CN101042300B - Image display apparatus - Google Patents

Image display apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101042300B
CN101042300B CN 200710089382 CN200710089382A CN101042300B CN 101042300 B CN101042300 B CN 101042300B CN 200710089382 CN200710089382 CN 200710089382 CN 200710089382 A CN200710089382 A CN 200710089382A CN 101042300 B CN101042300 B CN 101042300B
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screen
display
processing
embodiment
information
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CN 200710089382
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101042300A (en
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名木山景
川上英彦
福本基宏
宇土敬祐
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株式会社电装
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Priority to JP083695/2006 priority Critical
Priority to JP2006083695 priority
Priority to JP355175/2006 priority
Priority to JP2006355175A priority patent/JP5129478B2/en
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Abstract

一种画面显示装置,其特征在于具有:操作信息接收部,从输入设备接收表示滚动的方向及其速度的操作信息;以及画面控制部,根据由上述操作信息接收部所接收的操作信息,进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且根据在相同方向上滚动的时间及其滚动的速度,变更缩放率。 A picture display apparatus, comprising: an operation information receiving unit receives the operation information showing the scroll direction and speed of an input device; and a screen control section, based on the operation information by the operation information received by the receiving unit, for so that a processing of scrolling a screen display, and according to the scroll direction in the same time and the speed of scrolling, changing the zoom ratio. 画面控制部根据操纵杆的倾斜方向及其倾斜角度来进行使画面滚动的处理,并且当检测出操纵杆在规定时间内连续在同一方向上的倾斜大于规定的阈值D1时(S28),检测出操纵杆的倾斜角度为规定阈值D1以下(S24),或者进行使画面显示缩小的处理(S32),直到成为预定的最小缩放率为止(在S30为是)。 Screen control unit performs the processing in accordance with the screen scrolling joystick tilting direction and tilt angle, and (S28), detects when the lever is detected within a predetermined time continuously inclined in the same direction is greater than a predetermined threshold value D1 the inclination angle of the joystick is a predetermined threshold value D1 or less (S24,), or by reduction process so that the screen (S32) displays, until a predetermined scaling factor until the minimum (YES in S30). 这样,提供一种具有能够容易从大量信息中检索出所需信息的接口的画面显示装置。 Thus, to provide a large amount of information can be easily retrieved from the information required to interface to the screen display device.

Description

画面显示装置 Screen display device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及在计算机等的画面上显示信息的画面显示装置,尤其涉及显示如地图等大容量图像的技术。 [0001] The present invention relates to a computer or the like displayed on a screen of a display screen information, and particularly to techniques such as the map image is displayed large capacity.

[0002] 背景技术 [0002] BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 过去,作为用于显示一个画面中容纳不下的大容量信息的技术,已知有滚动方式。 [0003] Conventionally, as a technique for displaying a large volume of information in the screen to fit in known rolling manner. 滚动是为了显示没有显示于画面内的部分而使显示内容上下左右移动的技术。 It is to scroll portion that is not displayed in the display in the screen moves up and down about the content art. 在利用滚动来阅览大容量信息的情况下,由于滚动量变多,所以很麻烦。 In the case of scrolling to read a large volume of information, due to the amount of scrolling much, so a lot of trouble. 并且,若提高滚动速度,则在滚动中不能够掌握显示内容。 And, if the increase scrolling speed, it is not possible to grasp the contents displayed in the scrolling.

[0004] 作为用于变更显示在画面上的图像的缩小比例尺的技术,已知有变更缩放的技术。 [0004] As a technique for changing the reduced image displayed on a screen of the scale, scale changes are known in the art. 把放大缩小比例尺称为“放大”,把缩小缩小比例尺称为“缩小”。 The zoom scale referred to as "zoom in", the reduced scale reduction referred to as "narrow." 通过缩小画面显示,即可显示出没有显示在画面内的部分。 By reducing the screen display can not show a display section within the screen.

[0005] 过去的大多数画面显示装置,滚动和缩放各自具有接口。 [0005] Most previous screen display device, scrolling and zooming each having an interface. 所以为了通过滚动和缩放操作来从大容量的图像中找出所需的信息,必须多次进行滚动和缩放的切换操作,操作麻烦。 Therefore, in order by scrolling and zooming operations to locate the information required from the image large capacity, must be repeatedly scrolling and zooming switching operations, operational problems. 例如,一旦使画面显示缩小后,一边观看被缩小的显示内容,一边检索所需的信息的大致位置,然后,为了详细检索信息,必须再次进行放大操作。 For example, once the picture to appear after a reduction, while viewing the display contents are reduced, while retrieving the approximate location of the desired information, and then, in order to retrieve detailed information must be amplified again.

[0006] 作为解决上述操作麻烦的方法,在非专利文献I中公开了将滚动和缩放关联起来的方法。 [0006] As a method for solving the above troublesome operation, there is disclosed a method for associating scrolling and zooming in Non-Patent Document I below. 在该文献中,公开了根据滚动操作的速度来自动调整缩放等级的接口。 In this document, there is disclosed a zoom level is automatically adjusted according to the scroll operation speed of the interface. 该文献提出的基本概念是,不管信息空间中的实际移动速度如何,均使画面上的表观速度保持一定。 The basic concept of this document is made, regardless of the actual moving speed information space, the apparent average speed on the screen remains constant. 这样来解决由于滚动而使眼睛跟不上的问题。 So to solve the problem due to the rolling of the eyes can not keep up. 并且,在该文献中,还提出了这样的方案,即当提高滚动速度时,为了防止图像急剧缩小,用输入值的乘方来计算缩放等级。 Further, in this document, such an approach has also been proposed, i.e., when the scroll speed is improved, in order to prevent a sharp reduced image, with the input power zoom level value is calculated.

[0007][非专利文献I]基于对应于移动速度的自动变焦的高效导航”五十岚、健夫、Ken Hinckley、关于交互系统和软件的工作组VDI(日本软件科学会WISS2000) PP.57〜66、2000 年12 月。 [0007] [Non-Patent Document I] based on the efficient navigation corresponding to the movement speed automatic zoom "Igarashi, Takeo, Ken Hinckley, VDI Working Group on interactive systems and software (software Japan Society WISS2000) PP.57~ December 66,2000.

[0008] 但是,上述专利文献I的技术,因为是把画面上的表观速度作为一定,所以不能够按照由输入设备输入的滚动速度以上来使信息空间滚动。 [0008] However, the technique of Patent Document I, as is the superficial velocity on the screen as a constant, it is not possible to follow the above scroll speed inputted by the input device to enable scrolling information space. 例如,若滚动速度的输入值提高到2倍,则在变焦达到1/2的画面显示上,仅仅在表面上按相同速度进行滚动,并不能够按2倍以上的速度来使信息空间滚动。 For example, if the input value of the scroll speed is increased to 2 times, about 1/2 of the zoom screen on the display, the same scroll speed only on the surface, is not able to press more than 2 times the speed of scrolling to make information space. 所以,从如地图等那样极大容量的信息中检索所需信息很费时间。 So, it is time-consuming information such as maps and other information from that great capacity to retrieve required.

[0009] 并且,如可用适当的时间来对信息空间中位于远处的信息进行存取那样,若设定输入设备的输入值和滚动速度的关系,则对输入设备的输入范围有限制,所以,由于输入值的范围和信息空间的大小有差距,所以,输入值稍有变化,缩放就立即发生变化。 [0009] Further, as an appropriate time to be used for information access space is located remotely as if the relationship between the input value and the set scroll speed input device, there are restrictions on the input range of the input device, so , due to the size and scope of the information space of the input value of a gap, so that a slight change in the input value, scaled immediately change. 尤其,如地图等那样,无论是放大的画面显示,还是缩小的画面显示,同样在提供有用的信息的情况下,若缩放率频繁变化,则在实用中出现问题。 In particular, such as maps, whether it is enlarged screen display, or reduced screen display, also in the case provided useful information on the case, if the zoom ratio changes frequently, a problem occurs in practical use.

[0010] 发明内容 [0010] SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0011] 因此,本发明鉴于上述背景,以提供一种具有容易从大容量的信息中检索出所需信息的接口的画面显示装置为其目的。 [0011] Accordingly, the present invention is the above background, to provide a readily retrieved from a large volume of information in the information required to interface a screen display apparatus for the purposes. [0012] 本发明的画面显示装置,具有:操作信息接收部,从输入设备接收表示该输入设备倾斜的方向及该输入设备的倾斜角度的操作信息;以及画面控制部,根据由上述操作信息接收部所接收的操作信息,使画面显示以与上述输入设备的倾斜角度对应的速度向上述输入设备倾斜的方向滚动,上述画面控制部在检测到上述输入设备的倾斜角度连续规定时间大于第I阈值时,进行使画面显示缩小的处理,当上述输入设备的倾斜角度小于上述第I阈值且大于第2阈值时,若正在进行上述缩小的处理,则进行使缩放率停止变更,并使画面显示以所停止的缩放率滚动的处理,在检测到上述输入设备的倾斜角度连续规定时间小于第2阈值时,进行使画面显示放大的处理。 [0012] screen according to the present invention, a display device having: an operation information receiving unit receives the operation information indicating the tilt angle of the input device is inclined direction, and the input device from an input device; and a screen control section, based on the reception by the operation information operation information by the reception unit, so that the screen displayed in the above-described inclination angle of the input device corresponding to the speed of the rolling direction of the input device is inclined, the screen control unit continuously a predetermined inclination angle detected by the input device is longer than the first I threshold value when, for making screen display reduction processing, when the inclination angle of the input device is less than the first I threshold value and greater than the second threshold value, if the progress of the reduced processing is performed so that the scaling factor is stopped changes, and screen display in when the rolling process scaling factor stopped, the inclination angle of the input device is detected continuously for a predetermined time is less than the second threshold value, so that the screen for the enlarged display process.

[0013] 这样,利用从表示滚动方向及其速度的操作信息中取得的关于滚动时间的信息,进行变更缩放率的处理,因此,通过进行滚动操作即可自动变更缩放率。 [0013] Thus, using the information about the scroll time acquired from the operation information indicating a scroll direction and speed, the processing for changing zoom rate, therefore, the scaling factor is automatically changed by the scrolling operation can be performed. 并且,缩放率并非与滚动速度成正比,而是根据滚动速度和在相同方向滚动的时间来进行控制,所以,能够控制为防止对应于滚动速度的变化频繁改变缩放率。 Further, the scaling factor is not directly proportional to the rolling speed, but performs control according to the scroll speed and the scroll direction at the same time, it can be controlled to prevent the scroll speed corresponding to the changed zoom ratio change frequently.

[0014] 本发明的画面显示方法,具有:操作信息接收步骤,从输入设备接收表示滚动的方向及其速度的操作信息;以及画面控制步骤,根据由上述操作信息接收步骤所接收的操作信息,进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且根据在相同方向上滚动的时间及其滚动的速度,变更缩放率。 [0014] The screen display method according to the present invention, having: an operation information receiving step of receiving operation information indicating the rolling direction and velocity from an input device; and a screen control step, according to the information received by the operation information received operation step, display processing performed so that the screen scrolling and scrolling in accordance with the time in the same direction and speed of scrolling, changing the zoom ratio.

[0015] 利用该结构,能够和本发明的画面显示装置一样,通过进行滚动操作而自动变更缩放率,并且能够控制为防止对应于滚动速度的变化频繁改变缩放率。 [0015] With this configuration, and the picture as a display device of the present invention, the scaling factor is automatically changed by the scrolling operation, and can be controlled to prevent the scroll speed corresponding to the changed zoom ratio change frequently. 并且,本发明的画面显示装置的各种结构能够适用于本发明的画面显示方法。 Further, the present invention displays various screen configuration of the device can be applied to the screen display method according to the present invention.

[0016] 本发明的程序用于根据从输入设备接收的操作信息进行画面显示,使计算机执行以下步骤:操作信息接收步骤,从输入设备接收表示滚动的方向及其速度的操作信息;以及画面控制步骤,根据由上述操作信息接收步骤接收的操作信息,进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且根据在相同方向上滚动的时间及其滚动的速度,变更缩放率。 [0016] The program of the present invention is displayed on the screen according to the operation information received from the input device, causing a computer to execute the steps of: operation information receiving step of receiving the operation information showing the scroll direction and speed from an input device; and a screen control step, according to the operation information received by the operation information receiving step, a processing of scrolling the picture to appear, and according to the rolling direction in the same time and the speed of scrolling, changing the zoom ratio.

[0017] 利用该结构,能够和本发明的画面显示装置一样,通过进行滚动操作而自动变更缩放率,并且能够控制为防止对应于滚动速度的变化频繁改变缩放率。 [0017] With this configuration, and the picture as a display device of the present invention, the scaling factor is automatically changed by the scrolling operation, and can be controlled to prevent the scroll speed corresponding to the changed zoom ratio change frequently. 此外,本发明的画面显示装置的各种结构能够适用于本发明的程序。 Further, the screen displays various structures of the present invention can be applied to program the device of the present invention.

[0018] 涉及本发明的另一方式的画面显示装置,具有:触摸面板,用于检测画面内的手指的接触位置;以及画面控制部,根据上述接触位置进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且当检测出在规定时间内手指连续接触时,进行根据上述接触位置一边滚动一边缩小画面显示的处理。 [0018] Another embodiment of the present invention relates to a picture display device, comprising: a touch panel, for contacting the position of the finger within the detection screen; and a screen control section, so that the screen display processing performed based on the contact position scrolling, and when when the continuous contact of a finger is detected within a predetermined time, to scroll the screen display processing while being reduced according to the above contact position.

