CN100593614C - Cast-in-situ concrete filled light stuffing - Google Patents

Cast-in-situ concrete filled light stuffing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100593614C
CN100593614C CN200410155291A CN200410155291A CN100593614C CN 100593614 C CN100593614 C CN 100593614C CN 200410155291 A CN200410155291 A CN 200410155291A CN 200410155291 A CN200410155291 A CN 200410155291A CN 100593614 C CN100593614 C CN 100593614C
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China
Prior art keywords
light
light carcass
casting concrete
concrete filling
mold
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CN200410155291A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1743624A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN200410155291A priority Critical patent/CN100593614C/en
Publication of CN1743624A publication Critical patent/CN1743624A/en
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Publication of CN100593614C publication Critical patent/CN100593614C/en

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Abstract

A light roughcast for the fill of cast-in-place concrete includes a polygonal light roughcast with the volume weight lighter than that of the concrete crowing stay feed are set on the faces of the outside wall of the roughcast characterizing that the roughcast contains reinforce, thus, the light roughcast is strong, rigid, durable and at low cost.

Description

A kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the light base-die of filling in it has various hollow sections and box, and box has hollow or solid.When but this class light carcass is applied to floor construction, can not exactly light carcass be arranged in the position, intermediate layer of superstructure, and influence the construction quality of superstructure.For this reason, the patent No. is ZL01215092.4, name is called " building unit " utility model patent, disclosed building unit is a polyhedron, can be hollow, also can be solid, in order to guarantee that this building unit is arranged in the position, intermediate layer of superstructure when being applied to superstructure, polyhedral outside wall surface is provided with the spike of projection, like this, during the cast superstructure, spike can guarantee that the body cavity position of hollow multiaspect just in time is positioned at the position, intermediate layer of superstructure, thereby has solved the problems referred to above preferably, but the intensity of this building unit is lower, easily occurs damaged phenomenon in carrying and work progress.Therefore, develop a kind of novel light mold for in-site casting concrete filling for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling, characteristics such as have intensity height, rigidity greatly, cracky, cost be not low.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise the polyhedron light carcass that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light, the outside wall surface of polyhedron light carcass is provided with the spike of projection, it is characterized in that containing reinforce in the described light carcass, the polyhedron light carcass is provided with locking member, and locking member comprises self-locking tieholen and self-locking taut band.Like this, owing to contain reinforce in the light carcass, thereby its intensity height, rigidity are greatly, cracky, corresponding cost are not low yet, thereby solved problems of the prior art preferably, reached purpose of the present invention; In addition, simple in structure, characteristics such as making is easy, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, speed of application is fast that light carcass also has, the plate, superstructure, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the bridge that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete use, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described light carcass stretches into and is anchored in the spike.Like this, the reinforce in the light carcass has improved the bonding strength between spike and the light carcass after stretching into and be anchored in the spike greatly, makes spike pile up, be difficult for the collision fracture in transportation and the construction and installation process, dropping.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described light carcass links spike.Like this, link, spike and light carcass are connected as a single entity, greatly facilitate practicing of light carcass by reinforce in the light carcass and spike.
Feature of the present invention also is in the described spike reinforce is arranged.Like this, the strength and stiffness that the reinforce back lag is set in spike have all obtained significantly improving, and it is destroyed that its spike is difficult for more, helps reducing the proportion of goods damageds of light carcass.
