CN100580244C - Solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set - Google Patents

Solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100580244C
CN100580244C CN200810027552A CN200810027552A CN100580244C CN 100580244 C CN100580244 C CN 100580244C CN 200810027552 A CN200810027552 A CN 200810027552A CN 200810027552 A CN200810027552 A CN 200810027552A CN 100580244 C CN100580244 C CN 100580244C
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solar
generator
base
fan
provided
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CN200810027552A
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CN101260866A (en
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苏伟民
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苏伟民
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/721Blades or rotors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/725Generator or configuration

Abstract

The invention relates to a solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set, which comprises a generator, wherein, the generator comprises a stator and a rotor. The invention is characterized in that: the solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set also comprises a support saddle, wherein, a vertical directed air flow channel is arranged inside the support saddle; a solar panel is arranged on the support saddle; an electric fan is arranged inside the air flow channel; the solar panel is electrically connected with the electric fan; at least one fan vane is arranged inside the air flow channel; and the fan vane is connected with the rotor of the generator by means of transmission. Upward flows are formed in the air flow channel of the invention and the solar panel generates power under sunlight radiation and drives the electric fan to rotate, thereby the air flow quantity entering into the air flow channel is increased and the speed of the upward flows in the air flow channel is strengthened; the upward flows drive the fan vane to rotate, drive the rotor of the generator to rotate for power generation and are fully utilized by the generator, thereby the generating capacity is large. Moreover, the solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set is simple in structure, easy in assembly and strong in natural environment suitability and can supply power for outdoor illumination lamps.

Description

太阳能和风能集合发电装置 Solar and wind power generator set

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种利用太阳能和风能发电的太阳能和风能集合发电装置。 The present invention relates to the collection of solar and wind power generation apparatus utilizing solar energy and wind power.

背景技术 Background technique

太阳能和风能均是清洁且取之不尽的能源,利用太阳能和风能进行发电,成了缓解目前世界能源紧缺状况的有效途径。 Solar and wind power are clean and inexhaustible energy, using solar and wind energy to generate electricity, it has become an effective way to ease the current world situation of shortage of energy. 但目前己有的太阳能发电装置只能利用太阳能发电,风能发电装置只能利用风能发电,不能同时综合利用太阳能和风能,因此总的发电量较少,且受气候影晌大。 But there has been some solar installations can only use solar power, wind power generation device can only use wind power, solar energy and wind energy utilization can not, therefore less total generating capacity, and by the climate of IMPACT.

目前设于室外场所(如道路、广场等)的照明灯,尤其是路灯, 基本上都是通过专用电力线路供电,照明时耗费大量的电能,给电网造成沉重的负担。 Currently located in an outdoor location (e.g., roads, squares, etc.) lighting, especially street, basically by a dedicated power supply line, when the energy consuming lighting, a heavy burden to the grid.

现有的一种灯柱,灯柱上设有发电机和扇叶,扇叶安装于灯柱上端并与发电机的转子传动连接,扇叶在外界自然风的作用下旋转,并带动发电机的转子旋转,将风能转换为电能,供灯柱上的照明灯使用。 An existing lamppost, with the lamppost and the generator fan, fan attached to an upper end of a lamp post and the generator connected to the rotor drive, external blades rotated by natural wind, and driven generator rotation of the rotor, converting wind energy into electrical energy, the lamp lamppost for use. 这种灯柱的发电机利用外界自然风进行发电,为室外场所的照明灯提供电能,可减少室外场所的照明灯给电网造成的负担,但是,这种灯柱的发电机只能利用风能发电,并且由于外界自然风的风向和风速均不断发生变化,因此发电量较少,在风力较小或无风时甚至不发电, 而且风能的利用率不高。 This lamppost generators use external natural wind to generate electricity to provide power for the outdoor areas of lighting, outdoor areas can reduce the burden of lights to the power grid caused, however, can only use this lamppost wind power generators and due to external natural wind wind direction and speed are constantly changing, and therefore less electricity, not even when small wind power or no wind, and wind energy utilization is not high. 另外,由于扇叶安装于灯柱上端,当灯柱作为路灯使用时,旋转的扇叶会干扰司机的视线,可能引发交通事故。 In addition, since the blades mounted on the upper end of the lamp post, when used as a lamp post lights, rotating blades can interfere with the driver's line of sight, could lead to accidents.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种能够利用太阳能并且能够充分利用由烟囱效应产生的上升气流进行发电的太阳能和风能集合发电装置。 The present invention solves the technical problem and to provide a solar energy can be utilized to take advantage of the ascending airflow produced by the chimney effect for collection of solar and wind power generation apparatus. 采用的技术方案如下:一种太阳能和风能集合发电装置,包括发电机和支座;发电机包 The technical solution adopted as follows: A collection of solar and wind power generation apparatus, comprising a generator and a carrier; packet generator