[0019] 这样,在规定时间内手指连续接触触摸面板的情况下,可以认为是用户想看远处信息的意思,所以,通过进行缩小处理和滚动处理,即可根据用户的意思在信息空间内迅速滚动。 [0019] Thus, when a finger within a predetermined time of continuous contact with the touch panel, the distance can be considered as the user wants information means, so, by performing reduction processing and scroll processing, according to the user's intention in the information space scroll rapidly.

[0020] 涉及本发明的另一方式的画面显示装置,具有:触摸面板,检测画面内的手指的接触位置;画面控制部,根据上述接触位置进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且检测出在规定时间内手指连续接触的情况时,有以下2种处理模式:第I模式,根据上述接触位置进行一边滚动一边缩小画面显示的处理;以及第2模式,不管手指接触的时间如何,均只进行滚动处理;以及切换部,切换上述第I模式和上述第2模式。 [0020] Another embodiment of the present invention relates to a picture display device, comprising: a contact position on the touch panel, the finger within the detection screen; screen control unit performs screen display processing so that the rolling according to the contact position, and detects the predetermined when the case where the time the finger continuous contact, the following two processing modes: a first I mode, while rolling in accordance with the contact position while reduction processing screen displayed; and a second mode, how the time regardless of the finger contact are only rolling treatment; and a switching unit switching between the first I mode and the second mode.

[0021] 这样,通过切换同时进行缩小处理和滚动处理的第I模式、和仅进行滚动处理的滚动处理(第I模式),能够根据用户的意思进行适当的滚动处理。 [0021] Thus, for the first I-mode reduction process and the rolling process by simultaneous switching, and rolling treatment (I mode) only the rolling process, the rolling process can be performed according to an appropriate intention of the user. 此外,在第I模式中,在规定时间手指连续接触触摸面板的情况下,通过进行缩小处理和滚动处理,即可根据用户的意思在信息空间内迅速滚动。 In addition, when the first I mode, the predetermined time continuous finger touching the touch panel by performing the reduction process and the rolling process, can quickly scroll through the information space in accordance with the user's intention.

[0022] 本发明的另一方式的画面显示装置,具有:平面型坐标输入装置,检测手指或定位设备的接触位置;画面控制部,根据上述接触位置进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且检测出手指或定位设备在规定时间内连续接触时,根据上述接触位置进行一边滚动一边缩小画面显示的处理;以及切换部,切换上述第I模式和上述第2模式。 [0022] Another embodiment of the present invention, the screen display device, comprising: a planar contact position coordinate input device detects a finger or pointing device; screen control unit performs screen display processing so that the rolling according to the contact position, and detects when a finger or a pointing device in continuous contact within a predetermined time, according to the contact position while scrolling the screen of the display while reduction processing; and a switching unit switching between the first I mode and the second mode.

[0023] 这样,在规定时间内手指或者定位装置连续接触平面型坐标输入装置的情况下,可以认为是用户具有想看远处的信息的意思,所以,通过进行缩小处理和滚动处理,即可根据用户的意思在信息空间内迅速滚动。 The [0023] Thus, within a predetermined time in continuous contact with a finger or the flat-type pointing device coordinate input device, the user can be considered as having a meaning to see distant information, so that by performing the reduction process and the rolling process, can according to the user to scroll within the meaning of the information space quickly.

[0024] 本发明的另一方式的画面显示装置,具有:操纵杆,检测倾斜的方向和倾斜角度;以及画面控制部,根据上述操纵杆的倾斜方向和倾斜角度,进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且根据在相同方向上滚动的时间及其滚动速度,进行变更缩放率的处理。 [0024] Another embodiment of the present invention, the screen display device, comprising: a lever, and detecting the inclination angle of the inclined direction; and a screen control unit, in accordance with the inclination direction and inclination angle of the lever, the processing for scrolling a screen display , according to the time and in the same rolling direction and the scroll speed, a process of changing the zoom ratio.

[0025] 利用该结构,即使在利用操纵杆进行滚动的情况下,也能够根据滚动的方向和速度来自动变更缩放率。 [0025] With this configuration, even in the case of using the joystick for scrolling, it is possible to automatically change the scaling factor according to the scroll direction and speed. 而且,画面控制部也可以根据操纵杆的倾斜方向来决定滚动的方向;根据操纵杆的倾斜角度来决定滚动的速度。 Further, the screen control unit may be determined according to the rolling direction of the inclination direction of the joystick; to determine the speed of scrolling according to the tilt angle of the joystick.

[0026] 本发明的另一方式的画面显示装置,具有:旋转式输入设备,检测旋转方向和旋转速度;以及画面控制部,根据上述旋转式输入设备的旋转方向和旋转速度,进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且根据在相同方向上滚动的时间及其滚动的速度,进行变更缩放率的处理。 [0026] Another embodiment of the present invention, the screen display device, comprising: a rotary input device, detects the rotation direction and the rotation speed; and a screen control unit, in accordance with the rotational direction and rotational speed of the rotary input device, for the picture to appear rolling process, and according to the scroll in the same direction and speed of the scrolling time, processing for changing the zoom ratio.

[0027] 利用该结构,即使在用旋转式输入设备来进行滚动的情况下,也能够根据滚动的方向和速度,来自动变更缩放率。 [0027] With this configuration, even in a case where a rotary input device to scroll, it is possible according to the scroll direction and speed, automatically changes the scaling factor. 而且,旋转式输入设备,例如有跟踪球、微动拨号盘和旋转式钮(像音响设备的音量旋钮那样的输入设备)。 Furthermore, the rotary input device, for example, a track ball, a jog dial, and the rotary knob (image input device such as a volume knob audio equipment).

[0028] 本发明的另一方式的程序用于根据从触摸面板接收的手指的接触位置的信息进行画面显示,其特征在于,使计算机执行以下步骤:从触摸面板接收接触位置的信息的步骤;以及根据上述接触位置进行使画面显示滚动的处理,并且在检测出手指在规定时间内连续接触的情况时,根据上述接触位置,进行一边滚动一边缩小画面显示的处理的步骤。 [0028] Another embodiment of the present invention is a program for performing the contact position information received by a finger from the touch panel display screen, wherein the computer to execute the steps of: receiving information from the contact position of the touch panel step; when the contact position and so according to a processing of scrolling a screen display, and the finger is detected within a predetermined period of continuous contact, according to the contact position, while reduction step carried out while scrolling a screen display process.

[0029] 通过执行该程序,由于在规定时间内手指连续接触触摸面板的情况下进行缩小处理和滚动处理,所以,能够根据用户的意思,在信息空间内迅速滚动。 [0029] Since the rolling process and the reduction process is performed within a predetermined time in a case where the finger continuously touching the touch panel, it is possible according to the user's intention, in the information space quickly scroll through the execution of the program.

[0030] 若采用本发明,则具有以下良好效果:通过进行滚动操作即可自动变更缩放率,并且能够控制为防止缩放率随滚动速度的变化频繁改变。 [0030] According to this invention, the following excellent effects: the scaling factor can be automatically changed by a scroll operation and can be controlled to prevent the scaling factor varies with the scroll speed changed frequently.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0031] 图1是表示第I实施方式的画面显示装置的结构的图。 [0031] FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of a screen apparatus I of embodiment a display.

[0032] 图2是表示操纵杆的外观的图。 [0032] FIG. 2 shows the appearance of the joystick of FIG.

[0033] 图3是表示操纵杆的手把的活动区和用于进行缩放控制的阈值的关系的图。 [0033] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the relationship between the threshold value of the zoom control joystick handle active region for performing.

[0034] 图4是表示第I实施方式的画面显示装置的动作的图。 [0034] FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating the operation of the apparatus I of embodiment a screen display.

[0035] 图5是表示第2实施方式的画面显示装置的结构的图。 [0035] FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a configuration of the device according to the second embodiment of the screen display.

[0036] 图6是用于说明求出判断值(提升力)的原理的图。 [0036] FIG. 6 is a diagram obtained determination value (lifting force) for explaining the principles of the. [0037] 图7是表示第2实施方式的画面显示装置的动作的图。 [0037] FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating the operation of the device according to the second embodiment of the screen display.

[0038] 图8是表示第3实施方式的地图信息存储部所存储的地图信息的图。 [0038] FIG. 8 shows a map information storage unit of the third embodiment of the stored map information.

[0039] 图9是表示第4实施方式的具有画面显示装置的汽车导航系统的图。 [0039] FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a screen having a car navigation system according to a fourth embodiment of the apparatus of the embodiment.

[0040] 图10是表示带有触摸面板的显示装置的画面例的图。 [0040] FIG. 10 is a view showing a screen example of a display device with a touch panel.

[0041] 图11是表示第4实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0041] FIG. 11 is a flowchart showing a fourth embodiment of a scrolling method of the embodiment.

[0042] 图12是表示将放大时显示的区域显示于当前缩放率的画面上的例子的图。 [0042] FIG. 12 shows an enlarged area to be displayed when the example shown in FIG screen on the current zoom ratio.

[0043] 图13是表示第5实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0043] FIG. 13 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the fifth embodiment.

[0044] 图14是表示第6实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0044] FIG. 14 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the sixth embodiment.

[0045] 图15是表示第7实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0045] FIG. 15 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the seventh embodiment.

[0046] 图16是表示第8实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0046] FIG. 16 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the eighth embodiment.

[0047] 图17是表示第9实施方式的画面显示装置的结构的图。 [0047] FIG 17 is a diagram showing a configuration of the apparatus of ninth embodiment of a screen display.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0048] 以下利用附图,详细说明本发明的实施方式的画面显示装置。 [0048] The use of the following drawings, detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, the picture display device. 在以下的实施方式中,以表示地图的画面显示装置为例进行说明,但本发明并不仅限于显示地图的装置。 In the following embodiments, to indicate a map screen display device as an example, but the present invention is not limited to the map display device.

[0049] <第一实施方式> [0049] <First Embodiment>

[0050] 图1是表示第I实施方式的画面显示装置I的结构的图。 [0050] FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of the apparatus of the first I picture I is displayed embodiment. 画面显示装置I具有:接收来自操纵杆20的操作信息的操作信息接收部10、根据由操作信息接收部10接收的操作信息控制画面显示的画面控制部12、存储由操作信息接收部10接收的操作信息的RAM14、以及按照画面控制部12的控制来显示画面的显示器16。 I-screen display device comprising: a receiving unit receiving the operation information of the operating lever 20 from the operation information 10, the control unit controls screen display of the screen according to the operation information received by the operation information receiving unit 1012, stores information received by the operation receiving unit 10 RAM14 operation information, and under the control of the control unit 12 to the screen display of the display screen 16.

[0051] 图2是表示操纵杆20的外观的图。 [0051] FIG. 2 is a diagram showing the appearance of the lever 20. 操纵杆20在台座部26上具有能够向任一方向搬倒的手把22。 20 has a lever capable of moving down in either direction of the handle 22 on the base portion 26. 操纵杆20把表示手把22被搬倒的方向及其倾斜角度的信号(操作信息),发送到画面显示装置I。 Lever direction to move down the handlebar 22 and 20 represents a signal (operation information) of inclination angle, transmitted to the screen display device I. 在操纵杆20的手把22的上部,具有多个开关24。 In the upper portion of the handle 20 of lever 22, 24 having a plurality of switches. 并且,在支承手把22的台座部26上也具有多个开关28。 And, supported on the base portion 22 of the handle 26 also has a plurality of switches 28. 操纵杆20也可以把表示开关24、28等被按下的信号发送到画面显示装置I。 Lever 20 may be pressed indicating a signal transmitted to the switch 24, 28 and other screen display device I.

[0052] 画面显示装置I的画面控制部12具有这样的功能,即根据由操作信息接收部10所接收的操纵杆20倾斜的方向及其倾斜角度,控制画面的滚动和缩放。 [0052] The screen display control unit 12 of the apparatus I has a function, i.e. according to the direction indicated by the operation information received by the receiving unit 10 of the lever 20 and the inclination angle of the inclination, the screen scrolling and zooming control. 具体来说,画面控制部12连续改变从地图信息存储部18读出的地图信息来显示在显示器16上,以便用户看到画面显示滚动或缩放的情况。 Specifically, the control unit 12 continuously changes the screen display 18 to read out the map information from the map information storage unit on the display 16, so that the user sees a screen display scrolling or zooming.

[0053] 画面控制部12根据从操纵杆20接收的操作信息,在操纵杆20被倾斜的方向上,使画面显示以与其倾斜角度对应的速度滚动。 [0053] The control unit 12 based on the operation screen information received from the joystick 20 is tilted in the direction of the lever 20, so that the screen displays an angle therewith corresponding to the inclination speed of the rolling.

[0054] 并且,画面控制部12根据已输入的操作信息和RAM14中存储的过去的操作信息,进行缩放率的控制。 [0054] Then, the control unit 12 based on the operation screen information and the operation information stored in RAM14 inputted past, controlling scaling factor. 具体来说,画面控制部12在检测出操纵杆20在规定时间内连续向相同方向倾斜大于阈值Dl时,进行缩小处理。 Specifically, the control unit 12 in the picture is detected when the operating lever 20 in a predetermined period of time greater than the threshold Dl continuously inclined in the same direction, the reduction process. 这时,画面控制部12按一定速度进行缩小处理,呈现出平滑地进行缩放。 In this case, the control unit 12 performs the screen processing certain speed reduction, showing smoothly scaled. 而且,预先规定缩小的上限,在达到上限缩放率时,停止缩小处理。 Further, the upper limit of a predetermined reduction in zoom ratio reaches the upper limit, reduction processing is stopped.

