CN101067521A - One cluster improved steam compression refrigerating system and use thereof - Google Patents

One cluster improved steam compression refrigerating system and use thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101067521A
CN101067521A CN 200710122836 CN200710122836A CN101067521A CN 101067521 A CN101067521 A CN 101067521A CN 200710122836 CN200710122836 CN 200710122836 CN 200710122836 A CN200710122836 A CN 200710122836A CN 101067521 A CN101067521 A CN 101067521A
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evaporator
subcooler
solenoid valve
water
heat
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CN 200710122836
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Chinese (zh)
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罗桂荣
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罗桂荣
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Priority to CN 200710122836 priority Critical patent/CN101067521A/en
Publication of CN101067521A publication Critical patent/CN101067521A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2008/001285 external-priority patent/WO2009006794A1/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to vapor compressing refrigeration system and its purpose it is mainly consisted of a compressor, a four-way electromagnetic direction valve with or without installing, a condenser, a device for drying and filtering, a stop valve, a boiler, and a vapor liquid separator. It is characterized in that: at the internal of system between the device for drying and filtering and the stop valve there is setting up a sub cooler which can make the liquid refrigerating medium temperature fall from the condensation to the evaporation and then to evaporate accordingly increase the refrigerating coefficient of the refrigerating equipment; and make the producing heat equipment increased the heat supplying coefficient so it can either save the energy or deduce the discharging. It is suited to the cold-warm air conditioning especially in heat pump water heater, heat pump boiled machine, drying house, cold storage, ice chest, refrigerator, and cooler. And the other characteristic of it is that in the vapor compressing refrigeration system with or without installing the sub cooler it connects with two or three thermal converters in paralleling by one or two couple tee branch electromagnetic directional valves in order to assemble the refrigeration and the producing thermal equipments and shares one compressor or outdoor machine and so on. One machine can be used in multiple functions so it can save the primary material and reduce the total manufacturing cost.

Description

一簇改进的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统及其用途 Cluster improved vapor compression refrigeration system and uses thereof

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及蒸汽压缩式制冷系统及其用途,特别是涉及一簇改进的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统及其用途,适用于为家庭和单位全年提供洗澡和生活洗涤用热水、饮用开水、冬季热水型供暖,夏季风冷型空调或冷暖分体式空调;或冷水型空调;或工农业生产用热水和开水、还能为冷库、冷柜、冰箱或冷冻机提供制冷量;为烘干机和干燥房提供制热量。 The present invention relates to vapor compression refrigeration systems and the use thereof, and more particularly to an improved cluster vapor compression refrigeration system and its use, and suitable for home bathing and washing units to provide year-round domestic hot water, drinking water, heat in winter water-heating, air conditioning or heating and summer air-cooled split air-conditioning; cold water or air conditioning; industrial and agricultural production or hot water and boiling water, but also to provide cooling capacity of cold storage, freezer, refrigerator or freezer; and for the dryer drying room with heating capacity.

背景技术 Background technique

现有的制冷制热设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统没有过冷器,其制冷系数ε1=q1/W0…(1),其供热系数ε2=q2/W0…(2),式中q1为蒸发器内单位制冷剂的制冷量,单位为kJ/kg;q2为冷凝器内单位制冷剂的供热量,单位为kJ/kg;W0为压缩机内压缩单位制冷剂蒸汽消耗的压缩功,单位为kJ/kg;如图17:制冷制热设备其制冷剂压一焓图所示,q1=h1-h3…(3);q2=h2-h3…(4);W。 Conventional cooling and heating apparatus which vapor compression refrigeration system without a subcooler, the refrigeration coefficient ε1 = q1 / W0 ... (1), which heating coefficient ε2 = q2 / W0 ... (2), where q1 is evaporated an inner cooling capacity per unit of refrigerant, in units of kJ / kg; q2 for the supply of heat the refrigerant in the condenser unit, in units of kJ / kg; W0 compression work of the compressor within the refrigerant vapor compression unit is consumed by the of kJ / kg; 17: cooling and heating apparatus which a refrigerant pressure-enthalpy diagram shown, q1 = h1-h3 ... (3); q2 = h2-h3 ... (4); W. =h2-h1…(5)。 = H2-h1 ... (5).

所以ε1=q1/W0=(h1-h3)/(h2-h1)…(6);ε2=q2/W0=(h2-h3)/(h2-h1)…(7)本发明一簇装有过冷器的制冷制热设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统的制冷系数:为ε′1=q1′/W0=(h1-h4)/(h2-h1)=[(h1-h3)+(h3-h4)]/(h2-h1)=ε1+(h3-h4)/(h2-h1)……(8)ε′2=q2′/W0=(h2-h4)/(h2-h1)=[(h2-h3)+(h3-h4)]/(h2-h1)=ε2+(h3-h4)/(h2-h1)…(9)由公式(8)和(9)可以看出一簇装有过冷器的制冷制热设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统的制冷系数ε′1、供热系数ε′2分别大于不装过冷器的制冷设备蒸汽压缩式制冷系统其制冷系数ε1和供热系数ε2亦即ε′1>ε1,ε′2>ε2:Δε1=ε′1-ε1=(h3-h4)/(h2-h1)……(10)Δε2=ε′2-ε1=(h3-h4)/(h2-h1)……(11)由公式(10)和(11)可以看出:当消耗相同的压缩功,若冷凝温度与蒸发温度相差越大,则制冷量的增量Δh=h3-h4越大,供热量的增量Δh=h3-h4也越大;从而使节能减排双赢。 Therefore ε1 = q1 / W0 = (h1-h3) / (h2-h1) ... (6); ε2 = q2 / W0 = (h2-h3) / (h2-h1) ... (7) is equipped with a cluster of the present invention subcooler refrigeration apparatus cooling and heating coefficient of vapor compression refrigeration systems: as ε'1 = q1 '/ W0 = (h1-h4) / (h2-h1) = [(h1-h3) + (h3- h4)] / (h2-h1) = ε1 + (h3-h4) / (h2-h1) ...... (8) ε'2 = q2 '/ W0 = (h2-h4) / (h2-h1) = [( h2-h3) + (h3-h4)] / (h2-h1) = ε2 + (h3-h4) / (h2-h1) ... (9) from equation (8) and (9) can be seen that a cluster with cooling and heating apparatus through intercooler cooling coefficient of the vapor compression refrigeration system ε'1, heating ε'2 coefficients are greater than the cooling unit is not installed through the cooler vapor compression refrigeration system, the refrigeration coefficient ε1 and the coefficient of heat i.e. ∈ 2 ε'1> ε1, ε'2> ε2: Δε1 = ε'1-ε1 = (h3-h4) / (h2-h1) ...... (10) Δε2 = ε'2-ε1 = (h3- h4) / (h2-h1) ...... (11) (10) and (11) can be seen from the formula: when the consumption of the same compression work, when the difference between the condensing temperature and the evaporation temperature increases, the cooling capacity increment Δh = h3-h4 greater heat input increment Δh = h3-h4 greater; so that energy saving win.

另外现有的热泵热水器须要有一台用作蒸发器的室外机和一台用作热泵热水器的水箱兼冷凝器,而现有的空调器须要有一台夏季用作蒸发器,冬季用作冷凝器的室内机和一台夏季用作冷凝器,冬季用作蒸发器的室外机,如果能嫁接组成复合机组,则一举两得,既制冷,又可获得热水,仅消耗一份电力,节能减排,又没有热污染还节约总成本,节省一台室外机。 Further conventional need to have a heat pump water heater is used as an outdoor unit and an evaporator as a heat pump water heater tank and the condenser, and the conventional need to have an air conditioner as an evaporator in summer, winter, as a condenser indoor and one summer as a condenser, evaporator winter outdoor unit used, if they can make up a composite graft unit, then serve two purposes, both cooling, and hot water available, only consumes a power, energy conservation, and no further thermal pollution total cost savings, savings one outdoor unit.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的任务是要提供一簇改进的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统及其制冷制热设备,例如装有过冷器的热泵热水器和空调器多功能复合式制冷热设备,以消耗一部分高品位能源:机械能、电能或热能为补偿,从低品位能源:空气源、水源、地源或太阳能热水源其低温热能中能吸取热量,输送到用户所需要温度较高的空间或物体中去,以开发挖掘并加以利用低品位能源为家庭或单位用户全年提供洗澡和生活洗涤用热水、饮用开水、冬季供暖用热水、或工农业生产用热水;还能为冷库、冷柜、冰箱或冷冻机提供制冷量;为用户提供夏季风冷型空调或冷水型空调,或冷暖分体式空调,为烘干机和干燥房提供制热量,比电热水器高效节电;比现有的热泵热水器烘干机等制冷设备其供热系数大;比现有的制冷设备其制冷系数大;节约常规能源、减排温室气体,制冷制 Object of the invention is to provide an improved cluster vapor compression refrigeration system and heating and cooling equipment, for example with subcooler heat pump water heater and air conditioner refrigeration heat multifunctional composite apparatus, to consume a portion of the high-grade energy: mechanical, electrical or thermal energy to compensate for, from low-grade energy: air source, water, solar heat or geothermal heat in the low-temperature water can draw heat delivered to the user needs a higher temperature to a space or object to develop mining and make use of low-grade energy for home or work year-round to provide users with a bath and a living washing with hot water, drinking water, winter heating with hot water, hot water or industrial and agricultural production; but also for cold storage, freezer, refrigerator or freezer providing refrigeration; to provide users with summer cold water cooled type air conditioner or air conditioner, or heating and split air conditioning, to provide heating capacity for the dryer and drying room, saving and efficient than the electric heaters; than a conventional heat pump water heater dryer other refrigeration equipment which heating coefficient; larger than a conventional refrigeration apparatus which refrigeration coefficient; conventional energy saving, reduction of greenhouse gases, cooling 一举两得,节能减排,两者双赢;又共用部分零部件,节约原材料,降低总成本。 Double benefit, energy saving, both the win; they share some parts, saving raw materials and reduce the total cost.

本发明是这样实现的:如图1和图7,它仍然由压缩机、不装或装有四通电磁换向阀、冷凝器、干燥过滤器、节流阀、蒸发器、汽液分离器以上主要零部件组成,用管道连接成密封系统A1或A2,其特征是在其系统A1内,介于节流阀与干燥过滤器之间装有一台水冷式过冷器,使液态制冷剂过冷,如图2,或如图1所示,介于干燥过滤器与节流阀之间装有一台汽冷式过冷器,而汽冷式过冷器其容器内走液态制冷剂的螺旋金属管其输出管接口与节流阀输入管接用管道密封连接,在节流阀输出管接口与蒸发器制冷剂输入管接口之间的连接管道上装有一只三通5B,而过冷器内的螺旋金属管其输入管接口与干燥过滤器的输出管接口用管道密封连接,在其管道上装有另一只三通,三通的上接口与过冷器走制冷剂蒸汽的空间容器其输入管接口用管道密封连接,并在其管道上 The present invention is implemented as follows: FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, it is still a compressor, or not equipped with the four-way solenoid valve, a condenser, a drying filter, a throttle valve, an evaporator, a gas-liquid separator the main component parts or more, with the pipe connection a sealing system A1 or A2, wherein A1 in its system, interposed with a water-cooled subcooler between the throttle valve and the filter drier, liquid refrigerant through cold, 2, or as shown, between the coil is equipped with a steam-cooled subcooler between the dry filter and the throttle, and the vapor cooled down subcooler liquid refrigerant in the container 1 which in FIG. a metal pipe nipple and an output connected with a throttle duct seal inlet tube is connected with a three-way pipe connector 5B on the output pipe connection between the throttle valve and the evaporator refrigerant inlet pipe connection, through the intercooler and spiral metal tube interface which interfaces with the input tube the output of filter drier sealing pipe connection pipe connected with the other in its pipe tee, the tee subcooler down refrigerant vapor space of the container input pipe nipple sealingly connected, on its pipeline and 有一只节流阀,过冷器其容器的制冷剂蒸汽输出管接口通过三通用管道与蒸发器输入制冷剂的管接口密封连接,旨在以一小部分制冷剂节流蒸发吸热,使来自冷凝器内的液态制冷剂由冷凝温度过冷,再节流进入蒸发器内吸热蒸发,以提高其制冷系数ε1和增大其供热系数ε2,使节能减排双赢,另一特征足在系统内,通过一对三通电磁换向阀,并列连接两台热交换器,从而使制冷制热设备嫁接构成复合机组,共用一台室外机等,以节约总造价,一机多用,消耗一份电力,既制冷空调又获得热水,一举两得,而且没有热污染,再次节能减排双赢。 There is a throttle valve, the subcooler which refrigerant vapor outlet tube of the container mouthpiece connected by three general-purpose interface to seal the pipe and the evaporator of the refrigerant input, intended to be a small portion of the refrigerant expansion endothermic heat of vaporization, so that from liquid refrigerant in the condenser supercooling the condensation temperature, and then throttled to evaporate into the evaporator, in order to improve the refrigeration coefficient ε1 and the coefficient ∈ 2 to increase its heating, so that energy saving win, in a further feature of the foot in the system, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve, two heat exchangers are connected in parallel, so that the cooling and heating unit constituting the composite graft device, a common outdoor unit, to save total cost, a machine, a consumption parts of electricity, air conditioning and refrigeration both get hot water, serve two purposes, and no thermal pollution, energy saving win again.

