CN100549553C - Taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler - Google Patents

Taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100549553C
CN100549553C CNB2008100944135A CN200810094413A CN100549553C CN 100549553 C CN100549553 C CN 100549553C CN B2008100944135 A CNB2008100944135 A CN B2008100944135A CN 200810094413 A CN200810094413 A CN 200810094413A CN 100549553 C CN100549553 C CN 100549553C
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furnace body
flue
water
detaches
courage
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CNB2008100944135A
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CN101266073A (en
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吴军
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Abstract

The invention belongs to a kind of taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler, adopt this boiler to be divided into lower furnace body two parts, last lower furnace body and detach formula water courage and independently be provided with separately, assembling combination is integral, and the upper furnace body of storage tank lower end is a upper furnace body water courage, lower furnace body is positioned at the upper furnace body lower end, lower furnace body top is provided with for detaching the groove that detaches that formula water courage puts into or detach, and detaches formula water courage and is positioned at and detaches groove, and updraught flue is shape in the shape of a spiral, the updraught flue lower end communicates and detaches groove upper end, detaches the groove lower end burner hearth that communicates.Setting is independently made in split of the present invention, assembling combination, and increased the area of updraught flue in water jacket with abundant absorption body of heater heat, also has the formula of detaching water container structure, can change the structure of the water pipe of the high-temperature region that is positioned at the burner hearth upper end fast, have simple in structure, cost of manufacture is low, quick combustion, security are good, the advantage of the high and long service life of heat utilization efficiency.

