CN101016772B - Cavity component - Google Patents

Cavity component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101016772B
CN101016772B CN200610092137XA CN200610092137A CN101016772B CN 101016772 B CN101016772 B CN 101016772B CN 200610092137X A CN200610092137X A CN 200610092137XA CN 200610092137 A CN200610092137 A CN 200610092137A CN 101016772 B CN101016772 B CN 101016772B
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China
Prior art keywords
base plate
hollow mould
mould shell
cavity structural
cavity
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CN200610092137XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101016772A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN200610092137XA priority Critical patent/CN101016772B/en
Publication of CN101016772A publication Critical patent/CN101016772A/en
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Publication of CN101016772B publication Critical patent/CN101016772B/en

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Abstract

Disclosed is a hollow member which comprises a hollow form (1) and a bottom slab (2), the hollow formwork (1) and the bottom slab (2) are connected into an integrity, at least two hollow forms (1) on the bottom board (2) are arranged alternatively, their side surfaces and the structural bottom boards (2) constitute at least one secandary rib molding chamber (3) of cast-in-situ structure, the other outer side surfaces (4) of the hollow form (1) constitute the side casting plates of the outer main ribs or beams or walls, the inner rib's lateral surfaces or/and other side surfaces (4) are intersecting perpendicularly to the structural bottom board (2). The invention can be applied to various cast-in-situ reinforced-bar concrete or prestressed reinforced-bar concrete hollow building roofings,house roofings, foundation slabs, walls or hollow bridges.

Description

A kind of Cavity structural member
The application for the applying date be that June 2, application number in 2003 are 03137269.4, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of Cavity structural member ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Cavity structural member.
(2) background technology
Advantages such as at present, the building of brick mix structure and reinforced concrete structure major part adopts precast hollow slab as floor structure, and it is fast that this floor structure has speed of application, and cost is low.But, only use the cement mortar joint filling, thereby globality is poor, is unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (solid, hollow), though solved antidetonation and problems of crack, will use template in a large number during construction, have not only increased expense, and have slowed down speed of application, have prolonged the duration.Application number is " a kind of combination concrete rib floor structure " utility model patent of 00203695.9, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is placed at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connects as one with dark rib.Though this floor structure can be saved a large amount of templates, accelerate construction progress, but because formwork is what to separate with prefabricated plate, its strength and stiffness are corresponding relatively poor, thereby the problem that exists formwork easily to break, simultaneously, formwork is fixed on and does not relate to concrete fixed form on the prefabricated plate, thereby fixed in place is difficult.And the patent No. is 93206310.1 shuttering member utility model patent, it constitutes hollow mould shell by sidewall and formwork upper plate and is connected to form totally-enclosed cavity polyhedral structure with lower shoe again, prefabricated ribs is arranged in it, during use member is placed on the supporter of floor gap, formation bonded to one another is whole between cast-in-place main rib, the shuttering member.When this kind member uses, be a kind of prefabricated noggin piece purely, the ribs in the die housing only is used to support formwork, can not participate in the whole stressed of superstructure.And when being applied in than the large spatial structure superstructure, its stress performance is also phase strain differential thereupon, do not have time rib between the cast-in-place main rib and connect, thereby make the size of main rib need the phase strain big, or the quantity of main rib increases, and causes material usage to increase, and cost increases.For this reason, the applicant has applied for that November 15 calendar year 2001 publication number is that CN1349028A, name are called " a kind of Comobined ribbed cavity member for spatial structure roof " patent of invention, its disclosed Cavity structural member includes formwork and structure base plate, hollow mould shell and structure base plate connect into integral body, it is characterized in that having 2 hollow mould shells on the structure base plate at least alternately, its side and structure base plate constitute at least one cast-in-place structural time rib die cavity, and other lateral surface of hollow mould shell constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural main rib or beam or wall.Like this, because on the prior art basis, at least 2 hollow mould shells and at least 1 cast-in-place structural time rib die cavity are arranged on the structure base plate, when Cavity structural member is applied to building cover structure, on the structure base plate, just can form cast-in-situ concrete structure time rib, fellowship structure base plate, main rib, upper plate stressed, form two-way main rib time rib force structure, problems of the prior art have not only been solved, but also overall performance, the anti-seismic performance of superstructure have further been improved, reduce the thickness of superstructure, alleviated dead load, reduced cost.After but this Cavity structural member is applied to hollow building cover, because the wall and the structure base plate of hollow mould shell are easily damaged in carrying and work progress, particularly be subjected to the strike or the collision of various weights and junk, because of insufficient strength, shock resistance is poor, damaged hole often occurs, the destruction that causes Cavity structural member, make troubles to construction, increase cost, and the duration is affected, therefore, develop a kind of novel Cavity structural member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Cavity structural member, have excellent in cushion effect, characteristics such as cracky, easy construction, cost be not low.