装有过冷器的制冷热设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或复合制冷系统其控制系统电路,通常是由电器专业人员按每种制冷制热设备功能和要求具体设计,和不装过冷器的制冷制热设备其控制电路基本相同,只是增加了嫁接用三通电磁换向阀等器件,也是由压缩机电机、热交换器用风扇电机,或蒸发器水泵电机、冷凝器水泵电机、启动继电器、电容器、温控器、可设定温度的温控器、装有或不装四通电磁换向阀线圈、装有或不装三通电磁换向阀线圈、电磁阀线圈、过载保护器、选择开关、电源插头、电源插座、电连接组成,例如图16是对应于图14装有过冷器的冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统其控制系统电路原理图,图16中序号31-电源插头、32-选择开关、9′A-室内机风扇电机、9″A-室外机风扇电机、1-压缩机电机、12′B-过冷器水 The cooling heating device which is equipped with subcooler vapor compression refrigeration system or a refrigeration system which controls the composite system circuit, usually made by professionals each electrical heating device and the cooling requirements of the particular functional design, and do not install the subcooler cooling and heating apparatus which is substantially the same as the control circuit only increases the three-way solenoid valve with grafting and other devices, but also by the compressor motor, a heat exchanger with a fan motor, pump motor or an evaporator, a condenser pump motor start relay, a capacitor, a thermostat, the thermostat temperature can be set, with or without the four-way solenoid valve coil means, or not equipped with the three-way solenoid valve coil, the solenoid valve coil, overload protection, select switches, plug, power socket, electrically connected to form, for example, corresponding to FIG. 16 with FIG. 14 subcooler heating and air conditioning and heat pump water heater unit which composite vapor compression refrigeration system which is a composite control system circuit diagram, FIG. 16 plug serial number 31-, 32- selection switch, 9'a-indoor fan motor, 9 "A- outdoor fan motor, compressor motor 1-, 12'B- water subcooler 电机、12B-热泵热水器电机,9′D、9″D、1D、12′D、12D-电容器、2-四通电磁换向阀线圈、30A、30B-三通电磁换向阀线圈、13A、13A′、13A″13B′、13B-电磁阀线圈、25-温控器、9″E-除霜温控器、1F、1E压缩机温控器、1C、12C、12′C保护继电器。 Motors, motors 12B- heat pump water heater, 9'D, 9 "D, 1D, 12'D, 12D- capacitor, 2-way solenoid valve coils, 30A, 30B- three-way solenoid valve coils, 13A, 13A ', 13A "13B', 13B- solenoid valve coils, thermostat 25, 9" E- defrosting temperature, 1F, 1E compressor thermostat, 1C, 12C, 12'C protective relay.

(1)当夏季室内制冷空调,回收原室外机排出的废热变为温水,再由太阳能集热器加热成热水时,由用作蒸发器9′A的热交换器与用作热泵热水器水箱3C的热交换器3组合,在选择开关32的纵座标冷风和温水两条垂直线与其相关电器线路为横座标相交结点,通过电源插头31及其插座形成电连接回路,而同时分别接通电源。 (1) when the indoor cooling air-conditioning in summer, the outdoor unit recovering waste heat discharged from the original becomes heated, when heated by the solar collector and then into hot water by the heat exchanger functioning as an evaporator 9'A as a heat pump water heater tank and 3C is a combination of heat exchanger 3, the selection switch 32 in the cold and warm water ordinate two vertical lines for the electrical circuit associated therewith abscissa intersection node, loop forming electrically connected by plug and socket 31, and then simultaneously turn on the power.

(2)当冬季制热室内制热采暖时,由用作冷凝器9′A的热交换器与用作水源蒸发器3B的热交换器组合,在选择开关32的纵座标热风和3B蒸发两条垂直线与其相关电器线路为横座标相交结点,通过电源插头31及其插座形成电器连接回路,而同时分别接通电源。 (2) When the winter heating heating heating chamber, a heat exchanger is used as a condenser and 9'A water evaporator heat exchanger 3B is a combination, the selection switch 32 in the hot air and the ordinate 3B evaporated two vertical lines to its associated electrical line intersects the abscissa node, loop forming electrical connections through plug 31 and the socket, while the power is turned on, respectively.

(3)当全年热泵热水器提供热水时,由用作蒸发器9″A的热交换器9″与用作热泵水器水箱3C的热交换器组合,在选择开关32的纵座标温水和冷风两条垂直线与其相关电器线路为座标相交结点,通过电源插头31及其插座形成电器连接回路,而同是分别接通电源。 (3) when the heat pump water heater to provide year-round hot water, is used as an evaporator by the "heat exchanger 9 A is" in combination with a heat exchanger as a heat pump water heater tank 3C is 9, the selector switch 32 in the ordinate heated cold and two vertical lines associated electrical circuit to the coordinate intersection node, loop forming electrical connections through plug 31 and the socket, respectively while the same power.

(4)高寒地区室外机9″A先制热清除冰霜,再通过除霜温控器9″E,自动转换使室外机9″A制冷,为热泵热水器水箱3C制热提供热水。 (4) cold region of the outdoor unit 9 "A first heating remove frost, then 9 by defrosting temperature" E, automatically converted outdoor unit 9 "A refrigeration, heat pump water heater to provide hot water heating tank 3C.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是装有过冷器的空气源热泵热水器、热泵热水厂或热泵开水器,分别与冷库、冰柜或冰箱两用其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 Air source heat pump water heater 1 is provided with a subcooler, the heat pump hot water boiler plant or heat pump, respectively refrigerator, freezer or refrigerator which dual Schematic vapor compression refrigeration system.

图2是装有过冷器的太阳能热源兼空气源热泵热水器、热泵热水厂或热泵开水器其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 2 is provided with subcooler and heat the solar air source heat pump water heater, heat pump hot water boiler plant or heat pump principle of a vapor compression refrigeration system which FIG.

图3是装有过冷器的地源热泵热水器、热泵热水厂或热泵开水器其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 3 is equipped with a subcooler ground source heat pump water heater, heat pump hot water boiler plant or heat pump principle of a vapor compression refrigeration system which FIG.

图4是装有过冷器的太阳能热源兼空气源热泵热水器其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 4 is provided with a solar heat subcooler air source heat pump water heater and its Schematic vapor compression refrigeration system.

图5是装有过冷器的以空气为热交换介质的冷库、冰柜或冰箱或冷风型空调器与热风型采暖器、烘干机或干燥房两用设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 5 is equipped with a subcooler air as the heat exchange medium refrigerator, freezer, or refrigerator or cool air and hot air-type heating type air-conditioner, a room dryer or drying apparatus Schematic its dual vapor compression refrigeration system.

图6是装有过冷器的冷暖空调器其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 6 is provided with cooling and heating air conditioner subcooler Schematic its vapor compression refrigeration system.

图7是装有过冷器的冷暖空调器与热泵热水器其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 7 is provided with cooling and heating air conditioner subcooler heat pump water heater and its Schematic vapor compression refrigeration system.

图8是装有过冷器的以液体为传热和冷却介质的冷库、冰柜或冰箱与热泵热水厂或热泵热水器复合机组其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 8 is provided with a subcooler and a heat transfer liquid cooling medium refrigerator, freezer or refrigerator or heat pump plant and heat pump water heater unit composite vapor compression refrigeration system which is a schematic view of principle.

图9是装有过冷器的热泵热水器或热泵水厂、烘干机、干燥房或热风型采暖器与冷库或冰柜其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统原理示意图。 Schematic diagram of the heat pump or heat pump water heaters, dryers, air-through drying or heating room with its cold storage or freezer vapor compression refrigeration system of FIG. 9 is a composite with subcooler.

图10装有过冷器通过四只三通电磁换向阀左、右连接有以水为传热介质的热交换器,中间连接有以空气为传热介质的热交换器构成的冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 10 is equipped with four subcooler three-way solenoid valve through the left and right connected with water as heat medium heat exchanger is connected to an intermediate heat transfer medium to air heat exchanger constituting an air conditioner heating and cooling compound unit and heat pump water heater which schematic composite vapor compression refrigeration system.

图11是装有过冷器,并通过四只三通电磁换向阀左边连接有一台以空气为传热介质的蒸发器9′中间连接有一台以空气为传热介质的热交换器9″,右边连接有一台以水为传热介质的冷凝器3构成的冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统原理示意图。 FIG 11 is provided with a subcooler, and by four three-way solenoid valve is connected to the left air as a heat transfer medium evaporator 9 'is connected to an intermediate heat transfer medium to air heat exchanger 9 " , a right side is connected with the heat medium water as warm and cold air conditioner condenser 3 and the heat pump water heater made of a composite unit which vapor compression refrigeration system schematic compound.

图12是装有过冷器和四通电磁换向阀的分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器组合其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A7原理示意图。 FIG 12 is equipped with a subcooler and well-being of the four-way solenoid valve split type air conditioner and heat pump water heater which a vapor compression refrigeration system A7 Schematic composite composition.

图13是装有过冷器和四通电磁换向阀的太阳能热源兼空气源或太阳能热水源或水源冷暖空调器与热泵热水器组合其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A8原理示意图。 FIG 13 is equipped with a subcooler and the four-way solenoid valve and air source of solar heat or solar heating and hot water supply or water conditioner and heat pump water heater combination thereof a vapor compression refrigeration system schematic compound A8 principle.

图14是装有过冷器和四通电磁换向阀的分体工冷暖空调器与热泵热水器组合其蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A9原理示意图。 FIG 14 is equipped with a subcooler and the four-way solenoid valve of the well-being of the split air conditioners and heat pump water heater which a vapor compression refrigeration system diagram A9 principle complex compositions.

图15是不装有过冷器但装有四通电磁换向阀并列连接有一台以空气为传热介质的热交换器和一台以水为传热介质的热交换器的冷暖空调器和热泵热水器组成的复合机组其蒸汽压缩式复合系统原理示意图。 FIG. 15 is not provided with the subcooler but with the four-way solenoid valve connected in parallel to an air conditioner heating and cooling a heat transfer medium to air heat exchanger and a heat transfer medium is water and the heat exchanger composite heat pump water heater unit composed schematic composite vapor compression system thereof.

图16是对应图14装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合系统其控制系统电路原理图。 FIG 16 is a composite vapor compression system of FIG. 14 corresponds with subcooler circuit diagram of its control system.

图17是制冷制热设备其单位制冷剂压一焓示意图。 FIG 17 is a cooling and heating apparatus which a refrigerant enthalpy diagram for the unit pressure.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

图1~15是装有或不装过冷器的制冷制热设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统和复合制冷系统,它们由压缩机1、不装或装有四通电磁换向阀2、冷凝器3、干燥过滤器4、节流阀6、蒸发器9、和汽液分离器10,以上主要零部件和器件组成,用管道连接成密封系统A1或A2,其特征是在其系统A1内,介于干燥过滤器4与节流阀6之间装有一只汽冷式过冷器8A,而汽冷式过冷器8A其走液态制冷剂的金属螺旋管8e的输出管接口8a与节流阀6其管接口6b用管道密封连接,在节流阀6其管接口6a与蒸发器9其制冷剂输入管接口9b的连接管道上装有一只三通5B,而汽冷式过冷器8A其金属旋管8e其输入管接口8b与干燥过滤器4其管接口4a用管道密封连接,并在其管道上装有一只三通5A,而三通5A其管接口5c与过冷器8A其走制冷剂蒸汽的容器内其输入管接口8c用管道密封连接,过冷器8A其容器的输出管接口8d 1 to 15 is provided with cooling or heating devices installed over the cooler vapor compression refrigeration system which is complex and refrigeration systems, which from the compressor 1, with or without the four-way solenoid valve means 2, a condenser 3, dry filter 4, the throttle valve 6, 10, or more major components and devices evaporator 9, and the composition of the vapor liquid separator, with the pipe connection a sealing system A1 or A2, wherein A1 in its system, dried between filter 4 and the output pipe connection between the throttle valve 8a and the throttle 6 is provided with a steam-cooled subcooler 8A, but the steam cooled subcooler liquid refrigerant 8A which go 8e of the metallic spiral 6b the valve nipple 6 which is connected with a duct seal, in which the throttle pipe 6 and 6a interface evaporator of refrigerant input pipes 9 which interface with a three-way pipe 9b, 5B, and the vapor cooled subcooler 8A which metal coil 8e input nipple 8b and dried filter 4 which is connected to a seal nipple pipe 4a, and fitted with a three-way 5A on its pipe nipple and tee which 5c 5A and 8A which go through the cooler refrigerant 8c input pipe nipple sealingly connected to the refrigerant vapor within the container, its container subcooler outlet pipe 8A interfaces 8d 与三通5B其管接口5c用管道密封连接;或如图2、图7和图13所示介于干燥过滤器4节流阀6之间装有水冷式过冷器8B、金属蛇形管套管式过冷器8C或金属螺旋管套管式过冷器8D,过冷器8A、8B、8C或8D统称过冷器8,而过冷器8B、8C或8D,其制冷剂输出管接口8a分别与节流阀其制冷剂输入管接口6b用管道密封连接,而过冷器8B、8C或8D其制冷剂输入管接口8b与干燥过滤器4其制冷剂输出管接口4a用有管道密封连接,过冷器8其走水的空间容器其进出水管接口与水源11B进出管道密封连接,在水源11B的出水管道上装有冷却水泵12B′和电磁阀13B′,在水源11B的进水管道上装有电磁阀13A′,在以上装有过冷器8A、8B、8C、或8D的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统内抽真空后充灌有适量的制冷剂,例如氟里昂R22、R134a或氨NH3。 5B which is sealingly connected with the three-way pipe connection pipe 5c; or FIG. 2, 7, and 13 interposed between the throttle valve 8B dried filter 4, a water-cooled metallic serpentine tube containing 6 between the supercooling 8C telescopic subcooler spiral or telescopic metal subcooler 8D, the subcooler. 8A, 8B, 8C or 8D collectively subcooler 8, while subcooler 8B, 8C or 8D, which is the refrigerant outlet pipe Interface throttle valve 8a which are the refrigerant inlet pipe connected to the interface seal pipe 6b, and subcooler 8B, 8C or 8D which the refrigerant supply line interfaces 8b and the filter drier the refrigerant outlet pipe 4 which interfaces with a duct 4a sealed connection, which go through the cooler 8 the water space of the container with its water inlet and outlet pipe 11B out of the interface is connected duct seal, equipped with a cooling water pump 12B 'and the solenoid valve 13B' in the water outlet pipe of the track 11B, 11B of the water in the water inlet pipe on which a solenoid valve 13A ', with the foregoing in subcooler 8A, 8B, 8C within, or 8D vapor compression refrigeration system is evacuated vacuum filling an appropriate amount of refrigerant, e.g. Freon R22, R134a, or ammonia NH3.