括定子和转子;支座中设有上下走向的气流通道;支座上安装有太阳能电池板,气流通道内设有电风扇,太阳能电池板与电风扇电连接, 其特征是:所述气流通道的内壁设有集风管段,集风管段内部设有供 Comprising a rotor and a stator; support is provided to the vertical flow passage; solar panels mounted on the support, equipped with fan airflow passage, the solar panel is electrically connected to the fan, wherein: said gas flow channel the wind-collecting pipe is provided with an inner wall of the inner collector duct section is provided for

气流通过的通道,所述集风管段内部的通道的横截面面积自下至上逐 Gas flow through the passage, the interior of the collection duct cross-sectional area of ​​the channel sections from bottom to top by

渐减小;气流通道内设有两个扇叶,两个扇叶均与发电机的转子传动连接,其中一个扇叶设于集风管段的下方,另一个扇叶设于集风管段的上方。 Gradually decreases; airflow channel equipped with two blades, two blades are connected to drive a generator rotor, wherein the blade is disposed below a collector duct sections, the other set of blades provided in the duct sections above.

上述气流通道是烟囱效应通道,其下端为气流入口,其上端为气流出口,气流自下端的气流入口进入气流通道,在气流通道中形成上升气流,上升气流推动扇叶旋转,扇叶带动发电机的转子旋转,进行发电。 Said air flow passage is a passage chimney effect, an air flow inlet at its lower end, the upper end of the outlet stream, the gas flow from the lower end of the airflow entering airflow inlet passage, is formed in the gas flow path updraft updraft fan driven rotating fan blades driven generator the rotation of the rotor, to generate electricity. 在太阳光照射下,太阳能电池板发电,并向电风扇供电,电风扇运转,可增加进入气流通道的气流量,增强烟囱效应,增强气流通道内上升气流的速度,从而使扇叶捕获更多的风能,增加发电量。 In the sunlight, the solar panels generate electricity, to power fan, fan operation, increased air flow into the air passage, to enhance the chimney effect, to enhance the speed of the updraft airflow passage, such that the blades capture more wind energy, increase generating capacity.

优选上述电风扇设于扇叶的下方。 Preferably, the fan blades provided below. 通常电风扇设于接近气流通道下端气流入口的位置,这样更利于吸入更多气流。 Typically fan airflow passage disposed proximate the lower end position of the inlet gas stream, which is more conducive to inhale more airflow.

上述发电机的定子通常固定安装在支座上,也可安装在地面上。 The stator of the generator is typically fixedly mounted on a support, it may be installed on the ground.

上述扇叶可通过传动机构(如齿轮组)与发电机的转子传动连接, Above the drive blade may be connected to the generator rotor through a transmission mechanism (gear unit),

也可直接安装在发电机的转子上。 It may also be mounted directly on the rotor of the generator.

在优选方案中,上述气流通道的横截面面积自下至上逐渐减小, In a preferred embodiment, the cross-sectional area of ​​the airflow passage gradually decreases from bottom to top,

扇叶设于气流通道的上部。 Blades provided on the upper portion of the gas flow channel. 这样,越往上,气流速度越大,扇叶所能 Thus, the higher up, the larger the gas flow velocity, the blade can

捕获的风能越多。 Capture more wind energy.

集风管段内部的通道是支座中气流通道的一部分。 Set inside the duct section is part of the support channels in the gas flow passage. 优选集风管段下端的开口面积等于同一高度处气流通道的横截面面积,集风管段上端的开口面积等于同一高度处气流通道的横截面面积,从而使集风管段内壁与其下方及其上方的气流通道内壁均平滑过渡,减少风能损失。 Preferably lower collector duct section is equal to the opening area of ​​the gas flow passage at the level of the same cross-sectional area, the opening area of ​​the upper end of the wind-collecting tube section is equal to the cross sectional area of ​​the gas flow passages of the same height, so that the inner wall of the duct section and set thereunder the inner wall of the top air flow passage are smooth transition, reducing wind damage. 集风管段通常设于气流通道的上部。 The wind-collecting pipe is generally provided in an upper portion of the gas flow passage. 通常可将集风管段内部的通道设计成下大上小的圆锥台状。 Typically the interior of the collector duct sections may be designed to channel large small truncated cone shape.