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, include hollow mould shell and base plate, hollow mould shell and base plate connect into integral body, have 2 hollow mould shells on the base plate at least alternately, its side and base plate constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity, other lateral surface of hollow mould shell constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that in the wall of hollow mould shell or at least one of base plate in accompany at least one thin band, thin band in the hollow mould shell passes at least one internal-rib die cavity plural hollow mould shell is linked, and passing on the thin band of internal-rib die cavity has activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage.Like this, owing in Cavity structural member, accompany thin band, the ability of its shock resistance and collision is big, the intensity height, good toughness, thin band of Unit Weight and cementitious matter bonding surface are big, and corresponding bond stress is big, when Cavity structural member is impacted or collide, Cavity structural member is not prone to damaged hole, even the destruction crackle is arranged, because the effect that involves of thin band does not need to repair yet, do not influence follow-up construction, thereby easy construction, cost is low, simultaneously, the wall that also can corresponding attenuate formwork and the thickness of base plate, economical with materials, weight reduction, thereby it is more convenient to construct, cost is lower, by the binding of reinforce, improved the overall performance of Cavity structural member greatly, thereby reached purpose of the present invention; In addition, that Cavity structural member also has is simple in structure, make characteristics such as easy, is applicable to that hollow building cover, roof system, sole plate, body of wall or the hollow bridges of various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed reinforced concrete used, and is specially adapted to hollow arch without beam and uses.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band is metal foil band, steel wire set thin band, fiber thin band or organic thin band.Like this, can select as required in producing, designing, convenient production helps reducing cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described organic thin band is braid over braid or strap.Like this, adopting organic thin band is braid over braid or strap, has made things convenient for material selection when manufacturing, and has reduced cost of production.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band is the thin band of porose, seam, concavo-convex, drift bolt, sour jujube head, burr or its combination.Like this, the adhesion strength with having increased greatly between thin band and the Cavity structural member slip has increased its bond stress, makes that the globality of Cavity structural member is better, and the ability of shock resistance and collision is stronger.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band exposes outside hollow mould shell or the base plate.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied to building cover structure, exposing thin band had increased wedge action between Cavity structural member and the Cast-in-place concrete, and the performance of the stressed power transmission of Cavity structural member is better, simultaneously, has increased the adhesion stress of Cavity structural member and Cast-in-place concrete, and its globality is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spacing in the described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity changes.Like this, the spacing in its internal-rib die cavity is the Cavity structural member that changes, and can satisfy the needs of different design and constructions.
Feature of the present invention is that also the shape of the hollow mould shell on the described base plate, size differ from one another.Like this, the shape of hollow mould shell, size difference can satisfy the different designs needs of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce at least one of hollow mould shell or base plate, and reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fiber or fleece or the cloth.Like this, being provided with the base plate of reinforce and the intensity of hollow mould shell has obtained improving greatly, simultaneously, the diversity of reinforce material, reinforce selects for use when being convenient to hollow mould shell production, help reducing production costs, but also can improve the rupture strength and the rigidity of base plate greatly, make it be not easy to fracture or destruction.
Feature of the present invention is that also hollow mould shell or base plate have reinforce to expose.
Feature of the present invention also is on described thin band that passes the internal-rib die cavity or the reinforce activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage are arranged.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can effectively guarantee reinforce unlikely damage in work progress, also play the strut effect simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also the thin band in the described base plate stretches in the evacuated mould shell wall, and perhaps the thin band in the hollow mould shell stretches in the bottom-plate body.Like this, by thin band or reinforce stretch into reinforcement by connection mutually, strengthened the bonding strength between hollow mould shell and the base plate, make it to have better overall.
Feature of the present invention is that also fleece or the cloth reinforce in the described hollow mould shell stretches in the base plate, with the cementitious materials formation one in the base plate.Like this, fleece or cloth are connected hollow mould shell with the base plate close adhesion, and its intensity and globality are better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity has two when above, their parallel each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separations or constitute grid.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can form the Cast-in-place concrete time rib of parallel to each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separation, thereby improve the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor structure.
