CN201212752Y - One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof - Google Patents

One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201212752Y
CN201212752Y CNU2008201185518U CN200820118551U CN201212752Y CN 201212752 Y CN201212752 Y CN 201212752Y CN U2008201185518 U CNU2008201185518 U CN U2008201185518U CN 200820118551 U CN200820118551 U CN 200820118551U CN 201212752 Y CN201212752 Y CN 201212752Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
interface
water
condenser
subcooler
evaporimeter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201185518U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗桂荣
Original Assignee
罗桂荣
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 罗桂荣 filed Critical 罗桂荣
Priority to CNU2008201185518U priority Critical patent/CN201212752Y/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2008/001285 external-priority patent/WO2009006794A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201212752Y publication Critical patent/CN201212752Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to an improved refrigeration system of a steam compression type and applications thereof. The refrigeration system of a steam compression type comprises a compressor, a four-way electromagnetic reversing valve, a condenser, a device for drying and filtering, a throttle valve, an evaporator, a gas-liquid separator, and the like and is applicable to refrigeration and heating equipment, such as air conditioners, heat pump water heaters, and the like. The refrigeration system of a steam compression type is characterized in that a temperature controller capable of setting a temperature is mounted on the condenser; when cold water in the condenser is heated by condensation heat to a set temperature of 40 DEG C, the low-temperature 40-DEG C hot water is propped by the temperature controller to enter an insulating water tank through a control system and is then heated to be hot water at a temperature of 70 DEG C for showers and life by solar energy in a sunny day or by a heat pump in an overcast and rainy day so that when the system refrigerates an air conditioner, the hot water is simultaneously prepared without influencing the refrigeration effect. The utility model obtains double benefits by the same electricity and can both save energy and reduce emission; a subcooler is arranged in the system so that the refrigeration and heating equipment is grafted into a multifunctional composite unit through a three-way electromagnetic directional valve so as to share a plurality of parts, and thus the utility model can decrease the total construction cost and drives the output power of a motor of the compressor to vary with different loads by steps.

Description

Improved vapor compression type refrigerating system of cluster and uses thereof
Technical field the utility model relates to improved vapor compression type refrigerating system of cluster and uses thereof.
The existing Teat pump boiler of background technology need have one as the off-premises station of evaporimeter and the condenser as Teat pump boiler heat pump water box of holding concurrently, and existing air-conditioner also need have a summer as evaporimeter, be used as the indoor set of condenser winter and be used as condenser a summer, winter is as the off-premises station of evaporimeter, if air-conditioner and the grafting of Teat pump boiler energy, form compound unit, but then summer both refrigeration air-conditioners, can produce hot water simultaneously again, winter heating's heating only consumes a electric power, obtain two parts of incomes, energy-saving and emission-reduction are two is full of, there is not thermal pollution again, also save totle drilling cost, save an off-premises station, but during because of the air-conditioner refrigeration air-conditioner, the condensation temperature of cold-producing medium is generally 40 ℃~45 ℃, and the condensation temperature of Teat pump boiler cold-producing medium when producing hot water is up to 70 ℃, if both graftings, summer, refrigeration air-conditioner was produced hot water simultaneously again, and condensation temperature will be elevated to 70 ℃ of then refrigerating capacity declines, compress work per mass raises, power consumption increases, and coefficient of refrigerating performance diminishes, and the present invention has captured this technical barrier.
Summary of the invention task of the present utility model is that improved vapor compression type refrigerating system of cluster and uses thereof will be provided, for example with air source hot pump water heater and air conditioner, or freezer and central heat pump water-heating machine respectively grafting be combined into cooling and warming double acting unit; Or grafting becomes multifunction refrigeration to heat compound unit, to consume a part of high-grade energy: mechanical energy, electric energy or heat energy are compensation, from low-grade energy: air source, water source, draw heat source or its low temperature heat energy of solar heat water source, be transported in the required temperature of user higher space, object or the equipment and go, excavate and the low-grade energy that is used with exploitation, for family or the user of unit provide the washing hot water of having a bath and live the whole year; Or industrial and agricultural production hot water; For freezer or refrigerator provide refrigerating capacity; For the user formulates air-conditioning summer, winter heating's heating is produced 40 ℃ low-temperature water heating simultaneously with a electric refrigeration, is heated into 60 ℃ higher temperatures hot water thereafter again by solar energy, kills two birds with one stone, and forms the recycling economy system, efficient energy-saving and emission-reducing, both doulbe-sides' victorys; The common sparing parts save material again, for enterprise reduces totle drilling cost, for the user saves an off-premises station (containing compressor).
The utility model is achieved in that as shown in figure 14, it by compressor 1, four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 2, condenser 3, device for drying and filtering 4, do not adorn or be equipped with above main parts size such as subcooler 8, choke valve 6, evaporimeter 9, gas-liquid separator 10 and form, connect into sealing system A with pipeline 2, it is characterized in that at vapor compression type refrigerating system A 2In, its condenser 3 is connected with solar water heating system 15, and but the temperature controller 25 of design temperature is housed on condenser 3, time controller 24 and exhaust-valve 23, and the temperature of temperature controller 25 is set at 40 ℃, be equivalent to condensation temperature near former air-conditioner, when summer during refrigeration air-conditioner, cooling water is condensed heat when being heated into 40 ℃ of low-temperature water heatings in the condenser, then temperature controller 25 passes through control system, make entering water electromagnetic valve 13A and go out water solenoid valve 13C and open, thereby the cold water of water source 11C heads into solar water heating system with 40 ℃ low-temperature water heating in the condenser from the beginning, fine day is heated to 50 ℃~70 ℃ bathings or life washing hot water by solar energy with 40 ℃ of low-temperature water heatings again, overcast and rainy when then utilizing time controller to be set in without air-conditioning or the late into the night valley power consumption time interval drive heat pump, or auxiliary electric heater unit 21 is heated to then outage shutdown automatically in 50 ℃~70 ℃ scopes with 40 ℃ of low-temperature water heatings, thereby make refrigeration heat the compound unit of double acting refrigeration air-conditioner in summer simultaneously, the used heat that reclaims former off-premises station discharge simultaneously becomes 40 ℃ low-temperature water heating, then be heated into 50 ℃~70 ℃ hot water again by other energy, thereby refrigeration can not descend, coefficient of refrigerating performance can not diminish, winter heating's heating, the annual overcast and rainy heat pump that utilizes is produced 50 ℃~70 ℃ bathings and life washing hot water, economize on electricity 70%, sunny day is produced hot water by solar water heating system, economize on electricity 100%, extremely frigid zones also can use, and utilizes the solar heat water source, the air source that its low temperature heat energy of source, ground or water source replaces below 0 ℃ is produced 70 ℃ of hot water or is heated heating; Another feature is in vapor compression type refrigerating system, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B, connecting two side by side all is to be the heat exchanger of heat transfer medium with the air, off-premises station 9 as Teat pump boiler " A; as air conditioner room unit 9 ' A; another is that the condenser heat pump water box 3B that holds concurrently does not connect or be connected with solar water heater 15 in the system; and temperature control 25 and time controller 24 are housed; and the motor of drive compression machine is preferably selected power and the variable motor of rotating speed for use; as variable-frequency motor, or the fan electromotor of variable-ratio, so that different purposes with compressor of motor power output and different load are complementary or are approaching, thereby being constituted, the heating-cooling equipment grafting divides successively dual-purpose unit of cooling and warming or the compound unit of cooling and warming double acting simultaneously, can save a heat exchanger, (containing compressor and motor), save total cost, a tractor serves several purposes again, the energy-saving and emission-reduction doulbe-sides' victory.
Its vapor compression type refrigerating system of the hot equipment of refrigeration or its control system circuit of composite refrigeration system of subcooler are housed; normally by every kind of heating-cooling equipment function and requirement specific design; its control circuit of heating-cooling equipment of not adorning subcooler is basic identical; just increased grafting with devices such as three-way solenoid valves; usually also be by compressor electric motor; the heat exchanger fan electromotor; or evaporator water pump motor; the Water in Condenser pump motor; starting relay; capacitor; temperature controller; but the temperature controller of design temperature; the four-way electromagnetic reversing valve coil is equipped with or do not adorn; the three-way solenoid valve coil is equipped with or do not adorn; electromagnetic valve coil; overload protective device; selector switch; attaching plug; supply socket; be electrically connected and form; for example Figure 19 is air conditioner and its control system circuit theory diagrams of its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of the compound unit of Teat pump boiler that subcooler is housed corresponding to Figure 14; sequence number 31-attaching plug among Figure 19; 32-selector switch; 9 ' A-indoor machine fan motor; 9 " A-outdoor machine fan motor; 1A-compressor electric motor; 12 ' B-subcooler pump motor; 12B-Teat pump boiler motor, 9 ' D; 9 " D; 1D; 12 ' D; 12D-capacitor; 2A-four-way electromagnetic reversing valve coil; 30A '; 30B '-three-way solenoid valve coil; 13A; 13F; 13A '; 13C '; 13D; 13E-electromagnetic valve coil; 25-temperature controller; 9 " E-defrosting temperature controller; 1F; 1E compressor temperature controller; 1C; 12C; 12 ' C protective relay.
(1) when indoor set refrigeration air-conditioner in summer, when reclaiming used heat that former off-premises station discharges simultaneously and becoming 40 ℃ of warm water, (being heated into 70 ℃ of hot water by solar thermal collector more later on), by the hold concurrently heat pump water box 3C combination of evaporimeter 9 ' A and condenser, the relevant electric appliance circuits with it of vertical line of ordinate cold wind and 40 ℃ of warm water at selector switch 32 is that abscissa intersects node, form the electrical connection loop by attaching plug 31 and two horizontal lines of socket both positive and negative polarity thereof, and connect power supply simultaneously respectively.
(2) when winter, indoor set heated heating, by condenser 9 ' A and water source evaporimeter 3B combination, two relevant electric appliance circuits with it of vertical line of ordinate hot blast and 3B evaporation at selector switch 32 are that abscissa intersects node, form the electrical connection loop by attaching plug 31 and two horizontal lines of socket both positive and negative polarity thereof, and connect power supply simultaneously respectively.
(3) when annual Teat pump boiler provides hot water, " the hold concurrently heat pump water box 3C combination of A and condenser; the relevant electric appliance circuits with it of vertical seat 40 ℃ of marks, two vertical lines of warm water and cold wind at selector switch 32 are that abscissa intersects node; by attaching plug 31 and two horizontal lines formation of socket both positive and negative polarity electrical equipment link circuit thereof, connect power supply respectively and be both by evaporimeter 9.
(4) the extremely frigid zones off-premises station 9 " A heats the removing frost earlier, again by defrosting temperature controller 9 ", and E is conversion and four way solenoid valve 2 commutations automatically, make off-premises station 9, and " A freezes, for its condenser of Teat pump boiler water tank 3C that holds concurrently heats hot water is provided.