Description

Taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler.
Background technology
Traditional heating boiler adopts integrative-structure mostly, be to establish interlayer formation heat-absorption water-liner at body of heater side and top, the lower end is a burner hearth in the body of heater, can establish several heat-absorbing water pipes in the body of heater of burner hearth upper end communicates with the heat-absorption water-liner, the water inlet pipe heat-absorption water-liner lower end that communicates, outlet pipe communicates on the heat-absorption water-liner, cold water enters heat-absorption water-liner and heat-absorbing water pipe from water inlet pipe, water that the heat that utilizes heat-absorption water-liner and heat-absorbing water pipe to absorb fire coal in the burner hearth heats in it becomes hot water, discharges body of heater from the outlet pipe of heat-absorption water-liner upper end.This traditional heating boiler adopts cold water to enter the heat-absorption water-liner near the burner hearth that is positioned at the body of heater lower end, heating gradually then, and upwards the operation heat absorption becomes hot water, flows out body of heater from outlet pipe again, for heating provides hot water.This traditional following water running mode that goes out on advancing, constant in the last hundred years.But because the heat-absorption water-liner is wrapped in the burner hearth periphery usually, cold water is introduced into the heat-absorption water-liner of burner hearth periphery, make the temperature of burner hearth periphery low excessively, cause the coal in the burner hearth to be difficult to keep clean-burning temperature, coal in the burner hearth can not fully be burnt, form not clean-burning in a large number coal and discharge body of heater, cause the waste of coal.
On the other hand, the heat radiation position of boiler is positioned at burner hearth upper end, and upwards operation of the water after being heated, and the caloric receptivity of hot water reduces greatly, can not effectively absorb a body of heater heat of burner hearth upper end, makes the temperature of discharging from outlet flue too high, causes energy waste.
Have again, severe more the closer to the heat absorbing part element infringement of the high-temperature region boiler of burner hearth upper end, the boiler element that normally is positioned at the high-temperature region of burner hearth upper end damages at first, thereby causes whole boiler to be scrapped.For example, the water pipe that is positioned at the high-temperature region of burner hearth upper end often leaks or explosion at first, and boiler can not be used.If it is excessive that the boiler cost is then dismantled in place under repair, except that the user can not bear, also incur loss through delay heating.Usually traditional heating boiler service life is a 2-3 heating season.Traditional boiler also has that volume is big, weight is big, be difficult for moving and transporting, expend that the coal amount is big, contaminated environment, complex structure, get angry slow and the low deficiency of heat utilization efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to design a kind of taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler, have the enterprising reverse water running mode that goes out down, and increase the area of updraught flue in water jacket, also have the formula of detaching water container structure with abundant absorption body of heater heat, can change the water pipe structure of the high-temperature region that is positioned at the burner hearth upper end fast, have simple in structurely, split is provided with assembling combination, easily moves and transports, cost of manufacture is low, quick combustion, security is good, the advantage of heat utilization efficiency height and long service life.For this reason, the present invention adopts this boiler to be divided into lower furnace body two parts, last lower furnace body and detach formula water courage and independently be provided with separately, assembling combination is integral, the upper furnace body internal upper part is a storage tank, the upper furnace body of storage tank lower end is a upper furnace body water courage, lower furnace body is positioned at the upper furnace body lower end, lower furnace body top is provided with for detaching the groove that detaches that formula water courage puts into or detach, detach and be burner hearth in the lower furnace body of groove lower end, detaching formula water courage is positioned at and detaches groove, detach and laterally be provided with the water pipe that one deck at least is distributed in interval distance in the formula water courage, lower furnace body water courage is positioned at the burner hearth periphery, last lower furnace body water courage communicates by last perforation water pipe, lower furnace body water courage by under connect water pipe and communicate and detach formula water courage, water inlet pipe communicates with storage tank, the storage tank lower end communicates by the mistake mouth of a river on the upper furnace body water courage, outlet pipe communicates and detaches formula water courage, be provided with reciprocating type flue in the upper furnace body water courage, reciprocating type flue is by updraught flue, down pass and flue collector constitute, updraught flue is shape in the shape of a spiral, the updraught flue lower end communicates and detaches the groove upper end, detach the groove lower end burner hearth that communicates, the updraught flue upper end communicates on the down pass, the lower flue lower end communicates with the flue collector lower end, and flue collector upper end is passed storage tank and is positioned at upper furnace body and forms outlet flue outward.The said structure design has realized purpose of the present invention.
Advantage of the present invention is to have the enterprising reverse water running mode that goes out down, and with updraught flue shape distributed architecture in the shape of a spiral, increased the area of updraught flue in water jacket with abundant absorption body of heater heat, also has the formula of detaching water container structure, can change the water pipe structure and the more abundant absorption body of heater heat of while of the high-temperature region that is positioned at the burner hearth upper end fast, the heating boiler heat utilization efficiency that the present invention is more traditional is high to improve 32%, prolongs 2-3 service life doubly.Also have simple in structure, split and independently make setting, assembling combination is easily moved and is transported, and saves transport power, and it is quick to change element, and cost of manufacture is low, quick combustion, the advantage that security is good.The present invention can save coal 70% than traditional hot-water heating stove, smokeless and dust emissions, and free from environmental pollution, the outlet flue temperature is lower than 70 ℃, and body of heater does not have the operation of pressure very high security is arranged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is a structure structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 4 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is the formula water container structure schematic diagram that detaches of the present invention
