CN100538759C - System and method for detecting online of built on stilts power transmission sequence - Google Patents

System and method for detecting online of built on stilts power transmission sequence Download PDF

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CN100538759C
CN100538759C CN 200510115588 CN200510115588A CN100538759C CN 100538759 C CN100538759 C CN 100538759C CN 200510115588 CN200510115588 CN 200510115588 CN 200510115588 A CN200510115588 A CN 200510115588A CN 100538759 C CN100538759 C CN 100538759C
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monitoring
data
signal
step
transmission line
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CN1963879A (en
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于钦刚
于长海
何红太
李红云
桂亚骁
裴志伟
郭志广
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国网北京电力建设研究院
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Abstract

一种架空送电线路在线监测系统及方法,对电力系统中架空送电线路微风振动及导线温度、风偏进行在线监测。 An overhead power transmission line system and method for online monitoring of the power system and aeolian vibration Overhead Transmission line conductor temperature, air partial line monitoring. 主要包括数据监测装置、基站和监测支持系统。 Monitoring means includes data, the base station and monitoring support system. 数据监测装置置于架空送电线路上,其采集的数据通过短距离无线传感器网络以广播方式发送到基站;基站接收该数据,通过移动通信网络以数据报方式发送至监测支持系统的中心站,中心站接收该网络传送的信息,完成对架空送电线路微风振动、导线温度、风偏角、气象环境的分析、预警、显示、诊断、维护、查询、数据传送及打印等工作。 Data monitoring means placed in the data path overhead power transmission lines, which is collected in a broadcast manner to the base station via short-range wireless sensor network; base station receives the data transmitted in data reported to the central monitoring station system supporting a mobile communication network, the central station receives information transmitted over the network to complete the aeolian vibration overhead transmission line conductor temperature, wind angle, the meteorological environment analysis, alarm, display, diagnosis, maintenance, query, data transfer and print work. 实现在线监测和故障诊断;对现场设备进行监测、诊断、管理、预警和报告;促进状态维修;为生产和安全运行服务;预测疲劳寿命,保障安全,延长线路使用期限。 Line monitoring and fault diagnosis; on-site equipment for monitoring, diagnosis, management, early warning and reporting; the promotion of state maintenance; production and safe operation of the service; predict fatigue life, protect the safety and prolong the life line.

Description

架空送电线路在线监测系统及方法 Overhead transmission line monitoring system and method Line

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种架空送电线路在线监测系统及方法,主要适用于电力系统中架空送电线路微风振动、导线温度、风偏角的在线监测与故障诊断,属于电力监测技术领域。 The present invention relates to an overhead transmission line monitoring system and method lines, mainly applied to the power system aeolian vibration overhead transmission line conductor temperature, wind angle line monitoring and fault diagnosis, technical field belonging to the power monitor.

,支^ , Support ^

架空送电线路特別是超高压、远距离、大容量的送电线路,在运行过程中受气象条件和外界环境等的影响经常发生超过允许幅值的微风振动,往往导致某些线路部件的疲劳损坏,如导地线的疲劳断股,金具、间隔棒及杆塔构件的疲劳损坏或磨损等。 Overhead transmission lines EHV particular, long-distance, large-capacity transmission lines, aeolian vibration exceeds the allowable amplitude often affected by weather conditions and the like in the external environment during operation, often leading to fatigue some lines member damage, such as fatigue off shares on cables, fittings, spacers and tower fatigue damage or wear member. 其中导地线疲劳断股是架空送电线路普遍发生的问题,严重时需要将全线路更换为新导线。 Off shares on cables in which fatigue is a problem of overhead transmission lines commonly occurring, serious full line needs to be replaced with a new wire. 目前微风振动已经严重威胁着我国电网架SI 送电线路包括大跨越的安全运行。 Currently Aeolian Vibration has been a serious threat to the safe operation of the grid frame SI transmission line across the country, including large.

微风振动卩1起导地线疲劳断股等事故是通过累积效应的方式发生,有一个累积时间和过程,振动时难于用肉眼观察到, 一旦发现防振器损坏或脱落后,导地线因疲劳引起的断股就可能已比较严重。 1 Jie breeze vibration fatigue off shares from conductive ground by way of an accident such as the cumulative effect occurs, and there is a cumulative time process, it is difficult to observe with the naked eye vibration, the vibration isolator Once removed or damaged, because on cables off shares due to fatigue may have been more serious. 而在此之前,其危害往往不易觉察,并且这些故障通过传统的人工定期巡线手段很难进行有效的预防。 And before that, the harm is often difficult to detect, and these failures are difficult to effective prevention through traditional manual means regularly patrol the line. 目前迫切需要使用智能化的数据监测装置对送电线路微风振动进行在线监测与故障诊断,及早发现隐患,及时排除故障,以提高送电线路运行的可靠性。 There is an urgent need to use the intelligent data monitoring device for power transmission lines aeolian vibration online monitoring and fault diagnosis, early detection of problems, timely troubleshooting, in order to improve the reliability of power transmission lines running. 另外对线路温度的在线监测对提高导线的输送容量,减少线路投资, 緩解我国供电形势紧张的局面也有着很大的参考意义。 In addition to online monitoring of temperature increase transmission line capacity wires, reduce line investment to ease the supply situation of tension also has a great reference value. 风偏角的监测对架空送电线路安全运行,尤其在特殊气象条件下的安全运行和改进设计提供了重要参考。 Wind angle monitoring the safe operation of overhead transmission lines, in particular improved design and safe operation under special meteorological conditions provides an important reference.

传统的方法是定期检测。 The traditional method is regular testing. 在对某一送电线路进行定期测量时,在测量开始之前每次必须由带电作业人员把仪器安装到导地线上,测量结束之后也须拆除,每次安装或拆除均须带电作业,涉及到作业安全等诸多因素。 When a periodic measurement of the power transmission line, before the beginning of each measuring instrument must be installed by the operator to guide the charging line, after the measurement also must be removed, shall be installed or removed each time the charging operation, involving to job security and many other factors. 测量结束后,只有在实验室内才能进行数据处理和分析。 After the measurement, only for data processing and analysis in the laboratory. 即使对无线电遥测装置,传感器和发射器只能固定在悬垂线夹上,接收器和记录装置安放在地面拖车或房屋内,采用磁带记录,也必须等返回实验室后才能通过计算机进行处理和分析,得出测量结果。 Even if radio telemetry equipment, sensors and emitters can only be fixed on the suspension clamp, the receiver and the recording means housed within the ground, or a trailer home, using a tape recorder, can be also processed and analyzed by a computer or the like after returning Laboratory , measurement results obtained. 这种测振仪器实现起来比较困难, 而且因测振仪器使用电池供电,现场测量时间有限,特別是测量结果有时代表性不高,缺乏实时性。 This vibration measurement instrument more difficult to achieve, but also because of vibration measurement instrument battery-powered, on-site measuring time is limited, especially representative measurement results sometimes are not high, the lack of real-time. 以上原因造成目前使用的测量方法和测振仪器具有一定局限性。 Above causes a current measuring method and vibration measuring instrument has certain limitations.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明是为了对电力系统中架空送电线路的微风振动、导线温度(简称线温,下同)、风偏角、气象环境等参数快速、准确、可靠无误地检测,进而为架空送电线路的安全运行提供判定依据,提供一种架空送电线路在线监测系统及方法。 The present invention is directed to the power transmission system aeolian vibration of overhead power lines, the conductor temperature (the temperature of the line, the same below), the declination wind, weather and other environmental parameters quickly, accurately and reliably detected without fail, and thus for the overhead transmission lines provide safe operation to determine the basis, to provide online monitoring system and method An overhead power transmission lines.