或如图6所示,在其系统A2内,介于干燥过滤器4与节流阀或毛细管6之间,装有一台汽冷式过冷器8A,具体连接关系是干燥过滤器4其制冷剂输出管接口4a与过冷器8A其容器内金属螺旋管8e制冷剂液体的输入管接口8b用管道密封连接,在其管道上装有三通5A,在三通5A其上接口5c与过冷器8A其走制冷剂蒸汽的容器其管接口8c用管道密封连接,在其管道上,串联有电磁阀7A和节流阀6A,在干燥过滤器4其管接口4b与热交换器3其管接口3b之间其管道上装有三通5C和毛细管或节流阀6C,过冷器8A的金属螺旋管8e其输出管接8a与节流阀,或毛细管6其制冷剂输入管接口6b用管密封连接,在其管道上装有三通5B,三通5B其上接口5c与过冷器8A其管接口8f用管道密封连接,在其管道上串联有电磁阀7B和节流阀6B,过冷器8A其容器内制冷剂蒸汽输出管接口8d用管道连接有一只三通电磁换向阀 Or 6, in which the system A2, interposed between the filter was dried and the throttle valve 4 or a capillary tube 6, fitted with a steam cooled subcooler. 8A, the specific connection relation is dried filter 4 refrigeration agent output interfaces 4a supercooling pipe 8A and an input nipple 8b 8e spiral metal tube within the vessel is a liquid-tight connection of the refrigerant pipe, with the pipe in its tee 5A, 5A in which the three-way interface with the subcooler 5c 8A which take the refrigerant vapor pipe connection 8c container which is connected with a duct seal, in its pipe, a solenoid valve connected in series throttle. 6A and 7A, which was dried filter 4 and the nipple 4b tube heat exchanger 3 which interfaces 3b which is equipped between the pipe tee capillary or throttle 5C and 6C, the metal subcooler coil 8e. 8A output 8a connected to the throttle valve tube, or a capillary tube 6 which interfaces the refrigerant inlet pipe 6b is connected with the tube was sealed on its pipeline with tee 5B, 5B which is a three-way interface 5c supercooling 8A and 8f pipe nipple which sealingly connected, in series with a throttle solenoid valve 6B and 7B on its pipeline, which subcooler 8A the refrigerant vapor within the vessel 8d output interfaces connected with a pipe three-way solenoid valve duct 20,其左接口与三通5D其右接口用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀20,其右接口与三通5C其左接口用管道密封连接,或如图12所示,在其系统A7、A8、A9或A2内介于三通5C与干燥过滤器4之间通过三通电磁换向阀20A相对于节流阀或毛细管6C并列连接有一根直通管道21A,而介于三通5D与三通5B之间,通过三通电磁换向阀20B相对于节流阀或毛细管道6D并列连接有一根直通管道21B,直通管道21A与21B的下端与金属螺旋管8e进出管道分别连通,当热交换器9′用作以空气为热交换介质的蒸发器9′A,夏季制冷空调时,过冷器8A其走制冷剂蒸汽的容器通过三通电磁换向阀20与蒸发器9′A接通;而与冷凝器3A或3B断开,电磁阀7A接通;而电磁阀7B关闭;三通电磁换向阀20B与节流阀6D接通,而三通电磁换向阀20A与直通管道21A接通,当热交换3用作以空气或以水为热交换介质的蒸发器3A或3B 20, the three-way interface to the left and right interfaces 5D which is connected with the duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve 20, which is a right three-way interface with the interface 5C the left connecting duct seal, or as shown in Figure 12, in which the system A7, A8, A9 or A2 interposed between the tee and the drying filter between 5C with respect to the throttle valve 4 or a capillary tube 6C is connected in parallel through a duct 21A by the three-way solenoid valve 20A, and the three-way between 5D between the tee and 5B, 20B with respect to the throttle valve or capillary channels in parallel through 6D three-way solenoid valve is connected through a duct 21B, through conduit 21A and 21B, respectively, in communication with the lower end of the metal coil 8e access duct, when the heat exchanger 9 'to the air as a heat exchange medium to the evaporator 9'a, summer refrigeration and air conditioning, which go through the cooler refrigerant vapor 8A container valve and the evaporator 20 via three-way electromagnetic 9'a ON; 3A or 3B and the condenser off solenoid is turned 7A; 7B and the electromagnetic valve closed; three-way solenoid valve 20B is turned on the throttle valve 6D, the three-way solenoid valve 20A and through pipe 21A is turned on, when the heat exchanger 3 is used as air or water as a heat exchange medium to the evaporator 3A or 3B ,冬季制热供暖或全年热泵热水器提供热水时,过冷器8A其走制冷剂蒸气的容器通过三通电磁换向阀20与蒸发器3A或3B接通;而与冷凝器9A断开;电磁阀7B接通;而电磁阀7A断开,而三通电磁换向阀20B与直通管道21B接通,三通电磁换向阀20A与节流阀或毛细管6C接通,或在系统A2内介于干燥过滤器4与节流阀6之间装有水冷式过冷器8B、8C或8D,旨在使液态制冷剂过冷。 , Annual winter heating or heating hot water when the heat pump water heater, which go through the cooler vessel 8A refrigerant vapor valve 20 is switched to the evaporator by way solenoid 3A or 3B; disconnected and the condenser 9A ; oN the solenoid valve 7B; 7A and the electromagnetic valve is turned off, while the three-way solenoid valve 20B and through duct 21B is turned on, the three-way solenoid valve 20A and the capillary or throttle valve 6C is turned on or the system A2 the dried filter 4 interposed between the throttle valve 6 is provided with a water-cooled subcooler 8B, 8C or 8D, designed to enable the liquid refrigerant subcooling.

如图8所示,在装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1或A1′内,通过一对三通电磁换向阀30A和30B用管道并列连接有两台都用作蒸发器的热交换器9′与9″,具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀30A其左、右接口与热交换器9′和9″其制冷剂输出管接口9′a和9″a分别用管道密封连接,三通向磁换向阀30A其上接口与汽液分离器10其制冷剂输入管接口10b用管道密封连接,而三通电磁换向阀30B其左、右接口与热交换器9′和9″,其制冷剂输入管接口9′b和9″b对应用管道密封连接,而对装有汽冷式过冷器8A的制冷系统A1则三通电磁换向阀30B其下接口经由三通5B与节流阀6其制冷剂输出管接口6a用管道密封连接,或对装有或不装水冷式过冷器8B、8C或8D的制冷系统A1或A1′则三通电磁换阀30B其下接口与节流阀6其制冷剂输出管接口6a用管道直接密封连接,如图9所示,或对不 As shown, the vapor compression refrigeration system equipped or not equipped subcooler A1 or A1 ', by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B is connected in parallel with the two pipes are used as an evaporator 8 heat exchanger device 9 'and 9 ", particularly the three-way solenoid valve is connected to the relationship between the left 30A and right interfaces of the heat exchanger 9' and 9" which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe 9'a and 9 "respectively a sealing pipe connection, the three-way valve 30A to the magnetic interface which gas-liquid separator 10 which interfaces refrigerant input pipes sealed connection pipe 10b, the three-way solenoid valve 30B and the left and right heat exchange interface 9 'and 9 ", which is the refrigerant inlet tube 9 and the interface 9'b" duct seal is connected to the application B, while the refrigeration system is equipped with steam-cooled subcooler 8A A1 of the three-way solenoid valve 30B which sealing the interface connected via a pipe 5B and the three-way throttle valve 6 which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe 6a, or installed with or without a water-cooled subcooler 8B, 8C or 8D refrigeration system A1 or A1 'is a three-way solenoid switching valve 30B which interface with the output of the throttle valve 6 refrigerant pipe which interfaces directly sealed connection duct 6a, 9, or not 汽冷式过冷器8A的制冷系统A1′则三通电磁阀换向阀30B其下接口与节流阀6其管接口6a直接密封连接。 Steam cooled subcooler refrigeration system. 8A A1 'of the three-way solenoid valve 30B which is connected to the throttle valve which is directly sealed pipe connection 6 6a interface.

或如图9所示,在装有或不装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1或A1′内,通过一对三通电磁换向阀30A和30B,并列连接有两台都用作冷凝器的热交换器3′和3″,具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀30A其左、右接口与交换器3′和3″其制冷剂蒸汽输入管接口3′a和3″a分别用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30A其上接口与压缩机1其制冷剂蒸汽输出管接口1a用管道密封连接,而三通电磁换向阀30B,其左、右接口与热交换器3′和3″其制冷剂输出管接口3″b和3″b用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30B其下接口与干燥过滤器4其制冷剂输入管接口4b用管道密封连接,其另一台热交换器9用作以空气为冷却的冷凝器3A,从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A4与A′4。 Or 9, in the vapor compression refrigeration system containing or not containing subcooler A1 or A1 ', by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B, are connected in parallel as there are two a condenser heat exchanger 3 'and 3 ", particularly the three-way solenoid valve is connected to the relationship between the left 30A and right interfaces of the exchanger 3' and 3" which interfaces the refrigerant vapor inlet tube 3'a and 3 "a were sealed pipe connection, on which the three-way solenoid valve 30A which interfaces with the compressor 1 output tubing connector refrigerant vapor sealed connection pipe 1a, while the three-way solenoid valve 30B, the left and right heat exchange interface 3 'and 3 "which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe 3' and B 3 'B is connected with the duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve 30B which interface with the dried filter 4 that the refrigerant inlet pipe nipple sealingly connected 4b , which is used as another heat exchanger 9 air cooling condenser. 3A, which evolved into a composite vapor compression refrigeration system with A'4 A4 installed with or without the subcooler.

或如图10和图11所示,在装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1和A1′内,通过一对三通5A与5B两对三通电磁换向阀30A和30B以及30C和30D用管道并列连接有三台热交换器9′、9″和3,三者当中左边的热交换器9′用作蒸发器,右边的热交换器3用作冷凝器,中间的热交换器9″既可用作蒸发器,又可用作冷凝器,具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀30A其左接口与热交换器9′其制冷剂输出管接口9′a用管道密封连接,其上接口与汽液分离器10其制冷剂输入管接口10b用管道密封连接,其右接口与三通5A其左接口用管道密封连接,三通5A其下接口与热交换器9″其制冷剂进出管接口9″a,用管道密封连接,而三通5A其右接口与三通电磁换向阀30C其左接口用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30C其上接口与压缩机1其管接口1a用管道密封连接,三通电磁向阀30C其右接口与热交换 Or 10 and 11, in a vapor compression refrigeration system is installed with or without subcooler A1 and A1 ', by a pair of three-way 5A and 5B two pairs of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B 30C and 30D and a heat pipe is connected in parallel with the three heat exchangers 9 ', 9 ", and 3, the left side among the three heat exchangers 9' functions as an evaporator, a condenser heat exchanger 3 is used as right, middle exchanger 9 "as both an evaporator and as a condenser, particularly three-way solenoid valve is connected to the relationship between the left interface 30A exchanger 9 'which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe 9'a sealed with duct connection, the interface on which the gas-liquid separator 10 which interfaces the refrigerant inlet tube 10b is connected with the duct seal that right connector 5A which left the three-way interface to connect with the duct seal, which is a three-way interface with the heat exchanger 5A 9 " out of which the refrigerant tubing connection 9 "a, sealed pipe connection, and the three-way interface to the right 5A which three-way solenoid valve 30C which is connected to the left connector used duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve 30C which interfaces with the compressed which machine 1 nipple 1a sealed pipe connected to the three-way solenoid valve 30C which heat exchange with the right connector 3其制冷剂输入管接口3a用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30B其左接口与热交换器9′其制冷剂输入管接口9′b用管道密封连接,对装有水冷式过冷器的制冷系统A1和A1′则三通电磁换向阀30B其下接口与节流阀6其管接口6a用管道密封连接,或对装有汽冷式过冷器的制冷系统A1和A1′则三通电磁换向阀30B其下接口与三通5D其上接口密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30B其右接口与三通5B其左接口用管道密封连接,三通5B其上接口与热交换器9″其制冷剂进、出管接口9b用管道密封连接,三通5B其右接口与三通电磁换向阀30D其左接口用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30D其右接口与热交换器3其制冷剂输出管接口3b用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30D其下接口与干燥过滤器4其管接口4b用管道密封连接,从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷以及系统A5或A5′以及A6 3 that the refrigerant inlet pipe nipple 3a sealingly connected to three-way solenoid valve 30B which interfaces with the left heat exchanger 9 'which interfaces 9'b refrigerant input pipes sealed connection pipe, with supercooling of the water-cooled A1's refrigeration system and A1 'of the three-way solenoid valve 30B which interfaces with the throttle pipe 6 which is sealed connection pipe 6a, with steam or cooling system cooled subcooler interface A1 and A1' the three-way solenoid valve 30B which is a three-way interface with the interface connector sealing 5D, the right three-way solenoid valve 30B which interfaces with the three-way interface to the left 5B sealed connection pipe, on which the three-way interface 5B 9 "into which the refrigerant heat exchanger, the pipe connection 9b is connected with a duct seal, the three-way interface to the right 5B which three-way solenoid valve 30D which is connected to the left connector used duct seal, which is a right three-way solenoid valve 30D Interface with the refrigerant heat exchanger 3 which outlet pipe is connected with the interface sealing pipe 3b, the three-way solenoid valve 30D which interface with the dried filter 4b nipple 4 which is connected with a duct seal, which evolved into a package with or without and a vapor compression refrigeration system composite subcooler A5, or A5 'and A6 A6′。 A6 '.