Fig. 6 is the B-B cross-sectional view of Fig. 3
The specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler mainly is made up of upper furnace body 21, storage tank 3, water inlet pipe 1, outlet pipe 9, fire grate 12 and outlet flue 2.
As shown in Figure 1, this boiler is divided into lower furnace body two parts, and last lower furnace body is independent to be provided with separately, and detaches the also independently setting of formula water courage, independent respectively the manufacturing, and assembling combination is one when using.The upper furnace body internal upper part is a storage tank, and water inlet pipe communicates in the storage tank of upper furnace body upper end.The upper furnace body of storage tank lower end is a upper furnace body water courage 23.Lower furnace body 15 is positioned at the upper furnace body lower end, and lower furnace body top is provided with for what detach that formula water courage 18 puts into or detach and detaches groove 17, detaches in the lower furnace body of groove lower end to be burner hearth 16.Detach formula water courage and independently be provided with, detach formula water courage and be positioned at and detach groove, detach and laterally be provided with the water pipe 19 that one deck at least is distributed in interval distance in the formula water courage, the water pipe both sides with detach formula water courage and connect.Lower furnace body water courage 10 is positioned at the burner hearth periphery.Last lower furnace body water courage communicates by last perforation water pipe 20, on connect the upper furnace body water courage middle and lower part that communicates, water pipe upper end, on connect water pipe lower end communicate lower furnace body water courage middle and lower part or bottom.Lower furnace body water courage by under connect water pipe 26 and communicate and detach formula water courage, following perforation water pipe upper end communicates and detaches formula water courage lower end, the lower furnace body water courage middle and upper part that communicates, following perforation water pipe lower end.The storage tank lower end communicates by the mistake mouth of a river 4 on the upper furnace body water courage.Outlet pipe communicates and detaches formula water courage, and outlet pipe communicates and detaches formula water courage upper end usually.Establish the thorax mud layer in the body of heater of burner hearth periphery, prevent that fire coal from burning out body of heater.Be positioned at the burner hearth lower end and be provided with fire grate 12, fire grate is used for the support fire coal.The fire grate lower end is a deashing chamber 14, and the body of heater of deashing chamber front is provided with shoot door 13, is beneficial to coal ash is removed.The front side of fire grate upper end or the body of heater of side are provided with fire door 11 to be used for adding coal and to remove the cinder ash of fire grate upper end in burner hearth.
As shown in Figure 2, described outlet pipe one end by connecting thread portion 24 with detach formula water courage and be tightly connected, the other end passes lower furnace body and is positioned at its outer end.The described groove that detaches is a hollow drawer type groove, and detaching the front of the slot face is opening surface, and opening surface is provided with baffle plate 25.Opening baffle plate can detach in the groove detaching the insertion of formula water courage, make the water pipe bottom in it be positioned at the stockhole upper end, and the upper end water pipe in it is positioned at each updraught flue pipe lower end.During use, it is opening surface that the baffle plate sealing detaches the front of the slot face.
As shown in Figure 3, be provided with reciprocating type flue in the upper furnace body water courage, reciprocating type flue is made of updraught flue 5, down pass 22 and flue collector 6.Updraught flue is shape in the shape of a spiral, and described updraught flue is the bending pipe, thereby has increased its area 15% in upper furnace body water courage, has increased water endotherm area in the upper furnace body water courage, has improved heat utilization efficiency.The updraught flue lower end communicates and detaches groove upper end, detaches the groove lower end burner hearth that communicates, the down pass upper end that communicates, updraught flue upper end, and the lower flue lower end communicates with the flue collector lower end, passes storage tank on the flue collector and is positioned at upper furnace body and forms outlet flue outward.Obviously, updraught flue is and is tubulose, and the sealing of end periphery and upper furnace body water courage bottom panel fuses under each updraught flue pipe, and each updraught flue lower end mouth of pipe passes the upper furnace body water courage bottom panel burner hearth that communicates.Described updraught flue shape spacing distance in the shape of a spiral is distributed in the down pass outer end.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, described detaching laterally is provided with the two-layer water pipe that is distributed in interval distance in the formula water courage, be provided with the gap between each pipe.
As shown in Figure 6, obviously, the groove upper and lower side that detaches that is positioned at the stockhole upper end is an openings.The updraught flue lower end communicates and detaches groove upper end, detaches the groove lower end burner hearth that communicates.Connect by ring flange between the up/down perforation pipe.
Down pass is the annular ducted body, and is logical for ease of the current in the upper furnace body water courage, and available horizontal several are crossed water pipe 7 and laterally run through down pass.Flue collector is the tubulose flue, for ease of removing cigarette ash, can establish a clear cigarette ash road 8 in the flue collector lower end and be interlinked to the outside with body of heater, and clear outer end, cigarette ash road can be opened with door sealing.
Described up-downgoing flue and flue collector spacing distance are set in parallel in the upper furnace body water courage, go up the water that is between lower flue and the flue collector in the upper furnace body water courage thereby form, so that cold water fully absorbs the heat of lower flue and flue collector wall.