Feature of the present invention is that also the interior reinforce of interior reinforce of described light carcass and spike is connected.Like this, when the reinforce in the light carcass when reinforce in the spike is connected, by the connection of reinforce, thereby make the intensity between spike and the light carcass obtain further reinforcement, enable to bear bigger impact damage and not fragile dropping.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall of polyhedron light carcass.Like this, when the hollow polyhedral light carcass is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, spike is arranged on the outer wall of bottom surface can support the construction formwork certain distance of isolating with its underpart with the polyhedron light carcass, guarantees bottom Cast-in-place concrete gauge of sheet, to guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is a solid construction.Like this, when light carcass was solid construction, cracky not in the application process was even there is breakage also can not influence follow-up concrete construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is a hollow-core construction.Like this, when light carcass is a hollow-core construction, its weight is lighter, and the construction carrying is more convenient, and cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one wall of described light carcass is provided with outwardly directed interface channel, and interface channel is connected with the cavity of hollow polyhedral light carcass.Like this, when the hollow polyhedral light carcass is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, by the connection of interface channel, the cavity of hollow polyhedral light carcass is interconnected, made things convenient for wearing of superstructure inner tube and pipeline, but also do not taken up room, made the structure of superstructure more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one wall of described light carcass is provided with the cover plate of removable connection.Like this, in construction, can conveniently check its internal construction situation, and make things convenient for the laying of pipeline or other prefabricated component such as switch enclosure, electric wire box, stiffening rib, bracing boom etc.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is provided with locking member, and locking member comprises self-locking tieholen and self-locking taut band, and locking member is anchored in the light carcass by anchorage element or locking member is connected with anchorage element in being anchored at light carcass.Like this, light carcass location, convenient fixing are difficult for inconsistent phenomenon takes place and the construction quality that influences Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described locking member can only advance the one-way locking spare that can not move back for the self-locking taut band after penetrating the self-locking tieholen.Like this, when light carcass is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, after the self-locking part walked around the anchoring position and penetrate the self-locking tieholen, as long as tension locking, do not need to take again other fastening means firmly to lock, greatly facilitate the anti-floating location of light carcass, make the anti-floating positioning process simple and reliable, and speed of application is exceedingly fast.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking tieholen is fixed on the self-locking taut band.Like this, when the self-locking tieholen was fixed on the self-locking taut band, all parts of locking member had made things convenient for locking operation all together, have reduced the locking member spillage of material, have reduced material cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking tieholen is fixed on the light carcass.Like this, self-locking tieholen and light carcass have formed integral body, and anchoring is strengthened, and very big anchored force can be provided, and can fully satisfy the needs of anti-floating location, and the length of self-locking taut band can be selected as required, greatly facilitates application operating.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking taut band is fixed on the light carcass.Like this, self-locking taut band and light carcass have formed integral body, and bar or band difficult drop-off when light carcass is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, can very convenient anchoring anti-floating be simply located, and prevented left and right sidesing shifting.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking tieholen and self-locking taut band are one.Like this, self-locking hole is difficult for separating with the self-locking taut band, is complete configuration, greatly facilitates use, and a cover self-locking part can not reduce the waste of material because of dropping a self-locking tieholen or scrap from bolt or band, has reduced cost.
Feature of the present invention also is to have on the described self-locking taut band band constriction joint.Like this, band can be pulled apart in constriction joint position easily, helps follow-up construction, increases work efficiency.
Feature of the present invention is that also described locking member passes light carcass, and stretches out light carcass and expose.Like this, locking member passes light carcass, and after stretching out light carcass and exposing, when light carcass is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, behind the extraneous anchor part of locking member locking anchoring, light carcass and anchor part are linked into an integrated entity, light carcass firmly can be fixed on the design position, make it be difficult for the situation that floats, is shifted.