本发明的技术方案为: 一种架空送电线路在线监测系统,其包括: Aspect of the present invention is: An overhead power line transmission line monitoring system, comprising:

至少一个数据监测装置,所述数据监测装置与所述的送电线相耦合,用于从所述的送电线上采集监测数据,并将采集到的监测数据通过短距离无线传输方式无线输出; Monitoring the at least one data means, said data monitoring means coupled to said transmission line, for monitoring the data collection to monitor the data from the transmission line, and outputs the acquired through short-distance wireless radio transmission;

至少一个基站,所述的基站与所述的数据监测装置通过短距离无线传输方式无线连接,用于接收和处理所述数据监测装置输出的监测数据,并将接收和处理后的监测数据通过远距离无线传输方式无线输出; At least one base station, said data monitoring apparatus by wireless base station and the short-range wireless transmission connection, for receiving and processing monitoring data outputted from said data monitoring apparatus, and the monitoring data received and processed by far wireless transmission from the wireless output;

监测中心站,所述的监测中心站与所述的基站通过远距离无线传输方式无线连接,用于接收和处理所述基站输出的监测数据,并得到监测结果。 Central monitoring station, the central monitoring station and the base station connected to a wireless long-distance wireless transmission for monitoring the data receiving and processing said output station, and the monitored results.

本发明还提供了一种架空送电线路在线监测方法,其包括: The present invention further provides an overhead transmission line monitoring circuit, comprising:

数据监测步骤,用于从所述的送电线上采集监测数据,并将釆集到的监测数据通过短距离无线传输方式无线输出; Data monitoring step of collecting monitoring data from the transmission line, and set to preclude the monitor output data through the short-range wireless radio transmission;

中继传输步骤,用于接收和处理所述数据监测步骤通过短距离无线传输方式无线输出的监测数据,并将接收和处理后的监测数据通过远距离无线传 Monitoring data relay transmission step for receiving and processing said step of monitoring data by monitoring the data of the short distance wireless output of the wireless transmission, the received and processed by the remote wireless transmission

输方式无线输出; Wireless transmission mode output;

监测中心处理步骤,用于接收和处理所述中继传输步骤输出的监测数据,并得到监测结果。 Monitoring Center processing step for receiving and processing monitoring data transmission step of the relay output, and the results monitored.

本发明的有益效果在于: Advantageous effects of the present invention:

数据监测装置与基站之间采用短距离无线传感器网络。 Using short-range wireless sensor network data between the monitoring device and the base station. 在每一现场,只需安装一台基站,就可以实现多参数的信息监测和融合,扩展性强、智能化程度高。 At each site, just install a base station, you can achieve information integration and multi-parameter monitoring, scalability, high degree of intelligence. 在无线传感器网络内用广播数据报进行上下报文传递,信息上传约在1秒钟内即可完成;基站与中心站之间利用移动通信网络用数据报进行上下报文传递,信息上传约在3秒钟左右即可完成。 For use in the wireless sensor network broadcast datagram down message delivery, information about upload can be completed within 1 second; up and down message delivery data message using a mobile communication network between a central station and a base station, information about upload about 3 seconds to complete. 因此, 一旦架空送电线路的微风振动发生异常情况,及或线路温度有特殊情况,本发明监测支持系统的中心站在不到5秒钟的时间内,就可将架空送电线3各运行情况及时、准确地告诉运行及有关人员。 Thus, once the overhead transmission line aeolian vibration exception occurs, and the temperature of the line, or special circumstances, the central monitoring system of the present invention support less than 5 seconds standing time, overhead power transmission lines can be run in each case 3 timely and accurately tells the runtime and associated personnel. 从而不仅可记录导地线、OPGW运行资料,计算疲劳累积损伤,及时掌握导地线防振装置消振效果的变化,发现设备中的隐患, 对线路防振效果进行评估,对防振装置进行改进等,还可进一步预测导地线、 OPGW疲劳寿命,这些均提高了架空送电线路运行的安全性和可靠性。 So that not only can record on cables, of OPGW operation data, calculates accumulated fatigue damage, to grasp the change in the vibration isolation device on cables damper effect, found hidden in the device, to assess the effect of the vibration-proof line, vibration isolation device improvements, etc., can be further predicted on cables, the fatigue life of OPGW, which are improved overhead transmission lines running safety and reliability. 另外, 线温的实时获取为提高线路输送容量提供了重要的依据,风偏角的监测对架空送电线路安全运行,尤其在特殊气象条件下的安全运行和改进设计提供了重要参考。 In addition, the temperature line, real-time acquisition provides an important basis for improving transmission line capacity, the wind angle monitoring the safe operation of overhead transmission lines, in particular improved design and safe operation under special meteorological conditions provides an important reference. 因此,本发明架空送电线路在线监测系统及方法不仅对电力系统的安全可靠供电具有十分重要的作用,而且还会给电力系统带来巨大的经济和社会效益。 Therefore, the present invention overhead power transmission line on-line monitoring system and method not only has a very important role in the safety and reliability of power supply system, but also bring huge economic and social benefits to the power system.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明监测系统的网络结构。 Figure 1 is a network structure of the monitoring system of the present invention.

图2为本发明监测系统中数据监测装置的结构示意图。 FIG 2 a schematic structural diagram of the data monitoring apparatus monitoring system of the present invention.

图3为本发明监测系统中基站的结构示意图。 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station monitoring system of the present invention.

图4为本发明监测系统中中心站的结构示意图。 A schematic view of a configuration monitoring system the central station 4 of the present invention in FIG.

图5为应用本发明监测系统的用户端界面。 5 is an end user interface application monitoring system of the present invention. 图6是本发明的数据监测装置的一个具体实施例。 FIG 6 is a data monitoring apparatus of the present invention to specific embodiments.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图进一步说明本发明监测系统的结构。 Further the configuration of the monitoring system of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings below.

本发明主要包含三大部分: The present invention mainly comprises three parts:

第一部分是数据监测装置,主要包含,微风振动测量单元、线温测量单元、风偏角测量单元、气象环境测量单元、信号调理模块、信号控制与无线收发模块、太阳能或高压抽能的供电单元。 The first part is the data monitoring apparatus, comprising a main, aeolian vibration measuring means, the line temperature measurement unit, the wind angle measuring unit, meteorological environment measuring unit, a signal conditioning module, a control signal to the wireless transceiver module, the solar energy power supply or high pressure pumping means .

所说的数据监测装置主要包含:微风振动监测装置和/或导线温度监测装置、风偏角测量单元、气象环境测量单元。 Said data monitoring apparatus mainly includes: aeolian vibration monitoring device and / or the conductor temperature monitoring means, the wind angle measuring unit, meteorological environment measuring unit.

第二部分是基站,主要包括,短距无线通信才莫块,远距无线传输模块, 数据采集与控制模块、太阳能或交流电源的供电系统。 The second part is a base station, including, short range wireless communication was MO block, remote wireless transmission module, data acquisition and control module, a solar power supply or AC power supply system.