[0055] 并且,画面控制部12在已缩小的状态下,检测出操纵杆20在规定时间内连续倾斜小于阈值Dl的阈值D2以下的倾斜角度时,进行放大处理。 When [0055] Then, the control unit 12 in the screen has been reduced state, the inclination angle of the joystick 20 is detected continuously inclined Dl is less than the threshold value of the threshold value within a predetermined time less than D2, enlargement processing. 这时,画面控制部12按一定速度进行放大处理,呈现出平滑地进行缩放。 In this case, the screen control processing portion 12 amplifies a constant speed, presents a smoothly scaled. 而且,预先规定放大的下限,在达到下限缩放率时,停止放大处理。 Further, the lower limit of a predetermined amplification, when the zoom ratio reaches the lower limit, the enlargement processing is stopped. 在本实施方式中,下限缩放率是最初显示缩放率的画面显示(以下称为“默认”)的缩放率。 In the present embodiment, the zoom ratio is the lower limit of the initial display screen of the display scaling factor of the scaling factor (hereinafter referred to as "default") is. 所以,如果不是从默认状态缩小的状态,则画面控制部12不进行放大处理。 Therefore, if the state is not reduced from the default state, the control unit 12 does not screen enlargement processing.

[0056] 图3是表示操纵杆20的手把22的活动区和用于缩放控制的阈值D1、D2的关系的图。 [0056] FIG. 3 shows a lever handle 22 of the active region 20 and a zooming control threshold D1, D2 of the relationship of FIG. 图3的纵坐标和横坐标分别表示手把22的纵向和横向的倾斜角度。 FIG 3 ordinate and abscissa respectively represent handle longitudinal and transverse inclination angle of 22. 图3所示的最外圆是表示操纵杆20的手把22的活动区的范围。 The outermost circle shown in FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the range of the joystick handle 22 of the active region 20. 在操纵杆20的倾斜角度大于规定阈值Dl的情况下,且操纵杆20的手把22向图3所示的区域(3)内倾斜时,进行缩小处理。 In the case where the inclination angle of the joystick 20 is greater than a predetermined threshold value Dl, and the lever 22 when the handle 20 is inclined (3) to the area shown in FIG. 3, a reduction processing. 在操纵杆20的倾斜角度为规定阈值D2以下的情况下,且操纵杆20的手把22向图3所示的区域 The inclination angle of the operating lever 20 is a case where a predetermined threshold D2 below, the handle 20 and lever 22 shown in FIG. 3 to the region

(I)倾斜时,进行放大处理。 (I) is inclined enlargement processing. 而且,当操纵杆20的倾斜角度位于区域(2)时,相对于缩放率的变化保持中立,画面控制部12不进行变更缩放率的处理。 Further, when the inclination angle of the joystick 20 is located in the area (2), with respect to the neutral scaling factor change, the screen control processing portion 12 does not change the scaling factor is performed. 由此,本实施方式的画面控制部12在操纵杆20向某一方向大大倾斜时进行缩小处理;在倾斜角度小时,进行放大处理,所以,能够进行与用户感觉相适应的画面控制。 Thus, the picture control unit 12 according to the present embodiment is performed when the joystick 20 is inclined in one direction is greatly reduced processing; h inclination angle, enlargement processing, it is possible to control a screen adapted to the user feels.

[0057] 图4是表示第I实施方式的画面显示装置I的动作的图。 [0057] FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating the operation of the apparatus I I of embodiment a screen display. 画面显示装置I接收从操纵杆20依次发送的操作信息,根据操作信息进行画面显示控制。 I received from the screen display device 20 sequentially transmits operation information of the joystick, the screen display control according to the operation information. 以下说明接收操作信息后的画面显示装置I的动作。 Next, the operation of the means I after the receiving operation screen information display.

[0058] 本实施方式的画面显示装置I从操纵杆20接收表示操纵杆20的手把22被搬倒的方向及其倾斜角度的操作信息(SlO)。 [0058] The embodiment according to the present embodiment from the screen of the display device I 20 receives a lever direction to move down the lever 20 of the handle 22 and the operation information (SlO) tilt angle. 画面显示装置I把由操作信息接收部10接收的操作信息输入到画面控制部12,画面控制部12把已输入的操作信息暂时存储到RAM14(S12)。 I the screen display device receives operation information by the operation information receiving unit 10 is input to the picture control unit 12, the operation information 12 is input to the picture control unit is temporarily stored in RAM14 (S12).

[0059] 画面控制部12根据所输入的操作信息,判断操纵杆20的倾斜角度(S14)。 [0059] The operation information input screen according to the control unit 12 determines the tilt angle (S14) of the lever 20. 倾斜角度的判断的结果,在操纵杆20的倾斜角度为阈值D2以下(包含在图3的区域(I)内)的情况下,画面控制部12进行以下处理。 Case where the result of determination of the inclination angle, the inclination angle of the joystick 20 as the threshold D2 (contained in the () within the region I of FIG. 3), the screen of the control unit 12 performs the following process. 首先,画面控制部12判断倾斜角度为阈值D2以下的状态是否持续了规定时间以上(S16)。 First, whether the inclination angle of the screen 12 determines the threshold value control section D2 following state continues for a predetermined time (S16).

[0060] 若判断的结果,在倾斜角度为阈值D2以下的状态没有持续规定时间时间以上的情况下(在S16为否),画面控制部12根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动(S26)。 [0060] If the determination result, the inclination angle of threshold D2 following state does not continue for a predetermined time or more times, the operation information input screen control section 12 in accordance with scrolling (S26) (NO at S16). 在判断为倾斜角度为阈值D2以下的状态持续了规定时间以上的情况下(在S16为是),画面控制部12判断当前的缩放率是否是最大的缩放率(预置的缩放率)(S18)。 Determines that the inclination angle threshold D2 following state continues for a predetermined time (YES in S16), the screen of the control unit 12 determines whether or not the current zoom ratio is the largest scaling factor (scaling rate preset) (S18 ).

[0061] 该判断的结果,在判断为当前的缩放率是最大的缩放率的情况下(在S18为是),画面控制部12根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动(S26)。 [0061] The results of the determination, the determination of the current zoom ratio is the maximum zoom ratio (YES in S18), the operation information input unit 12 according to a screen scrolling control (S26). 在判断为当前的缩放率不是最大的缩放率的情况下(在S18为否),画面控制部12进行一边放大画面、一边根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动的处理(S20)。 In the case where it is determined that the current scaling factor of the scaling factor is not the maximum (No in S18), the control unit 12 performs the screen side of the zoom screen, while processing (S20) in accordance with the scroll operation information input. 然后,画面显示装置I返回到从操纵杆20接收操作信息的步骤S10。 Then, the screen of the display device I returns to step S10 receives information from the operation lever 20.

[0062] 操纵杆20的倾斜角度的判断(S14)结果,在操纵杆20的倾斜角度大于阈值D2且小于阈值Dl (包含在图3的区域⑵内)的情况下,画面控制部12进行以下处理。 The case where [0062] the joystick is determined inclination angle 20 (S14) As a result, the lever tilt angle 20 is greater than a threshold value D2 and smaller than the threshold value Dl (included in a region ⑵ FIG. 3), the screen of the control unit 12 performs the following deal with. 首先,画面控制部12判断是否处于缩放变更处理中(S22)。 First, the control unit 12 determines whether the picture in zoom change processing (S22). 也就是说,画面控制部12判断是否正在进行放大处理(S20)或缩小处理(S32)。 That is, the control unit 12 determines whether the picture being enlargement processing (S20) or the reduction processing (S32).

[0063] 该判断的结果,在判断为处于缩放变更处理中的情况下(在S22为是),画面控制部12停止缩放变更处理(S24),根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动(S26)。 [0063] The results of the determination, it is determined as being in zoom change processing (YES in S22), the screen of the control unit 12 stops the zoom change processing (S24,), scrolling (S26) based on the operation input information. 在判断是否处于缩放变更处理中(S22)时,在判断为不是缩放变更处理中的情况下(在S22为否),根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动(S26)。 In determining whether the change in zoom processing (S22) when having determined that the scaling processing in the case of the change (NO at S22), scrolling (S26) based on the operation input information. 然后,画面显示装置I返回到从操纵杆20中接收操作信息的步骤S10。 Then, the screen display returns to the step S10 means I receives operation information from the operating lever 20.

[0064] 操纵杆20的倾斜角度的判断(S14)结果,在操纵杆20的倾斜角度大于阈值Dl (包含在图3的区域(3)内)的情况下,画面控制部12进行以下处理。 Analyzing the case where the inclination angle [0064] The lever 20 (S14) As a result, the inclination angle of the operating lever 20 is larger than the threshold value Dl (included in) the (region 3 of FIG. 3), the screen of the control unit 12 performs the following process. 首先,画面控制部12判断向相同方向倾斜的角度大于阈值Dl的状态是否持续规定时间以上(S28)。 First, whether the picture control unit 12 determines the angle of inclination in the same direction Dl is greater than the threshold continues for a predetermined time or longer (S28).

[0065] 该判断的结果,在判断为倾斜角度大于阈值Dl的状态没有持续规定时间以上的情况下(在S28为否),画面控制部12根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动(S26)。 [0065] The results of the determination, the determination is larger than the threshold value of Dl inclination angle state is not continued for a predetermined time or longer, the operation information input screen control section 12 in accordance with scrolling (S26) (NO at S28). 在判断为倾斜角度大于阈值Dl的状态持续规定时间以上的情况下(在S28为是),画面控制部12判断当前的缩放率是否是最小的缩放率(S30)。 In the determination threshold value is greater than the inclination angle of Dl state continues for a predetermined time or longer (YES at S28), the control unit 12 determines whether the screen of the current scaling factor of the scaling factor is the minimum (S30).

[0066] 该判断的结果,在判断为当前的缩放率是最小的缩放率的情况下(在S30为是),画面控制部12根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动(S26)。 [0066] The results of the determination, it is determined that the current case where the zoom ratio is the smallest scaling factor (YES in S30), the operation information input unit 12 according to a screen scrolling control (S26). 在判断为当前的缩放率不是最小的缩放率的情况下(在S30为否),画面控制部12进行一边缩小画面显示、一边根据所输入的操作信息进行滚动的处理(S32)。 For the case where the current scaling factor is not the smallest scaling factor (No in S30), the control unit 12 performs the screen side of the display reduced screen while processing (S32) in accordance with the scroll operation input information is determined. 然后,画面显示装置I返回到从操纵杆20接收操作信息的步骤SlO。 Then, the screen of the display device I returns to step 20 receives information from the lever operation SlO.

[0067] 以上说明了第I实施方式的画面显示装置I的结构和动作。 [0067] The structure and operation of the above described apparatus I I of embodiment a screen display.

[0068] 在操纵杆20向同一方向上在规定时间内连续倾斜超过阈值Dl时,第I实施方式的画面显示装置I进行缩小处理(S30),在该倾斜角度小于阈值Dl时,停止缩小处理(S24) ο这样能够变更为任意的缩放率,而且,能够按停止时的缩放率来进行滚动。 [0068] In the lever 20 in the same direction at a predetermined continuous inclined time exceeds the threshold value Dl, picture I of embodiment of the display device I is reduction processing (S30), when the inclination angle is less than the threshold value Dl, stopping the reduction process to (S24) ο this can be changed to any zoom level, and, according to the zoom ratio can be stopped when scrolling. 如上所述,仅利用搬倒操纵杆的操作即可很容易变更缩放率来进行滚动,所以,容易检索大容量信息。 As described above, only moving down the joystick operation can easily change the zoom ratio to scroll, so easy to retrieve large-capacity information. 如地图那样无论是进行放大的状态下,还是进行缩小的状态,在希望查看信息的情况下,本实施方式的结构尤其便利。 The map in a state that both amplifying, or zoom out state, in a case where information desired to view, the structure of the present embodiment is in particular convenient.

[0069] 第I实施方式的画面显示装置I通过使操纵杆20在规定时间内连续向相同方向倾斜的操作(S28),才能够进行缩小处理。 Screen [0069] The embodiment of I I display device 20 by a predetermined time in a continuous operation is inclined in the same direction (S28) the joystick, it is possible to perform the reduction processing. 这种操作可以被看作是用户有意查看远处的信息。 This operation can be seen as intended by the user to view information in the distance. 也就是说,在本实施方式中,当在当前阅览中的信息的附近检索信息时,不会发生违背用户意思而改变缩放率的情况,容易进行信息检索。 That is, in the present embodiment, when the neighborhood searching information in the current viewing is not meant against user's scaling factor change occurs, easy information retrieval.

[0070]〈第2实施方式> [0070] <Second Embodiment>

[0071] 图5是表示第2实施方式的画面显示装置2的结构的图。 [0071] FIG. 5 is a screen display of the second embodiment showing the structure of the embodiment 2 of the apparatus. 第2实施方式的画面显示装置2的基本结构与第I实施方式的画面显示装置I相同。 The second embodiment of the basic configuration of a screen display device 2 of the embodiment I of the screen display device the same I. 在第2实施方式的画面显示装置2上连接了触摸板(夕十” K )30,以代替操纵杆20。在第2实施方式中,画面控制部12根据从触摸板30发送的操作信息进行画面控制。下面说明第2实施方式的画面控制部12的控制。 A display device connected to the touch panel 2 (Xi ten "K) 30, in place of the joystick 20. In the second embodiment, the screen control section 12 operates in accordance with the information 30 transmitted from the touch panel screen in the second embodiment. picture control. screen the second embodiment will be described embodiment of the control unit 12 is controlled.