或如图12~图14所示,在装有或不装过冷器并且装有四通电磁换向阀的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A2或A2′内,通过一对三通电磁换阀30A和30B用管道并列连接有两台既可都用作蒸发器,又可都用作冷凝器的热交换器9′和9″,其具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀30A其左、右接口与热交换器9′和9″其制冷剂进、出管接口9′a和9″a,用管道密封连接,三通电磁换阀30A其上接口与四通电磁换向阀2其管接口2a用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀30B其左、右接口热交换器9′和9″其制冷剂进出管道接口9′b和9″b分别用管道密封连接,对装有汽冷式过冷器的制冷系统A2,则三通电磁换阀30B其下接口与三通5D其上接口5a用管道密封连接,或对装有水冷式过冷器的制冷系统A2或不装水冷式或汽冷式过冷器的制冷系统A′2则三通电磁换向阀30B其下接口与节流阀6其管接口6a用管道密封 Or 12 to 14, with or without the means within a subcooler and the four-way solenoid valve with a vapor compression refrigeration system A2 or A2 ', by means of a switching valve 30A, and the three-way solenoid 30B is connected in parallel with the two pipes are both used as an evaporator, a condenser as a heat exchanger are in turn 9 'and 9 ", which is a specific relationship between the three-way solenoid valve connected to the left 30A and right interfaces and the heat exchanger 9 'and 9 "which is the refrigerant inlet and outlet pipes and the interface 9'a 9' A, with the connecting duct seal, the three-way solenoid switching valve 30A which interfaces with the four-way solenoid valve which pipe connection 2 2a sealed connection pipe, its three-way solenoid valve 30B left and right interfaces of the heat exchanger 9 'and 9 "The refrigerant inlet-outlet pipe 9 and the interface 9'b" B are respectively connected with the duct seal of the steam with cold subcooler type refrigeration system A2, the three-way solenoid switching valve 30B which interface with the interface on which the three-way 5D 5a connecting duct seal, or refrigeration system with a water-cooled subcooler A2 or not installed water-cooled or steam cooled subcooler refrigeration system A'2 the three-way solenoid valve 30B which interface with the throttle valve 6 which is sealed pipe connection pipe 6a 接,从而演变成装有过或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A7或A′7,如图12所示;A8或A′8如图13所示;A9或A′9如图14所示。 Then, which evolved into a vapor compression refrigeration system with or not installed through subcooler or A'7 A7, 12; A'8 the A8 or 13; the A9 or A'9 FIG. 14 FIG.

如图1~图5或如图12~图14是装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或复合制冷系统按其蒸发器9或3内制冷剂蒸发所吸取的低温热源分类有以下5种类型:(1)蒸发器9或3是空气源蒸发器9A或3A,它由翅片管式蒸发器9f、风扇及其电机(12A)和带网格窗口的机壳9e构成,以空气作为热交换介质,利用空气源11A其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热,如图5所示。 1 to 5 or 12 to 14 or is not installed with the subcooler temperature heat source vapor compression refrigeration system or classified according to their complex refrigeration system evaporator 9 or refrigerant evaporator 3 has learned the following five types: (1) an evaporator 9, or an air source 3 or the evaporator 9A. 3A, with which the housing is constituted by a grid window 9e finned tube evaporator 9F, and the fan motor (12A) and, air as a heat exchange medium, using air source 11A which provide low temperature heat for the evaporation heat of vaporization of the refrigerant, as shown in FIG.

(2)蒸发器9或3是水源蒸发器9B或3B,它采用以液体为传热介质的螺旋管式蒸发器9s、卧式壳管式蒸发器、直立壳管式蒸发器或盘管式蒸发器,其走水或液体为传热介质的空间其容器进出管接口与水源11B的进出水管道密封连接,在其水源11B的进水管道上装有电磁阀13A,在其水源11B出水管道上装有水泵12B和电磁阀13B,以水源11B其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热,如图8所示。 (2) an evaporator 9, or 3, or a water evaporator 9B 3B, which uses a liquid heat transfer medium evaporator coil 9S, horizontal shell and tube evaporator, vertical shell and tube evaporator or coil of formula an evaporator, which take water or liquid heat transfer medium to the space which the container inlet and outlet of water out of the water interface and the sealed connection pipe 11B, 13A with the solenoid valve in its water inlet pipe 11B, and 11B in which water outlet pipe tops water pump 12B and the solenoid valve 13B, 11B low-temperature water to heat the refrigerant is evaporated to provide heat of vaporization, as shown in FIG.

(3)蒸发器9或3是地源蒸发器9C或3C,它采用以液体为传热介质的蒸发器,其走液体传热介质的空间其容器进出管接口与垂直或水平埋在土壤中的一组U型金属管14其进出液态传热介质的总联集管14A与14B其一端口部密封连接,其另一端口部封闭,在U形金属管其输出液态传热介质的总联管14B上装有电磁阀13B和传热介质泵12C,其输进液态传热介质的总联管14A上装有电磁阀13A,以地源11C其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热,如图3所示。 (3) 3 or the evaporator 9 is a ground source or evaporator 9C. 3C, which uses a liquid heat transfer medium to the evaporator, which take space liquid heat transfer medium which interfaces with the container out of the vertical or horizontal pipe buried in soil 14 out of which a liquid heat transfer medium with the header 14A of the total set of U-shaped metal tube with a sealing portion 14B connected to one port, the other port portion is closed, the U-shaped metal tube of liquid heat transfer medium output general Association the tube is equipped with solenoid valves 14B 13B 12C and the heat transfer medium pump, a solenoid valve 13A on which a liquid heat transfer medium input total header 14A, 11C to the low-temperature heat source to provide heat of vaporization of the refrigerant evaporator, 3 Fig.

(4)蒸发器9或3是太阳能热源兼空气源两用蒸发器9D或3D,它由上表面涂复有选择性吸收涂层的太阳能平板型铜铝复合或全铜管板式太阳能集热器15M或太阳能平板型金属蛇形管集热器15M与蒸发器9D或3D组成,在平板型集热器15M左右边框上方开有两个园孔15E,供框内外空气流动或在框内二孔下方装有淡水、盐水或防冻液,蒸发器9D或3D其走工质的空间容器其进出管接口与太阳能集热器15M其进出管接口15a与15b用管道密封连接,在其输出管道上串联有汽液分离器10′和压缩机1′,在其输入管道上串联有干燥过滤器4′和节流阀6′,在该系统内抽真空后充灌有适量低沸点工质或该工质选用其沸点低于环境温度,而高于蒸发器9D内的工质其蒸发温度,例如选用乙醚、丙醛或氟里昂R11,或工质选用其沸点分别低于夏季与冬季其两种环境温度的不同沸点的液态物质,按1∶ (4) 3 or the evaporator 9 and the air heat source is a solar dual evaporator 9D or 3D, which has the above table top coat complex aluminum composite plate type solar selective absorbing coating or a brass plate solar collector full 15M or metal flat plate solar collectors 15M serpentine evaporator 9D composition or 3D, there are two open circular hole 15E above the flat-plate collector frame about 15M, air flows for the outer frame or in frame two holes below with fresh water, salt or brine, the evaporator which go 9D or 3D space of the container which the working fluid inlet and outlet interface with a solar collector which 15M out of the nipple 15a and 15b with the connecting duct seal, in series with the output conduit there vapor-liquid separator 10 'and the compressor 1', the pipe at its input in series with a drying filter 4 'and a throttle valve 6', filling an appropriate amount of the low boiling point substance or after evacuation station in the system mass selection of a boiling point below ambient temperature, and higher than the working fluid in the evaporator 9D its evaporation temperature, e.g. choice of diethyl ether, propionaldehyde or freon R11, or selection of the working fluid having a boiling point below each of two summer and winter ambient different boiling temperature of the liquid substance, according 1: 1混合,而在其进出管道上不装以上器件10′、1′、4′和6′,旨在晴天利用太阳能,阴雨天利用空气源其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热,如图4和图2所示。 1 mixing, the above device is not installed on their access duct 10 ', 1', 4 'and 6', intended use of solar sunny, rainy days, using a low-temperature air source to provide heat for the refrigerant evaporation heat of vaporization, 4 2 and FIG.

(5)蒸发器9或3是太阳能热水源蒸发器9E或3E,它由金属管板式平板型太阳能集热器或真空管太阳能集热器15M与蒸发器9B或3B兼太阳能水箱组成,太阳能集热器进、出水管接口分别用与蒸发器9B或3B其进出水管接口用管道密封连接,在其出水管道上装有电磁阀13A,其进水管道上装有水泵12B见图12。 (5) 3 or the evaporator 9 is a solar hot water source or evaporator 9E 3E, which consists of a metal tube plate or flat plate solar collectors with vacuum tube solar collectors 15M evaporator or 3B and 9B composition solar tank, solar collectors device into the outlet seal interfaces are connected to the evaporator inlet and outlet pipe 9B which interfaces 3B or pipe, a solenoid valve outlet pipe 13A in its track, Figure 12B with the pump inlet conduits 12 thereof.

装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或复合制冷系统,按其冷凝器3或9的冷却介质分类,有以下3种类型的冷凝器:(1)冷凝器3或9是水冷式冷凝器3B或9B,以水作为冷却介质,使制冷剂蒸汽冷凝;冷凝器3或9其走水的空间容器其进、出水管接口与冷却水源11B其进出水管道密封连接,在水源11B其出水管道上装有水泵12B′和电磁阀13B′,在水源11B其进水管道上装有电磁阀13A′,如图3所示。 Vapor compression refrigeration system or a refrigeration system is equipped with a composite subcooler, according to their classification coolant condenser 3 or 9, the following three types of condensers: (1) a condenser 3 or 9 is water-cooled condenser 3B or 9B, water as a cooling medium, the steam is condensed refrigerant; condenser 3 or 9 which go into its water space of the container, the outlet tube interface with the cooling water out of the water duct seal 11B which is connected, at its water outlet pipe 11B on which a pump 12B 'and the solenoid valves 13B', 13A with the solenoid valve in its water inlet conduit 11B ', as shown in FIG.

(2)冷凝器3或9是风冷式冷凝器3A或9A,以空气作为冷却介质,使制冷剂蒸汽冷凝,它由带翅片的盘管3f、装有或不装风扇及其电机12A,带网格窗口的机壳3e构成,如图5所示。 (2) condenser 9 is 3 or 3A or air-cooled condenser. 9A, with air as a cooling medium, the steam is condensed refrigerant, which consists of a finned coil 3f, with or without the fan and motor means 12A , 3e casing window with a grid configuration, as shown in FIG.

(3)水冷式冷凝器3A或9A改作成水冷式冷凝器兼热泵热水器水箱3C或9C,该水箱走水空间容器其进出水管接口与太阳能热水系统的水箱22其进出水管接口用管道密封连接,在其进水管道上装有热水泵12B、12B″,在其回水管道上装有电磁阀13A,在热泵水箱3C上装有可设定温度的温控器25,如图2所示。 (3) water-cooled condenser 3A 9A or modified and made water-cooled condenser or a heat pump water heater tank 3C 9C, the tank space of the container which take the water out of the pipe solar water heating system tank interface 22 which interfaces with the discharge pipes connecting duct seal , heat pumps equipped on its inlet duct 12B, 12B ", on its return pipe with the solenoid valve. 13A, the temperature can be set with the thermostat 25 in the pump tank. 3C, as shown in FIG.

装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或复合制冷系统,按其用途分类具有以下几种类型:(1)如图1~图4所示,装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1用作空气源、水源、地源、太阳能热水源或太阳能热源兼空气源其单一的热泵热水器、热泵热水厂、或热泵开水器,在其系统A1内,其蒸发器9选用空气源、水源、地源、太阳能热水源,或太阳能热源兼空气源其蒸发器9A、9B、9C、9E或9D,其冷凝器3选用热泵热水器水箱3C用作冷凝器。 Vapor compression refrigeration system or a refrigeration system is equipped with a composite subcooler, classified according to their use have the following types: (1) As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, with the vapor compression refrigeration system through the intercooler A1 used as a source of air, water, geothermal, solar heat or solar heat water and its single air source heat pump water heater, heat pump hot water plants, water boilers or heat pump, in which system A1, which air source choice evaporator 9, water , geothermal, solar hot water supply, solar heat or air source and which evaporator 9A, 9B, 9C, 9E or 9D, the condenser 3 which is selected as a condenser of the heat pump water heater tank 3C.