第三部分监测支持系统,主要包括,监测系统及通信软件平台、微风振动分析及预警系统、设备管理系统、线路动态显示网站、远程同步工具。 The third part of the support system monitoring, including monitoring systems and communications software platform, vibration analysis breeze and early warning systems, equipment management systems, dynamic line display sites, remote synchronization tool.

本发明的工作过程为:首先将本发明监测系统中的数椐监测装置置于架空送电线路导线、地线和OPGW的某些位置(如防振锤夹头、阻尼线夹头、 悬垂线夹处、铁塔4黄担等)上。 Operation of the present invention are: First, the monitoring system of the present invention are noted in the number of the monitoring device is placed overhead transmission line conductor, and the ground OPGW certain locations (e.g. Damper chuck, chuck damping line, catenary folder, the tower 4 supporting yellow, etc.). 数据监测装置按照设定好的时间间隔定时进行数据采集,并将其数据按照报文的形式通过短距离无线传感器网络发送到基站,基站将收到的报文数据进行计算处理后通过移动通信网络传到监测支持系统。 Monitoring data after the data acquisition timing means in accordance with predetermined time intervals, and transmits data to the base station via short-range wireless sensor network in the form of packets, the base station receives the packet data calculation processing performed by a mobile communication network spread monitoring support system. 由监测支持系统的中心站完成信息的接收和发送。 By transmitting and receiving central station monitoring support system information. 并由监测支持系统的中心站完成架空送电线路^?效风振动在线监测的预警、显示、系统诊断、 维护、查询、信息发布、数据转发、打印等用户所需要的一系列数据。 Supported by a central station monitoring system is completed early warning overhead transmission lines ^?-Line monitoring of the effect of wind vibration, display, system diagnostics, maintenance, query, information dissemination, forwarding, printing and a series of data users need.

图l是本发明监测系统应用到实际线路的示意图。 Figure l is a schematic diagram of the actual line monitoring system of the present invention is applied to. 如图1中所示,本发明监测系统中的数据监测装置103、 104置于架空送电线路的某些位置上, 基站通过短距离无线传感器网络接收数据监测装置103、 104采集到的数椐, 通过移动通信网络106发送到监测支持系统的中心站107。 As shown in FIG. 1, the monitoring system of the present invention, data monitoring means 103, 104 in certain locations on the overhead transmission line, the base station over a short range wireless sensor network monitoring apparatus 103 receives the data, collected 104 the number noted transmitted to the monitoring support system 106 via a mobile communication network, the central station 107. 中心站107以网站的方式供用户登录浏览。 Central station 107 by way of the site for users to log in to browse. 当架空送电线路正常运行时,;微风振动水平、线 When the overhead transmission line during normal operation; aeolian vibration level line

ii路温度、风偏角和气象环境处于正常数值,数据监测装置103、 104按设计 ii road temperature, wind and weather environment in the normal angle value, data monitoring means 103, 104 according to the design

要求对现场的待测数据进行检测,并按设定的时间间隔上报到基站,基站经过数值计算并通过移动通信网络用数据报的方式发出架空送电线路运行实 Field test data requirements is detected, according to a set time interval reported to the base station, and issue through numerical computation overhead transmission lines running real-way data packets via a mobile communication network

况的报文信息,送至监测支持系统中心站107。 Status message information, sent to the central monitoring station 107 support system. 由中心站107完成信息的接收、处理和发布到网站。 Completed by the central station 107 receiving information, processing and distribution to the site. 由此构成架空送电线路微风振动在线监测系统。 Thereby constituting Overhead Transmission Line line monitoring system for the breeze. 同时,该在线监测系统还有一个远程备份和故障诊断中心109 。 Meanwhile, the on-line monitoring system as well as a remote backup and diagnostics center 109. 图2所示的是本发明监测系统的数据监测装置103、 104的具体结构。 It is a specific configuration 103, 104 of the data monitoring apparatus monitoring system of the present invention shown in FIG. 该数据监测装置,主要包括太阳能或高压抽能的供电单元202、信号调理模块203、信号控制与无线收发模块2Q4、微风振动及温度测量单元2G1、风偏角测量单元201、气象环境测量单元201。 The data monitoring apparatus, including a high pressure pump or a solar energy power supply unit 202, a signal conditioning module 203, a control signal to the wireless transceiver module 2Q4, aeolian vibration and temperature measurement unit 2G1, the wind angle measuring unit 201, meteorological environment measuring unit 201 . 所说的微风振动及温度测量单元201是微风振动和/或温度监测传感器,用于拾取微风振动及温度信号,该传感器信号通过接口输入所说的信号调理模块203,在该模块中对传感器信号进行滤波、放大和调理,变换为标准信号,再通过接口输入所说的信号控制与无线收发模块204。 Breeze said vibration and temperature measuring unit 201 is aeolian vibration and / or temperature monitoring sensor, for picking aeolian vibration and temperature signals, which of said sensor signal input through the interface signal conditioning module 203, the sensor signal in the module filtered, amplified and conditioned signal is converted to a standard, and then through the interface of said input signal control 204 and the wireless transceiver module. 在信号控制与无线收发模块204中,完成对信号的采集、处理、存储,通过其内置天线完成与基站的数据通信。 A signal control and wireless transceiver module 204, the completion signal acquisition, processing, storage, complete the communication with the base station through which data built-in antenna.

所说的风偏角测量单元201是风偏角监测传感器,用于拾取风偏角信号, 该传感器信号通过接口输入所说的信号调理模块203,在该模块中对传感器信号进行滤波、放大和调理,变换为标准信号,再通过接口输入所说的信号控制与无线收发模块204。 Said angle measuring unit 201 is a wind wind angle monitoring sensors, for picking up the wind angle signal, which of said sensor signal input through the interface signal conditioning module 203, filter the sensor signal in the module, the amplification and conditioning converted into standard signal, then said signal input via the interface control and wireless transceiver module 204. 在信号控制与无线收发模块204中,完成对信号的采集、处理、存储,通过其内置天线完成与基站的数据通信。 A signal control and wireless transceiver module 204, the completion signal acquisition, processing, storage, complete the communication with the base station through which data built-in antenna.

所说的气象环境测量单元201是线路气象环境监测传感器,用于拾取风速、风向、气温、相对湿度、总辐射信号,该传感器信号通过接口输入所说的信号调理模块203,在该^t块中对传感器信号进行滤波、放大和调理,变换为标准信号,再通过接口输入所说的信号控制与无线收发模块204。 Said meteorological environment measuring unit 201 is a circuit meteorological environmental monitoring sensors, for picking up wind speed, wind direction, temperature, relative humidity, total radiation signals, which of said sensor signal input through the interface signal conditioning module 203, which in block ^ t the sensor signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned signal is converted to a standard, and then through the interface of said input signal control 204 and the wireless transceiver module. 在信号控制与无线收发模块204中,完成对信号的采集、处理、存储,通过其天线完成与基站的数据通信。 A signal control and wireless transceiver module 204, the completion signal acquisition, processing, storage, complete the communication with the base station via its antenna data. 信号控制与无线收发模块204完成对经过信号调理模块调理后信号的 And radio signal control module 204 after completion of the signal conditioning signal conditioning module

AD转换、数据处理和处理后信号的无线发送,并通过其上单片机引脚控制信 AD conversion, data processing and wireless transmission of the signal processing, the microcontroller pins and through which the control signal

号调理模块的电源通断。 Number of power conditioning module off. 该信号控制与无线收发模块采用无线传感器网络模块,其特点是低功耗、低速率和短距离。 The radio signal with the control module using wireless sensor network module, which is characterized by low power, low speed and short distances. 因其抗干扰能力强、为工业级芯片, Because of its strong anti-interference capabilities, industrial-grade chips,

并且将数据处理(CPU)和数据收发集成在一块电路板上,自身带有故障自恢复功能,大大提高了数据监测装置的抗干扰能力和可靠性。 And data processing (CPU) and a data transceiver integrated in a circuit board, with its own fault recovery function, greatly improves noise immunity and reliability of the data monitoring apparatus.