[0072] 首先,在说明画面控制部12之前,先说明触摸板30。 [0072] First, before explanation screen control section 12, the touch panel 30 to be described. 触摸板30是通过用手指来描划触摸板来输入信息的设备。 30 is a touchpad input device information by the touch panel with a finger depiction. 在本实施方式中,采用了根据放手指触摸板的压力来检测移动的压敏式触摸板30,对手指位置进行检测,变换成输入值。 In the present embodiment, using a pressure-sensitive touch panel 30 detects a finger touch panel according to the pressure of the discharge movement of the finger position is detected, converted into an input value. 触摸板30把表示对触摸板30进行描划的方向和描划的速度的信号(操作信息)发送到画面显示装置2。 Signal (operation information) and direction depiction representing the speed of the touch panel 30 of the touch panel 30 is transmitted to the depiction screen of the display apparatus 2.

[0073] 接着说明第2实施方式的画面控制部12。 [0073] Next, the screen control section 12 of the second embodiment. 画面控制部12具有这样的功能,即根据从触摸板30接收的操作信息,在对触摸板30进行描划的方向上,使画面显示以与描划速度相对应的速度滚动。 A screen control unit 12 has a function, i.e. according to the operation information received from the touch panel 30, the touch panel 30 in a direction for depiction, so that the screen displayed in a depiction corresponding to speed of the rolling speed.

[0074] 并且,画面控制部12根据所输入的操作信息和RAM14所存储的过去的操作信息,进行缩放率的控制。 [0074] Then, the operation information input screen of the control unit 12 based on the operation information stored in the RAM14 and the past, controlling scaling factor. 具体来说,在相同的方向上反复描划触摸板30的情况下(以下称为反复输入),画面控制部12进行缩小处理。 Specifically, in the same direction is repeated depiction (hereinafter referred to repeatedly enter), the control unit 12 performs the screen processing reduction in the case of the touch panel 30. 这时,画面控制部12按一定速度进行缩小处理,呈现出平滑地进行缩放的情况。 In this case, the control unit 12 performs the screen processing certain speed reduction, showing a case where scaling performed smoothly. 而且,预先规定缩小的上限,在达到上限缩放率的情况下,停止缩小处理。 Further, the upper limit of a predetermined reduced, in the case where the zoom ratio reaches the upper limit, the reduction process is stopped.

[0075] 在未检测出反复输入的情况下,画面控制部12进行放大处理。 [0075] In the case of the repetitive input is not detected, the control unit 12 performs the screen enlargement processing. 这时,画面控制部12按一定速度进行放大处理,呈现出平滑地进行缩放。 In this case, the screen control processing portion 12 amplifies a constant speed, presents a smoothly scaled. 而且,预先规定放大的下限,在达到下限缩放率(默认)的情况下,停止放大处理。 Further, the lower limit of a predetermined amplification, in the case where the scaling factor lower limit (default), the amplification process is stopped. 所以,在默认的状态下,画面控制部12只要未检测出反复输入,就保持默认的缩放率。 Therefore, in the default state, the control unit 12 as long as the screen is not detected repeatedly input, the scaling factor remains the default.

[0076] 在此,说明根据反复输入来判断是否进行缩小处理。 [0076] Here, the input is determined according to whether reduction processing is repeated. 在有反复输入时,画面控制部12根据反复的周期以及手指离开触摸板30时的手指速度,来控制缩小处理。 When there are repeated inputs, the control unit 12 exits the finger screen of the touch panel 30 according to the speed of the cycle is repeated and a finger, to control the reduction process. 具体来说,根据反复的周期以及手指离开触摸板30时的手指速度,求出用于判断是否进行缩小处理的判断值。 Specifically, according to the speed of the finger 30 when the finger from the repeated cycles and the touch pad, obtains a determination value for determining whether the reduction process. 本实施方式,利用纸飞机模型来求该判断值。 The present embodiment, using a paper airplane models to find the determination value. 以下详细说明该判断值。 The determination value described below in detail.

[0077] 图6是用于说明求判断值的原理的图。 [0077] FIG. 6 is a diagram for judgment value for explaining the principle. 判断值在纸飞机模型中相当于“上升力”。 Value is determined corresponding to "increase power" in the paper plane model. 画面控制部12对手指离开时的速度,求出按反复周期的倒数(每个单位时间的反复次数)进行旋转时的高度,作为上升力。 Screen controller 12 when the exit velocity of the finger, is obtained by the reciprocal of the repetition period (the number of repetitions per unit time) during rotation height, as the lifting force. 而且,图6是表示原理的图,当实际求出上升力时也可以适当地加上常数,或者乘上常数。 Further, FIG. 6 is a diagram showing the principle, when the actual lifting force may be determined appropriately plus a constant, or multiplied by a constant. 从图6中可以看出,重复周期越短,判断值越大,手指离开时的速度越快,判断值越大。 As can be seen from Figure 6, the shorter repetition period, the larger value is determined, the faster, the higher the value of the speed is determined at the finger away. 相反,手指离开时的速度为0,或者不进行反复输入的情况下,判断值为O。 The contrary, when the speed of the finger from 0, or not repeated input determination value O. 这样求出的判断值成为与用户要看远处的意思相对应的值。 Such determination value obtained depends on the distance of the user becomes a value corresponding to the meaning. 画面控制部12,在纸飞机的模型中当“上升力”超过“重力”时,和纸飞机飞行一样,当判断值(上升力)超过规定的阈值(重力)时,进行缩小处理;当判断值为规定的阈值以下时,进行放大处理。 A screen control unit 12, the paper plane in the model when the "lifting force" exceeds "G", and as paper airplane flight, when the determination value (upward force) exceeds a predetermined threshold value (gravity), reduction processing is performed; and when determining when the predetermined threshold value, enlargement processing. 在构成画面显示装置I时,设定适当的值作为规定阈值。 I the display device constituting a screen, an appropriate value is set as the predetermined threshold value.

[0078] 图7是表示第2实施方式的画面显示装置的动作的图。 [0078] FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating the operation of the device according to the second embodiment of the screen display. 画面显示装置2接收从触摸板30依次发送的操作信息,根据操作信息来进行画面显示控制。 Screen display device receives operation information sequentially transmitted from the touch panel 302 to display a screen based on the operation control information. 以下说明接收操作信息后的画面显示装置2的动作。 The following explanation screen after receiving the operation information display operation device 2.

[0079] 画面显示装置2从触摸板30中接收表示触摸板30被描划的方向以及其速度的操作信息(S40)。 [0079] The screen of the display device 2 from the touch panel 30 receives a direction of the touch panel 30, and depiction of the speed of the operation information (S40). 画面显示装置2把由操作信息接收部10接收的操作信息输入到画面控制部12,画面控制部12把已输入的操作信息暂存到RAM14(S42)。 Screen display device 2 by the operation of the operation information receiving unit 10 receives the operation information input to the picture control unit 12, the screen control unit 12 temporarily stores the inputted RAM14 (S42).

[0080] 画面显示装置2的画面控制部12根据操作信息,判断手指是否接触触摸板30 (S44)。 [0080] The screen display control unit 2 according to the operation information device 12, it is determined whether the finger touches the pad 30 (S44). 未检测出手指已接触触摸板30的情况(在S44为否),是手指已接触到触摸板的情况。 Does not detect the case where the finger has contacted the touch panel 30 (NO in S44), the case where a finger has contacted the touch panel. 画面控制部12判断手指是否已离开触摸板30 (S46)。 Whether the picture control unit 12 determines the finger has left the touch panel 30 (S46). 在该判断中,在未检测出手指离开的情况下(在S46为否),手指在触摸板30上原封不动的状态下进行了移动。 In this determination, the move was not detected (NO in S46 is NO), the finger on the touch panel 30 intact in a state where the finger away. 在此情况下,画面控制部12在描划触摸板30的方向上,对应于描划速度来进行滚动(S60)。 In this case, the control unit 12 in a screen depiction of the direction of the touch panel 30 corresponding to the depiction scroll speed (S60).

[0081] 在是否检测到手指离开触摸板30的判断中(S46),在检测出手指离开的情况下(在S46为是),画面控制部12计算手指离开时的速度(S48)。 [0081] (S46), in the case where the finger is detected apart (YES in S46), the control unit 12 calculates the speed of the screen when the finger off in determining whether a finger is detected on the touchpad 30 (S48). 手指离开时的速度是手指离开时的微小时间内的手指速度。 The speed at which the finger is left in the tiny finger speed time when the finger off. 然后,由画面控制部12根据RAM14内存储的操作信息,计算出描划触摸板的周期(S50)。 Then, the control unit 12 by the screen based on the operation information stored in the RAM14, the touch panel is calculated depiction period (S50). 画面控制部12根据RAM14所存储的操作信息,在检测出反复输入的情况下,求出从手指离开的时刻起到手指接触的时刻为止的所需时间的平均值,作为周期;在未检测出反复输入的情况下,把周期定为“⑴”(每个单位时间的反复次数=O)。 A screen control unit 12 based on the operation information stored in the RAM14, in the case where the input is repeatedly detected, obtains the average value of the time required until the moment the finger contact from the moment the finger leaves as the cycle; not detected the case of repeated input of the period as "⑴" (the number of repetitions per unit time = O).

[0082] 画面控制部12根据手指离开时的速度和描划触摸板的周期来求出判断值,在判断值超过规定阈值的情况下进行缩小处理;在判断值小于规定阈值的情况下,进行放大处理(S52)。 [0082] The screen control section 12 obtains the speed and described when a finger away plan touchpad period determination value, performing reduction processing exceeds a predetermined threshold value, determination value; in a case where determination value is smaller than the predetermined threshold value, for enlargement processing (S52). 在没有反复输入的情况下,周期为所以判断值为O,画面控制部12进行放大处理。 In the absence of repetitive input, it is judged that the value O cycle, the control unit 12 performs the screen enlargement processing. 但是,在按,默认的缩放率进行画面显示的情况下,不再进行其以外德放大处理,所以,保持默认的缩放率。 However, in the case where a screen displayed by default scaling rate, no longer than its de enlargement processing, therefore, keep the default scaling factor. 然后,画面控制部12返回到从触摸板30接收操作信息的步骤S40。 Then, the screen control section 12 returns to step S40 receives operation information from the touch panel 30.

[0083] 在对手指接触触摸板30的检测的判断(S44)中,当检测出手指接触(在S44为是)时,画面控制部12进行以下处理。 [0083] Analyzing the detected finger contacts the touch panel 30 (S44), when the finger contact is detected (YES in S44), the control unit 12 performs the screen processing. 首先,画面控制部12判断手指接触触摸板30时的速度是否是0(S54)。 First, the speed of screen 30 when the control unit 12 determines whether the finger touches the pad is 0 (S54). 手指接触触摸板30时的速度是手指接触时的微小时间内的手指速度。 Finger touches the pad 30 when the speed is within a tiny finger speed time when the finger touches. 而且,在该判断(S54)中,判断速度是否为0,但是,即使从严格的意义上讲速度不是0,也可以由画面控制部12把速度判断为O。 Further, in the determination (S54), it is determined whether the speed is zero, however, even if the strict sense speed is not 0, may be determined by the picture rate control unit 12 is O. 在什么范围内把速度判断为0,要根据触摸板的敏感度等来适当设定。 To what extent the determined velocity is zero, according to the sensitivity of the touch panel or the like appropriately set.

[0084] 在该判断(S54)中,当手指接触时若把速度判断为不是O (在S54为否),则画面控制部12在描划触摸板30的方向上按照描划速度进行滚动(S60)。 [0084] In this determination (S54), when the contact finger if the rate is determined not to be O (NO in S54), the control unit 12 in the screen of the depiction of the rolling direction of the touch panel 30 in accordance with the depiction speed ( S60).

[0085] 在手指接触时速度是否为O的判断中(S54),若判断为速度是O (在S54为是),则画面控制部12判断是否处于缩放变更处理中(S56)。 [0085] In the finger contact is determined whether the speed of O (S54), it is determined if the speed is O (YES in S54), the control unit 12 determines whether the picture in zoom change processing (S56). 也就是说,画面控制部12判断是否进行缩放变更处理(S52)。 That is, the control unit 12 determines whether the picture to zoom change processing (S52). 该判断的结果,在缩放变更处理中的情况下(在S56为是),画面控制部12停止缩放变更处理(S58),在描划触摸板30的方向上,对应于描划速度进行滚动(S60)。 The results of this determination, when the zoom change processing (YES at S56), the control unit 12 stops the zoom screen changing process (S58), in the direction of the depiction of the touch panel 30 corresponding to the depiction of the rolling speed ( S60). 在是否处于缩放变更处理中的判断中(S56),在判断为不是缩放变更处理中的情况下(在S56为否),画面控制部12在描划触摸板30的方向上,对应于描划速度进行滚动(S60)。 In the zoom change processing is in the determination (S56), the scaling is determined that the changing process is not being performed (NO in S56), the control unit 12 in a screen depiction of the direction of the touch panel 30 corresponding to the depiction of speed scrolling (S60). 然后,画面控制部12返回到从触摸板30接收操作信息的步骤S40。 Then, the screen control section 12 returns to step S40 receives operation information from the touch panel 30.

[0086] 以上,说明了本发明的第2实施方式的画面显示装置2的结构和动作。 [0086] it has been described above, the second embodiment of the screen of the display device of the present invention, the structure and operation of the two.