Feature of the present invention is that also the side of described light carcass is provided with the rib spacing limit for width part of encorbelmenting.Like this, after the side outer wall of light carcass is provided with the rib spacing limit for width part of encorbelmenting, when light carcass is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, rib spacing limit for width part can guarantee effectively that the width of dark rib in the superstructure is consistent with the design width, play spacing in, rib spacing limit for width part also can play support intercostal action of steel bars, and the effect that reinforcing bar is positioned, make dark rib upper reinforcement can not drop to the bottom of dark rib, thereby guarantee the pouring quality of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor effectively.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is provided with the filler strip or the cushion block of reinforcing bar.Like this, when light carcass is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the filler strip of the reinforcing bar that is provided with on the light carcass or cushion block, can make the reinforcing bar in the superstructure built on stilts, make to keep suitable spacing between reinforcing bar in the superstructure and the light carcass, behind the Cast-in-place concrete, can guarantee that reinforcing bar is bonded by Cast-in-place concrete fully, thereby guarantee that bond stress is evenly unified between reinforcing bar and the Cast-in-place concrete, guarantee the quality of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor; Simultaneously, also can prevent reinforcing bars rusting; And the setting of filler strip or cushion block makes the laying of reinforcing bar more convenient, can make things convenient for the construction application of light carcass greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is square hexahedron, and its level cross-sectionn is shaped as square.Like this, when light carcass is square hexahedron, manufacture conveniently, be easy to realize that mechanization produces in enormous quantities; If when light carcass be regular square hexahedron, then can more fully satisfy the user demand of the floor of various Rule Design; If its level cross-sectionn is shaped as square, then convenient design, production and construction help improving and produce and efficiency of construction, reduce production and construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce exposes outside the light carcass.Like this, after described light carcass is applied in the superstructure, expose the reinforce and the Cast-in-place concrete combination of light carcass, can improve the adhesion strength between light carcass and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, remedy the cast-in-place and prefabricated joint interface loss of strength that engages, help construction application.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described light carcass at least one in arc angle, chamfering, inner corner trim, groove, pit, the hole.Like this, when structure needed local the reinforcement, positions such as arc angle, chamfering, inner corner trim, groove, pit, hole combined with Cast-in-place concrete, can do local the reinforcement to structure, made structure more reasonable; Also be convenient to the layout of various pipelines simultaneously at positions such as arc angle, chamfering, inner corner trim, groove, pit, holes, help reducing construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one face of described light carcass is provided with the groove of cross or groined type or M shape.Like this, when light carcass is applied to superstructure, after Cast-in-place concrete is poured in the groove, cast-in-place cross or well word or M shape concrete reinforcing rib have been formed, the cross reinforcing rib has been strengthened the Cast-in-place concrete thin plate on light carcass top, the groined type reinforcing rib can increase substantially the supporting capacity of light carcass top Cast-in-place concrete thin plate, and the M shape reinforcing rib then makes the Cast-in-place concrete thin plate on light carcass top form multidirectional structure from stress to eight directions that can transmit, and they all can improve the intensity and the rigidity of superstructure effectively.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcement in the described light carcass.Like this, owing to be provided with reinforcement in the light carcass, thereby the intensity of light carcass and rigidity improves greatly, carry and work progress in be not prone to phenomenon such as breakage, simultaneously, also can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement is prefabricated hollow rod member, and the two-port of hollow rod member is connected with the light carcass outside, forms the hole that is communicated with.Like this, owing to be formed with the hole of connection on the light carcass, in work progress, pour into concrete, cast-in-place and the prefabricated reinforcement that combines can be formed, the intensity and the rigidity of reinforcement can be strengthened greatly, simultaneously, can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure, improve the mechanical property of superstructure; In addition, reinforcement is hollow reinforcement, can alleviate the weight of light carcass greatly, is convenient to transportation, construction.
Feature of the present invention is also that the groove that is provided with on the described light carcass is connected with the sprue gate hole of hollow rod member and communicates.Like this, when pouring into concrete, the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcement in the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib of formation and the light carcass combines, and can improve the mechanical property of superstructure greatly, makes building cover structure more firm, reasonable, and the overall performance of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the external surface of described light carcass is plane, cambered surface, folding face, corrugated surface or its combination.Like this, when outer wall was the plane, light carcass was manufactured conveniently, and concrete is at its external surface good fluidity; If cambered surface then can make the floor of using its light carcass form continuous arch force structure, and when effectively improving superstructure boring rate, can increase the bonding area of outer wall and Cast-in-place concrete greatly, it is in aggregates that light carcass and Cast-in-place concrete are merged, and can improve the globality of superstructure effectively.