所说的太阳能供电单元202主要包括太阳能板、电源调理模块和充电电池。 He said solar power supply unit 202 mainly includes a solar panel, a rechargeable battery and a power conditioning module. 电源调理模块的功能是将太阳能板供给的电压转换成稳定直流电压。 The power conditioning module function is to convert the voltage of the solar panel into a stable DC voltage supplied. 在阳光充足时,在对数据监测装置103供电的同时,对电池充电,完成电能的储存;在夜晚无法供给太阳能或因阴天等气候情况太阳能供给不足时由电源调理模块里的充电电池继续给后续电路供电。 When sunny, while the data of the monitoring device power supply 103 to charge the battery, for storing electric energy is completed; solar energy can not be supplied at night or due to insufficient supply of cloudy weather conditions, and the like continue to solar power conditioning module in a rechargeable battery subsequent circuitry. 采用太阳能供电单元202的数据监测装置不仅适用于交流送电线路,而且适用于直流送电线路,还可用于地线、OPGW上,具有广泛的适用性。 Data monitoring apparatus use solar power unit 202 is applied not only to the AC power transmission line, but also to DC power transmission line, the ground can also be used, of OPGW on, have wide applicability.

所说的高压抽能供电单元202主要包括高压抽能装置、电源调理模块和充电电池。 A high-pressure pump capable of supplying a high pressure pumping unit 202 can include means, power conditioning module and a rechargeable battery. 该高压抽能装置采用电磁感应原理,将导线周围的交变磁场能转为电能的装置。 The high pressure pumping device could employ the principle of electromagnetic induction, the alternating magnetic field around the wire energy into electrical energy. 所述电源调理才莫块将交流输入电源转为直流电源并将电能4渚存起来,该模块202同时给数据监测装置供电。 The power conditioning block only Mo AC input power into DC power and energy save up bank 4, the monitoring module 202 to the data while the power supply device. 采用高压抽能供电单元202 的数据监测装置主要适用于交流送电线路。 High pressure pumping unit can supply the data monitoring apparatus 202 is mainly applied to AC power transmission line.

图3所示的是本发明监测系统的基站105的具体结构。 It is a specific configuration of a base station monitoring system 105 of the present invention shown in FIG. 该基站的功能是实现现场多信息的数据采集和融合、存储、管理、远程发送,主要包括短距无线通信才莫块301、数据采集与控制模块302、远距无线传输模块303,太阳能或交流电源的供电系统(304、 305、 306 )。 The base station is a function of the data acquisition and integration, storage, management, remote transmission of information to achieve multi-site, including the short range wireless communication was MO block 301, the data acquisition and control module 302, remote wireless transmission module 303, solar energy or AC the power supply system (304, 305, 306). 所说的短距无线通信模块301 由无线网络模块和接口板组成,建立与若干数据监测装置的无线通信链路, 即组成一对多的无线网络,实时监听各数据监测装置发送的数据,把数据通过接口送入所说的数据采集与控制模块302,反之亦然。 Said short range wireless communication module 301 by a wireless network module and the interface board to establish a wireless communication link with a plurality of data monitoring means, i.e. the composition of many wireless networks, real-time monitoring data transmitted from each of the monitoring data, the data sent through the interface of said data acquisition and control module 302, and vice versa.

所说的数据采集与控制模块302为嵌入式单板机,其特点是高可靠、高集成、低功耗,在其上运行嵌入式操作系统和应用软件,对接收到的数据进行解析和处理,然后存入存储器,对数据进行管理,将数据送入所说的远距无线传输模块303。 Said data acquisition and control module 302 is embedded SBC, which is characterized by high reliability, high integration, low power consumption, on which to run the embedded operating system and application software, parsing the received data and processing and then stored in the memory, data management, data into said long-distance wireless transmission module 303.

所说的远距无线传输模块303是一种无线GPRS/CDMA DTU,通过移动通信网建立与监测支持系统中心站107的无线链3各,只要收到所说的数据采集与控制模块302传输的数据,就把该数据准确可靠地发送到监测支持系统中心站107,反之亦然。 Said remote wireless transmission module 303 is a wireless GPRS / CDMA DTU, to establish radio links with the central monitoring station 107 of the support system for each of 3, as long as the receipt of said data acquisition control module 302 and transmitted via the mobile communication network data, put the accurate and reliable data transmitted to the central station monitoring system 107 supports, and vice versa.

所说的太阳能或交流电源的供电系统(304、 305、 306 )是系统提供的两种供电方式,可根据线路现场的实际情况进行有针对性地选择。 Of said AC power or solar power supply system (304, 305, 306) is provided by two power supply systems, it can be targeted based on the actual site where the line. 所说的太阳能的供电系统主要包括太阳电池板、充放电控制器和蓄电池。 He said solar power system includes a solar panel, and a battery charge and discharge controllers. 在阳光充足时,在对基站供电的同时,对电池充电,完成电能的储存;在夜晚无法供给太阳能或因阴天等气候情况太阳能供给不足时由蓄电池继续给基站供电。 When sunny, while the base station power, charging the battery, for storing electric energy is completed; solar energy can not be supplied at night or due to insufficient supply of cloudy weather conditions, solar batteries and the like from the base station continues to power. 所说的交流电源的供电系统(304、 305、 306 )主要包括UPS不间断电源和蓄电池。 Of said AC power supply system (304, 305, 306) includes an uninterruptible power supply UPS and the battery. 在交流电源正常时,由UPS不间断电源直接给基站供电,蓄电池处于浮充状态;当交流电源故障或检修时,由蓄电池继续给基站供电。 When AC power is normal, the UPS uninterruptible power supply directly to the base station, the battery is in floating state; when the AC power failure or maintenance, the base station continues to power by the battery.

图4所示的是本发明监测系统的中心站107的具体结构。 It is a specific configuration of central station monitoring system 107 of the present invention shown in FIG. 所说的中心站107主要包含:与互联网连接的网络通信模块401、监测系统平台402、服务管理工具403、远程同步工具404、网站发布模块405。 He said central station 107 mainly includes: network communication module connected to the Internet 401, the monitoring system platform 402, service management tools 403, 404 remote synchronization tool, website publishing module 405.

所说的与互联网连接的网络通信模块401内含有数据报^^处理模块。 He said network communication module connected to the Internet data packets containing ^^ processing module 401. 所以本发明的监测支持系统的中心站能够迅速地接收到由基站处理过的通过移动通信网络以数据报方式发出的报文信息,进行处理分析,然后存入所说的监测系统平台数据库系统。 Therefore, central station monitoring support system of the present invention can be quickly processed by the base station had received the message information in datagrams sent by way of a mobile communication network, processing and analysis, and then stored in a database of said monitoring platform system.