[0087] 本实施方式的画面显示装置2,在根据反复输入的周期和手指离开时的速度求出的判断值超过规定阈值的情况下,进行缩小处理,在以O的描划触摸板30的速度接触触摸板30之前进行缩小,所以,仅通过描划触摸板的操作,即可变更为任意的缩放率。 [0087] This embodiment of the screen of the display device 2, based on the cycle rate when leaving the fingers and repeatedly input to obtain the determination value exceeds the predetermined threshold value, reduction processing is performed in an O depiction of the touch panel 30 zoom out velocity prior to contacting the touch panel 30, therefore, only by operating the touch panel depiction you can change to an arbitrary scaling factor.

[0088] 在本实施方式的画面显示装置2中,规定为:反复输入周期越短,判断值越大;手指离开触摸板30时的手指速度越快,判断值越大。 [0088] In the present embodiment, the screen display device 2, is defined as: the shorter the cycle is repeatedly input, the larger value is determined; finger from the touch panel 30 finger speed faster the larger value is determined. 在具有希望在描划方向上大量滚动的意思后,才进行向相同方向反复描划的操作。 After having a large number of rolling in the desired direction, means depiction, only depiction repeated operation in the same direction. 所以,通过判断值超过规定的阈值时才进行缩小处理,在当前阅览中的信息附近检索信息时,不会违背用户的意思造成缩放率变化,能够容易检索出信息。 Therefore, by determining whether the value exceeds a predetermined threshold value when the reduction process, the current reading of the time close to the search information, the user's intention not violate cause changes in the zoom ratio, it can be easily retrieved information.

[0089] 本实施方式的画面显示装置2中,根据手指离开触摸板30时的手指速度,取得是否缩小画面显示、即是否认为用户要看远处的信息的判断值。 [0089] This embodiment of a screen display device 2, the speed of the finger according to the finger from the touch panel 30, the display screen is made whether to reduce, i.e., whether the determination value that depends on the distance information of the user. 手指离开时有速度的状态接近于把画面上显示的画面看作是一张纸时“扔出”纸的感觉,能够提供一种根据用户感觉来进行画面显示的滚动的接口。 When the speed of the finger from the state close to the screen displayed on the display screen is seen as a piece of paper "throw" feel of paper, it is possible to provide a scrolling display according to the user interface screen feeling.

[0090] 本发明实施方式的画面显示装置2中,在与触摸板30相接触时的手指的速度为O的情况下(在S54为是),停止缩放变更处理。 [0090] The embodiment of the screen of the display device 2 of the present invention, when the speed of the finger is in contact with the touch panel 30 is O (NO in S54), the zoom change processing is stopped. 描划触摸板30的速度为O的操作是从上按压接触处于缩放率变更处理中的画面的操作。 Depiction speed of the touch panel 30 O operation from the pressing operation is in contact with the scaling factor changing process of a screen. 所以,当把画面上所显示的画面看作是一张纸时,以“按压”纸面的感觉即可使缩放率的变化停止。 So, when the screen is displayed on the screen is viewed as a piece of paper, to "press" the paper makes sense to change the zoom ratio stops. 并且,通过手指不离开触摸板进行描划,能够在使缩放率停止的状态下进行滚动,所以,能够提供与用户感觉相符合的接口。 And, by a finger without departing depiction touchpad, scrolling can be performed at a scaling factor so that a stopped state, it is possible to provide a consistent interface with the user feels.

[0091] 而且,本实施方式以触摸板为例进行了说明。 [0091] Further, in the present embodiment, the touch panel has been described as an example. 但是,利用手指检测装置和画面为一体的触摸板,也能够进行和本实施方式相同的画面控制。 However, with the finger detecting means and integrated screen of the touch panel, and the same can be performed according to the present embodiment the picture control. 并且,如果是用于检测手指或定位设备的接触位置的平面型坐标输入装置,则也可以使用触摸板以外的输入设备。 And, if the planar type coordinate input apparatus for detecting a contact position of the finger or the positioning device, the input device may be used other than the touch panel.

[0092]〈第3实施方式> [0092] <Third Embodiment>

[0093] 本发明的第3实施方式的画面显示装置3的基本结构与第I实施方式的画面显示装置I相同(参见图1),不同点是存储吸附点40作为地图信息。 [0093] The screen of the third embodiment of the present invention, the basic structure of a display device 3 in the first embodiment of the I picture I show the same device (see FIG. 1), is different from the suction point 40 is stored as a map information. 吸附点40是表示进行放大处理时作为画面显示中心的位置的点。 Adsorption point 40 is a diagram of a display position of the center point to the picture enlarging processing.

[0094] 图8是表示地图信息存储部18所存储的地图信息的图。 [0094] FIG. 8 shows a map information storage section 18 map information stored. 地图信息存储部18具有在日本地图上设定的多个吸附点40的信息。 Map information storage section 18 having a plurality of suction point information set on the map of Japan 40.

[0095] 第3实施方式的画面显示装置3在放大包含吸附点40的画面显示时,进行放大处理,使吸附点40来到画面的中心。 Screen [0095] The third embodiment of the display device 3 comprises a suction point in the enlarged display screen 40, enlargement processing so that the suction point 40 to the center of the screen. 在缩小的画面显示中包含多个吸附点40的情况下,进行放大处理使离画面中心最近的吸附点40成为中心。 Case 40 includes a plurality of suction points in the reduced display screen, the enlargement processing so that 40 is the center point of the screen closest to the center of the adsorption.

[0096] 在第3实施方式中,以使吸附点40来到中心的方式进行放大,所以,也可以不用手动方式进行精密调整以使吸附点40来到中心,因此,能够提供使用方便的接口。 [0096] In the third embodiment, so that the suction point 40 to the center of the enlarged mode, so that fine adjustment may not be manually so that the suction point 40 to the center, it is possible to provide easy to use interfaces . 例如,通过把查找的可能性大的城市部分和火车站等设定为吸附点40,容易获得以城市部分和火车站等为中心缩小的画面显示。 For example, by setting a high probability part of the city and the railway station to find as the adsorption point 40, easy access to parts of the city center and train station as the narrow screen display.

[0097] 而且,在第3实施方式中,说明了基本结构与第I实施方式的画面显示装置I相同的装置,但是,如第2实施方式那样,设定吸附点40的结构也可以适用于利用触摸板30的画面显示装置2。 [0097] Further, in the third embodiment, the description of the basic configuration screen apparatus I of embodiment show the same embodiment of the device I, however, as in the second embodiment described above, the suction point 40 of the set may be applied to the structure 30 using the touch panel screen of the display apparatus 2.

[0098]〈第4实施方式> [0098] <Fourth Embodiment>

[0099] 图9是表示第4实施方式的具有画面显示装置的汽车导航系统的图。 [0099] FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a screen having a car navigation system according to a fourth embodiment of the apparatus of the embodiment.

[0100] 图9中,汽车导航系统50具有:位置检测器52、地图数据输入部54、操作开关群56、收发机58、外部存储器60、显不装置62、声音控制器64、扬声器66、声音识别装置68、话筒70、遥控传感器72、遥控终端(以下简称为“遥控器”)74、以及连接这些装置的控制装置W。 [0100] FIG. 9, a car navigation system 50 has: a position detector 52, a map data input unit 54, an operation switch group 56, a transceiver 58, an external memory 60, device 62 is not significant, the sound controller 64, a speaker 66, voice recognition means 68, a microphone 70, a remote control sensor 72, a remote terminal (hereinafter abbreviated as "remote control") 74, and a control means connected to these devices W.

[0101] 控制装置76由通常的计算机构成。 [0101] The control device 76 is constituted by an ordinary computer. 在控制装置76的内部具有:CPU、R0M、RAM、I/O以及连接这些结构的的总线(均未图示)。 Having in the interior of the control device 76: CPU, R0M, RAM, I / O and a bus connecting these structures (not shown). 控制装置76根据从位置检测器52、地图数据输入部54、操作开关群56、收发机58、外部存储器60、声音控制器64、和遥控传感器72输入的各种信息,进行规定的处理(例如地图缩小比例尺变更处理、菜单显示选择处理、目的地设定处理、路线检索执行处理、路线引导开始处理、当前位置校正处理、显示画面变更处理和音量调整处理等)。 The control device 76 according to the processing 58, the external memory 60, a sound controller 64, a remote control sensor 72 and various information input from a predetermined position detector 52, a map data input unit 54, an operation switch group 56, a transceiver (e.g. zoomed scale change processing, the processing menu display selection, destination setting processing, a route search execution processing, route guidance processing is started, a current position correction processing, display screen change processing, and volume adjustment processing, etc.).

[0102] 位置检测器52具有:地磁传感器80、陀螺仪82、距离传感器84和GPS (全球定位系统)接收机86。 [0102] The position detector 52 has: a geomagnetic sensor 80, a gyroscope 82, a distance sensor 84 and a GPS (Global Positioning System) receiver 86. GPS接收机86具有根据来自卫星的电波检测车辆的当前位置的功能。 GPS receiver 86 has a function of detecting the current position of the vehicle based on radio waves from satellites. 位置检测器52中所包含的各个传感器具有性质不同的误差,所以利用多个传感器来进行内插来使用。 Each sensor position detector 52 contained errors having different properties, so the use of multiple sensors to be used for interpolation. 并且,也可以利用转向的旋转传感器、各转动轮的车辆传感器等作为位置检测器52。 And, by the rotation sensor may be a steering, the rotation of the respective vehicle wheel sensor as a position detector 52 and the like. 而且,根据位置检测的精度不同,也可以利用上述一部分传感器来构成位置检测器52。 Further, depending on the accuracy of position detection may be constituted by using the above-described position detector 52 portion of the sensor.

[0103] 地图数据输入器54是安装存储介质(未图示),用于输入以下各种数据的装置,该数据包括:存储在该存储介质内的用于提高位置检测精度的所谓地图匹配用数据、地图数据和标记数据。 [0103] The map data input unit 54 is installed a storage medium (not shown) for the various data input means, the data comprising: a storage for improving position detection accuracy of a so-called map matching in the storage medium data, map data and marker data. 记录媒体一般采用能够记录大容量信息的⑶-ROM或DVD-R0M,但也可以采用存储卡、HDD等。 Recording medium is generally used ⑶-ROM or DVD-R0M large volume of information can be recorded, but can also be used a memory card, an HDD and the like.

[0104] 操作开关群56,除电源钮等机械开关外,还具有和显示装置62构成一体的触摸面板(夕7 f 〃彳、>)。 [0104] the operation switch group 56, the power button and the like in addition to a mechanical switch, and a display device 62 further includes a touch panel configured integrally (7 f Xi 〃 left foot,>). 触摸面板在显示画面上检测手指的接触位置,把检测到的信息发送到控制装置76。 The touch panel detects a contact position of a finger on a display screen, to send the detected information to the control device 76. 操作开关群56根据开关操作来对控制装置76发出各种功能的操作指示(该功能包括:地图缩小比例尺变更、菜单显示选择、目的地设定、路线检索、路线引导开始、当前位置校正、显示画面变更、音量调整等)。 An operation switch group 56 to issue an operation instruction of various functions (the function control means 76 comprises a pair of switching operation: zoomed scale change, menu display selection, destination setting, route search, route guidance starts, current position correction, the display screen change, volume adjustment and so on). 而且,在本实施方式中,说明了检测手指的接触的触摸面板。 Further, in the present embodiment, the description of the touch panel detecting a contact finger. 但是显然,也可以使用对描画针等指示设备的指示位置进行检测的触摸面板,采用描画针等指示设备的方式也包含在本发明内。 Obviously, however, the touch panel may be used to indicate the position of the needle drawing the pointing device detects the like, using a needle drawing the pointing device and the like are also included in the present invention.

[0105] 在遥控器74内设置了多个操作开关(未图示)。 [0105] provided with a plurality of operation switches (not shown) in the remote control 74. 遥控器74通过遥控传感器72来把开关操作信息输入到控制装置76。 The remote control switch 74 operation information inputted to the control unit 76 through the remote sensor 72. 控制装置76根据开关操作来执行各种功能。 The control device 76 performs various functions according to the switching operation. 而且,操作开关群56和遥控器74通过任一开关操作也能够执行与控制装置76相同的功能。 Further, the operation switch group 56 and the remote controller 74 by any of a switching operation can be performed with the same functionality as the control device 76.

[0106] 若利用遥控器74或者操作开关群56设定目的地,则控制装置76检索从位置检测器52检测出的当地位置到其目的地的最佳路线,把检索到的最佳路线显示在显示装置62上。 [0106] When the remote controller 74 or the operation switch group 56 is set a destination, the control device 76 retrieves from the position detector 52 detects the position of the local optimum route to its destination, to display the retrieved optimum route on the display device 62. 这样自动地设定最佳路线的方法,已知的有“达库斯托拉(Dijkstra) ”法等。 Such automatically set optimum route method, there are known "达库斯托拉 (the Dijkstra)" method.

[0107] 显示装置62显示地图和目的地选择画面等,能够全彩色显示。 [0107] The display device 62 displays a map and a destination selection screen or the like, that enable full-color display. 显示装置62能够用液晶、有机EL(电致发光)等来构成。 A liquid crystal display device 62 can be used, organic EL (Electro Luminescence) or the like configured. 显示装置62根据地图数据输入部54的信息显示地图,并在地图上重叠显示到达目的地的最佳路线。 The display device 62 based on the map data input unit 54 to display the map information, and superimposed on the map displayed the best route to the destination. 并且,显示装置62把表示位置检测器52所检测到的当前位置的当前位置标记重叠显示在地图上。 The display device 62 is overlapped current position mark indicating the position detector 52 detects the current position is displayed on the map. 而且,显示装置62除了显示当前位置、路线外,也可以附加显示当前时刻、堵塞信息等其他信息。 Further, in addition to the display device 62 display the current position, route, but also may be added additional information of current time, the congestion information display and the like.