Description of drawings Fig. 1 is Teat pump boiler or the heat supply factory heat pump water-heating machine 3C that subcooler is housed, and correspondence is combined into its vapor compression type refrigerating system of cooling and warming double acting unit A with refrigerator-freezer or freezer 9A respectively 1aPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 2 is freezer or refrigerator-freezer 9A difference corresponding and drying shed 3D or the baker 3A that subcooler is housed; Be combined into its vapor compression type refrigerating system of cooling and warming double acting unit A 1bPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 3 is that earth source heat pump water heater, heat supply factory's heat pump water-heating machine or heat pump boiler 3C or corresponding respectively refrigerator-freezer, freezer or the ice making case 9A with cooling-water machine of 3B that subcooler is housed are combined into cooling and warming double acting unit; And its vapor compression type refrigerating system of flooring radiation air conditioner 9A-3B A 1cPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 4 is that hold concurrently air source hot pump water heater, central hot water machine or heat pump boiler 3C or corresponding respectively refrigerator-freezer, freezer or the refrigerator with cooling-water machine of 3B of solar source that subcooler is housed is combined into cooling and warming double acting unit and its vapor compression type refrigerating system of flooring radiation air conditioner 3B-9D A 1CPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 5 is air conditioner or freezer, refrigerator-freezer 9A difference correspondence and the Teat pump boiler 3C that subcooler is housed; Or be combined into its vapor compression type refrigerating system of cooling and warming double acting unit A as baking room 9C and cold water formula condenser 3B 2aPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 6 is the air conditioner 9A-3A that subcooler is housed; Or refrigerator-freezer 9A and clothes dryer 3A; Or freezer 9A and drying shed 3D are combined into its vapor compression type refrigerating system of cooling and warming double acting unit A respectively 2bPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 7 is, and to be that freezer, refrigerator-freezer or the ice making case 9B of the cooling-water machine of heat exchange medium is corresponding respectively with liquid be combined into its vapor compression type refrigerating system of cooling and warming double acting unit A with heat supply factory heat pump water-heating machine 3C 2cPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 8 is air conditioner 9A and 3B or air source hot pump water heater 9A and the 3B that subcooler is housed; Be combined into its vapor compression type refrigerating system of the dual-purpose unit of cooling and warming A respectively 2aPrinciple schematic.
Fig. 9 is Teat pump boiler or heat supply factory's heat pump water-heating machine 3, and " C or dryer or drying shed 3 ' D are corresponding to be combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of cooling and warming double acting unit A4 principle schematic respectively with refrigerator-freezer, freezer or ice making case 9A.
Figure 10 be water source or solar heat water source heat pump water heater or heat pump water-heating machine 3C or 3B respectively with water source or solar heat water source evaporimeter 9 " B or 9 " E combination, or southern cooling air-conditioner, refrigerator-freezer or freezer 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler are combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of multi-function peripheral group A 3Principle schematic.
Figure 11 is that " A is combined into the multi-function peripheral group to air-conditioner 9 ' A with Teat pump boiler 3C or 3B or with refrigerator-freezer 9 respectively; Or " A is combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of multi-function peripheral group A to be used as baking room 9 ' A or central heat pump water-heating machine 3C or 3B and freezer 9 6Principle schematic.
Figure 12 is a domestic air conditioner, or central air-conditioning 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3C or 3B combination, or domestic heating device or central heating device and source, ground evaporimeter 9 " C or by 9 " C and 3B or 3C are combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of earth source heat pump water heater multi-function peripheral group A 5Principle schematic.
Figure 13 is equipped with subcooler and four-way electromagnetic reversing valve is combined into heat pump type air conditioner by heat exchanger 9 ' A and 3A; " B makes up air source hot pump water heater again by 3A and 9; Constitute multi-functional dual-purpose compound unit; Or by heat exchanger 3A and 9 ' A combination freezer and drying shed or by 3A9 " B is combined into freezer and hot water machine is combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of multi-function peripheral group A 7Principle schematic.Or 9 " B changes 9 into " A among Figure 13 then constituted the one drag two air-conditioner.
Figure 14 be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve " A or air conditioner 9 ' A are combined into compound unit with Teat pump boiler 3C or 3B respectively as ice making case 9; Or " A or changes in temperature central air-conditioning 9 ' A and cooling-water machine 3B or central hot water machine 3C are combined into compound unit to be used as freezer 9; " A, air conditioner 9 ' A are combined into compound unit with Teat pump boiler 3B or cooling-water machine 3B respectively, or " A or pump type heat central air-conditioning 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3B or ice making are combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of compound unit A with salt solution machine 3B as drying shed 9 or as baker 9 7Principle schematic.
Figure 15 is as refrigeration air conditioner 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3C or 3B combination; Or as refrigerator-freezer, ice making case 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3B or 3C combination; Or as heating air conditioning device 9 ' A and cooling-water machine 3B or 3C combination; Or " B and ice making are combined into its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of multi-function peripheral group A with salt solution machine 3B to be used as hot water machine 9 7Principle schematic.
Figure 16 is that central air conditioner 9A and heat supply factory's heat pump water-heating machine 3 " or 3 " B combination or air conditioner 9A are with Teat pump boiler 3 " C or 3 " B combination or be used as freezer or ice making case 3 ' A and drying shed 9A and be combined into its steam compression type hybrid system of multi-function peripheral group A respectively 7Principle schematic.
Figure 17 is system A10 " the A combination interior as refrigeration air conditioner 9 ' A and clothes dryer 3 that four-way electromagnetic reversing valve is housed; Or refrigeration air conditioner 9 ' A and heat pump hydrophone 3 ' B or 3 ' C combination; Or " A, 3 ' B or 3 ' C constitute the multi-function peripheral group, its steam compression type composite refrigeration system A to be used as hot blast type heating device 9 ' A and 3 10Principle schematic.
Figure 18 is freezer or ice making case 9 " A and heat pump water-heating machine 3 ' C combination; " A constitutes its steam compression type composite refrigeration system of multi-function peripheral group A for or family expenses air conditioner or changes in temperature air-conditioner 9 ' A and 3 9Principle schematic.
Figure 19 is its control system circuit theory diagrams of steam compression type hybrid system that corresponding Figure 14 is equipped with subcooler.
Figure 20 is that its system of unit cryogen of heating-cooling equipment is pressed an enthalpy schematic diagram,
Figure 21 is a compressor main shaft varying-speed machinery formula operating mechanism schematic diagram
Figure 22 is compressor main shaft speed change vapour-pressure type or fluid pressure type operating mechanism schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment Fig. 1~Figure 18 is its vapor compression type refrigerating system of the improved heating-cooling equipment of cluster, they all are by compressor 1, (contain the piston compressor centrifugal compressor, rod-type compressor etc.) do not adorn or be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 2, condenser 3, device for drying and filtering 4, do not adorn or be equipped with into above main parts size such as cooler 8 choke valves (containing capillary, heating power expansion valve or electric expansion valve) 6, evaporimeter 9 and gas-liquid separator 10 and device is formed, connect into a sealing system A that four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 2 is not housed with pipeline 1As Fig. 1, or the sealing system A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 2 is housed 2As Fig. 8, at the A of its system 1Or A 2In, charge an amount of cold-producing medium, for example fluorine Lyons R22, R12, R134a or ammonia NH 3Its power output of motor (1A) of drive compression machine (1) and rotating speed are single kind of power and rotating speed or can be with the different load of compressor 1, changeable power and rotating speed, it is characterized in that but in vapor compression type refrigerating system A1 or A2 its condenser 3 is equipped with the temperature controller 25 and the time controller 24 of design temperature, and condenser 3 its heat transfer mediums (water or air) turnover interface tube is connected with or does not connect other heater and cool-bag thereof
But on condenser 3, be equipped with again in the temperature controller 25 of design temperature and time controller 24 its vapor compression type refrigerating systems and pass through three-way solenoid valve, be connected with two or two above heat exchangers side by side, thereby make the vapor compression type refrigerating system grafting component dual-purpose unit of cooling and warming successively; Or refrigeration while low-temperature heating, then be heated into 50 ℃~100 ℃ hot water or hot-air double acting unit and steam compression type composite refrigeration system thereof by other heater;
Its vapor compression type refrigerating system of heating-cooling equipment or its control system circuit of composite refrigeration system of subcooler be equipped with or do not adorn; normally by compressor electric motor, heat exchanger fan electromotor, but or the temperature controller of evaporator water pump motor, Water in Condenser pump motor, starting relay, capacitor, temperature controller design temperature, be equipped with or do not adorn the four-way electromagnetic reversing valve coil, be equipped with or do not adorn three-way solenoid valve coil, electromagnetic valve coil, overload protective device, selector switch, attaching plug, supply socket, electrical connection and form.
Vapor compression type refrigerating system is characterized in that the motor 1A of drive compression machine has following several types and characteristics, selects for use for system in combination or grafting:
(1) motor 1A is the compressor common electric machine of single kind of power output and single kind of rotating speed, and its main shaft and compressor main shaft are concentric shafts, and its rotating speed is identical.
(2) compressor main shaft 41 is two parallel axes with electric machine main shaft 42, and the different gear of two pairs or more gear ratio is housed on diaxon; 43 on the main shaft 41 of compressor 1 gear 43A, 43C ... fixing, gear 43B, 43D on electric machine main shaft 42 ... make cluster gear group 44, and can slide on electric machine main shaft 42 splines, gears engaged or separation are carried out by operating mechanism, and operating mechanism has three kinds:
A) mechanical actuator: electricity is by main shaft and support 47, be with the moving support arm 46 of skill of roller 45, the handle 48 of band latch 49 to constitute leverage, and roller 45 iron chains are embedded on the groove of cluster gear group 44;
B) vapour-pressure type or fluid pressure type operating mechanism: electricity is by inflator 50 movably, fixing plunger 53 and plunger rod 54 cipher code seal 52 thereof, spring 51, pneumatic supply or hydraulic power source 58, the interlock support arm 56 of roller 45 is housed, three-way solenoid valve 57 is formed, and three-way magnetic valve 57 its interface tube 58A connect pneumatic supply or hydraulic power source high-pressure side, its interface 58B connects low-pressure end, the roller iron chains are embedded in cluster gear 44 grooves, interlock support arm 56 other ends are fixedlyed connected with removable inflator 50, the gear ratio of diaxon has two-stage or more than the two-stage, with so that the load of motor power output and compressor be complementary or be approaching, or so that the vapour under the annual varying environment temperature coagulates temperature branch two-stage or more than the two-stage, or be used for closing the hot equipment of refrigeration that compressor drags two or two above different loads with one.
(3) motor 1A is the compressor electric motor 1A that can change the structural principle design customization of rotating speed and power with reference to fan electromotor, different purposes different loads with compressor of power in the motor are complementary or near with the little load of elimination high-power driving, make it energy-saving and emission-reduction.
(4) motor 1A is the alternating current generator that band micro computer AC converter is housed, and its power output and rotating speed can change with the load of compressor 1.
(5) motor 1A is the direct current generator that band micro computer DC frequency-changing device is housed, and its power output and rotating speed can change with the load of compressor 1.
Its condenser 3 has 4 types by cooling medium and characteristics classification in the vapor compression type refrigerating system, for vapor compression type refrigerating system by purposes and suit measures to local conditions to select for use.