所说的监测系统平台402是在计算机操作系统的平台上,建立的实时操作系统、数据库系统和用户应用系统。 Real-time operating system, said monitoring system on a computer platform 402 is an operating system platform, the establishment of a database system and user applications. 数据库管理系统含有对用户权限管理、 用户基本信息维护、检测数据的统计与计算、预警功能等。 Database management systems contain user rights management, user maintenance of the basic information, statistical data and calculation of detection, early warning functions. 本发明的数据库管理系统可以查询每条特定架空送电线路的周、月或年的报警次数、类型、最大振幅、最大线温、最大风速等。 Database management system according to the present invention can query each particular overhead transmission lines weeks, months or years, the number of alarms, the type, the maximum amplitude, the maximum temperature of the line, the maximum wind speed. 为架空送电线路的安全运行提供了分析的数据。 It provides data analysis for the safe operation of overhead transmission lines.

所说的服务管理工具403是在监测系统平台402上建立的数据库管理才莫块及系统管理工具,用于对系统设备的管理、诊断、分析等。 Said service management tool 403 is based on a monitoring platform database management only 402 Mo block and system management tools for system management, diagnostics and analysis.

所说的远程同步工具404用于与远程备^"分和故障诊断中心109的数据通信,该远程备份和故障诊断中心109的作用在于数据备份、系统状态监测和故障诊断,为用户提供技术分析与咨询。 Said remote tools 404 for synchronization with a remote backup ^ "Fault diagnosis center points and data communication 109, the action of the remote backup and fault diagnosis center 109 that the backup data, condition monitoring and fault diagnosis system, to provide users with technical analysis and consulting.

图5是本发明监测系统具体实施时,监测支持系统的中心站107内的监测界面示意图。 FIG 5 is a particular embodiment of the monitoring system of the present invention, a schematic view of the interface in the central monitoring station monitoring system 107 supports. 监测支持系统的中心站107上的网络通信模块401与移动通信网络连接。 Network communication module 107 at the central monitoring station 401 is connected to the support system for the mobile communication network. 因此,当数据监测装置正常运行时,微风振动监测装置会监测到架空送电线路的微风振动,线温监测装置会监测到架空送电线路的实际运行温度,气象环境监测装置会监测到架空送电线路附近的微气象环境,这些监测到的信息通过短距离无线传感器网络以数据报的形式及时传送到基站, 基站对数据报进行解析、数据处理、数据存储、并通过数椐转发,利用移动通信网络以数据报的方式法发出线路运行相关报文信息。 Thus, when the data monitoring means during normal operation, aeolian vibration monitoring device will monitor the aeolian vibration of overhead transmission lines, line temperature monitoring device will monitor the actual operating temperature of the overhead transmission line, meteorological environment monitoring device will monitor the overhead transmission near the electrical line micro meteorological environment, these monitored information via the short-range wireless sensor network in the form of datagrams be transmitted to the base station, the data packet parsing, data processing, data storage, and forwarding by the number noted using the mobile a communication line network sent message information related to the operation method in a manner datagram. 并将报文按数据报的不同类型存入数据库,由监测支持系统的中心站107主动读取4艮文信息, 并按要求完成报警、数据记录、数据加工、疲劳寿命计算、累加、采集数据的统计计算等相关工作。 Different types of packets and the packet data stored in the database, reads the Active Gen 4 information packets by the central station monitoring support system 107, as required to complete the alarm, data logging, data processing, the fatigue life calculation, accumulation, data collection statistical calculations and other related work.

图6是本发明的数据监测装置的一个具体实施例,其是一种利用太阳能供电的送电线路微风振动监测装置,主要包括:本体,太阳能供电装置,固定块14、 15,卡具16,振动测量装置13。 FIG 6 is a specific data monitoring apparatus according to the present embodiment of the invention, which is a power transmission line aeolian vibration monitoring apparatus utilizing solar power, including: a body, a solar power supply device, a fixed block 14, 15, the jig 16, a vibration measuring device 13.

其中,太阳能供电装置置于本体上;卡具16通过固定块14、 15与本体连接,所述振动测量装置13固定于固定块14、 15上。 Wherein the solar power supply device is placed on the body; jig 1614, and the body 15 are connected by fixing block, a vibration measuring device 13 is fixed to the fixed block 14, 15.

此外,本体包括壳体2、端盖1和天线盖7,天线盖7形成该装置的另一个端盖;本实施例采用电池板压板3和螺丝将太阳能电池板4固定在壳体2上。 In addition, the body comprises a housing 2, a cover 7 and the antenna cover, antenna cover 7 formed in the other end cap of the apparatus; embodiment according to the present embodiment uses a battery 3 and a screw press plate solar panel 4 is fixed on the housing 2. 壳体2的方孔内表面贴装有屏蔽筒5,与太阳能电池板4上的屏蔽金属网一起完成对高压电力线周围电磁场的屏蔽功能。 Bore side-mounted surface of the housing 2 of the insulating cylinder 5, complete shielding of the electromagnetic field around the high voltage power lines with the metal shield on the solar panel 4. 于屏蔽筒5内设置支撑 The inner shield tube disposed in the support 5

块6,其外表面与屏蔽筒5的内表面紧密相接在一起。 Block 6, in close contact with the inner surface of the outer surface of the cylinder 5 and the shield. 在支撑块6的方孔底部贴装有压板IO,压板10上开有螺栓孔,固定块14, 15分别通过螺栓接入压板10上的螺栓孔从而与本体连接在一起。 Square hole at the bottom of the support block 6 of the IO platen-mounted, a bolt hole opening on the pressure plate 10, the fixed block 14, 15 are so connected to the body by bolts 10, bolt holes on the access platen.

另外,在本例中片状天线8用螺栓固定于天线盖靠近本体的一侧,另一侧用非屏蔽材料9将天线密封起来,既不影响信号的有效传输,又能对天线起到防雨防风的作用。 Further, in near side of the cover body is bolted to the antenna of the present embodiment, a patch antenna 8, the other side of the sealing material 9 unshielded antenna up, without affecting the effective transmission of the signal, the antenna can play an anti- rain wind effect.

本例中的振动测量装置13是监测装置的传感器,为一条扁平的悬臂梁式弹性体,其末端装有可转动的小轮12,在小轮12与弹性体之间采用绝缘材料11连接。 In the present embodiment a vibration measuring device 13 is a sensor monitoring apparatus for a flat elastomer Izod its end with a small rotatable wheel 12, between the small wheel 12 and the elastomeric insulating material 11 is connected. 该弹性体的根部固定在固定块14, 15的上下两部分之间,在根部附近粘贴有振动传感元件。 Root portion of the elastomer portion is fixed between the upper and lower fixing blocks 14, 15, the vibration sensor is attached near the root element.