Feature of the present invention also be described hollow mould shell or base plate at least one be provided with hole.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, if hollow mould shell is provided with hole, Cast-in-place concrete is pourable goes in the hole, and form the superimposed pier of Cast-in-place concrete or post or rod member, and play and support or the drawknot effect, can effectively improve the mechanical property of concrete hollow building cover.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity at least more than one support draw piece.Like this, improve the overall performance of Cavity structural member greatly, reduced the breakage rate in the handling process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described support draw piece is at least a in bar, pier, plate, sheet, rope or the piece.Like this, the variation of support draw piece material and structure can be satisfied the different designs requirement of product, and can be according to different needs, adopts reasonable manner to connect.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in the support draw piece that described support draw piece is hollow or solid or porous.Like this, can be according to the design needs, corresponding employing support draw piece hollow or solid or porous rationally solves support and draws the reinforcing problem.
Feature of the present invention is that also described support draw piece is fixed or movable or detachably supports at least a in the draw piece.Like this, movable or dismountable support draw piece can be after Cavity structural member installs, and dismounting is reclaimed, and both can prevent base plate fracture or cracking, and recyclable again secondary uses, and reduces the cost of production of Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell or base plate are provided with reinforcement.Reinforcement can be reinforcing rib, bracing boom, stiffener or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, reinforcement has improved the intensity of Cavity structural member greatly.The diversity of reinforcement can form the Cavity structural member of strengthening in various degree.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in described hollow mould shell or the base plate at least one reinforcement to expose.Like this, after exposing reinforcement Cavity structural member being used, form the in-situ deposited prefabricated reinforcement that combines.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one reinforcement exposes thin band is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is provided with pit, groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, boss module, raised line, external corner or its combination.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, pour into the concrete in hole, chamfering, the inner corner trim, formed local Cast-in-place concrete and added competent structure; Boss module, projection, inner corner trim are found time the concrete at the position that do not stress in the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete superstructure, thereby make that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is provided with also to expose on pit, groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, boss module, raised line or the external corner thin band is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also the position that described hollow mould shell contacts with base plate is groove or the groove that reveals reinforce.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, concrete poured into groove or reveals in the groove of reinforce, base plate and hollow mould shell firmly is mounted in together, and can forms I-shaped Cast-in-place concrete rib, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the surface of described hollow mould shell or base plate is waveform or corrugated or zigzag or sphere shape or arc or plucking or other special-shaped rough surface.Like this, the diversity on hollow mould shell surface can strengthen its external surface greatly, improve and Cast-in-place concrete between adhesion stress, simultaneously, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can build-in be firm better with Cast-in-place concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell can form cast-in-place taper type structure, made its force structure more reasonable, can effectively prevent the generation in cast-in-place and prefabricated bonding surface crack simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate flushes with the lateral surface of hollow mould shell or base plate stretches out bridging piece.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the alternative template of bridging piece reduced cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described bridging piece that stretches out reveals reinforce.Stretch out the bridging piece or the interior puncture angle of revealing reinforce, can make base plate and Cast-in-place concrete in conjunction with more firm.
Feature of the present invention also is to shorten inner corner trim in the lateral surface intersection of described base plate and hollow mould shell.
Feature of the present invention is that also the inner corner trim that shortens in the lateral surface intersection of described base plate and hollow mould shell reveals reinforce.
The bridging piece that feature of the present invention also is to stretch out is for local or whole.
The inner corner trim that feature of the present invention contracts in also being is for local or whole.
Feature of the present invention also is to have on the described base plate locating structure of the downward tension that connects construction formwork.Locating structure can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet or other device.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, locating structure can prevent its come-up, displacement, made construction more convenient, quick simultaneously, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also is at the cavity inside branch of hollow mould shell or all fills or be pasted with light material.Light material can be at least a in foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or the haydite concrete.Like this, improve the shock resistance of hollow mould shell greatly, reduced breakage rate; Cavity structural member has better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property simultaneously; The diversity of light material can conveniently be drawn materials, and reduces the cost of production of Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention is that also the profile after described base plate and the hollow mould shell combination is the square bodily form, cuboid, cylindrical, the polygon bodily form, arc angle polyhedron or many curved bodies shape.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the diversity of its profile can satisfy the needs of different structure designs, helped reducing and produced and construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also the appearance and size of described Cavity structural member is ascending that gradually change or sudden change; The wide end in the chamber of the thickness of slab of base plate or cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity is relatively large, from large to small, gradually or sharp transition to the other end.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can be according to the designing requirement difference of cast-in-situ concrete structure, and adopt above-mentioned Cavity structural member that cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is done to strengthen in local, to satisfy the needs of design.