(2)如图5所示,装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1用作其单一的冷库、冰柜、冰箱或冷冻机或与干燥房或风干机双作用制冷制热设备,在其系统A1内蒸发器9选用空气源蒸发器9A,其冷凝器3选用以空气为冷却介质的冷凝器3A,或选用以淡水、盐水溶液或防冻液为冷却介质的冷凝器3B,如图1所示,图5内可省除风扇及其电机12A。 Vapor compression refrigeration system (2) shown in Figure 5, with subcooler A1 as its single refrigerator, freezer, refrigerator or freezer or air dryer or a drying room cooling and heating equipment double-acting, in which 9 A1 in the system evaporator. 9A evaporator air source choice, the choice of which the condenser 3 using air as the cooling medium of the condenser. 3A, or use freshwater, saline solution or as antifreeze coolant condenser 3B, FIG. 1 shown, the fan may be omitted and the motor 12A in FIG 5.

(3)如图5所示,装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1用作夏季单一冷风型空调器冬季单一热风型采暖器,两用制冷制热设备,在其系统A1内,其蒸发器9选用空气源蒸发器9A;其冷凝器3选用以空气却介质的冷凝器3A,通过风道和换向风门夏季将冷风输入需要空调的空间,冬季将热风输入需要采暖的空间。 (3) shown in Figure 5, the vapor compression refrigeration system with subcooler A1 as cold summer single type air-conditioner in winter single hot air heating type, a dual cooling and heating equipment, in which system A1, which 9 evaporator evaporator air source choice. 9A; condenser 3 which condenser 3A selection medium was air, through the air duct and the damper space for summer air-conditioning needs to input the cold winter space heating will require an input of hot air.

(4)如图6所示,装有过冷器和四通电磁换阀的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A2用作家用分体式空调器或分体式中央空调器,在其制冷系统A2内其蒸发器9选用空气源蒸发器9A,其冷凝器3选用以空气为冷却介质的冷凝器3A。 Vapor compression refrigeration system (4) shown in Figure 6, with the subcooler and the four-way solenoid switching valve A2 of the split type air conditioner is used as a home or remote central air conditioners, refrigeration system in which an evaporator A2 9 air source choice evaporator 9A, a condenser 3 which is selected as a condenser in the air cooling medium 3A.

(5)如图3所示,装有过冷器的蒸气压缩式制冷系统A1用作以液体为冷媒的单一制冷设备:制冰机、冷库、冰柜、冷水机或液冷型空调器,在其制冷系统A1内,其蒸发器9选用以液体为冷媒的蒸发器9B,其冷凝器3以水为冷却介质的冷凝器3B。 (5) shown in Figure 3, a vapor compression refrigeration system A1 with subcooler liquid is used as a refrigerant to a single refrigeration equipment: ice machine, refrigerator, freezer, or liquid-cooled chiller type air-conditioner, in the refrigeration system A1, in which the evaporator 9 is selected as the liquid refrigerant evaporator 9B, a condenser 3 in which a cooling medium is water condenser 3B.

(6)如图1所示,装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统A1,用作冷风式空调器、兼热泵热水器,其蒸发器9选用空气源蒸发器9A,其冷凝器3选用用作热泵热水器水箱3C用作冷凝器,图1中蒸发器9A应装有风扇及其电机12A。 (6) shown in Figure 1, with the subcooler vapor compression refrigeration system A1, as cold air conditioner, heat pump water heater and its evaporator evaporator air source choice 9. 9A, which is selected by the condenser 3 3C as a heat pump water heater tank for a condenser, evaporator 9A in FIG. 1 should be equipped with a fan and motor 12A.

(7)如图1所示,装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,用作冷库、冰柜、冰箱或冷冻机兼热泵热水厂、热泵热水器或热泵开水器,在其系统A1内,其蒸发器9选用空气源蒸发器9A,其冷凝器3选用用做热泵热水器水箱的冷凝器3C,并装有太阳能集热器15M和温控器25。 (7) shown in Figure 1, a vapor compression refrigeration system with subcooler, is used as refrigerator, freezer, refrigerator or freezer plant and heat pump water heater, heat pump water heater or heat pump water boiler, in which the system A1, 9 which evaporator evaporator air source choice. 9A, which is selected by the condenser 3 as a condenser of the heat pump water heater tank 3C, 15M and equipped with solar collectors 25 and a thermostat.

(8)如图12所示,装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A7或A7′用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,通过一对三通电磁换向阀30A与30B,在系统内并列连接有一台以空气为传热介质的热交换器9′A用作室外机或室内机,与一台以水为传热介质的热交换器9″B,用作太阳能热水源、太阳能热源兼空气源或水源蒸发器9E、9D或9B兼热泵热水器水箱9C,其另一台热交换器3选用以空气为传热介质的热交换器3A,用作室内机或室外机,从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的复合制冷系统A7或A′7,其功能和优点是夏季制冷空调,并回收原室外机向大气排放的废热变为温水,再由小面积太阳能集热器15M或矿物燃料锅炉或夜间低谷电利用热泵系统使温水加热到洗澡所需温度,冬季制热供暖,全年供应洗澡和生活洗涤用热水,高寒地区也能使用,可手动或遥控先制 (8) As shown, the vapor compression refrigeration system with complex or not installed or subcooler A7 A7 'well-being split type air conditioner 12 as a heat pump water heater with a composite unit, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B, and is connected in parallel within the system with air as a heat medium as a heat exchanger 9'A outdoor unit or indoor unit, a heat exchanger with water as a heat transfer medium 9 "B, with as solar hot water source, a solar heat source and air or water vaporizer 9E, 9D 9B or 9C tank and heat pump water heater, heat exchanger 3 which is another choice for the heat transfer medium to air heat exchanger. 3A, as the indoor unit or the outdoor unit, and thus turned into a composite with a refrigeration system or not installed subcooler or A'7 A7, the function and advantages of refrigeration and air conditioning in summer, the outdoor unit to the original and recovered waste heat discharged air becomes heated, and then by 15M small area of ​​solar collectors or fossil fuel boiler or heat pump system using a low power night warm water bath heated to the desired temperature, the heating heating in winter, and available all year round domestic hot water washing bath, cold areas can also be used, may be manually or remotely preemptive 热清除冰霜,再制热采供暖或供应热水。节能减排,没有热污染,制冷和供热系数高,共用一台室外机或压缩机,设备总投资降低,对已有空调器用户上门直接改装,仅增加一台装有过冷器和换向控制器的热泵热水器水箱3C。 Clear heat frost, then the heating hot water supply or heating taken. Energy conservation, there is no thermal pollution, high coefficient of cooling and heating, a common outdoor unit or a compressor, a total investment of equipment is reduced, the air conditioner for home users have direct modification, only increases the heat pump water heater tank 3C with a subcooler and commutation controller.

(9)如图13所示,装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A8或A8′用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,通过一对三通电磁换向阀30A与30B在其系统内并列连接有一台以空气为传热介质的热交器9′A用作室内机,与一台以水为传热介质的热交换器9B用作太阳能热源兼空气源太阳能热水源或水源蒸发器9D、9E、或9B,在系统内,其另一台热交换器3选用以水为传热介质的热交换器3B,并用作太阳能热水源、太阳能热源兼空气源或水源热交换器3E、3D或3B,兼作热泵热水器水箱3C,从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩或复合制冷系统A8或A8′,其功能和优点同图12实施例所述。 (9) As shown, the vapor compression refrigeration system with complex or not installed or subcooler A8 A8 'as being of split type air conditioner 13 and the composite heat pump water heater unit, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B are connected in parallel within the system which has air as a heat transfer medium of the heat exchanger is used as an interior 9'A machine, a heat exchanger with water as a heat transfer medium and 9B as a solar heat air source solar hot water source or water evaporator 9D, 9E, or. 9B, the system that the other water heat exchanger 3 as a heat exchanger to selected heat transfer media 3B, and as a solar hot water supply, solar heat air source and or water heat exchanger 3E, 3D or 3B, serving as a heat pump water heater tank 3C, which evolved into a steam containing or not installed subcooler compressor refrigeration system or a composite or A8 A8 ', with its features and advantages of the embodiment 12 of FIG. above.

(10)如图14所示,装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A9或A9′用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,在其制冷系统A9或A9′内通过一对三通电磁换向阀30A与30B并列连接有一台以空气传热介质的热交换器9′A用作室内机9′A与另一台以空气为传热介质的热交换器9″A用作室外机9″A,在系统A9或A9′内另一台热交换器3选用太阳能热水源、太阳能热源兼空气源或水源热交器3E、3D或3B兼热泵热水器水箱3C,从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合系统A9或A9′,其功能与优点与图12和图13实施案例相同,适用于已有空调器用户,上门直接改装,仅增加一台装有过冷器和换向控制器的热泵热水器不箱3C。 (10) As shown, the vapor compression refrigeration system compound A9 A9 or installed with or without subcooler 'as being of split unit air conditioners and heat pump water heater compound, in which the refrigeration system or A9 A9' within 14 by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B is connected in parallel to an air heat exchanger is used as heat transfer medium 9'A indoor heat exchanger 9 9'A with another air as the heat transfer medium "A is used as the outdoor unit 9" A, 3E, 3D and 3B or 3C in the heat pump water heater tank or another system A9 A9 'the solar hot water supply heat exchanger 3 selection, a solar heat source and an air or water heat exchanger device, thereby turned into steam with or without compression means subcooler composite system or A9 A9 ', the function and advantages of embodiments 12 and 13 the same case, the air conditioner has been applied to a user, direct conversion site, increasing only a transducer with subcooler and heat pump water heater tank 3C not to the controller.

如图10和图11所示,装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统A5或A5′以及A6或A6′都可用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,在其复合制冷系统A5或A5′以及A6或A6′内各通过一对三通5A与5B,两对三通电磁换向阀30A与30B以及30C与30D,各并列连接有三台热交换器9′、9″和3,中间一台热交换器9″都选用以空气为介质的热交换器9″A,既可用作蒸发器,又可用作冷凝器9″A,右边的一台热交换器3都先用以水为传热介质的热交换器3用作冷器3B兼热泵热水器水箱3C,并连接有太阳能集热器15M,在热泵水箱3C上装有温换器25,而左边的一台热交换器9′选用空气源蒸发器9′A或水源太阳能热水源、或太阳能热源兼空气源蒸发器9′B、9′E或9′D。 10 and 11, the composite vapor compression refrigeration system is installed with or without subcooler A5, or A5 'and A6 or A6' in FIG. 11 can be used as heating and cooling split unit air conditioners and heat pump water heater compound, in which refrigeration system or within the composite A5 A5 'and A6 or A6' each by a pair of three-way 5A and 5B, two pairs of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B and 30C and 3OD, each of the three heat exchangers are connected in parallel with a 9 ', 9 'and 3, an intermediate heat exchanger 9 "are selected as the medium to the air heat exchanger 9," a, either as an evaporator, and the condenser 9 can be used as "a heat exchange a, right 3 are the first heat exchanger to heat water for the cooler medium 3 as a heat pump water heater tank 3B and 3C, and is connected with the solar collector 15M, with the temperature on the heat exchanger 25 in the tank 3C, and the left a heat exchanger 9 'of the evaporator air source choice 9'A water or water solar heat, solar heat or air source and the evaporator 9'B, 9'E or 9'D.

Claims (5)