本发明监测系统主要技术特点是: Main technical characteristics of the monitoring system of the present invention are:

架空送电线路微风振动监测技术; Aeolian vibration monitoring of overhead transmission line technology;

架空送电线路线路温度监测技术; Temperature monitoring of overhead transmission line circuit technology;

架空送电线路线路风偏角监测技术; Overhead transmission line route for the wind angle monitoring technology;

凌史据监测装置的供电系统(无供电条件下); History of the power supply system according to Ling monitoring device (without an electric power);

凄史据监测装置采集到的数据及时快速上到基站(利用短距离无线传感器网络); Sad history monitoring apparatus according to the acquired data to the base station on a timely rapid (short range wireless sensor network);

数据监测装置硬设备的安全可靠性(适应户外应用); 基站对数据监测装置发送的数据进行加工处理和快捷地上传监测支持系统; Data security and reliability of the monitoring device hardware device (suitable for outdoor application); a base station apparatus to the data sent by the monitoring and processing support systems quickly upload monitoring;

监测支持系统的中心站所应用运行控制管理系统(运行分析、预报警、 The central station monitoring system to which operation support control management system (operation analysis, pre-alarm,

管理、维护、信息发布等); Management, maintenance, information dissemination, etc.);

监测支持系统的中心站接入网络,让在线监测随时随地。 Monitoring Support System of Central Station access network, allowing online monitoring anytime, anywhere.

1) 本发明的微风振动测量单元在原理上遵循IEEE提出的"弯曲振幅 1) Breeze vibration measurement unit according to the present invention follows the "bending amplitude in principle proposed IEEE

法"。当导线微风振动时,悬臂梁传感器用于拾取微风振动信号,然后进行信号调理、A/D转换、数据采集、信号处理等。 Act. "When the wire aeolian vibration, cantilever sensor for picking up an aeolian vibration signal, then signal conditioning, A / D conversion, data acquisition and signal processing.

2) 本发明的线路温度测量单元选用热电阻,采用接触式测温。 2) the temperature measurement line selection unit of the invention heat resistance, a contact type temperature measurement.

3) 本发明的线路风偏角测量单元选用角度传感器。 3) line of the present invention the wind declination angle sensor selection unit.

4) 本发明数据监测装置的供电单元采用如下二种方式之一:(l)如果数据监测装置安装在交流线路上,采用高压抽能方式供电。 4) a power supply unit of the data monitoring apparatus according to the present invention employs one of the following two ways: (l) if the data monitoring device is mounted on the AC line, high pressure pump can supply mode. (2)如果数据监测装置安装在直流线路、地线、OPGW或交流线路上,采用太阳能供电。 (2) if the data monitoring device is mounted on a DC line and ground, or AC line of OPGW, use of solar power. 由于数据监测装置是安装在野外现场,这就要求一个完全靠自己供电来完成采集和数据收发的供电系统,而且用电部分的功耗越小越好。 Since the data monitoring apparatus is installed in the field site, which requires a complete power on its own to complete the acquisition of the data transceiver and the power supply system, and power consumption of electricity portion as small as possible. 本发明使用高压抽能或太阳能供电,可让数据监测装置长期在户外运行(无日照二个月以上)。 The present invention is capable of using a high pressure pump or solar power, allowing long-term operation data monitoring apparatus (sunless more than two months) outdoors.

5) 本发明的数据监测装置与基站之间的通信是通过短距离无线传感器网络,采用数据报方式。 5) the data communication between the monitoring device of the present invention with a base station via short-range wireless sensor network using the datagram method. 该网络具有自主性强,实现方便,灵活性高,并能做到快速、准确地收发数据。 The network has independent and strong, easy to achieve high flexibility, and can be done quickly and accurately send and receive data.

6) 基站与监测支持系统的中心站的通信部分。 6) of the base station communication section and the central station monitoring support system. 本发明的基站与中心站之间的联系是通过移动通信网络。 Links between base stations and the central station of the present invention is a mobile communication network. 由于在某些现场移动通信网络信号不太良好,故本发明采用中心站与基站进行带有数据校验功能的数据报方式,而且有数据重发功能,做到快速、准确地收发数据。 Since the mobile communication network in some field signal is not good, so the present invention employs the central station with the data reported data check function with a base station, and the data retransmission function, so that quickly and accurately transmit and receive data.

7) 本发明监测支持系统的中心站提供了良好的用户操作、使用界面, 可帮助用户完成系统配置,报警信息处理,数据查询,系统维护等。 7) the central station monitoring system of the present invention provides support good user operation, user interface, the system can help the user to complete the configuration, alarm information processing, data query, system maintenance.

8) 本发明的中心站已开发了一套完整的设备通信规约(GPRS方式下),经过实施应用,已经证明通信规约能够安全准确和可靠地运行。 8) the central station of the present invention have developed a complete device communication protocol (for GPRS), through the implementation of the application, it has been proven safe communication protocol capable of accurate and reliable operation.

9) 本发明监测支持系统的中心站接入Intranet/Intemet,让在线监测随时随地,便于用户使用。 9) the central station monitoring system of the present invention to support access Intranet / Intemet, let go online monitoring, user-friendly.

以上具体实施方式仅用于说明本发明,而非用于限定本发明。 DETAILED above embodiments merely illustrate the present invention, not intended to limit the present invention.

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Claims (15)

