high stability, especially when crooked or stretching.
In building structure of the present invention, pipe support all has great bearing capacity to the horizontal load in any orientation.Described pipe support in the peripheral pipe support that constitutes by the hexagonal structure unit all posts and beam (or part of plate) between keep balance stable connection.Therefore, load on the post of pipe support of the present invention and stress that beam (or part of plate) junction causes less than its caused described stress in the peripheral pipe support of general framework.This is because the part of flexural stress has been converted into the axial force of structure material (batter post, beam or the like) and has been propagated.The structure material of system such as general RC is very firm under pressure, and therefore, it is longer than and bears axial force.
Results of structural analysis shows, same horizontal load in the deformation that causes on the peripheral pipe support of forming by the hexagonal structure unit less than its deformation that on the conventional peripheral pipe support of forming by general framework, causes with right cylinder and horizontal beam.Described hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected into honeycomb of the present invention.Therefore, produce under the situation of identical deformation under horizontal load, peripheral pipe support of the present invention can use than post thinner in the conventional peripheral pipe support and beam; Its result can reduce the cumulative volume and the cost of tectosome.
Results of structural analysis also shows, the moment of flexure that horizontal load acts on every limit of (of the present invention) element of construction acts on moment of flexure on the peripheral pipe support that is made of the conventional frame with right cylinder and horizontal beam less than it.Thereby load has been reduced, and when producing same moment of flexure, (the present invention) can adopt post and the beam thinner than conventional peripheral pipe support; Its result also can reduce the cumulative volume and the cost of tectosome.
Be the continual connection of zigzag along per two batter posts on the vertical, the hexagonal structure unit two batter posts are each side arranged, these two batter posts are played the part of the role of pillar and bracing frame, bear the vertical load effectively for a long time.In addition, described two batter posts also bear the external loading of short-term, as the load of the horizontal direction except that the vertical direction.
All parts of the structure material in the front of the peripheral pipe support of formation the present invention are linear structure material, therefore opening can be set at an easy rate.
Basically, tectosome is made up of the hexagonal structure unit of a large amount of same shapes, so the size and shape of all posts and beam can unify to be one or more; Thereby can improve building structure, shorten the building time, reduce building costs.
Hexagonal structure of the present invention unit is by the default unified reinforced concrete structure as precast concrete that is; Thereby can improve building structure, shorten the building time, reduce building costs.
The described honeycomb structure of being made up of the hexagonal structure unit is used as peripheral pipe support, makes the building visual appearance.
A plurality of identical as the spacing between the plate of main frame, this spacing is equivalent to the height of described hexagonal structure unit.In another embodiment, the spacing between the described plate is 1/2nd of a described hexagonal structure cell height.By being set, described plate as main frame can strengthen whole building structure greatly; Thereby can reduce the load of peripheral pipe support.The post of described peripheral pipe support and the size of beam can suitably reduce.When other element of the main frame on being added to peripheral pipe support increases, can wait the regulating load rate by the design and the size of regulating used structure material.
In an embodiment of the present invention, can be provided with sub-frame in the building structure of the present invention, this sub-frame is divided into four layers with the space between plate and the plate, or two-layer.Described sub-frame also is the part of tectosome.Mainly, described sub-frame is used to support each layer, and needn't have shock resistance and anti-wind pressure.Therefore, described sub-frame can be connected any position between the plate of main frame, also can be separated any position between plate, thereby has high-freedom degree on the two and three dimensions space.
When the height of hexagonal structure unit is that four floors of building are when high, in fact per two floors just have been arranged alternately beam (because only 1/2nd cell height conversion once, the conversion of height is present between row that a plurality of hexagonal structures unit constitutes and the row adjacent with the row that constitute of this a plurality of hexagonal structures unit).Therefore, two-layer or four-level space can easily be set in main frame.
In one embodiment of the invention, provide a kind of building structure that mixes two parts; A part has a plurality of plates as main frame, and spacing is the height of hexagonal structure unit between its plate; Another part also has a plurality of plates as main frame, between its plate spacing be the hexagonal structure unit height 1/2nd.In this case, have same effect and further advantages: can allow the indoor design of highly diverse.