Feature of the present invention also be described hollow mould shell and base plate ways of connecting for gluedly is connected, is welded to connect, screw connects, iron wire connects, cutting ferrule connection or global formation.Like this, production has been simplified in the variation of hollow mould shell and base plate connected mode, can both be connected into integral body convenient, simple, fastly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is an outward flanging or to the hollow mould shell of in-flanges.Like this, the different requirements that can use in cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor according to hollow mould shell are provided with flanging or in-flanges, and the marginal portion of protection hollow mould shell is not damaged, make use more convenient simple.
Feature of the present invention is that also Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe, water pipe or airduct.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can lays electric wire very easily and leak water and ventilate.
Feature of the present invention also be described base plate be steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, from the base plate of stress steel bar concrete, polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell is cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and hollow mould shell, base plate are made with same material or different materials.Like this, the diversity of base plate and hollow mould shell manufacturing materials is drawn materials in the time of can conveniently producing nearby, reduces production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least more than one spike locating structure is arranged between described base plate and the hollow mould shell.Like this, can make between hollow mould shell and the base plate connect simple, accurately, thereby improved the quality of Cavity structural member, help guaranteeing that Cavity structural member is used after, base plate is consistent with the Cast-in-place concrete layer thickness between the hollow mould shell.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is provided with the base plate more than two or also is extended with bridging piece.Like this, Cavity structural member can be manufactured according to designing requirement, satisfies the needs of different mode of occupation.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between described hollow mould shell and the base plate spike locating structure and is attached thereto.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the spike locating structure that is provided with between hollow mould shell and the base plate can effectively accurately be controlled the Cast-in-place concrete thickness between hollow mould shell and the base plate, reaches the purpose of quality control.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow mould shell, and 2 is base plate, and 3 is the internal-rib die cavity, and 4 is lateral surface, and 5 are thin band, in each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, alternately, two opposite flank and base plate 2 be common to constitute pleura chamber 3 in the cast-in-place structurals, all accompanies thin band 5 in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 and in the base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with porose thin band 5 in the wall of its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, is provided with the thin band 5 of band sour jujube head in the base plate 2.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with porose thin band 5 in the wall of its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, be provided with the thin band 5 of band sour jujube head in the base plate 2, simultaneously, the thin band 5 in its both all stretches out and exposes.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 divide two rows alternately on base plate 2, form many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3, spacing in its internal-rib die cavity 3 changes, and the spacing that is illustrated as the internal-rib die cavity 3 between the two horizontal evacuation chamber formworks 1 is for from left to right from large to small.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3 on base plate 2, and the shape and size of its hollow mould shell 1 vary in size.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, all accompany reinforce 6 in its hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 on base plate 2, the diagram reinforce is a reinforcing bar 6, simultaneously, have on the hollow mould shell 1 and expose thin band 5, exposed steel bar 6 is arranged on the base plate 2.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and alternately, the thin band 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 passes internal-rib die cavity 3 adjacent two hollow mould shells 1 are connected on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and alternately, it passes on the reinforce 6 of internal-rib die cavity 3 the fixing wrappage 7 of applying arbitrarily on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and alternately, thin band 5 and reinforce 6 in its base plate 2 stretch in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and alternately, the fleece reinforce 6 in its hollow mould shell 1 stretches in the base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and with the glued one that forms of cementitious materials.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form the internal-rib die cavity 3 of two mutually orthogonals on base plate 2.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form many internal-rib die cavitys 3 parallel to each other on base plate 2.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and alternately, its base plate 2 is provided with a plurality of holes 8 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, be provided with a plurality of support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3, and support draw piece 9 is integrated member with the side template of hollow mould shell 1.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, is provided with two sheets support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, be provided with a plurality of hollow shaft-like support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, be provided with two dismountable flexible staybolt draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and alternately, its base plate 2 is provided with reinforcement 10 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and diagram reinforcement 10 is a stiffener.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, combination is provided with pit 11, groove 12, inner corner trim 13, chamfering 14, boss module 15, raised line 16 and external corner 17 on its hollow mould shell 1, and also exposing on its hollow mould shell 1 simultaneously has thin band 5.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and alternately, the position that its hollow mould shell 1 contacts with base plate 2 is a groove 12 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and alternately, the surface of its hollow mould shell 1 is a waveform on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and alternately, its base plate 2 has the limit of stretching out from the lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, constitutes bridging piece 18, shortens inner corner trim 14 in the another side into.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, have the locating structure 19 of the downward tension that connects construction formwork on its base plate 2 on base plate 2, and illustrated position is configured to drag hook.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, all are filled with light material 20 in the cavity of its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and alternately, the appearance and size of the Cavity structural member that it constitutes is ascending gradually changing on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, the changing in the opposite direction of the change direction of base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is connected for glued with the connected mode of base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to flanging 21 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to in-flanges 22 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute Cavity structural member on base plate 2, and its Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe 23, water pipe 24 and airduct 25.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, alternately, its base plate 2 is the steel bar concrete base plate on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and hollow mould shell 1 is that cementitious materials is made for sulphate aluminium cement, simultaneously, the base plate 2 at position, hollow mould shell 1 place is an open floor.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, have a plurality of supports to draw locating structure 19 between its base plate 2 and the hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1, simultaneously on base plate 2, its underpart base plate stretches out lateral surface 4 and forms bridging piece 18, is illustrated as the step bridging piece.
Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, be provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1, base plate 2 all stretches out the lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1, form bridging piece 18, simultaneously, be provided with a plurality of spike locating structures 19 between hollow mould shell 1 and two base plates 2 with the two built on stilts linking to each other.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, include hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2, hollow mould shell 1 connects into integral body with base plate 2, have 2 hollow mould shells 1 on the base plate 2 at least alternately, its side and base plate 2 constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3, other lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1 constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 or at least one of base plate 2 in accompany at least one thin band 5, thin band 5 in the hollow mould shell 1 passes at least one internal-rib die cavity 3 plural hollow mould shell 1 is linked, and passing on the thin band 5 of internal-rib die cavity 3 has activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage 7.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow mould shell, and 2 is base plate, and 3 is the internal-rib die cavity, and 4 is lateral surface, and 5 are thin band, in each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, alternately, two opposite flank and base plate 2 be common to constitute pleura chamber 3 in the cast-in-place structurals, all accompanies thin band 5 in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 and in the base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and alternately, the thin band 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 passes internal-rib die cavity 3 adjacent two hollow mould shells 1 are connected on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band 5 is metal foil band, steel wire set thin band, fiber thin band or organic thin band.As shown in Figure 1, alternately, its thin band is the metal foil band on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described organic thin band 5 is braid over braid or strap.As shown in Figure 1, alternately, its thin band also can be a braid over braid on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention also is the thin band of described thin band 5 for porose, seam, concavo-convex, drift bolt, sour jujube head, burr or its combination.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with porose thin band 5 in the wall of its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, is provided with the thin band 5 of band sour jujube head in the base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band 5 exposes outside hollow mould shell 1 or the base plate 2.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with porose thin band 5 in the wall of its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, be provided with the thin band 5 of band sour jujube head in the base plate 2, simultaneously, the thin band 5 in its both all stretches out and exposes.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spacing in the described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 changes.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 divide two rows alternately on base plate 2, form many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3, spacing in its internal-rib die cavity 3 changes, and the spacing that is illustrated as the internal-rib die cavity 3 between the two horizontal evacuation chamber formworks 1 is for from left to right from large to small.
Feature of the present invention is that also shape, the size of the hollow mould shell 1 on the described base plate 2 differ from one another.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3 on base plate 2, and the shape and size of its hollow mould shell 1 vary in size.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce 6 at least one of hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2, and reinforce 6 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fiber or fleece or the cloth.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, all accompany reinforce 6 in its hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 on base plate 2, and the diagram reinforce is a reinforcing bar 6.