1. 一种架空送电线路在线监测系统,其特征在于包括:一个以上数据监测装置,所述数据监测装置与所述的送电线相耦合,用于从所述的送电线上采集监测数据,并将采集到的监测数据通过无线传感器网络输出;至少一个基站,所述的基站与所述的数据监测装置通过无线传感器网络连接,用于接收和处理所述数据监测装置输出的监测数据,并将接收和处理后的监测数据通过远距离无线通信方式无线输出;监测中心站,所述的监测中心站与所述的基站通过远距离无线传输方式无线连接,用于接收和处理所述基站输出的监测数据,并得到监测结果;其中,所述的数据监测装置的至少一个为振动监测装置,该振动监测装置包括:振动传感器,通过振动监测悬臂与所述的送电线相耦合,用于从所述的送电线上采集振动信号,该振动监测悬臂的一端与所述的 1. An overhead power line transmission line monitoring system, comprising: one or more data monitoring means, said data monitoring means coupled to said transmission line, used to collect monitoring data from said transmission line, and the wireless sensor network output data collected by the monitoring; at least one base station, said data monitoring apparatus is connected through a base station and the wireless sensor network for monitoring said data receiving and processing data output from the monitoring means, and the monitoring data received and processed by the wireless output range wireless communication system; central monitoring station, the central monitoring station and the base station via a wireless long-distance wireless transmission, the base station for receiving and processing the output monitoring data, and the obtained monitoring result; wherein said data monitoring means at least one of a vibration monitoring device, the vibration monitoring device comprising: a vibration sensor coupled to the boom through the transmission line with said vibration monitoring, for from transmitting the collected vibration signal on the wire, one end of the cantilever vibration monitoring of 电线通过滚轮相接触;信号调理单元,与所述的振动传感器相耦合,用于从所述的振动传感器上接收振动信号,并对接收到的振动信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发单元,与所述的信号调理单元相耦合,用于从所述的信号调理单元上接收所述的标准信号,并对接收到的标准信号进行存储和通过片状非屏蔽天线无线发射;供电单元,所述的供电单元是指太阳能供电单元或高压抽能供电单元,用于为所述的振动监测装置提供电能。 The wire by contacting the roller; signal conditioning means coupled to said vibration sensor for receiving the vibration signal from said vibration sensor, and processes the received vibration signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; the radio unit control signal, and said signal conditioning means coupled for receiving said standard signal from the signal conditioning unit, and the received standard signal and by storing the sheet-like antenna unshielded wireless transmitter; power supply unit, said power supply means is a solar cell or a power supply unit capable of supplying a high pressure pumping unit, for supplying power to the vibration monitoring apparatus.
2. 根据权利要求l所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的数据监测装置的至少一个为温度监测装置,该温度监测装置包括:温度传感器,与所述的送电线相耦合,用于从所述的送电线上采集温度信号;信号调理单元,与所述的温度传感器相耦合,用于从所述的温度传感器上接收温度信号,并对接收到的温度信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发单元,与所述的信号调理单元相耦合,用于^v所述的信号调理单元上接收所述的标准信号,并对接收到的标准信号进行存储和无线发射;供电单元,所述的供电单元是指太阳能供电单元或高压抽能供电单元, 用于为所述的振动监测装置提供电能。 2. The system as claimed in claim l, wherein at least one of said temperature monitoring device data monitoring apparatus, the temperature monitoring device comprising: a temperature sensor coupled to the transmission line for the collecting said transmission signal on the electric wire temperature; signal conditioning unit and coupled to said temperature sensor to receive a temperature signal from said temperature sensor and the received temperature signal filtering, amplifying and conditioning, generating a standard signal; a wireless transceiver unit and a control signal, and said signal conditioning means coupled for receiving ^ v on the standard signal of the signal conditioning unit, and the received standard radio signal and storing emission; power supply unit, said power supply means is a solar cell or a power supply unit capable of supplying a high pressure pumping unit, for supplying power to the vibration monitoring apparatus.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的温度传感器是指: 热电阻,该热电阻与所述的送电线相4妄触。 3. The system of claim 2, wherein said temperature sensor means: heat resistance, the heat resistance of the transmission line 4 phase jump touch.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的数据监测装置的至少一个为风偏角监测装置,该风偏角监测装置包括:风偏角传感器,与所述的送电线相耦合,用于从所述的送电线上采集风偏角信号;信号调理单元,与所述的风偏角传感器相耦合,用于从所述的风偏角传感器上接收风偏角信号,并对接收到的风偏角信号进行过滤、放大和调理, 生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发单元,与所述的信号调理单元相耦合,用于从所述的信号调理单元上接收所述的标准信号,并对接收到的标准信号进行存储和无线发射;供电单元,所述的供电单元是指太阳能供电单元或高压抽能供电单元, 用于为所述的风偏角监测装置提供电能。 4. The system of claim 1, wherein at least one of said wind angle monitoring device monitoring device data, the wind angle monitoring device comprising: a wind angle sensor, to said transmission line is coupled to signal acquisition for a wind angle from said transmission line; a signal conditioning unit coupled to the sensor and the wind angle, the wind angle for receiving a signal from the angle sensor of the wind, wind angle and received signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; and controlling a wireless transceiver unit, and said signal conditioning means coupled to receive from the signal conditioning unit according to the standard signal, and the received standard signal and store wireless transmission; power supply unit, said power supply means is a solar cell or a power supply unit capable of supplying a high pressure pumping means for supplying power to the monitoring device of the wind angle .
5. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的数据监测装置的至少一个为气象环境监测装置,该气象环境监测装置包括:气象环境传感器,与所述的送电线路相耦合,用于从所述的送电线路釆集气象环境信号;信号调理单元,与所述的气象环境传感器相耦合,用于从所述的气象环境传感器上接收气象环境信号,并对接收到的气象环境信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发单元,与所述的信号调理单元相耦合,用于从所述的信号调理单元上接收所述的标准信号,并对接收到的标准信号进行存储和无线发射;供电单元,所述的供电单元是指太阳能供电单元,用于为所述的气象环境监测装置提供电能。 5. The system according to claim 1, wherein the data monitoring device at least one environmental monitoring apparatus according to the weather, the meteorological environment monitoring apparatus comprising: a meteorological environment sensor, and the power transmission line is coupled to the , a set of meteorological environment preclude the signal from said power transmission line; a signal conditioning unit, the meteorological environment is coupled to said sensor for receiving signals from meteorological environment according to the meteorological environment sensor, and the received meteorological environment signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; and controlling a wireless transceiver unit, and said signal conditioning means coupled for receiving said standard signal from the signal conditioning unit, and It received standard signal and store wireless transmission; power supply unit, said power supply means is a solar cell power supply unit for supplying power to the meteorological environment monitoring means.
6. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的数据监测装置包括:振动监测装置、温度监测装置、风偏角监测装置和气象环境监测装置。 6. The system according to claim 1, wherein said data monitoring apparatus comprising: a vibration monitoring means, temperature monitoring means, the monitoring means of wind angle meteorological and environmental monitoring devices.
7. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的基站包括: 短距无线通信单元,用于建立与所述数据监测装置的无线通信链路,实时采集所述数据监测装置发送的数据,并将采集的数据输出;数据采集与控制单元,与所述的短距无线通信单元相耦合,接收所述短距无线通信单元输出的数据;对接收到的数据进行解析和处理,然后存入存储器,对数据进行管理和输出;远距无线传输单元,与所述的数据采集与控制单元相耦合,接收所述数据采集与控制单元输出的数据,通过移动通信网建立与所述监测中心站的无线链路并把数据发送到所述的监测中心站;供电单元,所述的供电单元是指太阳能供电单元或交流电源供电单元, 用于为所述的基站提供电能。 7. The system according to claim 1, wherein, said base station comprising: a short range wireless communication unit for establishing a wireless communication link with the data monitoring apparatus, monitoring apparatus transmitting said data collected in real time data, and outputs the data collected; data acquisition and control unit, and the short range wireless communication unit is coupled to receive the data output from short range wireless communication unit; the received data is parsed and processed, then stored in the memory, and an output data management; remote wireless transmission unit, coupled to the data acquisition and control unit receiving said data output data acquisition and control unit is established via the mobile communication network radio link monitoring Center, and sending the data to the monitoring center station; a power supply unit, said power supply means is a solar cell power supply unit or an AC power supply unit for supplying power to the base station.
8. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述的监测中心站包括:网络通信单元,与互联网连接,接收由所述基站通过移动通信网络以数据报方式发出的报文信息并进行处理;监测系统平台,是在计算机操作系统的平台上建立的实时操作系统、数据库系统和用户应用系统,用于用户权限管理、用户基本信息维护、监测数据的统计与计算、预警处理;服务管理工具,是在所述监测系统平台上建立的数据库管理模块及系统管理工具,用于对系统设备的管理、诊断、分析;远程同步工具,用于数据备份、系统状态监测和故障诊断; 网站发布单元,用于发布监测结果。 8. The system according to claim 1, wherein said central monitoring station comprising: a network communication unit connected to the Internet, receiving information packets sent to data reported by the base station through the mobile communication network and processing; monitoring system platform, real-time operating system built on the computer's operating system platform, database system and user application system for user rights management, user basic information maintenance, statistics and computing monitoring data, alarm processing; services management tools, database management module and system management tools built on the platform of the monitoring system for the management of the system equipment, diagnostic, analysis; remote synchronization tool for data backup, system status monitoring and fault diagnosis; website publishing unit for publishing monitoring results.
9. 一种架空送电线路在线监测方法,其特征在于包括: 数据监测步骤,用于从所述的送电线上采集监测数据,并将采集到的监测数据通过无线传感器网络输出;中继传输步骤,用于接收和处理所述数据监测步骤通过无线传感器网络输出的监测数据,并将接收和处理后的监测数据通过远距离无线通信方式无线输出;监测中心处理步骤,用于接收和处理所述中继传输步骤输出的监测数据,并得到监测结果;其中,所述的数据监测步骤进一步包括:振动传感步骤,用于通过振动监测悬臂从所述的送电线上采集振动信号,该振动监测悬臂的一端与所述的送电线通过一滚轮相接触;信号调理步骤,用于对接收到的振动信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发步骤,用于对接收到的所述标准信号进行存储和通过片状非屏蔽天线无线发射 A method for online monitoring of overhead transmission line, comprising: data monitoring step of collecting monitoring data from the transmission line, and monitoring data collected by the wireless sensor network output; relay transmission step of receiving and processing monitoring data for said step of monitoring data by monitoring the data output from the wireless sensor networks, and receiving and processing the output via wireless long-distance wireless communication; monitoring center processing step for receiving and processing said step of monitoring data relay transmission output, and with the monitoring result; wherein the step of monitoring said data further comprises: a vibration sensing step for acquiring a vibration signal from the transmission line by monitoring boom vibration, the vibration one end of said transmission line monitoring of the cantilever by contacting a roller; signal conditioning step of the received vibration signal filtering, amplification and conditioning, to generate a standard signal; radio control step for receiving the standard signal to be stored and by means of a sheet-like antenna wireless transmit unshielded ;供电步骤,采用太阳能供电或高压抽能供电来提供工作电能。 ; Power supply step, use of solar power or high-voltage power supply with pumping to provide operating power.
10. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的数据监测步骤进一步包括:温度传感步骤,用于通过热电阻从所述的送电线上采集温度信号,该热电阻与所述的送电线相4妄触;信号调理步骤,用于对接收到的温度信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发步骤,用于对接收到的标准信号进行存储和无线发射; 供电步骤,采用太阳能供电或高压抽能供电来提供工作电能。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein said data monitoring step further comprising: a temperature sensing step of collecting temperature signals from the transmission line by the thermal resistance, the thermal resistance and the 4 said transmission line phase jump contact; signal conditioning step, the temperature for the received signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; radio control step, for standard signals, and storing the received a wireless transmitter; power step, or the use of solar power supply can be provided a high-pressure pump operating power.
11. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的数据监测步骤进一步包括:风偏角传感步骤,用于通过风偏角传感器从所述的送电线上采集风偏角信号,该风偏角传感器与所述的送电线相耦合;信号调理步骤,用于对接收到的风偏角信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发步骤,用于对接收到的所述标准信号进行存储和无线发射;供电步骤,采用太阳能供电或高压抽能供电来提供工作电能。 11. The method according to claim 9, wherein said data monitoring step further comprises: step of sensing the wind angle, the wind angle for signal acquisition from the transmission line by the wind angle sensor the wind angle sensor coupled to said transmission line; signal conditioning step, the wind angle for the received signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; radio control step for the standard signal received for storage and wireless transmitter; power step, or the use of solar power supply can be provided a high-pressure pump operating power.
12. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的婆t悟监测步骤进一步包括:气象环境传感步骤,用于通过气象环境传感器从所述的送电线路采集气象环境信号,该气象环境传感器与所述的送电线相耦合;信号调理步骤,用于对接收到的气象环境信号进行过滤、放大和调理, 生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发步骤,用于对接收到的标准信号进行存储和无线发射;供电步骤,采用太阳能供电或高压抽能供电来提供工作电能。 12. The method according to claim 9, wherein said monitoring step further po t Wu comprising: a step of sensing ambient weather, meteorological environment for signal acquisition from the power transmission line by the meteorological environment sensors, the meteorological environment sensor coupled to said transmission line; signal conditioning step, the meteorological environment for a received signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; radio control step for the received standard wireless transmission signal and stored; power step, or the use of solar power supply can be provided a high-pressure pump operating power.
13. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的数据监测步骤进一步包括:温度传感步骤,用于通过热电阻从所述的送电线上采集温度信号,该热电阻与所述的送电线相接触;风偏角传感步骤,用于通过风偏角传感器从所述的送电线上采集风偏角信号,该风偏角传感器与所述的送电线相耦合;气象环境传感步骤,用于通过气象环境传感器从所述的送电线路釆集气象环境信号,该气象环境传感器与所述的送电线相耦合;信号调理步骤,用于对接收到的振动信号、温度信号和气象环境信号进行过滤、放大和调理,生成标准信号;信号控制与无线收发步骤,用于对接收到的所述标准信号进行存储和无线发射;供电步骤,采用太阳能供电或高压抽能供电来提供工作电能。 13. The method according to claim 9, wherein said data monitoring step further comprising: a temperature sensing step of collecting temperature signals from the transmission line by the thermal resistance, the thermal resistance and the contacting said transmission line; a step of sensing the wind angle, the wind angle for signal acquisition from the transmission line by the angle sensor wind, the wind angle sensor coupled to said transmission line; meteorological environment a sensing step for transmitting electrical current meteorological environment preclude the line signal from the sensor and the meteorological environment is coupled to the transmission line by weather environmental sensor; signal conditioning step, a vibration signal is received, the temperature signals and meteorological ambient signal is filtered, amplified and conditioned to generate a standard signal; radio control step, the reference signal for the received wireless transmission and storage; power supply step, use of solar power or high power pumping energy to provide operating power.
14. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的中继传输步骤进一步包括:短距无线通信步骤,用于实时采集所述数据监测步骤中发送的数据,并将采集的数据输出;数据采集与控制步骤,用于对接收到的数据进行解析和处理,然后存入存储器,对数据进行管理和输出;远距无线传输步骤,通过移动通信网建立与所述监测中心的无线链路并把数据发送到所述的监测中心;供电步骤,采用太阳能供电或交流电源供电来提供工作电能。 Step short range wireless communication data, the data for real-time acquisition step of monitoring data transmitted and collected: 14. A method according to claim 9, wherein said step of transmitting further comprises relaying output; data acquisition and control step of analyzing the data received and processed, and then stored in the memory, and an output data management; wireless remote transmission step and said establishing a wireless monitoring center through the mobile communication network link and send data to the monitoring center; supply step, use of solar power or AC power supply to provide operating power.
15. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述的监测中心处理步骤进一步包括:通信网络步骤,接收移动通信网络以数据报方式发出的报文信息并进行处理;监测步骤,用于用户权限管理、用户基本信息维护、监测数据的统计与计算、预警处理;服务管理步骤,用于对系统设备的管理、诊断、分析; 远程同步步骤,用于数据备份、系统状态监测和故障诊断; 网站发布步骤,用于发布监测结果。 15. The method according to claim 9, wherein said processing step further comprises monitoring center: Step a communication network, the mobile communication network receives the message information in a manner packets sent and processed; monitoring step, with user rights management, user basic information maintenance, statistics and computing monitoring data, alarm processing; service management step for the management of the system equipment, diagnostic, analysis; remote synchronization step for data backup, system status monitoring and fault diagnosis; website publishing steps for publishing monitoring results.
CN 200510115588 2005-11-07 2005-11-07 System and method for detecting online of built on stilts power transmission sequence CN100538759C (en)

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