In one embodiment of the invention, building structure of the present invention comprises that at least one places inner post, and it stands on the vertical in the peripheral pipe support as main frame, thereby can strengthen the intensity of described building structure greatly, especially can strengthen the intensity under the vertical load.Therefore,, the load of peripheral pipe support is reduced, the post of described peripheral pipe support or the size of beam are suitably reduced by above-mentioned design.
In one embodiment of the invention, building structure of the present invention comprises at least one inner frame, and this inner frame is made up of the second hexagonal structure unit that is in peripheral pipe support inside; Therefore, described building structure is double-deck pipe support.Described interior pipe support is rigidly connected into honeycomb by the described second hexagonal structure unit and forms, as peripheral pipe support.Described hexagonal structure unit and the described second hexagonal structure unit always are not of similar shape.By interior pipe support is set, building structure of the present invention becomes firmer.Therefore,, the load of peripheral pipe support is reduced, the post of described peripheral pipe support or the size of beam are suitably reduced by above-mentioned design.
In one embodiment of the invention, in described the height of the second hexagonal structure unit of pipe support be described peripheral pipe support the hexagonal structure cell height 1/2nd.The height of the described second hexagonal structure unit shortens, thereby makes the batter post on corresponding every limit shorten, and therefore, by above-mentioned design, building structure of the present invention is becoming stronger aspect counter-bending or the stretch-proof.In addition, plate or beam easily can be installed in assembling place (bottom or top are positioned at same horizontal level) of hexagonal structure unit and second hexagonal structure unit on the vertical.
Can described peripheral pipe support and interior pipe support be coupled together by plate or beam, thereby improve the intensity of whole building structure greatly as main frame.
Building structure of the present invention can comprise the plate as main frame that is positioned at described pipe support inside, and this plate can improve the intensity of described interior pipe support greatly.
The inside of pipe support be empty in described, therefore various structure elements can be set therein, for example between elevator, shared device pipe arrangement, stair, ventilation fan or similar facility.In building structure of the present invention, described unique peripheral pipe support can support all wt, therefore, can provide the free space of the height in the core.
Described plate as main frame can be the plate of flat board or band beam, is made as flat board and can makes that the dwelling does not have beam, and the plate that is made as the band beam then can make the size of described plate smaller.
In one embodiment, building structure of the present invention comprises a dome shape part, has inserted a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit in this part, at the top of peripheral tube frame.Therefore, the top of building can be closed into round dome shape; Other different design also can be arranged.The connection status of described pentagonal configuration unit insertion portion and hexagonal structure unit is wherein not have the deflection of attack or the state that stress produces.Therefore, there is not the problem of intensity aspect in above-mentioned building structure.
Building structure of the present invention can comprise the wide change part of pipe, and in wide changes of this pipe part, a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit is inserted in a part on described peripheral pipe support axial; Thereby the width of described peripheral pipe support can be diminished to the top by the bottom.For example, in order to reduce load, pipe is set widely changes part, make top layer partly reduce to be of great use from high level or super high rise building top.Also different designs can be arranged, for example, when (building structure) flat shape was the pipe shape, the width of described peripheral pipe support corresponded to (pipe) diameter; When flat shape was the polygon tubulose, the width of described peripheral pipe support corresponded to average diameter or development length.The connection status of described pentagonal configuration unit insertion portion and hexagonal structure unit is wherein not have the deflection of attack or the state that stress produces.Therefore, there is not the problem of intensity aspect in above-mentioned building structure.
The present invention also provides the extential form building structure, and it comprises a plurality of building structures, and each building structure all has aforesaid structural strength.In addition, each building structure beam or plate of all being used as main frame couples together; Therefore, described whole extential form building structure has the bending that splendid shock resistance, anti-wind pressure and anti-horizontal load cause or the performance of twist distortion.
Among another embodiment, there is in two the peripheral pipe support of the inclination that is rigidly connected into honey comb like hexagonal structure unit to be connected to each other to " X " shape or " ∧ " shape; Therefore, this tectosome has the bending that splendid shock resistance, anti-wind pressure and anti-horizontal load cause or the performance of twist distortion.