5优选上述两个扇叶均安装在发电机的转子上,这样的发电装置结构更简单,更易于制造,且成本更低。 5 Preferably, the two blades are mounted on the rotor of the generator, this generator construction simpler, easier to manufacture and less costly. 气流通道中的上升气流推动集风管段下方的扇叶旋转,然后继续上升,经过集风管段时,气流速度得到大幅度增大,然后从集风管段上端的开口吹出,并推动集风管段上方的扇叶旋转,从而更加充分利用烟囱效应通道产生的气流;两个扇叶共同带动发电机的转子旋转,可提高发电机的发电量。 Updraft fan pushes air flow path duct segment set below the rotation, and then continues to rise, current passes through the duct section the gas velocity has been greatly increased, and then blown out from the opening of the upper end of the wind-collecting pipe, and to promote collection the upper section duct fan rotated to more fully utilize the airflow generated by the chimney effect channel; two blades driven by a common rotating rotor of the generator, the power generation amount of the generator can be improved.

在优选方案中,所述支座上方设有外部扇叶,外部扇叶通过单向轴承与发电机的转子连接。 In a preferred embodiment, the upper support is provided with an external fan, external rotor blades are connected by one-way bearing the generator. 外部扇叶可受外界自然风推动而旋转。 External fan can be driven by external natural wind to rotate. 由于单向轴承的作用,当外界自然风的作用大于气流通道内上升气流的作用时,即由外界自然风引起的外部扇叶转速大于由气流通道内上升 The one-way bearing role when the role of external natural wind stream is greater than the ascending air passage effect, that is caused by the external fan speed is greater than the outside air to rise naturally by the inner gas flow passages

气流引起的扇叶转速时,外部扇叶带动发电机转子和扇叶一起旋转; When the rotational speed of fan air flow caused by an external fan driven generator rotor and blades rotate together;

反之,当扇叶的转速大于外部扇叶的转速时,扇叶脱离外部扇叶的牵制而独立旋转,并带动发电机转子旋转。 Conversely, when the fan speed is greater than the rotational speed of the outer blades, the outer blade of the blade from the containment independently rotated and driven by the generator rotor.

优选上述外部扇叶总体上呈回转体状,如球状、圆柱状、圆锥台状或圆锥状,也就是说,外部扇叶中各个叶片旋转时,其轮廓所形成的回转面是一致的。 Was rotors shape, such as spherical, cylindrical, conical or truncated cone generally preferable that the outer blade, that is, when the rotation of the outer blades of each blade, the profile of the revolution surface thereof formed is the same. 这样,外部扇叶旋转时,呈稳定的回转体状,基本上没有变化,因此不会干扰司机的视线,使行车更加安全。 Thus, the external fan rotates rotors is steady state, substantially no change, and therefore does not interfere with the driver's line of sight, so that safer driving.

优选上述支座由底座和空心柱体组成,空心柱体安装在底座上;底座中设有腔体,底座的侧面设有至少一个与腔体连通的进风口,底座的顶部设有与腔体连通的出风口;空心柱体中设有上下走向的通孔,通孔下端与底座的出风口连通;底座的腔体和空心柱体的通孔组成上述气流通道,底座的进风口是气流通道的气流入口,空心柱体的通孔上端是气流通道的气流出口。 Preferably, the carrier consisting of a base and a hollow cylinder, hollow cylinder mounted on the base; the base is provided with a cavity, the side of the base is provided with at least one air inlet in communication with the cavity, the top of the base is provided with a cavity communicating the outlet; provided with a through hole in the hollow cylinder up and down direction, the lower end of the through-hole outlet communicating with the base; through-bore of the base body and the hollow cylinder of the composition of the gas flow channel, the base is the inlet gas flow passages the air inlet, the upper end of the through hole of the hollow cylinder outlet air flow is the flow channel. 上述底座上的进风口个数根据实际需要设计,通常设有一个朝向道路的进风口;当设有多个进风口时,各进风口通常不能直接对准,以防止进风口之间产生空气对流而造成风能损失。 The number of air inlet on the base according to the actual needs, typically has an air inlet toward a road; when a plurality of inlets, each inlet is generally not directly aligned to prevent air convection between the air inlet caused by wind damage. 通常太阳能电池板安装在空心柱体上;扇叶和集风管段设于空心柱体的通孔内;电风扇设于空心柱体的通孔内或底座的出风口处。 Typically solar panels mounted on the hollow cylinder; blades and the collector duct sections provided in the through hole of the hollow cylinder; fan disposed in the hollow cylinder of the base through-hole or the air outlet.