Feature of the present invention is that also the bottom surface of described light carcass is provided with base plate.Like this, the base plate under the spike can replace the template in the work progress, can save great amount of manpower and material resources, save template dress, tear operation open, improve speed of application, reduce difficulty of construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is provided with at least one in junction box, conduit, airduct or the water pipe.Like this, can lay junction box, hydroelectric line very easily, airduct is arranged at also can save the shared architectural space of peripheral hardware airduct in the light carcass, effective usage space of building is improved, the setting of water pipe can hiddenly very easily be leaked water, save pipeline and lay the space, make fire main lay safer convenience.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is provided with the boss module.Like this,, the concrete position that do not stress can be replaced with the boss module, can alleviate construction weight, reduce the superstructure cost according to design requirement.
Feature of the present invention is that also described boss module is that bonding, welding, riveted joint, socket joint, cutting ferrule, bolt are connected and fixed on the light carcass, perhaps the integral body that is formed in one of boss module and light carcass.Like this, the boss module can be connected on the carcass by various modes, and it is simple that it is made, and uses more convenient.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is provided with the overlapping layers of strip or tabular light material.Like this, after strip or tabular light material overlapping layers are set on the outer wall of hollow matrix, different situations and requirement according to practical application, can be on strip or tabular light material fluting or hole or hole and can not damage hollow matrix, greatly facilitate burying underground of pipeline, reinforcing bar and various built-in fittings in the construction application process.
But feature of the present invention also is plural light carcass disjunctor and forms unidirectional, two-way or multidirectional core assembly, is connected by connector each other.Like this, disjunctor hollow matrix in groups can make construction more simple, and speed of application is faster, and structure is lighter, designs more easy.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass is provided with connector and stretches out.Like this, after hollow matrix is provided with the connector that stretches out, can make things convenient between the hollow matrix and hollow matrix is connected with other member that need be attached thereto or reinforcing bar, particularly when hollow matrix is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, convenient construction fully satisfies the instructions for use of different user greatly.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33.
Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34.
Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35.
Figure 36 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 36.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light, the outside wall surface of polyhedron light carcass 1 is provided with the spike 2 of projection, it is characterized in that containing reinforce 3 in the described light carcass 1, polyhedron light carcass 1 is provided with locking member 7, and locking member 7 comprises self-locking tieholen 8 and self-locking taut band 9.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is light carcass, and 2 is spike, and 3 is reinforce, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contains reinforce 3 in its described light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 3 in the described light carcass 1 stretches into and is anchored in the spike 2.As shown in Figure 2, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is fibrous mesh cloth and steel wire, the reinforce of side outer wall anchors in the top outer wall, and the reinforce 3 in its described light carcass 1 stretches into and is anchored in the spike 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 3 in the described light carcass 1 links spike 2.As shown in Figure 3, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, the reinforce of side outer wall anchors in the top outer wall, and the reinforce 3 in its described light carcass 1 links spike 2.