[0108] 外部存储器60是HDD等能够写入的大容量存储装置。 [0108] The external memory 60 is a large-capacity storage device such as an HDD can be written. 外部存储器60的用途有存储大容量数据和即使切断电源也不应当消失的数据,或者从地图数据输入器54复制保存频繁使用的数据等。 The use of the external memory 60 has a large-capacity data storage, and should not disappear even if the power off data, or save the data frequently used copying from the map data input unit 54 and the like. 而且,外部存储器60是存储容量较小的可移动的存储器。 Further, the external memory 60 is a small storage capacity removable memory.

[0109] 收发机58具有接收从外部(例如VICS (视频图像通信系统)等基础设施)提供的交通信息、气像信息、设施信息、广告信息等的功能。 [0109] The transceiver 58 has received traffic information provided from an external (e.g., the VICS (video image communication system) infrastructure, etc.), gas functions as information, facility information, advertisement information and the like. 同时具有向外部发送车辆信息、用户信息等的功能。 While having transmitted the vehicle information, user information and other functions to the outside. 收发机58把从外部接收的信息发送到控制装置76,由控制装置76处理信息。 The transceiver 58 transmits the information received from the external to the control device 76, the information processing control device 76. 并且,收发机58也可以根据需要把由控制装置76处理后的信息从收发机58输出。 Further, the transceiver 58 may be the information processed by the control apparatus 76 is outputted from the transceiver 58 according to need.

[0110] 扬声器66根据从声音控制器64输入的声音输出信号,把规定的声音(引导用声音和画面操作的说明、声音识别结果等)通知外部。 [0110] The speaker 66 outputs a sound signal input from the sound controller 64, the predetermined sound (sound and picture described with guiding operation, voice recognition results, etc.) notifies the external.

[0111] 话筒70把用户发出的声音作为电信号输入到声音识别装置68。 [0111] Microphone 70 sound uttered by a user input as an electric signal to the voice recognition device 68.

[0112] 声音识别装置68对通过话筒70发出的用户的输入声音、以及在内部存储的识别词典(未图示)中的词汇数据(比较对象图形)进行对照,把一致性最高的作为识别结果而输入到声音控制器64。 [0112] voice recognition device 68 is an input user's voice through the microphone 70, and stored in the recognition dictionary inside (not shown) lexical data (pattern comparison) is performed in the control, the highest consistency as a recognition result is input to the sound controller 64.

[0113] 声音控制器64对声音识别装置68进行控制,并用户输入声音的情况下,通过扬声器66进行对讲输出控制(声音输出)。 The case where [0113] the sound controller 64 voice recognition device 68 controls the user input and sound output control intercom (sound output) through the speaker 66. 并且,还进行把声音识别装置68的识别结果输入到控制装置76的处理。 And, also the recognition result of voice recognition device 68 is input to the process control device 76. 控制装置76根据来自声音识别装置68的信息,进行对用户发声的规定处理(例如,地图缩小比例尺变更处理、菜单显示选择处理、目的地设定处理、路线检索执行处理、路线引导开始处理、当前位置校正处理、显示画面变更处理、音量调整处理等)。 The control device 76 based on information from the voice recognition device 68 performs predetermined processing for the user's utterance (e.g., zoomed scale change processing, the processing menu display selection, destination setting processing, a route search execution processing, route guidance processing is started, the current position correction processing, display screen change processing, volume adjustment processing, etc.). 并且,通过声音控制器64从扬声器66适当通知由控制装置76处理的路线引导声音信息 Further, the audio information 64 from the guide route 66 by a suitable control means notifies the speaker 76 through the sound processing controller

坐寸ο Sit inch ο

[0114] 以下说明在显示装置62上显示的画面的滚动处理。 [0114] The following rolling processing screen displayed on the display device 62 will be described. 图10是表示带有触摸面板的显示装置62的画面例的图。 FIG 10 is a view showing a screen example of the display device 62 with a touch panel. 如图10所示,在显示装置62上显示的画面通常显示包含中心部的区(以下称为“中心区”)c,以半透明方式显示中心部区以外的周缘部的区(以下称为“周缘区”)E。 10, the screen displayed on the display device 62 typically comprises a display portion of the center region (hereinafter referred to as "central area") C, the peripheral edge portion of the display region other than the region of the central portion of a semi-transparent manner (hereinafter referred to as "periphery of the zone") E. 这样,用户能够很容易分辨出中心区C和周缘区E。 Thus, the user can easily distinguish between a central region and a peripheral region C E.

[0115] 在本实施方式中,在触摸以半透明方式显示的周缘区E的情况下,控制部76进行带缩放的滚动,通常在触摸到显示的中心区C的情况下,控制部76进行无缩放的滚动。 [0115] In the present embodiment, in a case where the touch periphery region displayed in a translucent manner E, the control unit 76 with a scaling rolling, generally in case of a touch to the center region C is displayed, the control unit 76 no zoom scrolling. 以下把进行带缩放的滚动的处理称为“第I模式”,把不带缩放的滚动处理称为“第2模式”。 Scroll to the following processing is performed with scaling called "the first I-mode", the scroll processing without scaling referred to as "second mode."

[0116] 图11是表示本实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0116] FIG. 11 is a flowchart showing a method of rolling according to the present embodiment. 若由触摸面板检测出手指的触摸(接触)(S70),则控制部76判断被触摸的位置是否是画面的周缘区E (S72)。 When the touch panel is detected by the finger touch (contact) (S70), the control unit 76 determines whether the touched position is the E region of the peripheral edge of the screen (S72). 在被触摸的地方是周缘区E的情况下(在S72为是),由控制部76按第I模式进行画面控制。 In the case where the touched area is the peripheral edge E of the case (YES at S72), a screen controlled by the first control unit 76 by the I-mode.

[0117] 在第I模式中,控制部76判断触摸触摸面板的时间是否已超过规定时间(S90)。 [0117] In the first mode I, the control unit 76 determines whether the touch panel time has exceeded a predetermined time (S90). 在触摸的时间未超过规定时间的情况下(在S90为否),显示装置62根据被触摸的位置进行滚动处理。 In the case of a touch time does not exceed the predetermined time (NO in S90), the display device 62 to scroll processing according to the touched position. 例如求出从画面中心向被接触位置的向量,在该向量方向上进行滚动。 Obtained, for example, to scroll the vector direction from the center of the screen toward the contact position vector. 这时,也可以根据从画面中心到被接触位置的距离来决定滚动速度。 In this case, the scroll speed may be determined according to the distance from the screen center to the contact position. 控制部76 —方面进行滚动处理,另一方面判断手指是否离开了触摸面板(S94)。 The control unit 76-- aspect rolling process, on the other hand is determined whether the finger away from the touch panel (S94). 在判断为手指离开的情况下(在S94为是),结束画面控制。 In the case where the finger is determined departure (YES in S94), the control end of the screen. 也就是说,控制部76停止滚动处理,显示出停止位置的地图。 In other words, the control unit 76 stops rolling process, a map showing the location of the stop.

[0118] 在判断为手指未离开的情况下(在S94为否),返回到S90步骤。 [0118] In the case where it is determined that the finger is not left (NO in S94), returns to step S90. 控制部76判断触摸时间是否已超过规定时间(S90)。 The control unit 76 determines whether the touch time has exceeded a predetermined time (S90). 通过该控制,在触摸时间超过规定时间之前,进行不缩放的滚动,在手指离开时(在S94为是),进行使画面控制停止的处理。 With this control, the touch before time exceeds the allotted time, were not scaling scrolling when your finger off (at S94 is YES), the processing screen control to stop.

[0119] 在触摸时间超过规定时间的情况下(在S90为是),控制部76根据触摸位置来进行滚动处理,并进行缩小处理(S96)。 In the case [0119] In the touch time exceeds the predetermined time (YES in S90), the control unit 76 performs the scroll processing according to the touch position, and the reduction processing (S96). 在此,滚动速度既可以不管缩放率如何而保持一定,也可以随着缩放率减小而变慢。 In this case, either the scroll speed regardless of how the zoom rate constant, or may vary the zoom ratio decreases and slow. 若减小缩放率,则在画面内显示出大范围的区。 If the scaling factor is reduced, the region exhibits a wide range within the screen. 通过减慢滚动速度,可以在显示大范围的地图内对滚动位置进行微调。 , You can fine-tune the scroll position by slowing the speed of scrolling within the display a wide range of maps.

[0120] 控制部76—方面进行缩小处理和滚动处理,另一方面,判断手指是否离开了触摸面板(S98)。 [0120] Control unit 76- aspects reduction processing and scroll processing, on the other hand, it is determined whether the finger away from the touch panel (S98). 在判断为手指未离开的情况下(在S98为否),继续进行缩小处理和滚动处理。 It is determined that the finger does not leave the next (NO in S98), continued reduction processing and rolling processing. 而且,在达到预定的最小缩放率的时刻停止进行缩小处理,然后,在最小缩放率的画面上进行滚动处理。 Further, at the time scaling factor reaches a predetermined minimum reduction processing is stopped, and then, on the screen scroll processing smallest scaling factor.

[0121] 在判断为手指已离开的情况下(在S98为是),控制部76通过计算来求出放大到最大缩放率时所显示的区,在当前缩放率的画面上进行显示(Sioo)。 [0121] In the case where it is determined that the finger has left (YES in S98), the control unit 76, on the screen in the current scaling factor is obtained by calculating the maximum amplification region when the zoom ratio is displayed on the display (Sioo) .

[0122] 图12是表示将放大时显示的区域显示在当前缩放率的画面上的例子的图。 [0122] FIG. 12 shows an enlarged area to be displayed when a display example on the screen of the current scaling factor FIG. 如图12所示,通过表示当放大时显示的区T,能够掌握放大时的地区在大地图内位于什么地方。 As shown, the region represented by where T when the enlarged display can be grasped at the enlarged area positioned within a large map 12. 而且,在本实施方式中说明对放大时显示的区T进行显示的例子。 Further, an example of the display region T when the enlarged display mode in the present embodiment. 但也可以对放大时显示的区T不进行显示,单纯采用放大的结构。 T may also be displayed when the area of ​​the enlarged display is not performed, only using the enlarged configuration.

[0123] 接着,控制部76进行放大处理(S102),返回到最大缩放率。 [0123] Next, the control unit 76 enlargement processing (S102), returns to the maximum zoom ratio. 而且,在图11的S102步骤,记载了在手指离开后,仅进行放大处理的例子。 Further, in step S102 of FIG. 11, an example is described in the finger from the enlargement processing only performed. 但也可以在手指离开时根据最后检测出的手指位置,来一边进行滚动,一边进行放大处理。 However, according to the last detected position of the finger to the side of the finger to scroll left, while enlargement processing. 在此情况下,在SlOO步骤放大时显示的区的计算,也要考虑由于滚动使显示区偏移的量。 In this case, the display area is calculated at step SlOO amplification, but also consider the rolling so that the amount of shift the display area. 以上的处理按第I模式来进行画面控制。 The above processing performed by the first I picture control mode.

[0124] 在触摸的位置是否是画面的周缘区E的判断(S72)中,在判断为触摸的地方不是周缘区E的情况下(在S72为否),控制部76根据触摸位置进行滚动处理(S104)。 [0124] In the touch location is determined peripheral edge area E of the screen (S72), the 76 rolling treatment judged that the touched place is not the peripheral edge region E (in S72 is NO), the control unit according to the touch position (S104). 控制部76—方面进行滚动处理,另一方面判断手指是否离开了触摸面板(S106)。 The control unit 76- aspect rolling process, on the other hand is determined whether the finger away from the touch panel (S106). 在判断为手指未离开的情况下(在S106为否),继续进行滚动处理;在判断为手指已离开的情况下(在S106为是),结束画面控制。 In the case where it is determined that the finger is not left (NO in S106 is NO), the processing proceeds scroll; is determined in a case where the finger has left (at S106), the picture control ends. 也就是说,控制部76停止滚动处理,显示出停止位置上的地图。 In other words, the control unit 76 stops scrolling process, showing the map on the stop position.

[0125] 以上说明了本发明第4实施方式的具有画面显示装置的导航系统50。 [0125] Embodiment 4 described above, the first embodiment of the present invention has a screen of the display device 50 of the navigation system.

[0126] 在本实施方式的画面显示装置中,在触摸了触摸面板的中央区C的情况下,进行不缩放的滚动,通过触摸触摸面板的周缘区E,来进行带缩放的滚动。 [0126] In the present embodiment, the picture display device, in a case where the touch panel touches the central region C is carried out not scale scrolling, zooming is performed with a rolling peripheral edge region E by touching the touch panel. 可以认为,在用户触摸周缘区E时,意思是希望观看与显示地区相邻的地区或者再加上前面的地区。 It is believed that when the user touches the periphery of the area E, meaning that want to watch the display area adjacent to the area and maybe a front region. 在本实施方式中,当触摸周缘区E时,通过进行缩小处理,可以根据用户的意思在信息空间内快速滚动。 In the present embodiment, when the touch region of the peripheral edge E, by reduction processing, quickly scroll the information in the space according to the user's intention.