Feature of the present invention is that also hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 have reinforce 6 to expose.As shown in Figure 6, have on the hollow mould shell 1 and expose thin band 5, exposed steel bar 6 is arranged on the base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention also is on described thin band 5 that passes internal-rib die cavity 3 or the reinforce 6 activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage 7 are arranged.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and alternately, it passes on the reinforce 6 of internal-rib die cavity 3 the fixing wrappage 7 of applying arbitrarily on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the thin band 5 in the described base plate 2 stretches in hollow mould shell 1 wall body, and perhaps the thin band 5 in the hollow mould shell 1 stretches in base plate 2 bodies.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and alternately, thin band 5 and reinforce 6 in its base plate 2 stretch in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also fleece or the cloth reinforce 6 in the described hollow mould shell 1 stretches in the base plate 2, with the cementitious materials formation one in the base plate 2.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and alternately, the fleece reinforce 6 in its hollow mould shell 1 stretches in the base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and with the glued one that forms of cementitious materials.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 has two when above, their parallel each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separations or constitute grid.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form the internal-rib die cavity 3 of two mutually orthogonals on base plate 2.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form many internal-rib die cavitys 3 parallel to each other on base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention also be described hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 at least one be provided with hole 8.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and alternately, its base plate 2 is provided with a plurality of holes 8 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 3 at least more than one support draw piece 9.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, be provided with a plurality of support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3, and support draw piece 9 is integrated member with the side template of hollow mould shell 1.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in bar, pier, plate, sheet, rope or the piece of described support draw piece 9.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, is provided with two sheets support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in the support draw piece of hollow or solid or porous of described support draw piece 9.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, be provided with a plurality of hollow shaft-like support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described support draw piece 9 is for fixed or movable or detachably support at least a in the draw piece.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, be provided with two dismountable flexible staybolt draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 are provided with reinforcement 10.Reinforcement 10 is for reinforcing rib, bracing boom, stiffener or add in wringing at least one.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and alternately, its base plate 2 is provided with reinforcement 10 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and diagram reinforcement 10 is a stiffener.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in described hollow mould shell 1 or the base plate 2 at least one reinforcement 10 to expose.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one reinforcement 10 exposes thin band 5 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is provided with pit 11, groove 12, inner corner trim 13, chamfering 14, boss module 15, raised line 16, external corner 17 or its combination.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, and alternately, combination is provided with pit 11, groove 12, inner corner trim 13, chamfering 14, boss module 15, raised line 16 and external corner 17 on its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is provided with also to expose on pit 11, groove 12, inner corner trim 13, chamfering 14, boss module 15, raised line 16 or the external corner 17 thin band 5 is arranged.As shown in figure 19, also expose on the hollow mould shell 1 thin band 5 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also the position that described hollow mould shell 1 contacts with base plate 2 is the groove 12 of groove 12.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and alternately, the position that its hollow mould shell 1 contacts with base plate 2 is a groove 12 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the surface of described hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 is waveform or corrugated or zigzag or sphere shape or arc or plucking or other special-shaped rough surface.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and alternately, the surface of its hollow mould shell 1 is a waveform on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate 2 flushes with the lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 stretches out bridging piece 18.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and alternately, its base plate 2 has the limit of stretching out from the lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, constitutes bridging piece 18, shortens inner corner trim 14 in the another side into.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described bridging piece that stretches out 18 reveals reinforce 6.
Feature of the present invention also is to shorten inner corner trim 14 in lateral surface 4 intersections of described base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the inner corner trim 14 that shortens in lateral surface 4 intersections of described base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1 reveals reinforces 6.
The bridging piece 18 that feature of the present invention also is to stretch out is for local or whole.
The inner corner trim 14 that feature of the present invention contracts in also being is for local or whole.
Feature of the present invention also is to have on the described base plate 2 locating structure 19 of the downward tension that connects construction formwork.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, have the locating structure 19 of the downward tension that connects construction formwork on its base plate 2 on base plate 2, and illustrated position is configured to drag hook.
Feature of the present invention also is at the cavity inside branch of hollow mould shell 1 or all fills or be pasted with light material 20.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, all are filled with light material 20 in the cavity of its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also the profile after described base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1 make up is the square bodily form, cuboid, cylindrical, the polygon bodily form, arc angle polyhedron or many curved bodies shape.As shown in figure 25, alternately, the profile after base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1 combination is a cuboid on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the appearance and size of described Cavity structural member is ascending that gradually change or sudden change; The wide end in the chamber of the thickness of slab of base plate 2 or cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity is relatively large, from large to small, gradually or sharp transition to the other end.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and alternately, the appearance and size of the Cavity structural member that it constitutes is ascending gradually changing on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, the changing in the opposite direction of the change direction of base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1.