(1) condenser 3 is the double heat pump water box 3B that are of water cooled condenser, shown in 3B among Fig. 8, with water as cooling medium, absorb high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant steam condensation institute liberated heat, it walks condenser 3B the water inlet pipe interface of water receptacle and is tightly connected with water source 11C from the beginning or its outlet conduit of water source 11B, magnetic valve 13A is housed on its pipeline, or water pump 12A, condenser its outlet pipe sealing joint of heat pump water box 3B of holding concurrently is connected with outlet conduit, magnetic valve 13B is housed on its pipeline, but heat pump water box 3B is equipped with the temperature controller 25 of design temperature and the time controller 24 in setting-up time interval but water cooled condenser is held concurrently, and exhaust-valve 23 (figure slightly), and the temperature of temperature controller 25 can be set on interior certain definite value of 50 ℃~100 ℃ scopes, as 70 ℃ or 100 ℃ with as Teat pump boiler, and can being set in the user, needs in the time interval time of time controller, preferably in the valley power consumption time interval in the late into the night, produce hot water to utilize cheap valley power driving Teat pump boiler or auxiliary electrical heating, (following application documents are all to be related to the water cooled condenser heat pump water box 3B that holds concurrently and all has above function and characteristics, limited because of length, no longer state.)
(2) condenser 3 is the water cooled condenser that the is connected with solar water heating system 15 heat pump water box 3C that hold concurrently, shown in 3C among Fig. 1, it is connected with seal for pipe joints with the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of solar water heating system 15 its water tanks 22 by water cooled condenser its water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of walking water receptacle of heat pump water box 3C of holding concurrently, magnetic valve 13C and 13D are housed on its inlet and outlet pipe lines, auxiliary electric heater unit 21 in solar water container 22, is equipped with or do not adorn, at solar water container 22 its hot water effluent's interface tubes magnetic valve 13F is housed, solar water container 22 its another is connected with seal for pipe joints with the first and last water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of solar thermal collector 15M array the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface, magnetic valve 13E and water pump 12B are housed respectively on its inlet and outlet pipe lines, hold concurrently its water inlet pipe interface of heat pump water box 3C and its outlet pipe of water source 11B of condenser is tightly connected, water pump 12A or magnetic valve 13A are housed on its pipeline, but but the temperature controller 25 of design temperature and the time controller 24 and the exhaust-valve 23 (figure slightly) in setting-up time interval are housed on heat pump water box 3C, when vapor compression type refrigerating system is used for the air-conditioner refrigeration air-conditioner or is used for freezer or refrigerator for cold when freezing, the temperature of this temperature controller 25 was set in and equated with the condensation temperature of former conventional air-conditioning device or approaching this moment, or equate with the condensation temperature of former conventional refrigeration storehouse or refrigerator-freezer or approaching, for example 40 ℃, when the water temperature in condenser is held concurrently heat pump water box 3C reaches 40 ℃, then temperature controller 25 opens water pump 12A and magnetic valve 13C by control system, thereby the cold water of water source 11B heads into 40 ℃ the low-temperature water heating of heat pump water box 3C in the solar water container 22, fine day is heated into 50 ℃ of-70 ℃ of bathings and life washing hot water again by solar water heating system, overcast and rainy or late into the night is during without air-conditioning, utilize heat pump or auxiliary electric heater unit again with the heating of 40 ℃ low-temperature water heating or directly produce 50 ℃~70 ℃ higher temperatures hot water, condenser can the be held concurrently solar water container 22 of water tank 3C of freezer and heat supply factory's heating-cooling equipment or central heat pump type air conditioner is united two into one with fossil fuel or its container of biomass energy boiler, then overcast and rainyly also can utilize fossil fuel or the auxiliary heating of biomass energy boiler.(following application documents are all relate to the water cooled condenser that the is connected with solar water heating system heat pump water box 3C that holds concurrently all have above function and characteristics, do not repeat statement)
As shown in figure 12, in its vapor compression type refrigerating system of heating-cooling equipment, all hold concurrently heat pump water box 3B or 3C and solar water heating system 15 its solar water containers and fossil fuel or its water container 22 of biomass energy boiler of water cooled condenser that are equipped with all use its insulation of equipment thermal storage water tank 22A three installation site with bathing and life washing when too far away with hot water, then its water cooled condenser can be held concurrently higher temperatures hot water delivery pipe's interface of its 40 ℃ of low-temperature water heatings of heat pump water box 3B or 3C or 50 ℃~70 ℃, 50 ℃~70 ℃ higher temperatures hot water delivery pipe interfaces of solar water container and fossil fuel or its water container 22 of biomass energy pot use its water inlet pipe interface of its insulation of equipment thermal storage water tank 22A to be connected with seal for pipe joints respectively by threeway 26 with hot water respectively, or be tightly connected respectively with pipeline with using mixed water valve 26 its left and right sides interface tubes that the band constant temperature regulator is housed on its insulation of hot water facility thermal storage water tank 22A respectively, and on its pipeline, magnetic valve 13C is housed, 13D and 13G.
(3) condenser 3 is air cooled condenser 3A, as shown in figure 13, with air as cooling medium, fan and motor 12A thereof be equipped with or be not equipped with, with so that refrigerant vapour condensation heat release, on condenser 3A, do not adorn or be equipped with the electromagnetic valve 13C ' (figure slightly) of temperature controller 25, time controller 24 and adjustable solar term pore size.
(4) condenser 3 is its air cooled condenser of the drying shed 22A 3D that are connected with band solar energy air heat collector 15M ', as 3D among Fig. 2, it carries the seal for pipe joints of 30 ℃~40 ℃ of low temperature hot blasts to connect to form by air cooled condenser 3A and the drying shed 22A that solar energy air heat collector 15M ' is housed with one, electromagnetic valve 13A ' is housed on its pipeline, the hydrofuge electromagnetic valve 13C ' of adjustable aperture size is housed on the top of drying shed 22A, on drying shed 22A and solar energy air heat collector 15M ' array first and last turnover gas connecting pipe, electromagnetic valve 13B ' and air exhauster 12B ' are housed, temperature controller 25 and time controller 24 are housed on condenser 3D, its function is identical with water cooled condenser temperature controller that 3C adorns 25 and time controller 24, and condensation temperature equated or approaching when temperature controller 25 design temperatures effluxed with its condensation heat of its vapor compression type refrigerating system of former refrigeration plant;
Its another feature is as Fig. 1~its vapor compression type refrigerating system of heating-cooling equipment A shown in Figure 180 1Or A 2In, low-temperature heat source and characteristics classification that the evaporimeter 9 of cooling condenser 3 apolegamys is drawn by its evaporimeter 9 inner refrigerants evaporation have following 5 types:
(1) evaporimeter 9 is conventional air source evaporimeter 9A, is equipped with or does not adorn fan and motor 12A thereof, as heat exchange medium, utilizes air source its low temperature heat energy of 11A to provide heat of gasification for the cold-producing medium evaporation, as Figure 11 and shown in Figure 1 with air.
(2) evaporimeter 9 is water source evaporimeter 9B, as shown in figure 10, is heat transfer medium with water or liquid, is that the cold-producing medium evaporation provides heat of gasification with its low temperature heat energy of water source 11B; 13A ' and 13B ' are magnetic valve among the figure, and 12B ' is a water pump.
(3) evaporimeter 9 is conventional source, ground evaporimeter 9C, and shown in 9C among Fig. 3, it adopts with liquid is the evaporimeter of heat transfer medium, and among the figure: 14 is one group of U type metal tube; 14A and 14B are the total union pipe of turnover; 12C ' is a heat transfer medium pump; 13A ' and 13B ' are magnetic valve, are that the cold-producing medium evaporation provides heat of gasification with source, ground its low temperature heat energy of 11C ';
(4) evaporimeter 9 is solar energy and dual intensity source, air source evaporimeter 9D, shown in 9D among Fig. 4, it is made up of plate solar type copper the aluminium compound or full copper pipe plate-type solar thermal collector 15M of the selective absorber coatings of upper surface coated or plate solar type metal hose heat collector 15M and evaporimeter 9D, above flat plate collector 15M left and right side frame, have two gardens hole 15E, flow for the in-out-snap air, or in frame, below two holes fresh water is housed, salt solution or anti-icing fluid, its its turnover interface tube of space container its turnover interface tube and solar thermal collector 15M 15a that walks working medium of evaporimeter 9D is connected with seal for pipe joints with 15b, on its output channel, be in series with gas-liquid separator 10 ' and compressor 1 ', on its input channel, be in series with device for drying and filtering 4 ' and choke valve 6 ', charged an amount of low boiling working fluid after in this system, vacuumizing, or this working medium selects for use its boiling point to be lower than environment temperature, and be higher than its evaporating temperature of working medium in the evaporimeter 9D, for example select ether for use, propionic aldehyde or fluorine Lyons R11, or working medium select for use its boiling point be lower than respectively summer and winter its two kinds of environment temperatures the liquid of different boiling, mixed by 1: 1, and on its inlet and outlet piping, do not adorn above device 10 ', 1 ', 4 ' and 6 ', be intended to fine day and utilize solar energy, utilize overcast and rainy or night its low temperature heat energy of air source to provide heat of gasification for the cold-producing medium evaporation;
(5) evaporimeter 9 is solar heat water source evaporimeters, form as the solar water container of holding concurrently of 9 " shown in the E; it is by solar thermal collector 15M and evaporimeter 9 " B among Figure 10, its first and last water-in and water-out interface tube of solar thermal collector 15M is used respectively and evaporimeter 9 " its water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of B is connected with seal for pipe joints; magnetic valve 13A is housed on its outlet conduit, water pump 12B ' is housed on its inlet channel; Utilize the solar heat water source to provide heat of gasification for its cold-producing medium evaporation of evaporimeter; Extremely frigid zones utilize the solar heat water source, its low heat energy evaporimeter 9 of source or water source replace the evaporimeter 9A of air source below 0 ℃ and produce 70 ℃ of hot water or heat heating.
Another feature is not adorn the vapor compression type refrigerating system A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 1Or A 2In, the subcooler 8 that is equipped with between device for drying and filtering 4 and choke valve 6 has following several types and characteristics:
(1) subcooler 8 is vaporation-type subcooler 8A 1, as 8A among Fig. 1 and Figure 10 1Shown in, and vaporation-type subcooler 8A 1Its efferent duct interface 8a that walks the metallic coil 8e of liquid refrigerant is connected with seal for pipe joints with choke valve 6 its interface tube 6b, choke valve 6 or 6A and its interface tube of 6B 6a without or a threeway 5D is housed, and vaporation-type subcooler 8A on the connecting pipe of three-way solenoid valve 3aB 1Its input pipe interface of its metal coil 8e 8b is connected with seal for pipe joints with device for drying and filtering 4 its interface tube 4a, and a threeway 5A is housed on its pipeline, its interior its input pipe interface 8c of container that walks refrigerant vapour is connected with seal for pipe joints and its interface tube of threeway 5A 5c is with subcooler 8A, choke valve 6A is housed, subcooler 8A on its pipeline 1The efferent duct interface 8d of its container is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of threeway 5D 5c;
(2) subcooler 8 is water-cooled subcoolers 8, as 8B among Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, among Figure 15 among 8C or Fig. 5 shown in the 8D, between device for drying and filtering 4 and choke valve 6, water-cooled subcooler 8 is housed, comprise the telescopic subcooler 8B of metallic coil, metal hose bushing type subcooler 8C or metallic coil bushing type subcooler 8D, subcooler 8A, 8B, 8C or 8D general designation subcooler 8, and subcooler 8B, 8C or 8D, its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface 8a is connected with seal for pipe joints with choke valve 6 its cold-producing medium input pipe interface 6b respectively, and subcooler 8B, its cold-producing medium input pipe interface of 8C or 8D 8b and device for drying and filtering 4 its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface 4a are with there being seal for pipe joints to be connected, subcooler 8 its its water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interfaces of space container of leaking water are tightly connected with water source 11C inlet and outlet piping from the beginning, on the outlet conduit of water source 11C from the beginning, magnetic valve 13B ' is housed, on the inlet channel of water source 11C from the beginning, magnetic valve 13A ' (drawing among the figure) is housed.