本发明利用烟囱效应产生的上升气流进行发电, 一方面,地面附近的空气由于太阳辐射以及汽车尾气排放等原因,具有较高的温度,能够产生上升气流;另一方面,地面上尤其是道路附近;汽车等交通工具的移动也能够产生气流;另外,贴近地面的自然风也能够产生气流,这些气流进入支座中的气流通道后,形成流向稳定且能量集屮的上升气流;而且,在太阳光照射下,太阳能电池板发电,并向电风扇供电,电风扇运转,可增加进入气流通道的气流量,增强烟囱效应,增强气流通道内上升气流的速度;上升气流推动气流通道中的扇叶旋转,并带动发电机的转子旋转,进行发电,上升气流被发电机充分利用,具有较大的发电量。 The present invention takes advantage of the updraft chimney effect for power generation, on the one hand, the air near the ground due to the solar radiation and vehicle emissions, which has the higher temperature, is capable of generating the ascending airflow; on the other hand, in particular on the ground near the road ; moving automobile vehicle air flow can be generated; in addition, close to the ground natural wind stream can be generated, after which the airflow into the carrier gas flow channel is formed and the energy flow of a stable set Che updraft; Further, the sun under light irradiation, solar panels generate electricity, to power fan, fan operation, increased air flow into the air passage, to enhance the chimney effect, to enhance the speed of the rising air within the airflow passage; updraft fan driven air flow passage rotate and drive the generator rotor is rotated, electric power is generated, the generator is fully utilized updraft, has a larger power generation amount. 本发明结构简单,易于安装,对自然环境适应性强,可为室外场所的照明灯(尤其是路灯)提供电源,减少室外场所的照明灯给电网造成的负担;扇叶设于气流通道内,旋转时不会干扰司机的视线。 The present invention is simple in structure, easy to install, high adaptability to the natural environment, for outdoor signage lighting (lights in particular) to provide power to reduce the burden of the lighting outdoor areas due to the grid; blades disposed in the airflow passage, It does not interfere with the driver's line of sight rotation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明优选实施例的结构示意图;图2是图1的AA剖面图;图3是图1中外部扇叶的俯视图;图4是图1的BB剖视图;'图5是另一种底座的结构示意图;图6是另一种底座的结构示意图;图7是另一种底座的结构示意图;图8是另一种底座的结构示意图。 FIG 1 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present preferred invention; FIG. 2 is an AA sectional view of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the outer blade 1; FIG. 4 is a BB cross-sectional view of FIG. 1; "FIG. 5 is another a schematic structural diagram of the base; FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of another configuration of the base; FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of another configuration of the base; FIG. 8 is a schematic view of another base. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

如图1所示,这种太阳能和风能集合发电装置包括支座、发电机3、扇叶4-l、扇叶4-2、外部扇叶5、太阳能电池板6和电风扇7。 As shown in FIG. 1, this collection of solar and wind power generation device comprises a support, a generator 3, blade 4-l, 4-2 blades, the outer blade 5, the solar panel 6 and the fan 7. This

种发电装置可为路灯8提供电源。 Species generation device 8 supplies power to the lights.

支座由底座1和空心柱体2组成,空心柱体2安装在底座1上。 A support base 1 and the hollow cylinder 2 composed of the hollow cylinder 2 is mounted on the base 1. 底座1安装在地面9上,底座1呈长方体形。 A base mounted on the ground 9, the base 1 has a rectangular parallelepiped shape. 参考图4,底座1 Referring to Figure 4, the base 1

中设有腔体11,底座1的侧面设有两个与腔体11连通的进风口12, Is provided with a cavity 11, the side surface of the base 1 is provided with two cavities 11 communicating with the air inlet 12,