1.一簇制冷制热设备其蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,它们由压缩机(1)、不装或装有四通电磁换向阀(2)、冷凝器(3)、干燥过滤器(4)、节流阀(6)、蒸发器(9)、和汽液分离器(10),以上主要零部件和器件组成,用管道连接成密封系统(A1)或(A2),其特征是在其系统(A1)内,介于干燥过滤器(4)与节流阀(6)之间装有一只汽冷式过冷器(8A),而汽冷式过冷器(8A)其走液态制冷剂的金属螺旋管(8e)的输出管接口(8a)与节流阀(6)其管接口(6b)用管道密封连接,在节流阀(6)其管接口(6a)与蒸发器(9)其制冷剂输入管接口(9b)的连接管道上装有一只三通(5B),而汽冷式过冷器(8A)其金属旋管(8e)其输入管接口(8b)与干燥过滤器(4)其管接口(4a)用管道密封连接,并在其管道上装有一只三通(5A),而三通(5A)其管接口(5c)与过冷器(8A)其走制冷剂蒸汽的容器内其输入管接口(8c)用管道密封连接,过冷器(8A)其容器的 1. The cooling and heating apparatus which cluster vapor compression refrigeration system, which compressor (1), or not equipped with the four-way solenoid valve (2), a condenser (3), dry filter (4) , a throttle valve (6), an evaporator (9), and a gas-liquid separator (10), consisting of the above main components and devices, with the pipe connection a sealing system (A1) or (A2), characterized in that the system (A1), dried between filter (4) and the throttle valve (6) provided with a steam-cooled between the subcooler (8A), and the steam-cooled subcooler (8A) which take the liquid refrigerant metal spiral agent (8E) an output tubing connector (8a) of the throttle valve (6) which tube ports (6b) connected with sealed pipe, the throttle valve (6) which pipe connection (6a) and the evaporator ( 9) on which the refrigerant inlet pipe connection (9b) connected with a pipe tee (5B), and the steam-cooled subcooler (8A) which the metal coil (8E) input tubing connector (8b) and filtered and dried (4) which tube ports (4a) sealingly connected with the pipe, and equipped with a three-way (5A) on its pipeline, and the tee (5A) which tubing connector (5c) with a subcooler (8A) which go refrigerating refrigerant vapor within the vessel at its input interfaces pipe (8c) sealed connection pipe, subcooler (8A) of its container 出管接口(8d)与三通(5B)其管接口(5c)用管道密封连接;或介于干燥过滤器(4)节流阀(6)之间装有水冷式过冷器(8B)、金属蛇形管套管式过冷器(8C)或金属螺旋管套管式过冷器(8D),而过冷器(8B)、(8C)或(8D),其制冷剂输出管接口(8a)分别与节流阀其制冷剂输入管接口(6b)用管道密封连接,而过冷器(8B)、(8C)或(8D)其制冷剂输入管接口(8b)与干燥过滤器(4)其制冷剂输出管接口(4a)用有管道密封连接,过冷器(8)其走水的空间容器其进出水管接口与水源(11B)进出管道密封连接,在水源(11B)的出水管道上装有冷却水泵(12B′)和电磁阀(13B′),在水源(11B)的进水管道上装有电磁阀(13A′),在以上装有过冷器(8A)、(8B)、(8C)、或(8D)的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统内抽真空后充灌有适量的制冷剂;或在其系统(A2)内,介于干燥过滤器(4)与节流阀或毛细管(6)之间,装有一台汽冷式过冷器(8A),具体连 The tube ports (8d) and the tee (5B) which tubing connector (5c) is connected with a duct seal; with a water-cooled subcooler (8B) or between dry filter (4) of the throttle valve (6) , serpentine metal telescopic subcooler (8C) or a metal spiral telescopic subcooler (8D), and the subcooler (8B), (8C) or (8D), which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (8a) which are sealingly connected to the throttle valve of refrigerant input pipes Interface (6b) duct, while subcooler (8B), (8C) or (8D) which interfaces the refrigerant inlet pipe (8b) and the filter was dried (4) which is the refrigerant outlet pipe Interface (4a) with a duct sealed connection, subcooler (8) which take the space of the container of water which discharge pipes interface water (. 11B) out of the duct seal is connected, in water (. 11B) of track with a cooling water pump outlet pipe (12B ') and the solenoid valve (13B'), a solenoid valve (13A ') in water (. 11B) of the inlet conduit, at least with subcooler (8A), (8B) , (8C), or (8D) vapor compression filling the proper amount of refrigerant within the refrigeration system is evacuated; or within the system (A2), dried between filter (4) with a throttle valve or a capillary tube (6), is equipped with a steam-cooled subcooler (. 8A), and even the specific 关系是干燥过滤器(4)其制冷剂输出管接口(4a)与过冷器(8A)其容器内金属螺旋管8e制冷剂液体的输入管接口8b用管道密封连接,在其管道上装有三通(5A),在三通(5A)其上接口(5c)与过冷器(8A)其走制冷剂蒸汽的容器其管接口(8c)用管道密封连接,在其管道上,串联有电磁阀(7A)和节流阀(6A),在干燥过滤器(4)其管接口(4b)与热交换器(3)其管接口(3b)之间其管道上装有三通(5C)和毛细管或节流阀(6C),过冷器(8A)的金属螺旋管(8e)其输出管接(8a)与节流阀或毛细管(6)其制冷剂输入管接口(6b)用管密封连接,在其管道上装有三通(5B),三通(5B)其上接口(5c)与过冷器(8A)其管接口(8f)用管道密封连接,在其管道上串联有电磁阀(7B)和节流阀(6B),过冷器(8A)其容器内制冷剂蒸汽输出管接口(8d)用管道连接有一只三通电磁换向阀(20),其左接口与三通(5D)其右接口用管道密封连接,三通电磁换 Relationship dry filter (4) which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (4a) with a subcooler (8A) in its feed line interfaces 8b 8e spiral metal container with a liquid refrigerant connection pipe seal, in which a three-way pipe with (5A), sealingly connected with the three-way pipe (5A) which interface (5c) with a subcooler (8A) which take the container which refrigerant vapor tube ports (8C), in which the pipe, a solenoid valve connected in series (7A) and a throttle (6A), (4) which interfaces pipe (4b) and the heat exchanger filter drier (3) between the nipple (3b) fitted with a three-way (5C) and the capillary tube or conduit which a throttle valve (6C), a subcooler (8A) of a metal spiral (8E) which is connected to the outlet pipe (8a) and a throttle valve or a capillary tube (6) which interfaces the refrigerant inlet pipe (6b) connected with sealed tubes, on its pipeline with tee (5B), tee (5B) on which the interface (5c) with a subcooler (8A) which tube ports (8F) sealed pipe connected in series with a solenoid valve (7B) on its pipeline and a throttle valve (6B), a subcooler (8A) inside the container which refrigerant vapor outlet pipe Interface (8d) connected to a pipe three-way solenoid valve (20), a three-way interface to the left (5D) duct seal which is connected with the right connector, three-way electromagnetic change 向阀(20),其右接口与三通(5C)其左接口用管道密封连接;或在其系统(A7)、(A8)、(A9)或(A2)内介于三通(5C)与干燥过滤器(4)之间通过三通电磁换向阀(20A)相对于节流阀或毛细管(6C)并列连接有一根直通管道(21A),而介于三通(5D)与三通(5B)之间,通过三通电磁换向阀(20B)相对于节流阀或毛细管道(6D)并列连接有一根直通管道(21B),直通管道(21A)与(21B)的下端与金属螺旋管(8e)进出管道分别连通,当热交换器(9)用作以空气为热交换介质的蒸发器(9′A),夏季制冷空调时,过冷器(8A)其走制冷剂蒸汽的容器通过三通电磁换向阀(20)与蒸发器(9′A)接通;而与冷凝器(3A)或(3B)断开,电磁阀(7A)接通;而电磁阀(7B)关闭;三通电磁换向阀(20B)与节流阀(6D)接通,而三通电磁换向阀(20A)与直通管道(21A)接通,当热交换(3)用作以空气或以水为热交换介质的蒸发器(3A)或(3B),冬季制热供暖或全 Between the three-way system in which (A7), (A8), (A9) or (A2) or (5C); a valve (20), which is a three-way interface to the right (5C) which interfaces with the left is connected to the duct seal and drying the filter (4) with respect to the throttle valve or a capillary tube (6C) is connected in parallel through a conduit (. 21A) by the three-way solenoid valve (20A), and between tee (5D) the three-way between (5B), the three-way solenoid valve (20B) with respect to the throttle valve or capillary channels (6D) connected in parallel through a duct (21B), through duct (. 21A) and (. 21B) and the lower end of the metal spiral (8E), respectively, out of the communication pipe, when the heat exchanger (9) serves as an air evaporator heat exchange medium (9'a), refrigeration and air conditioning in summer, subcooler (8A) which refrigerant vapor down three-way solenoid valve through the container (20) and the evaporator (9'a) is turned on; and or (3B) is disconnected and the condenser (3A), a solenoid valve (7A) is turned on; and the solenoid valve (7B ) closed; three-way solenoid valve (20B) of the throttle valve (6D) is turned on, and the three-way solenoid valve (20A) and through duct (. 21A) is turned on, when the heat exchanger (3) is used to air or water in the evaporator heat exchange medium (3A) or (3B), winter heating or whole heating 热泵热水器提供热水时,过冷器(8A)其走制冷剂蒸气的容器通过三通电磁换向阀(20)与蒸发器(3A)或(3B)接通;而与冷凝器(9A)断开;电磁阀(7B)接通;而电磁阀(7A)断开,而三通电磁换向阀(20B)与直通管道(21B)接通,三通电磁换向阀(20A)与节流阀或毛细管(6C)接通;或在系统(A2)内介于干燥过滤器(4)与节流阀(6)之间装有水冷式过冷器(8B)、(8C)或(8D),旨在使液态制冷剂过冷。 When the hot water heat pump water heater, subcooler (8A) of the container which take the refrigerant vapor by the three-way solenoid valve (20) and the evaporator (3A) or (3B) is turned on; with the condenser (. 9A) disconnect; solenoid valve (7B) is turned on; and the electromagnetic valve (7A) turned off and the three-way solenoid valve (20B) and a through conduit (. 21B) is turned on, the three-way solenoid valve (20A) and section valve or a capillary tube (6C) is turned on; with or between the water-cooled subcooler (8B) between the dry filter (4) and the throttle valve (6) in the system (A2), (8C) or ( 8D), designed to make the liquid refrigerant subcooling.
2.根据权利要求1所述的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,其特征是在装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1)或(A1′)内,通过一对三通电磁换向阀(30A)和(30B)用管道并列连接有两台都用作蒸发器的热交换器(9′)与(9″),具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀(30A)其左、右接口与热交换器(9′)和(9″)其制冷剂输出管接口(9′a)和(9″a)分别用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30A)其上接口与汽液分离器(10)其制冷剂输入管接口(10b)用管道密封连接,而三通电磁换向阀(30B)其左、右接口与热交换器(9′)和(9″),其制冷剂输入管接口(9′b)和(9″b)对应用管道密封连接,而对装有汽冷式过冷器(8A)的制冷系统(A1)则三通电磁换向阀(30B)其下接口经由三通(5B)与节流阀(6)其制冷剂输出管接口(6a)用管道密封连接;或对装有或不装水冷式过冷器(8B)、(8C)或(8D)的制冷系统(A1)或(A1′)则三通电磁换 The inner vapor compression refrigeration system as recited in claim 1, the vapor compression refrigeration system (A1) which is equipped or not equipped subcooler or (A1 '), by a pair of three-way electromagnetic transducer the heat exchanger (9 ') to the valve (30A) and (30B) is connected in parallel with the two pipes are used as the evaporator (9 "), particularly a three-way solenoid valve is connected relations (30A) which is left , the right connector with the heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 ") which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (9'a) and (9" A) are connected with the duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve (30A) which Interface with the gas-liquid separator (10) which interfaces the refrigerant inlet pipe (10b) sealingly connected with the pipe, while the three-way solenoid valve (30B) which left and right interfaces of the heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 " ), which refrigerant inlet pipe connection (9'b) and (9 "b) for the application connection duct seal, while with the steam cooled subcooler (8A) of the refrigeration system (A1) is a three-way electromagnetic directional valve (30B) which, via a three-way interface (5B) and the throttle valve (6) which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (6a) is connected with a duct seal; or installed with or without a water-cooled subcooler (8B), (8C) or (8D) a refrigeration system (A1) or (A1 ') of the three-way electromagnetic change (30B)其下接口与节流阀(6)其制冷剂输出管接口(6a)用管道直接密封连接;或对不装汽冷式或过冷器(8A)的制冷系统A1′则三通电磁阀换向阀(30B)其下接口与节流阀(6)其管接口(6a)直接密封连接;或在装有或不装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1)或(A1′)内,通过一对三通电磁换向阀(30A)和(30B),并列连接有两台都用作冷凝器的热交换器(3′)和(3″),具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀(30A)其左、右接口与交换器(3′)和(3″)其制冷剂蒸汽输入管接口(3′a)和(3″a)分别用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30A)其上接口与压缩机(1)其制冷剂蒸汽输出管接口(1a)用管道密封连接,而三通电磁换向阀(30B),其左、右接口与热交换器(3′)和(3″)其制冷剂输出管接口(3″b)和(3″b)用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30B)其下接口与干燥过滤器(4)其制冷剂输入管接口(4b)用管道密封连接, (30B) which interface with the throttle valve (6) which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (6a) connected directly sealed duct; or not mounted or steam cooled subcooler (8A) of the refrigeration system A1 'is a three-way solenoid valve (30B) which interface with the throttle valve (6) which is nipple (6a) sealingly connected directly; or in the vapor compression refrigeration system is equipped with or without a subcooler (A1) or ( A1 ') within, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve (30A) (30B), connected in parallel, and there are two heat exchanger as a condenser (3') and (3 '), the specific connection relation is three-way solenoid valve (30A) which left and right interfaces of the exchanger (3 ') and (3') which interfaces the refrigerant vapor inlet tube (3'a) and (3 "A) are sealingly connected with the pipe, three-way solenoid valve (30A) which interface with the compressor (1) which interfaces refrigerant vapor outlet pipe (1a) with a sealing connection pipe, and the three-way solenoid valve (30B), the left and right interface the heat exchanger (3 ') and (3') which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (3 "B) and (3 'B) connected to duct sealing, three-way solenoid valve (30B) which interface with the dried filter (4) Interface which the refrigerant inlet pipe (4b) connected with sealed pipe, 其另一台热交换器(9)用作以空气为冷却的冷凝器(3A),从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统(A4)与(A′4)。