Pipe support in each inside of above-mentioned two the peripheral pipe supports of the inclination that connects into " X " shape or " ∧ " shape is equipped with as the inclination of main frame, in described main frame, the described second hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected into honeycomb.By above-mentioned design, can improve the intensity of described building structure greatly.In addition, each can be adjacent as pipe support in the inclination of main frame.Pipe support can directly link to each other in each tilted, or linked to each other by plate or beam.Further, various structure elements, for example can be arranged between elevator, shared device pipe arrangement etc. described in the inside of pipe support.
Though below described the present invention with the mode of embodiment, but can infer, those skilled in the art still can make a plurality of changes and replacement to the present invention on the basis that does not break away from spirit of the present invention, and this part scope of the present invention only is defined in claims.

Claims (19)

1. building structure, it is characterized in that: comprise peripheral pipe support as main frame, in described main frame, every the limit of hexagonal structure unit with six limits is all common with adjacent cells, and described every limit all is rigidly connected with honey comb like adjacent cells; Wherein, described hexagonal structure unit bilateral symmetry, two limits being made up of two batter posts of inclined in opposite directions are joined together, and the part of all beams or plate respectively along continuous straight runs be located at bottom and upper segment.
2. building structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of plates as main frame, the spacing between described a plurality of plates equates that described spacing is the height of hexagonal structure unit.
3. building structure according to claim 2 is characterized in that: comprise sub-frame, the space in this sub-frame between plate and the plate is split into four layers.
4. building structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of plates as main frame, the spacing between the described plate equates that described spacing is 1/2nd of a hexagonal structure cell height.
5. building structure according to claim 4 is characterized in that: comprise sub-frame, the space in this sub-frame between plate and the plate is split into two-layer.
6. building structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that, comprising:
A part has a plurality of plates as main frame, and the spacing between these a plurality of plates equates that described spacing is the height of hexagonal structure unit;
Another part has a plurality of plates as main frame, and the spacing between these a plurality of plates equates that described spacing is 1/2nd of a hexagonal structure cell height.
7. according to each described building structure among the claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: comprise that at least one places inner post, this post stands on the vertical in the peripheral pipe support as main frame.
8. according to each described building structure among the claim 1-7, it is characterized in that: comprise at least one interior pipe support as main frame, wherein, the second hexagonal structure unit is rigidly connected into honeycomb in the peripheral tube frame.
9. building structure according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the height of the described second hexagonal structure unit is 1/2nd of a described hexagonal structure cell height.
10. according to Claim 8 or 9 described building structures, it is characterized in that: described peripheral pipe support is connected by plate or beam as main frame with interior pipe support.
11. each described building structure according to Claim 8-10 is characterized in that: the plate that comprises pipe support inside in being located at as main frame.
12. each described building structure according to Claim 8-10 is characterized in that: the inside of pipe support is empty in described.
13. according to each described building structure among the claim 1-12, it is characterized in that: when being provided with described plate as main frame in this building structure, described plate is dull and stereotyped or the plate of band beam.
14. according to each described building structure among the claim 1-13, it is characterized in that: this building structure comprises a dome shape part, and wherein a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit is inserted into the top of described peripheral pipe support.
15. according to each described building structure among the claim 1-14, it is characterized in that: comprise the wide change part of pipe, a plurality of pentagonal configuration unit is inserted into the part of described peripheral pipe support on axially; Wherein, the peripheral pipe support width at the wide change part of described pipe top place narrow than place, its underpart.
16. according to each described extential form building structure among the claim 1-15, it is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of building structures, wherein the hexagonal structure unit of each peripheral pipe support part is that two adjacent building structures are common, and two adjacent building structures are connected with each other.
17. according to each described extential form building structure among the claim 1-15, it is characterized in that: comprise a plurality of building structures, wherein each building structure separates each other, and links together by beam or as the plate of main frame.
18. building structure, it is characterized in that: comprise two peripheral pipe supports of the inclination as main frame, these two the peripheral pipe supports that tilt are connected to " X " shape or " ∧ " shape, and each of wherein said two peripheral pipe supports that tilt all is rigidly connected by honey comb like hexagonal structure unit and forms.
19. building structure according to claim 18 is characterized in that: be equipped with interior pipe support in each inside of two inclination peripheral frame, in this, have the second hexagonal structure unit to be rigidly connected into honeycomb in the pipe support as the inclination of main frame.
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