其中一个进风口12朝向道路;底座1的顶部设有与腔体11连通的出风口13;两个进风口12分设于底座1 一对相邻侧面上,腔体li中设 Wherein an air inlet 12 toward the road; top of the base 1 is provided with an air outlet 11 communicating with the cavity 13; the two inlets 12 to the base 1 is divided into a pair of adjacent upper side, is provided in the cavity li

有隔板14,隔板14将腔体11分隔成两部分,腔体11的两部分均与出风口13连通,两个进风口12各与腔体11的一部分连通,隔板14可防止两进风口12之间产生空气对流而造成风能损失。 A separator 14, a separator 14 partitioning the cavity 11 into two parts, the two parts of the cavity 11 are in communication with the outlet 13, two inlets 12 each communicating with a portion of the cavity 11, the spacer 14 may prevent two wind energy losses caused by air convection is generated between the inlet 12.

空心柱体2中设有上下走向的通孔21,通孔21的下端22与底座1的出风口13连通。 The hollow cylinder 2 is provided with through holes 21 up and down direction, the air outlet 22 in communication with the base 13 of the lower end of the through hole 21.

底座1的腔体11和空心柱体2的通孔21组成支座中上下走向的气流通道,该气流通道是烟囡效应通道,底座1的进风口12是气流通道的气流入口,空心柱体2的通孔21的上端23是气流通道的气流出□。 Hollow cylinder 11 and the through bore of the base body 1 composed of the holder 2 in the airflow passage 21 up and down direction, the airflow passage of smoke nan effect channel, the base 1 12 of the inlet gas stream is a gas flow path inlet, the hollow cylinder 2 the upper end of the through hole 21 of the airflow passage 23 is a flow □.

通孔21 (通孔21是上述支座中上下走向的气流通道的一部分)的横截面面积fi下至上逐渐减小。 The through-hole 21 (the through-hole 21 is a portion of the carrier gas flow passages in the up and down direction) of the cross-sectional area decreases at fi oriented.

通孔21上部的内壁设有集风管段10,集风管段10内部设有供气流通过的通道101,该通道101的横截面面积自下至上逐渐减小,通道101设计成下大上小的圆锥台状。 The inner wall of the through hole 21 of the upper duct section 10 is provided with collector, collector duct section 10 is provided inside the channel 101 through the supply air flow, the cross-sectional area of ​​the passage 101 gradually decreases from bottom to top, the channel 101 is designed to be large on small truncated conical shape. 集风管段10内部的通道101是通孔21的一部分,同时也是支座中上下走向的气流通道的一部分。 Set inside the duct 101 is a part of the channel section 10 through holes 21, but also up and down direction in a portion of the flow channel support. 集风管段10下端的幵口102面积等于同一高度处通孔21的横截面面积,集风管段10上端的开口103面积等于同一高度处通孔21的横截面面积,从而使集风管段10内壁与其下方及其上方的通孔21内壁均平滑 10 the lower end of the wind-collecting pipe Jian port 102 area is equal to the same height as the cross-sectional area of ​​the through hole 21, opening 103 area of ​​the 10 upper end of the wind-collecting tube section is equal to the same height as the cross-sectional area of ​​the through hole 21, so that the collector duct an inner wall 10 and inner wall 21 and the underlying upper section of the through hole are smoothly

过渡,减少风能损失。 Transition, to reduce wind damage.

发电机3设于通孔21中,发电机3包括定子31和转子32,定子31固定安装在空心柱体2 (空心柱体2是支座的一部分)上。 The generator 3 is provided in the through hole 21, the generator 3 comprises a stator 31 and a rotor 32, a stator 31 fixedly mounted in the hollow cylinder 2 (the hollow cylinder 2 is part of the bearing) on.

扇叶4-1和扇叶4-2均设于通孔21内,其中扇叶4-1设于集风管段10的下方,扇叶4=2设于集风管段10的上方;扇叶4-1和扇叶4-2均安装在发电机3的转子32上。 4-1 and 4-2 fan blades are located in the through hole 21, which is located below the blade 4-1 collector duct segment 10, 2 = blade 4 is provided above the collector 10 of the duct section; 4-1 and 4-2 are fan blades mounted on the rotor 32 of the generator 3. 太阳能电池板6安装在空心柱体2上;电风扇7设于底座1的出 Solar panels mounted on the hollow cylinder 6 2; 7 provided on the fan base 1

风口13 (出风口13是支座中气流通道的一部分)中,处于扇叶4-1和扇叶4-2的下方;太阳能电池板6与电风扇7电连接。 Outlet 13 (the outlet 13 is part of the carrier gas flow in the channel), the blades located below the fan 4-1 and 4-2; solar panel 6 is electrically connected to the fan 7.