[0127] 并且,在本实施方式的画面显示装置中,触摸周缘区E,规定时间过后,进行缩小处理,所以,在错误触摸周缘区E的情况下,不进行缩小。 [0127] Further, the display screen apparatus of the present embodiment, the peripheral edge of the touch zone E, after a predetermined time, reduction processing, so that, in the case where the peripheral edge touch error area E is not reduced. 通过在规定时间过去之前进行无缩放的滚动,推定是根据用户意思按压周缘区E的情况,所以,能够在适当的状况下进行缩小处理。 By performing rolling without scaling before the predetermined time has elapsed, is estimated based on a user presses the peripheral edge region E means, therefore, the reduction processing can be performed under appropriate conditions. 并且,也不会因开始缩小处理而使用户吃惊。 And, it will not start processing the user narrow surprised.

[0128] 在本实施方式的画面显示装置中,显示装置62半透明显示周缘区E,把中央区作为通常的显示,所以,用户可以掌握画面上的什么地方是周缘区E。 [0128] In the display device, the display device 62 semi-circumference of the display area E, the central region as a normal display screen in the embodiment according to the present embodiment, therefore, the user can grasp what is on the screen peripheral edge region E. 而且,在本实施方式中,为了能够对周缘区E和中心区C进行区别,不是把周缘区E显示成半透明,而是也可以在周缘区E和中心区C的边界上显示线条。 Further, in the present embodiment, in order to enable peripheral edge region E and the central region C difference, not the peripheral edge area E of the display into a translucent, but may be displayed a line on the boundary of the peripheral edge region E and the central region C. 并且,在画面显示上也可以采用对周缘区E和中心区C不加区别的方式。 Further, the display screen may be employed for the peripheral edge of the central region C and region E indiscriminate manner.

[0129]〈第5实施方式〉 [0129] <Embodiment 5>

[0130] 以下说明本发明第5实施方式的具有画面显示装置的导航系统。 [0130] The following description of the fifth embodiment of the present invention has the screen of the display device of a navigation system. 第5实施方式的导航系统的基本结构与第4实施方式的导航系统50相同(参见图10),但是切换第I模式和第2模式的方法不同。 The basic structure of the navigation system 50 according to the fifth embodiment of the navigation system of the fourth embodiment (see FIG. 10), but a different method of switching a first I mode and the second mode.

[0131] 图13是表示第5实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0131] FIG. 13 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the fifth embodiment. 若检测画面的触摸(S70),触摸面板就判断是否同时触摸2个地方以上(S74)。 If the touch screen (S70) is detected, it is determined whether the touch panel while touching the two places or more (S74). 在判断为同时触摸2个地方以上的情况下(在S74为是),控制部76按照第I模式进行画面控制(带缩放的滚动),在判断为未同时触摸2个地方以上的情况下(在S74为否)。 Is determined while the case of a touch two places or more (in S74), the control unit 76 a screen control (with scaling scrolling) in accordance with section I-mode, the determination is not touched while the two or more places where ( in S74 NO). 控制部76按照第2模式进行画面控制(无缩放滚动)。 A screen control unit 76 controls (no scaling scrolling) in accordance with the second mode. 第I模式和第2模式的画面控制与第4实施方式相同。 The first I mode and the second picture control mode the same as the fourth embodiment.

[0132] 第5实施方式的画面显示装置可根据触摸触摸面板的手指个数来切换是否进行带缩放的滚动。 [0132] Embodiment 5 of the picture display device may be switched whether scrolling band scaled according to the number of the finger touching the touch panel. 所以,用户仅通过操作触摸面板,即可切换模式。 Therefore, only by the user operating the touch panel to switch modes.

[0133] 而且,作为本实施方式的变形例,正在按第I模式进行缩小处理时,也可以在检测出一个手指离开了触摸面板的情况下,停止缩小,按照停止的缩放率仅进行滚动。 When [0133] Further, as a modification example of the present embodiment, is reduced by the first processing mode I, can leave a finger is detected in a case where a touch panel, to stop, or stop scrolling in accordance with the scaling rate.

[0134]〈第6实施方式〉 [0134] <Embodiment 6>

[0135] 以下说明本发明第6实施方式的具有画面显示装置的导航系统。 [0135] The following described a sixth embodiment of the present invention has the screen of the display device of a navigation system. 第6实施方式的导航系统的基本结构与第4实施方式的导航系统50相同(参见图10),但在第6实施方式中,触摸面板具有检测手指接触时的压力的功能。 50 the same navigation system in the sixth embodiment of the basic configuration of the navigation system of the fourth embodiment (see FIG. 10), but in the sixth embodiment, the touch panel has a function of detecting finger pressure when the contacts. 并且,第6实施模式切换第I模式和第2模式的方法不同于第4实施方式。 And, a sixth embodiment of the I-mode and the mode switching method different from the second mode to the fourth embodiment.

[0136] 图14是表示第6实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0136] FIG. 14 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the sixth embodiment. 若检测出对画面的触摸(S70),触摸面板就判断触摸的按压力是否大于规定的阈值(S76)。 If it is detected on the touch screen (S70), the touch panel determines whether the pressing force greater than a predetermined threshold value the touch (S76). 在判断为按压力小于规定阈值的情况下(在S76为否),控制部76按第2模式进行画面控制。 A screen 76 by controlling the second mode is determined in a case where the pressing force is less than a predetermined threshold value (NO in S76), the control section. 在判断为按压力大于规定阈值的情况下(在S76为是),控制部76按第I模式进行画面控制。 In the case where it is determined that the pressing force greater than a predetermined threshold value (YES in S76), the control unit 76 according to the first I picture control mode. 在本实施方式中,进行第I模式的画面控制之前,向用户通知是第I模式的情况(S78)。 Prior to the present embodiment, a screen control mode of the I, is where the user is notified of the I-mode (S78). 通知方法例如可以输出“是带缩放的滚动”这样的声音信息,也可以发出电子音。 Notification method may be output "is the zoom with scroll," such a voice message, you can also send electronic sound. 这样,用户可以知道是否按所需的模式进行滚动。 In this way, the user can know whether or not scrolling in the desired mode. 而且,在本实施方式中举出进入第I模式时向用户通知是第I模式的情况的例子,但是既可以在进入第2模式时通知是第2模式的情况,也可以在进入第I模式和第2模式中的某一个时通知其方式。 Further, in the present embodiment include the user entering a first mode notification I is an example of the case of mode I, but both can be notified when the second mode is a case of entering the second mode may be entered in the first mode I and a second mode in which a notification mode. 以下的第I模式的画面控制和第2模式的画面控制,与第4实施方式相同。 The picture control mode and the second picture following the first I-mode control, the same as the fourth embodiment.

[0137] 第6实施方式的画面显示装置,可以根据触摸触摸面板时的按压力来切换是否进行带缩放的滚动。 [0137] Screen the sixth embodiment of the display device, whether the rolling band scaling to switch the pressing force when the touch panel according to touch. 所以用户仅通过操作触摸面板,即可进行模式切换。 Only by the user operating the touch panel, mode switching can be carried out.

[0138] 而且,在本实施方式中,说明了在检测出了手指已离开的情况下,(在S94、S98、S106为是),一旦结束画面控制,就使各模式结束的例子。 [0138] Further, in the present embodiment, the description in the case of detecting a finger had left, (in S94, S98, S106), the picture control Upon completion, causes the end of each mode examples. 但是,也可以在手指接触触摸面板而不变的状态下按压力发生变化时,对第I模式和第2模式进行切换。 When the pressing force changes state, however, may be in contact with the touch panel of the same finger, the first I mode and the second mode switching.

[0139]〈第7实施方式〉 [0139] <Embodiment 7>

[0140] 接着说明本发明第7实施方式的具有画面显示装置的导航系统。 [0140] Next, a seventh embodiment of the present invention has the screen of the display device of a navigation system. 第7实施方式的导航系统的基本结构与第4实施方式的导航系统50相同(参见图10)。 50 the same as the navigation system of the seventh embodiment and the basic configuration of the navigation system of the fourth embodiment (see FIG. 10). 但是将画面控制切换到第I模式和第2模式的方法不同。 However, different control is switched to the screen of the I-mode and the second mode process.

[0141] 图15是表示第7实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0141] FIG. 15 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the seventh embodiment. 若检测出画面的触摸(S70),触摸面板就对触摸的手指动作进行跟踪,判断手指的移动是否大于规定的阈值(S82)。 When the touch screen is detected (S70), the operation of the touch panel touched by the finger on the right track, it is determined whether the movement of the finger is greater than a predetermined threshold value (S82). 在手指的移动大于规定阈值的情况下(在S82为是),由控制部76按第I模式进行画面控制。 (YES in S82), the control 76 by a screen in the case of I-mode movement of the finger is greater than a predetermined threshold value by the control unit. 在按第I模式进行画面控制时,和第6实施方式一样,向用户通知是第I模式的情况(S84)。 When a screen controlled by the first I-mode, and the sixth embodiment, as is the case where the user is notified of the I-mode (S84). 在手指的移动在规定阈值以下的情况下(在S82为否),控制部76按第2模式进行画面控制。 The movement of the finger in a case where a predetermined threshold value (NO in S82), the control unit 76 controls a screen according to the second mode. 下面的按第I模式的画面控制和按第2模式的画面控制与第4实施方式相同。 I, by following the picture control mode and second mode of the control screen of the same fourth embodiment.

[0142] 第7实施方式的画面显示装置能够根据手指的移动切换是否进行带缩放的滚动,所以用户仅通过操作触摸面板,即可进行模式切换。 Screen [0142] seventh embodiment of the display device can be switched whether scrolling in accordance with zooming movement of the finger, the user only by operating the touch panel, mode switching can be carried out.

[0143]〈第8实施方式〉 [0143] <Embodiment 8>

[0144] 以下,说明本发明第8实施方式的具有画面显示装置的导航系统。 [0144] Hereinafter, the eighth embodiment of the present invention has the screen of the display device of a navigation system. 第8实施方式的导航系统的基本结构与第4实施方式的导航系统50相同(参见图10)。 The basic configuration of the navigation system according to an eighth embodiment of the navigation system 50 of the fourth embodiment (see FIG. 10). 在操作开关群56中,具有切换模式的模式切换开关。 In operation switch group 56, the mode selector switch having a switch mode. 切换模式的开关例如设置在手把上。 Switching mode, for example, is provided on the handlebar.

[0145] 图16是表示第8实施方式的滚动方法的流程图。 [0145] FIG. 16 is a flowchart of a scrolling method of the eighth embodiment. 若检测出画面的触摸(S70),触摸面板就判断模式切换开关是设定在第I模式和第2模式中的哪一个上(S86)。 When the touch screen is detected (S70), the touch panel determines that the mode switch is set to the first I mode and the second mode in which one (S86). 控制部76根据模式切换开关的设定,按第I模式或第2模式进行画面控制。 The control unit 76 according to the mode switch setting, performed by the first I picture control mode or the second mode. 采用第I模式和第2模式的画面控制与第4实施方式相同。 I use the first mode and the second picture control mode the same as the fourth embodiment.

[0146] 第8实施方式的画面显示装置,可以利用模式切换开关来切换是否进行带缩放的滚动,所以,用户能够准确而且容易进行模式切换。 [0146] Screen eighth embodiment of the display device may be utilized to switch the mode changeover switch whether scroll with scale, so the user can accurately and easily switch modes.

[0147]〈第9实施方式〉 [0147] <ninth embodiment>

[0148] 图17是表示本发明的第9实施方式的画面显示装置90的结构的图。 [0148] FIG 17 is a diagram showing a configuration of a screen device 90 of the ninth embodiment of the present invention. 第9实施方式的画面显示装置90的基本结构与第I实施方式的画面显示装置I相同,但第9实施方式的画面显示装置具有阻力发生部92,该阻力发生部92用于发生对操纵杆20动作的阻力。 Screen ninth embodiment of the basic configuration of the display device 90 and the I picture of the same display device of embodiment I, but the ninth embodiment of the picture display device having a resistance force generation portion 92, the resistance force generating portion 92 for lever occurs resistance 20 operation.

[0149] 第9实施方式的画面显示装置90与第I实施方式同样,在操纵杆20的倾斜角度为第I阈值D以下的情况下,进行无缩放的滚动;在其大于第I阈值Dl的情况下,进行带缩放的滚动。 Screen [0149] ninth embodiment of the display device 90 in the first I embodiment in the same manner, the joystick angle of inclination 20 is a case where the first I threshold D performs no scaling rolling; thereof larger than the first I threshold value of Dl lower case, with zoom scrolling. 并且,在带缩放的滚动中,在操纵杆20的角度为第2阈值D2以下的情况下,进行放大处理。 And a case where, with zooming in the rolling, the angle of the second lever 20 is below the threshold D2, enlargement processing.

[0150] 第9实施方式的画面显示装置90中,在要使操纵杆20的倾斜角度大于第I阈值Dl时,阻力发生部92把将倾斜角度控制在第I阈值Dl以下的方向的力施加到操纵杆20上。 Screen [0150] ninth embodiment of the display device 90, when to make the joystick inclination angle 20 is greater than the first I threshold value Dl, resistance portion 92 forces the inclination angle control in the first I threshold value Dl less direction is applied to occur to lever 20. 并且,在带缩放的滚动中要使操纵杆20的倾斜角度小于第2阈值D2时,阻力发生部92把使倾斜角度成为第2阈值以上的方向的力施加到操纵杆20上。 Further, when the rolling band scaling to make the inclination angle of the joystick 20 is smaller than the second threshold value D2, the angle of the inclined portion 92 becomes less than the second threshold value is applied to the force in the direction of drag lever 20.