Feature of the present invention also is in the described spike 2 reinforce 3 is arranged.As shown in Figure 4, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, the reinforce of side outer wall anchors in the top outer wall, in its described spike 2 reinforce 3 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also reinforce 3 and the spike 2 interior reinforces 3 in the described light carcass 1 are connected.As shown in Figure 5, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively fibrous mesh cloth and iron wire, the reinforce of side outer wall anchors in the top outer wall, and the reinforce 3 in its described light carcass 1 is connected with the reinforce 3 in the spike 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spike 2 is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall of polyhedron light carcass 1.As shown in Figure 6, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively fibrous mesh cloth and thin band, the reinforce of side outer wall anchors in the top outer wall, and its described spike 2 is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall of polyhedron light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is solid construction.As shown in Figure 7, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, and its described light carcass 1 is a solid construction.As shown in Figure 8, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a reinforcing bar, its described light carcass 1 is a solid construction, and skin has one deck outer wall parcel, and inside is light material, be illustrated as expanded perlite, also can be foamed plastics, lightweight concrete etc.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is hollow-core construction.As shown in Figure 9, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is thin band, and its described light carcass 1 is a hollow matrix.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one wall of described light carcass 1 is provided with outwardly directed interface channel 4, and interface channel 4 is connected with the cavity 5 of hollow polyhedral light carcass 1.As shown in figure 10, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, the side outside wall surface of its described light carcass 1 is provided with outwardly directed interface channel 4, and interface channel 4 is connected with the cavity 5 of hollow polyhedral light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one wall of described light carcass 1 is provided with the cover plate 6 of removable connection.As shown in figure 11, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, reinforce 3 in the outer wall of side anchors in the top outer wall, and the top outside wall surface of its described hollow polyhedral light carcass 1 is provided with the cover plate 6 of detachable connection.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is provided with locking member 7, locking member 7 comprises self-locking tieholen 8 and self-locking taut band 9, and the anchorage element 10 that locking member 7 is anchored in the light carcass 1 by anchorage element 10 or locking member 7 is interior with being anchored at light carcass 1 is connected.As shown in figure 12, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, reinforce 3 in top outer wall and the side outer wall overlaps mutually, its described hollow polyhedral light carcass 1 is provided with locking member 7, locking member 7 comprises self-locking tieholen 8 and self-locking taut band 9, locking member 7 is anchored in the light carcass 1 by anchorage element 10, and locking member 7 is connected with anchorage element 10 in being anchored at light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described locking member 7 is can only advance the one-way locking spare that can not move back after self-locking taut band 9 penetrates self-locking tieholen 8.As shown in figure 13, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively gauze wire cloth and fibrous mesh cloth, gauze wire cloth in the top outer wall is anchored in the outer wall of side, and its described locking member 7 is can only advance the one-way locking spare that can not move back after self-locking taut band 9 penetrates self-locking tieholen 8.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking tieholen 8 is fixed on the self-locking taut band 9.As shown in figure 14, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively fleece and reinforcing bar, reinforce 3 in top outer wall and the side outer wall overlaps mutually, and its described self-locking tieholen 8 is fixed on the self-locking taut band 9.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking tieholen 8 is fixed on the light carcass 1.As shown in figure 15, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively fleece and gauze wire cloth, fleece in the top outer wall is anchored in the outer wall of side, and its described self-locking tieholen 8 is fixed on the light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking taut band 9 is fixed on the light carcass 1.As shown in figure 16, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively thin band and fleece, two-layer reinforce 3 is superimposed in light carcass 1, and its described self-locking taut band 9 is fixed on the light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described self-locking tieholen 8 is one with self-locking taut band 9.As shown in figure 16, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively thin band and fleece, two-layer reinforce 3 is superimposed in light carcass 1, and its described self-locking tieholen 8 is one with self-locking taut band 9.
Feature of the present invention also is to have on the described self-locking taut band 9 band constriction joint 11.As shown in figure 17, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively fleece and thin band, reinforce 3 in the top outer wall anchors in the outer wall of side, and band constriction joint 11 is arranged on its described self-locking taut band 9.
Feature of the present invention is that also described locking member 7 passes light carcass 1, and stretches out light carcass 1 and expose.As shown in figure 18, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively thin band and gauze wire cloth, thin band is arranged on rotation angle position, its described locking member 7 passes light carcass 1, and stretches out light carcass 1 and expose.