外部扇叶5设于空心柱体2上方,外部扇叶5通过单向轴承20与发电机3的转子32连接。 Outer blade 5 is provided above the hollow cylinder 2, the outer fan 532 via one-way bearing 20 and the generator rotor 3. 如图2和图3所示,外部扇叶5总体上呈球状,本实施例中,外部扇叶5由上固定盘51、下固定盘52和六个叶片53组成,上固定盘51和下固定盘52均通过单向轴承20安装在转子32上,叶片53的上端和下端分别固定在上固定盘51和下固定盘52上。 2 and 3, the outer blade 5 as a generally spherical embodiment, the outer blades 5 fixed to the upper plate 51, lower plate 52 and the fixed blade 53. six of the present embodiment, the fixed platen 51 and a lower each fixed disk 52 by one-way bearing 20 is mounted on the rotor 32, the upper and lower blades 53 are fixed to the fixed platen 51 and a lower fixed plate 52. 外部扇叶5中各个叶片53旋转时,其轮廓所形成的回转面是相一致的球面。 External rotation of each blade 5 in the blade 53, the contour of a surface of revolution formed is consistent spherical.

路灯8安装在空心柱体2上。 8 lights mounted on the hollow cylinder 2.

下面简述一下本发电装置的工作原理: The following briefly working principle of the power plant:

气流(如道路上车流运动产生的气流)自底座1的进风口12进入腔体ll,然后经出风口13、通孔下端22进入通孔21,在通孔21中形成流向稳定的上升气流,越往上,上升气流的流速越大;同时,在太阳光照射下,太阳能电池板6发电,并向电风扇7供电,电风扇7运转,产生向上的气流,在底座1的腔体11中产生负压,增加进入腔体11及通孔21的气流量,增强通孔21内上升气流的速度; Stream (e.g., stream road traffic movement generated) from the air inlet of the base 1 12 into the cavity ll, and then through the outlet 13, the through-hole lower end 22 into the through-hole 21, to form a stable increase in the flow of gas stream 21 in the through hole, Higher up, the greater the increase in air flow rate; while, in the sunlight, the solar power generation panels 6, 7 and the supply fan, 7 fan operation, an upward air flow, the cavity 11 in the base 1 a negative pressure, air flow rate and increasing the through-hole 11 into the cavity 21, enhancing the speed of the updraft in the through hole 21;

通孔21中的上升气流推动集风管段10下方的扇叶4-1旋转,然后继续上升,经过集风管段10时,气流速度得到大幅度增大,然后从集风管段IO上端的开口103吹出,并推动集风管段10上方的扇叶4=2旋转;扇叶4-1和扇叶4-2共同带动发电机3的转子32旋转,进行发电;随后上升气流从通孔上端23吹出; Updraft fan 21 driven through holes in the lower duct section 10 sets the rotation 4-1, and then continues to rise, current passes through the duct section 10, the gas flow velocity has been greatly increased, and then from the upper end of the wind-collecting pipe IO the opening 103 is blown, the blade 10 and pushes the top of the duct section 4 = set 2 is rotated; fan blades 4-1 and 4-2 co-rotation of the rotor 32 drives the generator 3 to generate electric power; then pass from the updraft the upper end of the hole 23 is blown;

上述气流的方向如图1中的箭头所示; 1 in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG stream;

外部扇叶5受外界自然风推动而旋转,由于单向轴承20的作用;当外界自然风的作用大于通孔21内上升气流的作用时,即由外界自然风引起的外部扇叶5转速大于由通孔21内上升气流引起的扇叶4-l和扇叶4-2的转速时,外部扇叶5带动发电机转子32、扇叶4-l和扇叶4=2—起旋转,进行发电;反之,当扇叶4-l和扇叶4-2的转速大于外 External fan 5 driven by external natural wind rotates the one-way bearing 20 of the action; outer blades when the wind is greater than the external physical effect through holes 21 rising air stream, that is caused by external natural wind speed is greater than 5 the rotational speed of fan 4-l and blades due to the rising air inside the through hole 21 4-2, external fan 5 driven generator rotor 32, and the blade 4-l 4 = 2-blade from rotating, for power; the contrary, when the rotational speed of the blade 4-l and 4-2 is larger than the outer blade

部扇叶5的转速时,扇叶4-1和扇叶4-2脱离外部扇叶5的牵制而独立旋转,并带动发电机转子32旋转,进行发电。 When the rotational speed of fan unit 5, fan blades 4-2 and 4-1 from outside of the blade independently contain 5 to rotate and drive the generator rotor 32 is rotated, electric power is generated. 发电机3为路灯8供电。 3 is a power generator 8 lights.