(3) shown in Fig. 7 and 16, the vapor compression type refrigerating system A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve is being housed 2And hybrid system A 5, A 6, A 7, A 8, A 9, A 10, in, between device for drying and filtering 4 and choke valve 6, a vaporation-type subcooler 8A is housed 2Concrete annexation is device for drying and filtering 4 its cold-producing medium lower end interface tube 4a and subcooler 8A 2The input pipe interface 8b of metallic coil 8e refrigerant liquid connects with seal for pipe joints in its container, and threeway 5C and 5A are housed on its pipeline, at threeway 5A interface 5c and subcooler 8A on it 2Its its interface tube of container 8c that walks refrigerant vapour connects with seal for pipe joints, on its pipeline, is in series with magnetic valve 7A and choke valve 6A, subcooler 8A 2Its efferent duct of metallic coil 8e meet 8a and be connected with seal for pipe joints with choke valve 6 its lower interfaces, to the A of system 2Threeway 5D and 5B are housed, to A on its pipeline 2Hybrid system A 5, A 6, A 7, A 8, A 9Or A 10Three-way solenoid valve 30B, threeway 5D and 5B then are housed successively, and threeway 5B interface 5c and subcooler 8A on it 2Its interface tube 8f connects with seal for pipe joints, is in series with magnetic valve 7B and choke valve 6B on its pipeline, subcooler 8A 2Its container inner refrigerant steam efferent duct interface 8d is connected with a three-way solenoid valve 20 with pipeline, and its right interface of its left interface and threeway 5D is connected with seal for pipe joints, three-way solenoid valve 20, and its left interface of its right interface and threeway 5C is connected with seal for pipe joints;
Its cryogen flow process is the evaporimeter 9A of heat exchange medium when heat exchanger 9 is used as with the air for example, when summer, the refrigeration air-conditioner or the whole year were produced hot water as heat pump, and subcooler 8A 2Its container of walking refrigerant vapour is connected with evaporimeter 9A by three-way solenoid valve 20; " B disconnects, and magnetic valve 7B connects and with condenser 3 ' A or 3; And magnetic valve 7A closes; When heat exchange 3 is used as with air or with water is the evaporimeter 3 ' A or 3 of heat exchange medium " B, when winter heating's heating or annual Teat pump boiler provide hot water, subcooler 8A 2" the B connection of its container of walking refrigerant vapour by three-way solenoid valve 20 and evaporimeter 3 ' A or 3; And disconnect with condenser 9A; Magnetic valve 7A connects; And magnetic valve 7B disconnects.
The vapor compression type refrigerating system A of subcooler is equipped with or do not adorn 1Or A ' 1And A 2Or A ' 2In be combined into following several steam compression type composite refrigeration system by the three-way solenoid valve grafting:
(1) at the vapor compression type refrigerating system A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 1Or A 1' in, be connected with two heat exchangers 9 that all are used as evaporimeter ' with 9 by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B side by side with pipeline "; and all be connected with choke valve 6A or 6B before its cold-producing medium input pipe interface, its annexation is to being equipped with vaporation-type subcooler 8A 1Refrigeration system A 1Shown in 30A among Figure 10 and 30B, to water-cooled subcooler 8 being housed with reference to shown in 30A among Figure 14 and the 30B; System A 1Or A 1' in, its condenser 3 is optional with water cooled condenser hold concurrently heat pump water box 3B or 3C; Or air cooled condenser 3A or 3D, thereby with the A of system 1Or A ' 1Develop into the one group of steam compression type compound-refrigerating device A of system that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 3Or A ' 3
(2) at the vapor compression type refrigerating system A that is equipped with or is not equipped with subcooler 1Or A 1' in, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B, be connected with side by side two heat exchangers 3 that all are used as condenser ' and 3 ", its annexation is to being equipped with the refrigeration system A of water-cooled subcooler 8 1Shown in 30A among Fig. 9 and 30B, to vaporation-type subcooler 8A being housed with reference to 30A among Figure 10 and 30B; But side by side the condenser 3 that connects ' and 3 " its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface and three-way solenoid valve all are not equipped with choke valve 6A and 6B, system A between the 30B 1Or A 1' in, its evaporimeter 9 is optional to be the evaporimeter 9A of heat transfer medium in order to air, or to select for use with water or liquid be the evaporimeter 9B of heat transfer medium, thereby with the A of system 1Or A ' 1Develop into the one group of steam compression type composite refrigeration system A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 4With A ' 4(figure slightly).
(3) subcooler is equipped with or do not adorn and do not adorn or be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 2 its vapor compression type refrigerating system A 1And A 1' and A 2Or A 2' in, by a pair of threeway 5A and 5B and the two couples of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B and 30C and 30D with pipeline be connected with side by side three heat exchangers 9 ', 9 " and 3; three heat exchangers 9 ', 9 " and 3 can to select for use respectively with air or with water be the heat exchanger of heat transfer medium, the heat exchanger 9 on the left side in the middle of the three " as evaporimeter; the heat exchanger 3 on the right is as condenser, middle heat exchanger 9 ' both can be used as evaporimeter; Can be used as condenser again, its annexation is to being equipped with the refrigeration system A of water-cooled subcooler 8 1Or A 2, as Figure 11 and shown in Figure 12; To vaporation-type subcooler 8A being housed with reference to vaporation-type subcooler and 8A among figure 1, Fig. 7 and Figure 16 1, 8A 2Shown in, thereby with the A of system 1Or A 1' and A 2Or A 2' develop into the steam compression type composite refrigeration system A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 5As shown in figure 12, or A 5' Tu Lve and A 6As shown in figure 11, with A 6' figure slightly.
(4) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and the vapor compression type refrigerating system A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve is being housed 2Or A 2' in, change valve 30A and 30B or a pair of threeway 5A and 5B by a pair of threeway electromagnetism and be connected with two side by side with pipeline and both can all be used as evaporimeter, can all be used as again the heat exchanger 9 of condenser ' and 9 " or 3 ' and 3 " heat exchanger 9 ' and 9 " or 3 ' and 3 " can be to be heat exchanger 9 ' A and 9 " A or 3 ' A and 3 " A of heat transfer medium with air or with water; Or 9 ' B and 9 " B; Or one of them is 9 ' A and 3 " A; another is 9 ' B and 3 " B, with the left and right interface of threeway 5A and heat exchanger 9 ' and 9 " or 3 ' and 3 " its cold-producing medium turnover interface tube connecting pipe magnetic valve 13M and 13N are housed, with the connecting pipe of threeway 5B left and right sides interface and heat exchanger 9 ' with 9 " and 3 ' or 3 " on magnetic valve 13W and 13V are housed, its annexation is to being equipped with the refrigeration system A of water-cooled subcooler 8B, 8C or 8D 2As Figure 14,15 and with reference to shown in Figure 5, to vaporation-type subcooler 8 A are housed 2As shown in figure 16, at the A of system 2Or A ' 2Interior heat exchanger 3 or 9 that another does not connect side by side can be to be the heat exchanger 3A or the 3B of heat transfer medium with air or water; Or 9A or 9B, the lower interface of its cold-producing medium of taking a walk all is connected with choke valve or capillary 6C, thereby with the A of system 2Or A ' 2Develop into the steam compression type combined refrigeration system A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 7Or A ' 7, A 8Or A ' 8
(5) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and be equipped with or be not equipped with the vapor compression type refrigerating system A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 1Or A ' 1And A 2Or A ' 2In, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30A and 30B, as Figure 17; Or a pair of threeway 5A and 5B, as shown in figure 18, with pipeline be connected with side by side two evaporimeters 9 ' and 9 "; the input mouth of pipe of its cold-producing medium respectively is connected with choke valve or capillary 6A or 6B; two evaporimeters 9 ' and 9 " can all be to be the evaporimeter 9 ' A and 9 of heat transfer medium with the air " A or be the evaporimeter of heat transfer medium with water; 9 ' B and 9 " B, or one of them is 9 ' A, another are 9 years old " B; again by other a pair of three-way solenoid valve 30C and 30D; be connected with side by side two condensers 3 ' and 3 ", to the A of system 2Or A ' 2Its condenser 3 ' and 3 " its lower interface of walking cold-producing medium is connected with choke valve 6C or 6D; and two condensers 3 ' and 3 " can all be cooling medium with the air or be the condenser 3 ' A and 3 of heat transfer medium with water " A or 3 ' B and 3 " B, or one of them is 3 ' A, another 3 ' B, with pipeline that threeway 5A or 5B left and right sides interface are connected on magnetic valve 13M and 13N or 13W and 13V are housed, its annexation is to being equipped with the refrigeration system A of water-cooled subcooler 8 1Or A 2As Figure 17 and shown in Figure 180; To vaporation-type subcooler 8A is housed 1, or 8A 2Its annexation is with reference to Figure 10 and Fig. 7 and Figure 16, thereby with the A of system 2Develop into steam compression type refrigerating hybrid system A 10Or A 10', or the A1 of system developed into steam compression type refrigerating hybrid system A 9Or A 9';
Another feature is owing in the system be that the evaporimeter 9A of heat exchange medium can freeze with the air, can be used as freezer, ice making case, refrigerator, refrigerator or air cooled air conditioner; With water or liquid is that the evaporimeter 9B of heat exchange medium can freeze, and can be used as liquid-cooled freezer, ice making case, refrigerator, refrigerator or water-cooled air conditioner; And air cooled condenser 3A; With introduce below the 4A red line thereby will be equipped with or not adorn in the vapor compression type refrigerating system of subcooler and the composite refrigeration system thereof its evaporimeter 9A or 9B respectively with condenser 3A or 3B and 9A or 9B respectively with 3C or 3D, arrange combination respectively one by one and can constitute following several branches priority dual-purpose units of cooling and warming single-acting or refrigeration while low-temperature heating, then be heated to required higher temperature double acting unit and multi-function peripheral group thereof again with its above-mentioned various different purposes:
(1) do not adorn four-way electromagnetic through reversal valve at the vapor compression type refrigerating system A1 that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler and do not adorn or be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve, but be equipped with in subcooler or A ' 1 and A2 or the A ' 2: (a) can be combined into the cooling and warming unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively by evaporimeter 9A and condenser 3A or 9A and 3D, be freezer 9A and drying shed 3D cooling and warming unit as Fig. 2; (b) by evaporimeter 9A and condenser 3B or 9A and the 3C cooling and warming unit that becomes to have above-mentioned various different purposes capable of being combined, be freezer 9A and heat supply factory heat pump water-heating machine 3C cooling and warming unit as Fig. 1; As Fig. 5 is drying shed 9A and cooling-water machine 3B combination; Or freezer 9A and heat supply factory heat pump water-heating machine 3C cooling and warming unit, and for example Fig. 8 is that air-conditioner 9A and Teat pump boiler 3B divide cooling and warming unit successively; (c) the cooling and warming unit that has its above-mentioned various different purposes by evaporimeter 9B and condenser 3B or 3C one-tenth capable of being combined; As Fig. 3 is floor heat radiation air conditioner 9B-3C, is cooling-water machine 9B and heat supply factory heat pump water-heating machine 3C cooling and warming unit as Fig. 7, (d) by evaporimeter 9B and condenser 3A or 9B and the 3D cooling and warming unit that becomes to have its above-mentioned various different purposes capable of being combined;