[0151] 第9实施方式的画面显示装置90中,在要改变操纵杆20的倾斜角使其超过第I阈值Dl或第2阈值D2的情况下,通过把与其对抗的力施加到操纵杆20上,来通知用户。 Screen [0151] ninth embodiment of the display device 90, to change the inclination angle of the joystick 20 of it exceeds a first threshold value I Dl or D2 of the second threshold value, the force applied thereto by the lever 20 against the user is notified. 这样一来,用户在克服阻力移动操纵杆20的情况下,可以用触觉来检测缩小处理或放大处理开始的情况。 Thus, the resistance against the movement of the user in a case where the lever 20 can be detected by touch magnification process or reduction process begins.

[0152] 以上举出实施方式,详细说明了本发明的画面显示装置。 [0152] the above mentioned embodiments, a detailed description of the picture display device of the present invention. 但本发明并非仅限于上述实施方式。 However, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment.

[0153] 在上述实施方式的画面显示装置1、2中,也可以设置使缩放的变更处理停止的缩放停止钮。 [0153] In the screen device 1 shown in the above embodiments may be provided so that the zoom change processing is stopped to stop the zoom button. 通过在变更为任意缩放率后按压缩放停止钮,能够固定缩放率来进行滚动。 By pressing the zoom after the zoom ratio is changed to any stop button, the zoom ratio can be fixed to scroll. 这样一来,无论进行什么样的操作,也都不会自动变更缩放率,所以用户能够安心进行滚动操作。 As a result, no matter what kind of operation carried out, it will not automatically change the zoom ratio, so that users can confidently scroll operation.

[0154] 在上述实施方式的画面显示装置1、2中,已说明了画面控制部12按一定速度来变更缩放的例子。 [0154] In the screen of the display device of the embodiment 1, it has been described an example of a screen at a constant speed control unit 12 changes the zoom. 但是,不必一定要使变更缩放的速度设为一定。 However, it does not have to make the change zoom speed is held constant. 例如,在第I实施方式的画面显示装置I中,也可以根据操纵杆20的倾斜角度,来决定缩放的速度。 For example, the means I may be an inclination angle of the joystick 20, the zoom speed determined in the first I picture display embodiment. 在第2实施方式的画面显示装置2中,也可以根据按反复输入求出的判断值的大小来决定缩放速度。 In the second embodiment of the picture display device 2, may be determined according to the size of the scaling speed obtained by repeatedly input determination value. 但是,无论在什么情况下,也都控制为使缩放的速度不会激烈变动。 However, no matter under what circumstances, also control the zoom speed will not intense change. 这样,根据来自操纵杆20和触摸板30等输入设备的输入值,变更缩放的速度,这样可以进行与用户意思相符合的缩放速度控制。 Thus, in accordance with input values ​​from the joystick device 20 and the touch panel 30, etc., to change the zoom speed, so that the user can zoom meaning consistent speed control.

[0155] 在第2实施方式的画面显示装置2中,说明了当触摸触摸板30的手指的速度为O时,使缩放变更处理停止的例子。 [0155] displayed on the screen of the second embodiment of the device 2, described when the finger touches the touch panel 30, the speed is O, an example that the zoom change processing is stopped. 但和第I实施方式一样,也可以设定2个用于判断判断值的阈值,在判断值超过第I阈值的情况下,进行缩小处理;在判断值在第2阀值以下的情况下,进行放大处理。 But the same manner as embodiment I and may be set two thresholds for determining the determination value, in a case where the determination value I exceeds the first threshold value, reduction processing is performed; the case where the determination value in the second threshold value or less, enlargement processing. 这样,在判断值小于第I阈值且大于第2阈值的情况下,停止缩放变更处理。 Thus, when the determination value is smaller than the first I threshold and greater than the second threshold value, the zoom change processing is stopped.

[0156] 在第2实施方式的画面显示装置2中,画面显示装置2也可以接收表示接触触摸板30时的压力的信号,利用接触触摸板30时的压力,进行变更缩放的控制。 [0156] In the second embodiment of the picture display device 2, a screen display device 2 may also receive a signal when a contact pressure of the touch panel 30, 30 by the pressure contacting the touch panel, changes the zoom control. 例如,也可以采用在用力按下进行描划的情况下进行缩小的结构。 For example, reduction may be performed using a configuration in a case where the force for pressing the depiction.

[0157] 也可以是,具有对上述实施方式的画面显示装置I上所画面显示的地图信息的角度进行变更的功能,在变更了角度的状态下,进行以上说明的缩小和放大的处理。 [0157] may be, having an angle map information on the screen of the display device I of the above-described embodiment, a screen display function is changed, the change in the angle of the state, the reduction process described above and amplified. 例如,在从斜上方向下看的方向观看的画面显示中,按照大于规定阈值的倾斜角度来搬倒操纵杆20时,也可以平滑移动到从正上面看的画面显示的同时进行缩小处理。 For example, viewed in a direction from the obliquely upward direction to see the display screen in time in accordance with the inclination angle greater than a predetermined threshold value to move down lever 20 may be smoothly moved to the same time from the front above of a screen display of the reduction process is performed.

[0158] 在上述实施方式中,作为输入设备,以操纵杆、触摸板、触摸面板为例进行了说明。 [0158] In the above-described embodiment, as an input device to a joystick, a touchpad, a touch panel has been described as an example. 但是,本发明也能够适用于实施方式中列举的输入设备以外的设备。 However, the present invention is also applicable to an input device other than the device exemplified in the embodiment. 例如,也能够根据从鼠标等定位设备、微动拨号盘、跟踪球、旋钮等处发送的操作信息,进行本发明的画面显示装置的控制。 The control device screen, for example, it is possible according to the pointing device such as a mouse, a jog dial, the operation information transmitted track ball, a knob, etc., for the present invention. 微动拨号盘是利用拨号盘的旋转和按入来进行操作的输入设备。 The jog dial is a rotary dial and pushed to operate the input device. 在微动拨号盘的情况下,可以根据微动拨号盘的旋转,来使画面滚动,并且可根据是否按入微动拨号盘,来切换是否进行带缩放滚动。 In the case where the jog dial, according to the rotation of the jog dial, to scroll the screen, and may be scaled with whether scrolling by whether nuanced jog dial, according to handover.

[0159] 在上述第4〜第8实施方式中,以操纵杆为例进行了说明。 [0159] In the first embodiment of April to the eighth embodiment, an example has been described to the lever. 但也可以采用触摸板来取代触摸面板。 It is also possible to replace the touch panel is a touch panel. 并且,如果是对手指或定位设备的接触位置进行检测的平面型坐标输入装置,那么也可以采用触摸板以外的输入设备。 And, if the position of the finger is in contact with the planar positioning device or the coordinate input apparatus detects the type, the input device may be other than a touchpad.

[0160] 并且,在上述第9实施方式中,说明了利用变更缩放的操纵杆20的倾斜角度,来向操纵杆20施加阻力的例子。 [0160] Further, in the ninth embodiment, the described inclination angle using the zoom change lever 20, the lever 20 to apply a resistance to the examples. 但是,施加阻力的条件并不仅限于变更缩放的情况。 However, the conditions for applying resistance to change is not limited to the case of scaling.

[0161] 并且,在上述第9实施方式中,说明了从操纵杆20向用户施加阻力的例子。 [0161] Further, in the ninth embodiment, an example of applying the resistance from the joystick 20 to the user. 但是,施加阻力所用的设备并不仅限于操纵杆。 However, resistance is applied to the equipment used is not limited to a joystick. 例如利用跟踪球、微动拨号盘、旋转式钮等旋转式输入设备也能够在变更缩放时对旋转施加阻力。 For example, using a track ball, a jog dial, a rotary knob and the like of the rotary input device can be applied also when changing the rotational resistance to scaling.

[0162] 例如,在跨越县和市、镇、村的边界,进行画面显示的滚动时,也可以施加阻力。 [0162] For example, at the border and the city, town and village across the county, carried out while scrolling, the screen display can also be applied to the resistance. 这样,用户可以很容易知道画面显示已跨越了县边境和市镇村的边境。 In this way, the user can easily know the display screen have crossed the border counties and the municipalities of the border. 并且,在设定了到达目的地的路线的情况下,画面显示装置在路线从画面上离开的方向上进行滚动的操作信息被输入时,也可以施加阻力。 Further, in a case where the route to the destination, the screen display scrolling operation information in a direction away from the route on a screen is input, a resistance may be applied. 这样,用户受到操纵杆20的阻力引导,所以,能够进行沿着路线的画面显示的滚动。 Thus, the user receives the resistance of the guide lever 20, it is possible to scroll the display screen along the route. 并且,在未设定路线的情况下,也可以是在输入了向海的方向上滚动的操作信息时,画面显示装置施加阻力。 And when, in the case where the route is not set, the operation information may be scrolled in the direction of the sea is input, the screen display apparatus applies resistance. 在导航系统中,通常,没有朝向海进行滚动。 In the navigation system, usually, no rolling toward the sea. 所以,在用户要向海的方向滚动的情况下,可以认为是误操作。 Therefore, in the case of the rolling direction of a user is to the sea, and can be considered misuse. 通过向操纵杆20施加阻力,能够向用户2通知这是误动作。 By applying resistance to the operating lever 20, it is possible to inform the user which is 2 malfunction.

[0163] 并且,在上述实施方式中,说明了在根据输入设备的操作来使画面显示滚动时,进行带缩放滚动的例子。 [0163] In the above described embodiment, described in accordance with an operation to make the screen display device when scrolling input, for example with zooming scroll. 但带缩放滚动例如也可以适用于显示被检索的目的地附近的地图的情况。 But with zoom scrolling example, it may be applied to a display case nearby destination retrieved map. 例如在利用按名称检索和电话号码等检索目的地的情况下,不是在目的地附近切换到地图上,而是从当前显示的地区到目的地附近进行带缩放滚动。 For example, in the case of the use of retrieval by name and phone number to retrieve a destination, instead of switching to the map in the vicinity of the destination, but rather with zooming scroll from the area currently displayed to nearby destinations. 这样,能够掌握当前位置和目的地的位置关系。 This makes it possible to grasp the positional relationship between the current location and destination. 并且,这时,也可沿着从当前的地方到达目的地的路线来进行带缩放滚动。 And, this time, also be carried out with zoom scrolling along the route to the destination from the current place. 这样,用户能够理解路线的概要。 In this way, the user can understand the summary route.

[0164] 在上述实施方式中,说明了画面显示装置及其动作。 [0164] In the above embodiments, the description and operation of the screen display device. 但本发明也包括由计算机来执行上述画面显示装置的处理的程序。 However, the present invention also includes a program executed by a computer processing means of the screen display.

[0165] 若采用本发明,则具有良好效果,能够变更为任意缩放率,而且能够按照使缩放处理停止时刻的缩放率来进行滚动。 [0165] According to this invention, it has a good effect, can be changed to an arbitrary scaling factor, and can be scrolled in accordance with the scaling factor so that the stop time scaling processing. 能够用于进行画面显示的以下各种装置。 Of the following devices can be used for screen display. 也就是说,本发明能够用于以下画面显示,例如导航装置、便携终端、个人计算机、游戏等娱乐设备、医疗用图像阅览装置、包括录像机、电视机在内的家电产品等。 That is, the present invention can be used for screen display, for example a navigation device, a portable terminal, a personal computer, games and other entertainment equipment, medical image reading apparatus comprises a video recorder, television sets and other home appliances.

[0166] 对于熟悉技术的人员来说,可以明显地看出,以上说明的本发明的实施方式可以有各种不同的变形,显然,本发明的范围应当由下列权项来确定。 [0166] For the person skilled in the art, it can be clearly seen, the embodiment of the present invention described above may have various modifications, obvious that the scope of the invention should be determined by the following Claim.

Claims (3)

1.一种画面显示装置,其特征在于,具有: 操作信息接收部,从输入设备接收表不该输入设备倾斜的方向及该输入设备的倾斜角度的操作信息;以及画面控制部,根据由上述操作信息接收部所接收的操作信息,使画面显示以与上述输入设备的倾斜角度对应的速度向上述输入设备倾斜的方向滚动, 上述画面控制部,在检测到上述输入设备的倾斜角度连续规定时间大于第I阈值时,进行使画面显示缩小的处理, 在上述输入设备的倾斜角度小于上述第I阈值且大于第2阈值时,若正在进行上述缩小的处理,则进行使缩放率停止变更,并使画面显示以所停止的缩放率滚动的处理, 在检测到上述输入设备的倾斜角度连续规定时间小于第2阈值时,进行使画面显示放大的处理。 1. A picture display device comprising: an operation information receiving unit, an input operation information should inclination angle direction and the apparatus is inclined from the input device receives an input device table; and a screen control unit, in accordance with the above the operation information of the operation information received by the receiver, so that the screen display with the above-described inclination angle of the input device corresponding to the speed of the rolling direction of the input device is inclined, the screen control unit, continuously for a predetermined time in the detected tilt angle to said input device when larger than the first I threshold value for the picture to appear reduction processing, the inclined angle of the input device is less than the first I threshold value and greater than the second threshold value, if the progress of the reduced processing is performed so that the scaling factor is stopped changes, and screen display processing so as to stop the rolling of the scaling factor, upon detection of the inclination angle of the input device continuously for a predetermined time than the second threshold value, the amplification processing for the screen display.
2.如权利要求1所述的画面显示装置,其特征在于,通过上述输入设备而滚动的画面是显示地图的画面。 2. The screen of Claim 1 a display apparatus, wherein, via the input device is a display screen scrolling the map screen.
3.如权利要求1所述的画面显示装置,其特征在于,根据上述输入设备的倾斜角度决定缩放速度。 3. A screen as claimed in claim 1 of the display device, characterized in that the zoom speed determined in accordance with the inclination angle of the input device.
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