在其它实施方案中,底座可设计成其它结构,如图5所示,底座1呈长方体形,底座1上设有一个与腔体11连通的进风口12;如图6所示,底座1呈长方体形,底座1上设有两个进风口12,腔体li中设有隔板14,隔板14将腔体11分隔成两部分,两个进风口12分设于底座l一对相对侧面上,腔体ll的两部分均与底座l的出风口连通,两个进风口12各与腔体11的一部分连通;如图7所示,底座1呈长方体形,底座1上设有三个进风口12,腔体11中设有隔板14,隔板14将腔体11分隔成三部分,腔体11的三部分均与底座1的出风口连通,三个进风口12分设于底座1的三个侧面上,三个进风口12各与腔体11的一部分连通;如图8所示,底座1呈长方体形,底座1上设有四个进风口12,腔体11中设有隔板14,隔板14将腔体11分隔成四部分,腔体11的四部分均与底座1的出风口连通,四个进风口12分设于底座1的 In other embodiments, the base may be designed to other structures, shown in Figure 5, the base 1 has a rectangular parallelepiped shape, provided with a cavity 11 communicating with the body inlet 12 of the base 1; FIG form, the base 16 parallelepiped-shaped, the base 1 is provided with two inlets 12, the cavity li is provided on the separator 14, a separator 14 partitioning the cavity 11 into two parts, l is divided into two air inlet 12 to the base pair of opposing sides the two parts of the cavity are in communication with ll outlet base l of each of the two air inlet 12 communicating with the cavity part 11; As shown, base 17 has a rectangular parallelepiped shape, the base 1 is provided with three air inlet 12, the cavity 11 is provided in the separator 14, the separator 11 is divided into three parts of the cavity 14, three parts of the cavity 11 are in communication with the air out of the base 1, three air inlet 12 to the base 1 is divided into three on the side surfaces, each of three air inlet 12 communicating with the cavity part 11; As shown, base 18 has a rectangular parallelepiped shape, provided with four air inlet 12 on the base 1, the cavity 11 is provided with a separator 14 , a separator 14 partitioning the cavity 11 into four parts, four parts of the cavity 11 are in communication with the outlet of the base 1, four air inlet 12 to the base 1 is divided into 个侧面上,四个进风口12各与腔体11的一部分连通。 On one side, four air inlet 12 communicates with a portion of each cavity 11.

在其它实施方案中,发电机的定子也可安装在地面上。 In other embodiments, the stator of the generator can also be installed on the ground. 扇叶也可通过传动机构(如齿轮组)与发电机的转子传动连接。 May also be connected to the rotor blades drive the generator through a transmission mechanism (gear unit). 外部扇叶也可总体上呈其它回转体状,如圆柱状、圆锥台状或圆锥状。 Overall external form of the blade may also be other rotary body shape, such as cylindrical, conical or truncated cone.

10 10

Claims (8)