Feature of the present invention is that also the side of described light carcass 1 is provided with the rib spacing limit for width part 12 of encorbelmenting.As shown in figure 19, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively thin band and reinforcing bar, thin band vertically is arranged to annular, the reinforcing bar horizontally set circularizes, and the side of its described light carcass 1 is provided with the rib spacing limit for width part 12 of encorbelmenting, and illustrated rib spacing limit for width part 12 is the taper type projection.As shown in figure 20, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, the side of its described light carcass 1 is provided with the rib spacing limit for width part 12 of encorbelmenting, and illustrated rib spacing limit for width part 12 is a rod member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is provided with the filler strip 13 or the cushion block 14 of reinforcing bar.As shown in figure 21, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, reinforce 3 in the top outer wall is anchored in the outer wall of side, also be provided with the bar dowel of encorbelmenting on the side outer wall of light carcass 1 as rib spacing limit for width part 12, also be provided with on the top outer wall of its described light carcass 1 the reinforcing bar pad is risen, make reinforcing bar or preheating embedding line have 13, three filler strips of filler strip 13 dislocation of certain distance to be arranged in parallel in the above on the outer wall apart from top outer wall.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is square hexahedron, and its level cross-sectionn is shaped as square.As shown in figure 22, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, its described light carcass 1 is square hexahedron, its level cross-sectionn is shaped as square, also be provided with on the outer wall above it reinforcing bar pad is risen, make reinforcing bar or preheating embedding line that the filler strip 13 and the cushion block 14 of certain distance be arranged apart from top outer wall, filler strip 13 is transportable filler strip, and be arranged in the middle of the top outer wall, also be provided with the iron wire that is used for assembling reinforcement or preheating embedding line on the filler strip 13, four cushion blocks 14 are separately positioned on the four corners position of top outer wall, are provided with the detent 18 of spacer bars or preheating embedding line on the cushion block 14.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 2 exposes outside the light carcass 1.As shown in figure 23, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is fibrous mesh cloth and reinforcing bar, and the reinforce 3 above it is described in the outer wall exposes outside the light carcass 1.As shown in figure 24, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, and the reinforce 3 in its described bottom surface outer wall exposes outside the light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described light carcass 1 at least one in arc angle 15, chamfering 16, inner corner trim 17, groove 18, pit 19, the hole 20.As shown in figure 25, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, also is provided with arc angle 15, chamfering 16, groove 18, pit 19 and hole 20 simultaneously on its described light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one face of described light carcass 1 is provided with the groove 18 of cross or groined type or M shape.As shown in figure 26, the outside wall surface of the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light is provided with the spike 2 of projection, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, the side outer wall of light carcass 1 and top outer wall and the rotation angle position between himself all are set to inner corner trim 17, and its described light carcass 1 is provided with the M shape groove 18 that connects the side outer wall.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcement 21 in the described light carcass 1.As shown in figure 27, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, reinforce 3 in the outer wall of side anchors in the top outer wall, be provided with reinforcement 21 in its described light carcass 1, illustrated reinforcement 21 is a reinforcing rib, also is provided with reinforcing bar reinforce 3 in the reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement 21 is prefabricated hollow rod member, and the two-port of hollow rod member is connected with light carcass 1 outside, forms the hole 20 that is communicated with.As shown in figure 28, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is fibrous mesh cloth and thin band, reinforce 3 in the outer wall of side anchors in the top outer wall, its described reinforcement 21 is prefabricated hollow rod member, and the two-port of hollow rod member is connected with light carcass 1 outside, forms the hole 20 that is communicated with.
Feature of the present invention is also on the described light carcass 1 that the groove 18 that is provided with is connected with the sprue gate hole 20 of hollow rod member and communicates.As shown in figure 29, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, and the cross groove 18 that is provided with on its described light carcass 1 is connected with the sprue gate hole 20 of hollow rod member and communicates.
Feature of the present invention is that also the external surface of described light carcass 1 is plane, cambered surface, folding face, corrugated surface or its combination.As shown in figure 30, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, and the side external surface of its described light carcass 1 is a cambered surface.
Feature of the present invention is that also the bottom surface of described light carcass 1 is provided with base plate 22.As shown in figure 31, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is respectively fibrous mesh cloth, and the spike 2 on the bottom surface of its described light carcass 1 is arranged with base plate 22.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is provided with at least one in junction box 23, conduit 24, airduct 25 or the water pipe 26.Shown in figure 32, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is fibrous mesh cloth and reinforcing bar, reinforce 3 in the top outer wall anchors in the outer wall of side, also is provided with junction box 23, conduit 24, airduct 25 and water pipe 26 simultaneously on its described light carcass 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is provided with boss module 27.As shown in figure 33, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, and illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, and its described light carcass 1 is provided with boss module 27.