(2) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and do not adorning or be equipped with in the steam compression type composite refrigeration system A3 or A ' 3 and A8 or A ' 8 of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve: two that (a) connect side by side is the evaporimeter 9 ' A and 9 of heat transfer medium with the air, and " A and the condenser 3A or the 3D that with the air are heat transfer medium make up (figure slightly) respectively; " A can be combined into the cooling and warming unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with the condenser 3B or the 3C that with water are the reception room thermal medium to or evaporimeter 9 ' A and 9; As Figure 14 is freezer 9 " A and heat pump water-heating machine 3C or 9 " A and 3B; Or changes in temperature central air-conditioning 9A ' and heat pump water-heating machine or cooling-water machine 3C or the compound unit of 3B cooling and warming; (b) two evaporimeter 9 ' B that connect side by side and 9 " B and condenser 3A or 3D make up respectively; " B and condenser 3B or 3D can be combined into the compound unit of cooling and warming of above-mentioned various different purposes respectively for (figure slightly) or evaporimeter 9 ' B and 9; (c) two of connecting arranged side by side, wherein one is evaporimeter 9 ' A, another is 9, and " B makes up with condenser 3A or 3D respectively; " B can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with condenser 3B or 3C to or evaporimeter 9 ' A and 9; Be air conditioner 3 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3 ' C or make up as Figure 14 with cooling-water machine 3 ' B; Or refrigerator-freezer 9A ' heats compound unit with Teat pump boiler 3B or 3C multifunction refrigeration;
(3) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and do not adorning or be equipped with in the steam compression type composite refrigeration system A4 or A ' 4 and A7 or A ' 7 of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve: (a) connect side by side two all is to be that the condenser 3 ' A of heat transfer medium or 3 ' D and 3 " A or 3 " D arrange one by one respectively with evaporimeter 9A and make up with the air; Or condenser 3 ' A or 3 ' D and 3 " A or 3 " D can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with the evaporimeter 9B that with liquid is heat transfer medium; (b) connect side by side two is that condenser 3 ' B or 3 ' D and 3 " B or 3 " D and evaporimeter 9A make up respectively; Or condenser 3 ' B or 3 ' D and 3 " B or 3 " D can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with evaporimeter 9B; (c) connect side by side two wherein condenser 3 ' A or 3 ' D, another is condenser 3 " B or 3 " C, 9A makes up respectively with evaporimeter, as Fig. 9 be freezer 9A and drying shed 3 ' D or with the compound unit of heat supply factory heat pump water-heating machine 3 ' C, as Figure 13 is air conditioner 9A or Teat pump boiler 3 " B divides the compound unit of cooling and warming successively with air-cooled type off-premises station 3A respectively; and for example Figure 16 is central air-conditioning 9A and heat supply factory's heat pump water-heating machine 3 " C or with the compound unit of freezer 3A, or condenser 3 ' A or 3 ' D, another is that condenser 3 " B or 3 " C can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with evaporimeter 9B; As Figure 15 is that water source or solar heat water source evaporimeter 9 " B or 9 " E and Teat pump boiler 3C combination or drying shed 9 ' D and Teat pump boiler 3C are combined into the compound unit of cooling and warming;
(4) passing through two pairs of three-way solenoid valves and a pair of threeway, connect side by side in the steam compression type composite refrigeration system A5 or A ' 5 and A6 or A ' 6 of three heat exchangers: (a) one is the evaporimeter condenser 9 ' A that holds concurrently, one of the left side is evaporimeter 9 " A, one of the right is condenser 3A or 3D combination; (figure slightly) or can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with an other condenser 3B or 3C; As Figure 11 be air conditioner 9 ' A respectively with Teat pump boiler 3C or with refrigerator-freezer 9 " A is combined into the multi-function peripheral group, and in the middle of (b) one is the evaporimeter condenser 9 ' B that holds concurrently, and of the left side is evaporimeter 9 " B, one of the right is condenser 3B or 3C combination; Or can be combined into compound unit respectively with its above-mentioned various different purposes with an other condenser 3A or 3D; (c) in the middle of one is the evaporimeter condenser 9 ' A that holds concurrently, one of the left side is evaporimeter 9 " B, of the right are condenser 3A or 3D combination or can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with an other condenser 3B or 3C; As Figure 12 is air conditioner 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3C or freezer 9 " A and cooling-water machine 9 " the compound unit of B cooling and warming;
(5) all be that evaporimeter and two are the steam compression type composite refrigeration system A of condenser connect two respectively side by side by two pairs of three-way solenoid valves 9Or A ' 9And A 10Or A ' 10(or A 11Or A ' 11And A 12Or A ' 12) in: (a) two of connecting side by side in the left side are evaporimeter 9 ' A and 9 " A; the right side by side two of connection wherein one be condenser 3 ' B or 3 ' C; another is condenser 3 " A or 3 " D, is combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes; As Figure 18 is that " the A multifunction refrigeration heats compound unit with heating central-heating 3 for freezer 9 " A and heat supply factory's hot water machine 3 " C or refrigeration central air-conditioning 9 ' A; (b) left side connect side by side two evaporimeter 9 ' A wherein, another is an evaporimeter 9 " B; the right connect side by side two is condenser 3 ' B or 3 ' C wherein, and other is that condenser 3 ' A or 3 ' D can be combined into the compound unit of the cooling and warming with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively; As Figure 17 is cooling-water machine 9 " B and Teat pump boiler 3 ' C or refrigeration air conditioner 9 ' A and Teat pump boiler 3 ' C, or " the A multifunction refrigeration heats compound unit to heat heating device 9 ' A and refrigerator-freezer or ice making case 3;
Its typical case study on implementation of the purposes of above steam compression type refrigerating heating and hybrid system thereof sees specification for details, description of drawings in accompanying drawing 1 to 18 and the specification thereof.

Claims (7)

1. the improved vapor compression type refrigerating system of cluster, they all by compressor (1), do not adorn or be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2), condenser (3), device for drying and filtering (4), do not adorn or be equipped with subcooler (8), choke valve (6), evaporimeter (9) and the above main parts size of gas-liquid separator (10) form, and connects into the sealing system (A that does not adorn four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) with pipeline 1) or the sealing system (A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) is housed 2), at (the A of its system 1) or (A 2) in, charging an amount of cold-producing medium, its power output of motor (1A) of drive compression machine (1) and rotating speed are single kind of power and rotating speed; Or can be with the changeable power of different load and the rotating speed of compressor (1), it is characterized in that condenser (3) but the temperature controller (25) and the time controller (24) of design temperature are housed, and be connected with or do not connect other heater and cool-bag (22) thereof at its heat transfer medium turnover pipe connector, again at condenser (3) but on temperature controller 25 and time controller 24 its vapor compression type refrigerating system (A of design temperature are housed 1) or (A 2) in, by three-way solenoid valve, be connected with two or two above heat exchangers side by side, thereby make the vapor compression type refrigerating system grafting component dual-purpose unit of cooling and warming successively; Or refrigeration while low-temperature heating, then be heated into 50 ℃~100 ℃ hot water or hot-air double acting unit and steam compression type composite refrigeration system thereof by other heater;
Its vapor compression type refrigerating system of heating-cooling equipment or its control system circuit of composite refrigeration system of subcooler be equipped with or do not adorn; normally by compressor electric motor, heat exchanger fan electromotor, but or the temperature controller of evaporator water pump motor, Water in Condenser pump motor, starting relay, capacitor, temperature controller design temperature, be equipped with or do not adorn the four-way electromagnetic reversing valve coil, be equipped with or do not adorn three-way solenoid valve coil, electromagnetic valve coil, overload protective device, selector switch, attaching plug, supply socket, electrical connection and form.
2. vapor compression type refrigerating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that the motor (1A) of drive compression machine (1) has following several types and characteristics, selects for use for system in combination or grafting:
(1) motor (1A) is the compressor common electric machine of single kind of power output and single kind of rotating speed, and its main shaft and compressor main shaft are concentric shafts, and its rotating speed is identical;
(2) compressor main shaft (41) is two parallel axes with electric machine main shaft (42), and the different gear of two pairs or more gear ratio (43) is housed on diaxon; Gear (43A) on the main shaft (41) of compressor (1), (43C) ... fixing, gear (43B) on electric machine main shaft (42), (43D) ... make cluster gear group (44), and can on the spline of electric machine main shaft (42), slide, gears engaged or separation are carried out by operating mechanism, and operating mechanism has three kinds:
A) mechanical actuator: it constitutes leverage by the handle (48) of stirring support arm (46), band latch (49) of main shaft and supporting (47) thereof, band roller (45), and roller (45) iron chains are embedded on the groove of cluster gear group (44);
B) vapour-pressure type or fluid pressure type operating mechanism: it is by inflator (50) movably, fixing plunger (53) and plunger rod (54) sealing ring (52) thereof, spring (51), pneumatic supply or hydraulic power source (58), the interlock support arm (56) of roller (45) is housed, three-way solenoid valve (57) is formed, and its interface tube of three-way magnetic valve (57) (58A) connects pneumatic supply or hydraulic power source high-pressure side, its interface (58B) connects low-pressure end, roller (45) iron chains are embedded in cluster gear (44) groove, interlock support arm (56) other end is fixedlyed connected with removable inflator (50), the gear ratio of diaxon has two-stage or more than the two-stage, with so that the different load of motor power output and compressor be complementary or be approaching, or so that the condensation temperature under the annual varying environment temperature is divided two-stage or more than the two-stage, or be used for dragging the heating-cooling equipment of two or two above different loads with a compressor;
(3) motor (1A) is the structural principle design compressor electric motor (1A) customized that can change rotating speed and power with reference to fan electromotor, the different purposes different loads with compressor of power of motor are complementary or approaching, to eliminate the little load of high-power driving, make it energy-saving and emission-reduction;
(4) motor (1A) is the alternating current generator that band micro computer AC converter is housed, and its power output and rotating speed can change with the load of compressor (1);
(5) motor (1A) is the direct current generator that band micro computer DC frequency-changing device is housed, and its power output and rotating speed can change with the load of compressor (1).