1、一种太阳能和风能集合发电装置,包括发电机和支座;发电机包括定子和转子;支座中设有上下走向的气流通道;支座上安装有太阳能电池板,气流通道内设有电风扇,太阳能电池板与电风扇电连接,其特征是:所述气流通道的内壁设有集风管段,集风管段内部设有供气流通过的通道,所述集风管段内部的通道的横截面面积自下至上逐渐减小;气流通道内设有两个扇叶,两个扇叶均与发电机的转子传动连接,其中一个扇叶设于集风管段的下方,另一个扇叶设于集风管段的上方。 A collection of solar and wind power generation apparatus, comprising a generator and a carrier; comprising a stator and a rotor; support is provided to the vertical flow passage; solar panels mounted on the support, equipped with gas flow passages fans, solar panel is electrically connected to the fan, wherein: the inner wall of the airflow passage is provided with wind-collecting pipe, the inner collector duct section is provided through the air supply passage, said inner collector duct sections the cross-sectional area of ​​the passage gradually decreases from the supremacy; airflow channel equipped with two blades, two blades are connected to drive a generator rotor, wherein the blade is disposed below a collector duct sections, the other blades disposed above the collector duct section.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置,其特征是: 所述电风扇设于扇叶的下方。 2, a set of solar and wind power generation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: said fan blades provided below.
3、 根据权利要求2所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置,其特征是: 所述电风扇设于接近气流通道下端气流入口的位置。 3, a set of solar and wind power generation apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: said gas flow channel near the fan provided in the lower end position of the inlet gas stream.
4、 根据权利要求1〜3任一项所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置, 其特征是:所述气流通道的横截面面积自下至上逐渐减小,扇叶设于气流通道的上部。 4, according to claim solar and wind power generator set according to any of claims 1 ~ 3, wherein: the self-oriented under gradually decreasing the area of ​​the cross section of the air flow passage, fan disposed in the upper portion of the gas flow passage.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置,其特征是: 所述集风管段下端的开口面积等于同一高度处气流通道的横截面面积,集风管段上端的开口面积等于同一高度处气流通道的横截面面积。 5. The set of claim solar and wind power generation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the opening area of ​​the lower end of the duct segment set equal to the cross sectional area of ​​the gas flow passages of the same height, the opening area of ​​the upper end of the wind-collecting tube section is equal to the same height of the cross-sectional area of ​​the gas flow passages.
6、 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置,其特征是: 所述两个扇叶均安装在发电机的转子上。 6, set according to claim solar and wind power generation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: said two blades are mounted on the rotor of the generator.
7、 根据权利要求1〜3任一项所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置,其特征是:所述支座上方设有外部扇叶,外部扇叶通过单向轴承与发电机的转子连接。 7. The solar and wind power generator set according to any of claims 1 ~ 3, wherein: said holder is provided above the outer blades, the outer blade via the one-way bearing the generator rotor.
8、 根据权利要求1〜3任一项所述的太阳能和风能集合发电装置,其特征是:所述支座由底座和空心柱体组成,空心柱体安装在底座上;底座中设有腔体,底座的侧面设有至少一个与腔体连通的进风口,底座的顶部设有与腔体连通的出风口;空心柱体中设有上下走向的通孔,通孔下端与底座的出风口连通;底座的腔体和空心柱体的通孔组成所述气流通道,底座的进风口是气流通道的气流入口,空心柱体的通孔上端是气流通道的气流出口。 8. The solar and wind power generator set according to any of claims 1 ~ 3, wherein: said holder includes a base and a hollow cylinder composed of a hollow cylinder mounted on the base; the base is provided with a cavity body side of the base is provided with at least one air inlet in communication with the cavity, the top of the base outlet is provided in communication with the cavity; a through hole in the hollow cylinder up and down direction, the lower end of the through hole and the base outlet communication; through-hole cavity and the base of the hollow cylinder constituting the gas flow channel, the base is a gas flow inlet airflow inlet passage, an upper end of the through hole of the hollow cylinder outlet air flow is the flow channel.
CN200810027552A 2008-04-15 2008-04-15 Solar energy and wind energy integrated generating set CN100580244C (en)

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CN102545702A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-07-04 陈津辰 Power generation system combining solar energy and wind energy
CN103388562B (en) * 2013-07-08 2016-01-27 杭州爱纬斯电子有限公司 Wind power street lamp with vertical tubular shaft
CN105888991A (en) * 2014-10-22 2016-08-24 许少君 Light and temperature difference tornado two-in-one power generation device
CN105575144B (en) * 2015-10-16 2017-11-07 倪彬彬 Self-cleaning photovoltaic traffic lights
CN105485607A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-13 北京化工大学 Multi-energy street lamp
CN105827182A (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-08-03 珠海鑫王达科技有限公司 Vehicle-mounted wind energy and solar energy hybrid generator system
CN105811860A (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-07-27 珠海鑫王达科技有限公司 Wind energy and solar energy hybrid generator apparatus
CN107421042A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-01 席光凤 A kind of humidifier
CN107449089A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-08 席光凤 A kind of humidifier with spray ring
CN107449086A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-08 席光凤 A kind of spill spin block for humidifier
CN107421043A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-01 席光凤 A kind of humidifier spray ring
CN107388461A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-11-24 席光凤 A kind of automatic humidity adjustable type humidifier

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