或在装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1)和(A1′)内,通过一对三通(5A)与(5B)、两对三通电磁换向阀(30A)和(30B)以及(30C)和(30D)用管道并列连接有三台热交换器(9′)、(9″)和(3),三者当中左边的热交换器(9′)用作蒸发器,右边的热交换器(3)用作冷凝器,中间的热交换器(9″)既可用作蒸发器,又可用作冷凝器,具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀(30A)其左接口与热交换器(9′)其制冷剂输出管接口(9′a)用管道密封连接,其上接口与汽液分离器(10)其制冷剂输入管接口(10b)用管道密封连接,其右接口与三通(5A)其左接口用管道密封连接,三通(5A)其下接口与热交换器(9″)其制冷剂进出管接口(9″a)用管道密封连接,而三通(5A)其右接口与三通电 And the other heat exchangers (9) is used as an air-cooled condenser (3A), which evolved into a composite vapor compression refrigeration system with or not installed subcooler (A4) and (A'4) . or in a vapor compression refrigeration system (A1) with or without the subcooler and means (A1 '), by a pair of three-way (5A) and (5B), two pairs of three-way solenoid valve (30A ) and (30B) and (3OC) and (3OD) connected in parallel with three pipe heat exchanger (9 '), (9') and (3), the left among the three heat exchangers (9 ') used as the an evaporator, the right side of the heat exchanger (3) as a condenser, an intermediate heat exchanger (9 ") as both an evaporator and as a condenser, particularly the three-way solenoid valve is connected to the relationship ( 30A) which interfaces with the left heat exchanger (9 ') which interfaces the refrigerant outlet pipe (9'a) sealing pipe connection, the interface on which the gas-liquid separator (10) which interfaces the refrigerant inlet pipe (10b) with connecting duct seal, which is a three-way interface to the right (5A) which interfaces with the left connecting duct seal, three (5A) which interface with the heat exchanger (9 "), which refrigerant inlet-outlet pipe connection (9" A) duct sealed connection, and a three-way (5A) which interfaces with the three right-energized 磁换向阀(30C)其左接口用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30C)其上接口与压缩机(1)其管接口(1a)用管道密封连接,三通电磁向阀(30C)其右接口与热交换器(3)其制冷剂输入管接口(3a)用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30B)其左接口与热交换器(9′)其制冷剂输入管接口(9′b)用管道密封连接,对装有水冷式过冷器的制冷系统(A1)和(A1′)则三通电磁换向阀(30B)其下接口与节流阀(6)其管接口(6a)用管道密封连接,或对装有汽冷式过冷器的制冷系统(A1)和(A1′)则三通电磁换向阀(30B)其下接口与三通(5D)其上接口密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30B)其右接口与三通(5B)其左接口用管道密封连接,三通(5B)其上接口与热交换器(9″)其制冷剂进、出管接口(9b)用管道密封连接,三通(5B)其右接口与三通电磁换向阀(30D)其左接口用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30D)其右接口与热交换器(3)其制 Magnetic valve (3OC) which interfaces with the left connecting duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve (3OC) which interface with the compressor (1) which nipple (1a) is connected with a duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve ( 30C) which interfaces with the right heat exchanger (3) which interfaces the refrigerant inlet tube (3a) connected to duct sealing, three-way solenoid valve (30B) which interfaces with the left heat exchanger (9 ') whose refrigerant inlet tube ports (9'b) is connected with a duct seal, the refrigeration system (A1) with a water-cooled subcooler and (A1 ') of the three-way solenoid valve (30B) which interface with the throttle valve (6 ) which tube ports (6a) is connected with a duct seal, or with steam-cooled subcooler refrigeration system (A1) and (A1 ') of the three-way solenoid valve (30B) which is a three-way interface ( 5D) sealing the connection interface, the three-way solenoid valve (30B) which is a three-way interface to the right (5B) which interfaces with the left connecting duct seal, tee (5B) which interface with the heat exchanger (9 ") which the refrigerant inlet and outlet pipe connection (9b) connected with a duct seal, tee (5B) which interfaces with the right three-way solenoid valve (3OD) which interfaces with the left connecting duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve (3OD ) interface which is the right heat exchanger (3) which is made 冷剂输出管接口(3b)用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30D)其下接口与干燥过滤器(4)其管接口(4b)用管道密封连接,从而演变成装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷以及系统(A5)或(A5′)以及(A6)与(A6′);或在装有或不装过冷器并且装有四通电磁换向阀的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A2)或(A2′)内,通过一对三通电磁换阀(30A)和(30B)用管道并列连接有两台既可都用作蒸发器,又可都用作冷凝器的热交换器(9′)和(9″),其具体连接关系是三通电磁换向阀(30A)其左、右接口与热交换器(9′)和(9″)其制冷剂进、出管接口(9′a)和(9″a),用管道密封连接,三通电磁换阀(30A)其上接口与四通电磁换向阀(2)其管接口(2a)用管道密封连接,三通电磁换向阀(30B)其左、右接口热交换器(9′)和(9″)其制冷剂进出管道接口(9′b)和(9″b)分别用管道密封连接,对装有汽冷式过冷器的制冷系统 Interface refrigerant outlet pipe (3b) is connected with the pipe sealing, three-way solenoid valve (3OD) which interface with the dry filter (4) which interfaces tube (4b) is connected with a duct seal, which evolved into with or without means subcooler and the refrigerant vapor compression system compound (A5) or (A5 ') and (A6) and (A6'); or with or not installed with subcooler and the four-way solenoid valve the vapor compression refrigeration system (A2) or (A2 '), by a pair of three-way electromagnetic change-over valve (30A) and connected in parallel with the duct (30B) has either two evaporators are used, but also are used a condenser heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 "), which is a specific relationship between the three-way solenoid valve is connected (30A) which left and right interfaces of the heat exchanger (9') and (9 ') of the refrigeration agents into and out of the nipple (9'a) and (9 "a), with the connecting duct seal, the three-way electromagnetic change-over valve (30A) which interface the four-way solenoid valve (2) which pipe connection (2a) connected with the duct seal, the three-way solenoid valve (30B) which left and right interfaces of the heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 "), which refrigerant inlet-outlet pipe joint (9'b) and (9" B), respectively connecting duct seal, a refrigeration system is equipped with steam-cooled subcooler (A2)则三通电磁换阀(30B)其下接口与三通(5D)其上接口(5a)用管道密封连接,或对装有水冷式过冷器的制冷系统(A2)或不装水冷式或汽冷式过冷器的制冷系统(A′2)则三通电磁换向阀(30B)其下接口与节流阀(6)其管接口(6a)用管道密封连接,从而演变成装有过或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A7)或(A′7),(A8)或(A′8)、(A9)或(A′9)。 (A2) of the three-way electromagnetic change-over valve (30B) which is a three-way interface (5D) which is (5a) sealingly connected with the pipe interface, or refrigeration system with a water-cooled subcooler (A2) or not installed water-cooled or steam-cooled subcooler refrigeration system (A'2) of the three-way solenoid valve (30B) which interface with the throttle valve (6) which is nipple (6a) sealingly connected with the pipe, which evolved vapor compression refrigeration system to be installed with or without through subcooler (A7) or (A'7), (A8) or (A'8), (A9) or (A'9).
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,其特征是装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或复合制冷系统按其蒸发器(9)或(3)内制冷剂蒸发所吸取的低温热源分类有以下5种类型:(1)蒸发器(9)或(3)是空气源蒸发器(9A)或(3A),它由翅片管式蒸发器(9f)或(3f)、风扇及其电机(12A)和带网格窗口的机壳(9e)或(3e)构成,以空气作为热交换介质,利用空气源(11A)其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热;(2)蒸发器(9)或(3)是水源蒸发器(9B)或(3B),它采用以液体为传热介质的螺旋管式蒸发器(9s)或(3s)、卧式壳管式蒸发器、直立壳管式蒸发器或盘管式蒸发器,其走水或液体为传热介质的空间其容器进出管接口与水源(11B)的进出水管道密封连接,在其水源(11B)的进水管道上装有电磁阀(13A),在其水源(11B)出水管道上装有水泵(12B)和电磁阀(13B),以水源(11B)其低温热能为制冷剂蒸 The vapor compression refrigeration system of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the vapor compression refrigeration system or a refrigeration system with complex or its installed subcooler evaporator (9) or (3) the refrigerant evaporated in the low temperature heat source classification learned the following five types: (1) an evaporator (9) or (3) is an air source evaporator (. 9A) or (3A), which consists of finned tube evaporator (9f ) or housing (3F), and the fan motor (12A) and with the grid window (9E) or (3E) configured to air as a heat exchange medium, using air source (. 11A) which is a low temperature heat refrigerant evaporator providing heat of vaporization; (2) an evaporator (9) or (3) a water evaporator (9B) or (3B), which uses the helical tube evaporator (9S) for the liquid heat transfer medium or (3s), horizontal shell and tube evaporator, vertical shell and tube evaporator or evaporator coil, which take the water or liquid heat transfer medium to the space which the container inlet and outlet water interface (. 11B) out of the water seal pipe connections, a solenoid valve (13A) on its water source (. 11B) of the inlet conduit, with the pump (12B) and the solenoid valve (13B) in which water (. 11B) track the outlet pipe, to water (. 11B) which is a low temperature heat refrigerant evaporated 提供汽化热;(3)蒸发器(9)或(3)是地源蒸发器(9C)或(3C),它采用以液体为传热介质的蒸发器,其走液体传热介质的空间其容器进出管接口与垂直或水平埋在土壤中的一组U型金属管(14)其进出液态传热介质的总联集管(14A)与(14B)其一端口部密封连接,其另一端口部封闭,在U形金属管其输出液态传热介质的总联管(14B)上装有电磁阀(13B)和传热介质泵12C,其输进液态传热介质的总联管(14A)上装有电磁阀(13A),以地源(11C)其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热;(4)蒸发器(9)或(3)是太阳能热源兼空气源两用蒸发器(9D)或(3D),它由上表面涂复有选择性吸收涂层的太阳能平板型铜铝复合或全铜管板式太阳能集热器(15M)或太阳能平板型金属蛇形管集热器(15M)与蒸发器(9D)或(3D)组成,在平板型集热器(15M)左右边框上方开有两个园孔(15E),供框内外空气流动或在框内二孔下方装有淡 Providing heat of vaporization; (3) an evaporator (9) or (3) is the source of the evaporator (9C) or (. 3C), which uses a liquid heat transfer medium to the evaporator, which take their space liquid heat transfer medium the container inlet and outlet interface with a vertical or horizontal buried in the soil of a set of U-shaped metal tube (14) out of which a liquid heat transfer medium is always associated manifold (14A) and (14B) connected to one port seal portion, and the other port closing portion, a solenoid valve (13B) and the heat transfer medium pump 12C in the U-shaped metal tube of liquid heat transfer medium output pipe with total (14B), into which a liquid heat transfer medium input total union (14A) on which a solenoid valve (13A), to the source (. 11C) which provide low temperature heat for the heat of vaporization of the refrigerant evaporator; (4) an evaporator (9) or (3) is a solar heat and dual evaporator air source (9D) or (3D), which complex has the above table top coat aluminum composite plate type solar selective absorbing coating of brass or the whole solar collector plate (15M) or a metal flat plate solar collectors serpentine tube (15M) the evaporator (9D) or (3D) composed of the flat panel solar collector (15M) approximately over the bezel opening with two circular hole (15E), outer box for air flow or below the light box equipped with a second hole 、盐水或防冻液,蒸发器(9D)或(3D)其走工质的空间容器其进出管接口与太阳能集热器(15M)其进出管接口(15a)与(15b)用管道密封连接,在其输出管道上串联有汽液分离器(10′)和压缩机(1′),在其输入管道上串联有干燥过滤器(4′)和节流阀(6′),在该系统内抽真空后充灌有适量低沸点工质或该工质选用其沸点低于环境温度,而高于蒸发器(9D)内的工质其蒸发温度,或工质选用其沸点分别低于夏季与冬季其两种环境温度的不同沸点的液态物质,按1∶1混合,而在其进出管道上不装以上器件(10′)、(1′)、(4′)和(6′),旨在晴天利用太阳能,阴雨天利用空气源其低温热能为制冷剂蒸发提供汽化热;(5)蒸发器(9)或(3)是太阳能热水源蒸发器(9E)或(3E),它由金属管板式平板型太阳能集热器或真空管太阳能集热器(15M)与蒸发器(9B)或(3B)兼太阳能水箱组成,太阳能集热器进 , Brine or antifreeze, an evaporator (9D) or (3D) down which the working medium space of the container into and out of its tube solar collector interface (15M) which is the interface inlet and outlet (15a) and (15b) sealingly connected with the pipe, at its output in series with a pipeline gas-liquid separator (10 ') and the compressor (1'), in series with dry filter (4 ') and a throttle valve (6') at its input conduit, within the system filling an appropriate amount of the low boiling point working fluid or working fluid having a boiling point below ambient temperature selected after evacuation, and the working fluid above the evaporator (9D) in the evaporation temperature, or the selection of the working fluid having a boiling point lower than in summer and are winter its two different boiling temperature liquid substance, mixed by 1:1, but not mounted on the device above its access duct (10 '), (1'), (4 ') and (6'), the purpose on sunny days use of solar energy, rainy days, using a source of air low-temperature thermal energy of vaporization heat of the refrigerant evaporator; (5) an evaporator (9) or (3) is a solar hot water source evaporator (9E) or (3E), which consists of a metal Tubesheet flat plate solar collectors or evacuated tube solar collector (15M) and the evaporator (9B) or (3B) and the composition of the solar water tank, a solar collector into the 出水管接口分别用与蒸发器(9B)或(3B)其进出水管接口用管道密封连接,在其出水管道上装有电磁阀(13A),其进水管道上装有水泵(12B)。 The outlet tube interface respectively with the evaporator (9B) or (3B) out of the pipe which is connected to the interface with the duct seal, a solenoid valve (13A) at its outlet pipe track, with the pump (12B) on its inlet conduits.