3. vapor compression type refrigerating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that at vapor compression type refrigerating system (A 1) or (A 2) in, its condenser (3) has following 4 types by cooling medium and design feature classification, matches for system:
(1) condenser (3) is the double heat pump water box (3B) of doing of water cooled condenser, with water as cooling medium, absorb high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant steam condensation institute liberated heat, it walks condenser (3B) the water inlet pipe interface of water receptacle and is tightly connected with water source (11C) from the beginning or its outlet conduit of water source (11B), magnetic valve (13A) is housed on its pipeline, or water pump (12A), condenser its outlet pipe sealing joint of heat pump water box (3B) of holding concurrently is connected with outlet conduit, magnetic valve (13B) is housed on its pipeline, water cooled condenser hold concurrently heat pump water box (3B) but be equipped with design temperature temperature controller (25) but and time controller in setting-up time interval (24) and exhaust-valve (23), and temperature controller (25) but design temperature be certain definite value in 50 °~100 ℃ scopes, to be used as Teat pump boiler, or heat pump boiler, and the time of time controller can be set in the required time interval of user, preferably in the valley power consumption time interval in the late into the night;
(2) condenser (3) is the water cooled condenser that is connected with solar water heating system (15) heat pump water box (3C) of holding concurrently, it is connected with seal for pipe joints with the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of its water tank of solar water heating system (15) (22) by water cooled condenser its water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of walking water receptacle of heat pump water box (3C) of holding concurrently, magnetic valve (13C) and (13D) is housed on its inlet and outlet pipe lines, auxiliary electric heater unit (21) in solar water container (22), is equipped with or do not adorn, at its hot water effluent's interface tube of solar water container (22) magnetic valve (13F) is housed, solar water container (22) its another is connected with seal for pipe joints with the first and last turnover pipe water interface of solar thermal collector (15M) array the water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface, magnetic valve (13E) and water pump (12B) are housed respectively on its inlet and outlet pipe lines, hold concurrently its water inlet pipe interface of heat pump water box (3C) and its outlet pipe of water source (11B) of condenser is tightly connected, water pump (12A) or magnetic valve (13A) are housed on its pipeline, condenser hold concurrently heat pump water box (3C) but on be equipped with design temperature temperature controller (25) but and time controller in setting-up time interval (24) and exhaust-valve (23), and temperature controller (25) but design temperature equate with the condensation temperature of former conventional air-conditioning device or be approaching, or equate with the condensation temperature of former conventional refrigeration storehouse or refrigerator-freezer or approaching; The condenser heat pump water box (3C) of holding concurrently does not connect or is connected with fossil fuel or biomass energy boiler, and its water container (22) unites two into one with solar water container;
In its vapor compression type refrigerating system of heating-cooling equipment, all be equipped with water cooled condenser hold concurrently heat pump water box (3B) or (3C) and its solar water container of solar water heating system (15) and fossil fuel or its water container of biomass energy boiler (22) all use its insulation of equipment thermal storage water tank (22A) three installation site when too far away with hot water with bathing and life washing, then its water cooled condenser can be held concurrently heat pump water box (3B) or (3C) higher temperatures hot water delivery pipe's interface of its 40 ℃ of low-temperature water heatings or 50 °~70 ℃, 50 ℃~70 ℃ higher temperatures hot water delivery pipe interfaces of solar water container and fossil fuel or its water container of biomass energy boiler (22) use its water inlet pipe interface of its insulation of equipment thermal storage water tank (22A) to be connected with seal for pipe joints respectively by threeway (26) with hot water respectively, or be tightly connected respectively with pipeline with using its left and right sides interface tube of mixed water valve (26) that the band constant temperature regulator is housed on its insulation thermal storage water tank (22A) of hot water facility respectively, and magnetic valve (13C) is housed on its pipeline, (13D) and (13G);
(3) condenser (3) is air cooled condenser (3A), with air as cooling medium, fan and motor (12A) thereof be equipped with or be not equipped with, with so that refrigerant vapour condensation heat release, on condenser (3A), do not adorn or be equipped with the electromagnetic valve (13C ') of temperature controller (25), time controller (24) and adjustable solar term pore size;
(4) condenser (3) is its air cooled condenser of drying shed (22A) (3D) that is connected with or without solar energy air heat collector (15M '), it carries the seal for pipe joints of 30 ℃~40 ℃ of low temperature hot blasts to connect to form by air cooled condenser (3A) and the drying shed (22A) that solar energy air heat collector (15M ') is housed with one, electromagnetic valve (13A ') is housed on its pipeline, the hydrofuge pneumoelectric magnet valve door (13C ') and the temperature controller (25) of adjustable aperture size are housed on the top of drying shed (22A), on drying shed (22A) and solar energy air heat collector (15M ') array first and last turnover gas connecting pipe, electromagnetic valve (13B ') and air exhauster (12B ') are housed, temperature controller (25) and time controller (24) are housed, and the condensation temperature of its vapour compression refrigeration system condensation heat of the design temperature of temperature controller (25) and former refrigeration plant when effluxing equates or is approaching on air cooled condenser (3D);
4. vapor compression type refrigerating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that its vapor compression type refrigerating system of heating-cooling equipment (A 1) or (A 2) in, low-temperature heat source and characteristics classification that the evaporimeter (9) of cooling condenser (3) apolegamy is drawn by the evaporation of its evaporimeter (9) inner refrigerant have following 5 types:
(1) evaporimeter (9) is an air source evaporimeter (9A), is equipped with or does not adorn fan and motor (12A) thereof, as heat exchange medium, utilizes its low temperature heat energy of air source (11A) to provide heat of gasification for the cold-producing medium evaporation with air;
(2) evaporimeter (9) is water source evaporimeter (9B), it is heat transfer medium with water, it is leaked water or liquid is that its turnover interface tube of container of heat transfer medium and the inlet and outlet pipe lines of water source (11B) are tightly connected, magnetic valve (13A ') is housed on the outlet conduit of its water source (11B), water pump (12B ') and magnetic valve (13B ') are housed on the inlet channel of its water source (11B), are that the cold-producing medium evaporation provides heat of gasification with its low temperature heat energy of water source (11B);
(3) evaporimeter (9) is a ground source evaporimeter (9C), it is heat transfer medium with liquid, its walk liquid heat-transfer medium container its turnover interface tube with horizontal or vertical be embedded in the soil one group of U type metal tube (14) its pass in and out total union pipe (14A) and (14B) one port portion be tightly connected, its other end oral area sealing, magnetic valve (13B ') and heat transfer medium pump (12C ') are housed on total pipe (14B) of its dispensing liquid heat transfer medium of U-shaped metal tube, it is input on total pipe (14A) of liquid heat transfer medium magnetic valve (13A ') is housed, and its low temperature heat energy of Yi Diyuan (11C ') provides heat of gasification for the cold-producing medium evaporation;
(4) evaporimeter (9) is solar energy and dual intensity source, air source evaporimeter (9D), it is made up of with evaporimeter (9D) plate solar type the copper compound or full copper pipe plate-type solar thermal collector of aluminium (15M) or the plate solar type metal hose heat collector (15M) of the selective absorber coatings of upper surface coated, have hole, two gardens (15E) in flat plate collector (15M) left and right side frame top, flow for the in-out-snap air, or in frame, below two holes fresh water is housed, salt solution or anti-icing fluid, its its its turnover interface tube (15a) of turnover interface tube and solar thermal collector (15M) of space container of walking working medium of evaporimeter (9D) is connected with seal for pipe joints with (15b), on its output channel, be in series with gas-liquid separator (10 ') and compressor (1 '), on its input channel, be in series with device for drying and filtering (4 ') and choke valve (6 '), charged an amount of low boiling working fluid after in this system, vacuumizing, or this working medium selects for use its boiling point to be lower than environment temperature, and be higher than its evaporating temperature of working medium in the evaporimeter (9D), or working medium select for use its boiling point be lower than respectively summer and winter its two kinds of environment temperatures the liquid of different boiling, pressing 1:1 mixes, and on its inlet and outlet piping, do not adorn above device (10 '), (1) ', (4) ' and (6) ', be intended to fine day and utilize solar energy, utilize overcast and rainy or night its low temperature heat energy of air source to provide heat of gasification for the cold-producing medium evaporation;
(5) evaporimeter (9) is a solar heat water source evaporimeter (9E), it is made up of the board-like flat-plate solar heat collector of metal tube or vacuum tube solar heating element (15M) and evaporimeter (9 " B) solar water container of holding concurrently; solar thermal collector array first and last water-in and water-out interface tube is used respectively with its water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of evaporimeter (9 " B) and is connected with seal for pipe joints, magnetic valve (13A) is housed on its outlet conduit, water pump (12B) is housed on its inlet channel; Utilize the solar heat water source to provide heat of gasification for its cold-producing medium evaporation of evaporimeter (9E); Extremely frigid zones utilize the solar heat water source, its low temperature heat energy evaporimeter (9) of source or water source replace evaporimeter below 0 ℃ (9A) and make 70 ℃ of hot water or heat heating;
5. vapor-compression formula refrigeration system according to claim 1 is characterized in that at vapor compression type refrigerating system (A 1) or (A 2) in, the subcooler (8) that is equipped with between device for drying and filtering (4) and choke valve (6) has following several types and characteristics:
(1) subcooler (8) is vaporation-type subcooler (8A 1), its efferent duct interface (8a) of walking the metallic coil (8e) of liquid refrigerant is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of choke valve (6), choke valve (6) or 6A and its interface tube of 6B without or connecting pipe through three-way solenoid valve 30B on a threeway (5D) is housed, and vaporation-type subcooler (8A 1) its input pipe interface (8b) of its metal coil (8e) is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of device for drying and filtering (4) (4a), and a threeway (5A) is housed on its pipeline, and its interface tube of threeway (5A) (5c) and subcooler (8A 1) it is walked, and its input pipe interface (8c) connects with seal for pipe joints in the container of refrigerant vapour, choke valve (6A) is housed, subcooler (8A on its pipeline 1) the steam efferent duct interface (8d) of its container is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of threeway (5D) (5c);
(2) subcooler (8) is the water-cooled subcooler, include the telescopic subcooler of metallic coil (8B), metal hose bushing type subcooler (8C) or metallic coil bushing type subcooler (8D), and subcooler (8B), (8C) or (8D), its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface (8a) without or through three-way solenoid valve (30B) be connected with seal for pipe joints with its cold-producing medium input pipe interface (6b) of choke valve (6) respectively, and subcooler (8B), (8C) or (8D) its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface (4a) of its cold-producing medium input pipe interface (8b) and device for drying and filtering (4) is with there being seal for pipe joints to be connected, its space container of leaking water of subcooler (8) or its water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe interface of sleeve pipe are tightly connected with water source (11C) inlet and outlet piping from the beginning, on the outlet conduit of water source (11C) from the beginning, magnetic valve (13B ') is housed, on the inlet channel of water source (11C) from the beginning, magnetic valve (13A ') is housed;
(3) subcooler (8) is vaporation-type subcooler (8A 2), concrete annexation is its cold-producing medium lower end interface tube (4a) of device for drying and filtering (4) and subcooler (8A 2) the input pipe interface (8b) of metallic coil (8e) refrigerant liquid connects with seal for pipe joints in its container, and threeway 5C and (5A) is housed on its pipeline, it goes up interface (5c) and subcooler (8A in threeway (5A) 2) its its interface tube of container (8c) of walking refrigerant vapour connects with seal for pipe joints, on its pipeline, is in series with magnetic valve (7A) and choke valve (6A), subcooler (8A 2) its efferent duct of metallic coil (8e) meet (8a) and be connected with seal for pipe joints with its lower interface of choke valve (6), to the A of system 2Threeway (5D) and (5B) is housed, to A on its pipeline 2Hybrid system three-way solenoid valve (30B), threeway (5D) and (5B) then are housed successively, and threeway (5B) interface (5c) and subcooler (8A on it 2) its interface tube (8f) connects with seal for pipe joints, is in series with magnetic valve (7B) and choke valve (6B) on its pipeline, subcooler (8A 2) its container inner refrigerant steam efferent duct interface (8d) is connected with its left interface of a three-way solenoid valve (20) with pipeline and is connected with seal for pipe joints with its right interface of threeway (5D), three-way solenoid valve (20), its right interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with its left interface of threeway (5C);