Feature of the present invention is that also described boss module 27 is connected and fixed on the light carcass 1 for bonding, welding, riveted joint, socket joint, cutting ferrule, bolt, perhaps the integral body that is formed in one of boss module 27 and light carcass 1.As shown in figure 33, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light, contain reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a fibrous mesh cloth, boss module 27 on its described side outer wall is bonding being connected and fixed on the hollow matrix 1, above the integral body that is formed in one of boss module 27 and light carcass 1 on the outer wall.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is provided with the overlapping layers of strip or tabular light material 28.As shown in figure 34, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a reinforcing bar, the top outer wall of its described light carcass 1 is provided with the overlapping layers of tabular light material 28, and illustrated light material 28 is an expanded perlite.
But feature of the present invention also is plural light carcass 1 disjunctor and forms unidirectional, two-way or multidirectional core assembly, is connected by connector 29 each other.As shown in figure 35, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is a gauze wire cloth, its described five light carcass 1 disjunctors are formed unidirectional core assembly, are connected by connector 29 each other, and illustrated connector 29 is for connecting plate.
Feature of the present invention is that also described light carcass 1 is provided with connector 29 and stretches out.As shown in figure 36, the polyhedron light carcass 1 that the anharmonic ratio concrete is light contains reinforce 3 in the light carcass 1, illustrated reinforce 3 is fibrous mesh cloth and gauze wire cloth, above and the side outer wall in reinforce 3 overlap mutually, its described light carcass 1 is provided with connector 29 and stretches out.
During the invention process, can adopt expanded perlite or foam concrete or light materials such as foaming concrete or foamed plastics to make light carcass, and on light carcass, wrap one deck cement mortar fibrous mesh cloth skin, cement mortar spike 2 is set simultaneously thereon, after treating setting and harden, get final product light mold for in-site casting concrete filling; Also can be on the mould of spreading out, adopt cement mortar cementitious matter and fiberglass gridding cloth or gauze wire cloth reinforce 3, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter one deck grid cloth light carcass of the opening of the outer wall with layer structure of the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter again, then, in the bottom surface mould, make bottom surface, the slip of its bottom surface can adopt cement mortar or cement concrete, also can in bottom surface, place reinforcing bar or reinforces such as gauze wire cloth or fiberglass gridding cloth 3, and the while is provided with cement mortar spike 2 on bottom surface, before bottom surface slip setting and harden, the light carcass and the bottom surface of the opening that makes in advance are bonded to integral body, be formed with the light carcass of cavity, treat the demoulding behind the bottom surface setting and harden, maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, get final product light mold for in-site casting concrete filling.

Claims (35)

1. light mold for in-site casting concrete filling, comprise the polyhedron light carcass (1) that the volume to weight ratio concrete is light, the outside wall surface of polyhedron light carcass (1) is provided with the spike (2) of projection, it is characterized in that containing in the described light carcass (1) reinforce (3), polyhedron light carcass (1) is provided with locking member (7), and locking member (7) comprises self-locking tieholen (8) and self-locking taut band (9).
2. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that the reinforce (3) in the described light carcass (1) stretches into and is anchored in the spike (2).
3. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that the reinforce (3) in the described light carcass (1) links spike (2).
4. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that reinforce (3) is arranged in the described spike (2).
5. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 4 is characterized in that the interior reinforce (3) of interior reinforce (3) of described light carcass (1) and spike (2) is connected.
6. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described spike (2) is arranged on the bottom surface outer wall of polyhedron light carcass (1).
7. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is a solid construction.
8. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is hollow-core construction.
9. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 8, at least one wall that it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is provided with outwardly directed interface channel (4), and interface channel (4) is connected with the cavity (5) of hollow polyhedral light carcass (1).
10. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 9 is characterized in that at least one wall of described light carcass (1) is provided with the cover plate (6) of removable connection.