Feature of the present invention also be described hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 ways of connecting for gluedly is connected, is welded to connect, screw connects, iron wire connects, cutting ferrule connection or global formation.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is connected for glued with the connected mode of base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is for outward flanging 21 or to the hollow mould shell 1 of in-flanges 22.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to flanging 21 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to in-flanges 22 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe 23, water pipe 24 or airduct (25).Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute Cavity structural member on base plate 2, and its Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe 23, water pipe 24 and airduct 25.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate 2 is for steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, from the base plate of stress steel bar concrete, polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell 1 is cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and hollow mould shell 1, base plate 2 usefulness same materials or different materials are made.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, alternately, its base plate 2 is the steel bar concrete base plate on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and hollow mould shell 1 is that cementitious materials is made for sulphate aluminium cement, simultaneously, the base plate 2 at position, hollow mould shell 1 place is an open floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least more than one spike locating structure 19 is arranged between described base plate 2 and the hollow mould shell 1.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, have a plurality of supports to draw locating structure 19 between its base plate 2 and the hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is provided with the base plate 2 more than two or also is extended with bridging piece 18.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1, simultaneously on base plate 2, its underpart base plate stretches out lateral surface 4 and forms bridging piece 18, is illustrated as the step bridging piece.
Feature of the present invention is that also being provided with spike locating structure 19 between described hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 is attached thereto.Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, be provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1, base plate 2 all stretches out the lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1, form bridging piece 18, simultaneously, be provided with a plurality of spike locating structures 19 between hollow mould shell 1 and two base plates 2 with the two built on stilts linking to each other.
During the invention process, can make hollow mould shell 1 with cement glass fiber mesh and thin band 5 earlier, and an end of glass fiber mesh exposed outside the hollow mould shell 1, and then make base plate 2 with the cement gauze wire cloth, at it not during setting and harden, the band of making is in advance exposed fibroreticulate hollow mould shell 1 to fasten on it, and the fleece that exposes on the hollow mould shell 1 is pressed in the base plate 2, be bonded to integral body, after treating its setting and harden, maintenance is to the Cavity structural member of stipulating the length of time, promptly get to accompany in hollow mould shell 1 wall thin band 5.

Claims (49)

1. Cavity structural member, include hollow mould shell (1) and base plate (2), hollow mould shell (1) connects into integral body with base plate (2), have 2 hollow mould shells (1) at least alternately on the base plate (2), its side and base plate (2) constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3), other lateral surface (4) of hollow mould shell (1) constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that in the wall of hollow mould shell (1) or at least one of base plate (2) in accompany at least one thin band (5), thin band (5) in the hollow mould shell (1) passes at least one internal-rib die cavity (3) plural hollow mould shell (1) is linked, and passing on the thin band (5) of internal-rib die cavity (3) has activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage (7).
2. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described thin band (5) is metal foil band, fiber thin band or organic thin band.
3. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described thin band (5) is the thin band of steel wire set.
4. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 2 is characterized in that described organic thin band (5) is braid over braid or strap.
5. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the thin band of described thin band (5) for porose, seam, concavo-convex, drift bolt, sour jujube head, burr or its combination.
6. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 4 is characterized in that described thin band (5) exposes outside hollow mould shell (1) or the base plate (2).
7. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the spacing in the described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3) changes.
8. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that shape, the size of the hollow mould shell (1) on the described base plate (2) differs from one another.
9. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that accompanying reinforce (6) at least one of hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2).
10. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 9 is characterized in that at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, expanded metal lath or the fiber of reinforce (6).
11. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 9 is characterized in that at least a in steel mesh reinforcement or the gauze wire cloth of reinforce (6).
12. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 9 is characterized in that at least a in fleece or the cloth of reinforce (6).
13. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 9 is characterized in that the reinforce (6) in the described base plate (2) stretches in hollow mould shell (1) wall body, perhaps the reinforce (6) in the hollow mould shell (1) stretches in base plate (2) body.
14. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 12 is characterized in that fleece or the cloth reinforce (6) in the described hollow mould shell (1) stretches in the base plate (2), with the cementitious materials formation one in the base plate (2).
15. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3) has two when above, their parallel each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separations or constitute grid.
16. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, at least one that it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) is provided with hole (8).
17., it is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (3) at least more than one support draw piece (9) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
18. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 17 is characterized in that at least a in bar, pier, plate, sheet, rope or the piece of described support draw piece (9).
19. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 17 is characterized in that at least a in the support draw piece of hollow or solid or porous of described support draw piece (9).
20. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 17 is characterized in that described support draw piece (9) is for fixed or movable or detachably support at least a in the draw piece.
21., it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) are provided with reinforcement (10) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
22. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 21 is characterized in that having at least one reinforcement (10) to expose in described hollow mould shell (1) or the base plate (2).
23. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 21 is characterized in that at least one reinforcement (10) exposes thin band (5) is arranged.
24., it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is provided with pit (11), groove (12), inner corner trim (13), chamfering (14), boss module (15), raised line (16), external corner (17) or its combination according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
25. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 24 is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is provided with also to expose on pit (11), groove (12), inner corner trim (13), chamfering (14), boss module (15), raised line (16) or the external corner (17) thin band (5) is arranged.
26. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 24 is characterized in that the position that described hollow mould shell (1) contacts with base plate (2) is groove (12).
27. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 24 is characterized in that described groove (12) reveals reinforce (6).
28. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, the surface that it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) is waveform or corrugated or zigzag or sphere shape or arc or plucking or other special-shaped rough surface.
29., it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
30., it is characterized in that described base plate (2) flushes with the lateral surface (4) of hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) stretches out bridging piece (18) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
31. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 30 is characterized in that the described bridging piece that stretches out (18) reveals reinforce (6).
32. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 30 is characterized in that shortening inner corner trim (14) in lateral surface (4) intersection of described base plate (2) and hollow mould shell (1).
33. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 32 is characterized in that the inner corner trim (14) that shortens in lateral surface (4) intersection of described base plate (2) and hollow mould shell (1) reveals reinforce (6).
34. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 30, the bridging piece (18) that it is characterized in that stretching out is for local or whole.
35. a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 33, the inner corner trim that contracts in it is characterized in that (14) is for local or whole.
36., it is characterized in that having on the described base plate (2) locating structure (19) of the downward tension that connects construction formwork according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
37., it is characterized in that dividing or all filling or be pasted with light material (20) at the cavity inside of hollow mould shell (1) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
38., it is characterized in that the profile after described base plate (2) and hollow mould shell (1) make up is the square bodily form, cuboid, cylindrical, the polygon bodily form or many curved bodies shape according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
39., it is characterized in that the described polygon bodily form is that arc angle is polyhedron-shaped according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 38.
40. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, the appearance and size that it is characterized in that described Cavity structural member is ascending that gradually change or sudden change; The wide end in the chamber of the thickness of slab of base plate (2) or cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity is relatively large, from large to small, gradually or sharp transition to the other end.
41. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) and base plate (2) ways of connecting for gluedly is connected, is welded to connect, screw connects, iron wire connects, cutting ferrule connection or global formation.
42., it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is for outward flanging (21) or to the hollow mould shell (1) of in-flanges (22) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
43., it is characterized in that Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe (23), water pipe (24) or airduct (25) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
44. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that described base plate (2) is the base plate of steel bar concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell (1) is cement, cement mortar, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and hollow mould shell (1), base plate (2) are made with same material or different materials.
45. according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that described base plate (2) is for the steel mesh reinforcement concrete, from the base plate of stress steel bar concrete or polymer steel bar concrete, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell (1) is polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement or combinations thereof, and hollow mould shell (1), base plate (2) are made with same material or different materials.
46., it is characterized in that at least more than one spike locating structure (19) is arranged between described base plate (2) and the hollow mould shell (1) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
47., it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is provided with the base plate (2) more than two according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
48., it is characterized in that the base plate (2) that described hollow mould shell (1) upward is provided with is extended with bridging piece (18) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of claim 47.
49., it is characterized in that being provided with spike locating structure (19) between described hollow mould shell (1) and the base plate (2) is attached thereto according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of claim 47.
CN200610092137XA 2003-06-02 2003-06-02 Cavity component CN101016772B (en)

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CN1349028A (en) * 2001-11-15 2002-05-15 邱则有 Comobined ribbed cavity member for spatial structure roof
CN2526383Y (en) * 2002-04-30 2002-12-18 邱则有 3-D force bearing form for reinforcing bar concrete
CN1403667A (en) * 2002-10-25 2003-03-19 邱则有 Modular formwork members
CN1415814A (en) * 2002-09-28 2003-05-07 邱则有 Shuttering for pouring concrete on site

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1349028A (en) * 2001-11-15 2002-05-15 邱则有 Comobined ribbed cavity member for spatial structure roof
CN2526383Y (en) * 2002-04-30 2002-12-18 邱则有 3-D force bearing form for reinforcing bar concrete
CN1415814A (en) * 2002-09-28 2003-05-07 邱则有 Shuttering for pouring concrete on site
CN1403667A (en) * 2002-10-25 2003-03-19 邱则有 Modular formwork members

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