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,其特征是装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或复合制冷系统,按其冷凝器(3)或(9)的冷却介质分类,有以下3种类型的冷凝器:(1)冷凝器(3)或(9)是水冷式冷凝器(3B)或(9B),以水作为冷却介质,使制冷剂蒸汽冷凝,冷凝器(3)或(9)其走水的空间容器,其进、出水管接口与冷却水源(11B)其进出水管道密封连接,在水源(11B)其出水管道上装有水泵(12B′)和电磁阀(13B′),在水源(11B)其进水管道上装有电磁阀(13A′);(2)冷凝器(3)或(9)是风冷式冷凝器(3A)或(9A),以空气作为冷却介质,使制冷剂蒸汽冷凝,它由带翅片的盘管(3f)、装有或不装风扇及其电机(12A),带网格窗口的机壳(3e)或(9e)构成;(3)水冷式冷凝器(3A)或(9A)改作成水冷式冷凝器兼热泵热水器水箱(3C)或(9C),该水箱走水空间容器其进出水管接口与太阳能热水系统 The vapor compression refrigeration system of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the vapor compression refrigeration system or a refrigeration system with a composite or not installed subcooler, according to the condenser (3) or (9) cooling medium classification, the following three types of condensers: (1) a condenser (3) or (9) is a water-cooled condenser (3B) or (9B), with water as the cooling medium, the steam is condensed refrigerant , a condenser (3) or (9) which take the water space of the container, its inlet and outlet tube interface with the cooling water source (. 11B) out of the water duct seal which is connected to the water source (. 11B) which is provided with track pump outlet pipe (12B ' ) and the solenoid valve (13B '), a solenoid valve (13A in water (. 11B) which inlet duct'); (2) a condenser (3) or (9) is an air-cooled condenser (3A) or ( . 9A), with air as a cooling medium, the steam is condensed refrigerant, which consists of the coil (3f) with fins, with or without the fan and motor means (. 12A), the housing (3e mesh with window) or (9E) composition; (3) water-cooled condenser (3A) or (. 9A) change made water-cooled condenser and a heat pump water heater tank (3C) or (9C), the tank space of the container which take the water out of the pipe to the solar Interface hot water system 水箱(22)其进出水管接口用管道密封连接,在其进水管道上装有热水泵(12B)、(12B″),在其回水管道上装有电磁阀(13A),在热泵水箱(3C)上装有可设定温度的温控器(25); Tank (22) which interfaces with the duct seal out of the pipe connection, with the heat pump (12B) at its water inlet pipe, (12B "), a solenoid valve (13A) on its return pipe, the heat pump in the tank (3C) the temperature can be set with the thermostat (25);
5.根据权利要求1或2所述的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,其特征是装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统或装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统,具有以下几种用途:(1)装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1)用作空气源、水源、地源、太阳能热水源或太阳能热源兼空气源其单一的热泵热水器、热泵热水厂、或热泵开水器,在其系统A1内,其蒸发器(9)选用空气源、水源、地源、太阳能热水源,或太阳能热源兼空气源其蒸发器(9A)、(9B)、(9C)、(9E)或(9D),其冷凝器(3)选用热泵热水器水箱(3C)用作冷凝器;(2)装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1)用作其单一的冷库、冰柜、冰箱或冷冻机;或与干燥房或风干机双作用制冷制热设备,在其系统(A1)内蒸发器(9)选用空气源蒸发器(9A),其冷凝器(3)选用以空气为冷却介质的冷凝器(3A),或选用以淡水、盐水溶液或防冻液为冷却 5. A vapor compression refrigeration system, a vapor compression refrigeration system according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the device with subcooled vapor compression refrigeration system or complex with or without the subcooler means, having the following several uses: vapor compression refrigeration system (A1) (1) with subcooler is used as a source of air, water, geothermal, solar heat or solar heat water and its single air source heat pump water heater, heat pump water heating plant , or heat pump water boiler, in which system A1, which is the evaporator (9) use an air source, water, geothermal, solar hot water supply, solar heat or air source and its evaporator (9A), (9B), (9C ), (9E) or (9D), which condenser (3) selection of a heat pump water heater tank (3C) acts as a condenser; vapor compression refrigeration system (A1) (2) with subcooler as its single refrigerator, freezer, refrigerator or freezer; drying room or double-acting air dryer or a heating and cooling device, in which system (A1) in the evaporator (9) of the evaporator air source choice (. 9A), which condenser (3) selection of air as the cooling medium of the condenser (. 3A), or use in fresh water, salt solution or brine, is cooled 质的冷凝器(3B);(3)装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1)用作夏季单一的冷风型空调器;冬季单一的热风型采暖器,两用制冷制热设备,在其系统(A1)内,其蒸发器(9)选用空气源蒸发器(9A);其冷凝器(3)选用以空气却介质的冷凝器(3A),通过风道和换向风门,夏季将冷风输入需要空调的空间,冬季将热风输入需要采暖的空间;(4)装有过冷器和四通电磁换阀的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A2)用作家用分体式空调器或分体式中央空调器,在其制冷系统(A2)内其蒸发器(9)选用空气源蒸发器(9A),其冷凝器(3)选用以空气为冷却介质的冷凝器(3A);(5)装有过冷器的蒸气压缩式制冷系统(A1)用作以液体为冷媒的单一制冷设备:制冰机、冷库、冰柜、冷水机或液冷型空调器,在其制冷系统(A1)内,其蒸发器(9)选用以液体为冷媒的蒸发器(9B),其冷凝器(3)以水为冷却介质的冷凝器(3B);(6 Mass condenser (3B); vapor compression refrigeration system (A1) (3) with subcooler as cold summer single type air-conditioner; single air-through heating in winter, a dual cooling and heating equipment, in which system (A1), which evaporator (9) of the evaporator air source choice (. 9A); which is a condenser (3) selection of a condenser (3A) has an air medium, and by reversing duct damper, summer enter the desired cold air conditioned space, the hot air will enter the winter requires heating space; vapor compression refrigeration system (A2) (4) with the subcooler and the four-way solenoid switching valve is used as a split type air conditioner for household or split central air conditioners, in which the refrigeration system (A2) which is the evaporator (9) of the evaporator air source choice (. 9A), which condenser (3) selection of air as a cooling medium, a condenser (3A); (5) mounted subcooler vapor compression refrigeration system (A1) is used as the refrigerant in the liquid single refrigeration equipment: ice machine, refrigerator, freezer, or liquid-cooled chiller type air-conditioner, in which the refrigeration system (A1), its evaporator (9) for the selection of the liquid refrigerant to the evaporator (9B), which condenser (3) with water as the condenser cooling medium (3B); (6 )装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统(A1),用作冷风式空调器、兼热泵热水器,其蒸发器(9)选用空气源蒸发器(9A),其冷凝器(3)选用用作热泵热水器水箱(3C)用作冷凝器;(7)装有过冷器的蒸汽压缩式制冷系统,用作冷库、冰柜、冰箱或冷冻机兼热泵热水厂、热泵热水器或热泵开水器,在其系统(A1)内,其蒸发器(9)选用空气源蒸发器(9A),其冷凝器(3)选用用做热泵热水器水箱的冷凝器(3C),并装有太阳能集热器(15M)和温控器(25);(8)装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统(A7)或(A7′)用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,通过一对三通电磁换向阀(30A)与(30B),在系统内并列连接有一台以空气为传热介质的热交换器(9′A)用作室外机或室内机,与一台以水为传热介质的热交换器(9″B),用作太阳能热水源、太阳能热源兼空气源或水源蒸发器(9″E)、(9″D)或(9 ) With subcooler vapor compression refrigeration system (A1), it is used as cold air conditioner, heat pump water heater and its evaporator (9) of the evaporator air source choice (. 9A), which condenser (3) Selection with as a heat pump water heater tank (3C) acts as a condenser; vapor compression refrigeration system (7) is provided with a subcooler, is used as refrigerator, freezer, refrigerator or freezer plant and heat pump water heater, heat pump water heater or heat pump water boiler, in which system (A1), which evaporator (9) of the evaporator air source choice of (9A), which condenser (3) selection of a heat pump water heater tank is used as a condenser (3C), and with a solar collector ( 15M) and controller (25); composite vapor compression refrigeration system (A7) or (A7 ') (8) with or without means subcooler as being of split unit air conditioners and heat pump water heater compound, by one pair of three-way solenoid valve (30A) and (30B), connected in parallel within the system has a heat exchanger (9'a) in the air as the heat transfer medium is used as an outdoor unit or indoor unit, and to a water as the heat transfer medium of the heat exchanger (9 "B), as a solar hot water source, a solar heat source and air or water evaporator (9" E), (9 "D) or (9 ″B)兼热泵热水器水箱(9″C),其另一台热交换器(3)选用以空气为传热介质的热交换器(3A),分别对应用作室内机或室外机;(9)装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统(A8)或(A8′)用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,通过一对三通电磁换向阀(30A)与(30B)在其系统内并列连接有一台以空气为传热介质的热交器(9′A)用作室内机,与一台以水为传热介质的热交换器(9B)用作太阳能热源兼空气源太阳能热水源或水源蒸发器(9D)、(9E)、或(9B),在系统内,其另一台热交换器3选用以水为传热介质的热交换器(3B),并用作太阳能热水源、太阳能热源兼空气源或水源热交换器(3E)、(3D)或(3B),兼作热泵热水器水箱(3C);(10)装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统(A9)或(A9′)用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,在其制冷系统(A9)或(A9′)内,通过一对 "B) and a heat pump water heater tank (9" C), the other heat exchangers (3) selection of the heat exchanger (3A) of the air as the heat transfer medium, respectively, be used as indoor or outdoor machines; (9 ) with or without steam installed subcooler composite compression refrigeration system (A8) or (A8 ') is used as heating and split air conditioners and heat pump water heaters composite unit, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve (30A) and (30B) connected in parallel to the system in which there is a heat exchanger device (9'a) in the air as the heat transfer medium is used as an indoor unit, and a heat exchanger (9B) water as a heat transfer medium is used as a solar air source heat and solar heat water or water evaporator (9D), (9E), or (9B), in the system that the other water heat exchanger 3 as a heat exchanger selected heat transfer medium (3B) , and used as a solar hot water supply, solar heat or water and air source heat exchanger (3E), (3D) or (3B), also serves as a heat pump water heater tank (3C); (10) with steam or not installed subcooler composite compression refrigeration system (A9) or (A9 ') being of split type air conditioner is used as a composite unit and heat pump water heater, the refrigeration system (A9) or (A9' endo), by a pair of 通电磁换向阀(30A)与(30B)并列连接有一台以空气传热介质的热交换器(9′A)用作室内机(9′A)与另一台以空气为传热介质的热交换器(9″A)用作室外机(9″A),在系统(A9)或(A9′)内另一台热交换器3选用太阳能热水源、太阳能热源兼空气源或水源热交器(3E)、(3D)或(3B)兼热泵热水器水箱(3C);(11)装有或不装过冷器的蒸汽压缩式复合制冷系统(A5)或(A5′)以及(A6)或(A6′)都可用作分体式冷暖空调器与热泵热水器复合机组,在其复合制冷系统(A5)或(A5′)以及(A6)或(A6′)内,各通过一对三通(5A)与(5B)、两对三通电磁换向阀(30A)与(30B)以及(30C)与(30D),各并列连接有三台热交换器(9′)、(9″)和(3),中间一台热交换器(9″)都选用以空气为介质的热交换器(9″A),既可用作蒸发器,又可用作冷凝器(9″A),右边的一台热交换器(3)都选用以水为传热介质的热交换器(3)用作冷器(3B)兼热泵 Way solenoid valve (30A) and (30B) connected in parallel to a heat exchanger (9'a) is used as the heat medium to the air of the indoor unit (9'a) with another air as the heat transfer medium the heat exchanger (9 "A) is used as an outdoor unit (9" A), another heat exchanger 3 selected solar hot water source, a solar heat source and an air or water heat exchange system (A9) or ( 'A9) is (3E), (3D) or (3B) and a heat pump water heater tank (3C); (11) fitted or not fitted subcooler compound vapor compression refrigeration system (A5) or (A5 ') and (A6) or (A6 ') being of split type air conditioner can be used as a composite unit and heat pump water heater, a refrigeration system in which compound (A5) or (A5' and the (A6) or (A6 ')), each by a pair of three-way (5A) and (5B), two pairs of three-way solenoid valve (30A) and (30B) and (3OC) and (3OD), each of the three heat exchangers are connected in parallel (9 '), (9 ") and (3), an intermediate heat exchanger (9 ") are selected exchanger (9 air as the medium" a), both as evaporator and as a condenser (9 "a), the right of a heat exchanger (3) are chosen as the heat transfer medium to water heat exchanger (3) is used as the intercooler (3B) and the heat pump 水器水箱(3C),并连接有太阳能集热器(15M),在热泵水箱(3C)上装有温换器(25),而左边的一台热交换器(9′)选用空气源蒸发器(9′A)或水源太阳能热水源、或太阳能热源兼空气源蒸发器(9′B)、(9′E)或(9′D)。 Water heater tank (3C), and is connected with the solar collector (15M), with the temperature transducer (25) in the pump tank (3C), while the left one heat exchanger (9 ') of the evaporator air source choice (9'a) solar hot water source or water, solar heat or air source and the evaporator (9'B), (9'E) or (9'D).
CN 200710122836 2007-07-06 2007-07-06 One cluster improved steam compression refrigerating system and use thereof CN101067521A (en)

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CN103307674A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-18 上海交通大学 Heat pump air-conditioning system combining air source heat pump with small temperature difference heat exchange tail end
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CN103411348A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-11-27 天普新能源科技有限公司 Solar-assisted heat pump combined heating and refrigerating system and method
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