6. vapor compression type refrigerating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that not adorning or being equipped with the vapor compression type refrigerating system (A of subcooler 1) or (A ' 1) and (A 2) or (A ' 2) be combined into following several steam compression type composite refrigeration system by the three-way solenoid valve grafting:
(1) at the vapor compression type refrigerating system (A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 1) or (A 1') in, to be connected with two side by side all be evaporimeter (9 ') and (9 "); its annexation is its left side of three-way solenoid valve (30A); right interface and evaporimeter (9 ') are with (its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface of 9 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints respectively with pipeline by a pair of three-way solenoid valve (30A) with (30B), three lead to magnetic reversal valve (30A) on it its cold-producing medium input pipe interface (10b) of interface and gas-liquid separator (10) be connected with seal for pipe joints, and its left side of three-way solenoid valve (30B), right interface respectively through choke valve 6A and 6B and evaporimeter (9 ') with (its cold-producing medium input pipe interface of 9 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints, and to vaporation-type subcooler (8A is housed 1) refrigeration system (A 1) then its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B) is via threeway (5D) and vaporation-type subcooler (8A 1) its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface (8a) connects with seal for pipe joints, its refrigerant vapour efferent duct interface (8d) is connected with seal for pipe joints with (5C) with its right interface of threeway (5D), or to water-cooled subcooler (8B), (8C) or refrigeration system (A (8D) are housed 1) then the threeway electromagnetism change its lower interface of valve (30B) and water-cooled advance cooler (8B), (8C) or (8D) its liquid refrigerant efferent duct interface directly be tightly connected with pipeline, or to not adorning the refrigeration system (A of subcooler (8) 1') then its lower interface of three-way magnetic valve reversal valve (30B) and its interface tube of device for drying and filtering (4) (4a) directly are tightly connected; System (A1 or A 1') in, its condenser (3) is selected hold concurrently heat pump water box (3C) or (3B) or air cooled condenser (3A) or (3D) of water cooled condenser for use, thereby with the A of system 1Or A ' 1Develop into the one group of steam compression type compound-refrigerating device (A of system that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 3) or (A ' 3);
(2) at the vapor compression type refrigerating system (A that is equipped with or is not equipped with subcooler 1) or (A 1') in, by a pair of three-way solenoid valve (30A) and (30B), being connected with two side by side all is condenser (3 ') and (3 "); its annexation is its left side of three-way solenoid valve (30A); right interface and interchanger (3 ') are with (its refrigerant vapour input pipe interface of 3 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints respectively, three-way solenoid valve (30A) on it its refrigerant vapour efferent duct interface (1a) of interface and compressor (1) be connected with seal for pipe joints, and three-way solenoid valve (30B), its left side, right interface and condenser (3 ') are with (its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface of 3 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints; its cold-producing medium input pipe interface (4b) of its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B) and device for drying and filtering (4) is connected (A of system with seal for pipe joints 1) or (A 1') in, its evaporimeter (9) is selected for use with the air to be the evaporimeter (9A) of heat transfer medium or to be the evaporimeter (9B) of heat transfer medium with liquid, thereby with (the A of system 1) or (A ' 1) develop into the one group of steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 4) with
(3) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and its vapor compression type refrigerating system (A that do not adorn or be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) 1) and (A 1') and (A 2) or A 2') in, by a pair of threeway (5A) with (5B), two pairs of three-way solenoid valves (30A) and (30B) and (30C) with (30D) be connected with three heat exchangers (9 '), (9 ") and (3); three heat exchangers (9 '), (9 ") and (3) can be respectively or be simultaneously to be heat transfer medium with the air or to be the heat exchanger of heat transfer medium with water side by side with pipeline, the heat exchanger on the left side in the middle of the three (9 ") are as evaporimeter; the heat exchanger on the right (3) is as condenser, and middle heat exchanger (9 ') both can be used as evaporimeter; Can be used as condenser again, concrete annexation is that (its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface of 9 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints its left interface of three-way solenoid valve (30A), to (the A of system with heat exchanger 1) or (A 1') its cold-producing medium input pipe interface (10b) of interface and gas-liquid separator (10) is connected with seal for pipe joints on it, to (the A of system 2) or (A ' 2) interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) (2a) on it, its right interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with its left interface of threeway (5A), its cold-producing medium turnover interface tube of its lower interface of threeway (5A) and heat exchanger (9 '), connect with seal for pipe joints, and its right interface of threeway (5A) is connected with seal for pipe joints with its left interface of three-way solenoid valve (30C), to (the A of system 1) or (A 1') three-way solenoid valve (30C) on it interface be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of compressor (1) (1a), the threeway electromagnetism is connected with seal for pipe joints to its cold-producing medium input pipe interface of its right interface of valve (30C) and heat exchanger (3), to (the A of system 2) or (A ' 2) three-way solenoid valve (30C) on it interface be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) (2d), its cold-producing medium input pipe interface of its right interface of three-way magnetic valve (30C) and heat exchanger (3) is connected with seal for pipe joints, (its cold-producing medium input pipe interface of 9 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints its left interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B), to the refrigeration system (A of water-cooled subcooler is housed with heat exchanger through choke valve (6A) 1) or (A 2) then its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B) be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of subcooler (8B) (8a), or to the refrigeration system (A of vaporation-type subcooler is housed 1) (or A 2) then its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B) and threeway (5D) on it sealing joint be connected, its right interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B) is connected with seal for pipe joints with its left interface of threeway (5B), threeway (5B) on it interface advance through choke valve (6B) and its cold-producing medium of heat exchanger (9 '), going out interface tube connects with seal for pipe joints, its right interface of threeway (5B) is connected with seal for pipe joints with its left interface of three-way solenoid valve (30D), its right interface of three-way solenoid valve (30D) through or be connected with seal for pipe joints without its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface of choke valve (6C) and heat exchanger (3), to the refrigeration system (A of water-cooled subcooler is housed 1) then its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30D) be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of device for drying and filtering (4) (4b), to vaporation-type subcooler (8A is housed 2) refrigeration system (A 2) then its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30D) and threeway (5C) on it interface be connected with seal for pipe joints, to not adorning the refrigeration system A of water-cooled vaporation-type subcooler 1' or A 2' then three-way solenoid valve (30B) or its lower interface of threeway (5B) are connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of device for drying and filtering (4) (4a), thereby with (the A of system 1) or (A 1') and (A 2) or (A 2') develop into the steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 5) or (A 5') and (A 6) and (A 6');
(4) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and the vapor compression type refrigerating system (A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve is being housed 2) or (A 2') in, change valve (30A) and (30B) or a pair of threeway (5A) and (5B) be connected with two side by side and both can all be used as evaporimeter by a pair of threeway electromagnetism with pipeline, can all be used as again condenser heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 "); heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 ") all be with air or with water be heat transfer medium heat exchanger (9 ' A) and (9 " A) or (9 ' B) and (9 " B) or one of them be (9 ' A) another be that (9 " B) its annexation is three-way solenoid valve (30A) or its left side of threeway (5A); right interface and heat exchanger (9 ') and (9 ") its cold-producing medium advances, go out interface tube, connect with seal for pipe joints, with threeway (5A) left and right sides connecting pipe on be equipped with magnetic valve (13M) and (13N) three-way solenoid valve (30A) or threeway (5A) on it interface be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) (2a), three-way solenoid valve (30B) or its left side of threeway (5B), right interface and heat exchanger (9 ') with (its cold-producing medium of 9 ") passes in and out interface tube and is connected with seal for pipe joints respectively through choke valve or capillary 6A or 6B; with threeway (5B) left and right sides connecting pipe on magnetic valve (13W) and (13V) is housed, to the refrigeration system (A of vaporation-type subcooler is housed 2), then three-way solenoid valve (30B) or (5B) its lower interface through threeway (5D) and hairdo subcooler (8A 2); Its interface tube (8a) connects with seal for pipe joints, or to the refrigeration system (A of water-cooled subcooler is housed 2) then three-way solenoid valve (30B) or (5B) its cold-producing medium efferent duct interface (8a) of its lower interface and water-cooled subcooler (8) be connected with seal for pipe joints or refrigeration system (A ' 2) not adorning water-cooled or vaporation-type subcooler, then three-way solenoid valve (30B) or (5B) its lower interface be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface tube of device for drying and filtering (4) (4a), thereby with (the A of system 2) or (A ' 2) develop into the steam compression type combined refrigeration system (A that is equipped with or does not adorn subcooler 7) or (A ' 7); (A 8) or (A ' 8);
(5) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and be equipped with or be not equipped with the vapor compression type refrigerating system (A of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 1) or (A 1') and (A 2) or (A 2') in; By a pair of three-way solenoid valve (30A) with (30B); Or a pair of threeway (5A) with (5B); Be connected with side by side two heat exchangers (9 ') and (9 ") with pipeline; Two heat exchangers all be take air as heat transfer medium or all be take water as heat transfer medium heat exchanger 9 ' A and 9 " A or 9 ' B and 9 " B or wherein among be 9 '; Another is 9 ' A and 9 " B; Again by other a pair of three-way solenoid valve (30C) and (30D); Be connected with side by side two heat exchangers (3 ') and (3 "); Two heat exchangers all are take air as cooling medium or the heat exchanger take water as cooling medium (3 ' A) and (3 " A) or (3 ' B) and (3 " B) or one of them be (9 ' A); Another for (9 " B) its annexation be three-way solenoid valve (30A) or its left and right sides interface of threeway (5A) with heat exchanger (9 ') be connected 9 ") its cold-producing medium upper pipes interface is connected with seal for pipe joints; And with threeway (5A) about the pipeline that is connected be equipped with magnetic valve (13M) with (13N); Interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with four-way electromagnetic commutation (2) its interface (2a) on it, to (the A of system of four way solenoid valve is not housed.1) or (A 1'), interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with the gas-liquid separator air inlet on it, and three-way solenoid valve (30B) or its left and right sides interface of threeway (5B) through choke valve (6A) and (6B) and heat exchanger (9 ') with (its cold-producing medium lower end interface tube of 9 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints; with threeway (5B) about be equipped with on the pipeline that is connected magnetic valve (13W) with (13V); to the water-cooled subcooler then its lower interface be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface of subcooler (8) (8a), to the vaporation-type subcooler then its lower interface through threeway (5D) and subcooler (8A 1) or (8A 2) its interface (8a) connects three-way solenoid valve (30C), its left and right sides interface and heat exchanger (3 with seal for pipe joints 1') with (its cold-producing medium upper pipes interface of 3 ") is connected with seal for pipe joints, to (the A of system of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve is housed 2) or (A 2'), interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve (2) (2d) on it, to not adorning (the A of system of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve 1) or (A 1'), interface is connected with seal for pipe joints with compressor outlet on it, and its left and right sides interface of three-way solenoid valve (30D) is to (the A of system 1) or (A 1') without choke valve (6); To (the A of system 2) or (A 2') then through choke valve (6C) or (6D) and heat exchanger (3 ') and (its cold-producing medium lower end interface tube of 3 ") is tightly connected with managing; to the water-cooled subcooler then its lower interface meet (4b) with its pipe of device for drying and filtering (4) and be connected with seal for pipe joints, to its lower interface of vaporation-type subcooler through threeway (5C) and subcooler (8A 2) or (8A 1) its refrigerant pipe interface connects with seal for pipe joints, to do not adorn subcooler (8) then its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30B) be connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface of device for drying and filtering (4) (4a), and its lower interface of three-way solenoid valve (30D) is connected with seal for pipe joints with its interface of device for drying and filtering (4) (4b), thereby with (the A of system 2) or A ( 2') develop into steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A 10) or (A 10'), or with (the A of system 1) or (A 1') develop into steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A 9) or (A 9').
7. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5 or 6 described vapor compression type refrigerating systems, it is characterized in that can be used as freezer, ice making case, refrigerator, refrigerator or air cooled air conditioner owing in the system be that the evaporimeter (9A) of heat exchange medium can freeze with the air; With water or liquid is that the evaporimeter (9B) of heat exchange medium can freeze, and can be used as liquid-cooled freezer, ice making case, refrigerator, refrigerator or water-cooled air conditioner; And air cooled condenser (3A) or (3D) can heat can be used separately as hot air type drying shed, baker, dehumidifier or hot air type heating device; Water cooled condenser (3B) or (3C) can heat can be used separately as Teat pump boiler, heat pump water-heating machine, heat pump boiler or hot-water type heating device; Thereby its evaporimeter (9A) or (9B) respectively with condenser (3A) or (3D) and (3B) or (3C) will be housed or not adorn in the vapor compression type refrigerating system of subcooler and the composite refrigeration system thereof, arrange combination respectively one by one and can constitute following several cooling and warming units and multi-function peripheral group thereof with its above-mentioned various different purposes:
(1) is being equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and do not adorning or be equipped with the vapor compression type refrigerating system (A1) of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve or (A ' 1) and (A2) or in (A ' 2): (a) by evaporimeter (9A) and condenser (3A) or (9A) and (3D) can arrange one by one and be combined into cooling and warming unit respectively with its above-mentioned various different purposes; (b) by evaporimeter (9A) and condenser (3B) or (9A) with (3C) the cooling and warming unit that becomes to have above-mentioned various different purposes capable of being combined; (c) by evaporimeter (9B) with condenser (3B) or (9B) and (3C) can be combined into cooling and warming unit respectively with its above-mentioned various different purposes; (d) by evaporimeter (9B) and condenser (3A) or (9B) with (3D) the cooling and warming unit that becomes to have its above-mentioned various different purposes capable of being combined;
(2) be equipped with or do not adorning subcooler and the steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A3) of four-way electromagnetic reversing valve be not housed or (A ' 3) and (A8) or in (A ' 8): (a) two evaporimeters (9 ' A) and (9 " A) and condenser (3A) or (3D) combination respectively; Or evaporimeter (9 ' A) with condenser (3B) or (3C) can be combined into the compound unit with itself or its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with (9 " A); (b) two evaporimeters (9 ' B) with (9 " B) and condenser (3A) or (3D) combination respectively; Or evaporimeter (9 ' B) with (9 " B) and condenser (3B) or (3C) can be combined into the compound unit of above-mentioned various different purposes respectively; (c) connect side by side two, wherein one be evaporimeter (9 ' A), another be (9 " B) respectively with condenser (3A) or (3D) combination respectively; Or evaporimeter (9 ' A) can be combined into the compound unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes with (9 " B) respectively with condenser (3B) or (3C);
(3) subcooler is equipped with or do not adorn and do not adorn or be equipped with four-way electromagnetic reversing valve steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A4) or ( ) and (A7) or ( ) in: (a) connect side by side two all be condenser (3 ' A) or (3 ' D) and (3 " A) or (3 " D) arranges one by one respectively with evaporimeter (9A) and makes up; Or condenser (3 ' A) or (3 ' D) and (3 " A) or (3 " D) can arrange one by one with evaporimeter (9B) and be combined into compound unit respectively with its above-mentioned various different purposes; (b) connect side by side two be condenser (3 ' B) or (3 ' D) and (3 " B) or (3 " D) arranges one by one respectively with evaporimeter (9A) and makes up; Or condenser (3 ' B) or (3 ' D) and (3 " B) or (3 " D) can arrange one by one with evaporimeter (9B) and be combined into compound unit respectively with above-mentioned various different purposes; (c) connect side by side two condenser (3 ' A) or (3 ' D), another is condenser (3 " B) or (3 " C), arranges one by one respectively with evaporimeter (9A) and makes up wherein; Or condenser (3 ' A) or (3 ' D) can arrange one by one with evaporimeter (9B) and to be combined into the compound unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively;
(4) passing through two pairs of three-way solenoid valves and a pair of threeway, connect side by side the steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A5) of three heat exchangers or (A ' 5) and (A6) or in (A ' 6): (a) one is the evaporimeter condenser (9 ' A) of holding concurrently, one of the left side is evaporimeter (9 " A), and one of the right is condenser (3A) or (3D) combination; Or can be combined into compound unit respectively with its above-mentioned various different purposes with an other condensation (3B) or (3C); (b) in the middle of one is that evaporimeter holds concurrently that (9 ' B), of the left side is evaporimeter (9 " B) to condenser, and one of the right is condenser (3B) or (3C) combination; Or can be combined into compound unit respectively with its above-mentioned various different purposes with an other condenser (3A) or (3D); (c) in the middle of one is the evaporimeter condenser (9 ' A) of holding concurrently, one of the left side is evaporimeter (9 " B), and of the right is condenser (3A) or (3D) combination or can be combined into the compound unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively with an other condenser (3B) or (3C);
(5) all be that evaporimeter and two are the steam compression type composite refrigeration system (A of condenser connect two respectively side by side by two pairs of three-way solenoid valves 9) or ( ) and (A 10) or ( ) or (A 11) or ( ) and (A 12) or ( ) in: (a) two of connecting side by side in the left side all be evaporimeter (9 ' A) with (9 " A); the right connect side by side two wherein one be condenser (3 ' B) or (3 ' C); another is condenser (3 " A) or (3 " D), is combined into the compound unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes; (b) left side connect side by side two evaporimeter (9 ' A) wherein, another is evaporimeter (9 " B); the right connect side by side two is condenser (3 ' B) or (3 ' C), other is condenser (3 ' A) or (3 ' D) can be combined into the compound unit with its above-mentioned various different purposes respectively wherein.
CNU2008201185518U 2008-05-28 2008-05-28 One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof Expired - Fee Related CN201212752Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201185518U CN201212752Y (en) 2008-05-28 2008-05-28 One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201185518U CN201212752Y (en) 2008-05-28 2008-05-28 One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof
PCT/CN2008/001285 WO2009006794A1 (en) 2007-07-06 2008-07-07 A vapor compression refrigeration system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201212752Y true CN201212752Y (en) 2009-03-25

Family

ID=40496927

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201185518U Expired - Fee Related CN201212752Y (en) 2008-05-28 2008-05-28 One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201212752Y (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102062495A (en) * 2010-09-09 2011-05-18 宁波奥克斯电气有限公司 Direct current variable frequency multifunctional air conditioning system and control method thereof
CN102625558A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-08-01 安徽航天环境工程有限公司 Plasma heater with cooling system
CN106461289A (en) * 2014-03-04 2017-02-22 康唯特股份公司 Refrigeration plant
CN106996608A (en) * 2016-01-26 2017-08-01 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 Split air-cooled air conditioner equipment
CN109764451A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of control method of energy resource system
CN109764453A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of control method of energy resource system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102062495A (en) * 2010-09-09 2011-05-18 宁波奥克斯电气有限公司 Direct current variable frequency multifunctional air conditioning system and control method thereof
CN102625558A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-08-01 安徽航天环境工程有限公司 Plasma heater with cooling system
CN102625558B (en) * 2012-03-30 2014-09-03 安徽航天环境工程有限公司 Plasma heater with cooling system
CN106461289A (en) * 2014-03-04 2017-02-22 康唯特股份公司 Refrigeration plant
CN106461289B (en) * 2014-03-04 2019-08-02 康唯特股份公司 Refrigerating plant
CN106996608A (en) * 2016-01-26 2017-08-01 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 Split air-cooled air conditioner equipment
CN109764451A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of control method of energy resource system
CN109764453A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of control method of energy resource system
CN109764451B (en) * 2019-01-09 2021-06-29 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Control method of energy system
CN109764453B (en) * 2019-01-09 2021-06-29 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Control method of energy system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101236024B (en) Improved steam compression type refrigeration system and uses thereof
CN100451492C (en) Integrated air-conditioning system of solar-assisted soil source CO2 trans-critical heat pump
CN101457949B (en) Domestic air source heat pump heating system
CN100487343C (en) Air- solar energy double heat source synchronous composite type heat pump device
CN201212752Y (en) One cluster improved steam compression type refrigeration system and use thereof
CN102645055B (en) Adaptively-matched solar auxiliary air source heat pump device
CN101900457A (en) Shower, heating and air conditioning complex system device for producing hot water by using solar energy, air source and low power
CN101358784A (en) Solar thermal storage and geothermal heat pump group system
CN101832682B (en) Energy-storing solar absorption refrigeration system
CN201163124Y (en) Air-solar energy-geothermal energy three-heat source composite heat pump
CN106016906A (en) Movable refrigerator and air conditioner all-in-one machine equipment
CN101403540A (en) Heat pump type heating and ice production method and apparatus
CN109405102A (en) Air-conditioning system
CN204240636U (en) A kind of new type solar energy-air energy combined heat-pump cold and heat combined supply unit
CN105627623A (en) Novel solar energy-air energy combined heat pump cold-heat combined supply unit
CN105157273A (en) Family type heat pump system with combined application of solar energy and soil source
CN204987535U (en) Energy storage formula air source heat pump unit
CN103256752A (en) Composite machine set of steam compression type refrigeration device and heating device, and use thereof
CN101769654A (en) Heating system for compression heat pump and heating method thereof
CN202675732U (en) Self-adaptation matching solar auxiliary air source heat pump device
CN101285625B (en) Ground source warm and cold air conditioner system
CN103528295B (en) The energy-saving residential central air-of compound energy heat-pump-type and control method thereof
CN206626764U (en) Four permanent system building air-conditioning condensation heat recoveries utilize device
CN201014659Y (en) Circulation geothermal air-conditioning system
CN1611868A (en) Compression type refrigerating apparatus and sunlight heat converting equipment grafting type refrigerating and heat generating system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Luo Guirong

Document name: Notification of Termination of Patent Right

C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090325

Termination date: 20130528