During use, lower furnace body will be separately independently be set and detach formula water courage and be combined into one, and the upper furnace body lower end be put detach groove upper surface openend on lower furnace body, both can fix or be welded into one with bolt part.To detach the insertion of formula water courage and detach in the groove, it is opening surface that the baffle plate sealing detaches the front of the slot face, connects each pipe fitting.Water inlet pipe of the present invention is communicated with running water pipe or heating water return pipe, to heat or bath apparatus connection outlet pipe by suction pump, the coal of putting on fire grate is lighted, coal-fired heat that produces and flue gas stream enter the formula that the detaches water courage that detaches in the groove along the burner hearth upper end, pass the gap between each water pipe and detach groove upper surface openend, upwards enter the updraught flue lower end of shape distribution in the shape of a spiral, then enter the down pass upper end downwards along the updraught flue upper end, then upwards enter the flue collector lower end again along the down pass lower end, be upward through storage tank outside outlet flue flows out body of heater, along flue collector again to increase considerably the area of dissipation that is positioned at upper furnace body water courage and storage tank.In this process, cold water absorbs the flue collector top wall heat that is positioned at storage tank earlier, enters upper furnace body water courage from crossing the mouth of a river again, absorbs up-downgoing flue and flue collector wall heat.Under suction pump draft effect, the warm water who is positioned at upper furnace body water courage enters lower furnace body water courage through last perforation water pipe downwards, absorb behind the heat of burner hearth perisporium more upwards through connecting water pipe down and enter and detach the heat that formula water courage further absorbs the stockhole periphery and the fire coal that passes from the water pipe gap produces, take out to flow out through suction pump from outlet pipe and detach formula water courage radiator or shower etc. is needed hot-water supply.Obviously,, the temperature of burner hearth periphery is reduced, can cause the coal in the burner hearth to keep temperature fully to burn on the contrary because the water that enters in the lower furnace body water courage is hot water with the water that detaches formula water courage.
Obviously, the outer chimney or the air-introduced machine that should connect higher draft of outlet flue so that flue collector has sufficient draft, can circulate flue gas and carries out in up-downgoing flue and flue collector.If lower furnace body independently is set and detaches the local damage of formula water courage, can will lower furnace body independently be set and detach that formula water courage separates repairing or replacing gets final product, repairing is conveniently rapid.
In a word, the present invention has the reverse water running mode of upper entering and lower leaving, and increases updraught flue in water jacket Area with abundant absorption furnace body heat content, also have the pullout type water container structure, can quick-replaceable be positioned on the burner hearth The structure of the water pipe in the high-temperature region of end has simple in structure, upper lower furnace body and pullout type water courage independently to arrange, Assembling combination is integral, and is beneficial to make and transportation, and cost of manufacture is low, quick combustion, security are good, and heat is sharp Advantage with rate height and long service life.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler mainly is made up of upper furnace body, storage tank, water inlet pipe, outlet pipe, fire grate and outlet flue, it is characterized in that:
This boiler is divided into lower furnace body two parts, last lower furnace body and detach formula water courage and independently be provided with separately, assembling combination is integral, the upper furnace body internal upper part is a storage tank, the upper furnace body of storage tank lower end is a upper furnace body water courage, lower furnace body is positioned at the upper furnace body lower end, lower furnace body top is provided with for detaching the groove that detaches that formula water courage puts into or detach, detach and be burner hearth in the lower furnace body of groove lower end, detaching formula water courage is positioned at and detaches groove, detach and laterally be provided with the water pipe that one deck at least is distributed in interval distance in the formula water courage, lower furnace body water courage is positioned at the burner hearth periphery, last lower furnace body water courage communicates by last perforation water pipe, lower furnace body water courage by under connect water pipe and communicate and detach formula water courage, water inlet pipe communicates with storage tank, the storage tank lower end communicates by the mistake mouth of a river on the upper furnace body water courage, outlet pipe communicates and detaches formula water courage, be provided with reciprocating type flue in the upper furnace body water courage, reciprocating type flue is by updraught flue, down pass and flue collector constitute, and updraught flue is shape in the shape of a spiral, and the updraught flue lower end communicates and detaches the groove upper end, detach the groove lower end burner hearth that communicates, the down pass upper end that communicates, updraught flue upper end, the lower flue lower end communicates with the flue collector lower end, passes storage tank on the flue collector and is positioned at upper furnace body and forms outlet flue outward.
2, by the described taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described groove that detaches is a hollow drawer type groove, and detaching the front of the slot face is opening surface, and opening surface is provided with baffle plate.
3, by the described taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described detaching laterally is provided with the two-layer water pipe that is distributed in interval distance in the formula water courage, be provided with the gap between each pipe.
4, by the described taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described updraught flue shape spacing distance in the shape of a spiral is distributed in the down pass outer end.
5,, it is characterized in that by the described taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler of claim 1: described outlet pipe one end by connecting thread portion with detach formula water courage and be tightly connected, the other end passes baffle plate and is positioned at the lower furnace body outer end.
6, by the described taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described updraught flue is the bending pipe.
CNB2008100944135A 2008-04-30 2008-04-30 Taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler Expired - Fee Related CN100549553C (en)

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CNB2008100944135A CN100549553C (en) 2008-04-30 2008-04-30 Taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler

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CN100549553C true CN100549553C (en) 2009-10-14

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103512191B (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-12-02 北京威力尔德科贸有限公司 Differential expression Dynamic Thermal exchanging energy-saving environment-protection boiler
CN104949328B (en) * 2013-11-08 2017-10-31 重庆盛瓒科技有限公司 A kind of air thermal preservation energy-saving, environmental protection boiler
CN107401764A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-11-28 杨波 A kind of energy-saving heater

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EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Dunhuang Xiyu Mining and Chemical Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Wu Jun

Contract record no.: 2010990000485

Denomination of invention: Taking-out back water reciprocating flue type boiler

Granted publication date: 20091014

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20080917

Record date: 20100702

C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091014

Termination date: 20110430