11., it is characterized in that described locking member (7) is connected by the anchorage element (10) that anchorage element (10) is anchored in the light carcass (1) or locking member (7) is interior with being anchored at light carcass (1) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
12. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that described locking member (7) is can only advance the one-way locking spare that can not move back after self-locking taut band (9) penetrates self-locking tieholen (8).
13. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that described self-locking tieholen (8) is fixed on the self-locking taut band (9).
14. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that described self-locking tieholen (8) is fixed on the light carcass (1).
15. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that described self-locking taut band (9) is fixed on the light carcass (1).
16. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that described self-locking tieholen (8) and self-locking taut band (9) are one.
17. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that having on the described self-locking taut band (9) band constriction joint (11).
18. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 11 is characterized in that described locking member (7) passes light carcass (1), and stretches out light carcass (1) and expose.
19., it is characterized in that the side of described light carcass (1) is provided with the rib spacing limit for width part (12) of encorbelmenting according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
20., it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is provided with the filler strip (13) or the cushion block (14) of reinforcing bar according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
21. according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10, it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is square hexahedron, its level cross-sectionn is shaped as square.
22., it is characterized in that described reinforce (3) exposes outside the light carcass (1) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
23., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described light carcass (1) at least one in arc angle (15), chamfering (16), inner corner trim (17), groove (18), pit (19), the hole (20) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
24. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 23 is characterized in that at least one face of described light carcass (1) is provided with the groove (18) of cross or groined type or M shape.
25. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 23 is characterized in that being provided with in the described light carcass (1) reinforcement (21).
26. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 25 is characterized in that described reinforcement (21) is prefabricated hollow rod member, the two-port of hollow rod member is connected with light carcass (1) outside, forms the hole (20) that is communicated with.
27. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 26 is characterized in that groove (18) that described light carcass (1) go up to be provided with is connected with the sprue gate hole (20) of hollow rod member to communicate.
28. according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10, the external surface that it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is plane, cambered surface, folding face, corrugated surface or its combination.
29., it is characterized in that the bottom surface of described light carcass (1) is provided with base plate (22) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
30., it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is provided with at least one in junction box (23), conduit (24), airduct (25) or the water pipe (26) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
31., it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is provided with boss module (27) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
32. a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling according to claim 31, it is characterized in that described boss module (27) is connected and fixed on the light carcass (1) for bonding or welding or riveted joint or socket joint or cutting ferrule or bolt, perhaps the integral body that is formed in one of boss module (27) and light carcass (1).
33., it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is provided with the overlapping layers of strip or tabular light material (28) according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
34. according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10, it is characterized in that plural light carcass (1) but disjunctor is formed unidirectional or multidirectional core assembly, be connected by connector (29) each other.
35., it is characterized in that described light carcass (1) is provided with connector (29) and stretches out according to the described a kind of light mold for in-site casting concrete filling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 10.
CN200410155291A 2004-09-02 2004-09-02 Cast-in-situ concrete filled light stuffing CN100593614C (en)

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Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0584319A1 (en) * 1992-03-16 1994-03-02 F .& L. BACHMANN AG Spacer for reinforcing irons to be embedded in concrete
CN2466272Y (en) * 2001-02-02 2001-12-19 陈少军 Structural member for building
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1403667A (en) * 2002-10-25 2003-03-19 邱则有 Modular formwork members
CN1508366A (en) * 2002-12-16 2004-06-30 邱则有 Concrete-filling light stuffing material

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0584319A1 (en) * 1992-03-16 1994-03-02 F .& L. BACHMANN AG Spacer for reinforcing irons to be embedded in concrete
CN2466272Y (en) * 2001-02-02 2001-12-19 陈少军 Structural member for building
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1403667A (en) * 2002-10-25 2003-03-19 邱则有 Modular formwork members
CN1508366A (en) * 2002-12-16 2004-06-30 邱则有 Concrete-filling light stuffing material

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